Second Implementing Regulation On The Regulation On Aviation Personnel (Application Regulations For Training And Testing For The Acquisition Of Licenses And Permissions For Airmen In Accordance With The Regulation On Aviation Personnel)

Original Language Title: Zweite Durchführungsverordnung zur Verordnung über Luftfahrtpersonal (Anwendungsbestimmungen für die Ausbildung und Prüfung für den Erwerb von Lizenzen und Berechtigungen für Luftfahrer gemäß der Verordnung über Luftfahrtpersonal)

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Read the untranslated law here: http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/luftpersvdv_2/BJNR506000006.html

Second implementing regulation on the regulation on aviation personnel (application regulations for training and testing for the acquisition of licenses and permissions for Airmen in accordance with the regulation on aviation personnel) (2. DVLuftPersV) 2 DVLuftPersV Ausfertigung date: 24.01.2006 full quotation: "second implementing regulation on the regulation on aviation personnel (application regulations for training and testing for the acquisition of licenses and permissions for Airmen in accordance with the regulation on aviation personnel) by January 24, 2006 (BAnz. 2006 no. 60 S. 2061) "footnote (+++ text detection from: 26.3.2006 +++) input formula on the basis of § 32 para 1 sentence 1 Nos. 4 and 5 of the air transport act as amended by the notice of 27 March 1999 (BGBl. I p. 550), most recently by article 2 No. 2 of the Act of 19 April 2005 (BGBl. I S. 1070) is has been modified in connection with article 133a of the regulation on aviation personnel as amended by the notice of February 13, 1984 (BGBl. I S. 265)" , by article 2 No. 64 of the regulation amending luftrechtlicher provisions on requirements for flight crews of 10 February 2003 (BGBl. I S. 182) newly is been taken prescribed the Luftfahrt-Bundesamt: first section General provisions table of contents § § scope 1 second section training and testing purpose of training 2 deception attempt to withdraw from the examination 3 third section licenses and permissions for private pilots 4 Airmen class permission for travel motor sailer 5 class rating for single-engine landplanes with piston engine with a MTOM of more than 750 kilograms
6 acquisition of private pilot license (aircraft) according to JAR-FCL 1 german 7 glider guides 8 class permission for travel motor sailer for the holder of the license for glider guide 9 free balloon Guide 10 airship guide 11 flight engineer on helicopters for the police forces of the Federation and the Länder12 art flight permission 13 towing permission 14 cloud flight permission for glider Guide 15 litter and spray permission 16 permission to the practical training of private aircraft pilots according to § 1 travel 17 permission to the practical training of glider pilots 18 permission for practical training by free balloon guide 19 permission to the practical training of airship pilots 20
Differences training, learn more 21 entry into force 22 equipment Annex 1A curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the license for private pilots, annex 1 B curriculum for practical training to acquire of the license for private pilots, Appendix 1 C theoretical examination to acquire of the license for private pilots, attachment 1 d practical examination to acquire of the license for private pilots, annex 2A curriculum for practical instruction to purchase of the class authorization for travel motor sailer , Annex 2 B practical examination to acquire of the class authorization for travel motor sailer, annex 3A curriculum for practical instruction to purchase of the class rating for single-engine landplanes with piston engine with a MTOM of more than 750 kg, annex 3 B practical examination to acquire of the class rating for single-engine landplanes with piston engine with a MTOM of more than 750 kg, unit 4A curriculum for the supplementary theoretical training for obtaining the private pilot license (aircraft) according to JAR-FCL 1 german , Annex 4 B curriculum for supplementary practical training to the acquisition of the private pilot license (aircraft) according to JAR-FCL 1 german, annex 5A curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the license for glider Guide, Appendix 5 B curriculum for practical training to acquire of the license for glider Guide, Appendix 5 C theoretical examination to acquire of the license for glider Guide, System 5 d practical examination to acquire of the license for glider Guide , Unit 6A curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the class authorization for travel motor sailer for the holder of the license for glider Guide, Appendix 6 B curriculum for practical training to acquire of the class authorization for travel motor sailer for the holder of the license for glider Guide, Appendix 6 C theoretical examination to acquire of the class authorization for travel motor sailer for the holder of the license for glider Guide, unit 7A curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the license for free balloon Guide , Annex 7 B curriculum for practical training to acquire of the license for free balloon Guide, Appendix 7 C theoretical examination to acquire of the license for free balloon Guide, System 7 d practical examination to acquire of the license for free balloon leader attachment 8A curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the license for airship Guide, annex 8 B curriculum for practical training to acquire of the license for airship Guide Appendix 8 C theoretical examination to acquire of the license to air ship Guide , Unit 8 d
Practical examination to acquire of the license for airship Director, plant 9A curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the license for flight engineer on helicopters for the police forces of the Federal and State Governments, annex 9 B curriculum for practical training to acquire of the license for flight engineer on helicopters for the police forces of the Federal and State Governments, Appendix 9 C theoretical examination to acquire of the license for flight engineer on helicopters for the police forces of the Federal and State Governments , Plant 9 d practical examination to acquire of the license for flight engineer on helicopters for the police forces of the Federal and State Governments, System 10A curriculum for practical training to the acquisition of the art flight permission, annex 10 B practical examination to acquire of the art flight permission, annex 11 curriculum for practical instruction on the purchase of the towing permission, unit 12A curriculum for practical training to the acquisition of cloud flight permission for glider Guide , Annex 12 B practical examination to acquire of the cloud flight permission for glider Director, plant 13A curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the spreading and spraying permission, annex 13 B curriculum for practical training to the acquisition of spreading and spraying permission, annex 13 C theoretical examination to acquire the spreading and spraying permission, 13D practical examination to acquire the spreading and spraying permission, 14A theoretical competition to acquire of the permission to the practical training of private aircraft pilots , Annex 14 B practical selection examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of private aircraft pilots, Appendix 14 C curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the permission for the practical training of private aircraft pilots, unit 14 d curriculum for practical training to acquire of the permission to the practical training of private aircraft pilots, conditioning 14E theoretical examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of private aircraft pilots, conditioning 14F practical examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of private aircraft pilots , Unit 15A theoretical competition to acquire of the permission to the practical training of glider pilots, annex 15 B practical selection examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of glider pilots, Appendix 15 C curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the permission for the practical training of glider pilots, plant 15 d curriculum for practical training to acquire of the permission to the practical training of glider pilots, conditioning 15E theoretical examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of glider pilots , Plant 15F practical examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of glider pilots, System 16A theoretical competition to acquire of the permission for practical training by free balloon Guide, Appendix 16 B practical selection examination to acquire of the permission for practical training by free balloon Guide, Appendix 16 C curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the permission for practical training by free balloon Guide, System 16B curriculum for practical training to acquire of the permission for practical training by free balloon Guide , Plant 16E theoretical examination to acquire of the permission for practical training by free balloon Director, plant 16F practical examination to acquire of the permission for practical training by free balloon Guide, System 17A theoretical competition to acquire of the permission to the practical training of airship pilots, System 17 B practical selection examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of airship pilots, annex 17 C curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the permission for the practical training of airship pilots , Unit 17 d curriculum for practical training to acquire of the permission to the practical training of airship pilots, conditioning 17E theoretical examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of airship pilots, conditioning 17F practical examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of airship pilots.
The first section general rules article 1 scope this regulation lays down the details of the requirements contained in the regulation on aviation personnel (travel) according to § 32 para 1 Nos. 4 and 5 of the air transport law about licensing and obtaining permissions.
Second section training and testing § 2 purpose of the training
The training purpose, to provide the knowledge necessary for reasons of safety of air traffic and public security or order and skills the aviation personnel. A special form of training is also the permit required to purchase of a license or permission.

§ 3 taking deception attempt, withdraw from the examination (1) the candidate he is a deception attempt, with immediate effect from further participation in the examination to exclude, and the test is considered to be not passed.
(2) candidates resigns after the start of the test, the test is considered failed. Something else applies only if the applicant by a disease or otherwise not by the candidate for which circumstances does not start the examination or a part of the examination. The applicant has to prove the prevention without delay by presenting a medical certificate or a certificate.
Third section licenses and permissions for Airmen § 4 private aircraft pilots (§ 1 travel) (1) theoretical training are to convey the knowledge referred to in annex 1A.
(2) in the flight training they are in annex 1 B set exercises carried out.
(3) the theoretical test shall be performed according to Appendix 1 C.
(4) the applicant has in a practical examination in accordance with Annex 1 d to prove that he possesses the skills necessary for the guidance of aircraft.

§ 5 class permission for travel motor sailors (§ 3a travel) (1) in the briefing are the drills must set out in Annex 2A.
(2) the applicant has in a practical examination in accordance with Annex 2 B to prove that he possesses the skills necessary to the management of travel motor sailer.

§ 6 class rating for single-engine landplanes with piston engine with a MTOM of more than 750 kilograms (§ 3 b travel) (1) in the briefing are the drills must set out in annex 3A.
(2) the applicant has in a practical examination in accordance with annex 3 B to prove that he possesses the leadership of single engine land aircraft with piston engine with a MTOM of more than 750 kilograms necessary skills.

§ 7 acquiring the private pilot license (aircraft) according to JAR-FCL 1 german (§ 5 travel) (1) theoretical training are to convey the knowledge in accordance with Appendix 4A.
(2) in the flight training they are in Appendix 4 B set exercises carried out.
(3) the theoretical exam is german perform in accordance with JAR-FCL 1,130.
(4) the applicant has to pass a practical examination in accordance with JAR-FCL 1.135 german.

§ 8 glider Guide (to article 36 travel) (1) theoretical training are to convey the knowledge referred to in annex 5A.
(2) in the flight training they are in Appendix 5 B set exercises carried out.
(3) the theoretical test shall be performed according to annex 5 C.
(4) the applicant has in a practical examination in accordance with annex 5 d to prove that he possesses the skills necessary to the management of gliders.

Section 9 class permission for travel motor sailer for the holder of the license for glider Guide (to section 40a travel) (1) theoretical training are to convey knowledge in accordance with appendix 6A.
(2) in the flight training they are in Appendix 6 B set exercises carried out.
(3) the theoretical test shall be performed according to annex 6 C.
(4) the applicant has in a practical examination in accordance with Annex 2 B to prove that he possesses the skills necessary to the management of travel motor sailer.

§ 10 free balloon Guide (to § 46 travel) (1) theoretical training are to convey the knowledge in accordance with Appendix 7A.
(2) in the practical training they are in annex 7 B set exercises carried out.
(3) the theoretical test shall be performed according to annex 7 C.
(4) the applicant has in a practical examination in accordance with Annex 7 d to prove that he possesses the skills necessary to the management of Freiballonen.

§ 11 air boat operator (§ 50 travel) (1) theoretical training in accordance with annex 8A are to convey.
(2) in the flight training they are in annex 8 B set exercises carried out.
(3) the theoretical test shall be performed in accordance with Annex 8 C.
(4) the applicant has in a practical examination in accordance with Annex 8 d to prove that he possesses the skills necessary for the guidance of airships.
(5) the acquisition of a type rating for airship guide requires the acquisition of additional knowledge and training on the airship pattern. Training is necessary to add pattern-specific content of the plants 8A and 8B with the consent of the competent authority.

§ 12 flight engineer on helicopters for the police forces of the Federal and State Governments (to § 62 travel) (1) the training as the flight engineer on helicopters for the police forces of the Federal and State Governments is a training organisation approved by the Luftfahrt-Bundesamt for flight training, which has a permit for it.
(2) in the theoretical training, convey knowledge in accordance with Appendix 9A.
(3) in the practical flying training and technical training, you are in annex 9 B set exercises.
(4) the theoretical test shall be performed in accordance with Appendix 9 C.
(5) the applicant has in a practical examination in accordance with Annex 9 d to prove that he possesses the necessary skills for a flight engineer on helicopters for the police forces of the Federal and State Governments.

§ 13 aerobatics permission (to article 81 travel) (1) in flight training are making exercises Annex 10A.
(2) the applicants for an aerobatic flight permission has in a practical examination in accordance with annex 10 B to prove that he possesses the skills necessary to carry out art flights.

§ 14 towing permission (to § 84 travel) prescribed flights are travel in accordance with section 84, paragraph 2 and paragraph 3 carried out in accordance with Annex 11.

§ 15 cloud flight permission for glider Guide (§ 85 travel) (1) for the acquisition of cloud flight permission for glider leaders are making instrument flight exercises contained in annex 12A.
(2) in the practical examination has the candidates in accordance with annex 12 B to prove that he possesses the skills necessary to carry out cloud flights.

§ 16 spreading and spraying permission (to § 86 travel) (1) theoretical training in accordance with annex 13A are to mediate.
(2) in flight training, the set exercises in accordance with annex 13 B must be carried.
(3) the applicant for the acquisition of a spreading and spraying permission has the theoretical test in accordance with annex 13 C.
(4) the applicant has to prove, in a practical examination in accordance with Appendix 13D, that he possesses the skills necessary to carry out spreading and spraying flights.

§ 17 permission to the practical training of private aircraft pilots according to § 1 travel (to section 88a travel) (1) which is section 88a para 1 No. 3 travel selection check out a theoretical examination in accordance with plant travel are to provide the theoretical knowledge in accordance with annex 14 C and the practical skills in accordance with annex 14 d 14A and a practical examination in accordance with annex 14B. (2) in the officially recognised training course pursuant to section 88a para 1 No. 4.
(3) the applicant to acquire of the permission to the practical training of private plane pilots has a theoretical test in accordance with annex 14E to prove that he possesses the knowledge necessary for the training of private pilots.
(4) the applicant has to demonstrate, in a practical examination in accordance with annex 14F, that he possesses the skills necessary for the training of private pilots.

§ 18 permission to the practical training of glider pilots (to § 89 travel) travel No. 3 (1) the selection examination according to article 89, paragraph 1 consists of a theoretical test in accordance with Appendix 15A and no. 4 are a practical examination in accordance with annex 15B. (2) in the officially recognised training course according to article 89, paragraph 1 travel to provide the theoretical knowledge in accordance with Annex 15 C and the practical skills in accordance with Annex 15 d.
(3) the applicant to acquire of the permission to the practical training of glider pilots is in a theoretical examination in accordance with annex 15E to prove that he possesses the knowledge necessary to the training of glider pilots.
(4) the applicant is in a practical examination in accordance with annex 15F to prove that he possesses the skills necessary to the training of glider pilots.

§ 19 permission for practical training by free balloon Guide (to § 94 travel) travel No. 3 (1) the selection test according to § 94 paragraph 1 consists of a theoretical test in accordance with Appendix 16A and no. 4 are a practical examination in accordance with annex 16B. (2) in the officially recognised training course according to § 94 paragraph 1 travel to teach the theoretical knowledge referred to in Appendix 16 C and the practical skills in accordance with Annex 16 d.
(3) the applicant to acquire of the permission for practical training by free balloon guide has a theoretical test in accordance with annex 16E to prove that he possesses the knowledge necessary to the education of free balloon Guide.
(4) the applicant has to prove, in a practical examination in accordance with Appendix 16F, that he possesses the skills necessary to the education of free balloon Guide.

Article 20 permission to the practical training of airship pilots (§ 95 travel) (1) the selection examination according to article 95, paragraph 1 No. 3 travel consists of a theoretical examination in accordance with plant 17A and a practical examination in accordance with Appendix 17B.
(2) in the officially recognised training course according to § 95 subsection 1 No. 4 travel are the theoretical knowledge to mediate attachment 17 C and the practical skills in accordance with Annex 17 d.
(3) the applicant to acquire of the permission to the practical training of airship pilots has a theoretical test in accordance with annex 17E to prove that he possesses the knowledge necessary to the training of airship pilots.
(4) the applicant has in a practical examination in accordance with annex 17F to prove that he possesses the skills necessary to the training of airship pilots.

§ 21 differences training, familiarisation (1) for the Exchange one other aircraft or travel series motor sailer or a different plane or travel motor sailer patterns within the same class rating are the provisions of Appendix 1 M to the 1 DV LuftPersV apply accordingly. The differences training is carried out by a suitably qualified authorised and after to confirm by signature in the flight log.
(2) If an aircraft or travel motor sailer differs in terms of its design, its maximum take-off weight or its flight characteristics from a previously guided aircraft or travel motor sailer pattern, the pilot in command has familiar independently with its properties to make.

Article 22 entry into force this regulation enter into force on the day after the announcement.

