Read the untranslated law here: http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/atstrlsvdbest/DDNR003480984.html
Implementing rules on the regulation on the guarantee of nuclear safety and radiation protection AtStrlSVDBest Ausfertigung date: 11.10.1984 full quotation: "implementing rules on the regulation on the guarantee of nuclear safety and radiation protection of the 11 October 1984 (Coll. DDR 1984 I p. 348)" footnote In the acceding territory continue governing law of the former German Democratic Republic gem. Appendix II Cape. XII section III No. 2 according to d. Article 9 EinigVtr v. 31.8.1990 in conjunction with art. 1 G v. 23.9.1990 II 885, 1226 mWv data (+++ requirements due to EinigVtr cf. AtStrlSVDBest annex EV +++) (+++ text proof validity from: 3.10.1990 +++) input formula on the basis of article 33 of the regulation of 11 October 1984 on the guarantee of nuclear safety and radiation protection (Coll. I no. 30 p. 341) determines the following : - Has on radiation protection in particular following tasks to article 3 para. 3 of the regulation article 1 tasks of the responsible employee (1) senior researcher as responsible employees: 1. radiation protection areas to set up, to set, perform 3. teachings and internal radiation protection training, plan 4. radiation protection measures for the respective work items and to organize, to work out 5 operational radiation protection order or radiation protection instructions, directly lead to 6 Strahlenwerktätige 2. Strahlenwerktätige , 7 medical, induce dosimetric and person-dosimetric monitoring and maintain a written proof about this necessary individual protection resources to require 8 to secure their use, 9 to allow the use of radiation facilities, safety devices and measuring equipment only in technically perfect condition, and to get the proper inclusion of the measuring equipment in operational metrology, 10 preventive measures for the prevention of extraordinary events to enforce , 11 nuclear substances and radiation devices must be secured against unauthorized access, to check their integrity and to lead evidence of their existence, 12 to get the check of tightness of sealed radioactive sources, 13 to inform the head of the parent and the radiation protection Commissioners in case of defects in the radiation protection and to work towards the Elimination of the deficiencies, 14 changes of personnel or factual prerequisites to cause the change of permission.
(2) the employees employed as responsible employees with managerial authority has in the field of radiation protection, paragraphs 5 to 14 to perceive the duties referred to in paragraph 1.
-To article 4 of the regulation of § 2, the procedures for the issue of the permit referred to in articles 3 to 14 of this implementing regulation applies for the use of nuclear installations, for mining activities, where radioactive materials are present, as well as for the extraction of radioactive raw material and the use of this falling radioactively contaminated material.
-§ 4 para 3 of regulation § 3 documents for the granting of approval with the application for approval are 1 the head of the company, 2. the responsible employees and the radiation protection Commissioner as well as their qualifications, 3. the work projects, 4. to appoint the working spaces the type and activity or quantity of radioactive substances, the type and the number of radiation facilities or sealed sources and 5, as well as the operational radiation protection procedure including the plan of action for combating of extraordinary events in duplicate to present 6. The permit is tied to these particulars and documents.
-§ 4 para 4 of the regulation of § 4 the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection at the earliest possible date in the planning to include is consent to the granting of consents to the individual stages of the use of radiation facilities and for the transport of radioactive substances to projects of part of or special work.
§ 5 consent for the site (1) locations of factories, buildings and facilities, can reach from which radioactive substances into the environment or otherwise contributing to the exposure of individuals from the population in the area, are subject to approval.
(2) the operation of radiation facilities and the handling of radioactive substances in dwellings are allowed only under certain restrictive conditions. They are set in the agreement.
Article 6 consent to the terms of reference (1) tasks for the preparation of investments for rooms and buildings where a use of radiation devices or a transport of radioactive substances is provided, are subject to approval.
(2) nature and extent of the documents proportionate for the consent are set by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
§ 7 consent for the project projects for rooms and buildings where a use of radiation devices or a transport of radioactive substances is provided, are subject to approval. With the application, the following documents shall be provided: 1 explanation of the work project and work technology, 2. structural explanations, 3. radiation protection-technical and safety notes, 4. radiation protection calculations, 5. information on type, activity or volume of radioactive substances or details of the radiation facilities and their operating parameters, 6 graphic documents, site plan, floor plans or cuts as well as information on ventilation and ventilation management, water and wastewater management, monitoring devices and other equipment , 7 proof of the guarantee of health and occupational safety and health and fire protection.
The State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection may require other documents specifically to the optimization of radiation protection measures. The documents must be submitted in duplicate with the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection where a copy of the documents will remain.
§ 8 consent to the closure of (1) the withdrawal of authorisation systems or work sites for the operation of radiation facilities, containing radioactive substances or where the traffic of radioactive substances is, requires the consent.
(2) with the request for consent to the closure is to prove that - are a proper disposal or distribution of radioactive substances or radiation facilities, workplaces, work equipment or equipment be decontaminated sufficiently, - radiation protection at the closure is guaranteed.
(3) further use of workplaces, work equipment or equipment requires the approval by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. It can instruct the radiation protection Commissioners with the release.
(4) the decommissioning of radiation facilities, which contain no radioactive substances, is to sign the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection, notification of the whereabouts of the other.
