Xxxix Ordinance For The Implementation Of The Federal Immission Control Act Regulations On Air Quality Standards And Emission Ceilings

Original Language Title: Neununddreißigste Verordnung zur Durchführung des Bundes-Immissionsschutzgesetzes Verordnung über Luftqualitätsstandards und Emissionshöchstmengen

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now

Read the untranslated law here: http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/bimschv_39/BJNR106510010.html

XXXIX Ordinance for the implementation of the Federal Immission Control Act Ordinance on air quality standards and emission ceilings (39th BImSchV) 39th BImSchV Ausfertigung date: 02.08.2010 full quotation: "XXXIX Ordinance for the implementation of the Federal Immission Control Act Ordinance on air quality standards and emission ceilings by August 2, 2010 (BGBl. I p. 1065)" *) this regulation serves the implementation of Directive 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on air quality and cleaner air for Europe (OJ L 152 of the 11.6.2008, p. 1), Directive 2004/107/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of the 15 December 2004 relating to arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the air (OJ L 23 of 26.01.2005, p. 3), as well as of the Directive 2001/81/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2001 on national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants (OJ OJ L 309 of the 27.11.2001, p. 22).
Footnote (+++ text detection from: 6.8.2010 +++) (+++ official note of the standard authority on EC law: implementation of EGRL 50/2008 (CELEX Nr: 32008 L 0050) EGRL 107 / 2004 (CELEX Nr: 32004 L 0107) EGRL 81/2001 (CELEX Nr: 32001 L 0081) +++) table of contents table of contents Part 1 General provisions article 1 definitions Part 2 Immissions values § 2 Immissions limit values, alert thresholds and critical value for sulphur dioxide § 3 Immissions limit values and alert thresholds for nitrogen dioxide (NO2); critical value for nitrogen oxide (NOx) § 4 Immissions limit values for particulate matter (PM10) § 5 target value, exposure limit value, commitment in relation on the exposure concentration and national target for the reduction of exposure to particles (PM2, 5) § 6 exposure limit value for lead section 7 exposure limit value for benzene § 8 exposure limit value for carbon monoxide § 9 target values, long-term objectives, information threshold and the alert threshold for ground-level ozone § 10 target values for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene part 3 assessment of air quality section 11 of zones and agglomerations article 12 classification of zones and agglomerations for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide article 13 rules for the measurement of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides, particles (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide § 14 sampling points for the measurement of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides, particles (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide § 15 indicator for the average PM2, 5 exposure section 16 of reference methods of measurement for the evaluation of sulfur dioxide , Nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides, particles (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide article 17 rules to the determination of ozone values § 18 sampling points for the measurement of ozone values section 19 of reference methods of measurement for the evaluation of ozone values section 20 regulations for the determination of arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene and mercury part 4 section 21 air quality regulations for compliance with the emission limit values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate (PM10 and PM2 , 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide section 22 are requirements for zones and agglomerations in which the target values for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene exceeded § 23 adherence to long-term objective, national objective and targets section 24 exceeding of immission limits through contributions from natural sources section 25 exceeding of immission limit values for particulate matter PM10 due to the spreading of blotting sand or salt on roads in winter road maintenance section 26 getting the best possible air quality part 5 plans § 27 clean air plans § 28 plans for short-term measures section 29 measures at transboundary air pollution part 6 public information and reporting requirements article 30 information article 31 submission of information and reports for sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter PM10, particles of PM2, 5, lead, benzene, carbon monoxide, dust substances and ozone § 32 submission of information and reports for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene part 7 emission ceilings, § 33 Federal Government programs emission levels, emission inventories and forecasts section 34 program of the Federal Government to reduce ozone levels and to comply with the emission ceilings § 35 programs of the Federal Government to comply with the obligation in Reference on the PM2, 5 exposure, as well as of the national target for the reduction of PM2, 5 exposure part 8 common provisions article 36 accessibility standards Appendix 1 data quality objectives Appendix 2 defines the requirements for the assessment of values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in the air within a zone or agglomeration system 3 assessment of air quality and location of sampling points for the measurement of sulphur dioxide , Nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides, particles (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in the air conditioning 4 measurements at measuring stations for the rural background (concentration-independent) Appendix 5 criteria for determining minimum numbers of sampling points for fixed measurement of the values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate (PM10, PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in the air conditioning 6 of reference methods for the assessment of values for sulphur dioxide , Nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene, carbon monoxide and Ozone Annex 7 target values and long-term objectives for Ozone Annex 8 criteria for the classification of sampling points for the assessment of ozone levels and to determine their locations Appendix 9 criteria for determining minimum numbers of sampling points for fixed measurements of ozone levels system 10 measurement of ozone precursor substances plant 11 Immissions limit values for the protection of human health annex 12 national target , the exposure should be reduced to that target and exposure limit value for PM2, 5 annex 13 required contents of plans air conditioning 14 public information annex 15 laying down requirements for the assessment of values for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a]-pyrene within a zone or agglomeration plant 16 location and minimum number of sampling points for the measurement of the values and the deposition rates of arsenic , Cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene system 17 data quality objectives and requirements for models to determine the values for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene plant-18 of reference methods for the evaluation of the values and the rates of deposition of arsenic, cadmium, nickel, mercury and benzo [a] pyrene part 1 General provisions article 1 definitions laid down in this regulation following definitions shall apply: 1. "Alert threshold" is a value , beyond which from brief exposure is a risk for the health of the population as a whole and without delay, measures will
2. "AOT40", expressed in x hours of micrograms of, cubic meters is the difference summed over a given period between ozone values over 80 micrograms per cubic metre and 80 micrograms per cubic meter, always using of the daily one-hour averages between 8:00 and 20:00 central European time (CET).
3. "Arsenic", "Cadmium", "Nickel" and "Benzo [a] pyrene" refer to the total content of the element or the connection in the PM10 fraction;
4. "Agglomeration" is an urban area with at least 250 000 inhabitants and inhabitants, consisting of one or several municipalities, or an area that consists of one or more municipalities, which each have a population density of 1 000 inhabitants and inhabitants or more per square kilometre based on the municipal area and represent the together at least an area of 100 square kilometers;
5. 'Assessment' is the determination and assessment of air quality by measurement, calculate, predict or estimate based on the methods and criteria that are specified in this regulation;
6 "Emissions" are pollutants, emitted by human activity from sources on the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany and its exclusive economic zone except pollutants of from international maritime traffic and aircraft beyond the landing and take-off cycle;
7. "Contributions from natural sources" are emissions not directly or indirectly, caused by human activity including natural events such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, geothermal activity, outdoor fires, storms, sea spray or the atmospheric resuspension or atmospheric transport of natural particles from arid areas;
8 "volatile organic compounds" (NMVOC methane volatile = non organic compounds) are all organic compounds except methane, are the natural or caused by human activity and; producing photochemical oxidants by reaction with nitrogen oxides in sunlight the articles 33 and 34 include only NMVOC; caused by human activity, as far as they relate to compliance with the national emission ceilings of NMVOC,
9 'Area' is a part of the surface of a country; gated by the competent authorities for the assessment and management of ambient air quality
10.
"planned measures" of the program according to § 34 are a compilation of the laws proposed by the Federal Government or administrative provisions of the Federation, as well as others in the jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the measures which the values for ozone and emission ceilings should be kept;
11. "Total deposit" is the total amount of pollutants that reach a specific area within a certain period from the air on surfaces (for example, soil, vegetation, water, buildings and so on.);
12. "total gaseous mercury" is elemental mercury vapour (Hg0) and reactive gaseous mercury; reactive gaseous mercury consists of water-soluble mercury compounds with sufficiently high vapour pressure, to exist in the gas phase;
13. "highest eight hour average one day" is a value that is determined by the moving averages of eight hours from one hour averages are made and updated every hour. each eight hour mean value calculated in this way is considered for the day when this period ends; This means that the first calculation period for each day includes the period from 17:00 the previous day until 1:00 of the day, while the hours of 16:00 until 24:00 of the day based are each created for the last calculation period;
14. "The average exposure indicator" is a value that indicates the average population exposure with PM2, 5 measurements at measuring stations for the urban background. This value is used to calculate the national target of reducing exposure and calculating the obligation with regard to the exposure concentration;
15. 'Emission limit value' is a value that is set on the basis of scientific knowledge with the aim to avoid, prevent or reduce harmful effects on human health or the environment as a whole, which must be maintained within a certain period of time and then not may be exceeded;
16 "Information threshold" shall mean a value of ozone in the air, above even with brief exposure is a risk for the health of particularly vulnerable groups of the population and where, without delay appropriate information is required;
17. "critical value" is a value set on the basis of scientific knowledge, above which can have immediate adverse effects for some receptors, such as trees, other plants or natural ecosystems, but not for the people.
18. "Plans for short-term measures" are plans with the measures which are to take in the short term, to reduce the risk of exceeding the alert threshold for sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide or to restrain; whose duration
19. "long-term objective" is a value for the protection of human health and the environment, to maintain the long term under consideration of article 23;
20 'Air' is the outdoor air in the troposphere, excluding workplaces within the meaning of Directive 89/654/EEC of 30 November 1989 concerning the minimum requirements for safety and health at workplaces (OJ L 393 of the 30.12.1989, p. 1), by Directive 2007/30/EC (OJ L 165 of the 27.6.2007, p. 21) has been modified; at these workplaces to which the public has usually do not have access, the provisions for health and safety at the workplace;
21 "Clean air plans" are plans where action to achieve the emission limits or of PM2, 5 target value is set;
22 'Measuring stations for the urban background' are measuring stations at sites in urban areas, where the values are representative of the exposure of the urban population;
23 "national exposure reduction target" is a percentage reduction of the average exposure of the population of the Federal Republic of Germany, which is set for the reference year with the aim of reducing harmful effects on human health;
24. "upper assessment threshold" is a value below which a combination of fixed measurements and modelling or indicative measurement can be applied to assess the air quality;
25. "indicative measurements" are measurements, meet the less stringent data quality objectives as fixed measurements;
26 "fixed measurements" are measurements taken continuously or by random at fixed sites to determine values according to the respective data quality objectives;
27 "Ozone precursor substances" are substances which contribute to the formation of ground-level ozone;
28. "PM10" are particles, which passes through a size-selective inlet, has aerodynamic diameter of 10 micrometers, a separation efficiency by 50 percent;
29 "PM2, 5" are particles, which passes through a size-selective inlet, has separation aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 microns, a 50 per cent;
30 "polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons" are organic compounds which are composed of two or more interconnected aromatic rings, which entirely of carbon and hydrogen;
31 "Pollutant" shall mean any present in the air substance which can have harmful effects on human health or the environment as a whole;
32. "Oxides of nitrogen" are expressed in units of mass concentration of nitrogen dioxide in micrograms per cubic meter; the sum of the volume mixing ratio of nitrogen monoxide and nitrogen dioxide,
33. "Margin of tolerance" means the percentage to the emission limit value laid down in this regulation must, be exceeded provided that the conditions laid down in this regulation are met; in case of future limits "Margin of tolerance" means a decline in annual stages value to the immission limit, exceed up to the respective deadline without require plans;
34. "lower assessment threshold" is a value below which for the assessment of air quality applied to will need modelling or estimation;
35. "Obligation in relation to the exposure concentration" is a level, that is, set on the basis of the average exposure indicator with the aim of reducing harmful effects on human health, and which must be achieved within a specific time period;
36. "Value" is the concentration of a pollutant in the air under standard conditions in accordance with annex 6 section C or the deposition of a pollutant in certain areas in certain periods;
37. "Target value" is a value determined in order to avoid, prevent or reduce harmful effects on human health or the environment as a whole and must be maintained as possible within a given time period.
Part 2 Immissions values § 2 Immissions limit values, the exposure limit value for sulphur dioxide averaged over a full hour of 350 micrograms per cubic meter for 24 approved excess alarm threshold and critical value for sulphur dioxide (1) for the protection of human health in the calendar year.
(2) in order to protect of human health, the exposure limit value for sulphur dioxide averaged over the day is 125 micrograms per cubic meter in three approved overruns in the calendar year.
(3) the alert threshold for sulphur dioxide is 500 micrograms per cubic meter, about a full hour averaged measured on three consecutive hours to the competent authorities in accordance with annex 3 of a sampling that are representative of air quality in an area of at least 100 square kilometres or the entire zone or agglomeration; the smallest of these areas is decisive.
(4) for the protection of vegetation, the critical value for sulphur dioxide for the calendar year, as well as for the winter months is 20 micrograms per cubic meter (1 October of the current year to 31 March of the following year).

