Xxxix Ordinance For The Implementation Of The Federal Immission Control Act Regulations On Air Quality Standards And Emission Ceilings

Original Language Title: Neununddreißigste Verordnung zur Durchführung des Bundes-Immissionsschutzgesetzes Verordnung über Luftqualitätsstandards und Emissionshöchstmengen

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Thirty-ninth Ordinance on the implementation of the Federal Immission Protection Act Regulation on air quality standards and emission ceilings (39). BImSchV)

Non-official table of contents

39. BImSchV

Date of delivery: 02.08.2010

Full quote:

" Neunundthirtieth Regulation implementing the Federal Immission Protection Act Regulation on air quality standards and emission ceilings of the 2. August 2010 (BGBl. I p. 1065) "

*)
This Regulation is designed to implement Directive 2008 /50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 June 2000 on the implementation of the European Parliament and the Council of the European Communities. Air quality and clean air for Europe (OJ L 327, 27.4.2008, p. 1), Directive 2004 /107/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 June 2008 on the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 June 2008 1 December 2004 on arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air (OJ L 327, 28.12.2004, p. 3) and Directive 2001 /81/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 June 2005 on the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 June 2005 on October 2001 on national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants (OJ L 327, 28.12.2001, p. 22).

footnote

(+ + + text-proof from: 6.8.2010 + + +)
(+ + + Official note of the norm-provider on EC law:
Implementation of the
EGRL 50/2008 (CELEX Nr: 32008L0050)
EGRL 107/2004 (CELEX Nr: 32004L0107)
EGRL 81/2001 (CELEX Nr: 32001L0081) + + +)

Non-official Table of Contents

Content Overview

Content Overview Part 1General Rules
§ 1
2Immission values
§ 2 Immission limits, alarm threshold, and critical value for sulphur dioxide
§ 3 Immission limit values and alarm threshold for nitrogen dioxide (NO2); critical value for nitrogen oxides (NOx)
§ 4 Immission limits for particles (PM10)
§ 5target value, immission limit, Commitment to exposure concentration as well as national target for particle exposure reduction (PM2, 5)
§ 6 Immission limit for lead
§ 7 Immission limit value for benzene
§ 8 Immission limit value for carbon monoxide
§ 9 Target values, long-term targets, information threshold, and alert threshold for ground-level ozone
§ 10Target values for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene
3Assessment of the air quality
§ 11 Definition of territories and Balloting rooms
§ 12 Classification of the areas and Agglomerations for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particles (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide
§ 13 Rules for the determination of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide
§ 14 sampling points for the measurement of sulphur dioxide, Nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulates (PM10 and PM2.5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide
§ 15 Indicator for average PM2.5 exposure
§ 16 Reference measurement methods for the assessment of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particles (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide
§ 17 Rules for the determination of ozone values
§ 18 Sample points to measure Ozone values
§ 19 Reference measurement methods for the Assessment of ozone values
§ 20Regulations for the determination of arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene and Mercury
4Control of air quality control
§ 21 Regulations for compliance with the emission limit values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particles (PM10 and PM2.5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide
§ 22 Requirements for areas and agglomerations in which the Target values for arsenic, cadmium, nickel, and benzo [a] pyrene are exceeded
§ 23 Adherence to long-term target, national target and target values
§ 24 Exceeding immission limits due to emission contributions from natural sources
§ 25 Exceeding immission limits for particles PM10 due to the spreading of streusand or salt on roads in the Winterdienst
§ 26Get the best air quality
5Plans
§ 27 Air content plans
§ 28 Plans for short-term measures
§ 29Measures on transboundary air
6Information to the
public and reporting obligations
§ 30 Information to the public
§ 31 Transmission of information and reports for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, particulate PM10, particulate PM2.5, lead, benzene, carbon monoxide, dust content, and Ozon
§ 32Transmission of information and reports for arsenic, cadmium, nickel, and Benzo [a] pyrene
7 emission ceilings,
programs of the federal government
§ 33 Emission limit sets, emission inventories and forecasts
§ 34 Programme of the Federal Government for the reduction of ozone levels and for compliance with emission ceilings
§ 35Federal Government's programs to comply with the obligation with regard to the PM2.5 exposure concentration and the national target for the reduction of PM2.5 exposure
8Common rules
§ 36Accessibility of standards
Appendix 1 Data quality targets
Appendix 2 Definition of requirements for the assessment of the values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides, particles (PM10 and PM2.5), Lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in the air within an area or agglomeration
Attachment 3 Assessment of the air quality and location of the sampling points for measurements of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particles (PM10 and PM2.5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in the Air
Attachment 4 Measurements at measuring stations for the rural background (concentration-independent)
Attachment 5 Criteria for determining the minimum number of sampling points for fixed measurements of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in the Air
Attachment 6 Reference methods for the Assessment of the values of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), lead, benzene, carbon monoxide and ozone
Appendix 7 Target values and long term targets for ozone
Appendix 8 Criteria for classification of sampling points for assessing the ozone values and determining their locations
Attachment 9 Criteria for determining the minimum number of Sampling points for the fixed measurements of ozone values
Attachment 10 Measurement of ozone precursor substances
Appendix 11 Immission limit values for the protection of human health
Attachment 12National target on which exposure is to be reduced, target and immission limit value for PM2.5
Appendix 13 Required content of air content plans
Attachment 14 Information to the public
Attachment 15 Definition of the requirements for the assessment of the values for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a]-pyrene within a Territory or agglomeration
Attachment 16 Location and minimum number of sampling points for the measurement of the values and deposition rates of arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene
Appendix 17 Data quality objectives and requirements for models to determine the values for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene
Appendix 18Reference methods for the assessment of the values and deposition rates of arsenic, cadmium, nickel, mercury and Benzo [a] pyren

Part 1
General Rules

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§ 1 Definitions

The following definitions apply in this Regulation:
1.
"alarm threshold" is a value that exceeds short-term exposure to the health of the population as a whole and takes immediate action ;
2.
"AOT40", expressed in

Microgramsx hours,
cubic meter

is the difference that is summed over a given period of time between ozone values above 80 micrograms per cubic metre and 80 micrograms per cubic metre, using the daily average hourly average values between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m. Central European Time (CET);
3.
"Arsen", "Kadmium", "Nickel" and "Benzo [a] pyrene" denote the total content of the respective element or the compound in the PM10 fraction;
4.
"Ballungsraum" is an urban area with at least 250,000 inhabitants and residents, which consists of one or more municipalities, or an area consisting of one or more municipalities. Municipalities, each of which has a population density of 1 000 inhabitants or more per square kilometre in relation to the area of the congregation, and which together have at least one area of 100 square kilometres
5.
"Assessment" is the determination and evaluation of air quality by measurement, calculation, prediction or estimation based on the methods and criteria used to determine the quality of the air quality. in this Regulation;
6.
"Emissions" are pollutants which are caused by human activity from sources in the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany and its exclusive economic zone, with the exception of pollutants from international maritime transport and aircraft outside the country and starting cycle;
7.
"Emission contributions from natural sources" are pollutant emissions that are not directly or indirectly caused by human activity, including natural events such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, geothermal activities, open-air fires, storms, marine gischt, or atmospheric rise or atmospheric transport of natural particles from dry areas;
8.
"volatile organic compounds" (NMVOC = non methane volatile organic compounds) are all organic compounds with the exception of methane, which are of natural origin or by Human activity, which may be caused by reaction with nitrogen oxides in the case of sunlight, may produce photochemical oxidants; § § 33 and 34 shall include, as far as they are concerned, compliance with the national emission ceilings of NMVOC , only NMVOC caused by human activity;
9.
"Territory" is one of the competent authorities for the assessment and control of air quality demarcted part of the land of a country;
10.
"planned measures" of the program according to § 34 are a compilation of the law intended by the federal government- or administrative provisions of the Federal Republic of Germany, as well as other measures within the competence of the Federal Government to comply with the values for ozone and maximum emission levels;
11.
"Total deposit" is the total amount of pollutants on a given area within a given period of air on surfaces (for example, soil, vegetation, waters, buildings and so on);
12.
"Total gaseous mercury" is elemental mercury vapour (Hg0) and reactive gaseous mercury; Reactive gaseous mercury consists of water-soluble mercury compounds with sufficiently high vapour pressure to exist in the gas phase;
13.
" highest Eight-hour average of one day " is a value that is determined by forming the moving eight-hour average of hourly average values and updating every hour; each of the eight-hour average values calculated in this way shall be valid for the Day at which this period ends; that is, the first calculation period for each single day shall include the period from 5 p.m. of the previous day to 1 a.m. of the day in question, while for the last calculation period The hours from 4:00 p.m. to midnight of the day in question are laid down;
14.
"Average exposure indicator" is a value that is indicate the average exposure of the population to PM2.5 on the basis of measurements at measuring stations for the urban background. This value is used to calculate the national target of reducing exposure and calculating the obligation in relation to exposure concentration;
15.
"Immission limit" is a value set on the basis of scientific knowledge with the aim of harmful effects on human health or the environment avoid, prevent or reduce as a whole, and must be kept within a certain period of time, and not be exceeded;
16.
"Information threshold" is an ozone value in the air, when it is exceeded even at short-term exposure, a risk to the health of particularly sensitive populations where appropriate information is required without delay;
17.
"Critical value" is a value determined on the basis of scientific knowledge, its exceedant impact may have a direct adverse effect on some receptors, such as trees, other plants or natural ecosystems, but not for human beings;
18.
"Plans for short-term measures" are plans with the measures to be taken in the short term to risk exceeding alarm thresholds for sulphur dioxide and Reduce or reduce the duration of nitrogen dioxide;
19.
"Long-term objective" is a value for the protection of human health and the environment, which is to take account of § 23 in the long term;
20.
"Air" is the external air in the troposphere, with the exception of workplaces within the meaning of Directive 89 /654/EEC of the Council of 30 November 1989 on the minimum health and safety requirements in workplaces (OJ L 327, 28.12.1989, p. 1), as amended by Directive 2007 /30/EC (OJ L 393, 30.12.2007, p. 21), which normally does not have access to the public, the provisions on health and safety at work shall apply;
21.
"Air content plans" are plans that define measures to achieve the immission limit values or the PM2.5 target value;
22.
"Measuring stations for the urban background" are measuring stations at locations in urban areas where the values are representative of the exposure of the urban population ,
23.
"National target for the reduction of exposure" is a percentage reduction in the average exposure of the population of the Federal Republic of Germany Germany, which is set for the reference year with the aim of reducing harmful effects on human health;
24.
"upper assessment threshold" is a value below which a combination of fixed measurements and model calculations or orienting measurements can be used to assess the air quality;
25.
"Orientant measurements" are measurements that meet less stringent data quality goals than fixed measurements;
26.
"stationary measurements" are continuous or sample measurements at fixed locations to obtain values according to the respective data quality objectives identifying;
27.
"ozone precursor substances" are substances that contribute to the formation of ground-level ozone;
28.
"PM10" are particles that pass a size-selective air inlet that for an aerodynamic diameter of 10 micrometers a separation degree of 50 percent
29.
"PM2.5" means particles passing through a size-selective air inlet, which has an aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 micrometers. Separation degree of 50%;
30.
"Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons" are organic compounds which are composed of at least two together ,
31.
"pollutant" means any substance present in the air, which shall be: may have adverse effects on human health or the environment as a whole;
32.
"Nitrogen oxides" are the sum of the volume mixing ratios of Nitrogen monoxide and nitrogen dioxide, expressed in the unit of mass concentration of nitrogen dioxide in micrograms per cubic metre;
33.
"Tolerance margin" designates the percentage by which the emission limit value laid down in this Regulation may be exceeded, provided that the conditions laid down in this Regulation are met; in the case of future limit values, "margin of tolerance" means a value decreasing in annual stages, in order to exceed the limit of the emission limit value up to the specified time limit, without the need to draw up plans;
34.
"lower assessment threshold" is a value below which only model calculations or estimation methods are used for the assessment of air quality )
35.
"Commitment in relation to exposure concentration" is a level based on the indicator for the average exposure with the target is set to reduce harmful effects on human health, and that must be achieved over a period of time;
36.
"Value" is the concentration of a pollutant in the air in the normal state according to Appendix 6, section C, or the deposition of a pollutant on certain areas during certain periods;
37.
"Target value" is a value that is set to avoid, prevent, or reduce harmful effects on human health or the environment as a whole, and, if possible, must be kept within a certain period of time.

