ORGANIC LAW OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ANTHROPOLOGY AND HISTORY
Last published reform DOF January 23, 1998
On the sidelines a seal with the National Shield, which reads: United Mexican States.-Presidency of the Republic.
LÁZARO CÁRDENAS, Constitutional President of the United Mexican States, to its inhabitants, known:
That the H. Congress of the Union has served to address the following
L E Y:
" The Congress of the United Mexican States, decrees:
ORGANIC LAW OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ANTHROPOLOGY AND HISTORY
ARTICLE 1o.- The National Institute of Anthropology and History is created, with its own legal personality and dependent on the Secretariat of Public Education.
ARTICLE 2o. It is general objectives of the National Institute of Anthropology and History the scientific research on Anthropology and History related mainly to the population of the country and with the conservation and restoration of the cultural heritage archaeological and historical, as well as paleontological; the protection, conservation, restoration and recovery of that heritage and the promotion and dissemination of the subjects and activities that are of the competence of the Institute.
To meet its objectives, the National Institute of Anthropology and History will have the following functions:
I. Under the terms of Article 3o. of the Federal Law on Monuments and Archaeological, Artistic and Historical Zones, to apply the laws, regulations, decrees and agreements in the matters of their competence.
II. To carry out scientific research that is of interest to the Archaeology and History of Mexico, to the Anthropology and Ethnography of the population of the country.
III. Under the terms of Article 7o. of the Federal Law on Monuments and Archaeological, Artistic and Historical Areas, grant permits and direct the restoration and conservation of the archaeological and historical monuments carried out by the authorities of the states and municipalities.
IV. Propose to the competent authority, the issuing of regulations containing general and technical standards for the conservation and restoration of archaeological, historical and paleontological areas and monuments, which are applied in a coordinated manner with state and municipal governments.
V. Propose to the Secretary of Public Education the conclusion of coordination agreements with the federal, state and municipal authorities, aimed at the best protection and conservation of the historical, archaeological and paleontological heritage of the nation and the typical and traditional character of cities and towns.
VI. To promote, in conjunction with the governments of the states and the municipalities, the elaboration of manuals and cartillas of protection of archaeological, historical and paleontological heritage, in its territorial scope, that adapt the national guidelines conservation and restoration to the concrete conditions of the state and the municipality.
VII. To carry out scientific research in the anthropological, historical and paleontological disciplines, of a theoretical nature or applied to the solution of the problems of the population of the country and to the conservation and social use of the respective heritage.
VIII. Carry out explorations and excavations for scientific purposes and conservation of archaeological and historical sites and monuments and paleontological remains of the country.
IX. Identify, investigate, recover, rescue, protect, restore, rehabilitate, monitor and protect in the terms prescribed by the Federal Law on Archeological, Artistic and Historical Monuments and Zones, the respective monuments and zones, as well as the movable property associated with them.
X. Investigate, identify, recover and protect traditions, oral histories and uses, as a living heritage of the creative capacity and sensitivity of all peoples and social groups in the country.
XI. Propose to the federal executive the declaratory of archaeological and historical sites and monuments and paleontological remains, without prejudice to the executive's ability to issue them directly.
XII. Take the public record of archaeological and historical sites and monuments and paleontological remains.
XIII. Establish, organize, maintain, manage and develop museums, files and libraries specialized in the fields of their competence identified in this law.
XIV. Formulate and disseminate the catalogue of the national historical heritage, both of the goods that are of the domain of the nation, and of those belonging to individuals.
XV. Formulate and disseminate the catalogue of archaeological and historical sites and monuments and the archaeological letter of the Republic.
XVI. Publish works related to the subjects of their competence and participate in the dissemination and dissemination of the goods and values that constitute the cultural heritage of the nation, making them accessible to the community and promoting respect and use social heritage.
XVII. To promote, with the agreement of the Secretary of Public Education, the formation of State Advisory Councils for the protection and conservation of the archaeological, historical and paleontological heritage, made up of state agencies and municipal, as well as representatives of social, academic and cultural organizations interested in the defense of this heritage.
XVIII. Impart teaching in the areas of Anthropology and History, conservation, restoration and museography, at the levels of technical-professional, professional, postgraduate and educational extension, and accredit studies for the issuance of the titles and corresponding grades.
XIX. Authorize, monitor, monitor and evaluate, in the terms of the applicable legislation, the exploration and study actions undertaken in the national territory by foreign scientific missions.
XX. To agree with the Secretariat of Foreign Relations, the necessary formalities to obtain the return of the archaeological or historical assets that are in the foreign.
