Education Act 1996

Original Language Title: Education Act 1996

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JW001587 Act 550 tiny. Education 1 the laws of MALAYSIA Act REPRINTING 550 EDUCATION ACT 1996 As at 1 January 2012, PUBLISHED by the COMMISSIONER of law revision, UNDER the AUTHORITY of law REVISION ACT 1968 2012 2 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 EDUCATION ACT 1996 Royal Assent Date.................. July 15, 1996, the date of publication in the Gazette............ August 1, 1996, last amended through Act A1341 which commence on.................. 15 June 2009 Education 3 laws of MALAYSIA Act 550 EDUCATION ACT 1996 ARRANGEMENT of SECTIONS part I preliminary section 1. Short title and commencement 2. Interpretation part II Administration 3. Appointment and duties of Director General of education 4. Director of education and other Education Officials 5. The Registrar General educational institutions and teachers 6. The Chief Inspector of schools and School Inspector of 7. Independent Examination 8. Minister's power to issue general instructions 9. Minister's power to issue special instructions No.9A. Name change to PART III of the NATIONAL EDUCATION ADVISORY COUNCIL 10. National Education Advisory Council 11. The function of national education Advisory Council 12. The right to the presence of 4 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 13. Power to make rules in relation to national education Advisory Council 14. National Education Advisory Council may regulate its own procedure PART IV of the NATIONAL EDUCATION SYSTEM Chapter 1 — national education system 15. National education system 16. Education institutions category 17. The national language as the main medium 18. The national curriculum should be used by all school 19. The school shall prepare students for examinations specified Chapter 2 — Preschool Education 20. Prohibition against creation, operation or management of the kindergarten 21. Power of Minister to set up a kindergarten 22. The national preschool curriculum shall be used by all kindergarten 23. The medium in kindergarten 24. The power to make regulations relating to preschool education 25. Chapter 2 shall not apply to kindergarten children 26. Disapplication of section 18 and 19 Chapter 3 — primary education 27. The Minister shall hold primary education 28. The establishment and maintenance of sekolah kebangsaan and sekolah jenis kebangsaan 29. The duration of primary education 29A. Primary education compulsory Education Section 5 Chapter 4 — secondary education section 30. The Minister shall hold a secondary education 31. The establishment and maintenance of secondary school 32. Chapter 5 — transitional class Education Past Secondary 33. Education past secondary Chapter 6 — Other educational institutions 34. Other educational institutions Chapter 7 — Technical Education and polytechnics 35. Technical education in secondary schools and other educational institutions in 36. Polytechnics offer courses and awarding qualifications approved by Minister 37. Cooperation with other institutions and industrial organizations in technical and vocational education 38. Provision of courses of study in respect of degree conferred by the University, etc.
39. Power to make regulations in relation to Polytechnic Chapter 8 — special education 40. The Minister shall hold special education 41. Power to set the duration and curriculum of special education Chapter 9 — teacher education 42. Restrictions on the establishment of teacher education Institute 43. Registration of teacher education Institute 44. The award of a certificate or other credentials by the Institute of teacher education 6 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 45. The Minister may establish and maintain Institute of teacher education 46. Teacher education Institute shall conduct courses of study approved by the Minister of 47. Provision of courses of study in respect of degree, etc. provided by the University, etc.
48. pegelolaan instrument for teacher education Institute 49. The power to make regulations in relation to the Institute of teacher education Chapter 10 — Religious Teaching in educational institutions 50. Teaching Islam 51. Teaching religious knowledge other than Islam 52. Financial assistance to Islamic educational institutions not established or maintained by the Minister or the State Government Chapter 11 — Educational Institutions Management 53. Instrument of the Organization for educational institutions 54. The power to make regulations in relation to the instrument for 55. Educational institution shall be managed in accordance with the instrument pengelolaannya 56. Minister's power to appoint additional Organizer 57. The appointment of teachers under the instrument of administrating and Act 58. Minister's power in relation to the exercise of the functions, etc.
59. The dissolution of the Board of Governors of the Government educational institutions or Government assistance 60. Notice of dissolution shall contain instructions arising 61. The Minister shall appoint other Board when the Board dissolved 62. The dissolution of the Board of managers or the Board of Governors of the Government educational institutions 63. The interpretation of Section 7 of Chapter 12 Education — the provision of Facilities and Services Section 64. Power of Minister to give assistance 65. Medical and dental students against 66. Accommodation part V EVALUATION and EXAMINATION, 67. Assessment of pupils 68. 69 examination. Prohibition on the conduct of the examination PART VI 70 HIGHER EDUCATION. The Minister responsible for higher education, 71. The establishment of higher educational institutions, etc. banned 72. Penalties PART VII PRIVATE EDUCATION INSTITUTION 73. Exclusion of private education institutions in relation to 74. Private educational institution shall comply with the requirements of the National Curriculum and prepare students for the examinations prescribed 75. Subjects taught in institutions required private education, which provides education past secondary 76. The power to make regulations to monitor and control the status of education 77. Prohibition of the courses of study and training with respect to degrees, etc. provided by the University, etc.
78. The application of the other provisions of the Act for the private educational institution 8 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 PART VIII REGISTRATION of EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS Chapter 1 — registration of educational institutions Section 79. All educational institutions shall be registered 80. Express 81. Certificate of registration while 82. Registration of 83. Changes in respect of the premises of educational institutions in 84. Refusal to register 85 education institutions. Notice of refusal to register 86 educational institutions. Prohibition on advertising, etc.
Chapter 2 — the cancellation of registration of 87. The reason for the cancellation of the registration of the educational institution Chapter 3 — Registration Organizer and staff 88. All the organizing and employee shall be enrolled 89. The organizing and employee registration 90. The reason for the refusal to register the organizing or employee of 91. Notice of refusal to register the organizing or employee of 92. Appeal against the refusal to register the organizing or employee of 93. The Registrar General's power to issue Organizer or employees of express 94. The organizing and employee retirement 95. The person removed from the register shall be notified 96. Appeal against the withdrawal of the express 97. Surrendering certificate of registration Chapter 4 — registration of 98 Students. Registration of pupils Education 9 Chapter 5 — inspection of the educational institution by the Registrar General Section 99. Inspection must be made from time to time 100. The Registrar General's power while examining educational institutions registered 101. Inspection of the premises of educational institutions which are not registered 102. Power to close educational institutions not registered PART IX REGISTRATION of TEACHERS Chapter 1 — Teacher Registration 103. 104. The prohibition of teaching Express teacher 105. Application to be registered as a teacher 106. The Registrar General's power to refuse to register a person as a teacher 107. Notice of refusal to register a person as a teacher 108. Appeal against the refusal to register a person as a teacher 109. Registration of 110 teachers. Notice of cancellation of registration after 111. The appeal of 112. Production of express 113. The transitional provisions on the registration of teachers Chapter 2 — Permit to teach 114. The issuance of a permit to teach 115. Surrendering certificate of registration as a teacher 116. The duty of the teacher to tell about the change of educational institution 10 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 part X CABINET NAZIR SCHOOL Chapter 1 — Cabinet Nazir Section 117. The duties of the Chief Inspector of 118. Powers of Inspector of Schools to advise 119. Restrictions on the order of 120 School Inspector. Report of the Inspector of Schools Chapter 2 — General 121. The power of General Inspector of Schools 122. The Chief Inspector may empower education officer to act on his behalf PART XI FINANCIAL 123. Exception relating to Minister 124. Donations and contributions of capital shall be subject to conditions, etc. set 125. Minister's power to suspend or mengkansel the payment of any contribution of PART XII APPEAL 126. The Minister shall decide the appeal after investigation of 127. Authority the Committee Investigation 128. Barrister and solicitor may not appear before the Inquiry Committee 129. Evidence before the Committee of inquiry Education 11 PART XIII Regulations Section 130. Power of Minister to make regulations 131. Rules can set penalties for pelanggarannya PART XIV OFFENCE and PENALTY 132. Offences and penalties in relation to the registration of 133 institutions. Offences and penalties in relation to the registration of 134 teachers. Offences and penalties in relation to the registration of Nazir 135. Penalties am 136. Authority to investigate 137. Authority to enter without warrant 138. Initiate and conduct a prosecution

139. The power to compound the offence SECTION XV of the 140 RANGE. Officers are deemed to be public servants 141. Needs of about 142 premises. Registration of pupils in government educational institutions or Government aid 143. Power to exclude educational institutions 144. 145. Special Committee Service of notices, etc.
PART XVI TRANSITIONS and ABOLITION of 146. Change of name of a particular educational institution 147. Vocational secondary schools shall form part of sekolah menengah kebangsaan until repealed 12 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 148. Assistance to existing educational institutions 149. Saving in respect of contributions to teaching religion 150. Saving in respect of certain exempt educational institutions, etc.
151. Savings in respect of educational institutions, organizer, Manager or employee of a registered 152. The winding Central Board of 153. Maintenance fund contribution 154. A reference to the organizer or the Board of Governors shall include managers and the Board of managers of 155. The abolishment of 156. The authority of the Minister of finance TABLES Section Education 13 laws of MALAYSIA Act 550 EDUCATION ACT 1996 an act to provide for education and for matters connected therewith.
[December 31, 1997, P.U. (B) 541/1997]
WHEREAS IT APPEARS to acknowledge that the knowledge was the main determinant of the direction of the country and rescue purposes: race and that the purpose of education is to enable Malaysians to master knowledge, skills and values required in a world of competitive and global in nature, the impact of the rapid development of science, technology and information: and that education has an important role in the success of the country's vision in order to achieve fully developed nation status in terms of economic development , social justice, and the strength of the spiritual, moral and ethical, towards creating a community that is United, democratic, liberal and dynamic: and that is to be a mission to produce a world-class education system in terms of quality for developing individual potential and achieve the aspirations of negara Malaysia: and that the national education policy is based on consolidation of National Education Philosophy as follows : "education in Malaysia is a continuous effort towards more expand the potential of individuals in a holistic and integrated to produce a 14 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 balanced and harmony in terms of intellectual, spiritual, emotional and physical based on belief and adherence to God. This effort aims to produce a Malaysian knowledgeable, competent, moral, responsible and capable of achieving well-being and contribute to the harmony and prosperity of the family, society and nation ": and WHEREAS IT APPEARS to the policy stated above will be implemented through a national education system which provides national language as the main medium, National Curriculum and examinations; the education provided is diverse and comprehensive scope and that would meet the needs of the country, as well as fostering national unity through the development of cultural, social, economic and political accords with principles of Rukunegara: and WHEREAS IT is deemed to be something necessary, as long as it is in line with the policy, by providing efficient teaching and as long as it does not involve unreasonable public expenditure, to take into account are the General principles that students should be educated in accordance with the wishes of each parent : SO, therefore, this is enacted by the Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong with the advice and consent of the Dewan Negara and Dewan Rakyat in Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows: part I preliminary short title and commencement 1. This Act may be cited as the Education Act 1996 and shall come into force on such date as the Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, and the Minister may prescribe different dates for different provisions in this Act.
Education 15 interpretation 2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires — "Chinese" means the form of Chinese is usually known as Mandarin;
"national language" refers to English as determined in article 152 of the Constitution;
"prescribed" means prescribed by regulations made under this Act;
"f i approved" means f i approved by the Minister; "teacher" means a person who — (a) teach students in an educational institution; or (b) provide or disseminate lessons or examine the answers returned in, to or through the distance learning center, and includes the headmaster or principal;
"teacher registered" means any teacher who is registered under this Act;
"parent" includes a legal guardian and any other person who has control in legal or actual control over a person's pupils;
"educational institution" means a school or any other place in which to carry out work of a particular organization or institution, people usually taught, whether in one or more classes, and includes kindergartens and the center distance learning but does not include — (a) any place where form limited to the teaching of any religion alone; or (b) any place declared by the Minister by notification in the Gazette as non-educational institution for the purposes of this Act;
16 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 "teacher education institutions" means the institutions providing teacher education leading to the award of certificate, diploma, degree and teaching or equivalent, or any other qualifications prescribed;
"higher education institution" means an educational institution that provides higher education leading to the award of a diploma, degree or equivalent;
"class" means the class in secondary schools which provide teaching for one year for students from primary schools that use languages other than the national language as the medium before the onset of lower secondary education;
"Chief Inspector" means the Chief Inspector of Schools appointed under subsection 6 (1);
"The Chief Registrar" means the Registrar General educational institutions and teachers appointed under subsection 5 (1), and includes the Deputy Registrar General educational institutions and teachers appointed under subsection 5 (2);
"Director General" means the Director General of education appointed under section 3;
"National Curriculum" er t inya kur ikulum set;
"preschool curriculum" means the national preschool curriculum prescribed by the Minister under section 22;
"pupil" means a person, regardless of age, to which education or training is provided in an educational institution;
"Education officer", in relation to a district or area, means education officer appointed under paragraph 4 (b);
"employee" means a person employed by a Board of Governors, as well as organizer, teacher or any other person appointed or nominated by the Minister under subsection 58 (2) or 61 (2), as the case may be, taken 17 job or Education who wish to participate actively in the work relating to travel or administration of an educational institution;
"Registrar" means the Registrar of the educational institutions and teachers appointed under subsection 5 (3) and includes the Registrar General;
"special education" means education provided to special needs students;
"the past for secondary education" means the education provided to a person who is already expired follow upper secondary education, but not including higher education;
"secondary education" means education consisting of primary and secondary education upper secondary;
"high education" means education that fits the ability and talent of someone who already expired following lower secondary education;
"lower secondary education" means a three-year course for someone who already done follow primary education;
"education development" means education full-time or part-time for people who do not follow the normal course of study in education institutions;
"pre-school education" means the programme of education for pupils aged from four to six years;
"primary education" means a course of study at low level for the duration of the planned six years but that can end followed within five to seven years;
"higher education" means education provided by higher education institutions;
"compulsory education ' means primary education compulsory education be prescribed under section 29A (1);
18 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 "Director of education" means the Director of education of a State or territory Federation appointed under section 4;
"Organizer" means the person who is authorized under the instrument of administrating to administers or manages an educational institution;
"Assistant Registrar" means the Assistant Registrar of the educational institution or Teachers Assistant Registrar, as the case may be, appointed under subsection 5 (3);

