Unitaid-International Drug Purchase Facility

Original Language Title: UNITAID - Facilidade Internacional de Compra de Medicamentos

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Read the untranslated law here: http://app.parlamento.pt/webutils/docs/doc.pdf?path=6148523063446f764c3246795a5868774d546f334e7a67774c336470626d6c7561574e7059585270646d467a4c316776644756346447397a4c334271636a49794f4331594c6d527659773d3d&fich=pjr228-X.doc&Inline=false

Assembly of the Republic-Palace of Saint Benedict-1249-068 Lisbon draft resolution No. 228/X International Purchase Facility UNITAID Medicines the world despite all the technological developments and advancements in the medical field continues to watch the epidemic phenomena that kill milhões people and decrease the quality of life of many more who suffer with the consequences either you want indirect direct of these epidemics.

The UNITAID launched in New York on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in September 2006, by France, by Brazil, by the United Kingdom, by Norway and by Chile has been revealing an important player in the fight against pandemics putting himself on the side of the countries that are most vulnerable, are also the hardest hit.

To your action has been directed towards combating three deadliest pandemics, responsible for approximately 6 million deaths per year, especially in developing countries:  AIDS – Reaches 40 million people, including 2.3 milhões children under the age of 15 years. Of the new infections 90% declare themselves in developing countries. To aggravate this situation the 6 million patients in need of urgent medicines only one million have access to them to perform the required treatments;  Malaria-causing one to 3 million deaths per year (of which a child death in every 30 seconds in Africa), when the effective and immediate treatment may reduce mortality in 50%;  Tuberculosis-Causes 2 million deaths per year, when it could have been prevented and treated in six months.

To treat these diseases are currently available on the market the range of needed medicines but are not accessible to all people who need them because of your Parliament-Palace of Saint Benedict-1249-068 Lisbon high cost. Creates a twofold difficulty for developing countries that not only are the most affected by the abovementioned diseases as are also those where there are the greatest economic difficulties.

To overcome this difficulty arose the UNITAID with the express purpose of finding forms of financing that predictable and sustained, may decrease the price of these medicines and increase your offer without compromising your quality, creating an entity that buys large quantities of these such medicines, achieving with this down your final price.

This financing is done through a solidarity contribution on airline tickets which has the advantage of being able to be implemented at national level with international coordination.

Despite being an important source of income for the UNITAID, allowing it to develop in a sustained manner its activities with countries that need aid, the economic impact of this measure in the accession countries is not significant.

In fact, according to the Organization itself:  air transport is one of the main beneficiaries of globalization and from the considerable air traffic growth 61 which does not seem to be affected by the application of this rate;  the contribution of a few euros has a small impact on air transport and on the profits of airlines in comparison with other factors, such as the rise in the price of oil;  the rate does not affect the countries that practice;  tourist destinations are not affected;

The UNITAID has achieved a wide acceptance internationally with the recognition of its activities as an asset for the implementation of better health in developing countries contributing to a strengthening of your social structure. In this sense was the Declaration on Africa adopted at the G8 Summit in Gleneagles in 2005, the Assembly of the Republic-Palace of Saint Benedict-1249-068 Lisbon political declaration of the United Nations General Assembly on 2 June 2006 or the resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly of 20 December 2006.

In this way, in accordance with regulations, the Assembly of the Republic in solidarity with the aims of this cause and recommends to the Government to consider the UNITAID membership, through the model to consider more suitable for legal and economic reality of the country.

The Parliament considers that it is incumbent upon the Government to find the best way to possible adhesion, whether, through the increment of an airport charge, which can be also included in the funds intended for development aid by the Portuguese State, either through a common approach within the framework of the European Union and its own legislative mechanisms that allow to overcome some budgetary constraints or any problems related to the implementation of the airport charge referred to above.

São Bento Palace, July 17 2007