A Cooperation Agreement On Partnership And Development Between The European Union And Its Member States, Of The One Part, And The Islamic Republic Of Afghanistan, On The Other Hand

Original Language Title: Par Sadarbības nolīgumu par partnerību un attīstību starp Eiropas Savienību un tās dalībvalstīm, no vienas puses, un Afganistānas Islāma Republiku, no otras puses

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The Saeima has adopted and the President promulgated the following laws: the cooperation agreement on partnership and development between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, on the other hand article 1. 2017 February 18, Munich signed a cooperation agreement on partnership and development between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, on the other hand (hereinafter the agreement), this law is adopted and approved.
2. article. Fulfilment of the obligations provided for in the agreement are coordinated by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
3. article. The agreement shall enter into force on its article 59 within the time and in order, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs shall notify the official Edition of the "journal".
4. article. The law shall enter into force on the day following its promulgation. To put the agreement by law Latvian language. The Parliament adopted the law of 8 June 2017. The President r. vējonis in Riga on 22 June 2017. the cooperation agreement on partnership and development between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Islamic Republic of AFGHANISTAN, on the OTHER hand, the Kingdom of Belgium, Republic of Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of Estonia, Ireland, the Hellenic Republic, the Kingdom of Spain, the French Republic, the Republic of Croatia, the Italian Republic, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania , The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Republic of Malta, the Republic of Hungary, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Republic of Austria, the Republic of Poland, the Portuguese Republic, Romania, the Republic of Slovenia, the Slovak Republic, the Republic of Finland, the Kingdom of Sweden, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, of the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union, hereinafter referred to as "the Contracting Parties", the Member States and the European Union, hereinafter called "the Union" or "EU", on the one hand, and the Islamic Republic of AFGHANISTAN, referred to as "Afghanistan", of the other part, hereinafter referred to as "parties", , Reaffirming its support for Afghanistan's sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity; Reaffirming its commitment to respect international law, general principles, as well as the United Nations Charter, international conventions and United Nations Security Council resolution on the goals and principles; Recognizing the historical, political and economic ties between the parties; Affirming their willingness to step up cooperation, based on shared values and mutual benefit; Given their common policy goals, values and obligations, the parties agree to respect the principles of democracy, the rule of law, human rights and good governance; Recognizing that these principles are an integral part of sustainable development; Acknowledging that the Afghan people and its legitimate democratic institutions and in accordance with the Constitution of Afghanistan is the Afghan stabilization, development and democratic process by legitimate owners and promoters; Whereas the Union is committed to supporting Afghanistan's efforts to promote its development later in the Decade of transformation; Stressing the common commitment expressed in the international conferences on Afghanistan in Bonn in December 2011, in Tokyo in July, 2012 and 2014 in London in December; Reaffirming the commitment of Afghanistan to continue to improve the management and the Union's commitment to build a long-term relationship with Afghanistan; Whereas the parties attach particular importance in its relations, the comprehensive nature of what they want to promote through this agreement; Reaffirming his desire to promote his people economic and social development and its will to consolidate, deepen and diversify their relations in areas of mutual interest; Recognizing that, in accordance with the Afghan Constitution, full empowerment of women and their full participation on a basis of equality in all spheres of society, including participation in decision-making at all levels of the political process, is vital for ensuring of equality and peace; Recognizing the importance of development cooperation with developing countries, in particular low-income countries, in post-conflict countries and countries, landlocked countries in relation to the sustainable economic growth and sustainable development, with regard to internationally agreed development goals early and full implementation, including the United Nations Millennium development goals and any future Afghan development criteria adopted for implementation, as well as better integration of the Afghanistan region; Recognizing the need to take effective measures to promote integrity and accountability, ensure proper use of public funds and combat corruption; Recognising that closer cooperation between the parties should encourage Afghanistan's ability to improve the quality of administration and management, as well as public financial management, transparency and efficiency; Reaffirming the importance of coordinating relevant regional and multilateral fora, in particular with regard to the parties ' approach to global challenges and regional economic cooperation; Recognizing that terrorism poses a threat to their populations and common security, and expresses a strong commitment to combating all forms of terrorism, creating an effective international cooperation and the tools with which to combat terrorism in accordance with international law, including human rights and humanitarian law; Reaffirming the common determination to combat organised crime, including human trafficking, migrant smuggling and drug trafficking, including through regional and international mechanisms; Recognizing illegal drug risks to health and safety and the need for a coherent regional and international cooperation, through which to combat drug cultivation, production, promotion, marketing, consumption and demand, as well as the diversion of drug precursors, and recognizing the importance in this respect is an alternative livelihood generating kind assurance poppy growers; Recognizing the need to respect the international disarmament and non-proliferation obligations; In view of the fact that the International Criminal Court is a significant event for the peace and international justice, the purpose of which is to effectively investigate the most serious crimes that are of interest to the international community; Recognizing that trade and foreign direct investment will play an important role in the development of Afghanistan, and that The parties attach particular importance in international trade principles and rules, which among other things contained in the agreement establishing the World Trade Organisation (WTO); Expressing full commitment to promoting sustainable development in all its dimensions, including such areas as environmental protection, effective cooperation in the fight against climate change, as well as internationally recognized labour standards for the effective promotion and implementation; Stressing the importance of cooperation in migration matters; Recognizing that special attention should be paid to refugee and internally displaced person situation and rights, including by ensuring safe, decent and voluntary return home; Noting that, if the parties decide the framework of this agreement to enter into specific agreements in the field of freedom, security and justice in the EU should be concluded in accordance with the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union title V of part three, following further agreements would not be binding for the United Kingdom and/or Ireland, except if the EU together with the United Kingdom and/or Ireland for their respective previous bilateral relations Announces Afghanistan that the United Kingdom and Ireland as part of the EU, or to have become bound by such agreements in accordance with article 21 the Protocol on the position of the United Kingdom and Ireland in respect of the area of freedom, security and justice, annexed to the Treaty on European Union and to the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union. Also, any further EU measures that should be adopted in accordance with the above title V, for the implementation of this agreement will not be binding on the United Kingdom and/or Ireland unless they have declared their willingness to participate in such events or to accept them in accordance with Protocol No 21. Noting also that such agreements in the future or such subsequent EU internal measures would relate to Protocol No 22 on the position of Denmark attached to these treaties, have agreed on the following. The nature and title I scope article 1 scope and aim 1. A partnership is hereby established between the parties, their respective competences in accordance with the applicable rules, procedures and resources, and fully respecting international rules and norms. 