The United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, Of The Protocol On Trafficking In Persons, Especially Women And Children, To Prevent, Suppress And Punish

Original Language Title: Par Apvienoto Nāciju Organizācijas Konvencijas pret transnacionālo organizēto noziedzību Protokolu par cilvēku tirdzniecības, jo sevišķi tirdzniecības ar sievietēm un bērniem, novēršanu, apkarošanu un sodīšanu par to

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The Saeima has adopted and the President promulgated the following laws: the United Nations Convention against transnational organized crime, of the Protocol on trafficking in persons, especially women and children, to prevent, Suppress and punish article 1. 15 November 2000 of the United Nations Convention against transnational organised crime Protocol on trafficking in persons, especially women and children, to prevent, Suppress and punish (hereinafter referred to as the Protocol) with this law is adopted and approved. 2. article. Fulfilment of the obligations provided for in the Protocol are coordinated by the Ministry of the Interior. 3. article. This Protocol shall enter into force on it in article 17 within the time and in order, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs shall notify the newspaper "journal". 4. article. The law shall enter into force on the day following its promulgation. With the law put the Protocol in English, and its translation into Latvian language. The law adopted by the Parliament in 2004 on April 7. State v. President Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga in Riga 2004. on 28 April, the PROTOCOL to prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime preamble the States parties to this Protocol, Declaring that effective action to prevent and combat trafficking in persons, especially women and children, requires a comprehensive international approach in the countries of origin , transit and destination that includes a measure to prevent such trafficking, to punish the trafficker and to protect the victim of such trafficking, including by protecting their internationally recognized human rights, Taking into account the fact that, despite the existenc of a variety of international instruments containing rules and practical measure to combat the exploitation of persons, especially women and children, there is no universal instrument that addresses all aspects of trafficking in persons , Concerned that, in the absence of such an instrument, persons who are trafficking will not be vulnerabl it sufficiently protected, Recalling General Assembly resolution 53/111 of 9 December 1998, in which the Assembly decided to establish an open-ended intergovernmental ad hoc Committee for the purpose of elaborating a comprehensive international convention against transnational organized crime and of discussing the elaborations of in, inter alia, an international instrument addressing trafficking in women and children, Convinced that supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime with an international instrument for the prevention, suppression and punishment of trafficking in persons, especially women and children, will be useful in preventing and combating that crime, have agreed as follows: i. General provision Article 1 Relations with the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime 1. This Protocol supplements the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized crime. It shall be interpreted together with the Convention. 2. The provision of the Convention shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to this Protocol unless otherwise provided for herein. 3. The established of the offenc in accordanc with article 5 of this Protocol shall be regarded as established in the offenc accordanc with the Convention. Article 2 statement of purpose the purpose of this Protocol by: (a) To prevent and combat trafficking in persons, paying particular attention to women and children; (b) To protect and assist the victim of such trafficking, with full respect for their human rights; and (c) To promote cooperation among States parties in order to meet those objective. Article 3 use of terms For the purpose of this Protocol: (a) "Trafficking in persons" shall mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of Caesar, of fraud, of deceptions, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person , for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs; (b) the consent of a victim of trafficking in persons to the intended exploitation set forth in subparagraph (a) of this article shall be irrelevan where any of the means set forth in subparagraph (a) have been used; (c) the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a child for the purpose of exploitation shall be considered ' trafficking in persons ' even if this does not any of the involv means set forth in subparagraph (a) of this article; (d) "Child" shall mean any person under eighteen years of age. Article 4 scope of application this Protocol shall apply, except as otherwise stated herein, to the prevention, investigation and prosecution of the offenc's established in accordanc with article 5 of this Protocol, where those with a transnational offenc in nature and an organized criminal group, involv as well as to the protection of the victim of such offenc. Article 5 Criminalization 1. Each State Party shall adop to such legislative and others measure may not be the axis of the axle of the offenc cessary establish criminal the conduct set forth in article 3 of this Protocol, when committed intentionally. 