Postal Law

Original Language Title: Pasta likums

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Read the untranslated law here: https://www.vestnesis.lv/ta/id/193574

The Saeima has adopted and the President promulgated the following laws: the law of mail chapter I General provisions article 1. The terms used in the law, the law is applied in the following terms: 1) recipient — mailing address private or public persons in authority;
2) insured mail, registered mail, which is insured for the value of the declared against loss, theft, or damage to, and for which a receipt is issued to the sender;
3) — addressed bandrol mailing that transmit various types of printed matter;
4) electronically received post-letter correspondence by postal mail, the place of supply of the mail operator re-dispatched shall transfer in electronic form;
5) domestic mail — mail that is forwarded to the limits of the Republic of Latvia;
6) recorded mail, registered mail, on which the sender a receipt confirming that the mail is transferred to postal service location, and which shall be issued against the signature of the recipient;
7) printed matter — expenditure with different mechanical printing forms comply with texts and images (such as books, press, periodicals, catalogues, prospectus);
8) bulk mailings addressed to the correspondence of letters — a post that one time of dispatch is sent to a significant number of recipients is determined by the public service Commission, and of adjustment that shipping and delivery postal operator will not make all postal service operations, including the collection, as well as the mail preprocessing — initial sorting by sender, and on which shipment and delivery the sender shall sign a contract with the postal operator;
9) user: an individual or a public person's body to the recipient or sender status uses the postal service;
10) M bags — especially the bags, which the sender transfers the printed matter and which are addressed to only one recipient. M bags with printed matter can also transfer items (disks, floppy disks and cassettes and videotapes, product samples, sent by the producers or distributors, as well as other articles or informational materials that are not dutiable and not intended for resale), attached to the printed matter or otherwise physically connected with them;
11) labelling machine — equipment used to mechanically stamped mailing postal service pay special formal signs (prints);
12) labelling machines cliche — imprint, which indicates the name of the country: Latvia, transfer fees, mail service location name, post date (calendar stamp), labeling machines for the user's full name and postal address;
13) cross-border mail: mail that is received from another country or sent to the recipient to another country, or transferred in transit through the territory of the Republic of Latvia;
14) transport: the carriage of postal items from the postal network access point to a sorting site, between sorting, from sorting to the postal service locations;
15) Universal Postal Union, an international organization whose mission is to promote efficient and affordable postal service quality and sustainable development, to facilitate communication between individuals in the world;
16) postal operator-merchant who in accordance with the procedure laid down in this Act is the registered mail services;
17) postal-mail in which the transfer of industrial, municipal, cultural goods, food products and other items;
18) postal services — commercial activities related to the transfer of mail for the recipient and include one or more of the following: mail collection, sorting, transport and delivery.
19) postal service location — the physical object that users can transfer and receive mailings;
20) post: an item addressed in the final form in which the postal operator to take it to the recipient or mailbox;
21) the postal network access point — a physical object (including letter box) where users can put the mail in the postal network;
22) mail network — production, engineering, transport and other resources of the system used to ensure the collection of mail from the postal network access point, sorting, transport and delivery.
23) postcard – addressed to the written notification that is forwarded without inserting the envelope;
24) mailbox point — out of building together a number of placed a mailbox;
25) PO box — the received mail for a user to insert a box;
26) — adhesive postage stamp set nominal postal payment mark that certifies payment for traditional postal services;
27) arrears of mailings: mailings, to be issued by the recipient of his charged the sender's specified amount of money which the postal operator in turn sends the address indicated by the sender;
28) delivery-delivery of mail from the last mail sorting area to the recipient;
29 — the recipient or beneficiary) the authorized person;
30) collection: the operation of collecting postal items postal network access points;
31) sekogramm-mail containing statements or printed matter, prepared in a special way through the blind typing system, Braille, as well as other blind addressed media;
32) — mailing small packages that transfer safety detailed articles, except for documents, printed matter and written communications;
33 the international reply coupon) — Universal Postal Union issued a postal pay which can be purchased at postal operators providing universal postal services, and that every Member of the Universal Postal Union adopted in Exchange for that country's postage stamps, which is sufficient to send a simple priority international letter, whose weight does not exceed 20 g;
34) the sender — individual or public persons by the institution indicated on the mailing yourself for the sender of mail;
35) sorting — postal network access points collect shipment sorting, preparing them for further delivery to the recipients;

36) direct mail-correspondence letters mailing that consists solely of advertising, marketing or publicity material and comprising an identical message, except for the addressee's name, address and identification number, and other modifications which do not alter the substance of the report, and sent a significant number of recipients is determined by the public service Commission, and of adjustment to be conveyed and delivered at the address. Bills, invoices, financial statements and other non-identical messages not be regarded as direct mail. For direct mail does not believe in one package combine direct mail and other mailings;
37) universal postal service — the minimum postal service of specified quality that at affordable prices available to all users throughout the territory of the Republic of Latvia, irrespective of their geographical location;
38) Letter-Envelope inserted into or otherwise equivalent-looking mail that forwards a written communication, documents, artistic postcards or photographs;
39) letter box: individual special mail insertion is made and placed in a public place, in which the sender box to put simple letters or postcards to further sorting, transport and delivery;
40) letters correspondence mail — letters, postcards, small packages, bandrol M bags, sekogramm;
41) simple mail-registered mail for which a receipt is issued and not delivered to the addressee by placing it in the mailbox and without acknowledgement of receipt;
42) general authorization-mail legislation for economic operators in certain rights and obligations that apply to all or to specific types of postal services.
