Railway Signal Order 1959

Original Language Title: Eisenbahn-Signalordnung 1959

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Railway signalling system 1959 (ESO 1959)

Non-official table of contents

ESO 1959

Date of release: 07.10.1959

Full quote:

" Railway signalling system 1959 in the Bundesgesetzblatt part III, Classification number 933-6, published in a revised version, as last amended by Article 498 of the Regulation of 31 December 1993. October 2006 (BGBl. I p. 2407) "

:Last modified by Art. 498 V v. 31.10.2006 I 2407

For details, see the Notes


heading: ESO 1959 on the basis of § 3 para. 1 AllgEisenbG 930-1 and other items. § 1 ErmV to the AllgEisenbG v. 28.9.1955 I 654; it also applies in Berlin in accordance with the provisions of the German law. V v. 15.11.1984 930-1-2
Date: entered into force on 15.12.1959 in accordance with Art. 2 V v. 7.10.1959 II 1021
(+ + + TextProof Validate: 17.7.1986 + + +)

(+ + + measures due to the EinigVtr cf. ESO 1959 Annex EV + + +) Non-official Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Zp 2
a)Scope and responsibilities
b) Definitions
I.Main Signals (Hp)
StopSignal Hp 0
DriveSignal Hp 1
Slow driveSignal Hp 2
(omitted)Signal Hp 00
II.Presignals (Vr)
expect train contentsignal Vr 0
expect to drive Signal Vr 1
expecting slow driveSignal Vr 2
III.Main and Pre-Signal Connections (Sv)
Train stop! Continue on viewSignal Sv 0
Drive! Expect to driveSignal Sv 1
Drive! Stop waitingSignal Sv 2
Drive! Expect slow driveSignal Sv 3
Slow drive! Expect to driveSignal Sv 4
Slow drive! Expect slow driveSignal Sv 5
Slow drive! Stop expectingSignal Sv 6
IV.Additional signals (Zs)
Replacement signalSignal Zs 1
directional indicatorsignal Zs 2
directional indicatorsignal Zs 2v
speedometersignal Zs 3
Speed IndicatorSignal Zs 3v
Acceleration indicatorSignal Zs 4
Delay indicatorSignal Zs 5
Sliding indicator Signal Zs 6
Preview_signalSignal Zs 7
False Drive Order SignalSignal Zs 8
V. Signals for slide locomotives and locking drives (Ts)
Setting postpits Signal Ts 1
Hold for returning sliding coomotors and locking drivesSignal Ts 2
Forwarding for returning sliding cocomotives and lockersSignal Ts 3
VI.Slow driving signals (lf)
Slow drive Signal Lf 1
Initial DiskSignal Lf 2
End DiskSignal Lf 3
SpeedboardSignal Lf 4
Initial panelSignal Lf 5
Speed announcement design Signal Lf 6
Speed signalSignal Lf 7
VII.Protection signals (Sh)
Stop! Driving banSignal Sh 0
Driving ban liftedSignal Sh 1
Protection contentSignal Sh 2
Circular signalSignal Sh 3
(omitted)signal Sh 4
horn and whistle signal Signal Sh 5
VIIIRank Service Signals (Ra)
A. Rank Signals
DirectionsSignal Ra 1
HerkommenSignal Ra 2
PressSignal Ra 3
AbjectSignal Ra 4
Rank content Signal Ra 5
B.crushing signals
Stop! Depressing prohibitedSignal Ra 6
Slow downSignal Ra 7
Moderate quicklysignal Ra 8
Redraw Signal Ra 9
C.Other signals for the Ranching Service
Rank TableSignal Ra 10
waiting signsignal Ra 11
border signsignal Ra 12
isolation characterssignal Ra 13
IX.Soft Signals (Wn)
 Signals for simple switches and simple crossovings
Gerader BranchSignal Wn 1
Bowed BranchSignal Wn 2
Signals for double-crossing
straight from left to right Signal Wn 3
Right-to-leftSignal Wn 4
arc from left to leftSignal Wn 5
Right to right arcSignal Wn 6
X.train crew signals (Zp)
A.train driver signals
Eighth SignalSignal Zp 1
Moderate hand brakes
Heavily Tight-tightening Hand BrakesSignal Zp 3
solve a hand brakesignal Zp 4
Not_signalsignal Zp 5
Apply brakeSignal Zp 6
Brake solvingsignal Zp 7
brake in ordersignal Zp 8
AbusedSignal Zp 9
(dropped)Signal Zp 10
D.Call signals
ComingSignal Zp 11
Boundary Character Free Signal Zp 12
XI.Driving line signals (El)
turn-off signalsignal El 1
Power on signalSignal El 2
"Bow off" announcements designSignal El 3
"Bow off" signalSignal El 4
"Bow on" signal Signal El 5
Stop for vehicles with high-power usersSignal El 6
XII.Signs on trains (Zg)
Peak SignalSignal Zg 1
Final signalSignal Zg 2
(dropped)Signal Zg 3
(dropped) Signal Zg 4
XIII.Signals on individual vehicles (Fz)
Rank locomotive signalSignal Fz 1
Yellow flagSignal Fz 2
(omitted)Signal Fz 3
(omitted)signal Fz 4
XV.RottenwarnSignals (Ro)
Caution! In the neighbour track, vehicles are approachingSignal Ro 1
Working tracks clearSignal Ro 2
Work track quickly clearSignal Ro 3
flagshield Signal Ro 4
XVI.Side Signals (Ne)
TrapeztafelSignal Ne 1
Presignal boardSignal Ne 2
Presignal beaconsSignal Ne 3
ChessboardSignal Ne 4
Holding board Signal Ne 5
Holding Point PanelSignal Ne 6
SnowboardSignal Ne 7
(omitted)Signal Ne 8
(omitted)signal Ne 9
(dropped) Signal Ne 10
(omitted)Signal Ne 11
(omitted)Signal Ne 12
XVII. Signals for web transitions (Bü)
Stop before the railroad crossing! Continue after backupSignal Bü 0
The path crossing may be drivenSignal Bü 1
RautentafelSignal Bü 2
Merktafel Signal Bü 3
Pipe boardSignal Bü 4
Läutetafel Signal Bü 5
1.General Provisions
 2.Signals deviating from the provisions in Section B
I.Signs on trains (Zg)
Simplified Final SignalSignal Zg 102
II. Signals for web transitions (Bü)
Stop before the railroad crossing! Continue after backupSignal Bü 100
The path crossing may be drivenSignal Bü 101
RautentafelSignal Bü 102
Merktafel Signal Bü 103
III.to V.
3.Signals not included in Section B
Hazardous PaintSignal Ne 8
(omitted) Signal Zs V
Non-official table of contents