"Educational services" means a public service under paragraph (h) of clause (1) of article 132 of the Federal Constitution;
"State authorities" means King or Yang di-Pertua Negeri of a State and, for the Federal District, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong;
"premises" means any buildings used as educational institutions and includes any buildings for the purpose of providing accommodation and other facilities for students and staff of the institution but does not include any land that became the site of the building;
"distance education" means a place, organization or institution that provides teaching or teaching — (a) by electronic media alone;
(b) by a mere letter;
(c) partly through electronic media and partly through a letter or other teaching methods; or (d) in part through electronic media and partly through letters and other teaching methods;
"school" means a place where ten or more typically taught either in a class or more, but does not include any place that form limited to the teaching of any religion alone;
19 education school "Government assistance" or "educational institutions government assistance" means a school or educational institution that receives contributions of capital and full assistance;
"school post style" means an organization or institution which provides the teaching or teaching by letter;
"sekolah jenis kebangsaan" means government primary schools or primary schools of the Government assistance — (a) that provide primary education for pupils from the age of six years;
(b) using Chinese or Tamil as the medium main; and (c) that makes the national language and English as a compulsory subject;
"national schools" means government primary schools or primary schools of the Government assistance — (a) that provide primary education for pupils from the age of six years;
(b) using the national language as the main medium;
(c) that makes English as compulsory subjects; and (d) where facilities for teaching — (i) Chinese or Tamil shall be held if the parents of at least fifteen students in the school to ask her; and (ii) the language of the aborigines shall be held if found reasonable and practical to do so and if the parents of at least fifteen students in the school to ask her;
"Government schools" or "Government educational institution" means a school or educational institution established and maintained solely by the Minister under part IV;
"special school" means a school which provides special education prescribed by regulations made under section 41;
20 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 "secondary school" means a school provides secondary education for students who have just expired follow primary education;
"school" means government secondary schools or secondary schools Government aid — (a) provide courses of secondary education for five years is appropriate for students who have just expired follow primary education;
(b) using the national language as the main medium;
(c) that makes English as compulsory subjects;
(d) where facilities for teaching — (i) Chinese or Tamil shall be held if the parents of at least fifteen students in the school to ask her;
(ii) the language of the aborigines shall be held if found reasonable and practical to do so and if the parents of at least fifteen students in the school to ask her; and (iii) Arabic, Japan, Germany or France or any other foreign language can be held if found reasonable and practicable to do so; and (e) providing students for such examinations as may be prescribed and includes any such school providing classes;
"school" means a school provides primary education for pupils aged from six years;
"private schools" or "private education institutions" means a school or educational institution that is not a school or educational institution of the Government or Government assistance;
Education 21 "contribution" means any payment from public funds, in addition to capital contributions, made to an educational institution;
"capital contribution" means the payment from public funds to an educational institution for — (a) the holding of the building;
(b) vary or add to existing premises;
(c) the holding of the furniture and equipment for new premises, modified or added; or (d) any other purposes as may be prescribed;
"letter" means a letter delivered by hand or by post;
"Organization of the instrument" means the instrument of the Organization as set out in section 53;
"kindergarten" means any place where pre-school education is available for ten or more students;
"due date" means the date this Act comes into operation;
"place" means any place, whether public or private;
"age", in relation to a person, means the age of pupils achieved by the students on the first day in the first month of the applicable school year.
PART II ADMINISTRATION appointment and duties of Director General of education 3. (1) there shall be a Chief Director of education who shall be appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong from amongst officials in educational services.
22 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 (2) the Director General shall have the authority and perform the functions conferred upon him by this Act, and shall advise the Minister on matters related to education.
Director of education and other education officer 4. There shall be — (a) for each State or for any other areas in Malaysia as the Minister, a Director of education; and (b) for each district or for any other area in the State specified by the Minister, an education officer named such for the purposes of this Act, who shall be appointed by the Minister.
The Registrar General educational institutions and teachers 5. (1) there shall be a Registrar General educational institutions and teachers who shall be appointed by the Minister.
(2) the Minister may appoint a Deputy Registrar General educational institutions and teachers.
(3) the Minister shall appoint a Registrar of the educational institutions and teachers for each State and for any other areas in Malaysia as the Minister, and may appoint such number of Deputy Registrars of educational institutions and teachers, Educational institutions, Assistant Registrar and Assistant Registrar Teacher deems necessary for the purposes of this Act.
(4) the Deputy Registrar General, Registrar, Deputy Registrar and Assistant Registrar shall be under the direction and control of the Chief Registrar.
(5) the Registrar General shall have the authority and perform the functions conferred upon him by this Act, and during his absence the powers and functions of such may be owned or carried out by the Deputy Chief Registrar.
Education, 23 (6) the Registrar, Deputy Registrar or Assistant Registrar may exercise all the powers and functions conferred upon the Registrar General by or under this Act, subject to such restrictions as may be imposed by the Registrar General.
The Chief Inspector of schools and Inspector of Schools 6. (1) the Minister shall appoint a Chief Inspector of schools.
(2) the Minister shall appoint an Inspector of schools it considers necessary for the purposes of this Act.
(3) all school Inspector appointed under subsection (2) shall be subject to the direction and control of the Chief Inspector of schools.
Independent Examination 7. (1) the Minister shall appoint a Director of examinations and may appoint other officers to act under the direction and control of the Director General Examination may deem necessary for the purposes of this Act.
(2) the Director of examinations shall, subject to any regulations made under section 68, responsible for the conduct of examinations for the purposes of this Act.
Minister's power to issue general instructions 8. The Minister may from time to time give an officer appointed under this Section of a general directive, and in accordance with the provisions of this Act, on the exercise of the powers and discretion given to the officer by, and obligations to be fulfilled by the officer under this Act and the regulations made under this Act, relating to all things found by the Minister of National Education Policy touches , and the officer shall perform all such instructions.
24 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 Minister's power to issue special instructions 9. The Minister may from time to time provide — (a) the Organising Committee or any member of a Board appointed under subsection 61 (1), or employees or principals, an educational institution; and (b) a member of the Central Board established under section 92 of the Act, the Education Act 1961 [Act 43 1961], direction, in accordance with the provisions of this Act and the regulations made under this Act, in relation to any matter in respect of which regulations may be made under this Act, and organizer, members, employees or principals shall implement every such instructions.
Name change

