Labour Protection Requirements In Work With Asbestos

Original Language Title: Darba aizsardzības prasības darbā ar azbestu

Read the untranslated law here: https://www.vestnesis.lv/ta/id/95090

Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 852 in Riga 2004 (October 12. No 59 21) labour protection requirements in work with asbestos released in accordance with the Labour Protection Act article 25 paragraph 14 i. General questions 1. labour protection requirements in work with asbestos, to protect the safety and health of workers against the risks which arise or may arise in the workplace faced by asbestos or materials containing asbestos in the dust (asbestos risk). 2. work with asbestos is asbestos-containing material removal (Elimination of asbestos-containing parts of the building, installation or equipment and removal), transport, storage, materials containing asbestos waste management and working with asbestos-containing materials when they are highlighted in the legislation on the labelling of chemical substances. 3. Asbestos is fibrous silicate minerals or in asbestos fibres asbestos containing material-actinolite (CAS no 77536-66-4), asbestos gruenerite (amosite) (CAS no 12172-73-5), anthophyllite asbestos (CAS no 77536-67-5), krizotil (CAS no 12001-29-5), crocidolite (CAS no 12001-28-4), tremolite asbestos (CAS no 77536-68-6). Asbestos fibres is that asbestos fibre width not more than three micrometers, a length of more than five micrometres and a length/width ratio greater than 3:1.4. The employer shall ensure that asbestos is not in use, using the spray method, and to avoid the release of asbestos mining, asbestos product manufacturing and processing or the production and processing of products containing asbestos, except where the laws and regulations on the management of hazardous waste in the order is processed and passed to the waste products resulting from demolition and asbestos removal works. 5. The employer shall ensure that work processes are not used asbestos or materials containing asbestos, replacing them with materials that do not pose a risk to the safety and health of employees. 6. Of these rules is the responsibility of the employer. 7. Compliance with these rules is controlled by the State Labour Inspectorate. II. Asbestos risk assessment 8. Asbestos risk assessment generated by the employer shall be provided in accordance with the company's internal monitoring of the working environment and working environment risk assessment requirements prescribed in laws and regulations involving agents and employees. 9. The employer shall ensure the assessment of risks of asbestos and asbestos fibres pirmreizējo exposure measurements of the working environment in the air (asbestos fibres in the air volume (fibre/cm3)) all workplaces, which after the initial job checks found that they have or are likely to come into contact with asbestos. 10. the exposure of asbestos fibres in the measurements of the working environment in the air down the average exposure of asbestos fibres to which eight-hour working day is subject to employee (hereinafter referred to as the actual occupational exposure). 11. Asbestos fibres exposure measurements accredited laboratory, using the rules specified in the annex to this method or any other method giving equivalent results. 12. the repeated exposure of asbestos fibres: 12.1. measurements shall be made after four months, if in fact the asbestos exposure of more than half of the occupational exposure limit values, but not higher than the occupational exposure limit values must be;
12.2. after 32 weeks, if the working process and no significant changes in equipment and actual asbestos exposure is greater than one quarter of the occupational exposure limit value, but not exceeding half of the occupational exposure limit values;
12.3. after 64 weeks, if the working process and no significant changes in equipment and actual asbestos exposure does not exceed one quarter of the occupational exposure limit values. 13. the asbestos risks is assessed at least once a year. In addition to the risks of asbestos and asbestos fibres exposure measurements: 13.1. If a new place of work or significant change in the work environment (for example, changes in work processes, methods, equipment) that asbestos risks could increase;
13.2. the employment protection measures, to ensure that the risk of asbestos is removed or reduced to acceptable levels;
13.3. If the worker found the health problems caused by asbestos;