Annex 1A curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the license for private pilots (to 4) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 9-26 air law legal basis - air traffic Act (LuftVG) - air safety Act (background) - air traffic approval regulations (LuftVZO) - air traffic regulations (LuftVO) - Regulation for the testing of aviation equipment (LuftGerPV) - personnel (travel) - implementing the LuftPersV - operational rules for aviation equipment (LuftBO) - implementing regulations to the LuftBO - more laws and regulations, as far as they are for the private pilots of importance.
National and international organizations of aviation - Federal Ministry for transport, building and urban development (BMVBS) - Luftfahrt-Bundesamt (LBA) - German Federal Bureau of aircraft accidents investigation (BFU) - aviation authorities of the countries - Deutsche Flugsicherung GmbH (DFS) - German weather service (DWD) - ICAO − responsibilities and tasks - JAA − responsibilities and tasks - EASA competences and tasks publications for Airmen - aeronautical information publication AIP - AIP VFR - outline and use - VFR-bulletin - news for air driver part I and II (NfL I and NfL II) - NOTAM - aeronautical charts ICAO airports - types of airports - airfield compulsion - external start and Außenlandung - emergency landing - safety landing
Aircraft - type - approvals - tests - airworthiness directives - regulated equipment aviation personnel - training - license - granting - extension - extension - renewal - cancellation, rest and restriction - exercise of rights - permissions participation in air transport - obligations of participants in air traffic - general rules - visual flight rules - classification - air traffic control regulations - equipment of aircraft - General flight operations rules - avoidance of unnecessary noise flight services - legislation of the mobile radio service - registration and approval of radio equipment - radio voice procedure - emergency and emergency traffic - regulation on air traffic control equipment of aircraft implementation of two-way traffic on flights operated under visual flight rules and to an aerodrome air traffic control either in German (BZF II) or in German and English language (BZF I) using the set phrases, expressions, procedures, shortcuts including emergency - and urgent procedure the aircraft's liability and compulsory insurance of aircraft operators offences, offences NAVIGATION shape of the Earth - form - axis, pole - dimensions - movement Kartenkunde - Meridian, latitude parallel - circles, small circles, course same - hemispheres, North/South, East/West - topographic maps of aviation - projections and their properties - angle loyalty - equal area (equivalence) - scale compliant cut Conic (ICAO map 1: 500,000) - main features - construction - Meridian convergence - representation of meridians , Latitude Parallels, characterised and rhumb - scale, standard Parallels - graphic representation of the height above ground time - relationship between coordinated universal time (UTC) and medium-sized local time (LMT) - definition of sunrise and sunset times reference direction - right pointing north (True North) - the Earth's magnetic field declination - annual change - missweisend North (like North), variation - vertical and horizontal components - Isogonen, zero Isogonen (Agone) - magnetism of the aircraft − magnetic influences in the aircraft of − Compass deflection (deviation) − curves That acceleration error − avoid magnetic interference of the compass width distances - units - distance measurement based on the map projection aeronautical charts in practical navigation - drawing of locations - and length - bearing and distance - using a protractor - measure maps symbolism/use the navigation maps of courses above ground (track) and distances - card analysis - topography - terrain (relief) − artificial terrain features − immutable characteristics (such as length or dot-shaped, unique or special features) − variable characteristics (such as water) - cards preparation - folding a map - procedure for reading a map - orientation based on the card - features of control points - awaited appearance of control points - with constant visual contact - without constant visual contact - uncertain position (drip line) - Aviation icons – aeronautical information - conversion of units basics of navigation - friendly, rectified and true speed (IAS, CAS and TAS) - course over ground, right-facing and missweisender course - wind, impact on heading and ground speed - wind triangle - calculation of tax rate and speed over ground - ETA (estimated time of arrival/ETA) - reckoning , Position, fixed site navigation computer - application of a mechanical or electronic navigation computer, as well as, where appropriate, the use of rollover calculations for the determination of the following sizes: − true airspeed (TAS), time and distance − conversion of units − required − amount of fuel pressure, density and true amount of − flight time and estimated arrival time of − wind triangle tasks of − drift and upwind angle, application of TAS and wind speed on the course on basic − tax course and speed over ground flight planning - selection of maps - weather forecasts and reports for the route and the Airfield - assessment of the weather situation - drawing bearing the have - consideration of controlled airspace airspace restrictions, hazardous area etc. - use of AIP and NOTAMS - connections to the ATC in controlled airspace - fuel calculation - Sicherheitsmindesthöhen for the air route - alternate aerodrome - telecommunications and radio / navigation frequencies - VHF (VDF direction finder, QDM, QDR) - before bearing, position determination - transponder and radar - satellite navigation (GPS) - a flight carrying out plan - creation of an ATC flight plan - selection of reporting points, time and distance marks - calculations of mass and centre of gravity - calculations of ground and flight performance practical navigation - compass control courses , Use the deviation table - organization of workload incurred during the flight - departure procedures - entries in the flight plan - altimeter setting - calculation of TAS and speed over ground (GS) - compliance by heading and altitude - implementing the vision navigation - location - determination of control points – control course corrections - approach procedures - connection to the ATC - entries in the flight plan and the aircraft log book meteorology the atmosphere - composition and construction - specific features of the troposphere - ICAO standard atmosphere - atmospheric pressure - vertical stratification of pressure , Density and temperature, air pressure, air pressure, isobars - change of pressure, density and temperature with height - terms of height measurement - radiation processes, temperature - daily pattern of temperature - stability and instability - effect of radiation and advection processes air humidity and precipitation - water vapor in the atmosphere - humidity - dew point, spread - relative, absolute and specific moisture - vapour - condensation, sublimation, evaporation - precipitation - development of precipitation - precipitation types air pressure and wind - high - and low-pressure areas - movement of air - pressure gradient (Buys-Ballot'sches law) , Coriolis, frictional (surface wind and geo strophischer wind) - vertical and horizontal movement of the air, convergence, divergence - local wind systems (hair dryer, mountain / valley wind, land / sea breeze, guided wind) - turbulence and Böigkeit - influence of wind and wind shear on takeoff and landing cloud formation - cooling and warming by advection, radiation and adiabatic processes - classification of cloud, cloud floors - convective clouds (cumulus clouds) - stratiforme clouds (layer clouds) - a conditional clouds - flight conditions in strati forms and convective clouds fog , humid haze and dry haze -.
Radiation fog, advection fog, mixing fog, freezing fog - formation and resolution of fog - decreased vision driven by damp mist, rain or drizzle, snow, smoke, dust, and sand - assessment of the probability of occurrence of reduced visibility - for flights with low horizontal and vertical perspective air mass, high - and low-pressure areas - characteristics of air masses and influencing factors - classification of air masses, areas of formation - transformation (change) of air masses during their relocation - formation of high and low pressure areas - weather patterns associated with high and low pressure areas - trough , Height trough (birth and weather) fronts - formation of fronts and air mass boundaries - warm front - emergence of a warm front - associated clouds and weather - weather conditions in the warm sector - cold - formation a cold front - associated clouds and weather patterns - rear side of the weather - occlusion - emergence of occlusion - associated clouds and weather patterns - stationary fronts - associated clouds and weather patterns - causes and conditions for icing - icing formation and effect of rough ice, hoarfrost, Klareis - impact of icing on the flight performance - icing of the propulsion system , Carburetor / propeller icing - aviation measures to avoid icing storm - thunderstorm formation - air mass thunderstorm, front thunderstorms, caused by a thunderstorm - conditions - development process - identify favorable conditions for the formation of thunderstorms - driven aircraft - effects of lightning, hail, and heavy turbulence - avoiding flights in the vicinity of thunderstorms flights over mountainous areas - influence of the terrain on atmospheric processes - formation of Lee waves - local wind systems, Assembly and turbulence , Rotors - dangers-climatology - General seasonal related circulation in the troposphere over Europe - seasonal conditional local weather and wind conditions altimetry - meaning the print settings for the air traffic - pressure altitude, density altitude - height above ground, height above sea level, flight surfaces-ICAO standard atmosphere QNH, QFE, QFF, Charles (default settings) - transition, transition layer and transition area organization of meteorological assurance of aviation - flight weather forecast and advice - LBZ - consultation - flight weather station - FWW - briefing and documentation - flight weather station (observation) - availability of periodic weather forecasts weather analysis and forecast - weather maps , Symbols, characters - maps to predict significant flight weather conditions (significant weather charts) - forecast maps for general aviation weather information for the flight preparation - reports and predictions for start, cruise, destination and alternate aerodromes (TAF, GAFOR, and others), evaluation of regular flight weather reports (METARs) and warnings (SIGMET, AIRMET and others) - weather information via Selfbriefingsysteme - aviation weather discussions weather broadcasts for aviation - VOLMET, ATIS AERODYNAMIC flow around a body, subsection sound - air resistance and air density - boundary layer - friction - Bernoulli equation , Venturi effect - flow around a flat plate of two-dimensional flow around the wing profile - induced geometric parameters of the wing profile - flow around a curved wing profile, pressure distribution on the profile - Laminar and turbulent flow, envelope - and transfer point – origin of buoyancy and profile resistance - relationship between lift coefficient, drag coefficient and angle of attack of three-dimensional flow around a wing - wing layout and profile forms - total resistance - resistance - downwind angle, swivel resistance, stomp - wing aspect ratio - harmful resistance - interference resistance and residual resistance - lift distribution on the wing - ratio lift/resistance , (Lilienthal Polare) power distribution on the air vehicle - acting forces and balance of power - lifting force and weight - thrust and air resistance - stationary flight modes (horizontal, climbing, sliding and turns) control systems - the three main axes - nod to the transverse - roll around the longitudinal axis - Yaw around the vertical axis - effect of Elevator, rudder and ailerons - controls for pitch, roll and yaw movements - mutual coupling of rolling and Ganesh (Gierrollmoment, Rollgiermoment) - page glide and crosswind control technique for landing - aerodynamic balance and mass balance of control surfaces trim control - trim rudder , Balance rudder and counter balance rudder - task and principle of operation - control flaps and slats - vaults -, spreading, cutting and Fowler flaps - task and principle of operation - operational usage - slats, flaps on the leading edge of the wing - task and principle of operation - normal/automatic operation stability - definitions of static and dynamic stability – longitudinal stability - influence of gravity on the longitudinal stability and longitudinal maneuverability - lateral stability (lateral and directional stability) - (mutual coupling of lateral and directional stability of the slide , Schieberollmoment) stall - critical angle of attack - disruption of the smooth air flow - reducing lift, increased air resistance - shift in the pressure point - signs of incipient stall - behaviour of the aircraft to stall - influencing factors on the tear-off speed and the behavior of the aircraft at stall - stall for horizontal, climb, descent and turns - possibilities of stall warnings and stall warning - stop the excessive flight condition avoid spin - stall at the wing tips - one-sided stall on the leaf - emergence of a rolling motion - detecting onset Tailspin - stationary spin - influence of inner and outer sliding - lot and flat spin - influence of gravity - flow conditions on the rudder and tailplane, shields - end of Trudelns of load much partition and interception maneuvers - strength considerations - V-n diagrams for gusts and intercept loads - load limits, with and without flaps - change of load multiples in the turns and catch - maximum speed of maneuver for full rudder deflection - precautions to be taken during the flight loads on the ground - lateral strain on the chassis - landing - precautionary measures during changes of direction roll, aircraft general knowledge, technique development of cell - components - hull , Wing, tail - height -, cross - and page control - trim system and flaps/slats - suspension - spur gear, including steering - wheel, including steering - wheels, the tire's condition - braking systems and special features when using loads of cell - static strength - load much partition - safety - check - lock the controls - precautions on the ground and in-flight tasks engine - basics of the 4-stroke internal combustion engine (petrol and diesel engine) - causes of ignition and knocking - power output as a function of the rotational speed (RPM) - motor cooling - air cooling - water / liquid cooling - cylinder head temperature gauge - engine lubrication - and types of lubrication - lubricant systems - oil distribution procedure - requirements oil pump and oil filter - oil grades and qualities - monitoring of oil temperature and oil pressure - error detection in lubricated systems ignition systems - fundamentals of magneto - construction and operation - purpose and functioning of the abutment of a magneto - checks, error detection - operational procedures to avoid spark plug pollution mixture formation - basics of the float carburetor - construction and operation - procedures to maintain the correct mixture ratio - impact of altitude - manual mixture control - maintaining the correct mixture ratio - constrained usage in the full range of load - avoid knocking - fuel shut-off valve - functioning and operation of the mixture control system - Dodge and intake air system - carburetor icing , Use of carburetor preheating - injection systems, basics and operation fuel - fuel classification - varieties and color code - quality requirements testing on contamination - use-ablässen - fuel systems - fuel tanks, fuel filters and cables - ventilation system - mechanical and electrical pumps - promotion of gravity - tank option propeller - terminology - conversion of motor performance in thrust - design and construction of fixed propellers - force on the propeller blades - dependency between speed and speed - efficiency depending on the speed - design and construction of adjustable propellers - constant speed control (constant speed propeller) - effect of changes of the blade adjustment angle - influence of speed on the propeller speed () Windmilling) engine operation - starting and precautions - error detection - warm, check the engines and systems - operating limits for oil temperature and oil pressure - operating limits for the cylinder head temperature - check the ignition system and other systems - limits - avoiding fast performance changes - operation the mixture control electrical system - installation and operation of AC and DC - DC power supply batteries, storage capacity and charging - voltmeter and ammeter - automatic circuit breakers and fuses - electric powered on-board equipment and instruments -.
Error detection - process troubleshooting vacuum system - components - pump - filter system - error detection - pneumatically operated instruments - process troubleshooting instrumentation - pitot tube, principle - relation between total pressure and static pressure - definitions of displayed did right pitot tube, basics and building - supply point for the static pressure - alternative consumption point for the static pressure - heating of installation errors - drain holes for moisture (drain openings) - the tubes - error by blocking or leak airspeed - operation and construction - and true airspeed (IAS , CAS, CAs) - instrument - flight speed information, colour coding - bugcheck is operational by the pilot altimeter - functioning and structure - item of the scale for the air pressure - pressure altitude - true height - international standard atmosphere - FL - display (three-pointers) - instrument error - operation readiness review by the pilot variometer - functioning and structure - function principle - own delay - delay-free vertical speed indicator - indicator - review operational readiness by the pilot of gyro instruments - basics - room stability - precession turn indicator - task and function principle - impact the speed (RPM) of the gyro - display - limiting rotation speed indicator - power supply - Dragonfly - review operational readiness by the pilot attitude indicator (artificial horizon)-
Task and function principle - ads - interpretation - operating limits - power - review operational readiness through the pilot course indicator (direction indicator) - task and function principle - display - use in conjunction with the magnetic compass - setting/tracking seeming emigration - operating limits - power - review operational readiness by the pilot magnetic compass - construction and function principle - variation and deviation - cornering and Acceleration error - precautions for carrying magnetic objects - checking operational readiness by the pilot engine monitoring instruments - basics , Display and operation of - oil temperature gauge - oil pressure gauge - cylinder head temperature gauge - exhaust temperature control - charge pressure indicator - fuel pressure gauge - fuel flow indicator - fuel stock gauges - tachometer other instruments - basics, display and operation of - vacuum gauge - voltmeter and ammeter - warnings - other instruments related to the aircraft airworthiness - valid certificate of airworthiness - compliance - regular maintenance checks - compliance with the provisions of the flight manual (or equivalent documents) - compliance with instructions, operating limits, signs - additions to the flight manual - deployment and retention of documents - technical verification for aircraft , Engine and propeller - maintenance, which are performed by pilots may recording of defects or failures and technical defects - mass and CG position - maximum permissible mass - limits the gravity front and rear, normal and commercial operation - determination of mass and centre of gravity - lift off launch available run off and start distance available - flight manual and filler of plan aircraft performance and climb - effects of mass, wind and density altitude - impact nature of slope and slope - use the landing flaps landing - effects of mass , Wind, density altitude and approach speed - use the flaps - effects of slope characteristics and slope cruising - ratio between demand and available performance - flight performance diagram - maximum rate of climb and maximum climb angle - range and flight time - effects of configuration, mass, temperature, and altitude - drop of in flight power climb curves - glide - adverse effects - freezing, rain - State of the cell - impact of the position of the flap behaviour IN special cases air - adjusting and securing the seats - seat belts and shoulder - location and handling of emergency equipment and emergency exits - fire extinguisher - measures in a fire on the ground and in the air - engine fire, fire in the cabin and the electrical system - ice prevention - emergency evacuation landing of the plane - crashes - carbon monoxide poisoning - precautions during refuelling - combustible goods/pressure vessels operations - Vortex drag - aquaplaning - shear - start - approach - - instruction of passengers - emergency evacuation of the plane - emergency landing - landing with undercarriage - ditching - failure of brakes and steering - start stop - engine failure after launch - abort of the landing approach and start by - missed approach human performance and limitations fundamentals of Physiology terms - composition of the atmosphere - gas laws - breathing and blood circulation effects of partial pressure - effect of increasing altitude - gas exchange - hypoxia () Lack of oxygen) - symptoms - prevention - cabin pressure - impact of rapid pressure drop - self rescue time (time of useful consciousness/TUC) - use of oxygen masks and emergency descent - hyperventilation - symptoms - prevention - impact acceleration vision - physiology of vision - limitations of vision - vision - optical illusions hearing - physiology of hearing - sense perceptions of the inner ear (vestibule) - spatial disorientation - avoiding disorientation - the effects of changes of altitude - noise and loss of the sense of hearing - hearing protection - contradictions between acoustic and optical perception motion sickness - causes , Preventing symptoms - flying fitness - medical requirements - general health disorders and their treatment - cold symptoms - stomach - medicines and side effects - alcohol, drugs - fatigue - pregnancy - personal fitness - passenger care - precautions to be taken before the flight after dives poisoning - dangerous goods - carbon monoxide output (heating systems, exhaust gases) fundamentals of Psychology information process - terms of sensory perception - cognitive perception - expectation - anticipation (mental anticipation of action sequences) - behavior incentives the central decision way - mental stress, load limits - sources of information - and attention - verbal communication - memory and memory - causes of misunderstandings stress - causes and effects
Agitation - impact on performance - recognizing stress and situation assessment and decision making - concepts to its assessment - mind - patterns - risk assessment - development of situational awareness - typical decision error - reduce series (chain) incorrect decisions annex 1 B curriculum for practical training to acquire of the license for private pilots (to 4) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 27 - 33 General the following curriculum is a directive for the procedure and the content of practical training. The aircraft used in the practical training must be equipped with a dual controls and suitable for training. Since not all pattern-specific characteristics of different aircraft patterns are can be taken into account all exercises in accordance with the flight manual of the procedures listed in the training of used aircraft making.
All exercises are to monitor setting and operation of the engine.
Unnecessary noise should be avoided.
All checks are carried out on the basis of clear lists.
Flight training up to first floor briefing - statement of the plane pattern - solo - instrumentation - control operating bodies - clear list - manual - Flugklarheit of the aircraft structure, external control tempering - pre-flight inspection in accordance with clear list - tempering in accordance with clear list roles - observation of other aerodrome traffic - functional checks (rote application of the plain list) controls before the start - implementation of inspections before the start in accordance with clear list - Abflugbriefing - speaking of emergency procedures at startup launch - watching the approach of airspace - positioning of the aircraft - wind into account - align on the runway - compass control towards the start - engine power - controls are operated at boot - hold the starting direction - lifting at recommended Speed - climb after take-off and transition to the set climb speed - retract undercarriage and retract the flaps - throttling the engine power on climb performance in compliance with the set speed - start demolition - simulated engine failure after the start Note: A simulated engine failure must be carried after launching only during training flights with flight instructor.
Climb - keeping course and climb speed - trimming - engine being set for the best rate of climb or the best angle of climb - climb curves on a predetermined course with transition - 15 - 20 degrees angle - 20-30 degree banked - in the horizontal flight horizontal and curves - straight flight and flying - coordinated control of movements to lateral, longitudinal and vertical axis - demonstration of static and dynamic stability - change the straight flight and level flight - engine performance increasing and decreasing airspeed by maintaining the height and of course
Hold altitude, course and a given airspeed when lifting or lowering the flaps and the landing gear - trimming - driven - increase and decrease buoyancy and/or resistance slow flight - at V(Tief)s + 5 to + 10 kt (stalling speed of the aircraft when the flight + 5 to + 10 kt safety) - in the travel air condition - fold flaps in the start position - in approach position and comply with undercarriage - reduced effectiveness of tax bodies during slow flight - by height , Airspeed and direction as well as correction of engine performance curves flight - curves with 30 degree and 45-degree banked, altitude - safe airspeed at rotation speed in accordance with the load multiples - equal constant bank angle and rotation speed - rotary errors of the magnetic compass - stop on specified courses - given out left and right, to 90 degrees, 180 degrees, 360 degrees - comply - immediate transition from left to the right and vice versa.
Exercises based on soil marks - rectangle above ground - wind hold-back angle - dividing and taking into account the wind transfer - comply with the prescribed flight level - two full circles around a reference point - initiating, height and speed control, shutdown - s-curves over a straight reference line - compensate for the influence of wind.
Descent - guide - keeping course and descent flight - trim - carburetor heater - best sink rate - best glide angle - descent with or without engine power in the straight and the turns - transition from the sink in the horizontal flight circuit... (not viewable graphics, site: BAnz. 2006, Supplement No. 60a, page 29) 1 start 2 climb to at least 200 ft GND, before the first change of direction due to local requirements is carried out 3 climb curve up to 20 degree angle, 90 degree change in direction to cross departure taking into account wind 4 climb to at least 600 ft GND 5 at the turning point 90 degree bend up to 30 degrees angle to the downwind parallel to the start and direction of landing 6 flight conditions 7 reduction of speed and set the flaps to the first position , Carburetor Preheat 8 use may extend the suspension 9 at the turning point: 90 degree bend to max 30 degrees angle to the transverse approach taking into account wind 10 descent initiate 11 at the turning point: 90 degree bend to max 30 degrees angle to the final approach. Variations in the order of the exercises 7-11 due to local conditions or the special features of the plane pattern are allowed.
12 country control according to the clear list 13 landing - rear wheel aircraft: three point landing and wheel landing - gear aircraft: fitting with main landing gear take off and landing - place full engine power - correction of attitude - reduce the resistance by retraction of flaps and landing gear - climb - landing and subsequent restart - trim neutral - flaps in the start position stop flying - roll back to the parking lot - check after landing (rote application of the plain list) - turn off engine according to clear list - backing up the aircraft in accordance with clear list special flight conditions the flight height should be at least 3,000 feet above the ground.
-Pull over and just enduring with the rudder up to tipping off with and without engine power with minimal loss of height in - plane in the travel air condition - aircraft with the flaps in the landing position – aircraft with the flaps in the landing position and undercarriage - timely detecting and stopping of tipping off and prevent a further development to the spin - flying exercises in the field of Grouting in - climb curves 10-30 degree angle with flaps in the start position (simulated start) to non-system stop like the exercise – to the first signs of a stall or triggering excess pull alarm , without tipping off or losing height - fall flight curves with 10-30 degree banked, flaps into landing position and landing gear extended (simulated approach) until to the first signs of a stall or trigger the stall warning system without tipping off or increase − setting up from cross slopes of at least 45 degrees and from climb/descent flight layers the sink rate limiting flight conditions in the upper speed range reduce − stop of the exercise, − identify and stop by incipient spiral dive - engine power (idle) - correct (neutral) bank angle and soft catch page glide − initiate of − direction keep
− Control the sink rate − exit − dangers of page gleitfluges behavior in emergency situations − behaviour in emergency situations in accordance with the operating manual − check of electrical fuse or turn circuit breaker − emergency lowering of landing gear (if present) − errors of engine and equipment − unexpected weather deterioration − fire first solo Erlangen the flying skills of launching and landing - page wind - with various weight conditions (max. load) - with page glide - without the aid of flaps - adopted limited space - at dusk landing - landing from the square round with and without engine help - setting up 100 m after the landmark - target landing of at least 600 m (2000 ft) above the ground without engine help - setting up 150 m after the landmark outdoor country exercises with flight instructor from different heights - with the help of motor - selecting a suitable site from a safe height - overflight of the site to determine details, then - place round and final approach - without motor help carrying out the emergency procedures (emergency measures , Search for reasons, measures just before landing) be carried out in accordance with the flight manual. Emergency measures must be dominated by heart.
The use of the emergency clear list is to integrate in any meaningful way in the process of flight.
-Speed best glide (trim) - selecting a suitable site, taking into account of the wind - classification of the approach - application of emergency clear list - simulated setting off an emergency or urgency call - note procedure shortly before landing: outdoor country exercises may be practiced only with flight instructor under strict compliance with the avoidance of a risk to humans and animals. You are making a restart process without putting up. Falling below the flying requires special authorization by the competent national authority.
Excess land flight instruction - small orientation - flight according to predetermined rates - orientation in adverse visibility conditions - estimated and actual time of arrival - planned deviation from the prescribed course - use of drip lines - flight in the traffic pattern - ways to prevent aircraft noise instruction in the use of radio navigation aids - use of on-board radio navigation means, that ADF or GPS - use ground-based services such as VHF direction finder (VDF) and radar - usage of the tag Note: the duration of the permit should be at least 90 minutes. Failing the permit on a synthetic flight training device can be performed, section 14 of 1 DV travel shall remain unaffected. The training period on a synthetic flight training device is not the required flight training period in accordance with article 1 (3) travel.
Arrival and departures with landing on other than the training airfield - two-way traffic according to the prescribed procedures - orientation and approach procedures - altimeter setting - monitoring of airspace, if necessary timely evasion - distance holding of other air traffic - map in the square round - designed characters and any light signals - landing at the airfield - orientation on the airfield - sign and possibly light signals - placing of the aircraft - departure in accordance with the prescribed procedures of arrival and departures with landing at airports with air traffic control - two-way traffic according to the prescribed procedures - orientation and approach procedures in the control zone - follow by air traffic control instructions - altimeter setting - monitoring of airspace, if necessary timely evasion - distance holding of other air traffic - put out characters and any light signals - landing at the airfield - orientation on the airfield - characters and air traffic control instructions - any light signals - turn off of the aircraft - flight procedures - departure departure route assigned by air traffic control exercises up to test maturity with or without flight instructor up to safe mastering - flying exercises in accordance with § 1 para 4 No. 1-9 travel - excess land flight pursuant to § 1 para 4 No 10 travel - repeat the flying exercises in accordance with Appendix 1 B - at least 10 alone starts and 10-alone landings on at least three other airfields as a training aerodrome - landing on different track surfaces (grass, concrete/asphalt) Note: simulated engine failure after launch and foreign country exercises may be carried only with flight instructor.
Note: Installation and start of the flight student in the solo is allowed only if the flight instructor that has placed an order of flight and is present at the airfield.

Annex 1 C theoretical examination to acquire of the license for private pilots (to 4) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 34 1.
The decrease of the theoretical examination is to apply for the training Director of the training company / training facility for the applicants to the competent body.
2.
This exam is a written or computer-aided examination in the following seven subjects and can be placed on one or more days at discretion of the competent authority. Several test subjects can be grouped together. A review consists of at least 120 questions. The majority of the examination must consist of multiple choice questions (multiple choice) according to the current official list of questions. The following processing times must not be exceeded: tray processing time 1:15 navigation, flight performance and planning 1:30 hours (maximum) air law, aviation and air traffic control regulations including rules of mobile radiotelephony service meteorology aerodynamics of 0:30 0:45 General aircraft knowledge, technique 1:00 behaviour in special cases of 0:30 human performance and limitations 0:30 total 6:00 3.
A test subject is considered to be passed if the applicant in this compartment has reached at least 75% of the possible points. Points may be awarded for correct answers.
4. a practical radio test on the ground is carried out separately, if the applicant does not already hold an aviation radio.
5. the speaking test by about 30 minutes duration per applicant includes the practical handling of the radio traffic under the assumption of a flight according to visual flight rules either in German (BZF II) or in German and English language and reading a text in the English language, and the translation into German (BZF I). The settlement of the two-way traffic can be performed for several candidates together.

Annex 1 d practical examination to acquire of the license for private pilots (to 4) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 35 - 39 1.
The acceptance of the practical test is to apply for the training Director of the training company / training facility for the applicants to the competent body.
2. the candidate has to pass the practical exam on an aircraft used in the training from the class of aircraft used in the training. The aircraft used in the practical test must meet the requirements for the implementation of the practical examination. The duration of the flight should be approximately 60 minutes.
3. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the flight.
4. the applicant must lead the aircraft from the seat from which he can perform the activity of responsible pilots. The test flight is to perform as the applicant was the only pilot on board. The responsibility for flight operations LuftVG depends on section 4 para 4.
5. the auditor should not involve itself in the flight, unless that intervention for security reasons or to avoid unacceptable delays for other participants in air traffic is required.
6. the route for the parent country flight is selected by the investigator. The flight to end the home airfield or a different airfield. The applicant is responsible for the planning of the flight and shall ensure that all equipment and materials for the flight on board are. The excess land flight can be performed in consultation with the applicant and the examiner, as a separate flight.
7. should the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Only the nontransacted sections are canceled testing for reasons justified for the Inspector, in a further flight to check.
8. the applicant can even repeat each exercise and each procedure. The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the flying skills of the candidate, that the entire test must be repeated.
9. the applicant has the following capabilities to demonstrate: - loading of the aircraft within the operating limits - quiet and accurate implementation of all exercises - good judgment and behavior as a driver of air (airmanship) - application of knowledge in the aviation and control of the aircraft at any point of the flight, so that the successful implementation of a procedure or an exercise at any time is seriously at risk.
10 sections and exercises the practical examination are with "pass" or "fail" rated. An exercise is not passed in a test section, this section shall be considered failed. Is more than a section of the exam is not passed, the candidate must repeat the whole test. A candidate who is not only a test section, repeat only the failed section. A section is not passed in the repeat test is the whole test again. This also applies to sections that were passed in a previous attempt.
11. the following tolerances provide general guidance. Turbulence, flight characteristics and flight performance of the used plane pattern are considered by the appointed examiner: a) heading:-normal flight +-10 grade b) altitude - normal flight +-150 ft c) speeds:-start and landing + 15 kt-5 kt - all other flight modes +-15 kt checking proof of practical examination to acquire of the license for private pilots gem. § 1 name and surname of the applicant's travel:...
Anschrift: ...................................................................
(I). Test flight aircraft type:... Features:...
Abflugort: ...................................... Start time:...
Zielort: ........................................ Landing time:...
Flight time: II. Ergebnis der Prüfung
...............................
. Pass/fail *.
...............................
III. Bemerkungen
.......................... ............................
Place and date signature of the auditor...
Auditors No. Name in block capitals * as appropriate is to delete - section 1 I review flight preparation and departure I B/NB - use the plain list, behavior as Airmen (aircraft with view ice prevention / de-icing outward run of I I procedures etc.) apply to all sections of I - a I flight preparation and aeronautical meteorological briefing I - b I calculation of mass, Center of gravity and flight performance I - c I control and deployment of the aircraft I -. -d I starting the engines and procedures after the I - e I roles, airfield, proceedings before the start of I - f I start and control after the launch I - g I departure procedures I - I connection to the ATC - compliance with h I air traffic procedures, I radio procedure I - section 2 I review General flying exercises I B/NB - I connection to the ATC - compliance with the a I air traffic procedures, I I radio procedure I - b I straight and level flight at various I I speed I - c I climb: I I i. Best rate of climb I I ii. Climb curves i I iii. transition to horizontal flight I - d I curves (with 30 degree banked) I - e I flew steeply banked turns (45 degree angle) (including I I detecting and ending a critical flight condition) I - f I limiting flight conditions in the lower speed range with I
I and flight mode without flaps I - g I coated: I I i. In travel flight configuration and stop using the motor I I ii. In landing configuration and stop using the motor I - Section 3 I rating above flight I B/NB - a I flight plan, reckoning, use the I I navigation maps I - b I comply with altitude, heading, and airspeed - I orientation, calculation and correction of I c I estimated arrival times I I (estimated time of arrival ETA), execution of the flight I I implementation plan I -. -I flight management (control, fuel supply and I I check for carburettor icing, etc.) Connection to the I d I ATC - compliance with the I I air traffic procedures, I radio procedure I - section 4 I review airfare and land procedures I B/NB - a I approach procedures I - b I * target landing (landing on short runways), I I crosswind landing, when appropriate conditions exist - c I * landing without flaps I - d I * landing without engine help I - e I start from low altitude I - I connection to the ATC - compliance with the f I air traffic procedures, I radio procedure I - g I activities after completion of the flight I - section 5 I review Außergewöhnliche-and emergency procedures I B/NB - a I * simulated emergency land exercise I -. ---b I simulated emergencies I - *) some of these exercises can be combined at discretion of the flight examiner.

