Regulations Relating To Aerosol

Original Language Title: Forskrift om aerosolbeholdere

Read the untranslated law here: https://lovdata.no/dokument/SF/forskrift/1996-03-01-229

Regulations relating to aerosol dispensers.


Date FOR 1996-03-01-229


Affairs Ministry of Justice


Published Dept. In 1996 256


Commencement 01/03/1996

Edited

FOR 2014-02-11-120 from 14/02/2014

Changes


For
Norway

Legal

LOV-1971-05-21-47-§1 LOV-1971-05-21-47-section 6, LOV-2002-06-14-20-L-26, LAW-2002-06-14- 20-§43, LOV-2002-06-14-20-§44, TO-2002-05-23-770, TO-2002-06-26-728, FOR-2003-09-01-1161

Promulgated



Corrected 22.08.2014 (EEA reference field)

Short Title
Regulations on aerosol

Chapter Overview:

Chapter 1. Introductory provisions (§§ 1-3)
Chapter 2. General provisions (§§ 4-9)
Chapter 3. Labelling (§§ 10-12)
Chapter 4. substantive provisions (§§ 13-14)
Annex

Adopted by the Directorate for Fire and Explosion Prevention (now Directorate for Civil Protection and Emergency Planning) 1 March 1996 pursuant to the Act of 21 May 1971 No.. 47 for flammable goods, liquids and gases under pressure § 1 subsection and § 6, second paragraph, ref. Delegated Decision of 20 March 1981 and 1 July 1994. (Ref. Act of 14 June 2002 no. 20 relating to protection against fire, explosion and accidents involving hazardous substances and the fire service (Fire and Explosion Act) § 26, § 43 , ref. § 44; see. delegated decision of 23 May 2002 no. 770 and delegated decision of 26 June 2002 no. 728.)
Added authority: delegation decision on 1 september 2003 no. 1161.
EEA referrals EEA agreement, Annex II, chap. VIII. 1 (Directive 75/324 / EEC as amended by Directive 94/1 / EC, Directive 2008/47 / EC and Directive 2013/10 / EU), no. 27c (Directive 2007 / 45 / EC) and Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008..
Changes: Amended by regulations 10 July 2002 No.. 817, November 6, 2003 No.. 1317, May 5, 2010 No.. 698, February 11, 2014 No.. 120.
Corrections: 22/08/2014 (EEA reference field).

Chapter 1. Introductory provisions

§ 1. Purpose These regulations shall ensure that the aerosol designed, manufactured, filled, inspected and marked in a proper manner, thereby preventing damage to life, health, property and the environment.

§ 2. Scope These regulations apply aerosols fall under the definition in § 3, and used or intended for use in Norway.
Aerosol with a total volume of less than 50 ml, and aerosol containers with a total volume greater than specified in Section 3.1, 4.1.1, 4.2.1, 5.1 and 5.2 in the appendix to this regulation is exempt from the provisions of the regulations.
The annex to the regulation is to be regarded as an integral part thereof.

§ 3. Definition regulation, the following terms are understood as follows:
aerosol container: - a device that consists of a disposable container of metal, glass or plastic containing a compressed, liquefied or dissolved gas pressure with or without liquid, cream or powder and which is equipped with a release mechanism that allows emptying the contents in the form of solid or liquid particles suspended in a gas or as a foam, cream, powder, or liquid.

Chapter 2. General provisions

§ 4. Obligated Anyone who designs, manufactures, imports, markets, fills or sells aerosol covered by the regulations, must adhere.

§ 5. Regulator central supervisory authority supervises compliance with regulations, and can make the decisions necessary and set conditions for implementing this.
In special cases and provided that it does not conflict with international agreements entered into by Norway, the central supervisory authority may grant an exemption from the regulation.

§ 6. Appeals Decisions made by the central supervisory authority may be appealed to the Ministry.

§ 7. Penalties, fines, enforcement case of violation of regulations or decisions made in pursuance of this, the provisions on penalties, fines and enforcement of the Act of 14 June 2002 no. 20 relating to protection against fire, explosion and accidents involving hazardous substance and the fire service, corresponding to the application.

