Regulation on the guarantee of nuclear safety and radiation protection AtStrlSV Ausfertigung date: 11.10.1984 full quotation: "regulation on the guarantee of nuclear safety and radiation protection of the 11 October 1984 (Coll. DDR 1984 I p. 341)" footnote In the acceding territory continue governing law of the former German Democratic Republic gem. Appendix II Cape. XII section III No. 2 according to d. Article 9 EinigVtr v. 31.8.1990 in conjunction with art. 1 G v. 23.9.1990 II 885, 1226 mWv data.
(+++ Requirements due to EinigVtr cf. AtStrlSV annex EV +++)
(+++ Text detection application from: 3.10.1990 +++)
Input formula on the basis of § 14 of the Atomic Energy Act of December 8, 1983 (Coll. I no. 34 p. 325) the following is prescribed:-scope and objectives article 1 scope (1) this regulation lays down the guarantee of nuclear safety and radiation protection in the application of nuclear energy. It applies to - State bodies, - industrial complexes, economic-governing bodies, companies, cooperatives, institutions, social organizations (hereinafter referred to as the plants) and - citizens.
(2) this regulation also applies to mining and other activities, as far as these radioactive materials, especially radon decay products, are present.
(3) special legislation for transport of radioactive substances on land, air and water routes.
(4) the application of nuclear energy include the use of nuclear installations and radiation facilities including X-ray equipment, trade in nuclear materials and other radioactive substances, including the disposal of radioactive waste, as well as in related research and development work.
(5) nuclear safety includes nuclear safety and the measures to prevent the abusive use of nuclear energy.
(6) radiation protection is the totality of claims, measures, means and methods that are used to protect of man and his environment from the damaging effects of ionizing radiation.
(7) radioactive substances be radioactive according to distinguished from the type of transport as radioactive material - contaminated material, - radioactive raw material, - radioactive discharge -, radioactive waste, - radioactive contaminated food and - radioactive drug.
(8) the terms defined in the system are valid for this regulation.
§ 2 goals through nuclear safety and radiation protection are to achieve the following objectives: - the protection of life and health of humans and genetic aspects and subsequent generations from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation, - the protection of the environment from radioactive contamination, in particular by responsible handling of radioactive materials and secure storage of radioactive waste, - the protection of workers in nuclear facilities, as well as of other citizens in the vicinity of nuclear facilities and material assets by strict compliance with and enforcement of nuclear safety and radiation protection, - the protection of nuclear material and nuclear facilities against criminal attacks and unauthorized agents, - the performance of the between the Government of the German Democratic Republic and the International Atomic Energy Agency of concluded security control agreement by detection of the use of nuclear material for exclusively peaceful purposes.
-Responsibility § 3 (1) the heads of establishments, where nuclear energy is applied, have responsibility for the protection of health and labour of the working people, as well as for the protection of the population and the environment, nuclear safety and radiation protection in the management and planning of the reproduction process, including research and development to include. You are responsible for compliance with the legislation in the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection, the adoption of operational provisions and their enforcement as well as for compliance with the limitations imposed by the State supervisory body. You have to ensure that when risks to life and health of people and the environment immediately measures to its prevention.
(2) the managers of establishments, where nuclear energy is applied, have to ensure in their area of responsibility of nuclear safety and radiation protection.
(3) to the direct guidance and supervision of the working people who are professionally engaged in radiation protection areas (hereinafter referred to as Strahlenwerktätige), and the operators are senior executives or other employees with managerial authority as responsible for nuclear safety and radiation protection (hereinafter responsible employees called) to call. You are responsible within the framework of the permission to the application of nuclear energy for the implementation and enforcement of the necessary measures to ensure nuclear safety and radiation protection, particularly for the enforcement of legislation and operational definitions, granted the operation.
(4) the liability of Heads of the enterprises, the senior staff and the employees responsible will not be restricted by the setting up of control officers or the activity of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
(5) the obligations laid down in this regulation for the Director of operations also apply to the managers of State bodies directly applied nuclear energy in their areas.
(6) the use of radiation devices or transport of radioactive substances is carried out not by companies, but by citizens, they are responsible for radiation protection.