2. article. The purpose of the law the purpose of the Law is: 1) promote postal services market development;
2) to promote competition in the provision of postal services;
3) promote postal operator registration procedures;
4 to provide public, user) and mail the protection of the interests of the economic operators;
5) to ensure the universal availability of postal services;
6) to ensure mail continuity of service provision;
7) to provide the Republic of Latvia sais tošo international agreements for the performance of the duties laid down in the postal sector.
3. article. The scope of the law (1) the law specifies the mail user, the operator and the competence of national regulatory authorities, the rights and responsibilities associated with the regulation of the postal sector, the postal network and the provision of postal services.
(2) matters relating to the postal sector, regulates also the 2004 5 October World post Convention and other laws.
(3) the law does not apply in cases where the transport and delivery of the parcel by the sender to your needs free of charge to third parties.
Chapter II public administration and monitoring postal sector article 4. Institutions that ensure the postal administration and supervision (1) general public administration pursuant to the postal sector competencies provide the traffic Ministry.
(2) the postal sector compliance with legislation under this law and the law "on regulators of public services" identified competence monitor public services regulatory Commission (the Regulator).
5. article. The competence of the Ministry of transport and the right to (1) the Ministry of transport: 1) in the postal sector development policy;
2) organizes and coordinates the implementation of postal sector policy;
3) represent the national interest of the postal sector in international organisations.
(2) the Ministry shall have the right to request and the prescribed period from postal operators receive their functions require the information (including the information, including trade secrets).
6. article. The Governor's responsibilities and rights (1) Regulator pursuant to this law and the law "on regulators of public services" identified competence independently make decisions and issue administrative acts, which are binding for specific postal operators and users.
(2) the Governor in addition to this law and the law "on regulators of public services" established competence in the postal sector: 1) encourages users to choose the postal operator, it provided postal services and postal services tariffs;
2) contribute to the development of the postal market, transparent cooperation with other public authorities, other State regulators and the institutions of the European Union;
3) supervise the postal sector compliance with laws;
4) defines the postal operator (the operator), who within the territory of the Republic of Latvia provides mail services, the performance of all of the acts of the Universal Postal Union and the obligations of the postal activities represent the Republic of Latvia with other national postal operators.
(3) the Governor shall have the right to request and the prescribed period of postal operators to receive any information necessary for the performance of the functions of the Regulator (the information that contains trade secrets), as well as the person written or oral explanations.
7. article. The Mission of the Republic of Latvia, the Universal Postal Union (1), the Republic of Latvia with the Universal Postal Union, the implementation of postal sector policy, the representative of the Ministry of transport.
(2) Ministry of transportation provides Universal Postal Union International Bureau news about this law, article 6, paragraph 4 of the second paragraph of that postal operator (the operator).
Chapter III the provision of postal services, the provisions of article 8. The right to provide a postal service Operator has the right to initiate the provision of postal services, if this law has been submitted to the Regulator in the registration statement.
9. article. The postal operator registration (1) the Governor shall issue and the newspaper "Latvian journal" published rules on the postal operator's registration statement and notice of termination and the contents of the submission to Regulators, as well as the register of postal operators the information entered.
(2) the Regulator will create and maintain a register of postal operators and provides publicly available.
10. article. The general authorisation rules Regulator issued and the newspaper "Latvian journal" publishes a general authorisation rules, which postal operator shall comply with the provision of postal services, as well as the provisions on the general authorisation rules and the provision of postal services to the disqualification.
11. article. The postal service's disqualification

(1) if the time of the year again in general permit violations, the Governor can mail operator for a period of up to five years to take away the right to provide a postal service. Governor mail register of authorised economic operator shall record that the postal operator to subtract the right to provide a postal service.
(2) the economic operator to which the Governor took the right to provide a postal service, is entitled to resume the provision of postal services only after Regulators ended the provision of postal services law and prevent the general permit violations.
