MEXICAN FOREIGN SERVICE LAW
Last published reform DOF April 9, 2012
On the sidelines a seal with the National Shield, which reads: United Mexican States.-Presidency of the Republic.
CARLOS SALINAS DE GORTARI, Constitutional President of the United Mexican States, to its inhabitants known:
That the H. Congress of the Union has served to address the following
D E C R E T O
" THE CONGRESS OF THE MEXICAN UNITED STATES, D E C R E T A:
MEXICAN FOREIGN SERVICE LAW
Mexican Foreign Service
ARTICLE 1o.- The Mexican Foreign Service is the permanent body of state officials, specifically responsible for representing him abroad and responsible for executing the the foreign policy of Mexico, in accordance with the normative principles established by the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States.
The Foreign Service is dependent on the Federal Executive. His management and administration are in charge of the Secretariat of Foreign Relations, hereinafter referred to as the Secretariat, in accordance with the provisions of the Organic Law of the Federal Public Administration and the foreign policy guidelines that The President of the Republic, in accordance with the powers conferred upon him by the Constitution itself.
The agencies and entities of the Federal Public Administration, in accordance with the provisions of the Organic Law of the Federal Public Administration, will maintain coordination. with the Secretariat for the exercise of actions abroad.
ARTICLE 1-BIS.- For the purposes of this Law:
I. Law: The Mexican Foreign Service Act;
II. Regulation: The Mexican Foreign Service Law Regulation;
III. Secretariat: The Secretariat for External Relations;
IV. Secretary: The Foreign Secretary;
V. Foreign Service: The Mexican Foreign Service;
VI. Directorate-General: The administrative unit of the Secretariat which is responsible for matters concerning the staff of the Foreign Service;
VII. Matias Institute Romero: It is the unconcentrated organ of the Secretariat, whose objective is to prepare human resources of a high analytical and technical level on the issues and matters of use for foreign policy of Mexico, the holder of which will be an ambassador of Foreign Service career;
VIII. Representation: Embassies, permanent missions and consular offices;
IX. Representations Diplomats: Embassies and permanent missions;
X. Embassy: The permanent representation of the Mexican State before the government of another country. Its main functions are of a political nature;
XI. Permanent Mission: The representation of the Mexican State to international organizations;
XII. Diplomatic Mission: Embassies;
XIII. Head of Mission: The Holder of the diplomatic representation;
XIV. Representation Consular: Consular offices;
XV. Consular Office: The representation of the Mexican State before the government of another country, in which the following functions are carried out on a permanent basis: to protect Mexicans who are located in their constituency, to promote trade, economic, cultural and scientific between the two countries and issue the documentation to Mexicans and foreigners in terms of this Law and its Rules of Procedure. According to their importance and scope of division they are classified in: Consular Section, Consulate General, Consulate, Consular Agency and Honorary Consulate;
XVI. Constituency Consular: The territory attributed to a consular post for the exercise of consular functions;
XVII. Consular Section: The office of an embassy that performs consular functions and its constituency is the entire country accrediting;
XVIII. Consulate General: The office in charge of a consular officer, usually with the rank of Consul General and dependent on him, consulates and consular agencies located in his constituency;
XIX. Consulate: The office in charge of a consular officer, from which some consular agencies may depend;
XX. Consular Agency: The office in charge of a consular officer, is lower hierarchy than the consulates because his constituency is very limited;
XXI. Consulate Honorary: The office of an honorary consul, whether a national or a foreigner, in which he or she performs, without any remuneration, limited consular functions;
XXII. Head of Office Consular: The person responsible for carrying out such a function;
XXIII. Official Consular: Any person, including the head of the consular post, who is in charge of the exercise of consular functions, and
XXIV. Commission of Personal: The Commission of Personnel of the Mexican Foreign Service, a collegiate body responsible for knowing any matter concerning the Foreign Service.
ARTICLE 2.- Corresponds to Foreign Service:
I. Promote and safeguard national interests vis-à-vis foreign states and international organizations and meetings in which Mexico participates;
II. Protect, in accordance with the principles and norms of international law, the dignity and rights of Mexicans abroad and to exercise actions aimed at satisfying their legitimate claims;
III. To maintain and promote relations between Mexico and the members of the international community and to intervene in all aspects of these ties that are the responsibility of the State;
IV. Intervene in the celebration of treaties;
V. Take care of the fulfillment of the treaties of which Mexico is a party and of the international obligations that correspond;
VI. Ensure the country's prestige abroad;
VII. Participate in every regional or global effort that is in keeping with international peace and security, improving relations between states and promoting and preserving a fair and equitable international order. In any case, it will first serve national interests;
VIII. Promote knowledge of national culture abroad and expand the presence of Mexico in the world;
IX. To gather abroad information that may be of interest to Mexico, and to disseminate information abroad that contributes to a better knowledge of the national reality; and
X. To help Mexico's best economic integration in the world;
XI. Allocate the income received by the services provided for in Articles 20, 22 and 23 of the Federal Law of Rights, provided by any consular representation abroad to integrate a fund intended to cover, prior to authorization from the Secretariat of Foreign Relations, the expenses related to the activities and programs mentioned below, in terms of the Law of the Mexican Foreign Service Law: Program for the repatriation of persons vulnerable; care and legal advice and consular protection; visits to prisons and centres detention; telephone attention; a migrant safety campaign; mobile consular services; the provision of consular services in general, and attention to the public.
The expenses to be paid in accordance with the preceding paragraph shall be made in accordance with the general rules of operation established by the Secretariat of Foreign Relations, with the approval of the of the Secretariat of the Civil Service, and
XII. Other functions that point to the Foreign Service and other laws and regulations, as well as the treaties of which Mexico is a party.
From the integration of the Mexican Foreign Service
ARTICLE 3.- The Foreign Service is integrated by career staff, temporary staff and assimilated personnel and comprises the diplomatic-consular and technical-administrative.
ARTICLE 4.- The diplomatic-consular branch comprises the following ranges:
IV. First Secretary;
V. Second Secretary;
VI. Third Secretary, and
VII. Diplomatic Attache.
ARTICLE 5.- The technical-administrative branch comprises the following ranges:
I. Administrative Coordinator;
II. Administrative Aggregate "A";
III. Administrative Aggregate "B";
IV. Administrative Aggregate "C";
V. Technical-Administrative "A";
VI. Technical-Administrative "B", and
VII. Technical-Administrative "C".
ARTICLE 6.- Career personnel are permanent and their performance is based on the principles of preparation, competence, capacity and constant improvement, establish a permanent service for the execution of Mexico's foreign policy.
