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1 draft resolution No. 198/X Promotion of the lower Mondego Situated in Beira Litoral, the Valley of the lower Mondego corresponds to an extensive alluvial plain, which overall makes about 14,000 hectares of, situated between the cities of Coimbra and Figueira da Foz.
It consists of a track that develops along the River Mondego — the main Valley — and for some lateral branches, which constitute its tributaries — the secondary valleys — cases of the rivers Cernache, Ega, Arunca and Mourning, on the left bank, and Ançã and Foja reserves in the right margin.
Administratively it is dispersed by five municipalities in the District of Coimbra, Portugal: Montemor-o-Velho, Figueira da Foz, Coimbra, Soure and Condeixa-a-Nova.
The distribution of the area concerned is the following: main Valley 59.7% and intermediate zones 51.1% of downstream area 8.6% 40.3% Ançã Side Valleys/s. Facundo (right bank) 1.4% Cernache/Arzila (the left bank) 2.2% Ega (left margin) 4.3% Arunca (left margin) 11.0% Foja reserves (right bank) 6.1% Weeping (the left bank) 15.3%.
2 Although endowed with a high agricultural production potential, the whole strategy to take advantage of the lower Mondego and, in particular, of the Main Valley, if your have debated with factors of strangulation, of which deserve special relevance: violent and frequent Floods, subjecting the Valley the prolonged floods and silting process continued; Marked seasonal variability and annual flow rates; high rates of deposition of solid material entrainment, reaching average values of about 20 mm per year; agricultural drainage network quite nascent and very little functional, insufficient irrigation network and degraded and almost nonexistent road network, making access to farms; disordered structure and dispersed, with many buildings of great differentiations in size and shape.
However, the agricultural exploitation of the lower Mondego is a component of all the hydraulic exploitation of the lower Mondego.
The hydraulic exploitation also includes the regularization of flow rates and the defense against floods, the water supply for consumption and other economic activities, as well as the production of electricity.
The construction of the dams of the Aguieira, Pillowcases and anger and the dam of Chen allowed the regularization of flow rates in the Mondego River. These works are completed for several years and are being used for the production of electrical energy, as it is known.
The regularization of the river and the construction of dams, between Coimbra and Figueira da Foz, allowed the defence of the people and their goods.
The construction of the Canal and the Conductor Channel of homes allowed the water supply to the various economic activities and even having been made your adjustment.
3 However, the most overlooked component of all interventions in the Valley with respect to settlement of tributaries-Ega, Arunca, Weeping and Foja reserves and ribeira de Ançã or Anzan.
The only project to commence was the regularization of Arunca River. However, the work was abandoned. The settlement of other tributaries didn't pass even the stage of project.
Rice remains the predominant crop in the region, occupying 60% of the 50 to your area, with intermediate and largest deployment in areas downstream of the main Valley, as well as in the secondary valleys of Ançã/s. Facundo, Arunca, Foja reserves and Weeping. The remaining area is primarily occupied by the cultivation of grain maize, since other crops, like the garden-and industrial sugar beet, still a fairly limited weight.
The use of the lower Mondego farm irrigation began in 1978, with the description and installation of a project team of the Directorate-General of hydraulic and agricultural engineering (DGHEA) in exclusive dedication. That date was set the irrigation perimeter, with an area of 13,570 hectares, which is subdivided into 18 blocks.
Until 2004 were equipped 9 irrigation blocks with an area of 5,355 hectares, and is three blocks (Pool, Majorca and the left bank) with an area of 1,470 acres. Are out on that date, therefore, 6 irrigation blocks, with a total area of 5,775 acres.
It was intended to equip each of these blocks with secondary networks, irrigation and drainage paths, duly adapted to a new rustic property planning, through the development of rural land consolidation operations.
The component of the restructuring has been felt by the farmers covered as the measure of greater impact on strengthening the agricultural and technical aspects and socio-economic. This, essentially, because before the original structure, based on a deeply fragmented building fabric scattered and uneven and, as a result, very little functional, the granting of some new lots undergo a radical and profound geometric and physical change, fully refurbished and 4 corrected on their asymmetries represented a important sustainable planning action of these agricultural areas, boosting the economic dynamism of all zones intervention stock.
In the Valley of the lower Mondego there are, however, about 6,500 farms, which correspond roughly to 35,000 farm buildings.
In addition to the actions already undertaken of rural land consolidation, the adaptation to irrigated crops, i.e. in preparation, regularization and leveling of the land, has had, when applied, a huge positive impact on farmers ' incomes. The spread and the conclusion of this type of land improvements in the whole valley of the lower Mondego allowed recovery and vast patches of soil correction still something irregular and even unproductive.
So, considering the significant environmental dimension, socio-economic and energy of the situation described;
Bearing in mind the relevant potential agro-económico and landscape of the Valley of the Mondego, as well as the significantly positive socio-economic consequences of a your full and orderly exploitation;
Taking into account the sustainable nature and modern structural intervention in the Valley of the Mondego could coat in future as the agro-industrial areas, the energetic (production in accordance with classics and from renewable sources) and the agro-turística and the environment;
Pondering that a sustainable management and regulatory autonomy would require the promotion of public-private partnerships, with the inherent advantages for all parties involved;
Considering the higher public interest resulting from the effective protection and security of people and goods through such an intervention could be made; 5
Given the superior tourist and economic added value of a project involving the navigability of the River Mondego;
Taking into account the potential for environmental recovery and quality of life that an appropriate and sustainable development strategy assumed can take, not only for the people of the region, but for the entire country, considered from this microcosm, in these terms, the Parliament recommends the Government to adopt and make apply to the entire region of the Valley of the lower Mondego situated between Coimbra and Figueira da Foz, a structured and rational and sustainable development strategy, covering, inter alia, the following objectives: a) settlement of Arunca rivers (8 Kms), Mourning (20 Kms), Ega (8.5 Kms), Foja reserves (8 Kms), Ribeira de Ançã and Mischievous Valley ditch;
b) Compatibility of the water settlement with the production and availability of energy the farms and populations;
c) construction of pumping stations of Arunca, Ega, Weeping and Rights-homes;
d) Environmental Recovery of the Central Bed of the Mondego and the Peripheral Bed Right;
and Rehabilitation of the Chute);
f) fish ladder remodeling of the dam-bridge of Coimbra;
g) Reconstruction of infrastructure affected by the Floods of 2001;
h) formation of users ' associations composed by all or part of the public water domain users a basin or sub-basin, which would be given the following rights: 6-to receive part of the values resulting from the collection of the levy on water resources, through the conclusion of programme contracts;
-The delegation of powers, by the administration of the river basin district, of all or part of the waters covered by the titles to use managed by each association;
-Preferably in the allocation of licences or concessions;
-To grant total or partial exploitation projects of multiple purposes;
I) implementation of a system of water management;
j) improving accessibility in the Valley and to your relationship with the outside world;
k) Infra-structure to support urban use of the Valley and the River Mondego, conceiving the first as a green corridor intermunicipal;
l) Utilization of agricultural production potential, in particular through the promotion of land reparcelling, the organisation of owners and producers and a ranking of productions, encouraging the promotion of agriculture by biological methods;
m) promotion of an expressive and interested citizens participation and entities covered by the measures provided such a development strategy.
São Bento Palace, 20 March 2007.
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