a) Scope and responsibilities (1) This Regulation shall apply to regular and narrow-gauge railways. It shall not apply to the operation or use of the railway lines of a non-public railway infrastructure undertaking.(2) The ESO signals must be applied at least to the extent required by the railway construction and operating systems (EBO and ESBO).(3) deviations from the ESO may be permitted in individual cases
the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban development for the Federal Railways (EB),
the competent national transport authorities for the non-national railways (NE) in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development.
(4) Signals deviating from the ESO with temporary validity can be applied by the Federal Railway Authority (Federal Railways), in the case of the non-national railways, the competent authorities of the Federal Republic of Germany. the Supreme State Transport Authority in agreement with the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development.(5) Instructions for the implementation of the ESO can be issued by the Federal Railway Authority, in the case of the non-federal railways of the highest national transport authority, on railways of the Federal Republic of Germany. The instructions and their amendments shall be notified to the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development in good time before the date of entry into force. (b) Definitions (6) The signals of ESO may only be used in the prescribed forms, colours and Klangarten and used for the intended purpose.(7) For the appearance of the signals, the description is decisive. The illustrations are used for explanation.(8) The night signs of the form signals shall be applied with the entrance of the twilight up to the entrance full of daylight. In case of insecure weather, the night signs shall in any case be applied until the daily signs are to be recognized at a distance of 100 m without any doubt.(9) Light signals at the location of which they are to be held when the signal image is obtained are identified by mast signs. ABSCHNITT B: THE SIGNALE
I. Main signals (Hp) (10) Main signals indicate whether the subsequent track section is allowed to be driven. The signal Hp 0 applies to train and shunting journeys. The signals Hp 1 and Hp 2 are valid only for train journeys.(11) The signals are either form signals and show one or two wings as day signs and as many lights as night signs, or they are light signals with one or two lights as day and night signs.(12) (13) A main light signal can be combined with a light input signal for a following main signal at a signal carrier. The main signal is then above the pre-signal. If several such signals follow one another, they are at fixed intervals. The distance between them is typically 1,000 to 1,300 m.
(Content: signals that cannot be displayed;
... Signal Hp 0
... Signal Hp 1
... Signal Hp 2
Slow trip
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1027, 1028) II. Pre-signals (Vr) (14) Presignals indicate which signal image is to be expected at the associated main signal. The signal Vr 0 can also announce a protection signal (Sh 0 or Sh 2).(15) The pre-signals are either stationary shape or light signals or heat signals.(16) The pre-signals are generally at a distance from the braking distance of the distance before the associated signal. If they are at a shorter distance, this is particularly indicated.(17) The stationary shape pre-signals generally show a yellow round disc with a black ring and a white border which can be folded around a horizontal axis and under which a moving yellow, black-framed arrowhimer is used for the announcement of the signal Hp 2. Wings with white edge can be located. As a night sign, two lights rising to the right are visible.(18) The light pre-signals show two lights rising to the right.(19) The heat presignals show the vertical round disc, as with fixed formwork presignals, but immobile and without wings, two yellow lights rising to the right at night.
(Content: signals that cannot be displayed;
... Signal Vr 0
expecting train stop
... Signal Vr 1
ride expect
... Signal Vr 2
Slow drive expect
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1029, 1039) III. Main and pre-signal connections (Sv) (20) Main and pre-signal connections are available only for rapid transit trains on your own railway (S-Bahn).
A main and pre-signal connection is a light signal of a special kind, the main and pre-signal. on a signal screen next to each other. The left lights correspond to the main signal images Hp 0, Hp 1 or Hp 2, and indicate whether the subsequent track section may be driven by a train. The right lights correspond to the pre-signal images Vr 0, Vr 1 or Vr 2 to the main signal image glowing at the next Sv signal.
(Content: signals that cannot be displayed;
... Signal Sv 0
Train stop! Continue on view
... Signal Sv 1
ride! Expecting to drive
... Signal Sv 2
ride! Waiting
... Signal Sv 3
ride! Expecting slow drive
... Signal Sv 4
Slow Drive! Expecting to drive
... Signal Sv 5
Slow Drive! Expecting slow drive
... Signal Sv 6
Slow Drive! Stop expecting
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1030, 1031) IV. Additional signals (Zs) (21) Additional signals replace a written command or supplement the travel orders issued by signals.
(Content: signals that cannot be displayed;
... Signal Zs 1-Spare signal-,
Am Signal Hp 0 or at the disturbed Passing the light main signal without a written command
... Signal Zs 2-direction indicator-,
The road leads into the indicated direction
... Signal Zs 2v-directional indicator,
expecting direction indicator (Zs 2)
... Signal Zs 3-Speed Indicator-,
The speed indicated by the indicator must not be exceeded by the signal in the subsequent switch range
... Signal Zs 3v-Speed preview-,
expecting speed indicators (Zs 3)
... Signal Zs 4-Acceleration indicator-,
shorten travel time
... Signal Zs 5-Delay Indicator-,
Slowing down
... Signal Zs 6-Track Change Indicator-,
The Driving Path runs into the adjacent continuous main track
... Signal Zs 7-Control signal-,
At the signal Hp 0 or at the disturbed light main signal, pass without a written command! Continue on sight!
... Signal Zs 8-false-drive order signal-
travel on false track
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1031-1033; BGBl I 1972, 451)
(21a) The signal Zs 8 also indicates that at the signal Hp 0 or at the disturbed light main signal without any need for a signal, the signal Zs 8 is not shown. The written command will be presented in the form of the written command. Signals for sliding cocomotives and locking drives (Ts) (22) The signals apply to sliding coomotors returning from the free track, and for locking journeys to the main station return.
(Content: non-displayable signals;
... Signal Ts 1
Setting the Reposition
... Signal Ts 2
Stop for returning sliding coomotors and locking drives
... Signal Ts 3
onward journey for returning Push-button cocomotives and locking drives