Career members of the Foreign Service may, during their membership, be found in any of the following assumptions:
I. in active;
III. commissioners pursuant to Article 18 of the Act;
IV. on license, or
V. on availability.
The management of the ranks, places, positions and structure of the Foreign Service shall be governed by the provisions of this Law and its Rules of Procedure.
ARTICLE 7.- Temporary staff is designated by the Secretary's agreement. Such staff perform specific duties on a particular assignment and for a period not exceeding 6 years, at the end of which their duties shall cease automatically. Those named are not part of the career staff of the Foreign Service nor are they listed in the respective steps.
Temporary staff shall comply with the requirements set out in Part I, III, IV and V of Article 32 of this Law and shall be subject to the same obligations as career staff during their secondment.
Appointments of temporary staff will be made, where possible, in places that do not belong to the Foreign Career Service.
ARTICLE 8.- Assimilated personnel are composed of officials and attachés to diplomatic missions and consular representations, whose appointment has been managed by another dependency or entity of the Federal Public Administration or other competent authority, with a charge to its own budget. Where the Secretariat considers the application to be appropriate, such personnel shall be accredited with the range determined by the Secretariat and its assimilation to the Foreign Service shall have effect only for the duration of the commission conferred on it.
The treated personnel shall be subject to the same obligations as the members of the career staff of the Foreign Service and the agencies or entities that have They will be the only ones responsible for the acts carried out by their representatives. It shall also be commissioned abroad under the authority of the head of the diplomatic mission or consular representation concerned, to whom it shall report its activities and to attend to the recommendations it makes on its efforts, in particular with regard to general policies and diplomatic or consular practices.
The Secretariat will determine the cases in which temporary or assimilated personnel must attend training courses at the Matias Romero Institute before assuming their position in the abroad.
ARTICLE 9.- The Secretariat will have to maintain and manage with the authorities concerned, that the structure of places in the different ranges will allow for adequate scale mobility, so that an upward pyramid is maintained between the ranks of the diplomatic attaché and the Minister. This will be done in accordance with the guidelines of rationality, austerity and budgetary discipline.
From the Mexican Foreign Service Organization
ARTICLE 10.- Abroad, the members of the Foreign Service will perform their duties without distinction in a diplomatic mission, consular representation, special missions and delegations to international conferences or meetings. The Secretariat shall lay down the procedures for the accreditation of staff assigned to the outside world, in accordance with international law and practice.
ARTICLE 11.- The Secretariat will monitor that the foreign and Mexican membership of the career staff will be adjusted to a scheduled rotation, ensuring that, without exception, no member of these persons remains outside the country or at the Secretariat for more than eight years.
The Staff Committee at the suggestion of the Rotation Subcommittee will recommend to the Secretary the transfers that for the needs of the service must be carried out outside the the annual rotation programme, ensuring that the staff of the diplomatic-consular branch do not remain less than two years old, or more than six in the same external membership.
Members of the technical-administrative branch may remain in the same membership for up to eight years.
In the Regulation of this Law, the modalities of rotation of the career staff will be established, in order to favor a balanced rotation of the personnel between geographical areas (i) a number of different forms of lifelong or difficult life. In addition, for the rotation programmes, in addition to the needs of the service, the professional specialties, language skills and the family integration of the staff of the External Service will have to be taken into account.
ARTICLE 11-BIS.- The move recommendations will be submitted to the Staff Commission by the Rotation Subcommittee. This Subcommission will be integrated by:
I. The Chairman of the Staff Committee;
II. The Director General who is responsible for matters concerning the staff of the Foreign Service;
III. The Director General of the Matias Romero Institute, and
IV. Two Foreign Service officials with minimum advisory rank, proposed by the Chairman of the Staff Committee and approved by the Secretary.
The Secretariat will give annually, through the Matias Romero Institute, the opportunities for training and academic preparation available to the members of the Foreign service in Mexico and abroad and their requirements.
Applicants who meet the requirements for such opportunities must submit their nominations to the Rotation Subcommittee, which after the analysis of the file and requirements of the stakeholders will resolve the conduct.
ARTICLE 12.- Mexico's diplomatic missions to foreign governments will have the rank of embassies and international agencies, the mission of permanent; consular representations will have the rank of general consulates, consulates, consular agencies, and honorary consulates.
The Secretariat shall determine the location and specific functions of each of them, including, where applicable, the concurrent and consular constituencies.
ARTICLE 13.- The Secretary may designate honorary consuls, who will not be considered as a Foreign Service personnel.
ARTICLE 14.- The President of the Republic, through the Secretariat, may designate special missions to occasionally exercise the representation of Mexico in the during the time and with the characteristics of the specific function that is indicated in each case.
ARTICLE 15.- In all diplomatic missions and consular representations, immediately after the holder of the same, there will be a foreign ministry chief and a Alternate representative or consul attached, as appropriate; these posts will be performed by the senior career foreign service member. Temporary absences from the holders of diplomatic missions or consular representations, as the case may be, shall be covered by the head of the foreign ministry, alternate representative or the consul attached.
ARTICLE 16.- The Secretariat will determine the composition and functions of the delegations representing Mexico in international conferences and meetings. During the performance of their commission, the members of the delegations shall conform to the specific instructions provided by the Secretariat. Where the delegation has a specific mission affecting the sphere of competence of another dependency of the Federal Public Administration, the Secretariat shall listen, attend and advise the appropriate dependency for the integration and instructions for the delegation.
All public servants who are abroad with a character, representation or official commission, will have to coordinate their activities with the heads of diplomatic or consular representations, as the case may be.
ARTICLE 17.- The range in the Career External Service will be independent of the slot or position held by its members on the outside or in the units The Secretariat's administrative department in Mexico.
When career staff members are appointed to fill a position at the Secretariat or abroad, they will be covered by the remuneration that corresponds to the place assigned and shall have the rights and benefits indicated by the Law of the Institute of Safety and Social Services of State Workers, this Law and its Regulations.
The members of the Foreign Career Service will retain their place on the ladder, accumulate the age that corresponds to the effects of this Law and will be able to ascend regardless of the place or position assigned to them by the Secretariat.