2. purpose of this partnership is to strengthen dialogue and cooperation, in order to (a)) in support of peace and security in Afghanistan and the region; b) promote sustainable development, stable and democratic political environment and Afghanistan's integration into the world economy; (c)) create ongoing dialogue on political issues, including promoting human rights and gender equality, as well as the involvement of civil society; (d) promote development cooperation) in connection with a common commitment to eradicate poverty and provide effective assistance; e) the development of trade and investment between the parties mutually beneficial manner, and to collaborate in all economic, trade and investment-related areas of mutual interest to promote sustainable trade and investment flows, as well as coherent and complementary to prevent and remove barriers to trade and investment relating to current and future regional initiatives; f) improved coordination between the parties in addressing global challenges, in particular by promoting multilateral solutions; and (g)) promote dialogue and cooperation in the mutual interest of specific sectors, including in areas such as public administration and public finance management modernisation of Justice and Home Affairs, the environment and climate change, natural resources and raw materials, security sector reform, education and training, energy, transport, agriculture and rural development, financial services, tax, customs, employment and social development, health and safety, statistics, regional cooperation, culture, information technology as well as the audiovisual and media sector. 3. In this context, particular focus on capacity building with the aim to support the development of the Afghan authorities and to ensure that Afghanistan can fully use the opportunities provided under the agreement developed closer cooperation. 4. the Parties shall encourage contacts among members of Parliament, civil society representatives and professionals to promote the objectives of this agreement, in particular as regards support for Parliament and other democratic institutions. 5. The Parties shall promote mutual understanding of people, inter alia by means of cooperation between such bodies as think tanks, academia, business and the media seminars, conferences, youth programs and other measures. Article 2 General principles (1). The parties confirm to them the common values set out in the Charter of the United Nations. 2. the parties recognise that the Afghan people and its legitimate democratic institutions and in accordance with the Constitution of Afghanistan is the Afghan stabilization, development and democratic process by legitimate owners and promoters. 3. The parties ' internal and international policy is based on the Universal Declaration of human rights and other relevant international human rights instruments established for the democratic principles and human rights as well as respect for the principle of the rule of law, and it is an essential element of this agreement. 4. The parties confirm their commitment to cooperate in the future to fully achieve the internationally agreed development goals, including the United Nations Millennium development goals, and any further development of Afghanistan accepted criteria. In doing so, they recognize Afghanistan's obligation to prepare and implement its economic and social development plans, as well as development policy, including the national priority programmes. In this context, the parties reaffirm their commitment to ensuring a high level of environmental protection, inclusive societies and gender equality. 5. the parties reaffirm their commitment to the principles of good governance, including the Parliament and the independence of the judiciary and to combat corruption at all levels. 6. The parties confirm that the cooperation under this Agreement shall be according to the relevant national laws, rules and regulations. Title II political cooperation article 3 political dialogue a regular political dialogue shall be established between the parties, as the case may be at ministerial level. It strengthens their relationship, promoting the development of partnerships and increased mutual understanding and solidarity. The Parties shall strengthen the political dialogue, to support of common interests, including their respective positions in regional and international forums. A. cooperation in human rights, gender equality and civil society in the field of human rights, article 4 1. in accordance with paragraph 2 of article 1 c), and article 2, paragraph 3, the parties agree to cooperate to promote human rights in the promotion and effective protection, including, where appropriate, the ratification of international human rights documents and implementation. The Parties shall review the implementation of this article, including this issue in their political dialogue. 2. in paragraph 1 of this article, this cooperation may include, among others: (a)) support to national action plan for the development and implementation of human rights; (b) the promotion and education of human rights), (c)), national and local levels with human rights institutions strengthening in Afghanistan; d) meaningful, comprehensive dialogue in the field of human rights; and (e)) the strengthening of cooperation with United Nations human rights institutions. Article 5 gender equality 1. the Parties shall cooperate in order to strengthen the gender-related policies and programs, as well as increase the institutional and administrative capacity, and support the implementation of the strategy of gender equality, including women's rights and opportunities, in order to ensure women's and men's equal participation in all the economic, cultural, political and social spheres of life. Cooperation shall, in particular, is focused on improving women's access to the resources they need to take full advantage of their fundamental rights, in particular in the field of education. 2. The Parties shall promote the establishment of adequate systems to: a) to ensure that gender issues are properly incorporated in all development strategies, policies and programmes, in particular with regard to participation in politics, health and literacy; and (b)) share experience and best practices in promoting gender equality, as well as to promote positive measures in favour of women. Article 6 civil society 1. The parties recognise the organised civil society, in particular in the academic world, the meaning and the potential contribution to the dialogue and cooperation process in accordance with this agreement and agree to promote effective dialogue with civil society and its effective participation. 2. the Parties shall cooperate to promote the role of civil society so that it can: a) to provide advice in relation to domestic policy making process according to the principles of democracy and constitutional rule; (b)) to be informed of consultations on development and cooperation strategies and sectoral policies, particularly in areas that are related to it, including all stages of the development process, and to participate in the consultations; c) receive financial resources, to the extent permitted by the internal rules of each of the parties, in accordance with the principles of transparency and accountability, and support capacity building in key areas; and (d)) to participate in the implementation of the programme of cooperation in areas relating to it. B. peace-building article 7 peace-building policies, conflict prevention and resolution 1. Parties stressed their commitment to the Afghan-led efforts to bring peace and reconciliation. It stresses the importance of an inclusive peace process, based on consensus among all Afghans, as stated in the July 2010 Council for peace (peace Jirg) and November 2011 traditional Council (Loy's Jirg). They recognize that the success of the peace process is that on it with strong support of the international community is the responsibility of the Afghan people and authorities. 