-Governmental and operational control § 4 licensing (1) the application of nuclear energy requires a permit of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
(2) depending on the type of application of nuclear energy is permission by authorization, registration or login.
(3) a permit is required for - single stages of the use of nuclear facilities, - the operation of radiation facilities and the transport of radioactive substances, unless not a registration or registration or an exemption from authorisation, registration and enrolment was set in the pattern approval for radiation facilities or sealed radiation sources.
The permit is to apply for the operation.
(4) the authorisation is granted on the basis of approvals for individual stages and parts of the preparation and implementation of projects, where such is called for by the way of the application of nuclear energy. After obtaining permission, it may be necessary to further consents to sub-projects and special works.
(5) a registration of the operation of radiation facilities or the movement of sealed sources is required if the type approval in accordance with § 5 sets this and complying with the conditions laid down in the approval or legislation is detected and confirmed. The company has to send the necessary documents.
(6) for the operation of radiation facilities or the movement of sealed sources, registration is required if the type approval in accordance with § 5 does this and the compliance with the conditions of use set forth in the owner's manual is confirmed by the applicant.
(7) the exemption can be set in the type approval in accordance with § 5 of approval, registration and enrolment for the operation of radiation facilities or the movement of sealed sources.
(8) research and development work on the application of nuclear energy, nuclear safety and radiation protection must be observed in their use, require registration.
§ 5 admission (1) allowed radiation facilities, sealed radiation sources, as well as means of ensuring radiation protection and nuclear safety has been be produced in series or imported, if on the basis of an approval granted a radiation pattern approval or a type approval to ensure nuclear security by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. A type approval may be omitted if radiation protection and nuclear safety are guaranteed by other measures. Radiopharmaceuticals must receive radiation safety approval.
(2) Strahlenschutzmeßmittel are approved in consultation with the Office of standards, metrology and inspection of goods.
(3) the manufacturer or import operation has to provide test pattern and ensure that the type-approved radiation facilities, sealed sources, as well as means of ensuring radiation protection and nuclear safety matching the test patterns and the given requirements can be met.
(4) in the type approval for radiation facilities and sealed radiation sources is set, that the operation of radiation facilities or the movement of sealed sources requires the approval, registration, or registration or exemption of it can be done.
(5) principles for the approval and approval are laid down by the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. The regulations for other approvals are not affected.
(6) principles for radiation protection approval of radiopharmaceuticals are set by the Minister of health in consultation with the Ministry of chemical industry and the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
§ 6 State monitoring
(1) the State nuclear safety and radiation protection are monitored by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection by means of inspection, testing and measurement as well as evaluation of coverage and medical specialty examinations. Tasks of government surveillance can be transferred to other State bodies and companies.
(2) inspectors and doctors appointed to medical questions are used to carry out the monitoring by the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
(3) checks and measurements including sampling for the monitoring of nuclear safety and radiation protection are performed by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection, or of other organs of the State and enterprises. Nature, scope and methods of tests and measurements, especially the person dosimetric monitoring, by the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection lays down.
(4) on the fulfilment of the requirements of nuclear safety and radiation protection in the application of nuclear energy is to report to the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. Type and amount of coverage are governed by the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection in legislation and, if necessary, for the licence specifically determined.
(5) the monitoring of the contamination of the environment and the resulting radiation exposure of the population is the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. It sets out the nature, scope and methods of monitoring measures to be implemented and performs even special monitoring tasks. Within the framework of the established monitoring measures are measurements of the contamination to make: 1 the ground-level atmosphere by the Meteorological Service of the GDR, 2nd of the waters by the Ministry of environmental protection and water management, 3 of the plant and animal products by the Ministry of agriculture, forestry and food.
The results of the measurements are to pass the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. The central evaluation of monitoring results is the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
(6) the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection is entitled to grant supports the heads of companies in the context of government surveillance. It may require in particular of them temporarily as such to be used Strahlenwerktätige and operating personnel, lock rooms and facilities and medical measures, or cause. The conditions have to be in writing and contain an appeal.
§ 7 operational control (1) in the application of nuclear energy are the operational control of the compliance with the legislation, the specifications in the authorization, to ensure the operating regulations and the issued conditions for nuclear safety and radiation protection by the Director of operations. In particular nuclear safety, physical protection, verification of radioactive substances, including the levy are emissions and waste, as well as the radiation resulting from the application of nuclear radioactive, to monitor contamination and local dose rates on job creation and the environment, as well as to control the core material.