13.4. the worker or trustee request, if there is reason to believe that the concentration of asbestos in the work environment in the air has risen and is a risk to workers ' health and safety. 14. If multiple employees performing the same or similar work with asbestos in one work environment and are exposed to the same risks posed by asbestos, can take one of the measurement of exposure of asbestos fibres and its results apply to all these workers. The measurements reflect the impact of asbestos in each individual employee. 15. the actual occupational asbestos exposure in the work environment in the air do not exceed the occupational exposure limit values must be 0.1 fibres per cm3 as an eight-hour time-weighted average. III. Employers ' obligations 16. If the work is or is likely to come into contact with asbestos and, taking into account the specific nature of the work, it is not technically possible to replace asbestos with other materials that do not pose a risk to the safety and health of workers, the employer shall take the following measures for collective protection, to minimise the impact of the asbestos workers ' safety and health: 16.1. reduction of asbestos to a minimum;
16.2. the reduction in the number of employed to the minimum, which is exposed to the effects of asbestos, or may be subject to it;
16.3. the planning process to avoid asbestos fibre containing dust in the air of the working environment. If it is not possible to avoid asbestos fibre containing dust, collected as close as possible to the dump site and be equipped with ventilation of local suction;
16.4. the regular and efficient building, work space and equipment cleaning and room service. 17. The employer shall ensure that workers who are, or are likely to come into contact with asbestos or products containing asbestos, would be available for personal protective equipment and suitable protective clothing regulations for personal protective equipment and how to use them. 18. the place where the work is carried out with asbestos, and marked by a law on the use of safety signs safety signs laid down. The workplace banned: 18.1. found to outsiders and workers who do not work with asbestos;

18.2. to smoke. 19. The case finds that the actual trade exposure exceeds the provisions set out in point 15 occupational exposure limit values, the employer shall apply all the following measures: 19.1. ensure that working with asbestos to be interrupted until the work concerned is to ensure adequate air purity;
19.2. to immediately inform employees, employed persons and employees of trust representatives on occupational exposure limit values are exceeded, measures taken for the prevention of the risk situation and future actions;
19.3. clarify the occupational exposure limit values must be over causes and take measures of work environment improvement of air quality;
19.4. ensure actual occupational exposure of working environment measurement in the air to test this rule 19.3. referred to efficiency. 20. If working with asbestos, it is expected that the individual working stages trade exposure limit values be exceeded, but the collective protection measures will not be effective, employer: 20.1. ensure that workers use the laws for personal protective equipment requirements of appropriate respiratory protection, protective clothing and other personal protective equipment regulations on the use of personal protective equipment within the order;
20.2. ensure that deployed to the laws on the use of certain safety marks, safety signs (also warning signs) for occupational exposure limit values must be overrun;
20.3. ensure that asbestos does not spread outside the work area. 21. If the place of work, applying preventive measures, it is not possible to reduce the exposure of asbestos fibres to the provisions laid down in point 15 occupational exposure limit value and employee health is possible only with personal protective equipment, the employer shall: 21.1. ensure that employees would not be employed on a permanent basis;
21.2. the organisation of working time, after consultation with the workers or their representatives shall be made for breaks that correspond to the physical and climatic conditions, as well as the capacity of workers and the health situation. 22. Asbestos is kept and transported in a sealed and the laws on the transport of dangerous goods. On the package is an indication that the package contains asbestos. 23. to the work environment in the air do not exceed the provisions mentioned in paragraph 15 of the occupational exposure limit values must be, asbestos waste or immediately (no later than) the end of the work from the place of work in accordance with and collected in closed packaging. On the package indicate that waste contains asbestos. 24. Asbestos waste transported and managed the legislation on the transport of dangerous goods and hazardous waste management. 25. the employer before the building, installation or equipment demolition makes reasonable efforts to determine whether a given material or building is asbestos-containing material, if necessary, obtaining information from a construction documentation (if survived), as well as space owners and users. If there is any suspicion that the material or building contains asbestos, the employer shall ensure the requirements of these regulations. 26. the employer before the dismantling of the parts containing asbestos starting to develop a work plan for dismantling. The plan provides for: 26.1. asbestos and products containing asbestos removal before you start building, installation or installations for the demolition, unless the asbestos or products containing asbestos removal employees threatened more than it had been left in place;
