Regulations On The Construction And Operation Of Trams

Original Language Title: Verordnung über den Bau und Betrieb der Straßenbahnen

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Regulation on the construction and operation of trams (tramway construction and operating regulations-BOStrab)

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date of departure: 11.12.1987

Full quote:

" Tramway Building and Operating Regulations of 11. December 1987 (BGBl. 2648), as last amended by Article 1 of the Regulation of 8 June 2008. November 2007 (BGBl. I p. 2569) has been changed "

:Last modified by Art. 1 V v. 8.11.2007 I 2569

For details, see the Notes


(+ + + text evidence from: 1.1.1988 + + +)
(+ + + measures due to of the EinigVtr more in accordance with. Art. 109 (5) (f) (f G). 8.12.2010 I 1864 mWv 15.12.2010 + + +) unofficial table of contents

content overview

First section
§ 1Scope and general definitions
§ 2Basic rules
§ 3General Requirements for the Construction of Operating Systems and Vehicles
§ 4 General Requirements for the Operation
§ 5Technical Supervision
§ 6Exceptions
Second section
Operating Line
§ 7Entrepreneurs
§ 8Operations Manager
§ 9Confirmation as Operations Manager
Third Section
Operating staff
§ 10General Requirements for Operations Staff
§ 11 Special Requirements for Driving Staff
§ 12Training and testing of the driving staff
§ 13Behavior during service
§ 14Behavior in case of illness
Fourth Section
Operating Systems
§ 15route guide
§ 16 Railway bodies
§ 17Oberbau
§ 18 Delimitation of clear space
§ 19Security spaces
§ 20railroad crossings
§ 21signaling systems
§ 22Train-protection systems
§ 23Message-engineering Assets
§ 24Power Supply Assets
§ 25 Driving line systems
§ 26Redirects
§ 27Lighting systems
§ 28Piping
§ 29Bridges
§ 30Tunnel
§ 31stops
§ 32escalators and moving walkways
Fifth Section
§ 33Vehicle Design
§ 34Vehicle Dimensions
§ 35Drives
§ 36Brakes
§ 37drive
§ 38 Driving control
§ 39Power pickup and grinder
§ 40signaling devices
§ 41Railway cleaners and rail cleaners
§ 42Clutch Devices
§ 43Doors for the Passenger Replacement
§ 44Vehicle Guide Place
§ 45 Indoor lighting, heating and ventilation
§ 46Information facilities
§ 47Labels and sensual images
§ 48Equipment for NotCases
Sixth Section
§ 49Driving order
§ 50Allowed Speeds
§ 51Signals
§ 52 The use of operating staff
§ 53Busy Trains with Driving Staff
§ 54Driving
§ 55Road traffic attendance
§ 56Behavior in defects on trains
§ 57 Maintenance of operating systems and vehicles
§ 58Using and entering operating facilities and vehicles
§ 59Operational Hazardous Actions
Seventh Section
procedural rules
§ 60Review of the Construction documents for operating systems
§ 61Supervision of the construction of operating systems
§ 62Accepting
Achter section
Administrative Offences, End-and Transitional Rules
§ 63Administrative Offences
§ 64Berlin clause
§ 65Entry into force and Transition rules
Appendix 1
Labeling and securing of web transitions
Appendix 2
Brakes limits
Attachment 3
The symbol for the identification of seats for disabled people and other people in need of seats
Appendix 4
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input formula

On the basis of § 57 of the Passenger Law in the revised version published in the Bundesgesetzblatt (Part III), outline number 9240-1, the latest version of the Act of 15. of the Law of 15. March 1974 (BGBl. I p. 721) has been amended, with the approval of the Federal Council:

First section

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§ 1 Scope and general definitions

(1) This regulation applies to the construction and operation of trams within the meaning of § 4 of the Passenger Transport Act (PBefG). The laws of the Länder are not affected.(2) Trams are
Road-dependent trams (§ 4 para. 1 PBefG),
independent tracks (§ 4 para. 2 PBefG).
(3) Construction is the new building or the modification of operating systems and vehicles.(4) Operation shall be the totality of all measures used for the carriage of passengers, including the training of the operating staff and the maintenance of the operating facilities and vehicles.(5) Driving operation includes the setting and securing of the travel routes, the completion and guidance of the trains as well as the manoeuvrapation.(6) Operating staff are staff who are active
in the driving mode (Driving staff),
in the control and monitoring of the operational flow,
as Responsible for the maintenance of the operating equipment and vehicles,
as the leading or supervisory staff of the staff in accordance with points 1 to 3.
(7) Operating systems are all installations used for operation, in particular
the construction, machinery and equipment Electrical installations for driving, including auxiliary structures,
intended for the stay and the handling of passengers Installations,
the vehicle storage systems,
connected to the track network Garages.
(8) Vehicles are those that can be used as trains or trains in a lane-bound way. Multi-part vehicles, which cannot be separated during driving, shall be considered to be a vehicle.(9) Operating vehicles are vehicles which are not intended to be used for passenger transport. They are used, in particular, for the training of operating staff, for the maintenance of operating facilities or for measures in the event of operational malfunctions and accidents.(10) Trains are units exceeding the length of the track. They can be used as passenger trains or operating trains and consist of one or more vehicles. Non-official table of contents

§ 2 Basic rules

(1) Operating systems and vehicles must be such that they meet the requirements of security and Regulations are sufficient. These requirements shall be deemed to be fulfilled if the operating facilities and vehicles are in accordance with the provisions of this Regulation, in accordance with the arrangements made by the Technical Supervisory Authority and by the approval authority, and in accordance with the generally accepted rules The rules of the technology are built and operated.(2) The generally accepted rules of technology may be disregarded if at least the same security is ensured. Non-official table of contents

§ 3 General requirements for the construction of operating facilities and vehicles

(1) Operating systems and vehicles must be shall be constructed in such a way as to ensure that their commercial operation does not damage or endanger or impede any more than unavoidable. In particular, they must be constructed in such a way that
is the highest operational stress mechanical, electrical and thermal type without risk of operation,
moving parts and devices not inadvertently touched
The origin and spread of fires are made more difficult by preventive measures and, in the event of fire, the possibility of rescuing persons and for fire-fighting,
in the case of direct current trains with energy transmission via travel rails, adverse effects of stray current corrosion are low
Components and devices are protected against external influences, as far as required,
Preventing the existence of high contact voltages by means of protective measures,
() Equipment in operating systems and vehicles intended for use or operation by passengers must be clearly identifiable and easy to use; can be reached. Their handling must be recognized in a reasonable way; incorrect operation must not lead to any operational risk.(3) In the case of operational installations and vehicles, measures shall be taken to prevent any more than unavoidable risk of operations as a result of unauthorised actuation.(4) Failures and disruptions of self-acting equipment in operating facilities and vehicles must be able to be displayed at the necessary operational level.(5) The structural requirements also include measures taken by disabled, elderly or frail persons, mothers, children and passengers with young children, to use the facilities and vehicles without special difficulty. . Facilities for these persons shall be indicated by references.(6) Rail railways of neighbouring public transport companies are to take account of the possibilities of a network of undertakings in their technical design. Non-official table of contents

§ 4 General requirements for the operation

(1) Operating staff are in the for a safe and correct Use the required number of operations.(2) Operating facilities and vehicles are to be maintained. If there are deficiencies in them during operation, which may affect the operational safety, they shall be taken out of service in whole or in part and, if necessary, be secured.(3) In case of circumstances which are dangerous or disruptive to operation, provided that they are not indicated by automatic facilities of the competent authority, they must be reported immediately after the determination has been made.(4) The operational arrangements shall ensure that operational malfunctions are rapidly eliminated and that assistance is immediately provided in the event of accidents and fires. Non-official table of contents

§ 5 Technical supervision

(1) The Technical Supervisory Authority pursuant to § 54 (1) sentence 3 of the Passenger Transport Act shall monitor compliance with the provisions of this Regulation. In the performance of this task, it also carries out the necessary tests, consents and depositions and takes the necessary arrangements.(2) The Technical Supervisory Authority may use the technical supervision of other knowledgeable persons or bodies. This also includes the operating manager according to § 8 or the subcarrier according to § 7 (6).(3) Requges the proper manufacture of operating facilities, vehicles or components to a particular extent the expertise and experience of the persons entrusted with it or equipment with special facilities, the Technical Supervisory Authority may: require the operator to demonstrate that he or the manufacturer has such personnel or equipment and that he/she uses them in the manufacture of such personnel.(4) In the event of doubt that operating facilities, vehicles or the operational implementation comply with the provisions of this Regulation, the Technical Supervisory Authority may require the contractor to submit special evidence or expert opinions.(5) If the Technical Supervisory Authority finds that the contractor does not comply with his obligations under Section 7, it shall take the necessary measures. In particular, it can
for the elimination of defects a reasonable time limit
if there is insufficient security, order the interruption or cessation of construction work or the use of certain operating systems and vehicles Restrict or prohibit.
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§ 6 Exceptions

The Technical Supervisory Authority may be subject to the provisions of this Approve a Regulation in certain individual cases or, in general, for certain applicants.

