Thirtieth Ordinance For The Implementation Of The Federal Immission Control Act

Original Language Title: Dreißigste Verordnung zur Durchführung des Bundes-Immissionsschutzgesetzes

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The thirtieth regulation for the implementation of the Federal Immission Control Act (Ordination on Biological Treatment of Waste-30). BImSchV)

Non-official table of contents

30. BImSchV

Date of delivery: 20.02.2001

Full quote:

" Regulation on biological treatment plants of 20. February 2001 (BGBl. 305, 317), as defined by Article 3 of the Regulation of 27 June 2008. April 2009 (BGBl. I p. 900) has been changed "

:Modified by Art. 3 V v. 27.4.2009 I 900

For details, see Notes

Footnote

(+ + + Text evidence: 1.3.2001 + + +)
The V has been referred to as Article 2 in the menu. d. V v. 20.2.2001 I 305 (AbfAblV/BImSchV30 /AbwÄndV), issued by the Federal Government after consultation of the parties concerned with the consent of the Federal Council. She's gem. Article 4 of this V came into force on 1.3.2001. unofficial table of contents

content overview

First Part
General Rules
§ 1 Scope
§ 2Definitions
Second part
Construction, condition and operation requirements
§ 3Minimum distance
§ 4Emission-related requirements for Delivery, preparation, separation of materials, storage and transport
§ 5Emission-related requirements for biological treatment, Process waters and vapour condensates
§ 6Emissions limits
§ 7 Discharge conditions for exhaust gases
Third part
Measurement and monitoring
§ 8Measurement and measurement methods
§ 9Continuous measurements
§ 10Evaluation and assessment of continuous measurements
§ 11Single measurements
§ 12 Reports and assessment of individual measurements
§ 13Operation failures
Vated Part
Altanlagen Requirements
§ 14Transitional rules
Fifth Part
Common rules
§ 15Information to the public
§ 16Exceptions to be allowed
§ 17 More stringent requirements
§ 18Administrative Offences

First Part
General rules

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§ 1 Scope

(1) This Regulation applies to the Establishment, nature and operation of installations in which municipal waste and waste, which can be disposed of, such as municipal waste, is treated with biological or a combination of biological and physical processes, as far as
-
bio-stabilized waste as a pre-treatment for deposition or before thermal Treatment generated,
-
Heat-rich fractions or replacement fuels obtained or
-
Biogases for energetic use are produced
(biological waste treatment plants) and they according to § 4 of the Federal Immission Protection Act in conjunction with the regulation on require approval in need of approved installations.(2) This Regulation shall not apply to installations which are
1.
for the production of usable compost or biogas Exclusively from bio-waste according to § 2 No. 1 of the Biowaste Ordinance of 21. September 1998 (BGBl. 2955) or products or by-products from the agricultural, forestry or fish industry or sewage sludge in accordance with Article 2 (2) of the Sewage Sludge Ordinance of 15 June 2008. April 1992 (BGBl. 912), as amended by the Regulation of 6 March 1997 (BGBl. 446), as well as the use of a mixture of the above-mentioned substances in cofermentation plants or
2.
for the exaltation of Sewage sludge
.(3) This Regulation contains in particular requirements which, pursuant to Article 5 (1) (2) of the Federal Immission Protection Act, are to be fulfilled in the establishment and operation of the plants for the prevention of harmful environmental effects caused by air pollution. . Non-official table of contents