Article 9 approval of sub-projects and special work projects and special work, such as new technologies, industry attempts or temporary work schemes, where the operation of radiation facilities or a transport of radioactive substances is intended, require a consent. Nature and extent of documents referring to correspond to those in article 7. The agreement is part of the granted approval.
§ 10 consent to the import (1) individual imports of radiation facilities or sealed sources require the consent, if there is no approval pursuant to section 5 of the regulation. The application is from the import operation. Him the following documents shall be accompanied by: - technical documentation, the design and function emerge from, - purpose, - intended operation for the usage or traffic, - radiation protection approval or similar documents of the country of the manufacturer, - intended operation for maintenance.
(2) the import contract may be concluded following the granting of consent to the import.
§ 11 changes before of the change in personnel or factual premises that underlie a permit, is to apply for a change of the approval.
§ 12 work equipment, work procedures and work sites for the operation of radiation facilities and the transport of radioactive substances are decrease to remove prior to issuance of a permit with regard to ensuring radiation protection by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. It can instruct the radiation protection Commissioner or the responsible employees declined.
-To § 4 paragraph 5 of the regulation article 13 registration (1) the movement of sealed sources or the operation of radiation facilities is subject to the registration, if - unified and confirmed by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection documents of usage, in particular radiation protection-technical project, the manual and the operational radiation protection regulations, are available, - the proof, that operates in accordance with the usage of documents, called a responsible employee and is evidenced by a decrease in compliance with the radiation protection requirements.
(2) dental X-ray equipment and measuring -, steering - and control systems are subject to the registry using sealed radioactive sources, if this has occurred in the radiation pattern approval.
(3) the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection provided within the framework of the radiation type approval documents stating acceptance of the responsible employee in duplicate can be send. A copy of registration notice is returned to operation.
(4) the registration is bound to: 1 operation, 2. the responsible employees, 3. the work projects, 4. the art activity or amount of radioactive substances or the nature and activity of the sealed sources the type and characteristics of radiation facilities, and whose number, 5. the work spaces.
(5) a change of personnel or factual conditions that underlie the registry, as well as the closure of registered radiation facilities and sealed sources is to inform the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection within 14 days of the change.
-To § 4 paragraph 6 of regulation § 14 registration (1) registration is subject to - sources for controlling display of radiation measuring instruments, - sources for educational purposes, - radiation facilities for educational purposes and - ionisation smoke detector, if this has occurred in the radiation pattern approval.
(2) the registration shall be effected by written notification of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection by means of form operation. If not else the acquisition of registration products is set to inform the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection period of 4 weeks.
-To § 4 paragraph 7 and article 5 of the regulation article 15, permission for special radiation equipment is the use of radiation facilities, whose acceleration voltage kV does not exceed, for charged particles 5 without approval, registration, registration and type approval allows.
-To article 6 par. 2 of the regulation article 16 powers and duties of inspectors and contracted doctors (1) inspectors of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection are authorized: 1 building, rooms, facilities, laboratories and other workplaces in carrying out their duties at any time to enter and tests, carry out measurements or sampling, and generally to comply with the legislation and operational specifications for the health, work and fire protection are , 2. obligations to grant and to beauflagen them at serious violations of nuclear safety and radiation protection legislation or immediate danger to people or property, or the environment documents pertaining to nuclear safety and radiation protection to have access or to request, information and assessments to demand, as well as to produce required documentation, 3. the managers of the establishments and the responsible employees to require the removal of shortcomings in ensuring nuclear safety and radiation protection, 4. the heads of enterprises , to prohibit the continuation of the work or activity from blasting work active and operating personnel or spaces and facilities to lock, 5th in extraordinary events to initiate absolutely necessary actions for addressing threats to life and health or to prevent serious damage instructions to give, as far as the operation can not even perceive these measures, 6 for violations of legislation and operational provisions or non-compliance issued regulations and instructions from the head of the operation initiation of disciplinary measures to request, to pronounce a warning with fine according to § 30 para 5 of the regulation, or to propose initiation of proceedings of order to the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection in accordance with article 30 of the regulation.
(2) the responsible physicians of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection have the right: 1 radiation doctors on medical radiation protection control of blasting work active and operating personnel to monitor, 2. the health records of blasting work active and operating personnel to see, 3. medical examinations in the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection or health care facilities that cause and radiation medical opinions or upper opinion to initiate.
(3) on the issue of directives or implementing measures referred to in paragraph 1 point. 5 and paragraph 2 point. 3 is immediately to inform the head of the operation.
State - to § 6 section 3 of the regulation - person dosimetric monitoring § 17 (1) the person dosimetric monitoring of external radiation exposure of radiation work operating the categories A and B referred to in article 31 using person dosimeters, which are made and evaluated by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection available. The personal dosimeters are usually on the chest side of the upper body. X-ray protective clothing is worn, the personal dosimeter under these clothes are so to install.
(2) for Strahlenwerktätige of category A, the evaluation of the personal dosimeter every month. Strahlenwerktätige of class B can be the evaluation of the personal dosimeter at larger intervals.
(3) provisions to the interval of evaluation of personal dosimeters and the supervision of another person on external radiation exposure be taken in granting permission.
§ 18 person dosimetric monitoring of internal radiation exposure of radiation work active, involved in particular in work rooms of class I and II in accordance with article 34 and in nuclear installations, is carried out by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection by means of whole body measurement or measurement of precipitation samples. The State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection may delegate these tasks also operate. Nature and scope of the audit are based on the work projects and the results of monitoring measurements in accordance with section 21. The State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection can determine in specific cases, that the internal radiation exposure on the basis of the measurement of the activity concentration in the air at representative workstations.