§ 3 Immissions limit values and alert thresholds for nitrogen dioxide (NO2); critical value for oxides of nitrogen (NOx) (1) for the protection of human health is 200 micrograms per cubic meter if 18 approved exceeded the exposure limit value for nitrogen dioxide (NO2) averaged over a full hour in the calendar year.
(2) in order to protect of human health, the exposure limit value for nitrogen dioxide (NO2) averaged over a calendar year is 40 micrograms per cubic meter.
(3) the alert threshold for nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is 400 micrograms per cubic meter, about a full hour averaged measured on three consecutive hours to the competent authorities in accordance with annex 3 of a sampling that are representative of air quality in an area of at least 100 square kilometres or the entire zone or agglomeration; the smallest of these areas is decisive.
(4) for the protection of vegetation, the critical value for nitrogen oxide (NOx) averaged over a calendar year is 30 micrograms per cubic meter.

§ 4 Immissions limit values for particulate matter (PM10) (1) for the protection of human health the immission limit averaged over the day for particulate matter PM10 is 50 micrograms per cubic meter at 35 approved overruns in the calendar year.
(2) in order to protect of human health, the exposure limit value for particulate matter PM10 averaged over a calendar year is 40 micrograms per cubic meter.
§ 5 target value, exposure limit value, commitment in relation to the exposure concentration and national target for the reduction of exposure to particles (PM2, 5) (1) for the protection of human health, averaged over a calendar year target value for PM2, 5 is 25 micrograms per cubic meter.
(2) in order to protect of human health, averaged over a calendar year to be observed from 1 January 2015 emission limit for PM2, 5 is 25 micrograms per cubic meter.
(3) for the limit of in paragraph 2, the margin of tolerance is 5 micrograms per cubic meter. It reduces from 1 January 2009 a year to one-seventh to the value 0 to 1 January 2015 (4) for the protection of human health and to comply with the obligation in relation to the exposure concentration, the indicator for the average PM2, 5 exposure according to § 15 from 1 January 2015 may not exceed the value of 20 micrograms per cubic meter.
(5) as from 1 January 2020, a national goal for the reduction of the PM2 to comply with 5 exposure is to protect of human health. The height of this objective is 2010 depending on of the value of the indicator for the average PM2, 5 exposure according to § 15 in the reference year. The assessment is carried out in accordance with annex 12 of section B of the Federal Environment Agency.

§ 6 exposure limit value for lead for the protection of human health the exposure limit value for lead averaged over a calendar year is 0.5 micrograms per cubic meter.

§ 7 exposure limit value for benzene to the protection of human health the exposure limit value for benzene averaged over a calendar year is 5 micrograms per cubic meter.

Section 8 exposure limit value for carbon monoxide to the protection of human health is the to be determined as the highest average of eight hours a day exposure limit value for carbon monoxide 10 milligrams per cubic meter.

§ 9 target values, long-term objectives, information and alert threshold for ground-level ozone (1) which is the target value for the protection of human health from ozone 120 micrograms per cubic meter as a maximum eight-hour average throughout the day with 25 approved overruns in the calendar year. The number of exceedance days per calendar year is decisive for the assessment of whether the target has been reached as of January 1, 2010, averaged over three years. The year 2010 is the first year that will be used to calculate the number of exceedance days per calendar year.
(2) the target value for the protection of vegetation from ozone is 18 000 micrograms cubic meters as AOT40 for the period from May to July x hours. The AOT40 value for this period is crucial for the assessment whether the target value was reached on January 1, 2010, averaged over five years. The year 2010 is the first year that the calculation of the AOT40 value for the period from May to July will be used.
(3) the long-term objective to protect of human health from ozone is 120 micrograms per cubic meter as a maximum eight-hour average value during one day.
(4) the long-term objective for the protection of vegetation from ozone is 6 micrograms of 000 cubic metres as AOT40 for the period from May to July x hours.
(5) the information threshold for ozone is located at 180 micrograms per cubic meter as one-hour mean value.
(6) the alert threshold for ozone is located at 240 micrograms per cubic meter as one-hour mean value.
(7) the criteria for assessing the values are set in annex 7, section A.