ARTICLE 18.- The Secretary, upon recommendation of the Staff Committee, may authorize, up to twice, that career officials of the branch diplomatic-consular, with a minimum age of five years of service and rank of First Secretary or higher may be temporarily commissioned in other dependencies and entities of the Federal or State Public Administration or other entities federal public; in the Legislative or Judicial Powers and in institutions of higher education or international bodies.
The authorizations may be granted as long as the activities to be carried out are of interest and utility to the Secretariat. Those who carry out these commissions will retain their seniority rights for scalphonic purposes and may submit to the promotion competitions.
The duration and terms of the commissions granted on the basis of this article will be governed by the Law Regulations.
From ambassadors and general consuls
ARTICLE 19.- Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 89 (III) of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, the designation of The President of the Republic, preferably among the career officials of greater competence, category and seniority in the diplomatic-consular branch, will be the President of the Republic.
Regardless of whether a career official is appointed Ambassador or Consul General, the President of the Republic will be able to remove him freely in the terms of the Section II of Article 89 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, but that determination will not affect his situation as career staff, unless the separation occurs in the terms of Article 57 (II) of the Constitution. Law.
ARTICLE 20.- To be designated Ambassador or Consul General is required: to be Mexican by birth and not to have another nationality, to be in full enjoyment of your rights Civil and political, being over 30 years of age and gathering the merits sufficient for the effective performance of his office.
Mexicans by birth to whom another State considers as their nationals must present the Mexican certificate of nationality and the document of resignation of the Mexican another nationality.
ARTICLE 21.- On the occasion of a vacancy of ambassador or consul general and in accordance with Article 19 of this Law, the Foreign Secretary shall submit to the The President of the Republic considers the names and background of the ministers of the career staff who, in his opinion, have the necessary merits and antiquities. Those who are appointed shall not lose their character as members of the career staff of the Foreign Service and may only be deprived, temporarily or definitively of their positions in the terms of Chapters X and XI of this Law.
ARTICLE 22.- In exceptional cases they may be accredited as ambassadors or general consuls, members of the career staff with the rank of minister. This accreditation shall not alter the situation in the scale of the designated persons, in the intelligence that they shall be entitled to the emoluments and benefits corresponding to that function.
ARTICLE 23.- The designations of heads of permanent diplomatic missions to States and international organizations, Special Ambassadors and Consular General shall be submitted to the ratification of the Senate of the Republic or, in its recesses, of the Permanent Commission, as provided for in the fractions II, VII and III of Articles 76, 78 and 89, respectively, of the Political Constitution of the States United Mexicans. Without this requirement the designated person shall not be able to take office.
ARTICLE 24.- Within the rank of Ambassador there will be a maximum of ten seats of Eminent Ambassador, as a distinction to the members of that rank for their performance of service to the Republic in the field of foreign policy.
To fill a vacancy of eminent ambassador, the Foreign Secretary will submit to the President of the Republic the names and antecedents of the persons who are at least ten years old as an ambassador and who have held positions of Director General or higher in the Secretariat or have held important missions abroad. The Federal Executive will make the corresponding designations. The category of eminent ambassador can only be used in the internal field and will have the compensation to set the Federation's Budget.
ARTICLE 25.- The President of the Republic will be able to recognize the dignity of Ambassador Emeritus as the culmination of a remarkable and prolonged service to the Republic in the the scope of external policy. At no time will there be more than five ambassadors and they will be appointed from a list of candidates who meet the following requirements:
I. Be an ambassador, retired or in active service, who has dedicated at least 25 years to the Foreign Service and has distinguished himself for having held positions of importance in the Foreign Service or the Secretariat, for his written works on subjects or to have provided other services in the field of international relations in Mexico; or,
II. Have been an official of the Foreign Service, at least ten years of service and have served as Foreign Secretary.
Retired ambassadors will have the role of attending the consultations that the Secretary of Foreign Affairs will have to them.
The Emeritus Ambassador category can only be used within the internal scope and will have the compensation to be set by the Federation's Government Budget.
No ambassador can be, at the same time, an eminent ambassador and an ambassador emeritus.
From the Mexican Foreign Service Personnel Commission
ARTICLE 26.- The Staff Commission, in the terms of this Law and its Rules of Procedure, will submit to the Foreign Secretary recommendations for membership, reinstatement, promotions, transfers, commissions, availabilities, separations, withdrawal, administrative sanctions and exceptional cases of the Foreign Service personnel license.
ARTICLE 27.- The Foreign Service Personnel Commission will be integrated as follows:
I. A career Ambassador of the Foreign Service appointed by the Secretary, who will preside over it and must dedicate himself full-time to the duties of his office. The president shall last for a term of not less than one year, no longer than three years;
The chairman of the Staff Committee shall have the legal representation of the said collegiate body for the purposes of trials of protection, nullity and federal. In the event of the temporary absence of the Chairman of the Staff Committee, the Director-General of Legal Affairs of the Secretariat shall be responsible for such effects;
II. The Chief Officer of the Secretariat, who will supply the president with his or her absences;
III. The Director General who is responsible for matters concerning the staff of the Foreign Service, as provided for in the Rules of Procedure of the Secretariat, who will serve as the Secretary of the Secretariat;
IV. The Director General of Legal Affairs of the Secretariat; and
V. The head of the Matias Romero Institute, and
VI. A representative of each of the ranges from Technical-Administrative "C" to Administrative Coordinator and Third Secretary to Minister, attached to the Secretariat, who will be chosen by their peers to cover one-year periods. Such representatives shall participate exclusively in matters relating to the staff of the category they represent.
Members of the Commission may not participate through representatives or alternates, with the exception of the president who may be replaced by the Chief Officer.
In cases where the Commission deals with matters which have an impact on the whole of the members of the External Service, it may, through invitations, advise on persons outside the Secretariat and the Foreign Service.
On a proposal from the Commission, the Secretary shall issue the Rules of Procedure of the Staff Committee.
ARTICLE 27-BIS.- The Staff Commission will have four subcommittees:
I. Subcommittee on Income;
II. The Rotation Subcommittee;
III. Sub-Committee on Evaluation, and
IV. Subcommittee on Disciplinary Affairs.
Subcommittees shall operate in accordance with the provisions of this Act, its Rules of Procedure and the Rules of Procedure of the Staff Committee.