2. the Parties shall promote dialogue between the countries of the region and outside it, to enable them to participate fully in supporting the peace process and promoting. 3. the parties reaffirm the key role of women in conflict resolution and peace building. It stresses the importance of the full participation of women and involvement in all peace and security, conservation and promotion efforts and the need to increase their role in decision-making with regard to conflict resolution in accordance with UN Security Council resolution 1325 (2000). 4. Joint actions in this area include the promotion of long-term peace-building in Afghanistan and support for the active role of civil society in accordance with the principles laid down in the new course of engagement in fragile States. C. support for INTERNATIONAL security article 8 cooperation with regard to the Rome Statute the parties consider that the International Criminal Court (ICC) effective action is an important step towards international peace and justice. It reaffirms that the most serious crimes affecting the international community as a whole must be assessed, first, by taking measures at national level, in cooperation with the ICC. They agree to work together to promote the Rome Statute in respect of: (a) General) by taking appropriate measures, the purpose of which is to ratify the Rome Statute related instruments such as the agreement on the privileges and immunities to SEE; (b) sharing experience about legal) adjustments needed to ensure the ratification of the Rome Statute and implementation; as well as c) taking measures to preserve the integrity of the Rome Statute. Article 9 the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, as well as chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear's fight against 1. the parties consider that weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their means of delivery and distribution of States and non-State actors is one of the most serious threats to international stability and security. 2. to this end the parties agree to cooperate in international fora to combat WMD and their means of delivery, and fully respecting the local level implementation of their existing obligations under multilateral disarmament and non-proliferation treaties and conventions, as well as other multilateral agreements concluded and international obligations. The parties agree that this provision constitutes an essential element of this agreement. 3. the parties further agree to cooperate and take measures to strengthen the implementation of international disarmament documents and WMD and their means of delivery, which are applicable to the parties, inter alia, by sharing information, expertise and experience. 4. the parties agree to cooperate and contribute to combat WMD and their means of delivery, to acting, to sign, ratify or accede to all other relevant international instruments and fully implement them. 5. The parties further agree to cooperate to establish effective national export controls and prevent the distribution and control of the export and transit of goods associated with WMD, including the application of weapons of mass destruction end-use control on dual use technologies and effective preventive measures for export control violations. 6. the parties recognize that the chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) risks can have a very negative impact on society. They also recognise that the risks can be formed in connection with criminal activities (distribution, marketing), accidents (industry, transport, laboratories) or natural threats (pandemics). They therefore undertake to work together to enhance their institutional capabilities in CBRN risk mitigation. This may include projects relating to legal, regulatory, enforcement, and scientific issues of training and cooperation at regional level. 7. the Union shall, if necessary in support of these efforts, focusing on capacity building and technical assistance. Article 10 light weapons and small arms, as well as other conventional weapons 1. the parties recognise that small arms and light weapons (SALW) and their ammunition in the illegal production, transportation and movement, as well as weapons and ammunition, excessive accumulation, poor management, inadequate to provide warehouse and uncontrolled proliferation remains a serious threat to peace and international security. 2. the parties agree to respect and fully comply with their obligations regarding the obligation to combat SALW, including their ammunition, illicit trade under the existing international agreements and UN Security Council resolutions, as well as their obligations under other international instruments applicable in this area, such as the United Nations programme of action on small arms and light weapons to illicit trafficking prevention, combating and eradication of all aspects. 3. the parties recognize that domestic control systems are essential to the normal transport of weapons is governed by existing international standards. They recognize that such control is an important responsibility to promote peace, security and stability in the international and regional levels, as well as to reduce human suffering and prevent the normal diversion. 4. the parties undertake to cooperate and to ensure coordination of their efforts, complementarity and synergy, to regulate the international trade in conventional arms or improve this framework and to prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit trade in weapons. They agree to build a regular political dialogue that these efforts complement and consolidate. 11. Article 1 of the fight against terrorism the parties have committed themselves to combat terrorism in all its manifestations, including in the regional context, in full respect of the rule of law and international law, and to cooperate to prevent extremist ideas in propaganda and in particular youth radicalisation. They agree to cooperate with international partners to the comprehensive implementation of the UN counter-terrorism strategy. 2. the parties agree to cooperate on matters pertaining to the combating of terrorist activities, and, where appropriate, and in accordance with national and international legislation to exchange information on all relevant issues. The fight against terrorism is an important aspect of this cooperation. They agree to promote the implementation of relevant international instruments and conventions in this field. In this respect, capacity-building will cover the relevant areas of criminal law. Title III development cooperation article 12 1. Development cooperation development cooperation the main aims of the Millennium Development Goals (and all further development of the criteria), achieving the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and integration into the world economy, with special attention to the most vulnerable members of the public. The parties recognise that cooperation is essential to the development of Afghanistan's problems, and institution-building should be an essential part of the cooperation. 2. Implementation of the cooperation, take into account Afghanistan's socio-economic development strategies and programmes, in particular the national development strategy and other measures agreed on by the international Afghanistan conferences dedicated to development, that is, the London Declaration 2010, Kabul, December 2011 the conclusions of the Bonn Conference, the Tokyo Declaration on partnership building for self-reliance in Afghanistan and 2012 July Tokyo mutual accountability framework, fully taking into account the Afghan Government's economic and development strategy "The implementation of Self-reliance: a commitment to reform and renew partnerships", which introduced the 2014 London Conference. 3. the Parties shall use their development cooperation, inter alia, strengthen the Afghan authorities and create the conditions for sustainable development and long-term economic growth, in accordance with national priorities and programmes and Afghan economic and development strategy ", the implementation of Self-reliance: a commitment to reform and restore the partnership". They will be the main means by which the implementation of this strategy, as well as the commitments entered into by Afghanistan in Bonn, Tokyo and London. The European Union in its cooperation with Afghanistan is fully taken into account in the framework of the mutual responsibility of Tokyo (or all the mutually agreed follow-up) and planning its assistance, it takes into account that the obligations laid down in the framework, including financial obligations, and detailed procedures. 4. the Parties affirm their objective of achieving the Millennium development goals adopted by the Afghanistan, and all future development criteria, and reaffirms its commitment to the Paris Declaration on aid effectiveness, Accra, and the programme of action of the final document of the forum in Pusan, in particular in relation to the new course of engagement in fragile States. 