Article 19 are (1) Strahlenwerktätige to inform of the results of the person-dosimetric monitoring. The radiation detected by person dosimetric monitoring is to evaluate by the responsible staff with the rays work involved and to register in a load file. Dose values for individuals below the threshold of recording are negligible in determining individual radiation exposure.
(2) Strahlenwerktätige used in radiation protection areas of other establishments, delegating operation has to ensure that the person dosimetric monitoring is carried out and the results of the monitoring are registered.
Following the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection information to be communicated are article 20 (1) about working person dosimetrisch to be monitored: 1 name, birth name, first name, 2. personal identity number, 3. learned profession, current activity, 4. beginning of subject to monitoring activities, previous operation, in which the person dosimetrisch monitoring was carried out, 5. type of work, type of radiation and quality or kind of radioactive substances and the dealing with this characterising workplace data.
(2) the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection informed operation over hot spots in previous activities.
(3) the termination of activity of person dosimetrisch to be monitored workers is to inform the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. The person dosimetric monitoring results are kept by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection 50 years after completion of the work.
-To § 7 paragraph 1 of Regulation section 21 monitoring measurements (1) enterprises in which nuclear energy is used, have to comply with the rules on corporate metrology and must all gauges have, which are necessary to guarantee of the operational monitoring. The measurement results are to register, to evaluate and to be kept.
(2) for monitoring measurements working and calibrated instruments corresponding to the measuring task to use. The stipulations of the Office for standardisation, metrology, and inspection of goods through the State and operational testing of measuring devices must be observed.
(3) measurements must be performed regularly and changes that could materially impact the radiation situation and extraordinary events. Specifications, are to meet in the operational radiation protection regulations.
(4) for assessing the situation of radiation protection are to measure radiation protection areas and adjacent areas place cans and local dose rates. Measuring equipment and procedures to use, allowing to determine activity concentrations in air and water and surface contamination or to check the tightness of sealed sources are also in the operation of nuclear installations and radiation facilities, which can contain sealed sources or generate radioactive substances, as well as in the transport of radioactive substances.
(5) the release of radioactive substances with exhaust air or waste water or otherwise into the environment is to monitor measurements. The results are to register and to be kept.
(6) to the determination or limitation of individual radiation exposure, if necessary, operational personal dosimeters are to insert individual dose performance Warner or procedure to the individual determination of incorporation. Specifications for this purpose be the granting of approval.
(7) upon leaving radiation protection areas, is being administered in those with open radioactive substances or where open radioactive substances may be present, are to check persons and items on contamination.
(8) the metrological control may be replaced by an assessment in justified cases. This procedure requires the approval of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
(9) provisions for the storage of measurement results be made in legislation or in the licence.
-To article 7, paragraphs 2 and 3 of the regulation article 22 rights and duties of the radiation protection officer (1) the radiation protection officer has to check the compliance with the provisions of the radiation protection in its field of competence. He has the head of the company in matters of radiation protection to advise and control the corrective measures as well as the responsible employees with regard to the exercise of their duties.
(2) the radiation protection Commissioner is entitled to enter all work sites and plants his jurisdiction for the purpose of radiation protection control at any time, to request information, reports and assessments on radiation protection and to inspect all documents relating to radiation protection.
(3) the radiation protection Commissioner has regularly perform controls in its field of competence, and to report the head of the operation at least annually about the radiation situation. Specifications about number and scope of the control measures are taken at the issuing of the permit.
(4) the radiation protection Commissioner has to do a check book in which all controls, the deficiencies identified, the measures initiated to eliminate, to enter the deadline for the removal of defects, as well as specific incidents are.
(5) the radiation protection Commissioner is in the planning and preparation of new work projects, include the issues of radiation protection, be consulted. He has to participate in the determination of Strahlenwerktätiger and to confirm the operational radiation protection Ordinance.
(6) the radiation protection Commissioner has identified defects in the radiation protection or for breaches of the radiation protection regulations by the senior staff to require the timely elimination of the deficiencies and compliance with the radiation protection regulations.
(7) the radiation protection Commissioner has premises in imminent danger to persons and property to disable facilities and equipment. Such measures are immediately to bring the head of the operation and the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
(8) the radiation protection Commissioner is required, the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection at the request of the control activity to report and assessments, reports or opinions on issues that related to his occupation as a radiation safety officer, to give.
(9) the work of the radiation safety officer, as well as its rights and obligations are set in the plan of his function. The radiation protection Commissioner performs the control activity part-time, this goes above its other operational tasks.
(10) the rights and obligations of control officers for nuclear safety resulting from the legislation.
-To article 8 of the regulation article 23 Strahlenschutzmedizinische serviceability - and monitoring studies and creation of radiation doctors (1) Strahlenwerktätige and operators have to undergo before and continued their activity as well as for extraordinary events of radiation medical serviceability and monitoring studies. The heads of companies have to ensure participation.