No.9A. (1) All reference to "Chief Registrar of the school and Teacher", "Deputy Registrar General schools and Teacher", "the Registrar of the school and the teacher" and "Assistant Registrar of schools and Teachers" in any instrument, document, agreement or arrangement of work that exists immediately before the date of coming into operation of this Act shall, on and after the date of coming into operation of this Act, be construed as a reference to "Chief Registrar of the educational institutions and teachers" , "The Deputy Registrar General education institutions and Teacher", "the Registrar of the educational institutions and teachers" and "Assistant Registrar educational institutions and teachers".
(2) changes name from "Chief Registrar of the school and Teacher", "Deputy Registrar General schools and Teacher", "the Registrar of the school and the teacher" and "Assistant Registrar of schools and Teachers" respectively to "Registrar General educational institutions and teachers", "Deputy Registrar General education institutions and Teacher", "the Registrar of the educational institutions and teachers" and "Assistant Registrar educational institutions and teachers" not touching any of the powers, rights, privileges, liabilities, duties or obligations "Chief Registrar of schools and Teachers" , "The Deputy Chief Registrar of the school and Teacher", "the Registrar of the school and the teacher" and "Assistant Registrar of schools and Teachers" or make defective any legal proceedings by or against them.
Education Division III NATIONAL EDUCATION ADVISORY COUNCIL of national education Advisory Council 10. (1) there may be established for the purposes of this Act a national education Advisory Council.
(2) the National Education Advisory Council shall consist of a Chairman and other persons appointed by the Minister.
(3) subject to the regulations made under this part, each Member of the National Education Advisory Council shall hold office for a term and subject to any conditions specified in the letter of appointment.
(4) any appointment made under this section shall be published in the Gazette.
The Function Of National Education Advisory Council 11. (1) the Minister may refer any matter relating to education national education Advisory Council to seek his counsel.
(2) the National Education Advisory Council shall, upon any matter referred to it under subsection (1), consider the matter and submit his advice to the Minister.
The right to the presence of 12. The Minister may attend, and may nominate a representative to attend, any meeting of the National Education Advisory Council.
26 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 power to make rules in relation to national education Advisory Council 13. The Minister may make regulations for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this part and, without prejudice to the generality of that power, may by such regulations provide as to — (a) the number of members of the Council;
(b) the terms and conditions of Office personnel;
(c) meetings and procedure of the Council;
(d) the appointment of the Committee and Subcommittee of the Council; and (e) any other matter deemed necessary by the Minister for the Council to function properly.
National Education Advisory Council may regulate its own procedure 14. Subject to this Act and any regulations made under this Act, the National Education Advisory Council may regulate its own procedure.
PART IV of the NATIONAL EDUCATION SYSTEM Chapter 1 — national education system national education system 15. SIS tem working national education shall te rd i r i of — (a) pre-school education;
(b) primary education;
(c) secondary education;
Education 27 (d) past for secondary education; and (e) higher education, but does not include education in schools expatriates or international school.
Education institutions category 16. There shall be three categories of educational institutions in the national education system, namely — (a) the Government educational institutions;
(b) educational institutions government assistance; and (c) private educational institutions.
The national language as the main medium 17. (1) the national language shall be the main medium in all educational institutions in the national education system with the exception of sekolah jenis kebangsaan established under section 28 or any other educational institutions which are exempted by the Minister from this subsection.
(2) if the medium's main educational institution is a national language, in addition to the national language shall be taught as compulsory subjects in the educational institutions.
The national curriculum should be used by all schools 18. (1) the Minister shall establish a curriculum known as National Curriculum which, subject to subsection (3), shall be used by all schools in the national education system.
28 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 (2) National Curriculum prescribed under subsection (1) shall define the knowledge, skills and values that are expected to be acquired by students at the end of the term of each school year and shall include the subjects set out in the schedule and any other subjects that may be determined.
(3) in the case of private schools, subsection (1) shall be deemed to have been observed if the core National Curriculum subjects under the schedule of the school is taught.
(4) the Minister may from time to time by order published in the Gazette add to, alter or amend the schedule.
The school shall prepare students for examinations specified 19. Every school shall prepare the pupils for the examinations prescribed by or under this Act or any regulations made under this Act unless otherwise exempted by or under this Act.
Chapter 2 — prohibition of Preschool Education to the creation, operation or management of the kindergarten 20. (1) no kindergarten can be established, operated or managed unless the kindergarten is registered under this Act.
(2) any person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence.
Power of Minister to set up a kindergarten 21. The Minister may, subject to the provisions of this Act, establish and maintain kindergarten.
29 education national preschool curriculum shall be used by all kindergarten 22. (1) the Minister shall establish a curriculum, known as the national preschool curriculum to be used by all kindergartens in the national education system.
(2) national preschool curriculum prescribed under subsection (1) shall specify knowledge, skills and values that are expected to be acquired by students at the end of the period of pre-school education respectively.
(3) any kindergarten which means to implement any curriculum in addition to the national preschool curriculum shall, before performing such extra curriculum, obtain written approval of the Registrar General of the purpose in the prescribed manner.
(4) any person who contravenes subsection (1) or (3) commits an offence and shall, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to both.
The medium in kindergarten 23. Notwithstanding subsection 17 (1), the languages other than the national language can be used as the medium in kindergarten, but if a kindergarten using languages other than the national language, the national language shall be taught as compulsory subjects.
The power to make regulations relating to preschool education 24. The Minister may make regulations for carrying out the provisions of this chapter.
30 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 Chapter 2 shall not apply to kindergarten children 25. The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to kindergarten children was established and registered under any written law relating to such parks.
Disapplication of section 18 and 19 26. Section 18 and 19 shall not apply for kindergarten.
Chapter 3 — primary education Minister shall hold primary education 27. It shall be the duty of the Minister to hold primary education in Government primary schools in primary schools and Government assistance.
The establishment and maintenance of sekolah kebangsaan and sekolah jenis kebangsaan 28. Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Minister may establish the sekolah kebangsaan and sekolah jenis kebangsaan and shall maintain the school.
The duration of primary education 29. Sekolah kebangsaan, sekolah jenis kebangsaan or private schools established under this Act shall hold courses for primary education planned for the past six years but that can end followed within five to seven years.
Primary education compulsory 29A. (1) the Minister may, by order published in the Gazette, designate primary education be compulsory education.
Education 31 (2) every parent is a Malaysian living in Malaysia should ensure that if his son had reached the age of six years on the first day of January in the year of schooling while the boy registered as pupils in primary schools during the year and continue to be a primary school pupils during the period of compulsory education.

(3) the Minister may, if it thinks fit and in the best interest of students or the public to do so, by order published in the Gazette, exempt any student or any class pupils of the requirements that follow education compulsory, either absolutely or subject to such conditions as he thinks fit to impose, and may at any time at its absolute discretion revoke such exemption or cancel or amend or add to the conditions.
(4) parents who contravenes subsection (2) commits an offence and shall, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding five thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both.
(5) the Minister may make regulations to implement the provisions of this section.
Chapter 4 — secondary education the Minister shall hold a secondary education 30. (1) it shall be the duty of the Minister to hold a secondary education at sekolah menengah kebangsaan the following: (a) academic secondary school;
(b) technical secondary schools; and (c) secondary schools than any other matters as the Minister may from time to time.
(2) subject to the provisions of this Act, the Minister may hold upper secondary education at any school.
32 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 the establishment and maintenance of secondary school 31. Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Minister may establish and maintain any school described in section 30.
Classes 32. The Minister may hold classes in any school academics.
Chapter 5 — Education Past Secondary Education past secondary 33. The Minister may hold education past secondary — (a) sekolah menengah kebangsaan described in paragraph 30 (1) (a) and (1) (b);
(b) College; and (c) any school or other educational institution established and maintained by the Minister under this Act.
Chapter 6 — educational institution other educational Institutions 34. (1) subject to the provisions of this Act, the Minister may establish and maintain educational institutions the following: (a) College, in addition to a college or university colleges universities established or deemed to have been established under the universities and University Colleges Act 1971 [Act 30];
(b) special schools;
(c) Polytechnic, and education 33 (d) any other educational institution or establishment of penyenggaraannya not provided for under this Act or the universities and University Colleges Act 1971.
(2) the Minister may provide assistance to educational institutions, which are not established by him, included in paragraph (1) (a) or (1) (b).
Chapter 7 — Technical Education and polytechnics Education techniques in national secondary schools and other educational institutions 35. (1) the Minister may hold education techniques in — (a) any school described in section 30; or (b) other educational institutions described in paragraph 34 (1) (a) or (1) (c).
(2) for the purposes of subsection (1), education techniques includes the provision of — (a) skills training;
(b) specialized training relating to specific occupations;
(c) training to enhance existing skills; and (d) any vocational or other training techniques approved by the Minister.
Polytechnics offer courses and awarding qualifications approved by the Minister 36. Polytechnic established under paragraph 34 (1) (c) may — (a) offers courses and training programmes approved by the Minister; and 34 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 (b) awarding a certificate, diploma or any other prescribed qualifications.
Cooperation with other institutions and industrial organizations in technical and vocational education 37. (1) subject to the approval of the Minister, a Polytechnic established under this Act may, in collaboration with any institution, organization or Corporation, industrial techniques or courses or vocational training programmes (including exchange programme) which are deemed expedient by the Minister for the purposes of — (a) carry out technology transfer;
(b) improving technical and vocational skills of teachers, staff, and students of the Polytechnic; and (c) perform any training programmes that are considered by the Minister appropriate and beneficial to Polytechnic or the pupils or teacher.
(2) an approval granted under subsection (1) is subject to any terms and conditions imposed by the Minister.
Provision of courses of study in respect of degree conferred by the University, etc.
38. (1) Polytechnic established under this Act may, with the approval of the Minister, conduct courses of study or training programmes for diploma, certificate or other form of recognition for the qualifications conferred by any university or other higher educational institutions in Malaysia or outside Malaysia.
(2) an approval granted under subsection (1) may be made subject to such terms and conditions as the Minister thinks fit to impose.
Education 35 (3) the Minister may not give his approval under subsection (1) unless he is satisfied that the Polytechnic has made all the necessary arrangements with universities or other higher educational institutions involved in the conduct of courses of study or training program that.
Power to make rules in relation to Polytechnic 39. The Minister may make regulations for carrying out the provisions of this chapter and, without prejudice to the generality of that power, such regulations may provide for — (a) the establishment of a Board or body to carry out a measurement or valuation or to conduct examinations for the Polytechnic;
(b) the establishment of a Board or body to create, monitor and modify curriculum of courses and training programmes offered by the Polytechnic;
(c) the award of a certificate or diploma or any other credentials;
(d) discipline of pupils;
(e) establishment, restructuring, management, control and dissolution of any Council, Committee or body for the external activities of the curriculum in Polytechnic; and (f) any other matter the Minister considers expedient or necessary for the purposes of this chapter.
Chapter 8 — special education special education Minister shall hold 40. The Minister shall hold special education in special schools established under paragraph 34 (1) (b) or in any secondary or primary school by the Minister considers expedient.
36 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 Power to set the duration and curriculum of special education 41. (1) subject to subsection (2) and (3), the Minister may by regulations prescribe — (a) the duration of primary and secondary education appropriate to the needs of students who receive special education;
(b) the curriculum to be used in relation to special education;
(c) the category of students who require special education and methods suitable for the education of students in each category special school; and (d) any other matter the Minister considers expedient or necessary for the purposes of this chapter.
(2) the period prescribed by the Minister under paragraph (1) (a) shall not be less than minimum period of primary education or secondary, as the case may be, provided for under this Act.
(3) the curriculum prescribed under paragraph (1) (b) shall comply with the requirements of the National Curriculum as far as reasonably practicable.
Chapter 9 – restrictions on the establishment of teacher education teacher education Institute 42. No person shall establish or maintain an Institute of teacher education unless with the approval of the Minister.
Teacher education Institute registration 43. All the Institute of teacher education, the establishment of or penyenggaraannya has been approved under section 42 shall be registered under this Act.
Education Recognition Certificate 37 or other credentials by the Institute of teacher education 44. Teacher education Institute established under this Act shall be awarded a certificate, diploma, degree and teaching or any other prescribed qualifications.
The Minister may establish and maintain teacher education Institute 45. Notwithstanding section 42, the Minister may establish and maintain Institute of teacher education and teacher education in it.
Teacher education Institute shall conduct courses of study approved by the Minister of 46. Every teacher education Institute established under this chapter shall handle any course of study and training program approved by the Minister.
Provision of courses of study in respect of degree, etc. provided by the University, etc.
47. (1) the Institute of teacher education established under this chapter shall, with the approval of the Minister, conduct courses of study or training programme for degree, diploma, certificate or other form of recognition for the qualifications conferred by any university or other higher educational institutions in Malaysia or outside Malaysia.
(2) an approval granted under subsection (1) may be made subject to such terms and conditions as the Minister thinks fit to impose.
(3) the Minister may not give his approval under subsection (1) unless he is satisfied that the teacher education Institute has made the necessary arrangements with universities or other higher educational institutions involved in the conduct of courses of study or training program that.
38 the laws of Malaysia ACT 550

