Act No. 7 Of 1996

Original Language Title: Undang-Undang Nomor 7 Tahun 1996

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now

Read the untranslated law here: http://peraturan.go.id/inc/view/11e44c4e6691ed00b874313231333533.html

ACT 7-1996 Text copy _?.
Back COUNTRY SHEET Republic of INDONESIA No. 99, 1996 (Additional explanation in the State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3656) legislation of the REPUBLIC of INDONESIA number 7 in 1996 ABOUT FOOD with the GRACE of GOD ALMIGHTY the PRESIDENT of the REPUBLIC of INDONESIA,.,, Considering: a. that food is a basic human needs be be any rights the people of Indonesia in realizing quality human resources to carry out national development;
.,, b. that the food is safe, nutritious, quality, variety, and available for enough is the main requirements that must be met in the effort are invited, a food system that provides protection for the interests of the health as well as the more instrumental in enhancing the prosperity and welfare of the people;
.,, c. that food as a commodity trade requires the support of food trading system are honest and responsible so that affordable food available by purchasing power as well as contributing to the increase in the growth of the national economy;
., d., that in connection with the consideration of items a, b, and the grain grain c, as well as to realize system setting, coaching, and effective supervision in the field of food, hence the need to established laws on Food;
.,, Remember: article 5 paragraph (1), article 20 paragraph (1), article 27 paragraph (2), and article 33 of the Constitution of 1945;
With the approval of the INDONESIAN HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES DECIDED: setting: the law on FOOD.

CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS article 1 In this law is the:.,, 1. Food is everything that comes from a source of biodiversity and water, whether processed or not processed, intended as food or drink for human consumption, including food additives, food, raw materials and other materials used in the process of preparation, processing and or the manufacture of food or drink.
., ,2. Processed food is food or drink the results process by way of a particular method or with or without additional material.
., ,3. The food system is everything related to setting, coaching, and or surveillance against the activity or process of food production and food circulation until ready to be consumed by humans.
., ,4. Food security is a condition and efforts are needed to prevent food from possible biological impurities, chemicals, and other objects that may interfere with, harm, and harm to human health.
., ,5. Food production is an activity or process of producing, preparing, processing, create, preserve, pack the return, and or change the shape of the food.
., ,6. Transport of food is any activity or series of activities in order to move food from one place to another by way of any means of transport or in order of production, circulation, and or trade food.
., ,7. Food cycle is any activity or series of activities in order to of food distribution to the public, both to be traded or not.
., ,8. Food trade is any activity or series of activities in order to of sales and or purchase food, including deals to sell food, and other kegaitan relating to food with pemindahtanganan obtains.
., ,9. Food sanitation is prevention efforts against the odds grow and berkembangbiaknya remains miniscule pembusuk and pathogens in food, beverages, equipment, and buildings that could damage and jeopardize human food.
., .10. Food packaging is the material used to accomodate funds or food wrap, either direct contact with food or not.
food Iradiasai, 11, is a very good method to food by the use of radioactive substances or accelerator to prevent the onset of decay and damage as well as exempting food from the remains miniscule pathogens.
., 12. Genetically modified food is a process that involves a transfer of genes (bearer of the nature) of a type of biodiversity into other types of biodiversity that is different or similar to get new types which are able to produce food products superior.
., 13. Food quality is the value determined on the basis of kreteria food safety, nutrient content, and standard trade towards material food, and drinks.
.,, 14. Food nutrients are substances or compounds contained in food which consists of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals as well as their derivatives that are beneficial for growth and human health.
., 15. The food label is any description of the foodstuff in the form of pictures, writings, a combination of both, or any other form that is included in the apangan, put in, affixed to, or a part of the food packaging.
.,,16. Food advertising is any information or statement concerning food in the form of pictures, writings, or other forms of dilakuikan in various ways for marketing and or trade food.
., General Agreement. Food security is a condition to satisfy food for households that are reflected from tersedinya enough food, a good number of nor mutunya, secure, equitable, and affordable.
., 18. Each person is an individual person or business entity, either in the form of a legal entity or not.
Article 2 the construction of food were held to meet basic human needs which provides benefits equitably and evenly based on independence and not contrary to the beliefs of the community.

Article 3 goal setting, coaching, and food are: pengawsan., Tersediannya, a. food that meets the requirements of security, quality, and nutrition for the benefit of human health. b. the creation of food trade in an honest and responsible; and, c. the realization level of sufficiency of food at a reasonable price and affordable according to the needs of the community.
CHAPTER II FOOD SECURITY Food Sanitation Article first part 4.,, (1) the Government set the terms of sanitation in the kegaitan or the production process, storage, transportation and or circulation of food,.
.,, (2) the requirements referred to in subsection (1) is a minimum requirement that must be met and defined and applied gradually with attention to the readiness and needs of the food system.
Article 5, (1) the means of funding or infrastructure used directly or indirectly in the activities or process of production, storage, transportation and or circulation of food, is obligated to meet the requirements of sanitation.
.,, (2) the objective of the activity or process of production, storage, transportation and or circulation of food, as well as the use of facilities and infrastructure, as referred to in paragraph (1), carried out in accordance with the requirements of sanitation.
Article 6 any person in charge kjawab in organizing activities or production processes, transport, storage and or circulation of food mandatory: a. meets the requirements of sanitation, security and or the salvation of mankind;

b. conducts periodic sanitation monitoring program; and c. conducts supervision over the sanitation requirements fulfillment.

Chapter 7 individual Persons who handle directly and in directly or kegitan or penyimpnana, the production process, transport, and food circulation or obliged to meet the requirements of sanitation.

Article 8 any person prohibited from organizing activities or process of production, storage, transportation and or circulation of food in a State that does not meet the requirements of sanitation.

Article 9 the provisions as referred to in article 4, article 5, article 6, article 7 and further defined by government regulations.

The second part of article 10 of the food Tamabahan Material.,, (1) any person who produces the food for a theatrical release are prohibited from using any materials as food additives restricted beyond the stated maximum thresholds are set.
.,, (2) the Government set more ingredients prohibited and or can be used as food additives in the food production activities or process and maximum thresholds as referred to in paragraph (1).
Article 11 the materials that will be used as an ingredient in food, but tamabahan is not yet known the impact to human health, must be checked for safety, and its use in food production activities or process for circulated after the approval of the Government.

Article 12 Provisions referred to in article 10 and article 11 further defined by government regulations.

The third part of Food Irradiation and genetic engineering Article 13.,, (1) every person who produces food or use of raw materials, food additives and other auxiliary materials or in food production activities or process resulting from the process of genetic engineering must be checked for food safety to human health before being released.
.,, (2) the Government set the terms and principles of research, development, and utilization of methods of genetic engineering in the food production activities or process, as well as establish the requirements for the testing of food produced from genetically engineered process.
Clause 14.,, (1) Irradiation in the food production activities or process was done with the permission of the Government.
.,, (2) the Licensing Process, organization of activities and food production or process which is done by using techniques and methods or irradiation as referred to in paragraph (1), is obligated to meet the requirements of kesehtan, the handling of waste and radioactive material hazard mitigation to ensure food security, safety, and environmental sustainability.
Article 15 conditions as referred to in article 13 and article 14 further defined by government regulations.

Part four article 16 Food Packaging

.,, (1) any person producing food for circulated are prohibited from using any material as a food packaging that is declared illegal and or which can release harmful impurities or endanger human health.
.,, (2) Food Packaging released was done through procedures which can prevent the occurrence of damage and or pollution.
.,, (3) the Government set the banned materials were used as food packaging and the packaging Ordinance of certain food traded.
Article 17 the materials that will be used as food packaging, but it is not yet known the impact to human health, must be checked for safety, and its use for food distributed after obtaining government approval.

