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Regulation 7-2008 Text copy _?.
PRESIDENT of the REPUBLIC of INDONESIA REGULATION back number 7 in 2008 ABOUT the GENERAL POLICY of the STATE DEFENSE with the GRACE of GOD ALMIGHTY the PRESIDENT of the REPUBLIC of INDONESIA,.,, Considering: a. that the conduct of the defence of the country is one of the functions of the Government which aims to preserve and protect the country's sovereignty, territorial integrity of the Republic of Indonesia, the United State as well as salvation of all Nations from any form of threat;
.,, b. that based on the provisions of article 13 of Act No. 3 of 2002 on State Defense, in the management of the country's defense system, the President of the public policy defence state that became a reference for the planning, organizing, and monitoring the country's defence system;
.,, c. that based on considerations as referred to in letters a and b, have to set Rules about Public Policy Defense President State;
.,, Considering: 1. Article 4 paragraph (1) of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945;
., ,2. Act No. 3 of 2002 on State Defense (Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Year 2002 number 3, an additional Sheet of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4169);
., ,3. Act No. 17 of 2007 about the Long-term National Development Plan 2005-2025 (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 33 in 2007, an additional Sheet of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4700);
., ,4. Presidential Regulation number 7 in 2005 about the medium term National development plan 2004-2009 (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia number 11 in 2005);
DECIDED:.,, define: PRESIDENTIAL REGULATION CONCERNING PUBLIC POLICY DEFENCE of the country.
Section 1.,, (1) the State Public Policy Defence in order management of the defense system of the country.
.,, (2) Public Policy defence of Countries as referred to in paragraph (1) be a reference for the planning, organizing, and monitoring the country's defense system.
Article 2 the State Public Defense Policy as referred to in article 1 is attached and part as inseparable from the Rule of the President.
Article 3 of the regulation this President comes into force on the date specified.
.,, Set in Jakarta on January 26, 2008 The PRESIDENT of the REPUBLIC of INDONESIA Dr. h. SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO PRESIDENT REPUBLIC of INDONESIA REGULATION ATTACHMENT number: 7 in 2008 date: 26 January 2008 PUBLIC POLICY DEFENCE COUNTRIES INTRODUCTION 1. General, defence of the country, as one of the functions of the Government is to ensure the integrity of the fixed tegaknya and unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia based on Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution. In fact the defense of the Republic of Indonesia is any defense efforts are hosts who convene based on awareness of the rights and obligations of a citizen and a belief in the power of his own.
.,, Indonesia is an archipelago consisting of more than 17,000 island is the largest island nation with territorial jurisdiction over the ocean is vast and very diverse population. The threats faced by Indonesia could be a military threat or threat of non military, so defense force needed to face the threat of both types in accordance with the provisions of the legislation.
.,, In order to face the threats that may arise, the indispensable Organization of reliable State and defense that have high power charms. Therefore required the development of strength and the ability of continuous and sustainable. Meanwhile, the ability of continuously and sustainability. Meanwhile, the ability of budget support is still very limited, so it needs to be structured so that the conduct of the defence policies of the various countries can be carried out effectively and efficiently.
2. Goals and purpose.
Public Policy, the country's Defense policy is the President of the Republic of Indonesia concerning the defence of the Republic of Indonesia, to be used as a guideline in the implementation of the management of the defence of the Republic of Indonesia.
3. Scope and Systematics.
., General policy, the scope of the defence of the country includes the background and the fine points of thoughts up to the implementation, in the form of various policies, which are arranged in systematic writing as follows: a. Introduction b. c. State Defensive cornerstone of defence policy the country d. Cover STATE DEFENSE RUNWAY 4. Indonesia's National Interests.
Indonesia, the nation, in a unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia has sovereign National ideals and national goal as stated in the Preamble of 1945. The national goal is referred to as a lasting national interests. In the course of its history, from time to time in the midst of the development of the strategic environment, both at the national, regional and global, Indonesia always had national interests that is dynamic covers national security, national economy and national well-being. In the period 2004-2009, Indonesia's national interests expressed as a vision and mission the national medium-term Development, i.e. a secure and peaceful Indonesia; A fair and democratic Indonesia; and a prosperous Indonesia. National interests consists of 3 (three) strata, namely:, Absolute, a., the continuity of the State Union of Republic of Indonesia, in the form of territorial integrity, national sovereignty, and the salvation of the nation of Indonesia.
.,, b. important, form of democracy, political and economic harmony relationships between tribal, religious, racial, and class (SARA), respect for human rights, and the development of Insightful environment.
.,, c., a supporter of world peace and the involvement of Indonesia widely in an effort to make it happen.
