Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection RegulationNonofficial table of contents
Date of expend: 11.10.1984
" Warranty of Nuclear safety and radiation protection from 11. October 1984 (GBl. DDR 1984 I p. 341) "
In the joined area, the law of the former was the former. German Democratic Republic gem. Appendix II. XII Sect. III No 2 in accordance with d. Art. 9 EinigVtr v. 31.8.1990 iVm Art. 1 G v. 23.9.1990 II 885, 1226 mWv 3.10.1990.
(+ + + measures due to EinigVtr see AtStrlSV Appendix EV + + +)
(+ + + TextProof effective from: 3.10.1990 + + +) unofficial Table of Contents
On the basis of § 14 of the Atomic Energy Act of 8. December 1983 (GBl. N ° 34 p. 325):
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Scope and objectives
§ 1 Scope
(1) This Regulation regulates the guarantee of nuclear safety and radiation protection in the application of atomic energy. It applies to
- State organs,
- Combinations, business management bodies, businesses, cooperatives, institutions, social organizations (hereinafter referred to as holdings), and
(2) This regulation also applies to mining and other activities, as far as radioactive substances, in particular radon products, are present.(3) Specific legislation shall apply to the transport of radioactive substances by land, air and waterways.(4) The use of nuclear energy shall include the use of nuclear facilities and radiation equipment, including X-ray equipment, the transport of nuclear materials and other radioactive materials, including the disposal of radioactive waste, and related research and development work.(5) Nuclear safety shall include nuclear safety and measures to prevent the misuse of nuclear energy.(6) Radiation protection is the totality of the claims, measures, means and methods used to protect man and his environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation.(7) Radioactive substances are differentiated according to the mode of transport as
- radioactive Material,
- radioactive material,
- radioactive starting material,
- radioactive discharge,
- radioactive waste,
- radioactively contaminated food and
- radioactive medicine.
(8) For this regulation the terms defined in the Appendix shall apply. Non-official table of contents
§ 2 targets
By using nuclear safety and radiation protection, the following goals are achieved:
- the protection of human life and health and the genetic aspects of the Follow-up generations before the harmful effects of ionizing radiation,
- the protection of the environment against radioactive contamination, in particular by Responsible handling of radioactive materials and safe custody of radioactive waste,
- The protection of workers in nuclear installations and other citizens in the environment of nuclear installations and property values through strict observance and enforcement of nuclear safety and radiation protection measures,
- the protection of Nuclear materials and nuclear installations against criminal attacks and unauthorised agents,
- the fulfilment of the agreement between the Government of the German Democratic Republic and the International Atomic Energy Organization concluded security control agreement by demonstrating the use of nuclear material for exclusively peaceful purposes.
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(1) The heads of establishments in which atomic energy is applied have in the perception of their Responsibility for the protection of the health and work force of the workers, as well as for the protection of the population and the environment, nuclear safety and radiation protection in the management and planning of the reproduction process, including research and to include development. They are responsible for ensuring compliance with the legislation in the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection, the adoption of operational provisions and their enforcement, as well as for the fulfilment of the obligations of the State control body. Conditions. They have to ensure that in the event of threats to human life and health and to the environment, measures are immediately taken to prevent them from being used.(2) The senior staff of the establishments in which nuclear energy is applied shall ensure nuclear safety and radiation protection in their area of responsibility.(3) The direct guidance and supervision of workers who work professionally in radiation protection areas (hereinafter referred to as "radiation workers"), and the operator, are senior staff or other staff members. To nominate authority as responsible employee for nuclear safety and radiation protection (hereinafter referred to as responsible employees). They shall be responsible for the implementation and enforcement of the necessary measures to ensure nuclear safety and radiation protection, in particular for the enforcement of the nuclear safety and radiation protection measures, as part of the authorisation granted to the holding. Legislation and operational provisions, responsible.(4) The responsibility of the heads of the companies, the senior staff and the responsible employees shall not be taken into account by the establishment of control officers or the activities of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection. restricted.(5) The duties of directors of establishments laid down in this Regulation shall also apply to heads of state bodies in whose areas nuclear energy is directly applied.(6) The use of radiation facilities or of the transport of radioactive substances not by establishments but by citizens, they bear the responsibility for radiation protection.