From Income To Mexican Foreign Service
ARTICLE 28.- The entry as a career official to the diplomatic-consular branch will be performed by opposition, through annual public competitions that will be organised in a knockout stage and should consider the following examinations and courses:
I. General culture review oriented to international relations;
II. Review of Spanish;
III. Examinations to check the English language proficiency and the ability to translate any of the other official languages of the United Nations;
IV. Elaboration of an essay on a topical topic in foreign policy; and
VI. Medical and psychological examinations;
VII. Specialized courses at the Matías Romero Institute, which will not exceed six months, and
VIII. A period of practical experience at the Secretariat for which the duration shall not exceed six months.
ARTICLE 29.- The Staff Commission will give timely notice to the Secretary of the vacancies in the rank of diplomatic attache, in order to call an annual contest to cover them and install the Income Subcommittee.
ARTICLE 30.- The Income Subcommittee will be integrated by:
I. The head of the Matias Romero Institute, who will chair it;
II. Two representatives of legally recognized higher education institutions, one of which must have established the international relations career, and the other at least related careers to the latter;
III. The Director General who is responsible for matters concerning the staff of the Foreign Service, who shall act as secretary of the Foreign Service, and
IV. Another person outside the Secretariat who has experience in human resources.
The Revenue Sub-Commission shall verify compliance with the requirements set out in Articles 32 and 33 of this Law and shall organise and qualify the admission of the diplomatic-consular and technical-administrative branches of the Foreign Service.
ARTICLE 31.- Those who are admitted to the Matías Romero Institute to enter the diplomatic-consular branch will be considered, during the time they study in the same, as grantees and shall have the perceptions determined by the Secretariat, as well as during their period of practice in the latter.
After the period referred to in paragraphs VII and VIII of Article 28 of this Law, the Staff Commission shall evaluate its performance at the Secretariat for determine whether he recommends his appointment as a diplomatic attache. After six months they may be promoted to third-party secretaries as a result of the evaluation of their performance.
ARTICLE 32.- Candidates to enter the diplomatic-consular branch must meet the following requirements:
I. To be Mexican by birth and not to have another nationality, in full exercise of their civil and political rights.
Mexicans by birth to whom another State considers as their nationals must present the Mexican certificate of nationality and the document of resignation of the Mexican another nationality;
II. Be under 30 years of age. In exceptional cases, the Staff Committee may dispense with this requirement if the academic and professional profile of the applicant so warrants;
III. Have a good background;
IV. Be physically and mentally fit for the performance of the External Service functions;
V. Do not belong to the ecclesiastical state or be a minister of some worship; and
VI. Have at least the academic degree of bachelor's degree from a Mexican or foreign university or higher education institution, with recognition of official validity.
ARTICLE 33.- Income as career staff to the technical-administrative branch will be performed:
I. By opposition, by means of public competitions to be carried out according to the needs of the Secretariat, preferably every two years, under the modalities to be established by the Regulation of this Law;
II. The requirements for entry will be the same as those indicated for the diplomatic-consular branch, with the exception of the requirement of the academic degree, for which it will be sufficient to have completed the higher average education and the domain of a language foreign utility for diplomacy, preferably English;
III. Those who obtain the highest qualifications in the entry contest to the technical-administrative branch will receive a scholarship with the perceptions determined by the Secretariat and must accredit a training course at the Matías Romero Institute. with a maximum duration of three months;
IV. Completed the courses referred to in the preceding paragraph, a three-month practice must be established at the Secretariat, and
V. At the end of this practice, and upon the recommendation of the Staff Committee, a "C" Technical-Administrative appointment will be awarded.
The income to this branch will be at the level of "C" Technical-Administrative.
ARTICLE 34.- The temporary or assimilated personnel of the diplomatic-consular and technical-administrative branch, as well as the officials of the Secretariat, may enter to the Foreign Service as career staff of the diplomatic-consular branch provided that they comply with the entry requirements laid down in Article 32 (I), (III), (IV), (V) and (VI) of this Law and obtain a favourable assessment of their performance by the Staff Commission.
You must also meet the following requirements to enter the ranges listed below:
I. Income as Second Secretary: A minimum age of four years shall be required, a maximum of 37 years of age and the content of Article 28 (II), (III), (V) and (VI) shall be satisfied. You will also have to participate in the promotion contest to qualify for the rank of Second Secretary and obtain one of the places that are subject to competition;
II. Income as First Secretary: A minimum age of six years shall be required, a maximum of 39 years of age and the content of Sections II, III, V and VI of Article 28 shall be satisfied. You must also participate in the promotion contest to qualify for the rank of First Secretary and obtain one of the places that are subject to competition, and
III. Income as Counsellor: A minimum age of eight years, a maximum of 41 years of age and satisfying the content of Sections II, III, V and VI of Article 28 shall be required. You will also have to participate in the promotion contest to opt for the rank of Counselor and obtain one of the places to contest.
For the purposes of this Article, in the judgment of the Staff Committee, the age requirement may be waived.
Aspiring members of the Counselor will also be required to pass the mid-career exam referred to in Article 38.
At the latest six months after the satisfaction of the membership requirements, those who have obtained such a rank will be commissioned to the consular type, in accordance with the definition set out in the Regulation of this Law.
The entry to the Foreign Service, in accordance with this article, may only take place when the Secretariat has new places in each of the ranks of the Second Secretary, First Secretary and Counsellor. Regardless of the number of places available, the same number of places will always be available in each of the ranges mentioned.
ARTICLE 35.- The public servants of the Secretariat, diplomatic missions and consular representations may be incorporated into the technical-administrative branch, provided that they comply with the income requirements provided for in Article 33 of this Law and that they approve the public examinations to be determined by the Secretariat. Employees who are four years old will be able to enter the branch in the category of technical-administrative "B" and those who accumulate seven years will be able to enter as administrative-technical "A".
ARTICLE 36.- Requests for reinstatement of the members of the career staff of the Foreign Service who have resigned, will be examined by the Commission of Personal. This may recommend the reinstatement of those concerned who meet the following requirements:
I. The reason for the waiver was for reasons other than the follow-up of a disciplinary process or to avoid a transfer order;
II. The applicant's good background;
III. The compliance with the obligation of professional secrecy established in this Law; and
IV. The submission of the application for the five years following the effective date of the waiver. In exceptional cases, this period may be waived by the Foreign Secretary.
Reinstatement can only be authorized once.