Part 2
Immission Values

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§ 2 Immission limits, alert threshold, and critical value for sulphur dioxide

(1) For the protection of human health, this is over a full hour the average emission limit value for sulphur dioxide
350 micrograms per cubic
24 permitted exceedances in the calendar year.(2) For the protection of human health, the emission limit value for sulphur dioxide averaged over the day
125 micrograms per cubic
three authorised exceedances in the calendar year.(3) The alarm threshold for sulphur dioxide is averaged over a full
500 micrograms per cubic meter
on three consecutive hours the sampling points set up by the competent authorities in accordance with Appendix 3, which are representative of the quality of the air in a range of at least 100 square kilometres or throughout the territory or agglomeration; the smallest shall be the smallest of these areas.(4) For the protection of vegetation, the critical value for sulphur dioxide is for the calendar year and for the winter half-year (1). October of the current year to 31. March of the following year)
20 micrograms per cubic meter.
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§ 3 Immission limit values and alert threshold for nitrogen dioxide (NO2); critical value for nitrogen oxides (NOx)

(1) For the protection of human health, the immission limit value averaged over a full hour for nitrogen dioxide (NO2)
200 micrograms per cubic
18 permitted exceedances in the calendar year.(2) For the protection of human health, the emission limit value for nitrogen dioxide (NO2) averaged over a calendar
micrograms per year Cubic meter.
(3) The alarm threshold for nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is averaged over a full
for three consecutive hours on the sampling points set up by the competent authorities in accordance with Annex 3 for air quality in a range of at least 100 square kilometres or in the entire area or agglomeration shall be representative of the smallest of these areas.(4) For the protection of vegetation, the critical value for nitrogen oxides (NOx) averaged over a calendar year
400 micrograms per cubic meter
30 micrograms per cubic meter.
name="BJNR106510010BJNE000500000 " />Non-official table of contents

§ 4 Immission limits for particulate matter (PM10)

(1) For the protection of human health, the information provided on the day Immission limit value for particles PM10
50 micrograms per cubic
35 allowed exceedances in calendar year.(2) For the protection of human health, the immission limit for particles PM10 averaged over a calendar year
40 micrograms per cubic meter.
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§ 5 Target value, immission limit, obligation in relation to the exposure concentration as well as national target for the Reduction of exposure for particulate matter (PM2.5)

(1) For the protection of human health, the target value for PM2, 5 averaged over a calendar year
25 micrograms per cubic metre.
(2) For the protection of human health, the starting point is 1. January 2015 to be held over a calendar year immission limit for PM2.5
25 micrograms per cubic meter.
(3) For the limit of paragraph 2 the tolerance margin is 5 micrograms per cubic meter. It decreases as from 1. January 2009 a seven-year-old up to a value of 0 to 1. January 2015.(4) In order to protect human health and to comply with the obligation to maintain exposure levels, the indicator for the average PM2.5 exposure in accordance with § 15 may be taken from 1. The value
20 micrograms per cubic
no longer exceeded in January 2015.(5) From 1. January 2020 is a national target for the reduction of exposure to PM2.5 for the protection of human health. The level of this target is dependent on the value of the indicator for the average PM2.5 exposure according to § 15 in the reference year 2010. The assessment shall be carried out in accordance with Annex 12, Section B, by the Federal Environment Agency. Non-official table of contents

§ 6 Immission limit for lead

For the protection of human health, the amount averaged over a calendar year Immission limit for lead
0.5 micrograms per cubic meter.
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§ 7 Immission limit for benzene

For the protection of human health, the immission limit for benzene
5 micrograms per cubic meter.
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§ 8 Emission limit value for carbon monoxide

For the protection of human health, the emission limit value for carbon monoxide
is to be determined as the highest eight-hour average per day, is 10 milligrams per cubic metre. Non-official table of contents

§ 9 Target values, long-term targets, information threshold, and alert threshold for ground-level ozone

(1) The target value for protection of human health before ozone
120 micrograms per cubic
the highest eight-hour average for one day at 25 approved Exceedance in calendar year. Determining whether the target value is 1. The number of exceedage days per calendar year, averaged over three years, has been reached in January 2010. The year 2010 is the first year to be used to calculate the number of exceedage days per calendar year.(2) The target value for the protection of vegetation from ozone is

18000 Microgramsx hours
cubic

as AOT40 for the period from May to July. Determining whether the target value is 1. The AOT40 value for this period, averaged over five years, has been reached in January 2010. The year 2010 is the first year to be used for the calculation of the AOT40 value for the period from May to July.(3) The long-term objective of protecting human health from ozone
120 micrograms per cubic
the highest eight-hour average during a Day.(4) The long-term target for protecting vegetation from ozone is

6 000 Microgramsx hours
cubic

as AOT40 for the period from May to July.(5) The information threshold for ozone is
180 micrograms per cubic
an hourly average value.(6) The alarm threshold for ozone is
240 micrograms per cubic
the hourly average value.(7) The criteria for the assessment of the values are set out in Annex 7, Section A. Non-official table of contents

§ 10 Target values for arsenic, cadmium, nickel, and benzo [a] pyrene

For harmful effects of arsenic, cadmium, nickel, and In order to avoid, prevent or reduce the total amount of benzo [a] pyrene as a marker for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on human health and the environment as a whole, the following shall be taken as from 1. Target values to be kept as a total in the PM10 fraction for a calendar year averaged over a calendar year: Pollutant target value
in nanogram
per cubic meter
Arsen 6
Kadmium 5
Nickel 20
Benzo [a] pyren1

Part 3
Air Quality Assessment

unofficial table of contents

§ 11 Definition of areas and agglomerations

The competent authorities shall lay down for the entire area of their Country areas and agglomerations. Non-official table of contents

§ 12 Classification of areas and agglomerations for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), lead, benzene and carbon

(1) For sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter (PM10 and PM2, 5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide, the upper and lower assessment thresholds laid down in Annex 2 (A) shall apply. All zones and agglomerations shall be classified on the basis of these assessment thresholds.(2) The classification referred to in paragraph 1 shall be reviewed at the latest every five years in accordance with the procedure laid down in Annex 2, Section B. In the event of significant changes in the activities of the concentration of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide or, where appropriate, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), lead, benzene or carbon monoxide in ambient air, the following shall be: Check classification at shorter intervals, depending on the significance. Non-official table of contents

§ 13 Regulations for the determination of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), lead, Benzene and carbon monoxide

(1) The air quality shall be assessed in respect of the pollutants referred to in Article 12 (1) in all zones and agglomerations on the basis of the criteria laid down in paragraphs 2 to 4 and in Annex 3.Fixed measurements shall be carried out in all zones and agglomerations where the value of the pollutants referred to in paragraph 1 exceeds the upper assessment threshold laid down for these pollutants. In addition to these fixed measurements, model calculations and orienting measurements can be carried out in order to obtain adequate information on the spatial distribution of air quality.In all zones and agglomerations where the value of the pollutants referred to in paragraph 1 is less than the upper assessment threshold established for these pollutants, a combination of fixed and fixed air quality may be used to assess the quality of the air quality. Measurements and model calculations or orienting measurements shall be applied.In all zones and agglomerations where the value of the pollutants referred to in paragraph 1 is less than the lower assessment threshold established for those pollutants, model calculations, techniques of the objective estimation or both.(5) In addition to the assessment criteria referred to in paragraphs 2 to 4, measurements shall be carried out at measuring stations in the rural background, away from significant sources of air pollution, in accordance with Appendix 3, in order to at least provide information on the Total mass concentration and concentration of dust content of particulates (PM2.5) in annual averages. These measurements shall be carried out on the basis of the following criteria:
1.
A sampling point per 100 000 square kilometres shall be established;
2.
Appendix 1 Section A and C is applicable to the data quality objectives for mass concentration measurements of particles; Appendix 4 is fully applicable.
Unofficial Table of Contents

§ 14 Sample points for the measurement of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), lead, Benzene and carbon monoxide

(1) The criteria of Appendix 3 shall apply to the establishment of the location of sampling points in which the pollutants referred to in Article 12 (1) are measured in ambient air.(2) In zones and agglomerations where fixed measurements are the only source of information for the assessment of air quality, the number of sampling points for each relevant pollutant shall not be less than the number of sampling points in Annex 5 (A) the minimum number.(3) For areas and agglomerations where the information from sampling points for fixed measurements is supplemented by those from model calculations or orienting measurements, the total number of areas referred to in Annex 5 (A) may be: Sampling points shall be reduced by up to 50 per cent, provided that
1.
the additional methods shall provide the necessary information for the assessment of air quality in relation to: on immission limits and alert thresholds, as well as adequate information to the public;
2.
the number of sampling points to be set up and the number of the spatial representativeness of other techniques shall be sufficient to achieve the data quality objectives laid down in Annex 1, Section A, in the determination of the value of the relevant pollutant, and to enable assessment results to be carried out in accordance with Annex 1.
theof model calculations or orienting measurements shall be taken into account when assessing whether the emission limit values have been complied with.(4) The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, or the body commissioned by it, establishes and operates at least three measuring stations in the federal territory in accordance with § 13 (5).(5) The competent authorities shall, in accordance with Annex 5, Section C, designate sampling points which are representative of the protection of vegetation. Paragraphs 2 and 3 shall apply mutatily. unofficial table of contents

§ 15 Average PM2.5 exposure indicator

The indicator for the average PM2.5 exposure is calculated by the Federal Environment Agency. The countries shall determine the necessary PM2.5 values in accordance with Annex 12, Section A. The minimum number of sampling points shall not be less than the number provided for in Annex 5 (B). Non-official table of contents

§ 16 Reference measurement methods for the assessment of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides, particles (PM10 and PM2.5), lead, benzene and carbon

(1) The reference measurement methods and criteria laid down in Annex 6 (A) and (C) shall apply.(2) Other measuring methods may be applied provided that the conditions laid down in Annex 6, Section B are fulfilled. Non-official table of contents

§ 17 Rules for the determination of ozone values

(1) In an area or agglomeration, the ozone values in one year the preceding five-year measurement period above the long-term objectives laid down in Article 9 (3) and (4) shall be carried out in fixed-place measurements.If the data for the preceding five-year measurement period are not fully available, the results of these shorter measuring periods, during the time of the year and in those places where the highest values are likely to occur, may be used. for ozone, and to permit conclusions to be drawn over the whole period, to be linked to information from emission inventors and models, in order to determine whether the ozone levels during those five years are above the level referred to in paragraph 1 long-term objectives. Non-official table of contents