(2) to the operational management have the Manager of operations control officers for radiation protection (radiation protection officer hereafter) to use. Their creation does not apply for registration or registration or, if specified in the permit that a radiation safety officer is not required.
(3) the Director of establishments, where nuclear plants are used or the traffic in nuclear materials, have to use in accordance with the law control officer for single or multiple areas of nuclear safety, including nuclear safety, nuclear material control and physical protection. With the consent of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection, these functions can be perceived by the radiation protection Commissioner.
(4) the control officers perform their duties as the Director of operations and are responsible and accountable to them for their work. The heads of companies have to create the conditions for the activity of the control officers. The establishment of the control officers requires the confirmation of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
(5) the companies may agree that they are jointly controlled by a control officers, if this allows the scope of the control tasks in the participating companies and agrees the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. The control tasks are in the employment contract, which completes the control officer with one of these companies. The establishment of work legal relationship with other companies controlled by him is not allowed.
(6) require in a kind or extent of the application of nuclear energy multiple control officer, so main control agent can be used with confirmation, or at the instigation of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection for their guidance and control.
§ 8 Strahlenschutzmedizinische are control of the working people (1) Strahlenwerktätige and operating personnel to check the medical radiation protection monitoring studies and serviceability -. Medical radiation protection is prevention of equity and external hazards and health maintenance. As a result of the medically established health, fit to judge is arbeitsplatz - and according. The result is to inform the head of the company and the workers.
(2) the radiation protection medical serviceability and monitoring surveys are carried out by radiation doctors. The radiation protection doctors have about the results of radiation medical checks the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. The rights and obligations of radiation doctors are set by the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection in consultation with the Minister of health.
(3) type, scope and methods of radiation medical serviceability and monitoring studies are based on the work requirements, the exposure to be expected due to the activity, as well as the totality of pollutants and stressors in the workplace. You are governed by legislation.
-Ensuring radiation protection section 9 principles for the protection of life and health of the people is the radiation protection to ensure that excluded non-stochastic radiation damage and limit the probability of the occurrence of stochastic radiation damage to a scientifically reasonable and acceptable for the company level.
§ 10 justification any of application of nuclear energy requires proving that it is reliable guarantee of the protection of life and health of people and the protection of the environment for the benefit of the socialist society.
§ 11 radiation protection limits (1) be primary limits for the individual radiation exposure radiation work active and individuals from the population by the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. This must not be exceeded.
(2) secondary limits, derived limits, operational limits, reference thresholds and allowances are set on the basis of the primary limits to the implementation of practical radiation protection measures.
(3) in the case of the proof of the compliance with the limit values referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 are hot spots, not caused by the application of nuclear energy and radiation exposure of patients as a result of medical treatment not to take into account.
(4) the limits referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 do not apply to radiation exposure of patients as a result of medical measures.
§ 12 are to plan and carry out, that the application of nuclear energy the individual and collective radiation exposure of radiation work involved and the population, as well as the contamination of the environment are held as low as can be reached with a socially acceptable cost optimization of radiation protection measures. The State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection meets commitments to do so.
§ 13 are exposed to radiation under special conditions when absolutely necessary actions under special conditions, where compliance with the limit values is not possible and that are necessary to stave off dangers to life and health, or for the prevention of serious technical and economic damage Strahlenwerktätige can in accordance with the reappoint increased radiation exposure. The President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection meets the required specifications.
§ 14 category classification (1) for Strahlenwerktätige are to set categories for adaptation of the monitoring measures on the risk depending on the working conditions.
(2) Strahlenwerktätige must have completed 18 years of age. The President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection meets regulations for students and apprentices between 16 and 18 years of age.
(3) women may be working during pregnancy not as Strahlenwerktätige. Breastfeeding women may be worked only under such conditions as Strahlenwerktätige, with the contamination or exclude the incorporation of radioactive substances.
§ 15 radiation protection areas in the application of nuclear energy are set up to match the risk in operations areas of radiation protection radiation protection measures. Regulations on radiation protection areas are in legislation to meet the licence or in the type approval.