Annex 2A curriculum for practical instruction to purchase of the class authorization for travel motor sailer (on article 5) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 40 - 45 General the following curriculum is a directive for the procedure and the content of practical training. The travel motor sailer used in practical training must be equipped with a dual controls and suitable for training. Since not all pattern-specific characteristics of various patterns of travel motor Sailers are can, take into account all exercises in accordance with the flight manual of the procedures listed in the training used travel motor sailer perform. All exercises are to monitor setting and operation of the engine. Unnecessary noise should be avoided. All checks are carried out on the basis of clear lists.
Flight training up to solo ground briefing - statement of the travel motor sailer pattern - design - instrumentation - control operating bodies - clear list - manual - Flugklarheit of the travel motor sailer, external control tempering - pre-flight inspection in accordance with clear list - tempering in accordance with clear list roles - observation of other aerodrome traffic - functional checks (rote application of the plain list) controls before the start - implementation of inspections before the start in accordance with clear list - Abflugbriefing - response to the emergency procedures at startup launch - watching the approaching air space - points of the travel motor sailer - wind into account - align on the runway - compass control towards the start - engine power - controls are operated at boot - hold the starting direction - lifting at recommended speed -.
Climb after take-off and transition to the set climb speed - retraction of the landing gear and retract the flaps - throttling the engine power on climb performance in compliance with the set speed - start demolition - simulated engine failure after the start Note: A simulated engine failure must be carried after launching only during training flights with flight instructor.
Climb - keeping course and climb speed - trimming - engine setting for the best rate of climb or the best angle of climb - climb curves on prescribed courses with transition - 15 - 20 degrees angle - 20-30 degree banked - in the horizontal flight horizontal and curves - straight level flight coordinated control of movements to lateral, longitudinal and vertical axis - demonstration of static and dynamic stability - change the engine performance in the straight and level flight - increasing and decreasing airspeed by maintaining the height and of course - keeping height , Course and a given airspeed when lifting or lowering landing gear - trimming - hazards - increase and decrease buoyancy and/or resistance slow flight - at V(Tief)s + 5 to + 10 kt (stalling speed of the travel motor sailer in the respective flight condition + 5 to + 10 kt safety) - in the travel air condition - in approach configuration - reduced effectiveness of tax bodies during slow flight - comply with height, airspeed and direction as well as correction of the engine performance curves air - curves with a 30 degree and 45 degree angle , left and right, 90 degrees, 180 degrees, 360 degrees - hold - the preset altitude - safe airspeed at rotation speed in accordance with the load multiples - equal constant bank angle and rotation speed - rotary errors of the magnetic compass - stop on specified courses - immediate transition from left to the right and vice versa.
Descent - guide - keeping course and descent flight - trim - carburetor heater - best sink rate - best glide angle - descent with or without engine power in the straight and the turns - transition from the sink in the horizontal flight circuit... (not viewable graphics, site: BAnz. 2006, Supplement No. 60a, page 42) 1 start 2 climb to at least 200 ft GND before the first change of direction due to local requirements is carried out 3 climb curve up to 20 degree angle, 90 degree change in direction to cross departure taking into account wind 4 climb up at least 600 ft GND 5 at the turning point; 90 degree bend up to 30 degrees angle to the downwind parallel to the start - and direction of country 6 flight conditions 7 reduction of speed, carburetor Preheat use 8 drive chassis (if required) 9 at the turning point: 90 degree bend to max 30 degrees angle to the transverse approach taking into account wind 10 descent initiate 11 at the turning point: 90 degree bend to max 30 degrees angle to the final approach. Variations in the order of the exercises 7-11 due to local conditions or the special features of the travel motor sailer are allowed.
12 country control according to the clear list 13 landing go-around and land - start - full engine power - correction of attitude - reduce the resistance by retracting landing gear - climb - trim neutral - landing and subsequent restart stop of the flight - control after landing (rote application of plain list) - roll back to the parking - turn off the engine in accordance with clear list - save the travel motor sailer in accordance with clear list special flight status - pull over and just enduring with the rudder up to tipping with and without engine power with minimal loss of height in - In the travel air condition - with or without brake /. Interference flaps in the landing position and undercarriage - timely detecting and stopping of tipping off and prevent a further development to the spin - training in the field of Grouting - climb curve with 10-30 degree banked (simulated start) until the first signs of a stall or stall alarm - triggering end of exercise, without tipping off or losing height - fall flight with 10-30 degree banked, chassis extended (simulated approach) up to the first signs of a stall or trigger the stall warning system -.
Exit the exercise without tipping off or increasing the descent rate - setting of transverse inclination of at least 45 degrees and from climb/descent flight manoeuvres border flight conditions in the upper speed range - detecting and ending of incipient spiral dive - engine power reduce (idle) - correct bank angle (neutral) and soft catch page gliding flight - initiating - keep - direction control the sink rate - exit - dangers of the page gleitfluges behavior at emergencies - behavior at emergencies under attention of manual - control of the electrical fuses or turn breaker - emergency lowering of landing gear (if any) - errors of engine and equipment - unexpected Weather deterioration - fire solo solo within sight of the main airfield Erlangen the flying skills of launching and landing - page wind - with Max load - page glide - adopted limited space - at dusk landing - landings from the traffic pattern with and without motor and engine off with and without flight instructor - fit within 100 metres after the country - destination landing from at least 600 m (2000 ft) above the ground with the engine or engine idle with no flight instructor - put on 150 m after the country character
Note: The stopping of the engine is refrain in canopy, if there are safety concerns. Security concerns are for example: bad light-off behavior of the motor, critical obstacles in the approach sector, critical location of the airfield (E.g. edge of slope).
Flight instructor from different heights - with the help of motor - selecting a suitable site from a safe height - overflight of the site to determine details, then - place round and final approach - without motor help carrying out the emergency procedures (emergency, search for reasons, measures just before landing) be used to outdoor country exercises according to flight manual. Emergency measures must be dominated by heart. The use of the emergency clear list is to integrate in any meaningful way in the process of flight.
-Speed best glide - selecting a suitable site, taking into account the wind - Division of approach (trimming) - application of emergency clear list - simulated setting off an emergency or urgency call - procedure shortly before landing Note: outdoor country exercises may be practiced only with flight instructor under strict compliance with the avoidance of a risk to humans and animals. You are making a restart process without putting up. Falling below the flying requires special authorization by the competent national authority.
Exercises to test maturity with or without flight instructor to secure fluency Note: simulated engine failure after launch and foreign country exercises may be carried only with flight instructor.
Note: Installation and start of the flight student in the solo is allowed only if the flight instructor that has placed an order of flight and is present at the airfield.

Annex 2 B practical examination to acquire of the class authorization for travel motor sailer (to articles 5 and 9) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 46 - 50 1.
Taking the practical test shall be requested by the head of training / training instructors for the applicants to the competent body.
2. the candidate has to pass the practical exam on a travel motor sailer of the travel motor sailer pattern used in the training. The travel motor sailer used in the practical test must meet the requirements for the practical test. The duration of the flight should be approximately 60 minutes for holding a license for private pilots about 30 to 45 minutes for a license for glider Guide.
3. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the flight.
4. the applicant must lead the travel motor sailer of the seat from which he can perform the activity of responsible pilots. The test flight is to perform as the applicant was the only pilot on board. The responsibility for flight operations LuftVG depends on section 4 para 4.
5. the auditor should not involve itself in the flight, unless that intervention for security reasons or to avoid unacceptable delays for other participants in air traffic is required.
6. the flight to end the home airfield or a different airfield. The applicant is responsible for the planning of the flight and shall ensure that all equipment and materials for the flight on board are.
7. should the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Only the nontransacted sections are canceled testing for reasons justified for the Inspector, in a further flight to check.
8. the applicant can even repeat each exercise and each procedure. The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the flying skills of the candidate, that the entire test must be repeated.
9. the applicant has the following capabilities to demonstrate: - run of the travel motor sailors within the operating limits - quiet and accurate implementation of all exercises - good judgment and behavior as a driver of air (airmanship) - application of knowledge in the aviation and control on the travel motor sailer at any point of the flight, so that the successful implementation of a procedure or an exercise at any time is seriously at risk.
10. the individual exercises the practical examination are with "pass" (b) or 'fail' (nb) evaluated. An exercise is not passed in a test section, this section shall be considered failed. Is more than a section of the exam is not passed, the candidate must repeat the whole test. A candidate who is not only a test section, repeat only the failed section. A section is not passed in the repeat test is the whole test again. This also applies to sections that were passed in a previous attempt.
11. the following tolerances provide general guidance. Turbulence, flight characteristics and flight performance of the used travel motor Sailers are considered by the appointed auditor.
a) heading: - normal flight +-10 grade b) altitude - normal flight +-150 ft c) speeds:-start and landing + 15 kt-5 kt - all other flight conditions +-15 kt audit proof of practical examination to acquire of the class authorization for travel motor sailer gem. § 3a and 40a LuftPersV surname and forename of the applicant:...
Anschrift: ...................................................................
Lizenz für ..................................... Nr...........................
Test flight travel motor sailer pattern:... Features:...
Abflugort: ..................................... Start time:...
Zielort: ....................................... Landing time:...
Flugzeit: ......................................
Ergebnis der Prüfung
...............................
. Pass/fail *.
...............................
Bemerkungen
........................... ................................
Place and date signature of the auditor...
Auditors No. Name in block capitals * as appropriate is to delete - (section 1 I review flight preparation and departure I B/NB - use the plain list, behavior as air rider do I travel motor glider with a view procedures outside, ice prevention / de-icing etc.) are for all sections of I - a I flight preparation and aeronautical meteorological briefing I - b I calculation of mass, Center of gravity and flight performance I - c I control and deployment of the aircraft I -. -d I tempering of engine and procedures after the I - e I roles, airfield, proceedings before the start of I - f I start and control after the launch I - g I departure procedures I - I connection to the ATC - compliance with h I air traffic procedures, I I radiotelephony procedures I -.
Section 2 I review General flying exercises I B/NB - I connection to the ATC - compliance with the a I air traffic procedures, I radio procedure I - b I straight and level flight at various I I speeds I - c I climb: I I i. Best rate of climb I I ii. Climb curves i I iii. transition to horizontal flight I - d I curves (with 30 degree banked) I - e I flew steeply banked turns (45 degree angle) (including I I detecting and ending a critical flight condition) I - f I limiting flight conditions in the lower speed range I - g I coated flight mode in travel configuration and I I end with and without motor help I - section 3 I rating above flight I B/NB just to check when purchasing the class adjustment pursuant to I § 40a travel. I - a I flight plan, reckoning, use the I I navigation maps I - b I comply with altitude, heading, and airspeed - I orientation, calculation and correction of I c I estimated arrival times I I (estimated time of arrival ETA), execution of the flight I I implementation plan I - I flight management (controls, fuel supply, and I I test on carburetor icing, etc.), connection to the I d I ATC - compliance with the I I air and speaking fun CProcedures I - section 4 I review airfare and land procedures I B/NB - a I approach procedures I - b I * target landing (landing on short runways), I I crosswind landing, when appropriate conditions exist - c I * landing without engine help I - d I start from low altitude I - I connection to the Flugverkehrskontrollst Elle - compliance with the e I air traffic procedures, I radio procedures I - f I activities after completion of the flight I - section 5 I review Außergewöhnliche-and emergency procedures I B/NB - a I * simulated emergency land exercise I - b I simulated emergencies I - *) some of these exercises can be combined at discretion of the flight examiner.

Annex 3A curriculum for practical instruction to purchase of the class rating for single-engine landplanes with piston engine with a MTOM of more than 750 kilograms (to art. 6) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 51-56 is the practical instruction carry single-engine landplanes with piston engine on an equipped with a dual controls and suitable for training four-seater aircraft in the class with a MTOM of more than 750 kg.
General the following curriculum is a guide for the procedure and the content of practical training. Since not all pattern-specific characteristics of different aircraft patterns are can be taken into account all exercises in accordance with the flight manual of the procedures listed in the training of used aircraft making. All exercises are to monitor setting and operation of the engine. Unnecessary noise should be avoided. All checks are carried out on the basis of clear lists.
Flight training up to solo ground briefing - statement of the plane pattern - design - instrumentation - control operating bodies - clear list - manual - Flugklarheit of the aircraft, external control tempering - pre-flight inspection in accordance with clear list - tempering in accordance with clear list roles - observation of other aerodrome traffic - functional checks (rote application of the plain list) controls before the start - implementation of inspections before the start in accordance with clear list - Abflugbriefing - speaking of emergency procedures at startup launch - watching the approach of airspace - positioning of the aircraft - wind into account - align on the runway - compass control towards the start - engine power - controls are operated at boot - hold the starting direction - lifting at recommended speed -.
Climb after take-off and transition to the set climb speed - retraction of the landing gear and retract the flaps - throttling the engine power on climb performance in compliance with the set speed - start demolition - simulated engine failure after the start Note: A simulated engine failure must be carried after launching only during training flights with flight instructor.
Climb - keep of course and climb speed trim engine setting for the best rate of climb or the best angle of climb (highest altitude at a very short distance) - climb curves on predetermined rates - 15-20 degrees angle - 20-30 degree banked - transition in the horizontal flight horizontal and curves-straight horizontal flight coordinated control of movements to lateral, longitudinal and vertical axis - demonstration of static and dynamic stability - change the engine performance in the straight level flight - increasing and decreasing airspeed by maintaining the height and of course - keeping height , Course and a given airspeed when lifting or lowering the flaps and the landing gear - trimming - driven - increase and decrease buoyancy and/or resistance slow flight - at V(Tief)s + 5 to + 10 kt (stalling speed of the aircraft in the respective configuration + 5 to + 10 kt contingency) - in the travel air condition - fold flaps in the start position - in approach position and comply with undercarriage - reduced effectiveness of tax bodies during slow flight - by height , Airspeed and direction as well as correction of engine performance curves flight - curves with a 30 degree and 45 degree angle, left and right, to 90 degrees, 180 degrees, 360 degrees - comply with the prescribed altitude − − safe airspeed increase the rotation speed in accordance with the load multiples − equal constant bank angle and rotation speed - rotary errors of the magnetic compass - stop on a given course - immediate transition from left to the right and vice versa descent - discharge - comply with of course - and descent flight - trim - carburetor heater - best sink rate - best glide angle - descent with or without Engine power in the straight and the turns - transition from the sink in the horizontal flight circuit... (not viewable graphics, site: BAnz. 2006, Supplement No. 60a, page 53) 1 start 2 climb to at least 200 ft GND before the first change of direction due to local requirements is carried out 3 climb curve up to 20 degree angle, 90 degree change in direction to cross departure taking into account wind 4 climb up at least 600 ft GND 4 at a turning point; 90 degree bend up to 30 degrees angle to the downwind parallel to the start and the direction of the country 5 flight conditions 6 reduction of speed and set the flaps to the first position, carburetor Preheat control 7 gear drive (if present) 8 at the turning point: 90 degree bend to max 30 degrees angle to the transverse approach taking into account wind 9
Initiate descent 10 at a turning point: 90 degree bend to max 30 degrees angle to the final approach. Variations in the order of the exercises 7-11 due to local conditions or the special features of the plane pattern are allowed.
11 country control according to the clear list 12 landing - tail wheel aircraft: three point landing and wheel landings - nose wheel aircraft: fitting with main landing gear take off and landing - place full engine power - correction of attitude - climb - landing and subsequent restart - trim neutral - flaps in the start position stop flying - roll back to the parking lot - check after landing (rote application of the plain list) - turn off engine according to clear list - special flight status - pull over and just enduring with the rudder of the aircraft in accordance with clear list secure up to tipping with and without motor power with minimum altitude loss at -.
Aircraft with the flaps in the landing position and undercarriage - timely detecting and stopping of tipping off and prevent a further development to the spin - training in the field of Grouting - climb 10-30 degree banked curve and flaps in the start position (simulated start) until the first signs of a stall or trigger the stall warning system - end aircraft in a travel - aircraft with the flaps in the landing position - attitude of exercise, without tipping off or losing - fall flight with 10-30 degree banked amount , Flaps into landing position and landing gear extended (simulated approach) to limit flight conditions at the top speed - detecting and ending of incipient spiral dive - engine power reduce (idle) - correct shifting the first signs of a stall or trigger the stall warning system - exit the exercise without tipping off or increasing the descent rate - (neutral) and soft start - setting up of transverse inclination of at least 45 degrees and from climb/descent flight layers page gliding flight - initiating - direction hold - control the sink rate - exit - driven behavior at emergencies - engine errors during startup and before reaching the page gleitfluges the flying - behavior in emergency situations under consideration of manual - control of the electrical fuses or turn on circuit breaker - emergency lowering of landing gear (if present) - errors of engine and equipment - unexpected deterioration in weather - fire solo Erlangen the flying skills of launching and landing - page wind - with Max load - with page glide - without the aid of the flaps - adopted limited space - at dusk landing - landing from the traffic pattern with and without engine help - put on 100 m after the landmark - destination landing from at least 600 m (2000 ft) about Place round and final approach - without motor help carrying out the emergency procedures (emergency, search for reasons, measures just before landing) be reason unaided engine without or with page glide - fit within 150 m after the landmark outdoor country exercises with flight instructor from different heights - with the help of motor - selecting a suitable site from a safe height - overflight of the site to determine details, then - in accordance with the flight manual. Emergency measures must be dominated by heart. The use of the emergency clear list is to integrate in any meaningful way in the process of flight.
-Speed best glide (trim) - selecting a suitable site, taking into account of the wind - classification of the approach - application of emergency clear list - simulated setting off an emergency or urgency call - note procedure shortly before landing: outdoor country exercises may be practiced only with flight instructor under strict compliance with the avoidance of a risk to humans and animals. You are making a restart process without putting up. Falling below the flying requires special authorization by the competent national authority.
Exercises to test maturity with or without flight instructor to secure fluency Note: simulated engine failure after launch and foreign country exercises may be carried only with flight instructor.
Note: Installation and start of the flight student in the solo is allowed only if the flight instructor that has placed an order of flight and is present at the airfield.

Appendix 3 B practical examination to acquire of the class rating for single-engine landplanes with piston engine with a MTOM of more than 750 kilograms (to art. 6) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 57 - 60 1.
Taking the practical test shall be requested by the head of training / training instructors for the applicants to the competent body.
2. the candidate has to take the practical exam on an aircraft used in the training. The aircraft used in the practical test must meet the requirements for the implementation of the practical examination. The duration of the flight should be approximately 30 to 45 minutes.
3. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the flight.
4. the applicant must lead the aircraft from the seat from which he can perform the activity of responsible pilots. The test flight is to perform as the applicant was the only pilot on board. The responsibility for flight operations LuftVG depends on section 4 para 4.
5. the auditor should not involve itself in the flight, unless that intervention for security reasons or to avoid unacceptable delays for other participants in air traffic is required.
6. the flight to end the home airfield or a different airfield. The applicant is responsible for the planning of the flight and shall ensure that all equipment and materials for the flight on board are.
7. should the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Only the nontransacted sections are canceled testing for reasons justified for the Inspector, in a further flight to check.
8. the applicant can even repeat each exercise and each procedure. The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the flying skills of the candidate, that the entire test must be repeated.
9. the applicant has the following capabilities to demonstrate: - loading of the aircraft within the operating limits - quiet and accurate implementation of all exercises - good judgment and behavior as a driver of air (airmanship) - application of knowledge in the aviation and control of the aircraft at any point of the flight, so that the successful implementation of a procedure or an exercise at any time is seriously at risk.
10. the individual exercises the practical examination are with "pass" (b) or 'fail' (nb) evaluated. An exercise is not passed in a test section, this section shall be considered failed. Is more than a section of the exam is not passed, the candidate must repeat the whole test. A candidate who is not only a test section, repeat only the failed section. A section is not passed in the repeat test is the whole test again. This also applies to sections that were passed in a previous attempt.
11. the following tolerances provide general guidance. Turbulence, flight characteristics and flight performance of the used plane pattern are considered by the appointed examiner: a) heading:-normal flight +-10 grade b) altitude - normal flight +-150 ft c) speeds:-start and landing + 15 kt / - 5 kt - all other flight conditions +-15 kt b travel audit proof of practical examination to acquire of the class rating for single-engine landplanes with piston engine with a MTOM of more than 750 kg gem. § 3 name and surname of the applicant : ..............................................
Anschrift: ...................................................................
1st test flight aircraft type:... Features:...
Abflugort: ..................................... Start time:...
Zielort: ....................................... Landing time:...
Flugzeit: ......................................
I. Ergebnis der Prüfung
...............................
. Pass/fail *.
...............................
II. Bemerkungen
........................... ................................
Place and date signature of the auditor...
Auditors No. Name in block capitals * as appropriate is to delete - section 1 I review flight preparation and departure I B/NB - use the plain list, behavior as Airmen (aircraft with view ice prevention / de-icing outward run of I I procedures etc.) apply to all sections I
-a I pre-flight and flight weather advisory I - b I calculation of mass, Center of gravity and flight performance I - c I control and deployment of the aircraft I - d I starting the engine and procedures after the I - e I roles, airfield, proceedings before the start of I - f I start and control after the launch I - -g I departure procedures I - I connection to the ATC - compliance with h I air traffic procedures, I radio procedure I - section 2 I review General flying exercises I B/NB - I connection to the ATC - compliance with the a I air traffic procedures, I I radiotelephony procedures I - b I straight and level flight at various I I speed I
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c I Steigflug: I
I i. Best rate of climb I I ii. Climb curves i I iii. transition to horizontal flight I - d I curves (with 30 degree banked) I - e I flew steeply banked turns (45 degree angle) (including I I detecting and ending a critical flight condition) I - f I limiting flight conditions in the lower speed range I I with and without country folding I - g I of coated flight condition: I I i. In travel flight configuration and stop using the motor I I ii. In landing configuration and stop using the motor I - Section 3 I review airfare and land procedures I B/NB - a I approach procedures I - b I * target landing (landing on short runways), I I crosswind landing, when appropriate conditions exist - c I * landing without flaps I - d I * landing without engine help I - e I start au s of low altitude I - I connection to the ATC - compliance with the f I air traffic procedures, I radio procedure I - g I activities after completion of the flight I - section 4 I review Außergewöhnliche-and emergency procedures I B/NB - a I * simulated emergency land exercise I - b I simulated emergencies I -. ---*) Some of these exercises can be combined at discretion of the flight examiner.

Unit 4A curriculum for the supplementary theoretical training for obtaining the private pilot license (aircraft) according to JAR-FCL 1 German (to § 7) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 61 - 63 NAVIGATION, flight planning, selection of maps with special reference to flights in airspace of classes C and D, abroad and at night, route map lower airspace - radio navigation maps - weather forecasts and reports for the flight route and aerodrome - use of AIP and NOTAM; - connections to the ATC in controlled airspace - mandatory logon points - creating an ATC flight plan radio navigation - fundamentals of radio engineering - spectrum - modulation and operating modes - wave propagation , Influence of diffraction, refraction, reflection, scattering, attenuation, absorption, interference - ranges depending on frequency band, transmitter power, propagation medium, altitude (AIP) - directional beacon (NDB) - frequency range, transmission modes, station ID - accuracy - automatic radio field (ADF) - components of the ADF system - operation - operation - interpretation of the display - relative bearing indicator (page bearing, bearing right - and missweisende - radio magnetic indicator (compass bearing, bearing right - and missweisende) - FM - rotating beacon (VOR) - frequency range, transmitting station ID - accuracy - VOR Board system - components of the VOR system - operation - operation - interpretation of the ads - radio magnetic indicator (radial) , missweisende bearing) - TO/FROM display, warning flags - radars - basics - ground radar systems - secondary radars (SSR) - transponder - satellite navigation (GPS) - frequency range - accuracy - GPS-board systems-components of the GPS system - operation - operation - interpretation of the indicators applied radio-navigation - target curve (homing) - through a standing bearing - bearing jump - drift angle - correction value - price flight (tracking) - target line (QDM/QDR) - bearing modification - relocation - correction value, corrected wind hold-back angle - distance policy - distance measurement equipment (DME) - navigation with external bearing - bearing values QDM, QDR - arrival and departure procedures on a bearing point technology , Instruments electric plant - voltmeter and ammeter - automatic circuit breakers and fuses - electric powered on-board equipment and instruments - error detection vacuum system - components - error detection - pneumatically operated gyro instruments - basics - room stability - precession turn indicator - task and principle - impact the speed (RPM) of the gyro - display - limit the motor speed indicator - energy supply - Dragonfly - review operational readiness by the pilot attitude indicator (artificial horizon) - task and function principle - show - interpretation - operating limits - power - review operational readiness by the pilot course indicator (direction indicator) - task and principle of operation - drive types - accuracy - setting/tracking - support - cardan error -.
Other errors and tolerances instruments - compared the information with the other indicators system 4B curriculum for supplementary practical training to the acquisition of the private pilot license (aircraft) according to JAR-FCL 1 German (to § 7) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 64 General that used aircraft in the practical training must equipped with a dual controls and suitable for the training to be. All exercises are to monitor setting and operation of the engine. Unnecessary noise should be avoided.
All checks are carried out on the basis of clear lists.
Training in the use of radio navigation aids navigation in accordance with the applicable to the respective air space minimum weather conditions for sole use one or more of the following radio navigation equipment or ground-based services - pre - ADF - GPS - radar - VDF - compliance rate and height - a 180 degrees - training has to include also the use of the tag - fly through by radial - positioning-reverse curve without point of view outward note 1 : The training is the use of on-board displays such as ADF, to include before and GPS, as well as ground-based services such as VHF direction finder (VDF) and radar.
Note 2: Flying without point of view is outward to teach using an IFR glasses or IFR Hood (the student should have no external view at normal head position). The cover of the windscreen by means of cards or other devices is not allowed. The timely recognition of other aircraft and applying the fallback rules are the responsibility of the instructor.

