ACT 17-2007 Text copy _?.
Back ATTACHMENT law of the Republic of INDONESIA number 17 in 2007 ABOUT the LONG TERM DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2005-2025 NATIONAL CHAPTER i. INTRODUCTION i. INTRODUCTION., 1, 1. With the grace of Almighty God, the people of Indonesia have filled independence over the past 60 years since the proclamation of August 17, 1945. In the era of the first twenty years after independence (1945-1965), the people of Indonesia are experiencing a range of exams that are very heavy. Indonesia has managed to maintain its independence and uphold the sovereignty of the country.
Unity and the unity of the nation successfully maintained with various seed dampen infighting, well armed or political infighting dissensions among fellow component Nations. At that time the nation's leaders have managed to craft a national development plan. However, the atmosphere is full of tension and infighting has led to such plans could not be carried out properly.
., ,2. Next on the period 1969-1997 nation Indonesia managed to draw up national development plans systematically through stages of the five-yearly. Such development is the translation of the outlines of the bow of the State (GBHN) which provides direction and guidance for the development of the country to achieve the ideals of the nation, as mandated in the preamble of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945. The stages of development that are arranged in the time it has laid the foundations for a process of sustainable development and successfully enhance the people's welfare, as reflected in the various economic and social indicators. The development process at the very time the output-oriented and the end result.
.,, Meanwhile, process and especially the quality of institutions that support and implement is not developed and even pressed politically so as to become vulnerable to abuse and are not able to exercise their functions in a professional manner. Failed system and institutional development in the political, legal, and social cause development outcomes being lame from the side of Justice and by itself threatens the sustainability of the development process itself.
., ,3. In 1997 the monetary crisis that evolved into multidimensional crisis, which further impacted on change (reform) around the joints and country life. The reforms give the spirit of politics and a new way of looking as reflected on the changes of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945. Substantial changes in the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945 associated with development planning is a) people's Consultative Assembly (MPR) not mandated any longer to set the outlines of the bow of the State (GBHN); b) President and Vice President are elected in one partner directly by the people; and c) decentralization and strengthening the autonomy of the region.
., ,4. Absence of the GBHN will result in the absence of more long-term development plans in the future.
.,, The election directly give leeway for a presidential candidate and vice presidential candidate to deliver the vision, mission, and development program at the time of campaigning. Such discretion could potentially cause disconnections construction of one term of Office Presidents and Vice Presidents to the term of the next President and Vice President. Decentralization and strengthening of regional autonomy could potentially result in regional development planning no synergy between areas that one with other areas as well as between regional development and national construction.
., ,5. To that end, all components of the nation have agreed to establish a system of development planning through Act No. 25 of 2004 about the system of national development planning (UU SPPN) which regulated planning long term (20 years), medium term (5 years), and the annual development.
., ,6. Learning from past experience by considering changes to the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945 required long-term development planning to keep sustainable development in order to achieve the goals and ideals of a country as stated in the preamble of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945, namely (1) protecting all Nations Indonesia and all the spilled blood of Indonesia; (2) promote the general welfare; (3) the intellectual life of the nation; and (4) were creating a world order based on independence, peace, and social justice. In order to realize the development goals the national need to set vision, mission, and the direction of the long-term development of Indonesia.
., ,7. The various experiences obtained during the 60 years of independence is filling a valuable capital in stepping forward to organize the national development as a whole, a gradual, sustained in a container and unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (SO) based on Pancasila and the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945.
I. 2 understanding.,, Long-term development plan (RPJP) National national development planning is a document which is a listing of the purpose of the establishment of the Government of Indonesia stated in the preamble of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945, in the form of the vision, mission, and the direction of national development for a period of 20 years into the future that encompasses the period of time starting from 2005 to 2025.
I. 3 GOALS and PURPOSE.,, National long-term Development Plan 2005-2025, hereinafter referred to as RPJP, is a national development planning documents a period of 20 (twenty) years counted since 2005 up to 2025, set out with the intention of giving directions at once become a reference for all components of the nation (Government, society, and the business world) in realizing the goals and objectives of the national accordance with the vision , mission and direction of the development of a mutually agreed that all efforts made by the perpetrators of the synergistic nature of development, koordinatif, and complement one another in a pattern of attitudes and patterns of follow-up.
I. 4 RUNWAYS, Runway, idiil National RPJP is the constitutional foundation of Pancasila and the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945, while its operational runway covered all the provisions of the legislation which is directly related to the national development, namely: 1. The statutes, the people's Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia Number VII/MPR/2001 About Indonesia's vision of the future; 2. Act No. 17 of 2003 about the finances of the State;
3. Act No. 1 of 2004 concerning State Treasury;., 4. Act No. 25 of 2004 about the system of national development planning; 5. Law Number 32 of 2004 concerning Regional Government;
., ,6. Act No. 33 of 2004 concerning the Financial Equalization between the Central Government and local governments.
I. 5 TATA SORT.,, the national long-term Development Plan 2005-2025 are arranged in the order as follows: chapter I introduction.
Chapter II General Conditions.
Chapter III national development vision and mission 2005-2025.
Chapter IV directions, stages, and long-term development Priorities in 2005-2025.
Chapter V Covers.
CHAPTER II GENERAL CONDITIONS II. 1 the CONDITIONS at this time., national development, which have been implemented over the years have shown progress in various areas of public life, including the field of socio-cultural and religious life, the economy, science and technology (science and technology), politics, defense and security, and legal apparatus, regional development and spatial provision of facilities and infrastructure, as well as natural resources management (SDA) and the environment.
In addition, much progress has been achieved, there are still many challenges or issues that have not been fully resolved. To that end, efforts are still needed to deal with it in the development of a national 20 years into the future.
A. socio-cultural and religious life,, 1. The construction of the social cultural and religious fields closely related to the quality of human life and society Indonesia. The living conditions of the community can be reflected on the population age structure and quantity as well as quality of the population, such as education, health, and the environment.
., ,2. In the field of population, efforts to control the rate of population growth must be continuously conducted so that over time the rate of population growth has been can be lowered.
., ,3. Efforts to build human quality remains an important concern. Human resources (HR) is the subject and the object of development, covering the whole life cycle of humans since the content of hinggá in the end of life. Quality of human resources became more good that, among other things, is characterized by the increasing human development index (HDI) Indonesia became 0.697 in 2003 (Human Development Report, 2005). In detail these values is a composite of life expectancy at birth (66.8 years), the literacy of the population aged 15 years and over (87.9 percent), the figures are rough participation level of basic education up to higher education (66 percent), and gross domestic product (GDP) per capita calculated based on purchasing power parity (purchasing power parity) US $3,361. The human development index (HDI) ranked Indonesia-110 of 177 countries.
., ,4. Status of public health Indonesia generally still low and far behind compared to public health to other ASEAN countries, marked, among other things, with the still high number of maternal mortality, namely 307 per 100 thousand live births (Indonesia Demography and Health Survey/SDKI, 2002-2003), the high number of deaths of infants and toddlers. In addition, the less nutrition remains a toddler especially on major problems in an effort to form an independent generation and quality.
., ,5. The educational level of the population has increased Indonesia which, among other things, measured with increasing numbers literacy of the population aged 15 years and over, increasing the total population aged 15 years and over who have completed secondary education/MTs to the top; the increasing average old school; and the increasing numbers of school participation for all age groups. However, these conditions have not been adequate to face the global competition more rigorously in the future. It is exacerbated by high disparities in standard of education to investigate the community, especially among the population of rich and poor, between rural and urban areas, interregional, and gender disparity.
., ,6. The empowerment of women and children, has shown an increase that reflected an increase in the quality of life of women and children, but not in all areas of development. In addition, the participation of youth in development also makin improved along with the expanding sports culture among the public. The extent of social welfare of the community is quite adequate in line with the various attempts of empowerment, service, rehabilitation, and social protection for vulnerable communities including for the disabled, social welfare problem (PMKS) and narcotics addicts and illegal drugs.
., ,7. Development in the field of culture are already experiencing the progress marked by the growing understanding of the cultural diversity, the importance of tolerance, and the importance of socialization of solving problems without violence, and began the development of intercultural interaction. However, in the other development efforts is ethnic nation of Indonesia, such as the appreciation in the value of culture and language, the value of social solidarity, family, and love of the motherland felt the more faded. It is caused, among others, because of its optimal character formation efforts yet Nations, lack of example weak leaders, the law abiding culture, fast absorption of negative global culture, and the less it absorbs global culture that is more in line with the character of the nation, as well as the uneven social and economic conditions of the community.
., ,8. In the field of religion, awareness of carrying out religious teachings in society seem diverse. In most communities, the religious life yet describe penghayatan values and the application of the teachings of the religion adhered. Religious life in a society that is still on the level of religious symbols and not on the substance of the values of religious teachings. However, there are also some people that their lives are already approaching, even in accordance with the teachings of the religion. Thus, it has grown a strong awareness among religious leaders to build social harmony and internal relations and religious antarumat a safe, peaceful, and mutual respect. However, efforts to build an internal harmony and religious antarumat yet also worked well, especially at the community level. Religious teachings regarding work ethic, on achievements, and encouragement of progress achieved can not be realized as the inspiration that is capable of moving the community to build. In addition, religious moral messages have not been fully realized in everyday life.
., ,1. Ahead of the onset of the economic crisis in 1997, the real economic development is on his optimism is high with respect to the successful achievement of the first long-term development. However, the various development goals practical embodiment of the effort stalled due to the crisis that is crippling the national economy. Fragile economy in the countries of Southeast Asia Economic Foundation shows that countries in Southeast Asia, including Indonesia yet to withstand the external turmoil. The growth is quite high that successfully retained long enough a lot more driven by increased accumulation of capital, labor and drain natural resources rather than an increase in the productivity of the economy in a sustainable way. The crisis raised fundamental weaknesses that progress so far has not been followed by increased efficiency and improved institutional governance of the economy that ultimately undermine the trust of the actors, both within and outside the country. Therefore, in addition to external disturbances, susceptible to the structure of the economy as it will be difficult to develop if faced with tighter competition conditions, either in production or marketing results in increased investment, in the era of more open world economy.
., ,2. The 1997 crisis was undermining the Foundation of the national economy. In the span of less than one year Exchange rate plunged dramatically reaching about Usd 15,000.00 per US $1. By implication, Government and private debt to swell and result in domestic aggregate demand continued to decline until mid-1998. As a result, the GDP suffered a contraction of about 13 percent on the year. The number of companies that go bankrupt resulting in the number of unemployed rose sharply almost tripled, which is about 14.1 million people; the number of poor people increased by almost double, from about 28 million people in 1996 to about 53 million people in 1998. Until 2004, poverty is still high (about 30 million) and the number of unemployment still around 10 million people.
., ,3. With various program handling crisis held during a political transition period, conditions began to improve since 2000. Improvements to the condition indicated by some indicators as follows. The country's budget deficit down from 3.9 per cent of GDP in 1999/2000 to 1.1 per cent of GDP in 2004, the stock of government debt/GDP can be suppressed under 60 percent, and foreign exchange reserves continue to rise in the last four years be 35.4 billion USD in 2004. The exchange rates can be stabilized at a level of around Rp RP 9,000 per US $1 and inflation suppressed at approximately 6.0 per cent in 2004. Terkendalinya exchange rates and the rate of inflation gives space for monetary policy to gradually lower interest rates on Bank Indonesia Certificates (SBI). The decline in the SBI interest rates followed the drop in banking deposits interest rates significantly, but has not been fully followed by a decline in interest rates of banking credit. Although not optimal, the drop in interest rates that has been utilized by the banking to do credit restructuring, strengthen the capital structure, and improve the distribution of credit, especially the relatively short timed. In the real sector, the stable conditions which give the opportunity to the world's efforts to conduct financial restructuring internally.
., ,4. Various performance above has managed to improve the macro-economic stability. However, the performance hasn't been able to recover the economic growth to a level as before the crisis. It is because the motor of growth still relied on consumption. The production sector has not developed due to a number of problems with regard to the business environment, not kondusifnya who shattered our passion investments, among them the high cost economy practices, including the practice of corruption, collusion, and nepotism (KKN) as well as various rules related to the implementation of regional autonomy. In addition, the difficulty of the recovery of the investment and the export sector is also caused by weak national competitiveness, especially with the more intense economic competition between Nations. Weak competitiveness, also due to the low productivity of HUMAN RESOURCES as well as the low level of mastery and application of the technology in the production process. Other problems also had a strong influence was the limited infrastructure capacity in support of increasing the efficiency of distribution. Prolonged settlement of all the problems of the real sector above will disrupt the performance progress and resilience of the national economy, which in turn could reduce the independence of the nation.
., ,5. Though gradually diminished, the number of poor population is still quite high, both in urban and in rural areas, especially in agriculture and marine. Therefore, poverty is still an important concern in the construction of 20 years to come. The extent of the territory and the various cultural communities social conditions led to the problem of poverty in Indonesia be very diverse with a strong local nature and experience poverty differently. The problem of poverty is multidimensional in nature, because it not only concerns the size of the revenue, but also the vulnerability and insecurity of people or society to be poor. In addition, poverty also concerns the failure in the fulfillment of basic rights and the existence of differences of treatment of the person or groups of people in living a life in dignity.
C. Science and technology.,, 1. The ability of the utilization, development, and mastery of science and technology has increased. A variety of research, development, and engineering technology has been utilized by the industry and the community. Number of scientific publications on the rise although it belongs to the still very low at the international level. It indicates an increase in research activities, scientific, and transparency of activity of dissemination of the results of research and development.
., ,2. Nevertheless, national capabilities in science and technology and utilization of mastery is assessed is still not sufficient to improve competitiveness. It was indicated, inter alia, by the still low level of science and technology production sectors in donations, yet effective mechanisms of intermediation, the weak synergies the policy, not the development of science and technology culture in the community, and the limited resources of science and technology.
D. infrastructure.,, condition of facilities and infrastructure in Indonesia are still characterized by low level of accessibility, quality, or scope of services. As a result, the existing facilities and infrastructure are not yet fully able to become the backbone for the real sector development including in order to support the policy of food security in the region, encourage the production sector, as well as support the development of the region.
., ,1. The development of infrastructure, such as water reservoir reservoir, dam, Lake, and there is still not adequate, so haven't been able to meet the water supply for a variety of needs, whether for agriculture, household, industrial or urban areas, especially in the dry season that tends to linger long in some areas so that experienced a water crisis. Irrigation infrastructure support experience degradation is still not reliable because only count on about 10 percent of its water supply irrigation network is relatively unchecked because the buildings comes from a water reservoir, and the rest just rely on the availability of water in the river. In addition, the rate of development of the infrastructure and facilities damaged power controller of water also is still not able to keep up the pace of environmental degradation causes floods so that the flood is still a threat to many regions. In line with the economic development of the region, many areas have experienced a deficit of water surface, whereas on the other hand the conversion of agricultural land has prompted changes in the function of the irrigation infrastructure so that necessary adjustment and control. On the development of water resource management institutions, weak coordination of interregional and autonomous system has led to a pattern of water resource management that is inefficient, not even rarely collided. On the other hand, awareness and community participation, as one of the prerequisites provided the sustainability patterns of management of water resources, has still not reached the level that was expected because of the limited opportunities and capabilities.
., ,2. The economic crisis resulted in a decrease in the quality of the facilities and infrastructure, especially roads and railways that conditions are very poor. In 2004 approximately 46.3 percent the total length of the path of light and heavy damage and there is 32.8 percent long railroad that there is already no longer operated. In addition, a network of ground transportation and transportation services within an integrated yet. As an island State or maritime transport needs, there are many who have not yet met, within both ocean freight service, as well as crossings. The role of the national fleet, both for domestic and international transport so that in 2004 each only able to meet 54 percent and 3.5 percent. Whereas in accordance with the applicable international conventions, national fleet is entitled to 40 per cent market share charge to import-export and 100 percent for domestic transport. For air transport, with the application of a multiple-policy operators air transport airlines relatively able to provide services at an affordable price. In addition to the problems caused by the economic crisis, the construction of transport infrastructures are experiencing obstacles mainly related to financing limitations of development, operation and maintenance of transportation facilities and infrastructure, as well as the low accessibility of transport infrastructure development in some remote region have not terpadunya the construction of transport and regional development for the general public, so that the provision of limited transportation Ministry. Similarly, the quality of service of public transport that is declining, there was a level of congestion and pollution in some major cities grew worse, and the higher the accident rate. On the other hand, the role of the private and underdeveloped institutional and related regulations that are not yet conducive.
., ,3. In the era of globalization, the information has economic value to encourage growth as well as increased competitiveness of the nation. The main problems in the development of the post and telematics is the limited capacity, range, and quality of the facilities and infrastructure of the post and telematics, which resulted in poor community's ability to access information. Conditions that cause a growing digital divide its width, both interregional in Indonesia as well as between Indonesia and other countries. From the side of the organizers and infrastructure Ministry of posts and telematics (supply side), the digital divide was caused by (a) the limited financing capabilities of the operator so that the activities of maintenance of facilities and infrastructure there and the new development is limited; (b) has not been the onset of competition are equivalent and still high barriers to entry (barrier to entry) so that the role and the mobilization of private funds not optimal; (c) has not been growing resources and other financing mechanisms to fund the construction of the facilities and infrastructure of the post and telematics, such as government-private cooperation, government-community, as well as private-public; (d) still lack the optimization utilization of existing facilities and infrastructure so that there is a national asset that are not used (idle); (e) the limited ability of the adoption and adaptation of technology; (f) the limited utilization of domestic industry so dependent against the foreign component of the industry is still high; and (g) is still limited industrial application and material (content) developed by service providers and infrastructure. Related to the ability of the community to utilize the services and infrastructure from the request, the digital divide caused by (a) the limited purchasing power (ability to pay) the community against postal facilities and infrastructure and telematics; (b) the still low level of community's ability to exploit and develop the information and communication technology; and (c) the limited the community's ability to process information into economic opportunities, i.e. make something have a value-added economy.
., ,4. In the field of energy facilities and infrastructure including electricity, the principal problem faced by, among others, still the magnitude of the gap between the supply and the demand of energy including electricity conditions are the more critical in many areas due to the low investment capability and management of energy facilities and infrastructure provision; still low level of effectiveness and efficiency of utilization of facilities and infrastructure already installed in one decade; still the high reliance of consumers against fuel oil; still its dominating the supporting tools and materials must be imported; as well as regulation-regulation is not consistent. Fulfilling the energy needs of the uneven and exposed the extent of the territory of Indonesia in the form of Islands with a population density that varies quite complicate the development of various types of energy facilities and infrastructure are optimal. It is also influenced by the location of potential primary energy reserves are scattered and mostly away from the center of the load; the limitations of human resources, science and technology; the high growth in demand for various types of energy each year; as well as the conditions of the purchasing power is still low.