Article 18.,, (1) any person prohibited from opening the packaging to the end of the food to be packed again and traded.
.,, (2) the provisions referred to in subsection (1) does not apply to food that pengadaannya in large numbers and often repackaged in small quantities for further traded.
Article 19 the provisions referred to in Article 16, Pasl 17, and article 18 defined more by government regulations.

The fifth part Food quality assurance and Laboratory Examination article 20.,, (1) any person who produces the food for traded convene quality assurance system in accordance with the type of food that is produced.
.,, (2) against certain food traded, the Government may set requirements in order for the food terselih first tested in laboratoris before sale.
.,, (3) testing laboratoris, referred to paragraph (2), carried out in a laboratory designated by and or have obtained accreditation from the Government.
.,, (4) a system of quality assurance and testing requirements are laboratoris, as referred to in paragraph (1) and paragraph (2), established and applied in stages by observing the readiness and needs of the food system.
.,, (5) the provisions as referred to in paragraph (1), subsection (2), and subsection (3) are defined more by government regulations.
The sixth part Contaminated Food Article 21 any person is prohibited to circulate:.,, a. Food containing toxic ingredients, dangerous, or that may harm or endanger the health or human soul.
.,, b. Food containing impurities that exceeded the maximum threshold set.
.,, c. Food containing prohibited ingredients used in food production activities or process;
.,, d. Food containing ingredients that are dirty, rotten, rancid, decompose, or contain material of animal or vegetable that is diseased or derived from the carcass so that renders food unfit human consumption; e. food already expired.

Section 22 to supervise and prevent contamination of food, the Government:.,, a. Specify the prohibited ingredients used in food production activities or process and threshold of maximum allowed impurities;
.,, b. Set and or set the requirement for the use of the means, methods, and materials or in a particular activity or process of production, processing, storage, transport, and or circulation of food can have harms and risks or harm to human health;
.,, c. Specify the prohibited materials used in producing processing equipment, preparation, marketing, and or presentation of food.
Article 23 the provisions as referred to in article 21 and article 22 further defined by government regulations.

CHAPTER III FOOD QUALITY and NUTRITION first part Food Quality Article 24 (1) designate Government quality standard of food.
.,, (2) against certain food traded, the Government can enforce and obligate the fulfillment of food quality standards that are set based on the provisions referred to in paragraph (1).
Article 25.,, (1) the Government establish quality certification requirements of food listed.
.,, (2) food quality certification Requirements, as referred to in paragraph (1), applied gradually based on the type of food with attention to the readiness and needs of the food system.
Article 26 any person prohibited trade:.,, a. certain food, as referred to in article 24 paragraph (2), if it does not meet the quality standards set out in accordance with the allocation;
., b. mutunya different food or does not equal the quality of the promised food;
.,, c. food that does not meet the requirements of the food quality certification, as referred to in article 25.
The second part Food Nutrition article 27.,, (1) the Government set and organized a policy in the field of nutrition for the improvement of nutritional status of the public.
.,, (2) to increase the nutrient content of certain processed food traded, the Government may set specific requirements, regarding the composition of the food.
.,, (3) in the event of shortage and or a decline in nutritional status of the public, the Government may establish the requirements for nutrient enrichment or improvement of certain food circulated.
.,, (4) any person producing food, as referred to in paragraph (2) and paragraph (3), comply with the requirements of the mandatory nutrients defined.
Article 28.,, (1) any person producing certain processed food for traded convene food processing procedures that could impede the process of decreasing or losing the nutrient content of food raw materials are used.
.,, (2) certain processed Food as well as food processing procedures, as referred to in paragraph (1), is set more by the Government.
Article 29 conditions as referred to in article 24, article 25, article 26, and article 28 further defined by government regulations.

CHAPTER IV FOOD LABEL and ADVERTISEMENT article 30.,, (1) every person who manufactures or incorporate it into the territory of Indonesia food which is packed for mandatory labeling traded on, inside, or on the packaging and food.
.,, (2) labels, as referred to in paragraph (1), contain at least the information on:.,, a. the name of the product;

b. a list of the ingredients used;

c. net weight or net contents;.,, d. names and addresses of the parties produce or insert food into the territory of Indonesia. e. information about kosher; and f. the date, month, and year of expiration.
.,, (3) in addition to the ketrangan referred to in paragraph (2), the Government may specify other information required or forbidden to be listed on food labels.
Article 31.,, (1) the Information on the label, as referred to in article 30, written or printed or displayed in an unequivocal and clear so that it can be easily understood by the public.
.,, (2) the Information on the label, as referred to in paragraph (1), written or printed using the language of Indonesia, Arabic numerals, and Latin letters.
.,, (3) the use of foreign terms, other than referred to in subsection (2), can be carried along there is no parallel, parallel, can not be created or used for food trade interests overseas.
Article 32 any person prohibited from replacing, melabel back, or to switch the date, month, and year expiry of food released.

Article 33,, (1) every label and or advertisement concerning food which is traded should contain information about the food properly and not misleading.
.,, (2) any person prohibited from giving information or statements about food being traded through, in, and or with a label or advertisement when such statement or information is not correct and or misleading.
.,, (3) the Government regulates, supervises, and performs the actions that are needed in order for the advertising of a food which contains information that is not traded can be misleading.
Article 34.,, (1) any person who declares in a label or advertisement that is traded food in accordance with the requirements of a particular religion or belief is responsible for the correctness of the statement based on the requirements of religion or belief.
.,, (2) the Label of certain processed food are traded for infants, children under five years old, and a mother who is pregnant or breastfeeding is obliged to load information about the allocation, use, and/or other information that needs to be known about the impact of food on human health.
Article 35 the provisions as referred to in article 30, article 31, article 33, Article 34 and further defined by government regulations.

CHAPTER V of the INCOME and EXPENDITURE of FOOD into and FROM the TERRITORY of INDONESIA Article 36.,, (1) any food which is incorporated into the territory of Indonesia to comply with mandatory circulated as stipulated in this Act and the rules of its implementation.
.,, (2) any person prohibited from entering into the territory of Indonesia food and or circulate within the territory of Indonesia food which was incorporated into the territory of Indonesia when the food does not meet the conditions referred to in this Act and the rules of its implementation.
Article 37 to food that are incorporated into the territory of Indonesia, as stipulated in article 36, the Government may set requirements that:.,, a. food has been tested and or diperiksan and is expressed in terms of security, pass quality, nutritional and or by the authorized agency of the country of origin;
.,, b. food is equipped with test results and documents or examination, as referred to in subparagraph a; and or food, c., first tested and or examined in Indonesia in terms of safety, quality, and nutrition or before its release.
Article 38 any person entering into the territory of Indonesia food for distributed responsibility for security, quality, and nutrition of the food.


Article 39 the Government may set requirements in order to be removed from the food area of Indonesia for circulated first tested and or promptly sent in terms of safety, quality, requirements for labeling, and nutrition or food.

Article 40 conditions as referred to in article 37, article 38, Article 39, and further defined by government regulations.