(2) the radiation protection doctors are to put in by the head of the Department of health and social services of the Council of the district (district physician) on the proposal of the directors of the work hygiene inspections of the Councils of the districts and to designate the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. The Association of doctors of radiation protection to the plants is to undertake to request the head of the operations by the directors of the work hygiene inspections of the Councils of the districts. The radiation protection doctors must be active in their areas of responsibility as a responsible employee. As radiation physicians are specialists with State certificate of qualification of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
-To article 10 of the regulation of § 24 justification procedure the justification of a kind of application of nuclear energy on the basis of the existing legislation for the preparation of an investment project, the start of a production or an import decision. The radiation risks to be taken into account will be assessed as part of the approval process by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. Is provided, no admission assessment within the framework of the approval.
-To article 11 of the regulation of § 25 primary (1) in the application of nuclear energy limits for the individual radiation exposure of radiation work involved in 12 consecutive months the following primary limits: mSv 50 mSv as the effective dose equivalent, 500 as the equivalent dose for the organs and tissue and 150 mSv as the equivalent dose for the lens of the eye.
In the case of Inkorporationen the 50-years consequential equivalent dose takes the place of the equivalent dose. 13 mSv applies to women under 45 years of age as additional limit for the equivalent dose of the uterus in three consecutive months.
(2) in the application of nuclear energy 50 are considered for the individual radiation exposure of individuals from the population per year limit of the effective equivalent dose of 5 mSv and limit the equivalent dose for organs and tissues mSv. In addition, it is to ensure that the average value of the effective dose of equivalent per year over a period of 50 years to 1 mSv is limited.
Section 26 secondary (1) for external radiation limits the limits pursuant to § 25 para 1 as having been observed, if the following secondary limits are respected: - for photon radiation from 10 keV to 10 MeV for the maximum surface dose on the body torso and head: 50 mSv per year.
In 3 consecutive months mSv for women under 45 years of age 13;
-at neutron radiation, up to 20 MeV for the maximum equivalent dose assuming reference conditions according to table attachment 1: 50 mSv per year.
In 3 consecutive months mSv for women under 45 years of age 13;
-for photon radiation from 10 keV to 10 MeV and neutron radiation up to 20 MeV for the maximum equivalent dose to the hands: 500 mSv per year;
-for photon radiation below 10 keV and for beta radiation to the maximum surface dose: 500 mSv per year and - for the lens of the eye: 150 mSv per year.
Radiation energy outside of the areas of energy and other types of radiation, secondary limits during the licence be set.
(2) the calculation fundamentals necessary for the proof of the compliance with the secondary limits referred to in paragraph 1 and metrological provisions lays down standards. Compliance can be demonstrated also with the exposure show the personal dosimeters used in State monitoring.
(3) in the case of internal radiation limits of radiation exposure in accordance with § 25 para 1 as having been observed if the in Appendix 2 table 1 column 3 and column 4 specified the year activity feed ALI for inhalation and ingestion are not be exceeded.
(4) applies to a radio nuclide mixture of known percentage composition: 1 - p(tief)i - n = >-Ali(Tief)gem. -Ali(Tief)i i 1 with Ali(Tief)gem. - limit of the year activity feed for the radio nuclide mixture p(tief)i - relative of the i-th radionuclide to the total activity of the mixture Ali(Tief)i - limit of the year activity intake of radionuclide n - i-te = number of radionuclides in the mixture.
(5) in the case of combined external and internal irradiation the primary limits for Strahlenwerktätige as having been observed if the following conditions are simultaneously met: n H(Tief)d - I(Tief)j - + >-< = 1 50 mSv - Ali(Tief)j j = 1 H(Tief)s - < 1 500 mSv maximum surface dose on the body fuselage for photon radiation in the energy range 10 keV to 10 MeV or maximum equivalent dose = with I(Tief)j - year activity feed of the j-th radionuclide Ali(Tief)j - limit of the year activity feed of the j-th radionuclide H(Tief)d - for neutrons to 20 MeV under reference conditions referred to in paragraph 1 H(Tief)s - surface dose for photon radiation below 10 keV and beta radiation.
(6) 1/10 of the limit values referred to in paragraph 1 are considered secondary limits for the external irradiation of individuals from the general public and a limit of 50 mSv per year applies to the lens of the eye. The additional requirement in § 25 paragraph 2 shall apply mutatis mutandis.
(7) 1/100 of the values referred to in paragraph 3 apply inner radiation of individuals from the general public, if no other provisions in laws and regulations or the licence be made. Only adults are affected, is 1/10 and averaged over a period of 50 years 1/50 of the specified values.
(8) in the case of combined external and internal irradiation of individuals from the general public, paragraph 5 is to apply mutatis mutandis.
Derived limits (1) section 27 are derived limits for the mean of size of given a specific time interval, the limited size over shorter periods of time around this mean actual value may fluctuate.
(2) in the case of external photon irradiation with photon energies up to 3 MeV, derived limits as absorbed dose measured in air or dose power under the condition of secondary electron balance can be specified. Air, water, or soft tissue are allowed as reference substance for the absorbed dose. An equivalent dose in a dose of energy measured in air in Gy SV can be equated in the derivation of the limit values.
(3) the limit value for the mean annual concentration of activity in air DAC is the activity concentration of radionuclide in air, - at a respiratory rate of 1.2 m(hoch)3 h(hoch)-i within a work year of 2000 h to a year activity feed in height of ALI leads or - with a submersion within a work year of 2000 h to a radiation exposure results in that which corresponds to the limit in § 25 para 1.