Annex 5A curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the license for glider Guide (to 8) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 65-79 air law legal basis - air traffic Act (LuftVG) - air traffic licensing regulation (LuftVZO) - air traffic regulations (LuftVO) - Regulation for the testing of aviation equipment (LuftGerPV) - personnel (travel) - implementing the LuftPersV - operational rules for aviation equipment (LuftBO) - the LuftBO regulations – more laws and regulations, as far as them for the glider leader of importance are national and International Aviation Organization - Federal Ministry for transport, building and urban development (BMVBS) - Luftfahrt-Bundesamt (LBA) - German Federal Bureau of aircraft accidents investigation (BFU) - aviation authorities of the countries - Deutsche Flugsicherung GmbH (DFS) - German weather service (DWD) - ICAO - responsibilities and tasks - JAA - responsibilities and functions - EASA - competences and tasks publications for Airmen - aeronautical information publication AIP - AIP VFR - outline and use - VFR-bulletin - news for air driver part I and II (NfL I and NfL II) - NOTAM - aeronautical charts ICAO airports - types of airports - airfield compulsion - external start and Außenlandung - emergency landing - safety landing aircraft - types - approvals - tests - airworthiness directives - regulated equipment aviation personnel - training - license - granting - extension - extension - renewal - cancellation , Rest and restriction - exercise of rights - permissions - start types for glider guide participation in air transport - obligations of the participants in the air transport sector – general rules - visual flight rules - classification of airspace, air traffic control regulations - equipment of aircraft - General flight operations rules - avoidance of unnecessary noise flight services - legislation of the mobile radio service - registration and approval of radio equipment - radio voice procedure - emergency and emergency traffic - regulation on air traffic control equipment aircraft implementation of two-way traffic on flights operated under visual flight rules and to an aerodrome air traffic control either in German (BZF II) or in German and English language (BZF I) under Use the set phrases, expressions, procedures, shortcuts including emergency - and urgent procedure air vehicle's liability and compulsory insurance of aircraft operator offences, offences NAVIGATION shape of the Earth - form - axis, pole - dimensions - movement Kartenkunde - Meridian, latitude parallel - circles, small circles, course same - hemispheres, North/South, East/West - topographic maps of aviation - projections and their properties - angle loyalty - equal area (equivalence) - scale compliant cut Conic (ICAO map 1: 500,000) - main features - construction - Meridian convergence - representation of meridians , Latitude Parallels, characterised and rhumb - scale, standard Parallels - graphic representation of the height above ground time - relationship between coordinated universal time (UTC) and medium-sized local time (LMT) - definition of sunrise and sunset times reference direction - right pointing north (True North) - magnetic field of the Earth, declination - annual change - missweisend North (like North), variation - vertical and horizontal components - Isogonen, zero Isogonen (Agone) - magnetism of glider - magnetic influences in a glider - compass deflection (deviation) - curve acceleration error - avoid magnetic interference of the compass, distance units - distance measurement based on the map projection aeronautical charts in practical navigation - positioning - width and length - distance measurement and determination - use a protractor - measurement of courses above ground (track) and distances cards symbolism/use of navigation maps - maps evaluation - topography - terrain (relief) - artificial terrain features - immutable characteristics (such as lengthy or point-like, unique or special features) - variable characteristics (E.g., water) - cards preparation - folding a map - procedure for reading a map - orientation on the basis of the map - characteristics of control points - awaited appearance of control points - with constant visual contact - without constant visual contact - at uncertain position (drip line) - Aviation icons - aeronautical information - conversion of units basics of Navigation - displayed, corrected and true speed (IAS, CAS and TAS) - course over ground, right-facing and missweisender course - fixed site navigation computer - sizes the following application of a mechanical or electronic navigation computer, as well as, where appropriate, the use of rollover calculations for determining wind, impact on heading and ground speed - wind triangle - calculation of tax rate and speed over ground - reckoning, position:-true airspeed (TAS), time and distance - conversion of units - print , Dense and true height - wind triangle tasks - drift and upwind angle, application of TAS and wind speed on the course over ground - heading and speed on basic flight planning and practical implementation - selection of maps - weather forecasts and reports for the flight route and aerodrome - assessment of the weather situation - draw the way line - consideration of controlled airspace, airspace restrictions, danger areas etc. - use of AIP and NOTAM; - connections to the ATC in controlled airspace - calculation of the flight mission (average speed) - expected to medium rise - cloud base - set drive - airfields along the route - telecommunications and Radio / navigation frequencies - FM bearing (VDF Peiler, QDM) - transponder and radar - satellite navigation (GPS) - changing an ATC flight plan - calculations of mass and centre of gravity practical navigation - compass control courses, use the deviation table - organization of workload incurred during the flight - altimeter setting - calculation of TAS and speed over ground (GS) - implementing the vision navigation, taking into account altitude - set of have accordance with thermal and terrestrial - location - determination of control and turning points - approach procedure - calculation of the final approach - connection to the ATC - entries in the aircraft log book meteorology the atmosphere - composition and construction - special features of Troposphere-ICAO standard atmosphere atmospheric pressure - vertical stratification pressure, density and temperature - pressure, air pressure, isobars - change of temperature with height - height measurement terms - radiation processes, temperature, pressure and density - daily pattern of temperature - stability and instability - effect of radiation and advection processes air humidity and precipitation - water vapor in the atmosphere - humidity - dew point, spread - relative, absolute and specific moisture - vapour - condensation, sublimation, evaporation - precipitation - development of precipitation - precipitation types air pressure and wind - high - and low-pressure areas - movement of air - pressure gradient (Buys-Ballot'sches law)-Coriolis effect , Frictional (surface wind and geo strophischer wind) - vertical and horizontal movement of the air, convergence, divergence - local wind systems (hair dryer, mountain / valley wind, land / sea breeze, guided wind) - turbulence and Böigkeit - influence of wind and wind shear on takeoff and landing cloud formation - cooling and warming by advection, radiation and adiabatic processes - classification of cloud, cloud floors - convective clouds (cumulus clouds) - stratiforme clouds (layer clouds) - a conditional clouds - flight conditions in strati forms and convective clouds fog, damp haze and dry haze - radiation fog , Advection fog, mixing fog, freezing fog - formation and resolution of fog - decreased vision driven by damp mist, rain or drizzle, snow, smoke, dust, and sand - assessment of the probability of occurrence of reduced visibility - for flights with low horizontal and vertical perspective air mass, high - and low-pressure areas - characteristics of air masses and influencing factors - classification of air masses, areas of formation - transformation (change) of air masses during their relocation - formation of high and low pressure areas - weather patterns associated with high and low pressure areas - trough , Height trough (birth and weather) fronts - formation of fronts and air mass boundaries - warm front - emergence of a warm front - associated clouds and weather - weather conditions in the warm sector - cold - formation a cold front - associated clouds and weather patterns - rear side of the weather - occlusion - emergence of occlusion - associated clouds and weather patterns - stationary fronts - associated clouds and weather patterns - causes and conditions for icing - icing formation and effect of hoarfrost, rough ice, Klareis - impact of icing on the flight performance -.
Aviation measures to avoid icing storm - thunderstorm formation - air mass thunderstorm, front thunderstorms, orographic thunderstorms - conditions - development process - identify favorable conditions for the formation of thunderstorms - driven for gliders - effects of lightning, hail and severe turbulence - avoiding flights in the vicinity of thunderstorms flights over mountainous areas - influence of the terrain on atmospheric processes - formation of Lee waves - driven local wind systems, Assembly and turbulence, rotors - climatology - general circulation in the troposphere over Europe - seasonal conditional local weather and wind conditions, seasonal conditional altimetry - meaning of Print settings for the transport of air - pressure altitude, density altitude - altitude above ground, height above sea level, flight surfaces-ICAO standard atmosphere QNH, QFE, QFF, Charles (default settings) - transition altitude and transition layer transition area organization of meteorological assurance of aviation - flight weather forecast and advice - LBZ - consultation - flight weather station - FWW - briefing and documentation - flight weather station (observation) - availability of periodic weather forecasts, weather analysis and forecast - weather maps, symbols, signs - cards to predict significant flight weather conditions (significant weather charts) - forecast maps for general aviation weather information for the flight preparation - reports and forecasts (TAF , GAFOR and others) evaluation of regular flight weather reports (METARs) and warnings (SIGMET, AIRMET and others) - weather information via Selfbriefingsysteme - aviation weather discussions weather broadcasts for aviation - VOLMET, ATIS - weather forecast for gliding aerodynamics flow around a body, subsection sound - air resistance and air density - boundary - layer friction - Laminar and turbulent flow - streamlines - Bernoulli equation, venturi effect - flow around a flat plate of two-dimensional flow around the wing profile - geometric parameters of the wing profile - flow around a curved wing profile , Pressure distribution on the profile - Laminar and turbulent flow, handling and transfer point – origin of buoyancy and profile resistance - relationship between lift coefficient, drag coefficient and angle of attack - ratio lift/resistance (Lilienthal Polare) three-dimensional flow around a wing - wing layout and profile shapes - total resistance - induced resistance - downwind angle, Eddy resistance, stomp - wing stretch - reduction opportunities (restriction, winglets) - harmful resistance - forces interference resistance and residual resistance - lift distribution on the wing strength distribution of the aircraft - and balance - buoyancy and weight - thrust and air resistance - stationary flight modes (horizontal , Climbing, sliding and turns), parallelogram control systems - the three main axes - nodding around the lateral axis - roll around the longitudinal axis - Yaw around the vertical axis - effect of the elevator and rudder and ailerons - control of pitch, roll and yaw movements - mutual coupling of rolling and Ganesh (Gierrollmoment, Rollgiermoment) - page glide and crosswind control technique for landing - aerodynamic balance and mass balance of control surfaces trim control - trim rudder, balance rudder, and counter balance rudder - task and principle of operation - operation Auftriebs-and landing aid - Wölbungs- , Spreading, cutting, and Fowler flaps - task and principle of operation - operational usage - slats, flaps on the leading edge of the wing - task and principle of operation - normal/automatic operation - brake flaps stability - definitions of static and dynamic stability – longitudinal stability - influence of gravity on the longitudinal stability and longitudinal control - lateral stability (lateral and directional stability) - mutual coupling of lateral and directional stability of the slide, Schieberollmoment flow cover - critical angle of attack - disruption of the smooth air flow - reducing lift , Increased air resistance - shift in the pressure point - signs of incipient stall - behaviour of the aircraft to stall - influencing factors for the tear-off speed and the behavior of the aircraft at stall - stall for horizontal, climb, descent and turns - possibilities of stall warnings - stop the excessive flight condition avoid spin - stall at the wing tips - one-sided stall on the leaf - emergence of a rolling motion - detecting onset Tailspin - stationary spin - influence of inner and outer sliding - lot and flat spin - influence of gravity - flow conditions on the rudder and horizontal stabilizer , Shields - end of the Trudelns of load much partition and interception maneuvers - strength considerations - V-n diagram for gusts and intercept loads - load limits with and without country - brake and spoilers - change of load multiples in the turns and catch - maximum speed of maneuver for full rudder deflection - precautions to be taken during the flight - the winch towing force loads on the ground - side loads on the landing gear - landing - precautionary measures during changes of direction roll, aircraft general knowledge, technology construction of the cell - components - hull , Wing, tail - height -, cross - and page control - trim, flaps, Airbrakes - running gear - tires, the tire's condition - braking systems and special features when using loads of cell - static strength - propeller load much partition - safety - check - precautionary measures on the ground, while the flight engine (gliders with help engine) - basics of internal combustion engine 2-stroke engine - 4 stroke Otto - and diesel engine - engine - General motor customer - two and four-stroke engine - cooling system - CHT - based generator - CARB - fuels - fuel system - - engine operation - motor lubrication electric system - power supply - battery , Storage capacity and charging - voltmeter and ammeter - automatic circuit breakers and fuses - electrically operated on-board equipment and instruments - error detection - procedure in case of malfunction of sensors of the on-board instruments - did right ratio between total pressure and static pressure - definitions of displayed, pitot tube, principle, basics and build up pressure decrease of in static pressure, function and construction methods - error by blocking or leakage compensation nozzle airspeed - functioning and structure - and true airspeed (CAS, IAS, TAS) - flight speed details, color coding altimeter - functioning and structure - item of the scale for the air pressure - pressure altitude - true height - international standard atmosphere - flight level - display (three-pointers) variometer -.
Functioning and structure - function principle - own delay - delay-free variometer - display - possible display bug - compensation gyro instruments - basics - room stability - precession turn indicator - item and principle - impact the speed (RPM) of the gyro, power - limiting the rotational speed display - display Dragonfly - - review operational readiness by the pilot magnetic compass - construction and function principle - variation and deviation - curves - and airworthiness of Rotary fault - precautions for carrying magnetic objects satellite navigation devices operation - principle - GPS - other systems - maintenance and operations manual - operating records - maintenance records - valid certificate of airworthiness the gravity mass and centre of gravity - maximum permissible mass - narrow front and rear - trim weights - water ballast - determination of mass and centre of gravity - flight manual and a Bela de plan behaviour in special cases airfield - cases in which the State of the aerodrome or the grounds as accident-causing factor to look at is, also applies to grounds that either normally or emergency to the role, is referred to the launch or landing closer or appear usable - wet surface - soft ground - ice , Snow, mud - rough / uneven floor Außenlandung - implementing a safe Außenlandung - hazards such as high vegetation, obstacles, slope - specifics as to short terrain, hidden dangers - water landing (rough / smooth Lake) glider - adjusting and securing the seats - shoulder and seat belts - handling of the rescue parachute or total rescue system flight operations - errors at the start/start interruption behavior at loss of orientation - flying into bad weather areas - accidents - outbreak of fire fly at night - flying in mountainous terrain - high-altitude - swirling behind aircraft - measures after an accident of human performance and limitations fundamentals of Physiology concepts - composition of the atmosphere - gas laws - breathing and blood circulation effects of partial pressure - effect of increasing altitude - gas exchange - hypoxia (lack of oxygen) - symptoms - preventive measures - cabin pressure - impact of rapid pressure drop - self rescue time (time of useful consciousness/TUC) - use of oxygen masks and emergency descent - hyperventilation - symptoms - prevention - impact acceleration vision - physiology of vision - limitations of vision - vision - optical illusions - physiology of hearing - the inner ear senses hearing
Effects of changes of altitude - noise and loss of the sense of hearing - ear protection - spatial disorientation - contradictions between auditory and visual perception motion sickness - causes, symptoms - preventing flying fitness - medical requirements - general health disorders and their treatment - cold symptoms - stomach - medicines and side effects - alcohol, drugs - fatigue - pregnancy - personal fitness - passenger care - precautions to be taken before the flight after dives poisoning - dangerous goods - carbon monoxide output (heating systems, exhaust gases) fundamentals of Psychology information process - terms of sensory perception - cognitive perception - expectation - anticipation (mental anticipation of action sequences) - behaviors the central decision way - mental strain , Load limits - information sources - stimuli and attention - meaning of attention - verbal communication - memory and memory, memory model - causes of misunderstandings, sensory illusions stress - causes and effects - agitation - impact on performance - stress recognize and reduce aviation decision-making processes - mental practice of action sequences - concepts to its assessment - mind - behavior patterns - risk assessment - development of situational awareness - typical decision error - series (chain) incorrect decisions annex 5 B curriculum for practical training to acquire of the license for glider Guide (to 8) site of the original text : BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 80 - 84 General the following curriculum is a directive for the procedure and the content of practical training. The glider used in the practical training must be equipped with a dual controls and suitable for training. Since not all pattern-specific characteristics of different glider pattern are can be taken into account all exercises in accordance with the flight manual of the procedures listed in the training of used a glider perform. All checks are carried out on the basis of clear lists.
Flight training up to first solo ground training - requirements for flight operations - behavior at the airfield - instruction in the school doubles - transport and Assembly of a glider - check to clear list before starting - check before every flight - handling of the rescue parachute / if any rescue system - training hood emergency ejection - emergency exit - habituation flights functioning and operation of the rudder - elevator - rudder - aileron - country aid - trim - detect the attitude on the horizon image, sound and trip meter screen - performing flight position changes from the normal flight attitude by elevator , Rudder and aileron roll exercises - roller exercises at transversal slopes of 20-30 degrees - coordination of aileron and rudder to prevent the negative moments of turning at different speeds - flight position changes from the normal flight attitude by Elevator, rudder and aileron straight flight - the schiebefreien straight flight at fixed rate − − equal constant drive − thread/ball in the middle and lateral (parallel to the horizon line) to perform and restore turns - curves with 30 degree banked - turns and full circles with constant angle of about 30 degrees , equal to constant speed and ball/hood thread in the Middle fly - initiating and ending after focus on slow flight - recognizing the characteristics of slow flight up to a deep stall to detect hazardous flight attitudes Grouting of a glider and demonstration of the Trudelns - cover in the straight flight up to pull tipping - over in the turns to tipping - features of the Trudelns recognize, prevent and end - identify characteristics of spiral, prevent and terminate one or more of the listed types of start start in the training must be taught , the provisions of § 40 travel must be observed.
-Winch towing − − transition in the climb climb notching − − − transition to horizontal flight behavior at startup interruptions (e.g. rope breakage) - drag start behind aircraft − − role of lifting − climb straight ahead-climb in curves with low angle of − climb curves up − to 40 degree banked of − change of code − horizontal drag of − deep tow of − flights in lateral, upper and lower position to the tow plane, then taking the normal tow position − backward towing behavior for towing suspension − behaviour in particular situations of flight - self launching motor sailors with retractable engine or propeller − start interruption behavior square round - parts of the airspace to the position - taking into account the factors that affect the planned flight path - classified of airspace from the position to the landing below include a travel and altitude reserve... (not viewable graphics, site: BAnz. 2006, Supplement No. 60a, page 82) 1 start 2 notching for winch towing 3 90 degree bend to cross departure 4 90 degree turn to the downwind 5 position, normally 150 m above ground 6 90 degree bend to the transverse approach taking into account wind 7 90 degree turn to the final approach 8 landing take landing approach speed according to the flight manual, taking into account of terrain, wind conditions, etc.. Flatten the trajectory (interception) and from float as well as set up in two point location with minimal driving in the given country field and roll out straight to a standstill – special cases of landing - landing set too high or too low correct - landings under special conditions - winds - tailwind - compensate for Böigkeit landing - from stylish modern approach land - three landings from a position outside the square round with flight instructor preparation and implementation of the first Alleinfluges before the first solo flight must be a review by a further flight instructor. The solo may be carried out only in the startup type trained during training and on the two-seater used mainly in training. The last preceding school flights are assumed sole flight conditions (no evidence of correction of flying instructor/same flight order as for the solo) perform. The first solo flight must be not the first start on this flight.
Erlangen the flying skills perform flights with and without flight instructor consistent circle flights – consistent district with 30 ° - 45 ° angle - circular flight with 30 ° - 45 ° angle at constant speed and thread/ball in the middle turns - fast turns at 30 ° - 45 ° angle quick flight - speed flight in the permitted speed range carry out flight characteristics - modified rudder effect in the Geradeausschnellflug - and know modified rudder effect and control circuit flights - circle flight with changing angle of 30 ° - 45 ° with adapted speed flying in thermals - thermal due to the cloud forms, circular gliders and birds, ground features and fixed thermal sources fly on to body awareness and encircle variometer indicator to the right side with about 40 degrees angle and observing the airspace. The circular trajectory as soon as possible move into the area of the strongest upgrade and optimize continuously.
-Before flight to the next upwind with speed appropriate to fly behavior at the thermal flying (common circle flying in thermals) - concerted practice to other gliders in thermals extended thermal flight - near the course with several height gain (at least 30 minutes flight time) thermal flights keep solo - thermalling flight near the course with several height gain - 30-minute glider flight in solo - independent search and fly to and centering of thermal sources page glide (slip) - page glide to the slip angle control or shortening the approach through compass courses - course after compass and compass error account briefing on other glider patterns - more glider pattern can certainly dominate in the solo training to the over State air target flights and Delta flights - flights with return to the launch site in different directions to map and compass with flight instructor (minimum two flights) foreign country exercises with flight instructor from different heights outdoor country exercises should be performed on the travel motor sailer with running engine, to enable a multiple practice.
-Selection of an appropriate site - classification of approach - carrying out the checks referred to in the check list - approach without or with page gliding Note: outdoor country exercises may be practiced only with flight instructor in strict compliance with the avoidance of a risk to human and animal. You are making a restart process without putting up. Falling below the flying requires special authorization by the competent national authority.
Landings on foreign space - three landings with or without a flight instructor on at least one other airfield as a training airfield - learn about traffic conditions at foreign airports - arrangement in the local circuit operation - dealing with altered landing conditions alone above flight - solo with return to the airports map and get pass with written flight order - independent prepare and perform a parent country flight in flying solo with written flight order of the flying instructor over a flight distance of at least 50 km -.
the release height above the starting point must be not more than 750 metres (2,500 ft) - the flight can be carried as a goal line with return to the starting point to at least a turning point non-stop - when the excess land flight a Barograph or flight data recorders (Logger) is to carry (as proof of a height wrote is to present) - goal haul with return to the starting point is to prove in addition the proper orbit around the turning points Appendix 5 C theoretical examination to acquire of the license for glider Guide (to 8) site of the original text : BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 85 1.
The decrease of the theoretical examination is to apply for the training Director of the training company / training facility for the applicants to the competent body.
2. this examination is a written or computer-aided examination in the following seven subjects and can be filed at discretion of the competent authority, on one or more days. Several test subjects can be grouped together. A review consists of at least 120 questions. The majority of the examination must consist of multiple choice questions (multiple choice) according to the current official list of questions. The following processing times must not be exceeded: tray processing time hours (maximum) air law, aviation and air traffic control regulations including rules of mobile radiotelephony service 1:15 aircraft general knowledge, technique of 1:00 human performance and limitations meteorology 0:30 0:30 navigation, flight performance and flight planning 1:30 behaviour in special cases 0:30 aerodynamics 0:45 total 6:00 3.
A test subject is considered to be passed if the applicant in this compartment has reached at least 75% of the possible points. Points may be awarded for correct answers.
4. a practical radio test on the ground is carried out separately, if the applicant does not already hold an aviation radio.
5. the speaking test by about 30 minutes duration per applicant includes the practical handling of the radio traffic under the assumption of a flight according to visual flight rules either in German (BZF II) or in German and English language and reading a text in the English language, and the translation into German (BZF I). The settlement of the two-way traffic can be performed for several candidates together.