CHAPTER VI FOOD INDUSTRY LIABILITY Article 41.,, (1) a business entity that produces processed food for circulated funds or individual people in the business entity who is given the responsibility to the operations of the venture is responsible for food safety that they produced against the health of others who consume the food.
.,, (2) Those individuals whose health is impaired or the heirs of those who died as a direct result of consuming processed food due to release reserves the right to file a lawsuit for damages against the business entity and or individual person in a business entity, as referred to in paragraph (1).
.,, (3) in case it is evident that processed food that is circulated and consumed that contains ingredients that can harm and or endanger human health or other material that is prohibited, then the business entity and or perseorang people in business entity, as referred to in paragraph (1), mandatory change significantly any losses incurred.
.,, (4) in addition to the provisions referred to in paragraph (3) in the event of a business entity and or perseorang people in business entity can demonstrate that it is not caused an error or negligence, then the business entity or individual person's funds in the business entity is not obligated to compensate for the loss.
.,, (5) the magnitude of the damages, as referred to in paragraph (3), extended Rp RP 500.000.000,-(five hundred million rupiah) for each person who harmed his health or kematiaan caused.
Article 42 in the event referred to in Article 41 paragraph (1) is not known or is not domiciled in Indonesia, the provision in article 41 paragraph (3) of paragraph (5) funds enacted against people who distribute the funds or insert food into the territory of Indonesia.

Article 43.,, (1) in the event of loss involves a large amount of material loss and casualties or not least, government authorities filed a lawsuit for damages, as referred to in article 41 paragraph (2).
.,, (2) redress, as referred to in paragraph (1), proposed for the benefit of people who suffered losses and or disaster.
Article 44 the provisions as referred to in article 42 and article 43 further defined by regulation of the Government.

CHAPTER VIII FOOD SECURITY Article 45.,, (1) the Government of the community's shared responsibility to achieve food security.
.,, (2) in order to realize food security, as referred to in paragraph (1), the Government organizes the arrangement, construction, control, and surveillance against the availability of sufficient food, a good number of nor mutunya, safe, nutritious, varied, evenly, and affordable by purchasing power.
Article 46 in the implementation of the provisions referred to in Article 45, the Government:.,, a., foster, and organizing or coordinating all efforts or activities to realize the national food reserves;
.,, b. organize, organize and coordinate all efforts or activities or in order to supply, procurement and distribution of certain food or the nature of the subject matter;
.,, c. set and organized a national food quality policy and food penganekaragaman;
.,, d. takes action to prevent and or overcome the symptoms of food shortages, emergencies, and or speculation or manipulation in the procurement and circulation of food.
Article 47.,, (1) the national food Reserves, as stipulated in article 46 a, consisting of:.,, a. Government food reserves;

b. Community food reserve.
.,, (2) the Government's food Reserves are set at regular intervals taking into account the real needs of the community's level of food and the availability of food, as well as with the anticipation of food shortages or emergencies.
.,, (3) in the uapaya manifest the national food reserves, as referred to in paragraph (1), the Government:.,,.,, a. develop, foster, and conducting or helping the community and Government food reserves at the level of rural, urban, provincial, and national;
.,, b. develop, support, and provide an opportunity for the existence of the role of cooperatives and the private sector in realizing food reserves and local or national.
Article 48 to prevent and or overcome upheavals of certain food prices which can be detrimental to food security, the Government is taking the necessary actions in order to control food prices.

Article 49 (1) Government doing coaching that includes efforts:.,,.,, a. human resource development in the field of food through education and training activities, especially for small businesses;
.,, b. to encourage and increase the participation of the community in the activities of human resources development, small business, upgrade guidance in the areas of food, as well as food penganekaragamanan;
.,, c. to encourage and direct role as well as associations and professional organizations in the field of food;
.,, d. to encourage and support the activities of the fund research or technological development in the field of food; e. dissemination of knowledge and guidance in the field of food;., f. coaching international cooperation in the field of food, in accordance with the national interests;
.,, g. to foster and enhance the activities of the penganekaragaman food consumed the community as well as the establishment of the quality traditional food.
.,, (2) the provisions as referred to in paragraph (1) are governed further by the Government.
Article 50 the provisions as referred to in article 45, article 46, article 47, article 48 and article 49, further defined by government regulations.

CHAPTER VIII the ROLE AS WELL AS the COMMUNITY Article 51 Communities have the opportunity to play a role in realizing the existence of protection for those individuals who consume food, in accordance with the provisions of this Act and regulations pelaksananaanya as well as other applicable laws and regulations.

Article 52 in the framework of the refinement and improvement of food systems, communities can convey problems, feedback, and or resolution on matters in the field of food.

CHAPTER IX SUPERVISION Article 53.,, (1) to supervise the fulfillment of the provisions of this Act, the Government is authorized to conduct examinations in case there are alleged violations of the law in the area of food.
., 3, 2) in the exercise of the functions of the examination, as referred to in paragraph (1), the Government authorities:.,,.,, a. enter any place which he allegedly used in the activities or process of production, storage, transportation, and food trade to inspect, examine, and take sample food and everything that is alleged to be used in the production, storage, transportation, and food or trade;
.,, b. stop, examine, and prevent any transportation or should that allegedly allegedly used in the transport of food as well as take and examine examples of food; c. open and examine any food packaging;.,, d. inspect any books, documents or other records that allegedly contains a description of the mengaenai production, storage, transportation, and food, including trade or hold or to quote the description; e. memeprhatikan ordered a business license or other similar document.
.,, (3) pemeriksan Officials to conduct the examination, as referred to paragraph (2), equipped with a warrant.
.,, (4) in the case based on the results of the examination, as referred to in paragraph (2), ought to be presumed is a criminal offence in the field of food, soon carried out acts of investigation by investigators based on legislation in force.
.,, (5) the provisions as referred to in paragraph (1), subsection (2), and subsection (3) are defined more by government regulations.
Article 54.,, (1) in carrying out the functions of supervision, as stipulated in article 53, the Government is authorized to take administrative action against the violation of the provisions of this Act. (2) action adminstratif, as referred to in paragraph (1), can be:.,, a. a written warning;.,, b. prohibition to circulate for a while and or commands to pull food products from circulation when there is a risk of contamination of food or food unsafe for human health; c. destruction of food if it proves injurious to health and the human soul;

d. termination of production for a while;., e., the imposition of a maximum fine of Rp 50,000,000 high 2,000 (fifty million rupiah); and or f. revocation of production or business license.
.,, (3) the provisions referred to in subsection (1), and subsection (2) further defined by government regulations.
CHAPTER X CRIMINAL PROVISIONS Article 55 whoever intentionally:.,, a. organizes activities or process of production, storage, transportation and or circulation of food, in a State that does not meet the requirements of sanitation, as referred to in article 8;
.,, b. use of banned materials used as ingredients of food or tamabahan using addictives are beyond the specified maximum threshold, as stipulated in article 10 paragraph (1);
.,, c. uses prohibited materials used as food packaging and or any material that can release harmful impurities or harm to human health, as referred to in article 16 paragraph (1);
.,, d. circulate the prohibited food circulated, as stipulated in article 21 letter a, letter b, letter c, letter d, and the letter e;

.,, e. trade in food that does not meet the required quality standards, as stipulated in article 26 letter a;
.,, f. trade mutunya different food or does not equal quality of food promised, as stipulated in article 26 letter b;
., g., trade of food that does not meet the requirements of the food quality certification, as stipulated in article 26 letter c;
., h., replace, melebel back, or to switch the date, month, and year expiry of food released as stipulated in article 32, are convicted with imprisonment not more than 5 (five) years funds or a maximum fine of Rp RP 600.000.000 (six hundred million rupiah).

