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PP 33-2007 Text copy _?.
Back COUNTRY GAZETTE EXTRA RI No. 4730 (explanation of the 2007 State Gazette Number 74) EXPLANATION of GOVERNMENT REGULATION of the REPUBLIC of INDONESIA NUMBER 33 of 2007 ABOUT the SAFETY of IONIZING RADIATION and RADIOACTIVE SOURCE SECURITY i. General.,, the utilization of nuclear power should be exercised having regard to the aspect of safety and security to protect workers, members of the public, and the environment, so that a clearer arrangement, effective, and consistent safety requirements concerning ionizing radiation and Radioactive Source Security is indispensable. Arrangements regarding the safety of ionizing radiation previously set with the Government Regulation Number 63 in 2000. However, with the development of science, international standards, and the widespread application of technology ketenaganukliran, there are things that need to be further regulated with a government regulation, include the addition of natural radiation exposure due to the application of technology, optimization of utilization of nuclear energy in the fields of medical, and security of Radioactive Sources.
., These government regulations, preparation of diharmonisasikan with Safety Series 115 1996 Number of International Basic Safety Standards for Protection against Ionizing Radiation and for the Safety of Radiation Sources, arranged by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) number 60 in 1990. This regulation establishes several safety requirements not previously set forth in a government regulation Number 63 in 2000, which includes:.,, a. Radiation Protection requirements, especially for the application of optimization in the medical field with the arrangements regarding the limiting dose and Rate Guides;
.,, b. limitations of Dose, which includes determination of the areas of work and stricter implementation;
.,, c. verification of safety and engineering requirements, in addition to Radiation Protection and management requirements that were previously not set clearly in the Government Regulation Number 63 in 2000;
.,, d. scope of the regulated sources more broadly, from a source which has a low risk of such radioactive sources that come from nature, to such a high risk of nuclear reactors;
.,, e. monitoring the health of workers who are more detailed, the culture of safety, and other parties responsible for the utilization of nuclear power; and, f. intervention in situations of emergency and the Chronicle. Intervention in a State of chronic include Naturally Occurring Radioactive materials (NORM) and Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (TENORM).
Another Thing, which is set out in government regulations it is the Security of Radioactive Sources. To show our commitment in terms of security of Radioactive Sources, Indonesia as a State member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have signed a statement of readiness to implement the Code of Conduct on The Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources. Security of Radioactive Sources needed especially during the activities of import and export, use, storage, and transportation of Radioactive Sources. In addition to these activities, the security of Radioactive Sources is required to handle the unknown owner of Radioactive Sources, bearing in mind such as this also has a potential which can cause hazard impact and Radiation which is quite significant. Consummation of the arrangement made via government regulation is more assure the safety of workers, members of the public, the environment, and the security of Radioactive Sources.
II. For the SAKE of ARTICLE ARTICLE article 1, article 2, clear enough, clear enough, article 3, article 4, is clear enough, clear enough, section 5.,, is quite clear.
Chapter 6, article 6, paragraph (1), letter a, the holder of the permit, is in charge of the main Radiation Safety. In addition to the Permit Holder, there are also other related parties that may be subject to liability in the event of Radiation Safety based on tasks and functions at the facility or installation. Letter, b., the definition of "other parties associated with the utilization of nuclear energy" is: a Radiation Protection Officers;.
b. Radiation Workers;
c. Radioactive Source Security Officer;
d. medical personnel and paramedik;
f. supplier; and/or g. people or other personnel who are given specific responsibilities by the holder of the permit. Subsection (2), the letter a, letter b, clear enough, clear enough, the letter c., Radiation Safety Manager, created and established by the holder of the permit may consist of per person, Committee, or organization. D., letter, quite clearly the letter e, letter f, clear enough, clear enough, the letter g, letter h, clear enough.,, is quite clear. Paragraph (3), quite obviously, subsection (4), quite obviously, subsection (5), quite obviously, subsection (6), article 7, is clear enough, clear enough, article 8, article 9, sufficiently clear.,, medical examination against the workers who may be exposed to radiation exposure during the carrying out of certain tasks associated with radiation is carried out based on the general principle of treatment of occupational health. A medical examination carried out before work that uses radiation starts, and periodically checks during work.
.,, a. medical examination early before work is carried out to assess the health of workers and of conformity to carry out the work assigned to him, and also to identify which workers have conditions that may require action safety during work.
.,, b. Health Examination periodically during work intended to ensure that no clinical condition that can affect the health of workers arising at the time of working with radiation. The nature of this periodical inspection is also based on the type of work performed, age and health status, health behaviour and the workers. Health examination execution time span like this is generally the same frequency with other health monitoring program. In addition, the frequency of the medical examination is based on the health condition and the type of work. If the character of the job raises the potential for skin damage due to radiation, particularly in the hand, then the skin area examined at regular intervals.