., ,5. With increasing population, housing needs by 2020 is estimated at more than 30 million units so that the needs of the home per year is estimated to reach 1.2 million units. The 2004 data notes that as much as the number of 4.3 million households don't have a home. The provision of drinking water is also no progress means. Based on Statistical Data of housing and settlements in 2004, population (urban and rural) who get access to drinking water service piping recently reaching 18.3 percent, only slightly increased compared to the previous 10 years (14.7 percent). Similarly with the handling of persampahan in urban areas and rural New reach 18.41 percent or 40 million, whereas the scope of the new drainage services serve the 124 million.
E..,, 1. The development of the process of democratization since 1998 up to the process of organizing elections in 2004 has provided an opportunity to end the transitional period of democracy to the process of consolidation of democracy. Changes to the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945 carried out four times have changed the fundamentals of consensus in the Organization of the life of nation and State, both at the institutional level the country nor the level of civil society. Changes to the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945 which then gives the publication of various laws and regulations in the field of politics as penjabarannya has become an important part of the efforts to formulate new political formats for the consolidation of democracy. Changes to the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945 has been firmly re-arrange the structure and authority of the institutions of State including some organizing additional countries, such as the judicial Commission, the Electoral Commission, as well as some of the other Commissions. The existence of the arrangement has provided opportunities toward the realization of supervision and balancing (checks and balances) of power politics. Change the format of the political terumuskan in Act No. 31 of 2002 on political parties, law No. 12 of 2003 on general elections, Act No. 22 of 2003 about the arrangement and position of the MPR, DPR, DPD, dan DPRD, as well as Act No. 23 of 2003 about the elections of President and Vice President. As a country that only a few years of entering the process of democratization, the institutional setup process is not uncommon cause conflict-a conflict of interest.
., ,2. With regard to elections, the important success has been achieved is a direct election has unsettled members of the HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES, DPD, and PARLIAMENT, as well as the election of the President and Vice President directly, securely, and democratic in 2004. In addition, the regional head election had directly able to implemented throughout Indonesia since 2005. It is the initial capital is more important for the development of democracy in the days to come.
., ,3. The development of democracy as long as it is marked with terumuskannya format the relationship Center for new areas. However, it is visible still runs on a procedural context and its nature is still not substantial. A format that is already built is based on Act No. 32 of 2004 on local governance as well as Act No. 33 of 2004 concerning the Financial Equalization between the Central Government and local governments are in essence more encouraging self-reliance area to arrange and take care of its own affairs and governing the relationship of authority between the Central Government and the Government of provinces, districts, and cities, as well as intergovernmental relations of the region. Today, the implementation of decentralization and regional autonomy are still having issues, among other things due to lack of coordination centres and regions is still not his solid performances of a number of legal regulations, both interregional as well as between the Centre and the regions.
., ,4. The development of democracy is marked by the existence of a consensus on the new format of the civil-military relationship that upholds the supremacy of civil and armed forces relations Indonesia (TNI) and the police force of the Republic of Indonesia (Polri) associated with the authority in carrying out the system of defence and security with the establishment of Act No. 34 of 2004 on TNI, Act No. 3 of 2002 on State Defense, and Act No. 2 of 2002 on the police force of the Republic of Indonesia. Even so, the new format is generated it is still facing problems concerning its implementation which is simply procedural in nature and has to be fought more in order to be realized in a more substantive. Furthermore, the development of democracy is the passage of Act No. 43 of 1999 regarding the change in the law No. 8 of 1974 about Staffing issues have also realized a new national agreement regarding neutrality civil servant (PNS), TNI and police against politics.
., ,5. The progress of democracy has also seen the development of consciousness – awareness of the rights of society in political life, which in the long-term is expected to stimulate further community to further actively participate in taking the initiative for the management of public affairs. That progress is inseparable from the development of the role of political parties, non-governmental organizations and other civil society organizations. Nevertheless, the development of the vision and mission of the political party turned out to be not fully in line with the development of consciousness and the dynamics of socio-political life of the society and the demands of democratization. In addition, freedom of the press and the media has far evolved which, among others, characterized by the presence of the press and the active role of the media in voicing the aspirations of the community and to conduct surveillance against the conduct of the Government. However, among the press has not been able to cope with the impact of the freedom, among others, still favors the interests of the industry rather than the wider public interest.
., ,6. In conducting foreign relations and political trip out of the country, Indonesia has done many things and achieve well. However there are still many things that have not attempted optimally based on potential and existing resources. If not managed adequately, a strategic geopolitical position with a wealth of natural resources (SDA), population, and an increasingly democratic process either as comparative advantages to build Indonesia's leadership at the global level thus can be source of insecurity for the interests of the Republic of Indonesia. Foster the strengthening of the image of Indonesia as a country that is capable of blending the aspirations of Muslims with the efforts to consolidate democracy; give it very serious attention towards unity and national unity; enhancing the respect for and enforcement of human rights (human rights) which is not discriminatory; and encourage a more promising economic recovery and the protection of the fundamental rights of citizens in a more consistent is the basics of the policy continue to be developed. The entire achievement it became an important asset for the implementation of foreign and conducting foreign relations of Indonesia. In addition, the position of Indonesia as the island nation has a strategic geopolitical position with SDA, population, wealth and the process of democratization that the better is the strength and comparative advantages as a potential to build Indonesia's leadership at the global level through the initiatives and contributions to the formation of Indonesia's commitment to thinking on the order of international relations that is more just, peaceful and balanced, and refused to unilateralisme.
., ,7. For Indonesia, as the country's new build democracy, foreign policy choice is no longer solely concerned the foreign perspective which stands on its own. Docking between international and domestic dynamics tend to be the more coloring process of determining foreign policy. However, one thing that has remained the principle should not be ignored, that is, the whole process of the formulation of foreign policy is intended for fulfillment of Indonesia's national interests in various fields. In the framework of the implementation of the foreign policy oriented to national interest, Indonesia sought to reinforce institutional regional trend amid the rise of unilateralisme.
., ,8. With the rapid development of globalization, then in developing democratic political life based on the law, factors of development of world markets get more specific attention because it will be strongly influenced the dynamic relationship between State and society. Thus, in addition to the factors of State and society, the market factors the more unlikely to be ignored.
F. Defence Security.,, 1. The country's defense and security efforts have contributed to the formation of SO and the Organization of the development efforts of the achievement of the goals of the State, as stated in the preamble of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945. In the course of the history of the nation and in every direction and dynamics of political policy of the State, the people's defense system universe has become a proven system that is capable of enforcing sovereignty SO as well as maintain territorial integrity and safety of the nation.
., ,2. At the time of the community and the nation's independence with Indonesia fill the Providence development, political system have made the ARMED FORCES dual function as part of the defence system of the people of the universe. This dual function of ABRI was originally capable of creating national stability is a precondition of development. However, in the process of implementation of the dual function affects not favourable for the professionalism of the TNI and Polri and are counterproductive to the overall community dynamics. The implementation of the social and political function is one of the factors that cause the strategy, technology, and financing of defence-security not focused on the establishment of a minimal defence power to enforce sovereignty SO as well as maintain territorial integrity and safety of the nation. The ability of the TNI in carrying out its functions in the field of Defense the country still memperihatinkan. It marked not only concerns the condition of main armament system tools (alutsista) insufficient or obsolete equipment that the majority are age and technology, but also regarding the human resources and the level of kesejahteraannya. In addition, a part of the process of procurement, maintenance, operation, and fulfillment parts of TNI there still have a dependency on other countries.
., ,3. Reform movements in the 1990s requires changes in total in all areas of organization of countries including claim against repositioning the TNI and police. The refinement and repositioning the role against the TNI and Polri were confirmed through the Ordinance of MPR Number VI/MPR/2000 on the separation of Indonesia national armed forces and police of the Republic of Indonesia and MPR Number VII/MPR/2000 on the role of Indonesia national army and the role of State police of the Republic of Indonesia. Furthermore, the MPR Ordinance strengthened again with the promulgation of Act No. 3 of 2002 on State Defense, Act No. 2 of 2002 on State police of the Republic of Indonesia, and Act No. 34 of 2004 about the Indonesia national army. However, the impact on the repositioning of the existence of ketidakterkaitan handling the issue of Defense and domestic security issues that should together with social security is one unity in national security. Thus, the reform in the field of defence and security do not only concern the separation between the TNI and police, but also on further structuring the relationship between both institutional basis in carrying out the duties and authority of each.
G. law and Apparatus
., ,1. In the era of reform efforts of the embodiment of the national legal system continued includes several things. First, the development of the substance of the law, whether laws written and unwritten law has had a mechanism to form a better national law in accordance with the development needs and aspirations of the community, namely on the basis of Act No. 10 of 2004 concerning the formation of legislation. With the establishment of the aforementioned legislation, the process of the formation of laws and regulations can be realized with the means and methods to be sure, raw, and standards bind all institutions authorized to make regulations and to improve the coordination and the smooth process of the formation of laws and regulations. Second, the refinement of the structure the more effective law continued. The fourth change of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945 brought fundamental changes in the field of judicial power with the establishment of the Constitutional Court which has the right to test the legislation against the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945 and the Judicial Commission will conduct surveillance against criminal attitudes and behavior of judges. The increased independence of judges based on Act No. 4 of 2004 concerning the powers of the Judiciary brought changes for this check and balances in the country with beralihnya authority, organization, administrative and financial courts to the Supreme Court. Increased independence doesn't mean out of control and supervision. With the establishment of a Judicial Commission of the composition of the membership representative, supervision and control of the independence of the judiciary and the establishment of national legal systems can be done in order to be more successful, so that the conduct of the State functions in the field of law can be done more effectively and efficiently. Thirdly, the involvement of all components of society that have a high legal awareness to support the establishment of a national legal system that aspired to.
., ,2. Until now, the implementation of the program of development of the State apparatus is still facing various problems in the Organization of the State and Government. These problems, among others, still practices the occurrence of abuse of authority in the form of KICKBACKS and have yet to materialize the expectations of society upon fast service, cheap, humane, and quality. Earnest efforts to eradicate KKN and improve the quality of public services has actually been a lot done. Nevertheless, the results achieved have not been encouraging. Institutional Government, both at the Centre and in the regions, still haven't seen effective in assisting implementation and management system of Government also have not been efficient in generating and using resources. Efforts to improve the professionalism of the bureaucracy is still not fully resolved bearing in mind the limitations of Government funds.
H. regional and Spatial,, 1. Spatial Indonesia currently in crisis conditions. The crisis occurred because the spatial development in a region still often performed without spatial plan, did not consider the sustainability and support the environment, and do not look at the vulnerability of the region against disaster. The desire for short-term economic gain often gives rise to the desire to exploit natural resources in excess so that it lowers the quality and quantity of natural resources and the environment, as well as enlarge the risk of incidence of casualties due to natural disasters. In addition, the frequent use of space conflict antarsektor conflicts between, for example, forestry and mining. Some of the main causes of the occurrence of these problems are (a) not yet precisely the competence of human resources in the field of spatial management, (b) poor quality of spatial plan, (c) has not been legal diacunya spatial as the umbrella policy for all sectors of the space utilization; and (d) the weak application of the law with regard to the utilization of space and law enforcement against infringement with regard to the utilization of space.
., ,2. In general the community residing in the regions lagging behind still has the limitation of access to social services, economics, and politics as well as isolated from the surrounding area. Therefore, the welfare of groups of people who live in the region are lagging behind need attention and great development of alignments from the Government. The problems faced in the development of regions lagging behind, including those that are still inhabited by isolated indigenous communities, among other things, (1) the limited access of transport linking the region lags behind with relatively more developed areas; (2) the relatively low population density and spread; (3) most of the areas of poor resources, particularly natural resources and humans; (4) not yet diprioritaskannya of development in regions lagging behind by local governments because it is considered not original income generating areas (PAD) directly; and (5) not yet optimal support of the sectors related to the development of these territories.
., ,3. Many regions that have excellent products and strategic locations outside Java have not developed optimally. It is caused, among others, (1) the existence of limitations of market information and technology for the development of excellent products; (2) yet the presence of professionalism and entrepreneurial attitude of the perpetrator of the development area in the region; (3) not yet optimal support of national and regional policies in favour of farmers and private businessmen; (4) the development of institutional infrastructure has not been oriented on management of sustainable business development in the economy of the region; (5) still weak coordination, synergy, and teamwork among the perpetrators-perpetrators of the development area, good government, private, nongovernmental institutions, and communities, as well as between the Central Government, provincial, and district/city, in an attempt to increase the competitiveness of products; (6) still limited the access of farmers and small-scale businessmen to capital business development, production inputs, technology support, and marketing network, in an effort to develop business opportunities and investment cooperation; (7) limitations of the network infrastructure and the physical and economic means to support the development of regions and regional products; and (8) not yet optimal utilization of same antarwilayah framework to support an increase in the competitiveness of regions and products.
., ,4. The border region, including a small outlying islands have potential SDAS are quite large and is a very strategic area for the defence and security of the country. Nevertheless, the development in some areas of the border are still very far behind compared to the development in the territory of neighboring countries. Socio-economic conditions of communities living in the area is generally much lower compared to the socio-economic conditions of the citizens of the neighbouring countries. The main problem of failed development in the border region is a territorial development policy direction that tends to be oriented towards the ' inward looking ' so that it is as if the border area became just the backyard from the country's development. As a result, border areas are considered priority development region is not by the Central Government as well as the region. Meanwhile, small islands are there in Indonesia difficult growing primarily because the location is very isolated and difficult to reach, many of which are uninhabited or very little population and have not much touched by basic services from the Government.
., ,5. The growth of large cities and the metropolitan is currently still very much centered in Java-Bali, while the growth of medium-sized cities and small, especially outside Java, runs slow and lagging. The unbalanced urban growth is coupled with the existence of gaps in the construction of the antarwilayah cause uncontrolled urbanization. Physically, it is indicated by (1) the widespread urban areas due to the rapid development and expansion of the area of fringe (fringe-area) especially in the big cities and the metropolitan; (2) the widespread urban physical development in the area of ' sub urban ' which has ' integrating cities ' smaller around the city core and form a conurbation of unbridled; (3) the increasing number of rural-urban; and (4) the occurrence of reclassification (change of area rural urban region became, especially in Java). The tendency of such developments negatively impact the development of big cities and the metropolitan itself or medium cities and small in other regions.
., ,6. The negative effects arising in large cities and metropolitan, among others, are (1) the occurrence of an excessive exploitation of natural resources in the vicinity of large cities and the metropolitan areas to support and boost economic growth; (2) occurrence of continuously productive agricultural land conversion into settlement in the region, trade and industry; (3) the decrease in the quality of the physical environment of urban area due to the occurrence of the destruction of the environment and the incidence of pollution; (4) the decrease in the quality of life of communities in urban areas because of the socio-economic problems, as well as a decrease in the quality of service of urban basic needs; and (5) is not independent and terarahnya development of the new towns so as to become an additional burden to the city core. Other negative impacts inflicted against cities in other regions, namely (1) not meratanya spread of the urban population and the occurrence of ' concentration ' city residents on the island of Java, especially in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi (Jabodetabek), (20 percent of the total urban population of Indonesia living there); (2) not optimal function of the urban economy, especially in medium-sized cities and small, in attracting investment and place job creation; and (3) not optimal role of cities in facilitating the development of the region.
., ,7. Socio-economic conditions of the people living in the countryside is generally still far behind compared to living in urban areas. It is a consequence of the change of economic structure and the process of industrialization, economic investments by both private as well as Government and institutional infrastructure, so it tends to be concentrated in urban areas. In addition, economic activity in urban areas there is still much that is not synergistic with economic activities developed in rural areas. As a result, the role of the city that is expected to encourage rural development thus give effect to the detriment of rural growth.
I. natural resources and the environment.,, 1. Natural resources and environment has a dual role, that of capital development and, at the same time, as a Sustainer of life systems. As for the environmental services include biodiversity, carbon sequestration, water management naturally, natural beauty, and clean air is the underpinning of human life. The result of the development of natural resources and the environment has been able to donate 24.8 percent against the gross domestic product (GDP) and 48 percent against labor absorption. However, natural resource management is still ongoing and yet still neglect the preservation of environmental functions so that the power support environment decreases and the availability of natural resources is thinning. Decrease in power for support and the availability of natural resources also occur due to the ability of science and technology which is low so that it is not able to keep up the rate of population growth.
., ,2. The condition of forest resources are now at a level that is very worrying due to the increasing practice of illegal logging (illegal logging) and timber smuggling, widespread forest fires and land, the increasing demands upon the land and forest resources are not in place, the widespread encroachment and the conversion of natural forest, as well as the increasing unofficial mining without permission. In 2004, the destruction of forests and land in Indonesia has reached 59.2 million hectares with the rate of deforestation every year reaches 1.6-2 million hectares.
., ,3. Marine resources have not been exploited optimally. This is because some things, among others, (1) the existence of a maritime boundary Setup yet; (2) the existence of a conflict in the use of space in the sea; (3) yet the existence of a guarantee of security and safety at sea; (4) the existence of autonomous region cause there hasn't been the same understanding towards the management of marine resources; (5) the existence of the limited ability of the human resources in managing marine resources; and (6) not yet support research and marine science and technology.
., ,4. Pollution of water, air, and soil is also still not addressed precisely due to the more rapid development activity that is less noticed aspects of the sustainability of environmental functions. The existence of the indigenous communities who depend heavily on natural resources and has local wisdom in the management of natural resources also has not yet been recognized. Local wisdom is indispensable to guarantee the availability of natural resources and preservation of environmental functions.
., ,5. Decentralized development and the autonomous region have also resulted in increased utilization conflict and natural resource management, good antarwilayah, between the Center and the regions, as well as antarpenggunaan. To that end, the policy management of natural resources and the environment appropriately will be able to encourage community behavior to apply the principles of sustainable development in the next 20 years so that Indonesia does not suffer the crisis of natural resources, particularly the water crisis, the food crisis, and the energy crisis.
II. 2 CHALLENGES a. socio-cultural and religious life,, 1. In the coming 20 years, Indonesia is facing the pressure of the population grew. The population in 2005 of 219.9 million people are estimated to rise approximately 274 million people by 2025. In line with that of various parameters of the population estimated to be undergoing improvement, indicated by declining birth rate, increased life expectancy, age and declining infant mortality. Even so, controlling the quantity and rate of population growth is important note to create a balanced growing population in order to support the occurrence of demographic bonus that is marked with a population of productive age is greater than the number of non-productive population ages. These conditions need to be optimally utilized to improve the quality of human resources, competitiveness, and the welfare of the people. In addition, the distribution and mobility of the population also need to get attention so that imbalances between population density and distribution in Java and outside Java island as well as between rural and urban areas can be reduced.