§ 10 target values for arsenic, cadmium, to prevent nickel and benzo [a] pyrene to the harmful effects of arsenic, cadmium, to avoid nickel and benzo [a] pyrene as a marker for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on human health and the environment as a whole, or to reduce, following from 1 January 2013 to be addressed target values as total content in the PM10 fraction over a calendar year averaged lays : Pollutant target value in nanograms per cubic meter arsenic 6 cadmium 5 nickel 20 benzo [a] pyrene 1 part 3 assessment of air quality section 11 of zones and agglomerations competent authorities interpret for the entire area of their country areas and urban agglomerations.

Article 12 classification of zones and agglomerations for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide (1) for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide are the upper and lower assessment thresholds set out in Appendix 2 section A. All zones and agglomerations are classified on the basis of this assessment thresholds.
(2) the classification is reviewed at least every five years in accordance with the procedure laid down in annex 2, section B referred to in paragraph 1. Significant changes of activities, for the concentration of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide or, where appropriate, nitrogen oxides, particles (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in the air of importance, are to review the classifications depending on the significance in shorter intervals.

Article 13 rules for the measurement of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides, particles (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide (1) is the air quality with regard to the pollutants referred to in article 12, paragraph 1 in all zones and agglomerations on the basis of paragraphs 2 to 4 as well as judged criteria laid down in the annex 3.
(2) in all zones and agglomerations in which the value of the pollutants referred to in paragraph 1 exceeds the upper assessment threshold established for those pollutants, fixed measurements shall to the assessment of ambient air quality. This stationary measurements, modelling and indicative measurements can perform, to obtain adequate information concerning the spatial distribution of air quality.
(3) in all zones and agglomerations in which the value of the pollutants referred to in paragraph 1 is below the upper assessment threshold established for those pollutants, a combination can be applied to the assessment of the ambient air quality of fixed measurements and modelling or indicative measurement.
(4) in all zones and agglomerations in which the value of the pollutants referred to in paragraph 1 falls below the lower assessment threshold established for those pollutants, modelling, objective-estimation techniques or both meet to assess the air quality.
(5) in addition to the assessment criteria in accordance with the paragraphs 2 to 4 measurements at measuring stations in the rural background of away from significant sources of air pollution in accordance with Appendix 3 must be carried out to obtain information at least the total mass concentration and the concentration of dust ingredients of particles (PM2, 5) the annual average. These measurements are carried out on the basis of the following criteria: 1. is it to set up a sampling point per 100 000 square kilometres.
2. system applies 1 section A and C to the data quality objectives for mass concentration measurements of particles; Appendix 4 is fully applied.

§ 14 in article 12 paragraph 1 referred to pollutants in the air are measured, lead, benzene and carbon monoxide (1) for determining the location of sampling points on which the criteria apply the system 3 (2) in areas and the only source of information for assessing air quality represent agglomerations where fixed measurement sampling points for the measurement of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides, particles (PM10 and PM2, 5), that must be the number of sampling points for each relevant pollutant not below the minimum set out in Appendix 5 of this section.
(3) for zones and agglomerations in which information from sampling points for fixed measurements are supplemented by those from model calculations or indicative measurement, she can be reduced in annex 5 section A fixed total number of sampling points for up to 50%, if the additional methods 1 provide the necessary information for the assessment of ambient air quality in relation to emission limit values and alert thresholds, as well as adequate information for the public;
2. the number of sampling points for setting up and the spatial representativeness of other techniques sufficient to achieve the data quality objectives laid down in Appendix 1 section A in the calculation of the value of the relevant pollutant and enable assessment results that meet the criteria set out in annex 1 section B.
The results of the model calculations or indicative measurement are in assessing whether the Immissions limit values have been respected, considered.
(4) the Federal Ministry for environment, nature conservation and nuclear safety or, where instructed by him built and operates at least three weather stations in accordance with § 13 paragraph 5 (5) ways in accordance with Appendix 5, section C sampling points in the Federal territory authorities from, which are representative for the protection of vegetation. Paragraphs 2 and 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

§ 15 indicator for the average PM2, 5 exposure the indicator for the average PM2, 5 exposure is calculated by the Federal Environmental Agency. The countries determine the necessary PM2, 5 values pursuant to annex 12 section. The minimum number of sampling points must not be less than the number provided for in annex 5 section B.

Section 16 of reference methods of measurement for the evaluation of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides, particles (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide (1) apply that in annex 6 section A and C of set reference measurement methods and criteria.
(2) other measurement methods can be applied, provided that the conditions laid down in annex 6 part B are met.

§ 17 the ozone values are rules for determining ozone values (1) in a zone or agglomeration in one year of the previous five-year measurement period above the long-term objectives set out in article 9, paragraph 3 and 4, fixed measurements shall be carried.
(2) if the data for the previous five-year measuring period are not fully available, so the results of present shorter measurement periods, during those seasons, and in those places, where be reached probably the highest values for ozone and admit that reveals the total period, can be connected with information from inventories and models, to determine whether the ozone values during these five years above the long-term objectives referred to in paragraph 1 were.

Article 18 the criteria of the system 8 (2) in areas apply sampling points for the measurement of ozone values (1) for determining the location of sampling points for the measurement of ozone and the number of sampling points for fixed measurements of ozone than the minimum laid down in annex 9 of section A should be metropolitan areas in which measurements represent the only source of information for the assessment of air quality,.
(3) for zones and agglomerations in which information from sampling points for fixed measurements are supplemented by those from model calculations or indicative measurement, the total number of sampling points specified in Appendix 9 section can be reduced if the additional methods 1 provide the necessary information for the assessment of air quality with regard to target values, long-term objectives, as well as the information and alert thresholds;
2. the number of sampling points for setting up and the spatial representativeness of other techniques sufficient to achieve the data quality objectives laid down in Appendix 1 section A in determining ozone levels, and enable assessment results that meet the criteria set out in annex 1, section B;
3. in each zone or agglomeration at least one sampling point per two million inhabitants and inhabitants or one sampling point per 50 000 square kilometres is available, depending on which leads to the greater number of sampling points; in any case it is necessary in each zone or agglomeration at least one sampling point type and 4. nitrogen dioxide at all remaining sampling points except is measured by stations in the rural background within the meaning of Annex 8 section.
The results of the model calculations or indicative measurement be taken into account in the assessment of air quality with regard to target values.
(4) the values of nitrogen dioxide are at least 50 percent to measure section A required Ozone Annex 9. Except for weather stations in the rural background within the meaning of Annex 8 of section A, where other measurement methods may be applied, these measurements are continuously to make.
5) in zones and agglomerations where every year during the preceding five-year measurement period are the values below the long-term objectives, the number of sampling points for fixed measurement in accordance with Annex 9, section B is to determine.
(6) the Federal Ministry for environment, nature conservation and nuclear safety or, where instructed by him built and operates at least one sampling point to capture the values of the ozone precursor substances listed in the annex 10 in the Federal territory. Unless the countries of ozone precursor substances measured, they vote with the Federal Ministry for environment, nature conservation and nuclear safety or the authority nominated by him.

Section 19 of reference measurement methods for the assessment of ozone values (1) is the reference method laid down in annex 6 section A number 8 for the measurement of ozone.
(2) other measurement methods can be applied, provided that the conditions laid down in annex 6 part B are met.

