Second Implementing Regulation On The Regulation On Aviation Personnel (Application Regulations For Training And Testing For The Acquisition Of Licenses And Permissions For Airmen In Accordance With The Regulation On Aviation Personnel)

Original Language Title: Zweite Durchführungsverordnung zur Verordnung über Luftfahrtpersonal (Anwendungsbestimmungen für die Ausbildung und Prüfung für den Erwerb von Lizenzen und Berechtigungen für Luftfahrer gemäß der Verordnung über Luftfahrtpersonal)

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now for only USD$20 per month, or Get a Day Pass for only USD$4.99.

Second Regulation implementing the Regulation on aviation personnel (Application requirements for training and testing for the acquisition of licences and allowances for aeronautical operators, as laid down in the Regulation on aeronautical personnel) (2). DVLuftPersV)

Non-tampering table of contents

2. DVLuftPersV

Date of delivery: 24.01.2006

Full quote:

" Second implementing regulation on aviation personnel regulation (Application requirements for the training and audit for the acquisition of licenses and allowances for Air drivers in accordance with the Aeronautical Staff Regulation) of 24. January 2006 (BAnz. 2006 No. 60 p. 2061) "

footnote

(+ + + text evidence from: 26.3.2006 + + +)

unofficial table of contents

input formula

Pursuant to section 32 (1), first sentence, no. 4 and 5 of the Air Transport Act, as amended by the 27. March 1999 (BGBl. 550), as last amended by Article 2 (2) of the Law of 19. April 2005 (BGBl. 1070), in conjunction with Section 133a of the Regulation on aeronautical staff, as amended by the Notice of 13 June 2009. February 1984 (BGBl. 265), as amended by Article 2 (64) of the Regulation on the amendment of air legislation on requirements for flight crews of 10 June 2009, February 2003 (BGBl. 182), the Federal Aviation Office is ordering the following: Non-official table of contents

Table of contents

First section
General rules
§ §
Scope1
Second Section
Training and Audit
purpose of training2
TäuschungsAttempt, resignation from review3
Third section
Air driver licenses and permissions
Private aircraft guide4
Class authority for motor sailors5
Class authority for single-engine country aircraft with piston engine with a maximum flying mass of more as 750 kilograms6
Acquisition of the private pilot license (aircraft) by JAR-FCL 1 deutsch7
Sailing aircraft guide8
Class authority for motor sailer for holders of the license for gliders9
outdoor pool guide10
airship guide11
flight technicians on helicopters Federal and State Police (Länder) 12
Canvas13
Drag 14
Sailing aircraft guide15
Streu-and spray permission 16
Authorization for practical training of private aircraft guides according to § 1 LuftPersV17
Authorization to practical training Training of gliders18
entitlement to practical training of outdoor pool drivers19
Practical Training Entitlement of Airship Guides20
Differing training, trust21
Entry into force22
Assets
Appendix 1Atheoretical training curriculum on the purchase of the licence for private aircraft drivers,
Annex 1BPractiable training curriculum for the acquisition of the licence for private aircraft drivers,
Asset 1CTheoretical test for the purchase of the license for private aircraft drivers,
Asset 1DPractical examination for purchase The license for private aircraft drivers,
Appendix 2APractical Instruction for Acquisition Of Class Eligibility for Travel Engine Sailers,
Asset 2BPractical test to acquire class authority for motor sailors,
Appendix 3ACurriculum for the practical instruction for the acquisition of class authorization for single-engine country aircraft with a piston engine with a maximum flying mass of more than 750 kilograms,
Appendix 3B Practical examination for the acquisition of class authorization for single-engine country aircraft with a piston engine with a maximum mass of more than 750 kilograms,
Appendix 4A Curriculum for supplementary theoretical training to acquire the private pilot licence (aircraft) according to JAR-FCL 1 German,
Appendix 4BCurriculum for the supplementary training practical training for the acquisition of the private pilot licence (aircraft) according to JAR-FCL 1 German,
Appendix 5Atheoretical training curriculum for the acquisition of the licence for Guide for gliders,
Appendix 5BPractiable training curriculum for the acquisition of the license for gliders,
Appendix 5C Theoretical test for the acquisition of the license for gliders,
Appendix 5DPractical test to acquire the license for Glider pilot,
Appendix 6AThe theoretical training curriculum for the acquisition of class authorization for motor sailors for holders of the licence for Glider pilot,
Annex 6BPractiable training curriculum for the acquisition of class authorization for motor sailors for holders of the licence for Glider guide,
Appendix 6CTheoretical test for the acquisition of class authorization for motor sailer for holders of the license for gliders,
Annex 7Atheoretical training curriculum for the acquisition of the licence for outdoor operators,
Appendix 7Bcurriculum for practical training for the acquisition of the licence for open-air operators,
Appendix 7CTheoretical test for the acquisition of the licence for outdoor pools guide,
Asset 7DPractical examination to acquire the license for the outdoor pool drivers,
Appendix 8ATheoretical Curriculum for the Theoretical Training for the acquisition of the licence for airship guides,
Annex 8BPractiable training curriculum for the acquisition of the licence for airship drivers
Appendix 8CTheoretical test to acquire the license for airship guides,
Appendix 8DPractical examination for the acquisition of the Licence for Air Navigation Guide,
Annex 9ATheoretical training curriculum for the acquisition of the licence for aircraft technicians on helicopters at the Federal Police and the Federal Republic of Germany. Countries,
Annex 9BPractising the practical training curriculum for the acquisition of the licence for flight technicians on helicopters in federal and state police forces,
Appendix 9CTheoretical test to acquire the license for flight technicians on helicopters at federal and state police stations,
Attachment 9D Practical test to acquire the license for flight technicians on helicopters at federal and state police forces,
Appendix 10ACurriculum for the practical training for acquisition of aerobatics,
Appendix 10BPractical examination for acquisition of aerobatics authority,
Appendix 11 Curriculum for practical instruction on the acquisition of towing authority,
Appendix 12ATeacher Training Plan for the acquisition of the Cloud flight authority for gliders,
Appendix 12BPractical test to acquire cloud flight authority for sailplane guide,
Asset 13Atheoretical training curriculum for the acquisition of stress and spray authorization,
Annex 13BCurriculum for practical training Training to acquire the right to stretch and spray,
Appendix 13CTheoretical test for the acquisition of stray and spray authorization,
Asset 13DPractical examination to acquire the right to stretch and spray,
Annex 14ATheoretical selection test for the acquisition of the Permission for the practical training of private aircraft guides,
Annex 14BPractical selection test for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of Private aircraft guides,
Annex 14Ctheoretical training curriculum for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of private aircraft guides,
Annex 14DPractiable training curriculum for the acquisition of the practical training of private aircraft guides,
Asset 14E Theoretical test for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of private aircraft guides,
Appendix 14FPractical examination for the acquisition of the Permission for the practical training of private aircraft guides,
Annex 15ATheoretical selection test for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of Gliding aircraft guides,
Appendix 15BPractical selection test to acquire the right to practical training of sailplane guides,
Asset 15CThe theoretical training curriculum for the acquisition of the entitlement to the practical training of gliders,
Appendix 15D Practical training curriculum for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of gliders,
Appendix 15ETheoretical examination for acquisition Entitlement to the practical training of gliders,
Appendix 15FPractical examination of the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of Gliding aircraft guides,
Appendix 16ATheoretical selection test for the acquisition of entitlement to practical training of outdoor pool drivers,
Asset 16BPractical selection test to acquire the entitlement to practical training of outdoor pool guides,
Attachment 16Ccurriculum for the theoretical training for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of outdoor operators,
Annex 16DCurriculum for practical training to acquire the Authorization for the practical training of open-air operators,
Annex 16ETheoretical test for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of Freballon guides,
Attachment 16FPractical examination of the acquisition of entitlement to practical training of outdoor pool drivers,
Annex 17A Theoretical selection check to acquire permission to train airship guides in practice,
Appendix 17BPractical Selection test for the acquisition of the entitlement to the practical training of airship guides,
Annex 17Ctheoretical training curriculum for the acquisition of entitlement to the practical training of airship guides,
Annex 17DPractiable training curriculum for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of Aeronautical guides,
Annex 17ETheoretical test for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of airship guides,
Appendix 17F Practical review to acquire the permission to provide practical training for airship guides.

First section
General Rules

unofficial table of contents

§ 1 Scope

This regulation lays down the details of the aviation personnel in the regulation (LuftPersV) requirements according to § 32 (1) (4) and (5) of the Aviation Act on licensing and acquisition of allowances.

Second section
Training and Examination

unofficial table of contents

§ 2 purpose of training

The training serves the purpose of providing the aviation personnel with the reasons for the the safety of air traffic and of public safety or order to provide the necessary knowledge and skills. A special form of training is also the instruction required for the acquisition of a licence or authorization. unofficial table of contents

§ 3 deception attempt, resignation from the test

(1) if the applicant undertakes a deception attempt, he or she shall be to exclude immediate effect from further participation in the examination, and the examination shall be deemed not to pass.(2) If the applicant returns from the examination after the start of the examination, the examination shall be deemed not to pass. Something else applies only if the applicant does not take the examination or part of the examination by means of a disease or any other circumstances which are not due to the applicant. The applicant must demonstrate the prevention without delay by submitting a medical certificate or certificate.

Third Section
Licenses and authorizations for air drivers

Non-official table of contents

§ 4 Private aircraft guide
(to § 1 LuftPersV)

(1) In the theoretical training, the knowledge according to the Appendix 1A.(2) In flight training, the exercises set out in Annex 1B shall be carried out.(3) The theoretical test shall be carried out in accordance with Annex 1C.(4) In a practical test according to Appendix 1D, the applicant has to prove that he possesses the skills necessary for the management of aircraft. Non-official table of contents

§ 5 Class authority for travel motor sailer
(to § 3a LuftPersV)

(1) In the statement, the are in Appendix 2A shall be carried out.(2) In a practical test according to Appendix 2B, the applicant has to prove that he possesses the skills necessary to guide motor-motor sewers. Non-official table of contents

§ 6 Class authority for single-engine country aircraft with a piston engine with a maximum flying mass of more than 750 kilograms
(§ 3b LuftPersV)

(1) in the instruction, the exercises set out in Appendix 3A are to be performed.(2) In a practical test according to Appendix 3B, the applicant shall demonstrate that he possesses the skills required to guide single-engine landing aircraft with a maximum-mass-flying mass of more than 750 kilograms. Non-official table of contents

§ 7 Acquisition of the private pilot license (aircraft) by JAR-FCL 1 German
(to § 5 LuftPersV)

(1) In the theoretical Training shall be provided in accordance with Annex 4A.(2) In flight training, the exercises set out in Appendix 4B are to be carried out.(3) The theoretical test is to be carried out according to JAR-FCL 1.130 German.(4) The applicant shall have a practical test according to JAR-FCL 1.135 in German. Non-official table of contents

§ 8 Sailing aircraft guide
(to § 36 LuftPersV)

(1) In the theoretical training, the knowledge of Appendix 5A to be conveyed.(2) In flight training, the exercises set out in Annex 5B shall be carried out.(3) The theoretical test shall be carried out in accordance with Annex 5C.(4) In a practical test according to Appendix 5D, the applicant has to prove that he possesses the skills necessary for the guidance of gliders. Non-tampering table of contents

§ 9 Class authority for travel motor sailer for holders of the license for gliders
(to § 40a LuftPersV)

(1) In the theoretical training, knowledge is to be provided in accordance with Appendix 6A.(2) In flight training, the exercises set out in Annex 6B shall be carried out.(3) The theoretical test shall be carried out in accordance with Annex 6C.(4) In a practical test according to Appendix 2B, the applicant has to prove that he possesses the skills necessary to guide motor-motor sewers. Non-official table of contents

§ 10 Freiburg guide
(to § 46 LuftPersV)

(1) The theoretical training is based on the knowledge of Appendix 7A to be conveyed.(2) In practical training, the exercises set out in Annex 7B shall be carried out.(3) The theoretical test shall be carried out in accordance with Annex 7C.(4) In a practical test in accordance with Annex 7D, the applicant has to prove that he possesses the necessary skills for the management of the open-air zones. Non-official table of contents

§ 11 Airship Guide
(to § 50 LuftPersV)

(1) In the theoretical training, the knowledge of Appendix 8A to be conveyed.(2) In flight training, the exercises set out in Annex 8B shall be carried out.(3) The theoretical test shall be carried out in accordance with Annex 8C.(4) In a practical test in accordance with Annex 8D, the applicant has to prove that he possesses the skills necessary for the management of airships.(5) The acquisition of a model authorization for airship guides requires the acquisition of additional knowledge and training on the airship pattern. The training must, with the agreement of the competent authority, supplement the contents of Annexes 8A and 8B in a pattern-specific way. Non-official table of contents

§ 12 Aviation technician on helicopters at federal and state police forces
(to § 62 LuftPersV)

(1) Training as a flight technician on helicopters at the federal and state police forces is carried out at a training facility for flight training approved by the Federal Aviation Office, which has a permit for it.(2) In the theoretical training, knowledge is to be provided in accordance with Annex 9A.(3) In the practical training and technical training, the exercises set out in Annex 9B shall be carried out.(4) The theoretical test shall be carried out in accordance with Annex 9C.(5) In a practical test in accordance with Annex 9D, the applicant has to prove that he possesses the skills necessary for a flight technician on helicopters in the police officers of the federal government and the countries. Unofficial Table Of Contents

§ 13 Art Flight Authority
(to § 81 Air PersV)

(1) The flight training includes the one set in Appendix 10A Perform exercises.(2) In a practical test pursuant to Appendix 10B, the applicant for an art flight authorisation has to prove that he possesses the necessary skills to carry out art flights. Non-tampering table of contents

§ 14 Drag Authorization
(to § 84 LuftPersV)

The flights prescribed in accordance with Section 84 (2) and (3) of the Air PersV are to be carried out in accordance with Appendix 11. Non-official table of contents

§ 15 Cloud flight authority for gliders
(to § 85 LuftPersV)

(1) For the acquisition of the Cloud flight authority for glider guides shall be carried out in the instrument flight exercises set out in Appendix 12A.(2) In the practical test, the applicant has to prove, in accordance with Annex 12B, that he possesses the necessary skills to carry out cloud flights. Non-official table of contents

§ 16 Streu and Spray Eligibility
(to § 86 Air PersV)

(1) The theoretical training is based on the knowledge of Appendix 13A to mediate.(2) In flight training, the specified exercises shall be carried out in accordance with Annex 13B.(3) The applicant for the acquisition of a scattering and spraying authorization shall carry out the theoretical test in accordance with Appendix 13C.(4) In a practical test in accordance with Annex 13D, the applicant has to prove that he possesses the necessary skills to carry out stray and spray flights. Non-official table of contents

§ 17 Permission to provide practical training for private aircraft guides in accordance with § 1 LuftPersV
(to § 88a LuftPersV)

(1) The selection test according to § 88a (1) no. 3 LuftPersV consists of a theoretical test according to Appendix 14A and a practical test according to Appendix 14B.(2) The officially recognized training course according to § 88a (1) no. 4 LuftPersV provides the theoretical knowledge of Appendix 14C and the practical skills according to Appendix 14D.(3) The applicant for the acquisition of the entitlement to the practical training of private aircraft guides has to prove, in a theoretical examination in accordance with Annex I, that he possesses the knowledge necessary to train private pilots.(4) In a practical examination in accordance with Annex 14F, the applicant has to prove that he possesses the skills required to train private pilots. Non-official table of contents

§ 18 entitlement to practical training of gliding aircraft guides
(to § 89 LuftPersV)

(1) The selection check § 89 (1) no. 3 LuftPersV consists of a theoretical test according to Appendix 15A and a practical test according to Appendix 15B.(2) In the officially recognized training course according to § 89 (1) no. 4 of the LuftPersV, the theoretical knowledge according to Appendix 15C and the practical skills according to Appendix 15D must be conveyed.(3) In a theoretical test according to Appendix 15E, the applicant for the acquisition of the entitlement to the practical training of glider guides has to prove that he possesses the knowledge necessary to train gliders.(4) In a practical test in accordance with Annex 15F, the applicant has to prove that he possesses the skills required to train gliders. Non-official table of contents

§ 19 entitlement to practical training of outdoor pool guides
(to § 94 LuftPersV)

(1) The selection check for § 94 (1) No. 3 LuftPersV consists of a theoretical test according to Appendix 16A and a practical test according to Appendix 16B.(2) In the officially recognized training course according to § 94 (1) no. 4 of the LuftPersV, the theoretical knowledge according to Appendix 16C and the practical skills according to Appendix 16D must be conveyed.(3) In a theoretical examination in accordance with Appendix 16E, the applicant for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of outdoor swimming pool guides has to prove that he possesses the knowledge necessary for the training of open-air-pool guides.(4) In a practical examination according to Annex 16F, the applicant has to prove that he possesses the necessary skills to train open-air drivers. unofficial table of contents

§ 20 entitlement to practical training of airship guides
(to § 95 LuftPersV)

(1) The selection check after § 95 para. 1 no. 3 LuftPersV consists of a theoretical test according to Appendix 17A and a practical test according to Appendix 17B.(2) In the officially recognized training course in accordance with § 95 (1) no. 4 of the LuftPersV, the theoretical knowledge according to Appendix 17C and the practical skills according to Appendix 17D must be conveyed.(3) In a theoretical test according to Appendix 17E, the applicant for the acquisition of the entitlement to the practical training of airship guides has to prove that he possesses the knowledge required to train airship guides.(4) In a practical test in accordance with Annex 17F, the applicant has to prove that he possesses the necessary skills to train airship guides. unofficial table of contents

§ 21 differences training, confidante

(1) For the change to another aircraft or motor segment, or a motor-motor-engine series, or another aircraft or motor segment pattern within the same class entitlement are the provisions of Appendix 1M to the 1. DV LuftPersV shall apply mutasensitily. The difference training is to be carried out by a suitably qualified lecturer and to be confirmed after completion by signature in the flight book.(2) Where an aeroplane or a motor glider differs from a previously operated aircraft or motor segment model with regard to its design, its maximum permissible take-off weight or its flight characteristics, the aircraft or motor vehicle shall be To make the drivers familiar with their characteristics independently. Non-official table of contents

§ 22 Entry into force

This Regulation enters into force the day after the announcement. Non-official table of contents

Appendix 1A theoretical training curriculum for the purchase of the license for private aircraft guide
(to § 4)

Site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 9-26 AIRLAW
Legal basis
-
Aviation Law (LuftVG)
-
Air Security Act (LuftSiG)
-
Air Traffic Approval Order (LuftVZO)
-
Air Traffic Order (LuftVO)
-
Aeronautical testing regulation (LuftGerPV)
-
Aeronautical Ordination (LuftPersV)
-
Implementing Regulations zur LuftPersV
-
Aeronautical equipment (LuftBO)
-
Implementing Regulations to the Air BO
-
other laws and regulations, insofar as they are relevant to the private aircraft guide.
National and international organizations of the Aviation
-
Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung (BMVBS)
-
Aviation-Bundesamt (LBA)
-
Bundesstelle für Flugaccident investigation (BFU)
-
Aviation Authorities of the countries
-
Deutsche Flugsicherung GmbH (DFS)
-
German Weather Service (DWD)
-
ICAO
responsibilities and tasks
-
JAA
responsibilities and Tasks
-
EASA
responsibilities and tasks
for airdrivers
-
Airfare Guide AIP
-
AIP VFR
-
Outline and
-
VFR-Bulletin
-
Air Driver Part I and II Messages (NfL I and NfL II)
-
NOTAM
-
aviation maps ICAO
airfields
-
types of airfields
-
Airspace zwang
-
outer start and outlanding
-
Notlandung
-
Security landing
Aircraft
-
types
-
Approvals
-
Checks
-
Airworthiness Statements
-
Equipment to allow approval
Aviation personnel
-
training
-
license
-
Grant
-
extension
-
extension
-
Renewal
-
Revocation, Ruby and Restriction
-
exercising the rights
-
permissions
Participation in air traffic
-
air traffic participants ' duties
-
General Rules
-
Visual Air Rules
-
airspace classification
-
air traffic control rules
-
Equipment of Aircraft
-
General Flight Rules
-
avoidance of unnecessary aircraft noise
air service
-
Mobile Flight Service Legislation
-
Approval and approval of Funkanlagen
-
Wireless Speaker
-
Emergency and Urgent Traffic
-
Regulation on air traffic control equipment for aircraft
The use of radio communications
For flights to and from the airfield, with Air traffic control either in German (BZF II) or in German and English (BZF I) using the specified phrases, expressions, procedures, abbreviations, including emergency and urgency procedures
Liability of the aircraft driver and the insurance obligation of the aircraft holder
Crime offences, administrative offences
NAVIGATION
Form of earth
-
Shape
-
Erdachse, Pole
-
extents
-
movement
map customer
-
meridians, parallel
-
Large Circles, Small Circles, Course Same
-
Hemisphere, North/South, East/West
-
topographic Aeronautics
-
Projections and their properties
-
angular fidelity
-
surface remorse (equivalency)
-
scale
Conformic Conic Projection (ICAO map 1:500.000)
-
main properties
-
buildup
-
Meridian Convergence
-
Appearance of meridians, parallel lines, large circles, and Course Same
-
Scale, Standard Parallel
-
figurative representation of height over Reason
Time Bill
-
Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and Medium Local Time (LMT)
-
Definition of sunrise and sunset times
Reference direction
-
right-wing North (True North)
-
Earth's magnetic field, misstatement-annual change
-
Misweisend North (Mag North), Variation
-
Vertical and Horizontal Components
-
Isogones, Null Isogons (Agone)
-
Aircraft Magnetism
Magnetic Influences in Plane
Deviation
Curves, Acceleration Error
Avoiding magnetic interference of the
distances
-
units
-
Distance measurement as a function of the map projection
Aeronautical maps in practical navigation
-
locations of locations
-
Width and Length
-
Pseparation and Distance
-
Using an Angle Knife
-
Measure of courses above ground (track) and Distances
Map symbolism/use of navigation maps
-
map evaluation
-
Topography
-
terrain shape (relief)
Artificial Terrain Characteristics
unchanging characteristics (e.g. B. lengths-or point-like, unique or special features)
variable characteristics (e.g. B. Water)
-
Map preparation
-
Fold the map
-
Method for reading the map
-
Orientation by map
-
Characteristics of control points
-
Expected appearance of control points
-
with face-to-face contact
-
without permanent visual contact
-
with unsafe position (capture lines)
-
airfare icons
-
airfare information
-
units conversion
Basics of navigation
-
displayed, adjusted, and true speed (IAS, CAS, and TAS)
-
course for reason, right-wing and miserable course
-
Wind, influence on control course and speed above ground
-
Winddreieck
-
Calculation of control course and speed above ground
-
Estimated Time of Arrival/ETA
-
coupling navigation, location, fixed Location
Navigation Calculator
-
Application of a mechanical or electronic Navigation computer and, where applicable, the use of surcharge calculations for the determination of the following quantities:
true airspeed (TAS), time and distance
unit conversion
fuel quantity required
pressure, density, and true height
Flight Time and Expected Arrival Time
Windtriangle Tasks
Abtrift and Luvwinkel, application of TAS and wind speed to the course above
tax rate and speed above
planning
-
Selection of Map Material
-
Weather forecasts and reports for the flight path and airfield
-
Assessment of weather situation
-
airway drawing
-
consideration of controlled air spaces airspace restrictions, danger areas, etc.
-
Using AIP and NOTAMS
-
Air Traffic Control Center Connections in controlled Air Dream
-
Fuel Calculation
-
Safety mineheights for the Flight path
-
alternate aerodrome
-
telecommunication traffic and Radio/navigation frequencies
-
VHF bearing (VDF-Peiler, QDM, QDR)
-
VOR-bearing, position determination
-
transponder and radar
-
satellite navigation (GPS)
-
Creation of a flight control plan
-
Creating a flight ATC Flight Plan
-
Selection of Reporting Points, Time and Distance Markers
-
Calculations of mass and center of gravity
-
Calculations of mass and flight performance
Practical Navigation
-
compass control, use of the Deviation Table
-
Organization of work load occurring during the flight
-
departure procedure
-
Flight implementation plan entries
-
Height Knife setting
-
Determination of TAS and speed above ground (GS)
-
Compliance with control course and altitude
-
View navigation
-
Location specification
-
Determination of control points
-
Tax urs corrections
-
Anflugverfahren
-
connection to Air Traffic Control
-
Air Traffic Control Plan and Aircraft Flight Plan entries
METEOROLOGIE
The atmosphere
-
Composition and Structure
-
Troposphere peculiarities
-
default ICAO atmosphere
-
atmospheric pressure
-
vertical stratification
print, density, and temperature
-
Air Pressure, Air Pressure Measurement, Isoable
-
Changing print, density, and temperature with height
-
height measurement terms
-
radiative processes, temperature
-
daytime temperature
-
Stability and Lability
-
Impact of radiation and advection processes
Air humidity and Precipitation
-
water vapour in the atmosphere
-
airhumidity
-
dew point, spread
-
relative, absolute, and specific humidity
-
vapor pressure
-
Condensation, Sublimation, Evaporation
-
precipitation
-
Origin of precipitation
-
rainfall
air pressure and wind
-
High-and Low-Print Areas
-
Air Movement
-
Pressure gradient (Buys-Ballot's law),
-
Coriolis force, friction (ground wind, and geostrophic wind)
-
vertical and horizontal air movement, convergence, divergence
-
local wind systems (Föhn, Berg-/Talwind, Land/Sea wind, guided wind)
-
turbulence and embankment
-
the influence of wind and wind power. Wind shelling at start and landing
Cloud formation
-
Cooling and heating by advection, Radiation and adiabatic Processes
-
Cloud Classification, Cloud Stacks
-
convective clouds (cumulus clouds)
-
stratiform clouds (shift clouds)
-
orographically conditioned clouds
-
Flight conditions in stratiform and convective clouds
Fog, damp haze and dry haze
-
Radiation Mist, Advection Mist, Mixing mist, freezing fog
-
Founding and dissolution of fog
-
degraded View through moist haze, rain or spray rain, snow, smoke, dust and sand
-
Assessment of the probability of the occurrence of decreased View
-
Hazards for low horizontal and vertical flights
Air masses, high-pressure and low-pressure areas
-
Properties of air masses and influence sizes
-
Air Masses, Areas of emergence
-
Transformation (change) of air masses during their Relocation
-
Creation of high and low-pressure areas
-
Weather in the Connection with high and low pressure areas
-
Deep-pressure gutter, altitude rog (formation and weather events)
Fronts
-
creation of fronts and air mass limits
-
warm front
-
emergence of a Warm-front
-
Related clouds and weather
-
Weather conditions in the Warm sector
-
cold front
-
Emergence of a cold front
-
related clouds and weather
-
BackPage
-
Okklusion
-
emergence of an occlusion
-
Related clouds and weather
-
stationary fronts
-
related clouds and weather
Vereisung
-
Causes and conditions for icing
-
Education and Impact of Raureif, Raueis, Klareis
-
Impacts of Icing on the Flight performance
-
drive system icing, gasifier/propeller icing
-
Fliegerische Measures zur avoidance von icing
Gewitter
-
thunderstorm
-
airmass thunderstorms, front thunderstorms, orographically induced thunderstorms
-
Prerequisites
-
Development process
-
Discover favorable conditions for the creation of Weathered
-
Hazards for aircraft
-
Effects of lightning, hail, and heavier Turbulence
-
Avoiding flights near thunderstorms
Flights on mountainous terrain
-
Influence of the terrain on atmospheric processes
-
Education of Leeshafts
-
Local wind systems, up and down winch, rotors
-
hazards
climatology
-
general seasonal circulation in the troposphere over Europe
-
year-on-year conditions local weather conditions and wind conditions
altitude measurement
-
The meaning of the print settings for air traffic
-
height, density height
-
height above ground, height above sea level, Airfields
-
Default ICAO
-
-
QNH, QFE, QFF, QNE (default settings)
-
Transitional height, transition layer, and transition surface
Organization of meteorological backup of air traffic
-
Air Weather Forecast and Advice-LBZ Consultation
-
Flight Weather Wait-FWW Briefing and Documentation
-
Aircraft Weather Station (Observation)
-
Availability of periodic weather forecasts
Weather Analysis and Prediction
-
weather maps, symbols, characters
-
maps to predict significant flight weather conditions (significant weather charts)
-
General Aviation Prediction Cards
Weather information for flight preparation
-
reports and forecasts for start, travel, destination, and workaround (TAF, GAFOR, and others), Evaluation of regular flight weather reports (METAR) and warnings (SIGMET, AIRMET and others)
-
Weather information on self-briefing systems
-
aviation weather advisors
Aviation weather radio
-
VOLMET, ATIS
AERODYNAMICS
body to flow around a body, subsonic area
-
Air resistance and air density
-
boundary layer
-
Friction Resistance
-
Bernoulli Equation, Venturi effect
-
Reflow of a planar plate
Two-dimensional flow around the wing profile
-
Geometrical parameters of the wing profile
-
Flow around a curved wing profile, pressure distribution on profile
-
Laminar and turbulent flow, handling and release point
-
Origin of Buoyance and Profile Resistance
-
Relationship between buoyance value, coefficient of resistance and angle of attack
Three-dimensional flow around a wing
-
wings and profile shapes
-
Total Resistance
-
Inducted Resistance
-
Abwind angle, swirl resistance, floor effect
-
wing
-
noxious resistance
-
interference resistance and residual resistance
-
Distribution on the wing
-
ratio of lift/resistance, (Lilienthalpolar)
Forces distribution on the aircraft
-
Forces and Balance of Force
-
Power and Weight
-
Shub and Air Resistance
-
Stationary flight conditions (horizontal, steep, sliding, and cornering)
Control systems
-
the three main axes
-
Nicken around the transverse axis
-
Rolls around the longitudinal axis
-
Gieren around the high axis
-
The effect of the height, side rudder, and crossovers
-
Control for nick, roll and yaw movements
-
Mutual coupling of the roll and the gating (Yaw Roll Torque, Rolling torque)
-
Page gliding and side wind control for landing
-
aerodynamic balance and control surface mass balance
Trimming control
-
Trimmruder, balancing ruder and counterbalancing ruder
-
Task and functional principle
-
Operation
Landeflaps and Prewings
-
Wound, Spreiz, Gap and Fowler flaps
-
Task and Function Principle
-
operational
-
forwings, flaps at the front edge of the wing
-
task and functional principle
-
normal/automatic operation
stability
-
definitions of static and dynamic stability
-
Longitudinal Stability
-
Impact of the center of gravity position on the longitudinal stability and the Longitudinal control
-
Side stability (transverse and directional stability)
-
(counter-side) Coupling of the transverse and directional stability via the pushing, spool torque)
Flow demolition
-
critical attack angle
-
smooth flow disruption
-
Reducing lift, increasing air resistance
-
Displacement of the Print Point
-
Signs of incipient flow demolishment
-
Aircraft Behavior Flow Demolitions
-
Influenceson the tear-off speed and the behavior of the airplane in flow demolitions
-
Flow demolition in horizontal, steep, sink, and curve flight
-
Possibilities of overdraining warnings and Pull-over warning attachments
-
End of excessive flight condition
Avoidance of turkeys
-
Flow demolition at the wing tips
-
One-sided flow demolition on the wing
-
making a rolling motion
-
Detect start-up
-
stationary chucking
-
Influence of inner and outer sliding
-
Steil and Flachtrudeln
-
focus location impact,
-
Flow conditions at the side and height control, shields
-
End of the Trudelns
Load multiple and interception maneuvers
-
Strength considerations
-
V-n-charts for gusts and interception loads
-
load limits, with and without Landing flaps
-
Changing the load multiple in cornering and interception
-
maximum maneuverability for full rudder rash
-
Precautions during the Flight
loads on the ground
-
Side loads on the chassis
-
landing
-
Roles, Precautions for direction changes
GENERAL AVIATION KNOWLEDGE, TECHNIK
Building the cell
-
Parts
-
fuselage, wing, control
-
height, transverse, and page control
-
Trimmanlage and landing flaps/forewings
-
chassis
-
Spornrad, including control
-
Bugrad, including control
-
tires, condition of the tires
-
brake systems and peculiarities in use
the cell
-
static strength
-
load multiple
-
security factor
-
Pre-flight control
-
control latch
-
Precautionary measures on the ground and during flight
Engine
-
Basics of the 4-stroke internal combustion engine (gasoline and diesel engine)
-
causes of early ignition and knock
-
power output as a function of speed (rpm)
-
engine cooling
-
Air Cooling
-
water/liquid cooling
-
cylinder-head-temperature
-
Motorlubrication
-
Tasks and Specs Lubrication
-
Lubricant Systems
-
Oil Distribution System
-
Oil pump and oil filter requirements
-
Oil varieties and qualities
-
Monitoring oil temperature and oil pressure
-
error detection in the Lubricant system
ignition systems
-
basics of magnetic power
-
Building and working
-
The purpose and mode of operation of the snap coupling of a Ignition magnets
-
Checks, error detection
-
Operational procedures to avoid From spark plug pollution
Gemischbildung
-
Basics of float gasifier
-
Building and working
-
Process to keep the correct Mix ratio
-
Flight height impact
-
manual mix control
-
retaining the correct mix ratio
-
Restricted Use in Full Load Range
-
Avoid knocking
-
fuel shut-off valve
-
mixture-control system operation and operation
-
Identity and intake air system
-
Vergasericing, use of gasifier preheating
-
Injection Assets, Basics, and Functioning
Fuel
-
Fuel Classification
-
varieties and color labeling
-
quality requirements
-
checking on Pollution
-
Fuel filters and departs
-
fuel systems
-
fuel tanks and lines
-
ventilation system
-
mechanical and electrical pumps
-
Heavy force promotion
-
TankElection
Propeller
-
specialized expressions
-
Conversion of engine power into thrust
-
design and build-up of fixed Propellers
-
force impact on the propeller blades
-
dependence between speed and flight speed
-
efficiency as a function of speed
-
design and construction of pitch propellers
-
constant speed propeller
-
Impact of Sheet Adjustment Angle Changes
-
Flight Speed Impact on the Propeller Speed (Windmilling)
Engine Operation
-
Anlass-Procedure and precautions
-
error detection
-
warm-up, engine verification, and Systems
-
Oil temperature and oil pressure limits
-
Operating limits for the oil temperature and oil pressure. Cylinder head temperature
-
ignition system check and other systems
-
power limits
-
fast power-change avoidance
-
Operation of the mixture control
Electrical asset
-
Installation and operation of ac and dc generators
-
DC power
-
batteries, storage capacity, and load
-
Voltmeter and Amperemeter
-
Backup machines and fuses
-
electrically powered onboard systems and instruments
-
error detection
-
Method malfunctions
Vacuum asset
-
components
-
pumps
-
filter asset
-
error detection
-
Pneumatically operated instruments
-
malfunction procedure
onboard instruments
-
pitot-tube, functional principle
-
Pitot Tube, Basics, and Construction
-
Static Print Accepting Point
-
-
-
Moisture Discharge Openings (drain openings)
-
Pressure probes heating
-
Error by blocking or leaks
Fahrtmesser
-
Working and Construction
-
Total print and static print ratio
-
Definitions of displayed, adjusted, and true flight speed (IAS, CAS, TAS)
-
instrumentsError
-
airspeed information, color labeling
-
Pilot operability check
Altimeter
-
Working and Construction
-
Air Pressure Adjustment Scale Task
-
print height
-
true height
-
International Default atmosphere
-
airsurface
-
Display (threepointer)
-
instrument_error
-
Checking operational readiness by the pilot
Variometer
-
Working and Construction
-
Functional Principle
-
Own Delay
-
Delay-Free Variometer
-
screen
-
pilot's operational readiness check
gyro instruments
-
basics
-
room stability
-
precession
turn pointers
-
abandonment and functional principle
-
Impact of rotation speed (RPM) of the gyro
-
display
-
Limitation speed display
-
Power
-
Libelle
-
pilot's operational readiness check
Airline indicator (Artificial Horizon)
-
Task and functional principle
-
View
-
Interpretation
-
operating limits
-
power supply
-
Checking operational readiness by the pilot
Course pointer (curl)
-
Task and Function Principle
-
Display
-
Usage in connection with the magnetic compass
-
Setting/Reaction
-
Apparent Emigration
-
Operational Limits
-
Power Supply
-
pilot's operational readiness check
Magnetcompass
-
Construction and functional principle
-
Variation and Deviation
-
Curve and Acceleration Error
-
Precautions for carrying magnetic objects
-
Operating readiness check by the pilot
Engine monitoring tools
-
Basics, display and operation of
-
oil temperature display
-
Oil Print Screen
-
cylinder-head-temperature display
-
Exhaust Temperature Display
-
Load Print Screen
-
Fuel Print Screen
-
Fuel Flow Display
-
fuel supply display (s)
-
tachometer
Other instruments
-
basics, display, and operation of
-
vacuum knife
-
Voltmeter and Amperemeter
-
Show Warnings
-
other instruments related to the airplane pattern
Airworthiness
-
valid airworthiness certificate
-
compliance with
-
regular maintenance checks
-
Compliance with the regulations of the flight manual (or equivalent documents)
-
compliance with Instructions, Operational Limits, Notice Signs
-
Flight Manual Supplement
-
Providing and storing documents
-
Technical Detection for Aircraft, Engine and Propeller
-
Recording of defects or defects Outages and technical
-
Maintenance work that pilots are allowed to perform
Mass and center of gravity
-
max-allowable mass
-
Front and rear borders, normal and useful operations
-
Determination of mass and Focus location
-
Flight Guide and Beladeplan
Flight Performance
Start
-
available startroll track and available runway
-
lifting and climbing flight
-
Consequences of mass, wind, and density height
-
Impacts of Pistenness and -neigung
-
landing flaps use
landing
-
Impact of mass, wind, density height, and approach speed
-
Use of the Landing flaps
-
Impact of slope and slope
Travel flight
-
Ratio between performance requirement and available performance
-
flight performance chart
-
Max SteigSpeed and Max Steigwinkel
-
Range and Flight Duration
-
Impact of configuration, mass, temperature, and altitude
-
decrease in flight performance at Climbing curves
-
glide
-
unfavorable influences
-
Vereisung, Regen
-
state of the cell
-
impact of flap
behavior in special cases
Plane
-
Seating and Saving seats
-
Shoulder and seat belts
-
Location and handling of the emergency equipment and emergency exits
-
fire extinguisher
-
Measures in a fire on the ground and in the air
-
engine fire, fire in the cabin and in the electrical installation
-
ice-prevention
-
airplane emergency room
-
system outages
-
carbon monoxide poisoning
-
Precautions for refuelling
-
combustible goods/pressurised containers
Flight mode
-
swirl tows
-
Aquaplaning
-
Windscherung
-
Start
-
Anflug
-
-
Air Passengers Instruction
-
Aircraft Nodreuming
-
emergency landings
-
landing gear landing
-
Notwasserung
-
Braking and Steering outage
-
start break
-
drive failure after startup
-
Landing Landing/Start-up
-
Mislanflight
HUMAN PERFORMANCE
Basics of physiology
Terms
-
Composition of atmosphere
-
Gas laws
-
breathing and bloodstream
Effects of partial pressure
-
Impact of increasing flight altitude
-
Gas Exchange
-
Hypoxie (oxygen deficiency)
-
symptoms
-
preventative
-
Cabin Pressures
-
Effects of rapid pressure drop
-
self-rescue time (Time of Useful Consciousness/TUC)
-
Use of oxygen masks and emergency descent
-
Hyperventilation
-
symptoms
-
-
Impacts of accelerations
Vision
-
Physiology of Seeing
-
Sight Limitations
-
Visual Errors
-
Optical illusions
Auditing
-
Audience Physiology
-
sensory perceptions of the inner ear (vestibularorgan)
-
spatial disorientation
-
avoiding disorientation
-
Consequences of flight altitude changes
-
The noise and loss of the auditory sense
-
hearing protections
-
Contradictions between acoustic and optical perception
Travel disease
-
Causes, Symptoms
-
Preventive measures
Fliegerische Fitness
-
medical requirements
-
Health disorders and their treatment
-
Cold Disease
-
stomach detuning
-
Drugs and Side Effects
-
Alcohol, Drugs
-
Fatigue
-
pregnancy
-
personal fitness
-
Passenger Care
-
Precautions Before flight after dives
Risk of poisoning
-
Dangerous Goods
-
Coal monoxide emission (heating systems, exhaust gases)
Basics of Psychology
The information process
-
terms of sensory perception
-
Cognitive perception
-
expectation
-
anticipation (mental anticipation of action flows)
-
Behaviors
central decision path
-
mental load, load limits
-
information sources
-
Reize and Attention
-
verbal communication
-
memory and memory assets
-
Causes For Misinterpretations
Stress
-
Causes and Impacts
-
Erregungsstatuses
-
Impact on Performance
-
detect and reduce stress
Assessment of the situation and Decision-making
-
Situation Assessment Concepts
-
Vegetable States
-
Behavior
-
Risk Assessment
-
situational awareness
-
typical decision error
-
series (chain) of bad decisions
Non-Official Table of Contents

Annex 1B practical training curriculum for the purchase of the license for private aircraft guide
(to § 4)

of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No 60, Supplement No. 60a, 27-33General The following curriculum is a guideline for the course and content of practical training. The aeroplane used in practical training must be equipped with a double tax and be suitable for training. Since it is not possible to take into account all the pattern-specific characteristics of different types of aircraft, all exercises must be carried out in accordance with the procedures described in the Aeroplane Flight Manual of the aircraft used in training.

