Act No. 8 Of 2008

Original Language Title: Undang-Undang Nomor 20 Tahun 2008

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Read the untranslated law here: http://peraturan.go.id/inc/view/11e44c4ebd557b60b927313231363139.html

LAW 20-2008 Text copy _?.
Back COUNTRY SHEET Republic of INDONESIA No. 93, 2008 (Additional explanation in the State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4866) legislation of the REPUBLIC of INDONESIA NUMBER 20 in 2008 ABOUT the micro, small, and MEDIUM with the GRACE of GOD ALMIGHTY the PRESIDENT of the REPUBLIC of INDONESIA,.,, Considering: a. that the equitable and prosperous society based on Pancasila and the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945 should be realized through the development of the national economy based on economic democracy;
.,, b. that the mandate of the statutes in accordance with the people's Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia Number XVI/MPR-RI/1998 on the political economy of economic democracy, in the framework of micro, small, and medium enterprises need to be empowered as an integral part of the people's economy which has the position, role, and strategic potential to realize the structure of national economy more balanced, evolving, and justice;
.,, c. that empowerment of micro, small, and medium enterprises referred to in subparagraph b, needs to be thoroughly organized, optimized, and continuous improvement through the development of a conducive climate, giving the opportunity of trying, support, protection, and development of existence, so it is able to improve the position, role, and the potential of micro, small, and medium enterprises in realizing economic growth, equitable distribution and improvement of people's income, job creation, and poverty reduction;
., d., that with respect to the development of environmental economy which is increasingly dynamic and global, Act No. 9 of 1995 concerning small businesses, who just organize small business need to be replaced, so that micro, small, and medium enterprises in Indonesia are able to obtain a guarantee of certainty and fairness efforts;
.,, e. that based on considerations as referred to in letter a, letter b, letter c, letter d, and the need to establish laws on the micro, small, and medium enterprises;
.,, Remember: article 5 paragraph (1), article 20, article 27 paragraph (2), and article 33 of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945;
Together with the approval of the HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES of the REPUBLIC of INDONESIA and the PRESIDENT of the REPUBLIC of INDONESIA DECIDES:.,, set: the law on micro, small, and medium enterprises.
CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS article 1 In this law is the:.,, 1. Micro business is people's productive individuals and/or entities who meet the requirements of individual business micro enterprises as provided for in this Act.
., ,2. Small business is the economic productive effort that stands on its own, which is done by the individual or business entity that is not a subsidiary or branch is not owned, controlled, or become a part of either directly or indirectly from medium or Large Businesses that meet the criteria of small enterprise as stipulated in this law.
., ,3. Medium businesses are productive economic efforts that stand alone, which is done by the individual or business entity that is not a subsidiary or branch of the company which is owned, controlled, or become a part of either directly or indirectly with a small business or a big business with the amount of net worth or annual sales results as set forth in this Act.
., ,4. Great effort is productive economic efforts made by business entities to the amount of net worth or annual sales results greater than medium-sized Businesses, which include the national State-owned businesses or private, joint venture, and foreign businesses that perform economic activities in Indonesia.
., ,5. The business world is a Micro Business, small business, medium-sized and Large Businesses that perform economic activities in Indonesia and domiciled in Indonesia.
., ,6. The Central Government, hereinafter referred to as the Government, is the President of the Republic of Indonesia that holds the powers of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia as stipulated in the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945.
., ,7. The local government is the Governor, Governor, or mayor, and other areas as the organizer of local governance.
., ,8. Empowerment is the efforts made the Government, local governments, Businesses, and society as a synergistic in the form of growing climate and development efforts against micro, small, and medium enterprises so that was able to grow and develop into a tough and independent businesses.
., ,9. Business climate is a condition of the Government and local authorities strived to empower micro, small, and medium enterprises synergistically through the determination of a range of legislation and policies on various aspects of economic life in order for micro, small, and medium enterprises obtain pemihakan, certainty, chance, protection, and support the widely sought.
., .10. The development is the efforts made by the Government, local governments, Businesses, and society to empower micro, small, and medium enterprises through the granting of facilities guidance mentorship and help to grow the retaining and enhancing the capabilities and competitiveness of micro, small, and medium enterprises.
.,, 11. Financing is the provision of funds by the Government, local governments, Businesses, and the public through banks, cooperatives, and not financial institutions banks, to develop and strengthen capital micro, small, and medium enterprises.
., 12. Assurance is the granting of loan guarantees, micro, small and medium-sized credit guarantor institution as support to increase the chance of obtaining a loan in order to strengthen its capital.
., 13. The partnership is a cooperation in business linkages, either directly or indirectly, on the basis of the principle of mutual need, trust, strengthen, and profitable involving perpetrators of micro, small, and medium with great effort.
.,, 14. The Minister is the Minister's duties and responsibilities in the field of micro, small, and medium enterprises.
., 15. Technical Minister was the Minister who is technically responsible for developing micro, small, and medium enterprises in the sectors of its activity.
CHAPTER II the BASIS and PURPOSE of article 2 of the micro, small, and medium enterprises based on: a. the family;