Article 56 anyone who:.,, a. organizes activities or process of production, storage, transportation and or circulation of food, in a State that does not meet the requirements of sanitation, as referred to in article 8;
.,, b. uses prohibited are used as food additives or food additives uses are beyond the specified maximum threshold, as stipulated in article 10 paragraph (1);
.,, c. uses prohibited materials used as food packaging and or any material that can release harmful impurities or harm to human health, as referred to in article 16 paragraph (1);
.,, d. circulate the prohibited food for circulated as stipulated in article 21 letter a, letter b, letter c, letter d, or the letter e, are convicted with imprisonment of not longer than 1 (one) year and/or a maximum fine of RP 120.000.000 Usd (one hundred and twenty million rupiah).

Article 57 the threat of criminal violations, as stipulated in article 55 the letter a, letter b, letter c, letter d and a as well as Article 56, plus a quarter in losses against human health or plus one-third if the cause of death.

Article 58 Whoever:.,, a. use an ingredient as addictives and circulate food is contrary to the provisions of article 11;
.,, b. distribute foodstuff which is produced or the use of raw materials, food additives, and other auxiliary materials or in food production activities or process resulting from the process of genetic engineering, without first saw food safety, as stipulated in article 13 paragraph (1);
.,, c. using the iridiasi in the activities or process of food production without a permit, as stipulated in article 14 paragraph (1);
.,, d. using an ingredient in food packaging for distributed contrary in the provisions of article 17;
.,, opened final e. packaging food to be packed again and memperdagangkanya, as referred to in article 18 paragraph (1) f. circulate certain food traded beforehand without a randomly tested laboratoris, as referred to in article 8 paragraph (2);
.,, g. produces food without fulfilling the requirements of the specified food nutrition, as referred to in article 27 paragraph (4) h. produces or enter into the territory of Indonesia food which is packed to be traded without labeling, sebagimana referred to in article 30 or article 31;
.,, i. give description or statement incorrectly in advertisements or labels that food traded is appropriate according to the requirements of a particular religion or belief, sebagimana referred to in article 34 paragraph (1);
.,, k. place the food into the territory of Indonesia and or circulate within the territory of indonesia food which does not meet the provisions of this Act and regulations implementation, sebagimana referred to in article 36 paragraph (2);
.,, l. hampers the smooth running of proceedings, as referred to in article 53, are convicted with imprisonment of not longer than three (3) years and or a maximum fine of Rp RP 360.000.000 (three hundred and sixty million rupiah).

Article 59: Whoever, a.., no organized activity or process of production, store, transportation and or circulation of food that meets the requirements of sanitation, security and human safety or, or not organized a sanitation monitoring program on a regular basis, or do not carry out surveillance over sanitary eligibility, as referred to in article 6; b. do not meet the requirements of sanitation, as referred to in article 7;, c.., not implementing the Ordinance specified food packaging, referred to in article 16 paragraph (3);
.,, d. no organized system of quality assurance set out in the food production activities or process to be traded, as stipulated in article 20 paragraph (1);
.,, e. does not contain the mandatory information listed on the label, as referred to in article 34 paragraph (2) despite having been warned in writing by the Government, are convicted with imprisonment of not longer than 4 (four) years and a maximum fine of Rp RP 480.000.000 (four hundred and eighty million dollars).

CHAPTER XI DELIVERABLES and TASKS of PEMBANTUAN AFFAIRS Article 60.,, (1) the Government may give up some the affairs in the field of food to local governments, in accordance with the applicable legislation.
.,, (2) the Government may assign the local Government to perform the duties of a maid in the food field.
.,, (3) the provisions as referred to in paragraph (1) are defined more by government regulations.
CHAPTER XII OTHER PROVISIONS-other Article 61.,, (1) in the event of urgent food shortages, the Government can temporarily override the provisions of this Act concerning the requirements of food safety, labeling, quality, nutritional requirements and or food.
.,, (2) the provisions referred to in subsection (1) is carried out by remaining attentive to the safety and public health provided.
Article 62 When deemed necessary, the Government can appoint agencies to coordinate the implementation of this legislation.

Article 63 of the Act and regulation pelaksanaanya does not apply to food produced and consumed by households.

CHAPTER XIII TRANSITIONAL PROVISION Article 64 validity period starts at the time the Act is all about food legislation there has been stated remains valid along does not conflict with this Act.

CHAPTER XIV the CONCLUDING PROVISIONS of Section 65 of this Act comes into force on the date of promulgation.

In order to make everyone aware of it, ordered the enactment of this legislation with its placement in the State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia.

.,, Enacted in Jakarta on 4 November 1996 the PRESIDENT of the REPUBLIC of INDONESIA SOEHARTO Promulgated in Jakarta on November 4, 1996 MINISTER of STATE SECRETARY of the REPUBLIC of INDONESIA MOERDIONO RI STATE GAZETTE SUPPLEMENTARY No. 3656 (explanation of the 1996 State Gazette Number 99) EXPLANATION for the law of the Republic of INDONESIA number 7 in 1996 ABOUT the FOOD I..,, national development is a reflection of the will to constantly improve the prosperity and well-being of the people of Indonesia are just and equitable in all aspects of life and held in the integrated , directional, and sustainability in order to realize a just and prosperous society, either material or spiritual, based on Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution. Food as a basic human needs its fulfillment is the rights of every people of Indonesia must always enough every time, safe, nutritious, quality, and variety at affordable prices by purchasing power. To achieve that, it needs to be organized a food system that provides protection, both for the parties that produce or consume food, and not contrary to the beliefs of the community. Qualified human resources in addition to the most important element that needs to take priority in development, as well as one of the determinants of the success of the development. Improving the quality of human resources is very determined, among other things, by the quality of the food dikonsumsinya.
.,, Activity or process of food production to released or traded must meet the provisions of the food sanitation, food additives, impurities, residue and food packaging. Another thing that should be noted by any person who produces the food is the use of a particular method in the activities or process of food production which has the possibility of the emergence of risks that can harm or harm to human health, such as genetic engineering or irradiation, must be made based on specific requirements.
.,, Any person who produces the food for traded needs to pay attention to the provisions on the quality of food and nutrition. Certain food traded may be required to first be examined in the laboratory before being released. In an attempt to increase the nutrient content of certain processed food, the Government is authorized to establish requirements concerning the composition of the food.
.,, Any person who produces the food for circulated need to incur liability, especially when the food they produced caused the loss either on human health or the death of the person consuming the food. In that case, this law specifically regulates the responsibility of the food industry to provide indemnity to the aggrieved party. In addition to the liability to indemnify referred to above, this law also sets out provisions of other sanctions, whether criminal or administrative nature against the offenders.

