Law Organic Of The Army And Force Air Mexican

Original Language Title: Ley Orgánica del Ejército y Fuerza Aérea Mexicanos

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Mexican Army and Air Force Organic Law

MEXICAN ARMY AND AIR FORCE ORGANIC LAW

Official Journal of the Federation on December 26, 1986

Last reform published in the DOF on November 6, 2014

On the sidelines a seal with the National Shield, which reads: United Mexican States.-Presidency of the Republic.

MIGUEL DE LA MADRID H., Constitutional President of the United Mexican States, to its inhabitants, known:

That the H. Congress of the Union, has been used to address the following:

DECREE

" THE CONGRESS OF THE MEXICAN UNITED STATES, DECREE:

MEXICAN ARMY AND AIR FORCE ORGANIC LAW

TITLE FIRST

GENERAL MISSIONS

ONLY CHAPTER

ARTICLE 1/o. The Mexican Army and Air Force are permanent armed institutions that have the following general missions:

I. Defending the integrity, independence and sovereignty of the nation;

II. Ensure internal security;

III. Auxiliary to the civilian population in cases of public needs;

IV. Perform civic actions and social works that tend to the progress of the country; and

V. In case of a disaster, provide assistance for the maintenance of the order, assistance of the persons and their property and the reconstruction of the affected areas.

ARTICLE 2/o. The missions stated, may be performed by the Army and the Air Force, either jointly with the Navy or with other dependencies of the Federal, State or Municipal Governments, all, as ordered or approved by the President of the Republic, exercising its constitutional powers.

ARTICLE 3/o. The Mexican Army and Air Force must be organized, trained and equipped in accordance with the requirements to be met by their missions.

TITLE SECOND

INTEGRATION OF THE MEXICAN ARMY AND AIR FORCE

ONLY CHAPTER

ARTICLE 4/o. The Mexican Army and Air Force are integrated by:

I.- Birth Mexicans who do not acquire another nationality and who provide their services in the Armed Forces of Land and Air, subject to the Laws and Military Regulations;

II. The resources that the Nation makes available to it; and

III. Buildings and facilities.

ARTICLE 5/o. The members of the Mexican Army and Air Force, by constitutional standard belong to the Military Volunteer Service or the National Military Service.

ARTICLE 6/o. Mexicans who decide to provide their services in the Armed Forces of land and air, on a voluntary basis, will sign a contract stating their conformity to remain in the Armed Forces for a certain period of time.

ARTICLE 7/o. The Mexicans who make up the National Military Service, during their stay in the armed forces, will be subject to the laws, regulations, and military provisions.

ARTICLE 8/o. The Mexican Army and Air Force to support their troops and the fulfillment of their missions, has the resources that the Federation's Budget of expenditures assigns to them.

ARTICLE 9/o. The buildings and facilities in the Army and Air Force are intended to carry out administration and organization functions, as well as for the accommodation, preparation and operation of the troops.

THIRD TITLE

LEVELS OF COMMAND IN THE MEXICAN ARMY AND AIR FORCE

CHAPTER I

ARTICLE 10. The Mexican Army and Air Force make up an organization that performs its operations through a hierarchical structure that includes the The following command levels:

I.     Supreme Command;

II.   High Command;

III. Top controls; and

IV.   Unit controls.

Without a gender distinction, members of the Mexican Army and Air Force will be able to access all levels of command, including the organs of the High Command of the Army and Air Force.

CHAPTER II

SUPREME COMMAND

ARTICLE 11. The Supreme Command of the Mexican Army and Air Force, corresponds to the President of the Republic, who will exercise it for himself or through the Secretary of National Defense; for that purpose, during his term of office, he will be referred to as Supreme Commander. of the Armed Forces.

ARTICLE 12. In the case of military operations involving elements of more than one Armed Forces or the departure of troops from the National Territory, the President of the Republic shall exercise the Supreme Command through the authority of the military which I judged relevant.

ARTICLE 13. The President of the Republic will have the Army and Air Force, in accordance with the provisions of Article 89 Fraction VI of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States.

ARTICLE 14. They are faculties of the Supreme Command:

I. Name the Secretary of National Defense;

II. Appoint the Deputy Secretary; the Chief of Staff; the Inspector and Comptroller General of the Army and Air Force; the Chief of the General Staff of the National Defense; the Attorney General of Military Justice and the President, as well as the Supreme Military Court;

III. Name the Chief of the Presidential General Staff;

IV. Name the Commanders of the Top Controls;

V. Name the Commanders of the Troop Units and the Commanders of the Special Corps;

VI. Appoint the Directors and Heads of Department of the Secretariat of National Defense;

VII. Name the other Officials to determine;

VIII. Authorize the military division of the National Territory and the distribution of the Forces; and

IX. Authorize the creation of new units for the Army and Air Force; new weapons and services; new military education establishments or new special bodies.

ARTICLE 15. The President of the Republic will have a Presidential General Staff, a military technical body that will assist him in obtaining general information; he will plan his own personal activities of the position and the prevention of his security. and participate in the implementation of activities from, as well as those of the related services, verifying compliance.

It will be organized and operated in accordance with the respective Regulations.

CHAPTER III

HIGH MANDO

First Section

ARTICLE 16. The High Command of the Army and Air Force will be exercised by the Secretary of National Defense, who will be a Major General of the Army, the son of Mexican parents; and that, in order to draw distinction with respect to the rest of the Army's military personnel. same grade, it will be referred to as General only.

ARTICLE 17. The Secretary of National Defense, in accordance with the instructions he receives from the President of the Republic, is responsible for organizing, equipping, educating, training, training, administering and developing the Armed Forces of the Republic of Colombia. and air.

ARTICLE 18. In the temporary faults of the Secretary of National Defense, the Deputy Secretary shall occupy the command and the faults of the latter, the Chief Officer, without prejudice to the provisions of Article 12 of this Law.

ARTICLE 19. The Undersecretary and the Chief Officer are immediate auxiliary of the High Command for the performance of the functions outlined in this Law.

For the purpose, the Secretary of National Defense, will assign each official, the areas in which his performance is necessary.

ARTICLE 20. For the purpose of fulfilling the functions of the High Command, the Secretariat of National Defense is constituted in Army and Air Force Superior Headquarters.

Section Second

HIGH COMMAND ORGANS

ARTICLE 21. High Command, for the performance of its duties, shall have the following bodies:

I. General Staff of the National Defense;

II. Inspection and Comptroller General of the Army and Air Force;

III. Organs of the War Fuero; and

IV. Directorates General of the Secretariat of National Defense.

NATIONAL DEFENSE MAJOR STATUS

ARTICLE 22. The General Staff of the National Defense is the operational technical organ, an immediate collaborator of the High Command, to whom it assists in the planning and coordination of matters related to the National Defense and the organization, training, operation and development of the Armed Forces of land and air and transforms decisions into directives, instructions and orders, verifying their compliance.

ARTICLE 23. The General Staff of the National Defense will be made up of diplomatic personnel of the General Staff of the Army and Air Force, and of the other one that is necessary.

ARMY AND AIR FORCE GENERAL INSPECTION AND COMPTROLLER

ARTICLE 24 The Inspection and Comptroller General of the Army and Air Force is the body responsible for the supervision, audit and audit of personnel, equipment, animals and facilities in their technical, administrative and financial aspects, as well as the training of individuals and units.

ARTICLE 25. The Army and Air Force Inspectorate and Comptroller General will be integrated with Army and Air Force personnel.

WARFUSER ORGANS

ARTICLE 26. The War Fuero is competent to know about crimes and offenses against military discipline in accordance with Article 13 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States.

ARTICLE 27. The Bodies of the War I shall know of the crimes in the terms established by the Military Code of Justice.

ARTICLE 28. The Organs of the War Fuero are:

I. Supreme Military Tribunal;

II. Attorney General of Military Justice; and

III. Body of Ombudsmen.

ARTICLE 29. The organization and functioning of the Supreme Military Tribunal, the Attorney General's Office of the Military Justice and the Office of the Ombudsmen, are established in the Military Justice Code.

ARTICLE 30. The positions of the staff members of the Supreme Military Tribunal are incompatible with any other in the Army and Air Force, in the Secretariat of National Defense and in Government Dependencies: Federal, State and Municipal.

ARTICLE 31. The Councils of Honor and the Hierarchical Superiors and in charge know of the faults against the military discipline in the terms that establish the Laws and Regulations.

NATIONAL DEFENSE SECRETARY GENERAL ADDRESSES

ARTICLE 32. The Directorates-General of Arms, Services and other administrative functions of the Secretariat of National Defense shall be responsible for the activities related to the advisory to the High Command and the management, management and verification of all military matters not included in those of a tactical or strategic nature, which tend to the satisfaction of military morale and the social and material needs of the Army and Air Force; in accordance with the Rules of Procedure Interior of the Secretariat of National Defense or order to do its own times.