(3) in order to resume the provision of postal services, the postal operator shall submit to the Governor for this Act referred to in article 8 of the registration statement.
(4) If a general authorisation rules do not prevent registration or Regulator filed before the end of the postal services law of the prohibition, the Regulator does not register economic operators concerned.
12. article. Information to be submitted to regulators to monitor the universal postal service obligations and general compliance with the provisions of the authorization, the Governor shall issue and the newspaper "Latvian journal" published rules on the information to be submitted regularly to the Governor, the volume and submission deadlines.
13. article. The postal operator's obligation to mail operator to have the following duties: 1) execute the postal sector regulatory legislation requirements;
2) to ensure that the proposed postal services available to the users;
3) to provide the user data protection in accordance with the laws and regulations in the field of data protection;
4) execute the general authorisation;
5) pay according to the law "On regulators of public services" Government duty on adjustment of public services.
14. article. Postal operators the right to open mail (1) postal operator has the right to open mail in the following cases: 1) the recipient asks to open mail when it is received;
2) terminated not issued mail storage period and it is not possible to know the exact address of the sender, not to the mail could be sent back to the sender;
3) visible signs on packaging, which indicates that the mail is corrupted and may damage other mail or postal equipment or be dangerous mail operator's employees;
4) is the decision of the competent national authority;
5) 26 of this law in the cases referred to in article.
(2) the order in which the postal operator opens the mail, determined by the Cabinet of Ministers.
15. article. Required by applicable postal service standards, the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Latvia shall determine their national list of standards is mandatory when providing mail services.
Chapter IV mailings and postal services article 16. Mailing classification (1) the post after their content shall be divided into the following categories: 1) the correspondence of letters consignments;
2) postal consignments;
3) money transfer messages;
4) press messages.
(2) postal items by a postal service provided the sort of fall into: 1) simple mailings;
2) recorded in postal items;
3) insure mailings;
4) arrears of mailings.
(3) mailing after their dispatch to destination divided into: 1) for domestic mailings;
2) cross-border mailings.
(4) depending on the speed of delivery of mail to a postal service provider, providing traditional postal services, postal items for dispatch adopted the following classes: (A) class 1) — priority mail — mail that is forwarded in accordance with the priority mail industry regulatory laws;
2) class B — economic mail — mail that is forwarded to the standard (for it) in accordance with the postal sector regulatory laws.
(5) mail-minimum and maximum weight and size, value and sum insured as well as the properties and contents of the package shall be determined in accordance with the Republic of Latvia of a binding international treaty requirements of the post.
Article 17. Postal service (1) postal services are broken down into traditional postal services (article 18), and other mail services (the second part of this article).
(2) other postal services are: 1) the subscription press delivery service (article 19);
2) express services (article 20);
3) courier services (article 21);
4) money transfer and remittance services, which are provided via the postal network, and are divided into: (a)) services (article 22), b) postal money order services (article 23).
18. article. Traditional postal services providing traditional postal services, the postal operator: 1) collected from the postal network access point, sorted, transported and placed in the recipient's mailbox simple correspondence letters mailing sizes will not exceed the recipient's mailbox size;
2) collected from the postal network access point, sorted, transported and distributed to recipients against the signature recorded correspondence of letters and insured shipments;
3) collected from the postal network access point, sorted, transported and distributed to the recipients signature simple and insured postal parcels;
4) accept large amounts of mail pieces, sorted, transported and placed in the recipient's mailbox simple correspondence letters mailing sizes will not exceed the recipient's mailbox size;
5) adopt high-volume mailings, sorted, transported and issued to the recipients signature recorded correspondence of letters and insured shipments;
6) takes direct mail pieces, sorted, transported and placed in the recipient's mailbox simple correspondence letters mailing sizes will not exceed the recipient's mailbox size;
7) takes direct mail pieces, sorted, transported and distributed to recipients against the signature recorded correspondence of letters and insured shipments;
8) adopt electronically received mailings, print and present them, transported and placed in the recipient's mailbox simple correspondence letters mailing sizes will not exceed the recipient's mailbox size;
9) accepts electronically received mailings, print and present them, transported and distributed to recipients against the signature recorded correspondence of letters and insured shipments.
19. article. Subscribe to the press delivery service (1) subscribed press mail merchant supplied recipient, insert them into the recipient's mailbox, or the recipient personally.
(2) recipients are delivered to periodical press (newspapers and magazines), which is designed to supply press subscription.