§ 8. Implementation These regulations come into force on 1 March 1996.
From the same date the following:

1.
General exemption on labeling of cosmetic aerosol with container volume less than or equal to 270 ml,

2.
Exemptions granted pursuant to regulations on health, fire and explosion hazards.

§ 9. Transitional provisions Upon initial marketing in Norway shall aerosol be designed, manufactured, filled, inspected and marked in accordance with the requirements of this regulation, no later than 1 January 1997.

Chapter 3. Marking

§ 10. Marking Each aerosol shall bear the following information as is readily visible, legible and irremovable:

A)

Aerosol container containing flammable components as defined in Annex point 1.8, but that the application of the criteria in Annex Section 1.9 could not have been classified to be "flammable" or "extremely flammable", the label have the following clear and tangible indication the amount of flammable contents in the container, "X percent (mass) of the contents are flammable".

B)
name and address or registered trademark to it within the EEA, which is responsible for marketing the aerosol dispenser,

C)
symbol "З" as confirmation of compliance with the requirements of this regulation and its annexes,

D)
coded indications which make it possible to identify the batch,

E)
information specified in Annex 2.2 and 2.3,

F)
aerosol capacity.

If aerosol additionally applied information about the content net weight and volume, this shall be done in such a way that it can not be confused with application of the aerosol capacity.
In addition, any marking acc. provisions of regulations on classification and labeling. of dangerous chemicals and regulation on production, import and sale of cosmetics and body care products.
If the container has a total volume of 150 ml or less, and it is impossible to use a litografert box, the container having a label adhered with corresponding information which is clearly visible, easy to read and can not be removed.
It is forbidden to apply aerosol marks or impressions that may be confused with the symbol "З".

§ 11. (Repealed by the Regulations May 5, 2010 No.. 698).

§ 12. Language Aerosol that fall under these regulations shall be marked in Norwegian or a language which in meaning and spelling resembles Norwegian.

Chapter 4. Substantive provisions

§ 13. Requirements for aerosol spray cans covered by this regulation shall comply with the general and specific requirements laid down in Appendix.

§ 14. Marketing Aerosol meeting the requirements of this regulation and its annexes, may be freely marketed.
Do supervisory authorities that one or more aerosol which is in accordance with the requirements of this regulation could pose a danger to the safety or health of the public, the supervisory authority may take all necessary measures to temporarily prohibit or impose conditions for the marketing of containers.

Annex

1.
definitions

1.1.
Press

The "pressure" means the internal pressure expressed in bar (gauge pressure).

1.2.
Proof

The "proof" means the pressure an empty aerosol can be postponed for 25 seconds without causing a leak or that metal or plastic containers show visible or permanent deformation, except as permitted by paragraph 6.1.1.2.

1.3.
Bursting pressure

The "cracking pressure" means the minimum pressure which causes the aerosol container getting an opening or crack.

1.4.
Hopper total volume

By "total volume" means an open container volume, expressed in milliliters, up to the edge of its opening.

1.5.
Net Volume

The "net volume" means a filled aerosol volume expressed in milliliters.

1.6.
Volume of liquid phase

By "volume of the liquid phase" means the volume is filled up by the non-gaseous phase in a filled aerosol container.

1.7.
Sample Terms

By "test conditions" means test and bursting pressures applied hydraulically at 20 ° C (+/- 5 ° C).

1.7a.
fabric

The "substance" means a substance as defined in Article 2, no. 7) of Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008..

1.7b.
mixing

By "preparation" means a mixture as defined in Article 2, no. 8) of Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008..

1.8.
Flammable contents

Contents of aerosols shall be considered as flammable if it contains ingredients that are classified as flammable:

A)
Flammable liquid is a liquid having a flash point not exceeding 93 ° C.

B)
Flammable solid is a solid substance or mixture which is readily combustible, or may cause or contribute to fire through friction. Combustible solid is powdered, granular or pasty substances or mixtures which are dangerous if they can be easily ignited by brief contact with an ignition source, such as a burning match, and if the flame spreads rapidly.