CHAPTER IV

TOP CONTROLS

ARTICLE 33. The Superior Controls, according to their function, are divided into Operatives and Service.

FIRST SECTION

ARTICLE 34. The Top Operational Controls shall be:

I. The Air Force Commander;

II. In the Military Regions Commanders;

III. In Military Zone Commanders;

IV. In the Commanders of the Great Ground Units or Aereas;

V. In the Commanders of the Joint or Combined Units; and

VI. In the Commanders of the Circumstantial Units that the High Command determines to implement.

ARTICLE 35. The Secretary of National Defense shall exercise the Command of the Forces through the Commander of the Air Force, the Commanders of the Military Regions, the Military Zones, and the Commanders of Units, without prejudice to the exercise of directly, where this is required for the purposes of the Service.

ARTICLE 36. The Military Regions are integrated with one or more Military Zones, attending to strategic needs, and will be at the Command of a Commander, with the rank of Major General or Brigade, from Arma.

ARTICLE 37. The Military Zones are established, in principle based on the Political Division of the Country and as far as possible in defined geographical areas that facilitate the conduct of military operations, the delimitation of responsibilities and the an effective administration.

ARTICLE 38. Military Zones are integrated with Army and Air Force agencies within their jurisdiction. They are divided into Military Sectors and Subsectors in which Army Units are located, and the Command and Air Base Command can be found, which in any case will be subordinate to the Commander of the Military Area.

It is the power of the Commanders of the Zones to assign the command of the Military Sectors and Subsectors to the Army Units of their jurisdiction, which they consider to be relevant.

ARTICLE 39. If in one Sector a Base or Installation of another Armed Force has been located, the Commanders shall exercise their authority only within the jurisdiction that the legal orders assign to them.

ARTICLE 40. When it is necessary to permanently assemble organic assemblies of various Weapons and Services, the command of these assemblies shall be in charge of a Commander, with the degree of General, from one of the Army's Weapons.

ARTICLE 41. In case two or more Administrative Units type Battalion or Superior, have to set up their efforts or combine their actions to fulfill a mission, they shall be subject to a single command, which shall be carried out by an Army General. from Arma.

ARTICLE 42. When it is necessary to gather Units of Arms and Services, in order to assist the Civil Population, to carry out civic activities and social works or in cases of Emergencies and disasters, the troops assigned to each mission, will be in command of a military of the class of Arma.

ARTICLE 43. The Commander of the Air Force and the Commanders of Military Regions; Military Zones and Large Units, will have a Headquarters, according to their plans, according to their hierarchical level; the Major States that are part of these Headquarters will be technically subordinate to the Major States of National Defense and Air, as appropriate.

SECOND SECTION

ARTICLE 44. The Senior Officers of the Services shall fall to the Commanders of the Logistics and Administrative Grouping and shall be exercised by Generals from Arma or Service.

Through the Superior Command of the Services, the Secretary of National Defense will order the logistical actions to meet the needs of the operation of the Army and Air Force.

CHAPTER V

DRIVE CONTROLS

ARTICLE 45. The bodies constituted by Army and Air Force troops, internally structured in two or more steps, equipped and trained to carry out operational missions in combat and which operate essentially under tactical rules in the compliance with their missions, they receive the name of Units.

ARTICLE 46. The Army and Air Force Units, may be from Arma, Flight or Service.

ARTICLE 47. The Operational Controls of any hierarchical level shall be exercised by Arma's military or Airmen Pilots, as appropriate.

ARTICLE 48. The Service Military is the Command of the Units that are part of the Army and Air Force Services and will be subordinate to the Commander of the Unit or Dependence to which they have been assigned organically or in reinforcement.

ARTICLE 49. In the units of combat constituted by elements of the Arms and Services, the Command and the succession of the same, it will be the military of Arma, the same norm will be applied in the air organizations, regarding the Airmen Pilots.

ARTICLE 50. In cases where there are no military personnel with the required graduation to exercise the Command of the Weapon, Service or Air Force Units, the High Command designate who should be exercised.

ARTICLE 51. In the cases of the succession of the Mando for temporary faults of the Holder, the military of the highest graduation shall exercise it; in case of two or more military of the same graduation, it will exercise him of the greatest antiquity.

ARTICLE 52. The operation, structure and organic plans of each Unit, Dependency or Installation of the Army and Air Force, shall be established by the respective Regulations and Manuals.

TITLE FOURTH

MEXICAN ARMY AND AIR FORCE COMPOSITION

CHAPTER I

ARTICLE 53. The Mexican Army and Air Force jointly develop their National Defense actions and are united in a single Dependency.

It consists of: Combat Units, Services Units, Special Bodies, Rural Defensa Corps, and Military Education Facilities.

CHAPTER II

MEXICAN ARMY COMPOSITION

ARTICLE 54. The Mexican Army consists of organized and trained units for ground military operations and is constituted by Arms and Services.

ARTICLE 55. The Arms are the components of the Mexican Army whose main mission is combat, which will be executed by each of them according to how they combine the weaponry, the preponderant way of moving, their power of shock and form of work.

ARTICLE 56. The Mexican Army Weapons are:

I. Infantry;

II. Cavalry;

III. Artillery;

IV. Blind; and

V. Engineers.

ARTICLE 57. Weapons shall be organized in Units, which are classified in small and large Units.

I. Small Units are constituted with command and control bodies, elements or units of a single Weapon and of the Services that are necessary as appropriate. The small Units are: Stables; Pelotons; Sections; Companies, Zones or Batteries; Groups; and Batallones or Regiments.

II. Large Units are constituted with Command and Command organs, Units of two or more Weapons and Services that are required.

The Great Units are: Brigades, Divisions and Army Corps.

ARTICLE 58. The Army's services have the mission, composition and functions that the corresponding part of Chapter IV of this Title points to them.

CHAPTER III

MEXICAN AIR FORCE COMPOSITION

ARTICLE 59. The Mexican Air Force consists of organized, equipped and trained units for air military operations and consists of:

I. Air Force Command;

II. Air Staff;

III. Flight Units;

IV. Ground troops of the Air Force; and

V. Services.

ARTICLE 60. The command of the Air Force falls to a General Pilot Aviator, to which it will be called the Air Force Commander, who will be responsible for the operation and administration of the Air Force, as well as the use of its Units, in accordance with the Directives, Instructions, Orders and other provisions of the Secretary of National Defense.

ARTICLE 61. The Air Staff is the immediate contributing technical organ of the Air Force Commander, who assists in the planning and coordination of the Missions that are conferred on him and transforms decisions into orders, directives, and instructions verifying compliance.

ARTICLE 62. The Air Staff shall consist of Air Force Diplomatic Airmen Pilots, as well as other personnel required to do so.

ARTICLE 63. The Flight Units are the components of the Air Force, whose main mission is the air combat and related operations, and which act in the peculiar way that imposes the mission and the flight material that they are equipped with.

ARTICLE 64. The flight units are classified in small and large units and are constituted with command, control bodies, units of one or more types of flight material and the necessary services.

I. The small flight units are squadrons and squadrons.

II. Large flight units are the groups, wings, and divisions.

Search and rescue units will also be organized, equipped with the appropriate aerial material to carry out the activities of localization, discovery and return to security, both of the persons who are victims of air operations and accidents or other types of disaster, as well as objects which by their nature merit it.

ARTICLE 65. The ground troops of the Air Force are small units of weapon and are constituted with command, command organs, units and the necessary services, and comprise squads, platoons, sections, companies and battalions. They shall be primarily intended for the protection of air installations.

ARTICLE 66. The Air Force Services have the mission, composition and functions that the corresponding part of Chapter IV of this Title points to them.

CHAPTER IV

SERVICES

Common Provisions

ARTICLE 67. The Services are components of the Army and Air Force, which have as their main mission, to meet the needs of life and operation, through the administrative and logistic support to form organized, equipped and trained units for the development of these activities.

The Services are made up of steering bodies and implementing bodies.

ARTICLE 68. The Army and Air Force Services are:

I. Engineers;

II. Cartographic;

III. Transmissions;

IV. War Materials;

V. Transport;

VI. Administration;

VII. Intrend;

VIII. Healthcare;

IX. Justice;

X. Veterinary and Back-up;

XI. Informatics;

XII. Meteorological;

XIII. Flight control; and

XIV. Air material.

ARTICLE 69. The management bodies of the Services are constituted on all steps, by the directors and heads of the same, who exercise technical authority over all the subordinate elements in the corresponding step and technical command. operational and administrative, in the units and non-framed facilities.

ARTICLE 70. The governing bodies of each service will be in the Secretariat of National Defense: general directions, addresses or departments; and in military regions, military zones, air bases, units or dependencies: Headquarters.

ARTICLE 71. The directors and heads of the services will be the advisors in the corresponding steps of the commanders, the major states and the command groups for the proper use of their respective services.