2. Each State Party shall also be adop such legislative and others measure may not be the axis of the axle of the offenc cessary to establish criminal: (a) subject to the basic concepts of its legal system, attempting to commit an offenc is established in accordanc with paragraph 1 of this article; (b) Participating as an accomplice in an offenc is established in accordanc with paragraph 1 of this article; and (c) Organizing or directing other persons to commit an offenc is established in accordanc with paragraph 1 of this article. II. Protection of the victim of trafficking in persons article 6 assistance to and protection of the victim of trafficking in persons 1. In appropriate cases and to the exten to possible under its domestic law, each State Party shall protect the privacy and identity of victim of trafficking in persons, including, inter alia, by making legal proceedings relating to such trafficking confidential. 2. Each State Party shall ensur that its domestic legal or administrative system contains the measure that provides the victim of trafficking in persons, in appropriate cases: (a) Information on relevant court and administrative proceedings; (b) assistance to enable their views and concerns to be presented and considered at appropriate stages of criminal proceedings against the offender, in a manner not question 2(a) to the rights of the defence. 3. Each State Party shall consider implementing measure to provide for the physical, psychological and social recovery of victim of trafficking in persons, including, in appropriate cases, in cooperation with non-governmental organizations, other relevant organizations and other elements of civil society, and, in particular, the provision of: (a) appropriate housing; (b) Counselling and information, in particular as regards their legal rights, in a language that the victim of trafficking in persons can understand; (c) Medical, psychological and material assistance; and (d) employment, educational and training opportunities. 4. Each State Party shall take into account, in applying the provision of this article, the age, gender and special needs of victim of trafficking in persons, in particular the special needs of children, including appropriate housing, education and care. 5. Each State Party shall endeavour to provide for the physical safety of the victim of trafficking in persons while within its territory ut300r2u. 6. Each State Party shall ensur that its domestic legal system contains measure that the victim of trafficking in persons, offers the possibility of obtaining compensation for damage suffered. Article 7 status of victim of trafficking in persons in receiving States 1. In addition to taking measure of the article 6 pursuan of this Protocol, each State Party shall consider adopting legislative or other appropriate measure of that permit victim of trafficking in persons to remain in its territory, or permanently, OK in appropriate cases. 2. In implementing the provision in paragraph 1 led of this article, each State Party shall give appropriate considerations of the humanitarians and compassionat factor. Article 8 Repatriation of trafficking in persons victim of 1. The State Party of which a victim of trafficking in persons is a national or in which the person had the right of permanent residence at the time of entry into the territory of the receiving State Party shall facilitat and accept, with due regard for the safety of that person, the return of that person without a delay or unreasonabl undu. 2. When a State Party returns a victim of trafficking in persons to a State Party of which that person is a national or in which he or she had, at the time of entry into the territory of the receiving State Party, the right of permanent residence, such return shall be with due regard for the safety of that person and for the status of any legal proceedings related to the fact that the person is a victim of trafficking and shall preferably be voluntary. 3. At the request of a receiving State Party, a requested State Party shall, without delay, of the undu unreasonabl or verify whethers a person who is a victim of trafficking in persons is it national or had the right of permanent residence in its territory at the time of entry into the territory of the receiving State Party. 4. In order to facilitat the return of a victim of trafficking in persons who is without proper documentation, the State Party of which that person is a national or in which he or she had the right of permanent residence at the time of entry into the territory of the receiving State Party shall agree to issue, at the request of the receiving State Party, such travel documents or other authorization as may be not to enable the person cessary to travel to and re-enter its territory. 5. This article shall be without prejudice to any right afforded to the victim of trafficking in persons by any domestic law of the receiving State Party. 6. This article shall be without prejudice to any applicable bilateral agreement or through multilaterals to or that govern, in whole or in part, the return of a victim of trafficking in persons. III. Prevention, cooperation and other measure of article 9 1 of the trafficking in persons Prevention. the States parties shall establish comprehensive policies, programmes and others measure: (a) To prevent and combat trafficking in persons; and (b) To protect the victim of trafficking in persons, especially women and children, from revictimization. 2. States parties shall endeavour to a measure such as the undertak research, information and mass media campaigns and social and economic initiative to prevent and combat trafficking in persons. 3. Policies, programmes and other measure established in accordanc with of this article shall, as appropriate, include cooperation with non-governmental organizations, other relevant organizations and other elements of civil society. 4. States parties shall take or strengthen measure, including through bilateral cooperation, the multilaterals alleviat or the factors that make persons, especially women and children, such as trafficking, vulnerabl to poverty, lack of underdevelopmen and equal opportunity. 