From career staff promotions
ARTICLE 37.- The promotions of the career staff to Second Secretary, First Secretary, Counsellor and Minister of the diplomatic-consular branch, as well as to Attaché-Administrative "C", and Administrative Coordinator in the technical-administrative branch, will be agreed upon by the Foreign Secretary, upon the recommendation of the Staff Committee. To this end, the Staff Committee will organise promotion competitions which will include:
I. The assessment of the case of the applicant for promotion on the basis of the following priorities:
a) Merits and efficiency demonstrated in the performance of your charges and commissions; and
b) Development potential and ability to assume greater responsibilities;
c) The age in the range and in the service, which will be defining in equal circumstances, and
II. Written and oral exams to determine the ability of the aspirants to climb.
Under the Regulation of this Law, additional scores may be awarded for published works or works, studies and academic degrees obtained with after the last ascent, provided they are relevant to Mexico's international relations.
The final result of the contests will be from the public domain and unappealable.
No promotions may be submitted for promotion to those who are available in accordance with this Law.
The Secretary will agree to the other promotions of the career staff on the recommendation of the Staff Commission once he receives from the Subcommittee on Evaluation, the evaluations of personal files or service sheets as appropriate. The assessment shall take into account the merits, academic preparation and antiques of the staff, in accordance with the Regulation of this Law.
ARTICLE 37-BIS.- The evaluation of the personal files will be carried out by the Evaluation Subcommittee and released to the interested parties in advance of the conduct of the examinations.
The Evaluation Subcommittee will be integrated by:
I. The Chairman of the Staff Commission, who will chair it;
II. The head of the Matias Romero Institute;
III. The Director General who is responsible for matters concerning the staff of the Foreign Service, as provided for in the Secretariat's Rules of Procedure, and
IV. Two members of the Foreign Service with minimum rank of Counselor or administrative coordinator proposed by the Chairman of the Staff Committee and approved by the Secretary.
ARTICLE 38.- In no case shall it be possible to ascend or participate in promotion contests without having been at least two years of age in the range to which belongs.
To ascend to the rank of Counselor is also required, a minimum age of eight years as an official in the Foreign Service or in the Secretariat, have been a consular post and approve an examination which will be referred to as a career-average-in accordance with the terms of this Law and its Rules of Procedure.
ARTICLE 39.- The mid-career exam referred to in the previous article will be presented by the first secretaries. It is a requirement to remain in the Foreign Service and aims to evaluate the work and professional performance of the members of the Foreign Service with a view to determining their capacity to assume greater responsibilities, especially the from the head of representations of Mexico.
The Matias Romero Institute will develop study guides and teach training courses for participants in the mid-career exam.
The exam will be designed by professionals under criteria that will be provided by the Matías Romero Institute and can be presented on three occasions at most following terms:
I. For the first time during the first three years of being promoted to the rank of first secretary;
II. For the second time before five years in the range, if you have not approved it in the first, and
III. For the third time, before serving six years in the range.
The outcome of the examinations will be subject to review before the Evaluation Sub-Committee within 3 days of the date on which they are notified of the assessment. personally. The Sub-Commission shall resolve the review requests within 15 calendar days following its receipt by giving the applicant the opportunity to express what is appropriate in the review process.
Who on the third occasion does not approve the examination will cause unappealable discharge from the Foreign Service. In any case, you will be compensated in the terms that you indicate in this Law and your Rules of Procedure.
ARTICLE 40.- As a requirement to remain in the Foreign Service and in order to verify that the members of the Foreign Service have fully complied with the obligations imposed on them by Articles 41 and 42 of this Law and which continue to satisfy the requirements contained in Sections I, III, IV and V of Article 32, the Secretariat, by means of the Staff Committee, shall make every five years a evaluation to all its members.
The assessment referred to in the preceding paragraph may be deemed satisfactory or unsatisfactory.
ARTICLE 40-BIS.- The assessment referred to in Article 40 consists of:
I. A complete review of the information on the Foreign Service member at the Secretariat, which will include, in particular, the consideration of the documented achievements that have been achieved, as well as the misconduct or irregularities detected during the last four years or during the time of membership of the Foreign Service if this is less than four years, and
II. Where appropriate, an investigation of the reasons why the Foreign Service member has not ascended from his/her entry into the top immediate category within the maximum time limits set out below:
a) Ascenso a Second Secretary over a period of six years,
b) Ascenso a First Secretary in a period of nine years,
c) Ascensus to the Counselor category over a period of twelve years and
d) Ascensus to the category of Minister in a period of fifteen years.
ARTICLE 40-TER.- The Staff Commission will use, primarily, the following criteria to measure, in its assessment, the degree of compliance of the obligations laid down in Articles 41 and 42 of this Law:
I. Development achieved, professional merit, academic merit, entrusted responsibilities, stimuli or recognitions and other relevant factors that serve as indicators of good performance;
II. Imposed sanctions, disciplinary procedures, misconduct, complaints received, and other relevant factors that serve as indicators of poor performance;
III. If the evaluated has done or has refrained from carrying out, activities whose consequences have been negatively affecting the Mexican foreign policy or the development of the functions of the Secretariat or its representations abroad, and
IV. Assessments to measure the extent of compliance with staff obligations will be outlined in the Regulation and will ensure that criteria of legality, objectivity and equity are applied.
If the Commission of Staff's conclusion regarding the assessed Foreign Service member is unsatisfactory, this result will be notified to the interested party by the Commission and the Commission may request the review of the assessment within three working days after receipt of the notification.
The Commission will have to resolve the review requests within 15 calendar days of its receipt giving the applicant the opportunity to express what is their right to be in the review process.
If the completion of the review was again unsatisfactory, or if the corresponding revision was not requested in time, the Foreign Service member It will definitely cause the Foreign Service to be discharged without the possibility of rejoining it. In any event, you will be compensated in the terms that you indicate in this Law and your Rules of Procedure.
From the obligations of Mexican Foreign Service members
ARTICLE 41.- It is the duty of any member of the Foreign Service to act in accordance with the law, honesty, loyalty, impartiality and efficiency that corresponds to any server public in the performance of their jobs, positions or commissions, as well as to contribute to the fulfillment of the functions that this Law entrusts to the Service itself, according to the guidelines to be set by the Secretariat.
Without prejudice to the immunities and privileges that correspond to them, they must respect the laws and regulations of the State before whose government they are accredited and observe customs. The country's social and international diplomatic practice.
Also, in terms of applicable law, members of the Foreign Service shall refrain from engaging in conduct of a partisan or electoral nature. incompatible with the performance of its public function, and to make statements that compromise the interests of the country.