ARTICLE 72. The Commanders of the units and formations of the services, framed in combat units of the Army and Air Force and other services, will assume the leadership of their service in the General Headquarters or Command Groups in which they do not there is an organic head.

ARTICLE 73. The implementing the services are responsible for carrying out the activities of each of them, and for that purpose they shall, as the case may be, constitute units which may integrate dependencies, mobile training, semi-movable and fixed training. and miscellaneous installations including parks, maintenance workshops, warehouses, warehouses, laboratories and the other facilities necessary for its operation.

ARTICLE 74. The services may be organized into teams, squads, platoons, sections, companies and battalions, except for the justice that will adopt their organization according to their needs.

ARTICLE 75. The Directorates-General, addresses and departments, subject to the authorization of the Secretary of National Defense, shall maintain close cooperation with related bodies, officers and individuals, in order to obtain the necessary data to serve In order to control the works, facilities and organizations of the same nature, the importance of which is to be used by the military and to carry out research in the fields of technical scientific and technological, relating to their respective services.

Engineer Service

ARTICLE 76. The Engineer Service is an integral part of the Arma of Engineers, and will be led by the director general of the weapon.

ARTICLE 77. The Service of Engineers, without prejudice to the provisions of Article 56, fraction V of this Law will be responsible for the execution of the necessary engineering works to the Army and Air Force, as well as the supply of the material of war of engineers who demand those Armed Forces and will also perform the following activities:

I. Receive, manufacture, store, supply, evacuate, maintain, repair, recover, and control equipment and war material from engineers to meet the needs of the Army and Air Force, as well as build, repair, maintain and adapt the buildings and other facilities intended for them;

II. Plan the construction and conservation of fortification, masking, land communication and infrastructure for the Air Force;

III. Develop destruction and demolition plans, and implement them, if any;

IV. Plan and execute work against fire and damage control, in military installations or in areas under military control;

V. Locate and harness water for military needs, in coordination where appropriate, with the Health and Intrend services, as regards their potability and distribution to the troops, respectively; and

VI. Construction, operation and conservation of energy management facilities for military purposes.

Cartographic Service

ARTICLE 78. The Cartographic Service will be responsible for all the work of this type and the geodetic, topographic and photogrammetric, as well as the production and supply of letters, maps, aerial mosaics and similar material for the Army and Force Air. These activities may be coordinated with other similar official bodies.

ARTICLE 79. The Director of the Cartographic Service will be a General from Arma.

Transmissions Service

ARTICLE 80. The Transmissions Service shall be responsible for the installation, operation and maintenance of the means necessary to maintain efficient and timely communication between the High Command and the Army and Air Force units, in any case. time and circumstance, plus the following activities:

I. Receive, manufacture, store, supply, evacuate, maintain, repair, recover, and control equipment and material from the Transmissions Service to meet the needs of the Army and Air Force;

II. Plan, organize, install, operate and conserve telecommunications systems for military needs, including the exploitation and adaptation of civilian facilities under military control; and

III. Auxiliary to the controls at all levels, in the use, operation and conservation of the means of transmission in charge of said units, and in the training of the personnel of the Weapons and other Services in charge of such means.

ARTICLE 81. The Director of the Transmissions Service will be a General belonging to that service.

War Materials Service

ARTICLE 82. The War Materials Service shall be responsible for the supply of arms, ammunition, weapons for combat vehicles and control instruments necessary for the Army and Air Force and the materials of its own. Service will also perform the following activities:

I. Receive, design, store, supply, evacuate, maintain, repair, recover, and control the Army and Air Force war materials and the Service's own materials;

II. Set technical standards for armaments;

III. Intervene in damage control activities in military posts, localities and areas under military control, in coordination with other Services; disorganize and in your case destroy unexploited bombs and projectiles; and

IV. Support other services in the installation, operation and maintenance of industrial and other equipment of their specialty, in buildings, bases, military fields and establishments or under military control; and National Defense.

ARTICLE 83. The Director of the War Materials Service will be a General Industrial Engineer.

Transport Service

ARTICLE 84. The Service shall be responsible for providing the Army and Air Force with general employment vehicles and for the use of the service itself, supplying parts and parts thereof as well as machinery and special instruments. to ensure its operation and maintenance, and will also perform the following activities:

I. Organize, coordinate and direct all activities related to the transportation of personnel, troops and materials of all kinds, except for transports that have purely tactical purposes;

II. Organize, employ and operate land, river and lake transports, belonging to the Army and with the support of the Air Force, to use air transport; when the authority that in its case corresponds to the support of the Navy, will use the transports of the same;

III. Use civilian means of transport for military needs and operate land only when both have been legally placed under military control, or contracts or agreements have been concluded with their owners;

IV. Organize, employ and operate animal or loin transport units, in areas where they are required, in coordination with the Veterinary and Veterinary Service, as regards the supply and conservation of the respective livestock;

V. Issue ticket orders and freight orders in all modes of transport available, for individuals and for units;

VI. Design, manufacture, receive, store, supply, evacuate, maintain, repair and control, automobile, animal traction and the own equipment of the Transport Service to meet the needs of the Army and Air Force; and

VII. Receive, store and supply fuels and lubricants to the units and vehicles of the Army and Air Force.

ARTICLE 85. The Director of the Transport Service, will be a General from Arma.

Administration Service

ARTICLE 86. The Administration Service shall be responsible for the administrative activities of the Army and Air Force following:

I. Accounting and glossing on the internal aspect, the approved annual budget of the Secretariat of National Defense;

II. Apply in accordance with the laws, procedures for the payment of assets and other emoluments, and centralize and execute the audit of the accounting of all the administrative organs of the Units, Dependencies and Facilities of the Army and Air Force;

III. Carry out in accordance with the respective Laws and Regulations, the acquisition of all the Articles that demand the life necessities and the operations of the Army and Air Force, according to the technical specifications that for each appropriate case;

IV. Keep the military statistics current, based on the data provided by all the Army and Air Force Dependencies. Establish the technical standards to be observed for these purposes; and

V. Provide specialist personnel for the administration of the Units, Dependencies and Facilities of the Army and Air Force.

ARTICLE 87. The Director of the Administration Service shall be a General belonging to that service.

Intrend service

ARTICLE 88. The service of Intendencia will be responsible for supplying the necessary means to meet the needs of the Army and Air Force components; and it will also carry out the following activities:

I. Supplying the troops with everything necessary for their feeding, including fodder and other food for livestock and other animals for use in military organizations; the latter in coordination with the Veterinary and Back-up Service;

II. To supply the Army and Air Force of individual and collective costumes and equipment; camp and bedroom material, dining and kitchen, office and hairdressing; furniture in general; fuels and lubricants, except those handled by the Transport and Air Material services; and articles which, by their nature and purpose, are not exclusive to other services;

III. Water supply to the troops, for all required uses;

IV. Care for the conservation and recovery of the items you supply;

V. Organize and develop laundry, bath and other similar activities on the campaign trail; and

VI. Manufacture, produce, acquire, and store the supplies of its responsibility.

ARTICLE 89. The Director of the Service of Intrend, shall be a General belonging to that service.

Health Service

ARTICLE 90. The Health Service shall be responsible for the prevention and prophylaxis of the diseases of the members of the Army and Air Force members; the prompt recovery of the members of the Armed Forces and, in their case, the medical-surgical integral of the retired military and the right-holders of the military in active and in retirement, in the terms that they point out the laws regarding Social Security for the members of the Armed Forces. You will also perform the following activities:

I. Select and classify military personnel from physical and psycho-biological points of view;

II. Preserve the health of the same personnel by means of health control, disease prevention and medical, surgical and dental care; to intervene with respect to the food in coordination with the Service of Intendence and with the Veterinary and Back-up so it touches on the inspection of food of animal origin;

III. Carry out activities for the control of epidemics or pests and for the decontamination of elements, areas and facilities in coordination with other services as necessary;

IV. Manufacture, receive, store, supply, repair, maintain, recover and control the equipment and equipment that the service manages for its own needs and those of the Army and Air Force; and

V. Advise the training in the first aid delivery, of the members of the Army and Air Force.

ARTICLE 91. The Director of the Health Service will be a Surgeon General.

Justice Service

ARTICLE 92. The service of justice shall be responsible for the prosecution and administration of justice for the crimes of the war jurisdiction and for the enforcement of the penalties imposed by the Dependencies entrusted with the administration of justice. advising the Secretariat of National Defense on legal technical matters, and will also carry out the following activities:

I. Performing Service personnel administration;

II. Organize, direct, and supervise the operation of Military Prisons, Disciplinary Units, and other similar Dependencies and Facilities;

III. Monitor that the military prosecuted and sentenced, retain their physical and professional capacity, until their reinstatement to military or civilian activities;

IV. To process prison changes, jurisdiction extensions, and pardon requests;

V. Participate in the elaboration of draft laws and regulations relating to the administration of military justice;

VI. To process what is necessary regarding withdrawals and pensions in the part that is the responsibility of the Secretariat of National Defense, in accordance with the laws of the matter; and

VII. Practice the study on rewards to the military.

ARTICLE 93. The Director of the Service of Justice shall be a General Licensed in Law, of that service.