5. States parties shall adop or strengthen legislative or other measure, such as educational, social or cultural measure, including through bilateral and multilaterals cooperation, discourag the demand that foster all forms of exploitation of persons, especially women and children, that leads to trafficking. Article 10 Information Exchange and training 1. Law enforcement, immigration or other relevant authorities of States parties shall, as appropriate, cooperate with one another by exchanging information, in accordanc with their domestic law, to enable them to: (a) determin Whethers individual crossing or attempting to cross an international border with travel documents belonging to other persons or without travel documents are the perpetrator or victim of trafficking in persons; (b) the types of travel document that the individual have used or attempted to use to cross an international border for the purpose of trafficking in persons; and (c) the means and methods used by organized criminal groups for the purpose of trafficking in persons, including the recruitment and transportation of the victim, routes and links between and among individual and groups engaged in such rafficking, and possible measure for detecting them. 2. States parties shall provide or strengthen training for law enforcement, immigration and other relevant officials in the prevention of trafficking in persons. The training should focus on methods used in preventing such trafficking, prosecuting the trafficker and protecting the rights of the victim, including protecting the victim from the trafficker. The training should also take into account the need to consider human rights and child-and gender-sensitive issues and it should in cooperation with non-governmental encourag organizations, other relevant organizations and other elements of civil society. 3. A State Party that receive the information shall comply with any request by the State Party that transmitted the information that places restriction on its use. Article 11 Border measure 1. Without prejudice to their international commitment in relations to the free movement of people, States parties shall strengthen, to the exten to possible, such border controls as may be does not prevent the cessary and detect trafficking in persons. 2. Each State Party shall adop a legislative or other appropriate measure to prevent, to the exten to possible, means of transport operated by commercial carrier from being used in the commission of the offenc established in accordanc with article 5 of this Protocol. 3. Where appropriate, and without prejudice to applicable international convention, such measure shall include establishing the obligation of the commercial carrier, including any transportation company or the owner or operator of any means of transport, to ascertain that all contained with in possession of the travel documents required for entry into the receiving State. 4. Each State Party shall take the cessary measure, in accordanc with its domestic law, to provide for sanctions in cases of violation of the obligation set forth in paragraph 3 of this article. 5. Each State Party shall consider taking measure of that permit, in accordanc with its domestic law, the denial of entry or revocation of all of the persons implicated in the commission of the offenc established in accordanc with this Protocol. 6. Without prejudice to article 27 of the Convention, States parties shall consider strengthening cooperation among border control agencies by, inter alia, establishing and maintaining direct channels of communication. Article 12 Security and control of documents Each State Party shall take such measure may not be the axis of the cessary, within available means: (a) To ensur that travel or identity documents issued by it are of such quality that they cannot easily be misused and cannot readily be falsified or unlawfully altered, replicated or issued; and (b) To ensur the integrity and security of travel or identity documents issued by or on behalf of the State Party and to prevent their unlawful creation, issuance and use. Article 13 Legitimacy and validity of documents At the request of another State Party, a State Party shall, in accordanc with its domestic law, verify within a reasonable time the legitimacy and validity of travel or identity documents issued or purported to have been issued in its name and suspected of being used for trafficking in persons. IV. Final provision article 14 Saving clause 1. Nothing in this Protocol shall be affec the rights, obligations and responsibilities of States and international law, including individual under international humanitarian law and international human rights law and, in particular, where applicable, the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol relating to the status of refugees and the principle of non-refoulemen as led therein. 2. The measure of a set forth in this Protocol shall be interpreted and applied in a way that is not discriminatory to persons on the ground that they are the victim of trafficking in persons. The interpretation and application of those measure shall be consistent with the internationally recognized principles of non-discrimination. Article 15 settlement of dispute of l. States parties shall endeavour to settle the dispute concerning the interpretation or application of this Protocol through negotiation. 2. Any dispute between two or more States parties concerning the interpretation or application of this Protocol that cannot be settled through negotiation within a reasonable time shall, at the request of one of those States parties, be submitted to arbitration. If, six months after the date of the request for arbitration, those States parties are unable to agree on the organization of the arbitration, any one of those States parties may refer the dispute to the International Court of justice by request in accordanc with the Statute of the Court. 