All controls are to be avoided.
All checks must be carried out on the basis of the clearlists.
Flight training until the first solo flight
Soil instruction
-
Aircraft pattern explanation
-
Construction
-
Instrumentation
-
Control
-
clearlists
-
Operations Guide
-
Aviation clarity of the aircraft, exterior control
Let
-
Pre-flight control according to clear list
-
clear-list
rolls
-
Observation of the rest of the airfield
-
Function Checks (Clear List Application)
Controls before the start
-
performing the checks before starting according to clear list
-
departures briefing
-
Response of the emergency procedures at startup
Start
-
Watching the air gluing space
-
Endowment of the aircraft
-
Windconsider
-
aligning on the runway
-
compass control in the start direction
-
Set engine performance
-
rudder operation on startup
-
Hold the start direction
-
lifting at recommended speed
-
Steigflug after the lift and transition to the set climb speed
-
drawing in Landing flaps and landing flaps
-
Engine power throttling on climbing performance while maintaining the speed set
-
Startabort
-
simulated engine failure after startup
Note: A simulated Engine failure after takeoff may only be carried out on training flights with a flight instructor.
Climbing Flight
-
Keep track and climb speed
-
Trim
-
Engine set for best climb rate or best climb angle
-
Steigtrajectory set course with
-
15-20 degree Querneigung
-
20-30 degrees Querneigung
-
Transition to horizontal flight
Horizontal-and Curve flight
-
straight flight and horizontal flight
-
coordinated control of the movements around the transverse, longitudinal, and vertical axes
-
demonstration of the static and dynamic stability
-
Change of engine power in straight-ahead and horizontal flight
-
Increase and reduce flight speed while maintaining the height and course
-
of altitude, course and a given flight speed when the landing flaps and the landing gear are retracted and retracted
-
Trim
-
-
Increment and decrease of lift and/or resistance
Slow flight
-
at V (deep) s + 5 to + 10 kt (flight speed in each flight state + 5 to + 10 kt security)
-
in travel flight condition
-
flaps in the starting position
-
flaps in the starting position and when the door is extended
-
Reduced effectiveness of slow-flight control units
-
Height, flight speed and direction as well as engine power correction
Curve flight
-
Curves with 30 degrees and 45 degrees transverse inclination, left and right, 90 degrees, 180 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, Degree
-
Hold
-
pre-specified flight altitude
-
safe flight speed while increasing the speed of rotation under Due to load multiple
-
the same lateral position and rotation
-
Magnetic Compass Rotation Error
-
Termination on preset courses
-
direct transition from left to right curve and vice versa.
Exercises based on floor markers
-
Rectangle above ground
-
WindvorHold Angle
-
Split and Consider Wind Offset
-
Keep the pre-specified flight height
-
two full circles around a reference point
-
Initiate, Height and Speed Control, Exit
-
S-Curves above a straight leader
-
balance of the wind influence.
Sinkflug
-
-
Keep track and descent rate
-
Trim
-
Vergas-preheating
-
best sinkrate
-
best glide angle
-
Sinkflug with and without motor power in straight ahead and cornering
-
Transition from sink-to horizontal flight
Placement round
... (non-representable graphic,
found: BAnz. 2006, Supplement No. 60a, page 29)
1
Start
2
Steigflug to at least 200 ft GND before the first change of direction is performed due to local preferences
3
Steigflight curve up to 20 degrees transverse inclination, 90 degrees-direction change to cross-departure under wind-taking into account
4
Steigflug up to at least 600 ft GND
5
At the turning point 90 degrees curve up to a maximum of 30 degrees transverse inclination to the Counter-approach parallel to the starting and landing direction
6
Travel flight conditions
7
Reduce the speed and setting of the landing flaps into the first position, preheating the gasifier
8
Ggf. Running out of the chassis
9
At the turning point: 90 degree curve up to a maximum of 30 degrees transverse approach to cross approach with wind taking into account
10
Initiate Sinkflug
11
At the turning point: 90 degrees curve up to a maximum of 30 degrees of transverse inclination to the final flight. Deviations in the order of the exercises 7-11 due to local conditions or the specifics of the airplane pattern are permissible.
12
Landekontrolle laut clearlist
13
landing
-
For rear-wheel aircraft: Three-point landings and wheel landing
-
On Bugradflugwitnesses: Main
and landing
-
Set Full Engine power
-
Flight position correction
-
Reducing resistances by driving in Landing flaps and landing gear
-
Steigflug
-
Landen and subsequent Restart
-
Trim neutral
-
flaps in start position
Termination of flight
-
Rerolls to Absite
-
Control after landing (clear list application)
-
engine shut down according to Clearlist
-
Safety of the aircraft according to clear list
Special flight conditions
The flight altitude should be at least 3,000 feet above ground.
-
Overdraw and straight-out with the side ruder up to tilt with and without motor power with a Minimum height loss at
-
airplane in flight condition
-
airplane with landing flaps in approach position
-
airplane with landing flaps in approach and Extended landing gear
-
timely detection and termination of the tipping and preventing further development of the
-
Flight exercises in the area of the overlap in
-
Climbing Curves with 10-30 degrees Querneigung and landing flaps in the starting position (simulated start) up to the first signs of flow demolition and/or the triggering of the overdraft warning system
End exercise without losing or losing
-
Sinkflight curves with 10-30 degrees Transverse inclination, landing flaps in approach position and landing gear (simulated approach) up to the first signs of flow demolition and/or the triggering of the overdraft warning system
End the exercise without tilting or increasing the sinkrate
Spend at least 45 degrees and from ascent/sinking
-
top speed limit
Recognizing and ending incipient spiral-storm flights
-
reduce engine power (idling)
-
correct lateral position (neutral) and soft intercept
glide
initiate
direction
Sinkrate Control
Exit
Page gliding
in case of emergency situations
Behavior in case of distemper Compliance with the operating manual
Control of electrical fuses and/or Power-on of backup machines
chassis emergency exit (if present)
engine and equipment disruptions
Unexpected weather degradation
fire
solo flight
Erlangen The flying skills
Start and landing
-
with side wind
-
with different weight states (max. Loading)
-
with side slide
-
without help of the landing flaps
-
on assumed limited space
-
at dusk
Target ands
-
Target locations from the space round with and without motor help
-
Set within 100 m after landing
-
finish at least 600 m (2000 ft) without motor help
-
Set within 150 m after the Landing
landing exercises with flight instructor from different heights
-
with Motor help
-
Selection of a suitable terrain from a safe height
-
Overflight of the terrain to determine details, then
-
round-round and End-of-
-
without engine assistance The emergency procedures (emergency measures, search for a reason, measures shortly before landing) are carried out according to the flight manual. The emergency measures must be fully mastered. The use of the emergency clearlist is to be integrated in a meaningful way into the flight path.
-
Speed for Best Glead (Trim)
-
Selection of an appropriate terrain under consideration des Windes
-
Arrival Division
-
Emergency clearlist application
-
Simulated discontinuation of an emergency or urgent call
-
Procedure just before the
: External landing exercises may only be practiced with flight instructors, with strict observance of the avoidance of danger to humans and animals. They are to be carried out in a pass-through process without setting up. A special approval by the competent national aviation authority is required for the lower level of the security minimum.
Overland flight instruction
-
Small Orientation
-
Flight by default courses
-
Orientation in unfavorable viewing conditions
-
probable and actual Arrival Time
-
Planned deviation from the given course
-
Use of Catch Lines
-
Placing in the Space Round
-
ways to avoid Aircraft Noise
Instruction in the use of radio navigation aids
-
Use of onboard Radio navigation means, VOR, ADF or GPS
-
Use of ground-based services such as VHF-Peiler (VDF) and Radar
-
Transponders use
Note: The duration of the instruction should be at least 90 minutes. The instruction can be carried out on a synthetic flight training device, § 14 1. DV LuftPersV remains unaffected. The training period on a synthetic flight training device does not count towards the required flight training time in accordance with § 1 (3) LuftPersV.
On-and departures with landing on other than the training airfield
-
radio communications according to the prescribed procedures
-
Orientation and Approach
-
Height-knife setting
-
Watching the airspace, if necessary timely evasive
-
spacers of other Air traffic
-
Place round
-
charted characters and, if necessary, Light signals
-
landing at airfield
-
Orientation on the airfield
-
Signs and possibly Light signals
-
Coff of the aircraft
-
departure while complying with the prescribed procedures
An- and departures by landing at airports with air traffic control
-
radio communications according to the
-
Orientation and approach in the control zone
-
Follow air navigation instructions
-
altimeter setting
-
Watching the airspace, if necessary timely evasive
-
spacers of other Air traffic
-
charted characters and if necessary Light signals
-
landing at airfield
-
Orientation on airfield
-
chars and air navigation instructions
-
possibly Light signals
-
Departure of the aircraft
-
Flight handling technique
-
Abflug on the flight safety route
Exercises up to exam maturity with and without flight instructor up to safe mastery
-
Flight exercises according to § 1 para. 4 Nr. 1-9 LuftPersV
-
Overland flight according to § 1 para. 4 No. 10 LuftPersV
-
Repeat flight drills according to Appendix 1B
-
at least 10 solo starts and 10 solo landings on at least three other airfields than the training aerodrome
-
Landungen on different piste coverings (grass, concrete/asphalt)
Note: Simulated engine failure after launch and outdoor exercises may only be done with flight instructor
Note: Set up and launch the flight ticket in a solo flight shall only be permitted if the flight instructor has given a flight order and is present at the airfield. Non-official table of contents

Appendix 1C Theoretical test for the purchase of the license for private aircraft guide
(to § 4)

Original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 34
1.
The acceptance of the theoretical test is due to the To apply for the training manager of the training establishment/training institution for the applicant at the competent authority.
2.
This examination is a written or computer-aided examination in the seven subjects listed below and may, at the discretion of the competent authority, be filed on one or more days. Several examination subjects can be combined. An exam consists of at least 120 questions. The predominant part of the examination must consist of multiple choice questions according to the respective valid official questionnaire. The following machining times must not be exceeded:
Hours of machining time. (maximum)
Air laws, air traffic and air traffic control rules, including mobile air service legislation 1:15
Navigation, Flugleistung and Planning 1:30
Meteorology 0:30
Aerodynamics 0:45
General Aviation Knowledge, Technology 1:00
Behavior in special cases 0:30
Mental performance 0:30
total 6:00
3.
A test subject is considered to have passed when the applicant in this At least 75% of the possible score has been reached. Points may only be awarded for correct answers.
4.
A practical speaking radio test on the ground must be carried out separately if the applicant does not already have the right to speak. of a flying radio certificate.
5.
The office test of about 30 minutes duration per applicant includes the practical handling of the voice radio traffic under the assumption A flight according to visual flight rules either in German (BZF II) or in German and English, as well as reading a text in English and translating into German (BZF I). The wireless communication can be carried out for several applicants.
Unofficial table of contents

Annex 1D Practical Examination for the purchase of the license for private aircraft guide
(to § 4)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 35-39
1.
The acceptance of the practical test is due to the To apply for the training manager of the training establishment/training institution for the applicant at the competent authority.
2.
The applicant has the practical test to be deposited on a model of aircraft used in training from the class of aircraft used in training. The aircraft used in the practical test shall comply with the requirements for carrying out the practical test. The duration of the flight shall be approximately 60 minutes.
3.
The examiner must discuss the examination program in the guidelines with the applicant before the flight.
4.
The applicant has to execute the aircraft from the seat from which he can carry out the activity of the responsible pilot. The test flight shall be carried out as if the applicant is the only pilot on board. The responsibility for the flight execution is determined in accordance with § 4 paragraph 4 LuftVG.
5.
The auditor should not participate in the implementation of the flight, unless: it is necessary to intervene for safety reasons or to avoid unacceptable delays for other air traffic participants.
6.
The flight path for the Overland flight is selected by the reviewer. The flight may end on the starting airfield or any other airfield. The applicant is responsible for the planning of the flight and has to ensure that all equipment and documentation for the implementation of the flight are on board. The overland flight may, in consultation with the applicant and the examiner, be carried out as a separate flight.
7.
If the applicant is to carry out the practical test for the If the examiner is not able to cancel the test, the entire check must be repeated. If the check is canceled for reasons justified for the auditor, only the sections that are not executed are to be checked in another flight.
8.
The applicant can repeat every exercise and every procedure. The auditor may cancel the check at any time if the applicant's flying abilities indicate that the entire check must be repeated.
9.
The Applicants must demonstrate the following skills:
-
Conducting the aircraft within the Operating limits
-
calm and exact execution of all exercises
-
good Judgment and conduct as an airman (airmanship)
-
Application of aeronautical knowledge and control of the aircraft at any point in the flight, so that the successful execution of a procedure or exercise is at no time seriously endangered.
10.
The individual sections and exercises of the Practical tests are evaluated with "passed" or "not passed". If an exercise does not pass in a review section, this section is considered to be unpassed. If more than one examination section is not passed, the applicant must repeat the entire examination. An applicant who does not have only one review section must repeat only the non-passed part. If a section does not pass in the repeat check, the entire check is to be repeated. This also applies to sections that were passed in a previous attempt.
11.
The following tolerances are general guide values. Turbulence, flight characteristics and flight control of the used aircraft design shall be taken into account by the inspector:
 a) Control course:
-normal flight +-10 degrees
b) flight altitude
-normal flight +-150 ft
c) speeds:
-Start and approach + 15 kt/-5 kt
-all other flight states +-15




Audit evidence
Practical audit to acquire the license for private aircraft guide
gem. § 1 LuftPersV

Applicator's name and first name: ..............................................
Address: ...................................................................

I. Test Flight

Aircraft Pattern: ................................. Tag: ...............
Departure location: ...................................... Start Time: .................
Destination: ........................................ Landezeit: .................
flight time:

II. Result of



...............................
. Passed/Not passed *.
...............................

III.




..........................
Location and date Signature of the valiant

.......................... ............................
Reviewer No. Name in print letter

* Not applicable

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
section 1 I Rating
Flight preparation and departure I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Use of the clear list, behavior as an air driver (Leading the I
aircraft with visibility to the outside, ice-prevention/de-icing-I
procedures, etc.) apply to all sections I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a I Flight preparation and flying weather consulting I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I Calculation of mass, center of gravity, and flight performance I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
c I Control and deployment of the aircraft I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
d I Anging the engines and procedures after starting I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
e I roles, aerodrome procedures, procedures before start I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
f I Start and checks after start I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
g I Departure Procedure I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I Air Traffic Control Unit-compliance with the
h I air traffic procedures, I
I radiocommunications I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 2 I Rating
General flight exercises I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I Link to air traffic control center-Compliance with
a I Air Traffic Procedures, I
I Mobile Radio Procedures I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I straight forward and horizontal flight for different I
I speeds I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
c I Steigflug: I
I i. Best climb speed I
I ii. Rowing flight curves I
I iii. Transition to horizontal flight I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
d I curves (with 30 degrees transverse inclination) I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
e I steep curves (with 45 degrees of transverse inclination) (including I
I detect and end a critical flight condition) I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
f I lower speed limit states with I
I and without landing flaps I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
g I Overdrawn flight condition: I
I i. In travel flight configuration and exit with engine help I
I ii. In LandeConfiguration and Exit with Engine Help I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 3 I Rating
Overland Flight I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a I Flight implementation plan, coupling navigation, use of the I
I Navigation Cards I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I Level of flight altitude, control course, and flight speed
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I Orientation, calculation, and correction of I
c I expected arrival times I
I (Estimated Time of Arrival/ETA), flight I
I performance plan I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I flight management (controls, fuel supply) and I
I test on gasifier icing, etc.) Link to I
d I Air traffic control body-compliance with the I
I air traffic procedures, I
I radiocommunications I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 4 I Rating
Anflight and landing procedures I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a I Anflugverfahren I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I * Target landing (landing on short slopes), I
I Page wind landing, if appropriate conditions are available
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
c I * landing without landing flaps I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
d I * Landing approach without motor aid I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
e I Start from low height I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I Air Traffic Control Unit-compliance with the
f I air traffic procedures, I
I radiocommunications I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
g I Activities after completion of flight I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 5 I Rating
Extraordinary and Emergency Procedures I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a I * Simulated Notlan Exercise I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I Simulated Emergencies I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------



*) Some of these exercises can be combined at the discretion of the flight auditor
.
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 2A curriculum for practical instruction to acquire class authority for travel motor segler
(to § 5)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 40-45 General
The following curriculum is a guideline for the procedure and the contents of the practical instruction. The motor sailer used in practical training must be fitted with a double tax and be suitable for training. Since it is not possible to take into account all the pattern-specific characteristics of different motor segment patterns, all the exercises according to the instructions given in the flight manual of the motor sealer used in the training are on the market. In all exercises, the setting and operation of the engine must be monitored. Unnecessary aircraft noise should be avoided. All checks must be carried out on the basis of the clearlists.
Flight training up to solo flight
Soil instruction
-
Travel Engine Segment Pattern Statement
-
Construction
-
Instrumentation
-
Control
-
clearlists
-
Operations Manual
-
Flight clarity of motor sealer, exterior control
Anclasses
-
pre-flight control according to clear list
-
Clear List
Roles
-
Observation of the rest of the aerodrome
-
functional checks (exclusive application of the Clear list)
Controls before the start
-
perform the checks prior to launch in accordance with Clear list
-
departure briefing
-
emergency response at startup response
Start
-
Anflugluftraumes Observe
-
Travel Engine sealer
-
Wind_consideration
-
Alignment on the runway
-
Compass Control in Startup Direction
-
Engine Performance Set
-
power-on power-on
-
holding startup direction
-
Lift up at recommended speed
-
climb after lifting and transition to the set Climbing speed
-
moving the landing gear and moving in the landing flaps
-
throttling the engine performance on climb performance while maintaining the fixed speed
-
Startabort
-
simulated engine failure after startup
Note: A simulated Engine failure after takeoff may only be carried out on training flights with a flight instructor.
Climbing Flight
-
Keep track and climb speed
-
Trim
-
Engine setting for best climb rate or best climb angle
-
Climbing Curves default rates with
-
15-20 degree Querneigung
-
20-30 degrees Querneigung
-
Transition to horizontal flight
Horizontal-and Curve flight
-
Straight horizontal flight
-
coordinated control of the movements around the transverse, longitudinal, and vertical axes
-
demonstration of the static and dynamic stability
-
Change of engine power in straight-line and horizontal flight
-
Increase and reduce flight speed while maintaining the height and course
-
of altitude, course and a pre-determined flight speed when driving out and running the chassis
-
Trim
-
-
Increment and decrease of lift and/or resistance
Slow flight
-
at V (deep) s + 5 to + 10 kt (travel speed of the motor sealer in each flight state + 5 to + 10 kt safety)
-
in travel flight condition
-
in approach configuration
-
Reduced effectiveness of the control organs in the Slow flight
-
Hold altitude, flight speed and direction, and engine performance correction
Curve flight
-
Curves with 30 degrees and 45 degrees transverse inclination, left and right, 90 degrees, 180 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, Degree
-
Hold
-
predefined flight altitude
-
safe flight speed while increasing the speed of rotation while paying attention to the load multiple
-
equal cross position and rotation speed
-
rotation error of Magnetic Compass
-
Terminate on pre-set courses
-
direct transition from links- to the right curve and vice versa.
Sinkflug
-
Initiation
-
Hold Course and Sinkflight Speed
-
Trim
-
carburetors preheating
-
best sinkrate
-
best glide angle
-
Sinkflug mit und ohne Motorkraft im Geradeaus-und im cornerflug
-
Transition from the Sink-in den Horizontal flight
Space round
... (non-representable graphic,
site: BAnz. 2006, Supplement No. 60a, page 42)
1
Start
2
Steigflug to at least 200 ft GND before the first change of direction is performed due to local preferences
3
Steigflight curve up to 20 degrees transverse inclination, 90 degrees-direction change to cross-departure under wind-taking into account
4
Steigflug up to at least 600 ft GND
5
At the inflection point; 90 degrees curve up to a maximum of 30 degrees transverse inclination to the Counter-approach parallel to the starting and landing direction
6
Travel flight conditions
7
Reduce of the speed, preheating of the gasifier
8
Driving out (if necessary)
9
At the turning point: 90 degree curve up to a maximum of 30 degrees transverse approach to wind-taking into account
10
Initiate Sinkflug
11
At the turning point: 90 degrees curve up to a maximum of 30 degrees of transverse inclination to the final flight. Deviations in the order of the exercises 7-11 due to local conditions or the particularities of the motor sealer are permissible.
12
Landekontrolle laut Clearlist
13
Landing
Start and Landen
-
Launch
-
Set Full Engine Performance
-
Flight Location Correction
-
Decreasing the resistance by driving
-
climbing flight
-
Trimming neutral
-
Landen and subsequent restart
Exit Flight
-
After landing (clear application of the clear list)
-
Rerolls to Absite
-
Dress-up of the engine according to clear list
-
Saving the travel motor sealer according to clear list
Special flight conditions
-
Overdraw and straight-out with the side ruder up to tipping with and without motor power with a minimum height loss at
-
in travel flight condition
-
mit/without Brems-/dampers in approach and extended chassis
-
timely detection and End tipping and preventing further
-
Flight exercise in the area of the overlap
-
Steigflight curve with 10-30 degrees transverse inclination (simulated start) up to the first signs of flow demolition and/or the triggering of the overdraft warning system
-
Exit exercise without losing or losing
-
Sink flight curve with 10-30 degrees transverse inclination, chassis extended (simulated approach) to the first signs of flow demolition and/or the triggering of the overdraft warning system
-
End the exercise without tilting or increasing the sinkrate
-
Spend at least 45 degrees and from ascent/sinking
-
upper speed range limit
-
Recognizing and ending incipient spiral-storm flights
-
reduce engine power (idling)
-
correct lateral position (neutral) and soft intercept
page glide
-
initiate
-
keep direction
-
sinkrate control
-
Exit
-
Page Sliding Hazards
Behavior in case of emergency situations
-
Behavior in case of emergency situations in compliance with the operating manual
-
Control of the electrical fuses or Power-on of backup machines
-
Notausride des Chassis (if any)
-
Engine and equipment disruptions
-
unexpected Weather degradation
-
Fire eruption
Single flight
solo flights within sight of the starting airfield
Erlangen airplane skills
and Landen
-
with side wind
-
with max. Loading
-
with side slide
-
on assumed limited space
-
at dusk
destination andungen
-
Landings from the space round with and without motor help, as well as the engine with and without flight instructor
-
Set up within 100 m after landing
-
Target sand at least 600 m (2000 ft) above ground with the engine or engine in idle with and without flight instructor
-
Set up within 150 m after landing
: Coff of the engine in the case of single flights, if security concerns are in conflict with that. Safety concerns are, for example: bad engine response, critical obstacles in the approach sector, critical location of the airfield (e.g. slope edge).
outdoor exercises with flight instructor from different heights
-
with motor help
-
Selection of an appropriate terrain from a safe height
-
The overflight of the terrain to determine Details, then
-
Round and Endane
-
without motor help Emergency procedures (emergency measures, search for causes, measures shortly before landing) shall be carried out in accordance with the flight manual. The emergency measures must be managed by heart. The use of the emergency clearlist is to be integrated into the flight path in a meaningful way.
-
speed for best sliding
-
selecting a suitable site, taking into account the Windes
-
Trim Trim
-
Application Emergency clearlist
-
Simulated setting of emergency or emergency call
-
Method just before
: external landing exercises may only be practiced with flight instructors, with strict observance of the avoidance of endangerment of humans and animals. They are to be carried out in a pass-through process without setting up. For the undershooting of the minimum safety level, special approval by the competent national aviation authority is required.
exercises up to exam maturity with and without flight instructor until safe control
Note: Simuated Engine failure after takeoff and external landing exercises may only be carried out with flight instructor.
Note: If the flight instructor has issued a flight order for this purpose, it is only permissible to set up and start the flight ticket in a solo flight, and is present at the airfield. Unofficial Table Of Contents

Appendix 2B Practical test to acquire class authority for travel engine segler
(to § § 5 and 9)

Fundstelle of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 46-50
1.
The acceptance of the practical test is due to the Instructor/training instructor for the applicant to apply to the competent authority.
2.
The applicant has the practical test on a motor sailer of the model of the motor segment of the motor vehicle used in the training. The motor sailer used in the practical test must meet the requirements for practical testing. The duration of the flight shall be approximately 30 to 45 minutes for holders of a private aircraft licence licence, for holders of a licence for gliders, for approximately 60 minutes.
3.
Before the flight, the examiner has to discuss the examination program in the guidelines with the applicant.
4.
The applicant has to guide the motor sailor from the seat from which he can carry out the activity of the pilot. The test flight shall be carried out as if the applicant is the only pilot on board. The responsibility for the flight execution is determined in accordance with § 4 paragraph 4 LuftVG.
5.
The auditor should not participate in the implementation of the flight, unless: it is necessary to intervene for safety reasons or to avoid unacceptable delays for other air users.
6.
The flight may be on the Start airfield or another airfield end. The applicant is responsible for the planning of the flight and has to ensure that all equipment and documentation for the implementation of the flight are on board.
7.
If the applicant is to cancel the practical test for reasons not justified for the examiner, the entire check should be repeated. If the check is canceled for reasons justified for the auditor, only the sections that are not executed are to be checked in another flight.
8.
The applicant can repeat every exercise and every procedure. The auditor may cancel the check at any time if the applicant's flying abilities indicate that the entire check must be repeated.
9.
The Applicants have to prove the following skills:
-
Guide of the motor sealer within the Operating limits
-
calm and exact execution of all exercises
-
good Judgment and conduct as an air driver (airmanship)
-
Application of aeronautical knowledge and control of the motor sailer at any point in time of the Fluges, so that the successful execution of a procedure or exercise is at no time seriously endangered.
10.
The individual exercises of the practical Checking with " passed " (b) or " Failed " (nb). If an exercise does not pass in a review section, this section is considered to be unpassed. If more than one examination section is not passed, the applicant must repeat the entire examination. An applicant who does not have only one review section must repeat only the non-passed part. If a section does not pass in the repeat check, the entire check is to be repeated. This also applies to sections that were passed in a previous attempt.
11.
The following tolerances are general guide values. Turbulences, flight characteristics and flight characteristics of the motor sealer used are taken into account by the inspector.
a) Control course:
-normal flight +-10 degrees
b) flight altitude
- normal flight +-150 ft
c) speeds:
-Start and approach + 15 kt/-5 kt
-all other flight conditions +-15 kt




Audit evidence
Practical test to acquire class authority for travel engine segler
gem. § § 3a and 40a LuftPersV
The name and first name of the applicant: ..............................................................
Address: ...................................................................
license for ..................................... No ...........................

Audit flight

Travel motor segment pattern: ........................ Identifier: ................
Departure location: ..................................... Start Time: ..................
Destination: ....................................... Landezeit: ..................
Flight time: ..............................................

Audit Result
...............................
. Passed/failed *.
................................
Notices




..............................
location and date Auditor's signature
..............................
Auditor No. Name in print letter

* Delete non-applicable

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 1 I Rating
Flight Preparation and departure I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Use of the clear list, behavior as an air driver (driving the I
travel engine sealer with visibility to the outside, ice-prevention/de-icing
processes, etc.) apply to all sections I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a I Flight preparation and flight weather advice I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I Calculation of mass, center of gravity, and flight performance I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
c I control and provision of the aircraft I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
d I Anclasses of the engine and the procedure after the start of the engine I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
e I Roles, Airfield Procedures, Before Start I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
f I Start and Controls after start I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
g I departure procedure I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I Air Traffic Control Unit-compliance with the
h I air traffic procedures, I
I radiocommunications I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 2 I Rating
General flight exercises I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I Link to air traffic control body-Compliance with
a I air traffic procedures, I
I Radio procedure I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I straight ahead and horizontal flight at different I
I speeds I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
c I Steigflug: I
I i. Best climb speed I
I ii. Rowing flight curves I
I iii. Transition to horizontal flight I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
d I curves (with 30 degrees transverse inclination) I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
e I steep curves (with 45 degrees of transverse inclination) (including I
I detect and end a critical flight condition) I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
f I lower speed limit conditions I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
g I Overdrawn flight state in travel configuration and I
I end with and without motor help I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 3 I Rating
Overland Flight I B/NB
Only to be checked if the class adjustment is acquired according to I
§ 40a LuftPersV. I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a I Flight implementation plan, coupling navigation, use of the I
I navigation maps I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
B I Flight Altitude, Control Course, and Flight Speed
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I Orientation, calculation and correction of I
c I expected arrival times I
I (Estimated Time of Arrival/ETA), driving the flight-I
I transit plan I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I Flight management (controls, fuel supply, and I
I test on gasifier icing, etc.), connection to I
d I Air Traffic Control Unit-Compliance with the I
I Air Traffic and Speech Radio Procedures I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 4 I Evaluation
Anflug and landing procedures I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a I approach I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I * Target landing (landing on short slopes), I
I Page wind landing, if appropriate conditions are available
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
c I * Landean without motor help I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
d I Starting from low height I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I Link to the air traffic control center-compliance with the
e I air traffic procedures, I
I radiocommunications I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
f I Activities after completion of flight I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 5 I Rating
Extraordinary and Emergency Procedures I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a I * Simulated Notlan Exercise I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I Simulated Emergencies I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------



*) Some of these exercises can be combined at the discretion of the flight auditor
.
Non-official table of contents

Annex 3A Curriculum for the practical instruction to acquire class authorization for single-engine land aircraft Piston engine with a maximum mass of more than 750 kilograms of
(to § 6)

Site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No 60, Supplement No. 60a, 51-56The practical instruction is on a four-seater aircraft of the class equipped with a double tax and suitable for the training of single-engine country aircraft with a piston engine with a maximum flying mass. of more than 750 kg.
General
The following curriculum is a guideline for the flow and content of the practical instruction. Since it is not possible to take into account all the pattern-specific characteristics of different types of aircraft, all the exercises shall be carried out in accordance with the procedures described in the Aeroplane Flight Manual of the aircraft used in the training. In all exercises, the setting and operation of the engine must be monitored. Unnecessary aircraft noise should be avoided. All checks must be carried out on the basis of the clearlists.
Flight training up to solo flight
Soil instruction
-
The aircraft pattern explanation
-
Construction
-
Instrumentation
-
Control
-
clearlists
-
Operations Manual
-
airplane clarity of the aircraft, external control
Anclasses
-
pre-flight control according to clear list
-
Clear List
Roles
-
Observation of the rest of the aerodrome
-
functional checks (exclusive application of the Clear list)
Controls before the start
-
perform the checks prior to launch in accordance with Clear list
-
departure briefing
-
emergency response at startup response
Start
-
Anflugluftraumes Observe
-
Aircraft locations
-
Wind_consideration
-
Alignment on the runway
-
Compass Control in Startup Direction
-
Engine Performance Set
-
power-on power-on
-
holding startup direction
-
Lift up at recommended speed
-
climb after lifting and transition to the set Climbing speed
-
moving the landing gear and moving in the landing flaps
-
throttling the engine performance on climb performance while maintaining the fixed speed
-
Startabort
-
simulated engine failure after startup
Note: A simulated Engine failure after takeoff may only be carried out on training flights with a flight instructor.
Climbing Flight
-
Keep track and climb speed Trim engine adjustment for the best climb rate or the best climb angle (maximum height gain on a very short distance) Distance)
-
Ascending Flight Curves to predetermined courses
-
15-20 degrees Querneigung
-
20-30 degrees Querneigung
-
Transition to Horizontal Flight
Horizontal and Curve Flight
-
Straight horizontal flight
-
coordinated control of the movements around transverse, longitudinal and High Axis
-
Static and Dynamic Stability Demonstration
-
Change of the Powertrain performance in straight horizontal flight
-
Increase and decrease the speed of flight while maintaining height and course
-
Deals of height, course, and a predetermined flight speed when the landing flaps and the landing gear are moved out and down
-
Trim
-
Hazards
-
Increment and decrease of lift and/or resistance
Slow flight
-
at V (deep) s + 5 to + 10 kt (speed of the aircraft in each configuration + 5 to + 10 kt security supplement)
-
in travel flight condition
-
flaps in start position
-
flaps in the starting position and when the chassis is moved out
-
Reduced effectiveness of the control organs at the Slow flight
-
Hold altitude, flight speed and direction, and engine performance correction
Curve flight
-
Curves with 30 degrees and 45 degrees transverse inclination, left and right, 90 degrees, 180 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, Degree
-
Hold
predefined flight altitude
safe flight speed while increasing the speed of rotation while respecting the load multiple
equal to lateral position and rotation speed
-
magnetic compass rotation error
-
Finish on pre-set course
-
direct transition from left to right curve and vice versa
Sinkflug
-
Initiate
-
Keep Course and Sinkflight Speed
-
Trim
-
Vergaservorwarming
-
best sinkrate
-
best glide angle
-
Sinkflug mit und ohne Motorkraft im Geradeaus-und im cornerflug
-
Transition from the Sink-in den Horizontal flight
Space round
... (non-representable graphic,
site: BAnz. 2006, Supplement No. 60a, page 53)
1
Start
2
Steigflug to at least 200 ft GND before the first change of direction is performed due to local preferences
3
Steigflight curve up to 20 degrees transverse inclination, 90 degrees-direction change to cross-departure under wind consideration 4 climbing flight up to at least 600 ft GND
4
At the turning point; 90 degree curve up to a maximum of 30 degrees transverse inclination parallel to the start and line direction
5
Travel Flight Conditions
6
Reduce the speed and place the landing flaps in the first position, Operate gasifier preheating
7
Driving out (if present)
8
At the turning point: 90 Degree curve up to a maximum of 30 degrees transverse inclination for cross-flight taking into account
9
Initiate sinking
10
At the turning point: 90 degrees-curve up to a maximum of 30 degrees transverse inclination to end-flight. Deviations in the order of the exercises 7-11 due to local conditions or the specifics of the airplane pattern are permissible.
11
Landekontrolle laut clearlist
12
landing
-
For Heckrad-aircraft: Three-point landing and wheel landing
-
On Bugrad-Aircraft: Main
and landing
-
Set Full Engine Performance
-
Flight Location Correction
-
Steigflug
-
Landen and subsequent restart
-
Trimming neutral
-
Flaps in Start
Exit the flight
-
Rerolls to Absite
-
Control after landing (application of the Clear list)
-
Points of the engine according to the clear list
-
Save the aircraft in accordance with Clearlist
Special flight conditions
-
Overdraw and straight-out with the side ruder up to Tilting with and without motor power with a minimum height loss at
-
aircraft in the Travel flight condition
-
Airplane with landing flaps in approach
-
airplane with Landing flaps in approach and extended landing gear
-
Right-time detection and termination of the tipping and prevent further development to the Towing
-
Flight exercise in the area of the overlap
-
Steigflight curve with 10-30 degree transverse inclination and landing flaps in the starting position (simulated start) up to the first signs of flow demolition and/or the triggering of the Overdraw warning
-
End of exercise without losing or losing
-
Sink flight curve with 10-30 degrees transverse inclination, landing flaps in approach position and landing gear (simulated approach) up to the first signs of flow demolition and/or the triggering The
-
Overdraw warning
End of exercise, without tilting or the sinking rate
-
upper speed limit
-
Recognizing and ending incipient spiral-storm flights
-
reduce engine power (idling)
-
correct lateral position (neutral) and soft intercept
-
erasable of at least 45 degrees and from climb/descent
page gliding style="font-weight:normal; font-style:normal; text-decoration:none; ">
-
initiate
-
directional
-
sinkrate control
-
Exit
-
Page Sliding Hazards
Behavior in case of emergency situations
-
Engine disruptions during startup and before reaching the security minimum height
-
Behavior in case of emergency situations in compliance with the operating manual
-
Control of electrical backups or Power-on of backup machines
-
chassis emergency exit (if any)
-
engine and equipment disruptions
-
unexpected weather degradation
-
fire break
solo flight
Erlangen airy skills
Start and landing
-
with sidewind
-
with max. Payload
-
with side gliding
-
without landing flaps
-
on assumed limited space
-
at dusk
destination andungen
-
Target locations from the space round with and without motor help
-
Set up within 100 m after landing
-
Target landing at least 600 m (2000 ft) above ground without motor help without or with side gliding
-
Set within 150 m after the landing
Outlander exercises with flight instructor from different heights
-
with motor help
-
Selection of an appropriate terrain from a safe height
-
The overflight of the terrain to determine Details, then
-
Round and Endane
-
without motor help Emergency procedures (emergency measures, search for causes, measures shortly before landing) shall be carried out in accordance with the flight manual. The emergency measures must be managed by heart. The use of the emergency clearlist is to be integrated into the flight path in a meaningful way.
-
Speed for Best Glead (Trim)
-
Selection of an appropriate terrain under consideration des Windes
-
Arrival Division
-
Emergency clearlist application
-
Simulated discontinuation of an emergency or urgent call
-
Procedure just before the
: External landing exercises may only be practiced with flight instructors, with strict observance of the avoidance of danger to humans and animals. They are to be carried out in a pass-through process without setting up. For the undershooting of the minimum safety level, special approval by the competent national aviation authority is required.
exercises up to exam maturity with and without flight instructor until safe control
Note: Simuated Engine failure after takeoff and external landing exercises may only be carried out with flight instructor.
Note: If the flight instructor has issued a flight order for this purpose, it is only permissible to set up and start the flight ticket in a solo flight, and is present at the airfield. Non-official table of contents

Appendix 3B Practical examination to acquire class authorization for single-engine country aircraft with a piston engine with a Maximum flying mass of more than 750 kilograms
(to § 6)

Site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 57-60
1.
The acceptance of the practical test is due to the To apply for a training instructor/instructor for the applicant to the competent authority.
2.
The applicant has the practical test on one in the Training of aircraft designs used. The aircraft used in the practical test shall comply with the requirements for carrying out the practical test. The duration of the flight should be about 30 to 45 minutes.
3.
The examiner has the examination program in the basic trains with the applicant before the flight.
4.
The applicant must carry out the aircraft from the seat from which he can carry out the activity of the pilot. The test flight shall be carried out as if the applicant is the only pilot on board. The responsibility for the flight execution is determined in accordance with § 4 paragraph 4 LuftVG.
5.
The auditor should not participate in the implementation of the flight, unless: it is necessary to intervene for safety reasons or to avoid unacceptable delays for other air users.
6.
The flight may be on the Start airfield or another airfield end. The applicant is responsible for the planning of the flight and has to ensure that all equipment and documentation for the implementation of the flight are on board.
7.
If the applicant is to cancel the practical test for reasons not justified for the examiner, the entire check should be repeated. If the check is canceled for reasons justified for the auditor, only the sections that are not executed are to be checked in another flight.
8.
The applicant can repeat every exercise and every procedure. The auditor may cancel the check at any time if the applicant's flying abilities indicate that the entire check must be repeated.
9.
The Applicants must demonstrate the following skills:
-
The aircraft inside the aircraft Operating limits
-
calm and exact execution of all exercises
-
good Judgment and conduct as airfare (airmanship)
-
Application of aeronautical knowledge and control of the aircraft at any point in the flight, such as that the successful execution of a procedure or exercise is at no time seriously endangered
10.
The individual exercises of the practical test will be with " passed " (b) or " Failed " (nb). If an exercise does not pass in a review section, this section is considered to be unpassed. If more than one examination section is not passed, the applicant must repeat the entire examination. An applicant who does not have only one review section must repeat only the non-passed part. If a section does not pass in the repeat check, the entire check is to be repeated. This also applies to sections that were passed in a previous attempt.
11.
The following tolerances are general guide values. Turbulence, flight characteristics and flight characteristics of the used aircraft pattern shall be taken into account by the inspector:
a) Control course:
-normal flight +-10 degrees
b) flight altitude
- normal flight +-150 ft
c) speeds:
-Start and approach + 15 kt/-5 kt
-all other flight conditions +-15 kt




Audit Evidence
Practical test to acquire class authority for single-engine
landing aircraft with a maximum-flight mass of more than
750 kilograms in weight. § 3b LuftPersV
The name and first name of the applicant: ..............................................................
Address: ...................................................................