§ 2 Definitions

For the purposes of this Regulation:
1.
Exhaust gases with solid, liquid or gaseous emissions;
2.
Exhaust Gas Cleaning Equipment for emission reduction of emission-relevant air pollutants in the waste gas of the biological waste treatment plant, in particular to Emission limitation for odour substances, climate-relevant gases, organic substances and dusts and for the reduction of viable and reproductive micro-organisms;
3.
Altanlagenbiological waste treatment plants for which up to the date of entry into force of this regulation
a)
an ad according to § 67 para. 2 or 7 or § 67a para. 1 of the Federal Immission Control Act or before Entry into force of the Federal Immission Protection Act pursuant to Section 16 (4) of the Commercial Code,
b)
the planning determination decision in accordance with Section 7 (1) of the Waste Act of the 27. August 1986 (BGBl. 1410, 1501) for erection and operation,
c)
the decision to determine the plan pursuant to § 31 (2) or the approval pursuant to section 31 (3) of the Circulatory and waste law of the 27. September 1994 (BGBl. 2705) on the establishment and operation of the system,
d)
in a planning procedure pursuant to § 31 (2) of the Circular Economic and Waste Act, the beginning of the Execution according to § 33 (1) of the German Circular Economy and Waste Act before the plan has been established,
e)
the approval pursuant to § 4 or § 16 of the German Waste Management Act (§ 4) Federal Immission Protection Act for the erection and operation is granted or
f)
a partial approval pursuant to § 8, an admission early beginning in accordance with § 8a or a Notice pursuant to § 9 of the Federal Immission Control Act is granted, insofar as the requirements are laid down in accordance with § 5 (1) No. 2 of the Federal Immission Control Act;
4.
Fallen Waste all solid or liquid waste generated in the biological waste treatment plant;
5.
Wastes with biodegradable waste of high organic content, as defined in Annex 1 (1) of the Biowaste Regulation, and other high-grade waste Biodegradable fraction disposed of as a result of its nature or composition, such as municipal waste, in particular sewage sludge from waste water treatment plants for the treatment of urban waste water or waste water with a similarly low level of Pollutants, faeces, sludge, residues from sewage treatment plants, water purification sludge, construction waste and production-specific waste. This also includes waste from the treatment of municipal waste and waste according to sentence 1;
6.
Biological waste treatment plant waste treatment plant, in which: municipal waste or other waste containing biodegradable fractions is treated with biological or a combination of biological and physical processes, in so far as bio-stabilised waste, heating-value-rich fractions, Substitute fuels or bio-gases are produced. The biological waste treatment plant includes, in particular,
-
the facilities for biological waste management. Treatment of the starting materials or the waste produced under aerobic conditions (rotting) or under anaerobic conditions (fermentation) with their discharge, entry, air and exhaust gas management and conversion systems and
-
the devices for the mechanical preparation or physical separation of the starting materials or the waste as pre-treatment and after-treatment facilities and after biological treatment (such as the separation or sorting out of metals, foils or other substances, for dewatering, for homogenising or mixing, for classification or sorting by screening, wind guises or hydraulic separation, pelletizing, drying, pressing or crushing),
-
the equipment for delivery, input control and discharge of the feedstocks, the storage of feedstocks and waste, as well as their transport, handling and metering,
-
the facilities for the Exhaust gas collection,
-
the facilities for exhaust gas purification and for the treatment of process waters and vapor condensates,
-
the facilities for the exhaust gas discharge into the atmosphere,
-
the facilities for operational control the treatment and intermediate storage and the monitoring of treatment and storage conditions and
-
the facilities for monitoring the Emissions;
7.
All municipal waste or other wastes with biodegradable waste delivered to a biological waste treatment plant Shares;
8.
Emissions from air pollutants emitted by a biological waste treatment plant; they are indicated as:
a)
Mass concentration in the unit milligrams per cubic meter (mg/cbm), based on the exhaust volume in the Normal state (273 K, 1013 hPa) after deduction of moisture content of water vapor,
b)
Mass ratio in unit grams per megagramm (g/mg) as a ratio of the mass of the Substances emitted to the mass of feed materials supplied in the delivery condition,
c)
Odour concentration in unit Geruchsunity per cubic metre (GE/cbm) as olfactometrically measured volume flow rate at dilution of an exhaust gas sample with neutral air up to the odour threshold, expressed as a multiple of the odour threshold;
9.
Emissions limits allowed in the exhaust gas, which are assessed according to the criteria laid down in § 10 (4) and § 12 (2);
10.
settlement waste from household items and waste from other sources of origin, which, due to their nature or composition, are similar to waste from household items, In particular household waste, bulky waste, household waste-like commercial waste, garden and parking waste, market waste and road cleaning waste.

Second part
Requirements for the construction, the nature and operation

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§ 3 minimum distance

When building biological waste treatment plants a minimum distance of 300 metres to the nearest existing residential building, or fixed in a construction plan, shall not be undershot. Non-official table of contents

§ 4 Emissions related requirements for delivery, preparation, separation of materials, and storage and transport