C)
Flammable gas is a gas or gas mixture having an explosion range in air at 20 ° C and standard pressure of 1013 bar.

This definition does not pyrophoric, self-heating or water-reactive substances and mixtures. Such substances are not allowed to be components of the contents of an aerosol container.

1.9.
Flammable aerosol


Aerosol considered in these regulations as "non-flammable", "flammable" or "extremely flammable" according to its chemical heat of combustion and mass content of flammable components as follows:

(A)
aerosol is classified as "extremely flammable" if it contains 85% or more flammable components and the chemical heat of combustion is 30 kJ / g or more.

(B)
aerosol is classified as "non-flammable" if it contains 1% or less flammable components and the chemical heat of combustion is less than 20 kJ / g.

(C)
All other aerosols will be subject to the following procedure for fire hazard classification or they should be classified as extremely flammable (if they do not undergo the procedure). Ignition Distance test, enclosed space sample and foam fire hazard test shall be performed in accordance with Section 6.3 of Directive 2008/47 / EC.

1.9.1.
Flammable spray aerosols

Classification of spray aerosol should be based on the chemical heat of combustion and result from the ignition distance test as follows:

(A)
When the chemical heat of combustion is less than 20 kJ / g:

(I)
aerosol shall be classified as "flammable" if ignition occurs at a distance of 15 cm or more but less than 75 cm.

(Ii)
aerosol shall be classified as "extremely flammable" if ignition occurs at a distance of 75 cm or more.

(Iii)
If there is no ignition in spark distance test, the enclosed space sample implemented. The aerosol is classified as "flammable" if the time equilibrium is less than or equal to 300 s / m³ or deflagrasjonstettheten is less than or equal to 300 g / m³; otherwise considered aerosol as "non-flammable".

(B)
When the chemical combustion heat is equal to or greater than 20 kJ / g to be the aerosol is classified as "extremely flammable" if ignition occurs at a distance of 75 cm or more; otherwise the aerosol container is classified as "flammable".

1.9.2.
Flammable aerosol foam type

Classification of aerosol foam type should be based on the results of the foam fire hazard test.

(A)
aerosol shall be classified as "extremely flammable" if:

(I)
The flame height is 20 cm or greater and lasts for two seconds or more

Or

(Ii)
The flame height is 4 cm or greater and lasts for seven seconds or more.

(B)
aerosol container that does not meet the criteria in (a) shall be classified as "flammable" if the flame height is 4 cm or greater and lasts for two seconds or more.

1.10.
Chemical combustion heat

The chemical heat of combustion ΔHc shall be determined by either:

(A)
Recognised technological rules described in standards such as ASTM D 240, ISO 13943 86.1 to 86.3 and NFPA 30B, or derived from established scientific literature;

Or

(B)
Using the following calculation:

The chemical heat of combustion (ΔHc), in kilojoules per gram (kJ / g), can be calculated as the theoretical heat of combustion (ΔHcomb), and a combustion efficiency, usually less than 1.0 (a typical combustion efficiency is 0.95 or 95 %).
For composite aerosol formulations, the chemical heat of combustion to the weighted sum of the heat of combustion of the individual components as follows:
ΔHc = n Σi [Wi% x ΔHc (i)] where
:
ΔHc = chemical combustion heat (kJ / g) of the product;
Wi% = mass proportion of the component in the product;
ΔHc (i) = specific heat of combustion (kJ / g) of the component in the product.
When chemical heat of combustion is used as a parameter for determining the risk of fire to the aerosol container, the person responsible for marketing the aerosol describe methodology was used for this determination in a document. This document must be signed by an official EU languages ​​at the address indicated on the label in accordance with § 10 letter a.

2.
General provisions

Subject to the specific provisions of the Annex on requirements related to the flammability and pressure hazard, the person responsible for the marketing of aerosol required to analyze and identify the hazards of his aerosol. When appropriate, this analysis include an assessment of risk as a result of inhalation of spray triggered by aerosol under normal and reasonably foreseeable conditions. Includes taking into account droplet size distribution in conjunction with physical and chemical properties of the contents. Based on the analysis, he must then design, construct and test aerosol and, where appropriate, specify special considerations when using.