Second Section
Operations Management

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§ 7 entrepreneurs

(1) The operator must ensure that the requirements of security and order are met in accordance with § 2. In particular, it shall ensure that operating facilities and vehicles are in a safe and safe condition and that the operation is safely carried out.(2) The operator shall be obliged to use the care required to ensure the safe and orderly carriage of persons when selecting, using and supervising the operating staff.(3) In order to carry out the tasks assigned to him in accordance with this Regulation, the entrepre person shall appoint an operating manager, without prejudice to his own responsibility. In the case of a number of operating modes, one operating conductor can be ordered. At least one deputy shall be appointed for each operating manager.(4) The appointment of the manager and his/her alternate shall be subject to confirmation by the Technical Supervisory Authority.(5) The contractor shall ensure that the manager is able to carry out the tasks assigned to him in an orderly manner. In the case of decisions affecting the management of operations, the operational manager shall be involved, in particular in the case of
Planning and Construction of Operating Systems,
Procurement of Vehicles,
Determination of operating staff requirements,
Selection, Use and Supervision of the Operating staff,
Investigations of service failures of the operating staff and the resulting measures
Agreements on the transfer of tasks that affect the responsibility of the manager, to persons or entities that do not belong to the company.
(6) The following Section 3 (3) of the Act on the Promotion of Persons Carriers of a project does not need to appoint an operating manager if the manager responsible for the construction of operating facilities is an official of the higher technical management service or an employee in the public service, with equivalent skills and experience.(7) The operator shall support the activities of the Technical Supervisory Authority and shall provide the necessary information.(8) If structures or other installations which are not built and maintained in accordance with the provisions of this Regulation are to be used by trams, the trader shall demonstrate that they are suitable for the operation of the trams, and their maintenance is guaranteed.(9) If there is a risk that the operational safety will be affected by third party measures, the trader shall ensure that arrangements are made against such an adverse effect. Non-official table of contents

§ 8 Operations Manager

(1) The operational manager is responsible for the safe and proper operation of the operations as a whole.(2) In accordance with the requirements of this Regulation, the operating manager shall draw up service instructions for operating staff in accordance with the relevant operational requirements, and shall ensure compliance with them.(3) The operational manager shall be notified of his instructions to the Technical Supervisory Authority.(4) The manager shall immediately report to the supervisory authorities
Accidents in which a human being have been killed or seriously injured, or have been severely damaged in operating facilities or vehicles,
Operational events, public viewing
(5) In the case of Community transport, the reporting requirements referred to in paragraph 4 are the responsibility of the manager responsible for the route concerned.(6) In addition to emergencies, substitutes may only act as manager after written service. Non-official table of contents

§ 9 Confirmation as Operations Manager

(1) At the request of the entreprent, the Technical Supervisory Authority confirms the Appointment of the manager for this company, if
passed the manager check
has no facts to appear to be unreliable for the operations of an operator.
(2) By way of derogation from paragraph 1, point 1 shall be deemed to be: Head of Operations also confirms who in a field of expertise, to which significant planning, construction and operation of track-bound railways belong, has passed the Great State Examination for the higher technical administrative service and at least three years in Tramway company has been an engineer in the major areas of expertise for the construction and operation of the tramway; the activity of railway undertakings during the preparatory service prior to the Great State Examination may also be carried out in whole or in part. to be partially credited.(3) The application for confirmation as an operating manager shall be accompanied by
a CV with Light image,
a guide certificate,
the testimony of the passed In cases referred to in paragraph 2, the verification of the passing of the Great State Examination and evidence of the activity in tramway companies.
(4) The paragraphs shall apply to the confirmation as deputy of the manager of the company. 1 to 3 corresponding.

Third section
Operating staff

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§ 10 General Requirements for Operational Staff

(1) As an operating staff member, only those who are
at least 18 years of age,
is mentally and physically fit and
not burdened by facts that make it seem unreliable for the job.
(2) The suitability must be made for the first time by one for the first time. a tramway company has been identified.(3) Who is the 40. If the continued existence of fitness has been established by a doctor referred to in paragraph 2, it shall only be allowed to continue to be employed as an operating staff member. The same shall apply at the end of another five years.(4) If there are reasonable doubts as to the continued existence of fitness, in particular after serious illness, the operating staff as such shall be allowed to continue to be employed if his suitability has been re-established in accordance with paragraph 2.(5) The operating staff referred to in Article 1 (6) (1) and (2) shall be responsible for carrying out an amortisation, in particular their suitability, training, results of examinations, supervision, submissions and retraining. Non-official table of contents

§ 11 Special requirements for drivers

(1) Driving staff must be at least 21 years of age. This does not apply to todders, train attendants and to travel agents who use vehicles exclusively in parking facilities and workshops.(2) Driving staff may only be used if the suitability has been determined in accordance with Section 10 (2). The investigation is to be repeated every three years.(3) Driving officials who carry, accompany or complete trains must be subject to emergency measures at the scene of the accident. Non-official table of contents

§ 12 Training and testing of the drivers

(1) Driving staff must have a reasonable time under the supervision of Teaching staff have been trained to carry out their duties.(2) During the course of the training, the teaching staff shall be responsible for the proper operation of operating facilities and vehicles.(3) After training, the manager or a staff member appointed by him who was not involved in the training shall determine, by means of an examination, the suitability of the trained person for the activity envisaged. After passing the aptitude test, the staff member shall receive a certificate signed by the manager of the operator on the activity for which his suitability has been determined.(4) Travel agents shall be retrained at regular intervals after their training. Non-official table of contents

§ 13 Service behavior during service

(1) Operating staff have the operating equipment and vehicles operating system Care should be taken to ensure that they are entrusted with the safe transport of persons.(2) Operating staff have to behave in a considerate and prudent way with respect to passengers.(3) Operating staff shall be prohibited from taking on, during the service and duty of service, alcoholic beverages or other means affecting the activities of the service or to take the service if they are subject to the effects of such activities; Beverages or resources.(4) Driving staff shall be prohibited from using, during operation, reception and reproduction equipment for sound or image for other purposes than for operational purposes. Non-official table of contents

§ 14 Behavior in the case of illness

(1) If an operating staff member has a disease that affects his or her service can, he must not do his service.(2) Driving officials who carry, accompany or take out trains, or operating personnel serving passengers, shall not exercise this activity as long as they or members of their domestic community are subject to any of the provisions of section 34 (3) (2), (4), (4), (6), (8), (11) of the Infection Protection Act of 20. July 2000 (BGBl. 1045), unless they show, by means of a medical certificate, that there is no risk of transmission of the disease.(3) Diseases referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall be notified immediately to the entreprenter.

Fourth Section
Operating Systems

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§ 15 route guide

(1) The routing and location of the stops must correspond to the traffic needs and, in particular, to change the route to other means of transport.(2) curved half-blades and longitudinal inclinations should be advantageous in terms of driving dynamics and allow high speeds. However, the speeds should be adjusted for the individual sections of the respective road space and urban planning situation; accordingly, the radius of the arc and the longitudinal inclinations can be differentiated.(3) Tram lines must not cross the railway lines of public transport.(4) Crossing tram lines of the non-public transport sector shall decide on the type and extent of the safety of the technical supervisors responsible for crossing the railway lines.(5) Two-way routes should not be considered to be a single track.(6) routes shall have independent or special railway bodies. Non-official table of contents

§ 16 Railway bodies

(1) Railway bodies include the superstructure and the substructure carrying it, the substructure consisting of Erd, Stütz, or Engineering structures may exist.(2) The substructure shall be stable in accordance with the geological and hydrological conditions.(3) Water which is produced must be derived from the railway body without affecting the railway operation.(4) Railway bodies are
Road-flush railway bodies,
special web bodies,
independent railroad bodies.
(5) Road-bundle bodies are with their Tracks are embedded in road tracks or walking surfaces.(6) Special railway bodies are located in the traffic area of public roads, but are separated from the rest of the traffic by curbstones, guide planks, hedges, rows of trees or other fixed obstacles. The special railway body also includes cave intersections, which are considered to be railway crossings in accordance with § 20 (7).(7) Independent railway bodies shall be independent of the rest of the traffic on the basis of their position or design. Railway crossings in accordance with § 20 are also part of the independent railway body.(8) In the case of pedestrian crossings via a special railway body, protective islands for pedestrians must be present between this and adjacent road tracks if the crossing of the railway body and the road is not regulated by alternating light signs.(9) In the case of a driving operation without a driver, the unauthorised entry, movement or use of the railway body must be prevented by peaceful means or by other means. If it requires operational safety, the Technical Supervisory Authority may require this on certain sections of the route, including in other operating modes. Non-official table of contents

§ 17 Oberbau

(1) The superstructure must have the static load applied by the relevant load train at the maximum speed of the line. and dynamic forces without permanent deformation.(2) The dimensions of the track and the dimensions of the vehicle must be coordinated with each other in such a way that, in the case of the respective permissible speeds, a safe track guidance and maximum smoothness remain in the permissible state of wear of the components, as well.(3) Bow half-knives of stretcher lines with independent web bodies shall be at least so large that no restrictions on the maximum speed of the track are necessary in the track.(4) Track sheets should be designed in such a way that the non-balanced transverse accelerations occurring at the permissible speeds and their modification per time unit are as small as possible. To the extent necessary, excessive increases, excessive ramps and transitional arcs must be present.(5) The longitudinal inclinations of the tracks and the tensile and braking forces of the trains must be coordinated in such a way that
The trains can be safely held even under unfavorable operating conditions,
(6) Distance-adjustable switches must be able to be secured against relocations as long as their moving parts are occupied by a train.(7) Moving parts of switches which are driven against the tip by more than 15 km/h must be able to be fixed in a form-fitting manner in their end positions.(8) If switches are set by vehicle equipment, the adjustment process must not be dependent on the power consumption of the vehicle drive.(9) terminals must be identified and designed in such a way as to meet operational requirements. Non-official table of contents

