Requirements With Ionizing Radiation Processed Foods And Its Additional Marking

Original Language Title: Prasības ar jonizējošo starojumu apstrādātai pārtikai un tās papildu marķējumam

Read the untranslated law here: https://www.vestnesis.lv/op/2015/147.12


Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 423 in 2015 (28 July. No 36 48) requirements treated with ionising radiation for food and its additional markings Issued under the food surveillance law in the second paragraph of article 4 and article 13 paragraph 3 of part 1 of the regulations establishes minimum safety requirements with ionizing radiation processed foods and the additional marking requirements. 2. the rules shall not apply to: 2.1 the food exposed to ionising radiation generated by measuring or inspection devices if the dose absorbed is not greater than: 2.1.1.  0.01 Gy (gray) with test device, which uses neutrons with a maximum energy of 14 MeV; 2.1.2.0.5 Gy, with test equipment that generates maximum power of x-radiation to 10 MeV, or measuring or inspection devices that generate other forms of ionizing radiation with a maximum energy of 5 MeV; 2.2. the food that is intended for patients requiring sterile diets under medical supervision, which is prepared using ionizing radiation. 3. Authorised to import, produce and distribute only to ionizing radiation processed food that meets the requirements of this regulation. 4. The treatment of foodstuffs with ionising radiation take legal or natural person to whom the national environmental services center of radiation safety provides the special permission (license) to make the treatment of foodstuffs with ionising radiation sources in accordance with legislative requirements of radiation safety and nuclear safety (hereinafter referred to as the operator). Food can be processed using only the following sources: 4.1 60 c or radionuclides 137Cs gamma radiation; 4.2. equipment that generate x-radiation, which power not exceeding 5 MeV; 4.3. the equipment that generates electrons, which energy not exceeding 10 MeV. 5. food processing by ionizing radiation is allowed only in the following situations: 5.1 have a reasonable technological need; 5.2. processing does not endanger public health; 5.3. treatment is of benefit to the consumer; 5.4. processing is not used as a substitute for good manufacturing practice, good farming practice or good hygiene practices in the food chain. 6. The treatment of foodstuffs with ionising radiation may be used only for the following purposes: 6.1. reduce the incidence of food borne disease by destroying pathogenic micro-organisms; 6.2. reduce food spoilage by inhibiting or stopping the blowing process and destroying micro-organisms that contribute to deterioration; 6.3. reduce food losses resulting from the food in the early ripening, germination or sprouting; 6.4. scavenged food from organisms harmful to plants or plant products. 7. The Operator shall determine the average absorbed dose of ionizing radiation, in accordance with the provisions of annex 1. 8. Food that can be treated with ionising radiation and the maximum permissible average absorbed dose of ionizing radiation provided in annex 2 of these rules. Processing of food by ionizing radiation several times, must not exceed the maximum permissible overall average absorbed doses. 9. ionizing radiation treatment of foodstuffs is prohibited, if it is used in the preparation of chemical processing that has the same purpose as processing by ionizing radiation. With ionizing radiation to work prohibited for food distribution. 10. With ionizing radiation processed foods labelled in accordance with the regulations on the provision of food information to consumers and the labelling of prepackaged food products. Mark may, in addition, contain the following information: 10.1 "irradiated" or "treated with ionizing radiation". Reference: 10.1.1 name of the component is added in the list of ingredients, if irradiated food is used as an ingredient; 10.1.2. Add to the list of ingredients, if irradiated foodstuffs used as components of a complex of elements, where the components of the complex content of the finished product is less than 25 percent; 10.1.3. deployment with irradiated food or its components name directly on the tank, which is irradiated food in bulk, or to add a label to the container; 10.2. operator's name and address or registered number, if irradiated foodstuffs are intended for processing or for the production of food. 11. Information on food irradiation with ionizing radiation shall be indicated on the accompanying documents. 12. The Operator shall document this information for each of the provisions referred to in paragraph 4, the use of radiation sources. Each lot of irradiated food: 12.1. the nature and quantity of the food; 12.2. the lot number of the food; 12.3. the particulars of the person who commissioned the treatment of foodstuffs with ionising radiation and the identification of the person who will receive this food after processing. Natural person specifies the name and address of the legal person, the name and registered office; 12.4. handling date; 12.5. details of packaging materials used in food processing; 12.6. news on the food processing process, the dosimetric control and its results – minimum and maximum absorbed dose, as well as details of the ionizing radiation source; 12.7. the details of this provision of the annex referred to in paragraph 3, absorbed dose rate measurements. 13. This provision of the information referred to in paragraph 12 of the stores for five years. 14. Foods intended for processing by ionizing radiation, packed in a suitable material. 