Apply: - for all radionuclides except noble gases DAC *) = ALI/2,400 in Bq m(hoch)-3 with ALI for inhalation in annex 2 table 1 column 3, - for rare gases in annex 2 table 2 column 3 specified DAC for submersion.
(4) for the DAC of radio nuclide mixtures of known percentage composition, § 26 para 4 shall apply mutatis mutandis.
(5) If no other provisions in legislation or in the licence are met, primary limits apply to individuals from the population as having been observed if the mean annual activity concentration in air - for all radionuclides except noble gases DAC 1/100, - for rare gases 1/40 or an average value per year over a period of 50 years 1/200 the annex 2 table 2 column 3a values does not exceed.
(6) for surface contamination in apply Annex 2 table 3 specified limits. For tritium, multiply the values given in table 3 for beta surface contamination with a factor of 100. On the limits of surface contamination, the radiation exposure caused by these contaminants at the proof of compliance with the limit values according to § 25 need not to be taken into account.
(7) on the basis of workplace-related analysis, which lead to specific exposure models, different surface contamination limits can be derived and authorized by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
---*) External exposure to radiation is not included in this value.
Section 28 apply allowances (1) radioactive material either: - as the activity allowance in Appendix 2 table 1 column 5 set values. Several radionuclides are present at the same time, the following condition must be respected: n - A(Tief)i >-< = 1 - F(Tief)i i = 1 with A(Tief)i - activity of the ith radionuclide F(Tief)i - 100 Bq/g allowance for the i-te n - number of simultaneously existing radionuclides radionuclide - as allowance of the activity concentration or in solid natural radioactive substances an activity concentration of 0.2 Bq is considered 500 Bq / g (2) for radioactive contaminated material allowance / g. This only contains radionuclides of natural decay series in the radioactive equilibrium, this value applies to radium.
(3) 5 MBq applies radioactive source material either as allowance for the activity or as an allowance for the relative mass percentage of uranium or thorium 0.01%.
(4) for radioactive emissions are considered exempt of the activity concentration-discharge into the municipal sewer system: for radionuclides with half-lives of 60 days per cbm discharge 1/10 the ALI in annex 2 table 1 column 4 or § 26 para 4;
-Introduction to water: per cbm discharge 1/100 the ALI in annex 2 table 1 column 4 or § 26 para 4;
-Release into the atmosphere: radionuclides except noble gases in the ejection of 1/10 of the DAC in accordance with article 27, paragraph 3 or paragraph 4;
Noble gases in the discharge 1/10 of the DAC for submersion according to Appendix 2 table 2 column 3a or section 27 par. 4;
-Landfill of firm ejections: 0.2 Bq / g included excluding radionuclides of natural decay series in radioactive equilibrium, this value will be valid for radium.
While the emissions resulting from the use of nuclear or radiation facilities or from dealings with radioactive material per week allowed in Appendix 2 table 1 column 5 set values do not exceed.
(5) for radioactive waste, the allowances apply to radioactive material.
(6) a concentration of activity considered for radioactively contaminated food allowance, that the 5 x 10 (high)-3-fold in Appendix 2 table 1 column 4 or § 26 para 4 values divided by the average annual per-capita consumption in kg of the foodstuff is.
(7) for radiopharmaceuticals and medicinal products marked with radionuclide activity concentration is considered allowance, which the 10 (high)-8 x of the annex 2 table 1 column 3 values per gram is.
(8) that apply in paragraphs 1 to 7 set allowances per application. The establishment of allowances not issuing approval by other State bodies, in particular to the waste water discharge into the aquatic environment by the Directorate of water or into the sewers by the competent VEB touches water supply and wastewater treatment.
-Article 12 of the regulation article 29 implementation of optimization (1) an is optimization of radiation protection measures to carry out within the framework of the authorisation procedure, or when granting the licence. Necessary documents shall be provided to the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. This optimization is considered to be given, if appropriate authorized limits set by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection, or specifications in standards, other legislation, guidelines or in the licence are met.
(2) companies have to consider more possibilities of the optimization of radiation protection measures in their areas in the application of nuclear energy on its own responsibility and to prevail it to resulting measures to reduce radiation exposure.
-To article 13 of the regulation article 30 radiation exposure under special conditions exposure in individual cases not more than double may (1) under special conditions and lifetime amount to no more than five times of the limit values referred to in article 25, paragraph 1.
(2) under special conditions require radiation exposure of the due diligence and the previous approval of the head of the operation, as well as reporting to the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. Planned special exposure, they must be confirmed by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
(3) Strahlenwerktätige, which should be exposed to a radiation exposure under special conditions, are to be thoroughly in the undertaken actions, to inform about existing hazards as well as all measures to teach that the radiation exposure be kept as low as possible can. Radiation exposure under special conditions require the consent of the radiation work involved. The State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection, the radiation doctor and the affected radiation work involved are to inform about any exposure to radiation.
(4) exposure under specific conditions may not be used in: - Strahlenwerktätige, who were exposed during extraordinary events radiation exposure have exceeded five times of the annual limits referred to in article 25, paragraph 1, - women with an age under 45 years of age.
-For section 14, paragraph 1, of the regulation article 31 categories for Strahlenwerktätige (1) for Strahlenwerktätige are the categories A and set B: 1 Strahlenwerktätige of category A are active under working conditions, where the radiation exposure can exceed 3/10 of the limit values referred to in article 25, paragraph 1 2. Strahlenwerktätige of category B are active under working conditions, where the radiation exposure may not exceed 3/10 of the limit values referred to in article 25, paragraph 1.