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1034; BGBl I 1972, 451)
VI. Slow driving signals (lf) (23) Slow driving signals are used for the identification of slow driving positions. In the case of railways of the Federal Republic of Germany, temporary slow-running points are generally indicated by the beginning and end plates (signals Lf 2 and Lf 3).
(Content: signals that cannot be shown;
... Signal lf 1-Slow-speed disk-,
Temporary slowdown where the displayed speed must not be exceeded
... Signal Lf 2-Starting disk-,
Start of temporary slowdown
... Signal Lf 3-End disk-,
End of Temporary slowdown
... Signal Lf 4-Speed Table-,
It follows a continuous slow-running station where the displayed speed must not be exceeded
... Signal Lf 5-Initial Board-,
the speed limit (Lf 4) indicated by the speed limit must be performed
... Signal Lf 6-Speed Announcement Signal,
A Speed Signal (Lf 7) is to be expected
... Signal Lf 7- Speed signal-
The displayed speed must not be exceeded by the signal
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1035, 1036; BGBl I 1986, 1013) VII. Protection signals (Sh) (24) Protection signals are used to seal off a track, to issue the order for holding, or to indicate the lifting of a driving ban.(25) The protection signals are valid for train and shunting operations.
(Content: non-representable signals;
... Signal Sh 0
Stop! Driving ban
... Signal Sh 1
Driving ban unleashed
... Signal Sh 2
Protection stop
... Signal Sh 3-Circular Signal-
Keep immediately
... Signal Sh 4,
... Signal Sh 5-Horn and whistle signal-
Keep up
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1036, 1037) VIII. Signals for the shunting service (Ra) (26) signals for the shunting service are used to give shunting departments the order to execute a shunting movement as well as to give certain references to trains and shunting departments.(27) Rank service signals include
the shunting signals,
the depressing signals,
the other signals for the shunting service.
A. Ranching signals (28) The shunting signals are given by the leader.
(Content: signals that cannot be displayed;
... Signal Ra 1
... Signal Ra 2
... Signal Ra 3
... Signal Ra 4
... Signal RA 5
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1038, 1039) B. Push-off signals (29) The push-off signals are used for understanding when shunting at the run-off hill; they can be form or light signals.(30) The shape signals consist of a beam which is rotatable around the centre of a round disc and which is illuminated in the dark. The round disks of the shape signals are white or black.(31) In the case of the light signals, the signal image is represented by white light strips on a dark signal screen. The light strips can also be made up of several lights.
(Content: signals that cannot be displayed;
... Signal Ra 6
stop! Banning depressing
... Signal Ra 7
Slong down
... Signal Ra 8
Power off quickly
... Signal Ra 9
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1039)
C. Other signals for the shunting service (content: non-displayable signals;
... Signal Ra 10-Rank table-
must not be ranked beyond the panel
... Signal Ra 11-Wait Sign-
Wait for the guard to rank
... Signal Ra 12- Boundary sign-
boundary, up to which the track is allowed to be occupied when the tracks are conversing
... Signal Ra 13-insulating character-
Labeling of the boundary of the track insulation
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1040, 1041) IX. Soft signals (Wn) (32) Soft signals indicate the route for which the switch is set.(33) The switch signals are either retro-blasting or, if the operation requires it, illuminate in the dark. Signals for simple switches and simple crossovings (content: signals that cannot be shown;
... Signal Wn 1
Gerader branch
Signal Wn 2
Curved Branch
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1041)
Signals for double crossing points (34) The labels on the left and right in the signal meaning indicate that the switch for the journey into or out of the corresponding branch.
(Content: non-displayable signals;
... Signal Wn 3
Right from left to right
... Signal Wn 4
Right from right to left
... Signal Wn 5
Bow from left to left
... Signal Wn 6
Bow from right to right
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1042)
X. Signals for the train crew (Zp) (35) The signals for the train crew include
the train driver's signals,
the brake test signals,
the departure signal,
the call signals.
A. Signals of the driver (36) The audible signals are given by the whistle or the device of the vehicle replacing them.
(Content: not Displayable signals;
... Signal Zp 1-Adirection Signal-
... Signal Zp 2
Hand brakes moderately attract
... Signal Zp 3
Hand brakes strongly tightest
... Signal Zp 4
solve hand brakes
... Signal Zp 5 -Emergency signal-
There has been something extraordinary on the train-
brakes and aid
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1043)
B. Brake test signals (37) Brake test signals regulate the brake test on air-braked trains and Rangiers departments. They are also used in brake tests.(38) Brake signals are given as hand signals or as light signals.
(Content: non-representable signals;
... Signal Zp 6
Apply Brake
... Signal Zp 7
brake release
... Signal Zp 8
brake in order
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1044)
C. Departure signal
(Content: non-displayable signals;
... Signal Zp 9
... Signal Zp 10,
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1045; BGBl I 1972, 452)
D. Call signals
(content: not Displayable signals;
... Signal Zp 11
... Signal Zp 12
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1045)
E. (39) u. (40) XI. Driving line signals (El) (41) The transmission line signals characterize driving line protection paths, travel line interruptions, disturbed driving line sections and the end of the travel line.(42) The route signals consist of a white-and black-and white-edged blue square panel with white signal signs on the top.(Content: non-displayable signals;
... Signal El 1-Off-Signal-
Power Off
... Signal El 2-power-on signal
power on allowed
... Signal El 3-"Bow off" -Announcements signal-
Signal "Bow off" expect
... Signal El 4-"Bow off" signal-
bracket from
... Signal El 5-"stirrup to" signal-
bracket to
... Signal El 6
Stop for vehicles with upscale power consumers
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1046, 1047; BGBl I 1972, 452)
XII. Signals on trains (Zg) (43) The signals characterize trains and on-going vehicles with power-driven vehicles.
(Content: signals that cannot be displayed;
... Signal Zg 1-Peak signal-
... Signal Zg 2-Final signal-
Labeling of the train connection
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1048; BGBl I 1986, 1013) (43a) The final signal needs to be visible only from the rear. If two characters are used, they must be of the same height.
... Signal Zg 3
... Signal Zg 4XIII. Signals on individual vehicles (Fz) (44) The signals indicate
shunting locomotives,
Vehicles, whose cast requires special precautions.