Annex 5 d practical examination to acquire of the license for glider Guide (to 8) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 86 - 88 1.
The acceptance of the practical test is to apply for the training Director of the training company / training facility for the applicants to the competent body.
2. the candidate has to take the practical exam on a glider pattern used in the training. The glider used in the practical test must meet the requirements for the implementation of the practical examination.
3. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the flight.
4. the applicant must lead the glider from the seat from which he can perform the activity of responsible pilots. The test flights are to carry out, as the applicant was the only pilot on board. The responsibility for flight operations LuftVG depends on section 4 para 4.
5. the auditor should not involve itself in the flight, unless that intervention for safety reasons is required.
6. should the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Only the nontransacted sections are canceled testing for reasons justified for the Inspector, in a further flight to check.
7. the applicant can even repeat each exercise. The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the flying skills of the candidate, that the entire test must be repeated.
8. the applicant has the following capabilities to demonstrate: - loading of the aircraft within the operating limits - quiet and accurate implementation of all exercises - good judgment and behavior as a driver of air (airmanship) - application of knowledge in the aviation and control of the aircraft at any point of the flight, so that the successful implementation of an exercise at any time is seriously at risk.
9. the individual exercises the practical examination are with "pass" or 'fail' rated. Is an exercise is not passed, this exercise is considered failed. More than three exercises are not passed, the candidate must repeat the whole test. A candidate who is not just an exercise, must repeat only the failed exercise. An exercise is not passed in the repeat test is the whole test again. This also applies to exercises that were passed in a previous attempt.
Audit proof of practical examination to acquire of the license for glider guide gem. § 36 travel name and first name of the applicant:...
Anschrift: ...................................................................
(I). Test flights glider pattern:...
Features:...
Airfield:... Flight time:...
Number of take-offs and landings:...
II. Ergebnis der Prüfung
................................
. Pass/fail *.
................................
III. Bemerkungen
......................................... ...................................
Place and date signature of the auditor...
Auditors No. Name in block capitals * as appropriate is to delete - exercises I review I B/NB - 1. Vorbereitung zum Start I
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2.* Windenstart I
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3.* Schleppstart hinter Luftfahrzeugen I
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4.* Eigenstart I
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5.++ Flugübungen I
Rollübungen I
Geradeausflug I
Kreiswechsel I
Langsamflug I
Schnellflug I
Seitengleitflug I
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6. Classification of the landing approach I - 7. Target landing set up within 100 m after the I land sign I - 8. Two-way traffic I - * as appropriate is to delete ++ choice of the order is reserved for the examiner system 6A curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the class authorization for travel motor sailer for the holder of the license for glider Guide (to section 9) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 89-94 aviation law legal basis - air security law (background) publications for Airmen - aeronautical information publication AIP - AIP VFR − outline and use - VFR-bulletin - news for air driver part I and II (NfL I and NfL II) - NOTAM - aeronautical charts ICAO airports - types of airports - airfield compulsion - external start and Außenlandung - emergency landing - safety landing the air traffic - obligations of participants in air transport - general rules - visual flight rules - classification - air traffic control regulations - equipment of aircraft - General flight operations rules - avoidance of unnecessary noise implementation of two-way traffic on flights operated under visual flight rules by and an aerodrome air traffic control either in German (BZF II) or in German and English language (BZF I) using the set phrases, expressions, procedures, shortcuts including emergency - and urgent procedure the aircraft's liability and compulsory insurance of aircraft operators offences, offences NAVIGATION basics of navigation - calculation of tax rate and speed over ground - drift, upwind angle - estimated/ETA of time of arrival - reckoning, position, predefined set site navigation computer
Application of a mechanical or electronic navigation computer, as well as, where appropriate, the use of rollover calculations for the determination of the following sizes: - Conversion of units - amount of fuel - pressure, density and true altitude - flight time and estimated time of arrival - wind triangle tasks - application of TAS and wind speed on the course over ground - heading and ground speed - drift and upwind angle flight planning - selection of maps - weather forecasts and reports for the flight route and aerodrome - assessment of the weather situation - draw the have - consideration of controlled airspace , Airspace restrictions, danger areas etc. - use of AIP and NOTAMS - connections to the ATC in controlled airspace - fuel calculation - Sicherheitsmindesthöhen for the flight line - alternate aerodrome - telecommunications and radio - navigation frequencies - VHF (VDF direction finder) - bearing ago bearing, position determination - tag - creating a flight implementation plan - creation of an ATC flight plan - selection of reporting points, time and distance marks - calculations of mass and centre of gravity - calculations of ground and flight performance practical navigation - compass control courses, use the deviation table - organization of workload incurred during the flight - departure procedures , Entries in the flight plan - altimeter setting - compliance with heading and altitude - implementing the vision navigation - positioning, determination of control points - correction of tax course - approach procedures, connection to the ATC - entries in the flight plan and the aircraft log aircraft general knowledge, technology engine - basics of the 4-stroke internal combustion engine (petrol and diesel engine) - causes of ignition and knocking - power output as a function of the rotational speed (RPM) - motor cooling - air cooling - water / liquid cooling - cylinder head temperature gauge - engine lubrication - tasks and types of lubrication - lubricant systems - oil distribution procedure - requirements of oil pump and oil filter - oil grades and qualities - monitoring of oil temperature and Oil - error detection in lubricated systems ignition systems - fundamentals of magneto - structure and functioning - purpose and functioning of the abutment of a magneto - checks, error detection - operational procedures to avoid spark plug pollution mixture formation - basics of the float carburetor - structure and functioning - impact of altitude - fuel shut-off valve - air intake system - Dodge, air intake - carburetor icing, use of carburetor preheating - injection systems, foundations and functioning fuel - fuel classification - varieties and color code - quality requirements - testing on contamination - use-ablässen - fuel systems - fuel tanks, fuel filters and cables - ventilation system - mechanical and electrical pumps - promotion of gravity - tank option propeller - terminology -.
Conversion of power into thrust - design and construction of fixed propellers - force applied to the propeller blades - dependency between speed and speed - efficiency depending on the speed - design and construction of adjustable propellers - constant speed control (constant speed propeller) - effect of changes of the blade adjustment angle - influence of the airspeed on the propeller speed engine operation - starting and precautions - error detection - warm, check the engines and systems - operating limits for oil temperature and oil pressure - operating limits for the cylinder head temperature - check the ignition system and other systems - limits - avoid fast power switching electrical system - installation and operation of AC and DC - DC power supply batteries, storage capacity and charging - voltmeter and ammeter - automatic circuit breakers and fuses - electric powered on-board equipment and instruments - error detection - process troubleshooting vacuum system - components - pump - filter system - error detection - method for malfunction - operating readiness by the pilot attitude indicator (artificial horizon) review - gravity-based centrifugal - task and function principle - ads - interpretation - operating limits - power - review operational readiness by the pilot course indicator - rate gyro - task and function principle - display - use in conjunction with the magnetic compass - setting/tracking - seeming emigration - operating limits - power supply
Operational readiness review by the pilot engine monitoring instruments - basics, display and operation of oil temperature oil pressure display display - cylinder head temperature gauge - boost pressure indicator - fuel pressure gauge - fuel flow indicator - fuel stock gauges - tachometer other instruments - basics, display and operation of - vacuum gauge - voltmeter and ammeter - warnings - other instruments related to the aircraft type mass and CG position - maximum permissible mass - limits the gravity front and rear, normal and commercial operation - determination of mass and centre of gravity - flight manual and filler of plan aircraft performance launch available run off and start distance available - take off and climb - effects of mass , Wind and density altitude - effects of slope nature and inclination landing - effects of mass, wind, density altitude and approach speed - use the brake / spoilers - effects of slope characteristics and slope cruising - ratio between demand and available performance - flight performance diagram - maximum rate of climb and maximum climb angle - range and flight time - effects of configuration, mass, temperature, and altitude - decrease of flight performance at climb curves - glide - adverse effects - freezing, rain, wind behaviour IN special cases - adjusting and securing the seats - shoulder and seat belts - location and handling of emergency equipment and emergency exits - fire extinguisher - measures in a fire on the ground and in the air - engine fire, fire in the cabin and the electrical system - ice prevention - leaving the aircraft in an emergency - system failures - carbon monoxide poisoning - precautions during refuelling - combustible goods/pressure vessels operations - Vortex drag - aquaplaning - shear - start - approach - landing - instruction of passengers - emergency procedures at: - emergency landing - landing with undercarriage - ditching - failure of brakes and steering - start stop - engine failure after launch - abort of the landing approach and start by - missed approach system 6 B curriculum for practical training to the acquisition of class permission for travel motor sailer for Holder of the licence to sailplane Guide (to section 9) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 95-100 general information the following curriculum is a guide for the procedure and the content of practical training. The travel motor sailer used in practical training must be equipped with a dual controls and suitable for training. Since not all pattern-specific characteristics of various patterns of travel motor Sailers are can, take into account all exercises in accordance with the flight manual of the procedures listed in the training used travel motor sailer perform.
All exercises are to monitor setting and operation of the engine.
Unnecessary noise should be avoided.
All checks are carried out on the basis of clear lists.
Flight training up to floor briefing - statement of the travel motor sailer pattern - solo - instrumentation - control operating bodies - clear list - aircraft construction and operations manual - Flugklarheit of the travel motor sailer starting - check according to clear list - allow according to the clear list roles - observation of other aerodrome traffic - functional checks (rote application of the plain list) controls before the start - implementation of inspections before the start in accordance with clear list - Abflugbriefing - speaking of emergency procedures at startup launch - watching the approaching air space - points of the travel motor sailer - wind into account - align on the runway - compass control towards the start - engine power - controls are operated at boot - keeping the starting direction - lifting at recommended Speed - climb after take-off and transition to the set climb speed - if necessary pull chassis - throttling the engine power on climb performance in compliance with the set speed - start demolition - simulated engine failure after the start Note: A simulated engine failure must be carried after launching only during training flights with flight instructor.
Climb - keeping course and climb speed - trimming - engine being set for the best rate of climb or the best angle of climb - climb curves on prescribed courses with transition - 15 - 20 degrees angle - 20-30 degree banked - in the horizontal flight horizontal and curves-straight horizontal flight coordinated control of movements to lateral, longitudinal and vertical axis - demonstration of static and dynamic stability - change the engine performance in the straight horizontal flight increasing and decreasing airspeed by maintaining the height and of course - keeping height , Course and a given air speed -.
Trim - hazards - increase and decrease buoyancy and/or resistance slow flight - at V(Tief)s + 5 to + 10 kt (stalling speed of the travel motor sailer in the respective State of flight + 5 to + 10 kt safety) - in the travel air condition - in approach configuration - reduced effectiveness of tax bodies during slow flight - comply with height, airspeed and direction as well as correction of the engine performance curves air - curves with a 30 degree and 45 degree angle, left and right , shifting gleichbleibender equal compliance with the height - safe airspeed at rotation speed in accordance with the load multiples - 90 degree, 180 degree, 360 degrees - and speed - rotary errors of the magnetic compass - stop on specified courses - immediate transition from left to the right and vice versa descent - guide - keeping course and descent flight - trim - carburetor heater - best sink rate - best glide angle - descent with or without engine power in the straight and the turns - transition from the sink in the horizontal flight circuit... (not viewable graphics, site: BAnz. 2006, Supplement No. 60a, page 97) 1 start 2 climb to at least 200 ft GND before the first change of direction due to local requirements is carried out 3 climb curve up to 20 degree angle, 90-degree change of direction to cross departure taking into account wind 4 climb up at least 600 ft GND 4 at a turning point; 90 degree bend up to 30 degrees angle to the downwind parallel to the start and the direction of the country 5 flight conditions 6 carburetor preheating control 7 gear drive (if present) 8 at the turning point: 90 degree bend to max 30 degrees angle to the transverse approach taking into account wind 9 descent take 10 at the turning point: 90 degree bend to max 30 degrees angle to the final variations in the order of the exercises 7-11 due to local conditions or the special features of the travel motor sailer pattern are allowed.
11 country control according to the clear list 12 landing: control of the Gleitwinkels by means of brake / spoilers 13 landing go-around and landing - brake / spoilers retract - full engine power - correction of attitude - climb - trimming stop flying - roll back to the parking lot - check after landing (rote application of the plain list) - turn off engine according to clear list - special flight status - pull over and just enduring with the rudder of the travel motor sailer in accordance with clear list secure up to tipping with and without engine power with minimal loss of height - in the travel air condition - with or without brake or fault flaps in the landing position and undercarriage - timely detecting and stopping of tipping off and prevent a further development to the spin - training in the field of Grouting in the climb curve with 10-30 degree banked (simulated start) − the first signs of a stall exit of the exercise without tipping off or losing height - fall flight with 10-30 degree banked, brake / flap brakes and chassis extended (simulated approach) to − the first signs of a stall stop of exercise , set without tipping off or increasing the descent rate - from transverse inclination of at least 45 degrees and from climb/descent flight manoeuvres border flight conditions in the upper speed range reduce − identify and stop by incipient spiral nose-dive of − motor power (idle) correct (neutral) − shifting and soft catch behavior in emergencies - behavior in emergency situations in accordance with the operation manual - control of electrical fuse or turn circuit breaker - emergency forward landing gear (if applicable) - errors of engine and equipment - unexpected deterioration in weather - fire solo solo within sight of the main airfield Erlangen the flying skills launching and landing - at Crosswinds - with various weight conditions (max. load) - with page gliding - landing without the aid of brake / spoilers - landing on adopted limited space landing - landings from the traffic pattern with and without engine help - fit within 100 metres after the country - destination landing from at least 600 m (2000 ft) above the ground without engine help - put on 150 m after the landmark outdoor country exercises with flight instructor from different heights - with engine help - selecting a suitable site from a safe height - overflight of the site to the Determination of details, then - carrying out the emergency procedures (emergency, search for reasons, measures just before landing) in accordance with the flight manual be place round and final approach - without motor help. Emergency measures must be dominated by heart. The use of the emergency clear list is to integrate in any meaningful way in the process of flight.
-Speed best glide (trim) - selecting a suitable site, taking into account of the wind - classification of the approach - application of emergency clear list - simulated setting off an emergency or urgency call - note procedure shortly before landing: outdoor country exercises may be practiced only with flight instructor under strict compliance with the avoidance of a risk to humans and animals. You are making a restart process without putting up. Falling below the flying requires special authorization by the competent national authority.
Navigation instruction - small orientation - flight according to predetermined rates - orientation in adverse visibility conditions - estimated and actual time of arrival - entry in the square round - ways to prevent aircraft noise arrival and departure with stopover on an aerodrome air traffic control there are at least two complete arrival and departure with stopover carry.
-Orientation and approach procedures in the control zone - follow ATC instructions - altimeter setting - monitoring of airspace, if necessary timely evasion - distance holding of other air transport - designed characters and any light signals - radio traffic according to the prescribed procedures - approaches at least up to assigned entry in the circuit - departures on by air traffic control departure route - landing on an airfield - orientation on the airfield - characters and air traffic control instructions - any light signals - turn off of the travel motor sailer - flight dispatch procedures navigation triangle flight - independent preparation and implementation of at least two navigation flights , one landings making are accompanied by a flight instructor and one as a solo flight over a distance of at least 270 km, at the two airports from the launch site for a full stop.
Exercises to test maturity with or without flight instructor to secure fluency Note: simulated engine failure after launch and foreign country exercises may be carried only with flight instructor.
Note: Installation and start of the flight student in the solo is allowed only if the flight instructor that has placed an order of flight and is present at the airfield.

Appendix 6 C theoretical examination to acquire of the class authorization for travel motor sailer for the holder of the license for glider Guide (to section 9) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 101 1.
The decrease of the theoretical examination shall be requested by the training officer / flight instructor for the applicants to the competent body.
2. this examination is a written or computer-aided examination in the following four subjects and can be placed on one or more days at discretion of the competent authority. Several test subjects can be grouped together. A test consists of 50 questions. The majority of the examination must consist of multiple choice questions (multiple choice) according to the current official list of questions. The following processing times must not be exceeded: tray processing time hours (maximum) navigation, flight performance and flight planning 1:30 General aircraft customer, technology 1:00 behaviour in special cases of 0:30 human performance and limitations * (0:30 *) total 3:00 (3:30 *) * only part of the theoretical exam, if examined this subject in any previous theoretical exam to obtain a license or permission to travel or JAR-FCL 1 or 2 and has been passed.
3. a test subject is considered to be passed if the applicant in this compartment has reached at least 75% of the possible points. Points may be awarded for correct answers.

