Regulation Of The Minister Of Labour And Social Policy Of 1 December 1998 On Safety And Health At Work Stations Equipped With Display Screen Equipment

Original Language Title: ROZPORZĄDZENIE MINISTRA PRACY I POLITYKI SOCJALNEJ z dnia 1 grudnia 1998 r. w sprawie bezpieczeństwa i higieny pracy na stanowiskach wyposażonych w monitory ekranowe

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On the basis of article. 23715 § 1 of the labour code are managed as follows: § 1. The regulation defines: 1) the requirements of the occupational safety and health and ergonomics for workplaces equipped with display screen, 2) requirements for the organisation of work in positions with display screen equipment.

§ 2. Whenever a regulation is talking about: 1) the screen-it understand the device to display the information in graphical or alphanumeric mode, regardless of the method of obtaining the image 2) place of work-it should be understood as work space, with the equipment in the measures and work items, including: a) basic equipment, including a display monitor, keyboard, or other input devices, the central unit or the floppy , b) optional equipment, including a printer, scanner, mouse, trackball, c) ancillary equipment, including table, a Chair, footrest, document holder, 3) computer system-must be understood of the device included in the basic equipment and the additional work with the software, 4) employee-be understood any person who is employed by an employer, including student and trainee, using at the time of the monitor screen for at least half of the daily working time.

§ 3. The provisions of the regulation shall not apply to: 1) drivers ' and cabs for vehicles or machinery, 2) computer systems on board a means of transport, 3) computer systems mainly intended for public use, 4) mobile systems are not intended for use on the workplace, 5) calculators, registrants and other devices with small screens for presentation of data or the results of the measurements, 6) typewriter with a display screen.

§ 4. The employer shall organize workstations with display screens in such a way as to meet the minimum requirements of the occupational safety and health and ergonomics, set out in the annex to this regulation.

§ 5. 1. The employer is obliged to carry out on-the-work, equipped with display screen equipment, the assessment of working conditions in terms of: 1) the organisation of workplaces, including the deployment of elements of the equipment, in such a way as to comply with the requirements of safety and health at work, 2) the State of the elements of the equipment of workplaces, work security, including protection against electric shock, 3) load the organ of vision and musculo-skeletal system employees, 4) load of workers from physical agents , especially the wrong lighting, 5) mental load of workers resulting from how the Organization of work.

2. the assessment referred to in paragraph 1. 1, should be carried out in particular for newly created posts and after each change of organization and equipment work stations. On the basis of an assessment of the employer is obliged to take action to remove found threats and nuisances.

§ 6. The employer is obliged to: 1) inform about all aspects of health and safety in the workplace, including the results of the assessment referred to in § 5, and any measures of safety and health, 2) train employees in occupational safety and health as specified in separate regulations.

§ 7. The employer shall provide employees: 1) connecting the alternating work associated with the screen monitor support with other types of work not aggravating the organ of vision and performed in other positions of the body-not to exceed the hours of uninterrupted work with display monitor or 2) at least 5-minute break, wliczaną the working time, after each hour of work with display monitor.

§ 8. 1. The employer shall provide workers employed in jobs with preventive health care, display screens in the field and on the terms specified in separate regulations.

2. The employer shall provide employees with corrective glasses eyesight, in accordance with the recommendation of a doctor, if test results reported under preventive health care referred to in paragraph 1. 1, show the need for their use when working with the monitor display.

§ 9. [1] 1. This Regulation shall enter into force after the expiration of 3 months from the date of publication, subject to paragraphs 2 and 3. 2.2. Existing at the date of entry into force of the regulation, work with display screen equipment should be adapted to the requirements laid down in Regulation no later than 2 years from the date of its entry into force, with the exception of point 5.1 (b). f) and (g)) of the annex to the regulation that apply to newly created jobs.



Minister of labour and social policy: l. Komołowski annex 1. [THE MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS OF THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH AND ERGONOMICS, WHICH SHOULD MEET THE WORK WITH DISPLAY SCREEN EQUIPMENT]

The annex to regulation of the Minister of labour and social policy of 1 December 1998 (. 973) MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS for occupational safety and health and ERGONOMICS, which SHOULD MEET the WORK with DISPLAY SCREEN EQUIPMENT 1. Equipping work and how the deployment of elements of the equipment must not cause excessive load during operation of the musculoskeletal system and (or) vision and be a source of threat for the employee.

2.1. The monitor screen should meet the following requirements: (a)) characters on the screen should be clear and legible, (b)) the image on the screen should be stable, without a ripple or other forms of instability, c) brightness and contrast of the character on the screen should be easy to adjust depending on the lighting conditions of the workplaces, d) Regulations of the monitor settings should allow the tilt of the screen of at least 20 ° to the rear and 5 ° forward and rotation around its own axis at least 120 °-60 ° in both directions , e) the monitor screen should be covered with a layer of antyodbiciową or with the appropriate filter.