(Content: signals that are not displayable;
... Signal Fz 1-Rank locomotive signal-
Marking of a locomotive in the shunting service
... Signal Fz 2-Yellow flag-
Labeling of cars during a style camp with staff
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1049; BGBl I 1972, 452; BGBl I 1986, 1014)
... Signal Fz 3
... Signal Fz 4XIV.(45) XV. Red warning signals (Ro) (46) Rottenwarning signals give the persons employed in the track or in its vicinity instructions about their behaviour on the approach of vehicles.
(Content: signals that cannot be shown;
... Signal Ro 1
Caution! In the neighbour track, vehicles are approaching
... Signal Ro 2
Working tracks
... Signal Ro 3
Working tracks quickly clear
... Signal Ro 4-Flag-
Marking of the track side, according to which the Red Warning Signals Ro 2 and Ro 3 to clear the work track are
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1051)
XVI. Side signals (Ne)

(Content: non-displayable signals;
... Signal Ne 1-Trapezoid-
Labeling of the location where certain trains are to be held in front of an operating station
... Signal Ne 2-Pre-signal board-
Indication of the location of a presignal
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1051, 1052)
(46a) The pre-signal board can also stand alone
in place of a pre-signal for marking the distance ahead of a main signal, a light blocking signal, or a trapezoidal table,
as an indication of a pre-signal that is not right next to or above the track.