(4) any person who contravenes subsection (1) or fails to comply with any term or condition imposed by the Minister under subsection (2) commits an offence and shall, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding thirty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both.
Instrument of administrating for teacher education Institute 48. (1) except for the teacher education Institute that is established and maintained by the Minister under section 45, every teacher education Institute established under this Act shall have the instrument of the organization.
(2) every instrument of the organization under this section shall be approved by, and shall be submitted to the Registrar General, at the time of registration.
(3) every instrument of the organization under this section shall provide for the establishment of the Board of Governors, with the Chairman, for the management of teacher education Institute by the Organizer in the manner pursuant to this Act and any regulations made under this Act.
(4) every instrument of the organization under this section shall be made, amended or cancelled in the prescribed manner.
The power to make regulations relating to teacher education Institute 49. The Minister may make regulations for carrying out the provisions of this chapter and, without prejudice to the generality of that power, such regulations may provide for — (a) the establishment of a Board or body to carry out a measurement or valuation or to conduct examinations for teacher education;
(b) courses and training programmes shall be carried out by the Institute of teacher education;
Education 39 (c) award of certificate, diploma, degree and teaching or any other qualifications prescribed;
(d) discipline of pupils at the Institute of teacher education;
(e) establishment, restructuring, management, control and liquidation of the Tribunal, body or Committee for external activities of college-level curriculum, district, State, national and international;
(f) recognition of qualifications issued by the Institute of teacher education;
(g) the procedure for application for establishment and registration of the Institute of teacher education; and (h) any other matter the Minister considers expedient or necessary for the purposes of this chapter.
Chapter 10 — Teaching religion in educational institution Teaching Islamic religion 50. (1) where in an educational institution there are five or more students profess Islam, students shall be given religious instruction by teachers approved by the State authority.
(2) Teaching required in an educational institution under subsection (1) shall be for a period of at least two hours a week in the normal teaching education institutions or in any other time specified by the Minister in the case of any particular educational institution.
(3) Organizing or other person responsible for the management of an institution of education shall provide teaching under this section shall make such arrangements as may be necessary for that purpose.
(4) Organizing or other person responsible for the management of two or more educational institutions may, with the approval of the Registrar, to enter into arrangements so that teaching under this section be merged in the educational institutions to students who profess Islam.
40 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 Teaching religious knowledge other than Islam 51. Organizing educational institutions may call for assistance from the Government for teaching religion apart from Islam to the students of the educational institution or any of them but — (a) procurement shall be financed with money provided by Parliament; and (b) no pupils can follow religious teaching other than religious dianutinya, except with the written consent of his parents.
Financial assistance to educational institutions which are not established or IsIam maintained by the Minister or the Government of the State of 52. Subject to such conditions and limitations as the Minister thinks fit to impose, direct financial assistance contributions can be given of the money provided by Parliament to a Islamic educational institutions, which are not maintained by the Minister under this Act or by the Government of a State and whether that is an educational institution within the meaning of this Act or not such educational institutions, simply because of the institution's teaching was confined to teaching Islamic religion exclusively.
Chapter 11 — Educational Institutions Management instrument of the Organization for educational institutions in 53. (1) subject to the provisions of this Act, every educational institution shall have the instrument of the organization.
(2) every instrument of the Organization shall provide for the establishment of a Board of Governors, with the Chairman, for the management of the educational institution by the Organizer in the manner pursuant to this Act and any regulations made under this Act.
41 education (3) subsection (1) does not apply for government educational institutions except sekolah jenis kebangsaan and sekolah specified by the Minister.
(4) every instrument of the Organization shall be made, amended or cancelled in the prescribed manner.
The power to make regulations in relation to the instrument the Organization of 54. (1) the Minister may make regulations for the establishment of the Board of Governors and for the management of educational institutions by the Board of Governors and, without prejudice to the generality of that power, the Minister may, in such regulations, prescribe the duties of organizing and other persons responsible for the management of the educational institution.
(2) any regulations made under subsection (1) may prescribe different obligations for the organizer or other person responsible for the management of educational institutions in the different categories.
Educational institution shall be managed in accordance with the instrument pengelolaannya 55. Subject to the other provisions of this Act and in particular the provisions on exceptions, every educational institution shall be managed in accordance with the instrument pengelolaannya.
Minister's power to appoint additional Organizer 56. (1) if the Minister is satisfied — (a) that the discipline in an educational institution is not adequately maintained;
(b) that the terms of the instrument of administrating an educational institution deliberately be ignored;
(c) that any provision of this Act or any regulations made under this Act, knowingly be ignored; or the 42 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 (d) in the case of an educational institution of government aid money, property or educational institution, it is not administered properly, it may appoint by stating his name, organizer for the educational institutions as he may deem qualified.
(2) the Minister may, at its discretion, at any time discontinue an additional Organizer appointed under subsection (1).
(3) additional Organizer for educational institutions appointed under subsection (1) shall for all purposes be deemed to be the organizer of the educational institution. (4) Chapter 3 part VIII does not apply for additional Organizer appointed under subsection (1).
P e l a n t i k a n a teacher under the instrument of administrating and Act 57. Subject to the other provisions of this Act and any regulations made under this Act, a teacher at the educational institution besides the Government educational institutions or Government assistance shall be appointed in accordance with the instrument of the organization.
Minister's power in relation to the exercise of the functions, etc.
58. (1) if the Minister is satisfied that in any educational institution — (a) pengelolanya is acting or intends to act with unreasonable with respect to the exercise of any power conferred or the discharge of any duty imposed by or under this Act; or (b) pengelolanya was not discharging any duties imposed on them by or under this Act, education 43 the Minister may — (aa) provide any written instructions about the exercise of the powers or performance of the obligation, as found by the Minister is expedient, and it shall be the duty of the Organizer to comply with such directions; or (bb) suspend or expel work all or any of the organizer and, notwithstanding the provisions of any instrument relating to the Organization of the institution, appoint any person or persons as it considers qualified to have and perform all the functions of the organizer for such period as may be directed by him.
(2) if at any time, for an educational institution, no Board of Governors established under this Act, the Minister may appoint any person or persons as it considers qualified to carry out the functions of the organizer for the institution for such period as may be directed by him.
The dissolution of the Board of Governors of the Government educational institutions or Government assistance 59. (1) the Minister may, after giving the organizing Board of education an institution or Government assistance Government an opportunity to make representations in accordance with the regulations made under this Act, by notice in writing addressed and delivered to the Chairman of the Board of the order of the Board is dissolved if he is satisfied that the Board is — (a) has violated any provision of this Act or any regulations made under this Act;
(b) breach of any instructions issued by the Minister under section 9;

(c) breach of any term or condition imposed under subsection 82 (3);
(d) has not been complied with or enforce any of the provisions of the instrument for the educational institution;
44 the laws of Malaysia ACT 550 (e) has not prevented education institutions from being used for purposes prejudicial to the interests of Malaysia or any part thereof or contrary to the public interest; or (f) has not prevented education institutions from being used for any illegal activity or purpose of the law, or for any activity or purpose of an organization, organization or group of persons that may be illegal.
(2) where the Minister dissolve a Board under subsection (1), he shall state in the notice the reasons for the dissolution and the date of dissolution shall become effective.
Notice of dissolution shall contain instructions arising 60. Notice of dissolution of a Board under subsection 59 (1) can contain all the instructions that are incidental, consequential, transitional or Minister considers necessary, expedient or should be given.
The Minister shall appoint other Board when the Board dissolved 61. (1) if the Minister dissolve a Board under section 59, the Minister shall at any time thereafter elect another Board in accordance with the Act.
(2) if the Minister does not appoint a Board under subsection (1), the powers, functions and duties of the Board shall be conducted by the headmistress of the educational institution or by any other person nominated by the Minister and who must be a member of the public service.
Education 45 (3) after the dissolution of the Board of Governors of a government educational institutions or Government assistance under section 59, section 53, 54, 55, 56 and 87 does not apply for the educational institution.
The dissolution of the Board of managers or the Board of Governors of the Government educational institutions 62. (1) every Board of managers or the Board of Governors of government educational institution unless — (a) primary school type national Government; and (b) the national Government primary school or sekolah menengah kebangsaan Government as determined by the Minister, which was established before the appointed date, be dissolved at that date in such manner as the Minister may determine, and thereupon it shall stop taking employees and cease to be the employer for the teachers and other employees, and every instrument of management or organization related to the educational institution shall cease to have effect.
(2) where the Board of managers or the Board of Governors of an educational institution of Government is dissolved under subsection (1) — (a) any person acting as a Manager or organizer immediately before the appointed date shall cease to act as such;
(b) all rights, obligations and liabilities in relation to any matter which, immediately before the due date, it is the responsibility of the Board shall at that date down to the Government; and (c) of section 53, 54, 55, 56, 59 and 87 does not apply for the Government educational institutions.
Interpretation 63. A reference to the Board of Governors in this chapter shall, in relation to Sabah and Sarawak, including the Management Committee.
46 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 Chapter 12 — the provision of Facilities and services of the Minister's power to provide assistance 64. Subject to any regulations made under this Act, the Minister may provide either financial aid or otherwise in respect of a pupil or any class of students in government educational institutions or Government aid and assistance that may include — (a) the granting of the scholarship, scholarships, loans or other assistance; and (b) the provision of — (i) a residence;
(ii) transportation;
(iii) book; and (iv) medical and dental services, for the purpose of enabling the students make full use of facilities available for them or for the purpose of improving the health and well-being of their lives.
Medical and dental students against 65. (1) without prejudice to the generality of the powers conferred by section 64, the Minister shall, to the extent reasonable and practicable to do so, to provide medical and dental check-ups at appropriate intervals on students educational institutions of Government or Government assistance.
(2) an officer duly authorised for that purpose by the Minister may require a parent or guardian of a pupil government educational institutions or Government assistance cause the students undergo medical or dental examination, in accordance with arrangements made by the school authorities, or by a medical practitioner or dental practitioner, and a person who does not comply with the requirement without reasonable excuse commits an offence and can be , on conviction, to a fine not exceeding five hundred ringgit.
Education 47 accommodation 66. Without prejudice to the generality of the powers conferred by section 64, the Minister may, if cannot be reasonably provided for pupils education or training that is required unless the property is available, make arrangements for the holding of the property (either free or subject to any fee provided for in the arrangement) as he thinks fit.
Part V EVALUATION and Student Assessment EXAMINATION 67. (1) the Minister may prescribe how pupils in educational institutions must be reviewed and the standard that must be met by the students.
(2) the assessment required under subsection (1) are in addition to any examination prescribed.
The examination is 68. The Minister may make regulations which provide for — (a) the examination shall be held for the purposes of this Act;
(b) the time and place of the examination will be held, and qualifications as well as the conditions for the examination;
(c) the fee shall be paid for the examination;
(d) the measurement pe la distance and medium for examination;
(e) the conduct of the examination including the establishment of a body or Board to manage and administer examinations; and (f) the powers, functions and duties of the Director of Examinations.
48 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 Prohibition on the conduct of examination 69. (1) subject to subsection (4), none or none of an educational institution shall operate, permit or cause held or operated, or in any way involved in the procurement or operation, any examination of any students in educational institutions or for any private candidates without the prior written approval of the Director of Examinations in advance.
(2) in granting the approval under subsection (1), the Director of Examinations may impose such restrictions, terms and conditions as he thinks fit.
(3) References in this section on procurement or the conduct of the examination shall be deemed to include the acts of — (a) to invite the candidate to take the examination;
(b) collect or receive any fees or costs or any donation or remuneration in respect of an examination;
(c) provides any syllabus, course or tuition scheme in respect of an examination;
(d) examining or grading answers or responses to the questions in an examination or test;
(e) remove or awarding any diploma or other document or other form of recognition in respect of an examination, and any other Act relating to procurement or conduct an examination, regardless of whether the act done before or after the exam.
(4) subsection (1) does not apply to — (a) body or Board established to manage and administer the examination under paragraph 68 (e);
(b) the Malaysian Examinations Council established under the Malaysian Examinations Council Act 1980 [Act 225]; and education 49 (c) an educational institution which handles examinations, tests or other assessment in the form for the purpose of evaluating the pupils themselves.
(5) any person who contravenes subsection (1) or fails to comply with any restrictions, terms or conditions imposed under subsection (2) commits an offence and shall, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to both.
PART VI HIGHER EDUCATION Minister responsible for higher education, 70. The Minister may call for higher education in educational institutions t inggi by any written law relating to higher education and shall be liable on general instructions to the higher educational institutions.
The establishment of higher educational institutions, etc. banned 71. No person shall — (a) to establish, form, promote or carry out any activity for the purpose of establishing or forming, or towards the establishment or formation, a higher education institution;
(b) collect, provide or receive any money, contributions, gifts or donations, or do any act or conduct any activities for the purpose of establishing or forming a higher education institution;
(c) operate, manage or maintain any classes for teaching and learning higher education unless the class operated, managed or maintained by a higher education institution; and 50 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 (d) to establish, operate, manage or maintain higher education institutions with the use of the word "University", except in accordance with any written law on higher education.