b. economic democracy;

c. togetherness;

d. efficiency of Justice;

e. sustainable;

f. environmentally;

g. independence;

h. balance progress; and i. the unity of the national economy.

Article 3 micro, small, and medium businesses aiming to grow and develop its business in order to build the national economy on the basis of equitable economic democracy.

CHAPTER III PRINCIPLES and GOALS of EMPOWERMENT the empowerment Principle Considered Part of article 4 the principle of empowering micro, small, and medium enterprises:.,, a. growing self-reliance, togetherness, entrepreneurship and micro, small, and medium to work with its own initiatives; b. realization of public policies that are transparent, accountable, and justice;., c.-based business development potential of regions and market-oriented in accordance with the competencies of micro, small, and medium enterprises; d. increase the competitiveness of micro, small, and medium enterprises; and e. conduct of the planning, execution, and control are integrated.

The second part of the goal of empowerment of article 5 purpose of empowering micro, small, and medium enterprises:.,, a. embody a balanced national economy structure, develop, and justice;
.,, b. foster and develop the capabilities of micro, small, and medium enterprises into robust and independent effort; and, c.., increasing the role of micro, small, and medium enterprises in regional development, job creation, equitable distribution of income, economic growth, and alleviating the poverty of the people.
CHAPTER IV CRITERIA of article 6 (1) micro enterprise Criteria are as follows:.,,.,, a. has the most net worth Rp RP 50,000,000 (fifty million rupiah) not including land and building businesses; or, b.., have annual sales results at most Rp RP 300,000,000 (three hundred million rupiah). (2) the small business Criteria are as follows:.,,.,, a. has a net worth of more than Rp RP 50,000,000 (fifty million rupiah) up to Rp 500 million Usd at most (five hundred million rupiah) not including land and building businesses; or, b.., has annual sales of more than Rp RP 300,000,000 (three hundred million rupiah) to Rp RP 2.500.000.000 at most (two billion five hundred million rupiah). (3) Medium Business Criteria are as follows:.,,.,, a. has a net worth of more than Rp RP 500.000.000,-(five hundred million rupiah) up to at most Rp RP 10.000.000.000 (ten billion rupiah) not including land and building businesses; or, b.., has annual sales of more than 2.500.000.000 Rp 2,000 (two billion five hundred million rupiah) up to at most Rp 50.000.000.000 RP (fifty billion rupiah).
.,, (4) the criteria referred to in paragraph (1) letter a, letter b, and paragraph (2) letter a, letter b, as well as paragraph (2) letter a, letter b face value can be changed in accordance with the development of an economy that is regulated by regulation of the President.
Chapter V Chapter 7 BUSINESS CLIMATE GROWING.,, (1) the Government and the local Governments foster a business climate by setting policies and legislation covering aspects of:.,, a. funding;

b. infrastructure and facilities;

c. business information;

d. partnership;

e. licensing effort;

f. the opportunity of trying;

g. trade promotion; and h. institutional support.
.,, (2) the corporate world and the public participate actively in helping grow the business climate as referred to in paragraph (1).
Article 8 aspects of the funding referred to in article 7 paragraph (1) letter a is intended for:

.,, a. expanding the sources of funding and facilitate micro, small, and medium to be able to access the banking credit and financial institutions is not a bank;
.,, b. reproduce institution financing and expand its network so it can be accessed by micro, small, and medium enterprises;
.,, c. provide ease in obtaining funding in a fast, precise, cheap, and not discriminatory in the Ministry in accordance with the provisions of the legislation; and, d.., helped the perpetrators of micro and small businesses to get financing and other financial services/products provided by banks and financial institutions is not a bank, neither of which use conventional systems as well as the system of Sharia with the guarantee provided by the Government.
Article 9 the aspect infrastructure and facilities referred to in article 7 paragraph (1) letter b is intended for:.,, a. held a public infrastructure that can encourage and develop the growth of Small and micro enterprises; and b. provide tariff relief of certain infrastructures for Small and micro enterprises.

Article 10 aspects of business information as referred to in article 7 paragraph (1) Letter c is intended for:.,, a. shaping and facilitating the utilization of data banks and information networks of business;
.,, b. hold and disseminate information about the market, the source of financing, commodities, assurance, design and technology, and quality; and, c. provide assurance of transparent and equal access for all perpetrators of micro, small, and medium-sized business for all the information.
Article 11 aspects of partnerships as referred to in article 7 paragraph (1) the letter d is aimed at: a. embodies partnership between micro, small, and medium enterprises;

b. manifest partnerships between micro, small, medium and Large Businesses;., c. Encourages the occurrence of mutually beneficial relationships in the execution of transactions between business-micro, small, and medium enterprises;
.,, d. encourage the occurrence of mutually beneficial relationships between business transactions in the implementation of micro, small, medium and Large Businesses;
.,, e. developing cooperation to improve the bargaining position of the micro, small, and medium enterprises;
., f., encourage the formation of market structures that ensure the growth of a healthy business competition and to protect consumers; and, g.., prevent the occurrence of market domination and the centralization of efforts by individuals or specific groups to the detriment of micro, small, and medium enterprises.
Article 12.,, (1) the licensing aspect of business referred to in article 7 paragraph (1) intended for the letter e:.,,.,, a. simplify licensing procedures and types of business with one door integrated service system; and, b.., freeing the licensing fee for micro enterprises and provide relief from the licensing fees for small businesses.
.,, (2) further Provisions concerning the requirements and procedures of application for business license are set by government regulations.
Article 13.,, (1) aspects of the opportunity of trying as stipulated in article 7 paragraph (1) letter f is intended for:.,,.,, a. determine the allocation of places of business which includes the awarding of the locations in the markets, shops, industrial centers, location location location of mines folk, farming folk, a reasonable location for the street vendors, as well as other locations;
.,, b. specify the allocation of time attempting to micro enterprises and small retail trade subsector;
.,, c. back up field and the type of business activity that has the specificity of the process, are labor intensive, and has a special cultural heritage and generations;
.,, d. assign fields reserved for micro, small, and medium businesses as well as businesses that are open for a great effort on the condition that must cooperate with the micro, small, and medium enterprises;
.,, e. protect certain strategic effort for micro, small, and medium enterprises;
., f., give priority to the use of the products produced by Small and micro enterprises through procurement directly;
.,, g. prioritize the procurement of goods or services and chartering Government work and local governments; and h. provide legal consultancy assistance and advocacy.
.,, (2) implementation of the provisions referred to in subsection (1) done monitoring and control by the Government and local authorities.
Clause 14.,, (1) aspects of a sales pitch as stipulated in article 7 paragraph (1) the letter g, intended for:.,,.,, a. enhance product promotion micro, small, and medium enterprises both at home and abroad;
.,, b. extending the funding source for promotional products, micro, small and medium enterprises both at home and abroad;
.,, c. provide incentives and ordinances granting incentives to micro, small, and medium enterprises that are able to provide funding independently in product promotion activities inside and outside the country; and, d.., facilitate the possession of intellectual property rights on products and design of micro, small, and medium enterprises in the business activities of domestic and export.
.,, (2) implementation of the provisions referred to in subsection (1) is carried out by the Government and local authorities.
Article 15 aspects of institutional support as referred to in article 7 paragraph (1) the letter h is aimed to develop and improve the function of incubators, business development services, financial consultancy partner banks, and other such professions as an institution supporting the development of micro, small, and medium enterprises.