(Content: signals that cannot be displayed;
... Signal Ne 3-Presignal beacons-
Presignal is to be expected
... Signal Ne 4-Chess board-
The main signal is not located directly to the right of the track or above the track
... Signal Ne 5-Holding board-
Marking of the Zugspitze holding position in the case of schedule keeping trains
... Signal Ne 6-Breakpoint-
A breakpoint is to be expected
... Signal Ne 7-Snowboard-
... Signal Ne 8 to Signal Ne 12
Fundstelle: BGBl II 1959, 1052, 1053)
XVII. Signals for railway crossings (Bü) (46b) The monitoring signals Bü 0/Bü 1 as well as the signals Bü 2 and Bü 3 are located before level transitions with flashing lights or light signals (with or without half-limits), the signals Bü 4 and Bü 5 stand before level transitions without technical backup.
(Content: non-displayable signals;
... Signal Bü 0
Stop in front of the railway crossing! Continue after backup
... Signal Bü 1
The path transition can be driven
... Signal Bü 2-Rautentafel-
A surveillance signal is to be expected
Fundstelle: BGBl I 1972, 453; BGBl I 1986, 1014) (46c) The Rautentafel can be provided with a white retrorable edge on federal railways.
(Content: non-representable signals;
... Signal Bü 3-Merktafel-
Labeling of the turn-on point of flashing lights or light signs with Remote Monitoring
... Signal Bü 4-Pfeiftafel-
About 3 seconds long pipes
... Signal Bü 5-Läutetafel-
Es ist zu läuten
Fundstelle: BGBl I 1972, 454)
(47) Section C contains the signals which deviate from the provisions in Section B in the form or meaning, or are not contained therein, with the approval of the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development may be used during a transitional period.(48) The scope of the signals in Section C is particularly indicated. Entities which, according to the provisions of Section C, may grant exemptions or authorisations to the signals of section C, shall be determined by the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development. 2. Signal I deviating from the provisions in Section B. Signals on trains (Zg)
not shown ... Signal Zg 102-Simplified final signal-
Fundstelle: BGBl I 1986, 1015; bzstelle of the individual amendments, cf. Footnote)