§ 18 Sampling Points for the Measurement of Ozone Values

(1) To determine the location of sampling points for measurement Ozone shall be subject to the criteria of Appendix 8.(2) In zones and agglomerations where measurements are the only source of information for the assessment of air quality, the number of sampling points for fixed measurements of ozone must not be lower than that laid down in Annex 9 (A). Minimum number.(3) For areas and agglomerations where the information from sampling points for fixed measurements is supplemented by those from model calculations or orienting measurements, the total number of sites specified in Annex 9, Section A, shall be: Sampling points shall be reduced, provided that
1.
the additional methods provide the necessary information for the assessment of the air quality in relation to the target values, the to provide long-term objectives and information and alert thresholds;
2.
the number of sampling points to be set up and the spatial representativeness of others Techniques shall be sufficient to achieve the data quality objectives set out in Annex 1, Section A, in the determination of the ozone values, and enable assessment results to be carried out in accordance with the criteria laid down in Annex 1, Section B ,
3.
in each area or agglomeration at least one sampling point per two million inhabitants and one sampling point per 50 000 Square kilometre shall be present, whichever is the greater number of sampling points; in any case, there shall be at least one sampling point in each area or agglomeration and
4.
nitrogen dioxide is measured at all remaining sampling points except for rural background stations within the meaning of Appendix 8, Section A.
The results of Model calculations or orienting measurements are taken into account in the assessment of the air quality with respect to the target values.(4) The nitrogen dioxide levels shall be measured on at least 50 per cent of the ozone sampling points required in accordance with Annex 9, Section A. Except in the case of measuring stations in rural areas within the meaning of Annex 8 (A), where other measurement methods may be used, these measurements shall be carried out continuously.(5) In zones and agglomerations where, in each year during the preceding five-year measurement period, the values are below the long-term objectives, the number of sampling points for fixed measurements in accordance with Annex 9, Section B, shall be: .(6) The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety or the body commissioned by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMI) shall establish and operate in the Federal Republic of Germany at least one sampling point for the collection of the values of the Ozone precursor substances. If the countries measure ozone precursors, they agree with the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety or the body responsible for them. unofficial table of contents

§ 19 Reference measurement methods for the assessment of ozone values

(1) The reference method defined in Annex 6, Section A, point 8, is applicable to the measurement of Ozone.(2) Other measuring methods may be applied provided that the conditions laid down in Annex 6, Section B are fulfilled. Non-official table of contents

§ 20 Rules for the determination of arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene and mercury

(1) The competent authorities create for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene a list of areas and agglomerations in which
1.
the value reaches the respective target value according to § 10 or below it, and
2.
the value exceeds the target value. For these areas and agglomerations, specify the sub-areas in which the target values are exceeded and which sources contribute to this.
(2) The upper and lower assessment thresholds for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene are to be specified. specified in Appendix 15.(3) In areas and agglomerations where the values of arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene are higher than the lower assessment threshold, a measurement should be provided in accordance with the criteria set out in Annex 16 (A) and (B). In zones and agglomerations where fixed measurements are the only source of information for the assessment of air quality, the number of sampling points shall not be less than the minimum number laid down in Annex 16, Section D.(4) The measurements may be supplemented by model calculations in order to obtain an adequate level of information on air quality. A combination of measurements, including indicative measurements according to Appendix 17, Section A, and model calculations may be used to assess the air quality in areas and agglomerations in which the values are measured during a shall be representative of the period between the upper and lower assessment thresholds.(5) In areas and agglomerations where the values are lower than the lower assessment threshold set out in Annex 15, Section A, only model calculations or objective estimation methods need to be used for the assessment of the values.(6) The classification of zones and agglomerations shall be reviewed every five years at the latest. For this purpose, the procedure of Appendix 15, Section B, shall apply. The classification shall be reviewed in the event of significant changes in the activities which have an impact on the values of arsenic, cadmium, nickel or benzo [a] pyrene.(7) Where the values of arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene have to be measured, the measurements shall be carried out continuously or by sampling at fixed locations. The measurements shall be carried out so frequently that the values can be assessed accordingly.(8) In order to be able to assess the proportion of benzo [a] pyrene-immissions to the overall emission of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, other relevant polycyclic compounds shall be provided at a limited number of sampling points of the Federal Environment Agency. aromatic hydrocarbons. These connections include at least:
1.
Benzo [a] anthracen,
2.
Benzo [b] fluoranthene,
3.
Benzo [j] fluoranthene,
4.
Benzo [k] fluoranthen,
5.
Indeno [1,2,3-cd] pyrene and
6.
Dibenz [a, h] anthracene.
The monitoring points for these polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are combined with sampling points for benzo [a] pyrene and so , that geographical differences and long-term trends can be determined. The provisions of Annex 16, Section A to C. If the countries measure these substances, they shall vote with the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety or the body responsible for the protection of the environment. (9) For an area of 100 000 square kilometres per square kilometre, a background sampling point shall be installed, which shall be used for the purpose of measuring arsenic, cadmium, nickel, total gaseous mercury, benzo [a] pyrene and the rest in paragraph 8. polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the air. Furthermore, the deposition of arsenic, cadmium, mercury and its compounds, nickel, benzo [a] pyrene and the other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons referred to in paragraph 8 is measured. The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, or the body commissioned by it, establishes and operates at least three measuring stations in the federal territory in order to achieve the necessary spatial resolution. At one of the background sampling points, the measurement of particle-and gaseous divalent mercury is additionally carried out. The sampling points for these pollutants shall be chosen in such a way that geographical differences and long-term trends can be determined. The provisions of Annex 16 (A), (B) and (C) shall apply (10) The use of bioindicators may be considered where regional patterns of the effects of the pollutants referred to in paragraph 1 are to be assessed on ecosystems.(11) In areas and agglomerations where information from fixed measuring stations is supplemented by information from other sources, such as emission inventories, measurement methods or modelling of air quality, the number must be: the spatial resolution of other techniques shall be sufficient to determine the air pollutant values in accordance with Annex 16 (A) and Annex 17 (A) to Annex 16.(12) The criteria for data quality shall be set out in Annex 17, Section A. Where models are used for the assessment of air quality, Annex 17, Section B (13) shall apply the reference methods for sampling and analysis of the values of arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the air is defined in Annex 18 Sections A to C. Appendix 18 Section D contains reference methods for the measurement of the deposition of arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Appendix 18 Section E relates to reference methods for the creation of air quality models as far as such methods are available.

Part 4
Air Quality Control Control

Non-official table of contents

§ 21 Regulations for compliance with the emission limit values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), lead, Benzene and carbon monoxide

(1) Compliance with the emission limit values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter PM10, particulate PM2.5, lead, benzene and carbon monoxide shall be assessed in accordance with Annex 3.(2) Insofar as the competent authorities in the countries have a time extension pursuant to Article 22 (1) of Directive 2008 /50/EC for the substances nitrogen dioxide and benzene, or an exception to the obligation to comply with the emission limit values for particulate matter PM10 in accordance with Article 22 (2) of Directive 2008 /50/EC, the Commission must inform the Commission accordingly, in accordance with Article 22 (4) of Directive 2008 /50/EC, on the competent supreme state authority of the State .(3) An exception to the obligation to comply with the immission limit values for particulate PM10 referred to in paragraph 2 may be as long as 11. This is due to the fact that these are not complied with on the basis of site-specific propagation conditions, adverse climatic conditions or transboundary pollutant entries. An extension of the period referred to in paragraph 2 with regard to nitrogen dioxide and benzene may be extended up to and including 31. It will be taken up in December 2014.(4) Where no objection has been raised by the Commission nine months after the date of receipt of the notification referred to in paragraph 2, the obligation to comply with the emission limit values shall not exceed the date specified in the notification for the substance concerned. In doing so, it must be ensured that the value for the respective pollutant exceeds the emission limit value by no more than the tolerance margin set in Appendix 11. unofficial table of contents

§ 22 Requirements for areas and agglomerations where the target values for arsenic, cadmium, nickel, and benzo [a] pyrene

the target values for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene are exceeded in sub-regions in accordance with Article 20 (1) (2), the competent authorities shall present to the Commission the measures to be taken in respect of these measures. Areas have been taken to achieve the target values. This applies above all to the predominant sources of emissions. For industrial installations covered by Directive 2008 /1/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 June 2000, January 2008 on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (OJ C 327, 28.2.2008, p. 8), this means that the best available techniques within the meaning of Article 2 (12) of that Directive have been applied. unofficial table of contents

§ 23 compliance with long-term target, national target, and target values

compliance
1.
the long-term target for ozone,
2.
of the national target for PM2.5, and
3.
the target values for PM2.5, ozone, arsenic, cadmium, nickel, and benzo [a] pyrene
must be ensured in so far as this is done with proportionate measures, in particular those that do not disproportionate costs, is possible. Non-official table of contents

§ 24 Exceeding of immission limits by emission contributions from natural sources

(1) The competent authorities shall forward to the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, via the competent authority in accordance with national law, a list of designated areas and agglomerations in which the designated areas and agglomerations are to be forwarded to the Commission for each year the exceedances of emission limit values for a given pollutant are to be attributed to emission contributions from natural sources. They shall provide information on concentrations and sources as well as documents for the fact that the exceedances are due to natural sources.(2) Emission contributions from natural sources shall remain out of approach in the determination of exceedances of immission limits. Non-official table of contents

§ 25 Exceeding of immission limits for particulate PM10 due to the spreading of streusor or salt on roads

(1) The competent authorities shall send to the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety a list of the areas and agglomerations, via the competent authority in accordance with national law, for forwarding to the Commission, in which the emission limit values for particulate PM10 particles in the air are exceeded due to the swirling of particles after the discharge of muddle scattering on roads in the winter service, as well as information on the values and values of particulate matter in the winter service, and Sources of PM10 particles.(2) In the case of transmission, the competent authorities shall provide the necessary documentation for the fact that the exceedances are due to particles which have been swirled and that adequate measures have been taken to reduce the values.(3) For areas and agglomerations referred to in paragraph 1, an air pollution plan in accordance with § 27 shall be drawn up only to the extent that exceedances to other particles are attributable to PM10 sources than the spreading of streusor or salt on roads in the winter service .(4) Emission contributions within the meaning of paragraph 1 shall remain out of approach in the determination of exceedances of immission limit values. Non-official table of contents

§ 26 Get the best possible air quality

In areas and agglomerations where
1.
the values of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particles PM10, particles PM2.5, lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in the air under the respective immission limits
2.
The ozone values achieve the long-term goals or
3.
the values of arsenic, Cadmium, nickel and benzo [a]-pyrene are below the respective target values,
the competent authorities shall endeavour to achieve the best possible air quality below those values, which shall be consistent with sustainable development, in all relevant planning.