., ,2. The low quality of human resources in Indonesia as measured by the human development index (HDI) resulted in low productivity and competitiveness of the national economy. Development of health and education have an important role in improving the quality of human resources. In the field of health the development challenges faced by, among others, is reducing the gap community health status and access to health services, the rate of antarwilayah social, economic, and gender; increase the number and deployment of health workers who lack adequate; increase access to health facilities; the double burden of disease and reducing i.e. patterns of illness suffered by most of the community was contagious infectious diseases, but at the same time an increase in disease is not contagious and the increasing abuse of narcotics and illicit drugs. In the meantime, the challenge facing the construction of the Education Ministry is to provide quality education to increase the number of proportion of residents who completed primary education up to the higher education level, the population decrease illiteracy, as well as lowering the gap fairly high level of education to investigate the community, including among the inhabitants of the rich and the poor, between rural and urban residents, among the population in the area of advanced and lagging , and genital antarjenis. Challenges in the development of the other education is to improve the quality and relevance of including reducing gaps in the quality of education, interregional gender antarjenis, and between rich and poor residents so that the development of education can be instrumental in stimulating national development as a whole including in developing national pride, noble morality, ability to live in a multicultural society, and to improve competitiveness. Development education is challenged to provide lifelong education services to take advantage of the demographic bonus.
., ,3. Quality of life and the role of women and children in the various areas of development is still low. That, among other things, is characterized by low numbers of gender development index (IPG) and the high degree of violence, exploitation, and discrimination against women and children; and less memadainya welfare, child protection and participation. Thus, the challenges in the field of development of women and children is improving the quality and the role of women in the various areas of development; decrease violence, exploitation, and discrimination against women and children; as well as improving the well-being and protection of children. Meanwhile, the challenges in the field of youth and sports is to optimize the participation of youth in development as well as increasing cultural and sporting achievements. The other challenge is to lower the burden of social welfare issues that are increasingly diverse and increased due to the occurrence of various social crises, such as the depletion of cultural and religious values; lowering the excesses and symptoms of social impact of socio-economic conditions of the disparity in society and social disaster and natural disasters; and enhance the fulfillment of the basic social needs of the community.
., ,4. Current new globalisation driven by advances in communication and information technologies to the challenge of the nation of Indonesia to be able to defend the nation identity at the same time make use of them for the development of tolerance of cultural diversity and improving competitiveness through the application of the values of Pancasila and the absorption of universal values.
., ,5. Human development in essence is the construction of a whole person. The challenges faced in the development of religion is to apply the teaching of religion in daily life, embodies Concord intern and antarumat of religion, as well as providing a sense of security and protection from violence.
B. Economics.,, 1. Economic development to date, despite various advances, still far from his goal to realize the economy is tough and menyejahterakan all walks of life. Therefore, the major challenge the progress of the economy 20 years is the increase of economic growth high enough quality on an ongoing basis to realize significantly improved well-being while reducing failed from other nations who are more advanced.
., ,2. Externally, the challenge faced with situations of economic competition between Nations grew rapidly due to the more tapered and wider globalization process. Economic power base that many still rely on cheap labor wages and exports of raw materials from the exploitation of natural resources is not renewable, for the future needs to be converted into an economy that relied on the skills of its HUMAN RESOURCES and rely on products that are high value-added and competitive global power so that the export of raw materials can be reduced then replaced with the export of high value-added products and the global competitive power. The development of regional economy in the region of East Asia and South Asia are rapidly with the growing global economic giant in the future, such as China and India, is one of the main focus that need to be considered carefully in drawing up the development of the structure and competitiveness of the national economy. Thus, the integration of national economies into the process of globalization may benefit most and at the same time can minimize the negative effects appearing.
., ,3. Internally, the challenge faced with the situation of the national population is still relatively high, and the ratio of productive age population is estimated to reach maximum level (about 50 percent of the total population) in the period 2020-2030. In that period, the labor force is estimated to rise nearly doubled the amount of current conditions. With the composition of the education workforce in 2004 about 50 percent-level SD, educated in 20 years into the future the educational composition of the labor force is expected to be dominated by an educated work force-level JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL up to high school. Thus, the capacity of the economy in the future is claimed to be able to grow and develop in order to be able to provide additional employment.
., ,4. Other important internal challenge is too teraglomerasinya the activity of the economy on the island of Java that exceeds the power of optimal support environment. In the future, the economy is also being sued for being able to thrive in a more proportionate in all regions of the country by encouraging economic development outside Java Island, within the framework of equitable development to reduce regional disparities. In addition would be beneficial to maintaining the balance of the environment, especially in Java, it would also be useful to strengthen the domestic economy shown by diversification of the economy at the same time improvements in job opportunities and trying so that will in turn improve the equitable distribution of income communities nationwide.
., ,5. Economic progress needs to be supported by the ability of a nation in developing the potential for him to realize self-reliance. Main interests in such development is maintaining the sovereignty of the economy and reduce the reliance of the economy from outside influence, but remained powerless competitiveness. With that understanding, the main challenge is to develop economic activity advances the economy supported by the mastery and application of the technology as well as increased productivity of HUMAN RESOURCES, develop an efficient economic institutional who apply best practices and principles of good governance, as well as to ensure the availability of basic needs in the country.
., ,6. Solving the problem of poverty needs to be based on a sound understanding of the poor and the respect, protection and fulfilment of the basic rights of the people gradually, i.e., the right of social, cultural, economic, and political. The challenges faced, among other things, that a lack of understanding of the fundamental rights of the poor, the lack of partisanship in the planning and budgeting, policy coordination and synergies of the weakness of the Central Government and local governments in various poverty reduction efforts, the low level of participation and the limited access of the poor especially women in decision-making in both the family and society, as well as limitations in developing understanding of the potential of the region has a population of poor but poor area of investment in rural areas and urban slums in empirical evidence can produce or develop potential for centers economic activity.
C. Science and technology higher competition on future demand and improved skills mastery and application of science and technology in order to face the global development towards knowledge-based economy. In order to improve the ability of national science and technology, the challenge faced is to increase contributions to improve the science and technology capability in fulfilling the intention of living people; creating a sense of security; meet the needs of basic health, energy, and food; strengthening the science and technology policy synergies with other sector policies; develop a culture of science among the public; improving the nation's commitment to the development of science and technology; addressing the degradation of environmental functions; anticipate and cope with natural disasters; as well as improving the availability and quality of the science and technology resources, both HUMAN RESOURCES and infrastructure, as well as the financing of science and technology.
D. infrastructure.,, 1. Fulfillment of raw water supply needs in the various sectors of life face a major challenge, namely to increase the supply of raw water taken through development of a reservoir of water that can be managed together by the community. In addition, the development of infrastructure and facilities damaged water power controller must be able to anticipate the development of areas of settlements and new industries. Intervention and infrastructure also needs to be done to reduce the rate of sedimentation in line with the efforts of conservation and reforestation especially by developing governing sediment buildings that can be managed by the community. Management of irrigation network has not been held with the farming community with the role of promoting the full support of the Government and the users of irrigation water. The institutional capacity and infrastructure manager water resources should continue to be developed according to the principles of integrated water resource management (integrated water resources management). Retaining the existing water quality conditions as well as the recovery of the quality of the water that has been polluted is manifested through environmental management approaches and the application of technology.
., ,2. The challenges faced by the transportation sector in the future is to develop a national transportation system that is efficient and effective, affordable, environmentally friendly, and sustainable. It is necessary for the improvement of integrated transport antarmoda and intramoda as well as in tune with the development of the region, the transportation Ministry embodies that supports economic social and cultural development, as well as support the unity and the Union of SO and the embodiment of the island nation. Major challenges in order to increase the capacity of the resources to be able to implement national transportation development is to increase the capacity of the institutional and regulatory environment, improving the climate of healthy competition, enhance the role of the State, private, and public transport services in the community, develop alternative financing and investment, and developing the capacity of human resources and appropriate transportation technology, energy efficient, and environmentally friendly.
., ,3. Globalization, technological advances, and the demands of the community needs more increases to get access to information demands perfection in terms of organizing the construction of the post and telematics. Therefore, the need for integration between education with information technology as well as other strategic sectors. Although the construction of the post and telematics are currently experiencing various progress, information is still considered a luxury goods and can only be accessed and is owned by a small percentage of the community. Therefore, the major challenges faced in that sector is to increase the dissemination and utilization of information flow and teledensitas the Ministry of post and telematics communities of users of the service. The other challenge is the convergence of information and communication technology which eliminates the boundary between telecommunications, information technology and broadcasting, education and moral ethics.
., ,4. The main challenges faced in the energy sector is to increase the reliability of energy supplies and infrastructure, as well as process and distribution to the domestic purposes because there is no local fare policy to meet the needs of different types of energy as well as the means and infrastructure aspects. In addition, the location of potential energy resources mostly located outside Java, during this development was limited only to channel the energy of conventional resources into the center of energy demand, while other energy facilities and infrastructure especially renewable energy is still very behind.
., ,5. The challenge facing to meet the needs of the residence for the community and realize the city without slums, is (a) simultaneous reforms, particularly with regard to taxation, levies/fees licensing area, land and space, as an attempt to suppress and reduce home prices so as to improve the purchasing power of the community; (b) perfecting the pattern of subsidized housing sector is right on target, transparent, accountable, and must, in particular, subsidies for low-income communities; (c) encourage the existence of tax incentives to the business community in order to participate directly in the provision of housing; and (d) conduct a reinforcement of NGOs in the development of a house through the granting of microcredit facilities housing, to community empowerment, facilitation and technical assistance to community groups who berswadaya in the construction of the House. Thus, the provision of housing can be organized with not only consider the ability of purchasing power, but also to involve the community in the decision-making process.
., ,6. With the increasing emphasis on the sources of funds that can be mobilized by the Government to meet the needs of development and infrastructure, the Government budget will be more focused on the provision of facilities and infrastructure that are economically and socially beneficial, but financially less viable. For facilities and infrastructure projects that are financially viable will be built by making use of the Community funds and open the opportunity of cooperation with private businesses, especially in the framework of the Organization of the development of facilities and infrastructure. It is a challenge that demands he did a variety of refinements to the rules of the game, especially with regard to the structure of the industry the provision of facilities and infrastructure as well as the importance of reforms in the financial sector in order to facilitate the needs of long term funds the public stored in various financial institutions.
E..,, 1. The toughest challenge in the past 20 years in the development of politics is to maintain the process of consolidation of democracy on an ongoing basis. In maintaining the momentum of democracy, the challenges that will be faced is carrying out a reform of the political structure, improve our political process, and develop a more democratic political culture in order for democracy to run concurrently and sustainable achievement of business objectives so that the democracy that is both procedural and substantial can be achieved. Another challenge faced to keep the consolidation of democracy is the need to agree on the importance of a more democratic Constitution. The process of change that has already lasted four (4) times it still has numerous issues of imperfection in philosophy as well as the substance of the constitutional reform, especially in relation to institutionalization and implementation of democratic values.
., ,2. The consolidation of democracy requires the support of the whole community a unified Indonesia mix in a container SO. The main challenge was to establish national unity essential feeding returned with a look at the range of diversity of background and conditions. It includes aspects of decentralized, social justice, as well as sensitive political settlement, hadn't such a problem, the issue of federalism the enactment of Islamic jurisprudence, and the problem of the relationship of the State and religion. Another challenge in carrying out the consolidation of democracy is implementing a national reconciliation to finish and hammer out issues that still Scotch in the past, such as human rights abuses and political crimes acts committed on behalf of the State. Dirumuskannya has been associated with the central relationship and the format is new, the challenge ahead is creating a relationship of the Centre with an area that is truly able to combine interests in an effort to strengthen ties and SO maintaining a growing climate of democracy to the local level or the dynamics in various areas.
., ,3. Another challenge to keep consolidating democracy is the need to reform the civil bureaucracy and the Indonesian national police. The consolidation of democracy requires implementing policies that reformists in the Government and require the support of the bureaucracy that qualifies the professionalism, credibility and capacity, as well as efficiency and effectiveness. In addition, one of the greatest challenges of democracy is still not the strength of civil society, both in terms of economy and education. Therefore, in the past twenty years into the future, political education would constitute a tool for social transformation to democracy. A strong civil society depends very much upon the capacity of the community in responding to and understand the dynamics of the global markets and the domestic market as well as interacting between the State, market, and civil society in realizing a democratic State. Another challenge to keep the process of democratic consolidation is pushing of harmonious political parties are independent and have the capacity to carry out the people's political education, mengagregasi and channeling people's political aspirations, as well as a useful political leadership that will manage the Organization of the country as a professional.
., ,4. The consolidation of democracy will be faced with challenges on how to institutionalize freedom of the press/media. Public access to information that is free and open, in many ways, will further facilitate control over fulfillment of the public interest. The role of the mass media that is free is very decisive in the process of discovering, preventing, publishes various forms of abuses of power and corruption. Another challenge is to overcome the negative impact of various development of the industry press that tends to favor the interests of the capitalists and not to put forward the interests of the wider community. Overall the efforts were put in the context of the role of the press as one of the pillars of the democratic development of a country.
., ,5. With regard to foreign relations, challenges in the next twenty years is putting the position of Indonesia exactly over the contents of the global issues by leveraging strategic position optimally for Indonesia's national interests and revitalize the concept of national identity in politics abroad. In addition, together with other developing countries, Indonesia diplomacy also needs to continue to push toward the creation of a world economic order that is more equitable, increasing support and the role of the various principals in foreign relations, and the implementation of the foreign relations and diplomacy Indonesia. The attitude of the implementation of the foreign policy of a free and active RI is intended to support the efforts of strengthening regional institutional role, mainly to fight for the interests of developing countries at the regional level. Another challenge faced is to carry out the right strategy in the face of a potential territorial conflicts with neighboring countries through the efforts to follow up the United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) of 1982 which is one of the strategic steps, both in the context of strengthening the protection of the sovereignty of the territory in terms of international law as well as the utilization of economic values because Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. In addition, the unilateralisme tendencies into the future will be able to cause the crippled the United Nations (UN) as the main institution in the multilateral diplomacy to uphold international peace and security. To avoid this, Indonesia needs to join the voice and fight for eating important multilateralism globally with emphasis on the need for reform and democratization of the UNITED NATIONS to the challenge that must be manifested consistently and sustainably.
F. Defence Security.,, 1. The international geopolitical changes characterized by the waning of the principle of multilateralism and the rise of the unilateralisme impact on the approach to the development of the defense doctrine of the pre-emptive strike will change the landscape of international politics at all and can penetrate the limits of the jurisdiction of a country outside of the reasonableness of the international law in force at the moment. In addition, the rise of the military capabilities of neighboring countries that significantly exceeds the ability of Defense of the Republic of Indonesia has weakened the bargaining position in international diplomacy. Therefore, one of the major challenges of the defence and security capability development that must be addressed in the future is to build a defense force that is beyond the power of the defense at least, so respected in the region and internationally.
., ,2. The potential threat of low-intensity conflict and supported the development of methods and tools of high technology is expected to be the more improved in the future. The potential and the threat is terrorism, communal conflict, transnational crime, a crime against the wealth of the country especially in the area of jurisdiction of the sea of Indonesia and the border region, as well as the development of variations of conventional crimes. Another challenge in the development of defence and security is improving the professionalism of the national police along with the improvement of the welfare of its members in order to be able to protect the public, the trial and prevent crime, completing the follow up criminality, as well as increase the professionalism of the TNI along with an increase in the welfare of the soldiers as well as strengthening the capacity of intelligence and counter intelligence agencies in order to create national security.
., ,3. Threats and disruptions to State sovereignty, safety and territorial integrity of the nation, strongly related to the landscape and a very convenient geographical position, natural resources in abundance, as well as the completion of the construction of the characters yet and nationality, especially an understanding of the issue of multiculturalism that can have an impact on the emergence of separatism movement and horizontal conflicts. Meanwhile, the ability of Defense and security are currently faced with a situation of shortage amount and the principal tools there and unpreparedness other otherwise attempt an acceleration of replacement, improvement, and strengthening enforcement of the deny the sovereignty of the State, the nation's rescue, and territorial integrity in the future. The situation was aggravated by the occurrence of systemic weaknesses backup components and supporting defense which is a precondition for the proper functioning of the defence system of the universe. Therefore, the challenges that also need to be addressed to build up defense and security ability is increasing the number and conditions of alutsista TNI to reach the strength that goes beyond a minimal defense force; the main tool to develop police, intelligence agencies, and counter intelligence in accordance with technological advances; and improve the readiness of backup components and supporting defense including building national defense industrial capability. Further efforts in the development of the national defence industry requires the support of various backgrounds in order to create independence of TNI there and the main tool (alut) police coupled with further Setup pattern of interaction between the TNI and police related to the implementation of the duties and authority of each.
., ,4. An effort to modernize the AIR FORCE gradually alutsista hampered by the embargo that was done by some countries. The condition was aggravated by the relatively low utilization of national industry efforts in meeting the needs of security and defence equipment. The discrepancy between the equipment needs on the one hand the technical and financial capability as well as national industry on the other hand is also one of the causes of failed equipment and reliance defense and security against other countries. Thus, in order to realize self-reliance in the development of defence and security required the defense industry and a tough national security.
G. law and Reform.,, 1. The challenges ahead in the national legal system embodies the steady is the consummate national legal systems that guarantee the rule of law and human rights tegaknya based on justice and truth.
., ,2. The current bureaucracy has not undergone fundamental changes. Many unresolved problems. That problem was further increased its complexity with decentralization, democratization, globalization, and the revolution in information technology. The process of democratization has made the people run the more aware of the rights and responsibilities. To that end, the participation of the community in implementing countries included in surveillance against the bureaucracy needs to continue to be built in order to realize good governance. The low level of community participation will make the State apparatus could not produce a proper development policy. The readiness of the State apparatus in anticipation of democratization need scrutiny to providing service that can fulfill this aspect of transparency, accountability, and the quality of organizational performance excellence. Globalization has also brought fundamental changes to the system and mechanisms of Government. The revolution of information technology and (it) will affect the occurrence of changes in management organization of the State and Government. Utilization of IT in the form of e-government, e-procurement, e-business and cyber law in addition to the public service will result in a faster, better, and cheaper, it will also increase the applied principles of the grammar of good Governence.