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State and operational control
§ 4 permission distribution
(1) prerequisite for the application of atomic energy is a permit issued by the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection.(2) Depending on the nature of the application of the atomic energy, permission shall be granted by means of a permit, registration or registration.(3) A permit is required for
- individual stages of the use of Nuclear installations,
- the operation of radiation facilities and the transport of radioactive substances, unless in the type of approval of radiation equipment or A registration or a waiver of authorisation, registration and notification has been established.
The permit is to be applied for by the establishment.(4) Approval shall be granted on the basis of consents to individual stages and parts of the preparation and implementation of projects, provided that the nature of the application of atomic energy so requires. After the granting of the permit, further consents may be required for subprojects and special work.(5) The registration of the operation of radiation facilities or of traffic with enclosed radiation sources is necessary if the type approval in accordance with § 5 specifies this and the compliance with the type approval or legislation in the type approval or in legislation shall be established and confirmed. The holding has to send the necessary documents for this purpose.(6) A notification is required for the operation of radiation installations or the traffic with enclosed radiation sources if the type approval in accordance with § 5 proves this and the compliance with the instructions specified in the operating instructions is Application conditions are confirmed by the applicant.(7) In the type approval pursuant to § 5, the exemption from authorisation, registration and notification for the operation of radiation facilities or the traffic with enclosed radiation sources may be established.(8) Research and development work on the application of atomic energy, in the use of which nuclear safety and radiation protection must be respected, must be registered. Non-official table of contents
§ 5 Approval
(1) Radiation facilities, enclosed radiation sources and means to ensure radiation protection and nuclear safety may only be produced or imported in series if, on the basis of a type-examination, a type-approval certificate or a type-approval to ensure nuclear safety by the State Office for Nuclear safety and radiation protection have been granted. A type approval may be omitted if radiation protection and nuclear safety are ensured by other measures. Radioactive medicinal products are subject to radiation protection authorisation.(2) Radiation protection measuring instruments shall be approved in agreement with the Office for Standardization, Measurement and Goods Testing.(3) The manufacturer or importer shall provide test samples and ensure that the type-approved radiation facilities, the enclosed sources of radiation and the means of ensuring radiation protection and nuclear safety shall be the subject of: Test samples are in accordance with the requirements and the conditions laid down are fulfilled.(4) The approval, registration or registration of radiological installations or traffic with enclosed sources of radiation must be specified in the type approval for radiation facilities and enclosed radiation sources; or a waiver of this can be done.(5) Principles of type-examination and approval shall be established by the President of the State Office of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection. The legislation applicable to other authorisations shall not be affected by this.(6) Principles of the radiation protection authorisation of radioactive medicinal products shall be provided by the Minister of Health in agreement with the Minister of Chemical Industry and the President of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection . Non-official table of contents
§ 6 State monitoring
(1) State supervision of nuclear safety and radiation protection is carried out by the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection by means of inspection, testing and measurement as well as evaluation of reports and special medical examinations. Sub-tasks of state supervision can be transferred to other state organs and businesses.(2) In order to carry out the monitoring, the President of the State Office of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection shall use inspectors and doctors responsible for medical matters.(3) Tests and measurements, including sampling, for the monitoring of nuclear safety and radiation protection shall be carried out by the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection or by other state bodies and establishments. The nature, scope and methods of the tests and measurements, in particular the monitoring of persons dosimetry, shall be determined by the President of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection.(4) Compliance with the requirements of nuclear safety and radiation protection in the application of atomic energy shall be reported to the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection. The nature and scope of the reporting shall be regulated by the President of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection in legislation and, if necessary, specifically determined in the granting of the permit.(5) The monitoring of the contamination of the environment and the resulting radiation exposure of the population is the responsibility of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection. It sets out the type, scope and methods of monitoring measures to be carried out, and carries out specific monitoring tasks. Measurements of the contamination must be carried out within the framework of the surveillance measures adopted:
- the ground-level atmosphere by the DDR Meteorological Service,
- the waters through the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Water Management,
- of plant and animal products by the Ministry of Land, Forestry and Food goods industry.