5. the parties agree to promote cooperation in accordance with the applicable rules, procedures and resources, and fully respecting international rules and norms. They agree that their development cooperation will be in accordance with the requirements arising from their common commitment to aid effectiveness, and will be implemented to ensure Afghanistan's own responsibility, it will be aligned with the national priorities of Afghanistan, and contribute to finding practical and sustainable development results for the Afghan people and long-term economic stability in the country, agreed to the arrangement International Conference devoted to Afghanistan. They agree to reinforce the peace-building potential of development assistance that is provided in connection with the new course of engagement in fragile States. 6. The parties therefore agree to regularly monitor the impact of its development cooperation, through the Joint Committee established in accordance with article 49, and appreciate its contribution to Afghanistan's Millennium development goals adopted and all future development criteria. 7. in all areas of development cooperation will be systematically included in the following topics: human rights, gender equality, democracy, good governance, environmental sustainability, climate change, health, institutional development and capacity-building, anti-corruption measures, anti-narcotics measures and the effectiveness of aid. 8. with regard to infrastructure component parties of the mechanisms, such as international financial institutions combining grants and loans, and other risk-sharing ways to attract additional resources and thus increase the impact of EU assistance. 9. the parties agree that economic cooperation should be implemented so as to protect the most vulnerable members of society, including women and children, with particular emphasis on health care, education, as well as agriculture and rural development. 10. The parties agree that trade should contribute to sustainable development in all its dimensions and to assess its economic and social impact, as well as the impact on the environment. They agree to encourage their companies to adopt responsible conduct of operators highest standards corresponding to international principles and standards, such as the OECD guidelines for multinational enterprises and the un global treaty. 11. the Parties shall encourage the International Labour Organisation (ILO) the effective implementation of the common basic standards and step up cooperation on employment and social issues, including the principle of decent work. 12. in addition, the party's objective is to contribute to the policy, which is intended to ensure food availability and supply of the population and feed availability and delivery of farm animals in an environmentally sound and sustainable manner. 13. the parties undertake to exchange views and cooperate in all relevant regional and international fora and organizations, including the United Nations and its agencies and organizations to promote the development cooperation Division of labour and the effectiveness of the assistance provided. 14. the parties also agree to promote cooperation in the areas referred to in this article between think tanks, academia, non-governmental organizations, businesses, cultural workers and the media, seminars, conferences and other related activities. Section IV cooperation on trade and investment matters article 13 cooperation in the field of trade. Hand 1 start dialogue on bilateral and multilateral trade and related issues, in order to strengthen bilateral trade relations and develop the multilateral trading system, including through support to Afghanistan's WTO membership. 2. the parties undertake to promote mutual development and diversification of trade at the highest possible level and mutually beneficial way. The parties undertake to develop enhanced and predictable market access conditions, while working to prevent trade barriers, in particular, the timely abolition of non-tariff barriers and trade restrictions, which do not comply with WTO rules, as well as taking measures to improve transparency, in the light of the work of international organizations in the area in which the parties are parties. 3. Recognizing that trade is integral to development and that the preferential trade arrangements have proved to be beneficial to developing countries, the parties undertake to intensify consultation and cooperation for the effective implementation of it. 4. the Parties shall provide each other with information on policy changes concerning trade and trade-related areas, such as agriculture, food safety, consumer protection and the environment. They will explore ways to strengthen their relations in the field of trade and investment, including through appropriate negotiations on other mutual interest agreements. 5. the parties fully support the use of trade and other relevant programmes, including technical assistance, capacity-building, to enhance their bilateral trade and investment relationship. 6. The parties recognise the importance of promoting regional economic development, in accordance with Title VII. 7. the Parties shall, in accordance with article 54 immediately consulted on differences of opinion concerning the application of this title. Article 14 most-favoured-nation treatment 1. the Parties shall grant each other most-favoured-nation treatment in trade, in accordance with mutual 1994 General Agreement on tariffs and trade. 2. the most-favoured-nation treatment referred to in paragraph 1, shall not apply to preferences accorded by each party in accordance with the agreement establishing a Customs Union, a free trade zone or an equivalent area of application preferences. Article 15 sanitary and phytosanitary issues 1. The Parties shall cooperate in food safety and sanitary and phytosanitary issues, to protect human, animal or plant life or health within its territory. 2. the Parties shall consult and exchange information on their respective activities, as defined in the WTO agreement on the application of sanitary and phytosanitary measures, the International Plant Protection Convention, the World Organisation for animal health and the framework of the CODEX Alimentarius Commission. 3. the parties agree to cooperate in capacity building with regard to sanitary and phytosanitary issues. Such cooperation is appropriate to the needs of each party and can be implemented to assist Parties to comply with other legal requirements. 4. the parties time to dialogue on sanitary and phytosanitary matters at the request of either party. 5. the Parties shall designate contact points for communication concerning the matters covered by this article. Article 16 technical barriers to trade, the Parties shall encourage, to Afghanistan as a basis for technical regulations and conformity assessment procedures used in international and European standards. They shall cooperate and exchange information on standards, technical regulations and conformity assessment procedures to ensure that they are prepared, adopted and applied in a transparent and effective manner and do not create unnecessary obstacles to bilateral trade. 17. Article 1 of the Customs the Parties shall seek to strengthen cooperation in the field of the Customs authorities, to provide a transparent environment for trade and facilitate trade, improve supply-chain security, enhance consumer safety, stop the flow of goods that infringe intellectual property rights, and combating smuggling and fraud. 2. To this end, the Parties shall exchange experience and look for ways to simplify procedures, increase transparency and develop cooperation. They also seek a convergence of views and joint action in the appropriate international systems. 3. where appropriate, the parties under this Agreement shall be concluded between the institutional framework of the Protocol on cooperation and mutual administrative assistance in the customs area, without prejudice to other forms of cooperation. 4. the Parties shall cooperate to modernise customs administration of Afghanistan in accordance with the relevant international conventions in order to improve its organizational efficiency and effectiveness of the institutions in the provision of services, while ensuring transparent management of public resources and accountability. Capacity building is an important aspect of this cooperation. Article 18 Contribution 1. the Parties shall encourage foreign direct investment in developing an attractive and stable environment for investment. To this end, they may, if necessary, to initiate a constructive dialogue to increase understanding and cooperation on investment issues, researching administrative mechanisms to facilitate investment flows, and promoting a stable, transparent and supportive rules for investors. 