1. Test Flight

Aircraft Pattern: ................................ Identifier: ................
Departure location: ..................................... Start Time: ..................
Destination: ....................................... Landezeit: ..................
Flight time: ......................................

I. Check Result
...............................
. Passed/Not passed *.
...............................
II.




................................
Location and date Signature of the tester
.............................. ............................
Test # Name in print letter

* Not applicable

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 1 I Rating
Flight preparation and departure I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Use of the clear list, behavior as an air driver (lead of the I
aircraft with view to the outside, ice prevention/de-icing I
procedures, etc.) apply to all sections I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a I Flight preparation and flying weather consulting I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I Calculation of mass, center of gravity, and flight performance I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
c I Control and deployment of the aircraft I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
d I Anging of the engine and the method after starting I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
e I Roles, aerodrome procedures, procedures before start I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
f I Start and checks after start I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
g I Departure Procedure I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I Air Traffic Control Unit-compliance with the
h I air traffic procedures, I
I radiocommunications I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 2 I Rating
General flight exercises I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I Link to air traffic control center-Compliance with
a I Air Traffic Procedures, I
I Mobile Radio Procedures I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I straight forward and horizontal flight for different I
I speeds I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
c I Steigflug: I
I i. Best climb speed I
I ii. Rowing flight curves I
I iii. Transition to horizontal flight I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
d I curves (with 30 degrees transverse inclination) I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
e I steep curves (with 45 degrees of transverse inclination) (including I
I detect and end a critical flight condition) I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
f I lower speed limit states I
I with and without landing flaps I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
g I Overdrawn flight condition: I
I i. In travel flight configuration and exit with engine help I
I ii. In LandeConfiguration and Exit with Engine Help I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 3 I Rating
Anflug- and landing techniques I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a I Anflugverfahren I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I * Target landing (landing on short slopes), I
I Page wind landing, if appropriate conditions are available
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
c I * landing without landing flaps I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
d I * Landing approach without motor aid I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
e I Start from low height I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I Air Traffic Control Unit-compliance with the
f I air traffic procedures, I
I radiocommunications I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
g I Activities after completion of flight I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 4 I Rating
Extraordinary and Emergency Procedures I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a I * Simulated Notlan Exercise I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I Simulated Emergencies I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------



*) Some of these exercises can be combined at the discretion of the flight auditor
.
Non-official table of contents

Annex 4A Curriculum for the supplementary theoretical training for the acquisition of the private pilot licence (aircraft) JAR-FCL 1 German
(to § 7)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 61-63 NAVIGATION
Flight planning
-
Selection of map material under Special consideration of flights to airspace of classes C and D, abroad and at night, road map under the lower airspace
-
radio navigation maps
-
weather forecasts and reports for the flight route and the Airfield
-
Use of AIP and NOTAMS
-
Connections to the air traffic control center in controlled air spaces
-
mandatory reporting points
-
creation of a ATC Flight Plan
Radio Navigation
-
Basics of Radio Technology
-
frequency spectrum
-
Modulations and modes of operation
-
Wave propagation, influence through diffraction, refraction, reflection, Scatter, attenuation, absorption, interference
-
Range depending on frequency band, transmit power, propagation medium, flight altitude (AIP
-
Undirected Funkfeuer (NDB)
-
frequency range, send types, station identifier
-
-
Automatic Radio PeilDevice (ADF)
-
ADF Asset Components
-
Functioning
-
Operation
-
View of the ads
-
Relative Bearing Indicator (page bearing, right-and mis-pointing bearing
-
Radio Magnetic
-
VOR radio fire (VOR)
-
frequency range, send types, station identifier
-
-
VOR-Bordanlage
-
Components of the VOR Asset
-
Operation
-
Operation
-
Deutung the ads
-
Radio Magnetic Indicator (Radial, Mispointing PSharing)
-
TO/FROM Display, Warning
-
Radaranlagen
-
Basics
-
Bodenradaranlagen
-
secondary radars (SSR)
-
transponder
-
Satellite Navigation (GPS)
-
frequency range
-
-
GPS-Bordanlagen
-
Components of the GPS Asset
-
Operation
-
Operation
-
Showing Ads
Applied Radio Navigation
-
Target Curve (Homing)
-
Flying a standing bearing
-
Peilsprung
-
Trip Angle
-
Corrective
-
Course Flight (Tracking)
-
Target Line (QDM/QDR)
-
peiment change
-
offset
-
correction value, corrected wind hold angle
-
distance determinations
-
Distance Measurement Equipment (DME)
-
Leveraging Navigation
-
PeilValues QDM, QDR
-
On-and off-flight procedures on a Peilstelle
technik, INSTRUMENTS
Electrical attachment
-
Voltmeter and Amperemeter
-
Backup machines and fuses
-
electrically powered onboard systems and instruments
-
error detection
vacuum system
-
components
-
error detection
-
Pneumatically operated instruments
gyroscope tools
-
Basics
-
Spatial Stability
-
precession
turn pointers
-
Task and Function Principle
-
Impact of rotation speed (RPM) of the gyro
-
screen
-
speed-speed display limit
-
Power Supply
-
Libelle
-
Pilot operational readiness check
Artificial Horizon indicator
-
Task and Function Principle
-
Show
-
Interpretation
-
Operational Limits
-
Power Supply
-
pilot's operational readiness check
Course indicator (Course Island)
-
Task and Function Principle
-
Drive Types
-
Display Counters
-
Setting/Reaction
-
Support
-
KardanErrors
-
Other Errors and Tolerances
Onboard Instruments
-
Comparison of the information shown with the other display instruments
Non-Official Table of Contents

Annex 4B Curriculum for the complementary practical training to acquire the private pilot license (aircraft) according to JAR-FCL 1 German
(to § 7)

Site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No 60, Supplement No. 60a, 64 General
The aeroplane used in practical training must be equipped with a double tax and suitable for training. In all exercises, the setting and operation of the engine must be monitored. Unnecessary aircraft noise should be avoided.
All controls must be done using the clearlists.
Training in the use of radio navigation aids
Navigation, taking into account the minimum weather conditions applicable to the airspace in question, with the sole use of one or more of the following radio navigation devices, or ground-based services
-
VOR
-
ADF
-
GPS
-
Radar
-
VDF
-
Course and Height
-
Radial Flying
-
Location specification
-
The training also has the use of the transponder
-
Fly a 180 degree reverse curve without visibility to the outside
Note 1: The training is intended to use on-board ads such as ADF, VOR and GPS as well as ground-based services such as VHF-Peiler (VDF) and radar.
Note 2: The flying without visibility to the outside is to be taught using an IFR glasses or an IFR hood (the flight pupil should not have an outside view in normal head posture). The cover of the windscreen by means of cards or other aids is not permitted. The early detection of other aircraft and the application of the evaage rules are the responsibility of the flight instructor. Non-official table of contents

Appendix 5A theoretical training curriculum for the purchase of the license for the glider guide
(to § 8)

Site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 65-79 AIRLAW
Legal basis
-
Aviation Law (LuftVG)
-
Air Traffic Approval Order (LuftVZO)
-
Air Order Order (LuftVO)
-
Aeronautical Testing Regulation (LuftGerPV)
-
Regulation on Aviation Personnel (LuftPersV)
-
Air PersV Implementing Regulations
-
Operating Regulations for Aviation Device (LuftBO)
-
AirBO Implementing Regulations
-
more laws and regulations to the extent that they are relevant to the glider guide
National and International Organization of Aviation
-
Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung (BMVBS)
-
Aviation-Bundesamt (LBA)
-
Bundesstelle für Flugaccident investigation (BFU)
-
Aviation Authorities of the countries
-
Deutsche Flugsicherung GmbH (DFS)
-
German Weather Service (DWD)
-
ICAO
-
responsibilities and tasks
-
JAA
-
responsibilities and Tasks
-
EASA
-
responsibilities and tasks
for airdrivers
-
Airfare Guide AIP
-
AIP VFR
-
Outline and
-
VFR-Bulletin
-
Air Driver Part I and II Messages (NfL I and NfL II)
-
NOTAM
-
aviation maps ICAO
airfields
-
types of airfields
-
Airspace zwang
-
outer start and outlanding
-
Notlandung
-
Security landing
Aircraft
-
types
-
Approvals
-
Checks
-
Airworthiness Statements
-
Equipment to allow approval
Aviation personnel
-
training
-
license
-
Grant
-
extension
-
extension
-
Renewal
-
Revocation, Ruby and Restriction
-
exercising the rights
-
permissions
-
Sailplane Leader Startarts
Air Traffic Participation
-
Participants in air transport obligations
-
General rules
-
Visual Air Fishing
-
airspace classification,
-
Air Traffic Control
-
Aircraft Equipment
-
general flight operating rules
-
avoidance of unnecessary aircraft noise
air traffic service
-
mobile air service legislation
-
Funkanlagen approval and approval
-
radio talk
-
Not-and urgency traffic
-
Regulation on air navigation equipment of Aircraft
The use of radio communications
In the case of flights to and from an airfield with air traffic control, either in German (BZF II) or in German and English (BZF I), using air traffic control of the stated phrases, expressions, procedures, abbreviations, including emergency and emergency procedures
Liability of the aircraft driver and the obligation to insure the aircraft holder
offences, administrative offences
NAVIGATION
Shape of Earth
-
Shape
-
Erdachse, Pole
-
extents
-
movement
Map customer
-
meridians, parallel
-
large circles, small circles, price-matching
-
Hemisphere, North/South, East/West
-
topographical airline maps
-
Projections and their properties
-
angular fidelity
-
Surface remorse (equivalency)
-
scale
Conformance cone projection (ICAO card 1 :500.000)
-
key_properties
-
buildup
-
meridian convergency
-
Appearance of meridians, parallel, large circles, and price-matching
-
scale, Default parallel
-
pictorial representation of height above ground
Time Bill
-
Relationship between Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and Middle Local Time (LMT)
-
Definition of Sunrise and sunset times
Reference direction
-
right-hand north (True) North)
-
Earth's magnetic field, misstatement-annual change
-
Misweisend North (Mag North), Variation
-
Vertical and Horizontal Components
-
Isogones, Null Isogons (Agone)
-
Sailing plane magnetism
-
Sailing Magnetic Influences
-
Compass Deflection
-
Curves, Acceleration Error
-
Avoiding magnetic interference
distances
units
-
Distance measurement as a function of the map projection
Aeronautical maps in practical navigation
-
location determination
-
Width and Length
-
Distance Measurement and Determination
-
Using an Angle Knife
-
Measure of courses above ground (track) and Distances
Map symbolism/use of navigation maps
-
map evaluation
-
Topography
-
terrain shape (relief)
-
Artificial Terrain Characteristics
-
unchanging characteristics (e.g. B. lengths-or point-like, unique or special features)
-
variable characteristics (e.g. B. Water)
-
Map preparation
-
Fold the map
-
Method for reading the map
-
Orientation by map
-
Characteristics of control points
-
Expected appearance of control points
-
with face-to-face contact
-
without permanent visual contact
-
with unsafe position (capture lines)
-
airfare icons
-
airfare information
-
units conversion
Basics of navigation
-
displayed, adjusted, and true speed (IAS, CAS, and TAS)
-
course for reason, right-wing and miserable course
-
Wind, influence on control course and speed above ground
-
Winddreieck
-
Calculation of control course and speed above ground
-
coupling navigation, location, fixed location
navigation calculator
-
Application of a mechanical or electronic navigation computer and, if necessary, the use of surcharge calculations for the determination of the following sizes:
-
true flight speed (TAS), time and distance
-
units conversion
-
print, density, and true height
-
Windtriangle Tasks
-
Drift and Luvwinkel, Application of TAS and Wind Speed to the Course via reason
-
control course and speed above
planning and practical implementation
-
Selection of map material
-
Weather forecasts and reports for the flight route and airfield
-
Assessment of the Weather situation
-
Drawing of the Wegeline Line
-
Consideration of controlled Air spaces, airspace restrictions, danger areas, etc.
-
Using AIP and NOTAMS
-
Connections to the air traffic control center in controlled airspace
-
Flight Task Calculation (Medium travel speed)
-
Medium Steig
-
Expected Cloud Base
-
Target Drive
-
Airfields along the route
-
Communications traffic and radio/navigation frequencies
-
VDF-Peiler (QDM)
-
Transponder and Radar
-
Satellite Navigation (GPS)
-
Creating an ATC flight plan
-
Calculations of mass and center of gravity
Practical Navigation
-
compass control, use of the Deviation Table
-
Organization of work load occurring during flight
-
Height Knife setting
-
Determination of TAS and speed above reason (GS)
-
Implementation of visual navigation taking account of changing flight altitude
-
Setting the flight path according to thermal and terrestrial aspects
-
Location specification
-
Determination of control and inflection points
-
approach procedure
-
Endanfluges calculation
-
Connection to air traffic control
-
entries in the Aircraft Bordbook
METEOROLOGIE
The atmosphere
-
Composition and Structure
-
Troposphere peculiarities
-
Default ICAO atmosphere
-
atmospheric pressure
-
vertical stratification
print, density, and temperature
-
Air Pressure, Air Pressure Measurement, Isoable
-
Changing print, density, and temperature with height
-
height measurement terms
-
radiative processes, temperature
-
daytime temperature
-
Stability and Lability
-
Impact of radiation and advection processes
Air humidity and Precipitation
-
water vapour in the atmosphere
-
airhumidity
-
dew point, spread
-
relative, absolute, and specific humidity
-
vapor pressure
-
Condensation, Sublimation, Evaporation
-
precipitation
-
Origin of precipitation
-
rainfall
air pressure and wind
-
High-and Low-Print Areas
-
Air Movement
-
Pressure gradient (Buys-Ballot's law)
-
Coriolis force, friction (ground wind, and geostrophic wind
-
vertical and horizontal air movement, convergence, divergence
-
Local wind systems (Föhn, Berg-/Talwind, Land/Sea wind, guided wind)
-
turbulence and embankment
-
the influence of wind and wind power. Wind shelling at start and landing
Cloud formation
-
Cooling and heating by advection, Radiation and adiabatic Processes
-
Cloud Classification, Cloud Stacks
-
convective clouds (cumulus clouds)
-
stratiform clouds (shift clouds)
-
orographically conditioned clouds
-
Flight conditions in stratiform and convective clouds
Fog, damp haze and dry haze
-
Radiation Mist, Advection Mist, Mixing mist, freezing fog
-
Founding and dissolution of fog
-
degraded View through moist haze, rain or spray rain, snow, smoke, dust and sand
-
Assessment of the probability of the occurrence of decreased View
-
Hazards for low horizontal and vertical flights
Air masses, high-pressure and low-pressure areas
-
Properties of air masses and influence sizes
-
Air Masses, Areas of emergence
-
Transformation (change) of air masses during their Relocation
-
Creation of high and low-pressure areas
-
Weather in the Connection with high and low pressure areas
-
Deep-pressure gutter, altitude rog (formation and weather events)
Fronts
-
creation of fronts and air mass limits
-
warm front
-
emergence of a Warm-front
-
Related clouds and weather
-
Weather conditions in the Warm sector
-
cold front
-
Emergence of a cold front
-
related clouds and weather
-
BackPage
-
Okklusion
-
emergence of an occlusion
-
Related clouds and weather
-
stationary fronts
-
related clouds and weather
Vereisung
-
Causes and conditions for icing
-
Education and Impact of Raureif, Raueis, Klareis
-
Impacts of Icing on the Flight performance
-
Fliegerische Measures to prevent icing
Thunderstorms
-
storm formation
-
airmass thunderstorms, front thunderstorms, orographical thunderstorms
-
Prerequisites
-
Development process
-
Discover favorable conditions for the creation of Weathered
-
Hazards for gliders
-
Effects of lightning, hail, and heavier Turbulence
-
Avoiding flights near thunderstorms
Flights on mountainous terrain
-
Influence of the terrain on atmospheric processes
-
Education of Leeshafts
-
Local wind systems, up and down winch, rotors
-
hazards
climatology
-
general seasonal circulation in the troposphere over Europe
-
year-on-year conditions local weather conditions and wind conditions
altitude measurement
-
The meaning of the print settings for air traffic
-
height, density height
-
height above ground, height above sea level, Airfields
-
Default ICAO
-
-
QNH, QFE, QFF, QNE (default settings)
-
Transitional height, transition layer, and transition surface
Organization of meteorological backup of air traffic
-
Air Weather Forecast and Advice-LBZ Consultation
-
Flight Weather Wait-FWW Briefing and Documentation
-
Aircraft Weather Station (Observation)
-
Availability of periodic weather forecasts
Weather Analysis and Prediction
-
weather maps, symbols, characters
-
maps to predict significant flight weather conditions (significant weather charts)
-
General Aviation Prediction Cards
Weather information for flight preparation
-
Reports and Forecasting (TAF, GAFOR, and others) Evaluation of regular flight weather reports (METAR) and Warnings (SIGMET, AIRMET and others)
-
Weather information about self-briefing systems
-
aviation weather advisors
Aviation weather radio
-
VOLMET, ATIS
-
sailplane weather forecast
AERODYNAMICS
body flow around the body, Subsonic area
-
Air resistance and air density
-
boundary layer
-
frictional resistance
-
laminar and turbulent flow
-
streamlines
-
Bernoulli's equation, Venturi effect
-
flow of a flat plate
two-dimensional Flow around the wing profile
-
blade profile geometric characteristics
-
Reflow of a curved wing profile, pressure distribution on the profile
-
laminar and turbulent flow, Handling and detachment point
-
emergence of buoyant and profile resistance
-
relationship between buoyance value, resistance coefficient and angle of attack
-
ratio of lift/resistance (Lilienthalpolar)
Three-dimensional flow around a Wing
-
wing basins and profile shapes
-
Total Resistance
-
Inducted Resistance
-
Abwind angle, swirl resistance, floor effect
-
Wing Stretch
-
Reducing Options (SchRestriction, Winglets)
-
pest resistance
-
Interference Resistance and Residual Resistance
-
Distribution On The Wing
Forces distribution on the aircraft
-
acting forces and Balance of Force
-
Power and Weight
-
Shub and Air resistance
-
stationary flight conditions (horizontal, steep, gliding and cornering), power parallelogram
Control systems
-
the three main axes
-
Nicken around the transverse axis
-
Rolls around the longitudinal axis
-
Gieren um die HochAxis
-
Impact of the Heights and Page Ruders and the Querruder
-
Control on pitch, roll and yaw movements
-
Mutual coupling of the Rolling and Gating
-
Page gliding and side wind control for landing
-
aerodynamic balance and control surface mass balance
Trimming control
-
Trimmruder, balancing ruder and counterbalancing ruder
-
Task and functional principle
-
Operation
Lift and landing aids
-
Curvature, spreading, gap, and Fowler flaps
-
Task and Function Principle
-
operating
-
Prewings, flaps at the wing front edge
-
task and functional principle
-
normal/automatic operation
-
Brake Tabs
Stability
-
Terms of static and dynamic stability
-
longitudinal stability
-
Impact of the center of gravity on the longitudinal stability and longitudinal control
-
Page stability (Quer- and directional stability)
-
Mutual coupling of transverse and directional stability over pushing, spool torque
Flow demolition
-
critical angle-
-attack
-
Smooth Flow Disorder
-
Decrease in lift, increase in Air resistance
-
printing point shift
-
signs for beginning Flow demolishment
-
behavior of the airplane in flow demoliation
-
influencing variables for the Tear-off speed and the behavior of the airplane at flow demolitions
-
Flow demolitions at horizontal, steep, sink, and curve flight
-
Overdraft warnings
-
End of excessive flight condition
Avoiding Trudging
-
Flow demoliation at the wing tips
-
One-sided flow demolition on the wing
-
making a rolling motion
-
Detect start-up
-
stationary chucking
-
Influence of inner and outer sliding
-
Steil and Flachtrudeln
-
centenary
-
Flow conditions at the side and height control, shields
-
End of the Trudelns
Load multiple and interception maneuvers
-
Strength considerations
-
V-n-Diagram for gusts and interception loads
-
Load limits with and without land-Brems-and Fliers
-
Change of load multiple times during cornering and interception
-
maximum maneuverability for full rudder rash
-
Precautions during the Fluges
-
Wind start forces
Charges on the ground
-
sideways loads on the chassis
-
landing
-
Roles, Precautions for direction changes
GENERAL AVIATION KNOWLEDGE, TECHNOLOGY
Cell setup
-
Parts
-
Rumpf, Wing, control unit
-
height, transverse and side control
-
Trimmanlage, Wolves, Brake tabs
-
chassis
-
tires, tire condition
-
Brake systems and peculiarities in use
Charges of cell
-
static strength
-
load multiple
-
Security Factor
-
Pre-Flight Control
-
Precautionary measures on the ground and during flight
Engine (sailplanes with auxiliary work gear)
-
Basics of the combustion engine
-
2-stroke-motor
-
4-stroke Otto and Diesel engine
-
Wankelmotor
-
general engine wound
-
two-stroke and four-stroke engines
-
engine cooling
-
cylinder-head-temperature
-
ignition system
-
gasifier
-
Kraftstoffe
-
fuel system
-
airscrew
-
powerplant operation
-
Motorlubrication
Electrical asset
-
DC power
-
batteries, storage capacity, and load
-
Voltmeter and Amperemeter
-
Backup machines and fuses
-
Electrically powered onboard systems and instruments
-
error detection
-
Method malfunction
Instruments
-
Pitot tube, functional principle, basics and structure
-
Pressure reduction of static pressure, function and Construction
-
Error by blocking or leaks
-
compensating nozzle
Fahrtmesser
-
Working and Construction
-
Total print and static print ratio
-
Definitions of displayed, adjusted, and true flight speed (IAS, CAS, TAS)
-
airspeed data, color labeling
altimeter
-
Working and Construction
-
Air Pressure Adjustment Scale Task
-
print height
-
true height
-
International Default atmosphere
-
airsurface
-
Display (threepointer)
Variometer
-
Working and Construction
-
Functional Principle
-
Own Delay
-
Delay-Free Variometer
-
screen
-
possible display errors
-
compensation
gyroscope tools
-
Basics
-
Spatial Stability
-
precession
turn pointers
-
Task and Function Principle
-
The effect of the rotary speed (RPM) of the gyro, Power Supply
-
Rotational Speed Display Boundary
-
Libelle
-
Display
-
Pilot's operational readiness check
Magnetcompass
-
Construction and functional principle
-
Variation and Deviation
-
Curves and Turning
-
Precaution when driving magnetic Objects
Satellite Navigation Devices
-
Operation
-
FunktionspPrinciple
-
GPS
-
Other Systems
Airworthiness
-
Maintenance and Operations Guide
-
Operating Recordings
-
Maintenance Recordings
-
valid airworthiness certificate
Mass and center of gravity
-
max-allowable mass
-
Focus front and back limits
-
Trimmweights
-
waterballast
-
Determination of mass and center of gravity
-
Flughandbuch and Beladeplan
Behavior in special Cases
aerodrome
-
cases in which the condition of the airfield or terrain as to be considered an accident causing factor shall also apply in the case of terrain which is either referred to or appears to be useful for normal or emergency roles, to be started or landed
-
wet surface
-
soft bottom
-
Ice, Snow, Matsch
-
rougher/unequal ground
outdoor landing
-
conducting a secure external landing
-
Hazards such as high growth, obstacles, slope inclination
-
Special features such as too short terrain, hidden Hazards
-
Waterlandings (rough/smooth)
Sailing plane
-
Setting and securing the seats
-
Shoulder and seat belts
-
Handling the rescue parachute or the total rescue system
Flight Operations
-
start/start disruptions
-
behavior at loss of orientation
-
Flying in bad weather zones
-
Darkness
-
Fly in mountainous terrain
-
Fly at large heights
-
Swirling behind aircraft
Accidents
-
outbreak of fire
-
actions after an accident
HUMAN PERFORMANCE
Basics Physiology
Terms
-
Composition of atmosphere
-
Gas laws
-
breathing and bloodstream
Effects of partial pressure
-
Impact of increasing flight altitude
-
Gas Exchange
-
Hypoxie (oxygen deficiency)
-
symptoms
-
preventative
-
Cabin Pressures
-
Effects of rapid pressure drop
-
self-rescue time (Time of Useful Consciousness/TUC)
-
Use of oxygen masks and emergency descent
-
Hyperventilation
-
symptoms
-
-
Impacts of accelerations
Vision
-
Physiology of Seeing
-
Sight Limitations
-
Visual Errors
-
Optical illusions
Auditing
-
Audience Physiology
-
Inner Ear Sensory Perceptions
-
Impacts of Flight Height Changes
-
The noise and loss of the auditory sense
-
hearing protection
-
spatial disorientation
-
Contradictions between acoustic and optical perception
Travel disease
-
Causes, Symptoms
-
Preventive measures
Fliegerische Fitness
-
medical requirements
-
Health disorders and their treatment
-
Cold Disease
-
stomach detuning
-
Drugs and Side Effects
-
Alcohol, Drugs
-
Fatigue
-
pregnancy
-
personal fitness
-
Passenger Care
-
Precautions Before flight after dives
Risk of poisoning
-
Dangerous Goods
-
Coal monoxide emission (heating systems, exhaust gases)
Basics of Psychology
The information process
-
terms of sensory perception
-
Cognitive perception
-
expectation
-
anticipation (mental anticipation of action flows)
-
Behaviors
central decision path
-
mental load, load limits
-
information sources
-
Reize and Attention
-
Attention Distribution Meaning
-
verbal communication
-
memory and memory, memory model
-
causes for misinterpretations, Sinnests
Stress
-
Causes and Impacts
-
Erregungsstatuses
-
Performance Impact
-
detecting and reducing stress
Fliegeric decision-making processes
-
Mental Exercise Routines
-
Situation Assessment Concepts
-
Vegetable States
-
Behavior
-
Risk Assessment
-
situational awareness
-
typical decision error
-
series (chain) of bad decisions
Non-Official Table of Contents

Annex 5B practical training curriculum for the purchase of the license for glider guide
(to § 8)

Fundstelle of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 80-84General
The following curriculum is a guideline for the process and the contents of practical training. The glider used in practical training must be equipped with a double tax and be suitable for training. Since it is not possible to take into account all the pattern-specific characteristics of different types of gliders, all the exercises are to be carried out in accordance with the instructions given in the flight manual of the glider used in the training. All checks must be carried out on the basis of the clearlists.
Flight training up to the first solo flight
Soil instruction
-
Prerequisites for flight
-
airfield behavior
-
Instruction in the school double-seater
-
Sailing plane transport and assembly
-
Check for clearlist before the first start
-
Review before each start
-
Handling of the rescue parachute/if necessary Rescue System
-
Instruction Skin note litter
-
emergency exit
-
garments
The operation and operation of the Ruder
-
Heitruder
-
Page ruder
-
Querruder
-
LandeAids
-
Trimming
-
Recognizing the flight situation on the horizon and the sound and travel gauge display
-
performing Flight situation changes from normal to high altitude rudders, lateral rudders and transverse rudders
Rolling exercises
-
Rolling Exercises at 20-30 Degree
-
Coordination of Quer and Page ruders to avoid the negative twists at different speeds
-
Perform flight changes from the normal flight location by altitude ruder, side ruder, and Querruder
Geradeausflug
-
the wrong straight-ahead flight
when the course is set
equal travel
thread/ball in the middle and transverse inclination (parallel to the horizon line) Perform and
flight
-
Curves with 30 degrees Transverse inclination
-
Curves and full circles with constant transverse inclination of approx. 30 degrees, equal speed and ball/skin thread fly in the middle
-
Departures and exit by viewpoint
Slow flight
-
Discover the characteristics of the slow flight to the bag flight to detect dangerous Airplanes
Overdraw the glider and demonstration of the turkey
-
Go straight ahead until the tipping
-
Go over in a curve flight until the tipping
-
Properties Discover, prevent and end the turnoff
-
detect, prevent, and end the steep spiral features
Start
In the training, at least one of the shall be taught to comply with the provisions of § 40 LuftPersV.
-
Wind start
Transition to the Climbing Flight
Steigflug
Clinch
Transition to horizontal flight
Behavior in startup interruptions (a.o. Rope rupture
-
towed by aircraft
Rolling
unfold
Steigflug straight ahead
Steigflug in Curves with little Querneigung
Climbing Curves up to 40 degrees Querneigung
Circular
horizontal drag
deep-drag
Flights in the lateral, upper and lower positions to the towing aircraft, then taking the normal towing position
Downdrag
Behavior in drag interruption
Behavior at special airliners
-
Startup of motor seaters with retractable power or Propeller
Start-break
style="font-weight:normal; font-style:normal; text-decoration:none; ">
-
dividing the flight path up to position
-
Taking into account the factors that affect the planned flight path
-
Parts of the flight path from the Position up to landing, including a ride and altitude reserve
... (non-representable graphic,
site: BAnz. 2006, Supplement No. 60a, page 82)
1
Start
2
winch at winch start
3
90 degrees-cross-departure curve
4
90 degree curve to counter-approach
5
position, normal 150 m above ground
6
90 degree curve to cross-approach when taken into wind
7
90 degree turn to end-flight
8
landing
Landen
Flight speed according to flight handbook, taking into account terrain, wind conditions, etc. . Flatbed the trajectory (intercept) and unwind as well as in two-point position with minimum travel in the specified landing field and roll out straight ahead to the standstill
-
special cases in landing approach
-
correct too high or too low landing
-
Landungen under special wind conditions
-
pagewind
-
tailwind
-
balance the landing
-
lands from a straight approach
-
three landings from a position outside the space round with flight instructor
Preparation and execution of the first solo flight
Prior to the first solo flight, a Verification by another flight instructor. The solo flight may only be carried out in the type of starting material trained during the training and on the double-seater used predominantly in the course of the training. The last previous school flights are to be carried out under assumed single flight conditions (no correction instructions of the flight instructor/same flight order as for the solo flight). The first solo flight must not be the first start on this flying day.
Erlangen of the flying skills
Flights with and without flight instructor
Remaining circular flights
-
constant circular flights with 30 degrees-45 degree transverse inclination
-
Circular flight with 30 degrees-45 degree transverse inclination with constant speed and thread/ball in the middle
Curve change
-
fast curve change at 30 degrees-45 degrees transverse inclination
Quick Flight
-
perform quick flight in allowed speed range
-
changed rowing effect in straight-ahead flight
-
knowing flight characteristics and changing rowing effect and dominate
Circular flights
-
Circular flight with alternating transverse inclination of 30 degrees-45 degrees with custom speed
Fly in the thermals
-
Thermik due to cloud shapes, Circular gliders and birds, ground features and solid thermic sources fly to the right side, according to body feel and variometer display with approx. 40 degrees of transverse inclination circle and observe the air space. Transfer the circular trajectory as quickly as possible to the area of the strongest and continuously optimize it.
-
Vorflug to the next upwind with the appropriate Setpoint
behavior during thermal flying (joint circle flying in thermik)
-
coordinated Behavior to other gliding aircraft in winches
Longer thermal flight
-
in close proximity to multiple high-altitude gain (at least 30 minutes flight time)
Thermicflights in solo flight
-
Thermikflug near the space with multiple elevation gain
-
30-minute gliding in the Solo flight
-
independent search and fly and center of thermic sources
Page gliding (Slip)
-
sideslide to slide angle control or Shortening of the landing flight
Compass Courses
-
Keep track of compass and consider compass errors
Other sailplane patterns
-
Other gliding airplane patterns safely dominate in solo flight
Flight Overland Flight
Target flights and Triangular flights
-
Return to the Starting place in different directions by map and compass with flight instructor (at least two flights)
External landing exercises with flight instructor from different heights
external landing exercises should be made on motor seaters with running engine to allow multiple practice.
-
Selection of a suitable Terrain
-
Arrival Division
-
Implementation of the controls in accordance with Checklist
-
Flight without or with side gliding
Note: External landing exercises may only be carried out with flight instructor in strict compliance with the avoidance of danger of humans and animals. They are to be carried out in a pass-through process without setting up. A special approval by the competent national aviation authority is required for the lower level of the security minimum.
Landings in foreign place
-
Three landings with or without a flight instructor on at least one airfield other than the training airfield
-
Get to know the traffic conditions at foreign airfields
-
Order in the local air traffic Space runway
-
Management of modified approach conditions
Single overland flight
-
Single flights with a return to the airfield by card and a command with a written record Flight Order
-
autonomously preparing and carrying out an overland flight in the sailing flight solo flight with the flight instructor's written flight order via a flight route of at least 50 km
-
the unsounding height above the starting point must not exceed 750 m (2,500 ft)
-
The route flight can be performed as a target distance flight with a return to the starting point at least one turning point without an intermediate landing
-
in the execution of the overland flight is a Baroque or flight data recorder (loggers) to be carried (as proof is a height writing)
-
on target-range flights with return to the starting point, the orderly circumnavigation of the inflection points must also be shown
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 5C Theoretical test to acquire the license for gliders
(to § 8)

site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 85
1.
The acceptance of the theoretical test is due to the To apply for the training manager of the training establishment/training institution for the applicant at the competent authority.
2.
This examination is a written or computer-aided examination in the seven subjects listed below and may, at the discretion of the competent authority, be filed on one or more days. Several examination subjects can be combined. An exam consists of at least 120 questions. The predominant part of the examination must consist of multiple choice questions according to the respective valid official questionnaire. The following machining times must not be exceeded:
Hours of machining time. (maximum)
Air laws, air traffic and air traffic control rules, including mobile air service legislation 1:15
General Aviation Knowledge, Technology 1:00
Human performance capability 0:30
Meteorology 0:30
Navigation, flight performance, and flight planning 1:30
Behavior in special cases 0:30
Aerodynamics 0:45
total 6:00
3.
A test subject is considered to have passed when the applicant in this At least 75% of the possible score has been reached. Points may only be awarded for correct answers.
4.
A practical speaking radio test on the ground must be carried out separately if the applicant does not already have the right to speak. of a flying radio certificate.
5.
The office test of about 30 minutes duration per applicant includes the practical handling of the voice radio traffic under the assumption A flight according to visual flight rules either in German (BZF II) or in German and English, as well as reading a text in English and translating into German (BZF I). The wireless communication can be carried out for several applicants.
Unofficial table of contents

Annex 5D Practical Examination for the purchase of the license for the gliding aircraft guide
(to § 8)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 86-88
1.
The acceptance of the practical test is due to the To apply for the training manager of the training establishment/training institution for the applicant at the competent authority.
2.
The applicant has the practical test on a pattern of gliders used in training. The aeroplane used in the practical test must comply with the requirements for carrying out the practical test.
3.
The examiner has to do so before the flight. Test programme in the broad guidelines with the applicant to discuss.
4.
The applicant must carry out the glider from the seat from which he/she is the activity of the responsible pilots. The test flights are to be carried out as if the applicant is the only pilot on board. The responsibility for the flight execution is determined in accordance with § 4 paragraph 4 LuftVG.
5.
The auditor should not participate in the implementation of the flight, unless: Intervention for security reasons is required.
6.
If the applicant is to cancel the practical test for reasons not justified for the examiner, the to repeat the entire test. If the check is canceled for reasons justified for the auditor, only the sections that are not executed are to be checked in another flight.
7.
The applicant can repeat each exercise once. The auditor may cancel the check at any time if the applicant's flying abilities indicate that the entire check must be repeated.
8.
The Applicants must demonstrate the following skills:
-
Conducting the aircraft within the Operating limits
-
calm and exact execution of all exercises
-
good Judgment and conduct as an airman (airmanship)
-
Application of aeronautical knowledge and control of the aircraft at any point in the flight, so that the successful execution of an exercise is at no time seriously endangered.
9.
The individual exercises of the practical exam will be "passed" or "not passed". If an exercise is not passed, this exercise is considered not to exist. If more than three exercises are not passed, the applicant must repeat the entire examination. If you do not have an exercise, you only need to repeat the exercise that you have not passed. If an exercise is not passed in the repeat examination, the entire check must be repeated. This also applies to exercises that were passed during a previous attempt.
 Auditing Certificate
Practical test to acquire the license for gliders
gem. § 36 Air PersV

Name and first name of the applicant: ..............................................................
Address: ...................................................................
I. Test Flights
Sailing Aircraft Pattern: .......................
Flag: ...............................
aerodrome: ........................... Flight time: ........................
Number of starts and landings: ............................