(2) students and trainees between age 16 and 18 years of age must be active for the purpose of training under working conditions, where the radiation exposure of 1/10 of the limit values referred to in article 25, paragraph 1 cannot exceed. In exceptional cases an under conditions may be used with the consent of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection, where the radiation exposure of 3/10 of the limit values referred to in article 25, paragraph 1 cannot exceed.
(3) in determining the categories of radiation work involved, the radiation exposure that can occur when extraordinary events are not to take into account.
-Article 15 of the Regulation § (1) radiation protection areas are 32 characterization of radiation protection areas to set up there, where exposure can occur within a year, exceed the 1/10 of the limit values referred to in article 25, paragraph 1. For radiation protection areas that extend beyond the premises, the operation must have the powers necessary for protective measures.
(2) in accordance with the requirements of practical radiation protection areas are divided in - radiation protection section I, in the radiation exposure can occur within a year, exceed the 3/10 of the limit values referred to in article 25, paragraph 1, and - II, where within a year radiation exposure can come about radiation protection area, not exceeding 3/10 of the limit values referred to in article 25, paragraph 1, if not for the reasons referred to in paragraph 3, a classification in the radiation protection field I is necessary.
(3) in determining areas of radiation protection are largely structural limitations.
(4) the areas of radiation protection are to identify and to provide with the radiation warning signs at the entrances. There are to take measures to prevent accidental and unauthorized access. Within radiation protection areas are places with special radiation hazard with the radiation warning signs to identify. Stay restrictions can be set for these posts. Equipment for contamination control, to provide for decontamination and the change of clothes are at risk of contamination.
(5) access to radiation protection areas only allowed for - Strahlenwerktätige to carry out professional activities - is patient radiation medicine measures, apprentices, students and other workers to training measures in compliance with the conditions referred to in § 31 para 2, visitors under the conditions specified in the licence. Visits are allowed only under conditions where the radiation exposure of 1/10 of the values according to § 25 paragraph 2 cannot exceed. Workers, who rarely need to enter to carry out special activities areas of radiation protection, can be assimilated to visitors.
-To § 16 section 1 of the regulation of § 33 organisational radiation protection measures (1) when dealing with radioactive substances are to use only the essential activities and radio-nuclides with half-life as low as possible. Radioactive substances can exist only so long at work, as it requires the work projects. There are measures to prevent contamination.
(2) in the areas of radiation protection, in which the possibility of the intake of radioactive substances in the human body, eating, drinking and smoking, the use of health care products and cosmetics and other actions that promote such a supply, are prohibited. Beverages may be allowed under special arrangements. The ban does not apply in the extraction of radioactive raw material.
(3) the transport of radioactively contaminated material and radioactive raw material are work-organizational and hygienic measures, which limit an intake of radioactive material to a minimum.
§ 34 laboratory classes are (1) work spaces for the handling of open radioactive material in relation to the exemption and the activity of in the working spaces is dealt with, divided into the following classes: allowances for radioactive material activity limit for workrooms class I class II class III 5 kBq over 0.5 GBq to 0.5 GBq to 0.5 MBq 50 kBq about 5 GBq to 5 GBq until 5 MBq > 50 kBq about 50 GBq to 50 GBq 50 MBq 3(tief)H
about 5 TBq and 5 TBq until 5 GBq (2) for the retention of open radioactive material in workshops higher activities in the permit can be approved.
(3) paragraphs 1 and 2 do not apply to the movement of radioactive materials.
(4) the requirements for construction and equipment for the working areas are regulated separately.
§ 35 surface contamination (1) surface contamination should the in Appendix 2 table 3 set values do not exceed.
(2) exceeds the surface contamination - in Appendix 2 table 3 of digits 1 to 4 values for multiple wet decontamination with mild decontamination - or that in table 3 digits 4 to 6 values for multiple normal wash or in table 3 point. 7 values after decontamination with SOAP and a brush without damaging the skin, are further measures after an assessment of the anticipated radiation exposure as largely taking the real load conditions to set. There are policies of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection or regulations in granting permission to take into account.
Section 36 (1) sealed radioactive sources are testing sealed sources on integrity, leak, to check contamination and compliance with the prescribed duration of use.
(2) the inspection intervals as well as the type of testing are regulated separately.
(3) in relation to the work situation, a tighter series of tests to get to secure the tightness and the exclusion of contaminants is if necessary.
(4) it turns out when assessing that sealed radioactive sources are contaminated, damaged or leaking, is to proceed according to the provisions about the behavior of extraordinary events.
(5) such radioactive substances are the sealed sources equate, which meet the requirements of sealed radiation sources.
-§ 16 par. 2 of the regulation article 37 guards are workplaces and work equipment for the application of nuclear energy to equip to the extent necessary with technical facilities to prevent accidental exposure (guards). Protective devices are to be redundant and necessarily acting and to check periodically on their effectiveness. These checks shall be recorded. Encountered defects is to decide whether and under what conditions a further operation can be implemented by the responsible staff in consultation with the radiation protection Commissioner. Protective devices may be permanently removed or rendered ineffective during repair and maintenance work.