Article 20 rules for the measurement of arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene and mercury (1) that create competent authorities for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene each a list of areas and conurbations, where 1 the value reaches the target according to § 10 or below this and 2 the value exceeds the value of the target. For those zones and agglomerations is to specify in which areas the target values are exceeded, and which sources help.
(2) the upper and lower assessment thresholds for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene are laid down in annex 15.
(3) in zones and agglomerations in which the levels of arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene through the lower assessment threshold lie, a measurement according to the criteria of Appendix 16 of section A and B must be provided. In zones and agglomerations where fixed measurement represent the only source of information for assessing air quality, the number of sampling points under the minimum number set out in Appendix 16 section D must be.
(4) the measurements may be supplemented by modelling so obtained reasonable information about the air quality. A combination of measurements, including oriented measurements according to plant 17 section A, and modelling can be used to assess the air quality in zones and agglomerations where, during a representative period, the values are between the upper and the lower assessment threshold.
5) in zones and agglomerations where the levels below the lower assessment threshold in accordance with Annex 15 section are A modelling or objective estimation methods need to be applied for the assessment of values.
(6) the classification of zones and agglomerations shall be checked at least every five years. For this purpose, the procedure of annex 15 section B shall apply. The classification is for significant changes of activities, to review the impact on the levels of arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene have earlier.
(7) the measurements where the values must be measured by arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene, shall continuously or by random at fixed sites. Measurements must be carried out so often that the values can be judged accordingly.
(8) in order to assess the proportion of benzo [a] pyrene pollution on the total emissions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, other relevant polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are monitored on a limited number of sampling points of the Federal Environmental Agency. These compounds contain at least: 1. benzo [a] anthracene 2 benzo [b] fluoranthene, 3. benzo [j] fluoranthene, 4. benzo [k] fluoranthene, 5 Indeno [1,2,3] pyrene and 6 Dibenz [a, h] anthracene.
The monitoring sites for these polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons merged with sampling points for benzo [a] pyrene and so elected, that geographical differences and long-term trends can be determined. It shall apply the provisions of the annex 16 section until C. unless the countries measure these substances, they match the Federal Ministry for environment, nature conservation and nuclear safety or which he commissioned off site.
(9) irrespective of the values a km2 is installed for an area of ever 100 000 square kilometres each, that for the indicative measurement of arsenic, cadmium, nickel, total gaseous mercury, benzo [a] pyrene and in paragraph 8 is called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the air the rest. The deposit is measured addition of arsenic, cadmium, mercury and its compounds, nickel, benzo [a] pyrene and the other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons referred to in paragraph 8. The Federal Ministry for environment, nature conservation and nuclear safety or, where instructed by him built and operates at least three weather stations in the Federal territory, to achieve the necessary spatial resolution. The measurement of particle - and gaseous bivalent mercury is in addition to one of the Hintergrundprobenahmestellen. The sampling points are chosen for these pollutants that geographical differences and long-term trends can be determined. It shall apply the provisions of Appendix 16 of section A, B and C. (10) which can use of bio indicators considered, where regional patterns of the effects of the pollutants referred to in paragraph 1 on ecosystems assessed be should.
(11) in zones and agglomerations where, information from fixed measurement stations are supplemented by information from other sources, such as emission inventories, indicative measurement methods and modelling of air quality, the number of to set up fixed measuring stations and the spatial resolution of other techniques must be sufficient to determine the levels of air pollutants pursuant to Appendix 16 of section A and plant 17 section A.
(12) the criteria for the quality of the data are set in attachment 17 of section A. Models are used to assess the air quality system 17 shall be B section.
(13) the reference methods for the sampling and analysis of the levels of arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the air are set out in attachment 18 sections A to C. Plant 18 section D contains reference methods for the measurement of the deposition of arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Plant 18 section E as reference methods for establishing air quality modelling where such methods are available.
Part 4 air quality control section 21 regulations for compliance with the emission limit values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide (1) compliance with the emission limit values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter PM10, particles of PM2, 5, lead, benzene and carbon monoxide is assessed according to annex 3.
(2) if the competent authorities in the countries extending period referred to in article 22 (1) of Directive 2008/50/EC for the substances of nitrogen dioxide and benzene, or an exception to the obligation of compliance with the emission limit values for particulate matter PM10 under article 22 paragraph 2 of Directive 2008/50/EC claims want to take needs this to the Commission in accordance with article 22 (4) of Directive 2008/50/EC on the Supreme State authority by the Federal Government be communicated.
(3) an exception may be the obligation to comply with the emission limit values for particulate matter PM10 referred to in paragraph 2 until 11 June 2011 in claims, if these are not met because of site-specific dispersion characteristics, adverse climatic conditions or transboundary pollution. The extension of a time limit can be taken pursuant to paragraph 2 with regard to nitrogen dioxide and benzene by including 31 December 2014 claim.
(4) the Commission nine months after receipt of the notification referred to in paragraph 2 raised no objections, the obligation to comply with the emission limits is eliminated until the date referred to in the communication for the respective material. This must used to ensure that the value for the respective pollutant exceeds the emission limit to no more than that in annex 11 set margin of tolerance.

Section 22 requirements for zones and agglomerations in which the target values for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene exceeded are in areas according to § 20 paragraph 1 number 2 target values for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene is exceeded, the competent authorities for forwarding to the Commission represent, which measures for these areas have been taken to achieve the target values. This concerns in particular the predominant emission sources. For industrial plants, the integrated prevention and reduction of environmental pollution (OJ under Directive 2008/1/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2008 on the L 24 of the 29.1.2008, p. 8) fall, this means that the best available techniques within the meaning of article 2 paragraph 12 of that directive were applied.

Article 23 compliance with long-term target, national target and target values compliance with 1 the long-term objective for ozone, 2. the national target for PM2, 5, and 3. the target values for PM2, 5, ozone, arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene is to ensure, as far as this is possible with proportionate measures, particularly those that generate no disproportionate costs,.

§ 24 exceeding of immission limits through contributions from natural sources (1) the competent authorities are the Federal Ministry for environment, nature conservation and nuclear safety of the relevant national law authority for transmission to the Commission for each year a list of designated zones and agglomerations where from natural sources attributable to the exceeding of the Immissions limit values for a given pollutant emission contributions. Please attach information on the concentrations and sources, as well as documentation for it that the overruns on natural sources are due.
(2) emission contributions from natural sources remain in the determination of exceeding of immission limit values except for approach.

§ 25 exceeding of immission limit values for particulate matter PM10 due to the spreading of blotting sand or salt on roads in winter (1) the competent authorities the Federal Ministry for environment, nature conservation and nuclear safety of the relevant national law authority for transmission to the Commission a list of zones and agglomerations in which de-icing salt abstumpfender the Immissions limit values for particulate matter PM10 in the air due to the resuspension of particulates following spreading on roads in winter are exceeded , as well as information about local values and sources of PM10 particles.
(2) in the case of the delivery, the authorities attach the required documentation for this, that the overruns on dispersed particles attributable and appropriate measures to reduce the values.
(3) for zones and agglomerations referred to in paragraph 1, a clean air program in accordance with section 27 is only to the extent to create as overruns on other particles attributable PM10 sources as spreading grit or salt roads in winter.
(4) contributions remain in determining of exceeding of immission limit values except approach within the meaning of paragraph 1.

Section 26 getting the best air quality in zones and agglomerations where 1 the values of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter PM10, particles of PM2, 5, lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in the air under the respective Immissions limit values are, 2. that meet the long-term targets ozone levels or 3. the levels of arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a]-pyrene below the respective target values are, seek the competent authorities , the best possible air quality below these values, to bring a sustainable development can be sustained and take this into account in all relevant planning.
Part 5 plans § 27 clean air plans (1) exceed in certain areas or metropolitan areas the values for pollutants in the air create an exposure limit value plus a respective applicable tolerance margin or the target value referred to in annex 12 section D, the authorities responsible for these zones or agglomerations clean air plans.
(2) a clean air program needs to be included, to the period of non-compliance as short as possible appropriate measures if exceeded 1 one of the Immissions limit values referred to in annex 11 section B or this timeout occurs after a deadline to comply with immission limit values according to § 21 paragraph 2 to 4 extended, 2. the exposure limit value referred to in annex 12 section E was exceeded after the stop deadline.
These plans may provide additional targeted measures to protect of vulnerable population groups, including measures for the protection of children.
(3) this clean air plans must include at least the information listed in annex 13 and may contain measures according to §§ 22 and 28.
(4) must be elaborated for several pollutants clean air plans or carried out, to the competent authorities, where appropriate, elaborate an integrated clean air program for all relevant contaminants and perform it.

Section 28 is in a given region or metropolitan area plans for short-term measures (1) the danger that build the values for pollutants which exceed the alarm threshold, in section 2, paragraph 3, and article 3, paragraph 3 the competent authorities are plans with the measures to take in the short term to reduce the risk of exceeding or limiting their duration. This risk in one or more of the emission limit values referred to in annex 11 or when the particle of PM2, 5 target value, referred to in annex 12 the competent authorities can, if necessary, create plans for short-term measures.
(2) in these plans can be measures in individual cases to limit and, where necessary, to suspend activities, which increase the risk of exceeding the respective Immissions limit values, target values or alert thresholds. These plans contain measures relating to motor vehicle traffic, construction activities, ships at berth, the operation of industrial plants, the use of products or the range of household heaters. Exceptions for systems of national defence according to article 60 of the Federal Immission Control Act remain unaffected. In addition, specific measures for the protection of sensitive population groups, including measures for the protection of children, can be provided in these plans.