Veterinary and Back-up Service

ARTICLE 94. The and Veterinarian Service shall be responsible for the prevention and prophylaxis of diseases of livestock and other animals used by the Army, to conserve and to recover the health of the animals and to supply to that armed force of cattle Equine, domed and selected for chair, load, or shooting and shall also perform the following activities:

I. Dictate technically on the acquisition, discharge, discharge and disposal of caballar, mular and other species;

II. formulate the medicozoological statistics, as well as epizootic letters and food resources of animal origin of the Republic;

III. Organize, control, encourage and improve the breeding of equine cattle;

IV. Carry out the health inspection of food of animal origin and fodder, establishing specific rations for livestock; and

V. Receive, store, supply, repair, maintain, recover and control the material and equipment that the Service manages to meet the needs of the Army and its own.

ARTICLE 95. The head of the Veterinary and Veterinary Service will be a Veterinary Medical Colonel.

Computer Service

ARTICLE 95 BIS. The IT service shall be responsible for the installation, operation and maintenance of the Army's computer goods and services. Air Force; in addition it will perform the following activities:

I. Design, develop, receive, store, supply, evacuate, repair, recover, and control the Army and Force computer goods and services Air;

II. Set technical standards for computer goods and services;

III. Plan, organize, implement, conserve, exploit and adapt Army and Air Force computer goods and services, as well as those that remain low military control;

IV. Auxiliary in auditing and IT security procedures;

V. Auxiliary controls at all levels in the employment, operation and conservation of IT assets, train service personnel and encourage Computer culture, and

VI. The others who trust you this Law and any applicable provisions.

ARTICLE 95 TER. The Director of the Computer Service will be a General Engineer in Computing and Computing.

Weather Service

ARTICLE 96. The Weather Service will be responsible for providing the Army and Air Force, the Met information, as well as the results of the studies on the subject matter that they require. These activities may be coordinated with those of other similar official bodies, in addition to the reception, supply, installation, operation and maintenance of the material of the Service.

ARTICLE 97. The Weather Service shall operate under the supervision of the Air Force Command and its Director shall be a General belonging to that service.

Flight Control Service

ARTICLE 98. The Flight Control Service, shall be responsible for dispatching and coordinating the flights of the aircraft of the Army and Air Force, as well as establishing technical measures to ensure the safety of the flight. These activities may be coordinated with those of other similar official bodies. When required, it shall be part of the infrastructure of the air defence and air-tactical support operations control system.

ARTICLE 99. The Flight Control Service, will operate under the supervision of the Air Force Command and its Director will be a General Pilot Aviator.

Air Material Service

ARTICLE 100. The Air Material Service shall be responsible for the supply and maintenance of the flight material and the other that is characteristic of the Air Material, and shall also carry out the following activities:

I. Design, manufacture, receive, store, maintain, evacuate and retrieve flight material, as well as that other characteristic of the Air Force and that of the Service itself; and

II. Receive, manage, store and distribute Air Force fuels and lubricants.

ARTICLE 101. The Air Material Service will depend on the Air Force and its Director will be a General Pilot Aviator.

CHAPTER V

SPECIAL BODIES

Common Provisions

ARTICLE 102. Special bodies of the Army and Air Force are made up of the agencies that have assigned missions, for which their components must possess specific knowledge and preparation for the management of the media. materials that they are equipped with and for the application of the appropriate technique or tactics.

ARTICLE 103. The Army and Air Force Special Corps are:

I. Presidential Guards Corps;

II. Aerotropic Corps;

III. Military Police Corps; and

IV. Military Music Corps.

Presidential Guards Corps

ARTICLE 104. The Body of Presidential Guards, is a body that subject to the Military Laws and Regulations, it is mission to guarantee the security of the President of the Republic, his residence and other related facilities, as well as to render them the corresponding honours in isolation or in conjunction with other Units in accordance with the regulatory provisions.

ARTICLE 105. The Body of Presidential Guards shall be constituted by command, command organs and the number of Units of Arms and Services that are necessary, whose personnel shall be established by the President of the Republic. Its Units will depend, on the administrative side, on the Secretariat of National Defense and on the performance of its services, by the President of the Republic, through the Presidential General Staff.

Aerotropic Body

ARTICLE 106. The Aerotropes Corps will be formed by organized units, equipped and trained to carry out the operations that are characteristic and in case of emergency, to be employed in the search and rescue of personnel and material.

ARTICLE 107. The Aerotropes Units shall be constituted by command, command organs, Combat Units and the Services required.

ARTICLE 108. The Air Force Commander will be a General from Arma, who has the specialty of a paratrooper.

Military Police Corps

ARTICLE 109. The Military Police Corps, on all steps, is responsible for maintaining order and monitoring compliance with the laws, regulations and other military provisions of a disciplinary nature. Units, Dependencies, Installations and Areas of the Army and Air Force or subject to the Military Command of the Commander, under whose orders he operates, and shall also perform the following functions:

I. Custodian and protect the General Headquarters, Facilities, and other Army and Air Force Dependencies;

II. Organize the circulation, direct the transit of vehicles and people and control the laggards;

III. Custodian, evacuate and control prisoners of war, guard military prisons and those prosecuted and sentenced;

IV. Cooperate with the special organs in the investigation and prevention of espionage, sabotage and other subversive activities;

V. Monitor compliance with measures to ensure the physical security of individuals, information and facilities; and

VI. When receiving orders from the competent military authorities:

A. Protect people and public property and prevent pillage and looting in emergency cases;

B. Auxiliary to the Military Judicial Police.

ARTICLE 110. The Military Police Corps is integrated with Units, which are constituted with command, command organs, Military Police Units, and the Services that are necessary and includes: Stables, Pelotons, Sections, Companies, and Batallones. When necessary, Brigades will be organized; the troop personnel of this Corps are from the Service Class.

ARTICLE 111. In all situations, the troops of the Military Police Corps, framed or in reinforcement of Military Units or Dependencies, will remain under the command of the Commander or Chief of the latter. In the event of an emergency, when there are no Military Police Units or in the reinforcement of the Military Units or Dependencies, the Commander or Chief of the Military shall appoint a General, Chief or Officer as a provost of the same and appoint a Unit of Weapon to perform the functions of Military Police, as mentioned in Article 109 of this Law.

ARTICLE 112. The Military Police Corps Commander will be a General from Arma.

Military Music Body

ARTICLE 113. The Military Music Corps will be responsible for the organization, operation and administration of the Music and Orchestras bands, which will be able to form an organic part or be in reinforcement of the Units or Dependencies of the Army and Air Force.

ARTICLE 114. The Military Music Corps, will be composed of the staff who are dedicated professional and exclusively to the activities that are peculiar to him. Your staff are from the Service and Auxiliary Classes.

ARTICLE 115. The directors of the Military Music Bands or equivalent groups will determine the technical bases for the acquisition of equipment and equipment that is specific to them.

CHAPTER VI

RURAL DEFENSE BODIES

ARTICLE 116. The bodies of Rural Defenses will be permanently organized in armed units, equipped and trained.

ARTICLE 117.- The Rural Defense Corps will be formed with volunteer staff of Mexican-born ejidatarios who do not acquire another nationality, ordered by professional military personnel, in accordance with their particular organic plans, and they have as their mission to cooperate with the troops in the activities they carry out, when they are required by the military command.

ARTICLE 118. Professional military personnel in the Rural Defensa Corps will be considered for all legal purposes, on a level playing field as the Unit of the Asset.

ARTICLE 119. The controls in the Rural Defense Corps that are not covered with professional Army personnel, will be with rural personnel chosen by the components of the Unit, in the terms laid out in Article 52 of this Law.

ARTICLE 120. The staff of ejidatarios who make up these bodies will be subject to the war hero, when they are performing acts of the service entrusted to them.

ARTICLE 121. The ejido members of these bodies, when they perform the services for which they are required, shall be entitled to remuneration, benefits or incentives, in accordance with the budgetary forecasts.

Those who are used in the service or as a result of them and the relatives of those who die under the same circumstances shall be entitled to the benefits which they indicate laws of the matter, considering the Rural Defensas as soldiers members of the asset.

CHAPTER VII

MILITARY EDUCATION ESTABLISHMENTS

ARTICLE 122. The Military Education establishments will have as their object the professional education of the members of the Army and Air Force, for the integration of their cadres, and inculcating their awareness of service, love of the Fatherland, professional overcoming and social responsibility of spreading to the new generations, the knowledge that has been transmitted to them.

Such establishments shall consist of:

I.     School of Class Training;

II.   Official Training Schools;

III. Schools, Centers, or Application Courses, Perfecting, Training, Specializing, and Updating; and

IV.   Schools, Centers or Higher Courses.

In the selection systems, there may be no more differences on the basis of sex than those arising from the different physical conditions which may, where appropriate, be be considered in the table of conditions required for entry.