§ 16 organizational and technical protection measures (1) nature and extent of the radiation protection measures, such as measures to limit the radiation exposure, work organisational measures, measurements and tests, dosimetric monitoring as well as the management of the documents and the qualification of workers, are set in relation to the possible hazards during the application of nuclear energy. Sealed radioactive sources are to check regularly.
(2) in order to ensure of radiation protection, effective technical means to apply are preferred comprehensive and necessarily. Against external radiation shielding to use, as well as the distance are preferably use. To avoid internal irradiation inclusions for the radioactive substances, such as boxes and deductions, can be used. Radiation facilities are regularly technically to verify and maintain.
(3) for each type of application of nuclear energy is to elaborate an operational radiation protection order and to put into effect by the head of the operation.
(4) nuclear substances and radiation devices are protected against unauthorized access. They are checked for completeness, and over it is a proof to lead. Additional requirements for the prevention of the abusive application of nuclear energy are not affected.
(5) provisions for the storage of radioactive waste meets the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
(6) the transfer or sale of radiation equipment and radioactive substances is permitted only if the transferee or purchaser in possession of an appropriate permit.
§ 17 radioactive waste and emissions (1) radioactive substances which are no longer needed in the particular application, are only as radioactive waste to treat, if they can be returned to any other intra - company or inter-company use as well as for use as secondary raw materials.
(2) the distribution of radioactive emissions in the environment, as well as the disposal of radioactive waste are permitted only in the framework of the legislation. When the permission, if necessary, specific provisions may be taken on this basis.
(3) radioactive waste are separated from other waste to collect, edit, and store. To eliminate them to feed the central collection and final disposal, unless below the exemption limits for radioactive waste is achieved or with the permit provisions are taken by interim storage up to one year. Their other removal is inadmissible. The central collection and final disposal of radioactive waste are to settle separately.
§ 18 radiological protection principles for medical treatment (1) Strahlenmedizinische measures, in particular screening, work - and sports medicine research as well as new investigation procedures and techniques, nuclear energy is applied where, in accordance with sections 10 and 12.
(2) the radiation exposure of the patient must be justified by the expected information gain of the diagnostic or the expected effect of the therapeutic action in each individual application of ionizing radiation. The initiating and implementing doctor have to ensure that the radiation exposure be kept as low as possible.
(3) in the case of radiation medicine measures are to apply quality assurance programs.
(4) on the application of ionizing radiation to subjects or patients for the purpose of medical research is to decide in individual cases.
(5) physicians who plan radiation medical measures, supervise, or perform, must have special expertise, practical experience and the required professional qualifications.
(6) for the implementation of medical treatment with ionizing radiation, further specification to meet are from the Ministry of health in consultation with the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
-The deviations from normal operation, trigger ensuring nuclear safety article 19 principles that are site selection, design, manufacture, construction, commissioning and operation of nuclear installations so make, avoid events 1;
2. deviations from normal operation does not lead to accidents;
3. when improper to consider incidents by means of technical and organisational measures exposure of operating staff and by people in the area prevented;
4. consequences of nuclear accidents are limited by means of technical and organisational measures.
Claims to guarantee of nuclear safety for the siting, design, manufacture, construction, commissioning and operation of nuclear installations are article 20 establishing claims to guarantee of nuclear safety by the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. Their compliance is through measures to monitor quality assurance.
§ 21 choice of location when choosing a location for nuclear installations are the demands for the protection of nuclear facilities against outer effects, to meet the emergency protection for the environment as well as other requirements to ensure of nuclear safety.
Section 22 design, manufacture and construction are the receivables to ensure of nuclear safety due to the equipment of nuclear facilities with security systems to meet high quality of safety-relevant systems and the entire nuclear plant projects, as well as a high quality in the manufacture and construction of the plant.
Article 23 operation of nuclear installations have the commissioning and operation of nuclear installations to be carried out according to established operating rules. The limits and conditions of safe nuclear operations are to comply. Operational experience are to evaluate, to uncover causes and deviations from the normal operation of nuclear facilities and eliminate recognized causes. Nuclear installations may be operated only by qualified and suitable workers.
-Guarantee of protection against abusive application of the nuclear energy section 24 principles of nuclear material is subject to a special verification and control. Nuclear material and nuclear facilities must be protected from unauthorized actions and criminal attacks.