§ 29 measures for transboundary air pollution (1) is exceeded a threshold, an exposure limit value or a target value plus the applicable margin of tolerance or long-term goal due to significant transboundary transport of pollutants or their precursors, that the competent authorities cooperate with the concerned Member States of the European Union and provide, where appropriate, joint actions, for example, joint or coordinated clean air plans, to such transgressions by appropriate , to fix appropriate measures.
(2) the competent authorities work out, where appropriate, under section 28, joint plans for short-term measures, covering neighbouring areas in other Member States of the European Union, and implement them. The competent authorities shall ensure that the authorities of the neighbouring areas in other Member States of the European Union, have developed the plans for short-term measures, all relevant information.
(3) be exceeded the information threshold or the alert thresholds in zones or agglomerations close to the borders of the country, the competent authorities in the neighbouring Member States concerned for the European Union are to inform as soon as possible.
Part 6 of the public information and reporting obligations section 30 informing the public (1) the competent authorities inform the public, in particular relevant organisations such as environmental organisations, consumer organisations, representation of interests of sensitive population groups, others related to relevant authorities and the concerned trade associations about 1 health air quality in accordance with annex 14, 2 extensions and exceptions according to § 21 paragraph 2 to 4 and clean 3. air plans.
This information is free of charge via easily accessible media including the Internet or any other appropriate form of telecommunications to provide; they must comply with Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2007 establishing an infrastructure for spatial information in the European Community (INSPIRE) (OJ L 108 of the 25.4.2007, p. 1) match.
(2) the competent authorities shall publish annual reports for the pollutants sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter PM10, particles of PM2, 5, lead, benzene, ozone and carbon monoxide.
(3) be exceeded alarm thresholds the alarm threshold set out in section 9 or information threshold in § 2 or § 3, the competent authorities inform the public via radio, television, newspapers or Internet in accordance with the measures set out in annex 14.
(4) if the competent authority in the Federal Republic of Germany receives the communication by the competent authority of a neighbouring Member State of the European Union, that in that Member State an information threshold or a threshold in zones or agglomerations close to national borders has been exceeded, the public as soon as possible about has to inform.
(5) if the competent authorities have created a plan for short-term measures, they will make the public, in particular environmental protection organisations, consumer associations, representation of interests of sensitive population groups, other relevant bodies dealing with the protection of health and the business associations concerned both the results of their investigations on the feasibility and content-specific plans for short-term measures and information on the implementation of these plans accessible.
(6) the competent authorities shall ensure that the public, in particular environmental protection organisations, consumer associations, representation of interests of sensitive population groups and other relevant groups in the health sector adequately and in a timely manner of the Immissions values and deposition rates of arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel, and benzo [a] pyrene and are taught the other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons for example over the Internet. Must contain the following information pursuant to sentence 1: 1 information to any annual exceedance of the target values laid down in section 10 for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene, 2. reasons for the exceedance and the area in which the excess was found, 3. a short assessment based on the target value, as well as 4. relevant information about impacts on human health and environmental impacts.
In addition, all mentioned points in be informed what measures to comply with the targets.
(7) the Federal Ministry for environment, nature conservation and nuclear safety published programmes can be established according to the articles 34 and 35.
(8) the competent authorities shall inform the public for example over the Internet about their responsibilities for assessing air quality, the approval of measurement systems and quality assurance.

Article 31 submission of information and reports for sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter PM10, particles of PM2, 5, lead, benzene, carbon monoxide, dust substances and ozone shall send the competent authorities the Federal Ministry for environment, nature conservation and nuclear safety or the commissioned by his Office of the relevant national law authority for transmission to the Commission the information required under Directive 2008/50/EC.

§ 32 submission of information and reports for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene (1) the competent authorities the Federal Ministry for environment, nature conservation and nuclear safety or the commissioned point of the relevant national law authority for transmission to the Commission as regards areas and conurbations where one of the target values laid down in section 10 is exceeded, the following information : 1 the list of such zones and agglomerations, 2. the areas, where the values are exceeded, 3. the assessed values, 4. the reasons for exceeding the target values and in particular the sources that contribute to the exceedance of the target values, 5. the sections of the population, the excess values are exposed.
(2) the competent authorities shall send also to forward to the Commission all data assessed in accordance with section 20, if it is not already on the basis of decision 97/101/EC of the Council of 27 January 1997 establishing a reciprocal exchange of information and data from networks and individual stations measuring ambient air pollution within the Member States (OJ L 35 of the 5.2.1997, p. 14), which is been amended by Directive 2008/50/EC, have been reported. This information be submitted for each calendar year by no later than 31 July of the following year.
(3) in addition to the information required in paragraph 1, the competent authorities for forwarding to the Commission sign all the measures taken in accordance with article 22.
Part 7 emission ceilings, § 33 Federal Government programs emission levels, emission inventories and projections (1) for the Federal Republic of Germany are set for the substances sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds (NMVOCS) and ammonia (NH3) the following emission ceilings in kilotonnes per calendar year: 1. SO2520 of 2. NOx1 051 of 3. NMVOC 995 of 4. NH3550.
(2) the emissions are measures of the program described in section 34 from the year 2011 that in paragraph 1 at the latest to limit these maximum residue limits and must never be exceeded.
(3) the federal environmental agency created for the substances referred to in paragraph 1 annual emission inventories and emission projections for the years 2015-2020.

§ 34 program of the Federal Government to reduce ozone levels and to comply with the emission ceilings (1) created the Federal Government, after consultation with the countries and stakeholders in accordance with article 51 of the Federal Immission Control Act, a program that includes long-term measures to reduce ozone levels pursuant to § 9 and to comply with the emission ceilings for the substances referred to in article 33, paragraph 1.
(2) this program is reviewed annually and, if necessary, updated.
(3) the measures contained in the programme aim, 1. the emissions of the substances referred to in article 33, paragraph 1 so far to reduce the specified there emission ceilings from the mentioned date; compliance with
2. the target values laid down in article 9, paragraph 1 and 2;
3. the long-term objectives set out in section 9, paragraph 3 and 4 to reach;
4. in the areas of the Federal Republic of Germany, in which ozone levels below the long-term objectives are to obtain the best possible air quality in line with a sustainable development and a high level of protection for the environment and human health as far as in particular the cross-border nature of ozone pollution and meteorological conditions allow.
(4) the programme contains information about implemented and planned measures for pollutant reduction, as well as quantified estimates of their impact on pollutant emissions beginning in 2010. Expect significant changes in the geographical distribution of national emissions, these shall be indicated. As far as the program aimed at reducing the levels of ozone and their precursors, are the information referred to in annex 13.
(5) the measures of the programme must be proportionate, taking into account costs and benefits.

§ 35 programs of the Federal Government to comply with the obligation on the PM2, 5-exposure concentration, as well as of the national target for the reduction of PM2, 5 exposure (1) the danger is that the obligation under annex 12 section C on the PM2, 5 exposure in accordance with § 5 paragraph 4 until the set date cannot be met, created the Federal Government, after consultation with the countries and stakeholders in accordance with article 51 of the Federal of Immission Control Act , a program of permanent measures to comply with this obligation.
(2) the risk that the national target for the reduction of PM2, 5 exposure according to § 5 paragraph 5 until the set date cannot be met, created the Federal Government after consultation with the countries and stakeholders in accordance with article 51 of the Federal Immission Control Act a program, to achieve the national goal.
Part 8 common provisions article 36 accessibility standards DIN, DIN EN and DIN ISO standards referred to in annex 1, 6, 17 and 18, have appeared at the Beuth Verlag GmbH Berlin. The DIN, DIN EN and ISO standards are DIN at the German patent and trade mark Office in Munich in terms of archive secured laid down.