3. Each State Party may, at the time of signature, ratification, acceptance or approval of or accession to this Protocol, declare that it does not consider itself bound by paragraph 2 of this article. The other States parties shall not be bound by paragraph 2 of this article with respect to any State Party that has made such a reservation. 4. Any State Party that has made a reservation in accordanc with paragraph 3 of this article may at any time withdraw that reservation by notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Article 16 signature, ratification, acceptance, approval and accession 1 this Protocol shall be open to all States for signature from 12 to 15 December 2000 in Palermo, Italy, and thereafter at United Nations Headquarters in New York until 12 December 2002.2. This Protocol shall also be open for signature by regional economic integration organizations provided that at least one member State of such organization has signed this Protocol in accordanc with paragraph 1 of this article. 3. This Protocol is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval. The instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. A regional economic integration organization may deposit its instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval if at least one of its member States has done likewis. In that instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval, such organization shall declare the exten of its competence with respect to the matters governed by this Protocol. Such organization shall also inform the depositary of any relevant modification in the exten of its competence. 4. This Protocol is open for accession by any State or any regional economic integration organization of which at least one member State is a Party to this Protocol. Instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. At the time of its accession, a regional economic integration organization shall declare the exten of its competence with respect to matters governed by this Protocol. Such organization shall also inform the depositary of any relevant modification in the exten of its competence. Article 17 Entry into force 1. This Protocol shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the fortieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, except that it shall not to enter into force before the entry into force of the Convention. For the purpose of this paragraph, any instrument deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted as additional to those deposited by member States of such organization. 2. For each State or regional economic integration organization ratifying, accepting, approving or acceding to this Protocol after the deposit of the fortieth instrument of such action, this Protocol shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date of deposit by such State or organization of the relevant instrument or on the date this Protocol enter into force pursuan to paragraph 1 of this article , whichever is the later. Article 18 Amendment 1. After the expiry of five years from the entry into force of this Protocol, a State Party to the Protocol may proposes an amendment and file it with the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall thereupon communicate who the proposed amendment to the States parties and to the Conference of the parties to the Convention for the purpose of considering and deciding on the proposal. The States parties to this Protocol meeting at the Conference of the Parties shall make every effort to achieve a consensus on each amendment. If all efforts at consensus have been exhausted and no agreement has been reached, the amendment shall, as a last resort, require for its adoption a two-thirds majority vote of the States parties to this Protocol present and voting at the meeting of the Conference of the parties. 2. Regional economic integration organizations, in matters within their competence, shall exercise their right to vote under this article with a number of votes equal to the number of their member States that are parties to this Protocol. Such organizations shall not exercise their right to vote if their member States exercise their and vice versa. 3. An amendment adopted in accordanc with paragraph 1 of this article is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval by States parties. 4. An amendment adopted in accordanc with paragraph 1 of this article shall enter into force in respect of a State Party ninety days after the date of the deposit with the Secretary-General of the United Nations of an instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval of such amendment. 5. When an amendment to enter into force, it shall be binding on those States parties which have expressed their consent to be bound by it. "Other States parties shall still be bound by the provision of this Protocol and any earlier amendments that they have ratified, accepted or approved. Article 19 Denunciation 1 A State Party may denounc this Protocol by written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Such denunciation shall become effective one year after the date of receipt of the notification by the Secretary-General. 2. A regional economic integration organization shall cease to be a Party to this Protocol when all of its member States have denounced it. Article 20 Depositary and languages 1. The Secretary-General of the United Nations is designated depositary of this Protocol. 2. The original of this Protocol, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. In WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorized to plenipotentiar by their respectiv theret in Governments, have signed this Protocol.