Unit 7A curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the license for free balloon Guide (according to § 10) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 102-116 air law legal basis - air traffic Act (LuftVG) - air traffic licensing regulation (LuftVZO) - air traffic regulations (LuftVO) - Regulation for the testing of aviation equipment (LuftGerPV) - personnel (travel) - implementing the LuftPersV - operational rules for aviation equipment (LuftBO) - the LuftBO regulations – more laws and regulations, as far as them for the free balloon leader of importance are national and International Aviation Organization - Federal Ministry for transport, building and urban development (BMVBS) - Luftfahrt-Bundesamt (LBA) - aviation authorities of the countries - German Federal Bureau of aircraft accidents investigation (BFU) - Deutsche Flugsicherung GmbH (DFS) - German weather service (DWD) - ICAO - responsibilities and tasks - JAA responsibilities and functions - EASA competences and tasks air driver - AIP VFR publications
Outline and use - VFR-bulletin - news for air driver part I and II (NfL I and NfL II) - NOTAM - aeronautical charts ICAO airports - types of airports - airfield compulsion - external start and Außenlandung - emergency landing - safety landing aircraft - regulated equipment - types - approvals - tests - airworthiness directives aviation personnel - training - license − grant − extension − extension of − renewal of − withdrawal - rights - valid foreign - valid foreign licenses - permissions participation in air transport - obligations of the participants in the Aviation - General rules - visual flight rules - classification - air traffic control regulations - equipment of air - General flight operations rules - rides in the cross-border Traffic aviation radio service - legislation of the mobile radio service - registration and approval of radio equipment - radio voice procedure - emergency and emergency traffic - implementation of two-way traffic during flights/rides under visual flight rules and to an aerodrome air traffic control either in German regulation on air traffic control equipment of aircraft (BZF II) or in German and English language (BZF I) using the set phrases, expressions, procedures, shortcuts including emergency - and urgent procedure the balloon's liability and compulsory insurance of aircraft operator offences , Offences NAVIGATION shape of the Earth axis, pole - meridians - width parallel - circles, small circles, course same - hemispheres, North/South, East/West Kartenkunde - topographic maps of aviation - projections and their properties - angle loyalty - equal area (equivalence) - scale - circles and course same compliant cut Conic (ICAO map 1: 500,000) - main features - construction - Meridian convergence - representation of meridians and Parallels of latitude, characterised rhumb - scale, standard Parallels - graphic representation of the height above ground reference direction - right pointing north (True North) - the Earth's magnetic field , Declination - annual change - missweisend North (like North) - vertical and horizontal components - Isogonen, zero Isogonen (Agone) magnetic influences in the balloon - compass deflection (deviation) - avoid magnetic interference of the compass - units - distance measurement based on the map projection distances aviation maps in practical navigation - positioning on the map – latitude and longitude - bearing and distance - using a protractor - measure of courses above ground (track) and distances cards symbolism/use of navigation maps - card analysis - topography - terrain (relief) - artificial terrain features − immutable characteristics (such as length or point , unique or special features) − variable characteristics (e.g., water) - cards preparation - orientation based on the map - characteristics of control points - positioning - aviation icons - aeronautical information fundamentals of navigation - course over ground, right-facing and missweisender course - wind speed and speed over ground - estimated arrival time - reckoning, position, the set location calculations in navigation - conversion of units - travel time to reach predetermined land terrain - needed gas / ballast supply - alternate driving time with an existing gas supply - travel time and estimated arrival time time - relationship between coordinated universal time (UTC) and medium-sized local time (LMT) - definition of Sonnenaufgangs- and sunset times flight planning - selection of maps - weather forecasts and reports for the journey and the launch site - assessment of the weather situation - draw the likely direction of travel - consideration of controlled airspace, airspace restrictions, danger areas, nature protection etc. - use of AIP and NOTAMS, VFR-bulletin with addenda - connections to the ATC in controlled airspace - travel time calculation for gas - ballast stock - Sicherheitsmindesthöhen along the possible routes - telecommunications and radio / navigation frequencies - VHF bearing (VDF direction finder) - transponder - satellite navigation (GPS) - determination of capacity - required climbing rates at the start of the safe crossing of obstacles - flight plans if necessary practical navigation - altimeter setting -.
Organization of incurred during the flight workload - searching for a favorable air currents - compliance with ride height - implementing the vision navigation - positioning - connection to the ATC - log entries meteorology the atmosphere - composition and construction - vertical layering - characteristics of troposphere pressure, density and temperature - air pressure, air pressure, isobars - change of temperature with height - height measurement terms - radiation processes, temperature, pressure and density - daily pattern of temperature - stability and instability - effect of radiation and advection processes air humidity and precipitation - water vapor in the atmosphere - humidity - dew point , Spread - relative, absolute and specific moisture - vapor pressure - condensation, sublimation, evaporation - precipitation - development of precipitation - precipitation types air pressure, wind and wind shear - high - and low-pressure areas - movement of air - pressure gradient (Buys-Ballot'sches law), Coriolis, frictional (surface wind and geo strophischer wind) - vertical and horizontal movement of the air, convergence, divergence - local wind systems (hair dryer, mountain / valley wind, land / sea breeze, guided wind) - turbulence and Böigkeit - influence of wind and wind shear on takeoff and landing cloud formation - cooling and warming through advection , Radiation and adiabatic processes, cloud classifier, cloud floors - a wet and dry haze conditional convective clouds (cumulus clouds) - stratiforme clouds (layer clouds) - clouds fog, - radiation fog, advection fog, mixing fog, freezing fog - formation and resolution of fog - reduced visibility through the damp mist, rain or drizzle, snow, smoke, dust, and sand - assessment of the probability of occurrence of reduced visibility - dangers when flying at low horizontal and vertical perspective air mass, high - and low-pressure areas - characteristics of air masses and influencing factors - classification of air masses , Areas of formation - transformation (change) of air masses during their relocation - fronts formation of high and low pressure areas - weather in connection with high - and low-pressure areas - trough, soil and height trough (birth and weather) - formation of fronts and air mass boundaries - warm front of − creation of a warm front − − associated clouds and weather - weather conditions in the warm sector - cold front of − development of a cold front − associated clouds and weather patterns - rear side of the weather - − creation of occlusion occlusion associated clouds and weather patterns - stationary fronts - associated clouds and weather patterns - causes and conditions for icing icing
Formation and effect of hoarfrost, rough ice, Klareis - impact of icing on a gas balloon - flying activities to avoid icing storm - thunderstorm formation - air mass thunderstorm, storm front, a conditional development process - identify favorable conditions for the formation of thunderstorms - threats to aircraft - effects of lightning, hail and severe turbulence thunderstorm - conditions - - avoiding trips in the vicinity of thunderstorms rides over mountainous terrain - influence of the terrain on atmospheric processes - formation of Lee waves - local wind systems , Incident and turbulence, rotors - dangers conditional climatology - General seasonal circulation in the troposphere over Europe - seasonal conditional local weather and wind conditions altimetry - meaning the print settings for the air traffic - pressure altitude, density altitude – height above ground, altitude, flight surfaces-ICAO standard atmosphere QNH, QFE, QFF, Charles (default settings) Organization of meteorological assurance of aviation - flight weather forecast and advice - LBZ - consultation - flight weather station - FWW - briefing and documentation - flight weather station (observation) - availability of periodic weather forecasts weather analysis and forecast - weather maps , Symbols, characters - cards to predict significant flight weather conditions (significant weather charts) - forecast maps for general aviation weather information for the preparation of the trip - reports and predictions for a planned balloon ride - evaluation of regular flight weather reports (METARs) and warnings (SIGMET, AIRMET, and others) - weather info on self briefing systems flight weather advice - personal aeronautical meteorological briefing get weather radio broadcast for the aviation - VOLMET, ATIS AEROSTATICS balloon general - standard condition of gas - gas laws - lift, Scheinauf - and apparent output - mounting , Sink rate and climbing power - wind forces of balloons on the ground, air resistance - strain the balloon envelope by wind shear and turbulence gas balloon - behavior of the bounce and unprallen gas balloons - normal height, impact - depending on the capacity of the level - depending on the load-bearing capacity of the nature of the fill gas - carrying capacity changes by external influences - effect manoeuvring valves - effect of quick draining valves hot air balloon - carrying capacity and calculations - rise and fall - effect manoeuvring valves - effect of rapid emptying systems -.
Internal pressure and forces in the balloon envelope - effect external influences on the hot air balloon, forces on the hull - loss of capacity due to balloon hull deformations aircraft general knowledge, technology gas balloon sleeves - types and sizes - used materials - manufacturing - maneuvering valves and quick drain systems - electrostatic discharge - linen - glue joints and their resilience baskets - construction - supplies - basket ring - tow - Haltetau wearing gas - bearing gases and their properties: hydrogen, helium, coal gas and ammonia - explosion limits - weight - temperature behavior - danger of accidents and accident prevention - handling of bearing gases during storage , tank operation, the filling of tanks, filling lines, and emptying the balloon - possible sources of ignition – explosion protection safety equipment (on the ground) - fire extinguisher - functioning and proper use - data sheet accident prevention gas balloon fill facilities for gas balloons - types of gas supply to be filled by Gasballonen - from low-pressure pipes (overpressure 1 bar): tubing - fittings - from pressure lines greater than 1 bar or from pressure vessels up to 42 bar: - inner tubes - pressure reducer - fittings - from high pressure vessels (up to 200 bar) - tubes - pressure reducer - faucets - with hydrogen or helium liquid and deep cold (- 250 degrees C) - evaporator -.
Fittings - hoses ballast - sand, properties - problems with Frost - fixing the sandbags - water allowed maintenance, maintenance, testing and repair of balloons hot air balloon - balloon sleeves of − types and sizes materials − − valve types including control lines of − drain and quick drain systems including operating lines/slings − cables − scoops and aprons − Crown ring, Crown line of − burner frame - types − cable connections baskets - types and sizes - used materials - basket ropes and posts - equipment startup shackles - different types and their characteristics - operation and precautions fan - types - functioning , Air flow and dispersion, set-up - hazards and precautions - testing and reliability allowed maintenance, maintenance, testing and repair of balloons liquefied petroleum gas - energy technical and physical properties of propane and butane - steam pressure and pressure behavior in full containers - gas and liquid phase, volume change - behavior at the evaporation - explosion limits - weight - temperature behavior - danger of accidents and accident prevention - dealing with LPG in the tank operation, storage and operation of liquid gas systems - possible sources of ignition – explosion protection safety equipment - fire extinguisher - functioning and proper use - accident information sheet LPG liquefied petroleum gas containers for hot air balloons - types , Sizes and materials - internal structure and functions - stanchion - gas phase removal - sounding pipe - pressure relief valve - filling level indicator - types of outer gas fittings, valves and valve terminals - regulator and reducer - tubes - various methods to increase the pressure in liquefied petroleum gas containers, advantages and disadvantages - maintenance and testing for leaks - filling and extraction of liquefied gas - filling or refilling requirements of LPG from tanks and bottles - filling by weight - existing filling volume - removal from liquid phase - extraction from the gas phase - and safety precautions heating system - structure and types of burners - the functioning of the various components of the burner -.
Manometer - shut valve - pilot flame valve - pressure reducing valve in hose systems - pilot flame - piezo igniter - evaporator - burner nozzles - remote control - solenoid valve - operating, maintenance, test - errors and their elimination - on the ground - air balloon General instruments - altimeter − building mechanical and electronic equipment of − operation of − settings - Barograph - variometer − − establishment of different device types operating principle and display − resource failure the variometer - thermometer (only hot air balloon) - different device types and their characteristics - transmission to the ad - placement of probe - compass - GPS - operation - settings - read information documents - registration certificate - certificate of airworthiness - year review - LTA flight manual - minimum equipment
Operating limits - operating instructions - maintenance, maintenance, repairs - clear lists of drive clear free balloon - Board papers (completeness, validity) - equipment (complete, functional) - rider on Board (training) - checks to clear list performed - operating limits observed behaviour IN special cases start - critical wind conditions − strong surface wind gusts - shear - spectators at the launch site - obstacles towards the start - burner pressure in the prohibited area (only hot air balloon) - do not open the filling approach (only gas balloon) travel - trips over mountains - rides at high altitudes - rides at night - trips over water - pollution due to rain , Snow, hail - vision deterioration through fog, haze (loss of orientation) - strong lability, thunderstorms, turbulence landing - critical wind conditions − strong surface wind − gusts, wind shear - High heated soil layers - strong ground inversion - obstacles and power lines - ballast - or lack of gas - landing in the forest - landing on water - landing in the mountains of balloon and instruments - damage and dysfunction of the balloon - failure of instruments - failure of radio connections accidents - measures at the scene of the accident - accident - and failure - damage - fire - behaviour in accidents with power-lines - violations human performance fundamentals of Physiology terms - composition of the atmosphere
Gas laws - breathing and blood circulation effects of partial pressure - effect of increasing altitude - gas exchange - hypoxia (lack of oxygen) - symptoms - preventive measures - cabin pressure - impact of rapid pressure drop - self rescue time (time of useful consciousness/TUC) - use of oxygen masks and emergency descent - hyperventilation - symptoms - prevention - impact acceleration vision - physiology of vision - limitations of vision - vision - optical illusions - spatial disorientation - avoiding disorientation hearing - physiology of hearing - sense perceptions of the inner ear - the effects of changes of altitude - noise and loss of the sense of hearing - ear protection - spatial disorientation - contradictions between auditory and visual perception -.
Avoiding disorientation motion sickness - causes - symptoms - preventing flying fitness - medical requirements - general health disorders and their treatment - cold symptoms - stomach - drugs, medicines and side effects - alcohol - fatigue - personal fitness - passenger care - precautions before flying after diving poisoning - dangerous goods - carbon monoxide output by heating fundamentals of Psychology information process - terms of sensory perception - cognitive perception - expectation - anticipation (mental anticipation of action sequences) - behaviors the central decision way - mental strain , Load limits - information sources - stimuli and attention - verbal communication - memory and memory - causes of misunderstandings stress - causes and effects - agitation - impact on performance - stress recognize and situation assessment and decision making - concepts for assessment - mind - patterns - risk assessment - development of situational awareness - typical decision error - reduce series (chain) incorrect decisions annex 7 B curriculum for practical training to acquire of the license for free balloon Guide (according to § 10) site of the original text : BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 117-124-General the following curriculum is a directive for the procedure and the content of practical training. The free balloon used in the practical training must be suitable for the training. Since not all pattern-specific characteristics of different balloons are can be taken into account all exercises in accordance with the flight manual of the procedures listed in the training of used balloons carry.
All checks are carried out on the basis of clear lists.
GAS balloons gas balloons are in preparation of a drive, start, to run drive, landing and teardown according to the belonging to the balloon flight manual of the manufacturer and the LuftBO to create clear lists according to § 27.
Driving and start preparing general preparations - check the completeness and validity of Board papers - preparation for a ride check completeness and validity of personal papers - start approval for proposed launch site on validity check - weather advice get a, own weather observations - trip preparation on card - determine air spaces on ICAO map - country terrain in driving direction and available distance - of protected areas in direction on environmental map - trip preparation with AIP, if applicable flight plan give up VFR-bulletin and supplements, AIS - - calculation of ballast sufficient for the required ride height - minimum ballast ensure determine start preparation to the launch space launch site - official requirements and their Ensure surface - wind speed - start site check suitability - and direction - obstacle clearance towards the start - set starting position and shut off the ground crew
Ground controllers planned expiration including star operation and insert insert commands instruct - distribute individual tasks and each Executive case clarify the - protective clothing and protective gloves of the team test case (power balloon) - interpreted - NET over the cover put - tear strap and to gag - valve rope and to gag - install a valve - hanging sandbags into the net - safe distance of the Viewer control test - filling hose - fill balloon and it hung the sand bags according to the Füllgrad - , if all lines are clear - tie off filling approach and bring static line - basket basket ring to gag - power outlet linen basket ring to gag - balloon high let - prepare of the basket (linen, tow, ballast) - before start filling approach. open cover (netzloser balloon) - shell lay and connect with basket ring and basket - parachute, opening and fixing tapes on integrity check, combined with the Parachuteleine check - check, if all lines are clear and not wrap themselves when the balloon high up safe distance of the viewer can control - fill hose attach - upgrade help bring or persons to the Are holding down the Parachuteseite of the envelope - before the high let of the cover should be checked, that nobody will be endangered by the soaring high balloon, especially nobody in the area of the hull ropes is balloon by start Director - if the balloon, the more quickly fill until the desired fill level is reached, start, drive then remove fill device, landing start - review of all fortifications of basket and covers ropes - check whether sufficient ballast on board and safely fastened - start direction free of people and obstacles--backups ignite - weigh out let - commands in the Weighing: - caution! -Advertisement - VENTED! -Subside tether, release basket - hold! -Hand-rope under tension, balloon at the edge of the basket hold - after weigh again ballast supply check - ballast for the rapid delivery of ballast ready quickly on flying - release with oscillating sleeve balloon at reverse commuting the case at the moment, if the sleeve is vertically above the basket - perform start - rise - start message issue, if necessary scheduled altitude changes with uniform ascent and descent rate - controlled transition to even ride height up or descents - compare driving manoeuvres during the trip - comply with a consistent ride height - variometer data with your own Monitoring - adherence the ride height without observation of the instrument - trips to get to know the balloon behavior with particular attention to the obstacle clearance in driving direction - regular checking of all lines on sufficient slack - regular review of ballast stock - getting to know the consumption of gas at different conditions – regular review of emergency procedures to automated trading exists in all exercises are observation of weather and resulting decisions over the remainder of the ride - in different weather conditions and varying temperatures carry out other activities while driving - site rules with different methods - observation of the driving direction at different heights to the Reaching cheaper land terrain - calculation of speed - necessary radio contact with air traffic control bodies and ground crew landing preparations for landing - test of the wind speed and wind direction at the bottom for example through observation of smoke, trees, grasses, etc - the choice of the land area under consideration of the ground wind: sufficient size, obstacle clearance in the direction of the country, hanging storage of all movable objects - ballast on grinding side wind shadow, valleys - further training of the rider -, safely stow - setting the latest touchdown point on the planned land-field - start descent in close to the ground , slower air layers reduce the speed use, while not slow with trees or shrubs - Parachuteleine have on hand with landing the balloon at low to slight surface wind - allow the balloon to fall evenly, or height above ground keep - balloon at a suitable point of land put on - before setting up metered valve gas, to avoid again withdraw landing the balloon at strong ground winds - if possible at low speed, if necessary to tow , Reduce speed - tear strap release. Reiß belt quickly pull in the appropriate amount, release prior to mounting and are hold - quickly pulling in the appropriate amount of Parachuteleine at Parachuteentleerungssystemen, just before putting on hold, this Parachuteleine don't let go - short land route shortly behind last obstacle with necessary descent approach the ground - depending on two to five seconds before attaching drain-off leash pulling rapidly emptying system, hold firmly and prevent renewed lifting at every landing is a renewed lifting and related commuting of the balloons by timely To avoid opening the parachutes before attaching. A landing is not done up to the predetermined latest possible landing point, start!
Deflate balloon (netzloser balloon) - after landing as far as deflate balloon, that passengers can get off - rider can get off one by one - keep viewers at a necessary distance and indicate smoking ban - balloon more empty - floor team draws on the ropes in the direction of the air flow - if the sheath on the ground Parachuteöffnung for emptying holding up. The cover should be kept away approximately one meter of the Parachuteöffnung, to avoid direct contact with the escaping gas. Do not inhale gas - pilot leaves the basket last - if necessary, depose balloon country message to air traffic control drain (power balloon) - after the landing as far as empty balloon, that passengers can get off - Rider individually get leave - viewers in necessary distance keep and refer to smoking ban - deflate balloon over the however. Where the however is to open quickly and adequately.
-Keep high when the envelope lying on the ground, however opening to drain. The cover should be kept away approximately one meter of the Parachuteöffnung, to avoid direct contact with the escaping gas. Do not inhale gas.
-Pilot left when last the basket packaging - make teardown of the cover and the basket according to balloon pattern - entries in the Board - and logbook, enter deficiencies and sign - owner rights when entering the grounds of the country note maintenance, service - radios to load prepare – storage - drying Note: If still Gasballonen age construction (Reißbahhn, valve, power supply) is trained, is similar to procedures that are taken into account in the flight manual.
Hot-air balloons hot air balloons are in preparation of a drive, start, to run drive, landing and teardown according to the belonging to the balloon flight manual of the manufacturer and the LuftBO to create clear lists according to § 27.
Driving and start preparing general preparations - check completeness and validity of Board papers - check completeness and validity of personal papers preparation for a ride - start approval for proposed launch site on validity check - weather advice get, own weather observations - trip preparation on card - determine air spaces on ICAO map - country terrain in the direction and abandon any timetable available distance - protected areas in the direction on environmental map - trip preparation with AIP, VFR-bulletin and supplements, AIS - - run load-bearing capacity calculation according to takeoff weight , intended maximum altitude and temperature at different heights - minimum gas supply and Mindestlandemasse to ensure maximum number of cylinders/persons depending on basket size - start preparation to the launch space launch site - regulatory notice make sure that all operating limits while driving can be respected and ensure compliance - launch site suitability check - underground - wind strength and direction - obstacle clearance towards the start - set starting position and shut off the ground crew - ground team to the planned procedure including star operation and have a command – individual work distribute and the each Executive could explain - protective clothing and protective gloves of the team check balloon basket and gas system - basket with burner plant upgrade minimum equipment according to flight manual -, check hoses, basket ropes even close and secure - gas cylinder fully filled in correct position ensure secure - lay hoses without tangible loops and permissible bending radius note instruments - applied protective clothing check complete gas system with all bottles on tightness and operability by burner sample, then all hoses heater and all valves close, release no unburnt gas - and radio attach , adjust and perform function check - all items such as Board papers, cards, take pilot equipment on board, to allow immediate take off after hot filling - basket to detailed briefing of passengers for the entire ride sequence - and attach Starter rope taut cover - attach hull ropes in accordance with the flight manual of the burner frame and hand lay lines and secure
Check fan Visual inspection for damage, tank capacity - again before pulling off the cover check of the wind direction - safe distance of the Viewer control - ground crew with protective clothing in the filling position set up, cover cold fill - inspect the Crown ring, fix the parachute, lines run check, inspect re-tighten case - if shell almost bulging, heat up with a burner covers air valve and Parachuteleinen set up balloon - if perpendicular balloon, prevent overshoot by command to server of the Crown line - and covers air further heat up - passengers rise to let That balloon by another heating up keep always bulging - perform sample valve train and all circles of the parachutes open - instruments and radio switch on the upgrade applies: balloon always plump, keep the attacking forces through the wind to keep as low as possible and as quickly as possible to launch the balloon and its star bondage as short as possible the wind forces on the ground to suspend.
Start, cruise, landing start - check all fastenings of basket and covers ropes, burner testing - solve start direction free of people and obstacles - fuse on the Starter - ground crew announce launch and step to the side let - basket from the floor taking off and has enough climbing power, if necessary, also to the overcoming of apparent buoyancy, trigger start help - quickly flying climb - start message issue, if necessary driving manoeuvres during the trip - comply with one equal permanent ride height - scheduled altitude changes with uniform and descent rate - controlled transition to even ride height according to supervisory or descents - compare the variometer data with the own observation - comply with the ride height without instrument observation - trips to get to know the balloon behavior with particular attention to the obstacle clearance in direction - regular verification of the operational readiness of all torch - continuous monitoring of gas storage - choose of a favourable moment to wrap empty on full cylinders with immediate check of the tightness and the operability of the system. Front wrap hoses completely empty, if no loop is used meet the consumption of gas at different conditions – regular review of emergency procedures to automated trading exists all exercises are observation of weather and resulting decisions over the remainder of the ride - in different weather conditions and varying temperatures carry out other activities while driving - site rules with different methods - observation of direction at different heights to achieve cheaper land terrain - calculation of speed - necessary radio contacts with air traffic control bodies and ground crew landing preparations for landing - review Wind speed and wind direction on the ground E.g. by observation of smoke, trees, grasses, etc - the choice of the land area under consideration of the ground wind: adequate size, - check again teaching of the rider - storage of all movable objects - burner and gas stock on all heating systems - align balloon basket obstacle clearance in direction of landing, slipstream, valleys, if available - set rotary valves initiate a latest touchdown point on the planned land-field - descend to ground level in , use slower air layers reduce the speed, brake not with trees or shrubs, landing the balloon at low light surface wind - with short bursts of burner expect capacity loss by denting the hull - the planned land art parachute-or quick discharge line hold off in your hand even further decline, or already near ground height above ground valves for pilot flame keep - upon reaching suitable landing site close - pull dosed prior to mounting valves , to avoid again lifting loop landing at strong ground winds - close if obstacle clearance sufficient to catch balloon according to speed and uniform height keep depending on the drainage system above ground - before the planned landing pilot flame on the burner. Also the liquefied petroleum gas valves of gas cylinders close in sufficient time - at Parachuteentleerungssystemen in the appropriate amount Parachuteleine quickly pull, just before putting on hold, this Parachuteleine don't let go - quick drain systems accordingly lower drain line pull quickly, Visual inspection, that top is open, and is a firm hold - approaching the ground for short stretches of land just behind the last obstacle with necessary sink rate – close the pilot flame - in relation to the drainage system quickly pulling two to four seconds before attaching drain-off leash , hold firmly and prevent renewed lifting off at every landing is to avoid an again withdraw and related commuting of the balloon by timely opening of parachutes prior to mounting. A landing is not done up to the predetermined latest possible landing point, start!
Deflate balloon - keep viewers at a safe distance - after landing heater all hoses, valve seal, no unburnt gas set free - riders get off can be – ground crew pull Crown line in the direction of the air flow, do parachute only slightly open - if the case reaches an angled position and is no longer on the burner, fully open the parachute - pilot leaves the basket last - parachute - pull quick opening lines immediately up to the stop to the upper hull opening - if required , Country message to air traffic control set off packaging - tearing down the cover and the basket according to balloon patterns and instructions in the flight manual - enlist in the Board - and logbook, deficiencies enter and sign - owner rights when entering the grounds of the country note maintenance, service - prepare radio devices to load and gas cylinders to fill - storage - drying annex 7 C theoretical examination to acquire of the license for free balloon Guide (according to § 10) site of the original text : BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 125 1.
The decrease of the theoretical examination is to apply for the training Director of the training company / training facility for the applicants to the competent body.
2. this examination is a written or computer-aided examination in the following seven subjects and can be filed at discretion of the competent authority, on one or more days. Several test subjects can be grouped together. The examination consists of at least 120 questions. The majority of the examination must consist of multiple choice questions (multiple choice) according to the current official list of questions. The following processing times must not be exceeded: tray processing time hours (maximum) air law, aviation and air traffic control regulations including rules of mobile radiotelephony service 1:00 1:00 navigation meteorology 1:00 Aerostatics of 0:20-General aircraft knowledge, technology 0:40 behaviour in special cases of 0:30 human performance and limitations 0:30 total 5:00 3.
A test subject is considered to be passed if the applicant in this compartment has reached at least 75% of the possible number of punk. Points may be awarded for correct answers.
4. a practical radio test on the ground is carried out separately, if the applicant does not already hold an aviation radio.
5. the speaking test by about 30 minutes duration per applicant includes the practical handling of the radio traffic under the assumption of a flight according to visual flight rules either in German (BZF II) or in German and English language and reading a text in the English language, and the translation into German (BZF I). The settlement of the two-way traffic can be performed for several candidates together.

Annex 7 d practical examination to acquire of the license for free balloon Guide (according to § 10) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 126-127 1.
The acceptance of the practical test is to apply for the training Director of the training company / training facility for the applicants to the competent body.
2. the candidate has to take the practical exam on a free balloon kind of size class I used in the training. The free balloon used in the practical test must meet the requirements for the implementation of the practical examination. The journey should be around 60 minutes.
3. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the journey.
4. the test drive is to perform as the applicants were the only free balloon leader on board. The responsibility for flight operations LuftVG depends on section 4 para 4.
5. the auditor should not engage in carrying out the drive, unless that intervention for security reasons or to avoid unacceptable delays for other participants in air traffic is required.
6. should the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Only the non-guided exercises to check are canceled testing for reasons justified for the Inspector, in a further drive.
7.
The applicant can even repeat each exercise and each procedure. The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the flying skills of the candidate, that the entire examination must be repeated 8.
The applicant has to prove the following skills: - run the free balloons within the operating limits - quiet and accurate implementation of all exercises - good judgment and behavior as a driver of air (airmanship) - application of knowledge in the aviation and control over the free balloon at any point of the journey, so that the successful implementation of a procedure or an exercise at any time is seriously at risk.
9. the individual exercises the practical examination are with "pass" (b) or 'fail' (nb) evaluated. More than three exercises are not passed, the candidate must repeat the whole test. A candidate who is not just an exercise, must repeat only the failed exercise. Is in the repeat test this exercise again failed, the entire repeat is.
Audit proof of practical examination to acquire of the license for free balloon guide name and first name of the applicant:...
Anschrift: ..................................................................
(I). Test drive balloon type: gas balloon / Aerostat * pattern:...
Registration mark:... Size:... m3 launch site:... Start time:...
Landing site:... Landing time:...
Fahrtzeit: ..................
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Übungen I Bewertung
I B/NB
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1. Fahrtvorbereitung I
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2. Aufrüsten des Freiballons I
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3. External and internal control to clear list I - 4. Start and climb to a specified height of drive I - 5. Implementation of the ride I implementation of the necessary measures and controls I while driving I navigation I emergency procedures I - 6. Sprechfunkverkehr I
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7. Taking heights to achieve favorable I directions I - 8. Selection of suitable land area I - 9. Stopover or at higher wind speeds I country directions without ground contact from I flying I - 10. Endlandung I
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11. Entleeren der Hülle I
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12. Packaging of the free balloons after the final landing I - II. Ergebnis der Prüfung:
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I Bestanden / Nicht bestanden * I
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III. Bemerkungen:
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Date and place signature examiner...
Auditors No. Name in block capitals * as appropriate is to delete attachment 8A curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the license for airship Guide (to 11) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 128-141 air law, aviation and air traffic control regulations legislation in the Federal Republic of Germany in the field of aviation - emergence of law - legislation, regulations, guidelines and notices - overview of the aviation law - national organizations in international organizations in aviation aviation publications - ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) - World Meteorological Organization - JAA / EASA international agreements - agreement on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention) - Warsaw Convention (changes in the Hague and Guadalajara) - Roman liability agreement aviation personnel - Erlaubnispflichtiges aviation personnel - licensing of Airmen
Aviation equipment - zulassungspflichtiges aircraft - type certification of aviation equipment - airworthiness certification of aircraft - technical regulations airfields - classification of airports - authorisation - marking and lighting of airports - marking and lighting landing - military air bases air traffic regulations - rules for behavior in the air transport sector - responsible for aircraft - flight preparation - visual flight rules - minimum distance from other aircraft and obstacles - right-of-way rules - lighting system for aircraft - flight operations at an airfield without and with ATC - duties of the air vehicle operator - air space regulations the Federal Republic of Germany - flight schedule - air traffic control clearance - traffic - signals and signs - time and units - display of flight accidents and other Errors - danger message - dropping of objects - advertising flights - outer boot and off-field landings of airships - training flights under adopted instrument flight conditions, air traffic control, search and rescue service - development of the ATC - air traffic control - flight information service - flight alert service - aeronautical information service - flight service - air navigation service - Office of news for air driver - search and rescue (SAR) - geographic scope of the search and rescue service of the BRD - SAR facilities of signals and drawing process flight operations - General - equipment of the airship, in particular air traffic control equipment - flight manual - ban on the commissioning of air untuechtiger air vehicles - failure of equipment parts - duties of the air vehicle operator - required fuel quantity - flight operating rules for the operation of Aircraft carriers - air carriers - equipment of air vessels - flight operations manual (FBH) - flight operations manager (FBL) - composition of flight crew - flight service and rest periods of crew members - stay in the cockpit - flight plan - transport of fuel quantity - minimum equipment list - minimum flight altitudes after FBH - passengers - weather minima - dangerous goods - use of professionally active airship leaders outside of carriers other - liability - air shows - off and excursion of German aircraft flight services - legislation of the mobile radio service (national and international) - implementation of two-way traffic on flights operated under visual flight rules in English and German.
Navigation General navigation basics of navigation - shape of the Earth and of location on the Earth's surface - navigational sizes and units of measurement in aviation - navigation computer - time - the expansion and length difference - navigational lines - spherical triangle - Meridian convergence Kartenkunde - General - Erdachsige Merkator-figure - touching cone map - lambertian cut bevel figure - aeronautical charts in the AIP coupling navigation - reference directions - course terms - sounding terms, speed concepts - basics of the wind triangle - wind triangle tasks - wind triangle with the navigation computer - reckoning (location) - course improvements for the 1/60 rule radio navigation fundamentals of radio engineering radio navigation equipment ground and on-board equipment - beacon (non directional radio beacon/NDB) -.
Automatic radio field (automatic direction finding equipment/ADF) - FM - Rotary beacon (VHF Omni-directional radio range/before)-VOR Board system GPS (basics, working principle, misconduct) - radar systems (basics, working principle, on-board equipment) radio navigation procedures (homing / standing bearing/tracking) navigation with external bearing radio navigation charts flight planning definition of have under consideration - the flight performance of the airship of availability/accessibility of the ground crew - the meteorological situation - the navigation facilities - the air traffic control situation cards preparation flight performance calculation fuel requirements calculation VFR flight implementation plan is created of the ATC flight plan creation
Meteorology atmosphere - composition of the air - physical structure and properties heat balance of the atmosphere of atmospheric pressure - units - measurement - vertical pressure and density distribution - barometric altitudinal belt - isobars and Isohypse temperature humidity airtight view Qnh air currents - Geostrophischer wind - gradient wind - friction wind - special orographic air currents - turbulence - observation and measurement of the wind Thermodynamics of the atmosphere - state change of water - adiabatic processes inversion - ground inversion - inversion of Aufgleiten - drop inversion clouds - cloud formation - international classification of cloud - cloud monitoring precipitation - emergence - measurement - precipitation forms haze - cloud - radiation fog - mixing fog - advection fog - sea smoke forms creation - icing - types of Prediction approach of ice - formation - measures for preventing ice - storm - stages of development - types of thunderstorms air mass - general circulation of the Earth, planetary wind system - classification of air masses - Arktikluft - polar - tropical - Equatorial air fronts word of front - polar front - training an ideal cyclones - warm front - hot sector - cold - occlusion - front similar phenomena - trough line, trough - convergence lines - squall line (Squall.Linie) - cold air drops high pressure area (anticyclone) - formation - high pressure fabric information and documentation - organization of the Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD) - use of the AIP/MET - weather reports - scheduled messages (METAR , TAF, GAFOR, GAMETE, balloon weather) - required reports (SPECI, SIGMET) - weather maps - current WX-cards - prognostic WX maps - AIRREP/PIREP - weather satellite meteorological flight preparation aerodynamics general concepts - temperature - pressure - density - gravity - resistance - compressibility flow laws for incompressible, frictionless and stationary fluids - current thread and stream tube - continuity equation - fundamental law of Dynamics after Newton - Bernoulli equation boundary layer (GS) - Laminar and turbulent GS - properties of GS aerodynamic drag coefficient of resistance - resistance formula - friction - pressure resistance (form resistance) - profile resistance - induced resistance - interference resistance - total resistance aerodynamics of the air ship body - geometric parameters of the air ship body - aerodynamic reference systems and angle lift / lift coefficient - terms stability - lift formula - formation of a buoyancy - polar charts - airship polar profile polar, total polar: static and dynamic stability – longitudinal stability - directional stability aerodynamics of the air screw - aerodynamics of the propeller blade - flow conditions and pressure conditions in the slipstream - efficiency of the air screw gas theory - physical/chemical properties of gases (carrying gases) - equation of State of gases - gas laws Aerostatics/Aerostatischer lift aircraft general knowledge, technology, performance air efficiency regulations basic flight performance - interaction Aerostatics, aerodynamics, engine performance - influence of environmental conditions on the flight performance - influence of the lifting gas parameters on the flight performance definitions and terms
Speed - altitude terms – start and land routes, obstacle-free space flight performance considerations in the phases of flight - maneuver on the ground - start - climb - cruise - descent - landing - landing - puncture flight performance data in the aeroplane flight manual loading and focus need the loading and focus statement - influences on flight performance - strength limits basics to loading and focus on Bill - mass, mass terms, weight (gravity) - unladen mass - dry operating mass operating - mass - takeoff - landing - take - Nullballastmasse - payload (payload) - static gravity (static heaviness) - maximum permissible masses - focus and priority limits - definition "Focus" - moment / torque equation / static equilibrium - lines/levels - stations , Lever arms loading and focus plan (load and trim sheet) - mass and focus borders on the basis of the flight manual - load capacity and maximum permissible floor load of the cargo and passenger spaces, - targeted displacement of the Centre of gravity by transshipping, refuelling and Ballonetfüllung - influence of fuel consumption on the CG airship customer construction and aviation materials stress/strength - static loads - dynamic loads - methods to ensure the durability (safe-life method, fail safe method) - special instructions for the force in thin-walled constructions - aviation materials , Materials in the air ship building construction of the airship body - building of the skeleton - design of sheath, Ballonets, wearing gas cells - hull printing systems and pressure regulation - structure of the tail - construction of the gondola (Guide -, passenger and cargo cabin) airship control - controls (joystick, yoke, pedals, wheels) - transmission elements (control cables, Poles, chains, pulleys and lever) - controls (rudder, flaps) - (electrical transmission components and actuators - see electrical and avionics) hydraulic system - fundamentals of hydromechanics - components (pumps, valves, regulators, accumulators, filters , Display devices, storage containers, working cylinders, hydraulic motors)-basic structure of hydraulic systems chassis - design types, main assemblies - suspension and damping - hubs, tires (and brakes) heating and air conditioning systems (General basic knowledge of construction and operation) fuel system - requirements and design - construction group (tank, pump, filter, valves, lines) - ventilation - loading and unloading refueling - operation and monitoring Feuerlösch-and fire alarm systems - fire classes and extinguishing agents - fire alarm systems - built-in fire extinguisher - fire extinguishers - operation and monitoring of compressed air plants (General basic knowledge of construction and operation) emergency and rescue equipment - emergency exits - life jackets , Inflatables, slides, signalling, emergency axe electrical and avionics DC basics - physical/chemical basics - definition of electrical quantities and basic relationships - calculation of simple circuits - batteries - thermocouples - generators and engines - power monitoring instruments - current consumer - direct current on-board equipment-building basics of AC and AC Technology - physical principles, sizes and basic contexts of change - and three-phase technology - calculation easy change - and three-phase circuits - transformers, converters and rectifiers - AC / AC generators and motors AC / AC on-board equipment-building fundamentals of avionics/electronics - definition , Sizes and property relations of a vibration - modulation and demodulation - components - antenna technology electronic and radio modules radio onboard systems (incl. emergency transmitters) radio navigation equipment and radar equipment basics of control and control engineering - definitions: taxes and rules - analog and digital components of the control loop - structure and behavior of the control loop basics of computer technology - switching algebra - general structure of a computer - gave up the CPU, the motherboard, the BUS and interfaces - data storage - input / output peripheral doses instruments - altimeter - radio altimeter - airspeed indicator - vertical speed indicator gyro instruments - gyroscope - rate gyro - artificial horizon compass - magnetic compass - remote compass equipment engine and system monitoring instruments - tachometers
Pressure gauge - instruments of temperature meter - metering - stock measurement - measurement of torque - vibration measurement to monitor the lifting gas and Ballonetluftparameter radio navigation instruments integrated flight control system transmission systems engines piston engines - general concepts and basic knowledge of thermodynamics (-mechanical Wärmeäquivalent, adiabatic - Isochoric - isobaric -, isothermal, and politrope state change, cycles of petrol and diesel engine) - classification of piston engines for working principle and design - construction group (crankshaft, crankcase, cylinder, valve control, auxiliary gear unit, propeller reduction gear) - efficiency of the motor - power output/performance/performance performance (loader) - engine control and monitoring - propeller systems - cooling system - ignition -.
Fuel system - fuel (physical and chemical properties) - ratio and combustion process - lubricant plant, (overview knowledge of the structure and functioning) turbine engines (only overview knowledge) - propeller turbines and turbine luftstrahltriebwerke (main assemblies, working principle and functioning) special situations in flight operations emergency landings - general rules in emergency and precautionary landings - emergency landings on emergency landing without engine support (free ballooning) meteorological risk situations - behavior difficult terrain with and without the support of ground crew - emergency landings on water - with deteriorating vision - thunderstorm - fog and mist - turbulence - rain , Hail and snow behavior in open and schwelendem fire - carburetor fire - engine fire - covers fire - fire in the cabin and cockpit - smoke in cockpit and cabin - selection of extinguishing agent to fire class a fire extinguisher application - driven deleting lifejackets -.
Buoyancy AIDS and lifejackets - dealing with and use of lifejackets mountains role - meaning of emergency - responsibilities of flight crew and cabin crew - prepare the passengers for an emergency - behavior at the moment of the emergency landing - preparation and procedures for the evacuation of air turbulence by other aircraft (large aircraft) - cause of the turbulence - influence of speed and mass of the vertebral polluter - persistence and spread of the vertebrae of human performance and limitations Physiology for airship guide atmosphere and respiration - atmosphere - breathing - impact of the reduced total pressure sensory organs and spatial disorientation - eye and vision - location sense of the body in the Space - ear, hearing and balance organs - spatial orientation in flight fitness - flying fitness - nutrition Physiology - influence of medication, drugs, alcohol and smoking basic flight psychology human information processing - attention and vigilance - perception - memory - learning and behavior of human error - reliability of human behaviour - model of human error - error development decision making / concepts error prevention and management, cockpit-management - safety awareness - coordination in the flight crew (multi crew concepts) - cooperation - communication personality - personality, behavior, setting - individual personality differences - identify risky behavior human overload and Unterforderung - activation/motivation - stress - fatigue - fatigue-
Circadian rhythm - fatigue - and stress management advanced automation in the cockpit (General overview) - advantages and disadvantages - "Automation complacency" - working concepts system 8 B curriculum for practical training to the acquisition of the license to air ship (to 11) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 142-143 flight training on airships flight preparation, flight planning, transportation / installation planning for ground crew - external and internal control to clear list - allow the engines - check the engines and systems storing the mast and manoeuvres on the ground - start - normal start procedure - emergency startup procedure - start with simulated engine failure climb - compliance with the safe climb railway and flight parameters - transition to horizontal flight - climb up on "Impact altitude" and "Impact altitude" flight flying exercises - horizontal maneuvers and stationary horizontal flight - turns - turns with constant radius around a fixed land-mark - orientation , including small orientation, reckoning - determination of wind - observation and given to assessment of the weather conditions and their development - compliance with trajectory parameters for instruments - flying on prescribed courses on basic view - positioning using radio navigation instruments - management of the operational flight plan determining the static gravity in flight and trim - determination of overheating ("using") - evaluation of masses of ballast, fuel, moisture in the shell - computational investigation of static gravity (rules of thumb) - "Through" the static gravity descent - normal descent - emergency descent approach - classification in the aerodrome traffic - approach with simulated engine failure landings - with different static gravity (including severity < 0)-with simulated engine failure ground maneuver / applying to the mast / backup of the airship radio traffic using the clear list communication and interaction with the ground crew emergency procedures engine fire/failure - fire/smoke in the cockpit/cabin/cargo space - system failures (hull pressure system, hydraulic system, electrical, instruments, etc) - "free ballooning" (failure of the entire drive system) - emergency blowdown of wearing gas after emergency landing and evacuation of passengers/crew (mountain role) Note: all elements of flight training are also part of the night flight training.
Note: Variations of the above training content due to construction-related features of airship patterns used in the training are approved with the training manual.