II. Result of audit
................................
. Passed/Not passed *.
................................
III.




.........................................................
Location and Date Signature of the tester
......................................................... ...................................
Reviewer No. Name in print letter

* Delete non-applicable

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Exercises I Rating
I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Preparing to start I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. * Wind start I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. * Type of towing behind aircraft I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. * Startup I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. + + Flight Exercises I
Rolling I
Straight Forward I
Circular Change I
Slow Flight I
Quick Flight I
Page Sliding I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. Landing approach I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. Finish landing within 100 m after the I
landing character I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. Voice traffic I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Not applicable is to be deleted
+ + Order of order remains reserved for reviewer
Non-Official Table of Contents

Annex 6A theoretical training curriculum for the acquisition of class authorization for motor sailors for holders of the licence for glider guide
(to § 9)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 89-94 AIRLAW
Legal basis
-
Air safety law (Air SiG)
Airdriver publications
-
AIP
-
AIP VFR
Outline and
-
VFR-Bulletin
-
News for Airdrivers Part I and II (NfL I and NfL II)
-
NOTAM
-
Aeronautical maps ICAO
Airfields
-
types of airfields
-
Airspace zwang
-
outer start and outlanding
-
Notlandung
-
security landing
Participation in air transport
-
air traffic participants ' duties
-
General Rules
-
Visual Air Rules
-
airspace classification
-
air traffic control rules
-
Equipment of Aircraft
-
General Flight Rules
-
avoidance of unnecessary aircraft noise
Speech radio traffic
When flying from and to an airfield with air traffic control, either in German language (BZF II) or in German and English (BZF I) using the stated phrases, expressions, procedures, abbreviations, including emergency and urgency procedures
Liability of the aircraft driver and Insurance obligations of the aircraft holder
offences, administrative offences
NAVIGATION
Basics of navigation
-
Calculation of control course and speed above ground
-
Abtrift, Luvwinkel
-
estimated arrival time/ETA
-
coupling navigation, location, fixed Location
Navigation Calculator
-
Application of a mechanical or electronic Navigation computer and, where applicable, the use of surcharge calculations for the determination of the following quantities:
-
Unit conversion
-
required fuel quantity
-
print, density, and true height
-
flight time and expected arrival time
-
Windtriangle Tasks
-
Application of TAS and wind speed to the course over Reason
-
Control Course and Basic Speed
-
Trift and Luvwinkel
planning
-
Selection of map material
-
Weather forecasts and reports for the flight route and airfield
-
Assessment of the Weather situation
-
Drawing of the flight path
-
consideration of controlled Air spaces, airspace restrictions, danger areas, etc.
-
Using AIP and NOTAMS
-
Connections to air traffic control center in controlled air spaces
-
fuel calculation
-
airfare security minimum heights
-
WorkSpace
-
Telecommunications traffic and radio/navigation frequencies
-
UKW bearing (VDF-Peiler)
-
VOR-bearing, position determination
-
transponder
-
creation of a flight control plan
-
Creating an ATC flight plan
-
Selection of Reporting Points, Time and Time distance markers
-
mass and center of gravity calculations
-
calculations of Mass and flight performance
Practical navigation
-
Compass control courses, use of the DeviationTable
-
Organization of Work Load occurring during flight
-
departures, entries in flight flow plan
-
altimeter setting
-
Compliance with control course and flight altitude
-
View navigation
-
Location Determination, Control Points Determination
-
Control Course corrections
-
Anflugverfahren, Connection to air traffic control center
-
entries in the flight control plan and aeronautics book
GENERAL AERONAUTICS, ENGINEERING
Engine
-
Basics 4-stroke internal combustion engine (petrol and diesel engine)
-
causes of early ignition and knock
-
Power output as a function of speed (rpm)
-
engine cooling
-
Air Cooling
-
water/liquid cooling
-
cylinder-head-temperature
-
Motorlubrication
-
Tasks and Specs Lubrication
-
Lubricant Systems
-
Oil Distribution System
-
Oil pump and oil filter requirements
-
Oil varieties and qualities
-
Monitoring oil temperature and oil pressure
-
error detection in the Lubricant system
ignition systems
-
basics of magnetic power
-
Building and working
-
The purpose and mode of operation of the snap coupling of a Ignition magnets
-
Checks, error detection
-
Operational procedures to avoid From spark plug pollution
Gemischbildung
-
Basics of float gasifier
-
Building and working
-
Flight height impact
-
fuel shut-off valve
-
air intake system
-
backup, intake air
-
gasifier icing, use of gasifier preheating
-
Injection Assets, Basics, and Functioning
Fuel
-
fuel classification
-
varieties and color labeling
-
Quality Requirements
-
Check for impurity
-
Use of fuel filters and drams
-
fuel systems
-
fuel tanks and lines
-
ventilation system
-
mechanical and electrical pumps
-
Heavy force promotion
-
TankElection
Propeller
-
specialized expressions
-
Conversion of engine power into thrust
-
design and build-up of fixed Propellers
-
force impact on the propeller blades
-
dependence between speed and flight speed
-
efficiency as a function of speed
-
design and construction of pitch propellers
-
constant speed propeller
-
Impact of Sheet Adjustment Angle Changes
-
Flight Speed Impact on the Propeller Speed
Engine Operation
-
Anlass-Procedure and Precautions
-
error detection
-
warm-up, engine checking, and systems
-
Operating limits for oil temperature and oil pressure
-
Operating limits for the Cylinder head temperature
-
ignition system check and other systems
-
power limits
-
fast power-change avoidance
Electrical asset
-
Installing and operating AC and DC generators
-
DC power
-
batteries, storage capacity, and load
-
Voltmeter and Amperemeter
-
Backup machines and fuses
-
electrically powered onboard systems and instruments
-
error detection
-
Method malfunctions
Vacuum asset
-
components
-
pumps
-
filter asset
-
error detection
-
Method for malfunctions
-
operability check by the Pilots
Airline Indicator (Artificial Horizon)
-
heavy-force-based Gyroscope
-
Task and Function Principle
-
Show
-
Interpretation
-
Operational Limits
-
Power Supply
-
pilot's operational readiness check
Course indicator
-
Kurskreisel
-
task and functional principle
-
Display
-
Use in conjunction with the Magnetic Compass
-
Setting/Reaction
-
apparent emigration
-
operating limits
-
power supply
-
Pilot's operational readiness check
Engine monitoring tools
-
Basics, display, and operation of
-
Oil Temperature Display
-
Oil Print Screen
-
Cylinder Head Temperature Display
-
Load Print Screen
-
Fuel Print Screen
-
Fuel Flow Display
-
fuel supply display (s)
-
tachometer
Other instruments
-
basics, display, and operation of
-
vacuum knife
-
Voltmeter and Amperemeter
-
Show Warnings
-
other instruments related to the aircraft pattern
mass and center of gravity location
-
maximum mass
-
center of gravity front and back limits, normal-and Usage
-
Determination of mass and center of gravity
-
Flight Manual and Beladeplan
Flight Performance
Start
-
startroll available and available Start Line
-
Lift and climb
-
Impact of mass, wind, and density height
-
Impacts of Pistenness and -neigung
landing
-
Impacts of mass, wind, density, and Approach Speed
-
Use of the Brems/Disrupts
-
Impacts of Piste properties and propensity
Travel
-
Relationship between performance requirements and Available Performance
-
Flight Performance Chart
-
Maximum SteigSpeed and maximum climb angle
-
range and flight duration
-
effects of configuration, Mass, temperature, and flight altitude
-
decrease of flight performance on climb curves
-
sliding flight
-
unfavorable influences
-
icing, rain, wind
BEHAVIOR IN SPECIAL CASES
-
Setting and saving the seats
-
Shoulder and seat belts
-
Location and handling of the emergency equipment and emergency exits
-
fire extinguisher
-
Measures in a fire on the ground and in the air
-
engine fire, fire in the cabin and in the electrical system
-
ice prevention
-
leaving the aircraft in Emergencies
-
system
-
carbon monoxide poisoning
-
Precautions for refuelling
-
combustible goods/pressurised containers
Flight mode
-
swirl tows
-
Aquaplaning
-
Windscherung
-
Start
-
Anflug
-
-
Instruction of passengers
-
Emergency procedure at:
-
Notlandungen
-
landing with retracted landing gear
-
Notwasserung
-
Brakes and brakes Steering
-
start break
-
drive failure after startup
-
Cancel the landing and start up
-
misflying
A non-official table of contents

Annex 6B practical training curriculum for the acquisition of class authorization for travel motor sailors for holders of the license for gliders
(to § § § § § § 9)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 95-100 General
The following curriculum is a guideline for the course and content of practical training. The motor sailer used in practical training must be fitted with a double tax and be suitable for training. Since it is not possible to take into account all the pattern-specific characteristics of different motor segment patterns, all the exercises according to the instructions given in the flight manual of the motor sealer used in the training are
In all exercises, it is necessary to monitor the setting and operation of the engine.
Unneeded aircraft noise is to be avoided.
All controls must be carried out using the clearlists.
Flight training up to solo flight
Floor Instruction
-
Travel Engine Segment Pattern Statement
-
Construction
-
Instrumentation
-
Control
-
clearlists
-
Flight and Operations Guide
-
Travel Engine Sealer
Approx.
-
Pre-flight control according to clear list
-
clear-list
rolls
-
Observation of the rest of the airfield
-
Function checks (clear list application)
Controls before startup
-
performing the checks before starting according to clear list
-
departures briefing
-
Response of the emergency procedures at startup
Start
-
Watching the air space
-
elevators of the motor seglers
-
Windconsider
-
aligning on the runway
-
compass control in the start direction
-
Set engine performance
-
rudder operation on startup
-
Hold the start direction
-
lifting at recommended speed
-
Steigflug after the lift and transition to the fixed climb speed
-
Ggf. Moving the chassis
-
Engine power throttling on climbing performance while maintaining the speed set
-
Startabort
-
simulated engine failure after startup
Note: A simulated Engine failure after takeoff may only be carried out on training flights with a flight instructor.
Climbing Flight
-
Keep track and climb speed
-
Trim
-
Engine set for best climb rate or best climb angle
-
Steigtrajectory default rates with
-
15-20 degree Querneigung
-
20-30 degrees Querneigung
-
Transition to horizontal flight
Horizontal-and Curve flight
-
Straight horizontal flight
-
coordinated control of the movements around the transverse, longitudinal, and vertical axes
-
demonstration of the static and dynamic stability
-
Change of engine power in straight line horizontal flight
-
Increase and reduce flight speed while maintaining the height and course
-
of altitude, course, and a given flight speed
-
Trim
-
hazards
-
raising and reducing uplift and/or resistance
Slow flight
-
at V (deep) s + 5 to + 10 kt (speed of travel of the motor sealer in each flight state + 5) up to + 10 kt security)
-
in travel flight condition
-
in approach configuration
-
Reduced effectiveness of the control organs in the Slow flight
-
Hold altitude, flight speed and direction, and engine performance correction
Curve flight
-
Curves with 30 degrees and 45 degrees transverse inclination, left and right, 90 degrees, 180 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, 360 degrees, Degree
-
Height
-
Secure flight speed when increasing the speed of the Speed of rotation with respect to load multiple
-
constant lateral position and rotational speed
-
Magnetic Compass Rotation Error
-
Exit on pre-set courses
-
direct transition from left to right curve and conversely
Sinkflug
-
Initiation
-
Hold Course and Sinkflight Speed
-
Trim
-
carburetors preheating
-
best sinkrate
-
best glide angle
-
Sinkflug mit und ohne Motorkraft im Geradeaus-und im cornerflug
-
Transition from the Sink-in den Horizontal flight
Space round
... (non-representable graphic,
site: BAnz. 2006, Supplement No. 60a, page 97)
1
Start
2
Steigflug to at least 200 ft GND before the first change of direction is performed due to local preferences
3
Steigflight curve up to 20 degrees transverse inclination, 90 degree direction change to cross-departure under wind consideration 4 climbing flight up to at least 600 ft GND
4
At the turning point; 90 degree curve up to a maximum of 30 degrees transverse inclination parallel to the start and line direction
5
travel flight conditions
6
preheating gasifier
7
exit the chassis (if any)
8
At the turning point: 90 degrees curve up to a maximum of 30 degrees of transverse inclination to the Cross-approach by Windaccount
9
Initiate descent
10
At the turning point: 90 Degree curve up to a maximum of 30 degrees transverse inclination to the end flight Deviations in the order of the exercises 7-11 due to local conditions or the particularities of the travel motor segment pattern are permissible.
11
LandeControl according to clear list
12
Landeanflug: Controlling the Gleitwinkels by means of Brems/Incident flaps
13
landing
Launching and landing
-
drive/dampers enter
-
set full engine power
-
Flying Position Correction
-
Steigflug
-
Trim
Exit the flight
-
Rerolls to Absite
-
Control after landing (application of the Clear list)
-
Engine deferrals according to clear list
-
Save the motorbike sealer According to the clear list
Special flight conditions
-
Overdraw and straight-ahead with the side ruder until For tipping with and without motor power with minimum height loss
-
in Flight Condition
-
mit/without Brems/Indoor flaps in approach and extended landing gear
-
Right-time detection and shutdown of the tipping and preventing further
-
Flight exercise in the area of the
-
Climbing Curve with 10-30 Degree of Querneigung (simulated start) up to the first signs of flow demolition
End exercise without tilting or height to
-
Sink flight curve with 10-30 degrees transverse inclination, Brems/Incident flap and landing gear (simulated approach) up to the first signs of the Flow demolition
End exercise without dumping or sinkrate
-
At least 45 degrees and from steep/sink levels
-
-
top speed limit
Recognizing and ending incipient spiral flights
Reduce engine performance (Idle)
Correct the lateral position (neutral) and soft intercept
behavior in case of emergency situations
-
Behavior in case of emergency situations in compliance with the operating manual
-
Control of the electrical fuses or Power-on of backup machines
-
Notausride des Chassis (if any)
-
Engine and equipment disruptions
-
unexpected Weather degradation
-
Fire eruption
Single flight
solo flights in the visibility of the launch airfield
Erlangen of the flying skills
Starting and landing
-
with side wind
-
with different weight states (max. Loading)
-
with side slide
-
Landeanflug ohne Zuhilfenung der Brems-/Störflaps
-
landing on accepted limited Space
Target ands
-
Landings from the round of space with and without motor help
-
Set up within 100 m after landing
-
Target finish at least 600 m (2000 ft) above ground without motor help
-
Set within 150 m after the landing
Outlander exercises with flight instructor from different heights
-
with motor help
-
Selection of an appropriate terrain from a safe height
-
The overflight of the terrain to determine Details, then
-
Round and Endane
-
without motor help Emergency procedures (emergency measures, search for causes, measures shortly before landing) shall be carried out in accordance with the flight manual. The emergency measures must be managed by heart. The use of the emergency clearlist is to be integrated into the flight path in a meaningful way.
-
Speed for Best Glead (Trim)
-
Selection of an appropriate terrain under consideration des Windes
-
Arrival Division
-
Emergency clearlist application
-
Simulated discontinuation of an emergency or urgent call
-
Procedure just before the
: External landing exercises may only be practiced with flight instructors, with strict observance of the avoidance of danger to humans and animals. They are to be carried out in a pass-through process without setting up. A special approval by the competent national aviation authority is required for the lower level of the security minimum.
navigation instruction
-
Small Orientation
-
Flight by default courses
-
Orientation in unfavorable viewing conditions
-
probable and actual Arrival Time
-
Placing in the Round
-
ways to avoid Air traffic noise
On-and-off flights with port of call on a aerodrome with air traffic control
There are at least two complete departures and departures to be carried out with stopovers.
-
Orientation and approach in the control zone
-
Follow air navigation instructions
-
altimeter setting
-
Watching the airspace, if necessary timely evasive
-
spacers of other Air traffic
-
charted characters and if necessary Light signals
-
radio traffic corresponding to of the prescribed procedures
-
Anflights at least until the arrival in the round of space
-
Departures on the air traffic control route
-
When landing at an airfield
-
Orientation on airfield
-
chars and air navigation instructions
-
possibly Light signals
-
Travel Engine sealer
-
Flight handling technique
Navigation triangular flight
-
Self-employed preparation and implementation of at least two navigational triangle flights, one of which, accompanied by a flight instructor and one as a solo flight over a distance of at least 270 km in each case, in which landings are to be carried out on two airfields different from the starting position until complete standstill.
Exercises up to test ripe with and without flight instructor up to safe control of the control
Note: Simulated engine failure after launch and external landing exercises may only be carried out with flight instructor.
Note: Set-up and launch of the flight schüller in solo flight is only permitted if the flight instructor has a Flight order has been issued and is present at the airfield. unofficial table of contents

Appendix 6C Theoretical test to acquire the class authorization for motor sailors for holders of the license for Glider guide
(to § 9)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 101
1.
The acceptance of the theoretical test is due to the Instructor/instructor for the applicant to apply to the competent authority.
2.
This examination shall be a written or computer-based examination in the four subjects listed below and may, at the discretion of the competent authority, be placed on one or more days. Several examination subjects can be combined. An exam consists of at least 50 questions. The predominant part of the examination must consist of multiple choice questions according to the respective valid official questionnaire. The following machining times must not be exceeded:
bin machining time h
(maximum)
Navigation, flight performance and flight planning 1:30
General Aircraft Customer, Technology 1:00
Behavior in special cases 0:30
Human power capacity * (0:30 *)
Total 3:00 (3:30 *)
*
Only part of the theoretical test if this subject is not in any previous theoretical exam to obtain a license or entitlement in accordance with Air PersV or JAR-FCL 1 or 2 reviewed and passed.
3.
A test subject is considered to have been passed if the applicant has reached at least 75% of the possible score in this subject. Points may only be awarded for correct answers.
Non-official table of contents

Annex 7A Curriculum for theoretical training on the subject Purchase of the license for free-market drivers
(to § 10)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 102-116 AIRLAW
Legal basis
-
Aviation Law (LuftVG)
-
Air Traffic Approval Order (LuftVZO)
-
Air Order Order (LuftVO)
-
Aeronautical Testing Regulation (LuftGerPV)
-
Regulation on Aviation Personnel (LuftPersV)
-
Air PersV Implementing Regulations
-
Operating Regulations for Aviation Device (LuftBO)
-
AirBO Implementing Regulations
-
more laws and regulations to the extent that they are relevant to the outdoor swimming pool guide
National and international aviation organization
-
Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung (BMVBS)
-
Aviation-Bundesamt (LBA)
-
aviation authorities of the countries
-
Bundesstelle für FlugunfallInvestigator (BFU)
-
Deutsche Flugsicherung GmbH (DFS)
-
German Weather Service (DWD)
-
ICAO
-
responsibilities and tasks
-
JAA
responsibilities and Tasks
-
EASA
responsibilities and tasks
for airdrivers
-
AIP VFR
-
Outline and Usage
-
VFR-Bulletin
-
Air Driver Part I and II Messages (NfL I and NfL II)
-
NOTAM
-
aviation maps ICAO
airfields
-
types of airfields
-
Airspace zwang
-
outer start and outlanding
-
Notlandung
-
Security landing
Aircraft
-
equipment-subject to approval
-
types
-
approvals
-
checks
-
airworthiness statements
aviation personnel
-
training
-
license
Grant
extension
extension
Renewal
Dedraw
-
Exercising Rights
-
Validity abroad
-
Validity of foreign licenses
-
permissions
Participation in air transport
-
air traffic participants ' duties
-
General Rules
-
Visual Air Rules
-
airspace classification
-
air traffic control rules
-
Equipment of Aircraft
-
General Flight Rules
-
journeys across international traffic
Air Service
-
Mobile Flight Service Legislation
-
Approval and approval of Funkanlagen
-
Wireless Speaker
-
Emergency and Urgent Traffic
-
Regulation on air navigation equipment for aircraft.
The use of radio communications
For flights/journeys to and from an airfield with visual flight rules Air traffic control either in German (BZF II) or in German and English (BZF I) using the specified phrases, expressions, procedures, abbreviations, including emergency and urgency procedures
Liability of the balloon operator and the insurance obligation of the aircraft holder
Offences, Administrative Offences
NAVIGATION
Form of the earth
-
Erdachse, Pole
-
Meridiane
-
widthparallel
-
large circles, small circles, price-matching
-
Hemisphere, North/South, East/West
Map customer
-
topographic Aeronautics
-
Projections and their properties
-
angular fidelity
-
surface remorse (equivalency)
-
scale
-
Great circles and share-level
Conformance cone projection (ICAO card 1 :500.000)
-
key_properties
-
buildup
-
meridian convergency
-
Appearance of meridians, parallel, large circles, and price-matching
-
scale, Default parallel
-
pictorial representation of height above ground
reference direction
-
right-pointing North (True North)
-
Earth's magnetic field, misstatement-annual Change
-
Mispointing North (Mag North)
-
Vertical and Horizontal Components
-
Isogones, Null Isogons (Agone)
Magnetic influences in the
-
Compass Deflection (Deviation)
-
Avoid magnetic interference from the compass
Distances
-
units
-
Distance measurement as a function of the map projection
Aeronautical maps in practical navigation
-
Location determination on map
-
Width and Length
-
Pseparation and Distance
-
Using an Angle Knife
-
Measure of courses above ground (track) and Distances
Map symbolism/use of navigation maps
-
map evaluation
-
topography
-
terrain (relief)
-
Artificial Terrain Characteristics
unchanging characteristics (e.g. B. lengths-or point-like, unique or special features)
variable characteristics (e.g. B. Water)
-
Map preparation
-
Orientation based on the Map
-
Control Points Properties
-
Location Determination
-
airfare icons
-
airfare information
Basics of navigation
-
course on the ground, right-running and miserable course
-
Wind speed and speed above reason
-
expected arrival time
-
coupling navigation, location, fixed location
Calculations in the navigation
-
Units Conversion
-
Driving time to reach pre-specified landing sites
-
crafted gas/ballast stock
-
possible travel time with existing gas supply
-
Driving time and expected landing time
Time Bill
-
Relationship between Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) and Middle Local Time (LMT)
-
Definition of Sunrise and sunset times
Flight planning
-
Selection of Map Material
-
Weather forecasts and reports for the ride distance and the starting point
-
Assessment of weather situation
-
Draw forward direction of travel
-
Consideration of controlled air spaces, airspace restrictions, danger areas, nature conservation etc.
-
Using AIP and NOTAMS, VFR Bulletin with Supplements
-
Connections to Air Traffic Control Center in controlled air spaces
-
Calculation of travel time for gas/ballast supply
-
Security Mindesthöhen along the possible routes
-
Telecommunication traffic and Radio/navigation frequencies
-
VHF bearing (VDF-Peiler)
-
transponder
-
Satellite Navigation (GPS)
-
Determination of Load Capacity
-
Required Steigraten at start to secure obstacles
-
flight plan task if required
Practical navigation
-
height-knife setting
-
Organization of work load occurring during the flight
-
Find cheaper Air flows
-
Driving height compliance
-
performing the View navigation
-
Location Determination
-
Connection to Air Traffic Control Point
-
Flight Log Bookings
METEOROLOGIE
The atmosphere
-
Composition and Structure
-
vertical stratification
-
troposphere peculiarities
print, density, and temperature
-
Air Pressure, Air Pressure Measurement, Isoable
-
Changing print, density, and temperature with height
-
height measurement terms
-
radiative processes, temperature
-
daytime temperature
-
Stability and Lability
-
Impact of radiation and advection processes
Air humidity and Precipitation
-
water vapour in the atmosphere
-
airhumidity
-
dew point, spread
-
relative, absolute, and specific humidity
-
vapor pressure
-
Condensation, Sublimation, Evaporation
-
precipitation
-
Origin of precipitation
-
rainfall
air pressure, wind and wind gusts
-
High-and Low-Print Areas
-
Air Movement
-
Pressure gradient (Buys-Ballot's Law),
-
Coriolite force, friction (ground wind and geostrophic wind)
-
vertical and horizontal air movement, Convergence, divergence
-
Local wind systems (Föhn, mountain/valley wind, land/sea wind, guided wind)
-
Turbulence and Böcy
-
Influence of wind and wind shatting at startup and Landing
Cloud formation
-
Cooling and heating by advection, radiation, and adiabatic Processes
-
Cloud Classification, Wolkenstockwerke
-
convective clouds (Cumulus clouds)
-
stratiform clouds (shift clouds)
-
orographically conditioned Clouds
Fog, damp and dry haze
-
Fog, Advection Nebula, Mixing Nebula, freezing fog
-
fog formation and resolution
-
degraded view by Wet haze, rain or spray, snow, smoke, dust and sand
-
Assessment of the probability of the occurrence of reduced visibility
-
Hazards for flights with low horizontal and vertical views
Air masses, high and low-pressure areas
-
Properties of air masses and influence sizes
-
Air Masses, Areas of emergence
-
Transformation (change) of air masses during their Relocation
-
Creation of high and low-pressure areas
-
Weather in the Connection with high and low pressure areas
-
Deep-pressure channel, ground and altitude rog (formation and weather events)
Fronts
-
creation of fronts and air mass limits
-
warm front
emergence of a Warmfront
Related clouds and weather
-
Weather conditions in the Warm sector
-
cold front
Emergence of a cold front
related clouds and weather
-
BackPage Weather
-
Okklusion
emergence of an occlusion
Related clouds and weather
-
stationary fronts
-
Related clouds and weather
Vereisung
-
Causes and conditions for icing
-
The formation and effect of rasping, icy ice, Klareis
-
Impacts of icing on a gas balloon ride
-
Fliegerische Measures to avoid icing
thunderstorms
-
thunderstorm formation
-
Air mass thunderstorms, front thunderstorms, orographic thunderstorms
-
prerequisites
-
Development Process
-
Recognizing favorable conditions for the creation of Weathered
-
Air Vehicle Hazards
-
Effects of lightning, hail, and heavier Turbulence
-
avoidance of travel in the vicinity of thunderstorms
journeys over mountainous terrain
-
Influence of the terrain on atmospheric processes
-
Education of Leeshafts
-
Local wind systems, up and down winch, rotors
-
hazards
climatology
-
general seasonal circulation in the troposphere over Europe
-
year-on-year conditions local weather conditions and wind conditions
altitude measurement
-
The meaning of the print settings for air traffic
-
height, density height
-
height above ground, height above sea level, Airfields
-
Default ICAO
-
-
QNH, QFE, QFF, QNE (default settings)
Organization of meteorological security of air traffic
-
Air Weather Forecast and Advice-LBZ Consultation
-
Aircraft Weather Waiting-FWW Briefing and Documentation
-
Aircraft Weather Station (Observation)
-
Periodic Availability Weather Forecast
Weather Analysis and Prediction
-
Weather Maps, Symbols, Characters
-
Maps for predicting significant weather charts
-
General Aviation forecasting cards
-
Reports and forecasts for a scheduled balloon ride
-
Evaluation of regular flight weather reports (METAR) and Warnings (SIGMET, AIRMET, and others)
-
Weather information about self-briefing systems flight weather consulting
-
Get Personal Flight Weather Advice
Aviation weather radio shows
-
VOLMET, ATIS
AEROSTATIK
Balloon in general
-
Gas Normal Condition
-
Gas Acts
-
buoyant, sham-and headoff
-
Trag, sink, and climbing power
-
Impact of wind forces on the ground, air resistance
-
Strain of the balloon envelope by Windshers and turbulence
Gasballon
-
The behavior of the impact and impact Gas balloons
-
Normal height, impact height
-
The load-bearing capacity of the Height
-
Load-bearing capacity depending on the type of filler gas
-
Load-bearing-force changes external influences
-
effect of maneuvering valves
-
effect of Quick-release valves
Hot-air balloon
-
Load-bearing capacity and calculations
-
Steigen und Sinken
-
effect of maneuvering valves
-
Effects of quick-release systems
-
Inner pressure and forces in the balloon shell
-
Effects of external influences on the hot air balloon, forces on the shell
-
loss of bearing force by Balloon envelope deformations
GENERAL AVIATION KNOWLEDGE, TECHNOLOGY
Gasballon
Hüllen
-
Construction types and sizes
-
Materials Used
-
Confection
-
maneuvering valves and quick-release systems
-
Electrostatic Derivation
-
Leinen
-
Adhesive joints and their loadability
Baskets
-
Construction
-
Material
-
Korbring
-
drag rope
-
retaining tau
Wings
-
Tram and their properties: Hydrogen, helium, luminous gas and ammonia
-
Explosive
-
Weight
-
Temperature Behavior
-
Accident Hazard and Accident Prevention
-
Handling of load-bearing gases during storage, tank operation, filling from tank wagons, when filling lines and emptying the balloon
-
Possible ignition sources
-
explosion protection
Security devices (bottom)
-
fire extinguisher
-
mode of action and use
-
Merkblatt accident prevention Gasballon
Filler for gas balloons
-
Types of gas supply to fill gas balloons
-
From low pressure lines (overpressure less than 1 bar):
-
Tubes
-
Armaturen
-
From pressure lines greater than 1 bar or from pressure vessels up to 42 bar:
-
Hoses
-
Druckminderer
-
fittings
-
From High Pressure Containers (up to 200 bar)
-
Tubes
-
Druckminderer
-
Armaturen
-
with hydrogen or helium liquid and deep-cold (-250 degrees C)
-
evaporator
-
Armaturen
-
Schhoses
Ballast
-
Sand, Properties
-
Frost Issues
-
Sandsacks
-
water
Permitted maintenance, maintenance, testing and repair of balloons
hot air ballon
-
balloon envelopes
Construction types and sizes
Materials Used
Ventilarten including service lines
emptying and quick-release systems.
Tragseile
Scoops and Schürzen
Kronenring, Kronenleine
burner frame
-
Bauarten
Seilances
Körbe
-
Construction types and sizes
-
Materials Used
-
Corbropes and supports
-
equipment
Start captors
-
Different types of construction and their peculiarities
-
Operation and Precautions
Fan
-
Bauarten
-
workings, airflow and scatter, optimal lineup
-
Hazards and Precautions
-
Audit and operational security
Permitted maintenance, Maintenance, testing and repair of balloons
liquefied gas
-
Physical and combustion engineering Propan and butane properties
-
vapor pressure and pressure behavior in full containers
-
Gas and liquid phase, volume change
-
evaporative behavior
-
Explosion Limits
-
Weight
-
Temperature Behavior
-
Accident Hazard and Accident Prevention
-
Handling liquefied petroleum gas during tank operation, storage and operation of liquefied gas plants
-
Possible ignition sources
-
explosion protection
Security facilities
-
fire extinguisher
-
Mode of action and use
-
LPG Liquid Gas
Liquid gas container for Hot air balloons
-
Types of designs, sizes and materials used
-
inner structure and functions
-
dipping watch
-
Gas Phase Removal
-
Peiltube
-
Overpressure Valve
-
fill level display
-
Construction types of external gas fittings, valves, and valve connections
-
Pressure reducer
-
hoses
-
different pressure increase procedures in Liquid gas containers, pros and cons
-
Maintenance and checks for tightness
-
Filling and removing liquid gas
-
Fill or Refilling of liquid gas from tank systems and Bottles
-
By Weight
-
Filling by Volume
-
liquid phase removal
-
gas-phase removal
-
Existing regulations and security measures
Heating system
-
Construction and construction of burners
-
workings of the various burner components
-
Manometer
-
FahrValve
-
Pilot Flame Valve
-
Pressure reducer on single hose systems
-
Pilot Flame
-
piezo detonator
-
evaporator
-
burner nozzles
-
Remote Control-Magnetic Valve
-
Operation, Maintenance, Audit
-
Disorders and their elimination
-
on the ground
-
in the air
Balloon in general
onboard instruments
-
Altimeter
Construction of mechanical and electronic device
mode of action
settings
-
Barograph
-
Variometer
Construction of different device types
Functional Principle and Display
Variometer Failure
-
Thermometer (hot-air balloon only)
-
Different types of devices and their peculiarities
-
Measurement value transfer to display
-
Placement of the
-
compass
-
GPS
-
Functioning
-
Settings
-
Readable
-
Ending Ticket
-
airworthiness certificate
-
annual review
-
LTA
Flughandbuch
-
Minimum Equipment
-
Operational Limits
-
Operating Instructions
-
Maintenance, Maintenance, Repair
-
clearlists
Driving-clear freeballon
-
On-board papers (full count, effectivity)
-
Equipment (full-size, functional)
-
Passengers Aboard (Instruction)
-
Reviews performed by clear list
-
Operating Limits
BEHAVIOR IN SPECIAL CASES
Start
-
Critical Wind Ratios
strong Ground wind
gusts
-
chickenschation
-
viewer at launch pad
-
impediments in start direction
-
Burner pressure in the inadmissible range (hot air balloon only)
-
Unopening the fill set (only Gasballon)
Drive
-
Mountains
-
journeys at high altitudes
-
journeys by night
-
rides over water
-
rain, snow, hail
-
Deterioration due to fog, haze (loss of orientation)
-
Strong lability, thunderstorms, Turbulence
landing
-
Critical wind conditions
strong ground wind
Bow, Windscherung
-
Stark heated floor layers
-
Starke Bodeninversion
-
Obstacles And Power Lines
-
Ballast- or Gas shortage
-
forest landing
-
landing on water
-
mountain landing
Balloon and instruments
-
Balloon Damage and Functional Disorders
-
Tools failure
-
Speech wireless failure
Accidents
-
Accident Site Actions
-
Accident And Fault Message
-
property damage
-
Brand
-
Behavior in accidents with power lines
-
Violations
HUMAN PERFORMANCE
Basics of Physiology
Terms
-
Composition of the atmosphere
-
Gas laws
-
respiration and bloodstream
Effects of partial pressure
-
Impact of increasing flight altitude
-
Gas Exchange
-
Hypoxie (oxygen deficiency)
-
symptoms
-
Preventative Measures
-
cabin pressure
-
Effects of rapid pressure drop
-
self-rescue time (Time of Useful Consciousness/TUC)
-
Use of oxygen masks and emergency descent
-
Hyperventilation
-
symptoms
-
avoidance
-
effects of accelerations
eyeability
-
thePhysiology of seeing
-
Eyesetting Limitations
-
Visual Error
-
optical illusions
-
spatial disorientation
-
Avoidance of disorientation
Auditing
-
Physiology of Hearing
-
Inner Ear Sensory Perceptions
-
Impacts of Flight Level Changes
-
The Noise and Loss of the Deaf
-
hearing protection
-
spatial disorientation
-
Contradictions between acoustic and optical perception
-
Avoidance of Disorientation
Travel disease
-
Causes
-
Symptoms
-
Preventive Actions
Fliegerische Fitness
-
medical requirements
-
Health disorders and their treatment
-
colder diseases
-
Stomach Detections
-
Drugs, Drugs and Side Effects
-
Alcohol
-
Ermüdung
-
personal fitness
-
Passenger Care
-
Precautions Before flight after dives
Risk of poisoning
-
Dangerous Goods
-
Carbon monoxide release by heating systems
Basics of Psychology
The information process
-
terms of sensory perception
-
cognitive perception
-
expectation
-
Anticipation (mental anticipation of actions)
-
Behavior
The central decision path
-
mental load, load limits
-
Information Sources
-
Reize and Attention
-
verbal communication
-
memory and remembering
-
Causes For Misinterpretations
Stress
-
Causes and Impacts
-
Erregungsstatuses
-
Impact on Performance
-
detect and reduce stress
Assessment of the situation and Decision-making
-
Situation Assessment Concepts
-
Vegetable States
-
Behavior Pattern
-
Risk Assessment
-
Situations awareness development
-
typical decision error
-
series (chain) of bad decisions
Non-official table of contents

Annex 7B practical training curriculum for the purchase of the license for the outdoor operator
(to § 10)