Part 5
Plans

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§ 27 air treatise plans

(1) exceeding in certain areas or agglomerations the values for pollutants in the air an immission limit plus a margin of tolerance in each case, or the target value set out in Annex 12, Section D, shall be drawn up by the competent authorities in respect of such zones or agglomerations, and shall draw up air-pollution control plans.(2) An air pollution control plan shall contain appropriate measures to keep the period of non-compliance as short as possible if
1.
one of the points in Appendix 11, Section B shall be exceeded or the excess shall be exceeded after expiry of a time limit extended in accordance with Article 21 (2) to (4) for compliance with immission limits,
2.
the immission limit specified in Appendix 12, Section E, has been exceeded after the expiry of the retention period.
The above plans can also be used for targeted protection measures sensitive groups of the population, including measures to protect children.(3) These air pollution control plans shall include at least the information listed in Appendix 13 and may contain measures in accordance with § § 22 and 28.Where air pollution control plans are drawn up or carried out for a number of pollutants, the competent authorities shall, where appropriate, draw up and carry out an integrated air pollution control plan for all the pollutants concerned. unofficial table of contents

§ 28 short-term action plans

(1) There is a danger in a given area or agglomeration that the values will be in the case of pollutants exceeding the alert thresholds referred to in Article 2 (3) and Article 3 (3), the competent authorities shall draw up plans with the measures to be taken in the short term in order to reduce the risk of overrun or to reduce the duration of such exceedation. limit. Where this risk exists in one or more of the immission limit values referred to in Annex 11, or in the case of the PM2.5 target value set out in Appendix 12, the competent authorities may draw up plans for short-term measures where appropriate.(2) These plans may, on a case-by-case basis, provide for measures to limit and, where necessary, the suspension of activities likely to exceed the corresponding limit values, target values or alert thresholds. . These plans may include measures relating to motor vehicle traffic, construction activities, ships at berths, the operation of industrial installations, the use of products or the area of domestic heating. Exceptions for installations of the national defence according to § 60 of the Federal Immission Protection Act remain unaffected. In addition, these plans may provide for targeted measures to protect vulnerable populations, including measures to protect children. unofficial table of contents

§ 29 Measures for transboundary air pollution

(1) If an alarm threshold, an immission limit, or a The competent authorities shall cooperate with the relevant authorities in order to ensure that the target value plus the tolerance margin in force or the long-term objective is exceeded on the basis of significant cross-border transport of pollutants or their precursors. Member States of the European Union and, where appropriate, shall provide for joint action, such as joint or coordinated air pollution control plans, in order to remedy such exceedances by appropriate and appropriate measures.(2) The competent authorities shall, where appropriate in accordance with section 28, draw up joint plans for short-term measures extending to neighbouring areas of other Member States of the European Union and implement them. The competent authorities shall ensure that the authorities of neighbouring areas in other Member States of the European Union, which have developed short-term measures plans, receive all relevant information.Where the information threshold or alert thresholds are exceeded in areas or agglomerations close to the national borders, the competent authorities of the neighbouring Member States of the European Union concerned shall be as soon as possible

Part 6
Information to the public and reporting obligations

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§ 30 Information to the public

(1) The competent authorities shall inform the public, in particular relevant organisations such as environmental protection organisations, consumer organisations, interest groups sensitive population groups, other health-related relevant bodies, and the economic associations concerned by means of
1.
air quality in accordance with Appendix 14,
2.
deadline extensions and exceptions according to § 21, paragraphs 2 to 4, and
3.
Air content plans.
This information is available free of charge through easily accessible media, including the Internet, or any other appropriate form of telecommunication They must be subject to the provisions of Directive 2007 /2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 June 2007 on the March 2007 on the establishment of an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE) (OJ L 327, 28.3.2007, p OJ L 108, 25.4.2007, p. 1).(2) The competent authorities shall publish annual reports for the pollutants sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter PM10, particulate PM2.5, lead, benzene, ozone and carbon monoxide.(3) If the alert thresholds set out in § 2 or § 3 are exceeded or the alert threshold or information threshold specified in § 9 is exceeded, the competent authorities shall inform the public about radio, television, newspapers or the Internet in accordance with the measures laid down in Annex 14.(4) Where the competent authority in the Federal Republic of Germany receives notification from the competent authority of a neighbouring Member State of the European Union that an information threshold or an alert threshold is available in that Member State in Where areas or agglomerations have been crossed near the national borders, it shall inform the public as soon as possible.(5) In the event that the competent authorities have drawn up a plan for short-term measures, they shall make public, in particular environmental protection organisations, consumer associations, the interests of sensitive groups of the population, and others with the Health protection authorities and the industry associations concerned both the results of their studies on the feasibility and content of specific short-term measures as well as information on the implementation of the measures of these plans.(6) Competent authorities shall ensure that the public, in particular environmental protection organisations, consumer associations, the advocacy of sensitive groups of the population and other relevant groups in the health sector are appropriate and be informed in good time about the immission values and deposition rates of arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene and the other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, for example via the Internet. The information referred to in the first sentence must also contain the following:
1.
Information on each annual excess of the target values for arsenic, cadmium, nickel, as defined in § 10. and benzo [a] pyrene,
2.
Reasons for the exceedence and the area in which the overrun was detected
3.
a short assessment based on the target value as well as
4.
relevant information about impacts on the human health and environmental consequences.
In addition, all the above mentioned bodies will be informed about the measures taken to ensure compliance with the target values.(7) The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety publishes the programmes drawn up in accordance with § § 34 and 35.(8) Competent authorities shall, for example, inform the public about their responsibilities in the assessment of air quality, the approval of measuring systems and quality assurance. Non-official table of contents

§ 31 Transmission of information and reports for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, particulate PM10, particles PM2.5, lead, Benzene, carbon monoxide, dust content and ozone

The competent authorities shall transmit to the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety or to the body responsible for the protection of the environment by the competent authority in accordance with national law. Forwarding to the Commission the information required in accordance with Directive 2008 /50/EC. Non-official table of contents

§ 32 Communication of information and reports for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene

(1) The competent Authorities shall transmit to the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety or to the body responsible for the forwarding to the Commission, in respect of areas and conurbations, the competent authority in accordance with national law, in where one of the target values specified in § 10 is exceeded, the following information:
1.
the lists of the zones and agglomerations in question,
2.
the sub-areas where the values are exceeded
3.
the rated values,
4.
the reasons for exceeding the target values and, in particular, the sources that contribute to exceeding the target values
5.
the parts of the population that are exposed to the inflated values.
(2) The competent authorities shall also forward to the Commission all in accordance with § 20 where the data are not already assessed on the basis of Council Decision 97 /101/EC of 27 June 2007, January 1997 on the exchange of information and data from the networks and individual stations measuring air pollution in the Member States (OJ L 327, 28.2.1997, p. 14), which was last amended by Directive 2008 /50/EC. This information shall be provided for each calendar year at the latest by 31 December 2008. 1 July of the following year.(3) In addition to the information required in paragraph 1, the competent authorities shall report to the Commission all measures taken pursuant to § 22.

Part 7
emission ceilings, programmes of the Federal Government

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§ 33 Emission ceilings, emission inventories and forecasts

(1) For the For the substances sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds (NMVOC) and ammonia (NH3), the following emission ceilings shall be fixed in kilotonnes per calendar year for the substances sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and ammonia (NH3):
1.
SO2520
2.
NOx1 051
3.
NMVOC 995
4.
NH3550.
(2) The emissions are with actions of the program described in § 34 shall be limited to the maximum quantities referred to in paragraph 1 at the latest from 2011 onwards, and shall not be exceeded thereafter.(3) The Federal Environment Agency shall draw up annually emission inventories and emission forecasts for the years 2015 and 2020 for the substances referred to in paragraph 1. Non-official table of contents

§ 34 Federal Government programme for the reduction of ozone levels and compliance with the emission ceilings

(1) Federal Government, after consultation of the Länder and the parties concerned, in accordance with § 51 of the Federal Immission Control Act, a programme which provides permanent measures for the reduction of the ozone values in accordance with § 9 and for compliance with the emission ceilings for contains the substances referred to in Article 33 (1).(2) This programme shall be reviewed annually and, where necessary, updated.(3) The measures contained in the programme shall be aimed at
emissions of the substances referred to in Article 33 (1
to the extent that the emissions of the substances referred to in Article 33 (1)
to be reduced to such an extent that: Emission ceilings shall be observed from the date specified;
2.
to comply with the target values laid down in § 9 (1) and (2);
3.
to achieve the long-term goals set in § 9 (3) and (4);
4.
in the areas of Federal Republic of Germany, where the ozone values are below the long-term objectives, the best possible air quality in accordance with sustainable development, and a high level of protection of the environment and human health (4)
programme shall include information on imported and planned measures to be taken in the light of the above, andbe subject to the conditions laid down in the following: Pollutant reduction and quantified estimates of their impact on pollutant emissions from 2010. Where significant changes in the geographical distribution of national emissions are expected, they shall be indicated. In so far as the programme is aimed at reducing the ozone values or their precursors, the information referred to in Annex 13 shall be provided.(5) The actions of the programme shall be proportionate, taking into account the expenditure and benefits. Non-official table of contents

§ 35 Programs of the Federal Government to comply with the obligation with regard to the PM2.5 exposure concentration and the National target for the reduction of PM2.5 exposure

(1) There is a risk that the obligation under Annex 12, Section C, in relation to the PM2.5 exposure concentration in accordance with Article 5 (4), shall not be complied with until the specified date. , the Federal Government, after consultation of the Länder and the parties concerned, shall draw up a programme of permanent measures to comply with this obligation, in accordance with Section 51 of the Federal Immission Control Act.(2) If there is a risk that the national target for the reduction of PM2.5 exposure in accordance with Article 5 (5) may not be complied with until the specified date, the Federal Government shall, after consulting the countries and the parties concerned, draw up the following information: Section 51 of the Federal Immission Control Act, a program to achieve the national goal.

Part 8
Common Rules

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§ 36 Accessibility of the norms

DIN, DIN EN and DIN ISO standards referred to in Appendix 1, 6, 17 and 18 are available from Beuth Verlag GmbH Berlin published. DIN-, DIN EN-and DIN ISO standards are well-established at the German Patent and Trademark Office in Munich. Non-official table of contents

Appendix 1 (to § § 13, 14 and 18)
Data Quality Objectives

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1077-1078)

A.
Air quality assessment data quality targets sulfur dioxide,
nitrogen dioxide,
nitrogen oxides
and Carbon monoxide benzene particles
(PM10/PM2.5)
and lead ozone
, and therefore
together-
hanging (s)
NO and NO2
Location-fixed measurements 1)
Insecurity 15% 25% 25%15%
Minimum data collection 90% 90% 90% 90% in summer
75% in winter
Minimum measurement duration:
-urban background
and traffic
- 35% 2)--
-Industrial Areas- 90%--
Orienting Measurements
Insecurity 25% 30% 50%30%
Minimum data collection 90% 90% 90%90%
Minimum measurement time 14%4) 14% 3) 14% 4) > 10%
in summer
Insecurity
of the model invoices
 
Hour 50%--50%
8-hour averages 50%--50 %
Daily averages 50%- Not yet set
-
Annual averages 30% 50% 50%-
Object estimate
uncertainty