H. regional and Spatial,, 1. Spatial arrangements appropriate designation is a challenge in the future that must be faced to overcome spatial crisis had occurred. It is necessary to setup a good space and be in a system that ensures consistency between planning, utilization, and spatial control. Good room Setup is required for (a) the landing location of the activities, (b) limit the ability of the land, including power support environment and vulnerability to natural disasters, (c) efficiency and synchronization of the utilization of space in the framework of the Organization of various activities. Structuring a good space should also be supported with the regulation of spatial direction, in the sense of not mutually colliding antarsektor, keeping note of sustainability and resource support to the environment, as well as the vulnerability of the region against disaster.
., ,2. Antarwilayah development disparities reduction needs to be done not only to improve the welfare of society in all regions of Indonesia, but also to safeguard the stability and national unity. The important and fundamental goal to be accomplished to reduce the gap antarwilayah not to memeratakan physical development in every region, especially to reduce the gap in quality of life and well-being of the community, either in each region or interregional. In that regard, to note the utilization of the potential and opportunities of excellence marine natural resources which have not been optimal as one natural resource management in each region.
., ,3. Meanwhile, from the external side for certain global competition will be increasingly strong influence on national development in the future. The national economy will be more open so that directly or indirectly will influence on development and growth areas in Indonesia. Since 2003, AFTA has been put in place gradually in the scope of the ASEAN countries, and free trade will take place entirely starting in 2008. Next, start the year 2010 free trade throughout the Asia Pacific region will be held. In that regard, the challenge for these areas is facing global markets prepare to get maximum profits while reducing losses from global competition through the efficient management of resources and effective. Therefore, the challenge is harnessing the potential advantages and opportunities in each region in order to support national competitiveness while simultaneously minimizing the negative effects of globalization.
I. natural resources and the environment
., ,1. By examining the condition of the natural resources and the environment today, if not anticipated by policy and appropriate action will be exposed on the three threats, namely the food crisis, a water crisis, and the energy crisis. The third crisis into long-term national challenges that need to be controlled so as not to cause any harm to the life of the community and the nation, that is threatening the unity of the nation, heightening the spirit of separatism, and declining health. The rapidly increasing population caused the food supply increasingly limited capabilities. It is caused by the increasing conversion of paddy fields and other productive farmland, low agricultural productivity, increase and decrease in the condition of network infrastructure and irrigation irrigation. In addition, conventional agricultural practices threaten the sustainability of natural resources and sustainability of agricultural production systems. On the other hand, the growing needs of agricultural land and other use would threaten the existence of the forest and the disruption of the balance of water governance. Deteriorating forest conditions due to the rapidly increasing deforestation and the deterioration of land in an area closure of the upstream river basin led to decreased availability of water threatening decrease discharge of water reservoirs and rivers during the dry season as well as the depletion of the water supply for agriculture and the operation of the power plant water (HYDROPOWER). Meanwhile, the scarcity of availability of energy is not renewable also continues to occur because of the pattern of energy consumption still shows no dependence on renewable sources of energy. The main challenge in the provision of energy is increasing the production capacity of oil and gas as well as enlarge the acceptance of foreign exchange, reproduce to facilitate energy infrastructure services to the community, as well as reduce dependence towards oil and increase the contribution of gas, coal, and renewable energies such as biogas, biomass, geothermal (geothermal), solar energy, ocean currents, and wind power. In addition, there is the possibility of the development of the nuclear power energy requiring in-depth research about the security technology used, geographic location, and the risks that may be encountered.
., ,2. Progress can be obtained by making use of (a) the land natural resources (such as forests, mines, and land for cultivation which scope is limited by the territory of State sovereignty) and (b) marine resources, which are scattered in the area of the territorial sea, the exclusive economic zone up to 200 nautical miles and rights management in the area of the high seas which are able to be more than 200 nautical miles. Optimizes the utilization of marine resources for sea transportation, fishery, tourism, mining, maritime industry, the building of the sea, marine services and become the challenges that need to be prepared so that it can be the object of future Nations. Contributions of marine resources against the national economy large enough is the second order after services. In fact, there is a tendency of the competitiveness of the industry at this point has shifted towards marine-based industries. Maritime development in the future requires political support and a real pemihakan from all the stakeholders, which is certainly a challenge all components of the nation.
., ,3. The increasing cases of environmental pollution caused by the rate of population growth is concentrated in urban areas, the consumerist lifestyle changes, as well as the low level of public awareness needs to be addressed on an ongoing basis. The progress of transportation and industrialization, pollution of rivers and soil by industrial, agricultural, and household gives a negative impact that led to the overall environment system imbalance in supporting human life. The sustainability of development in the long term also face the challenges of climate change and global warming that have an impact on human life and activity. Meanwhile, the sustainable use of biodiversity have yet to develop as expected. Development of value-added wealth of biological diversity can be an alternative resource development that can be enjoyed, both by the current generation as well as upcoming, so it requires a wide range of research, protection and sustainable utilization in addition to combining efforts toward (intellectual property/IP). Therefore, the rescue of the ecosystem and its flora-fauna in them become an integral part in building the competitiveness of Indonesia.
II. 3 CAPITAL BASE, Capital base, national development is the entire source of national strength, either effective or potential, owned and harnessed the nation of Indonesia national development.
., ,1. The region of Indonesia, which was declared on December 13, 1957 and accepted to be part of the international law of the Sea (UNCLOS 1982), making Indonesia as the island nation with the widest sea area, the number of the largest island, and the second longest Beach in the world. Indonesia's geographical layout that is on the Equator as well as between the two continents and two oceans is very strategic for the relations among the Nations of the world. The region of Indonesia that such awareness is very important because it is the power of weaknesses and at the same time provide opportunities as well as threats that become the basis for policy development in various areas, both in the field of economic, social and cultural industry, territory, the environment, security, and defense of the law and the State apparatus.
., ,2. Natural resources and biodiversity in land, sea, air and space are limited in number so pendayagunaannya should be done in a responsible for the prosperity of the people.
., ,3. Residents in large numbers with very diverse cultures is a potential and productive resources for national development.
., ,4. The political development has been through the early stages of the reform has given a fundamental change for the democratization of the political and economic fields as well as decentralization in governance and management development.
CHAPTER III NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT VISION and MISSION 2005-2025, based on the condition of the nation of Indonesia today, the challenges faced in the 20th annual upcoming taking into account capital base that is owned by the nation of Indonesia and development mandate set forth in the preamble of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945, national development vision 2005-2025 are: an INDEPENDENT INDONESIA, advanced, FAIR and prosperous., national development Vision, 2005-2025 that lead to the achievement of the objectives of the national , as stated in the preamble of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945. The national development vision should be measured to be able to know the level of independence, progress, justice and prosperity to be achieved.
.,, Independence is the very essence of freedom, namely the right of every nation to self-determination and determine what is best for themselves his people. Therefore, development, as an effort to fill its independence, shall also constitute an effort to build self-reliance. Self-reliance is not independence in keterisolasian. Independence recognize the existence of conditions of interdependence which is inevitable in the life of society, either within a country or nation. Moreover, in an era of globalization and free trade among the more powerful dependency. Such independence is understand that proactive rather than reactive or defensive. Self-reliance is a dynamic concept because it recognized that the lives and conditions of interdependence are constantly changing, good konstelasinya, perimbangannya, as well as the underlying values and affected it.
Independent Nation, is a nation that is able to manifest the life of parallel and equal with other Nations that have the forward by relying on its own strength and capabilities. Therefore, in order to develop the independence, absolute economic progress should be built. The ability to be the key competitive power to achieve independence at the same time.
.,, The independence of a nation are reflected, inter alia, on the availability of qualified human resources and are able to meet the demands of the needs and the progress of its construction; independence of the apparatus of Government and law enforcement agencies in carrying out his duties; dependence of development financing were sourced from within the country that the more sturdy so that dependence upon overseas sources be small; and the ability to meet own basic necessities. When natural resources because it is no longer possible, the weakness was offset by other advantages so as not to create dependency and insecurity as well as have a high durability against the development and world economic turmoil.
., More fundamental, is again the real independence, reflect the attitude of a person or a nation about him, its people, and the spirit in the face of those challenges. Because of concerns the attitude, self-reliance is basically a problem of culture in the sense of existence. The attitude of self-reliance should be reflected in every aspect of life, whether legal, economic, political, social, cultural, and Defense Security.
.,, The level of a nation's progress is assessed on the basis of various sizes. In terms of social indicators, the level of progress of a country is measured from the quality of its human resources. A nation is said to be the more advanced in its human resources have the nation's personality, character, and quality of higher education. The high quality of education of its inhabitants are characterized by the lowest level of education decreased makin as well as increasing the participation of education and the number of experts and professionals produced by the education system.
.,, The progress of a nation is also measured by indicators on population, there is a close link between the advancement of a nation with a rate of population growth, including the degree of health. The Nations that are already marked by the forward rate of a smaller population growth; life expectancy is higher; and the quality of social services. The overall quality of human resources was further good will be reflected in higher productivity.
.,, In terms of the level of economic development, advancement of a nation is measured from the level of prosperity that is reflected at the level of revenue and the Division. The high average income and economic Division ratanya a nation makes the nation more prosperous and more advanced. The advanced countries are in General countries and sectors in the service industry sector has grown. The role of the manufacturing industry sector as the main driving force of growth rate was further increased, both in terms of earnings, contributions in the creation of national income or in the absorption of labour. In addition, in the process of developing production antarsektor alignment, especially the industrial sector, agriculture, and service sectors; as well as the utilization of natural resources are not only exist on the land use of space, but also transformed to the utilization of maritime space in a rational, efficient, and environmentally, considering Indonesia as the country is an archipelago of nusantara. Institutions and economic institution has composed, arranged, and function properly, thus supporting an efficient economy with high productivity. The advanced country is a country that generally stable perekonomiannya. The turmoil emanating from within and outside the country can be muted by the resilience of its economy.
.,, In addition to having a wide range of socio-economic indicators better, a developed nation has also had political and institutional system, including the law. Political and societal institutions have functioned on the basis of the basic rule, namely the Constitution defined by its people. A developed nation is also characterized by the presence of roles and the people are real and effective in all aspects of life, whether economic, social, political, and defense and security. In the aspects of politics, history shows that there is an affinity closely between the progress of a nation and a political system that is adhered to. A developed nation was generally embraced the democratic system, to suit the culture and its historical background. A developed nation is a nation that the rights of its citizens, its security, and guaranteed ketenteramannya of his life. In addition to these elements, a developed nation should also be supported with a developed infrastructure.
.,, Independence and progress of a nation is not only reflected by the development of economies, but covers a much wider aspect. Independence and progress is also reflected in the overall aspect of life, in institutional, institution-institution, and the values that underlie the political and social life.
., Nation building, Indonesia not only as an independent nation and advanced, but also equitable and prosperous nation. As implementers and drivers of development at the same time the object of development, the people have the right, whether in planning, carrying out, and enjoy the results of development. Development shall be implemented from the people, by the people, and for the people. Therefore, the issue of fairness is also a prominent feature of the national development.
., Prosperity, justice and should be reflected in all aspects of life. All people have the same opportunity in increasing degrees of life; obtain employment; get social services, education and health; suggested; exercise the political rights; secure and defend the country; as well as getting protection and equality before the law. Thus, the fair means no discrimination in any form, either antarindividu, gender, and region. A prosperous nation is a nation that is already being met throughout her life needs, so that it can provide meaning and significance for other Nations in the world.
In realizing the national development vision is through the 8 (eight) Mission of national development as follows:.,, 1. Realize the noble character of society, moral, ethical, cultural, civilized and based on the philosophy of Pancasila is strengthening the identity and character of the nation through education aimed at forming a human being who devoted to God Almighty, abide by the rule of law, maintain internal unity and religious antarumat, carry out intercultural interaction, developing social capital , apply the sublime cultural values of the nation, and have pride as a nation Indonesia in order to solidify the Foundation of spiritual, moral, and ethical development of the nation.
., ,2. Realizing the nation's competitive power is to put forward the development of human resources quality and competitive power; improve the mastery of science and technology and utilization through research, development, and implementation towards sustainable innovation; build an advanced infrastructure and reforms in the field of law and State apparatus; and strengthening the domestic economy-based excellence each region towards competitive advantage by building linkages production, distribution, and services including services in the country.
., ,3. Realizing democratic societies based on law is to establish a more solid democratic institutional; strengthening the role of civil society; strengthen the quality of decentralized and autonomous region; ensure the development of the media and freedom of the media in communicating the importance of the community; and do makeovers of legal structure and enhance the culture of law and enforce the law in a fair, consistent, impartial and not discriminatory, on the small people.
., ,4. Realizing Indonesia is safe, peaceful, and United is building strength TNI to speeding the minimum essential force and respected in the region and internationally; establish the capabilities and improve the professionalism of the national police in order to be able to protect and trial on community; prevent crime, and completes the acts of criminality; building capabilities and intelligence agency counter-intelligence State in creation of national security; as well as improving the readiness of reserve component, the component supporting defense and national defense industry contributions in the defense system of the universe.
., ,5. Realizing equitable development and justice is improving regional development; reduce social disparities, alignments to the communities, groups and regions/areas that are still weak; tackling poverty and unemployment drastically; providing equal access to the community on various social services and economic infrastructure; as well as eliminating discrimination in various aspects including gender.
., ,6. Realize sustainable and beautiful Indonesia is to improve the management of the implementation of the development that can maintain a balance between utilization, sustainability, the existence of, and use of natural resources and the environment while maintaining functionality, support, power and comfort in life on the present and the future, through the utilization of spaces matching between the uses for settlements, socio-economic activities, and conservation efforts; improve the economic utilization of natural resources and environmental sustainability; improve the management of natural resources and environment to support the quality of life; give the beauty and comforts of life; as well as improving maintenance and utilization of biodiversity as a basic capital development.
., ,7. Realizing Indonesia became an independent Island Nations, advanced, powerful, and based on national interests is fostering nautical insights for the community and the Government in order to make the construction of Indonesia's marine-oriented; enhance the capacity of human resources through the development of insightful marine science and marine technology; manage national marine areas to maintain sovereignty and prosperity; and build integrated marine economy by optimizing utilization of source of the wealth of the seas in a sustainable way.
., ,8. Realizing Indonesia plays an important role in the Association is established with international diplomacy Indonesia in order to fight for national interests; continuing the commitment of Indonesia against the formation of identity and the establishment of international and regional integration; and encouraging international cooperation, regional and bilateral antarmasyarakat, intergroup, and antarlembaga in various fields.
CHAPTER IV directions, stages, and LONG-TERM DEVELOPMENT PRIORITIES in 2005-2025, long-term development goals, 2005-2025 is manifesting a developed nation, independent, and just as the Foundation for the next development stage towards a fair and prosperous society in a unitary State the Republic of Indonesia based on Pancasila and the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia Tahun1945.
.,, As a measure of the achievement of Indonesia flourishing, independent, fair, and national development in the coming 20 years directed at the achievement of the goals of principal as follows.
.,, A. Materialize Indonesia community who have the moral, ethical, noble, cultured, civilized and is characterized by the following:.,,.,, 1. The realization of the national character that tough, competitive, noble character, and morality based on the philosophy of Pancasila that characterized with character and human behavior and society Indonesia, faithful and devoted to God Almighty, virtuous, bertoleran, working together, spirited, patriotic, dynamic, and evolving science and technology-oriented.
., ,2. Makin mantapnya nation's culture which is reflected in the rise of civilization, dignity, human dignity, and Indonesia, and the rise of identity and personality of the nation.
.,, B. attainment of defenseless nation competitiveness to achieve a more prosperous society and peace demonstrated by the following:.,,
., ,1. The achievement of economic growth with quality and sustainability so that the per-capita income by 2025 to reach a level of well-being is equivalent to medium-income countries, with the open unemployment rate of no more than 5 percent and the number of poor population of no more than 5 percent.
., ,2. Increasing the quality of human resources, including the role of women in development. Generally improved quality of human resources in Indonesia is characterized by increased human development index (HDI) and gender development index (IPG), as well as the achievement of a balanced population grows.
., ,3. Harmonious structure of the economy based on a solid competitive advantage in various parts of Indonesia. The agricultural sector, in the broad sense, and mining are the base of economic activity is managed efficiently resulting in commodity quality, the manufacturing industry in the global competitive power, its driving force of the economy, as well as the services that its role is increasing with more quality service quality and competitive power.
., ,4. Tersusunnya a reliable transport infrastructure network and integrated with one another. Satisfy the supply electricity reliably and efficiently according to needs, including almost completely household electrification and rural electrification can be fulfilled. This Ministry of post and telematics are efficient and modern, to the creation of the information society Indonesia. Make the conservation of water resources that are able to maintain the continuity of the function of water resources.
., ,5. The increasing professionalism of the State apparatus and the central region to bring about good governance, clean, authoritative, and responsible, as well as professionals who are able to support national development.
.,, C. Materialize a democratic Indonesia, based on law and justice is shown by the following:.,,.,, 1. The creation of the rule of law and the upholding of human rights are predicated on Pancasila and the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945 and tertatanya of the national legal system that reflects the truth, justice, accommodating, and aspirational. The creation of the rule of law regardless of position, rank, position and someone for the sake of the rule of law and the creation of a homage to human rights.
., ,2. Creating a constitutional foundation for the institutional strengthening of democracy.
., ,3. Strengthening the role of civil society and political parties in the political life.
., ,4. Establish the institutionalization of democratic values that focuses on the principles of tolerance, non-discrimination, and partnerships.
., ,5. The realization of the consolidation of democracy in various aspects of political life which can be measured by the presence of a Government based on law, the bureaucracy that is professional and neutral, civil society, community, and political and economic society independent, as well as the existence of national independence.
.,, D. Attainment of a sense of security and peace for all the people and terjaganya territorial integrity of the Republic of Indonesia and the United State sovereignty the country from threats both from within the country and outside the country are characterized by the following:.,,.,, 1. Attainment of national security which ensures the dignity of humanity, the safety of citizens, and the territorial integrity from threats and annoyances of Defense and security, both from abroad and from within the country.
., ,2. The professional component of the AIR FORCE reserve and supporter of a strong defense especially bela Community State with the support of the defense industry that reliably.
., ,3. Police professional, strong participation of the community in the field of security, intelligence, counter intelligence and effective, as well as the mantapnya coordination between institutions of Defense and security.
.,, E. Attainment of a more equitable development and justice is characterized by the following:.,,.,, 1. Levels of development more evenly to all areas is manifested by an increase in quality of life and well-being of the community, including the reduced gap antarwilayah in the framework of the unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia.
., ,2. Food self-sufficiency can be maintained at a level of safe and adequate nutrition in quality as well as availability of food guarantee instruments for household.
., ,3. Fulfilled the needs of residences equipped with infrastructure and support facilities for the whole community supported by a system of financing housing long-term sustainable, efficient, and accountable for the realization of the city without slums.