Original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 117-124 General The following curriculum is a guideline for the process and the contents of practical training. The outdoor pool used in practical training has to be suitable for training. Since it is not possible to take into account all the pattern-specific characteristics of different balloons, all the exercises are to be carried out in accordance with the procedures described in the flight manual of the balloon used in the training.
All controls must be done using the clearlists.
GAS BALLOONS
Gas balloons shall be operated in the preparation of a journey, start, journey, landing and disarmament according to the information of the manufacturer's flight handbook and the clearlists to be drawn up pursuant to § 27 LuftBO.
Driving and starting preparation
General preparations
-
Full count and validity of the Check the on-board papers
-
Review the full count and validity of personal papers
preparation for a ride
-
validate the launch permission for the intended launch site for validity
-
Get weather advice, own weather observations
-
trip preparation on cards
-
Show air spaces on ICAO map
-
Landeterrain in the direction of travel and attainable distance
-
Protected areas in the direction of travel Environmental
-
AIP, VFR bulletin, and Nightrews, AIS
-
-
-
Ggf. Schedule the flight plan
-
Calculation of the ballast sufficient for the required ride height
-
ensure minimum ballast
launch preparation at launch site
launch site
-
Check the official runs and ensure compliance
-
Check the launch site for suitability
-
Underground
-
Windthickness and direction
-
obstacle-free in start direction
-
set the starting point and shutting down
ground crew
-
ground crew to the planned sequence including start operation and Assign commands
-
distribute individual tasks and explain each of the performers in detail
-
Check the team's protective clothing and protective gloves
shell (netballon)
-
laying out shell
-
laying network over the shell
-
Insert and toggle the zipper
-
Insert and kneel the valve
-
Installing the valve
-
sandbags hanging in the mesh
-
Control viewers ' clear distance
-
attach filler hose
-
Filling the balloon and hanging the sandbags according to the fill level
-
Check if all linen are clear
-
bind the fill set and attach it
-
Korbring to basket Toggle
-
Toggle Mesh Cord on Korbring
-
balloon
-
Clear the basket (linen, towed taw, ballast)
-
Before you start filling the basket open
sleeve (netless balloon)
-
set up and with corring and basket connecting
-
Parachute, opening and fixing tapes to check for integrity, check connection with the parachuteleine
-
Check if all lines are clear and don't get tangled up when the balloon is raised
-
View Control viewers ' distance
-
attach filler hose
-
attach a help or to hold people to hold the parachute side of the shell
-
Before you leave the envelope, check again that no one is going through the high-speed balloon is at risk, in particular no one in the area of the envelopes stops
-
If the balloon is standing, fill up quickly until the desired filling level is reached, then remove filling device
Start, ride, landing
Start
-
Review of all Attachment of basket and shell side
-
Check if there is sufficient ballast on board and securely attached
-
Free movement of people and obstacles
-
detach backups
-
Let the balloon be outweighed by the start ladder
-
Command when weighing:
-
ATTENTION! -Announcement
-
ANLÜFTEN! -Release the holding part, release the basket
-
HOLD! -Keep one under tension, hold a balloon on the corfire
-
After weighing again, check the ballast stock
-
Ballast ready for quick ballac handing
-
In case of a pendeling balloon, the balloon is the return of the Release the shell in the moment when the shell is perpendicular above the basket
-
Perform Start
-
descend to security minimum height
-
drop the start message if required
Drive
Driving exercises during the ride
-
Keep track of the same ride height
-
Planmoderate height changes with steady up and down rates
-
Controlled transition on Equal ride height after climbing up or down
-
Compare the variometer data with your own observation
-
Keep the ride height without instrument observation
-
rides to get to know the balloon behavior with particular attention to the obstacle clearance in the direction of travel
-
Regular checking of all leds on sufficient sag
-
Regular check of the ballast stock
-
Getting to know the gas consumption at different levels Conditions
-
Regular retry of emergency procedures until automated action is available
All exercises are in different weather conditions and to perform different temperatures
Other activities during the journey
-
Observation of the weather and resulting decisions on the further course of the journey
-
Location provisions with different methods
-
Observation of the direction of travel at different heights to reach favorable landing terrain
-
Calculation the driving speed
-
necessary radio contacts with air traffic control points and ground crew
landing
preparations for landing
-
Check the wind speed and wind direction on the ground, for example, by observing smoke, flags, trees, Grasses, etc.
-
The choice of the landing site, taking into account the ground wind: the size of the landing, the freedom of obstacle in the direction of the landing, the wind shadow, Valleys
-
Co-driver Rejuvenation
-
Moving all moving Items
-
Hanging Ballast on abrasive side, securely stowing
-
Setting a at the latest launch point on the planned landing field
-
Initiate descent up to the ground level, use slower air layers to reduce the speed, not with Braking trees or shrubs
-
Keep parachuteleine handy
Landung with standing balloon in low to light ground wind
-
Let the balloon sink evenly, or Hold height above ground
-
Set up a balloon at a suitable landing site
-
Discharge in metered quantities before setting up, to lift off again To avoid
Landing with a lying balloon with a stronger ground wind
-
As far as possible in Tiffahrt, if necessary at the tow bar, remove speed
-
Securing the tear belt. Pull the tearbelt at the appropriate height quickly, let go before it is put on, and hold on well
-
In the case of parachute emptying systems at a corresponding height Quickly pull through the parachuteleine, hold fast shortly before it is put on, do not let go of the parachuteleine
-
For short landing distances just behind the last obstacle with necessary sinking speed closer to the ground
-
Depending on the emptying system, two to five seconds before the installation of the emptying valve-line Pull through, hold on well and prevent it from being raised again
Each landing is to avoid a renewed lifting and thus connected pendulums of the balloon by opening the parachutes in a timely way before placing them on. If a landing is not carried out until the previously defined latest possible landing point, then start!
Inflate Balloon (non-net balloon)
-
After landing balloon, so far empty that the passengers
-
Drivers one at a time
-
viewers in necessary distance and point to smoking ban
-
balloon further emptying
-
Ground crew pulls on the holding parts in the direction of airflow
-
When the shell is on the ground, Keep the parachute opening up for emptying. The cover should be approx. are kept a meter away from the parachute opening in order to avoid direct contact with the outflowing gas. Do not inhale the gas flowing out
-
Pilot leaves the last basket
-
If required, submit a landing message to air traffic control
Balloon emptying (netballon)
-
After the Landing balloon to the extent that the passengers can get out
-
Let the passengers get out individually
-
Keep viewers at the necessary distance and point to smoking ban
-
balloon over the tear-way devoid. In this case, the tear web is to be opened quickly and sufficiently.
-
If the casing is located on the floor, the tear-way opening is held up for emptying. The casing should be kept approximately one meter away from the parachute opening in order to avoid direct contact with the outflowing gas. Do not breathe out of the gas.
-
Pilot leaves the basket as the last
packing
-
Upgrading the hull and basket according to balloon pattern
-
Make Entries on board and travel book, record and report defects found
-
Ownership rights when moving to the landing site
Maintenance, maintenance
-
Preparing radios to load
-
storage
-
drying
Note: If gas balloons are still designed to be of old construction (zip, valve, net), the instructions in the flight manual are to be followed in a similar way to the procedure shall be considered.
HOT air balloons
Hot-air balloons are to be operated in preparation for a ride, start, journey, landing and disarmament according to the specifications of the manufacturer's flight handbook and the clearlists to be drawn up pursuant to § 27 LuftBO.
Driving and starting preparation
General preparations
-
Full count and validity of the Check the on-board papers
-
Review the full count and validity of personal papers
preparation for a ride
-
validate the launch permission for the intended launch site for validity
-
Get weather advice, own weather observations
-
trip preparation on cards
-
Show air spaces on ICAO map
-
Landeterrain in the direction of travel and attainable distance
-
Protected areas in the direction of travel Environmental
-
AIP, VFR bulletin, and Nightrews, AIS
-
-
-
Ggf. Abandon the flight plan
-
Perform a load-bearing capacity according to the starting mass, the height of the summit and the temperature in the different heights
-
Ensuring minimum gas supply and minimum landing mass, maximum number of gas cylinders/people depending on basket size
-
Make sure that all operating limits can be met while driving
Start preparation at launch site
Start Site
-
Ensure compliance with government requirements and ensure compliance
-
Check the launch site for suitability
-
Underground
-
Wind Power and Direction
-
Obstacle clearance in start direction
-
Set the starting place and shutting down
ground crew
-
ground crew to the planned sequence including start operation and Assign commands
-
distribute individual tasks and explain each of the performers in detail
-
Check the team's protective clothing and protective gloves
Ballonkorb and Gassystem
-
Minimum equipment according to Flughandbuch
-
Upgrade basket with burner system, check hoses, Connect and secure the basket ropes yourself
-
securely secure the gas cylinder in full position in the correct position
-
Sleeves with no tangible loops and consider allowable bending radii
-
With applied Check protective clothing complete gas system with all bottles for tightness and operability by burner sample, then burn all the hoses empty and close all valves, do not release unburned gas
-
attaching, setting, and functional testing instruments and radio
-
All items such as On-board papers, cards, pilot equipment on board, to allow for immediate lifting after the hot filling
-
Detailed instruction of the passengers for the whole Travel expiration
-
Relocate basket and tight-hook
shell
-
Attaching Envelope parts to the burner frame according to Flughandbuch and laying and securing a ledge ready to handle
-
Fan View Check for Damage, Tankinhalt Check
-
Before you remove the shell again Wind direction checking
-
Control viewers ' distance from sifting
-
Ground crew with protective clothing placed in filling position, cold fill case
-
visual inspection Crown ring, fixed parachute, check linenlauf, visual inspection shell
-
When casing almost bounce, heat encasing air with a burner and balloon Set up
-
If balloon is vertical, prevent overshooting by command to operator of the crown leine
-
moving the valve and parachuteles and heating the envelope air further
-
Let the driver ascend, Balloon by further heating always keep pomping
-
Perform a sample valve train and open all the climbing of the parachutes
-
Power on instruments and radio
When upgrading, the balloon always holds true to keep the attacking forces by the wind as low as possible, and as soon as possible, in order to expose the balloon and its starting island as soon as possible to the wind forces on the ground.
Start, ride, landing
Start
-
Review of all the fortifications of the basket and the envelopes, Burner Check
-
Free movement of people and obstacles
-
Backup to the Release Start Help
-
Start your ground team and let you step to the page
-
If Lift the basket from the floor and has enough climbing power, if necessary Also for the overwind of headup, start help trigger
-
Breeding at safety minimum height
-
Issue the start message if required

Driving during the ride
-
Keep an equal ride height
-
Planmoderate height changes with steady up and down rates
-
Controlled transition on Equal ride height after climbing up or down
-
Compare the variometer data with your own observation
-
Keep the ride height without instrument observation
-
rides to get to know the balloon behavior with particular attention to the obstacle clearance in the direction of travel
-
Regular checking of the operational readiness of all burners
-
Steal control of the gas supply
-
choosing a convenient time point to enclose empty Full gas cylinders with immediate inspection of the tightness and operational readiness of the system. Empty tubes before they are closed, if no ring line is used
-
Learn more about the gas consumption at different Conditions
-
Regular retry of emergency procedures until automated action is present
All exercises are in different weather conditions and to perform different temperatures
Other activities during the journey
-
Observation of the weather and resulting decisions on the further course of the journey
-
Location provisions with different methods
-
Observation of the direction of travel at different heights to reach favorable landing terrain
-
Calculation the driving speed
-
necessary radio contacts with air traffic control points and ground crew
landing
preparations for landing
-
Check the wind speed and wind direction on the ground, for example, by observing smoke, flags, trees, Grasses, etc.
-
The choice of the landing site, taking into account the ground wind: the size of the landing, the freedom of obstacle in the direction of the landing, the wind shadow, Valleys
-
Co-driver Rejuvenation
-
Moving all moving Items
-
Check the burner and gas supply on all heating systems
-
Balloon Basket align, if rotary valves exist
-
Setting a latest set point on the planned landing field
-
Initiate descent up to the ground, use slower air shifts to reduce speed, do not brake with trees or shrubs, with loss of capacity due to ingrowing Calculate the shell
-
Depending on the planned landing type, hold parachute or quick-release lone uninsured in your hand
Landing with a standing balloon at a low level to light ground wind
-
With short bursts of bursts evenly decrease, or already close to the ground Keep height above ground
-
Close valves for pilot flame when suitable landing site is reached
-
Before setting up valves, draw in to avoid renewed lifting
Schleiflandung with stronger ground wind
-
If obstacle clearance is sufficient, balloon intercept, and even height is After emptying system, keep
-
Before the scheduled landing, close pilot flames on the burner. In sufficient time also close the liquid gas valves of the gas cylinders
-
In the case of parachute emptying systems at an appropriate height, parachuteleine quickly pull through, in short Do not let go of the parachuteleine
-
In the case of quick-release systems, in a correspondingly lower height of emptying line, quickly pull through, View control, that top is open, and hold on well
-
At short landing distances just behind last obstacle with necessary sinking speed to the ground sewing
-
Close pilot flames
-
Depending on the emptying system, two to four Seconds before you set off Emptying Valve-Leine quickly, hold off well and prevent it again.
Each landing is a new lift and thus connected pendulums of the balloon by opening the parachutes at the right time to avoid setting up before setting up. If a landing is not carried out until the previously defined latest possible landing point, then start!
Balloon draining
-
Keep viewers at a safe distance
-
After landing all hoses burn empty, valves close, no unburnt gas released
-
Get the driver out
-
ground crew draws on crown leine in the direction of the airflow, in the process Open Parachute only easily
-
If the shell has reached an inclined position and is no longer over the burner, open the parachute fully
-
Pilot leaves the last of the basket
-
Parachute/Quick Open lone immediately up to the stop Drag top envelope
-
If necessary, issue landing message to air traffic control
Pacing
-
Upgrading the hull and basket according to balloon patterns and instructions in the Flight log book
-
Book entries in the board and travel book, record and report defects found
-
Ownership rights when moving to the landing site
Maintenance, maintenance
-
Preparing radios for loading and gas cylinders to fill
-
Storage
-
Drying
Unofficial Table Of Contents

Asset 7C Theoretical Review for Acquisition The license for the Freiburg Guide
(to § 10)

Site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 125
1.
The acceptance of the theoretical test is due to the To apply for the training manager of the training establishment/training institution for the applicant at the competent authority.
2.
This examination is a written or computer-aided examination in the seven subjects listed below and may, at the discretion of the competent authority, be filed on one or more days. Several examination subjects can be combined. The exam consists of at least 120 questions. The predominant part of the examination must consist of multiple choice questions according to the respective valid official questionnaire. The following machining times must not be exceeded:
Hours of machining time. (maximum)
Air laws, air traffic and air traffic control rules, including mobile air service legislation 1:00
Navigation 1:00
Meteorology 1:00
Aerostatics 0:20
General aircraft knowledge, technology 0:40
Behavior in special cases 0:30
Human performance capability 0:30
total5:00
3.
A test subject is considered to have passed if the applicant in this subject is at least 75% of the possible Point number has reached. Points may only be awarded for correct answers.
4.
A practical speaking radio test on the ground must be carried out separately if the applicant does not already have the right to speak. of a flying radio certificate.
5.
The office test of about 30 minutes duration per applicant includes the practical handling of the voice radio traffic under the assumption A flight according to visual flight rules either in German (BZF II) or in German and English, as well as reading a text in English and translating into German (BZF I). The wireless communication can be carried out for several applicants.
Unofficial table of contents

Annex 7D Practical Examination for the purchase of the license for the Freiburg Guide
(to § 10)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 126-127
1.
The acceptance of the practical test is due to the To apply for the training manager of the training establishment/training institution for the applicant at the competent authority.
2.
The applicant has the practical test on the type of open-air type I used in the training. The open-air pool used in the practical test must meet the requirements for carrying out the practical test. The duration of the journey should be about 60 minutes.
3.
The examiner must discuss the test program in the guidelines with the applicant before the trip.
4.
The test drive is to be carried out as if the applicant is the only open-air guide on board. The responsibility for the flight execution is determined in accordance with § 4 paragraph 4 LuftVG.
5.
The examiner is not to participate in the performance of the journey, unless that it is necessary to intervene for safety reasons or to avoid unacceptable delays for other operators.
6.
Should the applicant be Canceling a practical test for reasons which are not justified for the examiner is to repeat the entire examination. If the test is canceled for reasons justified for the examiner, only the exercises that are not carried out are to be checked in a further journey.
7.
The applicant can repeat every exercise and every procedure. The auditor may cancel the check at any time if the applicant's flying abilities indicate that the entire check must be repeated
8.
The Applicants must demonstrate the following skills:
-
Leading the outdoor pool within the Operating limits
-
calm and exact execution of all exercises
-
good Judgment and conduct as an air driver (airmanship)
-
Application of aeronautical knowledge and control of the open-air balloon at any point in time of the journey, that the successful execution of a procedure or exercise is at no time seriously endangered
9.
The individual exercises of the practical test will be with " passed " (b) or " Failed " (nb). If more than three exercises are not passed, the applicant must repeat the entire examination. If you do not have an exercise, you only need to repeat the exercise that you have not passed. If you do not pass this exercise again in the repeat check, the entire check is to be repeated.
 Auditing Certificate
Practical audit to acquire the license for the Freiburg Guide

Name and first name of the applicant: .............................................................
Address: ..................................................................

I. Test drive
balloon type: gas balloon/hot-air balloon * Pattern: .....................
Eintragungszeichen: ........................... Size: ................... m3
Starting point: ................... Start Time: ..................
Landeplatz: ................... Landing time: ..................
Travel time: ..................

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Exercises I Rating
I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Travel Preparation I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. Upgrading the outdoor I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. External and internal control by clear list I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. Start and climb to a predetermined driving height I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. Implementation of the journey I
Implementation of the necessary measures and controls I
during the journey I
Navigation I
Emergency procedure I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. Voice traffic I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. Taking heights to reach cheaper I
Driving directions I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. Selection of suitable landing areas I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9. Intermediate landing or at higher wind speeds I
without ground contact from I
Safety minimum height I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10. End landing I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11. Draining shell I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12. Unpacking the outdoor pool after the end landing I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

II. Result of audit:
---------------------------------
I Passed/Not passed * I
---------------------------------

III. Remarks:

..................................... ...........................
Location and date Signature Reviewer
.............................................................
Reviewer No. Name in print letter
* Not applicable is deleted
unofficial Table of contents

Appendix 8A theoretical training curriculum for the purchase of the license for airship guide
(to § 11)

Site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No 60, Supplement No. 60a, 128-141 air traffic law, air traffic and other air traffic. Air traffic control rules
Legislation in the Federal Republic of Germany in the field of aviation
-
Emergence of a law
-
laws, legal regulations, policies, and Notice
-
Overview of air law
-
publications
National Organizations in aviation
International organizations in aviation
-
ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization)
-
World Meteorological Organization
-
JAA/ EASA
International Agreements
-
Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago) Convention)
-
Warsaw Convention (Changes in The Hague and Guadalajara)
-
Romans Liability Agreements
Aeronautical personnel
-
Aeronautical personnel subject to permission
-
Air Driver permission
Aeronautical device
-
Aeronautical Equipment Subject to Approval
-
Aeronautical Model Admissions
-
Aviation Device Traffic approval
-
Technical Operating Rules
Airfields
-
airfield division
-
approver
-
airports flag and humidification
-
marking and humidification of landing sites
-
military airfields
Aviation regulations
-
basic rules for air traffic behavior
-
Responsible Aircraft Guide
-
Flight Preparation
-
Visual Air Rules
-
Minimum Distance to Other Aircraft and Obstacles
-
Backup Rules
-
Aircraft Light Guide
-
Flight Operations at an airfield without and with air traffic control center
-
Obligations of the Aerial vehicle guide
-
airspace order of the Federal Republic of Germany
-
flight plan
-
air traffic control release
-
radio traffic
-
signals and characters
-
Time and Measure
-
Air accidents and other disturbances
-
danger message
-
throwing objects
-
Reclam-lying
-
airship outstarts and outlandings
-
Exercising flights under approved instrument flight conditions
Air traffic control, search and rescue service
-
air traffic control setup
-
Air Traffic Control Service
-
Flight Information Service
-
Flight Alarm Service
-
Flugberatungsdienst
-
flight communications service
-
Air Navigation Service
-
Airdriver Messages
-
Search and Rescue Service (SAR)
-
Geographic area of the search and rescue service of the BRD
-
SAR devices
-
Method
-
signals and characters
mode
-
general
-
Air ship equipment, in particular air navigation equipment
-
flight manual
-
Ban on the commissioning of air-infamous aircraft
-
failure of Equipment Parts
-
Aircraft Guide Obligations
-
Required Fuel
-
Flight operating rules for the operation of aircraft in air carriers
-
airlines
-
Air Ships Equipment
-
Flight Operations Manual (FBH)
-
Flight Operations Manager (FBL)
-
Flight Crew Composition
-
crew members
-
guide-room stay
-
flight enforcement plan
-
operational quantities
-
Minimum Disarmament List
-
Minimum flight heights by FBH
-
Passengers
-
Wetterminator conditions
-
Carriage of Dangerous Goods
-
Use Of Professional Airship Guides Outside of air carriers
Other
-
Liability
-
Aeronautics events
-
German aircraft on and off
Air Service
-
mobile air service legislation (national and international)
-
Implementation of the radio traffic on flights by visual flight rules in German and English.
Navigation
General Navigation
Basics of navigation
-
Shape of Earth and location set on Earth's surface
-
Navigator sizes and units in aviation
-
navigation computer
-
time-account
-
deviation and length difference
-
Navigator Lines
-
Spheric Triangle
-
Meridian Convergence
Map Customer
-
General
-
Earth-based Mercurator-Figure
-
touch cone map
-
Lambert's cut-cone-figure
-
Aircards in the AIP
coupling navigation
-
Reference directions
-
Course terms
-
Peil terms
-
speedwords
-
Basics of Wind Triangle
-
Windtriangle Tasks
-
Windtriangle tasks with the navigation computer
-
coupling navigation (Location Determination)
-
Course improvements based on 1/60 rule
Radio navigation
Basics of radio technology
radio navigation devices ground and On-board Assets
-
Non Directional Radio Beacon/NDB
-
Automatic Direction Finding Equipment (ADF)
-
VHF radio (VHF) radio Omni-directional Radio Range/VOR)
-
VOR onboard system
-
GPS (basics, working principle, Misbehavior)
-
Radaranlagen (basics, working principle, onboard systems)
Radio navigation methods (Homing/standing bearing/tracking)
Navigation with Foreign dpseparation
radio navigation maps
Flight planning
Setting the flight path, taking into account
-
airship's flight performance
-
the availability/availability of the Ground crew
-
meteorological location
-
Navigation devices
-
air traffic control
map preparation
flight performance calculation
fuel demand invoice
creation of the VFR Flight Management Plan
ATC Flight Plan
Meteorology
Earth's atmosphere
-
Air composition
-
Physical structure and properties
Heat budget of the atmosphere
Atmospheric pressure
-
units of measure
-
measurement
-
Vertical printing and density distribution
-
Barometric elevation level
-
Isotic and Isohypsen
Temperature
Humidity
Air Density
View
Barometric height measurement
Air flows
-
Geostrophic Wind
-
Gradientwind
-
frictional wind
-
Special orographic air currents
-
Turbulence
-
Observation and measurement of the wind
atmosphere thermodynamics
-
Water State Change
-
Adiabatic Jobs
Inversion
-
groundinversion
-
Aufgleitinversion
-
Absinkinversion
Clouds
-
cloud-building
-
International Cloud Classification
-
Cloud Observation
Precipitation
-
Origin
-
measurement
-
rainfall shapes
Dunst
-
Origin
-
shapes
Nebel
-
Radiation Mist
-
Mixing Nebula
-
Advektionsnebel
-
Seerauch
icing
-
types of ice attachment
-
Origin
-
Ice Prevention Measures
-
prediction
thunderstorms
-
Development stadiums
-
thunderstorms
Air masses
-
general circulation of the earth, planetary wind system
-
Air Masses
-
Arktikluft
-
Polar Air
-
Tropical Air
-
Equator

concept of front
-
Polar Front
-
Training an ideal cyclone
-
warm-front
-
warm-sector
-
cold front
-
occlusion
-
Front-like appearances
-
Trogline, Trog
-
Convergence Lines
-
Boat Line (Squall.Line)
-
cold air drip
High-pressure area (Anticyclones)
-
Origin
-
high-pressure structures
Information and documentation
-
Organization of the German Weather Service (DWD)
-
Use of the AIP/MET
-
Weather Messages
-
Planes (METAR, TAF, GAFOR, GAMET, Ballonwetter)
-
Demand messages (SPEZI, SIGMET)
-
Weather Cards
-
Current WX Cards
-
WX forecasting cards
-
AIRREP/PIREP
-
weather satellites
Meteorological Flight Preparation
Aerodynamics
General Basic Terms
-
Temperature
-
print
-
density
-
Earth acceleration
-
tenacity
-
compressibility
Flow laws for incompressible, frictionless, and stationary fluids
-
Current thread and current tube
-
Continuity Equation
-
Basic dynamics according to Newton
-
Bernoulli equation
boundary layer (GS)
-
Laminare and turbulent GS
-
GS
Aerodynamic resistance/resistance value
-
Resistance Formel/
-
frictional resistance
-
Print resistance (shape resistance)
-
profile resistance
-
Induced Resistance
-
Interference Resistance
-
total resistance
Airship body aerodynamics
-
Air Ship Body Geometric Parameters
-
Aerodynamic Reference Systems and Angle
/Sales coefficient
-
buoyan_formula
-
emergence of a buoyant
-
polar charts
-
Luftschiffpolar, Profilpolar, Gesamtpolar
Stability
-
terms: static stability and dynamic stability
-
longitudinal stability
-
directional stability
aerodynamics of the air screw
-
Aerodynamics on air screw sheet
-
Flow ratios and pressure ratios in the Air Screw
-
Airscrew Efficiency
Gas gauge
-
Physical/chemical properties of the gases (carrier gases)
-
gases state equation
-
Gas laws
Aerostatics/Aerostatic lift
General aircraft knowledge, technology
flight performance
airworthiness rules
Basics to Flight performance
-
Aerodynamics, Aerostatics, Engine Performance
-
Impact of environmental conditions on flight stings
-
The influence of the load-bearing gas parameters on the Flight stabbings
Definitions and terms
-
speeds
-
height terms
-
runways, obstacle spaces
Flute performance considerations in the Flight phases
-
maneuvers on the ground
-
Start
-
Steigflug
-
Travel Flight
-
Sinkflug
-
Anflug
-
landing
-
Start through
Flight manuals in flight manual
Beladung and focus
Need for loading and sword invoice style="font-weight:normal; font-style:normal; text-decoration:none; ">
-
influences on flight performance
-
Strength Limits
Basics to the load and center bill
-
mass, mass terms, weight (severity)
-
Blank Mass
-
operatingmass
-
Operational asse
-
StartWeight
-
Landemasse
-
Flugmasse
-
Zero Ballast Mass
-
payload
-
static severity (static heaviness)
-
allowable masses
-
center of gravity and focus limits
-
definition "center of gravity"
-
moment/moment equation /static balance
-
Leader-level
-
stations, lever arms
and Trim Sheet)
-
Mass and Priority Limits based on the Flight Guide
-
Charging capacity and maximum allowable floor load of cargo and passenger spaces,
-
targeted Shift of focus position by transhipment, refuelling and balloon filling
-
Impact of fuel consumption on the center of gravity
Airship customer
Construction materials and aeronautics
Charges/Strength
-
Static Loads
-
Dynamic loads
-
Methods to ensure the Operational strength (safe-life-method, fail-safe-method)
-
Special features in the introduction of power into thin-walled constructions
-
Aeronautics, materials in airship construction
Aircraft Body Construction
-
Construction of the skeleton
-
Construction of the shell, balloon sets, load-bearing gas cells
-
envelope print systems and pressure control
-
tail structure
-
Construction of the gondola (guide, passenger and cargo cabin)
Airship control
-
controls (joystick, control horn, pedals, handwheels)
-
transmission elements (control ropes, -linkages, chains, deflection pulleys and levers)
-
Controls (Ruder, flaps)
-
(Electric transmission elements and servo motors-see electrical engineering and avionics)
Hydraulic system
-
fundamentals of hydromechanics
-
Components (pumps, valves, controllers, pressure accumulators, filters, display devices, storage containers, working cylinders, hydraulic motors)
-
Basic hydraulics systems
Fahrwerk
-
design types, main assemblies
-
suspension and damping
-
Wheel Bodies, Tires (and brakes)
Heating and air conditioning systems (Basic knowledge of design and working methods)
Fuel system
-
Requirements and Design
-
assemblies (containers, pumps, filters, valves, lines)
-
aeration and aeration
-
Be-and-de-tanking
-
operation and monitoring
Fire extinguisher and fire warning systems
-
Fire classes and deletions
-
fire warning systems
-
Built-in fire-extinguishing system
-
Handfire extinguisher
-
Operation and Monitoring
Compressed air systems (General basic knowledge of Construction and operation)
Not-and-rescue equipment
-
emergency exits
-
Swimming jackets, inflatable boats, slides, signalling devices, notaxt
Electrical engineering and avionics
basics of DC technology
-
Physical/Chemical Basics
-
Definition of electrical quantities and basic relationships
-
Calculation of simple Circuits
-
Batteries
-
Thermoelements
-
DC Generators and motore
-
Power Monitoring Instruments
-
Electricity Consumers
-
DC Power Plant
Fundamentals of AC and Three-phase technology
-
Physical basics, sizes and basic relationships of the change-and Rotary Power
-
Calculation of simple AC and AC circuits
-
Transformers, Converters and rectifiers
-
alternators and motors
-
Construction of Change/turnaround systems
Fundamentals of avionics/electronics
-
Definition, Sizes and physical connections of an oscillation
-
modulation and demodulation
-
Components
-
Antennentechnik
Electronic and wireless assemblies
Microphone systems (incl. Notsender)
Radio navigation systems and radar systems
Basics of control and control technology
-
Definitions: Taxes and Rules
-
Analog and Digital Components of the Rule circle
-
Rule circle setup and behavior
Basics of computer technology
-
switchalgebra
-
General setup of a computer
-
Tasks of the CPU, the motherboard, the BUS, and the Interfaces
-
datastore
-
input/output peripherals
Instruments
Dosen instruments
-
altimeter
-
Radio Altimeter
-
Fahrtmesser
-
variometer
gyroscope instruments
-
gyroscope
-
courtboard
-
Artificial Horizon
Compass
-
Magnetic Compass
-
Remote compass systems
Engine and asset monitoring instruments
-
tachometer
-
Pressure knife
-
temperature meter
-
Consumption Measurement
-
Prerate measurement
-
torque measurement
-
vibration measurement
tools to monitor the load-bearing gas-and Ballooning Air Parameters
Radio Navigation Instruments
Integrated Flight Monitoring Systems
Remote Transmission Systems
engines
Kolb engines
-
General terms and basic knowledge of thermodynamics (-mechanical heat equivalent, adiabatic, isochore-, isobare-, isotherm and politropic state change, circular processes of the Petrol and diesel engines)
-
Piston Engines by working principle and design
-
assemblies (crank drive, crankcase, cylinder, valve control, auxiliary gear, propeller-reducing gear)
-
engine efficiency
-
power output/performance curves/performance behavior
-
Performance Increase (Lader)
-
Engine Operation and Monitoring
-
Propeller Assets
-
cooling system
-
ignition system
-
fuel system
-
Kraftstoffe (physical and chemical properties)
-
mixing ratio and Combustion process
-
Lubricant system, (Overvision knowledge of construction and operation)
Turbine engines (only overviewable)
-
Propeller turbines and turbine air jet engines (main assemblies, working principle, and Mode of operation)
Special situations in flight operation
emergency landings
-
General rules Emergency landing and security landings
-
Emergency landings on difficult terrain with and without ground crew support
-
Water Notlandungen
-
Emergency landings without engine support (Free ballooning)
Meteorological Risk Situations
-
Behavior in deteriorating View
-
thunderstorms
-
fog and fog
-
turbulences
-
rain, hail and snow
behavior in open and sweling fire
-
Vergaserbrand
-
engine fire
-
encasing brand
-
Brand in the cabin and in the cockpit
-
Smoke development in the cockpit and cabin
-
Selection of fire extinguisher by fire class
-
fire extinguisher application
-
Delete hazards
Life jackets
-
Swimming aids and life jackets
-
Handling and use of life jackets
Bergerolle
-
importance for emergency
-
The responsibilities of flight crew and flight attendants
-
Preparing passengers for the Emergency
-
Behavior at the moment of emergency landing
-
Preparation and execution of the Evacuation
Air swirling by other aircraft (large aircraft)
-
Cause of the Swirling
-
Impact of the velocity and mass of the vortex causing
-
Persistence and spread of the vertebrae
Human performance
Physiology for airship guides
Atmosphere and respiration
-
Atmosphere
-
respiration
-
Impacts of reduced total print
sensory organs and spatial Orientation loss
-
eye and vision
-
Lagesinn the body in space
-
ear, hearing, and balance organ
-
Spatial Orientation
Fliegerische Fitness
-
Fliegerische Fitness
-
nutritional physiology
-
Influences of drugs, drugs, alcohol and smoking
Basics Flight Psychology
Human Information Processing
-
Attention and Vigilance
-
Perception
-
memory
-
Learning and Behavior
Mental Error
-
Reliability of Human Behavior
-
Human Error Model
-
defect creation
decision-making/concepts
error prevention and management, cockpit management
-
security awareness
-
Coordination in Flight Crew (Multi-Crew Concepts)
-
Cooperation
-
communications
Personality
-
Personality, Behavior, Setting
-
Individual Personality Differences
-
detecting risky behavior
Human overloading and subclaim
-
Activation/Motivation
-
Stress
-
Ermüdung
-
Fatigue
-
Zirkadian rhythm
-
fatigue and stress management
Advanced automation in the Cockpit (General Overview)
-
Advantages and Disadvantages
-
"Automation complacency"
-
workconcepts
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 8B practical training curriculum for the purchase of the license for airship guide
(to § 11)

site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 142-143 Flight training on airships
Flight preparation, flight planning, transport/lay-down planning for ground crew
-
Outside and inside control by clear list
-
engine starting
-
Checking the engines and systems
Place the mast and maneuver on the ground
-
Start
-
Normal StartMethod
-
Notstartverfahren
-
Start with simulated engine failure
Steigflug
-
Adherence to the safe climb trajectory and flight parameters
-
Transition to horizontal flight
-
Steigflug up to "impact height" and flight in "impact height"
Flight exercises
-
Horizontal and stationary horizontal flight
-
cornering
-
Constant radius curve flight around a fixed landmark
-
Orientation, including petty orientation, coupling navigation
-
Winddetermination
-
Observation and evaluation of weather conditions and their development
-
Compliance Flight path parameters by instrument
-
Fly on pre-set courses above ground by view
-
Location determination using radio navigation tools
-
guided by the Flight route plan
Determination of the static severity in flight and trim
-
Determination of the Superheat (Superheat)
-
Assessment of the masses of ballast, fuel, moisture on the shell
-
computational determination of static severity (fist formulas)
-
"flying" the static Heavy
Sinking Flight
-
Normal Sinking
-
Notsinkflug
Anflug
-
Einordnung in aerodrome traffic
-
Flight with simulated engine failure
Landungen
-
with different static severity levels (including severity < 0)
-
with simulated engine failure
Ground maneuver/application to the mast/backup of the airship
radio traffic
Use of the clearlists
Communication and Interacting with the ground crew
Emergency procedure
-
Engine fire/failure
-
Rauch/Fire in the Cab/Passenger Cabin/Cargo Room
-
System outages (envelope pressure system, Hydraulic system, electrics, instruments, etc)
-
"Free ballooning"
-
-
Noting of the carrier gas after emergency landing and evacuation of the passengers/crew (Bergerolle)
Note: All the elements of flight training are also part of the Night flight training.
Note: Deviations from the above-mentioned training contents due to the type-specific characteristics of the airship patterns used in the training will be approved by the training manual. Non-tampering table of contents

Annex 8C Theoretical test to acquire the license for airship guide
(to § 11)

Site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 144
1.
The acceptance of the theoretical test is due to the Training manager of the training company for the applicant to be submitted to the competent authority. This examination shall be a written or computer-aided examination. It consists of the following subjects and is to be deposited in a corridor within 2 days. The place and time of the examination shall determine the competent authority.
Review Box (subject area) Review time minutes
1.Air law, air traffic and air traffic control rules 60
2.Navigation
2.1General Navigation45
2.2 Radio Navigation45
2.3Flight Planning 60
3.Meteorology60
4.Aerodynamics (Gaslehre, Aerostatik und Aerodynamics)60
5. General aircraft knowledge, technology
5.1Flugleistung 30
5.2Beladung and center of gravity30
5.3Luftschiffkunde30
5.4 Electrical engineering and avionics30
5.5Instruments 30
5.6Engine30
6. Behavior in special cases30
7. human performance capability 30
Total:570
2.
The check has been passed if all of the exam subjects are passed. An examination subject shall be deemed to have been passed if the applicant has reached at least 75% of the possible score in this subject.
3.
A practical radio test on the ground is shall be carried out separately if the applicant is not already the holder of a flight certificate.
4.
The examination of the office of approximately 30 minutes per applicant shall include the Practical handling of the radio communication under the assumption of a flight according to visual flight rules in German and English as well as reading a text in English and the translation into German (BZF I). The handling of the radio communication can be carried out for several applicants.
5.
A repeat examination is to be applied for by the applicant and includes all examination subjects that have not been passed by then.
6.
If the theoretical examination after 2 repetitive tests is not successfully completed, a new training is required Required by the competent authority.
Non-official table of contents

Annex 8D Practical examination for the purchase of the licence for airship guides
(to § 11)

Site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 145-149
1.
The acceptance of the practical test is due to the To apply for training managers of the training company for the applicant to the competent body.
2.
The applicant has the practical test on one in the Training used airship. The airship used in the practical test shall comply with the requirements for carrying out the practical test. The duration of the flight must be at least 90 minutes.
3.
The examiner must have the examination program in the basic trains with the applicant before the flight.
4.
The applicant must carry out the airship from the seat from which he can carry out the activity of the pilot responsible. The test flight shall be carried out as if the applicant is the only pilot on board. The responsibility for the flight execution is determined in accordance with § 4 paragraph 4 LuftVG.
5.
The auditor should not participate in the implementation of the flight, unless: is required to intervene for safety reasons or to avoid unacceptable delays for other air traffic participants.
6.
The flight path for by the reviewer. The flight may end on the starting airfield or any other airfield. Where possible, provision should be made for the planning of the boarding and departure of an airfield with an air traffic control centre or a transit through a control zone. The applicant is responsible for the planning of the flight and has to ensure that all equipment and documentation for the implementation of the flight are on board.
7.
If the applicant is to cancel the practical test for reasons not justified for the examiner, the entire check should be repeated. If the check is canceled for reasons justified for the auditor, only the sections that are not executed are to be checked in another flight.
8.
The applicant can repeat every exercise and every procedure. The auditor may cancel the check at any time if the applicant's flying abilities indicate that the entire check must be repeated.
9.
The Applicants must demonstrate the following skills:
-
Air Navigation within the Operating limits
-
calm and exact execution of all exercises
-
good Judgment and conduct as airfare (airmanship)
-
Application of aeronautical knowledge and control of the airship at any point in the flight, such as that the safe conduct of a procedure or an exercise is at no time seriously endangered
10.
The individual exercises of the practical test will be with "passed" or "not passed". If an exercise does not pass in a review section, this section is considered to be unpassed. If more than one examination section is not passed, the applicant must repeat the entire examination. An applicant who does not have only one review section must repeat only the non-passed part. If a section does not pass in the repeat check, the entire check is to be repeated. This also applies to sections that were passed in a previous attempt. The entire examination must be completed within 24 months after the theoretical examination has passed.
11.
After an unpassed practical test, a further Training is required. If there are not all sections in the second attempt, then the further training must be determined by the competent authority. The practical test can be repeated as often as you like.
12.
The following tolerances represent general guide values. Turbulences, flight characteristics and flight characteristics of the airship pattern used are taken into account by the inspector:
a) Control course:
-normal flight +-10 degrees
-at end from curves +-15 degrees
b) Hold on a radio standline +-5 degrees
c) Flight altitude +-150 ft




certificate

Practical test to acquire the
license for airship guide

Name and first name of the applicant: ..............................................................
Address: ...................................................................