75 %

100%

100%

75 %
1)
The competent authorities may use sample measurements in place of benzene, lead and particles instead of continuous Carry out measurements if they can prove that the uncertainty, including uncertainty due to random samples, reaches the 25% quality target and the measurement duration above the minimum measurement duration for orienting measurements . Sample measurements shall be distributed evenly over the year in order to avoid distortion of the results. The uncertainty of sample measurements can be determined using the procedure laid down in the ISO standard "Air condition-Determination of the uncertainty of temporal averages of air quality measurements" (ISO 11222:2002). If sample measurements are used to assess the compliance with the emission limit value for particulate PM10, the 90% (maximum 50 microgrammes per cubic metre) should be used instead of the one in high Measure the number of exceedances that are affected by data collection.
2)
distributed over the year in order to ensure that the different climatic and traffic-dependent conditions are taken into account.
3)
A daily measurement (sample) per week over the whole year, evenly distributed over the days of the week, or eight fully tried weeks evenly over the year.
4)
One sample per week, evenly distributed over the year, or eight weeks evenly over the year.
The uncertainty of the measurement methods (with a confidence range of 95 per cent) is assessed according to the following criteria:
1.
compliant with the principles of the CEN guide for measurement uncertainty (ENV 13005:1999 from June 1999),
2.
conformity with ISO 5725:1994 (DIN ISO Part 1 of November 1997)-Method and DIN Spec 1168, air quality-approach to the estimation of measurement reliability in the case of reference procedures for external air measurements of July 2010.
The percentage of uncertainty in the above table shall apply to individual measurements averaged over the period in question in relation to the emission limit value (at Ozone related to the target value) with a confidence level of 95 per cent. Uncertainty for fixed measurements shall apply to the area of the respective immission limit value (in the case of ozone of the target value). The uncertainty of model calculations is defined as the maximum deviation of the measured and calculated concentration values. for 90 per cent of the individual measuring stations in the respective period with respect to the limit value (or, for ozone, the target value) without taking into account the timing of the deviations. The uncertainty of model calculations is valid for the area of the respective immission limit value (in the case of ozone of the target value). The fixed measurements, which are to be selected for the comparison with the results of the model calculations, must be representative of the spatial resolution recorded by the model. The uncertainty of objective estimates is defined as the maximum deviation of the measured and calculated values over a given period of time relative to the emission limit value (in the case of ozone with respect to the target value) without taking into account the timing of the deflectors. The requirements for the Minimum data collection and the minimum measurement duration do not extend to data loss due to regular calibration or the usual maintenance of the measuring instruments.
B.
Results of the Air Quality Assessment The following information is to be compiled for areas or agglomerations where instead of measurements other data sources are used as additional information on measurement data or as the sole means of air quality assessment will be used:
1.
Description of the assessment made,
2.
specific methods used with references to Method descriptions,
3.
sources of data and information,
4.
Description of the results, including uncertainties, in particular the extension of areas or, where appropriate, the length of the road section within the area or agglomeration, in which the pollutant values are subject to an emission limit value, a target value or a long-term target plus any margin of tolerance, as well as all geographical areas where the values exceed the upper or lower assessment threshold,
5.
Population that is potentially exposed to a value above the immission limit set to protect human health.
C.
Quality Assurance in Air Quality Assessment-Validation of Data
1.
In order to ensure that the measurements are accurate and the data quality objectives are met in accordance with Section A, the competent authorities must ensure:
a)
All measurements related to the assessment of the air quality in accordance with § § 13 and 17 can be traced in accordance with the requirements of section 5.6.2.2 of the ISO/IEC 17025:2005 standard.
b)
The facilities, the networks, and Individual stations operate, have a quality assurance and quality control system, which provides for regular maintenance of the measuring instruments in order to ensure their precision.
c)
For data collection and reporting, a quality assurance and quality control procedure is introduced. The bodies responsible for this task shall participate actively in the relevant Community-wide quality assurance programmes.
d)
The competent bodies responsible for this task shall be responsible for: Authorities responsible for national laboratories participating in Community-wide trials on harmful substances regulated by this Regulation shall be subject to the DIN/EN/ISO/IEC 17025:2005 to 2010 standard for the substances listed in Annex 6. Reference methods accredited. These laboratories must be involved in the coordination of the Community's quality assurance programmes for the territories of the Member States of the European Union, which have been carried out by the Commission. They also coordinate at national level the use of reference methods as well as evidence of equivalence of other methods as reference methods
2.
All data submitted in accordance with § 31 are valid unless marked as provisional.
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Appendix 2 (to § 12)
Setting the requirements for assessing the values for sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides, particles (PM10 and PM2, 5), Lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in the air within an area or agglomeration.

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1079-1080)

A.
Upper and lower assessment thresholds are the following upper and lower assessment thresholds:
1.
sulfur dioxide Protections of
human health protection of vegetation
Upper
assessment threshold
60% of the twenty-four-hour immission limit (75 µ g/m3 must not be exceeded more than three times in the calendar year) 60% of the critical value
in winter (12 µ g/m3)
Lower
assessment threshold
40% of the Twenty-four-hour immission limit (50 µ g/m3 must not be exceeded more than three times in calendar year)40% of the critical value
in winter (8 µ g/m3
2.
Nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides single-hour
immission limit
for protecting
human
health (NO2)
annual limit on protection of human health (NO2) The year-related
critical value for
vegetation protection
and natural
ecosystems (NOx)
Obere
Assessment threshold
70% of the immission limit (140 µ g/m3 may not exceed eighteen times in the calendar year) ) 80% of the immission limit value (32 µ g/m3) 80% of the critical value (24 µ g/m3)
Lower
assessment threshold
50% of the immission limit value (100 µ g/m3 must not be exceeded more than eighteen times in the calendar year) 65% of the Immission limit (26 µ g/m3)65% of the critical value (19.5 µ g/m3
3.
Particles (PM10/PM2.5) Twenty-four hours-
average
PM10
Annual average value
PM10
Annual average value
PM2.5 1)
Upper
assessment threshold
70% of the immission limit (35 µ g/m3
may not be more than exceeded seven times in the calendar year)
70% of the immittance limit (28 µ g/m3) 70% of the immittance limit (17 µ g/m3)
Untere
assessment threshold
50% of the immission limit (25 µ g/m3
must not be exceeded more than seven times in the calendar year)
50% of the immission limit (20 µ g/m3)50% of the immission limit value (12 µ g/m3
1)
The upper assessment threshold and the lower assessment threshold for PM2, 5 do not apply to the measurements that are used to assess whether or not the human health target value for the reduction of exposure to PM2.5 is observed
4.
lead annual mean value
Obere assess threshold 70% of the immission limit value (0.35 µ g/m3)
Lower assessment threshold50% of the immission limit (0.25 µ g/m3
5.
benzene  Annual averaged value
Obere assess threshold 70% of the Immission limit value (3.5 µ g/m3)
Lower assessment threshold40% of the immission limit value (2 µ g/m3
6.
Carbon monoxide Achtstundenmittelwert
Obere assess threshold 70% of the immission limit value (7 mg/m3)
Untere Assessment threshold50% of the immission limit (5 mg/m3
B.
Exceeding the Upper and lower assessment thresholds The upper and lower assessment thresholds shall be exceeded on the basis of the values of the previous five years, provided that appropriate data are available. An assessment threshold shall be deemed to be exceeded if it has been exceeded in the preceding five years in at least three individual years. If data are not available for the whole of the five preceding years, the competent authorities may: link the results of short-term measurement campaigns during the time of the year and in those places which are likely to be typical of the highest levels of pollutants, with information from emission inventors and models, in order to ensure that exceedances are exceeded of the upper and lower assessment thresholds.
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Appendix 3 (to § § 2, 3, 13, 14 and 21)
Assessment the air quality and location of the sampling points for measurements of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in ambient air

(Fundstelle BGBl. I 2010, 1081-1082)

A.
General The air quality will be in all areas and agglomerations shall be assessed according to the following criteria:
1.
The air quality shall be in all places, except for the number in number 2 shall be assessed in accordance with the criteria laid down in sections B and C for the location of the sampling points for fixed measurements. The principles laid down in Sections B and C shall also apply in so far as they are relevant for the determination of the specific places where the values of the relevant pollutants are determined when the air quality is determined by Measurements or model calculations are assessed.
2.
Compliance with the immission limits established for the protection of human health will be carried out in the following locations: not assessed:
a)
in places where the public does not have access and in which there are no fixed housing;
b)
in accordance with § 1, point 20, on the premises of workplaces for which all relevant provisions on health and safety at work;
c)
on the roads of the roads and, where pedestrians and pedestrians usually do not have access to them, on the Medium strip of roads.
B.
Large-area location of sampling points
1.
Protectionof human health
a)
The location of sampling points where measurements are taken to protect human health , it is to be selected to obtain the following data:
-
Data about areas within Areas and agglomerations in which the highest levels are likely to be exposed directly or indirectly to the population over a period of time compared with the averaging period of the emission limit values in question is significant;
-
Data on values in other areas within areas and agglomerations that are representative of the exposure of the population in general
b)
The location of sampling points is generally so chosen that the measurement of environmental conditions, which are a very small space in its immediate vicinity, is Close to, is avoided. This means that the location of the sampling point shall be so selected that the air samples shall, as far as possible, be used for the air quality of a road section of not less than 100 metres in length at sampling points for transport and not less than 250 Meters x 250 meters at sampling points for industrial areas are representative.
c)
Measuring stations for the urban background must be located in such a way that the Measured pollution detected the integrated contribution of all sources in the main wind direction of the station in Luv. For the measured pollution, a single source should not be predominant, unless this is typical of a larger urban area. The sampling points must, in principle, be representative of an area of several square kilometres.
d)
Should the values for the rural background be assessed , the sampling point shall not be influenced by agglomerations or industrial areas situated close to, that is to say, more than 5 kilometres.
e)
To contribute to the industrial sources shall at least establish a sampling point in the lee of the main wind direction from the source in the nearest residential area. If the background value is not known, a further sampling point shall be established in the Luv of the main wind direction.
f)
sampling points should also be used for be similar places that are not in their immediate vicinity.
g)
If this is necessary for reasons of health protection, To set up sampling points on islands
2.
Protection of vegetation and natural ecosystems
The sampling points at which measurements are taken to protect the environment the vegetation and natural ecosystems should be carried out more than 20 kilometres from agglomerations or more than 5 kilometres from other cultivated areas, industrial installations or motorways or main roads with a daily Traffic volume of more than 50 000 vehicles is located. This means that the location of the sampling point is to be selected in such a way that the air samples are representative of the air quality of an area of at least 1 000 square kilometres. The competent authorities may, on the basis of the geographical circumstances or in the interests of the protection of particularly vulnerable areas, provide that a sampling point located at a lower distance or for the air quality of a smaller one It must be taken into account that the air quality on islands must be assessed.
C.
Small-scale locus of the sampling sites The air flow around the measuring inlet shall not be affected within a radius of at least 270 ° and there shall be no obstacles to the air flow close to the sampling device. buildings, balconies, trees and other obstacles should be a few metres away and sampling points for air quality at the Baufluchtlinie must be at least 0.5 metres from the nearest building. In general the measuring inlet must be located at a height of between 1.5 metres (breathing zone) and 4 metres above the ground. A higher position of the inlet (up to 8 meters) may be indicated under certain circumstances. A higher level of intake may also be indicated if the measuring station is representative of a larger area. The measurement inlet must not be placed in close proximity to emission sources in order to direct the direct discharge of emissions, which shall be are not mixed with the ambient air. The exhaust duct of the sampling point must be placed in such a way as to avoid the re-entry of the exhaust air into the measuring inlet. For all pollutants, traffic-related sampling points must be at least 25 metres from the edge of traffic-rich intersections and at most 10 metres from the roadside. The following factors can also be taken into account:
-
interfering sources,
-
security,
-
accessibility,
-
Power and telephone lines,
-
visibility of the measurement station in the environment,
-
Public and operational security,
-
Benefits of merging the Sampling points for different pollutants,
-
Building control requirements.
D.
Documentation and verification of the local election The procedures for the local election are to be fully documented in the classification phase, for example with photographs of the surroundings in the Main immolation directions and a detailed map. The choice of location is to be checked regularly and to be documented again to ensure that the criteria for the election remain valid.
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 4 (to § 13)
Measurements at measurement stations for rural background (concentration independent)

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1083)

A.
The purpose of these measurements is to ensure, above all, that the necessary information about the values for the background. This information is essential to
1.
the increased values in more polluted areas (urban background, industrial sites, transport-related sites) and the possible proportion of the distance transport of pollutants can be assessed,
2.
to Support analysis for source mapping and
3.
to understand individual pollutants, such as B. Particle to promote particles.
Furthermore, the information is necessary due to the increased use of models-including for urban areas.
B.
StoffeDie Measurements of PM2.5 must include at least the total mass concentration and, in order to characterize the chemical composition, the concentrations of appropriate compounds. At least the following chemical species shall be taken into account:
SO42- Na+ NH4+ Ca2 + Elementary Carbon (EC)
NO3- K+ Cl- Mg2 +organic carbon (OC)
C.
Location criteria The measurements should be carried out in accordance with Appendix 3, Section A, B, and C, above all in the rural background.
Non-official table of contents

Appendix 5 (to § § 14 and 15)
Criteria for setting the minimum number of sampling points for fixed measurements of the Values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5), lead, benzene and carbon monoxide in ambient air

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1084-1085)