Section 38 maintenance the heads of establishments, where radiation facilities used, have to ensure their maintenance. Technical inspections are to perform within the time limits referred to in the radiation pattern approval by a company, which is in the possession of an authorization granted by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection to carry out repair and maintenance work.
-To § 16 para 3 of Regulation section 39 the provisions on the conduct of the work, to set maintenance technologies, work organisation, whose application and radiation protection monitoring including the authorized and operational limits or reference thresholds are radiation protection Regulation (1) in the operational radiation protection regulations, taking into account the specific conditions of use and work items.
(2) the operational radiation protection regulations requires confirmation by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection or can be specified by him and be kept up to date. For individual work projects, operational radiation protection order by the responsible employees by radiation protection instructions is necessary, fleshing out. The radiation protection instructions must be confirmed by the radiation protection Commissioner.
§ 40 teachings (1) Strahlenwerktätige and operating personnel must prior to commencement of work in the application of nuclear energy, are taught on record about their duties in radiation protection, as well as on the basis of occupational radiation protection procedure protection measures and proper behavior, particularly when extraordinary events, about the dangers. The teachings are complementing through practical exercises. Is to process visitors you receive, enter the areas of radiation protection. The heads of companies have to ensure the implementation of these teachings. The teachings are the occupational safety and health adopted for the given work area and fire protection regulations and guidelines to take into account.
(2) Strahlenwerktätige and operating personnel are to teach at intervals of 3 months and resumption of activity after a long work stoppage on radiation protection. Teachings are even carried out if in the introduction of new work areas or changing the working methods changes in radiation levels are expected.
Article 41 obligations of radiation work active and operating personnel Strahlenwerktätige and operating personnel have scrupulously to comply with the radiation protection regulations and limits and conditions of the nuclear safe operation of nuclear installations and to perform their work, not endanger yourself and others. You are obligated to immediately report defects that occur in radiation protection and extraordinary events the responsible staff or radiation protection Commissioner.
-To article 16, paragraphs 4 and 5 of the regulation of § 42 verification and storage
(1) on the input, the use and the whereabouts of radioactive substances is a proof to lead. Loss of radioactive substances is to proceed in accordance with the provisions about the behavior of extraordinary events.
(2) radioactive materials and radioactive waste are to be kept in special storage areas and containers from hard combustible materials under lock and key. With radioactive materials and radioactive waste do not store: 1. flammable substances, 2. explosive substances, 3. aggressive chemicals (E.g. acids), 4 food and beverage, commodities, feed, medicines and them similar substances, preparations and objects, Gesundheitspflegemittel, pesticides.
(3) explosive substances may be stored only with the consent of the local fire protection institutions in adjacent rooms. The requirements for storage rooms and containers for radioactive materials and radioactive waste are regulated separately.
(4) storage areas and containers are to check the in the operational radiation protection regulations to set intervals regularly on safety and contamination. The assessment is a proof to lead.
(5) storage areas and containers are to be marked with the radiation warning signs.
(6) the permitted activity in storage rooms is set in relation to construction and equipment of these rooms in the permits.
-Article 20 of the regulation of § 43 claims to guarantee of nuclear safety (1) for nuclear installations are to derive the demands to guarantee of nuclear safety and accident protection from the results of the analysis of the history of any incident (accident analyses). Accident analyses are responsibility of head of enterprises on the basis of scientific and technical knowledge about triggering events to make the sequence of operations and the reliability of components and equipment; Operational experience with similar equipment must be considered.
(2) accident analyses include: 1. choice of triggering events that affect nuclear safety (output events), 2 investigation of incident procedures, taking into account of the initial state of nuclear installation, function of operational and safety devices and by actions of the operating personnel and 3 investigation of accident effects depending on the accident sequences.
(3) incidents are set (design basis accidents), is to prove that, through the safety design of the core system and actions of the operating personnel incorrect radiation exposure for operating personnel and by people in the area to avoid as a result of accident analyses for each nuclear facility by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
(4) provisions on type and extent of accident analyses, the design basis accidents and their legal effects, as well as claims to guarantee of nuclear safety be taken in legislation or the approval.
§ 44 quality assurance for nuclear installations (1) for the design, production, construction, commissioning and operating a nuclear facility and the nuclear safety are essential components to set the coordinated complex actions to guarantee of the required quality in quality assurance systems.
(2) a quality assurance system must include: 1. definition of characteristics of quality and reliability to ensure of nuclear safety, 2. measures establishing mandatory working documents, such as standards and technical documentation for the assurance of quality work, and requirements for the timely delivery of this working documents of workers, 3 test and control regulations, such as methods for determining the exact error and to check the accuracy of the used test and measurement equipment , 4. specifications for the quality performance of the works, 5. procedures for the assessment and repair of detected defects and the elucidation of causes of errors, 6 specifications for the responsibility for the implementation of individual measures of quality assurance.
(3) the results of quality control are regularly evaluate, inadequacies in the quality assurance system to resolve without delay.
(4) the rules and regulations shall in particular legislation beyond requirements for quality assurance are set when the granting of approval.
-To article 21 of the regulation article 45 is the site of a nuclear facility claims to the site for nuclear plants set so that 1 set limits do not exceed the frequency of natural disasters or external civilizing influences that may cause nuclear accidents, environmental conditions affect the function of systems and measures to ensure of nuclear safety not inadmissible 2., 3. a reserve can be established if the nature of the nuclear installation requires that , and 4 to the extent necessary to protect against the effects of nuclear accidents in the area measures.