The results of the measurements are to be handed over to the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection. The central evaluation of the monitoring results is the responsibility of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection.(6) The State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection is entitled, within the framework of state supervision, to issue conditions to the heads of undertakings. It may, in particular, require them not to use, temporarily, radiation workers and operators as such, to block rooms and installations, and to carry out or arrange for medical measures. The conditions shall be subject to written notice and shall contain an instruction for the right of appeal. Non-official table of contents
§ 7 Operational control
(1) In the application of atomic energy, operational control of compliance with the Legislation, the provisions of the permit, the operational provisions and the conditions laid down for the protection of nuclear safety and radiation protection by the heads of the establishments. In particular, nuclear safety, physical protection, detection of radioactive substances, including the release of radioactive waste and radioactive waste, as well as radiation exposure resulting from the application of nuclear energy, are To monitor contamination and local dose rates at workplaces and in the environment, as well as to control the nuclear material.(2) In order to control the company, the heads of the establishments shall use the Control Officer for Radiation Protection (hereinafter referred to as the Radiation Protection Officer). It shall not be set up in the case of registration or notification or, if it is specified in the permit, that a radiation protection officer shall not be required.(3) The head of establishments in which nuclear installations are used or where the transport of nuclear material is carried out shall have, in accordance with the legislation, a control officer for individual or several nuclear safety areas, such as nuclear safety, nuclear material control or physical protection. With the approval of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection, these functions can be performed by the radiation protection officer.(4) The control officers shall carry out their duties as officers of the heads of the establishments and shall be accountable and accountable to them for their activities. The managers of the establishments shall create the conditions for the activities of the control officers. The appointment of the control officers shall be subject to the confirmation of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection.(5) The establishments may agree to be jointly controlled by a control officer if the extent of the control tasks in the undertakings concerned permits this and the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection shall be responsible for the . The control tasks shall be agreed in the contract of employment which the control officer shall conclude with one of these establishments. The justification of employment relationships with other holdings controlled by him is not permitted.(6) In one operation, if the application of atomic energy is requested by a number of inspectorates, the head of the Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection may, with confirmation or at the request of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection, be responsible for the Instructions and control are used. Non-official table of contents
§ 8 Radiation protection medical control of the workers
(1) Radiation and operating personnel are Inspection and monitoring of radiation protection medically to be checked. Radiation protection medical control is used to prevent harmful substances and external hazards as well as to maintain health. As a result of the medical condition established, the suitability for work place and activity is to be assessed. The result shall be communicated to the head of the company and the working person.(2) Radiation protection and surveillance examinations shall be carried out by radiation protection physicians. The radiation protection physicians have to report on the results of radiation protection medical checks to the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection. The rights and obligations of radiation protection physicians are determined by the President of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection in agreement with the Minister of Health.(3) The type, scope and methods of radiation protection medical examination and monitoring studies shall be based on the requirements of the activity, the radiation loads to be expected to be expected to be carried out and the whole of the shad and the like. Load factors in the workplace. They are governed by legislation.