§ 18 Redemarcation of clear space

(1) The clear space is the space belonging to each track, the space for a safe The operation of the vehicles must be kept free of fixed and movable objects.(2) The delineation of the space and the characteristics of the vehicles and of the track shall be adapted to each other in such a way as to ensure that, in no permissible operating condition, there is a risk of contact between vehicles and vehicles; Objects as well as between vehicles on adjacent tracks can come.(3) The determination of the space requirement shall take into account the probability of the confluence of the same magnitude values of influence factors.(4) Between the delimitation of the clear space and the need for light space, there shall be a safety margin, which is adjusted to the determination accuracy of the clearance of the light space. Non-official table of contents

§ 19 Security spaces

(1) For the protection of persons, it is necessary to include not only each track but also outside of the light space boundaries. Security room exists. It must be accessible from the track and through the doors of the vehicles. A common safety area is sufficient between two tracks.(2) Safety spaces shall be at least 0.7 m wide and 2.0 m high and must be vertical. In the case of deviations of the tunnel cross-section from the rectangular shape, the width of the security space in the upper and lower regions may be slightly restricted.(3) Interruptions of safety spaces by means of installation, in particular by means of supports or signalling systems, shall be permitted in short lengths, if there is a distance of at least 0.45 m between the fittings and the vehicle. This distance shall only be available on one side in the case of installation in common clearance spaces referred to in the third sentence of paragraph 1.(4) In the traffic area of public roads, with the exception of motorways and motorways, the safety area of the part of the traffic area adjacent to the railway body shall be considered as a safety area.(5) In stops, the space on the platforms shall be considered as a safety room if the upper edge of the space is not more than 0.5 m above the accessible surface of the web. In the case of a greater height difference, a safety space must be arranged either on the other side of the track or under the platform.(6) Safety spaces under platforms shall be at least 0.7 m wide and 0.7 m high. They must also be accessible when the track is occupied; there must be no bus bars in front of them.(7) In the case of runway in the area of storage facilities, paragraphs 5 and 6 shall apply accordingly.(8) In the case of high-lying tracks, safety spaces may be dispensed with if the safety of the passengers and the operating staff is ensured in other ways, in particular by means of arrangements for immediate rescue in the event of an emergency. Non-official table of contents

§ 20 railway crossings

(1) Web crossings are marked by Andreascrosses in accordance with Appendix 1, Figure 1 by trams on independent railway tracks with roads, paths or squares.(2) Road transport shall take precedence over road transport.(3) The Andreascrosses characterising the priority referred to in paragraph 2 shall be at the places where the users of the road must wait if the crossing of the railway is not to be crossed.(4) Rail crossings have to be technically secured. This does not apply to
Web crossings that are typically not more than 100 within a day. 2.
Railway crossings of footpaths and cycle paths, which are covered by the overview of the railway line, are crossed and are secured by the overview of the railway line
the railway line and by means of turnstiles or similarly acting devices are secured.
(5) As a technical backup as referred to in paragraph 4, there must be a
Transmitter for light signs with yellow-red color string as shown in Appendix 1, Figure 2, which can be connected to half-limits after Appendix 1, Image 3,
Donors for monitoring signals Bü 0 and Bü 1 according to Appendix 4 prior to the railway crossing, or a monitoring of the devices as specified in point 1.
(6) Safety by means of an overview of the railway line shall be provided if the users of the route are able to overlook the railway line so far and from such a distance that, if the care required in the course of traffic is used, it will not endanger the railway crossing cross or stop in front of him.(7) In the form of railway crossings, there shall also be an increase in the crossing of roads, roads, roads or squares, where the provisions of paragraphs 3 to 6 are complied with, on special railway bodies. Non-official table of contents

§ 21 signalling systems

(1) Signal installations must be constructed so that they clearly record the orders placed on them for them, be processed as intended and transmitted as signals by the transmitter.(2) Signal equipment for main signals and pre-announcement signals in accordance with Appendix 4, Nos. 1 and 2, shall be included in train safety systems in accordance with § 22.(3) Driving signal installations in accordance with Appendix 4, point 3, must be available in the necessary operating conditions, in particular in places where
Vehicle guides to receive orders that deviate from the interchangeable light signs of road traffic,
One-track sections will be operated in two-way mode, where the driving signal system must be switched such that the section is only released for one direction, and the released direction can only be changed in the case of an unoccupied part.
(4) If the traffic signal systems are integrated in alternating-light signalling systems according to § 37 of the road traffic order, the same must be the same in all parts of the overall system. Save measure applied. Non-official table of contents

§ 22 Train backup assets

(1) Train backup facilities are assets for securing and controlling the operation of the running gear. They are used to
to set and back up the lanes
to submit orders on the trains,
technically monitoring the trains of the trains and in case of hazardous deviations.
(2) Driving routes are considered to be secured if
at least the braking distance level of safety-related obstacles is free and is kept free
the corresponding switches are fixed in a form-locking manner and
the allowed speeds at the [0050]
[0050] As safety-related obstacles, moving and standing trains, gliders as well as roadways, which are not(3) Train safety systems must be reliable and, in so far as they do not exclusively serve to control the driving operation, be reliable in terms of signal technology.(4) Train-protection systems must be such that orders for taxes are effective only in dependence on the securing of the driving operation.(5) Paragraphs 3 and 4 shall apply in respect of parts of train safety installations arranged on vehicles. Non-official table of contents

§ 23 Communications Equipment

(1) For the understanding of operating staff with operational posts, the The scope of communications equipment necessary for operation is available. In particular, important messages to be sent to central offices are to be transmitted as a priority.(2) Television installations for the recording of operations must be subject to a sufficient range of visibility and the operations must be clearly identified.(3) In the case of a driving operation without a driver, there must be equipment for communication between passengers and a service centre.(4) In the tunnel, facilities must be provided for rapid and safe mutual understanding between the police, the fire brigade, the rescue services, their operational centres and the central operational centres. Non-official table of contents

§ 24 Power supply systems

(1) Energy supply systems are designed to power electrical energy from foreign or , to remove, convert, transmit, distribute and deliver on-the-road networks in operating facilities or vehicles. The power supply systems also include railway systems for generating electrical energy.(2) Power supply systems must be dimensioned in such a way that the operating voltages within the operational load range deviate from the rated voltage only to the extent that the voltage tolerances of the operating means to be supplied permit this.(3) Protections against the existence of high contact voltages, including protective measures for third party installations, must not make each other ineffective.(4) Energy supply systems for vehicles are to automatically switch off the power supply to the feed sections of the overhead line after switching off as a result of short-term overload.(5) In addition to the main feeds, in addition to the main feeds, there must be an additional
Auxiliary Feeds to the extent that it requires operational conditions,
Replacement from a network-independent energy source for
Safety illuminations in accordance with § 27 (4), Emergency exits pursuant to section 30 (6) and, insofar as it requires operational safety, telecommunications equipment in accordance with § 23; they must cover their energy requirements in the event of failure of the network-dependent infeed for a sufficient period of time ,
As far as operationally necessary, they must be subject to a train protection system in accordance with § 22; they shall be required to have their energy requirements in the event of failure of the network-dependent infeed during the Delivery of the running gear
The feed-in must be equipped with self-operating switching devices.(6) In tunnels and in underground stations, there must be sufficient number of sockets for the supply of locally variable means of operation. A non-official table of contents

§ 25 Driving lines

(1) At least one of the parts of the piping system that is under tension must be at least one have partial protection against direct contact. This applies correspondingly to the region which can be reached by a current collector under tension.(2) In the traffic area of public roads and at railway crossings, there must be a sufficient level of transit for the road traffic. This requirement applies to nominal voltages up to 1000 V for alternating voltage and up to 1500 V for direct voltage when the clear height between the edge of the road surface and the parts of the transmission line lying above it is at least 4.7 m. This height can be reduced under construction works as well as immediately before and behind it up to 4.2 m; the height restriction is to be pointed out by signs 265 of the road traffic order and warning signs with a flash arrow. The permissible height must be given on the sign 265, the existing clear height minus a safety distance of 0.2 m.(3) Driving lines must be divided into individually disconnectable feed sections.(4) Driving lines must have overvoltage protection if overvoltages which are at risk in them can occur.(5) Measures must be taken to combat tension by breaking a contact wire or by derailment or breakage of a current collector.(6) Driving wires may not be used up to a residual cross-section of 60 of the hundred of their nominal cross-section.(7) Grinder conductors with a protective conductor function and lines connected to them must be electrically and mechanically reliable; connections must be detachable only by means of tools. unofficial table of contents

§ 26 return lines

(1) return lines must be electrically and mechanically reliable; connections from the return line The operating means used may be detachable only by means of tools.(2) Each undercarriage must be connected to the driving rails by means of at least two return conductors. In the event of failure of a return conductor, the other shall not be inadmissible.(3) Measures must be taken against the dangers arising from contact stresses from the rail potential. Non-official table of contents