5. Indonesia's national security.
., National security, Indonesia in fact is a sense of security and peace of the nation of Indonesia in a unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia Wada. Indonesia national security interest is interest against the success of all resources and efforts to keep and maintain a sense of security and peace of the nation of Indonesia that its coverage encompasses the State defence, State security, public safety and the security of the individual. Therefore, in order to ensure the attainment of the national interest required policy and strategy of an integrated national policy and strategies, such as national security, national economic policies and strategies, as well as policy and strategy of the national welfare. The national security policy and strategy itself is some sort of policy and strategy in the field of foreign policy, domestic politics, the country's defense, State security, public safety, and security of the individual. Therefore, the implementation of the country's defense policy and strategy as an integral part of the national security policy requires the active participation of other departments/agencies that handle the national economy and national well-being.
6. The system of Defense and security of the people of the universe.
.,, In order to maintain, protect, and maintain the national security Constitution, based on article 30 of the country's defense and security efforts implemented through a system of Defense and security of the people of the universe (Sishankamrata) and the national army and the police of the Republic of Indonesia Indonesia as a major power, and the people as a power supporters. Sishankamrata is the doctrine of defence strategy and countries using all our strength and capabilities of military and non-military components thoroughly and integrated. Sishankamrata is also the strategy of penangkalan which is populist, cantonal, and kesemestaan. In order to guarantee the interests of national security, Sishankamrata involves all the holders of the role in a comprehensive manner in order to make the country's defense, State security, public safety, and security of the individual.
7. The geopolitical and Geostrategi Indonesia.
.,, Indonesia's geographical Constellation in the shape of the island nation and its society are very diverse; the presence of Indonesia's position as a cross between the two continents and two oceans; as well as natural resource wealth owned by Indonesia, are factors that greatly affect the dynamics of the political, economic, and national security of Indonesia. Aware of it, then Indonesia develop and foster geopolitical insight nusantara (Archipelagic Outlook) and its implementation in the form of national resilience geostrategi (National Resilience). That view steadily gradually developed into a broader context in the form of regional insight and regional resilience. Characteristics of geography and demographics of Indonesia hinted that insight nusantara and endurance should also continue to ditumbuhkembangkan into. Therefore continues to have an increased understanding and implementation insights archipelago and national resilience in the region, especially in remote areas and border regions including the outlying islands.
The COUNTRY'S DEFENSE POLICY 8. Defense Strategy and doctrine.
., The doctrine of Defense and Defense Strategy drafted to synergize the performance component of the military and Military Nir in order to keep, protect and maintain Indonesia's national interests. The doctrine is defensive alignment of the components of the military and the military are Nir Dwiwarna share archipelago.
.,, Military doctrine are: Trimatra Nusantara (AD, AL, AU) while the doctrine of the nature of the Military Dwidarma Nir Archipelago from the backup components and supporting components. Based on the factors that affect the present global, regional, and national defense strategy drafted a unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia in the form of strategies, namely: Penangkalan., a. multilapis Defense with Center of gravity popular support over the TNI's role as a major force that determines on land, at sea and in the air.
.,, b. Is the total defense integrated Military components and between Nir Military to face any form of threat.
.,, c. at the national level in the form of integrated network Resilience in the region including in border regions and remote areas based on martial spirit of the country.
.,, d. At the regional level in the form of a network of cooperation between the countries of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) by using Military components and Nir-military (economic, cultural, identity) are integrated in order to maintain, protect and maintain Indonesia's national interests.
9. The Policy Development strength of the defense.
., Defense force, the development includes the construction of national capabilities in the field of Defense at the level of Policy or operational level. At the policy level in the form of an increase in the ability of the Government bureaucracy (the Department of Defense and other Agencies/Departments related) in formulating political decisions related to the management of the Defense of the country. While at the operational level in the form of the construction of the power components of the defence, which consists of the main components/Indonesia national armed forces (TNI), a component of the Reserve Component, and supporters.
Component Development, prioritized the development of Defense major components, while the preparation of Backup Components and Supporting Components implemented gradually according the ability of resources available. Its implementation utilizes the most of the capabilities of national resources are integrated as one of the form Sishankamrata. For it needs to be immediately carried out measures to speed up the attainment of independence of the defense industry.
., The main components of Development, based on the concept of defense-based capabilities (Capability-based defence) without prejudice to the possibility of threats being faced as well as the stage of considering the development trend of strategic environment. Its implementation is directed towards the achievement of a minimum staple strength (Minimum Essential Force), i.e. the level of power that is able to guarantee immediate defense strategic interests, the primary Tools Procurement weapon system (Alutsista) equipment and other prioritized for added strength minimum principal and/or replace equipment equipment that There are already not worth taking. The addition of a power is exercised only upon the urgent needs and are really necessary. Given the limitations of the ability of the Government budget as well as the challenges faced, the tri-dimension construction of integrated Army directed on achievement of establishment strength, while the INDONESIAN Navy and the INDONESIAN air force is directed on modernization and development.
., Development, backup components require large financial support as well as adequate infrastructure. In addition it also required a clear legal basis, since it concerns the rights and responsibilities of citizens in the effort of the whole defense. Therefore the construction of a reserve component was implemented gradually according the ability of available resources, by first drawing up a reserve component of the legislation as legal basis the formation and its use. While the construction of the supporting Components is the development of every aspect of national life carried out by the departments/agencies that each result is geared to the interests of the defence.