II. Signals for web transitions (Bü)
(Content: non-representable signals, Fundstelle: BGBl I 1986, 1015; of the individual amendments, cf. Footnote)
... Signal Bü 100
Stop in front of the railway crossing! Continue after backup
... Signal Bü 101
The path transition can be driven
... Signal Bü 102-Rautentafel-
A heartbeat is to be expected
... Signal Bü 103-Information board-
Labeling of the Turn-on point of flashing lights or light signs with remote monitoring

III. to V.3. Signals not included in section B
(content: non-representable signal;
... Signal Ne 8-Hazardous paint-
Labelling of fixed objects, which can endanger persons because of too small distance from the track
Fundstelle: BGBl I 1986, 1016) Signal Zs V4. Of those referred to in paragraph 48, in accordance with Annex I, Chapter XI, Section III, Section III, point 8, of the Agreement of 31. August 1990 (BGBl. 1990 II pp. 885, 1099), the signals of the DV 301 of the Deutsche Reichsbahn are from 18. December 1995, the signals
Hf 0 (§ 3 para. 4 to 6 DV 301),
Hl 13 (§ 5 para. 22 to 24 DV 301) and
Sv 4 (§ 6 para. 8 to 10 DV 301)
no longer apply. Non-Official Table of Contents

Final Formula

The Federal Minister for Transport unofficial table of contents

appendix EV Excerpt from EinigVtr Appendix I, Chapter XI, Sachgebiet A Section III
(BGBl. II 1990, 889, 1099)
-measures for the territory that has been added (Art. 3 Pur.Vtr)-

Section III
Federal law shall enter into force in the area referred to in Article 3 of the Treaty with the following measures:
Railways-Signal Order 1959 from 7. October 1959 (BGBl. 1021), as last amended by the Regulation of 7. July 1986 (BGBl. 1012), with the following proviso: Section C No 2 of the Annex is extended to include the signals from Section B of the DV 301 of the Deutsche Reichsbahn of 16, introduced with the approval of the Minister of Transport. September 1970, valid from 1. October 1971.

In the application of the Regulations under the numbers 6 to 8, in particular in the establishment of new installations and vehicles that are substantially modified, it is necessary to work towards uniformity.
As far as individual The provisions of the legislation referred to in points 1 to 9, taking into account specific circumstances, cannot be applied directly or are not directly applicable to the Deutsche Reichsbahn in accordance with the provisions of the provisions of the Directive. The same applies to other federal laws and regulations which provide for special regulations for the Deutsche Bundesbahn (German Federal Railways).