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Radiation Protection Warranty
§ 9 Principles
For the protection of human life and health, radiation protection must be designed in such a way that non-stochastic radiation damage is ruled out and the probability of occurrence of stochastic radiation is prevented. Radiation damage is limited to a scientifically justifiable measure which is acceptable to society. Non-official table of contents
§ 10 justification
Any type of application of atomic energy shall require proof that, if warranted, of the protection of human life and health and the protection of the environment for the benefit of socialist society. Non-official table of contents
§ 11 Radiation Protection Limits
(1) Primary limits for the individual radiation exposure of radiation workers and Individuals from the population are determined by the President of the State Office of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection. These must not be exceeded.(2) On the basis of the primary limit values, secondary limit values, derived limit values, operational limit values, reference thresholds and free limits shall be established for the implementation of practical radiation protection measures.In the case of proof of compliance with the limit values referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2, exposure to radiation which is not caused by the use of atomic energy and exposure to radiation from patients as a result of medical measures shall not be required; shall be considered.(4) The limit values referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply to radiation exposure of patients as a result of medical measures. Non-official table of contents
§ 12 Optimisation
Radiation protection measures must be planned and implemented in such a way that nuclear energy is used in the application of nuclear energy. the individual and collective radiation exposure of the radiological workers and the population, as well as the contamination of the environment, are kept as low as can be achieved with a socially acceptable effort. The State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection is responsible for this. Non-official table of contents
§ 13 Radiation charges under special conditions
When strictly necessary, under special conditions, in which compliance with the limit values is not possible and which are necessary to avert risks to life and health or to prevent serious technical and economic damage, radiation workers may be provided with Consideration of the stipulations made for this purpose will be exposed to increased radiation exposure. The President of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection shall take the necessary measures to this end. Non-official table of contents
§ 14 Category classification
(1) For radiation workers, categories are available in accordance with the working conditions. Adaptation of the surveillance measures to the risks.(2) Radiation workshops must be the 18. Have completed their life year. Regulations for students and apprentices between the completed 16. and 18. The President of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection meets the age of life.(3) Women should not be active as radiation workers during pregnancy. Breast-feeding women may only act under such conditions as radiation workers who rule out contamination with or incorporation of radioactive substances. Non-official table of contents
§ 15 Radiation protection areas
In the application of nuclear energy, to adapt the radiation protection measures to the Exposure to radiation protection areas should be put in place. Provisions relating to radiation protection areas shall be laid down in legislation, in the granting of a permit or in the approval of the type. Non-official table of contents
§ 16 Organisational and technical radiation protection measures
(1) Nature and scope of radiation protection measures, such as measures on the limitation of radiation exposure, work organisation measures, measurements and tests, dosimetry monitoring as well as the management of the documents and the qualification of the working persons, are dependent on the possible dangers at the the application of nuclear energy. Enclosed radiation sources shall be regularly checked.(2) In order to ensure the protection of radiation, it is preferable to use technical means which are comprehensive and inevitably have an effect. It is preferable to use shields against external irradiation and to use the distance. In order to avoid internal irradiation, inclusions for the radioactive substances, such as boxes and prints, must be used. Radiation devices must be regularly checked and maintained in technical terms.(3) For each type of application of atomic energy, an operational radiation protection order shall be drawn up and shall be put into effect by the head of the plant.(4) Radioactive substances and radiation equipment shall be secured against unauthorised access. They must be checked for completeness, and they must be shown to be proof of their completeness. Additional requirements for the prevention of the misuse of nuclear energy shall not be affected.(5) The President of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection shall make provisions on the storage of radioactive substances.(6) The transfer or sale of radiation equipment and radioactive substances is only permitted if the receiving or the purchaser is in possession of a corresponding permit. Non-official table of contents
§ 17 Radioactive waste and discards
(1) Radioactive substances that are no longer needed in the respective application, are to be treated as radioactive waste only if they cannot be used for any further use in the internal or over-the-plant, or after-use as secondary raw materials.(2) The release of radioactive waste into the environment and the disposal of radioactive waste are only permitted under the legislation. On this basis, if necessary, concrete provisions may be made on this basis.(3) Radioactive waste is to be collected, processed and stored separately from other waste. For disposal, they must be supplied to the central collection and disposal, provided that no intermediate storage of up to one year does not result in the reduction of the free limits for radioactive waste or, in the case of the permit, other provisions shall be taken. Their other disposal shall be inadmissible. The centralised collection and disposal of radioactive waste must be regulated separately. Non-official table of contents