ARTICLE 42.- The members of the Foreign Service must keep absolute discretion about the matters they know for their official performance. This obligation still exists after leaving the External Service, in the case of matters whose disclosure could harm national interests.
ARTICLE 43.- Corresponds to Heads of Mission:
I. Keep the Secretariat informed of the main aspects of the political, economic, social and cultural life of the State to which the Government or international body is accredited, as well as its international relations, of the instructions received from the Secretariat itself;
II. Represent Mexico before international organizations and in intergovernmental meetings, and keep the Secretariat of the main activities of these organizations informed or developed in these meetings. In any event, they shall not conduct their conduct on the instructions they receive from the Secretariat itself;
III. Require, where appropriate and with the courtesies of the case, the immunities, prerogatives and franchises that correspond to Mexican diplomatic officials in accordance with international treaties and especially those that Mexico grants to the diplomatic officials from other countries; only the Secretariat may waive the immunity of jurisdiction enjoyed by such officials abroad; and,
IV. Supervise the functioning of the consular section of the diplomatic mission in charge, which will remain under its institutional responsibility.
ARTICLE 44.- Corresponds to the heads of consular offices:
I. Protect, in their respective consular constituencies, the interests of Mexico and the rights of their nationals, in accordance with international law and keep the Secretariat informed of the condition in which the nationals are located Mexicans, particularly in cases where special protection is appropriate;
II. Encourage, in their respective consular constituencies, trade and tourism with Mexico and regularly inform the Secretariat thereof;
III. Exercise, where appropriate, Civil Registry Judge duties;
IV. To exercise notarial functions in the acts and contracts concluded abroad that must be executed in Mexican territory, in the terms indicated by the Regulation. Their public faith will be equivalent throughout the Republic, to which they have the acts of notaries in the Federal District;
V. Vent the proceedings entrusted to them by the judicial authorities of the Republic;
VI. Execute administrative acts that require the exercise of their functions and act as a delegate of the Federal Executive's offices in the cases provided for by law or by express order of the Secretariat; and
VII. Provide the support and cooperation that the diplomatic mission of which they are dependent on.
The heads of a consular post may delegate to subordinate officials the exercise of one or more of the powers referred to in this Article, without thereby losing their exercise. nor to be exempted from liability for its execution. The delegation shall be made in the terms laid down in the Rules of Procedure of this Law.
ARTICLE 45.- It is the duty of the heads of diplomatic missions, consular representations and administrative units of the Secretariat to report during the month of June of each year and based on the performances developed by the members of the Foreign Service to their orders, on their fitness, behavior and diligence, without prejudice to doing so whenever they deem it necessary.
In addition, such officials shall inform the Commission of Personnel with due diligence on all misconduct or violations of the provisions of this Law and its Regulation to be made by its subordinates, with the power to impose on their case, warning and warning.
The career foreign service staff of the ranks of the third secretary-to-counsel will present to the Staff Commission, during the month of June each year, a "self-assessment" in the terms that the Rules of this Law point out.
The career staff will also prepare a report on the performance of the head of the diplomatic mission, consular representation, during the month of June each year. or administrative unit of the Secretariat to which it is attached. This report shall be prepared in accordance with the terms of the Rules of Procedure of this Law, and shall be confidential and referred to the Staff Committee.
ARTICLE 46.- Without prejudice to the provisions of other applicable provisions, members of the Foreign Service shall be prohibited:
I. To intervene in internal and political matters of the State where commissioners are found or in international affairs of the State that are not in the interests of Mexico;
II. To exercise, in the State where commissioners are found, any professional or commercial activity for their own advantage and to carry out, without the prior and express authorization of the Secretariat, these same activities in other foreign countries, and
III. To carry out any diplomatic or consular management of another country, without the express authorization of the Secretariat.
The rights and benefits of Mexican Foreign Service members
ARTICLE 47.- The members of the Foreign Service shall enjoy, during their stay in an official foreign commission, the following rights and benefits:
I. Keep, for the purposes of Mexican law, the domicile of your last place of residence in the country;
I BIS.- Foreign-born children of Foreign Service members when they are accredited abroad will be considered to be born in the legal domicile of the parents;
II. They will have the perceptions to set the Federation's Government Budget and the benefits provided by this Law, its Rules of Procedure and, where appropriate, the Law of the Institute of Safety and Social Services of State Workers;
III. The Secretariat shall cover the members of the Foreign Service who are transferred to any foreign or foreign office, transportation and installation expenses, including their spouse and dependent family members in the first degree. in a straight, ascending or descending line, living with them in their place of attachment, in the terms set out in the Regulation. They will also be covered in the costs of packing, transportation, and family home insurance;
IV. They may import and export, free of customs duties, their luggage and household items when they leave commissioners abroad, return to the country on the basis of their commission or be on leave or availability, adjusting to what is foreseen in the laws of the matter;
V. The exemption referred to in the previous fraction shall be extended to automobiles belonging to the members of the Foreign Service in accordance with the applicable rules;
VI. The Secretariat, in the terms of this Law and its Rules of Procedure, will provide assistance for the payment of the rental of the housing of the members of the Foreign Service who are assigned abroad, when given the conditions The payment of this rental has a serious impact on its income, in accordance with the provisions of rationality, austerity and budgetary discipline.
VII. The Secretariat, in the terms of this Law and its Rules of Procedure, shall provide to the members of the Foreign Service abroad, aid for the payment of the education of the minor children, when it is onerous, with attachment to the provisions of rationality, austerity and budgetary discipline;
VIII. The educational authorities of the country shall revalidate the studies carried out abroad by the members of the Foreign Service, their dependent family members or their employees, in accordance with applicable legal provisions, and
IX. The others to be removed from this Law and its Rules of Procedure.
ARTICLE 48.- Foreign Service Members will enjoy 30 days of vacation a year, and can accumulate up to 60 days. The Secretariat will cover the members of the Foreign Service, every two years, the amount of its passages from the place of its membership to Mexico and back. This benefit includes the spouse and his or her dependent family members up to the first degree in a straight line, ascending or descending, living with him or her, as the case may be. In the case of the children of the members of the Foreign Service, this benefit shall be extended only to those under 18 years of age provided they live with him or her, as the case may be.
The Staff Committee may recommend to the Secretary, in cases of difficult living conditions, that this benefit be granted every twelve months.