2. In order to improve foreign direct investment in Afghanistan, part of the Union stresses the importance of involving the private sector, and in this regard recognizes the need for public sector measures and incentives, such as access to credit and investment guarantees. Article 19 services the Parties shall establish a constructive dialogue, which is aimed in particular at: (a) exchange of information on it) the regulatory environment; (b) the promotion of) access market of the other party; (c)) access capital and technology promotion; and (d) the promotion of trade in services) between the parties and third-country markets. Article 20 in the capital, the Parties shall endeavour to facilitate the movement of capital, to promote the objectives of this agreement. Article 21 government procurement the parties will work together to create an efficient and modern public procurement system in Afghanistan, according to internationally accepted principles on transparency and procurement procedures and promoting fair and optimal value for money in public procurement. Article 22 transparency the parties recognise the importance of transparency in the procedures provided for in the law and its trade-related laws and regulations management. They therefore apply to the 1994 General Agreement on tariffs and trade and article X of the General Agreement on trade in services article III. Article 23-intellectual property rights 1. Parties agree to protect and enforce intellectual property rights, including geographical indications, in accordance with the provisions of international agreements to which they are signatories. 2. the Parties shall cooperate in order to prevent the enforcement of intellectual property rights, including geographical indications, any abuse and to combat counterfeiting and piracy. They agree to contribute to this commitment, cooperation in the field of customs and other appropriate forms of administrative cooperation, including the creation and strengthening of the Organization, which monitors and protects these rights and promoting cooperation in connection with the appropriate means to facilitate each party's registration of geographical indications and protection of the territories of the parties, taking into account international rules, practices and developments in this area, as well as the parties ' respective capabilities. Title v collaboration in matters of Justice and Home Affairs article 24 the rule of law, judicial and police cooperation 1. Collaboration in matters of Justice and Home Affairs, the parties pay particular attention to the strengthening of the rule of law, strengthening institutions at all levels of law enforcement and legal proceedings, including the penitentiary system. 2. Your cooperation the Parties shall exchange information on laws and legislation. They pay particular attention to the rights of women and other vulnerable groups, and this protection and implementation. 3. the parties agree to cooperate to promote further reform of the Afghan police. Afghanistan will take steps to implement the best practices of civilian police. The Union will continue its support for the justice sector and the Afghan national police, including the financing of the development of police multiannual indicative programmes 2014-2020, and in accordance with the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) definitions for appropriate action. 4. the parties agree to cooperate to upgrade Afghanistan's security sector: (a) strengthening of the judiciary) and the justice sector, including the penitentiary system, paying particular attention to the independence of the judiciary; b) strengthening civil police effectiveness in Afghanistan; (c)) by improving the legal and institutional framework in this field; and (d)) improving policy development and implementation capacity of Afghanistan's justice and security sectors. Article 25 of the Cooperation of organized crime and corruption, the parties agree to cooperate to fight against organised crime and economic and financial crime, as well as against corruption. In particular, the objective of cooperation is to implement and promote the relevant international standards and documents such as the UN Convention against transnational organised crime and its protocols, as well as the UN Convention against corruption. The Parties shall pay special attention to the connection between organized crime and trafficking in drugs, precursors, dangerous materials and weapons trade, human trafficking and smuggling of migrants. They shall exchange information on all matters relating to the fight against criminal activities. Article 26 illegal drugs against 1. the Parties shall cooperate to ensure a balanced, comprehensive and integrated approach to drug issues. 2. drug-related policies and actions aimed at combating illegal narcotic drugs, reducing the supply, trafficking and demand for illicit drugs and to address the health and social consequences, caused by drug use. The Parties shall cooperate in order to prevent the diversion of illicit production and diversion of chemical precursors. 3. in accordance with the common approach, the parties will ensure that the fight against illicit narcotic substances is integrated in all relevant areas of cooperation, including in the field of law enforcement, promoting legitimate livelihood generation, reducing drug demand, as well as the risks and damage. 4. Cooperation between the Parties shall comprise technical and administrative assistance to Afghanistan in the fields referred to in paragraph 3, including: (a) developing) legislation and policy-making; (b)) and of the national authorities of the information centres; c) support civil society action on drugs and efforts to reduce demand for drugs and their harm, including drug treatment and rehabilitation; d) staff training; e) drug-related research; and (f)) of the illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances used in the production of precursors and the diversion. The parties may agree to cooperate in other areas. 5. in accordance with their respective legal provisions, the Parties shall cooperate in order to disrupt transnational crime networks engaged in illegal drug production and trafficking, and to achieve this objective among other parties use the exchange of information and intelligence, training and the exchange of good practice, including the special investigation methods. Special efforts will be made to combat the criminals from entering the legitimate economy. 6. This approach should be complemented by cooperation at regional level, to combat the drug trade, including through the diplomatic communications and regional forums for the parties involved, such as those referred to in article 48. 7. the parties agree on the means to achieve those objectives. Activities are based on generally accepted principles that are in accordance with the relevant international conventions, the political declaration and the Declaration on the guiding principles of drug demand reduction, which was approved by the United Nations General Assembly special session on 20 drug problem in the world in June 1998, the political declaration and the action plan on international cooperation on an integrated and balanced strategy to combat drug abuse in the world, which in March 2009 adopted a UN drugs Commission 52. high-level meeting and the Paris Pact partners third Ministerial Conference adopted a Declaration on the fight against illegal trade in opiates originating in Afghanistan. Article 27 cooperation on anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism 1. the parties agree to cooperate to prevent their financial systems and certain non-financial businesses and professions are used in criminal activities of revenue gained from money laundering and the financing of terrorism. 2. the parties agree to promote the technical and administrative assistance to design and implement the rules and mechanisms operating effectively in anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism. In particular, cooperation in the exchange of information under the relevant legislation and the appropriate and internationally recognized standards for anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism, which is equivalent to the standards adopted by the Union in this area and is actively working in international institutions such as the financial action task force on money laundering (FATF) to combat. Article 28 co-operation in the field of migration 1. the parties agree to cooperate to prevent the relevant migratory flows from its territory in the territory of the other party. 