Further provisions are made in legislation or the approval.
-To article 23 of the regulation of § 46, requirements for the operation of nuclear facilities (1) for each nuclear installation are to set conditions of nuclear safety on the basis of accident analyses by limits on operating parameters and conditions for the State and the operational of safety-important facilities.
(2) for the operation of a nuclear installation are operating instructions to draw up, in which the limits and conditions of nuclear safe operation in a suitable form to be included.
(3) the operation of a nuclear installation is allowed only on the conditions determined by the limits and conditions of safe nuclear operations. Compliance with the limits and conditions of safe nuclear operations is to monitor.
(4) in the case of deviations from the limits and conditions of safe nuclear operations, you are immediately to the recovery of nuclear safety to take necessary measures.
(5) the facilities essential for the nuclear safety of a nuclear installation are to be monitored. Measures for quality assurance including the function and field tests are carried out on time and in full. Deviations from the normal functioning of the operation and tests recognized deviations from the required properties are to collect, investigate and eradicate.
(6) the results of the monitoring shall be documented and regularly evaluate to identify influences on nuclear safety and to improve measures to ensure of nuclear safety.
-To § 26 of the regulation of § 47 notification of radiation protection doctor's and share after exceptional events (1) suspected case of extraordinary events, that workers have received a radiation exposure above the limit values laid down in § 25 para 1, is to notify the radiation doctor.
(2) plants locked after an extraordinary event, workplaces, technical facilities and equipment require prior to their further use the release by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. It can instruct the radiation protection Commissioners with the release.
-For section 27, paragraph 1, of the regulation of § 48 qualifications (1) State qualifications are granted by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
(2) issued certificates can be invalidated, if the prompt to attend training events is not followed. State qualifications can be granted limited. Their validity is extended after the visit of continuing education events.
-To § 27 para 5 of the regulation of § 49 occupational training are the operational training on the basis of making the framework programmes provided by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. In special cases, the programs for the occupational training courses with the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection are to vote.
-To § 29 of the regulation of § 50, inclusion of the body for research and development projects (1) research and development projects at an early stage is the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection at the latest at the stage of elaboration of studies, forecasts, or functional specifications via appropriate research and development projects, to inform.
(2) when the registration is to what defenses it is to invite and - which results to submit to him are set by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection, - what research and development projects are included in the control of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection and for which topics and studies to provide him with documents for further consideration are -.
The adopted provisions are to announce the State bodies or establishments.
(3) the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection has to submit proposals for adjustment of research and development projects if it finds that - in the research and development of nuclear safety and radiation protection, not or not to the extent socially necessary are taken into account and - results achieved are not the claims of nuclear safety and radiation protection.
The heads of enterprises have to initiate the necessary measures on the basis of the proposals.
§ 51 final provision this implementing regulation enter into force on 1 February 1985.
Schlußformel the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection of the German Democratic Republic Appendix 1 neutron flux density in cm(hoch)-2 x s(hoch)-1 for an equivalent dose rate * 1) of 1 mySv x h(hoch)-1 and effective quality factor Q as a function of neutron energy neutron energy * 2) into MeV neutron flux density in cm(hoch)-2 x s(hoch)-1 for 1 mySv x h(hoch)-1 more effective quality factor Q * 3) 2.5E-08 (thermal) 26.0 2,3 1.E-07 24,0 2 1.E-06 22.0
2 1.E-05 23.0 2 1.E-04 24,0 2 1.E-03 27.0 2 1.E-02 28.0 2 2.E-02 17.0 3.3 5.E-02 8.5 5.7 1.E-01 4.8 7.4 5.E-01 1.4 11 1.E00 0.85 10.6 2.E00 0.70 9.3 5.E00 0.68 7.8 1.E01 0.68 6.8 2.E01 0.65 6.0 5.E01 0.61 5.0 1.E02 0.56 4.4 2.E02 0.51 3.8 5.E02 0.36 3.2 1.E03 0.22 2.8 2.E03 0.16 2.6 3.E03 0,14
2.5 * 1) authorized works of the maximum equivalent dose rate, which occur parallel radiation incident of Mono-energetic neutrons (wide beam) in body-like phantoms in front.
* 2) 2.5E-08 = 2.5 x 10(hoch)-8. * 3) maximum equivalent dose rate divided by the energy dose in the depth, in the maximum equivalent dose occurs.
Appendix 2 (content: unrepresentable tables, reference: Coll. I, 1984, no. 30, pp. 358-372, regarding the details of the changes see footnote) Annex EV excerpt from EinigVtr Appendix II chapter XII section III (BGBl. II, 1990, 889, 1226) section III remains the following law of the German Democratic Republic with the following stipulations in force: 1...
2. Regulation on the guarantee of nuclear safety and radiation protection of the 11 October 1984 (Coll. I no. 30 p. 341) in addition to implementing rules to the regulation on the guarantee of nuclear safety and radiation protection of the 11 October 1984 (Coll. I no. 30 p. 348;) Ber. GBl. I 1987 No. 18 p. 196) with the following conditions: the rules on mining and other activities, as far as these radioactive materials, especially radon decay products, are present. The competent authorities shall be replaced of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection referred to in the advanced rules and regulations or of the President of the Office.
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