10. The policy Deployment and use of the strength of the defense.
.,, The deployment and use of the strength of the defense is based on the doctrine and Sishankamrata strategy that was implemented based on consideration of the threats faced by Indonesia. In order for the deployment and use of the defense force can be implemented effectively and efficiently, attempted a synergistic alignment between military elements with other military items, as well as between military forces with a military force of nir. Alignment between military elements embodied in the alignment of Tri-Dimension, i.e. the alignment between land forces, naval forces, and air power. While the alignment between the military forces and the strength of the military realized in nir alignment between major components, the components of the backup, and the supporting components. The alignment is required in the deployment and use of the defense force, both in order to face the threat of both traditional and non-traditional threats.
., Based on the analysis of the strategic environment, then the military threat from another country (traditional threats) in the form of invasion, is less likely. However, the likelihood of the threat cannot be ignored and should still be considered. The more traditional threat is probably the limited conflicts relating to the offence or concerning the territory and border issues. The main components are prepared to carry out a military operation for the war (OMP). The use of the backup component is implemented as a major component of the force multiplier when needed, through a process of mobilization/demobilization. Kendatipun defense force ready to be deployed to carry out the OMP, however any form of disagreement with other countries always have to be solved through the path of peace. The use of the defense force for the purpose of war only as a last resort if peaceful means failed.
.,, Non-traditional Threats are threats made by actor nonnegara against State sovereignty, territorial integrity, and safety of the nation of Indonesia. Non-traditional threats is a factual threat currently faced by Indonesia. Included in this is the threat of the armed separatist movement, international and domestic terrorism, radical action, theft of natural resources, the crime of smuggling, cross country, and various forms of action of other large scale illegal. Therefore the strength of the defense, especially the AIR FORCE, is also prepared to carry out military operations other than war (OMSP) to face the non-traditional threats. The deployment of the force was carried out based on the OMSP for the TNI political decision of the Government.
., TNI, organizational structure is designed as a solid organization, have high mobility, as well as having the capability of complete equipment and personnel to cope with emergency situations. With such characteristics, then the TNI is prepared to be able to help State tasks to carry out emergency response actions in dealing with the aftermath of natural disasters. In addition, the AIR FORCE can also be deployed to assist in the implementation of the tasks of other countries, such as the cope with disease outbreaks, cope with riots, keep order of society, and so on. These tasks are part of the OMSP.
11. Budgeting Policy.
.,, Limited ability of the Government in allocating budget defense is a very significant obstacle to the development efforts of strength as well as the deployment and use of the strength of the defense. In fact, the determination of the allocation of the budget are not enough just upon the condition of the national economy, but also must be based on the defense needs of the ratio which is able to ensure the stability of security. Therefore, the budget allocation was implemented based on the scale of priorities strictly. Looking ahead, it is expected the defense budget allocation can be enhanced gradually, at least until the defense force can be achieved at the level of the minimum principal strength.
12. International Cooperation Policy.
., International cooperation in the field of Defense, is part of foreign policy, so that it will not lead or a Defense Pact. International cooperation in the field of defence carried out either in the framework of the construction of the power as well as the deployment and use of force.
., Kendatipun, so to meet the needs of the development of strength, the use of domestic products is a priority. Whereas the deployment and use of force in international cooperation was implemented as part of an effort to build confidence as well as diplomacy, and to solve the security issues that need to be addressed together. In order to participate actively in realizing world peace, peacekeeping delivery is carried out only upon request and mandate of the United Nations.
13. The national resource management Policy.
.,, In the framework of management of national resources for the benefit of the defense of the country, the Ministry of Defense serves as directions involving other departments/agencies related appropriate duties respectively. In regard that each Department/Agency is obligated to have a program to maintain and create the conditions for national resilience within the framework of the defence of the country. Science and technology cooperation between the Department of Defense with other institutions was implemented in order to improve the quality of human resources in the field of Defense, pushing the attainment of independence of the defense industry, and make room for other sectors to join in the management of the defence of the country.
14. Policy Development Posture of Defense.
., Backed by the defense posture, the development of environmental conditions strategic and defence budget support capabilities, as well as the urgent need to deal with national security threats. To realize the defense posture that has adequate capability, required the presence of scale priorities in development plans that include the development of Major weapons systems, the Spatial Defence, civil defence, Development and structuring of organizational structure.
15. Policy oversight.
., To ensure the accountability of the implementation functions of Defense, needed oversight of Executive and legislature toward organizing the defense of the country.
COVER 16. Public policy Defence State President of the Republic Indonesia was set to be used as guidelines for the Ministry of defence as holders of the authority and the responsibility of organizing the defense of the country, and the head of Department/agencies other related appropriate authority and responsibilities of each in the field of Defense.
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