(1) Unloading points, loading or receiving bunkers or other equipment for the delivery, transport and storage of the starting materials shall be constructed in enclosed spaces with locks in which the air pressure by suction in the sluice area or in the The area of loading and unloading and storage is to be kept smaller than atmospheric pressure. The exhaust gas which has been sucked off is to be supplied to an exhaust gas purification device.(2) machinery, equipment or other equipment for the mechanical processing or physical separation of the starting materials or waste (for example, by crushing, classifying, sorting, mixing, homogenising, dewatering, Drying, pelletizing, compacting) are to be encapsulated. To the extent that a gas-tight design, in particular at the discharge or transfer locations, is not possible or is only partially possible, the exhaust gas streams of these devices must be detected and fed to an exhaust gas purification device.The exhaust gas streams referred to in the second sentence of paragraph 1 and the second sentence of paragraph 2 may also be used as a supply air for the process air required during the rotting process.(4) Closed containers shall be used for the removal of dustproof goods.(5) The routes in the area of the biological waste treatment plant are to be carried out with a cover layer of asphalt road construction materials, in cement concrete or equivalent material and to be cleaned in accordance with the degree of soiling. It is necessary to ensure that significant pollution caused by vehicles after leaving the plant area is avoided or eliminated, for example by means of tyre washing systems or regular cleaning of the routes. Non-official table of contents

§ 5 Emission-related requirements for biological treatment, process water and vapor condensates

(1) Facilities for biological treatment of feedstock or waste under aerobic conditions (rotting) or under anaerobic conditions (digestion), to be capsules or to be constructed in enclosed spaces with locks in which the air pressure is is to be kept less than atmospheric pressure by suction in the sluice area or in the biological treatment area. To the extent that a gas-tight design is not or only partially possible at the task, discharge or transfer points and during the reaction of the rotting material, the exhaust gas streams must be detected and fed to an exhaust gas purification device.(2) The exhaust gas produced during the rotting process in the red-dwell systems is to be supplied completely to an exhaust-gas purification device.(3) The biogas produced during the fermentation process in wet or dry fermentation facilities shall be supplied to a gas purification plant for conversion into a usable gas, provided that it is not energetic directly in a combustion plant can be used.(4) possibilities for emissions through the use of low-emission processes and technologies, for example, by multiple use of exhaust gas as process air during the rotting process or a process-integrated recycling of waste process water or slubbing residues are to be exploited.(5) The conveying and storage systems as well as the plant-internal treatment facilities for process waters and vapour condensates shall be designed and operated in such a way that no relevant diffuse emissions can be assumed. Non-official table of contents

§ 6 Emission limits

The operator must set up and operate the biological waste treatment plant in such a way that: in the exhaust gas streams intended for discharge into the atmosphere in accordance with § 4 (1) sentence 2 and (2) sentence 2 and § 5 (1) sentence 2 and paragraph 2
1.
no daily average value exceeds the following emission limit values:

a) Total dust10 mg/cbm
b)organic substances, specified as Total carbon,20 mg/cbm
2.
no Half-hourly average value exceeds the following emission limit values:

a)Total dust 30 mg/cbm
b)organic matter, expressed as total carbon,40 mg/cbm
3.
no monthly mean value, determined as a mass ratio in accordance with § 10 para. 2, which following emission limit values:

a)nitrous oxide 100 g/Mg
b)Organic substances, expressed as total carbon,55 g/Mg
4.
no measured value of a sample the following emission limit value exceeds:

odorous substances500 GE/cbm
and
5.
no mean value that is above the respective Sampling time, which exceeds the following emission limit values:

dioxins/furans, expressed as a sum value according to the Annex to the 17. BImSchV,0.1 ng/cbm.
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§ 7 exhaust conditions for exhaust gases

The operator must derive the exhaust gas flows in accordance with the second sentence of section 4 (1) and (2) and § 5 (1) sentence 2 and 2 (2) in such a way that undisturbed transport is carried out with the free air flow; a discharge via chimneys is required. name="BJNR031700001BJNG000300305 " />

Third Part
Measurement and Monitoring

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§ 8 Measurement procedure and Measuring equipment

(1) For the measurements, measuring stations shall be set up after the competent authority has been closely identified, which shall be sufficiently large, easily accessible and so obtained, and shall be selected in such a way as to provide representative and perfect measurements are guaranteed.(2) For measurements to determine the emissions and to determine the reference and operating parameters, the measurement procedures and the appropriate measuring equipment corresponding to the state of the measurement technique shall be applied after the competent authority has been determined in accordance with the provisions of this Regulation. or use it.(3) The proper installation of measuring equipment for continuous monitoring shall be accompanied by a certificate issued by a body designated by the competent authority in accordance with the law of the country.(4) The operator shall calibrate and annually calibrate measuring equipment used for the continuous determination of emissions by a body known by the competent authority under national law before the plant is put into operation. to be checked for functionality; the calibration must be repeated prior to the commissioning of a substantially modified installation, otherwise at a distance of three years. The reports on the outcome of the calibration and the verification of the functioning shall be submitted to the competent authority within eight weeks of receipt of the reports. Unofficial Table Of Contents