.,, In the food trade activities, the public who consume adequate means to be given in order to obtain information that is true and not misleading. With respect to the need to set out the provisions concerning the labelling and advertising of food. Thus, the public who consume food can take decisions based on accurate information so created commerce food an honest and responsible, which in turn fosters healthy competition among food entrepreneurs. Specifically concerning the label or advertisement concerning food which includes the statement that the food has been in accordance with the requirements or a particular belief, then the person making the statement is responsible for the truth of the statement in question.
.,, Small entrepreneurs in the field of food at the initial stages may have difficulty to meet the overall requirements established by this Act. To overcome this, the required coaching on an ongoing basis so that small entrepreneurs can meet the requirements of security, quality, and nutrition of the food. With regard to it, the implementation of these provisions is done gradually. Provisions on the safety, quality and nutrition of food, as well as labels and food commercials not only apply to food produced and or circulated in the territory of Indonesia, but also for the food that is put into the territory of Indonesia. In certain things for national food production which will be circulated abroad, enacted a similar provision.
., Trade, commodities, as the food has a very big role in the enhancement of national food's image internationally and foreign exchange earner. Therefore, national food production should be able to meet the standards in force internationally and need support trades that can provide opportunities for entrepreneurs in the field of food, whether big, medium or small, to support economic growth. The settings regarding food is also directed to realize food security which includes food availability and backup, as well as affordable consumption according to the needs of the community. The Government needs to keep the society together national food reserves. In addition, the Government can control certain food prices, both for the purpose of price stabilitasi as well as to cope with circumstances in the event of food shortages or other emergencies. The law on Food intended as a legal basis for the arrangement, construction, and supervision against the activity or process of production, circulation, and or trade food. As a legal basis in the field of food.
.,, The Act is intended to be a reference of various regulations relating to food, whether already existing or to be formed. At the time the Act is enacted, there have been various regulations relating to food, among other things:.,, 1. Act No. 6 of 1967 of the staple provisions of animal husbandry and animal health (State Gazette No. 10 of 1967, Supplement Sheet country number 320);
., ,2. Act No. 5 of 1974 about the fine points of governance in the area of (State Gazette Number 38 in 1974, an additional State Gazette Number 3037);
., ,3. Act No. 4 of 1982 concerning the provisions of principal environmental management (State Gazette No. 12, in 1982, an additional State Gazette Number 3215);
., ,4. Act No. 5 of 1984 on Industry (State Gazette number 22 in 1984, additional State Gazette Number 3274);
., ,5. Act No. 9 of 1985 about advertising (State Gazette Number 46 in 1985, additional State Gazette Number 3299);
., ,6. Act No. 12 of 1992 about the Cultivation System (State Gazette Number 46 in 1992, State Gazette Supplementary Number 3478);
., ,7. Act No. 16 of 1992 about the Quarantine of animals, fish and plants (State Gazette Number 56 in 1992, an additional Sheet country number 1111);
., ,8. Act No. 23 of 1992 on health (State Gazette Number 100 in 1992, State Gazette Supplementary Number 3495);
., ,9. Act No. 25 of 1992 concerning Perkoperasian (State Gazette Number 116 of 1992, an additional State Gazette Number 3502);
., .10. Act No. 9 of 1995 concerning small enterprises (State Gazette Number 74 in 1995, an additional State Gazette Number 3611);
.,, 11. Act No. 10 of 1995 on Customs (State Gazette Number 75 in 1995, an additional State Gazette Number 3612).
.,, Based on thoughts as discussed, law on Foodstuff contains trees:.,, a. technical requirements about food, which includes the provision of food safety, food quality and nutrition conditions, as well as the provision of food ads and labels, as a system of standardization of foodstuff that is thorough;
.,, b. responsibilities of any person producing, storing, transporting, and or distribute food, as well as the appropriate legal sanctions in order to encourage the fulfillment of the above specified provisions;
.,, c. role of Governments and communities in realizing the level of food sufficiency in the country and penganekaragaman the food consumed are not contrary to the beliefs of the community;
.,, d. the task of the Government to foster and develop national food industry, especially in an effort to increase national food and export imagery. Setting, coaching, and or surveillance against the activity or process of production, circulation, and food trade or in this Act are trees, whereas penjabarannya further defined by the Government as a whole and coordinated.
.,, Everything was held by remaining attentive to the readiness and needs of national food system, as well as developments that occurred both regionally and internationally.

II. For the SAKE of ARTICLE ARTICLE article 1., 1., letters, numbers, the notion of "food", including the gum or the like, but does not include cosmetics, tobacco, tobacco, results or materials intended as a remedy. What is meant by "other material" is a material used in the Setup process, the management of, and or the manufacture of food or drink beyond the addictives and auxiliary materials of food, for example, the catalyst materials such as digestive enzymes. Figure 2.,, the sense "processed food" (pocessed foods) in this provision covers both processed food that is ready to be consumed or processed food humans half so used subsequently as raw food.

With this provision, the sense of "not processed food" is food or drink can be consumed directly by humans without being processed first. Number 3, number 4, clear enough, clear enough, number 5, number 6, clear enough, clear enough, number 7, number 8, is quite clear.,, is a "bid to sell food" is an activity which is customarily done before the occurrence of the Act or previous purchases and food, for example, giving away free samples of food products in order of promotion. Figure 9, Figure 10, is clear enough, clear enough, Numbers 11, 12 Numbers, quite obviously, is quite clear, the number 13, Number 14, is quite clear, quite obviously, Numbers 15, 16 Figures, quite clear, quite obviously, numbers 17., the numbers are pretty clear, 18.,, is quite clear, article 2, of development in the field of food must provide benefits for humanity and community welfare, either born or inner, because these benefits can be enjoyed by all walks of life in a fair and equitable with a fixed power on and also a growing potential within the country.

Section 3., food Trade, honest and responsible is a prerequisite of a healthy competition for the onset of the formation of the reasonable price for those who produce and consume food, while "affordable" is intended to guarantee the availability of food, either physical or economic ability of the parties to consume food.

Article 4, paragraph (1),, is a "sanitary requirements" is the standard of hygiene and health that must be met in an effort to turn off or prevent his life remains miniscule pathogens and reduce the amount of other food so miniscule, they produced and consumed not endanger health and the human spirit.

In the sense of "sanitary requirements" are included also the sense hygienic requirements. Subsection (2), this provision, by every person who produce, store, transport, and distribute food or allowed to apply higher standards of sanitation.

Sanitation requirements in question are assigned hierarchical, in accordance with the type of activities performed, for sanitation needs of each of these different activities. Determination and application of the requirements of sanitation was done gradually and adapted to the type of activities performed, for example, to the process of production, storage, and transport. The application requirements are also carried out in stages, in accordance with the development of food systems as well as the readiness of the implementation regulations associated with the implementation of the construction undertaken by the Government to improve, especially medium and small entrepreneurs, including processed food entrepreneurs of the informal and traditional.

The definition of "minimum requirements" are mandatory requirements that at least filled in maintaining food security in order to protect health and human spirit.

Article 5, paragraph (1)

.,, Meant "the means and infrastructure or" in this provision, among others, includes the design and construction of health facilities, equipment and waste disposal facilities, infalasi, and other facilities that are directly or indirectly employed in the activities or process of production, storage, transport, and or circulation of food. Subsection (2), activities or production processes, storage, transport, and or circulation of food are always done with attention to hygiene and health standards that are set on the basis of the provision in article 4 so that the resulting food is safe for consumption directly or made into food raw materials. Although the infrastructure already meets the requirements of sanitation, when at the time used is not done correctly in accordance with the requirements of hygiene and health, then the food produced for circulated still has the risk of tainted foreign substances or toxic which can harm or harm to human health.

Article 6, the definition of "every person responsible" in this provision is any person who committed, interested, or to benefit from the activities or process of production, storage, transport, and or circulation of food, for example, manufacturers, providers of storage, transport, and food, whether dealers or self-owned or rented facilities and infrastructure required.

This provision also applies to those who are given the responsibility or responsibility in the field of sanitation in the activities or process of production, storage, transport, and or circulation of food, whether through the employment bond, contract, or other agreement.

The letter a.,, this provision confirms that the obligation to always maintain the level of hygiene and health in the activities or process of production, storage, transportation and or circulation of food, not just limited to the fulfillment of Government requirements set out on the basis of the provision in article 4, but also in a broader sense so as to include also the requirements of the security and human safety or with restrictions that objective, factual, and based on common sense. The letter b.,, this provision was intended to any person who performs the activities or process of production, storage, transportation and or circulation of food, drawing up and implementing a sanitation monitoring program on a regular basis, in accordance with the requirement, to ensure the security and safety of mankind. C., letters, quite clearly, Chapter 7, the definition of "individual persons" in this provision are those who directly deal with or engage in activities or process of production, storage, transport, and or circulation of food.