Penalty 72. A person who contravenes section 71 commits an offence and shall, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding fifty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or both.
PART VII PRIVATE EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS relating to the exclusion of private education institution 73. (1) there is nothing in this Act shall be construed as prohibiting the establishment and maintenance of private educational institutions.
(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), every private educational institutions shall comply with the provisions of this Act and all regulations made under this Act applicable to the educational institution.
(3) this section shall not apply to private higher education institutions.
Private educational institution shall comply with the requirements of the National Curriculum and prepare students for the examinations specified 74. Private educational institutions that provide primary education or secondary or both shall comply with the requirements of the National Curriculum and shall prepare the students for the examinations specified.
Education 51 subjects taught in institutions required private education which provides secondary education past 75. (1) the Minister may require the private educational institutions that provide education past secondary so that teaches the following subjects: (a) national language, if language pengantarnya is a language other than the national language;
(b) citizenship;
(c) English, if the language pengantarnya is a language other than English;
(d) studies relating to education for students who profess Islam; and (e) moral education for pupils who do not profess the Islamic religion, based on prescribed curriculum.
(2) the subjects referred to in paragraph (1) (a) to (1) (e) shall be taught in addition to such subjects or courses taught in other higher learning institutions in the private education.
The power to make regulations to monitor and control the status of education 76. The Minister may make regulations for the supervision, regulation or control of the standard of education in private educational institutions.
Prohibition of the courses of study and training with respect to degrees, etc. provided by the University, etc.
77. (1) there is a private educational institution shall be registered under this Act can handle any course of study or training programme, in association, affiliated or federated partners or otherwise, with a university or higher education institution or institutions or other educational organization in or outside Malaysia except with the approval in writing of the Minister.
52 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 (2) the Minister may not give his approval under subsection (1) unless he is satisfied that the private education institutions have made appropriate arrangements with University or higher education institution or educational institutions or other educational organization about the facilities for the preparation of courses of study or training programmes referred to in that subsection.
(3) the Minister may impose such terms and conditions as he thinks fit upon giving approval under subsection (1).
(4) any person who contravenes subsection (1) or fails to comply with any term or condition imposed by the Minister under subsection (3) commits an offence and shall, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding thirty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both.
Application of other provisions of the Act for the private educational institution 78. For the avoidance of doubt, declared that nothing-nothing in this section shall affect or diminish the application of the other provisions of this Act for the private educational institutions except in so far as the educational institutions were expressly excluded.
PART VIII REGISTRATION of EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS Chapter 1 — registration of educational institutions All educational institutions shall be registered 79. (1) subject to the other provisions of this Act, every educational institution shall be registered under this Act.
(2) an application to be registered under this Act shall be made to the Chief Registrar in the prescribed manner.
Education 53 (3) the Registrar may impose such terms and conditions as it thinks fit when registering an educational institution under subsection (1).
Express 80. The Chief Registrar shall keep or cause to be kept a register of educational institutions in the form and in the prescribed manner.
Certificate of registration while 81. (1) pending completion of the investigation of an application made under subsection 79 (2), the Registrar General may, in its absolute discretion, issue a temporary certificate of registration in such form and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed to people who will act as Chairman of the Board of Governors or the person responsible for the management of an institution of education.
(2) the certificate of provisional registration issued under subsection (1) may, in the discretion of the Chief Registrar, be revoked at any time by written notice delivered to the person to whom the certificate was issued.
Registration of 82. (1) without prejudice to section 81 and subject to subsection (3) and to section 83, the Registrar General shall, upon application for the registration of an educational institution is made properly and after such inquiry as he thinks necessary, and when any of the prescribed fees have been paid, register the educational institutions and issue a certificate of registration to the Chairman of the Board of Governors or the person responsible for the management of the educational institution.
54 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 (2) the Chairman of the Board of Governors or any other person who is responsible for the management of an institution of education shall cause a copy of the certificate of registration issued under subsection (1) is always displayed in a place of significant premises of the educational institution.
(3) the Registrar may impose such conditions as it thinks fit before registration.
Changes in respect of the premises of the educational institution 83. (1) there is an educational institution shall change the address of its premise or make any changes to the premises without the prior approval of the Chief Registrar in advance.
(2) an application to change the address of the premises of the educational institution or to make changes to the premises shall be made to the Registrar General in form and in the prescribed manner.
Refusal to register educational institutions 84. The Chief Registrar may refuse to register an educational institution if he is satisfied — (a) that the educational institutions do not meet health and safety standards laid down;
(b) that the educational institution is used or may be used for purposes prejudicial to the interests of Malaysia, the public or students;
(c) that the name of which the educational institutions to be registered is, in its opinion, inappropriate;
(d) that existing education facilities are already adequate in the area where the educational institution is intended is open;
(e) that a statement that is false or misleading with respect to a material which had been made in or in connection with the application for registration;
Education 55 (f) that the person seeking to register the educational institution that does not or refuses to comply with any condition imposed by the Registrar General under subsection 82 (3); or (g) that the person appointed to be Chairman of the Board of Governors or the headmaster is not a fit and proper person or responsible to act as Chairman or headmasters, as the case may be.
Notice of refusal to register 85 education institutions. (1) where the Registrar General refused to register an institution of education under section 84, he shall notify the applicant by written notice of the refusal, stating the reason keengganannya in the notice.
(2) the applicant is aggrieved by the refusal of the Chief Registrar for the registration of an educational institution may, within twenty one days from the date of the notice served on him in accordance with subsection (1), appeal to the Minister and the decision of the Minister shall be final.
Prohibition on advertising, etc.
86. (1) No person shall promote an educational institution, whether through advertising, prospectuses, brochures or otherwise, unless the educational institutions that have been registered or a temporary certificate of registration has been issued under subsection 81 (1).
(2) any person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and shall, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding thirty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both.
56 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 Chapter 2 — cancellation of registration Reason for cancellation of the registration of 87 educational institutions. (1) the Registrar may serve notice to the Chairman of the Board of Governors or any person responsible for the management of an educational institution of intention to cancel the registration of the educational institution if he is satisfied that it is expedient to do so based on any of the following reasons: (a) the reasons set out in paragraphs 84 (a);
(b) that the discipline in educational institutions, it is not adequately maintained;

(c) that the registration of educational institutions that acquired by mistake or any statement that is false or misleading;
(d) that the Chairman of the Board of Governors or any person responsible for the management of educational institutions that have made a statement that is false or misleading with respect to a material particulars in promoting the educational institutions;
(e) that there is a breach of any term or condition imposed by the Registrar General under subsection 79 (3);
(f) that the Board of Governors of the educational institutions there is no Chairman, or that the person appointed to be Chairman of the Board of Governors or become headmasters not fit and proper person or responsible to act as Chairman or headmasters, as the case may be.
(2) the Registrar General shall act under subsection (1) if he has reason to believe that a registered educational institution no longer exists.
(3) notice of intention to revoke the registration of an educational institution under subsection (1) shall state the reasons on which the proposed registration cancelled.
Education 57 (4) where notice under subsection (1) has been served upon the person referred to in that subsection, he may within twenty-one days from the date of the notice served upon him appeal to the Minister.
(5) If no appeal is made under subsection (4) or, if an appeal had been made but rejected, the Registrar General may cancel the registration of the educational institutions immediately; and within twenty one days from the date of the revocation, Chairman of the Board of Governors or any person responsible for the management of educational institutions shall surrender the certificate of registration of the educational institution and instrument pengelolaannya to the Registrar General, and the Chairman and organizer and every employee educational institution shall surrender their certificate of registration issued under this Act to the Registrar General.
Chapter 3 — Registration Organizer and staff All the organizing and employee shall be registered 88. (1) every person who acts as an organizer or employees of an educational institution shall be registered as the organizing or employee, as the case may be, in respect of the educational institution.
(2) an application to be registered as an organizer or employee of an educational institution shall be made in the prescribed form.
The organizing and employee registration 89. (1) subject to section 90, the Registrar General shall, upon application made accordingly and after making such inquiry as he thinks necessary, register someone as the organizing or employee in respect of an educational institution and shall issue a certificate of registration in the prescribed form to that person.
58 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 (2) Chief Pendaf tar may in its b icaranya issue — (a) to a person applying to be registered under this chapter (either current educational institution is registered or thereafter); or (b) to a person who is required to act temporarily as the organizing or employee, a permit, in any form prescribed, to act on the property, and while the permit effective person to whom the permit was issued shall be deemed to be registered under this Act.
(3) a Permit issued under subsection (2) may be cancelled by the Registrar General at any time and, in the case of a person applying to be registered, shall cease to have effect when the person to whom the permit has been issued is registered under this Act.
The reason for the refusal to register the organizing or employee of 90. (1) the Registrar may refuse to register a person as the organizing or employee of an institution of education if — (a) that person has been convicted of an offence by a court and was sentenced to imprisonment for a term not less than one year or a fine of not less than two thousand dollars;
(b) that person has, other than for reasons of an educational institution no longer exist alone, removed from any register established under this Act or under the provisions of any written law to the equivalent previous;
(c) the person has made a false or misleading statement in, or in connection with, his application to be registered, or deliberately to squelch any fact which is material for the application; or (d) such person is not a citizen of Malaysia.
Education, 59 (2) the Registrar shall refuse to register a person who is under the age of eighteen years as an organizer.
Notice of refusal to register the organizing or employee of 91. When the Chief Registrar refuses to register a person as the organizing or employee of an institution of education under section 90, he shall notify the person by notice in writing of such refusal.
Appeal against the refusal to register the organizing or employee of 92. Any person aggrieved by the refusal of the Registrar General to mendaftarkannya as the organizing or employee of an educational institution may, within twenty one days from the date he notified of the refusal in accordance with section 91, appeal to the Minister.
The Registrar General's power to issue Organizer or employees of express 93. (1) the Registrar General may issue of express someone organizing or employee — (a) on the ground set out in paragraph 90 (1) (a);
(b) if found by the Chief Registrar that the person is not a person who, in the interest of Malaysia, the public or any person, should remain as the organizing or employee; or (c) which have obtained registration as a result of an error or any false or misleading details provided in or in connection with its application for registered.
60 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), no person shall be removed from the register under paragraph (1) (a) because of any fact or event that occurred before the date of its registration and which have been notified to the Registrar before that date.
The organizing and employee retirement 94. (1) when a person organizing or employee of an institution of education resigned or ceased to act as such, Chairman of the Board of Governors of the educational institution or a person authorized by him in that behalf shall, within twenty-one days from the date organising or employee retire or stop such a report the fact to the Chief Registrar in writing.
(2) the Registrar shall, on receiving the report under subsection (1), promptly issue the organizing or employee, as the case may be, of the register.
The person removed from the register shall be notified of 95. When a person is removed from the register under section 93 or 94 of the Registrar General shall immediately notify that person in writing that he had issued such and excuse the omission.
Appeal against the withdrawal of the express 96. A person who is removed from the register under section 93 or 94 may, within twenty one days from the date of the notice served upon him under section 95, appeal to the Minister.
Surrendering 97 registration acknowledgement. (1) a person who has been removed from the register shall, within twenty-one days from the date of service of the notice under section 95, surrender to the Registrar General Education 61 certificate of registration issued to him under this Act or any other written law relating to registration the organizing or employee, as the case may be, of an educational institution.
(2) where an appeal is made under section 96, the certificate referred to in subsection (1) need not be surrendered until the appeal is decided by the Registrar General's favour.
Chapter 4 — Registration Registration Pupils pupils 98. Organizer, teacher or other person in charge of management of an educational institution shall keep or cause to be kept, in the prescribed manner, a register containing specified particulars of the pupils in the educational institutions.
Chapter 5 — inspection of the educational institution by the Chief Registrar of the Inspection is to be made from time to time 99. The Registrar General shall, from time to time, inspect or cause to be inspected educational institution registered under this Act for the purpose of ensuring that this Act and the regulations made under this Act have been and are being complied with.
The Registrar General's power while examining educational institutions registered 100. (1) during the inspection in accordance with section 99, the Chief Registrar may — (a) enter any premises and inspect any books, documents, electronic media, materials or other items that it considers necessary; and 62 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 (b) take and hold any books, documents, electronic media materials or other goods that it deems harmful to the public interest or the students or who, in his opinion, may be evidence of the Commission of an offence under this Act.