., ,4. The realization of rural and urban environments that comply with the good life, sustainable, and able to provide added value for the community.
F. Materialize Indonesia beautiful and sustainably is characterized by the following:.,,.,, 1. Improving the management and utilization of natural resources and the preservation of environmental functions are reflected by fixed terjaganya function, resource support, and the ability to recover in supporting social and economic quality of life in harmonious, balanced, and sustainable.
., ,2. Rights protected species richness and distinctiveness of natural resources to realize the value-added, competitiveness of Nations, as well as national development capital.
., ,3. Increasing awareness, mental attitude, and behavior of the community in the management of natural resources and the preservation of environmental functions to maintain the comfort and quality of life.
.,, G. Materialize Indonesia as an independent Island Nations, advanced, powerful, and based on the national interest are marked by the following points:.,,.,, 1. Harmonious network infrastructure as all the Islands and the islands of Indonesia.
., ,2. The rise and rise of human resources in the field of marine that is supported by the development of science and technology.
., ,3. Set the bounds of unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, assets, and related matters within the framework of the defence of the country.
., ,4. Build integrated marine economy by optimizing utilization of source of the wealth of the seas in a sustainable way. 5. Reducing disaster impact coastal and marine pollution.
.,, H. Materialize increased Indonesia's role in the world of international relations characterized by the following:.,,.,, 1. Strengthen and promote national identity as a democratic State in the order of the international community.
., ,2. Restoring an important position as a great democratic country Indonesia marked by the success of diplomacy in international fora in the maintenance of national security, territorial integrity, and safeguarding the national natural resources wealth.
., ,3. Increasing the leadership and contribution of Indonesia in various international cooperation in order to realize a more equitable world order and peace. 4. the attainment of national independence in a global constellation.
5. Increasing investment companies Indonesia abroad.
.,, To reach the level of progress, independence, and justice is desirable, the direction of the long-term development over the past 20 years is as follows.
IV. 1 the DIRECTION of the LONG-TERM DEVELOPMENT of the 2005-2014 IV. 1.1 EMBODIES the NOBLE CHARACTER of SOCIETY, MORAL, ETHICAL, CULTURAL, and CIVILIZED, the creation of conditions which community adopting noble, moral, and ethical is very important for the creation of an atmosphere of community life that is full of tolerance, tolerance, and harmonious. In addition, the awareness of the culture of giving direction to the embodiment of national identity that corresponds with the sublime cultural values of the nation and creating a climate conducive to harmonious and so local wisdom values will be able to respond in a positive and productive modernization in line with national values.
., ,1. Religious development is directed to establish the functions and the role of religion as a moral and ethical grounding in development, fostering of noble morals, cultivate a work ethos, valuing feat, becoming the driving force in order to achieve progress in development. In addition, the development of religion are directed to improve the religious life of Concord by enhancing mutual trust and harmonization of intergroup society so created an atmosphere of community life that is full of tolerance, tolerance, and harmonious.
., ,2. Development and establishment of nation identity is intended to embody the national character and social system rooted, unique, modern, and superior. The identity is a combination between the nation's great value, such as religious, togetherness and unity, as well as modern universal values that include a work ethic and principles of good Governence. The construction of the nation's identity is done through transformation, revitalization, and the implementation of the cultural values of the nation which has the potential for superior and apply modern value build. To strengthen the identity and pride of the nation, sport development directed at culture and enhancement of sports achievements.
., ,3. Innovative culture-oriented science and technology continue to be developed so that the the nation's science and technology as well as mastering Indonesia is able to succeed in the era of global competition. The development of the culture of science is done by increasing the appreciation society against science and technology through the development of a culture of reading and writing, community learners, people who are intelligent, critical, and creative in order to the development of the science and technology community with aim the traditions from the culture of consumerist culture towards productive. The disclosure forms of creativity, among others through the arts, remains driven to realize balance aspect material, spiritual, and emotional. The development of science and technology as well as artistry is put in terms of increased dignity, dignity, and human civilization.
IV. 1.2 the DEFENSELESS NATION EMBODIES competitive.,, the ability of the nation to the high competitiveness of power is key to the achievement of progress and prosperity of the nation. High competitiveness, will make Indonesia is ready to face the challenges of globalization and are able to take advantage of opportunities that exist. To strengthen the competitiveness of the nation, the national development in the long term are directed to (a) promote the development of human resources quality and competitive power; (b) strengthening the domestic economy-based excellence in each region towards competitive advantage by building linkages production, distribution, and service within the country; (c) increase the mastery, utilization, and the creation of knowledge; and (d) build an advanced infrastructure; and (e) reforms in the field of law and State apparatus.
A. Building human resources quality.,, 1. Development of human resources has a very important role in realizing human flourishing and independent Indonesia so able to helpless competitiveness in the era of globalization. In that regard, the development of human resources is directed at improving the quality of human resources in Indonesia which is characterized by increased human development index (HDI) and gender development index (IPG), as well as the achievement of a balanced growing population which is characterized by reproductive numbers neto (NRR) is equal to 1, or the total birth rate (TFR) is equal to 2.1.
., ,2. Control the amount and rate of population growth is directed at the improvement of family planning services and reproductive health that is affordable, effective and quality, leading to the formation of small families. In addition, the arrangement of distribution and mobility of the population distribution in the population was diverted to a more balanced in accordance with its capacity and support the environment through equitable economic development and the region with ethnic and cultural diversity of the note as well as sustainable development. System Administration also conducted important population to support planning and implementation of development at national and regional levels and encourages the terakomodasinya rights of the population and social protection.
., ,3. Development of education and health is an investment in improving the quality of human resources so important role in boosting economic growth and lower levels of poverty and unemployment. Construction of education directed to improve the quality of human resources to support the attainment of the community's berharkat, dignified, noble character, and respect for diversity so that it is able to compete in the global era with a fixed based on the norms of community life Indonesia and without discrimination. The Government's commitment to education should be reflected in the quality of human resources, improvement of the quality of science and technology (science and technology), as well as the integration of the whole of the budget and the political education into college limited. The Ministry of education which includes all line, type, and level of education. Therefore, the need to provided basic education of quality and affordable fee exemption is accompanied by education. The provision of educational services tailored to the needs of social development in Indonesia's economic future was included to encourage sustained economic growth through the deepening technological mastery. Development education is directed to foster the pride of nationhood, morals, as well as the ability of learners to live together in a diverse community that is grounded by the veneration of the human rights (human rights). The provision of educational services throughout the lifetime of the science and technology development need to keep fit are encouraged to improve the quality of life and productivity of the population of Indonesia is included to provide knowledge and skills for the population of productive age whose number gets bigger.
., ,4. Health development geared to raising awareness, willingness, and ability to live a healthy life for everyone in order to increase the degree of extended public health can be realized. Health development held with based on humanitarian, empowerment and self-reliance, fair and equitable, as well as promoting and benefits with special attention to the vulnerable population, among other mothers, infants, children, elderly man (seniors), and poor families. Health development is carried out through increased efforts in health, health financing, health human resources, medicine and health supplies are accompanied by increased supervision, community empowerment, and health management. The effort is done by looking at the dynamics of the population, changes in disease epidemiology, ecology and the environment, the advancement of science and technology, as well as globalization and democratization with the spirit of partnership and cross-sector cooperation. Emphasis is given on improving behaviour and independence as well as community efforts and preventive promotif. National development must insightful health, i.e. every public policy always look at their impact on health. Development and improvement of nutrition held in cross-sector covering food production, processing, distribution, and consumption of household-level food with nutrient content is sufficient, balanced, and guaranteed the security in order to achieve a good nutritional status.
., ,5. The empowerment of women and child development directed at improving quality of life and the role of women, welfare, and child protection in various areas of development; the decline in the number of acts of violence, exploitation, and discrimination against women and children; as well as the strengthening of the institutional and gender mainstreaming and child chain at national and regional levels, including availability of data and gender statistics.
., ,6. Youth development directed at improving the quality of human resources, the development of the national character (nation building) and the participation of youth in the various fields of development, especially in the fields of economy, social and culture, science and politics, as well as having national and ethical insights nation Indonesia. In addition, the construction of sports cultural improvement directed at sports and sports achievements among the public.
B. strengthening the Domestic Economy with a Global Orientation, powerful Competitiveness., .7. The economy expanded by strengthening the domestic economy as well as global competitiveness-oriented and empowered. For the transformation of the economy-based comparative advantages in natural resources into the economy which was competitive berkeunggulan. Interregional interaction is driven by building linkages, production, distribution and service of inter-regional routes. The efforts done by the basic principles: manage the national productivity improvement through innovation, mastery, research, development and application of science and technology towards knowledge-based economies as well as independence and resilience of Nations in a sustainable way; managing institutional economics that implement best practices and good Governence in a sustainable way, and manage natural resources in a sustainable way.
., ,8. The economy developed based on the principle of economic democracy that keeps national interests so assured a chance of trying and working for the whole of society and encourage the achievement of poverty reduction. The management policy of the economy need to carefully look at the dynamics of globalization, national commitments in the various fora international economic agreements, and national interests by giving priority to community groups that are still weak, as well as maintain the independence and sovereignty of the nation's economy.
., ,9. Institutional economics developed according to economic dynamics by applying the principles of good governance of the Government in drawing up a regulatory framework and licensing an efficient, effective, and non-discriminatory; maintain, develop, and implement a climate of healthy business competition and protect consumers; encourage the development of the standardization of products and services to enhance competitiveness; formulate the strategy and policy of technology development in accordance with the development of the national economy; and improve the competitiveness of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in various regions of Indonesia so that it becomes an integral part of overall economic activity and the strengthening of the economic base in the country.
., .10. The role of the Government is effective and optimal embodied as a facilitator, regulator, and as a catalyst of development at various levels to efficiency and effectiveness of public services, the creation of a conducive business environment and competitiveness of the defenseless, and terjaganya sustainability of market mechanisms.
.,, 11. The structure of the economy is strengthened by the above industrial sectors as its driving force, supported by the agricultural activities in the broad sense, marine and mining which produced products in an efficient, modern and sustainable services and services effectively, implement best practices and good ketatakelolaan in order to materialize the formidable economic resilience.
., 12. Science and technology for economic development directed at improving the quality and benefit of national science and technology in order to support competitiveness globally. It is done through improved, mastery, and the application of science and technology is widely in the production of goods/services, the development of centres of excellence, the development of science and Technology Research Institute, the embodiment of the system of recognition of the results of the meetings and intellectual property, development and implementation of quality standards, increased quality and quantity of HUMAN RESOURCES for science and technology, an increase in the quantity and quality of the science and technology facilities and infrastructure. The various steps undertaken to support knowledge-based economic development, as well as institutional development as connectedness and functional innovation in the system encourage the development of business activities.
., 13. Job market policies directed to encourage the creation of as many formal employment and improve the well-being of informal workers. A flexible job market, harmonious industrial relations with decent protection, adequate safety, as well as the attainment of a satisfactory resolution of the industrial process by all parties is the characteristics of the job market. In addition, workers are expected to have a high productivity so that they can compete as well as produce high added value to the management of the training and the granting of support for training programs for effectiveness and efficiency improvement of the quality of the workforce as an integral part of human resource investment. Most of the workers, including labor Indonesia who work abroad, will be provided with appropriate competence recognition of the needs of the industry dynamics and the dynamics of global competition.
.,, 14. Investments are directed to support the attainment of a high economic growth in a sustainable way and with realizing attractive investment climate; encourage foreign capital investment for the improvement of the competitiveness of the national economy; as well as increasing the capacity of the physical infrastructure and supporting. Investments developed within the framework of the Organization of economic democracy will be used for the achievement of the maximum prosperity for the people.
., 15. Efficiency, modernization, and the added value of the primary sector, especially the agricultural sector in the broad sense, marine and mining increased to compete in local and international markets as well as to strengthen the production base nationwide. It is a strategic factor due to dealing with rural development, poverty alleviation and underdevelopment, and the strengthening of food security. All of that should be implemented in a careful and planned to ensure the realization of the transformation of the entire element is the national economy toward more advanced and more solidly in the era of globalization.
.,,16. Increased efficiency, modernization, and value-added agriculture in a broader sense and marine performed to improve the welfare of farmers and fishermen by developing a dynamic and efficient agribusinesses, which involves the active participation of farmers and fishermen. The increase was held through the institutional revitalization at the operational level, optimization of resources, and human resources development to improve trade competitiveness through improved productivity and respond to market demand and take advantage of business opportunities. Besides being beneficial to the increased income of rural people in General, such efforts can create a diversified rural economy which in turn increases the contribution in the growth of the national economy. Attention needs to be given to the ability of the development efforts of society, poverty alleviation are directional, as well as protection against the system of trade and unfair competition.
., General Agreement. Industrial development is directed to realize the competitive power industry, both in the local and international market, and related to the development of small and medium industries, with a healthy industry structure and justice as well as encouraging economic development outside Java island. The structure of the industry in terms of mastery with disehatkan effort will abolish the monopolistic practices and various distortions of the market through healthy business competition enforcement and business management principles are good and true. The structure of the industry in terms of the scale of the effort will be strengthened by making small and medium-sized industry as a national industrial base that is healthy, so was able to grow and integrated in the value added chain of downstream industry and large-scale industry.
., 18. In order to strengthen the competitiveness of the economy globally, the industrial sector need to be built in order to create the environment of micro enterprise (local) which can stimulate the growth of a healthy industry clumps and strong through (1) the development of value added chain through product diversification (development of downstream), we may structure to the detriment of, or development of thoroughly (upstream-downstream); (2) strengthening the relationship of the related antarindustri horizontally including supporting industries and industries complement, including multinational companies associated with networking, as well as strengthening relations with primary sector activities and services that support it; and (3) the provision of a range of infrastructure for improved collective capacity, among other things, include physical infrastructure (transportation, communications, energy, and infrastructure technology; infrastructure measurements, standardisation, testing, and quality control; and infrastructure as well as the education and training of industrial manpower).
.,, 19. Infrastructure and financial services are developed in accordance with national economic development policies in order to be able to support effectively the increased production and global competitiveness by applying the standard system and manage it in accordance with best practices (the best practice) International, which is capable of pushing endurance improved and added value of the national economy and capable of supporting a strategic interest in the development of human resources in the country which includes the development of keprofesian , national technological mastery and utilization, and increased national interest in poverty reduction and the development of rural economy activities.
.,, 06. Foreign trade is more profitable and supports the national economy in order to be able to maximize the benefits while minimizing the negative effects of the process of integration with the dynamics of globalization. Such efforts are carried out through (a) retaining a national position in various fora of cooperation international trade scales (global, regional, bilateral, and multilateral) to improve the competitiveness of national export and market access while securing the national strategic interests in order to alleviate poverty, reduce unemployment levels, develop rural activities, and protect the national economy from competition and international trade practices which are not healthy, and (b) the development of the image standard products, goods and services of international quality, national as well as the facilitation of international trade competitive power.
.,,21. Domestic trade is directed to strengthen a national distribution system that efficiently and effectively ensure the certainty of trying to bring about (a) the development of an effective trading institutions in consumer protection and healthy business competition, (b) the integration of the activities of the national economy and harmonious realization the use of domestic production, (c) the increasing trade between regions/areas, and (d) provided the availability of staple and other strategic goods at affordable prices.
., .22. Tourism is developed in order to be able to encourage economic activity and improve the image of Indonesia, improving the welfare of local communities, as well as provide an expansion of employment opportunities. Tourism development utilizing the diversity of natural beauty and charm potential national marine tourism as the largest in the world in arif and sustainable, as well as encourage economic activities related to the cultural development of the nation.
.,,23. The development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are directed to be the perpetrators of the science and technology-based economy more powerful competitive with imported products, in particular in providing goods and services needs of the community so that it is able to contribute significantly in structural changes and strengthen the domestic economy. To that end, the development of SMES is done through increased competence of retaining entrepreneurship and increased productivity that is supported with an increase in adaptation to market needs, the utilization of the results of innovation and application of technology in a healthy business climate. Development of SMES significantly will take place in the modernization of integrated agribusiness and agro-industries, including supporting food security, as well as retaining a base of production and competitiveness of the industry through the development of an industrial family, the acceleration of technology transfer, and improve the quality of human resources.
., .24. The financial sector was developed in order to always have the ability in maintaining economic stability and finance the objectives of economic growth and are able to have staying power against the possibility of turmoil the crisis through the implementation of financial sector safety net systems Indonesia, an increase in the contribution of financial services institutions banks and non-bank funding development especially improvement of access to funding for poor families, both in rural and in urban areas, as well as improving the quality of national banking growth. Thus, any kind of investment, both short term and long term, will retain the funding source that corresponds to the characteristics of the financial services. In addition, the various financial institutions will provide more funding alternatives for all walks of life.
., .25. Improvements to the financial management of the State budget system is based on a transparent, accountable, and can vouch for the effectiveness of utilization. In order to increase the independence, the role of the foreign borrowing is kept at safe levels. Meanwhile, the main source of domestic tax which comes from constantly improved its effectiveness. The main interest of government financing is the creation of financing development that can ensure the ability of improved public services, both in the provision of basic services, infrastructure and means of physical and economic, as well as supporting the improvement of the competitiveness of the economy.
.,, C. mastery, development, and utilization of science and technology.,, 26. The construction of the science and technology geared to creating and mastering science both fundamental as well as applied sciences, as well as develop the social sciences and Humanities to produce technology and utilize technology research, development, and an engineering for the welfare of society, self-reliance, and the nation's competitiveness through improved skills and capacities of the science and technology which is always based on the value of religion, cultural values, ethical values, local wisdom, as well as a look at the resources and functions of the environment sustainability.
.,,27. The construction of the science and technology geared to supporting food security and energy; creation and utilization of information and communication technologies; provision of transportation technology, defense technology needs, and health technology; advanced materials technology development; as well as increasing the number of discovery and its utilization in the production sector. The support is done through the development of human resources in science and technology, an increase in the budget of research, development of science and technology policy cross-cutting synergies, the formulation of a research agenda aligned with market needs, the improvement of the science and technology facilities and infrastructure, and the development of science and technology intermediary mechanisms. These are intended to support the strengthening of the system of innovation in order to encourage development of knowledge-based economy. In addition, the research cooperation will increase domestic and international antarlembaga research and development (r & d), the College and the corporate world as well as the growth of a new industry-based r & d products with the support of venture capital.