ARTICLE 123. The General Plan of Military Education, will determine the Courses to be taught in the various establishments of Military Education, as well as in the Units and Dependencies of the Army and Air Force.

The application of these Courses will be supervised by the General Directorate of Military Education.

ARTICLE 124. The Secretariat of National Defense, will issue professional titles, Diplomas and certificates that correspond to the Careers and Courses that are given. The Secretariat itself shall be the conduit for the registration of Titles, in accordance with the Law of the Matter.

CHAPTER VIII

OF UNIFORMS AND CURRENCIES

ARTICLE 125. The uniforms and the foreign exchange in the Army and Air Force, will be specified in the respective Regulations and are of their exclusive use, so they will not be able to be used by people, Corporations or Dependencies that are foreign to them. Those who violate these provisions will be subject to the provisions of the Criminal Law.

TITLE FIFTH

MEXICAN ARMY AND AIR FORCE PERSONNEL

CHAPTER I

GRADES

ARTICLE 126. The degrees on the hierarchical scale of the Army and Air Force, are aimed at the exercise of the authority: military command, technical activity or administrative activity, in the different organic levels of the Units, Dependencies and Installations.

The Organic Plans will point out for each function, the appropriate degree.

ARTICLE 127. The Mexicans who provide their services in the Armed Forces, taking into account their capabilities, preparedness, responsibility and seniority, will be deserving to a degree in the hierarchical scale, according to the respective Law.

ARTICLE 128. The degrees of the Army and Air Force hierarchical scale are classified into:

I. General;

II. Chiefs;

III. Officers; and

IV. Troop.

ARTICLE 129. Degrees in the order of decreasing order are as follows:

I. General in the Army and Air Force:

A. Division General;

B. Brigadier General or Wing General; and

C. Brigadier General or Group General.

II. Chiefs in the Army and Air Force:

A. Colonel;

B. Lt. Col.; and

C. Greater.

III. Officers in the Army and Air Force:

A. Captain First;

B. Second Captain;

C. Lieutenant; and

D. Sublieutenant.

IV. Troops in the Army and Air Force.

A. Classes.

a. Sergeant First;

b. Sergeant Second; and

c. Cape; and

B. Soldier.

ARTICLE 130. For the fulfillment of the joint missions with the Mexican Navy, in accordance with the provisions of Article 2/o. of this Law, as well as for all disciplinary effects, the hierarchical equivalence of Army and Air Force personnel with that of the aforementioned institution is as follows:

army and air force

ARMADA

I. General:

Division General

Admiral

Brigadier General or

Wing General

Rear Admiral

Brigadier General or

Group General

Rear Admiral

II. Chiefs:

Colonel

Lieutenant Colonel

Major

Navio Captain

Fragata Captain

Corbeta

III. Officers.

Captain First

Captain Second

Lieutenant

Sublieutenant

Navio Lieutenant

Fragata Lieutenant

Corbeta Lieutenant

Guardiamarine

1/er. Contract

1/er. Condestable

1/er.

IV. Troop:

Classes.

First Sergeant

2/o Contractor

2/o. Condestable

2/o.

Sergeant

3/er. Contract

3/er. Condestable

3/er.

Cape

Cape (in your specialties)

B.

Sailor

ARTICLE 131. Degrees and insignia in the Army and Air Force are of their exclusive use, consequently they may not be used by persons, Corporations or Dependencies that are alien to them. Those who violate these provisions will be subject to the provisions of the Criminal Law of the Matter. The grades shall be as set out in Article 129 of this Ordinance, the insignia shall be specified in the respective Regulations.

CHAPTER II

MILITARY CLASSES

ARTICLE 132. are the women and men who legally belong to the Mexican Armed Forces, with a degree of hierarchical scale. They shall be subject to the obligations and rights established by the Constitution, this Law and other military orders.

ARTICLE 133. Military personnel in the Army and Air Force, attending to the class of services they perform, are classified in:

I. Weapon;

II. Service; And

III. Auxiliary.

ARTICLE 134. They are Arma's Military, which are technically educated for the command, training and driving of Combat Units; their career is professional and permanent. For the purposes of this Law, in the Air Force, Airmen Pilots belong to this class.

ARTICLE 135. They are Military of Service, those that technically are educated for the command, training and driving of the Services Units and for the exclusive Performance of the technical and professional activities, which it is appropriate to carry out to the Service to which they belong; their career is professional and permanent.

ARTICLE 136. They are auxiliary military personnel, who carry out technical and professional activities exclusively in the services of the Army and Air Force; while they belong to this class, their stay in the Armed Forces will be fixed in the contract. respective.

CHAPTER III

MILITARY SITUATION

ARTICLE 137. According to his situation in the Army and Air Force, the military is considered to be active, reserve, and retired.

FIRST SECTION

The Asset

ARTICLE 138. The Active, Army and Air Force will be constituted by the military personnel who are:

I. Squared, aggregate, or commissioned in Units, Dependencies, and Military Facilities;

II. At the disposal of the Secretariat of National Defense;

III. Licensed;

IV. Hospitalized;

V. Subject to Process; and

VI. Compurging a Statement.

Generalities

ARTICLE 139. The number of Generals, Chiefs, Officers and Troop of the Army and Air Force, will be fixed in the organic planes of the Units, Dependencies and Facilities and must be in agreement with the personnel and needs of said Forces Armed.

ARTICLE 140. The functions performed by the military must be in accordance with their hierarchy, in accordance with the framework established in the organic plans of the Units, Dependencies and Facilities.

ARTICLE 141. The Army and Air Force personnel will be based primarily on the geographic and demographic factors of the country. The cadres of the Army and Air Force Chiefs, Officers and Sergeant will be integrated with graduate personnel in the Military Education Facilities, in accordance with the General Plan of Military Education, except in the cases expressly mentioned in the Article 152.

ARTICLE 142. The cadres of Generals, Chiefs and Professional Officers of the Army and Air Force, will be integrated by the military that have accredited their degree by the Secretariat of National Defense and issued, if necessary, the Patent respective.

ARTICLE 143. The personnel who obtain the hierarchy of Sergeant, as a result of having successfully completed the Training Course in the Armor or the corresponding Army and Air Force Service, is professional.

ARTICLE 144. Los Cabos in the Army and Air Force Units, will be selected from among the Soldiers and proposed to the Secretary of National Defense by the Commanders, in the terms established in the Ascensuses and Rewards Law of the National Army and Air Force, to fill existing vacancies in their organic plains.

ARTICLE 145. Los Cabos and Soldiers of the classes of Arma and Service of the Army and Air Force, will not be of professional or permanent career and their services in the asset will be subject to the respective contract.

ARTICLE 146. The drivers, drivers and operators of vehicles that have purely tactical or highly specialized purposes, will belong to the Weapons and Services of the Unit in which they are framed, or to the Air Force in their case.

The staff of the Services in the small units of the Army Weapons will be of the Service class; the same will apply for the Air Force units. where applicable.

ARTICLE 147. The Auxiliary staff of the Army and Air Force, will be used exclusively in commissions of the service of its Profession or Speciality. When required and after receiving appropriate military training, they will perform economic and arms services. For no reason will they be assigned functions that specifically correspond to the helpers of the Senior Officials and Military Attaché abroad, nor should they be available.

ARTICLE 148. The personnel of General, Chiefs, Officers and Professional Sergeant, who will be surplus when a reduction of the troops in the Army and Air Force assets will be verified, will be made available to the Secretariat of National Defense for their after relocation, without any reduction in your haber and other emoluments, or lose the place you occupy in the ladder, or the right to participate in Selection Concourses to be promoted.

From Recruitment

ARTICLE 148 BIS.- Staff who are subject of recruitment to the active duty of the Army and Air Force must be Mexican by birth who do not acquire another nationality.

ARTICLE 149. The recruitment of Army and Air Force troop personnel will be carried out:

I. By conscription, in accordance with the provisions of the Military Service Act; and

II. For voluntary engagement, by selecting individuals who request it, under the conditions stipulated in the corresponding engagement contracts.

ARTICLE 150. The civilian or military personnel who are admitted to carry out Training Courses in the Military Education Plantation must sign a contract or a commitment, respectively, in which it is established that it is obliged to serve the Army and the Force. Air, at least, a double time to which the corresponding Course has lasted.

Members of the Army and Air Force, who are designated or authorized to request, to perform Training Courses, Update, Application, Specialization, Perfection, Postgraduates, Superiors and others in the country, in addition to the time that they are already required by legal provision or by subscribed commitment, will serve an additional year for each year or fraction equal to or greater than six months and, in the event that the period is less than six months, the additional time will be equal to the duration of the Course.

In all cases, when the Cursos are held abroad and at the expense of the person concerned, the additional time will be doubled and, if the Expenditures are in charge of the Erarium National, additional service time will triple.