2.1.

Construction and equipment

2.1.1.
The filled aerosol dispenser must be such that under normal operating and storage conditions comply with the provisions of this Annex.

2.1.2.
The valve should allow to close the aerosol container so as to close under normal storage and transport conditions, and the valve must be protected against any accidental opening and against any damage, for example by means of a protective capsule.

2.1.3
Aerosol mechanical resistance are not deteriorated by the influence of substances containing container, even during a prolonged storage period.

2.2.
marking

Subject to the provisions of Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008. Shall aerosols have the following clearly visible, easily legible and permanent marking:

A)
Whatever content:

In.
Hazard Phrase H229: "Pressurized container. May explode when heated "

Ii.
Safety phrases P210 and P251 as set out in Part 1, Table 6.2 of Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.

Iii.
Safety phrases P410 and P412 as set out in Part 1, Table 6.4, in Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.

Iv.
Safety Phrase P102 as set out in Part 1, Table 6.1 of Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008., If the aerosol is a consumer item

V.
Any further precautions, warning consumers about the specific risks associated with the product. If the aerosol container is accompanied by a separate manual, this must also render precautions for use.

B)
If the aerosol is classified as "non-flammable" according to the criteria in Section 1.9 will be labeled "warning"

C)
If the aerosol is classified as "flammable" according to the criteria in Section 1.9 will be labeled "Warning" and other labeling elements for "flammable aerosols, Category 2" as set out in Table 2.3.2 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.

D)
If aersosolbeholderen classified as "extremely flammable" according to the criteria in Section 1.9, labeled "in danger" and the other labeling elements for "flammable aerosols, Category 1" as set out in Table 2.3.2 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008..

2.3.
The volume of the liquid phase

The liquid phase volume at 50 ° C must not exceed 90% of capacity.

3.
Special provisions for aerosols, metal

3.1.
volume

Containers' total volume should not exceed 1000 ml.

3.1.1.
Container proofing

A)
For containers filled at a pressure lower than 6.7 bar at 50 ° C, the test pressure at least equal to 10 bar.

B)
For containers filled at a pressure of 6.7 bar or higher at 50 ° C, the test pressure be 50% higher than the internal pressure at 50 ° C.

3.1.2.
filling

The maximum allowable pressure at 50 ° C however is 13.2 bar if the aerosol contains a gas or a gas mixture having an explosion range in air at 20 ° C and standard pressure of 1013 bar.

4.
Special provisions for aerosol glass

4.1.
Plastic coated or permanently protected containers

Containers of this type can be used for filling with compressed, liquefied or dissolved gas.

4.1.1.
volume

Container total volume should not exceed 220 ml.

4.1.2.
coatings

Base should be a protective layer of plastic or other suitable material which has the purpose of preventing glass particles from being thrown out if the container is accidentally broken, and the coating will be designed so that glass particles are not ejected when the filled aerosol container at a temperature at 20 ° C falls down onto a concrete floor from a height of 1.8 m.

4.1.3.
Container proofing

A)
Containers used for filling with compressed or dissolved gas must resist a test pressure of at least 12 bar.

B)
Containers used for filling with liquefied gas must resist a test pressure of at least 10 bar.

4.1.4.
filling

A)
Aerosol filled with compressed gas shall not be subjected to a pressure greater than 9 bar at 50 ° C.

B)
Aerosol filled with dissolved gas shall not be subjected to a pressure higher than 8 bar at 50 ° C.

C)
Aerosol filled with liquid gas or mixtures of liquefied gas to be at 20 ° C not subjected to pressure higher than those indicated in the following table:

Weight Percent of liquefied

In the total mixture

Total Volume
20%
50%
80%

From 50 to 80 ml
3.5 bar
2.8 bar
2.5 bar

Over 80 to 160 ml
3.2 bar
2.5 bar
2.2 bar

Over 160 to 220 ml
2.8 bar
2.1 bar
1.8 bar

The table indicates the allowable pressure limits at 20 ° C relative to gas ratio.