I. Performing the test:

Airship pattern: ................. Identifier: .............................
departure location: ........................ Start Time: ...........................
Destination location: .......................... Landing time. ...............................
Block Time (from Mast/to Mast): ......

II. Check Result
---------------------------------
I Passed/Not passed * I
---------------------------------

III.




..............................................
Location and Date Signature of the tester
.............................................................. ........................................
Reviewer No. Name in print letter
* Not applicable to delete

Weather conditions:
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
At Departure Point I On Route I At Destination
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I I
I I
I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------


-------------------------------------------
Checker Seat: I Right I Left I Middle I rear I
-------------------------------------------

Evaluation of the Individual flight exercises

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Examination section/Exercise I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Flight Preparation
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. External and internal control by clear list
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. Powering the engines
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. Engine, system, and asset review
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. Dropping from the mast
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. Start
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6.1 Normal Start Method
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6.2 NotStart Method
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6.3 Start up
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6.4 Start with simulated engine failure
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. Climbing Flight
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7.1 Compliance with the safe climb trajectory and flight parameters
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7.2 Transition to horizontal flight
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. Flight Tasks
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.1 Horizontal Flight
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.2 Curve Flight
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.3 Constant radius cornering around a fixed landmark
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.4 Orientation, including micro-orientation
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.5 Wind determination
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.6 Observation and assessment of weather conditions and their
development
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.7 Compliance with predetermined flight path parameters by instrument
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.8 Tracking using air navigation tools
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.9 Location determination using air navigation tools
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.10 Guided tour of the flight route plan
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9. Determination of static severity in flight
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10. Sinking flight
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10.1 Normal sinking flight
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10.2 Notsinking flight
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11. Approach
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11.1 Order in aerodrome
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11.2 Anflight with simulated flight Engine failure
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12. Landings
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12.1-with different static severity
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12.2-with Simulated engine failure
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
13. Floor maneuvers/To apply to the mast
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
14. Radio communications
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
15. Use of clearlists
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
16. Bottom Check
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
16.1 Engine brand behavior
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
16.2 Behavior at Smoke/Fire
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
16.3 System failures behavior
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A Non-Official Table of Contents

Annex 9A theoretical training curriculum for the acquisition of the licence for flight technicians on helicopters at the police station of the Federal and state countries
(to § 12)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 150-152 air law
-
International agreements and Organizations
-
Airworthiness of Aircraft
-
Nationality-and Entry Sign
-
Aeronautical Licensing
-
Aviation Rules
-
Navigation
-
Air Traffic Control and Consultation Services
-
Airfields and Facilities
-
Search and Rescue
-
Security
-
Investigation of air accidents
-
JAR-FCL
-
National legislation
General aircraft knowledge
-
Cell and Systems, Electrics, Engine, Emergency Systems
-
electrical engineering
-
engine technology
-
emergency equipment
-
aircrafts and equipment
-
Instrumente; Aircraft; helicopters
-
Flight Instruments
-
Automatic flight control system
-
warning and recording equipment
-
engine-and System Monitoring
Performance and Flight Planning
-
Beladung and Focus
-
Dynamic Factors and Limits
-
Lastmanifold
-
Focus Location
-
Flight Planning and Monitoring
-
Flight Planning Overland Flight
-
ICAO ATC Flight Plan
-
editing flight planning documents
-
flights over sea and too far away
-
Flugleistungen
-
Airworthiness Requests
-
Start, Stretch And Landing Tracks
-
Flight Performance Classes
-
Definition of Speed (V (deep) X, V (deep) Y, V (deep) LE, V (deep) LO, V (deep) TOSS, V (deep) NO, V (deep) MIN, V (deep) MAX)
Human performance
-
Basics of Mental Factors
-
Basics of Flight Physiology and Conservation of the Health
-
Basics of Flight Psychology
Meteorology
-
atmosphere
-
wind
-
Thermodynamics
-
clouds and fog
-
precipitation
-
air masses and fronts
-
Print Systems
-
Klimalehre
-
Flight hazards
-
Meteorological information
Navigation
-
General Navigation
-
basics
-
magnetism and compass
-
Map Customer
-
Coupling
-
radio navigation
-
radio navigation devices
-
basics radar
-
Surface Navigation Systems
-
Soil-independent navigation systems and navigation systems with outer Reference
Flight operations
-
General
-
Special procedures and hazards
-
Not_procedure
Aerodynamics
-
Unterschall Aerodynamics
-
Flow laws
-
Laminare and Turbulent flow
-
boundary layer
-
Bernoulli equation, Venturi effect
-
lift
-
Sales Theories
-
buoyant
-
buoyant
-
Resistance
-
Indulfied Resistance
-
front face resistance
-
frictional resistance and interference resistance
-
resistance
-
bottom effect
-
wing profile and wing shapes
-
angle of attack, setting angle
-
Helicopter Aerodynamics
-
torque box equal to
-
rotor blade movement (beating, panning)
-
Forces on rotor blade
-
lift distribution
-
Autorotation
-
Stability
-
Soil resonance
-
swirl ring creation
-
Control systematics (Nicken, Rolling, Gieren)
-
The rotor blade handles against the rotor mast (mast) bumping
talk radio traffic
-
definitions
-
Principles of Wave propagation
-
General Method
-
radio link failure
-
emergency and urgent traffic
-
Frequency Management
General Aviation Security
-
Notausarmament and its use
-
fire extinguisher
-
engine fire, car fire
-
Enteisfacilities, EisPrevention
-
Bethingprecautions precautions
-
Dangerous Goods
-
Swirl Drag
-
Obstacles, Lines
-
Windscherung, Start, Anflug und Landung
-
Nodreaming of the helicopter
-
Notlandung
-
Notwasserung
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 9B practical training curriculum for the acquisition of the flight technician's license on helicopters at the federal and state police units
(to § § 12)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No 60, Supplement No. 60a, 153-155 The practical training and training is divided into the following parts:
-
Fliegerische Einweisung
-
Technical Training
The fliegerische Einweisung can be used with the Training of applicants for a licence for professional pilots will be combined if these flights are carried out with flight instructors or if the provisions of § 117 para. (3) Air PersV is fulfilled. The helicopter used in practical training must be suitable for training.
Fliegerische Einweisung
The fly-in instruction is at least 45 hours.
Small orientation at different heights
-
Terrestrial navigation with maps different Scale
-
airspace observation
-
Technical monitoring and operation of the Helicopters
Overland flight with landing places, military airfields and airports
-
Orientation includ. Small orientation
-
Determination of
-
Wind
-
speed above ground
-
Expected Arrival Time (ETA)
-
Overflight Time (ETO)
-
fuel consumption
-
the last possible point of no
-
Removal of data from the on-board air traffic control documents and their evaluation
Perception of the tasks of a flight technician on external landings
-
Determination of wind direction
-
Helicopter Guide Support in the assessment of approach direction and landing site condition
-
Assessment and monitoring of the obstacle clearance at the side of the helicopter facing away from the pilot
Perception of the tasks of a flight technician during high altitude flight
-
Orientation
-
Observation of a possible ice cream batch
Perception of the tasks of a flight technician during the night flight
-
Cabine and instrument lighting use
-
Headlight operation
The fliegerische Einweisung is a technical training to carry out the tasks and duties of a flight technician for maintenance, maintenance and Maintenance of the helicopter, as well as for the detection and detection of faults on the ground.
Technical Training
General instruction
-
Security Provisions
-
Halls and Workshop Rules
-
Fire Protection
-
Maintenance Operations Guide
-
Quality Management Guide
-
consumables
Before and after the chopper
-
Instruction in the on-board papers
-
Helicopter on the ground movement
-
Loading and Untanking
-
cockpit instruction
-
Pre-Flight Control
-
Day Control
-
Reporting procedures for complaints
Default procedure
-
Units in Measurement
-
Basics of Measurement of Electrical and Mechanical Sizes
-
basics of checking
-
Properties of materials used in aviation
-
Protections for safety and health when working on the flying device
Instruction in the documentation of the aircraft
-
Maintenance Documents
-
Technical File
Basic Tasks
-
wire fuses
-
Splint_backups
-
sheet-metal backups
-
screw connections
-
rope connections
Maintenance service
-
Instruction to the extent of the first major control
-
Instruction in Special Controls After a change of assembly
Instruction in the installation and removal of main modules, e.g.:
-
engine
-
main rotor blades
-
main rotor head
-
Mechanical Assemblies
-
Heckrotorkopf
-
Heckrotorblätter
Settings/Exams
-
powertrain speed
-
tempered temperature
-
main rotor blades setting angle
-
Basic tail rotor
-
onboard power supply
-
Hydraulic Plant Testing
-
Control Asset Testing
Deployment Equipment
-
installing and removing special equipment
-
function check
Rotating rotor checks
-
Leaf Spare,
-
Dynamic balancing of the main and rear rotor
-
Vibration Measurement Engine
Storm Search and Survey
-
Disrupt
-
disruptions in pattern-specific systems
This training can if the applicant for a licence for aircraft technicians on helicopters from the Federal Government and the Länder has completed vocational training as a flight equipment mechanic and a model-specific instruction for the helicopter pattern, on which he is to be able to carry out his activity. Non-official table of contents

Annex 9C Theoretical test to acquire the license for flight technicians on helicopters at the federal police force and the federal police force. Countries
(to § 12)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 156
1.
The acceptance of the theoretical test is due to the To apply for the training manager of the training company/training institution for the applicant at the competent body.
2.
This examination is written in the shall be deducted from the following subjects. The processing times specified in the table may not be exceeded. Multiple audit subjects can be summarized.
Fachmax. Machining time in h
Air Law 1:00
General aircraft knowledge 1:30
Flugleistung und -planung 2:00
Human performance capability 0:30
Meteorology 1:00
Navigation 1:00
Operating procedure 0:45
Aerodynamics 0:45
Speech radio trafficNo check speech radio traffic, since all FT is at least BZF I, if necessary also acquire AZF.
3.
A test subject is considered to have passed if the applicant in this subject is at least 75% of the possible Score reached. Points may only be given for the correct answer.
Non-tampering table of contents

Annex 9D Practical examination to acquire the license for Flight technicians on helicopters at the federal and state police forces
(to § 12)

site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 157-161
1.
The acceptance of the practical test is due to the To apply for training managers of the training company for the applicant to the competent authority. The practical test includes a flying examination and a technical examination. Each test piece can be repeated for once.
2.
The applicant has to take the practical test on a helicopter pattern used in the training. The helicopter used in the practical test shall comply with the requirements for carrying out the practical test. The duration of the flight shall be approximately 60 minutes.
3.
The examiner must discuss the examination program in the guidelines with the applicant before the flight.
4.
The applicant takes a seat in the helicopter, from which he can perform the flight technician's activity. The test flight shall be carried out in such a way as to be the applicant of the only flight technician on board. The responsibility for the flight execution is determined in accordance with § 4 paragraph 4 Air VG.
5.
The flight route for the overland flight is selected by the examiner. The flight may end on the starting airfield or any other airfield. Where possible, provision should be made for the planning and implementation of the cross-country flight of the boarding and departure of an airport with an air traffic control centre or a transit through a control zone. The applicant is responsible for the planning of the flight and has to ensure that all equipment and documentation for the implementation of the flight are on board. The overland flight may, in consultation with the applicant and the auditor, be carried out as a separate flight.
6.
Each section of the technical test shall be at least to examine a sub-item. All verified sub-points must be passed in order to pass the technical test. If the applicant does not have the technical examination in one of the subpoints printed in bold, then the entire technical examination must be repeated. In all other cases, the examination of the relevant section should be repeated.
7.
If the applicant does not check out the practical test for the examiner justifiable reasons, the entire test must be repeated. If the audit is canceled for reasons justified for the auditor, only the sections that are not performed are to be checked in a further check.
8.
The applicant can repeat every exercise and every procedure. The auditor may cancel the audit at any time if the applicant's capabilities indicate that the entire review must be repeated.
 Proof of Auditing
Practical audit to acquire the license for flight technicians on
helicopters at the federal and state police forces

Name: ................................ First name: .............................
Street: ............................ Place of residence: .............................

I. Flight Test
Helicopter pattern: ................ Identifier: ......................
Startort: ................ Landeort: .........................
Start Time: ................ Landing time: ........................
flight time: ....................

-------------- --------------
I left I I I left I I
Auditor seat: -------------- Applicant's seat: --------------
I right I I I rear I I
-------------- --------------

Audit Result:
---------------------------------
I Passed/Not passed * I
---------------------------------

........................................................
Location and date Signature of the tester
........................................................
Test # Name in print letter

II. Technical Review

Audit Result:
---------------------------------
I Passed/Not Passed * I
---------------------------------

................................................................
Location and date Signature of the tester
............................................................ ................................
Reviewer No. Name in print letter
* Non-applicable is to be deleted

I. Fliegerische Audit

-------------
I Rating
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Content I Task I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Flight preparation: I I
route documents, map preparation, I I
weather and I I
air navigation service consulting, preparation of the I I
Flightlogs, flight handling, refuelling, I I
loading, declaration of the rescue and I I
located on board I I
Safety equipment, presentation and I I
Explanation of the on-board documents. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. Pre-flight and post-flight control I I
(including I I
intermediate landings I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. Airspace Observation I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. Including orientation. I
Small orientation I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. Technical monitoring and I I
Operation of the helicopter I I
(instruments, operation of the radio and I I
navigation devices, other Systems) I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. Determination of GS, ETA, ATA, I I
Fuel consumption, Wind, I I
Rest flight time. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. Crew Coordination I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. Radio traffic management I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

II. Technical Review

1. Maintenance and operation safety regulations for
helicopters

-------------
I Rating
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Content I Task I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.1 Landeplatz Use Order I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.2 Hallen and Workshop Rules, I I
Accident Prevention Regulations I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.3 Fire protection I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.4 Save and save the I I
helicopter, uncovering the I I
Helicopter I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.5 Ground floor, ground transport device, I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.6 Using external power sources I I
and devices I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.7 Use of operating materials and excipients, I I
Safety data sheets I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2. Before and after the helicopter

-------------
I review
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Content I Task I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.1 Loading and unloading I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.2 Filling and leaving other I I
operating materials, addition of I I
Part I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.3 The importance and application of the on-board I I
with operating documents to be guided: I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-Flight Guide I I
- Registration Form I I
-Airworthiness Certificate I I
-Check-out I I
-Lfz books I I
-FT-Certificate I I
-Noise Certificate I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.4 Operational documents: I I
(e.g. transfer proof, Cycleliste) I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. System knowledge of assemblies/components

-------------
I review
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Content I Task I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.1 Engine I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.2 Cell, airwork, automatic I I
flight control system I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.3 Elektrik, Avionik I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4. Working according to manufacturer instructions

-------------
I review
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Content I Task I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4.1 Maintenance I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4.2 Special Controls I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4.3 Assembly/component replacement I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4.4 Documentation: I I
-Structure/Cell I I
-Engine I I
-Special equipment I I
-SB, LS, LTA, I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

5. Additional equipment (as far as is appropriate) Flight Log Book Approved)

-------------
I Rating
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Content I Task I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5.1 Installation and removal I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5.2 Functional Test I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5.3 Operating Regulations I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5.4 Maintenance I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------



6. Use of special tools and measuring devices

-------------
I review
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Content I Task I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6.1 Conversion of units in I I
Measurement I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6.2 Application I I
Electrical/electronic measuring and I I
Read-out devices I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6.3 Use of torque keys I I
and tensiometers I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------



7. Adjustment Work/Checks

-------------
I Rating
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Content I Task I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7.1 Flight Control I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7.2 Hydraulic system, rotor brake system I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7.3 Bordelektrik (e.g. generator voltage,) I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7.4 Engine (z.B: RPM, EGT) I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7.5 Fuel plant I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7.6 Late Warning System (Magnetic Plug Cell, I I
Engine) I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7.7 vibration and damping system I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

8. Cockpit

-------------
I Rating
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Content I Task I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.1 General View I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.2 Test Functions I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.3 Switch Functions I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.4 Read-out and edit I I
sample-specific error messages, I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

9. Troubleshooting and remediation

-------------
I Rating
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Content I Task I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9.1 Flight I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9.2 Engine I I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9.3 Equipment I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------


10. Handling of built-in devices and components

-------------
I assessment
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Content I Task I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10.1 Labeling, Storage I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10.2 Review, Cleaning I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10.3 Shipping I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Non-Official Table of Contents

Annex 10A Practical Training Curriculum for the Acquisition of Art Flight Permission
(to § 13)

Original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 162-164 The aerobatics training of aircraft guides, helicopter guides and gliders is to be carried out on aircraft approved for aerobatic flight. The aircraft used in practical training must be equipped with a double tax and be suitable for training. With the agreement of the competent authority, parts of the training may be carried out on aeroplanes, motorised motorists or gliders. The training contents listed below are to be applied in accordance with the sensual authority responsible for the training establishment/training establishment for the acquisition of the art flight authorization for helicopter guides. Training contents which cannot be carried out by helicopters for technical reasons or design are to be carried out in the training on aeroplanes with flight instructors.
Theoretical Instruction
-
Legal Provisions
-
security mindheight
-
flight plan
-
Kunstflugräume
-
Instruction to the rescue system
-
Human loadability (in addition to HPL)
-
briefing in rescue maneuvers (emergency standards), End
-
Rasping spiral
-
Tailback Orientation Loss
-
Use of Brake Tabs
-
Backward-Slide
-
Figurabort
: The theoretical briefing is To begin the practical training and to document in the registration for acceptance of the practical test. The duration of the theoretical instruction should not be less than 60 minutes.
Practical training
The exercises are to be carried out first with teachers and then on a solo flight. The goal is the safe mastery of the aerobatic figures and the correct reaction in case of errors.
At the beginning of the flight training, the applicant must familiarrely himself with the aircraft model for training and testing in normal flight and in exaggerated flight conditions. The aircraft shall be flying in all permitted speed ranges. The entry into the turkey must be done before the first solo flight for practicing the aerobatic figures.
Ground Instruction
-
Rescue parachute/rescue system
-
The aircraft pattern explanation
-
Explanations based on the aircraft's flight manual
-
Explanation of V-n-diagram as well as load multiple
-
Instruction in Security Limits on Overload
-
Trimmplan
-
briefing in the guide room
-
Checking the flight clarity of the aircraft according to the clear list and using the on-board paper
-
Review before each start
-
Additional check for art flight according to clear list
-
aerobatics configuration
-
Correct buckles
Instruction in special flight states (Hazard Instruction)
Overdraw
-
Overdraw Behavior
Normal flight
-
slow flight
-
fly the minimum journey
-
without flaps
-
with different flap settings
-
with and without motor
-
high-speed-stall
Sackflug
-
Ending Bag Flight by reducing the angle of attack
-
Detrowing the Tear of the Flow and effect of the side rudder after flow demolice and when tipping
-
End of tipping by counterside rudder and reduction of the tilting Angle of attack
Sliding Flight
-
Slowing Flight Conditions
-
repeating the pull-over exercise exercise
-
Quitting the tipping or closing off. of the Trudelns
-
Slow flight and sliding flight conditions in curve flight
Backflight
-
Backflight orientation
-
horizontal flight with at least 45 degrees in the back Direction Change
-
Climbing Flight
-
Slow in Backposition
-
Detect And Terminate Dangerous Situations
-
Overdraw (if the aircraft is doing this Allowed)
-
Slow flight conditions in the back flight (if the aircraft allows this)
Trudles
-
Initiation from horizontal flight according to flight log book
-
Exit taking into account the special characteristics and the post-rotation properties of the respective aircraft pattern
-
Preend or post-rotate (within the limits of the manufacturer's limits) by after-control
-
Initiate and Exist above the bottom line
-
End Trudeling
Flight Training
Note: The exercises are to be flown over a striking, as straight as possible base line. Before the beginning and again during the exercises, the air space can be observed. Care must be taken to ensure that the art floor space and the basic direction are complied with.
In the exercises and aerobatic figures, the gas lever is to be operated in such a way that overturning of the engine is avoided, but also always the best and most economical performance is achieved. The speeds which are decisive for the respective aerobatic figures can be found in the flight manual of the aircraft used in the course of the training.
Overstrike
Overstrike (looping) from normal to top
Turn
aircraft rising vertically, losing more and more on the ride. When the standstill is almost reached, rotate aircraft on the right or left around the vertical axis in a fan-like manner until the nose is perpendicular to the bottom, vertical camber flight is in the same lane in which the aircraft has risen slowly.
Note: Turns with motor-driven aircraft are basically carried out taking account of the motor direction. Turns in the opposite direction are to be demonstrated in the training, to the differences is to be pointed out.
controlled roll
controlled roll right and left
downturn
aircraft from horizontal flight location with a slope angle of 30 to 45 degrees depending on the aircraft pattern
Half-controlled roll (right and Left) in Back Position
5/8 Overstrike (Looping) down
Recovery (Immelmann)
Half-way rolleway
Half-controlled roll (right and left) from backsheet in normal flight
Üben Testing program on the right and left
Solo flight test program unofficial table of contents

Appendix 10B Practical examination for purchase Art flight authority
(to § 13)

Site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 165-168
1.
The acceptance of the practical test is due to the To apply for training managers of the training establishment/training institution for the applicant in the body responsible for the training establishment/training institution. With the application, the application of the theoretical instruction with an indication of the number of hours is to be certified.
2.
The applicant has the practical test on one in the Training of aircraft designs used in the class of aircraft used in the training. The examiner decides, at his own discretion, whether the examination flights are assessed from the ground or whether he wishes to participate in the test flight. In the latter case, the examiner must satisfy himself that the applicant has carried out the examination programme in a solo flight prior to the test flight. The aircraft used in the practical test must comply with the requirements for carrying out the practical test.
3.
The examiner has to do so before the flight. Test programme in the broad guidelines with the applicant to discuss.
4.
The applicant must carry out the aircraft from the seat from which he/she has the activity of the responsible pilots.
5.
If the applicant is to cancel the practical test for reasons which are not justified for the examiner, the entire test shall be carried out to repeat. If the audit is canceled for reasons justified for the auditor, only the sections that are not performed are to be checked in a further flight.
6.
The audit consists of a set number of aerobatical figures, which are to fly in correct sequence one after the other. In principle, the set number of aerobatic figures has to include all aerobatic figures with all directions to the left and to the right (exception: in the case of motor-driven aircraft, all the turns are in consideration of the motor direction in the direction of rotation of the motor vehicle). the same direction). The auditor may cancel the check at any time if the applicant's flying abilities indicate that the entire check must be repeated.
7.
The Applicants must demonstrate the following skills:
-
Quiet and exact execution of all aerobatic figures in fixed row
-
Fly of the validative program along the baseline
-
Resuming the orientation for flawed aerobatics
-
Application of knowledge from the Aviation and control of the aircraft at any time of the flight, so that the successful execution of the aerobatics and the testing program at no time is seriously endangered.
8.
The individual aerobatics of the practical test will be " passed " (b) or " Failed " (nb). If an aerobatic figure is not passed within a set number of aerobatic figures, then this aerobatic figure shall be deemed not to pass and shall be repeated. If more than one aerobatic figure is not passed, the whole series is not passed, and the applicant must repeat the whole examination. With the approval of the examiner, the applicant can repeat the unpassed aerobatic figure or the examination program in the direct connection to the examination once.
 Examination Certificate
Practical Acquisition of aerobatic authority

Name and first name of the applicant: ..................................
Residence: ........................................................
License-No.: ..........................

II. Performing the test

Aircraft pattern: .............. Identifier: ....................
Audit Location: .............................

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Audit Flight I Date I Start Time I landing time I Flight duration I Assessment
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Audit Flight I I I I I
I I I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Repeat I I I I I
Review Flight I I I I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------



III. Overall assessment of the audit

-------------------------------
I Passed/Not passed * I
-------------------------------

IV.




............................
Location and date Signature of the valiant
............................ ..................................
Reviewer No. Name in print letter
* Not applicable to delete

aerobic flight figure assessment Bestood = b/Not passed = nb
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Exam Flight I B/NB I I Repeat Exam Flight I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Overstrike (Looping) I I Direction I Overstrike (Looping) I
I I transverse position I I
I I Radius I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. Upswing right I I direction I recovery right I
(Immelmann) I I transverse position I (Immelmann) I
I I radius I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. Roll left I I direction I roll left I
I I height I I
I I time I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. Turn right I I direction I Turn right I
I I Steig-I I
I I angle I I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. Roll right I I direction I roll right I
I I height I I
I I time I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. Turn left I I direction I Turn left I
I I Steig-I I
I I angle I I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. Downturn (rollers-I I direction I downturn (roller) I
turn) right I I Steig-I right I
I I angle I I
I I Steighöhe I
I I 1/2 Roll I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. Overstrike (Looping) I I Direction I Overstrike (Looping) I
I I circle-I I
I I I I I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9. Upturn left I I direction I recovery left I
(Immelmann) I I Querlage I (Immelmann) I
I I Radius I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10. Downturn (rollers-I I direction I downturn (roller pike) I
return) left I I Steig-I left I
I I angle I I
I I Steighöhe I
I I 1/2 Roll I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Permitted deviations from The following:
Motor-driven aircraft: All Turns in the same direction of rotation, taking into account the direction of the engine;
Sailing aircraft: The aerobaic figure overstrike (looping), recovery (immelmann) and downturn (Roller pits) are to fly only once, the half-rolls connected with upswing and downturns are to be carried out in different directions (test program numbers: 1-10-2-4-3-6-5)
helicopter: The test program is on the technically-related possibilities of the helicopter. At least three aerobatic figures have to be flown with both directions of rotation (right and left).
Adherence to the artificial flight:

Audit flight ........................ Retry ....................... Non-official table of contents

Appendix 11 Curriculum for practical instruction to acquire towing authority
(to § 14)

site of the Original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 169-171 briefing
The instruction to acquire the right to towing aircraft or other objects with aircraft consists of a boarding on the ground and a flight briefing. The briefing on the ground must precede the flight instruction. The flight instruction is to be carried out at different wind conditions. The aircraft used in practical training must be suitable for training.
Ground Instruction
-
Inject the applicant into the starting process when the application is taken into account sluggishing load
-
Instruction to the signals and signs used by the helper on the ground
-
radio traffic
Tobows of aircraft or other objects
-
Customize the towing speed to the speed of the towing aircraft or other object
-
pointing to the Significantly reduced travel speed of the towing aircraft and the impact on the flight routes
-
Note the information on the towing in the airborne and operating manuals of the participating aircraft (trailer load, break point)
-
SeillLength
-
rated breaking point
-
bugclutch
-
centroid
-
Behavior in guide and operator errors of the towed Aircraft guide
-
Behavior in case of unforeseen slipping of the towed aircraft or other objects during startup
-
Behavior in the wrong control of the towed aircraft (overboard, underfly)
-
Setting the intended course, spatial classification, consideration of the wind displacement
-
Airplane towing agreement with the aircraft driver
-
cornering, low transverse inclination
-
Departure point
-
resounding prompt
-
accurate observation of the unsounding
-
flight state change only when the unsounding box is safe is detected and a sufficient distance from the towed aircraft or towing object is reached
-
Flight with attached rope or other Towed item
-
Placing in aerodrome
-
Rope Throw
-
Observation of the signal after removal of the rope
-
Behavior in special cases, especially when Malfunctions, in emergencies and in accidents
In addition to the towing of other objects in the towing tow
-
Construction of the noose without and with the towing object
-
Behavior in case of non-inclusion of the noose or Loss of towing object
-
Behavior when landing with towed item
Flight briefing
towing aircraft or other aircraft Items without Fishing drag
-
At least five starts and drag flights with aircraft or other Items, of which at least three are accompanied by the instructor's training instructor
-
In the case of at least one flight, the impact on the tow bar is at a safe level by: false control (overboard, underflight) to demonstrate. This flight must be carried out before the applicant's solo flights
-
For other items, the object may be in the flight, and again
In addition to the towing of other objects in the trapping drag
-
At least five Exercise flights with the sling without towing subject accompanied by the training instructor
-
At least five practice flights with the sling with the sling An item of towing, of which at least three shall be accompanied by the training instructor

 Proof of competence to acquire the right to tow
aircraft or other objects

Name and first name of the applicant: ..............................................
Address: ...................................................................
License-No.: .....................

Total flight time on motor-driven Aircraft after
Acquisition of the licence: ............................................................
On the
aircraft pattern used for the acquisition of towing authority: ..........................................................

I. Tug flights with aircraft or other items without
Fishing tow * Five flights in the towed aircraft ..................
performed on .......

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I Tran I Sexual Aircraft I Judgment
Flight Date I Aircraft I or Other Item I b/n b *
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Within the last six months prior to the application of the application for the grant of the
Drag permission.

II. Towing flights with other items (trapping) *

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I tug I designation of the I judgment
flight date I Aircraft I towed items I b/n b
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10. I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

III. Result of flights
------------------------------
I passed/did not pass * I
------------------------------
IV. Notices

.........................
Flight Instructor License-No
................, which ....... .........................
Location Signature
* Non-applicable
Unofficial Table of contents

Appendix 12A practical training curriculum for the acquisition of the skyline for gliders
(to § 15)

site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 172 The exercises do not convey the knowledge and skills to be able to carry out flights according to the instrument flight rules. The objective of the exercises is the safe domination of the glider without sight to the outside.
Practical Exercises
The practical exercises are to be carried out in a double-seater glider or a motor sailer. The aircraft used in practical training must be equipped with a double tax and be suitable for training. The flight instructor checks with regard to the outside as to whether the applicant is in perfect control of the glider. The flights listed below shall be carried out to the outside without the applicant's point of view.
-
flights to know the flight monitoring instruments
-
during straight-out flight
-
when the height ruler is moving
-
of the crossovers
-
the page rudder
-
flights to turn-over hands or artificial horizon
-
Geradeausflug
-
Initiate And Terminate Curves
-
Flights By Turn-Pointer Or Artificial Horizon, And After Compass
-
Geradeausflug on pre-determined course
-
Terminate curves to predetermined rates
-
direction changes by time
-
Flights or artificial horizons and travel knives
-
Straight Forward Fly
-
Straight at different speeds Speeds
-
-
Flights or artificial horizons, compass, and riding knife
-
Straight at the same speed and predeterminate course
-
Initiate And Terminate Curves
-
Directional Changes to Predetermined Courses
-
Directional Changes by Time
-
Full circle left and right with exit to predetermined Courses
-
Return of the gliding aircraft/engine sealer from unusual flight positions to the normal flight position
unofficial table of contents

asset 12B Practical test to acquire cloud flight authority for sailplane guide
(to § 15)

original text site: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 173-174
1.
The acceptance of the practical test is due to the To apply for the training manager of the training establishment/training institution for the applicant at the competent authority.
2.
The applicant has the practical test on a pattern of gliders used in training. The aircraft used in the practical test must comply with the requirements for carrying out the practical test.
3.
The examiner has to do so before the flight. Test program in the basic trains with the applicant to discuss.
4.
The examiner flies on the front seat with visibility to the outside. The applicant must not have a view to the outside world. The test flight shall be carried out as if the applicant is the only pilot on board. The responsibility for the flight execution is determined in accordance with § 4 paragraph 4 LuftVG.
5.
The auditor should not participate in the implementation of the flight, unless: it is necessary to intervene for safety reasons or to avoid unacceptable delays for other operators.
6.
Should the applicant be Canceling a practical test for reasons which are not justified for the examiner is to repeat the entire examination. If the check is canceled for reasons justified for the auditor, only the sections that are not executed are to be checked in another flight.
7.
The applicant can repeat each exercise once. The auditor may cancel the check at any time if the applicant's flying abilities indicate that the entire check must be repeated.
8.
The Applicants must demonstrate the following skills:
-
Conducting the aircraft within the Operating limits
-
calm and exact execution of all exercises
-
good Judgment and conduct as an airman (airmanship)
-
Application of aeronautical knowledge and control of the aircraft at any point in the flight, so that the successful execution of a procedure or exercise is at no time seriously endangered.
9.
The individual exercises of the practical test are evaluated with "passed" (b) or "not passed" (nb). If more than three exercises are not passed, the applicant must repeat the entire examination. If you do not have an exercise, you only need to repeat the exercise that you have not passed. If the exercise does not pass in the repeat examination, the entire test must be repeated. This also applies to exercises that were passed in a previous attempt.
Evidence
Practical test for the acquisition of skyline authority for gliders
Name and surname of the applicant: ................................................................
Residence: ...........................................................................................................................
License-No.: .......................
I.Audit flight
Sailing airplane pattern: ........................
Flag: .........................................
Airfield: ...........................................
Rating
Exercises
B/NB
Keep a specific course in straight-ahead flight at a constant speed
Direction changes to predetermined courses
Full circles left
Full circle right
Return of the glider from unusual flight conditions to the normal position
II.Result of review
Passed/Unpassed 1 *
III.Notices
................................................................. .................................................................
Location and Date Signature of the tester
......................................................................................... .................................................................
Auditor No.Name in Print
1 *
Non-applicable is to be deleted
Non-Official Table of Contents

Annex 13A theoretical training curriculum for the acquisition of street and spray authorization
(to § 16)

of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 175-176 The applicant for the acquisition of the sprinkled and spray authorization must submit a certificate of competence in accordance with the Plant Protection-Sachkundeverordnung (Plant Protection-Sachkundeverordnung) up to the notification of the theoretical examination, which does not may be older than two years.
The theoretical training must include at least 30 hours of teaching in the following subjects:
Legal basics
-
Technical Requirements for Acquisition of Streu and Spray Permission
-
Historical Development Fertilization and Plant Protection
-
Outdoor landing and starts with aircrafts
-
Undershooting security minimum heights, work flights
-
dropping and dropping of objects or Other substances
-
Legislation for dealing with chemicals
-
Proof of Qualification according to Plant Protection Act
-
Product-dependant Specifications
-
Basin particularities
of scattering and spraying agents
-
Damages, inanimate and invigorated harmful, bacteria, viruses, fungi
-
higher plants and animal pests
-
Medium structure of fungicides, insecticides, rodenticides, Nemacides, Mulluscicides
-
Mineral Fertilizers, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Magnesium
-
trace elements
-
biological measures
Technology
-
Application Technologies
-
physical and chemical control measures
-
Application process: sprinkle, dusting, spraying, Syringes, Discards
-
Water protection, Oelhavaria control
-
fire-fighting
-
special tasks (e.g. B. targeted delivery of supplies, etc.)
-
Chemicals Transport and Storage
-
aircraft loading
-
constructional requirements (loading places, environmental protection)
-
Measures for the Havariefall
-
Function, structure and mode of operation of application technology; Operation and control; maintenance and maintenance work
-
hygiene in and after the work process, occupational health and safety
Flight preparation and -feedthrough
-
application rates per ha, flight length and impact size, working width
-
Impact of meteorological factors on flight performance
-
carrying out work flights, Flight tactics
-
Observance of environmental concerns
-
Flies near the ground, Wind influence and turbulence, climb and descent, working flight curve
-
common map material, scales, representations
-
Application of GPS
-
Documentation, Quality Assurance
-
Selection of emergency landing areas, emergency procedures
-
Distances to obstacles, in particular: Free lines
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 13B practical training curriculum for acquisition of litter and spray authorization
(on § 16)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No 60, Supplement No. 60a, 177 The practical training must include at least 30 hours of flight. The aircraft used in practical training must be suitable for training.
Flight training with flight instructor (at least 10 flight hours)
-
Instruction in special features on flights near the ground (boundary layer of the ground, turbulence, wind influence, obstacles, TAS)
-
Flight properties with different Application facilities
-
Work flight curve (inner, outer pushing, overdraping, inclined)
-
Instruction in special features for flights over
water
forest
-
Instruction in special features on flights parallel to obstacles, especially
-
High-voltage lines and other obstacles
-
Selection and estimation of Notland Surfaces
-
Orientation flight in immediate work area
-
On and off flight to Workfield
-
Control flight above the workfield
-
Instruction to the Application techniques scattering, spraying, spraying, dusting and water discharge in agriculture and forestry
-
Compliance with flight altitude and direction
-
Work flights at dusk, low-sun flights,
-
Work flights A and Multi-field machining
Flight training in solo flight
-
Repeat the exercises listed above up to the safe control of the individual exercises
-
Work flights with 50% loading (sprinkling, spraying, spraying, dusting, dropping)
-
Workflights with 100% Loading (Sprinkling, Spraying, Spraying, Dropping)
Repeat all exercises until the exam is ready for review unofficial table of contents

Appendix 13C Theoretical review to purchase litter and spray permission
(to § 16)

site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 178
1.
The acceptance of the theoretical test is due to the To apply for the training manager of the training company/training institution for the applicant at the competent body.
2.
This examination is written in the shall be deducted from the following subjects. The examination questions are to be answered in a cross-country script. The processing times specified in the table may not be exceeded. Multiple audit subjects can be summarized.

compartment
max. Edit time
in hours
air law 00:30
Plant Protection (Sachkunde) *
Technology, flight performance, and planning 01:00
Operational procedures, behavior in special cases 00:30
total 02:00
*)
Proficiency Certificate of the Plant Protection Ordinance must be present and not older than two years.
3.
A test subject is considered to have passed if the applicant in this subject is at least 75% of the possible Score reached. Points may only be awarded for the correct answer.
Non-official table of contents

Annex 13D Practical examination for the acquisition of the litter and Spray permission
(to § 16)

Site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 179-182
1.
The acceptance of the practical test is due to the To apply for the training manager of the training establishment/training institution for the applicant at the competent authority.
2.
The applicant has the practical test of a model of aircraft used in training from the class of aircraft used in the training. The aircraft used in the practical test must comply with the requirements for carrying out the practical test.
3.
The examiner has to do so before the flight. Testing programme, including simulated emergency situations, in the broad guidelines with the applicant to discuss.
4.
The duration of the flight shall be about 60 minutes
5.
The applicant must carry out the aircraft from the seat from which he can carry out the activity of the responsible pilot. The test flight shall be carried out as if the applicant is the only pilot on board. The responsibility for the flight execution is determined in accordance with § 4 paragraph 4 LuftVG.
6.
The auditor shall not participate in the implementation of the flight, unless: it is necessary to intervene for safety reasons or to avoid unacceptable delays for other air users.
7.
The flight may be on the Start airfield or another airfield end. The applicant is responsible for the planning of the flight and has to ensure that all equipment and documentation for the implementation of the flight are on board.
8.
If the applicant is to cancel the practical test for reasons not justified for the examiner, the entire check should be repeated. If the audit is canceled for reasons justified for the auditor, only the non-executed sections are to be checked in a further flight.
9.
The applicant can repeat every exercise and every procedure. The auditor may cancel the check at any time if the applicant's flying abilities indicate that the entire check must be repeated.
10.
The Applicants must demonstrate the following skills:
-
Conducting the aircraft within the Operating limits
equal and exact execution of all exercises
good Judgment and conduct as an airman (airmanship)
Application of aviation knowledge and
Control of the aircraft at any time of the flight, so that the successful execution of a procedure or exercise at no time is seriously endangered
11.
The individual exercises of the practical test are evaluated with "passed" or "fail". If an exercise is not passed, this exercise is considered not to exist. If more than three exercises are not passed, the applicant must repeat the entire examination. If you do not have only three exercises, you only have to repeat the exercises that have not been passed. If an exercise is not passed in the repeat examination, the entire check must be repeated. This also applies to exercises that were passed during a previous attempt.
 Auditing Certificate
Practical review to acquire the Streu and Spray Authority

Name and first name of the Evaluator: ..............................................................
Address: ...................................................................
License-No.: ..................................................................