§ 27 Lighting systems

(1) Lighting equipment must be present
in the areas of work assets that are intended for the stay of people, as well as in their and exits;
in tunnels and underpasses if they are longer than 100 m or not visible.
The requirement for sentence 1 may also be made by the general Street lighting is being met.(2) Lighting facilities must be so arranged and arranged, taking into account the operational requirements, that
Operating systems according to paragraph 1 can be used without endangering, and in particular platform edges are clearly recognizable,
no signals to be faked,
Disability of signals to be recognized.Not impaired '.
(3) The lighting in tunnels must be able to be switched on by means of telecommunications equipment, which shall not apply if the lighting can be switched on directly at intervals of not more than 50 metres. In addition, devices must be provided which, in the event of a failure of the driving line voltage of more than 60 seconds, automatically switch on the lighting. The lighting must be able to be switched off only by power.(4) A security lighting is required for
Stages, as far as the traffic significance or requiring operating conditions, in particular at stops at high or low level,
rescue routes,
Security spaces in tunnels, except for safety rooms on platforms and runway,
Rooms where passengers are served
The access and departure of platforms as specified in point 1 and the rooms referred to in point 5.
(5) The safety lighting must be designed and arranged in such a way as to ensure that the operating systems are: Paragraph 4 can be adequately illuminated. It must be switched on for 0.5 seconds after failure of the mains-dependent lighting in the necessary operating range. In the case of tunnels and emergency exits, this time may be up to 10 seconds. Non-official table of contents

§ 28 pipelines

Metal pipes must be galvanically separated prior to entry into railway structures, if in these Railway structures Redirect lines according to § 26 for DC current are available. This also applies to metal reinforcements of cables, unless they are introduced and continued in an insulated manner into the railway structure. Non-official table of contents

§ 29 Bridges

(1) Bridges must be used for the route to be used for the route, as well as other static and dynamic bridges. Can safely absorb loads at the speed of the track.(2) Track sheets with a radius of less than 300 m on bridges must have additional control means, provided that the track guidance is not ensured in any other way.(3) Support for bridges placed alongside roads shall be so dimensioned as to withstand a vehicle crash, unless they are protected by their position or by special measures against vehicle impact.(4) Paragraph 3 shall also apply mutas to the support of bridges in the area of their own and other transport routes.(5) Security spaces on bridges must be provided, and there must be railing which also provides protection against crashes in the premises of vehicles.(6) The rules on bridges shall be applied in accordance with passages and other above-ground railway structures which support or support the superstructure. Non-official table of contents

§ 30 Tunnel

(1) Tunnel must be built in such a way that
The uplift even with the highest expected ground water level does not guarantee the stability endangered,
in the event of a fire, the stability of its load-bearing components remains assured,
Penetrating Moisture does not affect the operation.
(2) When determining the load assumptions for the design of tunnels, the results of studies are Soil quality and water management should be taken into account. In particular, they must provide information on expected soil characteristics and chemical influences.(3) Dangerous supports must be dimensioned in such a way that they are able to withstand a crash of the vehicle, unless the occurring loads can be safely absorbed by the other components in the event of failure of one support in each case.(4) In the case of reinforced concrete tunnels in which return lines according to § 26 for direct current are present, reinforcements must be electrically conductively connected to one another; these connections should be separable to insulating joints. The reinforcements must not be electrically conductively connected to
Driving rails,
the reinforcement or metal construction of other railway structures and other railway equipment.
(5) In the tunnel, leading emergency exits must be entered into the tunnel. and be designed in such a way that the rescue route to the next platform, emergency exit or up to the tunnel opening is not more than 300 m long. Emergency exits must also be present at the end of the tunnel, if the next emergency exit or the next platform is more than 100 m away.(6) Nox exits must be marked by blue light.(7) Emergency exits must be suitable for the transport of injured people.(8) In the free leading exit openings of the emergency exits,
of trams must be appropriate distance,
be accessible at any time; they may not be blocked, in particular, by road vehicles,
so covered, that it can be opened from the inside without tools, from the outside by unauthorized persons.
(9) Riding in tunnels of air exchange via stops, Tunnel estuaries and emergency exits are not to be expected or if passengers are to be expected to be harassed by airshoeming, additional measures must be taken.(10) In the case of tunnels under water and in the event of a water drop, there is a risk of flooding of longer sections of the route, if there is a need for shut-off devices which limit the break-in of water to as short a section as possible. In the case of water with a low water supply, or in the case of large tunnel covers made of water-impermeable soils, it is possible to deviate from this.(11) Shutting-off devices referred to in paragraph 10 shall be connected to train-protection systems which prevent trains
automatically included in areas to be removed,
on shut-off devices
(12) The provisions of paragraphs 1, 2 and 4 shall apply accordingly when support walls in conjunction with a sole form a trough. unofficial table of contents

§ 31 stops

(1) stops must be
marked by characters as such; at stops in high or low-level situations, the Entries are marked,
have the name of the stop and be equipped with facilities for driving and network plans,
as a double stop, if two trains can be held and removed one after the other on a platform.
stops are intended to have platforms Offer weather protection and seating options.(2) Departure and departure in stops must be safe and convenient.(3) Stayways of ground-level routes shall be accessible without steps. Stops in the high or low position should also be accessible via elevators.(4) As far as the operating conditions require, stops must be provided with
Passengers information and handling facilities,
Equipment for monitoring the Passenger Changing,
Emergency Call Devices,
Fire extinguishers, Extinguishing water supply,
means and facilities for first aid.
(5) In the case of a driving operation without a driver, special facilities must be provided in stops. , which counteract a hazard to persons by moving trains.(6) The width of the platforms shall be measured according to the volume of traffic, taking into account the strength and interdependence of the passenger flows. A usable width of at least 2.0 m shall be provided along the platform edge, and at least 1,5 m for platforms in the public road traffic area.(7) The horizontal distance between the edge of the platform and the floor of the vehicle or steps shall be as small as possible; in the worst case, it shall not exceed 0.25 m in the centre of the door.(8) The heights of platform surfaces, vehicle floor and vehicle tread must be adapted to each other in such a way that passengers can easily get in and out of the vehicle. The surface of the platform shall not be higher than the floor of the vehicle in its deepest position; it shall be anti-slip.(9) The risk of the crashing of persons must be prevented at the level of the platform. Web climbing edges must be clearly recognizable.(10) If the difference in height to be exceeded is more than 8.0 m in a stop, at least one ramp, one escalator or another mechanical aid must be present.(11) Sales stands, advertising facilities and other equipment must not disturb the operation and, in particular, do not hinder the rapid distribution of passengers on the platforms. Non-official table of contents

§ 32 escalators and moving walkways

(1) escalators and moving walkways must be such that
Steps and bands are foot-proof,
Prevented or backed up by Quetsch and SchCreate,
the risk of falling users, in particular when it is set down.
(2) In the case of escalators and escalators which are only put into service when entering, the running direction must be clearly indicated.(3) Nothaltswitches must be present at least at the inlet and outlet.(4) Safety equipment for automatic decommissioning must be available on escalators and driving assays.(5) After the drive of the escalators or moving walkways has been switched off, an unintentional further or return of the steps or belts must also be ruled out under load.(6) There must be free spaces at the inlets and exits as storage spaces.

Fifth section

A non-official table of contents

§ 33 Vehicle design

(1) In the construction of vehicles, the load and payload is the load, from the forces of starting acceleration, and Braking deceleration, vehicle and rear-end collisions and any other forces arising from the operating conditions.(2) The payload for passenger vehicles is
a load of 750 N
2 per seat
each sq m standing space a load of 5,000 N
.(3) The building materials and the construction of passenger vehicles must be in accordance with the state of the art in fire protection. In particular,
the building materials and components in passenger spaces must have sufficient resistance to Origin and spread of fires,
Facilities with increased fire risk shall be designed or installed in such a way as to deal with the attack of a fire Passenger spaces are not to be expected,
in case of fire, the development and spread of heat and pollutants shall be prevented to the extent that the train is still to be left
(4) windowpanes and other panes must satisfy at least the requirements of safety glass.(5) The windows of passenger spaces must be designed in such a way that it is not possible to sit down.(6) Passenger vehicles must have emergency exits in sufficient number, appropriate design and arrangement.(7) In the interior and on the outline of the vehicles, no parts may be so excellent, designed or fitted in such a way that persons are more than unavoidable at risk.(8) In articulated vehicles, the joint area of the passenger compartment must be designed in such a way as to be able to stop passengers without endangering them.(9) Vehicle floors must be non-slip, vehicle tread levels must be clearly visible, and edges must be clearly visible.(10) Seats in passenger spaces shall be so arranged and arranged that injuries are not to be expected.(11) In passenger spaces, in particular in door areas, detention facilities must be present in sufficient numbers.(12) Passenger vehicles used on routes without a security space must be such that
in the passenger compartment, a system-owned fire cannot be created,
at a outside of the passenger space
Passengers can be recovered.
Non-official Table of Contents

§ 34 Vehicle Dimensions

(1) The characteristics of the vehicles and of the track, which are relevant for the light space technology, must be shall be coordinated in such a way that there may be no dangerous contact between vehicles and objects as well as between vehicles on neighbouring tracks in any permissible operating condition.(2) On road bodies in the traffic area of public roads, on the basis of the geometric design of the vehicles on each side, the requirements for the clearance of light in railway tracks shall be at most 0.65 m greater than the required clearance of the light in the straight line.(3) Vehicles of road-dependent paths shall not exceed the following dimensions
1.Width in the Height range
a)to 3.4 m above rail top edge 2.65 m,
b)above 3.4 m above rail top edge 2.25 m;
protruding beyond the side walls Travel direction indicators, reporting lights, rear-view mirrors, opened doors and extended steps do not count towards the vehicle width.