Percentages of gas not shown in the table, the pressure limits calculated by extrapolation.

4.2.
Unprotected glass containers

Unprotected aerosol glass must only be filled with liquefied or dissolved gas.

4.2.1.
volume

Container total volume should not exceed 150 ml.

4.2.2.
Container proofing

Container proofing shall be at least 12 bar.

4.2.3.
filling

A)
Aerosol filled with dissolved gas shall not be subjected to higher pressure than 8 bar at 50 ° C.

B)
Aerosol filled with liquefied be at 20 ° C not subjected to pressure higher than those indicated in the following table:

Weight Percent of liquefied

In the total mixture

Total Volume
20%
50%
80%

From 50 to 70 ml
1.5 bar 1.5 bar

1.25 bar

Of 70 to 150 ml
1.5 bar 1.5 bar

1 bar

The table indicates the allowable pressure limits at 20 ° C relative to gas ratio.
Percentages of gas not shown in the table, the pressure limits calculated by extrapolation.

5.
Special provisions for aerosols, plastic

5.1.
Plastic aerosol that can emit splinter on bursting shall be equated with unprotected aerosol glass.

5.2.
Plastic aerosol that can not emit splinter on bursting shall be equated with aerosol containers of glass equipped with a protective coating.

6.
Are

6.1.
Test requirements to be guaranteed by the person responsible for marketing

6.1.1.
Hydraulic test on empty containers

6.1.1.1.
Aerosol of metal, glass or plastic to withstand a hydraulic pressure test in accordance with paragraph 3.1.1, 4.1.3 and 4.2.2.

6.1.1.2.
Metal containers showing signs of asymmetric deformations, greater deformation or other similar faults shall be rejected. A light asymmetric deformation of the bottom or a deformation influencing the profile of the upper wall is permitted provided that the container consists cracking test.

6.1.2.
Cracking Test for empty metal containers

The person responsible for marketing must ensure that the containers bursting pressure is at least 20% higher than the prescribed test pressure.

6.1.3.
Fall Trial for protected glass containers

The manufacturer shall ensure that the containers satisfy the test conditions specified in paragraph 4.1.2.

6.1.4.
Final inspection of filled aerosol

6.1.4.1.
Aerosol be subjected to the following test methods End control:

(A)
test in hot water bath

Each filled aerosol container to be submerged in a water bath.

(I)
water bath temperature and nedsenkingsperioden shall be such that the pressure in the aerosol container when the pressure exerts contents at a uniform temperature of 50 ° C.

(Ii)
Any aerosol showing signs of permanent deformation or leakage, should be rejected.

(B)
Heat Test

Other methods of heating the contents of the aerosol can be used if they guarantee that the pressure and temperature in each filled aerosol container when the values ​​required for the sample in the hot water bath and deformation and leakage is detected with the same accuracy as the sample in hot water bath.

(C)
Cold Test

An alternative cold tests may be used if it complies with the description of such a test method in paragraph 6.2.4.3.2.2 of Annex A to Directive 94/55 / ​​EC.

6.1.4.2.
For aerosols undergo a physical or chemical change which leads to a change of pressure characteristics after filling and before first use, shall be tested by the method of cold test in paragraph 6.1.4.1 (c).

6.1.4.3.
When testing in accordance with paragraph 6.1.4.1 (b) and 6.1.4.1 (c) used:

(A)
Test method must be approved by the competent authority.

(B)
The person responsible for marketing the aerosol dispenser must submit an application for approval to the competent authority. The application must be accompanied by a technical description of the test method.

(C)
The person responsible for the marketing of aerosol shall ensure that the approval, the technical description of the test method, and any inspection reports are present at the address indicated on the label in accordance with § 10 letter a.

(D)
The technical description of the test method is to be found in an official EU language.

(E)
competent authority is Directorate for Civil Protection and Emergency Planning.

6.2.
Test methods for determining flammable aerosol

It will be used test methods for determining flammable aerosols as defined in paragraphs 6.3.1 through 6.3.3.4.1 of Directive 2008/47 / EC.