XXI.- Other than the laws of the Republic trust you.
ARTICLE 3o. The Institute, which is able to acquire and manage goods, will form its heritage with those listed:
I. The buildings that have been contributed or contributed by the Federal, State and Municipal Governments for their functions or services.
II. The furniture that currently belongs to you and those that you are given or acquire in the future.
III. Those who acquire by inheritance, legacy, donation or by any other concept.
IV. The amounts assigned to you by the Federation's Government Budget.
V. The contributions granted to you by public or private entities, national, international or foreign.
VI. The proceeds from the sale of texts, publications, recordings, films, photographs, reproductions, cards, posters and other similar objects.
VII. Funds, products, royalties, concessions fees, authorizations and registrations.
VIII. Other income earned for any legal title including services to the public.
ARTICLE 4o. The goods that the Institute acquires from private institutions and individuals, or from foreign governments, will be exempt from all kinds of contributions, taxes or duties.
ARTICLE 5o. To meet its objectives, the Institute is organized:
I. According to their functions, in the areas of:
a) Research in Anthropology, Archaeology and History.
b) Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Property.
c) Museums and Expositions.
d) Teaching and training of human resources in the Institute's fields of competence.
II. According to its territorial structure, in Regional Centres or Delegations; and
III. According to its administrative structure, in the units that the regulation of this Law establishes for the best performance of its functions.
ARTICLE 6o. The Institute shall be in charge of a Director General, appointed and freely removed by the Secretary of Public Education.
To be Director General of the National Institute of Anthropology and History, it is required to be Mexican by birth who does not acquire another nationality, to be in full enjoyment and exercise of their civil and political rights, over 30 years of age, with academic degrees and merits recognised in one of the Institute's competition matters.
ARTICLE 7o. They are the powers and obligations of the Director General:
I. Represent the Institute legally.
II. Grant, revoke, and replace powers.
III. Agree with the Secretary of Public Education on the issues of their competence.
IV. Preside over the sessions of the General Advisory Council and promote its resolutions.
V. Authorize and enforce the Institute's work programs.
VI. Name and remove trusted personnel in the terms of the applicable legislation.
VII. Propose the draft regulations and approve the manuals necessary for the operation of the Institute.
VIII. Celebrate contracts and perform all kinds of domain acts.
IX. Submit the annual draft budget to the competent federal authorities in a timely manner.
X. Present to the Secretary of Public Education an annual report of the Institute's activities and the work programme to be carried out during the relevant year.
XI. To conclude agreements with natural or legal persons and with public or private bodies, national, international or foreign.
XII. The others entrusted to him by the laws, the Secretary of Public Education and those who for the exercise of his office must perform.
ARTICLE 8o. The Institute will have an Advisory General Council that will be chaired by the Director General and will be integrated from the representation of the Area Councils. Their conformation and functioning will be regulated by the regulation of this law.
ARTICLE 9o. The existing working conditions of staff of the Institute are retained in their terms and will continue to be regulated by the Federal Law of Workers to the State Service, under Article 123 (B) of the Constitution.
ARTICLE 10.- (Repeals).
ARTICLE 11.- (Repeals).
ARTICLE 12.- (Repeals).
ARTICLE 13.- (Repeals).
ARTICLE 14.- (Repeals).
ARTICLE 15.- (Repeals).
ARTICLE 16.- (Repeals).
ARTICLE 17.- (Repeals).
ARTICLE 18.- (Repeals).
ARTICLE 19.- (Repeals).
ARTICLE 20.- (Repeals).
ONLY.- This Law will enter into force from the date of its publication in the Official Journal.- Felix de la Lanza, D. P.- Alejandro Antuna López, S. P.- Cesar Martino, D. S.- Camilo Gastelum Jr., S. S.-Rubicas. "
In compliance with the provisions of section I of Article 89 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, and for their due publication and observance, I hereby issue this Decree at the residence of the Government of Mexico. Federal Executive, in Mexico City, D. F., at the thirty-one day of the month of December of a thousand nine hundred and thirty-eight.- Lazaro Cárdenas.-Heading.-The Secretary of State and the Public Education Office, Gonzalo Vázquez Vela.-Heading.-Al C. licensed Ignacio García Tellez, Secretary of Government.- Present.
TRANSIENT ITEMS OF REFORM DECREES
DECREE to reform the Organic Law of the National Institute of Anthropology and History.