26.2. the workers with personal protective equipment;
26.3. the actual occupational exposure of working environment measurement in the air after the completion of demolition or removal work associated with asbestos, and before the other, in order to determine whether there is a risk of exposure to the safety and health of employees who continue to work in the space. 27. If dismantling is carried out, the employer shall ensure that measures of protection plan, manage, and monitor the progress of work in the labour protection specialist who won professional higher education in the protection, the competent authorities or competent professional. 28. The employer shall ensure work clothes and protective clothing is stored separately from the employee's personal clothing, washing for this purpose adequate equipment separately from other clothes and transport in closed packaging. Employees working clothes and protective clothing not to be taken outside of the territory outside the establishment. 29. Personal protective equipment stored in a specific location. After each use of personal protective equipment times checked and cleaned, as well as, if necessary, correct or replace the elements. 30. the employer work equipment according to household and recreational facility where workers are able without the risk of the effects of asbestos up to relax, eat, drink and wash your hands, as well as, finally, wash in the shower. 31. Expenditure relating to the use of personal protective equipment, including expenses for clothing repair, inspection, cleaning and destruction shall be borne by the employer. IV. the impact of asbestos exposed workers counting 32. Employer shall work with asbestos records employed, the information and documents for each employee shall show the following: 32.1. job description;
32.2. the duration of the work;
32.3. the results of the health surveillance;

32.4. the actual exposure of asbestos fibres in the air in the working environment. 33. The provision in paragraph 32 that the records are available to the physician, who is responsible for the worker's health care, the State Labour Inspectorate and the labour protection specialists. 34. Each worker is available in paragraph 32 of these provisions that the information, which relates to him personally. 35. The provisions referred to in paragraph 32 of the accounting data and the provisions referred to in Chapter VII health inspection results, the employer shall keep, 40 years after the end of the workers ' exposure to asbestos or products containing asbestos, and a law passed in the archives. 36. If the company eliminates these rules referred to in paragraph 32 of document and referred to in Chapter VII medical data stored in the legislation. V. National Labour Inspectorate information 37. Employer 10 working days before the start of the work with asbestos shall submit the national labour inspectorate in the application for the work with asbestos (hereinafter application). The application shall show the following: 37.1. employer's properties (name, registration number and registered office);
37.2. the place where work with asbestos is carried out;
37.3. the time when you started working with asbestos, and the duration of the work;
23.2. the type and quantities of asbestos during the year;
37.5. use technological processes and working methods;
23.4. in working with asbestos employees;
37.7. labour protection requirements, security measures. 38. If the application contains the changes occur in the information or the chance that asbestos emission limits will be exceeded, the employer shall inform the week of the national labour inspectorate. 39. If the employer is going to dismantle the asbestos-containing materials, 10 working days before he started dismantling in addition to submit to the national labour inspectorate in this rule referred to in paragraph 26 of the dismantling work plan. In addition, the plan indicates the following: 39.1. job description and duration;
24.4. the place of performance;
39.3. data on labour protection specialist, competent professionals or to the competent institution which plans will guide and monitor the progress of the dismantling work;
24.5. the dismantling of the working methods used;
24.5. the population health measures and personal protective equipment;