I. Audit Flight
Aircraft: ................ Tag: .................
Startflugplatz: ................ Start Time: .............
Landeflugplatz: ............... LandeTime: .............

II. Check Result
------------------------------
I Passed/Not passed * I
------------------------------
III.




..............................................................
Location and Date Signature of the tester
.............................................................
Test # Name in print letter
* Not applicable to delete

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Exercises I Rating
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Work flights I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.1 I Start and climb I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.2 I Edit Surface Flight I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.3 I Control Flight I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.4 I Minimum Distance to Obstacles I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.5 I Working passes (compliance direction, altitude, I
I speed) I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.5.1 I Crop Protection I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.5.2 I of solids I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.5.3 I Waldbrand I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.6 I Working Flight Curve I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.7 I Flight tactics /taken into account. Terms and Conditions, I
I Environment I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.8 I Anflug Arbeitsflugplatz (Beladestelle/Outdoor Lade I
I and -startSite) I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.9 I Landeanflug, Landung I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.10 I Hold Up Zone I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. Emergency procedure I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.1 I simulated engine failure at startup I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.2 I Simulated Emergency Landing (Action Abortion; Selection I
I NotlandeSurface) I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.2.1 I while on or off to machining field I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.2.2 I during Working Flight/Working Flight Curve I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Tolerances:
-----------
Control Course-On and off-flight to machining field: +/-10 degrees
-Work flight: exact course for
reason based on
floor markers
or GPS
flight altitude-arrival and departure to the machining field: +/-100 ft or
of flight altitude
appropriate
working flight: as exact as possible,
the ground relief
following
speeds-Start and approach: +/-5 kt
(for approach better:
V (deep) Tgt/V (deep) ref)
-Work flight: +/-10 kt
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 14A Theoretical selection check for the acquisition of entitlement to practical training of Private Aircraft Guides
(to § 17)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 183
1.
The acceptance of the theoretical test is by the applicant to the competent authority. The test shall be submitted to the competent authority or to an auditor appointed by the authorities.
2.
This test is a written or computer-based test. Examination in the seven subjects listed below and may, at the discretion of the competent authority, be filed on one or more days. Several examination subjects can be combined. An exam consists of at least 70 questions. The examination must consist of approximately 2/3 of the selection questions (multiple choice) from the respective valid official questionnaire and about 1/3 of questions to be answered in long written answers. The following machining times must not be exceeded:
Hours of machining time. (maximum)
Air laws, air traffic and air traffic control rules, including mobile air service legislation 1:00
General Aircraft Customer 0:45
Human performance capability 0:45
Meteorology 1:00
Navigation, flight performance, and flight planning 1:00
Behavior in special cases 0:45
Aerodynamics 0:45
total 6:00
3.
A test subject is considered to have passed when the applicant in this At least 75% of the possible score has been reached. For multiple-choice questions, points may only be given for correct answers, and in the case of questions to be answered in long written answers, also for correct partial answers.
4.
The theoretical selection examination includes the registration for the acceptance of the practical examination for the acquisition of the entitlement to the practical training of private aircraft guides.
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 14B Practical selection check to acquire the practical training of private aircraft guides
(to § 17)

site of the Original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 184-188
1.
The aircraft used in the practical selection test shall meet the requirements for the implementation of the practical selection test. The duration of the flight shall be approximately 60 minutes.
2.
The examiner must discuss the test program in the guidelines with the applicant before the flight.
3.
The applicant has to execute the aircraft from the seat from which he can carry out the activity of the responsible pilot. The test flight shall be carried out as if the applicant is the only pilot on board. The responsibility for the flight execution is determined in accordance with § 4 paragraph 4 LuftVG.
4.
The examiner is not supposed to participate in the implementation of the flight. Intervention for safety reasons or in order to avoid unacceptable delays for other air traffic participants shall immediately result in the cancellation and non-existence of the selection test.
5.
The flight route for the overland flight is selected by the reviewer. The flight may end on the starting airfield or any other airfield. The applicant shall be responsible for the planning of the flight and shall ensure that all equipment and documentation for the implementation of the flight are on board.
6.
If the applicant is to cancel the practical selection check for unwarranted reasons for the examiner, the entire selection check must be repeated. If the selection check is cancelled due to reasons justified for the examiner but not due to lack of flying skills, only the non-executed sections shall be checked in a further flight.
7.
The applicant can repeat every exercise and every procedure once. The auditor may cancel the check at any time if the applicant's flying abilities indicate that the entire selection check must be repeated.
8.
The applicant has the following skills to demonstrate:
-
Guiding the aircraft within the operating limits
-
Quiet and exact execution of all Exercises
-
Good judgement and behavior as an airman (airmanship)
-
application of knowledge of aviation and control of the aircraft at any time of flight, so that the successful conduct of a procedure or exercise at no time is seriously at risk.
9.
The individual sections and exercises of the practical selection check are rated "passed" or "not passed". If an exercise does not pass in a review section, this section is considered to be unpassed. If more than one examination section is not passed, the applicant must repeat the entire examination. An applicant who does not have only one review section must repeat only the non-passed part. If a section does not pass in the repeat check, the entire check is to be repeated. This also applies to sections that were passed in a previous attempt.
10.
The following tolerances are general guide values. Turbulence, flight characteristics and flight characteristics of the used aircraft pattern shall be taken into account by the inspector:
a) Control course:
-normal flight +-10 degrees
b) flight altitude
- normal flight +-100 ft
c) speeds:
-Start and approach + 10 kt/-0 kt
-all other flight states +-10





Audit evidence
Practical selection check to acquire the permission to practice
training of private aircraft guides

Name and first name of the applicant: ..............................................................
Address: ...................................................................
License No. ........................

I. Test Flight
Aircraft Pattern: ............................
Flag: ....................
Abort: ......................... Start Time: .........................
Target Location: ........................... Landing time: .........................
Flight time: ..........................
--------------------------------------
I Seat of the examiner I
--------------------------------------
I left I right I front I rear I
--------------------------------------

II. Check Result
---------------------------------
I Passed/Not passed * I
---------------------------------

III.




................................................................
Location and date Signature of the tester
.........................................
Auditor No. Name in print letter
* Non-applicable is to be deleted

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 1 I Rating
Flight preparation and departure I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Clear list usage, behavior as an air driver I
(leading the aircraft with visibility to the outside, I
Ice prevention/de-icing procedures, etc.) apply to all I
Sections I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a I Flight preparation and Flight weather advice I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I Calculation of mass, center of gravity, and flight performance I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
c I Control and deployment of the aircraft I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
d I Omit the Engines and processes according to the I
I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
e I Roles, aerodrome procedures, procedures before the Start I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
f I Start and checks after start I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
g I departure procedure I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
h I Link to air traffic control point-I
I Compliance with the Air Traffic Procedures, I
I Mobile Radio Procedures I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 2 I Rating
General Flight Tasks I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I Link to air traffic control point-I
a I Compliance with air traffic procedures, I
I radiocommunications I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I A straight forward and horizontal flight at different I
I speeds I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
c I Steigflug: I
I i. Best climb speed I
I ii. Rowing flight curves I
I iii. Transition to horizontal flight I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
d I curves (with 30 degrees transverse inclination) I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
e I steep curves (with 45 degrees of transverse inclination) (including I
I detect and end a critical flight condition) I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
f I lower speed limit states I
I with and without landing flaps I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
g I Overdrawn flight condition: I
I i. In travel flight configuration and exit with I
I motor help I
I ii. In LandeConfiguration and Exit with Engine Help I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 3 I Rating
Overland Flight I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a I Flight implementation plan, coupling navigation, use of the I
I navigation maps I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I containment of flight altitude, control course and I
I Flight Speed I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
c I Orientation, calculation and correction of I
I prospective Estimated Time of I
I Arrival/ETA, route I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
d) I Flight management (controls, fuel supply, and I
I test on gasifier icing, etc.) Link to I
I Air traffic control centre-I
I Compliance with air traffic procedures, I
I radiocommunications I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 4 I Rating
Flight and landing procedures I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a I Anflugverfahren I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I * Target landing (landing on short slopes), I
I Page wind landing, if appropriate conditions I
I are available I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
c I * Landung without landing flaps I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
d I * Landean without motor help I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
e I Start from low altitude I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
f I Link to air traffic control station-Compliance I
I of air traffic procedures, I
I radiocommunications I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
g I Activities after completion of flight I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 5 I Rating
Exceptional and emergency procedures I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a I * Simulated Notlanding Exercise I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
b I Simulated Notfalls I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*) Some of these Exercises can be combined at the discretion of the flight auditor
.
Non-official table of contents

Annex 14C Curriculum for theoretical training on the acquisition of entitlement to practical training of Private Aircraft Guides
(to § 17)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 189-192 General introduction
The suitability and prestige of a flight instructor are and fall with his personality, his flying skills and his theoretical, in particular technical knowledge, in all with the Aviation-related issues and problems. Flight students will always come from different educational circles with different knowledge bases and with different mental and physical predisposition. Their entire trust, to be trained carefully, put them in their flight instructor. In order to establish this relationship of trust, it is therefore essential to demand good theoretical knowledge from the training instructor and to familiarized him with pedagogy, methodology and systematics in such a way that he is competent to know his knowledge in to pass on the appropriate form to the flight pupil. It must be able to recognize all the flying, aerodynamic and technical connections, explain it and give the necessary information. His knowledge in all fields must be so deepened that he can give appropriate lessons for practical flight execution. It is his responsibility to ensure the education of prudent and responsible aircraft leaders.
The main focus of the theoretical training on the acquisition of an entitlement to practical training for private pilots lies in teaching the necessary methodological and didactic knowledge and skills for the teaching of learning. In addition, in the course of the theoretical training, in-depth knowledge of all areas of theoretical training is based on a solid basic knowledge of the acquisition of an entitlement for private pilot.
PEDAGOGY IN FLIGHT TRAINING
General
-
Requirements for a flight instructor with regard to of his character, his personality of his behavior and his appearance
-
The responsibility of the flight instructor, legal and ethical obligation
-
Teacher and student trust ratio
-
educating influence on the Flight pupil
-
Dispose of overweight or lack of self-confidence
-
Mutual Respect and camaraderie
-
Acting on an ideal setting to Aviation
-
Flight discipline education
-
Various causes of flight errors that are found in the An extreme case can lead to detachment, are
-
Air Sickness
-
Angstemotion
-
lack of fliegerie feeling
-
cramped control
-
lack of empathy, estimation, response, and Concentration ability
-
lack of overview and resilience
-
lack of visibility Orientation and spatial imagination
-
lack of attention and learning ability
-
Complex
-
learningwild
-
too low intelligence level
-
characters in character
-
Discipline Indiscipline
-
Search For Ways To Find The Root Causes Of Errors influence
-
flight instructor and flight pupil communication before, during and after flight
-
Review bias
-
Flight instructor's influence on the setting and behavior of the Flight Schülers during the exam flight
-
Fliegerische judgment
Methodology and systematics
-
apprentiate
-
the Learning
-
the teaching object or Teaching material
-
Preparation and outline of the Teaching
-
instructional technique
-
correct flight schüller response
-
Arousing your attention
-
Confidence of the student with the training plan
-
uniformity of training in scope and method
-
meaningful order of exercises under Taking into account the training level
-
Continuity of training
-
Frequency of the Retries
-
Disclosure and explanation of the exercises before the flight
-
The Teaching of the fly and the correction technique using the text in the flight
-
Synchronization of the spoken word to the flight movement
-
After-flight and supplemental explanations after the flight
-
Transfer and transfer of the control in the Fluge
-
Subdivision of the training program into the sections
-
up to the first solo flight
-
deepening of the harvester and further education after the first Solo flight
-
preparing for the test flight, in particular all navigation flight management
-
The flight instructor's supervisory duty on solo flights of the trainee
-
Education for self-criticism and Self-control
METHODOLOGY IN FLIGHT TRAINING
General instructions
-
Confidence the airfield and its facilities
-
aerodrome order
-
Security Provisions
-
general rules
-
knowledge of aerodrome order
-
special space rules
-
Statement of the aircraft
-
outside
-
inside
-
its assets and facilities
-
flight log book
-
clearlist
Comprehensive Lessons
-
Statements of Assignments and Flight Tasks
-
aerodynamic and functional Correlations
-
Use of procedural and clearlists
Note: The teaching is to be designed so that the contender is responsible for the relationships of the individual processes to each other, to be able to pass them on to the apprentices later as a flight instructor. It is important to ensure that only the part of the training is taught, which then corresponds to the flying exercises.
-
Methods of communicating the fly with radio navigation aids
Development of a Textbook
-
Development of a training schedule with the following points:
-
training topic
-
training target
-
training form
-
Training Methods
-
Training Medium
-
Time Demand
-
Expiration
-
Fabric Outline
-
Subtargets
-
Tools etc.
-
organizational measures
-
follow up
behavior in special cases
-
Reasons for technical irregularities and ways to eliminate them
-
Actions Prevention of exaggerated flight conditions
-
The causes of the turmoil and measures for the prevention and/or prevention. Termination
-
Behavior in case of a driving knife failure
-
altimeter misview
-
Vergaservereisung und FunkFailure
Behaviors in Emergencies and Notts
-
engine failure
-
ignition system disruptions
-
Vergaserbrand
-
generator failure
-
fire on board
-
electrical, pneumatic, or hydraulic system interference
-
Air Screw Adjustment failure
-
Overspeeds
-
Break of the gas string
-
Break in the chassis-and/or in the flap system
-
Behavior in case of loss of orientation and when bad weather conditions are found on overland flights
-
NotlandeMethod
-
Behavior on emergency landing with chassis
-
Notlandungen
-
Wald
-
Cereals
-
See
-
emergency landing behavior
unofficial table of contents

appendix 14D curriculum for the practical training for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of private aircraft guides
(to § 17)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz ". 2006, No 60, Supplement No. 60a, 193-197 The aircraft used in practical training for the purpose of acquiring the practical training of private aircraft drivers must be suitable for training.
In practical training, the applicant is the required practical skills for
-
Sching and responsible driving of the aircraft from the flight instructor's seat
-
Flyer to perform the actions required for the proper and safe execution of a flight
-
Detroit the necessary active intervention in the To continue the flight in case of misreactions of the flyer
.
Flight training on the seat of the flight instructor shall be at least 10 hours, of which at least 5 hours shall be provided by the teacher recognised by the competent authority. The remaining five hours can be carried out as joint flight training (i.e. two applicants fly together and perform flight exercises). In flight training, the following exercises must be included:
In all exercises, the sequence of movements must be explained in such a way that the spoken word matches the movement of the aircraft. The most common sources of error are to be mentioned in particular.
In order to ensure a methodological uniformity of the training course, the following teaching exercises are explained only in their form and order, without entering into any airplane pattern used for training. The technical data, such as the speed, engine speed, etc., can be found in the respective flight manual.
General
The following curriculum is a guideline for the flow and content of practical training. Since it is not possible to take into account all the pattern-specific characteristics of different types of aircraft, all the exercises shall be carried out in accordance with the procedures described in the Aeroplane Flight Manual of the aircraft used in the training. In all exercises, the setting and operation of the engine must be monitored. Unnecessary aircraft noise should be avoided. All checks shall be carried out on the basis of the clearlists.
General Introduction
It includes the explanation of the entire aircraft both from the inside and from the outside. It provides information on the arrangement of operating levers, control and trimming confirmation and seat of the instruments, fuel, oil and braking systems and emergency equipment. Instructions for getting in and out, buckles, operating the control organs and using the emergency exit and the emergency equipment.
Prepare and exit a flight
-
Find the student and expediency of his Apparel
-
taking over the aircraft, reassurance of the technical clarity on the basis of the boarding documents
-
Granting and receiving a fixed flight order
-
External Control, Internal Control, Start and warm-up of the engine, if necessary Request the roll and air release by voice radio, braking of the engine, taking into account the operating values to be checked; control before start
-
engine cooling and shut down, control before leaving the aircraft, filling in on-board documents, notification of complaints
Reject flight
-
The initial student will use the flight to bring it to the fly and use it with the environment of the To familiarus with the airfield from the flood. Aerobatics or special flight conditions are to be left on this flight.
-
This flight is only used for the flight student who has already flown in the flight. a new aircraft pattern.
Effect of the control elements
-
Declaration of the movements around the transverse axis By moving the control stick forward and backward in order to move the longitudinal axis side by side of the control stick and around the vertical axis by actuation of the lateral rudder. Notes that all movements relative to the aircraft are always the same, regardless of the location in which it is located.
-
The mode of action and sensitivity of the single rude at
different speeds
different engine powers
different airlayers
throttled or power-running engines to the same speed (descent, climb)
-
Follow-up action on the side rudder or cross rudder
Page ruder
Rotating around the High axis
Roll around the longitudinal axis
Risk of development to the steep spiral as a result the single operation of the page rudder
Querruder
Roles around the longitudinal axis
Slip
Rotating around the vertical axis
Tilt around the transverse axis
Development of the steep spiral as a result of the side-purged fuselage and the sidebar
hints at the same end effect, therefore necessary balance to make use of both rudgers
-
Impact of mass inertia
-
Impact of negative perfoment
-
Aerodynamic impact at
Confirmation of Trimming
Confirmation of landing aids
Confirmation of the retractable
-
The effect of the power change on the engine power and direction of the aircraft in flight (displacement of the balance of forces, propeller swirl and propeller beam)
rolls on the ground
-
Right choice of engine power
-
Reaction of controls and brakes
-
keep in the direction of the side ruder to balance propeller twist, asymmetric propeller effect and wind impact
horizontal flight
(maintenance of the flight level, Flight direction and flight position)
-
Transition to the horizontal flight from the Steig and Sinking flight
-
Keep the correct flight position in relation to the horizon and direction, use of the trim, choice of engine power, evaluation of the instruments, Display as a means to maintain the horizontal flight
-
Hold a flight level at different speeds
-
Reading the flight monitoring tools
Steig, Sink, and gliding flight
-
Take the Steig or Single flight location, engine power choice
-
Instrument Observation
-
Effect of landing flaps in and out
-
Trimming
-
Note the operational limits according to the flight log book. Meet demanding climb and sink speeds
-
Monitor surrounding airspace
Overtake and tilt
-
Behavior when dragged and tipped
-
keep up the direction during the tipping process
-
End of excessive flight condition or Tipping
-
hint at the risk of retaking too fast
-
-
The effect of the landing flaps and the chassis on the overdrawing process
Curves
The curves are divided into flat, middle and steep curves
-
Initiating the curve from the horizontal flight using the ruder correctly
-
Mainly maintaining the tilted position and speed
-
Take out the curve
-
Steig and Sinkflugcurves
-
Steilcurves
-
Possible curve errors, tip-off in the curve
Steilspirale
causes
-
Initiation of the Steilspirale
-
Discover the Steilspirals
-
Exit the steep spiral
-
Right application of the ruder on exit
Note: To the Differences between steep spirals and turkeys should be noted.
-
Start, Cross-departure, Countering, Cross-approach, Endanflug, Landung
Start
Alignment of the Aircraft in the starting direction
Set Engine Performance
Direction
Influences by wind, propeller swirl, gyroscopic effect and asymmetric propeller effect, correct use of the height rudder, note the Lift-off speed
-
Steigflug
Transition in the climb and maintaining the flight location
Keep pace
Landing Flaps, Load Change, Engine Performance
-
Climbing Curves in the Cross-departure
-
Continuation of the climb up to the prescribed pitch; transition to the horizontal flight; maintaining the flight situation; holding the flight Speed
-
Opposite Approach Horizontal Flight Curve
-
Counterpart, Distance to the Runway
-
Reduce the speed and position of the landing flaps, drive out the chassis, set the corrected engine power
-
horizontal flight curve in cross-approach
-
Sinkflug in the final flight altitude, correct sink ratio in relation to the spatial distance to the starting line, taking into account the wind
-
curves to end-flight, end of the curve in the extension of the runway, if necessary Consideration of the page winch.
-
Sink or Gliding speed, actuation of the landing flaps with appropriate flight position, checking of all instruments and operating levers according to the clear list
-
interception and shedding
-
move through to landing, landing technique, Keep the direction when rolling out
-
In addition, practice:
landing approach and landing without landing flaps
gliding flight and landing without engine assist
Landean flight followed by short (drag) landing
bike landing (for airplanes with Spornrad)
Behavior on too low and too high approach
Start through in Horizontal flight
Start through after previous
-
Technology and hazards from back and side wind landings, permissible and demonstrated side wind component
Side gliding flight
-
Page gliding in a straight approach
Initiation from gliding speed, order of control measures, direction, sinkrate, speed
Exit, order of control actions, keep direction, sliding speed
-
Page glide flight from curve flight
finish destination
-
Target finish without engine assist from different heights with set-ups within 100m after landing sign
-
Target exercise with engine assist from different heights with stir within 50m after landing sign
Notlandungen
-
Simuated engine failure after start
Repress and keep direction
Note the speed
Use of the landers
Decision whether to drive or exit the chassis
Decision to keep the gradeout flight or slight direction changes
-
Emergency landing exercises with engine assist from normal flight
Selection of landing areas, attention to wind direction and speed, landing area checking by low overflying, setting the inflection points near the intended field
round, approach and landing (if necessary) Short landing
-
Emergency landing exercise with simulated engine failure from normal flight The emergency procedures (emergency measures, cause search, measures just before landing) are carried out according to Flight handbook. The emergency measures must be managed by heart. The use of the emergency clearlist is to be integrated into the flight path in a meaningful way.
Initiate and planning of the emergency landing, simulated emergency notification, approach check (1000 ft or Reference point)
Reference to measures shortly before landing in case of actual engine failure; Fully retake the throttle lever; close the fuel valve, turn off the ignition and the main switch
Overland flights
-
Overland Flight Instruction
-
Flight preparation including calculation of the loading and determination of the center of gravity, flight implementation plan, FS release
-
Departure Time, Departure Course, Map Reading, Course and Height
-
Flight Time Calculation, Control Points, Catch Lines
-
Location Determination and Management of Flight Enforcement Plan
-
Actions in case of loss of orientation, ego and foreign
-
compass rotation error, petty orientation, fly-off of pre-selected card and compass courses
-
bad weather paths
unofficial table of contents

annex 14E Theoretical review on the acquisition of the entitlement to the practical training of private aircraft guides
(to § 17)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 198
1.
The acceptance of the theoretical test is due to the To apply for the training manager of the training establishment/training institution for the applicant at the competent authority.
2.
This examination is a written Examination in the two subjects listed below and may be filed at the discretion of the competent authority on one or more days. The following machining times must not be exceeded:
Hours of machining time. (maximum)
Pedagogy in flight training 1:30
Methodology in flight training 1:30
total3:00
2.
Examination subject shall be deemed to have been passed if the applicant has reached at least 75% of the possible score in this subject. Points may also be awarded for correct partial responses.
3.
The proof of teaching qualification is due to the preparation and execution of a teaching sample of at least of a teaching unit.
Non-official table of contents

Annex 14F Practical examination for the acquisition of entitlement to practical Training of private aircraft guides
(to § 17)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 199-201
1.
The acceptance of the practical test is due to the To apply for the training manager of the training establishment/training institution for the applicant at the competent authority.
2.
The applicant has the practical test to be deposited on a model of aircraft used in training from the class of aircraft used in training. The aircraft used in the practical test shall comply with the requirements for carrying out the practical test. The duration of the flight shall be approximately 60 minutes.
3.
The examiner must discuss the examination program in the guidelines with the applicant before the flight.
4.
The applicant has to run the aircraft from the seat he can carry out the flight instructor's activity. Without prejudice to his responsibility for the flight implementation in accordance with § 4 para. 4 LuftVG, the examiner is to present a flight pupil at different stages of the training and to make typical mistakes in the examination procedure for a flight student.
5.
The applicant is responsible for the planning of the flight and has to ensure that all equipment and documents for the execution of the flight of the flight on board.
6.
If the applicant is to cancel the practical test for reasons which are not justified for the examiner, the entire test shall be Repeat. If the check is canceled for reasons justified for the auditor, only the sections that are not executed are to be checked in another flight.
7.
The applicant can repeat every exercise and every procedure. The auditor may cancel the check at any time if the applicant's flying abilities indicate that the entire check must be repeated.
8.
The Applicants must demonstrate the following skills:
-
Conducting the aircraft within the Operating limits
-
Quiet and exact performance of all exercises
-
good Judgment and conduct as a driver (airmanship) as well as methodical skills as a flight instructor
-
Application of knowledge of aviation and control over the Aircraft at any time of flight, so that the successful execution of a procedure or exercise at no time is seriously endangered.
9.
The applicant must be able to pre-fly the exercises listed in the audit log and verbally explain to the examiner.
10.
The individual exercises of the practical exam are rated "passed" or "fail". If an exercise is not passed, this exercise is considered not to exist. If more than three exercises are not passed, the applicant must repeat the entire examination. If you do not have only three exercises, you only have to repeat the exercises that have not been passed. If an exercise is not passed in the repeat examination, the entire check must be repeated. This also applies to exercises that were passed during a previous attempt.
11.
For the performance of the check, the manufacturer specified in the flight log book Values and recommendations authoritative. The following tolerances are general guide values. Turbulences, flight characteristics and flight characteristics of the used aircraft pattern are taken into account by the inspector.
a) Control Course:
-Normal Flight +-10 degrees
in the case of straight-out flight in horizontal, sink and climb, and when curves with normal engine power are terminated 
b)Flug height
-Normal flight with normal engine power+-100 ft
c) speeds:
-Start and approach + 10 kt/-0 kt
-all other flight states+-10 kt
with normal Engine power of the recommended speed.
12.
The passing of the practical exam entitles the applicant to an activity as a flight instructor under the supervision of a competent authority recognised by the competent authority for this purpose. Flight instructor, with the exception of
-
, the second flight instructor to the first Solo flight
-
the execution of training flights with instructor to extend an
13.
The restriction of the supervisory duty can be waiver at the request of the recognised flight instructor if the applicant is at least one flight pupil completely up to the exam maturity has been trained or has carried out 50 training hours in all training sections.
14.
The authority shall be given by the competent authority in field XIII of the License with the words "Teacher entitlement according to § 88a LuftPersV" limited.

 Auditing Certificate
Practical examination to acquire the permission to provide practical training of
Private aircraft guides

Name and first name of the applicant: ..................................
Address: .......................................................
License-No.: ......................

I. Test Flight
Aircraft Pattern: ..................... Identifier: ......................
Abort: .......................... Start Time: ........................
Target Location: ............................ Landing time: ........................
Flight time: .........................

Exercises selected from Appendix 1B
--------------------------------- ---------------------------------
Exercises I Rating Exercises I Rating
I B/NB I B/NB
--------------------------------- ---------------------------------
I I
--------------------------------- ---------------------------------
I I
-----------------------------------------------------------------
I I
--------------------------------- ---------------------------------
I I
-----------------------------------------------------------------

II. Result of audit
--------------------------------
I Passed/Not passed * I
--------------------------------

III.




............................
Location and date Signature of the tester
................................ ...........................
Reviewer No. Name in print letter
* Not applicable to delete
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 15A Theoretical selection check to acquire permission to train gliders
(to § 18)

site of the Original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 202
1.
The acceptance of the theoretical test is by the applicant to the competent authority. The test shall be submitted to the competent authority or to an auditor appointed by the authorities.
2.
This test is a written or computer-based test. Examination in the seven subjects listed below and may, at the discretion of the competent authority, be filed on one or more days. Several examination subjects can be combined. An exam consists of at least 70 questions. The examination must consist of approximately 2/3 of the selection questions (multiple choice) from the respective valid official questionnaire and about 1/3 of questions to be answered in long written answers. The following machining times must not be exceeded:
Hours of machining time. (maximum)
Air laws, air traffic and air traffic control rules, including mobile air service legislation 1:00
General Aircraft Customer 0:45
Human performance capability 0:45
Meteorology 1:00
Navigation, flight performance, and flight planning 1:00
Behavior in special cases 0:45
Aerodynamics 0:45
total 6:00
3.
A test subject is considered to have passed when the applicant in this At least 75% of the possible score has been reached. For multiple-choice questions, points may only be given for correct answers, and in the case of questions to be answered in long written answers, also for correct partial answers.
4.
The theoretical selection examination includes the registration for the acceptance of the practical examination for the acquisition of the entitlement to the practical training of glider pilots.
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 15B Practical selection check to acquire the practical training of gliding aircraft guides
(to § 18)

site of the Original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 203-205
1.
The one used in the practical selection test Glider must comply with the requirements for carrying out the practical selection test.
2.
The examiner has the test programme in the basic trains before the flight. to discuss the applicant.
3.
The applicant must carry out the aircraft from the seat from which he can carry out the activity of the responsible pilot. The responsibility for the flight execution is determined in accordance with § 4 paragraph 4 LuftVG.
4.
Should the applicant not justify the practical test for the examiner, he/she shall not be justified. Canceling the reason is to repeat the entire check. If the check is canceled for reasons justified for the auditor, only the non-executed sections will be checked in another flight.
5.
The applicant has to demonstrate the following skills:
-
Guiding the aircraft within the Operating limits
-
calm and exact execution of all exercises
-
good Judgment and conduct as an airman (airmanship)
-
Application of aeronautical knowledge and control of the aircraft at any point in the flight, so that the successful execution of a procedure or exercise is at no time seriously endangered.
6.
The individual exercises of the practical test are rated "passed" or "not passed". If an exercise is not passed, this exercise is considered not to exist. If more than three exercises are not passed, the applicant must repeat the entire examination. If you do not have only three exercises, you only have to repeat the exercises that have not been passed. If an exercise is not passed in the repeat examination, the entire check must be repeated. This also applies to exercises that were passed on a previous attempt.
 Audit certificate

Practical selection check to acquire the entitlement to the practical
Training of gliding aircraft guides

Name and first name of the applicant: ..............................................
Address: ...................................................................
License-No.: ...........................

I. Test flights
Sailing aircraft pattern: .................. Registration number: ....................
Airfield: ............................ Flight Time: .......................
Number of starts and landings: ..............



II. Check Result
-------------------------------
I Passed/Not passed * I
-------------------------------
III.




...........................................
Location and date Signature of the tester
........................................................... ...................................
License No. Name in print letter
* Not applicable to delete

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Exercises I Rating
I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Preparing to start I
2. * Wind start I
3. * Tow launch behind aircraft I
4. * Startup I
5. Flight exercises I
Rolling exercises I
Straight trip I
Circular change I
Slow Flight I
Quick flight I
Page gliding flight I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. Landing approach I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. Finish landing within 100 m after the I
landing character I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. Voice traffic I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Not applicable is to be deleted
+ + Order of order remains reserved for reviewer
A Non-Official Table of Contents

Annex 15C theoretical training curriculum for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of Gliding aircraft guides
(to § 18)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 206-208 General introduction
The suitability and prestige of a flight instructor are and fall with his personality, his flying skills and his theoretical, in particular technical knowledge, in all with the Aviation-related issues and problems. Flight students will always come from different educational circles with different knowledge bases and with different mental and physical predisposition. Their entire trust, to be trained carefully, put them in their flight instructor. In order to establish this relationship of trust, it is therefore essential to demand good theoretical knowledge from the training instructor and to familiarized him with pedagogy, methodology and systematics in such a way that he is competent to know his knowledge in to pass on the appropriate form to the flight pupil. It must be able to recognize all the flying, aerodynamic and technical connections, explain it and give the necessary information. His knowledge in all fields must be so deepened that he can give appropriate lessons for practical flight execution. It is his responsibility to ensure the education of prudent and responsible sailing aircraft leaders.
the main focus of the theoretical training on the acquisition of an entitlement to the practical training of glider leaders is to provide the necessary methodological and didactic knowledge and skills for the teaching of the Learning. In addition, in the course of the theoretical training, in-depth knowledge in all areas of the theoretical training is based on solid basic knowledge to acquire a right to obtain a permission for the glider pilot.
PEDAGOGY IN FLIGHT TRAINING
General
-
Requirements for a flight instructor with regard to of his character, his personality of his behavior and his appearance
-
The responsibility of the flight instructor, legal and ethical obligation
-
Teacher and student trust ratio
-
educating influence on the Flight pupil
-
Dispose of overweight or lack of self-confidence
-
Mutual Respect and camaraderie
-
Acting on an ideal setting to Aviation
-
Flight discipline education
-
Various causes of flight errors that are found in the An extreme case can lead to detachment, are
-
Air Sickness
-
Angstemotion
-
lack of fliegerie feeling
-
cramped control
-
lack of empathy, estimation, response, and Concentration ability
-
lack of overview and resilience
-
lack of visibility Orientation and spatial imagination
-
lack of attention and learning ability
-
Complex
-
learningwild
-
too low intelligence level
-
characters in character
-
Discipline Indiscipline
-
Search For Ways To Find The Root Causes Of Errors influence
-
flight instructor and flight pupil communication before, during and after flight
-
Review bias
-
Flight instructor's influence on the setting and behavior of the Flight Schülers during the exam flight
-
Fliegerische judgment
Methodology and systematics
-
apprentiate
-
the Learning
-
the teaching object or Teaching material
-
Preparation and outline of the Teaching
-
instructional technique
-
correct flight schüller response
-
Awaking and directing its attention
-
The student's confidante with the Training Plan
-
Uniformity of training in terms of scope and method
-
meaningful order of the exercises, taking into account the training level
-
continuity of the Training
-
Frequency of retries
-
announcement and explanation of the respective Exercises in front of the flight
-
The teachings of the fly and the correction technique using the text in the flight
-
Synchronization of the spoken word to flight movement
-
post-meeting and additional explanations after the flight
-
Transfer and transfer of control in the flight
-
Subdivision of the Training program in the sections
-
until the first solo flight
-
deepening the harvester and advanced training after the first solo flight
-
preparing for the Examination flight, in particular all measures for carrying out the navigation
-
The duty of supervision of the flight instructor in the case of solo flights of the Apprentices
-
Self-criticism and self-control education
METHODOLOGY IN FLIGHT TRAINING
Methodical teaching
-
Statements of Assignments and Flight Tasks
-
aerodynamic and functional relationships
-
use of process-and Clarlists
Note: The teaching is to be designed in such a way that the contender learns to know the relationships of the individual processes with each other, that they mentally record them in order to be able to pass them on to the apprentices later as a flight instructor. It is important to ensure that only the part of the training is taught, which then corresponds to the flying exercises.
-
Methods of communicating the fly with navigational aids (e.g. GPS)
Textbook
-
Development of a training schedule with the following points:
-
training topic
-
training target
-
training form
-
Training Methods
-
Training Medium
-
Time Demand
-
Expiration
-
Fabric Outline
-
Subtargets
-
Tools etc.
-
organizational measures
-
follow-up
unofficial table of contents

appendix 15D curriculum for the Practical training for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of glider guides
(to § 18)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 209-212 The glider used in practical training for the acquisition of the authorization for the practical training of glider pilots has to be suitable for training.
In practical training, the applicant is the required practical skills for
-
safe and responsible gliding of the glider from the flight instructor's seat
-
initiate a Flyer to perform the actions necessary for the proper and safe conduct of a flight, in particular
-
Control of attention and attention distribution
-
Oven of the View
-
Discover the necessary active intervention in the continuation of the flight in case of misreactions by the flight schüller
.
The flights are to be set up in such a way that all areas of the gliding training are represented.
Flight training on the seat of the flight instructor shall include at least 15 launches, including the launch of the starters behind aircraft and the start of the winch, with the appropriate teaching rights approved by the competent aviation authority. In addition, exercises on repetition and deepening can also be flown with another applicant. In flight training, the following exercises must be included:
In all exercises, the sequence of movements must be explained in such a way that the spoken word matches the movement of the aircraft.
The most common tax errors are to be demonstrated by the lecturer and must be recognized and addressed by the applicant.
In order to ensure a methodological uniformity of the training course, the teaching exercises are explained below only in their form and order, without entering into any type of sailor used for the training.
General Introduction
It includes the explanation of the entire aircraft both from the inside and from the outside. It provides information on the arrangement of operating levers, control and trimming operations, the instruments and the emergency equipment. Instructions on getting in and out, buckles, operating the control organs and correct use of the emergency exit and emergency equipment.
Prepare and exit a flight
-
Find the student and expediency of his Clothing
-
taking over the aeroplane, reassurance of the technical clarity on the basis of the on-board documents, the operating manual and the clearlists
-
Grant and acceptance of a fixed flight order
-
External control, internal control, control the start, if necessary Request the start and air release by voice radio
-
checking before leaving the aircraft, filling in the on-board documents, reporting from Criticisms
-
Post-Meeting
Ghost Flight
-
For the applicant, the flight is used to bring him to the flight from the seat of the lecturer and familiarizing him with the surroundings of the airfield from the air
-
Flight students should be guided to the flight and motivated to continue their training. Aerobatics or special flight conditions are to be left on this flight.
-
This flight is only used for the flight student who has already flown in the flight. a new gliding airplane pattern
Effects of the control elements
-
Declaration of the movements around the Transverse axis by moving the control stick forward and backward in order to move the longitudinal axis side by side of the control stick and about the vertical axis by actuating the lateral rudder. Notes that all movements relative to the aircraft are always the same, regardless of the location in which it is located.
-
The mode of action and sensitivity of the single rude at
different speeds
different airlayers
-
Follow-up on page rudder or on the page Querruders
pageruder
Rotating around the vertical axis
Roles around the longitudinal axis
Risk of development to the steep spiral as a result of the individual actuation of the Page ruders
Querruder
rolls around the longitudinal axis
rotate around the vertical axis
Envy around the transverse axis
Development to the steep spiral as a result of the side-blown fuselage and
-
hints for the same end effect, therefore necessary compensation for the use of both rudgers
-
Impact of mass inertia
-
Impact of negative perfoment
-
Aerodynamic impact at
Trimming
lander actuation
Operation of the troublers
on the bottom
-
Reaction of control elements and brakes
straight ahead
-
Maintaining Flight Direction and Flight Position
-
Keep the correct flight position in relation to the horizon and the direction, use of trim, evaluation of instruments
-
Read the flight monitoring instruments
-
Monitoring ambient air space
Curves
curves in flat, middle, and steep curves
-
Initiating the curve from the horizontal flight using the ruder correctly
-
Maintaining the tilted position and the rate of turn
-
expel from the Curve
-
Steig and Sinking curves
-
steep curves
-
Possible curve errors, tip-down in the curve
-
thermikflug
circles in thermik, center, shared circle flight
Monitoring surrounding
Overdraw, tilting, and turnoff in straight-ahead and cornered flight
-
Behavior when moving, tipping, and turnoff
-
keep up the direction during the tipping process
-
End of excessive flight condition or Tipping by pressing (minimum height loss)
-
Considerations for the danger of repeated tipping by too fast interception
-
Initiate and Exit the Trudeling
Steilspirale
Causes
-
Initiate the Steilspirale
-
Discover the Steilspirale
-
Steilspirale ending
-
Right application of ruder on exit
Note: Differences between steep spirals and turkeys are to be demonstrated.
-
Start, Cross-Departure, Counter Approach, Cross-approach, Endanflug, Landing
-
winch start
orientation of Gliding plane in the starting direction
direction
influence by wind, correct Use of the high-altitude rudder, notice of
-
tug start behind aircraft
gliding aircraft alignment
keep in the direction of
influence by wind, correct use of the high-altitude rudder, note the Speed
Keep the flight situation behind the towing aircraft
transition in the Horizontal flight; maintenance of the flight
-
turn into the counter-approach
-
Counter approach, approach to position, check all instruments and operating lever according to clear list, distance to runway
-
Take the landing speed
-
curve in the cross-approach
-
Sinkflug in the Endange altitude, sinking ratio in relation to the spatial distance to the starting line, taking into account the wind
-
LandeCurve, Exit the curve into runoff extension, if necessary Page Windes Consideration
-
Right Sink-or Gliding speed, actuation of the brake flaps with the corresponding flight position
-
catching and shedding
-
moving through to landing, landing technique, direction Roll out
-
In addition, you can practice:
Langer approach and landing without brake flaps
landing approach followed by a short Landing
Behavior on too low and too high approach
Landing from a Position outside of the space round
-
Back and side wind landing hazards, permissible and demonstrated side wind components
Side gliding flight
-
sidefly in straight approach
Initiation from gliding speed, order of control measures, direction, Sinkrate, Speed
End, order of control measures, keep direction, float speed
destination andung
-
Target application with set-up within 100m after landing sign
Notlandungen
-
start interrupting
Repressing and Direction
Note of Speed
Use of the brake tabs
Decision for further
-
Exterior Landing Exercises
Selection of Landing areas, observance of wind direction and speed
: This exercise is to be carried out with a motor motor sailer with engine idling. The application shall be admissible only if the legal requirements are met. Non-official table of contents