The United Nations Convention against transnational organised crime Protocol on trafficking in persons, especially women and children, TO prevent, Suppress and punish the preamble the Member States of the present Protocol, declaring that effective action to prevent and combat trafficking in human beings, especially women and children, requires a comprehensive international approach, originating in countries of transit and destination that includes measures to prevent such trade , punish the person dealing with it and to protect the victims of such trafficking, as well as their internationally recognised human rights, taking into account the fact that, despite the various instruments of international law, which lays down the rules and practical measures to combat trafficking in people, especially women and children, operation, there is no universal instrument that addresses all aspects of trafficking, will care for the fact that, in the absence of a legal instrument , subject to trafficking will not be sufficiently protected, referring to the General Assembly on 9 December 1998 resolution 53/111, in which the Assembly decided to create an open intergovernmental ad hoc Committee for the purpose of developing a comprehensive International Convention against transnational organized crime and to discuss, inter alia, the development of an international instrument, which should be provided for women and children, convinced that the United Nations Convention against transnational organised crime, augmented by international human rights instruments trading especially women and children, combating and prevention, punishment will be useful to prevent and combat these criminal offences, have agreed as follows: i. General provisions article 1 relation with the United Nations Convention against transnational organised crime 1. this Protocol supplements the United Nations Convention against transnational organised crime. It is interpreted in conjunction with the Convention. 2. The provisions of the Convention apply mutatis mutandis to this Protocol, unless otherwise indicated herein. 3. Criminal offences that the recognised in accordance with article 5 of this Protocol, are considered criminal offences, which are recognised as such in accordance with the Convention. Article 2 objectives The objectives of the Protocol are: (a) to prevent and combat trafficking in human beings, with particular attention to women and children; (b) to protect this trade victims and help them, with full respect for their human rights; and (c) to encourage cooperation between Member States in order to achieve these objectives. Article 3 use of terms for purposes of this Protocol: (a) "trafficking in human beings" means the operational purposes of the people made the recruitment, transportation, transfer, hiding or using the threat or use of force or other coercion, abduction, fraud, deception or false forms, using the power lines or human vulnerability, or giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person. Exploitation shall include, as a minimum, the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or slavery-like shapes, servitude or the removal of organs; (b) victims of human trafficking for the exploitation of the consent referred to in subparagraph (a) of this article shall not be taken into account if it has been applied in any of (a) above; (c) child recruitment, transport, transfer, hiding or receiving operational purposes is considered "trafficking in persons" even if it is not connected to any of this article, (a) the use of the funds referred to in point a; (d) "child" means any person under the age of eighteen years. Article 4 Application limits this Protocol, unless otherwise specified, it is applied to prevent, investigate and punish criminal offences of such recognised in accordance with article 5 of this Protocol where those offences are transnational in nature and if the offence is involved in the criminal group, as well as to protect the victims of such offences. 5. Article criminalising 1. Each Member State shall take the necessary legislative and other measures to criminalise recognised the operations referred to in article 3 of this Protocol, if they are committed with intent. 2. Each Member State shall take the necessary legislative and other measures to criminalise in recognition of the following: (a) respecting the fundamental principles of the legal system, the criminal offence of attempt, which recognised as such in accordance with part 1 of this article; (b) participating as an accomplice (member) in a violent crime that is recognised as such in accordance with part 1 of this article; (c) another person organizing or directing them to commit a criminal offence, which is recognised as such in accordance with part 1 of this article. II. protection of victims of trafficking article 6 assistance to trafficking victims and their protection 1. Where appropriate and to the extent that this is possible in accordance with their internal laws, each Member State shall ensure that victims of trafficking in privacy and identity protection, including, inter alia, trade-related legal confidentiality of the process. 2. Each Member State shall ensure that its internal legal and administrative system of measures provided for under which victims of trafficking cases need to be provided: (a) information on relevant court and administrative proceedings; (b) to help him find and presenting and reviewing of interest those stages of criminal proceedings against criminal offences committed by persons, so as to not hurt the rights of defence. 