This provision is necessary because of the risk of food contamination are not uncommon due to the omission of the individual person. This provision also applies to those who, while not directly addressing, but directly in the environment of the activities or process of production, storage, transportation and or circulation, foodstuff, such as foremen, guards, visitors or manufacturer/factory food.

Sanitation requirements in relation to "individual persons" is not only limited to standard patterns or behaviors that meet the requirements of sanitation, but also including individual people because health is not uncommon human disease transmitted through food circulated.

Article 8, article 9, clear enough, clear enough, article 10, paragraph (1), the definition of "food additives" is added to food to affect the nature or form of food, among others, dyes, preservatives, flavor enhancer, anti pemucat, Nuggets, and a thickener. Subsection (2), the use of food additives in food products that have no risks to human health can be justified because it is customarily done. However, the use of which is prohibited as food additives or uses of additives in food in excess so that it exceeds the maximum threshold is not justified because it may harm or endanger the health of humans who consume the food.

Food additives that are prohibited include boric acid (boric acid) and its compounds are, whereas food additives are allowed with a maximum threshold, among others, cyclamate.

Article 11 Examination, are meant to determine whether the material is or is not adverse to maan or endanger human health. In addition, it also examined the use of dose to determine the maximum threshold of the use of such material so that it can be declared safe and does not harm or harm to human health.

Article 12, Article 13 clearly, simply,, subsection (1), "ingredient" is the main ingredient used in food production activities or process. The raw material can be either raw materials, semi-finished materials, or materials of so.

"Other auxiliary Material" is a material that is not in the good sense of the raw materials as well as food additives and serves to help speed up or slow down the process of genetic engineering. Subsection (2), the principle of research within the scope of genetic engineering is very specific and has an impact on human safety, ethics, morals, and beliefs of the community so that the necessary arrangements by the Government to prevent the occurrence of violations that may be detrimental to the community.

Article 14, paragraph (1)., Irradiation, in activity or production process and food storage can only be held with the permission of the Government because of the impact of food irradiation can jeopardize health and the human spirit. Subsection (2), the licensing Mechanism, which will be elaborated further by government regulations, among other things, include requirements for:.,, a) granting permission related to facilities and infrastructure as well as the management and oversight mechanisms; b) the health and safety of employees;

c) preservation of the environment;

d) carriage of materials containing radioactive substances;

e) disposal and management of waste containing radioactive substances; and f) disaster relief mechanism.

Article 15, article 16, is quite clear., paragraph (1), quite obviously, subsection (2), this provision requires that any person who produces the food that will be distributed to do packaging or perform Ordinances packaging correctly so as to avoid the occurrence of pollution to food.

Validity of packaging the packaging Ordinance performed or undertaken, among other things, can be measured from the level of prudence is applied at the time of packaging, type of food commodities are packed, special treatment needed for the food, as well as the need to protect the possibility of contamination of food since the production process up to ready for consumption. Paragraph (3), specific to food, which are traded, the Government can establish and enforce, as well as the authorities require the fulfillment of particular requirements or procedures in the framework of the food packaging. For example, a food that has a high fat content and high-temperature should not be packaged using packaging plastic because it can give the opportunity loss of monomers are carcinogenic plastic into food and corrupted it.

Article 17, Article 18, pretty clear., paragraph (1), the definition of "packaging the end of food" is the final packaging against food products are customarily done at the final stage of the production process or ready to be traded for human consumption.

This preventive provisions because it is not a rare food products contaminated by materials that can harm or harm to human health due to the action of the return packaging. Subsection (2), the procurement of large amounts of food that is usually not packaged in the finals and are meant to be traded (diecer) more in smaller packaging is not subject to the provisions of subsection (1). The customary tailored to habits that apply to food commodities concerned or the habits of local people.

Article 19, article 20 is quite clear., paragraph (1), the quality assurance system is the uapay prevention to note and or implemented in order to produce food that is safe for human health and quality, which often held since the beginning of the food production activities until ready to be traded, and is the system of supervision and quality control are always evolving adapts to the development of science and technology. Subsection (2), in addition to a system of quality assurance which was held by any person who produces the food, then the effort of realizing the availability of safe food is through testing laboratoris to food produced. Laboratory examination requirement is primarily reserved for certain food traded, which will further be regulated by the Government. Paragraph (3), the Laboratory carrying out the testing, referred to must meet the technical requirements set out and implement testing based on ordinances that have been standardized. This provision gives the possibility for the lab-lab does not belong to the Government to do the testing that. For example, the laboratory of any person who produces the food, or who are part of the quality assurance system applied, or a third-party laboratory of the laboratory has been checked for kelainkannya and gained accreditation from the Government agency responsible, well technically the laboratory equipment as well as with regard to the fulfillment of the other requirements of this Act and regulations implementation. Paragraph (4)

.,, Is a "specified and applied gradually" is the implementation of quality assurance and testing requirements are tailored to the type of the laboratoris activities conducted, inter alia, to the process of production, storage, and transport. The application of these requirements is done gradually, in accordance with the development of food systems as well as the readiness of the implementation regulations associated with the implementation of the construction undertaken by the Government to improve, especially medium and small entrepreneurs, including processed food entrepreneurs of the informal and traditional. Subsection (5), Article is quite clear, 21., letter a., of, the definition of "injurious to health ' is the impact caused by the presence of toxic materials or other substances in the body that can interfere with the absorption of compounds or nutrients into the blood, but not endanger health. The definition of "health" is the impact caused by the presence of toxic or hazardous materials such as pesticide residues, heavy metals, mycotoxin, hormones, and animal drugs. The letter b, Letter c, clear enough, clear enough, the letter d.,, is:.,, a) "dirty material" is a material that is mixed with the dirt like soil, sand, or other material;
., a, b) "the foul material" is a material form, appearance, or it is not in accordance with the normal state of the material.
.,, c) "material that rancid" is a smell or aroma is already different from the smell or aroma to normal which is caused by the occurrence of oxidation process;
., a, d) "materials that break down" is a way or shape has been changed from a normal state;
., a, e) "materials containing animal or vegetable material that diseased" is animal or vegetable material containing a disease that can be transmitted to humans, for example, fish or shrimp containing cholera disease seeds or meat containing the worm;
, a, f) "carcase" means the animal materials that die naturally or demise are not intended for consumption as food, for example, chickens that died not because of deliberate cut to be consumed as food. Further implementation of this provision must always pay attention to the facts found, the objective benchmarks in determining eligibility rate food as food or drink is consumed, and security against health and human spirit that consume the food. The letter e.,, implementation in the provision was held based on the provisions governing the period or the period of eligibility for consumption.

Section 22, letter a, letter b, pretty clear.,, this provision is intended to anticipate the development of science and technology within the production, storage, transport, and or circulation of food. The letters c, a, the definition of "equipment" in this provision, among others, plates, cups, forks, spoons, cooking, and food demonstrations.

23. Article, quite obviously, section 24, paragraph (1), the definition of "food quality standards" in this provision are specifications or technical requirements that standardized quality of food, for example, in terms of shape, color, or compositions arranged by specific criteria in accordance with the development of science and technology as well as other related aspects.

The food quality standards include both processed food or food that isn't processed.