A.
Minimum number of sampling points for fixed measurements Assessment of compliance with limit values for the protection of human health and alert thresholds in areas and agglomerations where fixed measurements are the only source of information
1.
Diffuse sources Population of
metropolitan area
or area
(in thousands) If the maximum value
exceeds the upper assessment threshold
1) If the maximum
value is between the lower assessment threshold and the
lower assessment thresholdpollutants
other than PMPM 2) (sum of PM10 and PM2.5) pollutants
other than PMPM2) (sum of PM10 and PM2, 5)
0-249 1 2 1 1
250-499 2 3 1 2
500-749 2 3 1 2
750-999 3 4 1 2
1 000-1 499 4 6 2 3
1 500-1 999 5 7 2 3
2 000-2 749 6 8 3 4
2 750-3 749 7 10 3 4
3 750-4 749 8 11 3 6
4 750-5 999 9 13 4 6
≥ 6 000 10 15 47
1)
For NO2, particles, benzene and carbon monoxide: including at least one measurement station for urban background sources and a measurement station for traffic, provided that the number of sampling points does not increase. In the case of these pollutants, the total number of measurement stations for urban background sources may not deviate from the number of measuring stations for traffic in each country by more than a factor of 2. The measuring stations at which the emission limit value for PM10 has been exceeded at least once during the last three years shall be maintained, unless, on the basis of special circumstances, in particular for reasons of spatial development, a Relocation of stations is required.
2)
If PM2, 5 and PM10 are measured in accordance with § 16 at the same measuring station, then this is the two Separate sampling points shall be considered. The total number of sampling points for PM2.5 and PM10 in each country as required by section A, number 1 shall not differ by more than a factor of 2 and the number of measurement stations for PM2, 5 for urban background sources in agglomerations and Urban areas must meet the requirements of Section
2.
Point source To assess air pollution near point sources, the The number of sampling points for fixed measurements shall be calculated. You must consider:
-
the emission density,
-
the probable distribution of air pollutants,
-
the possible exposure of the Population.
B.
Minimum number of sampling points for fixed measurements in order to assess whether the requirements for the reduction of PM2.5 exposure for the protection of human health. To this end, provision should be made for a sampling point per million inhabitants and for conurbations and other urban areas with more than 100 000 inhabitants and inhabitants. These sampling points may be identical to the sampling points according to section A. The countries shall operate at least the following number of sampling points: Land number of
sampling points
Baden-Württemberg 2
Bayern 3
Berlin 3
Brandenburg 2
Bremen 1
Hamburg 2
Hessen 3
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2
Lower Saxony 2
Nordrhein-Westfalen 9
Rhineland-Palatinate 1
Saarland 1
Sachsen 1
Sachsen-Anhalt 2
Schleswig-Holstein 1
Thüringen1.
The federal states share the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature protection and reactor safety the concrete sites of the sampling points operated.
C.
Minimum number of sampling points for fixed measurements in order to: assess whether the critical values for the protection of vegetation in other areas are observed as agglomerations If the maximum value exceeds the
upper assessment threshold, the maximum value between
of the upper and lower assessment thresholds is
1 station per 20 000 km21 station per 40 000 km2
In the case of island regions, the number of sampling points for fixed-place Measurements are calculated in such a way that the likely distribution of air pollutants and the possible exposure of vegetation are taken into account.
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 6 (to § § 1, 16 and 19)
reference methods for assessing the values of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides, particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), lead, benzene, carbon monoxide and ozone

(site: BGBl. I 2010, 1086-1087)

A.
Reference measurement methods
1.
Reference method for the measurement of sulfur dioxide concentrationAs a reference method for measuring the Sulphur dioxide concentration is the method described in DIN EN 14212:2005 (June 2005) "Air quality measurement methods for the determination of the concentration of sulphur dioxide with ultraviolet fluorescence".
2.
Reference method for measuring the concentration of nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides As a reference method for the measurement of nitrogen dioxide and nitrogen oxides, the method used in DIN EN 14211:2005 (June 2005) "Air Quality-Measuring methods for the determination of the concentration of nitrogen dioxide and nitric oxide with chemiluminescence" is described.
3.
Reference method for the sampling and measurement of the concentration of lead The method described in point 4 applies to lead as a reference method for the sampling of lead. The method used in DIN EN 14902:2005 (October 2005) "External air quality-Standardized method for the determination of Pb/Cd/As/Ni as part of the PM10 fraction of the Schwebstaubes" is considered as the reference method for measuring lead concentration.
4.
Reference method for sampling and measurement of concentration of PM10As reference method for sampling and measurement of concentration of PM10 the method described in DIN EN 12341:1999 (March 1999) "Air condition-Determination of the PM10 fraction of Schwebstaub-Reference method and field test method for the detection of equivalence of measurement methods and reference measurement method"
5.
Reference method for sampling and measurement of concentration of PM2,5As the reference method for sampling and measurement of concentration of PM2.5, the following shall apply: Method described in DIN EN 14907:2005 (November 2005) "Aircondition-Gravimetric Standard Measurement Method for Determination of the PM2.5 Mass fraction of the Schwebstaub".
6.
Reference method for the sampling and measurement of the concentration of benzene As a reference method for the measurement of benzene concentration, the method used in DIN EN 14662:2005 (August 2005) "Air condition-standard method for the determination of benzene concentrations (parts 1, 2 and 3)" is described.
7.
Reference method for the measurement of the Carbon monoxide concentrationAs a reference method for the measurement of carbon monoxide concentration, the method used in DIN EN 14626:2005 (July 2005) " Air quality-Measurement method for the determination of the concentration of carbon monoxide with non-dispersive infrared photometry.
8.
Reference methods for the measurement of the ozone concentrationAs the reference method for the measurement of the ozone concentration, the method is applicable, which is described in DIN EN 14625:2005 (July 2005) "Air Quality-Measurement method for the determination of the concentration of ozone with ultraviolet photometry"
Evidence of equivalence Should other methods be used, it must be documented that this results in equivalent results as with the methods referred to in Section A shall be obtained. In the case of particles, another method can be used if it is documented that it has a constant reference to the reference method. In this case, the results obtained with this method must be corrected so that they correspond to the results obtained in applying the reference method.
C.
Standard condition In the volume of gaseous pollutants, a temperature of 293 Kelvin and an atmospheric pressure of 101.3 kilopascals is to be used as the standard state. In the case of particles and substances to be analyzed in particles (e.g. lead), the ambient conditions air temperature and air pressure on the day of the measurements are used for the indication of the sample volume.
D.
New measuring devices All new measuring devices purchased for the implementation of this policy must be taken from the 11. All measurement equipment used in fixed measurements must be taken from 11 June 2010 onwards. The reference method or an equivalent method.
E.
Mutual recognition of the data in the course of the aptitude test Checking whether the measuring equipment meets the performance requirements of the reference methods listed in Section A, the competent authorities referred to in Article 30 shall accept the audit reports provided in other Member States of the European Union. Union of laboratories approved in accordance with the DIN/EN/ISO/IEC 17025:2005 standard for the implementation of the relevant tests.
unofficial table of contents

asset 7 (to § 9)
target values and long term targets for ozone

(site: BGBl. I 2010, 1088-1089)

A.
Criteria For the aggregation of the data and the calculation of the data statistical parameters are to be used to check validity following criteria: Parameter Required Proportion of valid data
EinstundenmittelValues 75% (d. h. 45 minutes)
Achtstundenmittelwerte 75% of the Values (d. h. six hours)
Highest eight-hour average
per day from hourly moving eight-hour averages
75% of the eight-hour average hourly average
(d. h. 18 eighth-hourly average values per day)
AOT40 90% the hourly average values, during the period of 1)
Annual mean value each separately: 75% of the hourly average values during
summer of the summer (April) until September) and 75% during the winter (January to March, October to December)
Number of exceedances
and maximum values per Month
90% of the day's highest eight-hour average values (27 available daily values per month) and 90% of the hourly average values between
8.00 and 20.00 MEZ
Number of exceedances
and maximum values per year
five out of six months during the summer semester (April to September)
1)
Do not specify all possible metrics, the AOT40 values will be based on the following factor: calculated:
*)
Number of hours within the time span of the AOT40 definition (d. h. 8:00 am to 8:00 pm CET of 1. May 31. July of each year (for the protection of vegetation) and of 1. April to 30. September each year (to protect forests)
B.
Target values
AOT40Estimated value = AOT40Metric xpossible total number of hours *)
___________________
Number of measured hourly values
Target averaging period value time,
to which target value
should be reached 1)
Protection of
human
health
Highest Eight-
hourly average value per day
120 µ g/m3 must be at the maximum of 25 days
in the The calendar year is exceeded, averaged over three years1)
1.1.2010
Protection of
Vegetation

May to July AOT40 (calculated by using hourly average values)
18000 µ g x h
m3
averaged over five years 2) 1.1.2010
1)
The compliance with the target values is assessed at this time. This means that the year 2010 will be the first year to be used to calculate whether the target values in the three or three of the three or more target values are calculated. The five-year period was observed.
2)
Can the three or five-year averages shall not be determined on the basis of complete and consecutive annual data, at least the following annual data shall be required to check whether: the target values have been met:
-
Target for the protection of human health: valid data for one year,
-
vegetation protection target: valid data for three years.
C.
Long-Term Goals Target averaging period long-term target time,
to which the target value
should be reachedunofficial table of contents

Appendix 8 (to § 18)
Criteria for classifying sampling points for the Assessment of the ozone values and the determination of their sites

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1090-1091)

For fixed measuring stations, the following criteria apply:
A.
Large-scale spatial Location Determination
Protection of
human
health
top eight-
hourly average value per day within
of a calendar year
120 µ g/m3 not set
Protection of
Vegetation

May to July AOT40 (calculated based on one-hour
average)
6 000 µ gx h
m3
not set
Art of the StationObjectives of the Measurement Representativity < a name="FnR.FnA1-f774264_14">1) criteria for
large-scale location determination
(macro level)
City Table Protection of human health:
Assessment of the ozone exposure
of the urban Population (for relatively high population density
and ozone values, which are representative
for population exposure
generally)
Some km2 Outside the scope of local emission sources such as traffic, petrol stations, etc.;
locations with good mixing of the ambient air;
locations such as residential and business districts in cities, green spaces (not in the immediate vicinity of trees), large streets or squares with little or no traffic, for schools, sports facilities or leisure facilities, characteristic open areas.
Vorurban Protection of human health and vegetation:
Assessment of the exposure of the population and vegetation in suburban areas of conurbations with the highest levels of ozone, to which population and vegetation is likely to be directly or indirectly exposed
Some
dozen km2
To a certain extent the areas with the highest emissions and on their leash side, based on the main directions of the
, which are favourable to ozone formation;
places, the population, vulnerable crops or natural ecosystems are exposed to high levels of ozone in the fringe area of a conurbary area;
, where appropriate, some stations in suburban areas on the main axis of the wind, facing side (outside of the highest emission areas), to determine the regional background for ozone.
Rural Protection of human health and vegetation:
Assessment of the exposure of the population, the Crops and natural ecosystems in relation to ozone levels of subregional expansion
Subregional Level
(some
Hundreds km2)
The stations can be located in small settlements or areas with natural ecosystems, forests, or crops of useful plants;
representative areas for ozone outside the sphere of influence of local issuers such as industrial facilities and roads;
in open terrain, but not on mountain peaks.
Rural
background
Protection of vegetation and human health:
Assessment of the exposure of crop plants and natural Ecosystems against ozone values
of regional expansion, and
the exposure of the population
Regionale/
national/
continental
level
(1 000 to
10 000 km2)
Stations in areas with lower population density
,
, for example. With natural ecosystems (such as forests), at least 20 km away from urban and industrial areas and away from local sources of emissions;
to avoid peaks of higher mountains as well as sites with locally enhanced education in the near-bottom Temperature inversions;
Coastal areas with distinct daily wind cycles of local character are also not recommended.
1)
sampling points should be representative of similar locations that are not located in their immediate vicinity.
For rural stations and rural background stations is the site selection with the monitoring requirements under Commission Regulation (EC) No 1737/2006 of 7 June 2006. 1 November 2006 laying down detailed rules for the application of Regulation (EC) No 2152/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council for the monitoring of forests and environmental interactions in the Community (OJ L 284, 31.11.2003, p. 1).
B.
Small-scale locational determination The small-scale location determination should be carried out in accordance with Annex 3, Part C. It is also necessary to ensure that the measurement is at a considerable distance from emission sources, such as furnaces or chimneys of incinerators, and in more than 10 metres from the nearest road, with the
C.
Documentation and verification of site determination It is necessary to proceed according to Annex 3 D, with a thorough inspection of the location of the site. Pre-examination and evaluation of the measurement data. In doing so, the meteorological and photochemical processes that influence the ozone values measured at the individual sites are to be observed.
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 9 (to § 18)
criteria to determine the minimum number of sampling points for the fixed measurements of ozone values