Article 25 measures and claims (1) for the specific detection and control of nuclear material are operational specifications to meet on the basis of the legislation. The proof is by measurement, calculation, identification or other verifiable means. The special control must be secured through operational measures and State inspection.
(2) for the determination of the material stock and for the verification of nuclear material are to verifiable material inventory and operating documents.
(3) in the design, production, construction, commissioning and operation of nuclear installations and plants and areas where nuclear materials are handled, and the transport of nuclear materials, the physical protection by constructional technical and safety-technical means and methods, as well as organizational and staffing requirements to ensure is.
(4) the special accountability and control of nuclear material, as well as the physical protection of nuclear material and nuclear facilities are regulated in legislation and, if necessary, with the issuing of the permit specifically determined.
-Exceptional events § 26 (1) in plants where nuclear energy is applied, are preventive measures for the prevention of extraordinary events to meet.
(2) for combating of extraordinary events and to remove their effects, the necessary human, material and organizational conditions must exist. There are measures to set which guarantee at any time without delay may be used by persons and technical means to combat by extraordinary events, as well as to limit and eliminate their effects. In determining the measures the usage documents required in accordance with the legislation of the emergency - and disaster are to work out.
(3) an unusual event occurs when the application of nuclear energy, are all measures to combat the extraordinary event for the Elimination of its consequences, as well as to investigate and eliminate the causes and the advantageous conditions to initiate and to initiate, if necessary, medical measures.
(4) exceptional events are to be reported to the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. Of them, the reporting requirement to other State bodies is not affected.
(5) in order to prevent, deter and notification of exceptional events and the Elimination of its consequences, the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection meets further specification.
-Education and training § 27 qualification and training measures
(1) responsible employees, control officers and radiation doctors must have special expertise and practical experience in the relevant field of activity. To do this, they have to prove the required professional qualifications and must be in possession of a State qualification of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection, which is acquired through participation in training events of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
(2) Director of operations, executives and other workers, working largely has impact on nuclear safety and radiation protection, have to take part in training courses of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection upon request.
(3) managers, senior executives and operating and maintenance personnel of nuclear installations with responsibility for the nuclear safety of the plant must demonstrate a special qualification as a prerequisite for the exercise of their activities and take part in special training.
(4) for main control officers and other workers, who require comprehensive knowledge in the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection for their activities, further training measures can be set by the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
(5) Strahlenwerktätige and operating personnel, who are not covered by paragraphs 1 to 4 have the necessary radiation protection knowledge through operational training to acquire or in a vocational training approved by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection training.
(6) the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection is authorized to perform special educational events after consultation with the heads of the competent central authorities for certain professions in the social interest.
§ 28 curricula and teaching materials (1) are curricula and teaching materials for the education and training in high - and technical schools, universities or other educational institutions, which include questions about nuclear safety and radiation protection, to coordinate with the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
(2) teaching materials and textbooks, which include issues of nuclear safety and radiation protection, approval prior to their confirmation by the competent authorities of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
-Research and development section 29 (1) are State bodies and companies research and development work, which are required to guarantee nuclear safety and radiation protection in the application of nuclear energy in their areas, arrange or perform under their own responsibility.
(2) to research and development, for their use, nuclear safety and radiation protection must be observed, the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection documents shall be provided. The State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection will review the research and development projects and has an effect on the consideration of the claims of nuclear safety and radiation protection in the design and implementation of the research and the exploitation of its results.
(3) the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection may cause the inclusion of research and development work on nuclear safety and radiation protection by the companies in consultation with the competent central authorities.
-Order penal provisions article 30 (1) who intentionally or negligently 1.
Measures of government surveillance in accordance with § 6 hindered, 2nd editions issued State surveillance in accordance with § 6 paragraph 6 does not meet or does not comply, 3.
Measures to the dosimetric monitoring of blasting work day in accordance with § 6 not performing, 4. fails the backup of radioactive substances or radiation devices intended to prevent unauthorised access in accordance with section 16 or radioactive substances and radiation facilities proof, 5. uncontrolled emits radioactive emissions or radioactive emissions or radioactive waste contrary to the provisions of § 17 treated or eliminated, 6 not carries out preventive measures to prevent and fight against exceptional events in accordance with section 26 or extraordinary events does not report the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection that can be allocated to reference or fine up to 500 M.