20. article. Express mail services (1) merchant who provides express service to ensure that it meets all of the following set of actions that characterized the service particularly benefits compared to traditional mail service: 1) the receipt of mail from the sender's place or express service location;
2) mail delivery to the recipient, the recipient shall be issued personally against signature;
3 delivery of the facts) to the sender at his request;
4) mail delivery assurance guarantee;
5 mail merchant name) reference to the mailing or the accompanying document.
(2) the postal operator providing express service provides the sender the option of sending mailings during the clarify that it is in the delivery.
(3) the sender, using the express service, at any time, you can change the destination of the mail and the recipient.
(4) a postal operator providing express service, are bound by the requirements and prohibitions regarding mailing packaging, addressing, and content laid down in the Republic of Latvia in binding international agreements in the field of mail.
21. article. Courier services (1) the postal operator providing courier service ensures that mail from the sender accepts, transported and delivered to the recipient, the recipient personally against signature, one and the same person — the Messenger. The postal operator providing courier service ensures compliance with the courier service for all of the following activities: 1) the receipt of mail from the sender's place;
2) mail delivery to the recipient, the recipient shall be issued personally against signature;
3 delivery of the facts) to the sender at his request;
4) mail delivery assurance guarantee;
5 mail merchant name) reference to the mailing or the accompanying document.
(2) the postal operator providing courier service, is bound by the requirements and prohibitions regarding mailing packaging, addressing, and content laid down in the Republic of Latvia in binding international agreements in the field of mail.
22. article. Payment services provided by postal network (1) providing the payment services, the postal operator receives the money from the client (with the opening of a current account or without it) and according to the task given by the customer in the amount of money paid to the beneficiary in cash or paid into the beneficiary's account.
(2) the provision of payment services mail network mail Merchant provides a computerized billing system (billing system).
(3) the cabinet shall determine any postal operator providing postal payment system.
(4) payment services provided in the postal network in accordance with legislative requirements in the field of payment services.
23. article. Postal money transfer services provided by postal mail the network operator receives from the customer to transfer funds (supply of cash transfers) and paid to a beneficiary a sum of money corresponding to the cash transfers in the form of a specified task.
Chapter v, article 24 of the bans. The ban on post content (1) postal items prohibited to transfer such items or substances: 1) the narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances;
2) pornographic or erotic nature materials that describe or depict the sexual exploitation of children (child pornography), human sexual acts with animals, not krofilij or pornographic violence;
3) articles or substances whose importation or circulation of the receiving countries is prohibited;
4) articles or substances, the export of which from the Republic of Latvia or circulation in the Republic of Latvia is prohibited;
5) articles or substances, which of their nature or packaging may smear or damage other mail or postal equipment;
6) postcards or letters with a list of the current and the privacy features which show that with these postcards or letters exchanged between persons to post is not specified as the sender and the recipient;
7) explosive, flammable, radioactive, perishable biological substances and infectious substances;
8) money, coins, bank notes and securities of any type (checks);
9) articles and substances whose transfer (transport) the prohibition set out in laws and regulations or the medical transport (aviation).
(2) postal items prohibited to transfer animals.
(3) the postal operator has the right to establish other mailing content restrictions that do not conflict with the 5 October 2004, the Universal Postal Convention and other legislative requirements.
25. article. Exceptions to the prohibitions on the content of mail (1) may be transferred to the articles or substances when the derogation provided for in the laws of medicine or transport (aviation).
(2) money, coins and banknotes, any type of securities (checks), precious metals, jewels and jewelry may be transferred to insure mailings.
(3) from the Drosophilida family of Flies, which other biomedical research forward officially recognised organisation, zīdtauriņ larvae, bites and leeches may be transferred mailings (except insure consignments).
26. article. Action with the mail containing the transfer of prohibited articles, substances or animals (1) if he finds that the post content transfer prohibited articles, substances or animal, it: 1) suspend the sending of mail to a recipient;
2) removed from the mail forwarding prohibited articles, substances or animals;
3 notify the sender of the mail) shipments shipment suspension, subject matter, or the removal of animals from the mailing and future actions with them, if the law does not provide otherwise.
(2) If there is a suspicion that the mail contains this law article 24, first paragraph, 1, 2, and 7, paragraph substances or articles, street merchant in that consignment does not open, but shall immediately inform the national police.
(3) If, when you open mail, it is found that the content of this law article 24, first paragraph 1, 2 or 7 of that substance or article, the postal operator shall immediately inform the national police.
(4) the cabinet shall determine any postal operator removes from mail forwarding prohibited articles, substances or animals destroyed the withdrawn items or animals or otherwise work with them.
Chapter VI of the universal postal service

27. article. Universal postal service obligations (1) the territory of the Republic of Latvia To ensure the provision of universal postal service, the postal operator to determine the Governor's universal postal service obligations.