24.6. the environment and people (employees who do not work with asbestos, as well as nearby residents) description of measures. Vi. cooperation with the employer employed 40. If employees work or can come into contact with asbestos, the employer shall provide the workers and their representatives of appropriate training (practical training) in a clear and understandable way, informing them about: 24.9. dust arising from asbestos or materials containing asbestos in properties, their impacts and posed potential threats to health (also on increasing the negative impact of asbestos, if a person smokes, and possible asbestos-induced tumor formation);
40.2. the products and materials that contain or may contain asbestos;
40.3. activities that might expose asbestos workers affected;
40.4. working with asbestos-containing waste;
25.2. the risk assessment results, the actual exposure values to asbestos and occupational exposure limit values (if necessary, give relevant explanations);
327. Special hygiene requirements (also on the requirement to refrain from smoking, doing work with asbestos), and cleaning and room service;
40.7. risk assessment and its importance to preventive measures and the safe working practices to minimise exposure to asbestos in the workplace;
25.4. collective and individual protection products;
25.4. protective clothing and personal protective equipment selection and proper use in accordance with laws and regulations;
40.10. action in emergency situations;
40.11. health inspections, meaning of the results. 41. Workers who are, or may be, exposed to asbestos, employer training provides: 41.1. prior to the commencement of work;
41.2. regularly, at least once every six months;
41.3. If there are changes in the working environment that may affect the safety and health of employees. 42. the employer shall provide the workers who work in contact with asbestos, and their representatives in the General information about the State of the protection in the company. 43. the employer shall provide the workers and their representatives welcome this provision in paragraph 37 and 39 documents referred to and exposure of asbestos fibres in the measurement results as well as provide the necessary explanations. 44. the employer consult with employees and employee representatives on the following issues: 44.1. labour protection measures (before specific work with the organisation and carrying out asbestos);
44.2. the assessment of risks of asbestos and the fibres of the exposure measurements. VII. health surveillance employed 45. Employer regulations on workers ' minimum health checks in the order provides its employees who work in contact with asbestos. 46. Treatment services regulations in the order gives workers who work in contact with asbestos, and employer information about workers ' health, as well as the results of treatment and health further investigation. 47. the workers ' health surveillance, a medical doctor who is responsible for employee health care, pay special attention to whether the asbestos fibres employed not caused by asbestosis, mesothelioma, bronchial carcinoma, carcinoma of the gastrointestinal or other serious illness. 48. the workers ' health surveillance, medical institutions, the following requirements shall be met: 29.9. for employee health monitoring by the responsible medical doctor obtains information about the worker's working conditions;
48.2. in health care workers carried out in accordance with the General principles and practice of medicine, including the following measures: 48.2.1. health documentation of results of checks;
48.2.2. each individual worker's State of health assessment;
48.2.3. chest and lung check (the breathing capacity and respiratory frequency);
48.2.4. chest fluorogrāfij, sputum analysis, as well as other studies, taking into account the latest scientific knowledge in the medical work;

48.3. the worker provides information and recommendations for health checks that can be performed after working with asbestos has been completed. 49. Employees covered by health examination, the physician and the employer, who is responsible for workers ' health care, may require repeated health checks. 50. a certified occupational diseases or occupational health physician or competent institution, if necessary, recommends appropriate employer employment protection and preventive measures to be taken in respect of each employee. If necessary, propose to designate the employee to another job, not subject him to further the effects of asbestos. VIII. Closing questions 51. the requirements laid down in this provision in paragraph 15 and 27, shall enter into force on January 1, 2006. Up to January 1, 2006, the actual trade of asbestos exposure in the air of the working environment shall not exceed the following occupational exposure limit values must be: 51.1. krizotil — fibre/cm3 0.6;
51.2. all other forms of asbestos (or in mixtures), including mixtures containing krizotil-0.3 fibres/cm3. 52. Be declared unenforceable in the Cabinet of Ministers of 20 august 2002 Regulation No 373 "labour protection requirements in work with asbestos" (Latvian journal, 2002, 119 no). Informative reference to European Union directives, the regulations include provisions resulting from: 1) Council of 19 September 1983 Directive 83/477/EEC on the protection of workers from risks related to exposure to asbestos at work;