2. the parties reaffirm the need to jointly manage migration flows between Afghanistan and the EU, and undertake a comprehensive dialogue and cooperation on issues related to migration, in accordance with the Union's overall approach to migration and mobility, and relevant international conventions. This dialogue and cooperation will cover issues relating to asylum, migration and development relationship, and inadequate legal immigration, return, readmission, Visa, border management, document security, the fight against trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants. 3. cooperation in the areas referred to in this article may also include capacity-building measures. 4. the Parties shall agree, at the request of either of the parties to conclude an agreement regulating the specific readmission obligations on the issue of including provisions relating to nationals of other countries and stateless persons. Article 29 consular protection of Afghanistan agrees that any of the represented Member State of the European Union consular and diplomatic authorities provide protection for each of one of the Member States of the European Union national, if that State is not a permanent representations in Afghanistan, which is actually able to provide consular protection to a particular case, on the same terms as the relevant European Union nationals. 30. Article 1 of the protection of personal data. the parties agree to cooperate to improve the degree of protection of personal data and comply with the highest international standards, such as those that include, among others, the United Nations guidelines on electronic files of personal data provisions, which was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 14 December 1990 resolution 45/95.2. cooperation in the field of protection of personal data, inter alia, may include technical assistance and exchange of expertise. Title vi sectoral cooperation article 31 public administration modernisation, the parties agree to cooperate in Afghanistan to create a professional, independent and efficient civil service at national and local level. Cooperation in this area in particular is focused on training and capacity building, in order to: (a) improved organizational efficiency); (b) improve the effectiveness of the institutions) the provision of the services; c) ensure transparent management of public resources and accountability; d) improved legal and institutional framework; as well as e) improve policy formulation and implementation. Article 32 public financial management in accordance with article 31 of the parties improve cooperation on public finance management in Afghanistan. Cooperation shall focus on: (a)) budget management at national and local level; b) transparent financial flows between public institutions, as well as between those authorities and the beneficiaries; c) monitoring among others, the Parliament and the independent audit body; and (d)) the mechanisms that are designed to quickly and efficiently resolve any irregularities with respect to the use of public funds. The Union provides support as necessary in these areas, focusing on capacity building and technical assistance. 33. Article good governance in the tax area to strengthen and develop economic activities, while taking into account the need to develop the appropriate regulatory frameworks, the parties acknowledge and commit to the principles of good governance in the tax area. They seek to cooperate, in particular, to facilitate the collection of tax revenue in Afghanistan and to support Afghanistan in the development of measures aimed at the effective implementation of these principles. 34. Article 1 financial services. the parties agree to strengthen cooperation to improve accounting, supervisory and regulatory systems of banking, insurance and other financial sectors. 2. the Parties shall cooperate to develop Afghanistan's legal and regulatory frameworks, infrastructure and human resources, as well as to the Afghan capital market introduction of corporate governance and international accounting standards. 35. Article statistics 1. the parties agree to create and develop statistical capacity, promoting the harmonisation of statistical methodology and using the experience of the Union, including the best practices provided statistical information gathering and dissemination. This will allow them to mutually acceptable basis using the statistics on any area covered by this agreement, which is suitable for statistical data collection, processing, analysis and dissemination. 2. cooperation in the field of statistics focuses on the exchange of knowledge, good practice and promoting the UN fundamental principles of official statistics and the European statistics code of practice with a view to improving the quality of statistics. 36. Article disaster risk management 1 the parties agree to strengthen cooperation in disaster risk management. Special attention should be paid to preventive and active approach to the threat of natural disasters and risk reduction, as well as vulnerability. 2. cooperation in this area may be directed to the following aspects: (a) disaster risk reduction), in particular the persistence, prevention and mitigation; (b)), knowledge management, innovation, research and education at all levels to create a culture of safety and resilience; (c) disaster risk assessment), monitoring and response to it; and (d)) support the development of risk management capabilities. 37. Article 1 natural resources. the parties agree to improve cooperation and capacity building in relation to the use of natural resources, development, processing and sales. 2. this cooperation shall relate to the sustainable development of natural resources, strengthening regulatory frameworks, environmental protection and safety regulations. In order to promote greater cooperation and understanding between any of the parties can request ad hoc meetings on issues related to natural resources. 3. in accordance with section IV, the Parties shall cooperate to create a transparent environment that is favourable to foreign direct investment, particularly in the mining sector. 4. in the light of their respective economic policies and objectives, and in order to facilitate trade, the parties agree to promote cooperation on the removal of obstacles to trade in natural resources. 5. At the request of either party, any question about the trade of natural resources may be made and look at the meetings of the Joint Committee as laid down in article 49. 38. Article education, research, youth and vocational training 1. the parties agree to promote cooperation in education, research, youth and vocational training. They agree to promote awareness of training facilities in the EU and Afghanistan. 2. the Parties shall also promote measures to: (a)) create links between their respective institutions of higher education, specialised agencies and youth organizations; b) facilitate the exchange of information and know-how, as well as students, young people and youth workers, researchers, academics and other experts on mobility; and (c) support the development of capabilities), as well as the teaching and learning quality development, benefiting from the experience of others, they have gained in this area. 3. the parties agree to promote higher education and youth programmes, such as the EU program "Erasmus", as well as the mobility and training of researchers dedicated to programmes such as the Marie Curie — Curie action, and encourage their educational institutions to cooperate in joint programs with the aim of promoting academic cooperation and mobility, as well as to encourage cooperation between youth organisations, including improving youth and youth worker mobility, non-formal education and training context. 4. Promote research collaboration, including the Union's framework programme for research and innovation (2014-2020) "Horizon 2020". Article 39 energy 1. Parties shall endeavour to strengthen cooperation in the energy sector to improve energy production, supply and use in Afghanistan, including, but not limited to: (a) promoting of renewable energy) to produce the energy and energy efficiency, b) enhancing cooperation in the field of technology; and (c)) in vocational training. 