(2) the Governor shall be determined by the universal postal service obligations governed by universal postal services and establish a universal postal service within the postal services list to include at least the following postal services: 1) the domestic and cross-border correspondence letters mailing (including recorded and insured delivery) collection, sorting, transport and distribution of weight not exceeding two kilograms;
2) the domestic and cross-border mail parcel post (including insured shipment) collection, sorting, transport and distribution of weight does not exceed twenty kilograms;
3) subscribed press delivery service.
(3) the Governor tendering in accordance with the approved regulations to determine the postal operator providing the universal postal service. Governor contest winner to determine the obligation to provide the universal postal service in a cost-effective manner, ensuring that users throughout the territory of the Republic of Latvia have equal opportunities to receive a universal service in postal services. On the progress of the contest not applicable public procurement law.
(4) the Governor shall ensure equal treatment for all tenderers. The Governor any contestant did not produce favourable conditions.
(5) the Governor shall determine the winner for the universal postal service obligations, provided that the following conditions are met: 1) quality requirements for mail collection, sorting, transport and delivery (frequency, speed, regularity);
2) quality requirements for the postal network access point density and abundance;
3 to ensure the mail) service users the ability to use a universal postal service in the postal services on uniform tariff throughout the territory of the Republic of Latvia.
(6) the Regulator monitor the universal postal service obligations the compliance with certain requirements.
(7) the postal operator providing the universal postal service, is obliged to publish information about the offered range of postal services, tariffs, the postal network access point and the quality requirements for deploying information mail service locations or in your own home page on the internet.
28. article. The universal postal service (1) postal operator providing the universal postal service, retaining responsibility for the provision of universal postal service, have the right to ensure the availability of this service, through an intermediary. This intermediary services to the postal operator's behalf.
(2) the universal postal service between vanity can include domestic and cross-border correspondence letters, postal parcels, accompanying the mailings, fill out registration, issuance and service charging postal service location.
(3) postal operator providing the universal postal service, and the intermediary relation determined by law, governing the transactions and contracts.
29. article. Universal postal service quality check mail merchant who provides a universal postal service, ensure that the independent universal postal service inspection in accordance with certain mandatory applicable postal service quality standards, and at least once a year a public report on the results of the measurements and the universal postal service compliance with the mandatory postal service quality standards.
30. article. Universal postal service obligations net of costs (1) the universal postal service obligations constitute the net cost of the difference between expenditure and revenue, which accrue to a postal operator to which the Regulator determines the universal postal service obligations to provide universal mail service cost-effective way, and the same merchant costs if no universal postal service obligations.
(2) the postal operator providing the universal postal service, the universal postal service obligations of net costs calculated in accordance with the Regulator's defined universal postal service obligations of the net cost calculation and detection methodology.
(3) postal operator providing the universal postal service, shall ensure that the universal postal service obligations of the net cost calculation checks the sworn auditor according to the law "on sworn auditors". Universal postal service obligations net cost calculation of the check also includes calculations used the veracity and validity of the data.
(4) a postal operator providing the universal postal service, provides a universal postal service obligations of the net cost calculation and sworn auditor's report publicly available.
(5) the postal operator providing the universal postal service, calculated the universal postal service obligations net cost of the approval of the Governor.
(6) the Governor each year newspaper "journal" publishes a report containing the universal postal service obligations of net costs.
31. article. Universal postal service funding and loss compensation (1) the universal postal service obligations net cost of compensated in accordance with arrangements to be determined by the Cabinet of Ministers.
(2) the universal postal service obligations net cost of the offsets, if the postal operator providing the universal postal service, demonstrate that the universal postal service obligations.
(3) damages arising out of the universal postal service obligations, compensate for, if not universal postal service obligations also generates additional benefits and it exceeds the injury suffered.
Chapter VII postal tariffs and tariff discounts on article 32. Postal service tariffs and tariff discounts (1) postal services tariffs determined by the postal operator.
(2) the postal operator providing the universal postal service in the calculation of the universal postal service tariffs pursuant to the tariff set by regulators, the calculation methodology.
(3) the universal postal service tariffs approved by the Regulator to the law "on regulators of public services".
(4) a postal operator has the right to determine the users of postal services provided in tariff discounts, except when the Governor for such discounts are not equal.

(5) the postal operator providing the universal postal service, the universal postal service tariff discounts the Governor in accordance with the procedure laid down by the Regulator.
Chapter VIII the postal payment marks and the postal payment article 33. Postal payment marks (1) the Republic of Latvia, the following postal payment marks: 1 postage stamps of the Republic of Latvia);
2) postage images on envelopes or postcards (prints made by a printing press);
3 labelling machine cliché) fingerprints;
4) international reply coupons.