2. Height above the top edge of the rail to the top edge of the pulled-off current collector4.0 m.
(4) The heights of the vehicle floor, the vehicle steps and the platform surface shall be adapted to each other in such a way that passengers can comfortably enter and exit. In its deepest position, the vehicle floor should not be deeper than the surface of the platform.(5) The clear height of passenger spaces shall be at least 1.95 m, over seating areas of at least 1.7 m. This does not apply in the case of vehicles without standing places, if there is a need for a rapid passenger change without undue handicap. Non-official table of contents

§ 35 drives

(1) The vehicle dimensions and track dimensions that are essential to the running properties must be matched to each other , in the case of the permissible speed of wear of the components, a safe track guidance and maximum running smoothness can also be maintained at the permissible speed of wear.(2) The requirement of paragraph 1 shall also apply to the characteristic values of suspension and damping of the vehicles and of the track.(3) The safe track guidance must also be maintained in the event of damage to the suspension or damping of the vehicles. Non-official table of contents

§ 36 Brakes

(1) Vehicles must have at least two brakes. These must be independent of one another in such a way that, in the event of disturbances within the one brake, the effectiveness of the other brake is maintained; its effectiveness must also be ensured in the event of failure of the driving line voltage.(2) The brakes shall be so constructed and, including their control means, so matched to each other that
Vehicles and trains without endangering the passengers with as little jerk as possible can be delayed until standstill (service braking),
The power connection between wheel and rail can be exploited to the required extent,
it can be used in the (
the event of failure of a brake, at least the mean braking decelerations must be applied to the rest of the brakes. according to Appendix 2, Table 1.(4) One of the brakes shall be capable of preventing the rolling of the vehicle, which is stationary with the greatest payload, on the largest slope in the route network. This brake must act in accordance with the spring-memory principle; its braking force must be generated and transmitted exclusively by mechanical means.(5) In the case of vehicles of road-road-dependent railways, except in the case of operating vehicles as referred to in paragraph 6,
One brake is independent between wheel and rail,
the other brakes by Sand spreader equipment,
with the brakes at least the mean braking decelerations according to Appendix 2, Table 2, are reached (Dangerous Braking).
(6) By way of derogation from paragraph 1, operating vehicles whose speed on independent railway bodies does not exceed 40 km/h, on other railway bodies not exceeding 30 km/h, shall be required to have only one brake. At least the mean braking delays according to Appendix 2, Table 1, must be achieved with it.(7) The brakes of the vehicles operated in the train must be controlled in such a way as to ensure that the train reaches the braking power prescribed for vehicles in accordance with paragraphs 2 to 6.(8) In the event of an unintentional separation of trains, at least the parts not occupied by the operator of the train must automatically brake; the train separation must be visible to the driver of the vehicle or to an occupied operating station.(9) In passenger vehicles, equipment must be provided to enable passengers to initiate a braking operation in an emergency (emergency braking). On routes without a safety room and in tunnels, the operation of these facilities outside of stops may only lead to a stop at the next platform. Non-official table of contents

§ 37 Drive

Driving motors, transmissions and other components for power transmission must be taken into account Distance ratios, the tensile compositions and the driving speeds for the largest operationally occurring drive and braking forces are dimensioned. In particular, the stresses
during the generator braking,
for skidding and overbraking,
in case of shock-like changes to the overhead line voltage
Please note. Non-official table of contents

§ 38 Driving control

(1) The control of drives and brakes must be built in such a way that
Brake commands against driving commands will be executed as a priority,
Driving forces and braking forces change with as little jerk as possible,
in driving without Vehicle drivers shall monitor the performance of the braking commands.
(2) Passenger vehicles shall have a safety gear which, in the event of failure of the driver, will cause braking to a standstill.(3) Passenger vehicles operated on routes with train protection systems in accordance with § 22 shall be equipped with these supplementary train safety devices. Non-official table of contents

§ 39 Electricity consumers and grinders

(1) The pantographs and piping systems must be coordinated in such a way as to ensure that the Current up to the maximum permissible speed can be reliably removed; this applies correspondingly to the grinder.(2) Slices must be constructed in such a way that they are not separated from the neutral conductor or the protective conductor only when the associated pantographs have been removed from the line, and that they are placed in front of the neutral conductor or the neutral conductor when the current collectors are being applied to the conductor. Protection ladder. Non-official table of contents

§ 40 signaling devices

(1) Signal devices must be available and built to the extent necessary to operate. that they can emit the train signals and the protection signal Sh 5 (eighth signal) in accordance with Appendix 4 clearly and clearly. Their effectiveness must not be dependent on the driving voltage.(2) In the case of road-dependent paths, the two lower lamps of the train signal Z 1 (peak signal) must be headlamps. You must be able to sufficiently illuminate the track area
simultaneously and evenly fade away,
be so attached that it does not
() In the case of vehicles of road-dependent paths, the transmitter for the train signal Z 4 (travel direction signal) must be present at both longitudinal sides at least at the front and at the rear.(4) In the case of the train signal Z 5 (warning flashing signal), paragraph 3 applies accordingly. The warning flashes of a vehicle must blink in the same cycle.(5) The switching on of the non-deflated headlamps (high-beam) and the function of the direction of the direction and of the warning flashing signalling device shall be indicated to the driver of the vehicle in a meaningful way.(6) Vehicles of road-dependent paths must have two red retroreflectors on the rear side.(7) In the case of operating vehicles without their own drive, transmitters for driving direction signals and warning flashing signals are not necessary if other measures are provided for adequate safety. Non-official table of contents

§ 41 Railway cleaners and railroad cleaners

(1) Vehicles must be in front of the first wheelset in the direction of travel, or Rail cleaners, which reduce the risk of derailment caused by obstacles. They must be arranged as close as possible in front of the wheels and must have as small a distance as possible from the upper edge of the rail.(2) In the case of vehicles which are dependent on the road, the railway or rail cleaners must also reduce the risk of derailment which can be caused by obstacles laterally reaching the track.(3) Railway cleaners or rail cleaners shall be free of charge if their duties can be carried out by other means of the vehicle. Non-official table of contents

§ 42 clutch devices

(1) clutch devices of vehicles to be operated in the train association must: shall be adapted to each other by type and dimension.(2) In the case of self-operating clutch devices, the coupling must be able to be properly engaged and locked. Non-official table of contents

§ 43 Doors for passenger change

(1) Doors must be constructed and arranged in such a way as to allow for a rapid passenger change is.(2) Doors shall have a clear passage width of at least 0.65 m. On each side of the vehicle, at least one of the doors shall have a clear passage width of at least 0.8 m.(3) Doors shall have protective devices which prevent passengers from being injured by jamming.(4) Power-operated, movable steps may only be moved as a function of the movement sequence of the associated doors.(5) In passenger vehicles, equipment must be provided which indicates
to the driver of the vehicle, that the Doors closed,
allow a page-dependent opening on doors on both longitudinal sides,
when driving without a driver, make sure that trains can only start with closed doors.
(6) Doors must be locked in the closed position. However, they must be able to be opened by passengers in an emergency.(7) By way of derogation from the second sentence of paragraph 6, the doors of passenger vehicles may not be opened on route sections without a safety room by passengers if the rescue of passengers is ensured in a different way in the event of a danger. Non-official table of contents

§ 44 vehicle driver's seat

(1) The vehicle driver's seat must be designed to ensure that the driver safely guides the train. can. In particular, there must be a sufficient field of view as well as devices for protection against influences caused by weathering and against draughts. Disability by passengers must be avoided by appropriate technical measures. The driver's seat, in particular the seat, must be furnished in accordance with generally accepted safety, occupational health and hygiene rules, as well as the other secured scientific knowledge.(2) Vehicle guide places must be constructed in such a way that they can be quickly left in the event of an emergency.(3) Vehicle guide stations shall be equipped with speed indicators and tachographs.(4) At least on the right side of the vehicle in the direction of travel of the vehicle, a rear-view mirror must be present in the field of vision of the vehicle driver on vehicles of road-dependent paths.(5) Paragraphs 1 to 4 shall apply only to the places required for the operation of vehicles in the event of shunting movements and in the event of a fault, as is necessary for the intended purpose. Non-official table of contents

§ 45 Interior lighting, heating and ventilation

(1) Passenger spaces must have adequate interior lighting. It must not be able to be switched off by passengers.(2) The interior lighting system shall not significantly affect the vision of the driver.(3) Step areas of passenger vehicles must be capable of being illuminated in such a way that the steps are clearly visible.(4) Passenger vehicles must have auxiliary lighting which, in the event of a failure of the control lighting, adequately illuminates at least the areas of doors and emergency exits.(5) Passenger spaces and vehicle drivers ' places must be adequately heated and ventilated. Non-official table of contents