In a larger sense, the standards that apply to food include various requirements of food safety, nutrition, quality, and other requirements in order to create an honest food trade, for example, the requirements on labelling and advertising. These standards do not contradict one another or stand on its own, but rather was a unity of the round, which further penjabarannya is regulated by the Government. Subsection (2),, is a "certain food traded" in this verse is the food products over the consideration of benefits, nutritional value, and aspects of trade must meet certain quality standards. The setting of quality standards of food by the Government, as referred to in paragraph (1), is an attempt to standardise the quality of the food circulated, and is particularly useful as an objective benchmark for the food circulated. This does not mean that the quality standard set by the circle of interested parties in the field of food not recognized its existence, for example, established by the Association in the field of food, especially in the higher quality standards than the standard of quality defined by the Government. On the other hand, the Government needs to be given the authority to require the fulfillment of specified quality standards for certain food production being traded, especially in order to realize the food trade are honest and responsible. In carrying out this provision the Government pay attention to feedback, suggestions, or consideration of the community. This is important, given the community is a party are feeling the direct result of the establishment of the rule of law in the field of food, good food-producing societies or consume food.

Article 25, paragraph (1), certification is the conditions that must be met in the process of quality control of food, which the organizers can be done in other ways or laboratoris in accordance with technological developments. Quality certification practised for more guarantees to the people that purchased food meets certain quality standards, without prejudice to the responsibility of the party who produced food to satisfy the provisions of this Act and regulations implementation. Subsection (2), Article 26, is quite clear., letter a., of a food, if the specific are traded have certain quality standards are imposed based on the provisions in article 24 paragraph (2) and if it does not meet the quality standards that have been set, then the food can not be traded. For example, to a particular food has set quality standards based on the allocation of direct human consumption and apparently did not meet the standard, then the food is not consumed can be traded. However, this does not mean the food can't bhawa trafficked for other purposes, e.g., for further use as food raw materials with fixed pay attention to quality standards that may apply and is set based on the peruntukkannya as raw food. The letter b., this provision applies, especially when there is a promise of producing food for the party traded or trade that the food in question meet a certain quality standard, but apparently did not meet the quality standards promised. When it comes to food trade must meet certain quality standards, which is set based on the provisions in article 24 paragraph (2) but there is no separate agreement regarding the quality of the food, then the promise in question is deemed to have occurred at least equal to the quality standards. A food can be a do not meet the quality standards promised, for example, because it has been mixed or blended with other ingredients purposely so that one or more of the food composition be gone, diminished, or grow in excess so it's not pure anymore dam mutunya is not the same standard quality or promised. C., letters, quite clearly, article 27, paragraph (1), the community's nutritional status, improvements on this paragraph is included in it's understanding the nutritional status and improvement of the quality of the community. Subsection (2),, is a "certain processed food" in this verse is a food that is processed for consumption for certain groups, for example, infant formula for babies, food intended for pregnant women or nursing mothers, special food for people with certain diseases, or other similar food which has a major influence on the development of the quality of human health. The definition of "composition" is the content of substances as well as the amount, which should be contained in the food, either in the form of nutrients and non-nutrients. Paragraph (3), this provision is intended to cope with the circumstances of the shortage and decline in nutritional status or of the community, which is often done for a while and or in a specific area until the situation can be solved. Food consumed by people most likely can be used as a means to improve the nutritional status of the community by means of added nutrients that are needed in this type of food. Subsection (4), the nutrient content in food, as referred to in paragraph (2) and paragraph (3), is one of the determining factors in the process of the formation of qualified human resources. Therefore, the role of each person who produces the food in order to repair the community nutrition status becomes very important.

When in the course of the implementation of the provisions in paragraph (2) and paragraph (3) the Government sets certain requirements for the increased nutrient content of a food product, which produces the food meets the mandatory requirements set out.

Article 28, paragraph (1)

.,, Nutrient content of food raw materials used in the activity or process of food nutritional quality largely determine the resulting food. However, essentially the nutrient content of food raw materials can undergo a decline in food management processes that ultimately affect the nutrient content of the food produced. A decrease in nutrient content is inevitable, but it can be suppressed is minimal possible through proper food management pattern. The Ordinance started since the selection of raw materials, preparation, storage, manufacturing and other activity or process so that it becomes a finished product ready to be traded. For the particular food being produced en masse which has a broad range of Government require the holding of a management procedures referred to above. Subsection (2), Article 29 clearly, enough, clear enough, article 30, paragraph (1), the purpose of granting the labels on packaged food is for the community to purchase and consume food or obtain the right information and clear about every packaged food products, both concerning the origin, the safety, quality, nutrient content, as well as other necessary information before deciding to be buying and consuming the food or. This provision applies to food that has been through the process of packaging the end and are ready to be traded (pre-packaged), but does not apply to trade food wrapped in the presence of the buyer. The use of labels in containers always related to aspects of the trade. Subsection (2), the letter a, letter b, clear enough, clear enough, the letter c, letter d, clear enough, clear enough, the letter e., halal, a description for a food product is very important for the people of Indonesia that the majority converted to Islam. However, the inclusion on the label of the new food is obligatory when any person who produces food and food or enter into the territory of Indonesia for traded States that the concerned food is halal for Muslims. As for the description of the kosher community intended to avoid consuming food that is not kosher (unclean).

With the inclusion of halal food on the label, is considered to have occurred the statement in question and any person making the statement is responsible for the truth of that statement. The letter f., quite obviously, subsection (3), the definition of "other information" is information other than that referred to in subsection (2), for example, a description of the procedures for the use, nutrient content of food, or the food side effects for certain groups of people, such as the elderly, people with certain diseases, or those who were undergoing diet program. In addition, the Government may prohibit the display of your drawing or writing on the label that can give a misleading or incorrect, for example, include pictures of fresh citrus fruit in drinks that do not use orange as a raw material or cite the writings that infant formula can replace the function of the breast milk (BREAST MILK).

Article 31, paragraph (1), quite obviously, subsection (2), quite obviously, subsection (3),, is a "foreign" language, numbers or letters other than the language of Indonesia, Arabic numerals or Latin letters, as well as technical or scientific terms, for example, the chemical formula for mentioning a kind of material used in the composition of the food.

Article 32.,, is a "change" in this provision are activities to remove, unplug, shut down, or change the label, either in part or entirely.

Article 33, paragraph (1), a "considered incorrect" when such information is contrary to the truth or does not contain the necessary information so that the information can give you an idea or impression of the truth about food.

The definition of "false description" is a statement relating to things such as the nature, the price, quality, composition, ingredients, benefits, or food security while it is true, may give rise to a misleading understanding of the foodstuff in question. Subsection (2), quite obviously, subsection (3), Article is quite clear, 34, paragraph (1),, in this provision, the validity of a statement in the halal label or advertising of food not only be demonstrated in terms of food raw materials, food additives, or other auxiliary materials used in producing food, but includes also the manufacturing process. Subsection (2), Article 35, clear enough, clear enough, Article 36, paragraph (1), other than this Act and regulations implementation, food intake into the territory of Indonesia should remain mindful of other applicable laws and regulations, for example, legislation in the field of customs and in the field of animal quarantine, plant and advertising. Subsection (2), Article 37 is clear enough,.,, this provision is intended to anticipate the situation or circumstances that occurred in the country of origin of the food, which it is estimated could reduce the fulfillment of the provisions of the security, quality, and nutrition or food that is assigned on the basis of this Act.

The letter a., Basic testing, and or examination referred to at the least is the standard testing and or examination upon the fulfillment of the requirements of security, quality, and nutrition, as well as the food label that applies in Indonesia. The letter b, Letter c, is quite clear.,, in terms of testing or examination is done in Indonesia, the first can be done through the selected system or other systems that are considered efficient, without prejudice to the fulfillment of the requirements of security, quality, and nutrition, as well as the labels on the food.