(2) sales of postal payment marks does not change either for cash, not against other values for stamps, not against any other values. Sales of postal payment marks the postal operator did not adopt.
34. article. The right to prepare and circulate the postal payment marks (1) the postage stamps of the Republic of Latvia and other postal payment marks are manufactured, put into and withdraw from circulation in accordance with arrangements to be determined by the Cabinet of Ministers.
(2) For postage or other mail payment, or international reply coupon counterfeiting, as well as the use of counterfeit or postage stamps or other postal payment marks, or international reply coupon mailings to the use or sale of the same purpose, a person called to the statutory liability.
35. article. Postal payment (1) postal services, except Express or courier services, you can pay with the Republic of Latvia valid postal payment marks, in cash or by Cashless settlement.
(2) the validity of the postal payment marks believes the post pay marks which have not been withdrawn, damaged or pierced, covered with a variety of substances (such as varnish, glue) that prevent its seal, which had been in use, with different stamps stamped or stamped prints or otherwise chemically cleaned or deleted.
(3) postal services can be paid with the relevant tariff postal payment marks or higher-value postal payment marks.
(4) the postal service pays the sender in accordance with tariffs of postal services, reporting, mailing postal operator.
(5) mail with invalid or forged postal payment marks the postal operator will not send further and handled in accordance with arrangements to be determined by the Cabinet of Ministers.
36. article. Postal payment by postal payment marks (1) a postal payment marks the user pay for domestic and cross-border simple postcards and postcard written, simple letters and letters written, simple bandroļ and recorded bandroļ and inland to send small packages.
(2) For other mail service users can pay by postal payment marks, if the merchant they adopted, in cash or by Cashless settlement.
37. article. Payment by postal service labeling machine clichés (1) for the certified mailing send payment, mailing, you can highlight, then labelling machines incorporating the cliche of the postal payment marks the site.
(2) labelling machine registration and use of the procedure is determined by the Cabinet of Ministers.
38. article. Mail payment with international reply coupons international reply coupons issued by Universal Postal Union International Bureau, adopt cross-border correspondence letters mailing fee. International reply coupon to be its national postal stamp calendar on which this coupon sold. Postal operators providing universal postal services, also accept unstamped coupons.
39. article. The settlement of mail services between the Member States of the European Union to ensure the cross-border provision of the universal postal service within the European Community, the postal operator providing the universal postal service, concluding agreement on terminal dues: the remuneration for the distribution of incoming cross-border mail, which are sent from another Member State of the European Union shall respect the following principles: 1) terminal dues shall be fixed depending on incoming cross-border mail processing and delivery costs;
2) levels of remuneration established according to the achieved quality of postal services;
3) terminal dues is transparent and non-discriminatory.
40. article. Exemption from the payment Of postal services postal services are exempt of payment the following mailings: 1) sekogramm;
2) mailings that are sent to the prisoners of war and interned persons or which are sent to such persons, as well as the relevant authorities of the certificate in accordance with the 1949 Convention on august 12, the protection of civilians in time of war;
3) mail merchant providing the universal postal service.
Article 41. Calendar stamp (1) postal operator to delete stamps and mailing acceptance, shipment, receipt or issue in the places and dates, as well as the receipts issued shall be used as calendar stamp.
(2) calendar stamps includes the processing of mail name (designation, abbreviation), postal operators name or logo, date and number of the stamp.
Chapter IX mailing secrecy and data protection in article 42. The secret of mailing and data protection (1) the postal operator's staff, as well as officials of the Customs authorities and customs brokers (including their employees) who are participating in the clearance of postal items sent, to disclose information about users of the mail and news about users, unless this information is required for the competent national authorities the statutory functions.
(2) the first paragraph of this article the prohibition officer and employee shall remain in force also after termination of the employment relationship with the employer.
43. article. The right to receive the certificate of mailing (1) the sender and recipient have the right to six months of recorded or insured domestic mailing service request from the postal operator's certificate for the consignment, by presenting the original of the receipt of the mail operator.
(2) the cross-border mail in the postal operator shall provide the Republic of Latvia pursuant to binding international agreements in the field of mail.
(3) the certificate of mailing service allowed sender and recipient or the authorized person, the competent national authorities, as well as State and local government bodies and officials, consignments of them employ the services of the institutions and officials.
Chapter x the material responsibility for the mail article 44. The postal operator's material responsibility for the mailing postal materials merchant is responsible for:

1) recorded and insured mail loss;
2) recorded and insured mail content damage or shortage;
3) postal packages without return of the notice of the reason for the non-service;
4) uninsured postal loss, shortage, damage or their contents.