§ 46 Information facilities

(1) Passenger vehicles must have facilities that are
at the end of the train, the line label and the end point of the line,
at the entry page, the line label, the end point of the line, and as much as necessary the line history,
on the back of the train the line label,
in the passenger room the route plan or the Show the line name and the line label as required
. The displays must also be recognizable in the dark.(2) The bodies referred to in paragraph 1 (2) shall be redundant if the relevant information is given in all stops by train destination indicators on the platforms.(3) Passenger vehicles must have facilities
for the arrival of the next stop and other operating instructions,
for the delivery and confirmation of the holding request, if required at individual stops only if necessary.
(4) Vehicles must Devices for a voice connection between the driver of the vehicle and an operating point. Emergency information should be allowed to be given priority. (5) In the case of a driving operation without a driver, passenger vehicles must have facilities for a voice connection between passengers and an operating authority. The second sentence of paragraph 4 shall apply accordingly. (6) Bodies referred to in paragraphs 1 and 3 shall be taken into account when passengers determine the objectives of the trains. The passengers must be clearly identifiable by the trains assigned to them. Non-official table of contents

§ 47 Labels and symbols

(1) There must be a
on the long pages of the entreprente or its business sign or coat of arms, and the vehicle number,
Passengers operating and behavioural instructions,
characters where hoists are allowed to be fitted,
in the case of a service vehicle, information on the permissible weight of the load.
(2) Inside passenger vehicles must exist
Passengers Act and Behavior Notes
The symbol of Appendix 3 at the seats, which is suitable for the severely disabled, impaired, older or frail persons, expectant mothers and for passengers with small children,
Notes on facilities and equipment for emergencies.
(3) Labels and symbols must be clearly, clearly visible, and be clearly legible. Their recognizability may not be impaired by other inscriptions or pictorial characters. Non-official table of contents

§ 48 Equipment for emergencies

(1) Passenger vehicles as well as operating vehicles with their own drive must have at least one Box, portable fire extinguisher and, as far as they participate in public road traffic, have a warning triangle.(2) In the case of vehicles of an independent track, it is possible to dispense with the carrying of bandages if they are present in sufficient numbers at the stops.

Sixth Section

unofficial table of contents

§ 49 driving order

(1) A train may only follow a train at such a distance that it also applies to unfavorable operating conditions, in particular if the preceding train is held in an unreasonable condition, can be brought to the holding in good time. This distance must be
when driving on view from the driver,
when driving on a train protection system by train safety systems according to § 22 guaranteed.
(2) Do not drive on view
trains of independent lanes,
Tram-dependent paths
Maximum track speed above 70 km/h,
in tunnels.
(3) By way of derogation from paragraph 2, it may be possible to use the view
in shunting movements,
in short tunnels of road-dependent paths, if the service braking distance is visible,
Operating faults while taking into account service instructions.
(4) Two-track routes should be used for two-way operation on the right side.(5) A single track section shall not be used simultaneously in both directions. This must be ensured
in the case of driving in view of switched-on driving signal systems according to § 3 no. 2,
in the case of driving on a train securing system by means of a train protection system in accordance with § 22.
other measures are being implemented. Unofficial Table Of Contents

§ 50 Permitted speeds

(1) The maximum line speeds applicable to the route network shall be: Technical Supervisory Authority.(2) Restrictions on the maximum speed of the track for individual sections shall be determined by the manager of the vehicle in accordance with the type of vehicle and on the basis of the route conditions and of special occasions. The Technical Supervisory Authority shall be informed of any permanent restrictions on the maximum track speed.(3) The maximum speed applicable to the rest of the road shall not be exceeded on the road bodies which are flush with the road.(4) The following speeds must not be exceeded
1.when you pass on platforms without stop 40 km/h,
2.when driving against the tip of non-positively defined switches 15 km/h.
unofficial table of contents

§ 51 signals

(1) signals must be in the range shall be used which require the security and the operational conditions.(2) Signals must be in the form, colour and sound garden according to Appendix 4.(3) Signals that transmit orders visually must be visible in time and clearly visible. They shall not affect traffic signs, signs or signals of other modes of transport in their effect and shall not give rise to confusion.(4) If a signal has failed or cannot be clearly perceived, it is important to assume the importance of ensuring greater security.(5) Pre-announcement signals must be used if the main signal is not recognizable in the service braking distance of the service because of the local conditions.(6) Driving signals F 0 (stop) are to be announced by driving signals F 4 (stop to be expected) with sufficient time advance; this does not apply if the trains at the signal location have to be kept without exception or if a signal change of F 1, F 2 or F 3 (travel released) on F 0 (stop) within the service braking distance is excluded by the passing train.(7) Train signals Z 1 (peak signal) and Z 2 (final signal) are to be shown when the visibility conditions require it, especially during the twilight, in the dark and in the tunnel.(8) When in control operation, the traction signals Z 3 (braking signal), Z 4 (direction of travel signal) and Z 5 (warning flashing signal) are to be used. Paragraph 7 shall remain unaffected.(9) Changes in the permissible speed downwards must be characterized by speed signals G 2 to the extent that they are necessary.(10) If speed signals G 2 are not recognizable in sufficient distance due to the local conditions, speed signals G 1 or pre-announcement signal V 2 must be shown.(11) In the case of switches which are not included in train safety systems in the case of a switch, the switch signals W 11, W 12 or W 13 must be shown at speeds of more than 15 km/h against the tip.(12) The transition from driving to traction for driving in sight must be characterized by special signal So 2 and the transition from driving to the view for driving on a train safety device by special signal So 1.(13) The locations of the main signals shall be marked outside the holding points and the parking facilities by means of special signals So 3 or So 4.(14) At the main signal H 0 (hold) may only be used for marking by the special signal So 4 (order plate) or on a special order.(15) At the travel signal F 0 (stop), it is allowed to pass after a stop, if a disturbance of the signal system can be detected and the traffic situation allows a further journey. This does not apply in the case of single-track sections which are operated in the two-directional operation; the way forward is only permitted in a special arrangement.(16) If the monitoring signal remains dark for the level crossing, it must be kept in front of the railway crossing. The journey may be continued if the traffic situation is permitted.(17) Order orders which are not transmitted by technical means of communication shall apply only if the signals are recorded audibly and visibly; the ranking shall already apply if it is recorded only audibly or only visibly.(18) Signals which are to be of no importance in operation shall be eliminated or concealed and shall be marked by a white cross with a black border. Non-official table of contents

§ 52 Use of operating staff

(1) Operating systems and vehicles may only be operated by operating staff , which have been appropriately instructed and designated by the manager.(2) In special cases, in particular for the purpose of determining the serviceability and the maintenance, operations and rolling stock may also be operated by subservient powers which are not members of the undertaking. The responsibility of the operating staff for operational safety remains unaffected.(3) Operating systems or vehicles which operate in whole or in part automatically or are remotely operated must be monitored for proper functioning within the framework of the operational requirements of operating staff.(4) Records shall be kept at the service of the staff of the driving staff. You must include
Driving staff names,
Service beginning and end of service,
special incidents.
A Non-Official Table of Contents

§ 53 Occupied Trains with Driving Staff

(1) Each train must be carried by a vehicle driver during the journey be occupied.(2) By way of derogation from paragraph 1, trains of independent trains do not need to be occupied by vehicle drivers,
Facilities and facilities for self-operating driving that meet the requirements of § 22 and are monitored in accordance with § 52, paragraph 3,
regularly checked that the clear space of the track is free of persons and obstacles that cannot be detected by means of safety,
between the passengers and an operating station speaking opportunity and
the passengers in the
() Operating trains must be occupied with at least one other driver in addition to the driver if they are not equipped with a safety driving circuit according to § 38 (2) or without train protection facilities pursuant to section 38 (3) routes with train protection systems.(4) A damaged train can no longer lead from the Zugspitze, it must be filled with a ticket operator who gives the driver of the vehicle via voice radio or in some other way orders for the train movement and warns at the risk. Non-official table of contents

§ 54 Driving operations

(1) Personality trains may only be driven off if by eye or by technical equipment noted that the doors for passenger change have been closed.(2) doors may only be released in regular operation at stops, only on the platform side and only when the trains stop for a passenger change.(3) passenger trains may only be accelerated and braked in such a way that passengers are no longer considered to be unavoidably at risk.(4) Holding names and transfer possibilities shall be announced in advance on the trains, except in the case of targeted traffic.(5) In the event of a prolonged period of service disruption, passengers shall be informed at stops and trains, in particular to indicate replacement or redirection.(6) Telecommunications equipment and information facilities may not be used for other purposes as operational purposes.(7) The cargo on service vehicles shall be subject to traffic safety. It must not project beyond the vehicle's belt. Derogations shall be permitted if the necessary security measures have been taken.(8) Cancelled vehicles shall be secured against unrolling and unauthorised access.(9) Records shall be kept on the composition and use of the trains. Non-official table of contents

§ 55 Participation in road transport

(1) Trains take part in road traffic on the road. In doing so, the drivers must comply with the rules of the road traffic order relating to them.(2) Trains taking part in road transport shall not exceed 75 metres.(3) In special and independent railway bodies, including railway crossings in accordance with § 20, trains do not take part in the road transport sector. Non-official table of contents