D. Adequate facilities and infrastructure and advanced.,,28. The role of the Government will be more focused on the formulation of development policies and infrastructure, while the role of the private sector in the provision of facilities and infrastructure will be makin is enhanced especially for projects are non-commercial. Cooperation with the private sector in the development of facilities and infrastructure are directed to (a) provide transportation facilities and infrastructure for the distribution of commodity trade and industry as well as the movement of passengers and goods, both national and international in scope; (b) eliminate the gap between the supply and the demand as well as the effectiveness and efficiency of electric power; (c) improving teledensitas service user community telematics services; and (d) meet the needs of the residence for the community and realize the city without slums.
.,, 29. The construction of the infrastructure of water resources is directed to realise water function as social resources (social goods) and economic resources (economic goods) which is balanced through the management of an integrated, efficient, effective, equitable, and sustainable so that it can ensure the basic necessities of life and can enhance the welfare of society. The balance between the supply and the demand of the management approach is realized through the needs (demand management) which is aimed at improving the effectiveness and efficiency of use, pengonsumsian water, and approach the management of the supply (supply management) that are intended to improve the capacity and reliability of the water supply. The management of water resources infrastructure geared to realize an increase in the reliability of services through partnerships with the business world without burdening society, strengthening the institutional community, and noting the preservation of environmental functions. In addition, a pattern of relations upstream-downstream will continue to be developed so that a more equitable management pattern can be achieved. Development and application of integrated utilization of systems (conjunctive use) between surface water and ground water will be especially encouraged to create synergy and maintain the sustainability of the soil water availability. Power control damaged water conservation, Dubstep nonkonstruksi approach through the water resources and river basin management alignment. Increased public participation and partnerships among the stakeholders continue to have to be not only at the time of the disaster, but also at the stage of prevention and the restoration of pascabencana.
., .30. Transport development is directed to support the activities of the economic, social and cultural as well as environmental and development approach is developed through the territory in order to achieved balance and equitable development interregional; forms and reinforces national unity to solidify the defense and national security; as well as forming the structure of space in order to realize the target of national development. To that end, the construction of transportation carried out by developing a network of services in antarmoda and intramoda; harmonize legislation related to the Organization of transportation that gives legal certainty and conducive business climate; encourage the whole stakeholders to participate in the provision of services; increase the climate of competition are healthy in order to increase efficiency and provide an alternative for users of services while maintaining the Government's partiality as regulators against public service affordable to the public; provide services of mass public transport in urban areas supported Ministry of the feeder, which is safe, comfortable, orderly, affordable and eco-friendly as well as the synergize with land use policy; as well as improving the culture of the traffic code of conduct and discipline. For the Ministry of transportation in remote border areas, and rural transportation systems developed a pioneering community-based (community based) and regions. To support the competitiveness and efficiency of passenger and goods transport are directed on realization of the policy of uniting the perception and the perpetrators of the transportation service provider in the context of a global service; accelerate and streamline the movement of passengers and goods through the improved management of transport antarmoda; enhancing the construction of the freeway in the corridor-strategic corridors; increase the share of the transport of goods via rail, the transport of goods within the system, either through Ro-Ro sea transport of conventional as well as supported by the increased role of the national fleet as well as a special commodity transport with the air mode of transportation (fresh good and high value); develop a national transportation system that is reliable and capable high resting on the aspect of safety, and alignment antarmoda, antarsektor, antarwilayah, cultural, and social aspects of the professional human resources of transportation as well as implement and develop appropriate transportation technology, energy efficient, and environmentally friendly.
.,,31. Development of the post and telematics directed to foster the creation of community-based information (knowledge-based society) through the creation of a foundation of long-term holding of competition post and telematics within multioperator; pengantisipasian implications of the convergence of telecommunications, information technology and broadcasting, both on the institutional or regulatory-related issues including security, confidentiality, privacy, and integrity of information; the application of intellectual property rights; the increase of legality that can eventually lead to a convergence of market and industry; optimization of development and utilization of post and telematics infrastructures and infrastructure nontelekomunikasi in organizing telematics; the application of the concept of technology neutral which is responsive to the needs of the market and the industry while maintaining the integrity of existing systems; increased synergy and integration of network infrastructure toward the next generation network; increased knowledge and understanding of the people against the potential utilization of telematics as well as the utilization and development of application-based information and communication technology; the development of domestic industry; and content industry in an effort to the creation of added value of the information.
., 32. Construction of energy facilities and infrastructure and ketenagalistrikan directed at the development of energy facilities and infrastructure to improve access and service consumers towards energy through (1) the development of the ability of the fulfilment of the national electric power adequately and can have a high reliability through rehabilitation and repowering of existing plants and new plant; (2) the development of electric power supply system that has a structured institutional governance system by optimizing the management of systems and processes in the ketenagalistrikan that function in an efficient, productive, and professional, so as to provide wider opportunities and conducive to private investment that is separate from its social mission, as well as able to engage broadly the role of local governments, particularly for the non-commercial use; (3) the development of diversified energy for new power plants mainly in power plants based on coal and gas are limited and the nature of the medium in order to replace the use of oil and fuel in the long run will put forward, in particular renewable energy bioenergy, geothermal, hydropower, wind power, solar power, nuclear power is even considering the factor of safety are strictly; (4) supporting industry development ketenagalistrikan put forward a national increase in local content, development effectiveness science and technology involving the world of business, education, Government, and society as an integrated and strategic in nature-based knowledge transfer (knowledge transfer) included the development of standardization and certification of national electrical products; (5) the development of the environmentally ketenagalistrikan system (6) development of a network of FUEL pipelines, refineries, depots, and transit terminals; (7) the construction of an integrated network of gas pipelines; (8) development and infrastructure transport coal from mining to the port's location as well as its distribution facilities and infrastructure; and (9) the development of facilities and infrastructure of geothermal power generation and renewable alternative energy, especially micro hydro and solar energy.
.,, 33. Development and provision of drinking water and sanitation geared to realizing the basic needs of society as well as satisfy the needs of other related sectors, such as industry, Commerce, transportation, tourism, and services in an effort to encourage economic growth. The fulfillment of those needs is done through response approach needs (demand responsive approach) and integrated approach by the sector of the natural resources and the environment, water resources, and health.
E. the reform of the legal and Bureaucratic, 34. Construction law is directed to support the attainment of sustained economic growth; set the problems relating to the economy, especially the business world and industry; as well as creating the certainty of investment, especially enforcement and legal protection. The construction of the law is also directed to eliminate the possibility of the occurrence of the crime of corruption as well as being able to handle and resolve completely the problems related to corruption, collusion, nepotism (KKN). Construction law is implemented through the renewal of the material law with fixed note kemajemukan law order and the influence of globalization as an attempt to improve legal certainty and protection, law enforcement and human rights (human rights), awareness of the law, as well as the core of legal services justice and truth, order and prosperity in order to conduct of the country's more orderly, regular, smooth, and empowered global competitiveness.
.,, 35. The construction of the State apparatus is done through bureaucratic reform to improve the professionalism of the State apparatus and to realise good governance, in the Centre and in the regions in order to be able to support the success of the development in other areas.
IV. 1.3 EMBODIES a DEMOCRATIC INDONESIA is BASED on the LAW, Democratic, based on the law is an important cornerstone to realizing development of Indonesia, independent and fair. Democracy can increase public participation in various development activities, and maximize the potential of the community, and to improve accountability and transparency in the conduct of the State. The law essentially aims to ensure the emergence of positive aspects and inhibits the negative aspects of humanity and ensure the implementation of the justice for all citizens regardless of social class and differentiate, race, ethnicity, religion, or gender. The law obeyed and followed will create order and the fundamental rights of security of society as a maximum.
.,, To realize a fair and democratic Indonesia is done with established a more solid democratic institutionalization; strengthening the role of civil society so as participatory development processes that are bottom up can walk; growing the community response (responsive community) that will encourage the spirit of voluntary (spirit of voluntarism) which is in line with the meaning of mutual; strengthen the quality of decentralized and autonomous region; ensures the development and freedom of the media in communicating the importance of the community; do the revamping legal structure and enhance the culture of law and enforce the law in a fair, consistent, impartial and not discriminatory, on the small people.
., ,1. Consummation of the political structure was placed on the process of institutionalization of democracy is done with (a) promoting and menyosialisasikan the importance of the existence of a strong Constitution and has high credibility as basic guidelines for a sustainable democratization process; (b) to organize the relationship between institutional politics, institutional security defense in the life of a country; (c) improve the performance of the institutions of State authority in the conduct of the organizer and the functions conferred by the Constitution and the rule of law; (d) establish the implementation of decentralization and regional autonomy as well as preventing disintegration and Division of the nation's territory; (e) implement the national reconciliation thoroughly; and (f) create the institutionalization of democracy further to support the consolidation of democracy in a sustainable way.
., ,2. Structuring the role of the State and the society stressed on establishment of independence and maturity of society and the establishment of a strong civil society in the fields of economy and education. In addition, the role of the State and the General Setup is directed at the structuring of the positive functions of the institution-institution viable, indigenous institutions, and political parties to build community self-reliance in managing a variety of potential social conflicts that could damage as well as empowering positive potential of various communities for development. Efforts to encourage the realization of a strong civil society need to also look at the influence of the market in the social life of national politics in order not going negative excesses and social disparities to the detriment of people's lives.
., ,3. The arrangement of the political process which was placed on assignment/representation of power embodied by (a) improving continuously the quality of the processes and mechanisms of public selection is open to the public and political officials as well as (b) embody the political commitment of the importance of freedom of the mass media as well as the current Association, converged, and argues every citizen on the basis of his political aspirations.
., ,4. The development of a political culture which stressed on cultivation of democratic values have to be through (a) the creation of an awareness of culture and cultivation of democratic political values, especially respect of HUMAN RIGHTS values, the values of the equation, nonviolence, and the values of tolerance, through various media and discourse as well as (b) the effort of realizing various discourse dialogue for increased awareness about the importance of maintaining the unity of the nation.
., ,5. The increased role of communication and information stressed at the pencerdasan community in political life do with (a) realizing freedom of the press are more established, terlembaga and guarantee the right of the public to argue and to control the course of conduct of the country as a democratic and intelligent; (b) realizing the Equalization of the larger information by encouraging the emergence of media-independent regional mass media; (c) realizing greater deregulation in the field of broadcasting so that it can better ensure equitable national information and prevent the monopoly of information; (d) creating a network of interactive nature of information between community and among political decision makers to create policies that are more easily understood the wider community; (e) creating a network of information and communication technology which is capable of connecting the whole link information across the archipelago as a whole capable of binding and extend the integrity of the nation; (f) utilize a network of information and communication technology effectively in order to be able to provide more comprehensive information to the international community so that misunderstandings do not occur that can put Indonesia in a difficult political position: as well as (g) enhance the role of independent institutions in the field of communication and information to better support the process of pencerdasan communities in political life and the realization of freedom of the press are more established.
., ,6. Construction law is directed at the attainment of the national legal system the more steady on Pancasila and the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945, which included the construction of the legal matter, the structure of the law including law enforcement, legal and infrastructure; the embodiment of society which has cultural and legal awareness is high in order to realize State law; as well as the creation of community life that is fair and democratic. Construction law is implemented through the renewal of the law with a fixed note kemajemukan law order and the influence of globalization as an attempt to improve legal certainty and protection, rule of law and human rights, legal awareness, as well as the core of legal services justice and truth, order, and welfare in the framework of the Organization of the country that the more orderly and organised so that the holding of national development will be the more smoothly.
., ,7. The construction of legal material is directed to continue product updates the law to replace the colonial heritage regulations that reflect social values and interests of the community as well as able to encourage the growth of Indonesia's creativity and involving the community to support the implementation of the Organization of the Government and national development is sourced on Pancasila and the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945, which includes planning law, the establishment of law, legal research and development. On the other hand, the new legislation should also be able to fill a shortage of legal vacuum as the referrer/dynamics of strategic environment changed very quickly. Legal planning as part of the construction material of the law must be held with a look at the various aspects that affect, either in itself or in the Association community the international community conducted in an integrated and covers all areas of development so that the resulting legal products can meet the needs of the life of the community, nation, and State and can anticipate the development of the times. The formation of the law held through an integrated and democratic process based on Pancasila and the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945, and so produce the law and its implementation regulations which can be applied effectively supported by research and development law based on the aspirations and needs of the community. Research and development of the law is directed at all aspects of life so that national laws can always follow the development and dynamics of development in accordance with the aspirations of the community, both current needs as well as the future. To improve the quality of legal research and development required partnership with the various components of related agencies, both within and outside the country.
., ,8. Development of the structure of the law is directed to establish and streamline the various organizations and agencies of the law, the legal profession, judiciary and so the legal apparatus able to carry out its tasks and obligations in a professional manner. The quality and ability of the apparatus of law developed through quality improvement and professionalism through education and training system with a curriculum accommodating to any development as well as development of the attitude of the legal apparatus of high menunjung of truth, honesty, openness and fairness, free from corruption, collusion and nepotism, as well as responsible in the form of exemplary behavior. The legal apparatus in carrying out duties and obligations needs to be professionally supported by the infrastructure of law are adequate and improved kesejahteraannya so that in carrying out the duties and obligations of the legal apparatus able to walk properly and to avoid interventions and the influence of the parties in the form of corruption, collusion, and nepotism.
., ,9. The application and enforcement of the law and human rights (human rights) are implemented unequivocally, businesslike, professional, and not discriminatory but still based on the respect for human rights (human rights), justice, and truth, especially in the investigation, investigation, and a transparent and open trials in order to realize the social and social discipline code of conduct so as to support the development of national stability and establish a steady and dynamic. The rule of law and human rights (human rights) committed against various criminal acts, primarily as a result of perceived by society at large, among other criminal acts of corruption, environmental damage, and the abuse of narcotics. In order to safeguard the territorial integrity of the Republic of Indonesia, unitary State law enforcement at sea should be improved continuously in accordance with the authority provided for in national legislation and international law. The establishment of the judiciary as the implications of a roof with the institution of the Supreme Court is continuously conducting development of judicial institutions; improvement of the quality and professionalism of the judges at all judicial environment; support as well as improvements to the infrastructure in all environments of the judiciary so that it can restore public confidence towards the image of the judiciary as the last bastion of Justice seekers.
., .10. Increased community awareness of embodiment which has a high law continues to be improved with more gives access to all the information needed by the public, and access to the public against involvement in the decision-making processes of the implementation of national development so that every Member of the community to realize and live up to the rights and obligations as citizens. As a result, will form an Indonesia citizen behavior have a sense of belonging and obey the law. Increased community awareness of embodiment which has a high law must be supported by services and legal assistance with an affordable cost, a process that is not convoluted, and the determination of the verdict that reflects a sense of Justice.
.,, 11. Alleviation countermeasures of abuse of authority of the State apparatus is achieved by the application of the principles of good governance at all levels, Government lines, and all activities; the seberat-beratnya sanctions to perpetrators of abusers authorities according to the provisions in force; an increase in the intensity and effectiveness of supervision of the State apparatus through internal oversight, supervision, and monitoring of functional communities; as well as an increase in bureaucratic work culture and ethics as well as knowledge and understanding of the organizers of the country to the principles of good ketatapemerintahan.
IV. 1.4 EMBODIES a SECURE INDONESIA, peaceful and United.,, with a potential threat that is not light as well as the conditions of the social, economic, and cultural diversity of the nation and State of Indonesia need the ability of defence to ensure a strong country remains a unitary State sovereignty tegaknya Republic of Indonesia. The existence of the security disorder in various forms of crime and potential horizontal conflicts troubling and will result in a pudarnya sense of security in society. Provided the security and existence of the sense of security for the community is a key requirement for the implementation of the development in various fields.
., ,1. National security is realized through alignment construction defense, domestic security, development and the construction of social security held upon condition of geography, demography, social, and culture as well as insightful archipelago.
., ,2. The construction of a defence system that covers the defense and strategy, posture and Defense structures, the professionalism of the TNI, defense technology development in support of the availability of backup components, there, and the defense is directed at supporting the efforts of the Defense ability to manifest constant that exceeded the minimum defense force to uphold the country's sovereignty and safeguard the safety of the nation and the territorial integrity of the Republic of Indonesia that the unity of the Country covers an area of scattered and varied army including outlying islands jurisdiction of the sea area, to include the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) Indonesia and the cornerstone of the continent, as well as the national air space. Furthermore, the ability of the defence continue to be improved in order to have a penggentar effect-regarded to support bargaining position in diplomacy.
., ,3. The system of national defense strategy and continuously enhanced to realize the defense system of the universe based on the defence capabilities in order to be able to cope with the simultaneous threat and has the effect of penggentar. In the host defense system, national defense will be designed to have the ability to ward off the threat of the outermost regions in Indonesia and the ability to defend the area of land as well as monitor and protect the territorial jurisdiction of the sea of Indonesia and the national air space.
., ,4. Posture and defense structure directed to answer a wide range of possibilities of challenge, the actual problems, and long-term capability development which corresponds to the geographical conditions and the dynamics of the community. Matra defense posture and the structure of the Army directed to able to cope with the terrain and topographic conditions, do the quick movement of antarwilayah and interisland and overcoming the threat efficiently. Posture and structure of matra sea directed to build the ability to address the breadth of the territorial sea of archipelago on the surface and the depth and provide support and compatibility against air and ground movement of matra. Posture and structure of matra air directed to can supervise especially national air space and some of the regional air space, capable of speeding at least needs the care of the national air space, launch the space utilization, and provide support joint operating antarmatra.
., ,5. The improvement of professionalism of Indonesia national army carried out while maintaining political neutrality and focused on defensive duties in the form of military operations for the war or military operations other than war focus through human resource development and development there. As a major component of Defense, the AIR FORCE human resources prepared by meeting the adequacy of the number of personnel per matra manifested in conditions always trained; have mastery of the High Court; have mastery of operational and maintenance of modern war equipment; has the doctrine and a solid military organization; have a good personal management; able to carry the implementation of humanitarian duty, responsive to technological advancement and social development of the community; as well as having competence in its full duties. The improvement of the professionalism of the TNI human resource dimbangi with increasing prosperity through the adequacy of salaries, the provision and facilitation of home living, healthcare, improved education, and completion of the tasks time insurance scheme.
., ,6. Improvement of the conditions of alutsista and number of each dimension is implemented according to the validation of posture and Defense structures to be able to go beyond the needs of the defense force is minimal. The fulfillment of the needs of the gradually alutsista are met in line with the financial capabilities of the State on the basis of the development of technology, the principle of independence and interoperability, ease of maintenance, as well as strategic alliances. Development of acquisition strategies are directed there with high-tech tools with deterrence effect and the fulfillment of the basic needs of the operations effectively and efficiently by utilizing and developing potential in the country, including the national defense industry in the principle of sustainability.