Article 45. The postal operator's exemption from liability (1) the postal operator has been released from the material responsibility for the loss of the mailings, the damage or shortage, which had been the cause of force majeure, the mail content or sender fault article 48 of this law in the cases.
(2) the postal operator does not answer: 1) than the type or content of mail insured damage or shortage, which closed the mail operator to put in the form and content of which have not been verified, but assuming that issuing the stamps, seals and packaging are in order and the weight is the same as listed, assuming the consignment;
2) for mailings of damage or shortage of content, if the complaint about it submitted after this law referred to in article 53 of the submission of the complaint;
3) on the content of mail damage or shortage, if the complaint about it submitted by mail service of the recipient or his authorized person and is not found in the content of mail damage or shortage.
4) for indirect damages that the sender or the recipient due to the loss of the mailings, the damage or shortage, as well as delays;
5) for mail delivery to the recipient, if not post content transfer prohibited articles and so on service is stopped;
6) on the seizure of mail in accordance with the competent national authorities;
7) for Customs officers and customs brokers (including their employees) actions related to customs clearance of postal items.
Article 46. Persons who are entitled to compensation (1) the sender shall be entitled to remuneration for this Act article 44 of that mail loss, damage or shortage of content.
(2) the recipient has the right to remuneration when mailing it already issued and content of mail damage or shortage, it shall issue a finding.
47. article. Remuneration paid for the mailing of the loss, damage, or missing contents (1) reimbursement for cross-border mail loss, damage or shortage of the contents of the mail operator is paid in accordance with the Republic of Latvia binding international agreements.
(2) the cabinet shall determine any postal operator are paid remuneration for domestic mail loss, damage or shortage of content.
48. article. Sender's liability (1) the sender is liable for material losses and damages incurred in transferring the release of this sender's mailings containing transfer prohibited articles, substances or animals or used for mailings or objects within it without proper packaging.
(2) in the first subparagraph in those cases the sender is responsible for such material loss or damage: 1) for direct losses suffered by the other users ' mail;
2) for damage caused to the property of the postal operators;
3) for damages suffered by the postal operator's staff.
Chapter XI, article 49 of the mail network. Postal network provision (1) the Cabinet of Ministers shall determine the order in which it is located and designed postal service locations, postal network access points, mailboxes and mailbox points.
(2) the postal operator providing the universal postal service, ensure the placement of boxes of letters to buildings and other structures in places accessible to the public. This mail Merchant shall have the right to not deploy the letter-box at the buildings (structures), in coordination with the deployment of the building (structure).
(3) postal business operators shall, by mutual agreement, for payment can be used for another postal operator owned by mail network access points.
(4) for the user mailbox installation and repair response.
Chapter XII the user's rights and obligations in article 50. (1) the sender's rights until the mail is issued, the sender, the recipient shall submit a written application to the postal operator and the presentation of the mailing receipt and original identity documents, are entitled to: 1) to receive back the same cast mailing;
2) instruct to deliver mail to a different address and deliver the mail to another person or to supply a recipient to another address;
3) extend the storage life of mail, mail service location to two months from the date of arrival;
4) instruct the recipient to the arrears issue (which will be served on the addressee by charging out of his sender specified sum of money), not charging from his arrears, or collected from the recipient's arrears insured mail, which at the time of dispatch was not qualified as arrears of mailing;
5) reduce the above arrears or to increase, up to a maximum of the sum insured postal items;
6) instruct the service to the recipient mailing within a postal working day, if the sender preferred time when the mail should reach the recipient exceeds the quality requirements specified in the transfer time.
(2) the sender of one year from the date of mailing to the postal operator and issuing a postal receipt, the merchant is entitled to claim the amount of arrears collected the parcel, insured mail content or the amount of money received by selling them.
51. article. Sender's obligations (1) the presentation of the mail, the sender is obliged to comply with the requirements for specifying the address.
(2) the cabinet shall determine the order in which recipient and sender addresses to be included on the mailing.
(3) upon transfer of the postal operator to send mailings, or small packages — bandrol postal packages, the sender is obliged to specify in writing the identity document data and personal data.
(4) the Person who sends the mail or transfer it to another person for the delivery to the postal operator is obliged to dispatch the consignment itself like to point to a mailing.
52. article. Distribution rights (1) the addressee in submitting a written application, is entitled to give the postal operator to the following instructions: 1) delivering his messages sent to another address;
2) keep the postal service location he addressed postal items up to two months from the date on which they received in the mail delivery location.

(2) the recipient is entitled, without opening the mail, to opt out of receiving it. In this case, the addressee shall mark to the mailing or the accompanying documents. If the addressee refuses to make that mark, the postal operator's staff.