ARTICLE 49.- The Secretariat will contract, in the terms of the Regulation, medical expenses insurance for the members of the Foreign Service in the abroad, which shall include their spouse and their economic dependents up to the first degree in a straight line, ascending or descending, living with him or her, as the case may be. In the case of the children of the members of the Foreign Service, this benefit shall be extended only to those under 18 years of age provided they live with him or her, as the case may be.
ARTICLE 50.- In cases of disease duly verified, the Secretariat may grant the members of the Foreign Service for up to two months with full enjoyment of pay, two more with half a salary and two more unpaid.
In addition, in case of pregnancy, women will be entitled to three months of paid leave.
The Secretariat may also grant a license for any other justified cause, for up to six months without pay.
ARTICLE 51.- The members of the Foreign Service shall enjoy the expenses of representation, expenses and other remuneration and benefits that are assigned to them in accordance with the Budget of the Federation's expenditures.
The member of the Foreign Service who, in the absence of the head of the diplomatic mission or the head of a consulate, is accredited as a charge d' affaires or as the person in charge of the consular representation, he shall receive, in accordance with the provisions of the Regulation, compensation for the responsibility of the Office, unless other provisions are more favourable, in which case the provisions shall apply.
In turn and as long as other orders do not enter more favorable conditions, the members of the Foreign Service who are appointed to occupy a position abroad, transferred to another place or calls from abroad to provide their services to the Secretariat, shall be entitled to installation costs which shall be provided in the following proportion of the total of their monthly perceptions abroad:
a) The equivalent of one and a half months for the staff of the technical-administrative branch; and
b) The equivalent of one month for the staff of the diplomatic-consular branch, with the exception of heads of diplomatic missions or heads of consulates general to the Secretariat provides official residence, who will receive the equivalent of half a month.
In the terms of the Regulation of this Law, expenditure of social order and support shall be assigned to diplomatic missions and consular representations.
ARTICLE 52.- The members of the career staff of the Foreign Service may be available for up to three years. During that period, members of the Foreign Service may not have any promotion, they shall not be counted for legal purposes and shall not be paid or provided.
ARTICLE 52-BIS.- The availability must be requested in writing from the General Directorate of the Foreign and Personnel Service of the Secretariat, which in turn (a) to the Staff Committee, to the effect that within a maximum of 30 days of reply to the person concerned, he/she shall not be able to leave his/her place of attachment as long as he/she does not receive the corresponding reply.
The letter must express the causes or reasons for the application and will be governed by the following criteria:
I. It may be granted only once during the course of the race, on the recommendation of the Staff Committee and the Secretary's approval, provided that a minimum age of five years is counted in the Foreign Career Service;
II. You may not join licenses, commissions or other temporary separations, and you must mediate between them for a minimum of 6 months, and
III. For the needs of the service, the availability may be revoked, upon recommendation of the Staff Committee, and if so agreed by the Secretary, by means of notification to the interested person who will carry out, with 3 months in advance, the General Directorate of the Secretariat's Foreign and Personnel Service. Those who do not appear to work on the indicated date shall be discharged in accordance with the provisions of section I of Article 58 of this Law.
The separation of the Mexican Foreign Service
ARTICLE 53.- Foreign Service members may only be temporarily separated from their positions by suspension as a result of the the application of an administrative penalty and, in the final form, by discharge and removal as a result of an administrative penalty, in terms of this Law and its Rules of Procedure.
ARTICLE 53-BIS.- The following are causes of the Foreign Service:
I. By resignation;
II. By retirement;
III. By statement of interdiction status by statement that causes execution;
IV. For missing a move order;
V. For failure to appear at the end of a commission, availability or license to resume its duties. In the first two cases before the Directorate-General and, in the third, at the place where it was attached;
VI. For failing to comply with the requirements set out in Article 32, fractions I, III and IV of the Act;
VII. For retesting the mid-career exam in terms of the provisions of article 39 of this Law, and
VIII. For not obtaining a satisfactory assessment in terms of the provisions of Articles 40, 40-BIS and 40-TER, of this Law.
ARTICLE 54.- The members of the Foreign Career Service who are permanently separated from this Service, will receive for one time, as compensation for each year of service, the amount corresponding to one month of the last salary which you have enjoyed, with the maximum limit of 24 months, with the exception of those who have been removed from the Foreign Service as a result of a penalty and cases provided for in fractions IV and V of the previous Article.
Temporary suspension, availability, and unpaid leave periods will not be counted as service time.
In the event of death, compensation shall be provided to the beneficiary that the Foreign Service member has designated or, failing that, to his or her legitimate heirs.
ARTICLE 55.- Cuse low-retirement service career members of the Foreign Service who are 65 years of age.
Career members of the Foreign Service who during the 10 years prior to their retirement have not been subject to sanctions, will be retired in the immediate range. higher.
ARTICLE 56.- The expenses of funerals of the members of the Foreign Service, of their spouse, of their economic dependents to the first degree in a straight line, ascending or descending, living with him or her, as the case may be, deceased abroad or in foreign delegations, including the transfer of their remains to Mexico, shall be on behalf of the Secretariat.
Of administrative sanctions
ARTICLE 57.- The administrative fault penalties will consist of:
II. Removal, and
III. Economic Sanction.
In all cases of removal the sanction will be disabled to re-enter the Foreign Service or to perform any post, post or temporary commission in the same.
ARTICLE 58.- Give reason to the application of administrative penalties for the following conduct of the members of the Foreign Service:
I. Give up employment, understanding for this the lack of work for more than three consecutive days without justified cause;
II. Violate the obligations of the members of the Foreign Service established in Chapter VIII of this Law;
III. Incurring the breach of any of the obligations under Article 47 of the Federal Public Servants ' Responsibilities Act;
IV. Act with disloyalty to the country or its institutions;
VI. Be convicted of a sentence of intentional offense;
VII. Violate the duty of the professional stealth that provides for Article 42 of this Law;
VIII. Incurring late payment, manifest neglect or proven ineptitude in the performance of their official duties;
IX. Make illicit use or for the purposes of personal benefit of the franchises, bags, diplomatic mails, financial and material resources, as well as the immunities and privileges inherent in the charge;
X. Issue consular or immigration documentation in violation of applicable rules for illicit purposes;
XI. Disobey the instructions of the Secretariat or the Chief Chief;
XII. Incurring normal non-compliance with economic commitments abroad.
XIII. Failure to comply with the obligation referred to in the second paragraph of Article 45 of this Law, as well as to default or to comply with the filing of the report referred to in that provision, and
XIV. For violating the provisions of the third paragraph of Article 41 of this order.
ARTICLE 59.- The Subcommittee on Disciplinary Affairs will know of the faults of the members of the Foreign Service that merit the imposition of sanctions. administrative and shall be composed of:
I. The Chairman of the Staff Committee, who will chair it;
II. The Director General who is responsible for matters concerning the staff of the Foreign Service, as provided for in the Secretariat's Rules of Procedure;
III. The Director General of Legal Affairs of the Secretariat, and
IV. A representative of the Secretariat of the Civil Service with the level of Director General, who may be the one who exercises the functions of Comptroller Internal at the Secretariat.