., ,7. The establishment of the reserve component and a supporter of Defense the country within the framework of the base technology strategy, financing and continue to be improved in the process which is continuous or breakthrough. Upgrade components include defence support mastery ability utilization condition of artificial and natural resources, and infrastructure development synchronization of national defense interest, participation of civil society in the formulation of defence policy, the country's defense component of society, support the national defence industry mutualisme directly or industrial conversion capabilities, as well as the sustainability of financing through financial engineering.
., ,8. Protection of marine jurisdiction area enhanced Indonesia in an effort to protect marine resources for the prosperity of most people. Protection of marine jurisdiction area of Indonesia conducted by increasing the strength and ability of the defense to conduct surveillance and enforcement of international law as well as improve detection and penangkalan in the sea. Protection of the territory Indonesia improved air jurisdiction as an attempt to keep the overall national sovereignty by establishing a national system of monitoring and detection in the airspace as well as improving the ability to counteract the illegal flights.
., ,9. Security development geared to increasing the professionalism of the national police and their institutions related to security issues and enhance the role of the community in order to realize provided the security and order of society, orderly and legal tegaknya, as well as invited, protection, shelter, and community service.
., .10. The improvement of the professionalism of the national police is achieved through the development of core service competence, improvement ratio of police against residents, the construction of the human resources, the primary tool needs fulfillment, as well as increased supervision and control mechanism of police agencies. The direction of development of the Organization and function of the police is adjusted to the changing strategic environment conditions governing factor is the anticipation of the development of a territorial character and demographic factors. The professionalism of police human resources improved through refinement of selection, education and training, repair and construction of the spirit of the corps. The improvement of the professionalism of the gradual increase in prosperity are followed by police through the increase of income, the provision and facilitation of home living, health coverage, and allowances full-time duty. The role of the community in the creation of public security will be built through the mechanism of the pemolisian community. Pemolisian society means the community undertook to take responsibility and play an active role in the creation of security and order in the form of cooperation and partnership with the police in maintaining security and order.
.,, 11. The improvement of professionalism of intelligence and counter intelligence agencies in detecting, protecting, and performing various precautions of the threats, challenges, obstacles, and disorders which affect the interests of national security.
IV. FURTHER DEVELOPMENT of REALIZING 1.5 EVENLY and JUSTICE, development, evenly and can be enjoyed by all components of the nation in various regions of Indonesia will increase the active participation of the community in development, reduce security disturbances, as well as eliminating the potential for social conflict for the achievement of Indonesia, independent and fair.
., ,1. Development of the region was held by noting the potential advantages and opportunities of land resources and/or the sea in each region, as well as noting the principle of sustainable development and support environment. The main purpose of the development of the area is the improvement of the quality of life and well-being of the community as well as pemerataannya. The implementation of the development of the region is done programmatically and integrated with all sectors and field development plan. The development plan was elaborated and synced into a consistent spatial plans, either material or an extended period of time.
., ,2. The acceleration of the development and the growth of strategic areas and fast-growing driven so it can develop the territories left in the surrounding area in a system of economic development that is synergistic, without considering the administrative borders, but more emphasis on consideration of the linkages mata-rantai industrial processes and distribution. That effort can be done through the development of superior product areas, as well as encourage the realization of coordination, synchronization, alignment and cooperation intergovernmental, antarsektor, the business world, and the public in support of opportunities tried to and investment in the region.
., ,3. The Government improved alignments to develop the lands left behind and isolated so that these regions can grow and evolve more quickly and can reduce failed construction with other areas. Approach to development that need to be done, other than with the empowerment of communities directly through the granting of special allocation fund schemes, including the guarantee of public service and keperintisan, need to also do strengthening linkages with economic activities areas of fast-growing and strategically in one area of economic development ' system '.
., ,4. Border areas are developed with changing the direction of development policy which tends to be inward looking outward-oriented looking so that it can be used as a gateway of economic activity and trade with neighboring countries. Approach to development being done, in addition to using the approach that is security, welfare approach is also required. Special attention is directed to the development of the small islands on the border that had escaped attention.
., ,5. The construction of metropolitan cities, large, medium, small and balanced growth with reference to the national system of urban development. That effort is needed to prevent the occurrence of physical growth of uncontrolled town (urban sprawl & conurbation), as was the case in the area of line of Java, as well as to control the flow of incoming direct migration from villages to the big cities and metropolitan, by way of creating job opportunities, including business opportunities, in the cities of medium and small, especially outside Java island. Therefore, the need for the increased interconnectedness of economic activity since the early stages.
., ,6. The growth of large cities and metropolitan areas is controlled in a system of metropolitan development compact, comfortable, efficient management, as well as consider sustainable development through (1) the application of urban management that includes optimization and control of the use of space as well as a security buffer zone around the core city with strict law enforcement and fair, as well as the enhancement of the role and function of medium cities and small towns around the core so that these cities not only serves as a city residence (dormitory town) only but also become independent cities; (2) the development of the economic activities of the eco-friendly city such as the financial services industry, banking, insurance, industrial and telematics as well as increased financial capability of urban areas; and (3) perevitalan the area of the city which includes the refund function of the area through the redevelopment area; the improvement of the quality of the physical environment, social, culture; as well as the realignment of the service of public facilities, especially the development of mass transportation system that integrates antarmoda.
., ,7. Accelerating the construction of small towns and medium-enhanced, especially outside Java, so it is expected to run for his role as ' motor movers ' development of the surrounding areas as well as in serving the needs of citizens. Approach to development that need to be done, inter alia, meet the needs of urban basic services in accordance with the typology of the city respectively.
., ,8. The increased interconnectedness of economic activity in urban areas with economic activities in rural areas driven synergistically (rural area production results is backward linkages from economic activity in urban areas) in a region of economic development ' system '. The improvement of linkages requires the presence of the expansion and diversification of economic activities and trade (nonpertanian) in rural-related markets in urban areas.
., ,9. Rural development is encouraged through the development of agro-industries solid workers, especially for the agricultural and marine-based; capacity building of human resources in rural areas particularly in the management and utilization of resources; development of the network infrastructure supporting production in rural area and small towns nearby in an attempt to create linkages of physical, social and economic are mutually complementary and mutually beneficial; improved information access and marketing, financial institutions, employment opportunities, and technology; the development of social capital and human capital that has not tergali its potential so that the rural area does not solely rely on the natural resources only; the intervention price and trade policy that favors to the agricultural products, especially to the prices and wages.
., .10. Spatial plans are used as a reference for spatial development policy in every sector, cross-sector and region in order to make use of space can be synergistic, harmonious, and sustainable. Spatial Plan Areas are arranged in a hierarchy. In order to optimize the arrangement of space needs to be increased (a) the competence of the institutional and human resources in the field of spatial, (b) quality of spatial plan, and (c) the effectiveness of the implementation and law enforcement in planning, utilization and control of utilization of space.
.,, 11. Implement land management systems that are efficient, effective, and carry out enforcement of laws against land rights by applying principles of fairness, transparency, and democracy. In addition, the need for refinement of mastery, possession, use, and land utilization through the formulation of the various rules of the implementation of the land reform and the creation of an incentive/disincentive of taxation in accordance with the broad, location, and use of land in order to make the community economy is weak can more easily obtain land rights. In addition, perfecting the legal system and the law of the land through an inventory of products and the refinements to the regulations taking into account the rules of the land of indigenous peoples, as well as the increased efforts of the dispute of land either through the authority of the Administration, the judiciary, as well as alternative dispute resolution. In addition, institutional refinement of land will be made in accordance with the spirit of the autonomous region and in the framework of the unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, especially with regard to capacity building of human resources areas of land in the area.
., 12. The capacity of the Governments of the region continue to be developed through increased capacity of local government authorities, the institutional capacity of local governments, local government financial capacity, as well as the capacity of the legislative institutions of the region. In addition, the empowerment of the community will continue to be developed through increased knowledge and skills; improved access to business capital and natural resources; the giving of an opportunity to convey the aspirations towards policies and regulations pertaining to their lives; as well as increasing the opportunity and ability to manage the productive economic efforts bring prosperity and overcoming poverty.
., 13. Increase in interregional cooperation will continue to be enhanced in order to utilize the comparative advantage or competitive per region; eliminates excessive local government ego; as well as avoiding the onset of inefficiency in the public service. Development of interregional cooperation through interregional networking system would be very useful as a means of sharing experiences, sharing the benefits of teamwork, as well as the financing share responsibility proportionally, both in the construction and maintenance of facilities and infrastructure and other development.
.,, 14. The system of food security are directed to maintain national food resilience and self-reliance by developing the capabilities of the domestic production supported the institutional food security that is able to guarantee the fulfillment of sufficient food needs at the household level, in terms of security, quality, and affordable price, backed by the resources of diverse food in accordance with local diversity.
., 15. Cooperatives are driven expanded according to needs becomes an effective vehicle to enhance the collective efficiency and bargaining position of its members, whether the producers as well as consumers in various sectors of economic activity so that it becomes a real role economic movement in an attempt to increase the social and economic well-being of the community. Meanwhile, empowering micro businesses into strategic options for boosting the income of low-income community groups in order to reduce poverty and income inequalities through capacity building efforts and business management skills and encouraging certainty, protection, and construction efforts.
.,,16. Within the framework of equitable development, the development of social welfare are also carried out by giving greater attention on disadvantaged groups of society, including the poor and people living in remote areas, are lagging behind, and the disaster.
., General Agreement. The development of social welfare in order to provide protection on the disadvantaged community groups enhanced through the strengthening of social security institutions are supported by legal regulations, funding, as well as the system of parent population number (NIK). The granting of social security were implemented taking into account the cultural and institutional already rooted in the community.
., 18. Protection and social security systems developed, styled, and it established and developed to ensure the fulfillment of the rights of the people will be the basic social services. The national social security system (SJSN) who have been enhanced along with the national social protection system (SPSN) supported by legislation and funding as well as the system of Parent Population Number (NIK) can provide full protection to the wider community. gradually so that the development of SPSN and SJSN implemented by observing the culture and system that already is deeply rooted among the public at large.
.,, 19. The fulfillment of the housing along with the infrastructure and support facilities directed at (1) organizing sustainable housing development, adequate, decent, and affordable by the purchasing power of the public and are supported by the infrastructure and means of settlement of sufficient quality and professionally managed, credible, independent, and efficient; (2) the Organization of housing development with infrastructure and support facilities are independently capable of evoking the potential financing that comes from the community and the capital market, create jobs, and enhance the development and deployment of Equalization; and (3) construction of residential development with infrastructure and support facilities that pay attention to the function and the balance of the environment.
.,, 06. The fulfillment of the basic needs of the community in the form of drinking water and sanitation (1) is directed at the improvement of the quality of asset management (asset management) in the provision of drinking water and sanitation; (2) the fulfillment of the minimum requirement of drinking water and basic sanitation for communities; (3) the Organization of the service of drinking water and sanitation that is credible and professional; and (4) the provision of cheap financing sources in the drinking water and sanitation services for the poor.
.,,21. Poverty reduction directed on respect, protection and fulfilment of the basic rights of the people gradually with the emphasis on the principle of equality and nondiskriminasi. In line with the process of democratization, the fulfillment of the basic rights of the people is directed at improving the understanding of the importance of realizing people's fundamental rights. Poverty reduction policy is also directed at improving the quality of the Organization of the autonomous region as part of efforts of the fulfillment of the fundamental rights of the poor.
IV. 1.0 MANIFEST INDONESIA BEAUTIFUL and SUSTAINABLY
.,, Natural resources and the environment is a national development and capital, as well as the cantilever system life. Sustainable natural resources will ensure the availability of resources for sustainable development. A beautiful living environment will improve the quality of human life. Therefore, to materialize Indonesia, independent and fair, natural resources and the environment must be managed in a balanced way to ensure the sustainability of national development. The application of the principles of sustainable development in all sectors and regions the main prerequisite being the provision of a wide range of development activities.
1. Utilizing Renewable Natural resources.
.,, Renewable natural resources, both on land and in the sea, should be managed and utilized rationally, optimal, efficient, and accountable by utilizing all functions and benefits in a balanced way. Management of renewable natural resources that already are in a critical condition is directed at efforts to rehabilitate and restore power dukungnya which subsequently directed at the utilization of environmental services so there is increasingly destructive and eliminate his ability as a capital for sustainable development. Results or the revenue derived from the utilization of renewable natural resources reinvested in order to menumbuhkembangkan the efforts of recovery, rehabilitation, and backup for the benefit of the present generation or future generations. In addition, the utilization of renewable natural resources will be directed to meet domestic energy needs by utilizing resource-based marine and agricultural results as alternative energy.
2. Manage natural resources that are not renewable.
., Natural resource management, is not renewable, such as mines, minerals, and energy resources are directed to not be consumed directly, but rather treated as input, either raw materials or fuels, to the production process that can generate optimal added value within the country. In addition, it is not a renewable natural resource use should be as efficient as possible and implement the strategy of enlarging the reserve and geared to supporting the production process in the country. Utilization of energy resources that are not renewable, such as oil and gas, especially geared to meet the energy needs of affordable communities in the country and to support hydrocarbon-based industries, such as petrochemical industry, fertilizer industry in support of the agricultural sector in the country. Output (output) can be used as directed for the cumulative capital. Results or the revenue generated from the natural resources group is directed to accelerating economic growth by invested in other sectors that are productive, as well as for reclamation, conservation efforts, and to strengthen funding in the search for alternative sources of energy that became the bridge of fossil energy to renewable energy, such as nuclear and harness energy geothermal and renewable substitutes or materials or materials and renewable biomass such as substitution , micro hydro, biogas, solar energy, ocean currents, heat the Earth (geothermal) and wind energy are environmentally friendly. The development of alternative energy sources was adapted to the conditions of the community still consider environmental sustainability. In addition, energy development also consider energy prices which takes into account the cost of production, internalize environmental costs, as well as considering the ability of the economy of the community. Thus, energy development continue to be directed to the diversity of energy and energy conservation by looking at the sustainability of environmental functions. Energy development is also carried out by looking at the composition of energy use (diversification) that is optimal for every type of energy.
3. Maintain the security of the availability of energy.
., Security, maintaining the availability of energy is directed to provide energy in the time measured between levels the availability of energy resources and the level of community needs.
4. Maintain and Conserve water resources.
.,, Management of water resources are directed to ensure the sustainability of the resource conservation function by keeping the dukungnya catchment and the presence of ground water; realizing a balance between supply and demand management approach through requirements aimed at improving the effectiveness and efficiency of use and consumption of water and supply management approach that aimed to improve the capacity and reliability of the water supply; as well as strengthen the institutional water resource to improve alignment and quality service to the community.
5. Developing the potential of Marine Resources.
., The next development Direction, need to look at the sea area utilization and supervision. With the scope and prospect of marine resources, the direction of its utilization should be done through a multisektor approach, integrative, and comprehensive in order to minimize conflict and kept preserved. In addition, given the complexity of the problems in the management of the resources of the sea, coastal and small islands, the alignment approach in policy and planning become major prerequisites in ensuring the sustainability of the process of economic, social, and environmental. In addition, the development and management of marine policy must be an alignment between the Mainland and the ocean sector as well as national development strategies converge so that the power of the land and sea can be utilized optimally for the welfare of the nation.
., ,6. Increase the added value of over utilization of Tropical natural resources that are unique and distinctive.
., Product diversification and innovation, processing of natural resources continue to be developed in order to be able to produce goods and services which have a high added value, including for the development of quality and competitive rates in the snatch competition globally. This direction should be the reference for industrial development based natural resources in addition to keep emphasis on the maintenance of existing natural resources and improve the quality and quantity. Special attention is given to local communities in order to retain sufficient access and enjoy the results of the utilization of the natural resources that exist in its territory. Thus, the development in the future is not only based on increased economic growth, but also social aspects to the alignments and the environment.
., ,7. Observes and maintains the diversity of types of natural resources that exist in every Region.
Development Policy, natural resources that is typical in each region was carried out to improve the welfare of local communities, developing strategic and fast-growing region, as well as strengthen the capacity and commitment of the region to support sustainable development. Increased participation of society of the importance of the sustainable use of natural resources and the environment carried out by the Central Government or regional Governments, among others, through the empowerment of social and economic institutions at the local level, as well as the recognition of the rights of the indigenous and customary over natural resources. Management of natural resources outside of Java, especially in regions lagging behind are given special attention in order to be developed its potential for accelerating the development of the region, but upholding aspects of sustainability for future generations. To that end, the necessary spatial area that is steadily accompanied the enforcement of guidelines to be the utilization of natural resources in an optimal and sustainable.
8. Natural Disaster Mitigation in accordance with Indonesia's geological Conditions.
.,, Indonesia is geographically located in the region of the confluence of three tectonic plates. Environmentally development policy provide a space to develop the capabilities and implementation of a system of early detection as well as socialization and dissemination of information in early against the threat of insecurity of natural disasters to the people. For that, it needs to be improved identification and mapping of disaster-prone areas to be anticipated early. It can provide great benefit to the community and provide protection against human and property due to the planning of the territory cares/sensitive to natural disasters.
9. Control of Pollution and environmental damage.
.,, In order to improve the quality of the environment it needs to be a good application of the principles of sustainable development are consistently in all areas. Economic development is directed to the utilization of environmental services that are environmentally friendly so it does not accelerate the onset of degradation and environmental pollution. The restoration and rehabilitation of environmental conditions priority efforts on increased resources support neighborhood in support of sustainable development.
10. Improve the capacity of the management of natural resources and the environment.
.,, Natural resources management policies need to be supported by the improvement of the institutional managers of natural resources and the environment; environmental law enforcement is fair and firm as well as a credible political system in controlling a conflict; improvement of human resources quality; the extension of the application of environmental ethics; as well as the development of socio-cultural assimilation grew steadily sehinggga environment can provide comfort and beauty in life. Furthermore, the viewpoints on the environment environmental environmentally ethical life needs to be encouraged through internalization into the activities of production and consumption, by way of instilling environmental values and ethics in everyday life including social learning processes, as well as formal education at all levels.
11. Raising public awareness for the Love of the environment.
.,, Policy was geared especially to the younger generation so that human resources are created with quality and care about the issues of natural resources and the environment. Thus, in the future they are capable of acting as a driving force for the application of the concept of sustainable development in everyday life.
., IV. 1.7 REALIZING INDONESIA BECAME an INDEPENDENT ISLAND NATIONS, advanced, STRONG and BASED ON NATIONAL INTERESTS, Development, marine on the future directed at sustainable development pattern based on marine resource management based on the ecosystem, which includes aspects of the human resources and institutional, political, economic, socio-cultural, environmental, security, and defense technology.
., ,1. Evoking the cultural insights and nautical, inter alia, through (a) education and community awareness about marine that can be realized through all paths, type, and level of education; (b) preserving cultural values as well as insight into the maritime as well as revitalize the customary law and local wisdom in the field of marine; and (c) protect and menyosialisasikan underwater cultural relics through the efforts of preservation, restoration, and conservation.