Chapter XIII, article 53 of the handling of complaints. Deadline for submission of complaints complaints about recorded or insured mail loss, damage or shortage of content may be submitted to the postal operator to six months from the date of deposit of the mailings, the postal operator's receipt issued on acceptance of delivery of the shipment.
54. article. Complaint handling procedures and complaint about postal services shall be submitted and examined in the following order: 1) complaint about postal services shall be submitted to the respective postal services provided by the postal operator, who shall examine it and provide a response no later than one month from the date of receipt of the complaint;
2) if the complainant is not satisfied with the postal operator's response, and the complaint relates to an adjustable type of postal services, he shall be entitled to the same content complaint with the postal operator's responsibility to submit to the Regulator.
55. article. The provision of information on the results of the examination of complaints (1) the postal operator after the Regulator's request, provide information about the number of complaints received and the results of the examination in the appropriate reporting period of the financial year.
(2) article 29 of this law in the annual report referred to in the postal operator providing the universal postal service, also include information on the number of complaints and reviews.
Transitional provisions 1. With the entry into force of this Act shall terminate the postal law (Republic of Latvia Saeima and the Cabinet of Ministers rapporteur, 1994, 12; 1995, no. 3; 1997, no. 7. No; 2001, 3, no; 2004, nr. 7, 23).
2. the Cabinet of Ministers by 2010 February 1 issue of this law article 14, second paragraph, article 15, article 22, third paragraph, article 26, fourth paragraph, article 34, first paragraph, fifth subparagraph, article 35, article 37, second paragraph, article 47, in the second paragraph of article 49, first paragraph and the second paragraph of article 51 of those rules. Until the entry into force of the provisions applicable to the Cabinet of Ministers on 21 June 2005 Regulation No 445 "mail rules", in so far as they do not conflict with this Act.
3. The Governor within six months from the date of entry into force of the Act to issue this law, article 9, first paragraph, article 10, article 12, article 27, in the second paragraph of article 30, in the second paragraph of article 32, second and fifth paragraphs of specific legislation. To in article 10 of this law and article 32 of the NRAs provided for in the second subparagraph the laws issued by the entry into force of such Regulators issued rules, in so far as they are not inconsistent with this law: 1) the provisions concerning general authorisations in the postal sector [approved by the Regulator 30 November 2005 decision No 289 (Latvian journal, 2005, nr. 196; 2006, 93 no)];
2) of the universal postal service pricing methodology [approved by the Regulator 30 November 2005 decision No. 290 (Latvian journal, 2005, nr. 197; 2006, 93 no)].
4. for the purposes of this Act, the term "universal postal service" corresponds to other legislation and individual licence used the term "universal postal service", to the extent not inconsistent with this Act.
5. The Cabinet of Ministers of this law article 31, first paragraph, the proposed regulations are issued up to 2012 December 31. Up to 2012 December 31 postal operator providing the universal postal service, from the State budget to compensate for the losses incurred by providing subscribed press delivery services (one-time fee for the previous year), with the condition that does not compensate for the universal postal service tariff did not release earnings.
6. Postal operator providing the universal postal service, reserved special rights to accept, transfer and distribute correspondence shipments, letters weighing less than 50 grams, are in effect until December 31, 2012.
7. The transitional provisions referred to in paragraph 6 of the special rights may override other postal operators to which the consignment referred to in paragraph 6 of the tariff or exceeding 2.5 times more that the tariff for the first weight group fastest delivery category defined in the postal operator providing the universal postal service.
8. Another universal postal service obligations for losses (losses other than those mentioned in this transitional provision in paragraph 5), the Tribunal refers to the period beginning with the date of entry into force of the law.
9. Until such time as the Governor in accordance with article 27 of this law shall determine the postal operator to the universal postal service obligations, but no earlier than 2012 December 31, universal postal service throughout the territory of the Republic of Latvia provides postal operator, which until this date of entry into force of the law is issued to the individual license for the provision of universal postal services.
Informative reference to European Union directives, the law includes provisions resulting from: 1) of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 December 1997 Directive 97/67/EC on common rules for the development of the internal market of Community postal services and the improvement of quality of service;
2) of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 June 2002 Directive 2002/39/EC, amending Directive 97/67/EC with regard to the further opening to competition of Community postal services;
3) the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 November 2007 of Directive 2007/64/EC on payment services in the internal market amending Directives 97/7/EC, 2002/65/EC, 2005/60/EC and 2006/48/EC and repealing Directive 97/5/EC;
4) of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 February 2008. Directive 2008/6/EC, amending Directive 97/67/EC concerning the full accomplishment of the internal market of Community postal services.
The Parliament adopted the law of 4 June 2009.
President Valdis Zatlers in Riga V June 19, 2009, an editorial added: the law shall enter into force on July 3, 2009.