Annex 8 C theoretical examination to acquire of the license for airship Guide (to 11) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 144 1.
The decrease of the theoretical examination is to apply for the training Director of the training company for the applicants to the competent body.
This exam is a written or computer-based examination. It consists of the following subjects and is to drop in a course of 2 days.
Place and time of the examination to determine the competent authority.
Examination specialist (field) exam time minutes 1 aviation law, air traffic and air navigation regulations 60 2 navigation 2.1 45 2.2 General navigation radio navigation 45 2.3 flight planning 60 3. meteorology 60 4 aerodynamics (Aerostatics, gas gauge and aerodynamics) 60 5 aircraft general knowledge, technology 5.1 flight performance 30 5.2 loading and focus 30 5.3 airship customer 30 5.4 electrical and avionics 30 5.5 instruments 30 5.6 engines 30 6 behavior in special cases 30 30 7 human capacity total : 570 2.
The exam is passed, when all examination subjects are passed. A test subject is considered to be passed if the applicant in this compartment has reached at least 75% of the possible points.
3. a practical radio test on the ground is carried out separately, if the applicant does not already hold an aviation radio.
4. the speaking test by about 30 minutes duration each candidate includes the practical handling of radio traffic under the assumption of a flight according to visual flight rules in English and German as well as reading a text in English and the translation into German (BZF I). The settlement of the two-way traffic can be performed for several candidates together.
5. repeat test shall be requested by the applicant and includes all examination subjects not covered until then.
6 the theory test is after 2 retries not successfully filed a further training is required in accordance with the competent authority.

Unit 8 d Practical examination to acquire of the license for airship Guide (to 11) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 145-149 1.
The acceptance of the practical test is to apply for the training Director of the training company for the applicants to the competent body.
2. the candidate has to take the practical exam on an airship that is used in the training. The air ship used in the practical test must meet the requirements for the implementation of the practical examination. The duration of the flight must be at least 90 minutes.
3. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the flight.
4. the applicant must lead the airship from the seat from which he can perform the activity of responsible pilots. The test flight is to perform as the applicant was the only pilot on board. The responsibility for flight operations LuftVG depends on section 4 para 4.
5. the auditor should not involve itself in the flight, unless that intervention for security reasons or to avoid unacceptable delays for other participants in air traffic is required.
6. the flight path for is selected by the investigator. The flight to end the home airfield or a different airfield. If the arrival and departure of an aerodrome with ATC or the penetration by a control zone is possible for planning to provide. The applicant is responsible for the planning of the flight and shall ensure that all equipment and materials for the flight on board are.
7. should the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Only the nontransacted sections are canceled testing for reasons justified for the Inspector, in a further flight to check.
8. the applicant can even repeat each exercise and each procedure. The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the flying skills of the candidate, that the entire test must be repeated.
9. the applicant has the following capabilities to demonstrate: - run the air vessel within the operating limits - quiet and accurate implementation of all exercises - good judgment and behavior as a driver of air (airmanship) - application of knowledge in the aviation and control of the air ship at any point of the flight, so that the safe conduct of proceedings or an exercise at any time is seriously at risk.
10. the individual exercises the practical examination are with "pass" or 'fail' rated. An exercise is not passed in a test section, this section shall be considered failed. Is more than a section of the exam is not passed, the candidate must repeat the whole test. A candidate who is not only a test section, repeat only the failed section. A section is not passed in the repeat test is the whole test again. This also applies to sections that were passed in a previous attempt. The entire test is 24 months after passing the theoretical exam to take.
11.
After a failed practical examination, a further training may be required. Not all sections are passed in the second attempt, the further training of the competent authority is to set. The practical examination can be repeated any number of times.
12. the following tolerances provide general guidance. Turbulence, flight characteristics and flight performance of the used air ship pattern are considered by the appointed examiner: a) heading:-normal flight + - 10 degrees - upon termination of curves +-15 degrees b) keeping a phone line +-5 degrees c) altitude +-150 ft checking proof of practical examination to acquire of the license for airship guide name and first name of the applicant:...
Anschrift: ...................................................................
(I). Conduct of the examination: airship pattern:... Features:...
Point of departure:... Start time:...
Zielort: .......................... Country time. ...............................
Block time (from pole to pole):...
II. Ergebnis der Prüfung
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I Bestanden/Nicht bestanden * I
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III. Bemerkungen
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Place and date signature of the auditor...
Auditors No. Name in block capitals * as appropriate is to delete weather conditions: - at the point of departure I on the route I at the destination - I I I I I I – – seat of the Auditor: I right I links I middle I back I - assessment of individual flying exercises - test section/exercise I B/NB- ---------------------------
1. Flugvorbereitung
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2. External and internal control to clear list - 3. Let the engines - 4. Review of engines, systems and equipment - 5. Ablegen vom Mast
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6. Start
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6.1 Normales Startverfahren
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6.2 Notstartverfahren
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6.3 Durchstarten
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6.4 Start mit simuliertem Triebwerksausfall
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7. Climb - 7.1 compliance with the safe climb railway and flight parameters - 7.2 transition to horizontal flight - 8. Flying exercises - 8.1 - 8.2 turns - 8.3 flying turns with constant radius around a fixed land-mark - 8.4 orientation, including small orientation - 8.5 wind determination - 8.6 observation and assessment of the weather conditions and their development - 8.7 compliance with given above Trajectory parameters for instruments - 8.8 tracking with flight navigation instruments - 8.9 location with the help of flight navigation instruments - 8.10 guide of the operational flight plan - 9. Determination of static heaviness in the air - 10. Sinkflug
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10.1 Normaler Sinkflug
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10.2 Notsinkflug
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11. Approach - 11.1 classification in the aerodrome traffic - 11.2 approach with simulated engine failure - 12. Landings - 12.1 - with different static gravity - 12.2 - with simulated engine failure - 13. Ground maneuver / loading on the mast - 14. Sprechfunkverkehr
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15. Use the clear list - 16. Examination on the ground - 16.1 behavior engine fire - 16.2 - 16.3 behavior during system failures - smoke/fire behavior unit 9A curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the license for flight engineer on helicopters for the police forces of the Federal and State Governments (to § 12) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 150-152 air law - international agreements and organisations - airworthiness of aircraft - nationality and registration signs - licensing of aviation personnel - air traffic control - navigation procedures - Flugverkehrskontroll and -consulting services airfields and facilities - search and rescue services - safety - investigation of flight accidents - JAR-FCL - national legislation aircraft general knowledge - cell and systems, electrical, engine, emergency systems - electrical - engine technology - emergency equipment - airframe and equipment - instruments; Aircraft; Helicopter - flight instruments - automatic flight control system - warning and recording equipment - engine and system monitoring instruments flight performance and flight planning - loading and focus - dynamic factors and limitations - load much partition - calculation of the gravity - flight planning and monitoring - flight planning above flight - ICAO ATC flight plan - processing of flight planning documents - flights over sea and to distant places - air services - air efficiency requirements - start, route and country performance - performance classes - definition of speed (V(tief)X, V(Tief)Y, V(Tief)Le , V(Tief)Lo, V(Tief)toss, V(Tief)No, V(Tief)min, V(Tief)max) human performance and limitations - fundamentals of human factors - fundamentals of flight Physiology and preservation of health - basic of flight psychology meteorology - atmosphere - wind - thermodynamics - clouds and mist - precipitation - air masses and fronts - pressure systems - air training - flight hazards - meteorological information navigation - general navigation - basics - magnetism and compass - Kartenkunde - reckoning - radionavigation - radio navigation equipment - basics of radar - surface navigation systems - Bodenunabhängige navigation systems and navigation systems with external reference operational procedures - General - specific procedures and risks - emergency procedures aerodynamics - subsonic aerodynamics - fluid laws - laminar and turbulent flow boundary - layer - Bernoulli drive equation, venturi effect - resistance boost theories - lift coefficient - buoyancy calculations - -.
Induced resistance - face resistance — friction and interference resistance - resistance coefficient - stomp - wing profiles and wing shapes - angles, angle - helicopter aerodynamics - torque compensation - movement of the rotor blades (hitting, swinging) - forces on the rotor blade - lift distribution - car rotation - stability - ground resonance – formation of the vortex ring - control system (nod, roll, yaw) - beat the rotor blade grips against the rotor mast (mast bumping) radio traffic - definitions - principles of wave propagation - General procedure - procedure for - emergency and emergency traffic - radio connection failure spectrum management general aviation safety - emergency equipment and their use - fire extinguisher - engine fire , Fire in the cabin - defrosters, ice prevention - precautions during refuelling - HAZMAT - Vortex drag - obstacles, lines - wind shear, takeoff, approach and landing - emergency evacuation of the helicopter - crash landing - ditching Annex 9 B curriculum for practical training to acquire of the license for flight engineer on helicopters for the police forces of the Federal and State Governments (to § 12) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 153-155 the practical training and training is divided into following parts: - flight training - technical training flight instruction can be combined with training of applicants for a license for professional pilots, if these flights are operated with a flight instructor or travel the provisions of § 117 paragraph (3) are met. The helicopter used in the practical training must be suitable for the training.
Aviation briefing the flying instruction takes place in a circumference of at least 45 hours.
Small orientation in different heights - terrestrial navigation with maps of different scale - space observation - technical monitoring and control of the helicopter parent country flight with landing on runway, military airfields and airports - orientation including small orientation – determination of wind - speed over ground - estimated time of arrival (ETA) - flight time (ETO) - fuel economy - last possible reversal point (point of no return) - collection of data from the on-board flight records, as well as their evaluation performance of the duties of a Flugtechnikers with off-field landings - determination of wind direction - support of helicopter operator when assessing the direction of approach and landing characteristics -.
Assessment and monitoring of the obstacle clearance on the pilot side of the helicopter during performance of the duties of a Flugtechnikers of Höhenfluges - orientation - monitoring a possible approach to ice the duties of Flugtechnikers during night flight - use the cabin and instrument lighting - operating the headlights is flying instruction to a technical training to carry out the tasks and duties of a Flugtechnikers to the maintenance, care and maintenance of the helicopter , as well as to add to the troubleshooting and corrective action on the ground.
Technical training general training - safety regulations - halls and workshop order - fire protection - maintenance manual - manual for quality management - consumables advantages and follow-up of the helicopter - instruction in the Board papers - movement of the helicopter on the ground - loading and unloading refueling - cockpit briefing - check - day control - notification procedure of complaints standard procedures - units of measurement - basics of measuring electrical and mechanical sizes - basis of assessment - properties of the usual in aviation materials - protective measures for safety and health at work on the aircraft note instructions in the documentation of the aircraft maintenance documents - technical file basic skills - wire - splint backups -.
Sheet metal fuses - screw connections - cable maintenance service - instruction in the maintenance up to the extent of first major inspection - introduction to special inspections after construction group training in the installation and removal of main assemblies, E.g.: - engine - main rotor blades - main rotor head - mechanical assemblies - rear rotor head - tail rotor blades settings / tests - engine speed - tempering temperature - adjustment angle of the main rotor blades - Basic setting of the tail rotor - on-board voltage - check hydraulic system - usage equipment control system test - inputs and expansion of special equipment - functional testing tests at rotating rotor - blade tracking , - Dynamic balancing of the main and tail rotor - vibration engine troubleshooting and repair errors when starting - errors in patterns specific systems this training can be omitted, if the applicant for a licence for flight engineer on helicopters of police of the Federal and State Governments can demonstrate a completed vocational training as aircraft mechanics and a pattern-specific training for the helicopter pattern on which he should exercise his activities,.

Annex 9 C theoretical examination to acquire of the license for flight engineer on helicopters for the police forces of the Federal and State Governments (to § 12) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 156 1.
The decrease of the theoretical examination is to request competent authority by the Education Director of training/educational institution for the applicant during the.
2. This test is to put in writing in the following subjects. The processing times listed in the table must not be exceeded. Several test subjects can be grouped together.
Pocket Max processing time in hour aviation law 1:00 aircraft general knowledge 1:30 flight performance and planning 2:00 human performance and limitations 0:30 meteorology 1:00 navigation 1:00 operational procedures 0:45 aerodynamics 0:45 radio traffic not testing two-way traffic, because all FT at least BZF I, AZF may also purchase.
3. a test subject is considered to be passed if the applicant in this compartment has reached at least 75% of the possible points. Points may be awarded only for the correct answer.

Unit 9 d practical examination to acquire of the license for flight engineer on helicopters for the police forces of the Federal and State Governments (to § 12) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 157-161 1.
The acceptance of the practical test is to apply for the training Director of the training company for the applicants to the competent body. The practical examination includes a flight test and a technical examination. Each section of the exam may be repeated once for themselves.
2. the candidate has to take the practical exam on a helicopter pattern used in the training. The helicopter used in the practical test must meet the requirements for the implementation of the practical examination. The duration of the flight should be approximately 60 minutes.
3. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the flight.
4. the applicant occupies a seat on the helicopter, which he can perform the activity of the Flugtechnikers. The test flight is to perform as the applicant was the only flight engineer aboard. The responsibility for flight operations LuftVG depends on section 4 para 4.
5. the itinerary for the parent country flight is selected by the investigator. The flight to end the home airfield or a different airfield. If the arrival and departure of an aerodrome with ATC or the penetration by a control zone is possible for the planning and execution of the parent country flight to be provided. The applicant is responsible for the planning of the flight and shall ensure that all equipment and materials for the flight on board are. The excess land flight can be performed in consultation with the applicant and the examiner, as a separate flight.
6. from each section of the technical examination, at least a sub item must be checked. All qualified items must be passed to pass the technical inspection. The candidate does not pass the technical examination in one of the bold sub-headings is the entire technical examination to repeat. In all other cases, the examination of the corresponding section is to repeat.
7. should the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Only the nontransacted sections are canceled testing for reasons justified for the Inspector, in another test to check.
8. the applicant can even repeat each exercise and each procedure. The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the skills of the candidate, that the entire test must be repeated.
Audit proof of practical examination to acquire of the license for flight engineer on helicopters for the police forces of the Federal and State Governments name:... Vorname: .............................
Strasse: ............................ Wohnort: .............................
(I). Aeronautical testing helicopter models:... Features:...
Begin of tour:... Landing site:...
Start time:... Landing time:...
Flight duration:...
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I links I I I links I I
Sitz des Prüfers: -------------- Sitz des Bewerbers: --------------
I rechts I I I hinten I I
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Ergebnis der Prüfung:
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Place and date signature of the auditor...
Auditors No. Name in block capitals II. Technische Prüfung