§ 18 Radiation protection principles for medical measures
(1) Radiation medical measures, in particular In accordance with § § 10 and 12, series investigations, work and sports medical examinations as well as new examination procedures and techniques in which atomic energy is used are to be considered.(2) The radiation exposure of the patient must be justified in each application of ionizing radiation by the expected increase in the information of the diagnostic or the expected effect of the therapeutic measure. The physician responsible and the medical practitioner shall ensure that the radiation exposure is kept as low as possible.(3) Quality assurance programmes shall be applied in the case of radiological measures.(4) The application of ionizing radiation to subjects or patients for the purpose of medical research should be decided on a case-by-case basis.(5) Doctors who plan, supervise or carry out radiation medical measures must demonstrate specific expertise, practical experience and the necessary professional qualifications.(6) For the implementation of medical measures with ionizing radiation, further stipulations must be made by the Minister of Health, in agreement with the President of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection. name="DDNR003410984BJNG000500314 " />
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Warranty of Nuclear Safety
§ 19 Principles
The siting, project planning, production, installation, commissioning and operation of nuclear installations shall be carried out in such a way that
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- Avoiding events that trigger deviations from normal operation;
- Deviations from Normal operation does not lead to incidents;
- in case of incidents to be taken into account by technical means and organizational measures inadmissible radiation loads of the operating personnel and of persons in the environment;
- The consequences of nuclear accidents are limited by technical means and organizational measures
§ 20 Claims to ensure nuclear safety
For site selection, project planning, The production, construction, commissioning and operation of nuclear installations must be defined by the President of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection in order to ensure nuclear safety. Compliance with these requirements must be monitored through quality assurance measures. Non-official table of contents
§ 21 Location choice
The location choice for core assets includes the requirements for protecting the core assets from outside effects, on the protection of the environment for the environment, as well as other requirements for ensuring nuclear safety. Non-official table of contents
§ 22 Project planning, manufacturing, and construction
The requirements to ensure nuclear safety are provided by the Equipment of the nuclear installations with safety systems, high quality of the projects of safety-related systems and of the entire nuclear installation as well as a high quality in the production and construction of the plant to be fulfilled. Non-official table of contents
§ 23 Operation of nuclear plants
The commissioning and operation of the nuclear facilities have been established by Operating rules shall be carried out. The limit values and conditions of the nuclear safe operation must be complied with. Operational experience shall be evaluated, the causes and deviations from normal operation of the nuclear installations shall be uncovered and identified causes shall be eliminated. Nuclear facilities may only be operated by qualified and appropriate working people.
Ensuring protection against misuse of atomic energy
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§ 24 Principles
Nuclear material is subject to special detection and control. Nuclear materials and nuclear facilities shall be protected from unauthorised agents and criminal attacks. Non-official table of contents
§ 25 Measures and requirements
(1) For the specific detection and control of nuclear materials, the following are based on the Legislation to be adopted. The proof shall be carried out by measurement, calculation, identification or other verifiable methods. The special control is to be secured by operational measures and governmental inspection.(2) verifiable material stock and operating documents must be carried out for the determination of the material stock and for the detection of nuclear material.(3) In the design, production, construction, commissioning and operation of nuclear installations, as well as of installations and spaces in which nuclear material is handled, and in the case of nuclear materials, physical protection by construction-technical and security equipment and methods, as well as organisational and staffing requirements.(4) The specific detection and control of nuclear materials, as well as the physical protection of nuclear material and nuclear installations, shall be governed by legislation and, where necessary, specifically determined in the granting of the permit. name="DDNR003410984BJNG000700314 " />
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(1) In establishments, in which are used to apply nuclear energy, are preventive measures to prevent extraordinary events.(2) The necessary human, material and organisational conditions must be in place in order to combat exceptional events and to eliminate their effects. Whereas measures should be laid down to ensure that the use of persons and technical means to combat exceptional occurrences and to limit and eliminate their effects can be carried out without delay at any time; In defining the measures, the necessary operational documents shall be drawn up in accordance with the legislation on the protection of civil protection and civil protection.(3) If an exceptional event occurs in the application of atomic energy, all measures to combat the exceptional event, to eliminate its consequences, and to investigate and eliminate the causes and the causes of nuclear energy shall immediately be taken into account. to encourage and, if necessary, to introduce medical measures.(4) Extraordinary events shall be reported to the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection. This does not affect the reporting obligation to other state bodies.(5) The President of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection shall take further provisions to prevent, combat and report exceptional events and to eliminate their consequences. name="DDNR003410984BJNG000800314 " />