§ 56 Behavior of defects on trains

(1) Trains with safety defects must not remain in use. In the case of a possible further journey up to an operationally suitable point of application, precautions must be taken, depending on the nature and severity of the deficiencies. Passengers are, if circumstances permit, to carry on up to a stop.(2) When moving trains with defective brakes, the speed shall be adjusted to the reduced braking capacity.(3) In the case of a driving operation without a driver or on routes without a safety room, it is necessary to take operational precautions to ensure that passengers are able to rescue passengers without delay from trains that have been lying on the road. Non-official table of contents

§ 57 Maintenance of operating equipment and vehicles

(1) The maintenance of the operating facilities and vehicles includes: Maintenance, inspections and repairs; it must extend at least to those parts of which the operational safety may be affected.(2) The nature and extent of the maintenance and the inspections shall be based on the design and the load on the operating facilities and the vehicles.(3) inspections are to be carried out on a scheduled basis within the following deadlines
1.Tunnel and station construction works, Other railway structures other than earthworks10 years,
2.Power supply systems 5 years,
3.Bridges6 years ago,
4.Driving line attachments5 years,
5. Track systems5 years,
6.train backup systems 5 years,
7.Signalanlagen5 years,
8.Machine engineering equipment that significantly affects operational safety5 years,
9.Rail crossings2 years,
10. escalators and pavements1 year,
11.Vehicles, after relaying 500,000 km, However, at the latest after8 years.
4) Without prejudice to paragraph 3, operating systems and vehicles shall also be subject to serious accidents in which parts have been damaged, Operational safety may be subject to an inspection.(5) In special cases, the Technical Supervisory Authority may extend the time limits referred to in paragraph 3 for operating facilities and vehicles. It may lay down shorter time limits in the case of operating installations and vehicles with technical characteristics.(6) The maintenance and inspections are to be carried out by means of an amortisation process. The documents required for the construction and maintenance are to be added to the prescriptions, in particular the acceptance certificate and, in the case of an operating system, the documents which are based on the approval of the building.(7) The prescriptions on maintenance are to be kept up to the next inspection, but at least three years, to keep those on the inspections up to the decommissioning of the operating facilities and vehicles. Non-official table of contents

§ 58 Use and entry of the operating facilities and vehicles

(1) Persons who are not operating staff may Operating systems and vehicles, insofar as they do not serve the general purpose of transport, do not enter or use otherwise. They may cross special and independent railway bodies only at the points designated for this purpose.(2) Representatives of the Technical Supervisory Authority and other persons charged with the exercise of sovereign rights shall be entitled to enter operating facilities and vehicles in the performance of their duties or orders. You have to be able to show yourself.The technical supervisory authority may, in agreement with the road transport authority, permit the use of special and independent railway bodies by bus or coach buses or trolleybuses of the passenger transport sector. The safety of the railway operation must not be affected by this. Non-official table of contents

§ 59 Inoperative actions

(1) It is forbidden to damage operating facilities or vehicles, their facilities to be abused, to erect driving obstacles or to carry out other activities which are dangerous to the operation.(2) In particular, passengers shall be prohibited from using external doors or equipment for the emergency braking of vehicles.

Seventh section
procedural rules

name="BJNR026480987BJNE007000328 " />Non-official table of contents

§ 60 Examination of construction documents for operating facilities

(1) The construction of operating facilities must not be started until the Examination of the building documents by the Technical Supervisory Authority has shown that the provisions of this Regulation are complied with and if the entrepellant of the outcome of this examination is subject to a decision on the planning of the plan or a decision to consent to the approval of the documents. has been informed in accordance with paragraph 3.(2) Operating systems of safety-related importance are exempted from the test. This applies in particular to installations for which strength calculations, calculation of light space or other safety certificates are not required. In case of doubt, the Technical Supervisory Authority shall decide.(3) The Technical Supervisory Authority shall issue a consent decision on the outcome of the examination, if
in the case of § 28 para. 2 or 3 sentence 1 of the Passenger Transport Act, a plan-setting is not or
The examination of the building documents has not already been carried out as part of a permit or plan determination required under the Passenger Transport Act.
(4) Next to the Consents of consent shall remain unaffected by the authorisations required under other public-law provisions; the technical supervisory authority may require the contractor to submit these authorisations.(5) The construction documents shall contain the representations required for the examination. These include, in particular, execution drawings, building materials information, load assumptions and other descriptions and calculations essential for the assessment of safety.(6) If the institution of the project is a person other than the contractor (Article 3 (3) of the Passenger Transport Act), the building documents may only be submitted in agreement with the contractor, insofar as the interests of the contractor are affected; in case of doubt, the Technical Supervisory Authority shall decide.(7) In addition to the cases referred to in paragraph 2, the operating facilities may be constructed only in accordance with the building documents which have been examined. If they are to be deviated from them, the documents must be supplemented and resubmitted to the Technical Supervisory Authority; paragraphs 1 to 6 shall apply accordingly.(8) For operating installations which are constructed in accordance with the same construction documents as standard, the submission of simplified construction documents shall be sufficient if the Technical Supervisory Authority has granted a type approval.(9) The notification of consent shall not apply if, within three years of the grant, the execution of essential construction measures has not commenced or the execution has been interrupted for three years. The time limit may be extended for a maximum of one year before the expiry of the application.(10) Paragraphs 1 to 9 on the procedure and sections 61 and 62 on the supervision of the construction of the contractor, which are not intended to serve the operation but may affect the safety of the holding (other installations), shall apply. Operating systems and acceptance accordingly. If there is doubt as to whether any other plant can affect the safety of the holding, the Technical Supervisory Authority shall decide. Non-official table of contents

Section 61 Supervision of the construction of operating assets

(1) The Technical Supervisory Authority supervises the construction of Operating systems. It can confine itself to random samples. It may require the beginning and termination of certain works to be displayed in good time.(2) The supervision shall include, in particular, findings on
the regularity of the Construction,
The usability of the building materials and components used,
the adequate protection of the driving operation in contact with the building.
(3) The supervisor must have access to the construction site as well as an insight into the documents required for the supervision. Non-official table of contents

§ 62 acceptance

(1) New or changed operating facilities and vehicles may only be used for the purpose of determining the serviceability shall be put into service if the Technical Supervisory Authority has taken them down. This shall not apply to changes which do not affect operational safety; in case of doubt, the Technical Supervisory Authority shall decide. § 37 of the Passenger Transport Act shall remain unaffected.(2) The acceptance shall include the findings of measurements, functional tests or other checks that the operating system or the vehicle is in conformity with the building documents tested and is operationalsafe.(3) The results of the acceptance test shall be a copy of the document.(4) The contractor shall apply for acceptance to the Technical Supervisory Authority. The acceptance of vehicles shall be requested as soon as the draft designs are available; the application shall be accompanied by construction documents in accordance with Section 60 (5).(5) If the acceptance of vehicles is requested, which are constructed in accordance with the same construction documents as standard, these documents need only be submitted upon request for acceptance of the first vehicle of the series.(6) After completion of the acceptance, the Technical Supervisory Authority shall issue a notice of acceptance to the contractor. The Technical Supervisory Authority may require that the business owner submit statements of acceptance which are required under other public-law provisions.(7) Where the findings referred to in paragraph 2 are met with regard to operational safety, the operating system or the vehicle may be provisionally put into service before the date of acceptance of the acceptance certificate if the technical supervisory authority has no other

Achter Section
Administrative Offences, End and Transitional Rules

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§ 63 Administrative Offences

(1) Administrative Offences within the meaning of Section 61 (1) (4) of the Passenger Transport Act are those who intentionally or negligently act as entrepreneurs
contrary to § 7, paragraph 3, sentence 1 or 3, an operational manager or a deputy
contrary to § 60 (1), also in conjunction with paragraph 10, sentence 1, with the construction of operating facilities or other facilities begins,
contrary to § 62 (1) sentence 1 new or changed operating equipment or vehicles before it is taken into service.
Number 2 applies to the other institution of a project (§ 3 Abs. 3 of the Passenger Transport Act).(2) In the sense of Section 61 (1) (4) of the Passenger Transport Act, the offence also acts as a deliberate or negligent act
as a person who is not an operating staff member, contrary to § 58, paragraph 1, sentence 1, operating facilities or vehicles, or otherwise used,
as a passenger against § 59 para. 2 external doors or devices for the emergency braking of vehicles.
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§ 64 (omitted)

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§ 65 Entry into force and transitional provisions

(1) This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 January 2008. January 1988.(2) (3) In this Regulation, where the construction of operating facilities or vehicles is subject to requirements other than those laid down in the previous law, existing or under construction operating facilities or vehicles shall be subject to the provisions of this Regulation not to be adapted. The Technical Supervisory Authority may require an adjustment if the security requires this.(4) By way of derogation from paragraph 3, existing or under construction operating facilities or vehicles shall comply with the provisions of this Regulation at the latest at the following points in time
Signal systems of single track sections (§ 21 para. 3 no. 2) at the latest by 1. January 1990;
Technical fuses of railway crossings (§ 20 para. 4), equipping of holding points (§ 31 para. 1 no. 2) and speaking connections (§ 46 para. 4 sentence 1) no later than 1. January 1992;
Sisters (§ 17 para. 8) and emergency braking systems (§ 36 para. 9 sentence 2) no later than 1. January 1996.
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Final Formula

The Federal Minister for Transport A non-official table of contents

Appendix 1 (to § 20)
Labeling and securing of web transitions

(site: BGBl. I 1987, Nr 58, investment band p. 2)
Picture 1 Andreaskreuz

The lightning arrow in the middle of the Andreastick indicates that the line has electric guidance
Image 2 light signs

When conditions are cramped, the Andreaskreuz may be placed next to or above the light sign
Image 3 Light signs with half-bound

-barrier may also be vertically stripped.