CHAPTER VI article 16 BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT.,, (1) the Government and the local government facilitate the development efforts in the areas of:.,, a. production and processing;

b. marketing;

c. human resources; and d. Design and technology.
.,, (2) the corporate world and the public participate actively doing development as referred to in paragraph (1).
.,, (3) further Provisions regarding the procedures for development, priority, intensity, and the development period is set by government regulations.
Article 17 the development in the field of production and processing referred to in article 16 paragraph (1) letter a is done by:.,, a. improving production techniques and processing and management capabilities for micro, small, and medium enterprises;
.,, b. provide ease in the provision of infrastructure, production and processing of raw materials, ingredients, intermediate products, and packaging for micro, small, and medium enterprises; c. encourage the application of standardization in the process of production and processing; and d. improve an engineering and architecture for medium-sized Businesses.

Article 18 the development in the field of marketing, as stipulated in article 16 paragraph (1) letter b is carried out by means of: a. carry out the research and marketing studies;

b. disseminate market information;

c. improve management and marketing techniques;., d., provides a means of marketing that include conducting market trials, marketing agencies, provision of home trade and the promotion of Small and micro enterprises; e. provide support product promotion, marketing, and distribution network; and f. provide professional consultant in the field of marketing.

Article 19 the development in the field of human resources referred to in article 16 paragraph (2) Letter c is carried out by means of: a. promote and cultivate entrepreneurship;

b. improving the managerial and technical skills; and, c.., forming and developing education and training institutions to conduct education, training, counseling, motivation and creativity of business, and the creation of new entrepreneurs.
Article 20 the development in the field of design and technology as stipulated in article 16 paragraph (1) the letter d is done by:.,, a. enhancing capabilities in the field of design and technology as well as quality control; b. enhancing cooperation and technology transfer;., c. increase the ability of small and medium enterprises in the fields of research to develop the design and new technologies;
.,, d. offer incentives to micro, small, and medium enterprises that develop technology and preserving the environment; and, e. encourage micro, small, and medium enterprises to obtain the certificate of intellectual property.
CHAPTER VII FINANCING and GUARANTEE financing and Guarantee is considered part of the micro and Small chapter 21.,, (1) the Government and the local Government provide financing for micro and small.
.,, (2) State-owned enterprises can provide financing of part of the annual profit allowance allocated to the small and micro enterprises in the form of the granting of a loan, guarantee, grants, and other funding.
.,, (3) major national and foreign Businesses can provide the financing allocated to the Small and micro enterprises in the form of the granting of a loan, guarantee, grants, and other funding.
.,, (4) Government, local governments, and the corporate world can give grants, lobbies for foreign aid, and the pursuit of other financing sources are legitimate and are not binding for micro and small.
.,, (5) Government and local Government can provide incentives in the form of licensing requirements, ease of tariff relief, infrastructure and other forms of incentives in accordance with the provisions of the legislation to the corporate world that provides financing for micro and small.
Article 22 in order to increase the sources of financing micro and small businesses, the Government made efforts:.,, a. development financing from the banking credit and financial institutions is not a bank; b. the development of venture capital institutions;

c. institutionalization against factoring transactions;.,, d. increased cooperation among micro and small enterprises through cooperative loan and financial services cooperatives conventional and Sharia; and, e. any other financing sources development in accordance with the provisions of the legislation.
Article 23