§ 9 Continuous Measurements

The operator has
1.
the mass concentrations of emissions according to § 6 nos. 1 and 2,
2.
the mass concentrations of the emissions of nitrous oxide and
3.
for evaluation and evaluation determine the necessary reference quantities, in particular exhaust gas temperature, exhaust gas volume flow, pressure, moisture content of water vapour and mass of feed materials supplied in the delivery condition
of the proper operation, to be determined continuously, and to evaluate them in accordance with § 10 (1) and (2). Measuring devices for the moisture content of water vapor are not necessary, as far as the exhaust gas is dried before determining the mass concentration of the emissions. Non-official table of contents

§ 10 Evaluation and assessment of continuous measurements

(1) During the operation of the biological Waste treatment plant shall be made up of the measured values in accordance with § 9 sentence 1 for each successive half-hour of the half-hourly average value and shall be converted to the conditions in accordance with § 2 No. 8 (a). From the half-hourly average values, the daily mean value is to be formed for each day, relative to the daily operating time, including the starting-up or parking-off processes.(2) The daily average values of the mass concentrations of organic substances indicated in the second sentence of paragraph 1, expressed as total carbon, and for nitrous oxide and the amount of exhaust gas as the daily sum of the exhaust gas flows in accordance with Article 4 (1), second sentence, and second sentence. Sentence 2 and § 5 (1) sentence 2 and 2 (2) shall be determined by the emitted daily masses of these air pollution. The monthly masses emitted during the operation of the biological waste treatment plant are to be formed from the emitted daily masses. The monthly amount of fuel is to be recorded as a monthly sum of the supplied feed materials in the delivery state. The mass ratio in accordance with § 2 No. 8 (b) shall be calculated from the emitted monthly masses in accordance with the second sentence and the monthly amount of fuel in accordance with the third sentence.(3) The operator shall draw up a measurement report on the evaluation of the continuous measurements and the determination of the mass ratios, and shall submit it to the competent authority within three months of the end of each calendar year. The operator must keep records of the measuring instruments after the measurement report has been produced for five years. The first sentence shall not apply to the extent that the competent authority has prescribed the telemetric transmission of the measurement results.(4) The emission limit values are complied with if no daily average value in accordance with § 6 No. 1, no half-hourly average value in accordance with § 6 No. 2 and no monthly average value according to § 6 No. 3 exceeds the respective emission limit value. Non-official table of contents

§ 11 individual measurements

(1) The operator has, after the establishment or substantial change of the biological Waste treatment plant Measurements of a body known in accordance with § 26 of the Federal Immission Protection Act to determine whether the requirements according to § 6 No. 4 and 5 are fulfilled. The measurements shall be carried out for at least three days at least one day after the entry into service of 12 months after the date of entry into service, and thereafter at least every twelve months at the latest. These are to be carried out if the installations are operated with the highest performance for which they are authorised for continuous operation in the case of the starting materials used during the measurement.(2) For each individual measurement, at least three samples shall be taken for each emission source. Olfactometric analysis shall be carried out immediately after sampling.(3) Following the establishment or substantial modification of the biological waste treatment plant, the competent authority may, by the operator, carry out measurements of a body known in accordance with section 26 of the Federal Immission Protection Act, for the purpose of establishing, whether the operation of the plant in the neighbourhood is causing odour emissions, which constitute a significant nuisance within the meaning of Section 3 (1) of the Federal Immission Control Act. For the determination of the immission load, olfactory findings are to be carried out in the context of the hisings. The measurements shall be carried out after the undisturbed operation has been reached, but no later than 12 months after commissioning. These are to be carried out if the installations are operated with the highest performance for which they are authorised for continuous operation in the case of the starting materials used during the measurement. Non-official table of contents

§ 12 Reports and assessment of individual measurements

(1) The operator has a measure of the results of the measurements in accordance with § 11. Report on the report and to submit it without delay to the competent authority. The measurement report shall contain information on the measurement planning, the result of each individual measurement, the measurement procedure used and the operating conditions which are relevant for the assessment of the measurement results.(2) The emission limit values set out in § 6 (4) and (5) shall be deemed to be complied with if no result of a single measurement exceeds these emission limit values. Non-tampering table of contents