2) Council of 25 June 1991, directives 91/382/EEC, amending Directive 83/477/EEC on the protection of workers from the risks related to exposure to asbestos at work;
3) of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 March 2003 of Directive 2003/18/EC, amending Council Directive 83/477/EEC on the protection of workers from the risks related to exposure to asbestos at work. Prime Minister i. Emsis Welfare Minister in place of children and Family Affairs Minister a. Baštik annex a Cabinet of 12 October 2004, Regulation No 852 of asbestos fibres exhibit a work environment in the air sample) in the breathing zone of workers not more than 200 mm from the worker's head. 2. Sample uses the following technical equipment: 2.1 the printed texture membrane filter (cellulose esters esters of cellulose or cellulose nitrate filter) pore size 0,8 – 1,2 μm and a diameter of 25 mm; 2.2. open filter holder fitted with 33-44 mm long, down the cylindrical shell, which is the internal diameter of at least 20 mm; 2.3. portable pump with autonomous power supply. The pump is carried by, employed by a belt or placed in a pocket. Pump air flow must be smooth and they start speed-litre per minute (+/-5 percent). The sampling time, the air flow rate is maintained within ± 10 per cent compared with the initial velocity of the air. 3. take so long to be able to determine the actual occupational exposure, and provides a sampling of time measurement accuracy with the permissible deviation of ± 2 per cent. 4. The optimal fibre density on the filter is 100 to 400 fibres/mm2. 5. the filter or the filter part is placed on the microscope with the subject. Filter processes using acetone triacetin method, and cover with a coverslip. 6. counting of asbestos fibres using a binocular microscope, which has the following equipment: Koehler illumination 6.1; 6.2. zemgaldiņ equipment that contains or the achromatic phase Abba contrast condenser, located in the State, focusing and centering. Phase contrast centering rings must be independent of the condenser centering mechanism; 6.3.40 times bar the focal positive phase-contrast achromatic objective with a gap of 0.65-0.70 and phase ring absorption from 65 to 85 percent; 6.4.12.5 times compensating eyepieces. It should be possible to at least one eyepiece insert the focusing type networks; 6.5. Valton-Beckett circular eyepiece graticule of the diameter is 100 ± 2 micrometres and are using a graduated with a micrometer eyepiece lens and tested. 7. The microscope shall be set in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. Its resolution is checked using a ' phase-contrast control. 8. The resolution must meet the following characteristics: it should be up to the fifth code to the AI's control or to fifth block on the HSE/NPL second brand control. Resolution of the microscope check each time before you start. 9. the number of asbestos fibres, comply with the following conditions: 9.1. counting the visible part of the netting of the filter area chosen at random; 9.2. the number of fibres that do not touch the particles with maximum diameter greater than three micrometers; 9.3. If both ends of the fiber in the networking area, it constitutes one of the fibres. If only one end of the fibre is gridded area concerned, it constitutes a pusšķiedr; 9.4. the fibre beam that one or more of the points it looks as a whole and indivisible, but the other points is divided into individual fibres (split fibre), considered one of the fibres. It measures the diameter of the beam retained; 9.5. the fibre bundle, in which individual fibres touch or cross each other each other, each fibre, if they can distinguish and identify. If it is not possible to distinguish any individual fibers that meet the above conditions, the fibre beam considered as one fibre; 9.6. If more than one eighth of the area of the network is covered with fibre bundles or particles, which do not comply with the characteristics of the fibre, this network shall not be taken into account and the number of areas in another place; 9.7. count 100 fibres, thereby ensuring that a minimum of 20 graticule areas to be examined, or 100 graticule areas examined. 10. the average number of asbestos fibres in the networking area is calculated by dividing the number of fibres counted by the tested the graticule area. 11. If the filter pollution, defects or errors, it must not exceed three fibres per 100 graticule areas. The error by using the clean filters. 12. exposure of asbestos fibres in the air is determined using the following formula: C = n x F x C V — which fiber exposure (fibres/cm3); n — number of average fibre network area; F-filter area (cm2) open; s-gridded area area (cm2); V — mean volume (cm3).
Welfare Minister in place of children and Family Affairs Minister a. Baštik in