.,, (1) to improve the access of micro and Small against the source of financing as referred to in article 22, the Government and the local governments:.,,.,, a. foster, develop, and expand the network of financial institutions is not a bank;
.,, b. grow, develop, and expand the range of credit guarantor institution; and, c. provide ease and facilitation in fulfilling the requirements for obtaining financing.
.,, (2) the corporate world and the public participate actively in improving access of small and micro enterprises against the loan or credit referred to in subsection (1) done by:.,, a. improve compile feasibility study effort;.,, b. increasing knowledge about the procedure of filing a credit or loan; and c. improve understanding and technical skills and managerial efforts.
The second part of the financing and Guarantee Undertakings of medium section 24 Governments and local governments do Business empowerment in the field of Secondary financing and guarantee with:.,, a. facilitate and encourage an increase in the working capital and investment financing through the expansion of the sources and patterns of financing, access to capital markets, and other financing institutions; and, b. a credit guarantor institution, develop and improve the function of guarantor institution exports.
CHAPTER VIII the PARTNERSHIP Article 25.,, (1) local governments, Businesses and communities, supporting, facilitating and stimulating the activities of the partnership, interdependence, trust, strengthen, and profitable.
.,, (2) Partnerships between micro, small, and medium enterprises and partnerships between micro, small, and medium with great effort includes process instead of skills in the field of production and processing, marketing, human resources, capital, and technology.
.,, (3) the Minister and the Minister of Technical regulating the granting of incentives to Big Businesses that do partnership with micro, small, and medium enterprises through innovation and development of export-oriented products, the absorption of labor, the use of appropriate technology and environmentally friendly, as well as organizing education and training.
Article 26 the partnerships implemented with pattern: a. inti-plasma;

b. subcontracting;

c. franchise;

d. General trading;

e. distribution and agency; and, f. other partnership forms, such as: for results, operational cooperation, joint venture (JV), and penyumberluaran (outsourcing).
Article 27 implementation of partnerships with core plasma-pattern as stipulated in article 26 letter a, great effort as a core build and develop micro, small, and medium enterprises, which became plasmanya in: a. the provision and preparation of land;

b. the provision of the means of production;

c. the granting of technical guidance production and business management;

d. acquisition, mastery, and an increase in the required technologies;

e. Financing;

f. marketing;

g. guarantee;

h. granting of information; and,, i. the granting of assistance necessary for increased efficiency and productivity and business insights.
Article 28 implementation of the partnership effort with the pattern of subcontracting as referred to Article 26 the letter b, to produce the goods and/or services, great effort to provide support in the form of: a. the opportunity to work on some production and/or its components;.,, b. chance obtain raw materials produced on an ongoing basis with quantities and at reasonable prices; c. guidance and technical skills in the production or management;

d. acquisition, mastery, and an increase in the required technologies;., e., financing and payment system settings that are not detrimental to either party; and f. the effort not to make unilateral termination.

Article 29.,, (1) the great effort that expands its business by way of franchising as stipulated in article 26 letter c, provides the opportunity and give precedence to micro, small, and medium enterprises who have the ability.
.,, (2) the giver and recipient franchise franchise gave priority to the use of the goods and/or materials produced in the country all meet the standards of quality of goods and services that are provided and/or sold the franchise agreement.
.,, (3) required to provide coaching franchise Giver in the form of training, guidance or operational management, marketing, research, and development of a franchise to a recipient on an ongoing basis.
Article 30.,, (1) the implementation of a partnership with the general pattern of trade as stipulated in article 26 letter d, can be done in the form of marketing cooperation, provision of business location, or receipt of supplies from the micro, small, and medium enterprises by great effort done openly.
.,, (2) the fulfillment of the needs of the goods and services needed by the great effort carried out with emphasis on provision of the results of the production of small or micro enterprises along the standards of quality of goods and services as needed.
.,, (3) Setting the payment system is done with no detriment to one party.
Article 31 in the implementation of the partnership with the patterns of distribution and agency as stipulated in article 26 letter e, great effort and/or Medium Businesses gives special rights to market goods and services to micro enterprises and/or small businesses.

Article 32 in terms of micro, small, and medium-sized business with a capital of a joint venture organized by a foreign party, as set forth in the provisions of the applicable legislation.

Article 33 Implementation partnership effort successful, between the great effort with micro, small, and medium enterprises can be followed up with stock ownership opportunity great effort by micro, small, and medium enterprises.