2. the parties recognise that transparent, non-discriminatory, non-distorting and rules-based framework is the best way to create an environment favourable to foreign direct investment in the energy sector. Article 40 Transport the parties agree to cooperate actively in the areas of mutual interest with respect to all modes of transport, especially aviation, and the connection of the various modes of transport in order to, inter alia: (a) facilitate the movement of goods) and the movement of passengers; (b) ensure the safety, security) and protection of the environment; (c) trained personnel); and (d)) increase investment opportunities with the aim of promoting economic development, improving transport connections throughout the region. Article 41 employment and social development 1. in accordance with article 12 the parties agree to cooperate in the employment and social development, including the development of the labour market and promoting youth employment, health and safety at work, gender equality and decent work. 2. Cooperation may include, among other specific programmes and projects, by mutual agreement, as well as dialogue, cooperation and initiatives of mutual interest in the bilateral or multilateral level, for example the ILO context. 42. Article agriculture, rural development, agricultural animals irrigation and the parties agree to cooperate to develop Afghan capability in areas such as agriculture, livestock farming and livelihood security fields. Cooperation shall include the following in particular: (a)) agricultural policy and productivity growth, with the aim of ensuring food security; (b) in accordance with section IV) opportunities to foster entrepreneurship in the agricultural sector and agricultural trade, including trade in plants, animals, farm animals and their products with the aim of promoting the development of the sector, focusing on the agricultural sector; c) animal and farm animal welfare; d) rural development; e) exchanges of experience and networking between local representatives or entrepreneurs, in particular in areas such as research and technology transfer; f) policy development for plant, animal and farm animal health and quality; (g) cooperation proposals and initiatives), submitted to the international agricultural organizations; h) sustainable and environmentally friendly agriculture, including grain production, biofuels development and transfer of biotechnology; I) plant variety, sowing technology, agricultural biotechnology; j) agriculture and livestock database and information network; as well as training in agriculture) and in the veterinary sector. 43. Article environment and climate change 1. the Parties shall cooperate with a view to help Afghanistan create a high level of environmental protection and contribute to the conservation of natural resources and biodiversity, including forest conservation and management to promote sustainable development and to adapt to climate change and mitigate their effects. 2. the Parties shall aim to promote the ratification of multilateral agreements, the implementation of and compliance with environmental and climate change. 3. The parties ' goal is to step up cooperation on climate change adaptation and mitigation, with particular attention to water resources. Article 44 public health parties agreed that their cooperation will focus on health sector reforms and serious disease prevention and control, including promoting the implementation of international health agreements. It also includes efforts to expand access to health services in Afghanistan, to improve the quality of health services for vulnerable groups of the population, especially women and children, improving access to clean water and sanitation and promoting hygiene. 45. Article 1 of the Culture the parties agree to promote cooperation in the field of culture, to increase mutual understanding and knowledge of their respective cultures. To this end they shall support and promote the action of civil society. They respect cultural diversity. 2. the Parties shall endeavour to take appropriate measures to promote the cultural exchange and the implementation of joint initiatives in various cultural fields, including cultural heritage. 3. the parties agree to consult and cooperate in appropriate international forums, such as UNESCO, in order to achieve common goals such as the promotion of cultural diversity and heritage protection. As regards the cultural diversity of the parties also agree to promote the 2005 UNESCO Convention on the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions. 46. Article information society recognizing that information and communication technology (ICT) is an essential component of the modern world and that they have an important role in economic and social development, the parties will exchange views on their respective policies in this field, to promote economic development, including the connectivity needs of education and research. If necessary, consider ways to best collaborate in this area, in particular in relation to the marketing of products related to ICT, and for electronic communications regulatory aspects and other information society issues. 47. Article audiovisual and media policy, the parties will encourage, support and facilitate the exchanges, cooperation and dialogue between their relevant authorities and representatives of the audiovisual and media policy. They agree to establish a regular dialogue in these areas. Section VII regional cooperation article 48 regional cooperation 1. the parties recognise that regional cooperation initiatives are necessary to restore Afghanistan's status as terrestrial connection between Central Asia, South Asia and the Middle East, as well as to promote economic growth and political stability in the region. To this end, they agree to work together to promote regional cooperation, through measures that will support the Afghan Government, especially the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, capacity building efforts. Advanced capabilities will allow the Government to take a greater role in various regional organizations, processes and forums. This cooperation may include capacity-building and confidence-building measures, such as training programmes, workshops and seminars, exchange of experts, studies and other measures on which the parties have agreed. 2. the parties welcome and reaffirms its support for the process of Istanbul, which is considered an important initiative to promote political cooperation between Afghanistan and its neighbours through confidence-building measures agreed on by the "heart of Asia" Conference of Ministers in Kabul June 14, 2012. The Union will support the efforts of Afghanistan to provide the confidence building exercise, and other regional commitments effective implementation. 3. In addition, the parties agree to promote regional cooperation through its diplomatic contacts and regional forums in which they participate. Section VIII institutional framework article 49 Joint Committee 1. a Joint Committee is hereby established, in which the parties are represented at the highest level and which tasks are: a) to ensure the proper functioning of the agreement and implementation; (b)) to set priorities in relation to the objectives of this agreement; (c)) to monitor the comprehensive mutual relations development and to make recommendations for promoting the objectives of this agreement; (d)) where appropriate, to request information from the committees or other bodies set up in accordance with other agreements between the parties, and to examine all the reports submitted by it; e) to exchange views and make proposals on any matter affecting their common interests, including on the action and its resources available for the implementation; (f) resolve disagreements) resulting from the application or interpretation of this agreement; and (g) to examine information) presented by one of the parties in relation to the discharge of obligations to consult and to negotiate any disagreement situation solution under article 54. 2. the Joint Committee shall normally meet each year, alternately in Kabul and Brussels a day, which is determined by mutual agreement. By agreement of the parties may also hold extraordinary meetings of the Joint Committee. The Joint Committee shall be presided in turn by each of the parties. The agenda for meetings of the Joint Committee shall be determined by mutual agreement between the parties. 3. the Joint Committee may decide to set up special committees or working groups to assist in the performance of its duties. It makes such a Committee or group composition and duties and how the Committee or group should ensure the implementation of its functions. 4. the Joint Committee shall ensure the proper functioning of any sectoral agreements or protocols entered into by the parties in the context of this agreement. 