ARTICLE 151. The Generals, Chiefs, Officers and Sergeant at the Military Planets of the Army and Air Force, will cover the vacancies of the cadres of these Forces Armed.

ARTICLE 152. The professional and technical staff who require the assets of the Army and Air Force Services, whose specialties do not exist Training Military Schools or Courses, may proceed:

I. Of the Arma and Service military who request it and who credit with a Professional Title, Diploma or Certificate, as appropriate, the respective knowledge. These military personnel will cover existing vacancies with the hierarchy that they hold or when they must have a superior in accordance with this Law, with the latter hierarchy.

II. Recruit of the graduates of the Civil Schools and Universities, who credit with Professional Title, Diploma or Certificate, as appropriate, the respective knowledge. They will cause high in the Services with the character of auxiliary military, with the initial hierarchy that for its Speciality establishes this Law and must carry out the corresponding Military Training Course.

III. In all cases the military will have a preference to occupy the places in question.

ARTICLE 153. The National Defense Secretariat shall determine the length of time for the engagement contracts; for personnel who are accepted to provide services in the Army and Air Force in the class of Weapon or Service, it shall not exceed three years. and for him that is in the class of Auxiliary shall not exceed five years.

ARTICLE 154. The Secretariat of National Defense may reengage the staff of Cabos and Soldiers of the Classes of Weapon and Service, who have fulfilled their contract of engagement, if they estimate their services to be usable. Otherwise, this staff will cause low Active and High Service on the corresponding Reservation.

In the case of the Soldiers, the total time of service of their contracts of engagement and those of reengagement admitted, shall be at the maximum of nine years.

ARTICLE 155. The High Command of the Army and Air Force, will grant the military of the class of Auxiliary, the initial grades with which they will enter the Armed Forces, in accordance with the provisions of each Specialty in Articles 193 and 195 of the Law.

ARTICLE 156. The staff of the Auxiliary Military who have degrees in the Troop classification, may be reengaged for periods that do not exceed five years, as many times as in the case of the National Defense Secretariat, consider necessary their services, up to the age limit to remain in the Active Service that points to the Law of matter.

From Training

ARTICLE 157. Military training, in the Army and Air Force, is mandatory for all its members; it will be provided by the Generals, Chiefs, Officers and Classes, in accordance with the Technical and tactical Regulations and Manuals and related provisions. The instruction to be provided to the Army and Air Force personnel in accordance with the General Plan of Military Education may include the use of civil teachers in cases where appropriate.

ARTICLE 158. The Training Courses for the Auxiliary Military, will be taught to the Army and Air Force Services, in accordance with the General Plan of Military Education.

ARTICLE 159. According to the possibilities of the Secretariat of National Defense, secondary education will be given to Cabos and Soldiers of the Army and Air Force, without prejudice to their military training.

ARTICLE 160. The personnel of the Army and Air Force who approve the Command and Staff course at the Superior War School, will receive the designation of Senior State Diplomat or Air Staff Diplomat, according to the studies carried out, preceded by the corresponding one of its Weapon, Service or Speciality.

ARTICLE 161.- Staff who enter as a student in Military Education establishments must be Mexican by birth who does not acquire another nationality, to be in full enjoyment and exercise of his civil and political rights, except for the foreigner who is a fellow, who will be admitted with the sole purpose of carrying out studies that correspond and at the end of the same will cause the absence of the Army and Air Force.

The students of the Military Schools will be subject to the War Force; those of the Training Schools of Officers who do not have a military grade, will receive the name "Cadets", but the degrees that within the same Schools are entrusted to them, will have validity for disciplinary effects in and out of the Plantation. The National or Foreign students who in their capacity as Fellows will participate in studies in Military Plantation will not be subject to the War I, but they will have to be subject to the Regulations and special provisions of the Plantation to which congran.

Of Ascensuses and Rewards

ARTICLE 162. The staff of the Army and Air Force's Army and Air Force classes will be rewarded in accordance with the law of the matter.

ARTICLE 163. It is the faculty of the High Command, to grant to the military of the class of Auxiliary, as appropriate, the different grades included in the classification of Troop, whenever there is a vacancy.

From Reclassifications

ARTICLE 164. Army and Air Force asset personnel, may be reclassified from:

I.      One Armed Force to another;

II.    One Weapon to Another;

III.   A Weapon to a Service;

IV.    A Service to an Weapon;

V.     A Service to Another, and

VI.    A Craft to Another.

The reclassifications will be made to meet the needs of the Mexican Army or Air Force and can be made available to the Secretary of National Defence in specific cases or by a contest in which the person concerned satisfies the requirements set out in the relevant call.

In the case of section IV of this article, the reclassification will only proceed by the disposition of the Secretary of National Defense and, in time of peace, the interested party You must express your consent for this reclassification.

In the case of reclassification at the disposal of the Secretary of National Defense, the personnel must satisfy the requirements that are established for the purpose, as well as to carry out and approve in advance the appropriate training course and the new Patent or Appointment must be issued with the age of the person concerned in his or her degree.

For the case that the reclassification is by contest in which the data subject has satisfied the requirements set out in the respective call, it shall be granted whenever there is a vacancy, and the new Patent or Appointment must be issued with the date on which the reclassification is verified.

In any of the reclassification cases, the previous Patent or Appointment must be cancelled.

From Veteran

ARTICLE 165. The Auxiliary Army and Air Force personnel, while assigned grades corresponding to the Troop classification, will not be able to move to the Service class.

ARTICLE 166. The staff of Officers, Chiefs and General Auxiliary, will move to the Service class after five uninterrupted years of services in its Specialty, provided that in the judgment of the Secretariat of National Defense, its activities are considered usable for the Army and Air Force.

ARTICLE 167. The Veterinary Staff's Veterinarian shall be subject to the provisions of the previous Article, to the requirements laid down for professional competence, good military and civil conduct, and good health and physical capacity. Those personnel who are not a creditor to this benefit will cause discharge from the Army and Air Force when they meet the service time specified in their engagement contract.

From Holidays

ARTICLE 168. The staff of the asset, will enjoy holidays in accordance with the requirements and in the terms fixed by the respective Regulations.

From Social Security Benefits

ARTICLE 169. The social security benefits to which the military is entitled, as well as the rights holders, shall be regulated in accordance with the relevant laws.

Of The Boxes

ARTICLE 170. The discharge is the definitive separation of the members of the Army and Air Force from the assets of these institutions and will proceed by law or agreement of the Secretary of National Defense in the following cases:

I.     It is by law ministry:

A.    By Death; and

B.    By executed sentence that the order, dictated by the competent court of the Military Fuero. In these cases, the National Defense Secretariat must turn the orders that proceed so that the discharge takes its effects.

II.   The Secretary of National Defense agrees:

A.    By Request of the person who is accepted;

B.    For being declared a fugitive military officer, by the Military Tribunal to which he has been entered, without prejudice to the process that is followed and provided that it lasts for more than three months.

In this case, before turning the order of discharge, you will be placed through publication in the General Order of the Plaza de Mexico, expressing the foundation and motive, so that inside of the 15-day term from the publication, manifest to the Address of your Weapon or Service whatever it deems necessary in its defence; the term expired without it being written or personally, it shall be held to you;

C.    For the disappearance of the military officer, this circumstance is checked by the official parties, provided that it lasts for more than three months, in case the individual concerned appears and justifies his absence, will be reinstated to the active;

D.     Dealing with the staff of Tropa and the military of the Class of Auxiliary, in addition to the causes mentioned in the incites that precede, they may be discharged for observing misconduct, determined by the Council of Honor of the Unit or They are dependent on their belonging, or because they are unable to fulfill their military obligations, for reasons that are not attributable to the Secretariat of National Defense. In both cases, the affected will always be heard in defense;

E.     The Auxiliary Military will cause low, in addition when its services are not considered necessary or as a result of organic changes in the structures of the Units or Dependencies. In these cases, the affected will also be heard in defense.

If the discharge is given to the Auxiliary without having motivated her misconduct and having provided more than five years of service, she will be entitled to compensation to be granted by the Institute of Social Security for the Mexican Armed Forces, whose amount will be the equivalent of the one fixed for the withdrawal with the degree that it had upon being discharged;

F.     For acquiring another nationality, and

G.    For the Soldiers and Cabs, for the termination of the contract of engagement or of their renewal, granting them the guarantee of hearing for fifteen working days in the terms of the Staff Recruitment Regulations for the Army and Air Force Mexicans.

Except for the cases of Fraction I (a) and Fraction II (E), the lower of the Army and Air Force, implies the loss of the right to claim benefits or benefits based on the the time of service that was held and in all cases the one to wear uniforms, decorations and military currencies.

From Licenses

ARTICLE 171.- The licenses for the asset's personnel will be: ordinary, unlimited, special, and age limit.