Article 34.,, (1) partnership agreement set forth in a written agreement at least regulate business activities, rights and obligations of each party, forms development, time period, and the settlement of disputes.
.,, (2) the partnership agreement as referred to in paragraph (1) are reported to the appropriate authorities in accordance with the provisions of the legislation.
.,, (3) partnership agreement referred to in subsection (1) must not be contrary to the fundamental principle of independence of the micro, small, and medium enterprises as well as not creating dependence of micro, small, and medium businesses against Big Business.
.,, (4) to monitor the implementation of the partnership as referred to in paragraph (1) and (2), the Minister may establish the agency coordinating national and regional business partnership.
Article 35.,, (1) Big Businesses are prohibited from owning and/or mastered the micro, small, medium-sized and/or its business partners as in the implementation of the partnership relationships as referred to in article 26.
.,, (2) medium-sized Businesses are prohibited from owning and/or controlled Micro and/or small business partners.
Article 36.,, (1) in implementing the partnership referred to in Article 26 the parties have equal legal position and against their applicable laws of Indonesia.
.,, (2) the implementation of the partnership is regulated in an orderly and organised by an institution that was established and tasked to oversee business competition as set forth in the legislation.
Article 37 further Provisions regarding the pattern of partnerships as referred to in article 26 is set by government regulations.

CHAPTER IX the COORDINATION and CONTROL of EMPOWERING micro, small, and MEDIUM ENTERPRISES Article 38.,, (1) the Minister exercise the coordination and control of empowering micro, small, and medium enterprises.
.,, (2) the coordination and control of empowering micro, small, and medium enterprises as referred to in paragraph (1) was implemented nationally and regions include: the preparation and integration of policies and programs, implementation, monitoring, evaluation, and control of the implementation of the public against the empowerment of micro, small, and medium enterprises, including the conduct of the partnership business and financing of micro, small, and medium enterprises.
.,, (3) the provisions on the Organization of the coordination and control of empowering micro, small, and medium enterprises set up with government regulations.
CHAPTER X ADMINISTRATIVE SANCTIONS and CRIMINAL PROVISIONS is considered Part of the administrative Sanctions Article 39.,, (1) Big Businesses that violate the provisions of article 35 paragraph (1) of the administrative penalties in the form of business license revocation and/or a maximum fine of Rp RP 10.000.000.000 (ten billion rupiah) by authorized agencies.
.,, (2) medium-sized Businesses that violate the provisions of article 35 paragraph (2) imposed an administrative sanction in the form of business license revocation and/or a maximum fine of Rp RP 5 billion (five billion dollars) by the authorized agency.
.,, (3) further Provisions on the procedures for administrative sanctions as referred to in paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) is set by government regulations.
The second part of criminal Provisions article 40 any person benefit yourself or others by claiming to or used the name micro, small, and medium enterprises so as to get the ease to acquire funds, place of business, and business activities, or the procurement of goods and services to the Government for micro, small, and medium enterprises are convicted with imprisonment not more than 5 (five) years and a maximum fine of Rp criminal 10.000.000.000 RP (ten billion rupiah).

CHAPTER XI CLOSING PROVISIONS Article 41 Government Regulation as implementing legislation was enacted at least 12 (twelve) months or one (1) year after the Act is enacted.

Article 42 at the time this law comes into force, the legislation of the Republic of Indonesia number 9 of 1995 concerning small enterprises (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 74 in 1995, State Gazette Supplementary 1995 Number 3611) revoked and declared inapplicable.

Article 43 at the time this law comes into force, all laws and regulations relating to small and medium enterprises were declared valid all does not conflict with the provisions of this Act.


Article 44 of this Act comes into force on the date of promulgation.

In order to make everyone aware of it, ordered the enactment of this legislation with its placement in the State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia.