The presence of all members of the Subcommittee will be necessary to enable it to hold a valid session and its resolutions will be adopted by a majority of votes.
In the sessions of the Staff Committee in which disciplinary matters are aired, the Internal Controller or a representative who is appointed with a level of Area Director.
ARTICLE 60.- For the substantiation of disciplinary procedures, the Disciplinary Affairs Subcommittee shall observe the following procedure:
I. The faults of the members of the Foreign Service will be made of the knowledge of the Subcommittee on Disciplinary Matters in writing, accompanying the evidence with which it is counted and with the support of the Internal Comptroller, will be dedicated to the investigation of the facts;
II. Draw up the administrative act of alleged liability, which shall be personally notified to the alleged person responsible, stating the responsibility or responsibilities attributed to him, in order to express what he or she is entitled to Convenient;
III. The person concerned must submit in writing his arguments and evidence within the following 15 working days from the date on which he was personally notified of the minutes indicated in the preceding section, which shall be be signed by the chair of the Disciplinary Affairs Subcommittee;
IV. Once the admission of evidence has been agreed, the Subcommittee on Disciplinary Affairs will determine whether the day and time are being marked for the purposes of the discharge or whether they are disahoted by their own special nature, and
V. Undrowned the evidence, if any, the Subcommittee on Disciplinary Affairs shall close the instruction and shall have a term of 30 working days to submit to the Staff Committee, the relevant judgment, which in turn, the subject to the Secretary's consideration.
As not provided for by this Law and its Rules of Procedure regarding the disciplinary procedures of the members of the Foreign Service, the Code will be applicable. Federal Civil Procedures.
ARTICLE 61.- The Secretary shall have a period of 30 working days from the date on which the Staff Committee submits to its consideration the proposed by the Subcommittee on Disciplinary Affairs to determine the administrative penalty to be imposed. Such a sanction shall be applied by the Director-General who is responsible for matters relating to the staff of the Foreign Service, as provided for in the Rules of Procedure of the Secretariat of Foreign Affairs once it is established, In view of the Internal Comptroller's Office and in the case of the imposition of economic sanctions, it shall notify the Treasury of the Federation of the resolution, in order to proceed with the corresponding recovery.
In the case of ambassadors and general consuls, you will submit the opinion of the Staff Committee to the President of the Republic.
The Secretary's resolutions may be challenged before the competent courts.
ARTICLE 62.- Administrative penalties will be imposed by taking into account the following items:
I. The severity of the liability incurred and the convenience of deleting practices that infringe, in any form, the provisions of this Law and its Regulation;
II. The socio-economic circumstances of the alleged person responsible;
III. The range within the Foreign Service, as well as the history of the alleged offender;
IV. The external conditions and means of execution;
V. The seniority in the foreign service and, where appropriate, in the public administration;
VI. The recidivism in the fulfillment of their obligations, and
VII. Where applicable, the amount of the benefit, damage, or economic injury caused as a result of the failure to perform their duties.
ARTICLE 63.- Economic sanctions shall be determined on the basis of the benefits obtained or damages caused by the failure to comply with the obligations laid down in this Law and its Rules of Procedure, applying two or so of the amount resulting from those concepts.
Economic sanctions will be paid once determined in liquid quantity.
ARTICLE 64.- In the case of the faults provided for in the sections I, IV, VI, VII, IX, X and XIV of Article 58 of this Law, the removal of the Member of the Foreign Service. Removal shall also take place in the case of those who are twice punished for engaging in the conduct established in fractions III, VIII, XI and XIII or three times for the conduct referred to in fractions II and XII of the same layout.
ARTICLE 65.- In case the facts could set up a crime and the previous investigation would not have been initiated by other means, the file to the Directorate-General for Legal Affairs to the effect that the relevant complaint is lodged.
FIRST.- This Law shall enter into force on the day following its publication in the Official Journal of the Federation.
SECOND.- The Organic Law of the Mexican Foreign Service, published in the Official Journal of the Federation on January 8, 1982, is repealed and all other provisions that oppose this Law are repealed. As long as your Rules of Procedure are issued, the Law Regulations that are repealed in those parts that do not oppose the Law that is enacted will continue in force.
THIRD.- The imposition of administrative sanctions on the members of the Foreign Service resulting from procedures in the process will be in accordance with the provisions of the Law that is repealed or as foreseen by the new order, as it is more favorable to the interested.
FOURTH.- Officials of the Foreign Service who, under the law that is repealed are members of the consular branch, shall remain in it until their separation from the Foreign Service. The promotions that they obtain, if any, shall be made within the diplomatic-consular branch.
QUINTO.- For those who are currently a career member of the Mexican Foreign Service, the deadline referred to in Article 39 will begin to be counted from the entry into force of this Law.
SIXTH.- The members of the Foreign Service currently in the administrative branch, upon entry into force of this Law, will be incorporated into the technical-administrative branch according to the following equivalences in order of decreasing order:
Administrative Aggregate " A
Second Administrative Aggregate
Administrative Attaching" B "
Third-Party Administrative Aggregate
Administrative Attaché "C"
Technical-Administrative " A
Administrative Technician "B"
Administrative Technician "C"
Mexico, D. F., at December 16, 1993.-Sen. Eduardo Robledo Rincon, President.-Dip. Demetrio Hernandez Perez, President.-Sen. Antonio Melgar Aranda, Secretary.-Dip. Sergio González Santa Cruz, Secretary.-Rubicas ".
In compliance with the provisions of Article 89 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, and for its proper publication and observance, I hereby express my request for the Decree at the residence of the Federal Executive Branch, in Mexico City, Federal District, at the twenty-three days of the month of December of a thousand nine hundred and ninety-three.- Carlos Salinas de Gortari.-Heading.-The Secretary of Government, Jose Sponsorship Gonzalez Blanco Garrido.-Heading.