ARTICLE 172. The ordinary licence is that which is granted with the enjoyment of the military for a period not exceeding six months, for reasons of illness or for particular matters in accordance with the provisions of the respective Regulation.

ARTICLE 173. The unlimited license is the one granted to the professional military of Arma or Service, without the enjoyment of haberes and other emoluments, to be separated from the active service.

The Secretary of National Defense, may grant or deny this license, as may be permitted, in his judgment, the needs of the service, but in no case will it be granted where there is a state of national emergency and where the staff has not complied with the mandatory service time set out in this Act or in its contract-affiliation. The staff who enjoy it will have the right to re-enter the service upon request, provided that the President of the Republic considers his request to be appropriate and is not included in any causal of withdrawal indicated by the Law of the Matter, this is physically useful for the service, is vacant and has not elapsed more than six years since the date of its separation from the asset and does not acquire any other nationality.

ARTICLE 174. The special license is the one that is granted or placed in the military to:

I. Perform popular choice charges;

II. When the President of the Republic, the name for the performance of an activity outside the Military Service; and

III. To carry out activities or civilian jobs in the offices of the Executive of the Union, the governments of the States, the Federal District Department, the Municipalities, decentralized organizations or State and other participation companies. Public dependencies, provided that those activities or jobs require a temporary separation from the service of the Arms to be in legal capacity to perform them.

It is the faculty of the President of the Republic and, in his case, the Secretary of the Ramo, to grant or deny this license, and if granted, will be for the specific performance of the employment or the commission identified in the application and the term that has been established when authorising it.

The license cases provided for in fractions I and III shall be granted when justified, but without the enjoyment of haberes.

ARTICLE 175. The reinstatement to the service of the staff referred to in Article 174, Fraction I, shall take place on the day following the end of the post of popular choice; that of the staff referred to in Fractions II and III of that Article, shall take place on the day following the order issued, or the licence granted by the President of the Republic. When the deadline is not set, the National Defense Secretariat will terminate the military's license at the end of the constitutional mandate of the President of the Republic, who has issued the order. In all cases, the personnel upon rejoining will be made available to the Secretariat of National Defense, to be assigned to it.

ARTICLE 175 BIS.- The age limit license is the one granted to the military with twenty, or more years of effective services that are close to being placed in a retirement situation, by age limit, as laid down in Article 25 of the Law of the Social Security Institute for the Mexican Armed Forces, according to the following table:

Years of Service

Generals, Chiefs and Officers

Troop

License

25 years

20 years

3 months

26 years

22 years

4 months

28 years

24 years

5 months

30 years

25 years

6 months

32 years

26 years

7 months

34 years

27 years

8 months

36 years

28 years

9 months

38 years

29 years

10 months

40 years

30 years

11 months

42 or more years

31 or more years

12 months

Military personnel who are located in any of the assumptions of this article, may request the Secretariat, thirty days in advance of the date they are If the request is made out of time, only this benefit will be granted, in the event that the request is made, for the time that the request is to meet the age limit for staying on the asset.

The Secretary of National Defense may grant or deny this license, as provided for in the first part of the second paragraph of Article 173 of the Law.

This license will be granted for a single occasion, with the enjoyment of the perceptions that the military is receiving, without interrupting his/her service time.

ARTICLE 176. Any licence, except the one referred to in Article 174, Fraction I may be cancelled by the authority which granted it, even before its completion.

Hospitalized Military

ARTICLE 177. The military personnel who are hospitalized for the recovery of their health, will continue to belong to the Army and Air Force assets, provided that this situation does not exceed six months, in which case they will be subject to the in the relevant laws, regulations and military provisions.

Of The Processed and Sentenced Military

ARTICLE 178. Military personnel who are subject to process will continue to belong to the Army and Air Force assets; in the same situation, the General, Chiefs, and Professional Officers who are serving sentences imposed by Courts, with the exception of those who have been imposed on the lower penalty of the Armed Forces.

SECOND SECTION

Reservations

ARTICLE 179. The Army and Air Force reserves are:

I. First reservation; and

II. Second reservation.

ARTICLE 180. The first reservation integrates with:

I. The Generals, Chiefs, Officers and Professional Sargents who legally obtain their separation from the asset, including those who move to the voluntary retirement, must remain in this reserve, all the time they are physically suitable for the service of weapons;

II. Volunteer Military Service Cabs and Soldiers who meet their time of engagement on the asset, who will remain in this reserve, up to the age of 36;

III. The Classes and Officers from the National Military Service, who will remain in this reserve until 33 and 36 years of age, respectively.

IV. The conscription soldiers who have complied with the Mandatory Military Service, who will remain in this reserve until the age of 30;

V. All other Mexicans who are 19 years old, who will remain in this reserve until the age of 30; and

VI. Mexicans over the age of 19 years, without limitation of maximum age, who perform activities that have been classified in the respective regulations, of possible utility for the Army and Air Force. These reservists must be previously organized in Units that allow their efficient use.

ARTICLE 181. The second reservation is integrated with the staff who have fulfilled their time in the first reservation and who are physically fit for the service of the weapons, and must remain in this:

I. The Cabos and Soldiers of the Volunteer Military Service up to the age of 45 years;

II. Classes and Officers from the National Military Service up to the age of 45 and 50 years, respectively; and

III. The conscription soldiers served and the other Mexicans referred to in the fifth section of the previous article up to the age of 40.

ARTICLE 182. The personnel from the asset, when they move to the reserves, will retain their hierarchy within them.

ARTICLE 183. Reservations may only be mobilised, partially or wholly, by the President of the Republic as follows:

I. The first reservation, in the cases of:

A. International war;

B. Alteration of order and inner peace; and

C. Practice of great manoeuvres; and

II. The second reservation, in the cases of:

A. International war;

B. Serious alteration of internal order and peace; and

C. Practice of small maneuvers.

ARTICLE 184. In cases of mobilization, the reservists will be considered as belonging to the Army and Air Force assets, from the date the respective order is published, from which, they will be subject in all to the Laws and Regulations. military, until demobilization is decreed.

ARTICLE 185. The reservists mobilized in the event of war, who obtain a higher degree than that of Captain Primero, being demobilized, will keep him inside the reserves.

ARTICLE 186. The reserves will have for their instruction, Officers of the asset and in time of maneuvers or emergency, they will be equipped with tables of Generals, Chiefs, Officers and Classes according to what the respective Plan will prevent.

ARTICLE 187. The Secretary of National Defense may call one or more classes of reservists in whole or in part, for exercises or simply to check the presence of such reservists, only for the term indispensable for such purposes.

ARTICLE 188. The Secretariat of National Defense shall maintain a permanent record of the personnel who constitute each of the reserves.

THIRD SECTION

The Retreat

ARTICLE 189. The withdrawal situation is one in which the military is placed, with the sum of rights and obligations that the Law of the matter establishes.

CHAPTER IV

ESCALAFONS

ARTICLE 190. The Army and Air Force escalations will comprise the personnel of the General, Chiefs, Officers, and Professional Sargents in the active service.

ARTICLE 191. The scale and degrees of the Army's Special Weapons and Corps are as follows:

I. From Flat Major, which includes Division Generals, Brigade Generals, and Brigadieres.

II. Infantry.

From Soldier to Division General;

III. Of Cavalry.

From Soldier to Division General;

IV. Artillery.

From Soldier to Division General;

V. Of The Armored Weapon.

From Soldier to Division General;

VI. Engineers, which is divided into two groups:

A. Constructors Engineers.

From Sublieutenant to Major General, and

B. Shoes.

From Soldier to Division General.

VII. The Special Military Police Corps.

From Soldier to Sergeant First; and

VIII. The Special Military Music Corps.

From Soldier to Major.

ARTICLE 192. The steps and degrees that comprise the staff of Arma and the Air Force Special Corps are as follows:

I. For Major Flat, which includes:

A. General Division, Wing, and Airmen Pilots Group; and

B. General Division, Brigade, and Ground Troops Brigade.

II. Of Airmen Pilots.

From Sublieutenant to Division General;

III. Air Force Rifles.

From Soldier to Division General; and

IV. The Special Aerotropes Corps.

From Soldier to Sergeant First.

ARTICLE 193. The scale and degrees of the Army and Air Force services are as follows:

I.       For Major Flat, which comprises:

Brigade and Brigade Generals of Service Annotation Services to which they belong.

II.     Engineers, which is divided into two groups:

A. Architects.

From Sublieutenant to General Brigadier, and

B.      Specialists of the Soldier Service to Lieutenant Colonel.

III.    Of The Mapping Service, which is divided into two groups:

A. Cartographic Service Engineers.

From Sublieutenant to Brigadier General, and

B.      Photographers.

From Soldier to Major.

IV.     Transmissions, which is divided into four groups:

A. of Engineers in Communications and Electronics.

From Sublieutenant to Brigadier General;

B. Engineers on Transmissions.

From Sublieutenant to Brigadier General;

C.      Of Transmissions.

From Soldier to Brigade General; and

D.      Specialists of the Transmissions Service.

From Soldier to Lieutenant Colonel.