(2) the Registrar General may at any time during exercise with the inspection of an institution legal education under this Act requires any person, who became the organizing, workers, teachers or students in the educational institutions, to submit to its inspection of any books, documents, electronic media, materials or other items relating to management, or teaching in the educational institutions, which have in the person's possession or under his control or that the person has the power to submit.
Inspection of the premises of educational institutions which are not registered 101. If the Registrar General or public officer authorized by the Registrar General for that purpose in writing or police officer not below the rank of Inspector has reasonable cause to believe that any House, building or other place being used as educational institutions which are not registered under this Act, the Registrar General or public officer or police officer that, accompanied by any person may deem necessary , may — (a) enter and inspect the House, building or place is; and (b) seize and detain any books, documents, electronic media, materials or other items found in which it considers may be evidence of the Commission of an offence against this Act or that it seems is a property, or has been used in connection with, an educational institution that is not registered under this Act.
Education 63 Power to close educational institutions not registered 102. (1) where the Registrar General or public officer authorized by the Registrar General for that purpose in writing or police officer not below the rank of Inspector has reasonable cause to believe that any House, building or other place being used as educational institutions which are not registered under this Act or is being used in contravention of any conditions imposed by the Minister under subsection 47 (2) or 77 (3) The Registrar General, or a public officer or police officer that, accompanied by any person as he thinks necessary shall, without prejudice to the exercise of the powers conferred upon him under section 99, 100 and 101, immediately take any steps it may deem necessary or by any other means to close the educational institutions.
(2) any action taken under subsection (1) in respect of any House, building or other place shall not prevent the Filing of the claim of any person who uses the House, building or place as educational institutions which are not registered under this Act.
PART IX REGISTRATION of TEACHERS Chapter 1 — Prohibited Teachers teach Registration 103. (1) subject to subsection (2), no person shall teach in any educational institution unless he is registered as a teacher under this Act.
(2) subsection (1) does not apply — (a) for a person who is a member of education services to teach in government educational institutions or Government assistance;
64 the laws of Malaysia ACT 550 (b) for a person to whom a permit to teach issued under section 114; and (c) for an enrolment in an educational institution for training teachers established by and under the direct control of the Minister.
Express 104 teachers. The Chief Registrar shall keep and maintain or cause to be kept and maintained in the prescribed form a register of teachers in which shall be entered such particulars specified.
Application to be registered as a teacher 105. Application to be registered as a teacher shall be made to the Registrar General in form and in the prescribed manner.
The Registrar General's power to refuse to register a person as a teacher 106. The Chief Registrar may refuse to register a person as a teacher under this Act if he is satisfied that such person — (a) under the age of eighteen years;
(b) does not have the qualifications to teach or qualified in the opinion of the Registrar General is not sufficient for that purpose;
(c) has made a statement which is false or misleading or that the person knows is false or misleading in, or in connection with the application that is registered or has been deliberately to squelch any fact which is material for the application;
(d) bear a physical or mental defect or illness, which in the opinion of the Registrar General, making him unfit to be a teacher;
Education 65 (e) has been convicted of an offence by a court and was sentenced to imprisonment for a term not less than one year or a fine of not less than two thousand dollars; or (f) is not a fit and proper person to be registered as a teacher.
Notice of refusal to register a person as a teacher 107. When the Chief Registrar refuses to register a person under section 106 he shall, by notice in writing, inform that person about keengganannya stating the reasons for such refusal.
Appeal against the refusal to register a person as a teacher 108. Any person aggrieved by the refusal of the Registrar General to mendaftarkannya as a teacher may, within twenty one days from the date of the notice served upon him under section 107, appeal to the Minister.
Teachers ' registration 109. (1) subject to section 106 and 108, the Registrar General shall, upon application to be registered under this chapter properly and after making such inquiry as he thinks necessary, and when prescribed fee, register the applicant and issue a certificate of registration as a teacher to him in the prescribed manner.
(2) the Registrar may impose such terms and conditions as it thinks fit when registering an applicant under subsection (1) and he may at any time revoke, vary or add to the terms and conditions.
66 laws of Malaysia ACT cancellation of registration after 550 notice 110. (1) if the Registrar General is satisfied that — (a) that it is expedient to do so for any reason referred to in paragraph 106 (c) to (e);
(b) that a person has committed a violation of the registered teacher or has not complied with any conditions imposed under subsection 109 (2);
(c) that the teacher has obtained registration due to mistakes or any statement that is false or misleading in relation to an application to be registered; or (d) that there are reasonable grounds to believe that the maintenance of the registration of that person as a teacher will harm the interests of the educational institutions or students, he may deliver to the teacher that notice of intention to revoke the registration of the teacher.
(2) a teacher to whom was served a notice pursuant to subsection (1) may, within twenty one days from the date the notice was delivered to him, appeal to the Minister.
(3) If no appeal is made within the period specified in subsection (2) or if an appeal had been made but rejected, the Registrar General shall immediately cancel the registration and serve a notice to the teacher who told him that its registration has been revoked.
(4) no cancellation of registration can be made under this section on the basis of any ground mentioned in paragraph 106 (d) and (e) because of any fact or event that occurred before the date of the registration of teachers and that have been communicated to the Chief Registrar before that date.
Education Appeal 111 67. (1) If on an appeal made under this section the Minister order the teachers to be registered, or shall remain registered, subject to the conditions specified, the Registrar General shall impose such conditions.
(2) the conditions imposed under subsection (1) shall be deemed to be conditions imposed under subsection 109 (2).
Production of express 112. If the teacher registration has been cancelled under section 110 and a notice was served under subsection 110 (3), the Registrar General shall immediately withdraw the teacher from express, and the teacher shall, within twenty-one days from the date of the notice served upon him, surrender the certificate of registration to the Registrar General.
Transitional provisions about registration 113 teachers. A person at a specified date is registered or deemed to be registered as a teacher under the Education Act 1961 shall be deemed to have been registered as such under this Act and shall be subject to this Act.
Chapter 2 — Permit to teach Production permit to teach 114. (1) the Registrar may issue a permit to teach to the following person, who is not a registered teacher: (a) a trainee teachers, in addition to those set out in paragraph 103 (2) (c), which is undergoing training to become teachers in accordance with any scheme approved by the Minister;
68 the laws of Malaysia ACT 550 (b) a person who has applied to be registered as a teacher and his application has not been decided yet; or (c) a person who is required to act as a teacher for a while.
(2) the Permit to teach shall be in form and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed.
(3) the Registrar General may, at any time and at its sole discretion, cancel a permit to teach by giving written notice to the permit holder.
Chapter 3 — Various surrendering certificate of registration as a teacher

115. The certificate of registration as a teacher issued under this Act or under any written law relating to the registration of a teacher or any documents to be evidence of the registration or exemption from registration of teachers or that a teacher is deemed to be registered under the law, or a permit to teach issued under section 114 shall be — (a) upon certification , document or permit is cancelled;
(b) where the person to whom a certificate, document or permit it issued stop taught at an institution in Malaysia, for a continuous period exceeding two years, or when that person dies;
(c) when requested in writing by the Registrar General for the purpose of alterations, amendments, endorsements or replacement; or (d) in the case of a permit, when period valid until end, surrendered to the Registrar General within twenty one day by the person to whom a certificate, document or permit is issued or any person who has in his possession a certificate, document or permit it.
Education teacher's Duty to notify 69 of 116 education institutions Exchange. Every registered teacher shall, within fourteen days from the date he began or ceased to teach in an institution of education report in writing to the Chief Registrar of the name of the educational institution a place he taught or stop teaching and the date he began to teach or stop teaching in the educational institutions.
Part X CABINET NAZIR SCHOOL Chapter 1 — the Cabinet Chief Nazir Nazir Duty 117. The Chief Inspector shall — (a) is responsible, in collaboration with any authority appointed by the Minister, to ensure that a satisfactory standard of teaching developed and maintained at the educational institution;
(b) examine the educational institution or educational institutions examined by the Inspector of Schools at intervals she thinks fit;
(c) when directed to do so by the Minister, to inspect an educational institution or educational institution that examined; and (d) perform any other duty relating to examination of educational institution as directed by the Minister or as may be prescribed.
Powers of Inspector of Schools to advise 118. The Chief Inspector or Inspector of Schools can provide advice to the organizer or any other person who is responsible for the management of an institution of education and teachers on matters relating to teaching and teaching methods.
70 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 restriction on order Nazir School 119. The Chief Inspector or Inspector of Schools cannot issue any orders or directions to the organizer or any other person who is responsible for the management of an institution of education except in so far as he is authorised by any regulations made under this Act.
Report Of The Inspector Of 120 Schools. (1) the Chief Inspector shall submit a report to the Minister about every educational institutions diperiksanya pursuant to section 117, and if the report made by the Inspector of schools, he shall endorse or such comments that it regards appropriate at the report.
(2) a report on an educational institution submitted under subsection (1) is confidential documents but may, in the discretion of the Minister, are available to be obtained by those who are responsible for the administration of the educational institution and any teacher in the educational institution and the report provided to such be obtained shall be provided to be retrieved as a whole.
Chapter 2 — General Inspector of General Power 121 Schools. For the purposes of making inspections on educational institution under section 117 of the Chief Inspector or Inspector of Schools (in this section called "the Inspector") may — (a) at any time enter into an educational institution; and (b) requires the Chairman of the Board of Governors or the Organising Committee or any other person who is responsible for the management of the educational institution or teacher or employee or person found in the educational institutions — (i) to submit to its inspection any timetable, syllabus or records which relate to the subjects taught Education 71 or to be taught or any books, materials, documents, or items relating to or which in the opinion of the Inspector may have contact with the teaching carried out in the educational institution or by the institution of management education; and (ii) furnish to the Inspector any information relating to the teaching, or the Organization, educational institution that requested by the Inspector, and the Chairman, organizer, or other person responsible for the management of the educational institutions, teachers, employees or the person has power to give.
The Chief Inspector may empower education officer to act on his behalf 122. The Chief Inspector may in writing authorize education officer appointed under section 4 to act on its behalf in the exercise of the powers or performance of his duties under this Act.
PART XI FINANCIAL Exclusion in relation to a Minister of 123. Except to the extent that money approved or provided for that purpose by Parliament or otherwise, there is nothing in this Act shall be deemed to impose any obligation to the Minister to establish and maintain an educational institution under this Act or to maintain the whole or part of an educational institution.
72 the laws of Malaysia ACT 550 donations and contributions of capital shall be subject to conditions, etc. set 124. Any assistance or capital contribution payable under this Act to an educational institution, other government educational institutions, out of money provided by Parliament for that purpose shall be subject to such conditions and limitations as may be prescribed.
Minister's power to suspend or mengkansel the payment of any contribution of 125. The Minister may suspend or mengkansel or result in suspended or dikansel the payment of any contribution to an educational institution if the organizer or any other person who is responsible for the management of educational institutions that have not complied with any provision of this Act or any regulations made under this Act.
PART XII APPEAL the Minister shall decide the appeal after investigation 126. (1) when an appeal is made to the Minister against the decision of the Registrar General, the Minister, unless he allows the appeal immediately, shall form a Committee of investigation consisting of people he deems qualified to investigate the facts and to submit a report on the facts to him.
(2) after considering the report submitted under subsection (1), the Minister shall decide the appeal and make any order about it as he may deem fit and proper.
(3) the decision of the Minister on an appeal shall be final.
Education Committee of investigation 73 127. Subject to section 129 and any regulations made under this Act, the Investigation Committee shall have power — (a) to acquire and receive all the evidence, whether written or verbal, and examine all persons (including the appellant) who considered appropriate by the Committee of Inquiry;
(b) to require a person to be given oath or affirmation or by statutory declaration;
(c) to call any person including the appellant so as to appear and give evidence notwithstanding the provisions of any other written law;
(d) to receive any evidence written or verbal, although such evidence is not admissible in civil or criminal proceedings; and (e) not to allow the public to participate in any investigation or any part thereof and, if the Committee of inquiry is of the opinion that it is in the public interest to do so, receiving evidence absence of appellant; But if the evidence is accepted in the absence of the appellant, the investigation Committee shall notify the appellant about the content of the evidence so far as appropriate in the public interest to do so, and shall in every such case the submission of the report to the Minister a statement of circumstances that makes the evidence received.
Barrister and solicitor may not appear before the Inquiry Committee 128. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in any written law, no barrister or solicitor may be allowed to appear in any proceedings before the Committee of inquiry.
74 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 Evidence before the Committee of inquiry 129. (1) No person who is required to give evidence before the Committee of inquiry under a duty to disclose the name or address of any person who has given information confidentially to a public officer in relation to any fact which becomes matter investigation and shall also be the duty of any person stating any matter which in his opinion is likely to lead to the discovery of the person who has provided such information.
(2) No person who is required under section 127 to give evidence obliged provide any evidence that might be able to show that he is guilty.
PART XIII regulations Minister's power to make regulations