15. With ionizing radiation processed foods forbidden import from third countries (countries that are not Member States of the European Union), except where the processing is carried out by a recognized operator. The operator list is published in the official journal of the European Union. 16. monitoring of compliance with these rules and the monitoring carried out under the competence of the food and veterinary service and the national environmental services center of radiation safety. 17. food and veterinary service once a year send to the Commission information concerning the checks carried out in the trade with ionizing radiation processed foods, and identified discrepancies. 18. National Environment services of the radiation safety Centre shall forward to the Commission details of operators (name and address) that you have been issued special permits (licenses) to carry out the treatment of foodstuffs with ionising radiation, as well as copies of licenses and decisions revoking or suspending their activities. 19. National Environment services of the radiation safety Centre shall transmit to the European Commission for the control of the annual results, the licensed operator of the plant processed food categories and quantities and the average used in the processing of ionizing radiation absorbed dose. 20. the regulations shall enter into force in 2015 November 30.
Informative reference to European Union directives, the regulations include provisions resulting from: 1) of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 February 1999, Directive 1999/2/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning foods and food ingredients treated with ionising radiation; 2) of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 February 1999, Directive 1999/3/EC on a community of foods and food ingredients treated with ionising radiation list creation. Prime Minister-Minister of traffic Anrij Minister of Agriculture John matīss Dūklav, annex 1. The Cabinet of Ministers of 28 July 2015 regulations no 423 average absorbed dose of ionizing radiation detection 1. to ensure the safety of foods treated with ionizing radiation absorbed dose, the average of which does not exceed 10 kGy, assumes that all chemical effects of ionizing radiation doses in the range of the current is proportional to the dose. Average absorbed dose throughout the product volume is calculated using the following:-the integrally average absorbed dose; M – the total mass of the treated sample; p-sample density point (x, y, z); d-absorbed dose point (x, y, z); DV-dx dy dz, the infinitesimal volume element which shall be expressed as a real volume. 2. bulk or homogeneous homogeneous bulk foods average absorbed dose is determined directly by placing the appropriate number of dosimeters in several places throughout the volume of the food. After each pointer-reading dosimeters calculates the average value that is the average absorbed dose. Reading scores across the products of dosimeters is a known maximum and minimum absorbed dose measurements in these two positions are used to calculate the average absorbed dose. In some cases, if it is not possible to accurately determine the maximum absorbed dose minimum space, determine the average value of the minimum dose () and the average of the maximum dose (). In this case, the average absorbed dose shall not exceed: 3. Before undertaking certain types of food processing by ionizing radiation, the operator determines the minimum and maximum doses position, making absorbed dose measurements throughout the product volume. The measurement shall be carried out 3-5 times, given that different food places may be different. 4. the measurements are repeated whenever the party food, food type, or the irradiation conditions are changed. 5. When processing current absorbed dose measurements must be carried out to ensure that the maximum dose rate not exceeded. The measurement shall be carried out by placing dosimeters for maximum or minimum dose position or in a specific position. Absorbed dose in this position must be commensurate with the quantitative maximum and minimum dose and in a convenient location on the product or on its surface that dose not big changes. 6. the current absorbed dose rate measurements carried out on each batch of food at regular intervals during treatment. 7. If you are processed smoothly, bulk products, it is not possible to determine the minimum and maximum doses position. In such cases, the dosimeters are placed at random to determine the dose for the minimum and maximum values. 8. Dose measurements made using irradiation conditions, radiation dose range and safety requirements according to the equipment that provides the necessary accuracy, the measurement result reliability and safe operation with them. The operator selects the desired number of dosimetry facilities, to provide sufficient information about the treatment of foodstuffs with ionising radiation. 9. operator during processing are controlled and recorded in the specific machine parameters. Radionuclide equipment parameters also include food transportation speed or ionizing radiation zone time spent, as well as indication of the proper sources. Electron Accelerator parameters include the transport of food and equipment, speed energy level, electron flow and scanner width.
Agriculture Minister John Dūklav in annex 2 of the Cabinet of Ministers of 28 July 2015 regulations no 423 food products allowed to be treated with ionising radiation and the maximum permissible dose of ionizing radiation absorbed food maximum overall average absorbed radiation dose (kGy) dried aromatic herbs and spices (including vegetables, spices) 10 farming Minister John Dūklav to