LAW FOR THE COORDINATION OF HIGHER EDUCATION
On the sidelines a seal with the National Shield, which reads: United Mexican States.-Presidency of the Republic.
JOSÉ LÓPEZ PORTILLO, Constitutional President of the United Mexican States, to its inhabitants, known:
That the H. Congress of the Union has been used to address the following
" The Congress of the United Mexican States, decrees:
LAW FOR THE COORDINATION OF HIGHER EDUCATION
ARTICLE 1o.- This law is of general observance throughout the Republic and aims to establish a basis for the distribution of the higher education function between the Federation, the States and the Municipalities, as well as provide for the corresponding economic contributions, in order to contribute to the development and coordination of higher education.
ARTICLE 2o.- The application of this law corresponds to the authorities of the Federation, the States and the Municipalities, in the terms that it establishes.
In the absence of any express provision of this law, the Federal Education Law will be applied in an extra way.
ARTICLE 3o.- The higher education type is the one taught after the baccalaureate or its equivalent. It includes normal, technological and university education and includes short professional careers and studies aimed at obtaining bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees, as well as refresher and specialization courses.
ARTICLE 4.- The functions of teaching, research and dissemination of the culture that the institutions of higher education perform will keep a harmonious relationship and complementary.
ARTICLE 5o.- The establishment, extension and evolution of higher education institutions and their coordination will be carried out on the basis of national, regional and regional priorities. This is the first time that the European Union has been involved in the development of the European Union.
ARTICLE 6o.- The Federation, through the Secretariat of Public Education, will conclude agreements with the governments of the States to ensure that expansion and development In the case of the national education policy and the state, regional and national needs of teachers and other educational specialists, normal education will meet the objectives of the national education policy.
In order to contribute to the stated aims, the Federal Government will also be able to include in the aforementioned conventions the establishment of normal schools and pedagogical universities. State whose plans, syllabus and academic criteria must be similar to those of the national institution concerned.
ARTICLE 7o.- Compete the Federation to monitor that the denominations of higher education establishments correspond to their nature.
Coordination and Distribution
ARTICLE 8.- The Federation, the States and the Municipalities shall provide, in a coordinated manner and within their respective jurisdictions, the public service of higher education, In accordance with the provisions of this order and the Federal Education Law, it meets their needs and possibilities.
ARTICLE 9o.- The establishment, extension and development of higher education institutions that propose the dependencies of the centralized Federal Public Administration, require prior approval from the Secretariat of Public Education, with which they will coordinate in the academic aspects.
ARTICLE 10.- Public institutions of higher education and individuals with authorization or recognition of official validity of studies will participate in the provision of educational services, in accordance with the provisions of this order.
ARTICLE 11.- In order to develop higher education for national, regional and state needs and for the institutional needs of teaching, research and dissemination of culture, the State will provide for the coordination of this type of education throughout the Republic, through the promotion of harmonious and solidarity interaction between higher education institutions and through the allocation of available public resources for that service, in accordance with the priorities, objectives and guidelines provided for by this law.
ARTICLE 12.- Without prejudice to the concurrence of the States and Municipalities, to provide for the coordination referred to in the previous article, the Federation will carry out the The following functions:
I.- Promote, encourage and coordinate programmatic actions that link the institutional and inter-institutional planning of higher education with the objectives, guidelines and priorities that the country's comprehensive development demands;
II.- Sponsor and support the celebration and implementation of conventions for the promotion and harmonious development of higher education, between the Federation, the States and the Municipalities;
III.- Encourage the evaluation of the development of higher education with the participation of institutions;
IV.- Support higher education by allocating federal public resources, and
V.- The others provided for in this Law and other applicable provisions.
ARTICLE 13.- For the purposes of the coordination of higher education, the Federation, the States and the Municipalities will consider the opinion of the educational institutions above, directly and through its representative groupings.
ARTICLE 14.- There will be a National Council of Normal Education, whose integration will be determined by the Federal Executive, which will be a consultative body of the Education Secretariat. Public, of the federative entities when they request it and of the institutions of normal education to coordinate their activities, to guide the conclusion of the conventions that on the subject previews this law and to contribute to to link this education with the requirements of the country, in accordance with the policy national education.
ARTICLE 15.- There will be a Council of the National System of Technological Education that will be a consultative body of the Secretariat of Public Education, of the federal entities when These requests and public institutions of higher type technological education, to coordinate the activities of such a system and to contribute to linking them with the needs and development of the country.
The integration of the Council will be determined by the Federal Executive in the terms of this law.