Asset: The Theoretical Examination for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of gliders
(to § § 2) 18)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 213
1.
The acceptance of the theoretical test is due to the To apply for the training manager of the training establishment/training institution for the applicant at the competent authority.
2.
This examination is a written Examination in the two subjects listed below and may, at the discretion of the competent authority, be filed on one or more days. The following machining times must not be exceeded:
Hours of machining time. (maximum)
Pedagogy in flight training 1:30
Methodology in flight training 1:30
total3:00
2.
Examination subject shall be deemed to have been passed if the applicant has reached at least 75% of the possible score in this subject. Points may also be awarded for correct partial responses.
3.
The proof of teaching qualification is due to the preparation and execution of a teaching sample of at least of a teaching unit.
Non-official table of contents

Annex 15F Practical examination for the acquisition of entitlement to practical Training of gliders ' guides
(to § 18)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 214-216
1.
The acceptance of the practical test is in connection with to apply for the theoretical examination by the training manager of the training establishment/training institution for the applicant at the competent authority.
2.
The Applicants must carry out the practical test on a model of a glider used in training. The aeroplane used in the practical test must meet the requirements for carrying out the practical test. The practical test must consist of at least three flights, of which at least one is towed in the starting type behind aircraft.
3.
The examiner must discuss the test program with the applicant prior to the flight.
4.
The applicant has to run the aircraft from the seat he can carry out the flight instructor's activity. Without prejudice to his responsibility for the flight implementation in accordance with § 4 para. 4 LuftVG, the examiner is to present a flight pupil at different stages of the training and to make typical mistakes in the examination procedure for a flight student.
5.
The applicant must ensure that all equipment and documents are on board for carrying out the flight.
6.
If the applicant is to cancel the practical test for reasons not justified for the examiner, the entire check should be repeated. If the test is canceled for reasons justified for the examiner, only the remaining test flights are to be carried out.
7.
The applicant can do any exercise and Repeat each procedure. The auditor may cancel the check at any time if the applicant's flying abilities indicate that the entire check must be repeated.
8.
The Applicants must demonstrate the following skills:
-
Conducting the aircraft within the Operating limits
-
calm and exact execution of all exercises
-
good Judgment and conduct as a driver (airmanship) as well as methodical skills as a flight instructor
-
Application of knowledge of aviation and control over the Aircraft at any time of flight, so that the successful execution of a procedure or exercise at no time is seriously endangered.
9.
The applicant must be able to pre-fly the exercises and verbally declare the examiner The individual exercises of the practical exam will be "passed" or "failed" evaluated. If an exercise is not passed, this exercise is considered not to exist. If more than three exercises are not passed, the applicant must repeat the entire examination. If you do not have only three exercises, you only have to repeat the exercises that have not been passed. If an exercise is not passed in the repeat examination, the entire check must be repeated. This also applies to exercises that were passed during a previous attempt.
10.
The passing of the practical exam entitles the applicant to an activity as a Flight instructor, under the supervision of an experienced flight instructor, recognised by the competent authority, with the exception of
-
the approval as the second flight instructor for the first solo flight
-
the execution of practice flights with Flight instructor to extend an
11.
The supervisory duty according to point 10. may be revoked at the request of the flight instructor recognised for this purpose if the applicant has trained at least one flight pupil in each training section or at least 60 own training starts and 10 training flight hours in all Training sections performed.
 Auditing certificate
Practical examination to acquire the permission to train
gliders

Name and first name of the applicant: ..................................
Address: .......................................................
License-No.: ......................................................

I. Audit flights
Gliding airplane pattern: ................... Identifier: .................
Airfield: ............................. Flight Time: ....................

The exercises selected from asset 5B:
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Exercises I Evaluation I Exercises I Rating
I B/NB I I B/NB
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
I I I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
I I I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
I I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
I I I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
I I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------

II. Check Result
---------------------------------
I Passed/Not passed * I
---------------------------------
III.




.........................................
Location and Date Signature of the tester
.............................................................. .....................................
Reviewer No. Name in print letter
* Not applicable to delete
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 16A Theoretical selection test to acquire the right to practical training of outdoor pool guides
(to § 19)

site of the Original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 217
1.
The acceptance of the theoretical test is by the applicant to the competent body.
2.
This examination shall be a written or computer-assisted examination in the seven subjects listed below and may, after Discretion of the competent authority to be filed on one or more days. Several examination subjects can be combined. An exam consists of at least 70 questions. The examination must consist of approximately 2/3 of the selection questions (multiple choice) from the respective valid official questionnaire and about 1/3 of questions to be answered in long written answers. The following machining times must not be exceeded:
Hours of machining time. (maximum)
Air laws, air traffic and air traffic control rules, including mobile air service legislation 1:00
General Aircraft Customer 0:45
Human performance capability 0:45
Meteorology 1:00
Navigation, flight performance, and flight planning 1:00
Behavior in special cases 0:45
Aerostatics 0:45
total 6:00
3.
A test subject is considered to have passed when the applicant in this At least 75% of the possible score has been reached. For multiple-choice questions, points may only be given for correct answers, and in the case of questions to be answered in long written answers, also for correct partial answers.
4.
The theoretical selection examination includes the registration for the acceptance of the practical examination for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of outdoor swimming pools.
unofficial table of contents

asset 16B Practical selection check to acquire the practical training of outdoor pool guides
(to § 19)

site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 218-219
1.
The outdoor swimming pool used in the practical selection test must meet the requirements for the implementation of the practical selection test and must be a maximum-class I open-air system.
2.
The examiner has the right to Examination programme in the broad guidelines with the applicant to discuss.
3.
Should the applicant have the practical test for reasons not justified for the examiner cancel, the entire check must be repeated. If the check is canceled for reasons justified for the auditor, only the sections that are not executed are to be checked in a further journey.
4.
The applicant can repeat every exercise and every procedure. The auditor may cancel the check at any time if the applicant's flying abilities indicate that the entire check must be repeated.
5.
The Applicants must demonstrate the following skills:
-
Leading the outdoor pool within the Operating limits
-
calm and exact execution of all exercises
-
good Judgment and conduct as an air driver (airmanship)
-
Application of aeronautical knowledge and control of the open-air balloon at any point in time of the journey, that the successful execution of a procedure or exercise is at no time seriously endangered
6.
The individual exercises of the practical test are evaluated with "passed" (b) or "not passed" (nb). If more than three exercises are not passed, the applicant must repeat the entire examination. If you do not have only three exercises, you only have to repeat the exercises that have not been passed. If an exercise is not passed in the repeat examination, the entire check must be repeated. This also applies to exercises that were passed on a previous attempt.
 Auditing certificate
Practical selection check to acquire the authority to the practical
Training of outdoor pool guides

Name and first name of the applicant: .........................................................
Address: ..............................................................
License No: .............................................................

I. Test drive
Ballonart: Gas balloon/hot air balloon * Pattern: ....................
Eintragungszeichen: ................. Size: .................. m3
Starting point: ......................... Start Time: .................
Landeplatz: ......................... Landezeit: .................
Travel Time: .................

-------------------------------------------------------------------------
I Exercises I Rating
I I B/NB
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 I Fahrpreparing I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
2 I Upgrading of the outdoor pool I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
3 I Outside and Internal control according to clear list I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
4 I Start and climb to a predetermined driving height I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
5 I Implementation of the journey I
I Implementation of the necessary measures and I
I checks during the Travel I
I Navigation I
I Notverfahren I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
6 I Radio Traffic I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
7 I from heights to reach cheaper I
I driving directions I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
8 I Selection of suitable landing areas I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
9 I intermediate landing or at higher wind speeds-I
I velocities landing without I
I Floor contact from a security minimum height of I
I 150m above ground I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
10 I End landing I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
11 I emptying of the shell I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
12 I Packing of the outdoor pool after the end landing I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------

II. Result of validation:
--------------------------------
I Passed/Not passed * I
--------------------------------
III. Remarks:

.............................. ..............................
Location and Date Signature of Auditor
.............................. .............................
Reviewer No. Name in print letter
* Not applicable to delete
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 16C theoretical training curriculum for the acquisition of entitlement to practical training of outdoor swimming pool guides
(to § 19)

Original text: BAnz. 2006, No 60, Supplement No. 60a, 220-224 General introduction
The suitability and prestige of a flight instructor are and fall with his personality, his technical skills and his theoretical, in particular technical knowledge, in all with the Aviation-related issues and problems.
flying students will always come from different educational circles with different knowledge bases and with different mental and physical predisposition. Their entire trust, to be trained carefully, put them in their flight instructor. In order to establish this relationship of trust, it is therefore essential to demand good theoretical knowledge from the training instructor and to familiarized him with pedagogy, methodology and systematics in such a way that he is competent to know his knowledge in to pass on the appropriate form to the flight pupil. It must be able to recognize all the technical, technical and technical connections, to explain them and to provide the necessary information. His knowledge in all fields must be so deepened that he can give appropriate lessons for the practical driving of the journey. It is his responsibility to ensure the education of prudent and responsible free-of-charge air-market leaders.
the main focus of the theoretical training on the acquisition of an entitlement to practical training of open-air companies is to provide the necessary methodological and didactic knowledge and skills for the teaching of the Learning. In addition, in the framework of theoretical training, in-depth knowledge of all areas of theoretical training is based on a solid basic knowledge of the acquisition of a right to practical training of open-air-pool guides mediating.
EDUCATION IN EDUCATION
General
-
Requirements for a flight instructor with regard to his Character, his personality of his behavior and his appearance
-
The responsibility of the flight instructor, legal and ethical obligation
-
Teacher and student trust ratio
-
educating influence on the Flight pupil
-
Dispose of overweight or lack of self-confidence
-
Mutual Respect and camaraderie
-
Acting on an ideal setting to Aviation
-
Flight discipline motivation
-
Different causes of flight errors that are found in the An extreme case can lead to detachment, are
-
Air Sickness
-
Angstemotion
-
lack of fliegerie feeling
-
Lack of empathy, estimation, reaction and concentration capability
-
lack of overview and Loadability
-
lack of orientation and spatial imagination
-
lack of attention and learning ability
-
complexes
-
lack of learning
-
too low intelligence level
-
Characters Defects
-
-
Search for ways to influence the causes of recognized errors
-
Specialist assessment during and after the ride
-
exam bias
-
influence of the flight instructor on the Attitude and behaviour of the flyer during the exam flight
Methodology and nomenclature in theoretical training
-
basics of human communication
-
Introduction to Adult Education
-
Teacher techniques, motivation
-
Work on a lesson plan for a teaching unit
-
training topic
-
Setting the learning goals
-
Fabric collection, outline
-
Time Demand
-
Available teaching materials and media
-
Set training form and course flow
-
create learning target controls
-
Organisational
-
Subricht Preparation
-
Flight Schüller's confidante with the learning goals and the lesson plan
-
follow-up
Methodology and systematics in practical training
-
Meaningful order of the exercises taking into account the training level, the weather, continuity of training, frequency of repetitions
-
Announcement and explanation of the exercises before the ride
-
explanation of procedures with Justifications
-
Evaluation of the individual exercises immediately during the ride
-
Takup of the Ballontour (burner/ballast) during the trip only in critical situations
-
post-meeting and additional post-travel explanations
-
Subdivision of the training program into the
-
up to stand-alone driving
-
regular emergency practice
-
deepening the harvester and advanced training until the exam
-
preparation for the Test
-
The flight instructor's supervisory duty to upgrade the balloon by the trainee
-
Motivation for self-criticism and self-control
METHODOLOGY IN EDUCATION
General instructions
-
Confidence with the starting places and its facilities
-
Security Provisions
-
general rules
-
Notes for explaining the outdoor
-
Detailed meeting of the flight manual before the first Training Drive
-
Clear List
Comprehensive lessons
-
Statements of Assignments and Flight Tasks
-
aerostatic and functional Correlations
-
Use of process and clearlists
-
Methods of mediation of the Use of radio navigation aids
Note: The teaching is to be designed in such a way that the contender learns the relationships of the individual processes to each other, that it is captured mentally in order to later become a flight instructor at the trainees to be passed on.
behavior in special cases
-
Backup behavior at the launch site and at Events
-
Hazards emanating from the fan
-
Auditing at the Startplatz
-
Avoid accidents with power lines
-
Behavior at Power accidents
-
Fire extinguishers correct
-
Critical landings Relationships
-
accident prevention training team
-
Training of the Team for accident behavior
-
accident reports
-
training options Emergency procedure
-
Flight instructor behavior in case of emergencies, malfunctions and accidents
air law
-
Air regulations related to education
Registered Training Setup
Insurance in Education
Scope of Training permission
Teaching Privilege and
-
Documentation and Administration Method
School Documents
FlugschülerFiles
educational
-
School-style forms and applications
Student Message
Certificate of Qualification
Requests for Examination
-
Extend forms
-
The tasks of the registrant of the registered training institution and the flight instructor
according to legal requirements
according to the training permission
-
General permission, individual approvals, launch site reviews
-
Means of a detailed Passenger Instruction
-
Use and creation of clearlists
-
Liability Training and Passenger journeys
Navigation
-
Sensual use of GPS in navigatory Tasks.
-
Different coordinate systems
-
Benefits of using a Transponders
-
Consideration of nature conservation, farmland and animal husbandry in navigatory driving planning
-
Developmenttendencies of the future airspace structure
-
Behavior in different airspace with the outdoor swimming pool
-
Special features in radio communication in outdoor pools with air traffic control points
-
Assessment of a starting place for suitability
Meteorology
-
Procurement of meteorological data and reference sources
-
My own Observation possibilities
-
Use of self-felling systems
-
Interpretation and Accurate evaluation of meteorological data
-
Meteorological driving preparation of training trips
-
detect weather changes during a ride
-
DWD development trends in relation to Aeronautics consulting
Aerostatic
-
aerostatic load and other aerostatic Calculations
-
Aerostatic influences and forces occurring when upgrading the freeboard zones
-
Influences of additional charge, temperature change, pressure change, etc. to the behavior of an outdoor swimming pool.
-
Theoretical knowledge of driving technique, heating intervals, valve effects, force acting on the balloon, and resulting conclusions
-
Incoming theoretical knowledge about balloon behavior in fast landings
Technology
-
Electronic instruments and their technology
-
Different burner systems, functional and Emergency Impact
-
Multiple quick-release systems and their peculiarities
-
Optimal processes in the upgrade of outdoor pools
-
Secure handling of propane
-
Use of protective clothing
Human performance
-
Performance of flight students in the course of training
-
Decision processes before and during Ballooning
-
External action on pilot decisions
-
Impacts with permanent experience
-
Supporting effect of clearlists
-
Mental training of Emergency procedures
Non-official table of contents

Annex 16D Curriculum for practical training to acquire the right to practical training of outdoor swimming guides
(to § 19)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No 60, Supplement No. 60a, 225-226 The outdoor pool used in practical training for the acquisition of an entitlement to practical training of outdoor swimming pools must correspond to the size class I and be suitable for the training.
In practical training, the applicant is the required practical skills for
-
Running a flyer to perform the actions required for the proper and safe performance of the ride
-
Recognizing the necessary active intervention in the continuation of the voyage in case of misreactions of the flyer
.
Driving training
-
must have at least three journeys with a total driving time of at least four hours shall be carried out. If the four hours are not reached, the number of journeys will be increased. The journeys are intended to introduce the applicant into the methodical and pedagogical practice of a flight instructor.
-
Any training trip with a flight student should be possible if possible. shall be carried out. Only if no flight student is available can the recognised instructor represent the pupil. The recognised training instructor is on board all training trips and is responsible for the aircraft. The journeys are to be planned in such a way that an education is simulated in a shirred form. The applicant learns to upgrade, drive and land the flight student from the start. The applicant shall only intervene in cases of acute danger or to show the right driving technique to the flight pupil in the event of errors.
The applicant shall, under the guidance of the recognised training flight instructor, form in accordance with the requirements of Annex 7B to the 2. DV LuftPersV off. In addition, the following procedures are provided to the applicant:
driving and starting preparation
-
Before a training trip, check suitable weather conditions according to the training level of the flyer
-
Make sure that the flight student knows the essential parts of the flight manual of the outdoor swimming pool used in the training
-
Conducting a comprehensive journey preparation with the flight student in a navigational, meteorological, and airy way
-
Meeting the planned exercises and learning goals
-
Integration of the flyer into the Decision-making processes
-
Decision to take passengers with passengers according to the law
-
The flight student's driving and starting preparations under the guidance and supervision of the applicant and the recognized instructor
-
Training of the team for rearmament, tracking and recovery of the balloon
Start, drive and landing
-
The Applicant lets you perform the exercises under observation by the flight student and makes sure that you that the requirements are within the framework of the training level and the physical and mental capacity, and that the requirements are neither under-nor over-demand. If the subclaim is used, additional tasks will be assigned to the student until he/she is able to carry out all the tasks of the balloon tour independently
-
The applicant has the flight student during the trip to error and shows ways to avoid them on
-
Notification of the property owners in case of End-of-call parcel parcel damage
Packaging and maintenance
-
Device inspection Getting to know the parts and weaknesses
-
In hot air balloons: Common refuelling of the gas cylinders, taking into account all Security Regulations
Post-review
-
Common filling of the board, travel books and Evidence of formal qualifications
-
Incoming meeting of the journey to determine the progress of training
between applicants and flying students under the supervision of the recognized educator Flight instructor
between applicants and recognized instructor
-
Meeting with the team members to address possible risky behaviors under the supervision of the recognized instructor
Non-tampering table of contents

Annex 16E Theoretical examination for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of outdoor pool guides
(to § 19)

Site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 227
1.
The acceptance of the theoretical test is due to the To apply for the training manager of the training establishment/training institution for the applicant at the competent authority.
2.
This examination is a written Examination in the two subjects listed below and may, at the discretion of the competent authority, be filed on one or more days. The following machining times must not be exceeded:
Hours of machining time. (maximum)
Pedagogy in flight training 1:30
Methodology in flight training 1:30
total3:00
3.
Examination subject shall be deemed to have been passed if the applicant has reached at least 75% of the possible score in this subject. Points may also be awarded for correct partial responses.
4.
The proof of teaching qualification is due to the preparation and execution of a teaching sample of at least of a teaching unit.
Non-official table of contents

Annex 16F Practical examination for the acquisition of entitlement to practical Training of outdoor pool guides
(to § 19)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 228-230
1.
The acceptance of the practical test is due to the To apply for the training manager of the officially recognised training course after completion of the practical training and the existence of the theoretical examination at the competent authority. The applicant shall have the practical test to be carried out on an outdoor pool of the size class I and the type of outdoor swimming pool on which he was active during the flight instructor training course. The outdoor pool used in the practical test must meet the requirements for carrying out the practical test.
2.
At least one of the tests has to be carried out. Auditor. Preferably, a flight pupil with which the applicant has to carry out a training trip is to be carried along. If no student is available, the examiner has to simulate the flight pupil.
3.
In the course of the test drive, the applicant's approach is in accordance with Annex 16D 2.DV LuftPersV as well as the behaviour of the applicant on simulated and/or to check the actual error of a flight sculler. The test consists of a journey of approx. 1 hour duration.
4.
The examiner has to discuss the examination program in the guidelines with the applicant before the trip. The applicant has to prove the skills according to form certificate. The performance and the result of the driving test must be certified by the examiner on the form.
5.
If the applicant does not check out the practical test for the examiner, the test must be completed. justifiable reasons, the entire test must be repeated. If the check is canceled for reasons justified for the auditor, only the sections that are not executed are to be checked in a further journey.
6.
The applicant can repeat each verification point once. The auditor may cancel the examination at any time if the applicant's ballooning or methodical didactic abilities indicate that the entire test must be repeated.
7.
The exercises of the practical exam are rated "passed" (b) or "fail" (nb). If more than three exercises are not passed, the applicant must repeat the entire examination. If you do not have only three exercises, you only have to repeat the exercises that have not been passed. If an exercise is not passed in the repeat examination, the entire check must be repeated. This also applies to exercises that were passed in a previous attempt.
8.
When you first acquire a teaching entitlement, you will be granted one of the following exercises before you are granted. Training course subsequent successful training activities in accordance with § 94 LuftPersV Abs. 1 Nr. 5 assuming.
10.
The applicant has to be entitled to teach to provide proof of successful training at least one flight pupil in each section of training.
11.
The authority responsible for the supervision of the training authorized flight instructor has to be convinced, following training periods by a trip with the flight student (s), that the objective of the respective training sections has been reached before he/she has successfully completed the entire successful training period. Training activity attested.
 Auditing certificate
Practical examination to acquire the entitlement to practical training of
outdoor pool guides

Name and first name of the applicant: .........................................................
Address: .............................................................
License No: .............................

I. Audit Drive
Balloon type: Gas balloon/hot air balloon * Pattern: .......................
Flag: ........................ Size: ............... m (high) 3
Startplatz: ......................... Start Time: ....................
Landeplatz: ......................... Landing time: ....................
Travel time: ....................

-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Exercises I Rating
I B/NB
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Travel preparations for the training trip with the I
flying student I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. Comprehensible instructions and explanations of the I
applicant to the flight pupil I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. Inclusion of the flyer in decision-making processes I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. Correcting errors at the start, drive, and landing I
of the flyer I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. Independent action of the flyer under I
Control of the applicant I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. Briefing with the flight student and rating I
of his training level I
-------------------------------------------------------------------------

II. Check Result
-------------------------------
I Passed/Not passed * I
-------------------------------
III. Notices

...........................................................
Location and date Signature of the tester
.................................................. ...................................
Reviewer No. Name in print letter
* Not applicable to delete
unofficial table of contents

asset 17A theoretical selection check to acquire the practical training entitlement of airship guides
(to § 20)

site of the Original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 231
1.
The acceptance of the theoretical selection test is by the applicant to the competent authority.
2.
This test is a written or computer-aided test. It includes the following subject areas and has a duration of 60 to 120 minutes. The place and time of the test shall be determined by the competent authority.
Sachgebiet
1.Air law, air traffic and air traffic control rules
2. Navigation
2.1 General Navigation
2.2 radio navigation
2.3 Flight planning
3. Meteorology
4.Aerodynamics (Gaslehre, Aerostatik und Aerodynamics)
5. General aircraft knowledge, technology
5.1 Flugleistung
5.2 Beladung and center of gravity
5.3 Airship Customer
5.4 Electrical engineering and avionics
5.5 Instruments
5.6 engines
6. Behavior in special Cases
7.Human
3.
The check is considered to pass if the applicant has reached at least 75% of the possible number of points.
4.
The passing of this theoretical selection test includes the registration for the acceptance of the practical selection test to acquire the entitlement to the practical selection test of Airship guides.
Non-official table of contents

Annex 17B Practical selection examination to acquire the right to practical training of Airship guides
(to § 20)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 232-235
1.
The airship used in the practical selection test must meet the requirements for carrying out the practical selection test.
2.
The examiner has the examination programme in the guidelines with the applicant prior to the flight to discuss. The time of simulated emergency situations is to be announced locally and temporally for the applicant.
3.
Should the applicant be given the practical test for the examiner canceling for unjustified reasons, the entire test must be repeated. If the audit is canceled for reasons justified for the auditor, only the non-executed sections are to be checked in another flight.
4.
The applicant can repeat every exercise and every procedure. The auditor may cancel the check at any time if the applicant's flying abilities indicate that the entire check must be repeated.
5.
The Applicants must demonstrate the following skills:
-
Conducting the airship within the Operating limits
-
calm and exact execution of all exercises
-
good Judgment and conduct as airfare (airmanship)
-
Application of aeronautical knowledge and control of the airship at any point in the flight, such as that the safe conduct of a procedure or exercise is at no time seriously endangered
6.
The individual exercises of the practical test will be with "passed" (b) or "not passed" (nb). If an exercise does not pass in a review section, this section is considered to be unpassed. If more than one examination section is not passed, the applicant must repeat the entire examination. An applicant who does not have only one review section must repeat only the non-passed part. If a section does not pass in the repeat check, the entire check is to be repeated. This also applies to sections that were passed in a previous attempt. The entire exam is to be completed within six months.
 Practical selection check to acquire the entitlement to the practical
training of airship guides

Name and first name of the applicant: ..............................................
Address: ...................................................................
Aviation certificate for: ........................................................
Selected by: ................................ on: .......................



I. Performing the test:
Airship patterns: ........................ Identifier: ......................
Departure location: ........................... Start Time: ........................
Destination: ................................. Landing time. ........................
Block Time (from Mast/to Mast): ....................



. Check Result
-------------------------------
I Passed/Not passed * I
-------------------------------
III.




.................................
Location and date Signature of the tester
................................ .................................
Reviewer No. Name in print letter
* Not applicable to delete

Weather conditions:
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
At Departure Point I On Route I At Destination
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I I
I
I I
I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------
Checker Seat: I Right I Left I Center I Back
------------------------------------------------------

Individual flight drills
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Review Section/Exercise I B/NB
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Flight Preparation
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. External and internal control by clear list
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. Powering the engines
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. Engine, system, and asset review
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. Dropping from the mast
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. Start
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6.1 Normal Start Method
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6.2 NotStart Method
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6.3 Start-up (see 12.3)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
6.4 Start with simulated engine failure
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. Climb
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. Flight Tasks
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.1 Horizontal Flight
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.2 Curve Flight
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.3 Flight in impact height
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.4 Compliance with predetermined flight path parameters Instruments
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.5 Tracking using air navigation tools
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.6 Location determination using flight navigation tools
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.7 Guided tour of the flight route plan
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9. Determination of static severity in flight
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9.1 Computer
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
9.2 Practical (Weight-off, Speed/Attitude)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10. Sinking flight
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10.1 Normal sinking flight
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10.2 Notsinking flight
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11. Approach
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11.1 Flight with simulated engine failure
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12. Landings
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12.1-with different static severity
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12.2-with Simulated engine failure
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
12.3-Landing and launching of landing (see 6.3)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
13. Floor maneuvers/To apply to the mast
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
14. Radio communications
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
15. Use of clearlists
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
16. Bottom Check
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
16.1 Engine brand behavior
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
16.2 Behavior at Smoke/Fire
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
16.3 System failure behavior
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
16.4 actions on Emergency landing with and without support from the
ground crew
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 17C theoretical training curriculum for the acquisition of entitlement to practical training of airship guides
(to § 20)

site of the Original text: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 236-238 General introduction
The suitability and prestige of a flight instructor stand and fall with his personality, his flying skills and his theoretical, in particular technical knowledge, in all with the Aviation-related issues and problems. Flight students will always come from different educational circles with different knowledge bases and with different mental and physical predisposition. Their entire trust, to be trained carefully, put them in their flight instructor. In order to establish this relationship of trust, it is therefore essential to demand good theoretical knowledge from the training instructor and to familiarized him with pedagogy, methodology and systematics in such a way that he is competent to know his knowledge in to pass on the appropriate form to the flight pupil. It must be able to recognize all the connections connected with the flying activity, explain it and give the necessary information and assistance. His knowledge in all fields must be so deepened that he can give appropriate lessons for practical flight execution. It is his responsibility to ensure the education of prudent and responsible airship guides.
the main focus of the theoretical training on the acquisition of an entitlement to practical training for airship guides is to provide the necessary methodological and didactical knowledge and skills for the teaching of the Learning. In addition, in the course of the theoretical training, in-depth knowledge of all areas of theoretical training is based on a solid basic knowledge of the acquisition of an authorization for airship guides.
PEDAGOGY IN FLIGHT TRAINING
General
-
Requirements for a flight instructor with regard to of his character, his personality of his behavior and his appearance
-
The responsibility of the flight instructor, legal and ethical obligation
-
Teacher and student trust ratio
-
educating influence on the Flight pupil
-
Dispose of overweight or lack of self-confidence
-
Mutual Respect and camaraderie
-
Acting on an ideal setting to Aviation
-
Flight discipline education
-
The causes of flight errors that are in extreme cases can be replaced,
-
Air Disease
-
Angstemotion
-
lack of fliegerie feeling
-
cramped control
-
lack of empathy, estimation, response, and Concentration ability
-
lack of overview and resilience
-
lack of visibility Orientation and spatial imagination
-
lack of attention and learning ability
-
Complex
-
learningwild
-
too low intelligence level
-
characters in character
-
Discipline Indiscipline
-
Search For Ways To Find The Root Causes Of Errors influence
-
error address during flight and evaluation after flight termination
-
Review bias
-
Flight instructor's influence on the setting and behavior of the Flight Schülers during the exam flight
-
Fliegerische judgment
Methodology and systematics
-
apprentiate
-
the Learning
-
the teaching object or Teaching material
-
Preparation and outline of the Teaching
-
instructional technique
-
correct flight schüller response
-
Arousing your attention
-
Confidence of the student with the training plan
-
uniformity of content and method training
-
meaningful order of the exercises under Taking into account the training level
-
Continuity of training
-
Frequency of the Retries
-
Disclosure and explanation of the exercises before the flight
-
The Teaching of the fly and the correction technique using the text in the flight
-
Synchronization of the spoken word to the flight movement
-
After-flight and supplemental explanations after the flight
-
Transfer and transfer of the control in the Fluge
-
Subdivision of the training program into the sections
-
up to the first solo flight
-
deepening of the harvester and further education after the first Solo flight
-
preparing for the test flight, in particular all navigation flight management
-
The flight instructor's supervisory duty on solo flights of the trainee
-
Education for self-criticism and Self-control
THEORETICAL FLIGHT INSTRUCTION AND FLIGHT INSTRUCTING INSTRUCTION
General instructions
-
Trust with the launch pad and its facilities
-
Security Provisions
-
general rules
-
explanation of airship explanation
-
Flughandbuch
-
clearlist
Comprehensive Lessons
-
Statements of Assignments and Flight Tasks
-
Aerodynamic/aerostatic and technical correlations
-
Use of procedure and clearlists
Note:
The lessons are so Design that the contender learns to know the relationships of the individual processes to each other, to capture them mentally in order to be able to pass them on to the trainee later as a flight instructor
-
Methods of communicating the use of radio navigation aids
Development of a textbook
-
Development of a training flow plan with the following points:
-
Training Topic
-
Training Target
-
Training Form
-
Training Methods
-
Training Medium
-
Time Demand
-
expiration
-
fabric breakdown
-
sub-targets
-
tools, etc.
-
organizational measures
-
follow-up
behavior in special cases
-
reasons for technical irregularities and ways to eliminate
-
Assets and instruments malfunctions
-
radio outage
behavior in emergencies and Emergency procedure
-
fire on board
-
Behavior in case of loss of orientation and when bad weather conditions arrive
-
Notlandungen
-
Notlanding Behavior
unofficial table of contents

plant 17D curriculum for practical training to acquire the practical training of airship guides
(to § 20)

site of the Original text: BAnz. 2006, No 60, Supplement No. 60a, 239 The aeronautic vessel used in practical training for the purpose of acquiring the practical training of airship guides must be suitable for training.
The practical training is divided into two sections.
1.
Learn and consolidate the control technology/operation of the airship from the seat of the Flight instructor
2.
Methodical flight training
The methodological flight training shall be the candidate
-
to provide the necessary skills to secure and responsible conduct of the airship to the Flight students,
-
to demonstrate the proper guidance of the airship,
-
to methodically correct guidance of the flyer,
-
to detect misconduct of the flyer,
-
-
to prevent or Use of critical and dangerous flight conditions,
-
to apply adequate Enable corrections (active intervention, verbal instructions)
-
to assess the progress of the flight schüller
.
Flight training must be at least 15 hours with a teacher recognised for this purpose by the competent authority.
In terms of content, all flight exercises must be covered in accordance with the "practical training curriculum for the acquisition of a licence for airship guides" (see Annex 8B (to § 11)), whereby learning of the teaching methodology focuses on practical training. Training. Non-official table of contents

Annex 17E Theoretical examination for the acquisition of the entitlement to practical training of airship guides
(to § 20)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 240
1.
This test is a written or computer-based test in the two subjects listed below and may, at the discretion of the competent authority, be filed on one or more days. The following machining times must not be exceeded:
Hours of machining time. (maximum)
Pedagogy in flight training 1:30
Methodology in flight training 1:30
total3:00
2.
Examination subject shall be deemed to have been passed if the applicant has reached at least 75% of the possible score in this subject. Points may also be awarded for correct partial responses.
3.
The proof of teaching qualification is due to the preparation and execution of a teaching sample of at least of a teaching unit. The test sample shall be submitted before a Examination Commission designated by the competent authority. The Commission shall consist of a Chairperson and at least one Beisitzer. The subject of a flight instructor's teaching shall be determined by the competent authority. The teaching sample is evaluated with "passed" or "not passed".
unofficial table of contents

Annex 17F Practical examination for the acquisition of the Permission for the practical training of airship guides
(to § 20)

Fundstelle des Originaltextes: BAnz. 2006, No. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 241-243
1.
The acceptance of the practical test is due to the To apply for training in the competent body. The content of the practical test is based on the type of teaching authorization to be acquired. The applicant shall take the practical test on an airship pattern on which he was active during the course of training for the acquisition of the teaching qualification. The airship used in the practical test must comply with the requirements for carrying out the practical test.
2.
The examiner has to do so before the flight. Examination programme in the broad guidelines with the applicant to discuss.
3.
Should the applicant have the practical test for reasons not justified for the examiner cancel, the entire check must be repeated. If the check is canceled for reasons justified for the auditor, only the sections that are not executed are to be checked in another flight.
5.
The applicant can repeat every exercise and every procedure. The auditor may cancel the check at any time if the applicant's flying abilities indicate that the entire check must be repeated.
6.
The Applicants have the ability to demonstrate the following skills:
-
Ability of a flight sheller to secure the safe guidance of the Airship
-
Pronounced judgement and educational behavior as a flight instructor
-
Application of his teaching methodology as well as his flying and theoretical knowledge.
7.
The Individual exercises of the practical test will be carried out with " passed " (b) or " Failed " (nb). If an exercise does not pass in a review section, this section is considered to be unpassed. If more than one examination section is not passed, the applicant must repeat the entire examination. An applicant who does not have only one review section must repeat only the non-passed part. If a section does not pass in the repeat check, the entire check is to be repeated. This also applies to sections that were passed in a previous attempt. The entire exam is to be completed within six months.
8.
After an unpassed practical examination, further training may be required. If there are not all sections in the second attempt, then the further training must be determined by the competent authority. The practical test can be repeated as often as you like.
 Practical test to acquire the right to practical
training of airship guides

Name and first name of the applicant: ..............................................
Address: ...................................................................
Aviation certificate for: ........................................................
Selected by: ................................ on: .......................



I. Performing the test:
Airship patterns: ........................ Identifier: ......................
Departure location: ........................... Start Time: ........................
Destination: ................................. Landing time. ........................
Block Time (from Mast/to Mast): ....................



. Check Result
-------------------------------
I Passed/Not passed * I
-------------------------------
III.




.................................
Location and date Signature of the tester
................................ .................................
Reviewer No. Name in print letter
* Not applicable to delete

Weather conditions:
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
At Departure Point I On Route I At Destination
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I I
I
I I
I I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------
Checker Seat: I Right I Left I Center I Back
------------------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Asset 8B selected exercises I rating
I (B/NB)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note:
The role of the "flight student" is assumed by the examiner or a flight instructor who was not involved in the training.
The selected exercises are to be discussed in a flight pre-meeting with the "flight student".
The applicant has to announce the exercise to be carried out during the flight, and then, in explanatory terms, to show it.
After that, the exercise is to be completed by the "flight student" under the simulation of typical pupil misconduct. The applicant has the errors in a suitable manner (verbal or, if necessary, by intervening).
In a meeting, after the flight by the applicant, the individual exercises with the "flight student" must be evaluated.