(find: BGBl. I 2010, 1092)

A.
Minimum number of sampling points for continuous fixed measurements Assessment of compliance with target values, information and alert thresholds and the achievement of long-term objectives, insofar as such measurements are the only source of information population
(× 1 000) agglomerations
(urban and
suburban areas) 1) Other areas
(suburban and
rural areas)1) Rural background
< 250 11 Station/50 000 km2
(as medium density for
all areas per country) 2)
< 500 1 2
< 1 000 2 2
< 1 500 3 3
< 2 000 3 4
< 2 750 4 5
< 3 750 5 6
> 3 750 1 additional station
per population of 2 Mio
1 additional station
per population of 2 million
1)
At least one station in suburban areas where the exposure of the population is likely to be strongest. In conurbations, at least 50% of the stations must be located in suburban areas.
2)
One station per 25 000 km2 in orographically strong structured terrain is recommended.
B.
Minimum number of sampling points for fixed measurements in areas and agglomerations in which the long-term The number of ozone sampling points must be sufficient in conjunction with the additional assessment methods-such as air quality modelling and nitrogen dioxide measurements carried out at the same site-to meet the trend of the Ozone pollution and to examine whether the long-term objectives have been achieved. The number of stations in conurbations and in other areas may be reduced to one third of the number indicated in Section A. If the information from fixed stations is the only source of information, at least one measurement station must be maintained. If, in areas where additional assessment methods are used, the result is that there is no longer any station in an area, coordination with the stations of the neighbouring areas shall ensure that there is sufficient can be assessed as to whether the long-term objectives with regard to ozone levels are met. The number of stations in the rural background must be 1 station per 100 000 square kilometres.
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 10 (to § 18)
Measurement of ozone precursors

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1093)

A.
The main objective of these measurements is to identify trends in the To assess the effectiveness of emission reduction strategies as well as the uniformity of emission inventories and the allocation of emission sources to measured pollutant concentrations, to identify the effectiveness of emission reduction strategies and to assess the effectiveness of emission reduction strategies. Understanding of the mechanisms of ozone formation and the spread of ozone precursors, as well as the use of photochemical models.
B.
StoffeThe measurement of ozone precursor substances must include at least nitrogen oxides (nitrogen monoxide and nitrogen dioxide) as well as suitable volatile organic compounds (VOC). A list of the volatile organic compounds recommended for measurement is shown below: 1-ButenIsoprenethylbenzene
Ethan trans-2-Buten n-hexane m + p-xylene
ethylene cis-2-butene i-hexane o-xylene
Acetylene 1,3-butadiene n-Heptan 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene
Propan n-Pentan n-Oktan 1,2,3-trimethylbenzene
Propen i-Pentan i-Oktan 1,2,5-trimethylbenzene
n-Butan 1-Pents benzene Formaldehyde
i-Butan 2-Pents toluenesum of hydrocarbons without
C.
Location criteria The measurements must be carried out, in particular in urban or suburban areas, in all the measuring stations established pursuant to this Regulation, which shall be used for the monitoring objectives mentioned in Section A.
Non-official table of contents

Appendix 11 (to § § 21 and 28)
Immission Limits for the Protection of Human Health

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1094)

A.
Criteria without prejudice to Appendix 1 are the aggregation of the data and the Calculation of the statistical parameters for checking the validity of the following criteria apply: Parameter Required Proportion of valid data
Einstundenvalues 75% (d. h. 45 minutes)
Achtsthourly values 75% of the values (d. h. 6 hours)
Highest Eight-hour average
per day
75% of hourly average eight-hour averages
(d. h. 18 eighth-hourly average values per day)
Twenty-four-hour values 75% of average hourly averages (d. h. at least 18 one-hour values)
Annual averageValue90% 1) the one-hour values, or, if not available, the
twenty-four-hour values during the
1)
Data loss due to regular calibration or normal device maintenance are not included in the request for the calculation of the annual mean value.
B.
Immission limit values < table width="100% "style=" border-collapse: collapse; border-top: 0.5pt solid; border-bottom: 0.5pt solid; border-left: 0.5pt solid; border-right: 0.5pt solid; ">averaging period immission limit tolerance margin < a name="FnR.FnA2-f774264_19">2) Time limit for
compliance with
Immissions-
limit Sulphur Dioxide Hour 350 µ g/m3 may not be exceeded more than twenty-four times in the calendar year 150 µ g/m3 (43%) 1) Tag 125 µ g/m3 may not be exceeded more than three times in the calendar year None1) Nitrogen dioxide Hour 200 µ g/m3 may not be exceeded more than eighteen times in the calendar year becoming 50% 1. January 2010 Calendar year 40 µ g/m3 50% 1. January 2010 benzene Calendar year 5 µ g/m3 100% 1. January 2010 Carbon monoxide Highest Eight Hours-
medium value per day 10 mg/m3 60%1) Lead Calendar year 0, 5 µ g/m3 100%  PM10 day 50 µ g/m3 must not be exceeded more often than thirty-five times in the calendar year 50%1) Calendar year 40 µ g/m3 20%1
1)
Already since 1. January 2005 in Kraft.
2)
The tolerance margin applies only to a time extension granted in accordance with § 21 of this Regulation.
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 12 (to § § 5, 15, 27, 28, and 35)
National target to reduce exposure, target and Immission limit for PM2, 5

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1095)

A.
Average ExpositionThe indicator for the average exposure (AEI-Average Exposure Indicator) is expressed in micrograms per cubic meter (µ g/m3) and based on measurements at measurement stations for the urban background in areas and agglomerations. It should be calculated as the annual average annual value for three calendar years by determining the average value of all sampling points set up in accordance with Annex 5, Section B. The AEI for the reference year 2010 is the average of the years 2008, 2009 and 2010.The AEI for the year 2020 is the moving annual mean value (average of all sampling points according to Appendix 5 Section B) for the years 2018, 2019 and 2020. The AEI is used to verify that the national target for the reduction of exposure has been met. The AEI for 2015 is the rolling annual average value (average value of all sampling points according to Annex 5 (B)) for the years 2013, 2014 and 2015. The AEI is used to check whether the exposure concentration obligation has been met.
B.
National target to reduce exposure set totarget to reduce exposure to AEI 2010,
to
reduce

exposure
to be
Output value in µ g/m3 reduction target in percent2020
< 8.5 = 8.5 0%
= 8.5-< 13 10%
= 13-< 18 15%
= 18-< 22 20%
> 22 All reasonable measures,
to reach the target of 18 µ g/m3
for the average exposure expressed in micrograms per cubic metre in the reference year, 8.5 micrograms per cubic metre or less, the target for the reduction of exposure shall be zero. It shall also be applied in cases where the average exposure indicator reaches a value of 8.5 micrograms per cubic metre at any time between 2010 and 2020, and at that level or below it is less than or equal to 8.5 micrograms per cubic metre.
C.
Commitment in relation to the exposure concentration Committed in relation to the exposure concentration point at which the obligation to comply is
D.
Target value
20 µ g/m31. January 2015
averaging period target time when
should reach the target value
Calendar year 25 µ g/m31. January 2010
E.
Immission limit notification period immission limit tolerance margin for
compliance with the
immission limit
Calendar year 25 µ g/m3 20% on 11. June 2008, Reduction
on the following 1. January and every 12 months thereafter every year a seventh to
to 0% on the first one. January 2015
1. January 2015
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 13 (to § § 27 and 34)
Required content of air content plans

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1096)

1.
exceeded location:
a)
region
b)
locality (Map)
c)
Measurement Station (map, geographic coordinates)
2.
General Information:
a)
Type of territory (city, industrial area, or rural area)
b)
Estimate of the size of the polluted area in square kilometers and the population exposed to pollution
c)
relevant climations
d)
useful topographical data
e)
The type of targets to be protected in the
3.
Authorities: Names and Addresses of persons responsible for the preparation and implementation of improvement plans
4.
Type and assessment of pollution
a)
detected in previous years (before performing the improvement measures) Values
b)
values measured since the start of the project
c)
applied Assessment techniques
5.
The origin of the pollution:
a)
List of the most important emission sources responsible for the pollution (map)
b)
Total amount of emissions from these sources (tonnes/year)
c)
Information about pollution, which their origin in other areas
6.
Analysis of location:
a)
Details of factors that have led to exceedances (for example, traffic, including cross-border traffic, origin of secondary pollutants in the Atmosphere)
b)
Details of possible air quality improvement
7.
Details of the pre-11. June 2008, or existing improvement projects:
a)
Local, regional, local, national and international measures
b)
observed effects
8.
information on the measures or projects to be taken after the entry into force of Directive 2008 /50/EC on 11 July 2008, The European Parliament and the Council of 27 June 2008 on the reduction of pollution decided or taken into account in accordance with Annex XV, Section B, point 3 of Directive 2008 /50/EC
9.
10.
List of publications, documents, works, etc. required by the Annex to this Annex. Add information
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 14 (to § 30)
Information to the public

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1097)

1.
The current information on the values of the regulated pollutants in the air are routinely made available to the public.
2.
The values are averages according to the respective the averaging period. The information must contain at least the values above the air quality objectives (emission limit values, target values, alert thresholds, information thresholds and long-term targets for the regulated pollutants). In addition, a short assessment shall be made on the basis of the air quality objectives, as well as relevant information on health effects and/or where appropriate, effects on vegetation.
3.
The information on the values of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, particles (at least PM10), ozone and carbon monoxide in the air, if an hourly refresh is not is to be updated at least on a daily basis. The information on the values of lead and benzene in the air shall be presented in the form of an average value for the last twelve months and, if a monthly update is not possible, every three months.
4.
The population will be informed in good time of any detected or predicted exceedances of the alert thresholds and information thresholds. The information must include at least the following:
a)
Information about one or more detected Overruns:
-
Location or Area of Exceedance
-
Type of exceeded threshold (information threshold or alarm threshold)
-
Start and duration of the Overrun
-
highest hourly value and highest eight-hour averaged value for
b)
Prediction for the coming afternoon/day (the next afternoons/days):
-
geographic area expected transgressions of the information threshold or alarm threshold
-
expected changes in air pollution (improvement, stabilization, or degradation) as well as the reasons for these changes
c)
Information about the affected population, possible health effects, and recommended behavior:
-
Information about sensitive populations
-
Description of possible symptoms
-
recommended for the affected population Precautions
-
other information sources
d)
Information about Preventive measures to reduce air pollution or exposure (indication of the main polluter sectors); recommendations for measures to reduce emissions
the context of predicted Overruns the competent authorities shall take the necessary measures to ensure that such information is made available, in so far as this does not require a disproportionate effort. unofficial table of contents

Appendix 15 (to § 20)
Setting the requirements for the assessment of the values for arsenic, cadmium, nickel, and benzo [a] pyrene within an area or agglomeration.