3. each Member State will examine the possibility of implementing measures that provide victims of trafficking for physical, psychological and social rehabilitation, including, where appropriate, in cooperation with non-governmental organisations, other relevant organisations and other elements of civil society, including by providing: (a) application of the residence; (b) Advisory assistance and information, in particular on their rights in a language that the victims of trafficking can understand; (c) medical, psychological and material assistance; and (d) employment, educational and training opportunities. 4. each Member State shall, when applying the provisions of this article, take into account the victims of human trafficking in the age, gender and particular needs, in particular the special needs of the child, including suitable residence, education and care. 5. Each Member State shall seek to ensure that victims of trafficking for physical security at a time when they are within its territory. 6. Each Member State shall ensure that its internal legal system contains measures that victims of trafficking to enable them to obtain compensation for the damage suffered. Article 7 status of victims of trafficking in host countries 1. in addition to the measures under article 6 of this Protocol, each Member State will examine the possibility of implementing legislative or other appropriate measures that permit victims of trafficking to appropriate cases to remain in its territory, temporarily or permanently. 2. in implementing this article in part 1 of these provisions, each Member State shall take due account of humanitarian concerns and showing compassion. Article 8 repatriation of victims of trafficking in 1. The Member State of which a citizen is a victim of human trafficking or in which that person had the right of permanent residence at the time when it is raiding the territory of the host Member State, with due regard for the safety of that person, the person's return to contribute and reception without undue or unreasonable delay. 2. A Member State shall be returned to the victims of trafficking to the Member State of which it is or in which that person had the right of permanent residence at the time when it is raiding on the territory of the host Member State, this shipment must take place with due regard for the person's safety, as well as the State of the proceedings, which are related to the fact that this person is a trafficking victim, and it is desirable to this return should be voluntary. 3. at the request of the host Member State, the requested Member State without undue or unreasonable delay, verify whether a person who is a trafficking victim, is not its citizen or if it had the right to live permanently in its territory at the time when this person raiding in the territory of the host Member State. 4. in order to facilitate the return of victims of trafficking who do not have proper documentation, its citizenship is that the victim or which he has had the right to live permanently in a period when that person raiding in the territory of the host Member State shall undertake at the request of the host Member State to grant that person such travel documents or other authorization needed to enable it to go to and return to its territory. 5. This article is without prejudice to any rights granted to victims of trafficking in accordance with any regulations of the host Member State. 6. This article is without prejudice to any existing bilateral or multilateral agreements or arrangements, in full or in part determined by the return of victims of trafficking. III. Prevention, cooperation and other measures article 9 prevention of trafficking 1. Member States shall establish comprehensive policies, programmes and take other measures to: (a) prevent and combat trafficking in human beings; and (b) to protect victims of trafficking, especially women and children, from the repeated involvement in trafficking. 2. Member States shall endeavour to implement measures such as research, information and mass media campaigns and social and economic initiatives to prevent and combat human trafficking. 3. policies, programmes and other measures established in accordance with this article, after having to include cooperation with non-governmental organizations, other relevant organizations and elements of civil society. 4. Member States shall take or improve measures, including through bilateral or multilateral cooperation, to limit such factors as poverty, lack of development and lack of equal opportunities that make persons, especially women and children, vulnerable to trafficking. 