5. the Joint Committee shall adopt its own rules of procedure. Title IX final provisions article 50 cooperation resources as far as the framework, procedures and resources permit, the EU provided Afghanistan financial and technical assistance for the implementation of cooperation under this agreement, and Afghanistan make available the necessary resources, including financial resources, to ensure the fulfilment of the objectives set. Article 51 of the cooperation in the field of combating fraud 1. the Parties shall implement the financial assistance measures in accordance with the principles of sound financial management and cooperate to protect their financial interests. They shall take effective measures to prevent and to combat fraud, corruption and any other illegal activity adversely affecting the financial interests. 2. any future agreement or financial instrument, which is agreed between the parties in the implementation of the agreement, include specific financial cooperation clauses which include on-the-spot checks, inspections, controls and anti-fraud measures, including those carried out by the European Court of Auditors and the European anti-fraud Office. 3. For the purposes of the proper application of this article, the competent authorities of the Parties shall exchange information and, at the request of one of the parties, consultations carried out in accordance with relevant legislation. 4. The Afghan authorities regularly check that the means of the EU-funded activities are properly implemented. They shall take appropriate measures to prevent fraud, corruption and other unlawful activities that threaten the following features. They shall inform the Commission of these measures. 5. The Afghan authorities shall immediately forward to the Commission any information they received about possible or actual cases of fraud, corruption or any other illegal activity in connection with the use of Union funds. In cases of suspected fraud or corruption, also inform the European anti-fraud Office. The Afghan authorities also informed the European Commission of any measures taken in relation to facts communicated in accordance with this paragraph. 6. the authorities of Afghanistan provides potential or actual fraud, corruption or any other illegal activity, which has a negative impact on the resources of the Union, investigation and prosecution. Where appropriate, the European anti-fraud Office may carry out its tasks to help competent authorities of Afghanistan. 7. in accordance with Union law and only in order to protect the Union's financial interests, the European anti-fraud Office may carry out on-demand on-the-spot checks and inspections in Afghanistan. They prepared and carried out in close cooperation with the Afghan authorities. Afghan authorities give the European anti-fraud office any assistance necessary to enable it to discharge its responsibilities. 8. The European anti-fraud Office may agree with the competent authorities of Afghanistan for further cooperation in the field of the fight against fraud, including through operational procedures. Article 52 further development of the agreement, either party may put forward suggestions for widening the scope of cooperation under this agreement, taking into account the experience gained in its implementation. 53. Article other agreements 1. Without prejudice to the relevant provisions of the Treaty on European Union and to the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union, this agreement and any action taken pursuant to it are without prejudice to the powers of the Member States of the European Union to get involved in bilateral cooperation with Afghanistan or, where appropriate, conclude bilateral and cooperation agreements with Afghanistan. This agreement shall not affect the application or implementation of obligations by one of the parties entered into relationships with third parties. 2. the parties may supplement this agreement, conclude agreements in any concrete cooperation, which it is. The following agreements are general bilateral relations governed by this agreement, and is part of the common institutional structures. 54. Article 1 obligations each party may refer to the Joint Committee on the implementation of this agreement the anomalies and interpretation. 2. If either party considers that the other party has failed to fulfil an obligation under this agreement, it may take appropriate measures in respect of this agreement or any particular agreement referred to in paragraph 2 of article 53. 3. before you do this, except in cases of special urgency, it shall supply the Joint Committee with all relevant information required for a thorough examination of the situation with a view to seeking a solution acceptable to all parties. 4. In the selection of appropriate measures, priority must be given to those which least disturb the agreement or any specific agreement referred to in paragraph 2 of article 53, the action. Such measures shall be notified immediately to the other party and shall be the subject of consultations within the Joint Committee if the other party so requests. 5. correct the interpretation of this agreement and in the interest of practical application the parties agree that the term "cases of special urgency" in article 3 of the agreement, be understood when one of the parties made a significant breach of this agreement. A fundamental breach of this agreement are: a) the abandonment of the agreement not sanctioned by the General rules of international law, or b) essential elements of the agreement referred to in article 2, paragraph 3, and article 9, paragraph 2. 55. Article options to facilitate cooperation within the framework of this agreement, the parties agree to ensure officials and experts involved in the implementation of the cooperation, opportunities that they need to perform their functions, in accordance with their respective internal rules and rules of procedure. 56. Article interests in security and disclosure of 1. The provisions of this Agreement shall not prejudice the parties in the relevant legislation and the legislation on public access to official documents. 2. for the purposes of this agreement, any provision shall not be interpreted as any of the parties provides the information the disclosure of which it considers contrary to the existing its essential security interests. 3. the parties reaffirm their commitment to protect all classified information received in the course of cooperation. Article 57 of the parties in this agreement ' States parties ' means the Union or its Member States or the Union and its Member States, in accordance with their respective powers, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, Afghanistan. 58. Article territorial application this Agreement shall apply to the territories in which the Treaty on European Union and Treaty on the functioning of the European Union, in accordance with the conditions laid down in the treaties and in the territory of Afghanistan. 59. Article comes into force, provisional application, duration and denunciation 1. This agreement shall enter into force on the first day of the second month following the date on which the Parties notify each other of the need for this purpose completion of the legal procedures. 2. Notwithstanding paragraph 1, the Union and Afghanistan agree to provisionally apply this agreement partially, as the Union, as laid down in paragraph 3 and in accordance with the relevant internal procedures and applicable law.
3. Provisional application shall enter into force on the first day of the second month following the date on which it receives notice of the Union: (a)) for that purpose, the completion of the procedures necessary to indicate which parts of the agreement should be applied on a provisional basis; and (b)) deposits an instrument of ratification instruments of Afghanistan in accordance with the procedures and applicable law. 4. this Agreement shall remain in force for an initial period of ten years. It is then automatically extended for subsequent periods of five years, unless at least six months before the expiry of one of the Parties notifies in writing of its intention not to renew it. 5. Any amendments made to this agreement by agreement between the parties, and shall enter into force only after they have notified each other of the completion of this purpose, the necessary legal procedures. 6. either party may terminate this agreement, the other party written notice of denunciation. The termination shall take effect six months after the other party has received such notification. 7. notifications made pursuant to this article shall be submitted to the Secretary-General of the Council of the European Union and the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as the case may be. Article 60 authentic texts this agreement is drawn up in duplicate in the Bulgarian, Czech, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Dutch, Croatian, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, as well as Pashto and Dari languages, all these texts being equally authentic.