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1098)

A.
Upper and lower assessment thresholds are the following upper and lower assessment thresholds. lower assessment thresholds: ArsenKadmiumNickel B (a) P
Upper assessment threshold
as a percentage of the target
60%
(3.6 ng/m3)
60%
(3 ng/m3)
70%
(14 ng/m3)
60%
(0.6 ng/m3)
Lower assessment threshold
as a percentage of the target
40%
(2.4 ng/m3)
40%
(2 ng/m3)
50%
(10 ng/m3)
40%
(0.4 ng/m3
B.
Determination of the upper and lower exceeded The upper and lower assessment thresholds shall be exceeded on the basis of the values during the previous five years, provided that the relevant data are available. An assessment threshold shall be deemed to have been exceeded if it has been exceeded in the preceding five years in at least three individual calendar years. If there is less data than for the last five years, the competent authorities may: if the upper and lower assessment thresholds are exceeded, by the time of the year and at the locations during which the assessment thresholds are exceeded. where the most intense pollution typically occurs, measurement campaigns of short duration through knowledge , which are derived from data from emission inventors and from models.
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 16 (to § 20)
Location and minimum number of sampling points for the measurement of the values and the deposition rates of arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene

(site: BGBl. I 2010, 1099-1100)

A.
Large-scale location criteria The locations of the sampling points should be chosen so that
-
Data is collected over the parts of areas and agglomerations in which the population is likely to be exposed to the highest values on average in the course of a calendar year, on average, on average;
-
Data can be recorded in other parts of areas and agglomerations that allow representative statements about the exposure of the population;
-
Data on the deposition rates which correspond to the indirect exposure of the population to the food chain.
The location of the sampling points should generally be chosen in such a way that the measurement is very small-scale Environmental conditions in the immediate vicinity are avoided. As a general rule, a sampling point should be representative of the air quality of the following areas:
1.
in traffic-near zones: for no less than 200 square meters,
2.
at industrial locations: for at least 250 meters x 250 meters and
3.
in areas with typical values for urban background: for several square kilometers.
Assessment of background values, agglomerations or industrial sites in the vicinity of the sampling point should not be affected by the measurement results. If the contribution of industrial sources is to be assessed, at least to establish a sampling point in the lee of the main wind direction from the source in the nearest residential area. If the background concentration is not known, a further sampling point in the Luv of the main wind direction shall be established. If § 22 is applied in conjunction with Article 20 (1) and (3), the sampling points should be set up in such a way as to monitor the application of the best available techniques. be representative of those who are not located in their immediate vicinity. If appropriate, they should be merged with sampling points for the PM10 fraction.
B.
Small-scale locational criteria The following guidelines should be complied with
-
The airflow around the measurement intake should not be affected and should not be affected by the Air flow affecting obstacles in the vicinity of the sample collector (the measuring probe should normally be sufficiently far from buildings, balconies, trees and other obstacles, as well as-in the case of sampling points for air quality) the Baufluchtlinie-at least 0.5 metres away from the nearest building);
-
in general, the measuring inlet should be located at a height of between 1.5 metres (breathing zone) and 4 meters above the ground. Under certain circumstances, a higher position of the inlet (up to 8 metres) may be necessary. A higher level entry may also be displayed if the measurement station is representative of a larger area;
-
the measurement intake should not be in the immediate vicinity of emission sources in order to avoid the direct intake of emissions that are not mixed with the ambient air;
-
the exhaust duct of the Sample collectors should be placed in such a way as to avoid the re-entry of the exhaust air into the measuring inlet;
-
sampling points at traffic-near measuring points should be avoided. at least 25 metres from the edge of traffic-rich intersections and at least 4 metres from the centre of the nearest lane; the inlets should be so situated that they are representative of the air quality in the vicinity of the Baufluchtlinie
The following factors can also be considered:
-
Incident Source;
-
Security;
-
Accessible;
-
Power Supply and Telecommunications Lines;
-
Visibility of the measurement station in the environment;
-
Public security and the Operating personnel;
-
Any merging of the sampling points for different pollutants;
-
planning requirements.
C.
Documentation and review of site count The procedures for The site selection should be fully documented in the classification phase, for example with photographs of the surrounding area in the main immolation directions and a detailed map. Sites should be regularly reviewed and documented repeatedly to ensure that the site selection criteria are still met.
D.
Criteria for setting the number of sampling points for fixed measurements of the values of arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrenMinimum number of sampling points for fixed-position locations Measurements to assess whether target values are observed for the protection of human health in areas and agglomerations where fixed measurements are the only source of information.
a)
Diffuse sources Population of the
agglomeration or
area (thousand) If the maximum value
exceeds the upper assessment threshold
1) If the maximum
value is between the upper and lower
assessment threshold
As, Cd, Ni B (a) PAs, Cd, Ni, B (a) P
0-749 1 1 1
750-1 999 2 2 1
2 000-3 749 2 3 1
3 750-4 749 3 4 2
4 750-5 999 4 5 2
≥ 6 000 5 52
1)
There is at least one measurement station for typical values for the urban background and for benzo [a] pyrene also to include a near-traffic measuring station, without thereby increasing the number of sampling points.
b)
Point source To assess air pollution in the vicinity of point sources, the number of sampling points for fixed measurements, taking into account the emission density, should be the probable distribution of air pollutants and the possible exposure of the population. The sites of the sampling points should be chosen in such a way as to ensure that the best available techniques are applied in accordance with Article 2 (12) of the Directive 2008 /1/EC can be checked.
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 17 (to § 20)
Data quality objectives and Requirements for models for the determination of the values for arsenic, cadmium, nickel and benzo [a] pyrene

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1101-1102)

A.
Data quality objectives The following data quality objectives can be used as a guide serve for quality assurance: Benzo [a] pyrenArsen,
cadmium
and Nickel-polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons other than
benzo [a] pyrene,
total
gaseous mercury total-
deposition
-Uncertainty degree
Local and
orienting measurements

50%

40%

50%

70%
Model 60% 60% 60% 60%
-Minimum data collection 90 % 90% 90% 90%
-Minimum time collection:
local measurements 33% 50%-
orienting measurements *) 14% 14% 14% 33%
*)
Orientation measurements are measurements that are less frequent , but meet the other data quality objectives.
The uncertainty (expressed on the basis of a 95% confidence limit) of the methods used in the assessment of immission concentrations will be carried out in accordance with the following: Measurements calculated:
1.
the principles of the CEN guide for measurement uncertainty (ENV) 13005:1999),
2.
the ISO 5725 :1994 procedure1) and
3.
The clue of the CEN report on air quality approach for assessing the degree of uncertainty in air quality reference methods (CR 14377:2002 E).
The Uncertainty percentages are given for individual measurements, averaged over typical sampling times, for a 95 percent confidence range. The uncertainty of the measurements shall apply to the area of the corresponding target value. Fixed and orienting measurements must be distributed evenly over the year in order to avoid falsifying the results. The requirements for minimum data collection and minimum time recording do not take into account the loss of data. on the basis of regular calibration or normal maintenance of the instruments. A 24-hour sampling is required in the measurement of benzo [a] pyrene and other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Individual samples taken during a period of up to one month may be combined and analysed with the necessary caution as a collection sample, provided that the method used ensures stable samples for the sample. Period. The three related substances benzo [b] fluoranthene, benzo [j] fluoranthene and benzo [k] fluoranthene can only be separated analytically with difficulty. In these cases, they can be reported as the sum. A 24-hour sampling is also recommended for the measurement of arsenic, cadmium and nickel concentrations. The samples must be evenly distributed over the days of the week and the year. For the measurement of deposition rates, monthly or weekly rehearsals are distributed over the year. The competent authorities may use a "wet-only sampling" instead of a "bulk-sampling" only if they can prove that they are "wet-only". that the difference between them is not more than 10 percent. The deposition rates should generally be expressed in micrograms per square metre (µ g/m2) per day. The competent authorities may lower the minimum time recording of the values indicated in the table, but not less than 14. Percent for fixed measurements and 6 percent for orienting measurements, provided that they can demonstrate that the uncertainty at a confidence level of 95 percent for the annual average, calculated on the basis of the data quality objectives in the table according to ISO 11222:2002-"Determination of the uncertainty of temporal averages of air quality measurements" is observed.
B.
Requirements for models for the assessment of air quality models for the assessment of air quality are used to compile information on descriptions of the model and information on the uncertainty. The uncertainty of models is defined as the maximum deviation of the measured and calculated values over a whole year, and the exact time of occurrence of these deviations is not taken into account.
C.
Requirements for objective estimation techniques using objective estimation techniques, the uncertainty must not exceed 100 percent.
D.
Default conditionsFor substances to be analyzed in the PM10 fraction, the sampling volume refers to the environment conditions.
1)
DIN ISO 5725-1: Precision (accuracy and precision) of measurement methods and measurement results-Part 1: General principles and terms; Issue date: 11.1997
DIN ISO 5725-1: Correction 1 Corrections to DIN ISO 5725-1: 1997-11 Issue date: 09.1998
DIN ISO 5725-2: accuracy (accuracy and precision) of measurement procedures and measurement results-Part 2: Basic method for the determination of the recovery and Comparison precision of a unified measuring method, issue date: 12.2002
DIN ISO 5725-3: accuracy (accuracy and precision) of measurement methods and measurement results-Part 3: Precision dimensions of a unified measurement procedure under Intermediate conditions; Issue date: 02.2003
DIN ISO 5725-4: accuracy (accuracy and precision) of measurement methods and measurement results-Part 4: Basic methods for determining the correctness of a unified measurement method; Issue Date: 01.2003
DIN ISO 5725-5: accuracy (accuracy and precision) of measurement methods and measurement results-Part 5: Alternative methods for the determination of the precision of a unified measurement method; Issue date: 11.2002
DIN ISO 5725-5 Correction 1: Precision (accuracy and precision) of measurement methods and measurement results-Part 5: Alternative methods for the determination of the precision of a unified measurement method (ISO 5725-5:1998), corrections to DIN EN ISO 5725-5:1998 ISO 5725-5: 2002-11 (ISO 5725-5:1998/Cor. 1:2005); Date of issue: 04.2006
DIN ISO 5725-6: Precision (accuracy and precision) of measurement procedures and measurement results-Part 6: Application of accuracy values in practice; Issue date: 08.2002
Non-Official Table of Contents

Appendix 18 (to § 20)
Reference methods for the assessment of the values and the deposition rates of arsenic, cadmium, nickel, Mercury and Benzo [a] pyrene

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1103)

A.
Reference method for sample sampling and analysis of arsenic, cadmium and nickel Air As a reference method for the sampling and analysis of arsenic, cadmium and nickel in the air, the method used in DIN EN 14902:2005, corrected in 2007 " outdoor air quality-Standardized method for the determination of Pb/Cd/As/Ni as a The competent authorities may also use any other method which has been shown to produce results which correspond to the method described above.
B.
Reference method for sampling and analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in air as reference method for sampling and analysis Benzo [a] pyrene in ambient air the method described in DIN EN 15549:2008 "Air condition-measurement method for the determination of the concentration of benzo [a] pyrene in air". As long as there is no standardized CEN method for the measurement of the other polycyclic compounds mentioned in § 20 (8) aromatic hydrocarbons, the competent authorities may apply standardised national methods or standardised ISO methods such as ISO 12884:2000. The competent authorities may also apply any other method which can be demonstrated to: Results that correspond to the above method.
C.
Reference method for the sampling and analysis of mercury in the air The reference method for the measurement of the ambient concentrations of the total gaseous mercury shall be an automated method based on atomic absorption spectrometry or atomic fluorescence spectrometry. As long as there is no standardised CEN method, the competent authorities may apply standardised national methods or standardised ISO methods. The competent authorities may also apply any other method which has been demonstrated to produce results which are
D.
Reference method for the sampling and analysis of the deposition of arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic -The reference method for sampling for the determination of the deposition of arsenic, cadmium, nickel, mercury and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons is based on the use of cylindrical deposition collectors with standard dimensions. The provisions of DIN EN 15841 (April 2010) Air condition-measurement method for the determination of arsenic, cadmium, lead and nickel in atmospheric deposition; German version EN 15841:2009 must be observed. As long as there is no standardised CEN method available, the competent authorities may apply standardised national methods.
E.
Reference methods for the preparation of Air quality modelFor the creation of air quality models, no reference methods can be established at this time.