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Appendix 2 (to § 36)
Braking Limits

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 1987, asset band to No 58, p. 3)
The limits a and s of Tables 1 and 2 apply to empty vehicles on a straight track.
a in m/s (high) 2
Minimum value of the middle braking
s in m
maximum braking distance between start of brake actuation and standstill
v in km/h
Output speed at start of brake
av (high) 2
3.6 (high) 2 x 2 s
table 1
in the event of a brake failure
(§ 36 para. 3 and 6)
m/s (high) 2
400,95 65
70 1, 07177
100 1, 09 355
Table 2
Hazard Braking
(§ 36 para. 5 no. 3)
m/s (high) 2
302,04 17
60 2.5754
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Appendix 3 (to § 47 para. 2 no. 2)
A symbol for the identification of seats for disabled persons and other persons in need of seating

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 1987, Nr 58, asset page p. 4)
Color of the symbol and the image borderblack
Underground color
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Appendix 4 (to § § 21, 40, 51)

(site of the original text: Investment country for BGBl. I 1987, No. 58)
1.Main Signals H
2.Pre-announcement signalsV
3.Driving signalsF
4. Disorder SignalsA
5.Train Signals Z
6.Speed SignalsG
7.Protection signalsSh
8. Rank SignalsR
9.Switching Signals St
10.Soft signalsW
11.Rail crossing monitoring signals
12. Special SignalsSo

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 1987, Nr 58, investment country p. 6-28)
Main signals (driving on train protection)
Label Signal Image meaning Explanation
H 0 A red light Halt
H 1 A green light drivingsignals H 1 and H 2 can also be given in connection with speed signals G 2
H 2 A green light above a yellow light Drive with speed limit 
Pre-announcement signals (drive to train backup)
Label Signal Image meaning Explanation
V 0 Two yellow lights rising to the right The following Main signal is to be expected to stop
V 1 Two green lights rising to the right The following main signal is expected to drive
V 2 A green and a yellow light from left to right more ascending The following main signal is to be expected to drive with speed limit
limited The lights can be arranged perpendicular to each other if there is no danger of confusion with other signal images.
Driving signals (driving on View)
Label Signal Image meaning Explanation
F 0 A white horizontal light bar Halt
F 1 A white vertical light bar Drive straight ahead only
F 2 A white light beam pointing diagonally to the right above Drive to the right only
F 3 A white diagonally to the left above-white light beam Drive released only to the left
F 4 A white light point Stop waiting
F 5 A white light triangle with top to bottom voyage released under Observance of the bending rules in accordance with § 9 Road Traffic Order
0.5pt solid; border-bottom: 0.5pt solid; " align="left "valign="top" charoff="50"> Label Signal Image meaning Explanation A 1 a white-or gel-bleed T Close doors A 2 a A short acoustic or an optical or an audible and an optical character Abused A 2 b A white or green light ring   
Train signals
Label Signal Image meaning Explanation
Z 1 At the top of a train three white lights Top signal The headlight of the peak signal may contain the line label
Z 2 On the train connection two red lights Final signal
Z 3 On the train two yellow or red lights Brake Signal
Z 4 Yellow flashing lights on one of the two long sides Travel direction signal
Z 5 Yellow Blink lights simultaneously on both long sides Warning flashing signalDisplays the that the train has been left out
Speed signals
Label Signal Image meaning Explanation
G 1 a A triangular top-standing yellow panel with a white border and a black code number Announcement of speed limitationSpeed restriction is any change in allowed speed down
In restricted space, a triangle top can show up
G 1 b A white-shining indicator
G 2 a A rectangular yellow panel with a white edge and a black code number Start of speed limit 
G 2 b a whitening indicator
G 3 A rectangular white board with black E End of speed limit Speed restriction is any change to the allowable speed down
G 4 A rectangular white board with black edge and black code number Start of the Speed LimitShows changes in the allowed speed up; can also be used instead of the G 3 signal
characteristics of the signals G 1, G 2 and G 4 indicate that the specified value is allowed as a speed in km/h; will be single-digit When used, the value is ten times that of the allowed speed.
Protection signals
Rank signals
Label Signal Image meaning Explanation
Sh 1 A square yellow panel with a horizontal green stripe Forced shaltmarked spots where to stop at all events when driving
Sh 2 A rectangular red panel with a white edge Protection contentcontinue to drive is not allowed
Sh 3 a At least 3 short acoustic characters quickly in succession Nothalt The train is to be held on the shortest path
Sh 3 b A white-red-white flag or the arm moving in circles
Sh 3 cA lantern, grayed out as red as possible, or a bright object in circle moving
Sh 3 d A red flashing light or several red lights with each other
Sh 4 A rectangular white board with black L Läutencorresponding to local conditions, acoustic warning signals are to be given
Sh 5 A moderately long tone or Herring AttentionSignal Sh 5 will be given to warn people
Sh 6 A red-white character or corresponding marking in the track area Limit characterThe limit is marked by the border to which the tracks are conversing The bar can be occupied
Sh 7 A rectangular black board with white H or a rectangular white panel with black H or corresponding marking in the track area Holding board Identify the position where the tip of the train should be held
Label Signal Image meaning Explanation
R 1 A moderately long tone and vertical movements of the arm, in darkness with a white lantern Directingshunting movement away from the signal-giving way
R 2 Two moderately long tones and horizontal slow movements of the arm, in the dark with a white lantern Herkommenshunting movement towards the
R 3 Three short tones and circular movements of the arm, in the dark with a white lantern Rank content
Switching signals
Label Signal Image meaning Explanation
St 1 A square blue panel with a white S Signal Contact On the signal St 1 a signal contact is to be actuated
St 2 A square blue panel with a white W Soft contactOn signal St 2 is the softness control to be actuated
St 3 A square, top-standing blue panel with black and white border and a disassembled white U Power off From the signal St 3, the driving current must be turned off
St 4 A square, top-standing blue panel with black and white border and a closed white U Power OnFrom signal St 4, the driving current may be turned on
St 5 A square, top-standing blue table with black and white border and a horizontal white stripe drop off current collectorFrom signal St 5, the pantograph must be removed
St 6 A square blue panel standing on top with black and white border and a vertical white Strips Apply pantographFrom signal St 6, the pantograph may be applied again
St 7 A square blue board with a white T Stretch SeparatorOn signal St 7, the driving current is to be briefly switched off
St 8 A quadratic on which Top standing blue blackboard with black and white border and a square white frame standing on the top with inner white square Stop for Vehicles with an applied pantographjourneys beyond the signal St 8 are not permitted for vehicles with a pantograph attached
Soft signals
Monitoring signals for web transitions
Label Signal Image meaning Explanation
W 1 A white glowing angle with lace after top Weiche stands for driving straight ahead with a maximum of 15 km/hA force-locking end position of the moving soft parts (switch) without closure)
W 2 A white glowing angle with tip to right Weiche stands for drive to the right with a maximum of 15 km/h
W 3 A white glowing angle with tip to left Weiche stands for Travel to the left with a maximum of 15 km/h
W 11 A white glowing angle with top top and base bar at the bottom Weiche stands for driving straight ahead with allowed SpeedThe moving parts of the switch are fixed in the respective end position in a form-fitting manner (switch is closed)
W 12 A white glowing angle with tip to right and base beam left Weiche stands for travel to the right with allowed speed
W 13 A white glowing angle with tip to left and base bar right Weiche stands for travel to the left with allowed Speed
W 14 A white angle with Top down and base bar at the top of a square black panel Weiche must not be reopened 
Label Signal Image meaning Explanation
Bü 0 A black-and-white striped, back-beam mast shield Stop in front of the railway crossing; onward journey only if it allows the traffic situationBü 0 indicates that the technical protection of the level crossing has failed.
Bü 1 A white flashing light over a black-and-white obliquely striped, retro-radiating mast sign The level crossing may be drivenBü 1 indicates that the technical security of the railway crossing works properly
Bü 2 A rectangular black board with four white diamonds standing on top of each other A heartbeating signal is expected
Special signals
Label Signal Image meaning Explanation
So 1 A square white board with two black dots among each other Start of a track with train protectionTransition from driving on view to driving on train protection
So 2 A square white board with two black dots among each other and one to the right rising red diagonal strip End of a track with a train backupTransition from driving to train protection to drive on view
So 3 A black-and-white recognition strip Location TagSpecifies the location of main signals
So 4 A yellow-white masttag Order ShieldIndicates The order to pass at the signal H 0 with due regard to special arrangements specified in a service instruction
So 5 A square yellow panel with a green diagonal reuz Encounters Prohibition-Beginning -If there is a ban on meeting certain vehicles and directions, additional signs can be used
So 6 A square yellow panel with green edge Encounters Prohibition-End-