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Education and Training
§ 27 Qualification and Training measures
(1) Responsible employees, control officers and radiation protection physicians must have special expertise and practical experience in the field of activity concerned. To this end, they must prove the required professional qualification and must be in possession of a state qualification certificate from the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection, which is required to participate in further training events of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection.(2) Head of establishments, senior staff and other workers whose activities have a significant influence on nuclear safety and radiation protection, have been invited to attend further training events organised by the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Security and Radiation protection.(3) Head, senior staff, as well as operating and maintenance personnel of nuclear installations with responsibility for the nuclear safety of the plant, must demonstrate a specific qualification as a prerequisite for the performance of their activities; and -special training measures.(4) The President of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection shall be able to provide the Chief Control Officer and other workers who require extensive knowledge of nuclear safety and radiation protection for their work. Further qualification measures are to be defined.(5) Radiation workers and operators not covered by paragraphs 1 to 4 shall have the necessary knowledge of radiation protection in a vocational training recognized by the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection; or To acquire further training or through company training.(6) The President of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection shall be entitled, after coordination with the heads of the relevant central state bodies, to specific professional groups in the social interest Training events to be carried out. Non-official table of contents
§ 28 curricula and teaching materials
(1) curricula and teaching materials for initial and continuing education in high-and Specialist schools, academies or other educational institutions, which contain questions on nuclear safety and radiation protection, must be coordinated with the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection.(2) Teaching materials and textbooks containing questions of nuclear safety and radiation protection shall be subject to the approval of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection prior to their confirmation by the competent authorities. name="DDNR003410984BJNG000900314 " />
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Research and Development
(1) State bodies and Undertakings shall carry out or arrange for their own responsibility to carry out research and development activities which are necessary to ensure nuclear safety and radiation protection in the application of nuclear energy in their areas.(2) Documents shall be submitted to the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection in respect of research and development work on the use of which nuclear safety and radiation protection must be respected. The State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection examines the research and development projects and influences the consideration of the requirements of nuclear safety and radiation protection in the design and implementation of the Research and the use of its results.(3) The State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection may, in agreement with the competent central authorities, arrange for the establishment of research and development work on nuclear safety and radiation protection by the companies. name="DDNR003410984BJNG001000314 " />
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Order Enforcement Provisions
(1) Who intentionally or negligently
- State monitoring measures disabled according to § 6,
- under the state supervision according to § 6, para. 6, conditions not fulfilled or not complied with,
- Measures for the dosimetric monitoring of radiation workers in accordance with § 6 not performed,
- Protection of radioactive substances or radiation equipment against unauthorised access in accordance with § 16. or does not lead to detection of radioactive substances or radiation devices,
- radioactive discards uncontrolled or radioactive discards or radioactive waste treated or eliminated contrary to § 17,
- Preventive measures to prevent and combat extraordinary events in accordance with § 26, or extraordinary events to the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation protection does not report,
can be used with reference or order penalty up to 500 M.(2) A disciplinary penalty of up to 1,000 M may be issued if, in the event of an intentional lack of regularity in accordance with paragraph 1,
- a greater damage was or could have been caused,
- the social interests were grossly disregarded,
- public policy or public order and security have been significantly affected or
- repeatedly committed within 2 years and punishable by disciplinary punishment.
(3) Items to which the administrative offence is related can be found in addition to others Administrative measures or self-esteeming are to be carried out. State qualification certificates can be withdrawn in addition to law enforcement measures or independently.(4) The conduct of the disciplinary proceedings is the responsibility of the President of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection.(5) In the event of minor offences in accordance with paragraph 1, the authorized inspectors and authorized physicians of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection shall have the power to issue a warning with order money up to 20 M.(6) The law of 12 shall apply to the conduct of the disciplinary proceedings and to the proclaim of disciplinary sanctions. January 1968 on the fight against administrative offences-OWG (GBl. No 3 p. 101).