Published in the Official Journal of the Federation on January 13, 1986
FIRST ARTICLE.- reforms the 2o items. to the 9th, of the Organic Law of the National Institute of Anthropology and History, to remain as follows:
ARTICLE SECOND.- Articles 10 to 20 of the Organic Law of the National Institute of Anthropology and History are repealed.
ONLY.- This Decree shall enter into force on the day following its publication in the Official Journal of the Federation.
Mexico, D. F., at December 19, 1985.- Fernando Ortiz Arana, Dip. President.- Socorro Díaz Palacios, President.- Juan Moises Calleja, Dip. Secretary.- Alberto E. Villanueva Sansores, Sen. Secretary.-Rubicas.
In compliance with the provisions of Article 89 (I) of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States and for their proper publication and observance, I request the present Decree at the residence of the Federal Executive Branch, in Mexico City, Federal District, on the twentieth day of December of a thousand nine hundred and eighty-five.- Miguel de la Madrid H.-Rubrica-The Secretary of the Interior, Manuel Bartlett D.-Heading.-The Secretary of Public Education, Miguel González Avelar.-Heading.
DECREE by which various legal orders are reformed.
Published in the Official Journal of the Federation on January 23, 1998
UNICO ARTICLE.- Articles 20 and 32, fraction I, are reformed, and the fraction I BIS is added to Article 47 of the Mexican Foreign Service Law; they are reconstituted Articles 4, fraction I, 117, 161, first paragraph, and 173, second paragraph, and article 148 BIS are added to the chapter called "From Recruitment", and an (F) to section II of Article 170 of the Organic Law of the Army and Air Force Mexico; Article 57 is reformed and an (E) (E) clause is added to the Article 105 of the Organic Law of the Mexican Navy; article 4, fraction I, of the Military Justice Code is reformed; article 5 BIS is added to the Military Service Law; articles 106 and 108 of the Organic Law of Power are reformed. Judicial of the Federation; 4, first paragraph, of the Organic Law of the Fiscal Court of the Federation; 9, fraction I, of the Law for the Treatment of Child Offenders for the Federal District in Common Matter and for the entire Republic in Matter Federal; 20, paragraph a), 22 and 23, in their respective fractions I, of the Organic Law of the Attorney General's Office the Republic; 19, 34 and 35, in their respective fractions I, of the Organic Law of the Attorney General's Office of the Federal District; 76, 91, 103, 114 and 120, in their respective points (a), of the Federal Code of Institutions and Procedures Elections; 22 and 50, in their respective first paragraphs, of the Law of Navigation; 7, the first paragraph and the addition of a second paragraph, Articles 38 and 40, first paragraph, of the Civil Aviation Law; 189, 216 and 612, fraction I of the Federal Labor Law; 267 of the Social Security Act; 156, fraction I, and 166, second paragraph, of the Law of Institute of Security and Social Services of the State Workers; 28, first paragraph, 50, fraction IV, and the section III of article 51 of the Law of the Social Security Institute for the Mexican Armed Forces is repealed; the Articles 21, fraction I, of the Federal Law of ParaState Entities, 51 of the Regulatory Law of Article 27 Constitutional on Nuclear Matter; 9, fraction I, of the Law of the National Commission on Human Rights; 8, fraction I, of the Law Federal of Public Brokerage; 6, second paragraph, of the Organic Law of the National Institute of Anthropology and History; 32, fractions I to III, of the Foreign Investment Law; 14, fraction I, of the General Law establishing the National System of Public Safety Coordination; 5o, fraction I, of the Law of the Commission Energy regulator; 10, fraction I and 14, fraction I of the Savings Systems Law for Retirement; 12, fraction I, of the Organic Law of the Agrarian Courts; 39, fraction I, of the Law of the Bank of Mexico; 26, fraction I, of the Federal Law of Economic Competition; 121, fraction I, of the Federal Law of Workers to the State Service, Regulation of Section "B" of Article 123 Constitutional; and 15, fraction I and last paragraph of the Law of the National Banking and Securities Commission, to remain as follows:
ONLY.- This Decree shall enter into force on 20 March 1998.
Mexico, D.F., 12 December 1997.-Sen. Heladio Ramírez López, President.-Dip. Luis Meneses Murillo, President.-Sen. José Antonio Valdivia, Secretary.-Dip. Jaime Castro Lopez, Secretary.-Rubicas."
In compliance with the provisions of Article 89 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, and for their due publication and observance, I ask for this Decree at the residence of the Federal Executive Branch, in Mexico City, Federal District, at the thirty days of December of a thousand nine hundred and ninety-seven.- Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León.-Heading.-The Secretary Government, Emilio Chuayffet Chemor.-Heading.