(2) a fine up to 1,000 M can be pronounced, if a deliberate offence referred to in paragraph 1 1 a greater damage was caused or could have been caused, 2. the societal interests grossly ignored, 3. the State or public order and security were severely or 4th reviewed it two years committed and was punished with a fine.
(3) objects, to which the offence relates, can be withdrawn in addition to other penalties of fine or independently. State certificates can be revoked in addition to order sanctions or independently.
(4) the implementation of the order criminal proceedings is whether the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection.
(5) in the case of minor offences referred to in paragraph 1, the inspectors, authorized and contracted doctors of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection are entitled to pronounce a warning with fine up to 20 M.
(6) the law of 12 January 1968 to combat offences - OWG - applies for the implementation of the criminal of procedure and the saying order criminal sanctions (Coll. I no. 3 p. 101).
-Final provisions article 31 fees fees for administrative activities and services carried out by the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection on the basis of this regulation, are in accordance with the Decree of October 28, 1955, the State administrative fees (Coll. I no. 96 p. 787) as amended the second regulation of 28 November 1967 on the State administrative fees (Coll. II No. 119 p. 837) and collected the fees tariffs announced to this regulation.
§ May be lodged with the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection complaint 32 appeals (1) against requirements in accordance with § 6 paragraph 6. The complaint is in writing, stating the reasons within a period of 2 weeks after receipt of the decision to insert. The appeal is within 2 weeks after receipt and, if it is addressed against closures to decide immediately. The President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection's decision is final.
(2) if in exceptional cases a decision not made within the time limit will be, an intermediate stating the reasons and the expected deadline to give is timely. Decisions on complaints have to be issued in writing, to establish and to hand over the complainant or send. The appeal has suspensive effect, unless this has been ruled out of the issuance of the Edition because of imminent danger to the health of workers.
Section 33 regulations implementing provisions to this regulation of the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection issues.
Article 34 transitional provisions before the permissions granted to the entry into force of this regulation, approvals and Government enablement and qualifications will remain valid.
Article 35 entry into force (1) this regulation enters into force on 1 February 1985.
(2) at the same time enter override: 1. Decree of November 26, 1969 on the protection from the damaging effects of ionizing radiation - radiation protection Ordinance - (Coll. II No. 99 p. 627), 2.
First implementation determination of November 26, 1969, to the Radiation Protection Ordinance (Coll. II No. 99 p. 635), 3. arrangement of 9 May 1972 person dosimetric monitoring occupational radiation-exposed persons and single persons or groups of the population (Coll. II No. 29 p. 346).
Concluding formula the Council of Ministers of the German Democratic Republic system definitions 1 primary limits: limits for the annual effective dose equivalent and the annual equivalent dose in organs and tissues, as well as internal irradiation for the 50-years consequential equivalent dose.
2. secondary limits: limits for equivalent doses in external irradiation, as well as for the annual supply of activity for internal radiation, which take the place of the directly applicable only in exceptional cases primary limits.
3. derived limits: limits for directly measured or calculated radiation field sizes or quantities or concentrations of radionuclides that are derived from the primary or secondary limits by means of model assumptions.
4. authorized limits: limits, which are set in legislation or as part of the approval procedure.
5. operational limits: limits that are set for the internal radiation.
6 reference threshold: threshold values for measurements or sizes derived from parameters, if exceeded, certain acts are raised (recording, investigation and intervention thresholds).
7 allowances for radioactive materials: activity or activity concentration of substances, the radionuclides contained below there are no radioactive substances within the meaning of regulation.
8 equivalent dose: the dose equivalent H, measured in sievert, define Q as H = x D
D is the absorbed dose, measured in gray, Q the quality factor. Can be used in practical radiation protection for photons, electrons and positrons Q = 1 for neutrons, protons and simply charged particles with a rest mass greater than an atomic mass unit Q = 10 for alpha particles and repeatedly charged particle Q = 20 9 effective equivalent dose: the effective equivalent dose H(Tief)E is defined as - H(Tief)E = > W(Tief)T x H(Tief)T - T H(Tief)T - average equivalent dose in the organ or tissue T , averaged over the organ and W(Tief)T - total weighting factor for the organ or tissue T.