130. (1) Without prejudice to its powers to make regulations under any other provisions of this Act, the Minister may make regulations for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this Act.
(2) without prejudice to the generality of the powers conferred in subsection (1), the Minister may make regulations for or with respect to all or any of the following: (a) the admission of students to the educational institution, carrying express students in the educational institutions, the age limit and conditions enabling pupils maintained study in an educational institution or in any class in the educational institutions;
(b) the duration of the term of the educational institution, day and hour the students are required to appear in the educational institution and the day shall be used as a holiday by all institutions of education or any other educational institution or class of educational institutions is determined;
Education 75 (c) the establishment and management of educational institutions, and the duty of the organizer or other person responsible for the management of the educational institution;
(d) the form of register of registration in accordance therewith educational institution or organizing or employee shall be kept or maintained and procedure for the production of extracts therefrom;
(e) the procedures to be followed and the fee should be deemed to apply in relation to an application for registration under this Act, or in connection with any certificate or permit or any other document issued under this Act;
(f) procedures to be followed for the alteration or alterations of registration certificate or permit issued under this Act and the replacement of certificate or permit such lost or damaged;
(g) discipline in educational institutions and any activities of students, whether in or outside educational institutions which, in the opinion of the Minister may have an impact on the discipline of an educational institution;
(h) National Curriculum includes subjects and things, which is not relevant to the study of religion in Malaysia, which teachings may or shall be given in an institution of education and time should be devoted to study each subject taught at the educational institution;
(i) the establishment, restructuring, management, control and dissolution of the Association or the Association of pupils and students, teachers or the Association of teachers and parents either within or outside educational institutions, and regulations made under this paragraph may provide that the Association of teachers and parents in such a way contains any person other than teachers or parents of students in the educational institutions concerned;
(j) books, materials and apparatus to be used in educational institutions, and methods to purchase books, materials and apparatus thereof;
76 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 (k) prohibition on the use in an educational institution or any class of institutions determined any books or materials that use found to be desired;
(l) prohibition of the use or delivery to any pupil by a distance learning centre or the supply, importation or sale for use or delivery by a distance learning center, any materials, books, education, teaching or other materials printed or written or otherwise use by distance learning center is found to be desired;
(m) keeping books of accounts and auditing accounts of educational institutions that accept contributions;
(n) standards, including standards of health and safety, and use of the premises of the educational institution that must be complied with, and setting standards and different use for any educational institution description as may be specified in such regulations;
(o) registration of students in educational institutions, inspection of the students concerned, taking extract of the register for the purposes of this Act by persons duly authorized for that purpose under the regulations, and grant to any authority prescribed by the regulations, a statement of the contents of the express the expedient, by the person who is required to keep a register of concerned under the regulations;
(p) a teacher who told us express kept under section 104 shall be kept or maintained, and procedures for the issuance of a certified copy of the details contained in the register;
(q) the procedure to be followed for endorsement, alteration or transfer of certificate of registration as a teacher issued under section 109 and replacement of certificate or permit to teach the lost or damaged;
Education 77 (r) procedures to be followed and consequences following the cancellation of certificate of registration as a teacher issued under section 109 or cancellation of permit to teach;
(s) any fee deemed fit to impose for the application to be registered as a teacher under, or when issued certificate or permit to teach or otherwise in respect of any matter referred to in part IX;
(t) the practice and procedure to be followed in connection with an investigation made by the Committee of inquiry established under subsection 126 (1);
(u) the methods of appeal against the decision of the Registrar General who shall be made to the Minister and the fee shall be paid in respect of an appeal;
(v) the creation, restructuring, management, control and dissolution of any Council, Committee or body in sports and educational institutions for educational institutions at the district, State or national;
(w) the provisions for educational expansion in educational institutions established and maintained by the Minister under this Act;
(x) the distribution by pupils or disciples, whether inside or outside educational institutions, any magazines, brochures or printed material or similar writing materials;
(y) the manner of determining the amount of assistance to be paid to the educational institution of Government assistance;
(z) the conditions and limitations that followed him or subject him assistance or capital contribution shall be paid to the educational institution of Government assistance;
(aa) the determination of fees approved to be applied in respect of attendance to study at educational institutions in General, or at any of those educational institutions government aid and payment or remission of such fees;
78 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 (ab) way to transfer or vest any property that dipindahmilikkan or vested under this Act and how to register the ownership of any such property;
(ac) any fee should be deemed to be levied in respect of any matter under this Act;
(ad) forms that can be used to carry out the provisions of this Act and which can be used in connection with any matters specified or required in this Act that prescribed by the Minister; and (ae) any other matters as the Minister may deem expedient or necessary for the performance of any of the provisions of this Act.
Rules can set penalties for pelanggarannya 131. Regulations made under this Act may provide that contravention of any provision in the regulations is an offence and that such offence is punishable, on conviction, by fine or imprisonment or both but can not provide so that the fine exceeds ten thousand dollars or a term of imprisonment exceeding six months.
PART XIV of OFFENCES and PENALTIES Offences and penalties in relation to the registration of 132 educational institutions. (1) a person who, as Chairman of the Board of Governors or the Organising Committee or any other person who is responsible for the management of an institution of education, make a statement that is false or misleading in promoting the educational institution commits an offence and shall, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding fifty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or both.
Education 79 (2) a person who — (a) when making an application under this Act for the registration of an educational institution, or for registration as the organizing or employee of, or otherwise for the purpose of pushing the Registrar General to exercise or not exercise of its powers under this Act, makes any statement which he knows is false or that he did not believe to be true or deliberately to squelch any material fact , or provide any information that is misleading;
(b) prevents or disrupts the Chief Registrar, public officer or police officer in the exercise of the powers given to the officer under section 100, 101 or 102;
(c) refuses to produce any book, document or thing, or refuse to provide information in contravention of subsection 100 (2) or gives any information which he knows is false or that he did not believe to be true;
(d) as Chairman of the Board of Governors of an educational institution in violation of subsection 94 (1);
(e) as a person to be registered as the organizing or employee under section 88 acts as an organizer or employees without registered as such;
(f) as an organizer or person responsible for the management of an institution of education cause or authorize any person to act as the organizer or person responsible for the management, or as employees of educational institutions without registered under this Act;

(g) Act as the organizing or employee at educational institutions which are not registered under this Act; or (h) as Chairman of the Board of Governors or Governors or person responsible for the management of an educational institution has not prevented education institutions from being used for any activity or purpose which is unlawful, or for 80 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 any activity or purpose of an organization, organization or group of persons any other illegal act, commits an offence and can be , on conviction, to a fine not exceeding thirty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both.
(3) a person who — (a) as Chairman of the Board of Governors or as a person responsible for the management of an educational institution does not cause a copy of the certificate of registration of the educational institution displayed in accordance with subsection 82 (2);
(b) not surrender to the Chief Registrar of any certificate of registration or instrument of the organization under subsection 87 (5) or 97 (1);
(c) as the Chairman of the Board of Governors of an educational institution in violation of subsection 94 (1); or (d) as the owner or occupier of any premises and has reasonable cause to believe that such premises or part thereof is used as educational institutions are required to be registered under this Act but is not registered as such, has not taken reasonable steps to prevent the use of such, commits an offence and shall, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars.
Offences and penalties in relation to the registration of 133 teachers. (1) a person who, at the time of application to be registered as a teacher or otherwise for the purpose of pushing the Registrar General exercise or not exercise of its powers under this Act, makes any statement which he know is false or that he did not believe to be true or deliberately to squelch any material facts or give Education 81 any misleading information commits an offence and shall , on conviction, to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to both.
(2) a person who — (a) acts as a teacher at an educational institution in contravention of subsection 103 (1);
(b) cause, permit or employ someone to act as a teacher in contravention of subsection 103 (1);
(c) Act as a teacher in an unregistered educational institutions;
(d) registered as a teacher taught at an educational institution in contravention of any condition imposed under subsection 109 (2) or as the holder of the permit to teach issued under section 114, taught at an educational institution in contravention of any condition imposed by the permit;
(e) cause, permit or employ registered teacher to teach in an educational institution in contravention of any conditions relating to the teacher imposed under section 109 or cause, allow or employ teaching permit issued under section 114 to teach other than in accordance with the conditions imposed by the permit;
(f) no surrender certificate, document or permit in accordance with section 115; or (g) as a teacher registered do not report to the Chief Registrar in accordance with section 116, shall, on conviction of an offence under paragraph (b) or (e), to a fine not exceeding ten thousand ringgit and shall, on conviction of an offence under paragraph (a), (c), (d), (f) or (g), to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars.
82 the laws of Malaysia ACT 550 Offences and penalties in relation to their district 134. A person who — (a) prevents or disrupts the Chief Inspector of Schools in their district or exercise any of the powers conferred upon him by section 121;
(b) refuses to produce any timetable, syllabus, records, books, materials, documents or items, or refuse to provide information, in contravention of subparagraph 121 (b) (ii); or (c) provide any information that is false in any material or thing that he knew was false or that he did not believe to be true, commits an offence and shall, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding thirty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both.
Penalties am 135. (1) any person who commits an offence under this Act for which no penalty expressly provided shall, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding five thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both.
(2) any person guilty of an offence under this Act may, in the case of a continuing offence, on conviction, be liable to a daily fine not exceeding five hundred dollars in addition to any other penalty that may be imposed upon him under this Act in respect of that offence, for each day the offence continues to do.
Authority to investigate 136. (1) the Registrar or a public officer authorized in that behalf in writing by the Registrar General or a police officer not below the rank of Inspector shall have the power to investigate the Commission of an offence under this Act or any regulations made under this Act.
Education 83 (2) the Registrar or a public officer authorized in that behalf in writing by the Registrar General or a police officer not below the rank of Inspector may, in relation to any investigation in respect of an offence under this Act or any regulations made under this Act, the exercise of the special powers in relation to police investigation except that the power of arrest without a warrant given by the criminal procedure code [Act 593] in any seizable offence cannot be carried out by the Registrar General or public officer authorized by the Registrar General for that purpose in writing.
Authority to enter without warrant 137. Without prejudice to section 136, if the Registrar General or a public officer authorized by the Director General for that purpose in writing by the Registrar General or a police officer not below the rank of Inspector has reasonable grounds to believe that the purpose of such a search to be made at any premises for the purposes of this Act may be terkecewa by reason of any delay in obtaining a search warrant under the criminal procedure code , he may, without warrant, enter any premises for the purpose of such use only such force as may be necessary only so that he could check-in.
Initiate and conduct a prosecution 138. The Chief Registrar or a public officer authorized by the Registrar General for that purpose in writing or a police officer not below the rank of Inspector may, with the written authorization of the public prosecutor, starting and running a prosecution in respect of an offence under this Act or any regulations made under this Act.
Power to compound error 139. (1) the Registrar may, in any case when it considers fit and proper to do so, and with the written permission of the public prosecutor, compound 84 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 any offence committed by a person punishable under this Act, except an offence under section 72 and subsection 132 (1), or any regulations made under this Act by making an offer in writing to that person to compound the offence to pay to the Registrar General within the time specified in the offer, such sums as may be determined, which shall not exceed fifty per cent of the amount of the maximum fine that may be imposed to that person if he is convicted of the offence.
(2) an offer under subsection (1) may be made at any time after the offence, but before any prosecution for him started, and if the amount specified in the offer is not paid within the time specified in the offer, or within such extended period as may be allowed by the Registrar General, a prosecution for the offence may be commenced at any time after that to the person to whom the offer was made.
(3) If an offence has been J compounded under subsection (1) — (a) no prosecution shall be made thereafter in respect of the offence against the person to whom the offer to compound has been made; and (b) any article, article or other articles seized in connection with the offence shall be released immediately.
(4) any money paid to the Registrar General pursuant to subsection (1) shall be paid into and form part of the Federal Consolidated Fund.
SECTION XV of the VARIOUS Officer be deemed to be public servants 140. Every person appointed, or legitimately exercise a person appointed, under part II, shall be deemed to be an Education 85 public servants for the purposes of the Penal Code [Act 574].
Requirements of the premises