Appendix 1 (to the sections 13, 14 and 18) data quality objectives (site: BGBl. I 2010, 1077 - 1078) A. data quality objectives for the air quality assessment for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxide benzene particles (PM10/PM2, 5) and lead ozone and together - hängende(s) No. and NO2 fixed Messungen1) uncertainty 15% 25% 25% 15% minimum data capture 90% 90% 90% 90% in the summer 75% in winter acoustic: - urban background and traffic - 35 %2) - - measurements oriented industrial areas – 90% – - uncertainty 25% 30% 50% 30% minimum data capture 90% 90% 90% 90% coverage
14 %4) 14 %3) 14 %4) > 10% in summer uncertainty of model calculations hourly 50% - 50% 8-hour - averages 50% - 50% day average 50% - not yet established - year average 30% 50% 50% - objective estimation uncertainty 75% 100% 100% 75% 1) the competent authorities can perform in benzene, lead and particles random measurements instead of continuous measurements, if they can prove that the uncertainty, including the uncertainty due to the random samples , reached the quality target of 25 percent and is the duration of the coverage for indicative measurements. Sample measurements are evenly to distribute, to avoid distortion of the results throughout the year. The uncertainty in sampling measurements can be determined using the procedure in the ISO standard "Air quality - determination of the uncertainty of the time average of air quality measurements" (ISO 11222:2002) is set out. Random measurements used to assess the requirements with regard to compliance with the emission limit value for particulate matter PM10, the 90.4 percentile value (which may exceed 50 micrograms per cubic meter at most) should be evaluated instead of the number of exceedances, influenced greatly by the data acquisition.
(2) over the year distributed, so that the different climatic and transport-dependent conditions be taken into account.
(3) a day measurement (sampling) per week throughout the year, evenly distributed over the days of the week, or eight fully sampled weeks evenly distributed over the year.
(4) a sample per week, evenly distributed over the year, or eight weeks evenly distributed over the year.
The uncertainty of the measurement methods (with a confidence interval of 95%) will be judged using the following criteria: 1. consistent with the principles of the CEN Guide to the uncertainty of measurement (ENV 13005:1999 June 1999), 2. accordance with the ISO 5725:1994 (DIN ISO part 1 of November 1997)-procedures and DIN spec 1168, air quality - approach to the estimation of measuring security in reference procedures for outdoor air measurements by July 2010.
The percentages indicated in the above table for the uncertainty apply for individual measurements, averaged over the period in question based on the immission limit (when ozone based on the target value) with a confidence interval of 95 percent. The uncertainty for the fixed measurement applies to the area of the respective Immissions limit (for ozone of the target value).
The uncertainty of modelling is defined as the maximum deviation of the measured and calculated concentration levels for 90 percent of the individual measuring stations in the respective period in relation to the limit value (or, for ozone the target value) without taking into account the timing of the deviations. The uncertainty of modelling applies to the area of the respective Immissions limit (for ozone of the target value). The fixed measurements that select are for comparison with the results of the model calculations, must be representative of the spatial resolution captured by the model.
The uncertainty of objective estimates is defined as the maximum deviation of the measured and calculated values in a specific time period based on the immission limit (ozone based on the target value) without taking into account the timing of the deviations.
The requirements for minimum data capture and the coverage does not cover data loss due to the regular calibration or the normal maintenance of measuring instruments.
B. results of the assessment of air quality are the following information to compile for zones or agglomerations, where instead of measurements other data sources be used as supplementary information to measurement or as the sole means of air quality assessment: 1 description of the assessment made, 2. specific methods with references to descriptions of the method, 3. sources of data and information, 4. Description of results, including uncertainties , in particular the expansion of surfaces or, where appropriate, the length of the section of road within the zone or agglomeration to which, the pollution levels exceed an emission limit value, target value, or a long-term objective of plus any margins of tolerance, as well as of all geographic areas, where values exceed the upper or the lower assessment threshold, 5. population which is potentially subject to a value, via the emission limit value laid down for the protection of human health is.
C. quality assurance in assessing the air quality - validation of data 1.
To ensure that the measurements are accurate and the data quality objectives in accordance with section A are complied, to the competent authorities the following ensure: a) all measurements undertaken in relation to the assessment of ambient air quality in accordance with sections 13 and 17 can be traced in accordance with the requirements in section 5.6.2.2 of the standard ISO/IEC 17025:2005.
(b) the facilities, networks and individual stations operate, have a quality assurance and quality control system, which provides for regular maintenance of the instruments, to ensure accuracy.
(c) for the data collection and reporting, a quality assurance and quality control procedures will be introduced. The institutions entrusted with this task actively participate in the corresponding Community-wide quality assurance programmes.
(d) the national laboratories designated by the competent authorities, taking part in community-wide tests to the pollutants regulated by this regulation, are accredited according to the standard DIN/EN/ISO/IEC 17025:2005 to 2010 for the reference methods listed in annex 6. These laboratories must be involved in the coordination of the community, carried out by the Commission quality assurance programs for the territories of the Member States of the European Union. You coordinate the application of reference methods, as well as the proof of the equivalence of other methods as reference methods at national level.
2. all data submitted pursuant to § 31 are valid, provided that they are not marked as preliminary.

Annex 2 (to article 12) defines the requirements for the assessment of values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in the air within a zone or agglomeration (site: BGBl. I 2010, 1079 - 1080) A. upper and lower assessment thresholds shall apply the following upper and lower assessment thresholds: 1 sulfur dioxide to protect of human health protection of vegetation upper assessment threshold 60% of the twenty-four hour emission limit (must not more than three times in a calendar year exceeded 75 µg/m3) 60% the critical value in the winter (12 µg/m3) lower assessment threshold 40% of the twenty-four hour emission limit (must not more than three times in a calendar year exceeded 50 µg/m3) 40% of the critical value in the winter (8 µg/m3) 2. nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen one hour exposure limit value for the protection of human health (NO2) annual limit value for the protection of human health (NO2) on the year-related critical value for the protection of vegetation and natural ecosystems (NOx) upper assessment threshold 70% oflimitvalue of Immissions (140 µg/m3 may not more than eighteen be exceeded during the calendar year) 80% of the emission limit (32 µg/m3) 80% of the critical value (24 µg/m3) lower assessment threshold 50% oflimitvalue of Immissions (do no more than eighteen in the calendar year exceed 100 µg/m3) 65% oflimitvalue of Immissions (26 µg/m3) 65% of the critical value (19,5 µg/m3) 3. particles (PM10/PM2, 5) twenty-four hour mean PM10 annual average PM10 annual average PM2 , 51) upper assessment threshold 70% oflimitvalue of Immissions (do no more than seven times in a calendar year exceed 35 µg/m3) 70% oflimitvalue of Immissions (28 µg/m3) 70% oflimitvalue of Immissions (17 µg/m3) lower assessment threshold 50% oflimitvalue of Immissions (25 µg/m3
should not more than seven times in the calendar year be exceeded) 50% oflimitvalue of Immissions (20 µg/m3) 50% oflimitvalue of Immissions (12 µg/m3) 1) the upper assessment threshold and the lower assessment threshold for PM2, 5 shall not apply to the measurements, which assesses whether the target value specified for the protection of human health for the reduction of exposure to PM2, 5 is respected.
4. lead annual average upper assessment threshold 70% of the emission limit value (0,35 µg/m3) lower assessment threshold 50% oflimitvalue of Immissions (0.25 µg/m3) 5. annual average benzene upper assessment threshold 70% oflimitvalue of Immissions (3.5 µg/m3) lower assessment threshold 40% oflimitvalue of Immissions (2 µg/m3) 6 carbon monoxide eight hours mean upper assessment threshold 70% oflimitvalue of Immissions (7 mg / m3) lower assessment threshold 50% (5 mg/m3) b emission limit exceedances of upper and lower assessment thresholds which is exceedances of upper and lower assessment thresholds on the basis of the values of the previous five Years to determine if sufficient data are available. An assessment threshold is considered to be exceeded, if it has been exceeded during the preceding five years in at least three different years.
Data for the entire preceding five years are not available, the competent authorities can connect the results of the short-term measurement campaigns during those seasons and at locations that are likely to be typical for the highest values for pollutants, with information from inventories and models, to determine exceedances of the upper and lower assessment thresholds.