ARTICLE 16.- The authorization to impart normal education and the recognition of official validity to other higher-type studies shall be governed by the Federal Law of Education, by This Law and the conventions to which it refers, in the intelligence that for each of the staff, extension, dependency and plan of studies will be required, according to the case, authorization or recognition.
The authorization referred to in the preceding paragraph may be granted by the governments of the States only when the plants operate in their territory.
ARTICLE 17.- Public institutions of higher education that have the character of decentralised bodies, when empowered to do so, may grant, deny or to withdraw recognition of official validity from studies of a higher type, in the intelligence that for each school, extension, dependency and curriculum will require the recognition of the public institution of higher education corresponding.
The recognition may be granted by the governments of the States or by the decentralized agencies created by them, only in respect of the plants that work and the plans of studies that are carried out in the territory of the relevant federal entity.
ARTICLE 18.- Certificates, diplomas, degrees and academic degrees issued by individuals with respect to authorized or recognized studies shall require authentication by part of the authority which has granted the authorisation or recognition or, where appropriate, the decentralised public body which has granted the recognition.
The authority or the decentralised public body which grants, as the case may be, the authorisation or recognition shall be directly responsible for the academic supervision of the educational services in respect of which it is granted such authorisation or recognition.
ARTICLE 19.- Individuals who provide higher-type studies with authorization or official validity recognition must register with the Education Secretariat. Public.
The failure to comply with this provision will motivate the imposition of a fine of up to a hundred thousand pesos, and in the event of the failure to comply, the educational service will be closed.
ARTICLE 20.- The operation of plants in which normal education is provided without prior authorization, will motivate the immediate closure of the service, without prejudice to the the application of the criminal penalties corresponding to the official offences incurred by civil servants and public employees who have tolerated their opening or functioning.
ARTICLE 21.- The Federation, within its budgetary possibilities and in view of the needs of teaching, research and dissemination of the culture of the institutions public higher education, will assign them resources under this Law for the fulfillment of their purposes.
In addition, the institutions will be able to carry out programs to increase their own resources and expand their sources of financing.
ARTICLE 22.- The income of public institutions of higher education and property of your property will be exempt from all kinds of federal taxes. Such taxes shall also be exempt from the acts and contracts in which the said institutions are involved, if the taxes, in accordance with the respective law, should be charged to them.
ARTICLE 23.- The resources to be allocated to the higher education institutions in accordance with the Federation's expenditures budget will be determined in accordance with the priorities In addition to the participation of the institutions in the development of the higher education system and considering the institutional planning and the programs of academic improvement and administrative improvement, as well as the set of expenditure of intended operation.
In order to decide the allocation of the resources referred to in the preceding paragraph, no consideration shall be taken in any case from other than educational considerations.
ARTICLE 24.- For the purposes of this law, the resources that the Federation grants to higher education institutions shall be ordinary or specific.
For the satisfaction of extraordinary needs, institutions will be able to request additional resources.
ARTICLE 25.- The ministries of the ordinary resources will be subject to the approved calendar, and must be initiated during the first month of the fiscal year.
ARTICLE 26.- When institutions need to develop additional projects of institutional improvement and lack funds for this, the Federal Executive will be able to support them. with specific resources, subject to the conclusion of the respective Convention and, where appropriate, taking into account the development of the conventions previously concluded.
ARTICLE 27.- Higher education institutions must apply the funds provided by the Federation, strictly to the activities for which they have been assigned and in accordance with the respective laws.
FIRST.- This law shall enter into force on the day following that of its publication in the "Official Journal" of the Federation.
SECOND.- The Law of the Council of the National System of Technical Education, published in the "Official Journal" of the Federation on 25 November 1975, will be abrogated from the entry into force of the provision of the Federal Executive that determines the integration and functions of the Council of the National System of Technology Education referred to in Article 15 of this Law.
Mexico, D.F., December 26, 1978.- Antonio Riva Palacio López, D.P.- Antonio Ocampo Ramírez, S.P.- Pedro Avila Hernández, D.S.- Roberto Corzo Gay, S.S.- Headings ".
In compliance with the provisions of Article 89 (I) of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States and for their proper publication and observance, I hereby issue this Decree at the residence of the Government of Mexico. Federal Executive, in Mexico City, Federal District, at the twenty-six days of the month of December of a thousand nine hundred and seventy-eight.- José López Portillo.-Heading.-The Secretary of Public Education, Fernando Solana Morales.- Heading.-The Secretary of the Interior, Jesus Reyes Heroles.-Heading.-The Secretary of Finance and Public Credit, David Ibarra Munoz.-Heading.-The Secretary of Programming and Budget, Ricardo Garcia Sainz.-Heading.