141. (1) Organizer or person responsible for the management of an educational institution shall ensure that the premises of the educational institution comply with any standards set for the same educational institution or with the educational institution.
(2) if the Minister is satisfied, in respect of an educational institution, that after taking into account the State of the site or any of the existing buildings there or certain other circumstances affecting the premises is not reasonable in the case of such to require compliance to the standards referred to in subsection (1) any particular aspect, he may direct that the premises are deemed to comply with the standards if in lieu of compliance with standards that the premises comply with any requirements of the other specified in the instructions.
Registration of pupils in government educational institutions or Government assistance 142. Except with the consent of the Registrar, a person who registered as students at a government educational institutions or Government aid is not possible, while still registered such a check at any other such educational institutions.
Power to exclude educational institutions 143. The Minister may, if it thinks fit and in the best interest of an educational institution or in the interest of the students or the public, by order published in the Gazette, exempt educational institutions or any class or class-class educational institutions from all or any provisions of this Act unless the provisions about registration, either absolutely or subject to such conditions as 86 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 may deem fit to impose , and may at any time at its absolute discretion revoke such exemption or mengkansel or amend or add to the conditions.
Special Committee Of 144. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Act, the Minister may form a Special Committee consisting of persons appointed by the Minister in respect of — (a) any educational institution or class of certain educational institutions; or (b) any matter or education projects, for the purpose of advising it in matters relating to educational institutions, the educational institution or subject or education projects, and he may in his discretion grant the Committee so all or any of the powers conferred to an Investigation Committee by section 127.
Service of notices, etc.
145. (1) any notice, order or communication, required by, or can be sent or delivered to — (a) the Chairman of the Board of Governors, Governors or other person responsible for the management, or employee, an educational institution that is registered under this Act, may be forwarded by letter addressed to the Chairman of the organizing, person or employee at the registered address of the educational institution or can be delivered with patch notice , order or communication that in a substantial part of the premises of the educational institution that the Registrar General considers appropriate;
(b) any person applying for so that an educational institution is registered or that is registered as a teacher, organizer or employee, may be forwarded by letter addressed to the person at the address stated in the application form;
Education 87 (c) a registered teacher, may be forwarded by letter addressed to the educational institution or the last address communicated to the Registrar General under section 116;
(d) the permit to teach issued under section 114, may be forwarded by letter addressed to educational institutions in respect of which the permit is issued; and (e) any person other than the person described in paragraph (a) to (d), may be forwarded by letter addressed to that person at the residence last known.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1) (a), if the Chairman of the Board of Governors of an educational institution has not been appointed, notice, order or communication to be served to the Chairman that may be addressed or delivered to the person who, in the opinion of the Registrar General, responsible for the educational institution.
PART XVI TRANSITIONS and ABOLITION of the name changes of certain educational institutions 146. On the appointed date all the names of educational institutions, once before that date was — (a) the national primary school shall be known as the national school; and (b) national type primary schools shall be known as sekolah jenis kebangsaan.
Sekolah menengah vokas iona l shall be menjad i part of sekolah menengah kebangsaan up to 147 is repealed. Vocational secondary school which was established before the appointed date shall continue to be a part of sekolah menengah kebangsaan under paragraph 30 (1) (b) 88 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 up to such schools is repealed by the Minister by order published in the Gazette.
Assistance to existing educational institutions in 148. Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Minister shall continue to assist all educational institutions receive assistance or other similar financial assistance from the Government or from public funds on the day immediately before the appointed date.
Saving in respect of contributions to teaching religion 149. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, the Federal Government can continue to make payment in respect of costs referred to in section 37, the Education Act 1961 relating to religious teachings given under section 36 of the act as if that section is not repealed by this Act.
Saving in respect of certain exempt educational institutions, etc.
150. Until such date as the Minister may by notification in the Gazette — (a) all educational institutions which are exempt from the provisions of the Education Act 1961 through section 127 of the Act shall be exempt from the provisions of the equal in this Act; and (b) a teacher who is exempt from the provisions of part VI of the Act Education 1961 through section 128 of the Act shall be exempt from the provisions of part IX of this Act.
Saving in respect of educational institutions, organizer, Manager or employee of a registered 151. Any educational institution, organizer, Manager or employee of a registered or deemed to be registered under the provisions of the Education Act 1961 Education 89 shall, on the appointed date, be deemed to be registered under this Act and — (a) subject to paragraph (b), the provisions of this Act shall apply to educational institutions, organizer, Manager or employee seem to educational institutions, organizer, Manager or employee duly registered under this Act; and (b) the conditions to be applied to educational institutions, organizer, Manager or employee before the commencement of this Act shall remain in force as if conditions were imposed under this Act.
The Winding Central Board Of 152. (1) the Minister may, on a date specified by him, by notice published in the Gazette, order winding up the Central Board established under the Education Act 1961, section 92.
(2) penggulungannya — (a) its members, including the Chairman of the Board, shall cease to hold office;
(b) the Board shall cease to be the employer of teachers in educational institutions;
(c) any interest of any property, movable or immovable, and any rights and liabilities previously vested in or may belong to the Board once before the date of the winding-up Board shall go down to the Government; and (d) the Minister may give such directions as he thinks fit in respect of any employee or employee of the Board.
Maintenance fund contribution 153. (1) any fund contributions (including teachers ' Provident Fund) established under the Education Act 1961 or any regulations made under that Act 90 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 shall continue to be maintained and managed in accordance with any written law relating to the Fund until the Yang di-Pertuan Agong made an order for penggulungannya or otherwise.
(2) the winding-up Order under this section shall be made only on the advice of the Minister of finance.
(3) the Minister may by regulations amend any rules or regulations in relation to the Fund are made prior to the date set for the holding of the better administration of the Fund or to eliminate any difficulties relating to the Fund.
A reference to the organizer or the Board of Governors shall include managers and Board Manager 154. A reference in this Act of any person shall include a reference to the organising Manager registered under the Education Act 1961 and a reference to the Board of Governors shall include a reference to the Board of managers under the Act.
The abolishment of 155. (1) the Education Act 1961, the education (Amendment) Act, 1963 [Act 32/1963], order the Education Act (Extension to Sarawak) 1975 [P.U. (A) 425/1975] and the order of the Education Act (Extension to Sabah) 1976 [P.U. (A) 176/1976] is repealed.

(2) all appointments, regulations, rules, by-laws, exceptions, directives and orders made, all the stored and all certificate or certificate given or have effect under the law or order is repealed by this section and which are in force or have effect on the date this Act comes into force, shall (without prejudice to the Minister's power to amend the rules , rules and by-laws of such, by rules or amend, cancel or withdraw the exemption, instructions, certificate or the certificate of education by order 91 or instructions made under the relevant provisions in this Act and subject to such modifications as may be necessary to make regulations, rules, by-laws, exceptions, direction, or order it in accordance with this Act) continue in force and have effect as if it had been made , saved, or given under this Act, until otherwise provided for under this Act.
The Authority Of The Minister Of Finance 156. There is nothing in this Act shall be deemed to prejudice the exercise by the Minister of Finance of the powers conferred upon him by section 6 of the financial Procedure Act 1957 [Act 61] with respect to the Consolidated Fund management with respect to monitoring, control and instructions on matters relating to the financial affairs of Malaysia.
SCHEDULE a [Subsection 18 (2)] the SUBJECTS in the NATIONAL CURRICULUM in the core subjects of the National Curriculum 1. Subjects in the National Curriculum shall be primary education pupils in all schools within the national education system.
Subjects at primary level 2. Subjects at primary school level is — (a) the national language;
(b) English;
(c) Chinese, for students in sekolah jenis kebangsaan (Cina);
(d) Tamil, for students in sekolah jenis kebangsaan (Tamil);
(e) mathematics;
(f) Science;
92 the laws of Malaysia ACT 550 (g) Local Studies;
(h) Islamic education, for students who profess Islam; and (i) Moral education, for pupils who do not profess Islam.
Subjects at the secondary level 3. Subjects at secondary school level is — (a) the national language;
(b) English;
(c) mathematics;
(d) Science;
(e) History;
(f) Islamic education, for students who profess Islam; and (g) Moral education, for pupils who do not profess Islam.
93 education laws of MALAYSIA Act 550 EDUCATION ACT 1996 LIST AMENDMENT of laws that amend the short title effect from Act A1152 A1341 Act Education Act (Amendment), 2002 Education Act (Amendment) 2009 01-01-2003 15-06-2009 94 laws of Malaysia ACT 550 laws of MALAYSIA Act 550 EDUCATION ACT 1996 LIST SECTION AMENDED Section Power amend with effect from 2 Act A1152 A1341 Act 01-01-2003 15-06-2009 5 No.9A A1341 Act Act Act A1152 A1341 01-01-2003 15-06-2009 15-06-2009 15 Act A1152 01-01-2003 22 Act A1152 Act A1341 01-01-2003 15-06-2009 29 Act A1152 01-01-2003 29A 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 67 77 Act A1152 A1341 Act Act Act A1341 A1341 A1341 Act Act Act A1341 A1341 A1341 Act Act Act Act A1341 A1341 A1341 01-01-2003 15-06-2009 15-06-2009 15-06-2009 15-06-2009 15-06-2009 15-06-2009 15-06-2009 15-06-2009 15-06-2009 15-06-2009