5. Member States shall take or improve the legislative or other measures, such as educational, social or cultural measures, including through bilateral or multilateral cooperation, to reduce demand, which leads to all persons, especially women and children, forms of exploitation that promotes human trafficking. Article 10 information exchange and training of law enforcement, immigration and other authorities of the Member State concerned, as appropriate, cooperate with each other by exchanging information, consistent with their internal laws to enable them to determine: (a) whether individuals crossing or attempting to cross an international border with other persons belonging to the travel documents or without travel documents are persons guilty of trafficking or the trafficking victims; (b) the travel documents that people have used or attempted to use to cross an international border for the purpose of trafficking; and (c) the means and methods used by organized criminal groups for the implementation of the trafficking in persons, including the recruitment and transportation of victims, routes and links between those individuals and groups that are involved in this trade, as well as possible ways of detecting them. 2. Member States shall ensure or enhance training for law enforcement, immigration and other officials in the prevention of human trafficking. The main focus of the training given to those methods used in preventing such trafficking, prosecuting the traffickers and protecting the rights of victims, including the protection of victims against traders. Training should take into account the need to respect human rights and with the problems of children and women's concerns, and should encourage cooperation with non-governmental organizations, other relevant organizations and elements of civil society. 3. the requested Member State is obliged to comply with all of the information the transferring Member State limits the use of the information. Article 11 border measures 1. Without prejudice to international commitments in relation to the free movement of people, the Member States shall strengthen border control measures necessary to prevent and detect trafficking in human beings. 2. each Member State shall take legislative and other necessary measures to prevent the commercial use of the means of transport carrier for the criminal offence committed, recognised as such in accordance with article 5 of this Protocol. 3. when necessary, and without prejudice to applicable international conventions, such measures should include the imposition of liability for commercial carriers, including any transportation company or the owner of any vehicle or the operator, make sure that all passengers have travel documents required for entry to the host country. 4. each Member State shall, in accordance with their internal laws, take the necessary steps to establish sanctions the obligations referred to in part 3 of the cases. 5. each Member State will examine the possibility of taking such measures, in accordance with its internal laws deny entry to or revoked visas of persons involved in accordance with this Protocol the specific criminal offence. 6. Without prejudice to article 27 of the Convention, Member States shall consider the possibility of taking such measures to strengthen cooperation between border control authorities, including by establishing and maintaining direct channels of communication. Article 12 security and control of documents each Member State shall take the necessary measures to: (a) ensure that they issued a travel or identity document of such quality that they cannot be illegal to use, easy to forge, alter, reproduce or issue; and (b) ensure that the Member State concerned or in the name of protecting the travel documents and safety and prevent illegal manufacture, issuance and use. Article 13 legitimacy and validity of documents at the request of another Member State the Member State in accordance with their internal laws, within a reasonable time examine the travel or identity document and the validity, legality issued or as issued on its behalf and in respect of which there is a suspicion that they are used for the purposes of trafficking. IV. Final provisions article 14 security rules 1. None of this Protocol shall not affect the public and private rights, obligations and responsibilities under international law, including international humanitarian law and international human rights, and including the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol on the status of refugees and the principle of sending back not specified when they apply. 2. the measures provided for in this Protocol are interpreted and applied in a manner that does not discriminate against persons on the grounds that they are victims of trafficking. The interpretation and application of these measures must be consistent with internationally recognized principles of non-discrimination. Article 15 settlement of disputes 1. Member States shall endeavour to resolve disputes on the agenda of the negotiations related to the interpretation and application of this Protocol. 2. any dispute between two or more Member States, if they are in a reasonable time period cannot be resolved through negotiation, is one of the Member States of the request for arbitration. If within six months of the request to examine a dispute arbitration, these Member States have not been able to agree on the Organization of the arbitration, any of those Member States may refer the dispute to the United Nations International Court of Justice, at the time applications are submitted, in accordance with the Statute of the Court. 3. each Member State this Protocol of signature, ratification, acceptance or approval of or during the time when it joins this Protocol, declare that it does not believe this article is part 2 of a binding. Other Member States are not bound by part 2 of this article in respect of any Member State which has made such a reservation. 