V.      Of War Materials, which is divided into two groups:

A. Industrial Engineers.

From Sublieutenant to Brigadier General, and

B. Of War Materials.

From Soldier to Colonel.

VI.     Transport, which is divided into four groups:

A.      Automotive Mechanics.

From Soldier to Major;

B.      Drivers.

From Cape To Captain Second;

C.      Motorcyclists.

From Cape to Sublieutenant; and

D.      Specialists of the Transport Service.

From Soldier to Captain First.

VII.   Administration, which is divided into four groups:

A.      Administration Personnel.

From Soldier to Brigade General;

B. Public Accountants.

From Sublieutenant To General Brigadier;

C.      Trades.

From Cape to Lieutenant Colonel; and

D.      Specialists of the Administration Service.

From Soldier to Lieutenant Colonel.

VIII. From The Intrend.

From Soldier to Brigadier General.

IX.     Healthcare, which is divided into five groups:

A. Physicians Surgeons.

From Sublieutenant to Brigadier General;

B. Dentists.

From Sublieutenant To General Brigadier;

C. Health Personnel.

From Soldier to Colonel;

D. Nurses.

From Soldier to Colonel; and

E.      Specialists of the Health Service.

From Soldier to Lieutenant Colonel.

X.      Of Justice, which is divided into two groups:

A. Licensed in Law.

From Sublieutenant to Brigadier General, and

B.      Specialists of the Justice Service.

From Soldier to Lieutenant Colonel.

XI.     Veterinarian and Traces, which is divided into two groups:

A. Veterinary Physicians.

From Sublieutenant to Colonel, and

B.      Veterinary and Veterinary Personnel.

From Soldier to Lieutenant Colonel.

XII. Computer, which is divided into two groups:

A. Computer and Computer Engineer.

From Sublieutenant to Brigadier General; and

B. Computer Service Specialists.

From Soldier to Lieutenant Colonel.

XIII. The Military Weather Service, which is divided into three groups:

A. Meteorologists.

From Sublieutenant To General Brigadier;

B. Aerologists.

From Sublieutenant to Colonel; and

C. Weather Service Specialists.

From Soldier to Lieutenant Colonel.

XIV. of the Flight Control Service.

From Sublieutenant To Colonel.

XV. of the Air Material Service, which is divided into six groups;

A. Air Material Maintenance, which is subdivided into:

a.      Engineers in Aeronautics.

From Sublieutenant to Brigadier General, and

b. Aviation Maintenance Specialists.

From Soldier to Colonel;

B. Air Material Supply.

from Sergeant Second to Colonel;

C. Electronic Air Material, which is subdivided into:

a. Engineers in Aviation Electronics.

From Sublieutenant to Brigadier General, and

b. Aviation Electronics Specialists.

from Sergeant Second to Colonel;

D. Air Armament.

From Soldier to Colonel;

E. Parachute Maintenance.

From Cape to Captain First; and

F. Air Material Service Specialists.

From Soldier to Lieutenant Colonel.

ARTICLE 194. For the purposes of this Law, it is specialist the military member of the Army and Air Force Services, which has a certain preparation, skill or trade, in some branch of science, technique and art, and that not has its own scale. Military specialists can be professionals, technicians, teachers, artists, artisans, skilled workers and manual workers.

ARTICLE 195. Military specialists may be given the following hierarchies: The Manual Workers, Qualified and Artisan Workers, from Soldier to Sergeant First; the Technicians, Masters and Artists, from Sergeant First to Captain First; and the Professors, from Sublieutenant to Lieutenant Colonel. In each case they shall accredit the knowledge as appropriate.

ARTICLE 196. Particular escalations shall be formulated in each grade by age in descending order. Where the military has the same seniority in one grade, it shall be regarded as older than that which it had served for longer in the previous employment, in equal circumstances, to that which it had in the Army and Air Force for the longest period of time. services and, if it is still the same, the oldest.

ARTICLE 197. The staff of the asset will only be able to occupy a place in one of the Army and Air Force. For this reason the military of the classes of weapon and service that are reclassified will pass with all their rights and will not be able to confer degrees on the class of auxiliaries.

ARTICLE 198. The auxiliary military personnel will not have escalations; for their control, each of the addresses of the corresponding Services or those who do their times, will carry a record organized by degrees, antiquity and specialties.

ARTICLE 199. The staff referred to in Articles 191, 192, 193 and 195 may only be promoted to a hierarchy higher than that established as a maximum grade for each specialty, in the following cases:

I. When prior to the legally accredited technical or professional preparation, the change of scale is obtained and the other requirements required by the Ascensuses and Rewards Act are met; and

II. For withdrawal purposes, where applicable in accordance with the Law of Matter.

TITLE SIXTH

MATERIAL, ECONOMIC, AND ANIMAL RESOURCES

CHAPTER I

MATERIAL RESOURCES

ARTICLE 200. The material resources are those necessary to the Mexican Army and Air Force for their organization, equipment, education, training, training, administration, welfare and development in the performance of their missions. These resources include uniforms, equipment, equipment, and miscellaneous material.

ARTICLE 201. The material resources made available to the Army and Air Force are considered in the following situations:

I. In Service;

II. In repair;

III. In reservations; and

IV. In manufacturing or construction.

ARTICLE 202. The material resources may be discharged and the Secretary of the National Defense may dispose of this material as necessary for the service.

ARTICLE 203. The acquisition of material resources for the Army and Air Force can be done by purchase, construction, loan or lease.

ARTICLE 204. The bodies responsible for the acquisition and receipt of the material resources shall operate in accordance with the laws and provisions relating to the matter and shall be responsible for the same compliance with the characteristics and specifications. established in the respective plans, programmes and contracts.

ARTICLE 205. The Air Force Command, the Directorates-General, and the Departments of the Secretariat of National Defense, will be responsible for establishing, where appropriate, the technical bases for the acquisition of the material resources to be used.

CHAPTER II

ECONOMIC RESOURCES

ARTICLE 206. The Federal Government will provide the means to the Army and Air Force personnel: costumes, equipment, food and accommodation when the service is provided in Military Facilities; sufficient viatics when the service is not performed in (a) the following: passages, transport of household goods and pay-for-work, where the change in the case is due to orders of competent authority; and other services required by the service.

ARTICLE 207. The National Defense Secretariat will be able to present the public spending forecasts that will be made for the support of the Army and the Air Force, so that they can fulfill the general missions they are entrusted with, such forecasts must also include the economic resources to cover the concepts outlined in the previous Article, and the rules contained in the Law and Regulation of the Budget, Accounting and Public Expenditure or the Orders that replace them.

CHAPTER III

ANIMAL RESOURCES

ARTICLE 208. The animal resources are necessary for the Army and Air Force in the fulfillment of their specific functions, tasks and services.

TITLE SEVENTH

OF BUILDINGS AND INSTALLATIONS

ONLY CHAPTER

ARTICLE 209. The buildings and installations of the Army and Air Force are permanent or transitory in nature and comprise movable property, buildings, land, Military Fields, Air bases and Aerodromes, destined for the accommodation and operation of the Units and the establishment of Dependencies, Barracks, Offices, Warehouses, Parks, Workshops, Prisons and Military Courts, Hospitals, Schools, Livestock Breakers, Shooting Poligones, as well as those destined for training, experimentation, Living and other tests and units necessary for its purposes.

TRANSIENT

ARTICLE FIRST. The Military of the Class of Service who, upon entry into force of this Law, possess a degree exceeding the maximum specified in Articles 193 and 195 thereof, shall keep it with all its legal effects.

The military of the class of auxiliaries will keep it while their services are used by the Army and Air Force.

ARTICLE SECOND. The military which, upon entry into force of this Law, do not fall within the meaning of Articles 191, 192 and 193, shall be reclassified to an Weapon, Service, Specialty or Special Corps, as appropriate, retaining their rights acquired.

ARTICLE THIRD. The Organic Law of the Mexican Army and Air Force promulgated on March 18, 1971, is repealed and all provisions that oppose this Law will be repealed.

ARTICLE FOURTH. This Law will take effect within three days of its publication in the Official Journal of the Federation.

Mexico, D. F., at December 8, 1986, Sen. Gonzalo Martinez Corbala, President.-Dip. Reyes Rodolfo Flores Z., President.-Sen. Hector Vázquez Paredes, Secretary.-Dip. Eliseo Rodríguez Ramírez, Secretary.-Rubicas.

In compliance with the provisions of Article 89 (I) of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States and for their proper publication and observance, I request the present Decree at the residence of the Federal Executive Branch, in Mexico City, Federal District, on the nine days of the month of December of a thousand nine hundred and eighty-six.-The President of the Republic, Miguel de la Madrid H.-Heading.-The Secretary Government, Manuel Bartlett D.-Heading.