Annex 3 (to paragraphs 2, 3, 13, 14 and 21) assessment of air quality and location of sampling points for the measurement of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides, particles (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in the air (site: BGBl. I 2010, 1081 - 1082) A. General information is the air quality in all areas and metropolitan areas judged using the following criteria: 1. If the air quality in all places , with the exception of the places referred to in paragraph 2, according to the criteria assessed, which are laid down in sections B and C for the location of sampling points for fixed measurement. The principles laid down in sections B and C are also in so far as they are for the determination of the specific locations of concern, where the values of the relevant pollutants are determined when the air quality is assessed by indicative measurement or modelling.
2. compliance with the emission limit values laid down for the protection of human health is at the following locations not assessed: a) at locations within sections, to which the public does not have access and where there is no permanent living accommodations;
(b) in accordance with section 1 number 20 on the grounds of work places, all relevant provisions concerning health and safety at work apply;
(c) on the roadways of the streets and, if pedestrians and pedestrians there usually do not have access, on the medians of the streets.
B. large-scale siting of sampling points 1 protection of human health a) the location of sampling points where measurements for the protection of human health are taken, is to be selected so that the following data be obtained: - data on areas within the highest values occur of zones and agglomerations in which, the population to be probably directly or exposed indirectly through a period which , which is significant when compared to the averaging period of the relevant Immissions limit values;
-Data to values in other areas within zones and agglomerations which are representative of the exposure of the population in General.
(b) the location of sampling points is usually enough to avoid the measurement of environmental conditions that affect a very small room in their immediate vicinity. This means that the location of the sampling is to choose, that the air samples are representative - as far as possible - for the air quality of a road section of not less than 100 metres in length at sampling points for the traffic and not less than 250 x 250 meters at sampling points for industrial areas.
(c) measuring stations must be located for the urban background, that the appropriate pollution covers the integrated contribution from all sources in the luv the main wind direction of the station. Not a single source should be predominant for the appropriate pollution, unless this is typical for a larger urban area. The sampling must be representative of an area of several square kilometers.
(d) to evaluate the values for the rural background, the sampling point must not be close, that is closer than 5 kilometres, this urban agglomerations or industrial areas affected be.
e) to assess the contribution of industrial sources, shall be at least one sampling point in the Lee of the main wind direction from the source in the nearest residential area. The background is not known, an additional sampling point the upwind main wind direction is set up.
(f) sampling points should be representative of similar locations if possible, not located in its immediate vicinity.
(g) If this is necessary for reasons of health protection, sampling points on islands are set up.
2. protection of vegetation and natural ecosystems the sampling points where measurements for the protection of vegetation and natural ecosystems carried out industrial installations or motorways or main roads with a daily traffic volume of more than 50 000 will be located should more than 20 km from agglomerations or more than 5 kilometres from other built-up areas, vehicles. This means that the location of the sampling is to choose, that the air samples for the air quality of a surface of at least 1 000 km2 are representative. The competent authorities may provide due to the geographical conditions, or in the interest of protecting vulnerable areas that a sampling point at a lesser distance is important or representative of air quality in a smaller area.
It is to consider that the air quality on islands must be assessed.
C. spatially variable siting of sampling points where possible is to take into account the following: flow of air to the sampler inlet must not be impaired in a radius of at least 270 ° and there no obstacles may be affecting the airflow in the vicinity of the sampling, this means building, balconies, trees and other obstacles should be some meters away and the sampling points for air quality at the building line must be at least 0.5 metres away from the nearest building.
In general the inlets must be located at a height between 1.5 m (the breathing zone) and 4 m above the ground. A higher location of intake (up to 8 meters) may be appropriate under certain circumstances. A higher intake can be also displayed if the measurement station for a larger area is representative.
Inlets may be applied not in the immediate vicinity of emission sources to avoid the immediate introduction of emissions that are not mixed with the ambient air.
The exhaust air duct of the sampling point is so that recirculation of exhaust air to the sampler inlet is avoided.
For all pollutants, traffic-related sampling points must be at least 25 metres from the edge of the busy road junctions and no more than 10 meters from the edge of the road.
The following factors may also be taken into account: - sources of interference, - security, - accessibility, - power supply and telephone lines, - visibility of the site in the area, - safety of public and operators, - benefits of a merger of the sampling points for different pollutants, - requirements of the urban land use planning.
D. documentation and review of site selection the site-selection procedures are fully to document, for example, with photographs of the environment in the cardinal directions and a detailed map in the classification phase. The choice of location is reviewed regularly and each document so that it is ensured that the criteria for the choice continue to have validity.

Annex 4 (to § 13) measurements at measuring stations for the rural background (concentration-independent) (site: BGBl. I 2010, 1083) A. goals with these measurements to ensure above all that are the necessary information about values for the background available. This information is essential, 2. the analysis for the source mapping to support and promote 3. understanding of individual pollutants such as E.g. particle 1 to assess the elevated levels in more polluted areas (urban background, industry sites, transport-related sites), as well as the possible contribution of the remote transport of pollutants.
In addition, the information on the basis of the increased use of models - even for urban areas - are necessary.
At least the total mass concentration as well as compounds appropriate to characterize the chemical composition, the concentrations of include substances which have measurements of PM2, 5 b. At least the following chemical species are to be considered: SO42-na + NH4 + Ca2 +
elemental carbon (EC) NO3-K + CL-Mg2 + organic carbon (OC) C. location criteria the measurements section A, B and C – especially in the rural background - should be made in accordance with Appendix 3.

Appendix 5 (to the sections 14 and 15) criteria for determining the minimum number of sampling points for fixed measurement of the values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate (PM10, PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in the air (reference: Federal Law Gazette I 2010, 1084 - 1085) A. minimum number of sampling points for fixed measurement to assess compliance with emission limit values for the protection of human health and alert thresholds in zones and agglomerations , where fixed measurement the only source of information represent 1 diffuse sources of population of the agglomeration or area (in thousands) if the maximum value the upper assessment threshold überschreitet1) if the maximum value is between the upper and the lower assessment threshold pollutants except PM PM2) (sum of PM10 and PM2, 5) pollutants except PM PM2) (sum of PM10 and PM2, 5) 0-249 1 2 1 1 250-499 2 3 1 2 500-749 2 3 1 2 750-999 3 4
 1 2 1 000-1 499 4 6 2 3 1 500-1 999 5 7 2 3 2 000-2 749 6 8 3 4 2 750-3 749 7 10 3 4 3 750-4 749 8 11 3 6 4 750-5 999 9 13 4 6 ≥ 6 000 10 15 4 7 1) for NO2, particulate , Benzene and carbon monoxide: including at least a measuring station for urban background sites and a metering station for the transport, if this increases the number of sampling points not to. In the case of these pollutants, the total number of weather stations urban background sites may differ from the number of measuring stations for the traffic in each country not by more than a factor of 2. The measuring stations, where the emission limit value for PM10 was exceeded at least once in the last three years, persist, unless due to special circumstances, in particular for reasons of space development, a shift of stations is required.
2) are PM2, 5 and PM10 measured in accordance with article 16 on same measuring station, this sampling as two separate is to look at. The required under A.1 total number of sampling points for PM2, 5 and PM10 in each country must not differ by more than a factor of 2, and the number of measuring stations for PM2, 5 urban background sites in metropolitan and urban areas must meet the requirements of section B.
2. for the assessment of pollution in the vicinity of point sources, the number of sampling points for fixed measurement is point sources to calculate. These are taken into account: - the emission densities, the likely distribution of air pollutants - the potential exposure of the population.
B. is minimum number of sampling points for fixed measurement to assess compliance with the guidelines for the reduction of PM2, 5 exposure for the protection of human health for this purpose to provide one sampling point per million inhabitants and inhabitants for metropolitan and other urban areas with more than 100 000 inhabitants and inhabitants. These sampling points may be identical with the sampling points under section A. The countries have at least the following number of sampling points: country number of sampling points for Baden-Württemberg 2 Bayern 3 Berlin 3 Brandenburg 2 Bremen 1 Hamburg 2 Hessen 3 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2 Lower Saxony 2 North Rhine-Westphalia 9 Rhineland-Palatinate 1 Saarland 1 Saxon 1 Saxony-Anhalt 2 Schleswig-Holstein 1 Thuringia, Germany 1.
The countries share the specific locations of operated sampling points with the Federal Ministry for environment, nature conservation and nuclear safety.
C. minimum number of sampling points for fixed measurement to assess whether the critical values for the protection of vegetation in areas other than metropolitan areas be respected if the maximum value if the maximum value is between the upper and the lower assessment threshold exceeds the upper assessment threshold 1 station per 20 000 km2 1 station per 40 000 km2 In the case of island regions should be calculated the number of sampling points for fixed measurement to , to consider the probable distribution of air pollution and the potential exposure of vegetation.