§ 13 Business disruption

(1) Measurements and other obvious perceptions that The operator shall inform the competent authorities without delay of any requirements relating to the operation of the installations or to the limitation of emissions. It shall immediately take the necessary measures to ensure proper operation.(2) The Authority shall set the period for technically unavoidable shutdowns, disturbances or failures of the exhaust gas purification devices, while the emission limit values according to § 6 may be departed from under certain conditions. The continued operation of the biological waste treatment facility shall not exceed eight consecutive hours and 96 hours within a calendar year, subject to the conditions set out in the first sentence. The emission of total dust must not exceed a mass concentration of 100 milligrams per cubic metre of exhaust gas, measured as half-hourly average value; § 2 no.8 shall apply accordingly.(3) In the event of a standstill of the exhaust gas purification devices, the exhaust gas which has been sucked off is to be derived in accordance with § 7. If downtimes of more than eight hours are to be expected, the operator shall take additional measures and inform the competent authority immediately.

Part Four
Requirements Altanlagen

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§ 14 Transitional rules

(1) For Altanlagen, the requirements of this Regulation shall apply. after the expiry of five years since the entry into force of this Regulation.(2) Where a biological waste treatment plant is extended by the addition of one or more other treatment facilities, such that the existing treatment facilities and the newly created treatment facilities form a joint installation, the requirements for the new treatment facilities shall be determined in accordance with the requirements of the second and third parts and the requirements for existing facilities in accordance with the provisions of the fourth part of this Regulation. name="BJNR031700001BJNG000500305 " />

Fifth Part
Common Rules

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§ 15 Information to the Public

The operator of the biological waste treatment plant has the public after the first calibration of the measuring device for the continuous determination of the emissions in accordance with § 8 para. 4 and the first-time individual measurements according to § § 8. 11 (1) once a year as well as after measurements pursuant to § 11 (3) on the assessment of the measurements of emissions. The competent authority may lay down the type and form of the public information subheading. The provisions of sentences 1 and 2 shall not apply to such indications from which conclusions can be drawn on business or trade secrets. By way of derogation from sentences 1 and 2, operators of undertakings which are included in the list of Regulation (EEC) No 1836/93 of the Council of 29 June 1993 may apply. June 1993, on the voluntary participation of industrial undertakings in a Community eco-management and audit scheme (OJ L 327, 28.8.1993, p. EC No 1), which replace information to the public by means of documents drawn up under the environmental management system, provided that the necessary information is provided. Non-official table of contents

§ 16 Approval of exceptions

By way of derogation from the encapsulation of facilities as defined in § 5 (1) sentence 1 The competent authority may, at the request of the competent authority, carry out biological treatment or its execution in closed spaces with locks and the complete supply of the exhaust gas resulting from the rotting process, as defined in section 5 (2), to an exhaust gas purification system. In the case of a multi-stage biological treatment, the operator shall allow post-treatment under aerobic conditions (post-rotting) in non-encapsulated facilities or in non-enclosed spaces without exhaust gas detection and exhaust gas purification, if the Post-rotting waste the value of 20 mg 02 /g dry matter, determined as a respiratory activity in accordance with point 3.3.1 of Annex 4 to the Landfill Regulation of 27 April 2002. April 2009 (BGBl. I p. 900), and other operational measures are taken to ensure that the protection against harmful environmental effects is otherwise done. Non-official table of contents

§ 17 More stringent requirements

The authority of the competent authority, other or more stringent requirements, In particular in order to avoid harmful environmental effects according to Article 5 (1) (1) of the Federal Immission Control Act, it shall remain unaffected. Non-official table of contents

§ 18 Administrative Offences

is an administrative offence within the meaning of Section 62 (1) (2) of the Federal Immission Protection Act, who Intentionally or negligently
1.
contrary to § 6, an asset is not properly built or is not correct
2.
contrary to § 8 (4) sentence 1, a measuring device shall not be calibrated or not calibrated in time or shall not be checked in time or shall be calibrated in time or the calibration not repeatedly or not repeated in time,
3.
contrary to § 8 (4) sentence 2, § 10 (3) sentence 1 or § 12 (1) sentence 1 a report not or not in time ,
4.
contrary to § 9 sentence 1, the mass concentrations of the emissions or a reference quantity mentioned there are not, not correct or not complete.
5.
contrary to § 10 (3) sentence 2, a record is not retained or not kept for at least five years,
6.
contrary to § 11 para. 1 sentence 1 or 2, a measurement cannot be performed or not performed in time,
7.
contrary to § 13 para. 1 sentence 1, a notice is not, not correct, not complete or not timely, or
8.
contrary to § 15 sentence 1, the public does not, not correct, not fully or not informed in time.