Law limits Dutch territorial sea

Original Language Title: Wet grenzen Nederlandse territoriale zee

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Law of 9 January 1985 laying down the limits of the territorial sea of the Netherlands

We Beatrix, at the grace of God, Queen of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau, etc. etc. etc.

All of them, who will see or hear these, saluut! do know:

In this regard, we have taken account of the fact that, in particular for the safety of shipping on our coast and for the protection of the marine environment, it is important for the Netherlands to extend its territorial sea to twelve nautical miles;

That it is also desirable to provide clarification on the occasion of this extension at the border between inland waters and the territorial sea of the Netherlands;

In this way, we, the Council of State, and with the mean consultations of the States-General, have been well-regarded and understood to be right and to be understood by the following:


Article 1

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  • 1 The territorial sea of the Netherlands extends to the line, of which each point is situated at a distance of twelve international nautical miles, being twenty-two kilometres and two hundred twenty-four metres, measured sea-by-sea from the Nearest point of the low-water line along the coast, it being understood that where whole or in part within this distance from this low-water line is a naturally formed soil elevation at high tide, the land at high tide is below water shall be measured from the nearest point of the low-water line of that soil.

  • 2 The low-water line is the deep line of zero meter, as indicated on the large-scale Dutch sea charts issued because of the Minister of Defence.


Article 2

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  • 1 The low-water line along the coast, with the basic lines mentioned in the second and fourth paragraphs, as far as they are located at sea, shall be the border between inland waterways and the territorial sea of the Netherlands.

  • 2 Basic lines are drawn by the arches of the major circles which connect over the shortest distance to the points below:

    • a. In the mouth of the Westerschelde:

      Point A, point A, intersection of the Dutch-Belgian land border with the low-water line, for the purposes of this Act is considered to be 51 ° 22 ' 25 ", 0 Noorderwidth and 3 ° 21'52", 5 OosterLength.

      Point B, the light Molenhead on the coast of Walcheren, situated at 51 ° 31'38 ", 1 Noorderwidth and 3 ° 26 ' 07", 9 OosterLength.

    • b. Between Den Helder and Texel:

      Point C, the lighthouse Kijkduin at Den Helder, situated at 52 ° 57 '22 ", 5 Noorderlatitude and 4 ° 43' 39", 8 OosterLength;

      Point D, on the island of Noorderhaaks, located at 52 ° 58 '24 ", 0 Noorderwidth and 4 ° 39' 30", 0 OosterLength; from this point to Point E, the Loodsmansduin (orientated table) on the island of Texel, located at 53 ° 01'21 ", 2 Noorderwidth and 4 ° 43 ' 45", 6 OosterLength.

    • c. Between Texel and Vlieland:

      Point F, the lighthouse of Eierland on the island of Texel, located at 53 ° 10 ' 58 ", 4 Noorderwidth and 4 ° 51'23", 7 OosterLength.

      Point G, the rescue house on the island of Vlieland, located at 53 ° 13 '27 ", 6 Noorderwidth and 4 ° 53' 12", 3 OosterLength.

    • d. Between Vlieland and Terschelling:

      Point H, the lighthouse Fireduin on the island of Vlieland, located at 53 ° 17 '47 ", 7 Noorderwidth and 5 ° 03' 34", 3 OosterLength.

      Point J, the lighthouse Brandaris, on the island of Terschelling, located at 53 ° 21'39 ", 8 Noorderwidth and 5 ° 12 ' 55", 9 OosterLength.

    • e. Between Terschelling and Ameland:

      Point K, the beacon of North Cape on the island of Terschelling, located at 53 ° 26 '40 ", 6 Noorderwidth and 5 ° 32' 47", 1 OosterLength.

      Point L, the lighthouse of Ameland, located at 53 ° 26 '59 ", 9 Noorderwidth and 5 ° 37' 37", 2 OosterLength.

    • f. Between Ameland and Schiermonnikoog:

      Point M, the cape on the eastern tip of Ameland, situated at 53 ° 27 '50', 0 Noorderwidth and 5 ° 55 '49', 4 OosterLength.

      Point N, the lighthouse of Schiermonnikoog, situated at 53 ° 29 '15 ", 3 Noorderwidth and 6 ° 08' 52", 1 OosterLength.

    • g. Between Schiermonnikoog and Rottumeroog:

      Point O, the Cape on the southeast tip of Schiermonnikoog, situated at 53 ° 29 '50', 5 Noorderlatitude and 6 ° 17 ' 56 ", 1 OosterLength;

      Point P, the beacon on the Boschplate, situated at 53 ° 31'48 ", 9 Noorderwidth and 6 ° 27 ' 42", 4 OosterLength;

      Point Q, the Grand Cape on Rottumeroog, located at 53 ° 32 '39 ", 1 Noorderbreadth and 6 ° 34' 39", 0 OosterLength.

  • 3 The location of points A to Q, referred to in paragraph 2, shall be expressed in length and width according to European coordinates (1st Exposition 1950).

  • 4 In the Maasmond and in the harbours of Scheveningen and IJmuiden, the main line is the connection of the lamps on the heads of the port heads.


Article 3

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  • 1 The lateral boundary of the territorial sea shall be determined in accordance with the States of which the territorial sea is adjacent to that of the Netherlands.

  • 2 For the application of Dutch legislation, the boundary between inland waterways and the territorial sea in the estuous assembly of the Ems is formed by the connecting line of the Great Cape of Rottumeroog, situated at 53 ° 32 ' 39 ", 1 Noorderwidth and 6 ° 34 '39 ", 0 OosterLength and the large lighthouse of Borkum, situated at 53 ° 35' 22", 2 Noorderlatitude and 6 ° 39 ' 48 ", 3 OosterLength, as far as that line runs over the Netherlands area.


Article 4

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Article 5

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Article 6

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Article 7

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Article 8

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The De-Constitutionlaw ( Stb. 1965, 509) is not applicable for one year after the entry into force of this Act in the field of which the territorial sea has been extended by virtue of that law.


Article 9

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  • 1 This Act shall enter into force on the first day of the third month following the date of issue of the State Sheet where it is placed.

  • 2 It can be cited as: Law borders Dutch territorial sea.

Burdens and orders, which are in the State Sheet All ministerial departments, authorities, colleges and civil servants, with whom this is concerned, will keep their hands on the precise implementation.

Issued at The Hague, 9 January 1985

Beatrix

The Minister for Foreign Affairs,

H. van den Broek

Published on the twenty-first March 1985

The Minister of Justice,

F. Korthals Altes