Article 38, Article 39, is quite clear.,, this provision was intended so that the Government can keep an eye on food that will be expelled from the territory of the Republic of Indonesia, especially for the fulfillment of requirements internationally. It is important that national food imagery may be accepted by the market abroad.

Article 40, Article 41, is quite clear., paragraph (1).,, responsibility does not only apply to a business entity, either in the form of a legal entity or not, but also for individual people who are given the responsibility to the course of such business, especially those responsible for food safety control on business entities concerned, whether based on contract or other agreement. Subsection (2), the primary Requirements, which must be proven by the plaintiff or the beneficiary is that suffers the loss of health or are experiencing disaster deaths, and this is a direct result of consuming processed food produced by the defendants. The heirs filed a lawsuit in the need to equip themselves with evidence regarding legally valid status as heirs of people who died of consuming processed food produced by the defendants. Paragraph (3), the Proof here, especially done in laboratoris, but does not close the way other evidentiary use by keeping protect the interests of the good intentioned party. Subsection (4),, defendants have the right to prove that the question was not at fault, or that the reasons underlying the lawsuit is not caused by the fault or negligence, or that the plaintiff suffered a loss caused by errors or omissions of the other party. Subsection (5), Article 42, clear enough, clear enough, Article 43, paragraph (1),, is a "material loss" is a loss that is material that can be valued with money. In the meantime, the definition of "human sacrifice" is a loss that cannot be directly assessed with money such as health problems, impairment and or psychic, good that soon can be identified or not, as well as death. The role of the Government in this case purely services and in the framework of the protection of community interests which consume food. Therefore, it must be exercised in good faith, especially in terms of material losses and human casualties or that occur in the real does not allow lawsuits filed individually or separately. In the event that the Government carry out its based on this provision, the right to file a lawsuit of any victims do not become lost. In such a case the judge is authorized to combine or separate check in suit filed based on early facts were found. Subsection (2), this provision, by any form of settlement or a favorable decision in connection with a suit filed by the Government must be submitted to and be the right of the victim or the victim's heirs.

Article 44, Article 45, is quite clear., paragraph (1), quite obviously, subsection (2), Article 46, pretty clear.,, letter a., national food Reserves, are food supplies in all corners of Indonesia regions for human consumption, industrial raw material, and to deal with emergencies.

National food reserves will be in the country and should always be enough to address the problem of food shortages, or the occurrence of a sudden need due to various disasters, or the influence of price fluctuations. Various economic forces such as entrepreneurs, merchants, or cooperatives encouraged to manage food reserves in order to the fulfillment of people's food needs Indonesia always be met. The letter b, Letter c, clear enough, clear enough, the letter d

.,, To prevent or cope with the symptoms of food shortages, the Government can seek various forms of assistance, including food aid, emergency food aid, with special pricing, and other forms of assistance or. In addition, the Government can also take the necessary actions for tackling acts of speculation or manipulation in the procurement and circulation of foodstuff, which directly or indirectly interfere with the food system, including disrupting the availability of affordable food adequately.

Article 47, paragraph (1), letter a, the definition of "Government food reserves" in this provision is the food reserves are managed or controlled by the Government. The letter b.,, is a "community food reserves" in this provision is the food reserves are managed or controlled by the society, including farmers, cooperatives, traders, industry and households. Subsection (2),, is a "State of emergency" in this provision is the occurrence of the event of a natural disaster, famine, and so forth that occurs outside of the human capacity to prevent or avoid it though can be estimated. Paragraph (3), the letter a, letter b, clear enough, clear enough, Article 48, the definition of "action is necessary in order to control prices of such food" according to this provision, among others, in the form of actions in the framework of the stabilization of food prices is done to prevent price fluctuations, both through market mechanisms as well as through market intervention, either directly or indirectly. Also food prices Stabilization Act is an attempt to guarantee the creation of a fair price, both from the side of those who produce or from the side of the public who consume food. Efforts to support the creation of food prices under control, the Government needs to maintain sufficient food reserves in the country that always can be utilized to address price fluctuations or food shortages that occur suddenly, either due to speculation, manipulai, or other reasons that occur inside or outside the country.

Article 49, paragraph (1), letter a, letter b, quite clearly, the role of the community, in an effort to increase the ability of small businesses will be encouraged and enhanced in order empowering small businesses in the field of food so that it can gradually meet the various provisions of this Act. Either the Government or the community organizing efforts of coaching and various conditions of correctional legislation so that small businesses in the field of food can grow and develop as well as meet a variety of requirements of food safety that can guarantee human health. The letter c, letter d, clear enough, clear enough, the letter e, letter f, is quite clear.,, cooperation does not just terbataspada which is a public policy level, but also include things like concrete grant of food aid to neighbouring countries or in order to realize the national food reserves. For example, if the production or food reserves in the country is much larger than needed and to foster good relations between Indonesia and other countries, so that the excess can be used to assist other countries that are experiencing hunger or food shortages.

Aid to foreign countries can be done as long as not contrary to the national interest. Thus, in conducting international cooperation to obtain food aid, the Government must be aware that all bids shall not result in the attachment to the detriment of the national interest. The letter g., quite obviously, subsection (2), article 50, clear enough, clear enough, Article 51, Article 52. Quite clearly, people can convey problems, feedback, and problem-solving in order or the refinement and improvement of the food system to the Government, either directly or indirectly, among others through print media, electronic media, or seminars, both in individual, group, or organization of the profession and other civic organizations. Specifically regarding the protection of disadvantaged members of society and who wants to file a lawsuit can be done by individuals, institutions, or organizations with legal aid attorney letter and in accordance with the provisions of applicable law.

Article 53, paragraph (1), quite obviously, subsection (2), the letter a, letter b, pretty clear.,, is a "stop" is the Act of departure and prevents or make into quitting any transportation referred to in this provision, and carried out by the competent authority on the basis of the applicable legislation. The letter c, letter d, clear enough, clear enough, the letter e., quite obviously, subsection (3), the requirements of a warrant in this provision was intended to created an orderly execution of the inspection authority, thus providing a sense of security against well intentioned party. Subsection (4),, this verse refers to the investigation as a follow-up of inspection, because the action is already investigation set forth in applicable laws and regulations, among other things, the law on Criminal Procedure Law, the law on health, the law on the Quarantine of animals, fish, and plants, as well as the law on the system of the culture of the plant. Subsection (5), Article 54, clear enough., paragraph (1), quite obviously, subsection (2), when deemed necessary, the Government may announce administrative actions have been imposed. Paragraph (3), Article 55 clearly Enough, clear enough, Article 56, Article is quite clear, 57., 58, Article is quite clear, quite clearly, Article 59, Article 60, clear enough, clear enough, Article 61, paragraph (1),, is a "very urgent food shortages" is a State of emergency was very marked by the onset of the scarcity of food availability due to natural disasters, disease outbreaks, crop failures, the onset of the war, and the scarcity of food supply in the world market. The definition of "exclusion" is a step or action not to follow some or all of the requirements referred to in this paragraph. Subsection (2), the definition of "paying attention to safety and provided the public health" is the steps or actions that need to be done in order for the public health nuisance does not occur in General, for example, widespread outbreaks of infectious disease and food shortages (kwashiorkor) and always keep giving priority to provided the food sufficiency for the cartilage.

62. Article, Article is quite clear, 63.,, Among households need to be excluded from the implementation of this legislation. The word "produced and consumed" in this chapter are intended as food processing to be consumed by the families concerned. As for processed food circulation results against small businesses, either informal or traditional, the Government will undertake the construction and setting gradually.

64. Article, pretty clear, Article 65.,, is quite clear