.,, c. medical examination at the time will decide the working relationship is intended to find out the condition of the last health worker, that can be used as proof of the juridical reference for carrying out health or work-related radiation next.
Section 10.,, is quite clear.
Article 11, paragraph (1), quite obviously, subsection (2),, is a "type of work" is a work that uses open source library, which has an internal Radiation hazard or radioactive substances get into the body through the respiratory, digestive, or wound. In addition there is the kind of work using Radiation hazards that have wrapped Externa or body affected by radiation exposure originating from a source outside the body. Paragraph (3), special medical examination, done in case of excess exposure that exceeds the value of Limit Doses or in the event of an accident, whether that comes from a source of Radiation the internal or Externa.
Special health checks include detailed examination of certain affected organs against exposure to abrasion, chromosome, leukocytes, and platelets.
Article 12, Article 13 clearly, enough, clear enough, Article 14, Article 15, is quite clear, in drafting the Regulations, head of BAPETEN about health monitoring, BAPETEN coordinate with the authorized agencies in the field of research and development ketenaganukliran, employment, and health.
Article 16, article 17, clear enough, clear enough, Article 18, paragraph (1), quite obviously, subsection (2), Recording quality, include, among others, regarding education and training Footage ever followed by personnel in facilities or installations, and Recording the results of testing and calibration.
Technical record includes Footage regarding the various results of the monitoring required in this Regulation include: a. the results of verification of safety;
b. monitoring of the health of workers;
c. monitoring the received dose of workers;
d. environmental radioactivity;
e. radiation levels and/or work area contamination; and/or an inventory of Radioactive Sources f. .. Paragraph (3), article 19, clear enough, clear enough, article 20, paragraph (1),.,, the definition of "immediately" was within 24 hours of the report's been verbally communicated to BAPETEN through, among others, telephone, mail, courier, or facsimile. Subsection (2), clearly Enough, chapter 21, section 22, is quite clear., paragraph (1),, is a "justification in the utilization of nuclear energy" is that these activities provide greater benefit to the individuals affected as well as community exposure, compared with radiation hazards thereof. In the process of considering the possibility of justification and the magnitude of the exposure. Justification the utilization of nuclear power not only to consider the aspect of safety and radiation protection, but also economic, and social considerations. Consideration of the social economy, and provides a major influence on a decision about whether a utilization of nuclear power can be dijustifikasi.
For example, the principle of justification applied to Medical Exposure taking into account the benefits of diagnostic and therapy produced, compared with radiation hazard posed. In addition, the benefits and risks of the use of diagnostic techniques or other available therapy ought to be also taken into consideration before deciding to use the Medical Exposure. Subsection (2), quite obviously, subsection (3), Article 23 is quite clear., paragraph (1), quite obviously, subsection (2), an example of exposure that comes from nature, among others, cosmic rays, radioactive in the body, and radionuclide contained in minerals that have not been processed. Paragraph (3)
.,, Is a "special conditions" means the conditions in the event of an emergency, which causes radiation workers as volunteers who handle emergencies for a specific purpose and well-planned, got the dosage. Subsection (4), section 24, is clear enough, clear enough, Article 25, Article 26, clear enough, clear enough, article 27, Article 28, pretty clear., paragraph (1),, is a "level of klierens" is the value specified by BAPETEN and expressed in magnitude and/or activity concentration of activity total at or below that value source of Radiation was released from supervision.
With the diperkenankannya release of radioactive substances directly into the environment does not immediately free the Holder permission to fulfill responsibilities that are regulated by other provisions outside the provisions of the ketenaganukliran with regard to the consequences or impact that may arise from the existence of such release. Subsection (2), Article 29 clearly, enough, clear enough, article 30, article 31 clearly Enough,.,, is quite clear.