.,, Enacted in Jakarta on July 4, 2008 The PRESIDENT of the REPUBLIC of INDONESIA Dr. h. SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO Enacted in Jakarta on July 4, 2008 the MINISTER of LAW and HUMAN RIGHTS Republic of INDONESIA, STATE GAZETTE SUPPLEMENTARY MATTOANGIN RI No. 4866 (explanation of the 2008 State Gazette Number 93) EXPLANATION for the law of the Republic of INDONESIA NUMBER 20 in 2008 ABOUT micro, small , And SECONDARY PUBLIC., i., national development aims to realize a fair and prosperous societies that uneven material and spiritual based on Pancasila and the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945 within the unitary State of Republic of Indonesia vessel that is independent, United, and independent people in a nation of perikehidupan a safe, orderly, and dynamic in an independent environment, friendly, and peaceful.
., National development, which covers all aspects of the life of the nation is held together by the community and the Government. The community became the protagonists of development, and the Government is obliged to direct, guide, protect and cultivate an atmosphere and climate support.
.,, Micro, small, and medium-sized businesses that are able to expand employment and provide economic services broadly to society, and can play a role in the process of Equalization and the increase in people's income, encouraging economic growth, and play a role in realizing stability nationwide. In addition, micro, small, and medium enterprises is one of the main pillars of the national economy should gain a major opportunity, support, protection and development of existence as a form of strict partisanship to people's economic business group, without neglecting the role of Big Businesses and State-owned enterprises.
.,, Although micro, small, and medium enterprises has demonstrated its role in the national economy, but still face a variety of obstacles and constraints, both internal and external in nature, in terms of production and processing, marketing, human resources, design and technology, capital, and business climate.
.,, To increase opportunity, the ability, and protection of micro, small, and medium enterprises, has established various policies about backup efforts, funding, and development but not yet optimal. It is because the policy has not been able to provide protection, the certainty of trying, and adequate facilities for the empowerment of micro, small, and medium enterprises.
., That, with respect to micro, small, and medium enterprises need to be empowered in a way:.,, a. growth business climate that supports the development of micro, small, and medium enterprises; and b. the development and construction of the micro, small, and medium enterprises.
.,, As an effort to enhance the capabilities and role of institutional as well as micro, small, and medium enterprises in the national economy, hence the empowerment needs to be implemented by the Government, local governments, Businesses, and society as a whole, synergistic, and continuous improvement.
.,, In empowering micro, small, and medium enterprises, the whole of the legislation pertaining to micro, small, and medium enterprises constitute a complementary unity with this legislation.
., This legislation, drafted with a view to empowering micro, small, and medium enterprises. In general the structure and content of the Act contains general provisions, principles of, principles and goals of empowerment, criteria, growth of business climate, business development, financing and guarantee, partnership, and coordination of enforcement, penalties and administrative criminal provision.

II. For the SAKE of ARTICLE ARTICLE article 1., pretty clear, article 2, letter a,.,, is a "principle of family" is the principle of informing empowering micro, small, and medium enterprises as part of the national economy was held based upon the economic democracy with the principle of mutuality, fairness, efficiency, environmentally sustainable, independence, balance, unity and progress of the national economy for the well-being of all the people of Indonesia. The letter b.,, is a "fundamental economic democracy" is the empowerment of micro, small, and medium enterprises organised as unified of the construction of the national economy to realize the prosperity of the people. The letters c, a, is the "principle of togetherness" is the principle that drives the entire role of micro, small, and medium enterprises and the business world together in its activities to realize the people's welfare. D.,, is a "principle of efficiency of Justice" is the principle underlying the implementation of empowering micro, small, and medium enterprises with an emphasis on the efficiency of Justice in an attempt to realize a fair business climate, conducive, and competitive power. The letter e.,, is a "sustainable basis" is the principle that programmatically through the pembangungan process goes by seeking the empowerment of micro, small, and medium enterprises conducted on an ongoing basis so that it formed a tough economy and independent. The letter f,, is a "principle of environmentally" is the principle of empowering micro, small, and medium enterprises conducted with fixed notice and give priority to the protection and preservation of the environment. The letter g.,, is a "principle of independence" is the principle of empowering micro, small, and medium enterprises conducted while maintaining and promoting the potential, ability, and self-sufficiency micro, small, and medium enterprises. The letter h.,, is a "principle of balance of progress" is the principle of empowering micro, small, and medium enterprises that strive to maintain balance in the economic progress of the unity of the national economy. The letter i.,, is a "principle of the unity of the national economy" is the principle of empowering micro, small, and medium enterprises which are part of the construction of the unity of the national economy.

Section 3., pretty clear, article 4, article 5, clear enough, clear enough, article 6, paragraph (1), letter a, the definition of "net worth" is the result of a reduction in the total value of business wealth (assets) with a total value of liabilities, not including land and building businesses. Letter, b., the definition of "proceeds" was the result of net sales (net) derived from the sale of goods and services of his efforts in one fiscal year. Subsection (2), quite obviously, subsection (3), quite obviously, subsection (4), is quite clear, article 7, article 8, clear enough, clear enough, article 9, letter a, letter b, quite clearly, does "provide certain infrastructure tariff relief" is a distinction based on the tariff treatment of the Ordinance the Government and local governments either directly or indirectly by granting waivers.