4. Any Member State which has made the reservation mentioned in part 3 may at any time withdraw such reservation by notifying the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Article 16 signature, ratification, acceptance, approval and accession 1 this Protocol shall be open for signature by all States from 12 December 2000 to 15 December in Palermo, Italy, and then the United Nations Headquarters in New York until 12 December 2002. 2. This Protocol is open for signature or regional economic integration organisations provided that at least one Member State of such organization has signed this Protocol in accordance with part 1 of this article. 3. This Protocol is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval. Instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval shall be submitted to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Regional economic integration organisations can submit their instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval if it made at least one Member State of the organisation concerned. Instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval of the Act, the organization concerned shall communicate to the extent of its competence in respect of matters governed by this Protocol. Such organization shall also inform the depositary of documents of any material changes to the extent of its competence. 4. this Protocol shall be open to accession by any State or any regional economic integration organization, if at least one Member State is a Member State of this Protocol. Documents for accession are submitted to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. At the time of accession, regional economic integration organization shall declare the extent of its competence in respect of matters governed by this Protocol. Such organization shall also inform the depositary of documents of any material changes to the extent of its competence. Article 17 entry into force 1 This Protocol shall enter into force on the 90th day after the fortieth ratification of the document, approval, acceptance or accession, the date of submission, but on condition that it shall not enter into force before the entry into force of the Convention. For the purposes of this part, any document submitted by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted in addition to the documents submitted by the Member States of this organization. 2. for each State or regional economic integration organization that ratifies, accepts or approves the present Protocol or accede after the submission of the document for the exactly in such action, this Protocol shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after such a State or organization has submitted the relevant document or the date when this Protocol enters into force in accordance with this part of article, whichever of these dates there later. Article 18 Amendment 1. five years after the entry into force of this Protocol the Protocol, a Member State may propose amendments and submit them to the registration with the United Nations Secretary-General, who then announces proposed amendments to the other Member States and to the Conference of the parties to the Convention, with the aim to review and take a decision on such a proposal. Protocol by the Member States, meeting within the Conference, Member States shall endeavour to achieve consensus on each amendment. If all efforts to reach consensus and agreement has failed to achieve the adoption of the amendment to the last instance requires the Conference of the parties to the Protocol present and voting Member of the two-thirds majority. 2. Regional economic integration organizations, in matters within their competence, shall exercise their right to vote in accordance with this article, and they owned a number of votes equal to the number of Member States that are parties to this Protocol. Such organisations may not use their right to vote if their Member States exercise theirs, and vice versa. 3. an amendment adopted in accordance with part 1 of this article, Member States may ratify, approve or accept. 4. An amendment adopted in accordance with this part of article, Member States shall enter into force ninety days after the date on which the Secretary-General of the United Nations submitted a document on ratification of this amendment, approval or acceptance. 5. when the amendment enters into force, it shall be binding on those Member States which have recognised it as binding. Other Member States will remain bound by the provisions of the present Protocol and any earlier amendments that they have ratified, approved or accepted. Article 19 denunciation 1. a Member State may denounce this Protocol by written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Denunciation shall take effect one year after the date on which the Secretary-General received the following announcement. 2. the regional economic integration organisation shall cease to be a member when this Protocol this Protocol denonsējuš all Member States of the organisation. Article 20 depositary and languages 1. The Secretary-General of the United Nations is the depositary of this Protocol is appointed. 2. the original of this Protocol, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish languages being equally authentic, and shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. In witness whereof, the undersigned plenipotentiaries, which empowered the respective Governments, have signed this Protocol.

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