Article 32, Article 33, is quite clear., paragraph (1), provisions for conducting calibration for radiotherapy equipment is enforced not only, but also for the output. Subsection (2), quite obviously, subsection (3), quite obviously, subsection (4), quite obviously, subsection (5), Article 34, clear enough, clear enough, Article 35, Article 36, clear enough, clear enough, Article 37, paragraph (1), the definition of "Guide Level" (Guidance Level) is the value of the Guide should be achieved through the implementation of activities with medical methods tested. The value Guide for diagnostic radiology activity expressed in values of dose or dose rate, while for nuclear medicine activities expressed in the activity of a radioactive source. Subsection (2), Article 38, clear enough, clear enough, Article 39, paragraph (1), quite obviously, subsection (2),, is a "do not correspond to the level of the Guide" is the exposure given to patient exposure is higher or lower than the value set by the level of guides (Guidance Level). Paragraph (3), it is pretty clear, article 40, paragraph (1), test the suitability of the intended for:.,, a. ensure that equipment used in diagnostic radiology procedures function correctly so that patients do not get the exposure that are not required; and b. implement a quality assurance Program for diagnostic radiology. Paragraph (2).,, is quite clear Verses (3) operating parameters, and safety, among others, kilovoltase (kilovoltage), milliamps-seconds (milliampere-seconds), broad field exposure, and focal distance to the film (the focus film distance). Subsection (4), quite obviously, subsection (5), Article 41, clear enough, clear enough, Article 42, paragraph (1), a layered defense system, intended to: a. prevent the occurrence of abnormal circumstances;.,, b. prevent the abnormal circumstances as referred to in letter a does not continue into the crash and return the radioactive source into a safe condition of abnormal circumstances when it is still going on; and c. to mitigate consequences of accidents so as not to endanger the safety of workers, the public and environmental protection when the accident happened. Subsection (2), Article is quite clear, 43, paragraph (1), clear Enough, paragraph (2) letter a,,.,, the instrument is documented in this paragraph include, among others, guidelines, instructions, and technical guidelines. The letter b, Letter c, clear enough, clear enough, the letter d., quite obviously, subsection (3), Article 44, clear enough, clear enough, Article 45, paragraph (1), clear Enough, paragraph (2) letter a,,.,, the identification of the occurrence of the normal exposure and potential exposure is done by considering the influence of the incident against the source or incident involving resources and equipment. The letter b, Letter c, is quite clear.,, is quite clear. Paragraph (3), Article is quite clear, 46, subsection (1), the implementation of the "monitoring and measurement of parameters of safety" is intended to verify compliance with the fulfillment of safety requirements for source operation.
Safety parameters monitored and measured include, among others, the temperature of the nuclear fuel for the nuclear reactor; Ma, timer, and kV x-ray for aircraft. Subsection (2), quite obviously, subsection (3), quite obviously, subsection (4), quite obviously, subsection (5), Article 47, is clear enough, clear enough, Article 48, Article is quite clear, 49, paragraph (1),, is a "remedial action" is return on its original state so that the radioactive concentration is below the level of the intervention. Examples of remedial actions, among others, in the form of decontamination of the area. Subsection (2), protective Actions, directed against the workers and communities that are located around the facility or installation of a radiation accident. This protective action among others in the form of: a. the protection, such as underground bunkers;
b. evacuation; and c. the granting of iodine prophylaxis or other similar substances. Paragraph (3), article 50, pretty clear., paragraph (1).,, generally a followup TENORM mineral that comes from mining and industrial activities. The entrepreneur because its activities generates TENORM is not the holder of the permit the utilization of nuclear energy, so that for the implementation of this provision required coordination with the responsible agencies in the field of mining and industry. Subsection (2), quite obviously, subsection (3), Article 51 clearly Enough, clear enough, Article 52, Article 53, clear enough, clear enough, Article 54, Article 55 clearly Enough, clear enough, Article 56., letter a, letter b, pretty clear.,, is a "mitigation actions" is an action to limit and reduce exposure in case of events that can cause or increase the exposure to radiation. These actions include, among others, the use of safety features that are tested and operational procedures to control each of the series of events in order to diminish its impact. Provisions on mitigation is not limited to just plan for intervention, but can be implemented in the design phase and operations to reduce the impact of a series of accidents, so that intervention is not necessary. The letter c, letter d is quite clear,.,, the procedure includes among others the response actions of protective and remedial. The letter e., emergency response training programs include testing the countermeasure and practice both inside and outside of the region held by the holder of the permit at regular intervals.
Article 57., 58, Article is quite clear, quite clearly, Article 59, Article 60 sufficiently clear,.,, subsection (1), quite obviously, subsection (2), quite obviously, subsection (3), Pengkategorisasian, radioactive sources based on potential sources of radioactive radiation effects can cause which immediately can occur after a dose threshold exceeded (deterministic effects). Subsection (4), Article 61, clear enough, clear enough, Article 62., Article 63, quite clearly, is quite clear, Article 64.,, is a "place of destination" is where the facility or installation user.
The definition of "provides" is the holder of the permit can have its own means or the rent.
If delivery can be directly done, storage as set forth in this article is not needed.
65. Article,, is a "customs area" is referred to in the legislation governing customs i.e. regions with a certain boundaries at sea ports, airports, or other places that are assigned to the traffic of goods that are completely under the supervision of the Directorate General of customs and Excise.
Article 66, Article 67, clear enough, clear enough, Article 68, Chapter 69, clear enough, clear enough, article 70, Article 71 is quite clear,.,, is a "State of emergency" includes, among others, lost, sabotage, attacks against radioactive sources, and emergencies.
Article 72, Article 73, clear enough, clear enough, Article 74.,, is quite clear.
Article 75, Article 76. Quite clearly, clearly Enough, Article 77, Article 78, clear enough, clear enough, Article 79., pretty clear, Article 80, 81, Article is quite clear, quite clearly, Article 82, 83 Article quite clear.,, is quite clear, 84, the Article quite clearly by article 85, Article 86, it is quite clear, quite clearly, Article 87, Article 88. Quite clearly, obviously Enough,
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