Article 10, letter a.,, is a "data banks and information networks business" is a variety of business and data center business information systems owned by the Government or private. The letter b, Letter c, clear enough, clear enough, article 11, letter a, letter b, clear enough, clear enough, Letter c, letter d, clear enough, clear enough, the letter e.., bargaining Position, in this provision was intended to conduct cooperation efforts with other parties have positions that are worth and mutual benefit. The letter f, letter g, is quite clear.,, Mastery of the market and the concentration of effort must be prevented so as not to disadvantage the micro, small, and medium enterprises.

Article 12, paragraph (1), letter a, the definition of "simplifying the procedures and types of licensing", is to provide ease of licensing requirements and procedures as well as the existence of information.

What is meant by "one door integrated service system" is the process of managing the licensing effort, beginning from the stage of the application up to the stage of publication of the document, is done in one place is based on the principle of service as follows: a. the simplicity in the process;

b. the clarity in the service;

c. the certainty of completion time;

d. cost-certainty;

e. place of security services;

f. responsibilities of officers of the Ministry;

g. the completeness of service facilities and infrastructure;

h. ease of access services; and i. discipline, courtesy, and hospitality services. The letter b., quite obviously, subsection (2), sections 13, pretty clear., paragraph (1), letter a, letter b, clear enough, clear enough, Letter c, letter d, clear enough, clear enough, the letter e, letter f, clear enough, clear enough, g., Letter, the definition of "priority" is to empower small and medium enterprises in accordance with the provisions of the legislation. The letter h., quite obviously, subsection (2), clause 14 is clear enough, clear enough, Chapter 15.,, is the "incubator" is an institution that provides services for new entrepreneurial growth and retaining resource access attempt to the progress of micro, small, and medium enterprises as partners. Incubator developed include: technology, business incubators, and other appropriate incubator with the potential and resources of the local economy.

The definition of "business development service agencies (business development services-providers)" is an institution that provides consulting and mentoring to develop micro, small, and medium enterprises.

The definition of "financial consultant partner bank" is a consultant in business development agency whose job doing consulting and mentoring to micro, small, and medium enterprises to access the banking and/or credit financing from financial institutions other than banks.

Article 16, article 17, pretty clear., letter a., of, quite clearly the letter b

Quite clearly, the letters c, a, this provision is intended so that there is consistency in maintaining product quality. D., letter, is "the ability of architecture" is the ability to design a business activity.

What is meant by "an engineering capability" (engineering) is the ability to change a process, or a way of making a product and/or service.

Article 18, Subparagraph a.,, research and study of marketing done by the Government and the local governments include mapping the potential and power of micro, small, and medium enterprises intended to set Government policy and local Government to business development and expansion and the opening of a new venture. The letter b, Letter c, clear enough, clear enough, the letter d., quite clearly, the letter e, letter f, clear enough, clear enough, article 19, article 20 is quite clear, quite obviously, chapter 21,, is quite clear.

Section 22, letter a, letter b, clear enough, clear enough, Letter c, letter d, clear enough, clear enough, the letter e.,, in the framework of the implementation of the activities of the financing for micro enterprises on the basis of this law can be developed for Micro finance institutions in accordance with the legislation.

Article 23, section 24, is clear enough, clear enough, Article 25, Article 26, clear enough, clear enough, article 27, Article 28, clear enough, clear enough, Article 29, article 30, clear enough, clear enough, article 31, Article 32, clear enough, clear enough, Article 33,, is a "chance of ownership" is that micro, small, and medium enterprises got priority in large Businesses share ownership open (going public).

Article 34, Article 35 is pretty obvious, pretty clear, Article 36, Article 37 is clear enough, clear enough, Article 38, Article 39, clear enough, clear enough, article 40, Article 41, it is clear enough, clear enough, Article 42, Article 43, clear enough, clear enough, Article 44.,, is quite clear