., ,2. Enhance and strengthen the role of human resources in the field of marine manifested, inter alia, by (a) encouraging education and training services in the field of marine to fields of excellence that is balanced with the availability of employment and (b) develop human resource competency standards in the field of marine. In addition, it should be also carried out improvement and strengthening of the role of science and technology, research, and development of marine information systems.
., ,3. Set the bounds of unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, assets, and related things in it, including the obligations that have been outlined by the law of the sea the United Nations Convention on the Law Of the Sea (UNCLOS) of 1982. Indonesia had ratified UNCLOS in 1986 so that it has an obligation, among others, (a) complete the rights and obligations in managing marine resources based on the provisions of UNCLOS 1982; (b) complete the setup of the maritime boundary (the territorial sea, inland waterway, the additional zone, exclusive economic zone, and the continental shelf); (c) completing the limits of the continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles; (d) submit a report of the geographical names data of marine resources to the United Nations. On the other hand, Indonesia also needs to be the development and implementation of national and institutional governance in marine areas, which include (a) the construction of the legal system and the governance support towards the attainment of Indonesia as the island State and (b) the development of systems of coordination, planning, monitoring, and evaluation.
., ,4. Make the effort area safeguards the sovereignty and jurisdiction of the Republic of Indonesia Unity State assets, which include (a) an increase in the performance of the integrated defence and security in the border region; (b) the development of a system of monitoring, control, and survaillance (MCS) as an instrument of security resources, environmental, and marine areas; (c) optimized implementation of safeguards the border region and the leading small islands; and (d) increased coordination and handling security breach in the sea.
., ,5. Developing marine industries in synergy, optimal, sustainable and which include (a) the relationship of the sea; (b) the maritime industry; (c) fisheries; (d) marine tourism; (e) energy and mineral resources; (f) building the sea; and (g) marine services.
., ,6. Reducing disaster impact coastal and marine pollution is done through (a) the development of disaster mitigation system; (b) the development of early warning systems; (c) the development of national planning emergency oil spills at sea; (d) the development of marine pest control system, the introduction of alien species, and organisms that attach to the wall of the ship; and (e) controlling the impact of the remains of buildings and activities at sea.
., ,7. Improve the welfare of poor families in coastal areas is done by developing small-scale productive economic activities capable of providing wider employment to needy families.
., IV. 1.1 EMBODIES INDONESIA PLAYS an ACTIVE ROLE in the INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION, world order, implement based on independence, peace, and social justice is the constitutional mandate that must be fought on a consistent basis. As a large country geographically and population, Indonesia truly has the opportunity and potential to influence and shape international opinion in order to fight for national interests. In order to materialize Indonesia advanced, independent, fair and prosperous Indonesia is very important to play an active role in foreign and other good cooperation at the regional level as well as international, given the constellation of political and other international relations which continue to undergo changes very quickly.
., ,1. The role of foreign relations continue to be enhanced with penekanankan on the process of empowerment of the position of Indonesia as a country, including capacity building and national integrity through involvement in international organizations, which is done through optimization of utilization of diplomacy and foreign relations with memakani in a positive range of opportunities that are profitable for the national interest that arises from the perspective of a new dynamic in international relations.
., ,2. Strengthening the capacity and political credibility abroad in order to participate create world peace, justice in international relations, and working to prevent the outbreak of conflicts that are too sharp in between countries of different political systems and ideology, as well as interests in order not to threaten international security while preventing the emergence of forces that are too hegemonik-unilateralistik in the world.
., ,3. Improved quality of diplomacy in international fora in the maintenance of national security, territorial integrity, and safeguarding the wealth of natural resources, whether land or sea, as well as the anticipation of new issues in international relations that will be handled by a parameter is the achievement of optimal national interests.
., ,4. Increased effectiveness and expansion of the functions of the existing cooperation networks in order to rebuild solidarity Association of South East Asian Nation (ASEAN) in the fields of politics, economy, culture, security and towards the formation of an ASEAN community that is more solid.
., ,5. The maintenance of world peace through the efforts of increasing mutual understanding politics and culture, whether inter-State or antarmasyarakat of the world and increase international cooperation in order to build relationships and international economic cooperation more balanced.
., ,6. Strengthening the network of relationships and productive cooperation between State actors and actors nonnegara which hosts foreign relations.
IV. 2 STAGES and the SCALE of PRIORITIES, to achieve the target, the subject matter referred to above, long-term development requires a priority scale stages and will be on the agenda in the medium-term development plan. Stages and scales the specified priorities reflect the urgency of the problem to be solved, without neglecting other issues. Therefore, pressure scale of priorities within each stage varies, but all that should be sustainability from period to period in order to realize the goal of principal long-term development.
.,, Every target in the eight principal mission of long-term development priorities can be set up in each of the stages. The priority of each mission can be squeezed back into a top priority. Priority strategic urgency fed describing the problem. On the basis of these, the stages and the scale of priority can be arranged as follows.
IV. 2.1 RPJM (2005-2009), based on the implementation and achievement of the previous stage, RPJM I directed to re-arrange and building Indonesia in all areas aimed at creating a secure and peaceful Indonesia, a just and democratic, and the level of welfare of its people.
.,, Indonesia is safe and peaceful, marked by increasing a sense of security and peace as well as terjaganya SO, based on Pancasila, the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945, and Bhinneka Tunggal Ika tertanganinya through a variety of insecurity and the achievement of business development foundation of national defense capabilities, as well as rising domestic security including social security so that Indonesia's role in creating world peace. Conditions were supported by the development of new value positive and productive in every aspect of life in order to establish the national culture, including insights and nautical culture; strengthened and wider understanding of national identity as the State of democracy in the international public order; and increasing preservation and development of cultural wealth to strengthen the sovereignty of SO, based on the philosophy of Pancasila.
.,, Just and democratic Indonesia is marked with increasing justice and law enforcement; the creation of a legal basis for the institutional strengthening of democracy; increasing gender equality in various areas of development; the creation of the Foundation for the rule of law enforcement efforts and enforcement of human rights are predicated on Pancasila and the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945; and tertatanya system of national law. At the same time, service to the community was further improved with an increase in the Organization of decentralized and autonomous region provided the consistency with which is reflected throughout the Central and regional regulations and does not conflict with the laws and regulations of higher; as well as the tertatanya institutional bureaucracy in favor of accelerating the realization of the grammar of good Governence.
., Indonesia Increased the welfare of society, marked by declining unemployment and the number of poor population in line with the quality of economic growth; the reduced gap antarwilayah, including increasing the management the leading small islands; increasing the quality of human resources, including human resources in marine areas that are supported by the development of science and technology; and improving natural resource management and environmental quality. That condition is achieved by encouraging economic growth through the creation of a more conducive climate, including improving infrastructure. The acceleration of infrastructure development driven through an increased role of the private sector by laying the foundations of policy and regulation as well as reform and institutional restructuring, especially for the sectors of transport, energy and electricity, as well as post and telematics. At the same time implemented institutional revitalization of growth centres are conveniently located, among other special economic areas (KEK) and the mainstay. Improving the quality of human resources, among other things, is characterized by the increasing human development index (HDI) and gender development index (IPG) that is directed to building the nation character is intelligent, fair and civilized, a national personality, tough, competitive, immoral, and based on the philosophy of Pancasila that characterized with character and human behavior and society who are Indonesia, believers, and piety to God Almighty, the noble character , virtuous, tolerant of diversity, contribute work, patriotic, dynamic, and oriented to science and technology; improve the quality and access of society against the Ministry of education and health; improve the welfare and protection of women and children; and control the amount and rate of population growth.
., This, along with improved natural disaster mitigation in accordance with Indonesia's geological conditions. The control of pollution and environmental damage is supported by increasing public awareness to love the environment and realize the State of disaster-prone areas so that more care and anticipatory. It is supported by the institutional development and capacity building at every level of Government in the framework of disaster relief as well as diacunya spatial hierarchical plan from a national level, the island province, to the kabupaten/kota as spatial policy umbrella all sectors in order to prevent impact damages the environment and minimize the impact of disasters.
IV. 2.2 RPJM (2010-2014), based on the implementation, achievements, and as sustainability RPJM 1st, 2nd RPJM aimed to further solidify the realignment of Indonesia in all areas by emphasizing efforts to improve the quality of human resources including the development of the capability of science and technology as well as the strengthening of the competitiveness of the economy.
., Secure and peaceful conditions in various regions of Indonesia continued to improve with increasing basic capabilities of Defense and State security which is characterized by increased ability of the country's defence posture and structure as well as an increase in the ability of the State security agencies.
.,, The condition it was in line with the increasing awareness and law enforcement, to achieve the consolidation of the rule of law enforcement and enforcement of human rights, as well as the continuation of the arrangement of the national legal system. In line with that, a more democratic nation lives increasingly manifest marked by improving the implementation of decentralization and regional autonomy as well as the strength of the role of civil society and political parties in the life of the nation. The important position of Indonesia as large democracies was further increased with the success of diplomacy in international fora in the maintenance of national security, territorial integrity, and safeguarding the national natural resources wealth. Furthermore, the quality of public services are less expensive, fast, transparent, and accountable makin increase marked with satisfy the minimum service standard at all levels of Government.
., Increasing people's welfare, pointed out by improving various human resources development indicators, such as per capita income increased; decrease in poverty and the unemployment rate in line with the quality of economic growth is accompanied by the development of social security institutions; the increasing level of public education which is supported by the implementation of a national education system that steadily; increasing the degree of health and nutritional status of the community; increasing gender equality; growing hibiscus grows optimally, welfare, and child protection; terkendalinya the number and rate of population growth; decrease in welfare gaps antarindividu, intergroup society, and interregional; dipercepatnya development of potential growth centres outside of Java; as well as the more mantapnya the new values were positive and productive in order to solidify the culture and character of the nation.
., Increasing the competitiveness of the economy, through strengthening of the manufacturing industry in line with the strengthening of agricultural development and improvement of the construction of the marine and other natural resources potential areas in an integrated and the increasing development of science and technology; the acceleration of infrastructure development with further enhance cooperation between the Government and the business world; improving the quality and relevance of education; as well as the structuring of institutional initiatives that encourage economic activities in the community economy. Conditions were supported by the development of transport infrastructure networks, as well as post and telematics; the increased utilization of renewable energy, in particular, bioenergy, geothermal, hydropower, wind power, and solar power for electricity; as well as the development of water resources and development of housing and settlements. At the same time, the marine industry which include nexus marine, maritime industry, fisheries, marine tourism, energy and mineral resources developed in synergy, optimal and sustainable.
.,, In the framework of the achievement of the sustainable development, management of natural resources and the preservation of environmental functions of growing through the strengthening of institutional and community awareness-raising which is characterized by the development of the process of rehabilitation and conservation of natural resources and the environment are accompanied by the rise of active participation of the community; the rights of biological diversity and the specificity of other tropical natural resources are utilized to realize the value-added, competitiveness of Nations, as well as the development of the national capital in the future; mantapnya institutional and capacity for anticipatory as well as disaster response at every level of Government; as well as the implementation of the construction of the marine as a movement that is supported by all sectors. Conditions that are supported with the rising quality of spatial planning as well as the consistency of the utilization of space by integrating it into development planning documents and the related enforcement rules in order to control the utilization of space.
IV. 2.3 RPJM 3 (2015-2019), based on the implementation, achievements, and as sustainability RPJM 2nd, 3rd RPJM aimed to further solidify the overall development in various areas by emphasizing the achievement of a competitive economy based on competitiveness advantages in natural resources and human resources quality and ability of science and technology continue to increase.
.,, In line with the conditions of the safe and peaceful grew steadily in all regions of Indonesia, the capabilities of national defense and domestic security was further strengthened with the professionalism of harmonious institutions of Defense and State security as well as increasing the adequacy of welfare of soldiers as well as the main armament system availability of TNI and Polri main tools through the empowerment of the national defence industry. The life of the nation's democracy was further entrenched in the life of the nation in line with the increasing institutionalization of mantapnya democratic values with emphasis on the principle of tolerance, nondiskriminasi and partnerships and the implementation of decentralization and autonomy mantapnya area. The conditions that encourage the achievement of a strengthening of the leadership and contribution of Indonesia in various international cooperation in order to realize a more equitable world order and peace in various aspects of life. Along with it the awareness and enforcement of the law in various aspects of life evolved the more steady and the professionalism of the State apparatus in the Center and the area was further able to support national development.
.,, Improving people's welfare, increases in proportion to the level of well-being of middle-income countries, and evenly driven by increasing the quality of economic growth accompanied by social security institutions present. The quality of human resources keeps getting better is marked by increasing the quality and relevance of education, including the primacy of local-based and supported by the management of the Ministry of education that is efficient and effective; increasing the degree of health and nutritional status of the community; increasing gender equality; growing hibiscus grows optimally, as well as the welfare and protection of children; achievement of a balanced population growing conditions; and mantapnya the culture and character of the nation.
., Implementation of sustainable development is increasingly steadily mirrored by terjaganya resources support neighborhood and restore capabilities to support the social and economic quality of life in harmonious, balanced, and sustainable; continue improving the management and utilization of natural resources are balanced with environmental function preservation efforts and supported by increasing awareness, mental attitude, and behavior of the community; as well as the mantapnya institutional and spatial capacity in all regions of Indonesia.
., The competitiveness of Indonesia's economy, the more powerful and competitive with the more terpadunya the manufacturing industry with agriculture, marine and other natural resources in a sustainable way; satisfy the availability infrastructure powered by mantapnya the cooperation of Governments and the business world, the selarasnya development of education, science and technology and industry as well as the implementation of the institutional setup of the economy to encourage increased efficiency, productivity, technological mastery and implementation by the community in the activities of the economy.
.,, The availability of infrastructure in accordance with the spatial plan is characterized by the development of a network of transportation infrastructure; electric power supply which satisfy reliable and efficient as needed so that the electrification of households and rural electrification can be reached, as well as start dimanfaatkannya nuclear power for electricity generation taking into account the factor of safety are strictly; This Ministry of post and telematics are efficient and modern, to the creation of the information society Indonesia; make the conservation of water resources that are able to maintain the continuity of the function of water resources and development of water resources as well as satisfy the provision of drinking water to meet the basic needs of the community. In addition, rural infrastructure development will continue to be developed, mainly to support agricultural development. In line with that, the fulfillment of the needs of residences equipped with infrastructure and means for supporting the entire community is on the rise because of the housing financing system supported by a long-term and sustainable, efficient, and accountable. Conditions that increasingly encourage the realization of city without slums.
IV. 2.4 RPJM (2020-2024), based on the implementation, achievements, and as sustainability RPJM 3rd, 4th RPJM aimed at realizing the society an independent Indonesia, advanced, just, and prosperous through the acceleration of development in various areas by emphasizing harmonious structure of a solid economy based on competitive advantage in various regions are supported by HUMAN RESOURCES quality and competitive power.
., Political, institutional and legal has created is characterized by a sturdy democracy consolidation materialize in various aspects of political life and the rule of law and enforcement of human rights; attainment of a sense of security and peace for all the people; terjaganya as well as the territorial integrity of the Republic of Indonesia and the United State sovereignty the country from threats, both from within the country and abroad. Conditions were supported by the mantapnya the ability of the defense and security of the country marked by the realization of the professional component of the AIR FORCE reserve and supporter of a strong defense; the realization of synergies between the performance of the NATIONAL POLICE and the participation of the community in the field of security, intelligence, and counter intelligence effectively accompanied the reliable defense industry capabilities; the realization of the national legal system are steadily proceeding on Pancasila and the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945 in encouraging the rule of law;
the realization of good Governence layout, clean and authoritative, based on the law, as well as a professional bureaucracy and neutral; the realization of civil society, the political community, and an independent economic society, as well as the attainment of national independence in a constellation of gobal.
.,, Increasing the welfare of society is demonstrated by the higher level of income and meratanya society with social security institutions reach a more thorough; mantapnya human resources quality and competitive power, among others, marked by the rise and meratanya access, level of quality, and relevance of education along with the more efficient and effective management of the Ministry of education; the increasing ability of science and technology; increasing the degree of health and nutritional status of the community; optimal flower growing, increasing the welfare and protection of children; and the realization of gender equality; bertahannya conditions and balanced growing population. In line with the rate of progress of the nation, Indonesia expected human resource characteristic of smart, tough, competitive, noble, moral character based on the philosophy of Pancasila that characterized with character and human behavior and society who are Indonesia, believers, and piety to God Almighty, virtuous, tolerant of diversity, working together, patriotic, dynamic and oriented to science and technology. Awareness, mental attitude, and behavior of the community the more steady in the management of natural resources and the preservation of environmental functions to maintain the comfort and quality of life so that the community is capable of acting as a driving force for sustainable development concepts in everyday life.
The structure of the economy, the more advanced and robust marked with the competitiveness of an economy that is competitive and growing alignment between industry, agriculture, marine and natural resources, and the service sector. Institutions and economic institution has composed, arranged, and functioning properly. Conditions were supported by the link between the Ministry of education, science and technology and the ability more advanced driving an efficient economy and high productivity; as well as the development of business and investment from companies overseas including in Indonesia's exclusive economic zone and the sea in the framework of the improvement of the national economy. In line with that, the increasingly high quality of economic growth and sustainability can be achieved so that per capita income in the year 2025 achieve prosperity on par with middle-income countries with open unemployment rate and the number of poor population are lower. The advanced and prosperous condition was further manifested by this transportation network of posts and telematics reliable for the whole community to reach the entire region SO; prior to the electrification of rural electrification and households; as well as satisfy the needs of residences equipped with infrastructure and means for supporting the entire community supported by a system of financing housing to long-term and sustainable, efficient, and accountable so as to materialize the city without slums.
.,, In order to establish sustainable development, biological diversity and distinctiveness of natural resources continue to be preserved and utilized to continue to maintain the added value and competitiveness of the nation's capital as well as increase the national development in the future.
Chapter V covers.,, the national long-term Development Plan 2005-2025 which contains a vision, mission, and the direction of national development is the guideline for Governments and communities in national development in the next 20 years.
., RPJPN, this is also a reference in the preparation of regional and RPJP become guidelines for presidential candidate and vice presidential candidate in drawing up the vision, mission, and program priorities that will be the basis in the preparation of medium-term development plan (RPJM) annual and five Government work plan (RKP). The success of national development in realizing the vision of an independent Indonesia, advanced, just, and prosperous need to be supported by (1) commitment of a strong national leadership and democratic; (2) the consistency of Government policy; (3) the alignments to the people; and (4) the role of the community and the business world are actively.