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§ 31 Fees
For Administrative acts and services carried out by the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection on the basis of this Regulation shall be subject to fees in accordance with the provisions of the Regulation of 28 June 2005. October 1955 on the state administration fees (GBl. 787), as amended by the Second Regulation of 28 June 1997. November 1967 on the state administration fees (GBl. 837) and the tariff rates announced in connection with this Regulation. Non-official table of contents
§ 32 Appeal procedure
(1) The President of the State Office may, subject to conditions pursuant to Article 6 (6), be subject to the following conditions: Nuclear safety and radiation protection Complaints are lodged. The appeal shall be filed in writing, stating the reasons within a period of 2 weeks after receipt of the decision. The appeal shall be made without delay within 2 weeks of receipt of the complaint and, if it is against curfew,. The decision of the President of the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection is final.(2) In exceptional cases, a decision cannot be taken within the time limit, and an interim notification must be given in due time, indicating the reasons and the expected deadline. Decisions on complaints shall be made in writing, shall be justified and shall be handed out or sent to the appellant. The appeal shall have suspensive effect, unless this has been ruled out in the case of the issue of the condition for immediate danger to the health of the workers. Non-official table of contents
§ 33 Implementing rules
Detailed rules for the application of this Regulation shall be adopted by the President of the State Office for nuclear safety and radiation protection. Non-official table of contents
§ 34 Transitional provisions
The authorisations granted prior to the entry into force of this Regulation, and state certificates of competence and qualifications retain their validity. Non-official table of contents
§ 35 Entry into force
(1) This Regulation occurs on the 1. February 1985, in force.(2) At the same time, do not enter into force:
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- Regulation of 26. November 1969 on the protection against the harmful effects of ionizing radiation-radiation protection regulation-(GBl. II No. 99 p. 627),
- The first implementing measure of the 26. November 1969 on the Radiation Protection Ordinance (GBl. II No. 99 p. 635),
- Order of 9. May 1972 on the personal dosimetry surveillance of persons exposed to radiation exposure and individual persons or groups of persons from the population (GBl. II No. 29 p. 346).
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- Primary limits: limit values for the annual effective dose equivalent and the annual equivalent dose in organs and tissues, as well as during internal irradiation for the 50-year equivalent dose.
- Secondary limit values: limit values for equivalent doses for external irradiation and for the annual activity intake at inner irradiation, which takes the place of the primary limit values which are only applicable in exceptional cases.
- Derived limit values: limit values for directly measured or calculated radiation field quantities or quantities or concentrations of radionuclides from the primary and/or secondary limit values are derived using model assumptions.
- Authorized Limits: Limits that are set in legislation or as part of the permission procedure.
- Operational Limits: Limit values set for intra-company radiation protection.
- Reference thresholds: thresholds for measured variables or quantities derived from measured quantities, when they are exceeded for certain actions (recording, examination and testing) Intervention thresholds).
- Free limits for radioactive substances: activity or activity concentration of substances containing radionuclides when they are underwritten; there are no radioactive substances within the meaning of the Regulation.
- Equivalent Dose: The equivalent dose H, measured in Sievert, is defined as H = Q x DD is the Energy dose, measured in Gray, Q is the quality factor. In practical radiation protection can be set
|Photons, electrons and positrons|| Q = 1|
|for||neutrons, protons, and simply charged particles with a rest mass greater than one atomic Mass Unit||Q = 10|
|for||Alpha Particles and Multiply Charged Particles|| Q = 20|
- Effective equivalent dose: the effective dose Equivalent dose H (deep) E is defined as
|H (deep) E =|| >||W (deep) T x H (deep) T|
|H (deep) T-||mean equivalent dose in the organ or tissue T, averaged over the total organ and|
|W (deep) T-||weighting factor for the organ or tissue T.|
|The values of the weighting factors for the organs or tissues |
| Organ or fabric|| W (deep) T|
|red bone marrow|| 0, 12|
|bone (surface)|| 0, 03|
|other bodies *)||0,30|
- 50-year-sequential equivalent dose: equivalent dose for a given organ or tissue as a result of a single dose of a radioactive substance into the body over 50 years after the
- Organdosis: Maximum dose of equivalent dose in an organ, organ system or tissue, which may be averaged over such a part of the organ, in which non-stochastic radiation effects can be achieved.