The values of the weighting factors for the organs or tissue are: organ or tissue W(Tief)T gonads 0.25 0.15 breast red bone marrow 0.12 lung 0.12 thyroid 0.03 bone (surface) 0.03 other organs *) 0.30 10 50-years consequential equivalent dose: equivalent dose for a given organ or tissue as a result of a single supply of a radioactive substance in the body that is accumulated over 50 years after the supply.
11 organ dose: maximum equivalent dose in an organ, organ system, or tissue, with about a such part of the organ performance, it is averaged in the non-stochastic effects of radiation can shape.
12 surface dose: maximum equivalent dose in the skin at a depth of 7 mg / qcm or photon radiation in a greater depth, if only the maximum dose is achieved by construction of the secondary electron field.
13 radioactive material: produced when using a radioactive substance, where the radioactivity is used, excluding the application of the people, or the nuclear or radiation facilities and its activity and activity concentration exceeds the fixed limits.
14 radioactively contaminated material: A radioactive substance which is used as raw material, semi-finished product or finished product, without that the radioactivity is used, and the activity concentration of which exceeds the fixed allowance for radioactively contaminated material.
15 radioactive raw material: A radioactive substance which contains as mineral raw material uranium or thorium, and can be produced through physical and chemical processes of core material from the and whose activity and relative mass percentage of uranium and thorium exceeds the set limits for radioactive source material.
16 radioactive discharge: radioactive material, which is submitted or deposited in solid form in the environment with waste water or air in the environment and the activity concentration of which exceeds the established limits for radioactive discharge.
17-radioactive waste: radioactive material, further using scientific, technical and economic reasons it is not possible and is eliminated under conditions, which isolate it from the environment and whose activity and activity concentration exceed the set limits for radioactive waste.
18 radioactively contaminated food: radioactive material, which is food within the meaning of the Food Act and the activity concentration of which exceeds the established limits for radioactively contaminated food.
19 radioactive pharmaceuticals and medicines labelled with radionuclides: Radioactive material, which is medicinal products within the meaning of the German medicines Act and whose Aktivität marked pharmaceutical products exceeds the fixed allowance for radiopharmaceuticals and radionuclide.
20 Strahlenwerktätige: Working professionally involved excluding persons in areas of radiation protection, can these areas only rarely to carry out special activities enter and do not exceed the limits for individuals from the general public whose exposure to radiation.
21 operating personnel: workers operating nuclear facilities or radiation devices or wait and thereby impact on nuclear safety and radiation protection have, even if they are not Strahlenwerktätige.
22 stochastic radiation damage: damage, for which the probability of occurrence with the radiation exposure is increasing and their severity is not dose-dependent.
23 Nichtstochastische radiation damage: damage, their severity increases with the radiation exposure and which become clinically detectable above certain values of radiation exposure.
24 extraordinary event: is a deviation from the intended operation or condition, the improper exposure can occur or occur or of nuclear safety cannot be guaranteed, or can be no longer guaranteed.
---*) Is the average equivalent dose for the five most rays polluting other organs for the determination of the contribution of the other institutions to the effective equivalent dose (with the exception of the lens of the eye, skin, hands, forearms, feet and ankles) determines which is for each of these other organs a weighting factor of 0.06 to use. The contribution of the other institutions, not taken into account, to the effective equivalent dose is eliminated.
Annex EV excerpt from EinigVtr Appendix II chapter XII section III (BGBl. II, 1990, 889, 1226) section III remains the following law of the German Democratic Republic with the following stipulations in force: 1...
2. Regulation on the guarantee of nuclear safety and radiation protection of the 11 October 1984 (Coll. I no. 30 p. 341) in addition to implementing rules to the regulation on the guarantee of nuclear safety and radiation protection of the 11 October 1984 (Coll. I no. 30 p. 348;) Ber. GBl. I 1987 No. 18 p. 196) with the following conditions: the rules on mining and other activities, as far as these radioactive materials, especially radon decay products, are present. The competent authorities shall be replaced of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection referred to in the advanced rules and regulations or of the President of the Office.