2.2. If necessary, resulting from the individual employee's anthropometric characteristics, should be used to separate the base monitor or adjustable table.

2.3. Setting the monitor screen relative to the light source should be limited glare and reflections.

3.1. The keyboard should be a main element of the basic equipment.

3.2. The keyboard design should allow you to adopt a position that is not a cause of fatigue in the muscles of the upper limbs. The keyboard should be in particular: (a)) the ability to adjust the angle in the range 0 ÷ 15 °, b) appropriate height-subject to the condition that the height of the middle row of alphanumeric keys with the letters A, S ..., from the plane of the table, does not exceed 30 mm for at least one position tilt keyboard.

3.3. The surface of the keyboard should be dull, and the characters on the keyboard should be contrasted and legible.

4.1. The design of the table should enable easy setting items of equipment, including work stations varied the height of the monitor settings screen and keyboard.

4.2. The width and depth of the table should provide: a) sufficient surface for easy use of the equipment and perform actions associated with the type of work, (b)) setting the keyboard behavior of not less than 100 mm between the keyboard and the front edge of the table, c) setting the equipment at an appropriate distance from the employee, it is within reach of his upper limbs, without adopting forced positions.

4.3. Table height and seat chairs should be such as to provide: a) natural position of upper limbs with the keyboard, at least right angle between the arm and forearm, b) a suitable viewing angle of the monitor screen range 20 ° ÷ 50 ° down (starting from the horizontal line at eye level to a line drawn from his eyes to the middle of the screen), with the upper edge of the screen of the monitor should not be located above the eyes of the employee , c) appropriate space to place your legs under the table top.

4.4. The surface of the table top should be matte, best colours bright.

5.1. Chair which equipment work stations should have: a) sufficient stability, by it the base of at least pięciopodporową with driving wheels, b) dimensions of the back and seat, providing a comfortable posture and range of motion, c) adjust the seat height in the range of 400-500 mm from the floor, d) height-adjustable backrest and adjust the backrest in the range: 5 ° to the front and 30 ° to the rear , e) formed seat and backrest plate suitable for the natural bending of the spine and femoral section of the lower limbs, f) rotation around the vertical axis at 360 °, g) armrests.

5.2. Seat height adjustment mechanisms backrest and should be easily accessible and simple to operate and so positioned to adjust you can perform in a seated position.

6.1. If at work you need to use the documents, the workplace must be equipped in the document holder with adjustable height, tilt and distance from the employee.


6.2. Handle to the document should be before an employee between the monitor and the keyboard-or elsewhere-in position to minimize the annoying head movements and eyes.

7.1. Upon request of an employee, and when the height of the chairs, prevents the employee flat gaskets setting foot on the floor, the workplace must be equipped in the footrest.

7.2. Footstool should have the draft angle from 0 ° to 15 °, and its height should be adjusted to the needs arising from employee's anthropometric characteristics.

7.3. The surface of the footrest should not be slippery, and the footrest should not move on the floor when in use.

8.1. The workplace should be designed so that the employee had provided sufficient work space, allowing you to place all the items manually-operated within the range of the upper limbs.

8.2. Work with monitor screen should be located in the room to ensure employee access to this position. The distance between adjacent monitors should be at least 0.6 m, and between the employee and the rear of the adjacent monitor-at least 0.8 m.

8.3. Eye distance employee from the monitor screen should be 400 to 750 mm.

9.1. The lighting should provide visual comfort, and especially: a) the level of light intensity should conform to the requirements of Polish Standards, b) limit direct glare from luminaires, Windows, transparent or translucent walls or light planes and return the monitor screen glare from, in particular, by the use of appropriate lighting fixtures, install blinds or curtains on the Windows.

9.2. It is permissible to use lighting, provided that the housing will not cause glare.

10. In the design, selection and upgrading the software, as well as in the planning perform tasks using the monitor screen, the employer should take into account in particular the following requirements: a) the software should match the task provided for to complete (b)) the software should be easy to use and tailored to the level of knowledge and (or) the experience of the employee, c) computer systems must provide for the transfer of staff feedback about their operation, d) computer systems must guarantee the display of information in the form and rate appropriate for the employee , e) without the knowledge of the employee you can make qualitative and quantitative control of his work, f) on software development and data processing should be used ergonomic principles.

11.1. Relative air humidity in rooms designed to work with display screens should not be less than 40%.

11.2. Requirements for maximum concentrations and intensities of factors harmful to health in the working environment, including noise and radiation, lay down separate rules and Polish Standards.

[1] Regulation shall enter into force on 11 March 1999.

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