- Surface dose: maximum dose equivalent in the skin at a depth of 7 mg/qcm, or to Photon radiation at a greater depth, when the dose maximum is only reached there by setting up the secondary electron field.
- Radioactive material: A radioactive material used for the purpose of using radioactivity, excluding the use of human beings, or which is produced when nuclear installations or radiation installations are used, and whose activity and concentration of activity are determined by the
- Radioactively contaminated material: A radioactive material used as a raw material, semi-finished product or finished product without the need for the Radioactivity is used, and its concentration of activity exceeds the fixed limit for radioactively contaminated material.
- Radioactive Starting material: A radioactive substance containing uranium or thorium as a mineral raw material and from which nuclear material can be produced by physical and chemical processes and whose activity and relative mass fraction of uranium and thorium exceeds the established free limits for radioactive raw material.
- Radioactive ejection: radioactive material used in waste water or waste air into the radioactive waste material. Environment or in solid form in the environment, and whose concentration of activity exceeds the established free limits for radioactive discharge.
- Radioactive waste: radioactive material, the further use of which is not possible for scientific, technical and economic reasons, and which is removed under conditions, that isolate him from the environment and whose activity and activity concentration exceed the established free limits for radioactive waste.
- Radioactive Contaminated food: radioactive substance, which is food as defined in the Food Law and whose activity concentration exceeds the established free limits for radioactive contaminated food.
- Radioactive medicine and medicines labelled with radionuclides: radioactive substance that is a medicinal product within the meaning of the Medicines Act and the activity of which is defined as Free limit for radiolabelled medicinal products and radionuclide labelled medicinal products.
- Radiation workshops: working professionals who work in Radiation protection areas are active, except for persons who rarely enter these areas to carry out specific activities and whose radiation exposure does not exceed the limit values for individual persons from the population
- Operating personnel: working or servicing nuclear installations or radiation equipment and thus having an influence on nuclear safety and radiation protection, even if they are not radiation workers.
- Stochastic radiation damage: Damage for which the probability of their occurrence increases with the radiation load and whose severity is not dose-dependent.
- Non-stochastic radiation damage: Damage, the severity of which increases with the radiation exposure and which is only above of certain values of the radiation exposure.
- Extraordinary event: A deviation from the intended operating sequence or condition, in which: may occur or may occur or in which nuclear safety is no longer guaranteed or can no longer be guaranteed.
*) For the determination of the contribution of the other institutions to the Effective dose equivalent is determined by the mean dose equivalent for the five other organs most exposed to radiation (except for the eye lens, skin, hands, forearms, feet and ankles), with each of these other organs being used for each of these other organs. Weighting factor of 0.06 is to be used. The contribution of the remaining organs not taken into account for the effective dose equivalent dose is no longer considered. unofficial table of contents
appendix EV Excerpt from EinigVtr Appendix II, Chapter XII, Section III,
(BGBl. II 1990, 889, 1226)
, the following law of the German Democratic Republic shall remain in force:
- Regulation on ensuring nuclear safety and radiation protection from 11. October 1984 (GBl. No 30 p. 341), together with the implementing provisions for the Regulation on the protection of nuclear safety and radiation protection from 11. October 1984 (GBl. 30 p. 348; Ber. GBl. 196), with the following proviso: the provisions shall apply to mining and other activities, insofar as radioactive substances, in particular radon products, are present. The competent authorities shall replace the State Office for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection or the President of this Office, as referred to in the continuing regulations.