Annex 6 (to §§ 1, 16 and 19) reference methods for assessment of values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene, carbon monoxide and ozone (site: BGBl. I 2010, 1086 - 1087) A. reference measurement methods 1 reference method for measuring the concentration of sulphur dioxide as a reference method for measuring the concentration of sulphur dioxide shall be the method that is described 14212:2005 (June 2005) "Air quality - standard method for the determination of the concentration of sulphur dioxide by Ultraviolet fluorescence" in DIN EN.
2. reference method for the measurement of the concentration of nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen as a reference method for the measurement of nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen is the method that is described 14211:2005 (June 2005) "Air quality - standard method for the determination of the concentration of nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen monoxide with chemiluminescence" in DIN EN.
3. reference method for the sampling and measurement of the concentration of lead as a reference method for the sampling of lead is the method described in paragraph 4. The method that is described 14902:2005 (October 2005) "Outdoor air quality - standard procedure for the determination of PB/CD/as/NI as part of the PM10 fraction of suspended dust" in DIN EN is considered reference method for the measurement of the concentration of lead.
4. reference method for the sampling and measurement of the concentration of PM10 as a reference method for the sampling and measurement of the concentration of PM10 is the method that is described 12341:1999 (March 1999) "Air quality - determination of the PM10 fraction of particulate matter - reference method and field test procedure to demonstrate of the equivalence of measurement methods and reference measuring method" in DIN EN.
5. reference method for the sampling and measurement of PM2, 5 as the concentration reference method for the sampling and measurement of PM2, 5 concentration applies the method, in DIN EN 14907:2005 (November 2005) "air quality - gravimetric standard measuring method for the determination of the PM2, 5 mass fraction of particulate dust" is described.
6 reference method for the sampling and measurement of concentrations of benzene as a reference method for the measurement of the benzene concentration is the method that is described 14662:2005 (August 2005) air quality - standard method for the measurement of benzene concentrations (parts 1, 2 and 3) in DIN EN.
7. reference method for the measurement of carbon monoxide as a reference method for the measurement of carbon monoxide is the method that is described 14626:2005 (July 2005) "Air quality - standard method for the determination of the concentration of carbon monoxide with non-dispersive infrared photometry" in DIN EN.
8 reference methods for measuring the concentration of ozone as a reference method for the measurement of ozone concentration is the method that is described 14625:2005 (July 2005) 'Air quality - standard method for determining the concentration of ozone with ultraviolet photometry' EN in the DIN.
B. proof of equivalence are other methods used are, must be documented, thus obtained equivalent results as with the methods mentioned under section A above. Another method can be applied for particles, if documented, that it possesses a constant reference to the reference method. In this case, the results obtained with this method must be corrected to match the results, which were achieved in the application of the reference method.
C. standard State is a temperature of 293 k and an atmospheric pressure of 101.3 kilopascals to reason to put the volume of gaseous pollutants as a standard condition. Particles and particles to be analyzed substances (including the lead) the ambient conditions lays for the specification of the sample volume air temperature and air pressure on the day of measurement basis.
D. new measuring devices all must comply with acquired new measuring equipment for the implementation of this directive as of June 11, 2010, the reference method or equivalent method.
All measuring devices used for stationary measurements from 11 June 2013 the reference method or equivalent method must comply with.
E. mutual recognition of data in the examination carried out in the framework of the qualifying examination, whether the measuring devices comply with the performance requirements of the reference methods listed in section A, the competent authorities referred to in article 30 and authorities accept the audit reports that were created in other Member States of the European Union by laboratories that are approved according to the standard DIN/EN/ISO/IEC 17025:2005 to carry out the relevant tests.

Annex 7 (at paragraph 9) target values and long-term objectives for ozone (reference: BGBl. I 2010, 1088 - 1089) A. criteria for the aggregation of data and the calculation of statistical parameters are for checking the validity of the following criteria apply: parameter required proportion of valid data one hour averages 75% (i.e. 45 minutes) eight hours averages 75% of values (i.e. 6 hours) highest average of eight hours per day from hourly moving eight hours averages 75% of the hourly moving eight hours averages (i.e. 18 eight hour averages per day) AOT40
90% of the one hour averages during the Zeitraums1 defined for calculating the AOT40 value) annual average each separated: 75% of one hour averages during the summer (April to September) and 75% during the winter (January to March, October to December) number of exceedances and maximum values per month 90% of maximum eight hours mean of the days (27 available daily values per month) and 90% of the one hour averages between 8: 00 and 20:00 CET number of exceedances and maximum values per year five of six months during the summer months (April to September) 1) concern not all possible measurements, so are the AOT40 values on the basis of the following factor calculated: AOT40Schätzwert AOT40Messwert = x total number *) _ number of measured hourly values *) number of hours within the time period of AOT40 definition (i.e. 8:00 to 20:00 CET from 1 May to 31 July each year (for the protection of vegetation) and from 1 April until 30 September of each year (on the protection of forests)).
B. target target target value time averaging period the target value reach values old1) protection of human health of highest eight hours means worth per day 120 µg/m3 may be exceeded on more than 25 days in the calendar year, averaged over three years1) 1.1.2010 protection of vegetation may to July AOT40 (calculated on the basis of one hour averages) 18 000 µg x h m3, averaged over five Jahre2) 1.1.2010 1) compliance with the target values will be assessed on this date. This means that the year 2010 the first year will be, which is used to calculate whether the target values in the relevant three or five-year period have been met.
(2) the three - or five-year averages not based on complete and consecutive year data can be determined, at least the following annual data are required to check whether the target values have been respected:-target value for the protection of human health: valid data for one year,-target value for the protection of vegetation: valid data for three years.
C. long-term objectives averaging period long-term goal date, at which the target value should be reached protecting human health of highest eight hours means value per day within a calendar year 120 µg/m3 not protection of vegetation may set until July AOT40 (calculated based on one hour averages) 6 000 µg x h m3 not annex 8 (to 18) laid down criteria for the classification of sampling points for the assessment of ozone levels and to determine their locations (site : BGBl. I 2010, 1090 - 1091) the following criteria for stationary measuring stations: A. spacious location type of station targets the measurements Repräsentativität1) criteria for large-scale location (macro-level) urban protection of human health: assessment of ozone exposure of the urban population (relatively higher population density and ozone levels, which are representative of the exposure of the population in General) some km2 outside the sphere of influence of local emission sources such as traffic , Gas stations, etc.
Sites with good mixing of the ambient air;
Locations such as residential and business districts in cities, parks (not in close proximity to trees), big streets or places with little or no traffic, for schools, sports facilities and leisure facilities, characteristic open spaces.
Suburban protection of human health and vegetation: assessment of the exposure of the population and vegetation in suburban areas of metropolitan areas with the highest values for ozone, which population and vegetation exposed directly or indirectly his several dozen km2 at a certain distance from the areas with the highest emissions and on the Leeward side, are likely to based on the prevailing wind direction that conditions favourable to the formation of ozone prevail;
Places where population, sensitive crops or natural ecosystems in the border zone of an agglomeration are exposed to high ozone levels;
If necessary, some stations in suburban areas across the facing the prevailing wind direction (outside of the areas with the highest emissions), to determine the values for the regional background for ozone.
Rural protection of human health and vegetation: assessment of the exposure of the population, the crops and natural ecosystems to ozone levels of sub-regional expansion in sub-regional level (a few hundred km2) which can stations in small settlements or areas with natural ecosystems, forests or crop cultures are;
representative areas for ozone outside the sphere of influence of local issuers such as industrial installations and roads;
in open terrain, but not on mountain peaks.
Rural background of vegetation and human health: assessment of the exposure of crops and natural ecosystems to ozone levels of regional expansion, as well as the exposure of the population – national / regional / continental level (1 000 to 10 000 km2) stations in areas with lower population density, E.g. with natural ecosystems (such as forests), at least 20 km from urban and industrial areas and away from local emission sources;
to avoid are summits of higher mountains, as well as locations with locally enhanced formation of ground temperature inversions;
 
 
 
Coastal areas with pronounced daily wind cycles of local character are also not recommended.
(1) sampling points should be representative of similar locations as possible, not located in its immediate vicinity.
For rural and rural background stations the location with the monitoring requirements on the basis of Regulation (EC) no 2152 / 2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning monitoring of forests and environmental interactions in the Community (OJ is no 1737/2006 of the Commission of 7 November 2006 laying down detailed rules for the application of Regulation (EC) OJ L 334 of 30.11.2006, p. 1) to vote.
B. spatially variable positioning small-scale location should be carried out in accordance with annex 3, part C. It is also to ensure that the flow inlet is at considerable distance from emission sources such as stoves or chimneys of incineration plants and more than 10 meters away from the nearest road, where the observable distance with the traffic density increases.
C. documentation and review the positioning is to proceed according to annex 3 part D, to make being a thorough examination and evaluation of measured data. Where are the meteorological and photochemical processes affecting the ozone levels measured at each site, to be aware.

Annex 9 (to 18) criteria for determining the minimum number of sampling points for fixed measurements of ozone values (reference: BGBl. I 2010, 1092) A. minimum number of sampling points for continuous fixed measurements to assess compliance with the target values, information and alert thresholds and the long-term objectives, as far as such measurements the only source of information represent population (x 1 000) agglomerations (urban and suburban areas) 1) other areas (suburban and rural) 1) rural background