Ergebnis der Prüfung:
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I Bestanden/Nicht bestanden * I
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Place and date signature of the auditor...
Auditors No. Name in block capitals * as appropriate is to delete I flight testing - I review - content I task I B/NB - 1. Flight preparation: I I routes documents, preparation of maps, I I evaluation of weather - and I I air traffic control advice, creation of the I I Flightlogs, flight clearance, refuelling, I I loading, statement on board I I of found rescue and I I security equipment, template, and I I explanation of Board documents. I I
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2. Pre-and post flight control I I (including controls on I I stopovers) I I - 3. Luftraumbeobachtung I I
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4. Orientation including I I
Kleinorientierung I I
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5. Technical monitoring and I I operation of the helicopter I I (instruments, operation of the radio and I I navigation devices, other systems) I - 6. Determination of GS, ETA, ATA, I I fuel, wind, I I residual flying time. I I
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7. Crew Coordination I I
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8. Implementation of wireless transport I I - II technical examination 1. Safety regulations for the maintenance and operation of helicopters - I review - content I task I B/NB - 1.1 landing site acceptable use policy I I - 1.2 halls and workshop order, I accident prevention regulations I - 1.3 fire I I - 1.4 stopping and Secure the I I helicopter, cover of the I I helicopter I I - 1.5 moving on the ground, ground handling equipment, I - 1.6 use of external power sources I I and devices I I - 1.7 operating and auxiliary materials, use I I safety data sheets I I - 2. Pre-and post-processing of the helicopter - I review - content I task I B/NB - 2.1 loading and unloading fuel I I - 2.2 filling and draining other I I supplies, adding I I de-icing fluid I I - 2.3 meaning and application of on board I I with to leading operating documents: I I -. -Flight manual I I - registration certificate I I - certificate of airworthiness I I - verification certificate I I - aircraft Board books I I - FT - certificate I I - noise certificate I I - 2.4 internal documents: I I (E.g., proof of delivery, Cycleliste) I - 3. Systemkenntnisse von Baugruppen / Bauteilen
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I Bewertung
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3.1 Triebwerk I I
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3.2 Zelle, Flugwerk, automatische I I
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3.3 Elektrik, Avionik I I
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4. Arbeiten gemäß Herstelleranweisungen
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I Bewertung
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4.2 Sonderkontrollen I I
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4.3 Austausch von Baugruppen / Bauteilen I I
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4.4 Dokumentation: I I
- Struktur / Zelle I I
- Triebwerk I I
- Sonderausrüstung I I
- SB, LS, LTA, I I
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5. Zusatzausrüstung (soweit gem. Flughandbuch zugelassen)
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5.2 Funktionsprüfung I I
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5.3 Betriebsvorschriften I I
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5.4 Wartung I I
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6. The use of special tools and measuring equipment - I review - content I task I B/NB - 6.1 conversion of units in the I I metrology I I - 6.2 application I I of electrical/electronic measurement and I I readout devices I I - 6.3 use torque wrenches I I
und Tensiometer I I
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7. Einstellarbeiten / Prüfungen
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7.2 Hydraulikanlage, Rotorbremsanlage I I
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7.5 fuel system I - 7.6 chip detection system (magnetic plug cell, I I engine) I I - 7.7 vibration and damping system I I - 8. Cockpit
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8.1 Allgemeine Anzeigen I I
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8.2 Testfunktionen I I
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8.3 Umschaltfunktionen I I
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8.4 Ausleseverfahren und Bearbeitung I I
musterspezifischer Fehlermeldungen, I I
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9. Störungssuche und –behebung
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I Bewertung
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9.1 Flugwerk I I
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9.2 Triebwerk I I
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9.3 Ausrüstung I I
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10. Treatment of devices and components - I review - content I task I B/NB - 10.1 labelling, storage I I - 10.2 inspection, cleaning I I - 10.3 shipping I I - unit 10A curriculum for practical training to acquire of aerobatic permission (section 13) site of the Originaltex TES: BAnz. 2006 no. 60a, 162-164, which is aerobatic training aircraft leaders, leaders of helicopter and glider leaders on aircraft carry out no. 60, Supplement, which are approved for aerobatics. The aircraft used in the practical training must be equipped with a dual controls and suitable for training. Parts of training aircraft, travel motor sailer or gliders can be performed with the consent of the competent authority. The following training contents are for the acquisition of aerobatic flight permission for helicopter guide in consultation with the permit authority for the operation of training / educational institution apply accordingly. Conditionally not feasible with helicopters due to technical or design training content are making in training on aircraft with flight instructor.
Theoretical briefing - legal policy - flying - flight schedule - air rooms - introduction to the rescue system - human capacity (in addition to HPL) - training in note rescue maneuvers (emergency standards), stop by - back spiral - disorientation in inverted flight - use of flaps - backward slide - figure demolition: the theoretical training is carried out before the start of the practical training and to document in an application for the acceptance of the practical examination. The length of the theoretical instruction shall not be less than 60 minutes.
The exercises are practical training with teachers and then in solo to perform. The aim is secure mastery of aerobatic manoeuvres and the right response for errors.
At the beginning of the flight training of applicants must become familiar with the aircraft type in normal flight and in excessive flight conditions provided for the training and testing. The aircraft is to fly at all speeds permitted. The briefing into a tailspin must take place before the first solo flight to the practice of the aerobatic figures.
Ground instruction - handling of the rescue parachute/rescue system - explanation of the plane pattern - explanations on the basis of the flight manual of the respective aircraft - Declaration of V-n diagram, as well as of the last multiple - instruction in safety limits in case of overload - trimming plan - introduction to the driver's cab - check the Flugklarheit of the aircraft in accordance with clear list and with the help of Board papers - check before every flight - additional validation for the aerobatics as clear list - aerobatic configuration - fasten your real instruction in special flight conditions (instruction of risk of) covering - over drawing behavior normal flight - slow flight - fly minimum driving - without flap - with different flap positions - with and without motor power - high-speed stall Parachutal -.
Real end of bag flight by reducing the angle of attack - detection of tearing off the flow and effect of the rudder stall and tipping - real stop of the tipping counter rudder and reduce the angle of attack Schiebeflug - Schiebeflugzustände in slow flight - repeat the exercise of Grouting in Schiebeflugzuständen-
Real end of tipping off or the Trudelns - slow flight and Schiebeflugzustände in the turns back air - orientation in inverted flight - level flight in supine with at least a 45-degree change of direction - climb in the supine position - descent in the supine position - detecting and stopping dangerous situations - covering (provided the aircraft permits this) - bag flight modes in inverted flight (if the aircraft is permitted) spin - initiating from horizontal flight position according to flight manual - stop, taking into account the special characteristics and the second properties of the respective aircraft pattern - correct premature stop or turning (within the limits specified by the manufacturer) after taxes
Initiate and take-out over the baseline - real stop of the Trudelns flight training Note: the exercises should be flown above a striking, if possible straight baseline. The air space is before and repeatedly during the exercises. It is sure that the air space and the base direction are respected.
Aerobatic manoeuvres and exercises, the throttle is so to use that avoided an over-revving of the engine, but also always the best and most economical performance. Speeds relevant for the respective figures of aerobatics are to see the flight of the aircraft used in the training manual.
Rollover (looping) rollover (looping) in normal flight position after top turn aircraft rises vertically in the height, it increasingly is losing steam. If the stop is almost reached, air vehicle right or left around the vertical axis fan-like turn, until nose perpendicular to the bottom vertical nosedive in same railway, where the aircraft has risen is slow intercept Note: turns with engine-powered aircraft are carried out basically taking into account the direction of motor rotation. Turns in the opposite direction are to demonstrate in training, is to point out the differences.
Controlled role-driven role right and left downturn (rolling return) aircraft from horizontal flight position with a climb angle of 30-45 degrees depending on the aircraft pull up half-controlled role (right and left) in the supine position 5/8 rollover (looping) down upswing (Immelmann) half rollover (looping) in normal flight position upwards with half-controlled roller (right and left), supine in normal flight attitude training programme of testing left and right practicing the test programme in the solo annex 10 B practical examination to acquire of aerobatic permission (section 13) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 165-168 1.
The acceptance of the practical test is to apply for the training Director of the training company / training facility for the candidate at the body responsible for the operation of training / educational institution. The theoretical briefing with indication of the number of hours is to certify upon registration.
2. the candidate has to pass the practical exam on an aircraft used in the training from the class of aircraft used in the training. The examiner decides in its sole discretion, whether the test flights from the ground be judged or whether he wants to take part in the test flight. In the latter case the auditor thereof must satisfy themselves that the candidate has performed audit program before the test flight in the solo. The aircraft used in the practical test must meet the requirements for the implementation of the practical examination.
3. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the flight.
4. the applicant must lead the aircraft from the seat from which he can perform the activity of responsible pilots.
5. should the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Only the nontransacted sections are canceled testing for reasons justified for the Inspector, in a further flight to check.
6. the examination consists of a set number of aerobatic manoeuvres, which are one by one to fly in correct order. The fixed number of the aerobatic figures shall include all aerobatic manoeuvres with all directions of rotation left and right (exception: engine-powered aircraft conduct are all turns, taking into account the direction of motor rotation in the same direction). The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the flying skills of the candidate, that the entire test must be repeated.
7. the candidate has to demonstrate the following skills: - quiet and accurate implementation of all aerobatic manoeuvres in fixed series - flying the test programme along the baseline - recovery of orientation at a aerobatic manoeuvres - is application of knowledge from the aerospace and control of the aircraft at any point of the flight so that the successful implementation of the aerobatic figures and the test programme at any time will be seriously impaired.
8. the individual aerobatic manoeuvres in the practical examination are with "pass" (b) or "fail" (nb) evaluated. An aerobatic figure is not passed within a set number of aerobatic manoeuvres this aerobatic figure is considered failed and must be repeated. More than an aerobatic figure is not passed, the entire series is not passed, and the candidate must repeat the whole test. With the approval of the Auditor, the candidate can once repeat the failed aerobatic figure or audit program in direct connection to the test.
Audit proof of practical examination to acquire of the art flight permission name and first name of the applicant:...
Wohnsitz: ........................................................
License number:...
II. conduct of the examination of aircraft:... Features:...
Prüfungsort: .............................
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Prüfungsflug I Datum I Startzeit I Landezeit I Flugdauer I Beurteilung
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III. Overall assessment of the testing - I pass/fail * I - IV. Bemerkungen
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Place and date signature of the auditor...
Auditors No. Name in block capitals * is to delete as appropriate evaluation of the aerobatic figures passed b = / fail I = nb - check flight I B/NB I repeat test flight I B/NB - 1. Rollover (looping) I I direction I rollover (looping) I I I shifting I I I I I RADIUS I - 2. Upswing right I I direction I upswing right I (Immelmann) I I I shifting (Immelmann) I I I RADIUS I I - 3. Rolle links I I Richtung I Rolle links I
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4. Turn rechts I I Richtung I Turn rechts I
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6. Turn links I I Richtung I Turn links I
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7. Downturn (roller I direction I downturn (rollers turn) I go) right I falls from a height I right I I I angle I I I I I climb
I I 1/2 Rolle I
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8. Rollover (looping) I I direction I rollover (looping) I I I circularly I I I I train I I - 9. Boom left I direction I boom left I (Immelmann) I I shifting I (Immelmann) I I I RADIUS I I - 10 downturn (roller I direction I downturn (rollers turn) I go) left I falls from a height I left I I I angle I I I I climb I I I 1/2 role I - permissible deviations from the above program: powered aircraft : All turns in the same direction, taking into account the direction of motor rotation;
Gliders: The aerobatic manoeuvres rollover (looping), boom (Immelmann) and contraction (roll bend) to fly only once that are associated half rolls up and downturn to run in different directions (programme numbers: 1 - 10-2 - 4-3 - 6-5) helicopter: the testing program is to vote on the technical possibilities of the helicopter. At least three aerobatic manoeuvres with two directions of rotation (right and left) have to be flown.
Compliance with the aerobatic area: test flight... Repeat...

Annex 11 curriculum for practical instruction to purchase of tow permission (section 14) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 169-171 briefing the briefing to acquire of the permission to perform towing of aircraft or other objects with aircraft consists of a briefing on the ground and flight instruction. The briefing on the ground must precede the flight instruction. Flight instruction is to be performed in different wind conditions. The aircraft used in the practical training must be suitable for the training.
Signals and signs of the helpers at the bottom used instruction into the ground briefing - ways of the applicant in the boot, when taking into account the load to dragging - - towing of aircraft or other objects - adjust the towing speed to the speed of the aircraft to dragging or the other subject - note the trailing aircraft may significantly reduced travel speed and the impact on the flight services - note traffic information on towing in the flight and operating manual of the involved aircraft (towing capacity , Breaking point) - rope - breaking point - bow clutch - focus - behavior management and operation failures of towed aircraft guides - behavior unpredictable notching of the towed aircraft or other object during startup - behavior with incorrect tax guide of the towed aircraft (exceed Underflying) - setting of the intended course, room arrangement, taking into account the wind transfer - towing of aircraft agreement with pilots - turns, low angle - approach to the Ausklinkpunkt - prompt to notching - precise observation of the Ausklinkvorgangs - changes to initial flight status , if the release is certainly recognized and reached a sufficient distance from the towed aircraft or towed object is - approach with hinged cable or other towed object - mapping in the aerodrome traffic - cable release - observation of the signal after dropping off of the rope - behavior in specific cases, in particular errors, in emergencies and accidents in addition to towing of other objects in the fishing tow - building a loop without and with the subject of tow - behavior in non-inclusion of the sling or loss of the drag object - behavior of landing with hinged towing object
Flight instruction of which at least three with the trainee flight instructor - for at least a flight is towing of aircraft or other objects without fishing tow - at least five take-offs and towing flights with aircraft or other objects, in the safe amount to demonstrate the effect on the tow through false tax guide (exceed Underflying). This flight must be performed before the canopy of the candidate - other items the subject might be hurriedly to omit, and again to obtain additional towing of other objects in the fishing tow - at least five training flights with recording the loop without subject to towing with the trainee flight instructor - at least five training flights with recording the loop with drag object, at least three with the trainee flight instructor certificate of aptitude to acquire of the permission to perform towing of aircraft or other objects name and first name of the applicant : ..............................................
Anschrift: ...................................................................
License number:...
Total flight time on engine-powered aircraft after purchasing the license:...
The aircraft used for the acquisition of the towing permission:...
(I). Towing flights with aircraft or other objects without fishing tow * five flights in the towed aircraft... performed at the towing... - I I towed aircraft I assessment flight date I I aircraft or other object I b/n b * - 1. I I I
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5. I I I – within the last six months prior to submission of the application on the tow permission is granted.
II. towing flights with other items (fishing tow) *-I towing I name of I evaluation flight date I aircraft I of imported the subject I b/n b - 1. I I I
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III. Result of flights - I pass/fail * I - IV comments......
Flight instructor license No...., the...
Place signature * as appropriate is cross conditioning 12A curriculum for practical training to the acquisition of cloud flight permission for glider Guide (to section 15) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 172
The exercises provide the knowledge and skills to complete flights under instrument flight rules. The aim of the exercises is the secure mastery of glider without a view outwards.
Practical exercises are the practical exercises in the twin-seater glider or motor sailer perform. The aircraft used in the practical training must be equipped with a dual controls and suitable for training. The flight instructor overlooking outward checks whether the applicant correctly ruled the glider. The listed flights are without outward view of the candidate.
-Flights to get to know the flight monitoring instruments - the straight flight - movement of the elevator - flights of the aileron - the rudder - flights to turn indicator or artificial horizon - straight flight - initiating and ending of curves - flights to turn indicator or artificial horizon, and after compass - straight flight on a predefined course - stopping curves on predetermined rates - direction after time - flights to turn indicator or artificial horizon, and after sheath knife - straight flight at constant speed - straight flight at different speeds - - to turn indicator or artificial horizon , Compass and sheath knife - straight flight at the same constant speed and predefined course - initiating and ending of curves - direction on predetermined rates - direction after time - full circles left and right stop on predetermined rates - back run of the glider/motor sailor from unusual flight attitudes in the normal flight attitude system of 12 B practical examination to acquire of the cloud flight permission for glider Guide (to section 15) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 173-174 1.
The acceptance of the practical test is to apply for the training Director of the training company / training facility for the applicants to the competent body.
2. the candidate has to take the practical exam on a glider pattern used in the training. The aircraft used in the practical test must meet the requirements for the implementation of the practical examination.
3. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the flight.
4. the auditor flies in the front seat with a view to the outside. The applicant may have no view outside. The test flight is to perform as the applicant was the only pilot on board. The responsibility for flight operations LuftVG depends on section 4 para 4.
5. the auditor should not involve itself in the flight, unless that intervention for security reasons or to avoid unacceptable delays for other participants in air traffic is required.
6. should the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Only the nontransacted sections are canceled testing for reasons justified for the Inspector, in a further flight to check.
7. the applicant can even repeat each exercise. The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the flying skills of the candidate, that the entire test must be repeated.
8. the applicant has the following capabilities to demonstrate: - loading of the aircraft within the operating limits - quiet and accurate implementation of all exercises - good judgment and behavior as a driver of air (airmanship) - application of knowledge in the aviation and control of the aircraft at any point of the flight, so that the successful implementation of a procedure or an exercise at any time is seriously at risk.
9. the individual exercises the practical examination are with "pass" (b) or 'fail' (nb) evaluated. More than three exercises are not passed, the candidate must repeat the whole test. A candidate who is not just an exercise, must repeat only the failed exercise. The exercise is not passed in the repeat test is the whole test again. This also applies to exercises that were passed in a previous attempt.
Audit proof of practical examination to acquire of the cloud flight permission for glider guide name and first name of the applicant:...
Wohnsitz: ...........................................................................................................
License number:...
I. test flight glider pattern:...
 
 
Features:...
 
 
Flugplatz: ...........................................
 
 
Evaluation exercises B/NB adherence to a particular course in the straight flight at the same constant speed changes of direction on predetermined courses full circles left full circles right back run of the glider from unusual flight conditions in the normal situation II. result of the test passed/not bestanden1 * III. comments......
Ort und Datum
Unterschrift des Prüfers
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.................................................................
Reviewer No. name in block capitals 1 * as appropriate is to delete attachment 13A curriculum for the theoretical training to the acquisition of spreading and spraying permission (section 16) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 175-176 of the applicant to acquire of the spreading and spraying permission has until May to report to the theoretical test competence regulation present a certificate of competence of the knowledge in accordance with the plant protection -, be not older than two years.
The theoretical training must include at least 30 lessons in the following areas: legal basis - technical requirements for the acquisition of spreading and spraying permission - historical development fertilization and plant protection - off-field landings and launches with aircraft - minimum Sicherheitsmindesthöhen, work flights - discard and allow objects or other substances - legislation for dealing with chemicals - qualification competence under plant protection act - product-specific rules - particularities in the catchment area knowledge of litter - and spray - malicious causes , inanimate and animated harmful polluters, bacteria, viruses, fungi - higher plant and animal pests - trace elements - biological measures means construction of fungicides, insecticides, rodenticides, Nemazide, Mulluskizide - mineral fertilizers, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium - art - application technologies - physical and chemical control measures - application: Sprinkle, dust, spray, injection, discharge - water protection, oil disaster control - fire fighting - special tasks (such as targeted dropping relief supplies, etc.) - transport and storage of chemicals - loading of the aircraft - structural prerequisites (Bela de courses , Environmental protection) - measures for the event - function, design and operation of the application technique; Operation and control; Maintenance and maintenance - hygiene in the and after the worker process, labour and health protection flight preparation and execution - rates per hectare, transit length and stroke size, working width - influence of meteorological factors on flight operations - fly performing work flights, flight tactics - consideration of concerns of environmental protection - in close to the ground, influence of wind and turbulence, climb and descent, working flight curve - common maps, application of GPS - documentation, quality assurance - selection of emergency landing areas, emergency procedures - spacing standards, fact sheets - obstacles , especially overhead annex 13 B curriculum for practical training to the acquisition of spreading and spraying permission (section 16) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60a, 177 of which practical training must cover at least 30 hours of flight no. 60, Supplement. The aircraft used in the practical training must be suitable for the training.
Flight training with instructor (10 hours) - introduction to special features when flying close to the ground (boundary layer of the soil, turbulence, wind influence, obstacles, TAS) - flight characteristics with different Applikationseinrichtungen - working flight curve (inner, outer slide, cover, slant) - introduction to special instructions for flights over water − − forest - introduction to special features of flights parallel obstacles, in particular - power lines and other obstacles - selection and assessment of emergency landing areas - orientation flight in the immediate work area - map and departure to the work field - control flight above the work - permit in the spray application methods of spreading , Spray, spray, dust and water shedding in agriculture and forestry - adherence to the altitude and direction - work flights at dawn, flights at low standing Sun, - work flights inputs and more fields editing flight training in solo - repeat the above exercises to secure control of the individual exercises - work flights with 50% load (spreading, spray, spray, dust, shedding) - work with 100% load (sprinkle, spray, splashing, drop) repetition of all the exercises up to test maturity Appendix 13 C theoretical examination to acquire of the spreading and spraying permission (to 16)
Site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 178 1.
The decrease of the theoretical examination is to request competent authority by the Education Director of training/educational institution for the applicant during the.
2. This test is to put in writing in the following subjects. The exam questions are to answer in longhand. The processing times listed in the table must not be exceeded. Several test subjects can be grouped together.
(Compartment maximum processing time in hours air right 00:30 plant protection (competence) * technology, flight performance and planning 01:00 operational procedures, behavior in special cases 00:30 total 02:00 *) qualification of the knowledge in accordance with the plant protection - competence regulation must exist and must not be older than two years.
3. a test subject is considered to be passed if the applicant in this compartment has reached at least 75% of the possible points. Points may be awarded only for the correct answer.

Plant 13D practical examination to acquire of the spreading and spraying permission (to 16) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 179-182 1.
The acceptance of the practical test is to apply for authority by the Education Director of training/educational institution for the applicant during the.
2. the candidate has to pass the practical exam on an aircraft used in the training from the class of aircraft used in the training. The aircraft used in the practical test must meet the requirements for the implementation of the practical examination.
3. the auditor has the testing program, including simulated emergencies, to discuss with the applicant in the broad before the flight.
4. the duration of the flight should be approximately 60 minutes.
5. the applicant must lead the aircraft from the seat from which he can perform the activity of responsible pilots. The test flight is to perform as the applicant was the only pilot on board. The responsibility for flight operations LuftVG depends on section 4 para 4.
6. the auditor should not involve itself in the flight, unless that intervention for security reasons or to avoid unacceptable delays for other participants in air traffic is required.
7. the flight to end the home airfield or a different airfield. The applicant is responsible for the planning of the flight and shall ensure that all equipment and materials for the flight on board are.
8. If the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Only the nontransacted sections are canceled testing for reasons justified for the Inspector, in a further flight to check.
9. the applicant can even repeat each exercise and each procedure. The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the flying skills of the candidate, that the entire test must be repeated.
10. the applicant has the following capabilities to demonstrate: - run of the aircraft within the operating limits − consistent and accurate implementation of all exercises − good judgment and behavior as air rider (airmanship) − application of the aviation knowledge and − control of the aircraft at any point of the flight so that the successful implementation of a procedure or an exercise at any time will be seriously impaired.
11. the exercises of practical examination are "pass" or 'fail' rated. Is an exercise is not passed, this exercise is considered failed. More than three exercises are not passed, the candidate must repeat the whole test. A candidate who is not only up to three exercises, repeat only the failed exercises. An exercise is not passed in the repeat test is the whole test again. This also applies to exercises that were passed in a previous attempt.
Audit proof of practical examination to acquire of the spreading and spraying permission name and first name of the applicant:...
Anschrift: ...................................................................
Lizenz-Nr.: ..................................................................
(I). Test flight aircraft:... Features:...
Home Airport:... Start time:...
Country flying Club:... Landing time:...
II. outcome of the test - I pass/fail * I - III comments......
Place and date signature of the auditor...
Auditors No. Name in Druckbuchstaben
* Nichtzutreffendes ist zu streichen
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1.5 I work flying (compliance with direction, height, I I speed) I - 1.5.1 I plant protection I - 1.5.2 I application of solids I - 1.5.3 I fire I - 1.6 I work flying curve I - 1.7 I flight tactics / taking into account met. Bedingungen, I
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2.1 I simulierter Triebwerksausfall beim Start I
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the altitude measured at - work flight: as precisely as possible, the ground relief following speeds - start and approach: +/-5 kt (better for landing: V(Tief)TGT/V(Tief)REF) - working flight: +/-10 kt system 14A theoretical competition to acquire of the permission to the practical training of private aircraft pilots (at paragraph 17) site of the original text: BAnz.) In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 183 1.
The decrease of the theoretical examination shall be requested by the applicant to the competent body. The test is to place before the competent authority or an officially appointed auditor.
2. this examination is a written or computer-aided examination in the following seven subjects and can be filed at discretion of the competent authority, on one or more days. Several test subjects can be grouped together. A review consists of at least 70 questions. Testing must be about 2/3 of multiple choice questions (multiple choice) from the current official list of questions and about 1/3 of langschriftlich to respondents questions. The following processing times must not be exceeded: tray processing time hours (maximum) air law, aviation and air traffic control regulations including rules of mobile radiotelephony service 1:00 general aircraft customer of 0:45 human performance and limitations 1:00 0:45 meteorology navigation, flight performance and flight planning 1:00 behaviour in special cases 0:45 aerodynamics 0:45 total 6:00 3.
A test subject is considered to be passed if the applicant in this compartment has reached at least 75% of the possible points. Points may be awarded in multiple choice questions only for correct answers, langschriftlich to be answered questions for correct part answers.
4. pass this theoretical selection exam include the registration for the acceptance of the practical selection examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of private plane pilots.

Annex 14 B practical selection examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of private aircraft pilots (at paragraph 17) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 184-188 1.
The aircraft used in the practical selection test must meet the requirements for the conduct of practical selection tests. The duration of the flight should be approximately 60 minutes.
2. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the flight.
3. the applicant must lead the aircraft from the seat from which he can perform the activity of responsible pilots. The test flight is to perform as the applicant was the only pilot on board. The responsibility for flight operations LuftVG depends on section 4 para 4.
4. the auditor should not involve itself in the flight. Intervene for safety reasons or to avoid unacceptable delays for other participants in air traffic leads immediately to the demolition and not passing the selection exam.
5. the itinerary for the parent country flight is selected by the investigator. The flight to end the home airfield or a different airfield. The applicant is responsible for the planning of the flight and shall ensure that all equipment and materials for the flight on board are.
6. should the applicant cancel the practical selection exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the whole selection test to repeat. Only the nontransacted sections are canceled the competition justified for the Inspector, but not because of lack of flying skills-related reasons, in a further flight to check.
7. the applicant can even repeat each exercise and each procedure. The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the flying skills of the candidate, that the whole selection test must be repeated.
8. the applicant has the following capabilities to demonstrate: - loading of the aircraft within the operating limits - quiet and accurate implementation of all exercises - good judgment and behavior as a driver of air (airmanship) - application of knowledge in the aviation and control of the aircraft at any point of the flight, so that the successful implementation of a procedure or an exercise at any time is seriously at risk.
9 sections and exercises the practical selection test are with "pass" or "fail" rated. An exercise is not passed in a test section, this section shall be considered failed. Is more than a section of the exam is not passed, the candidate must repeat the whole test. A candidate who is not only a test section, repeat only the failed section. A section is not passed in the repeat test is the whole test again. This also applies to sections that were passed in a previous attempt.
10. the following tolerances provide general guidance. Turbulence, flight characteristics and flight performance of the used plane pattern are considered by the appointed examiner: a) heading:-normal flight +-10 grade b) altitude - normal flight +-100 ft c) speeds:-start and approach + 10 kt – 0 kt - all other flight conditions +-10 kt exam diploma practical selection examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of private plane pilots surname and forename of the applicant:...
Anschrift: ...................................................................
License No....
(I). Test flight aircraft type:...
Features:...
Point of departure:... Start time:...
Zielort: ........................... Landing time:...
Flugzeit: ..........................
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I Sitzplatz des Prüfers I
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I links I rechts I vorn I hinten I
--------------------------------------
II. Ergebnis der Prüfung
---------------------------------
I Bestanden/Nicht bestanden * I
---------------------------------
III. Bemerkungen
................................... ....................................
Place and date signature of the auditor...
Auditors No. Name in block capitals * as appropriate is to cross - section 1 I review flight preparation and departure I B/NB - use the plain list, behavior as air rider I (cause of the aircraft with a view outwards, I ice prevention / de-icing procedures, etc.) are valid for all sections of I - a I flight preparation and aeronautical meteorological briefing I - b I calculation of mass, Center of gravity and flight performance I - c I control and deployment of the aircraft I - d I starting the engines and process according to the I I allow I - e I roles, airfield, proceedings before the start of I - f I start and control after the launch I - g I departure procedures I - h I connection to the ATC - I compliance with air traffic procedures, I I radio procedure I. -Section 2 I review General flying exercises I B/NB - I connection to the ATC - I a I compliance with air traffic procedures, I radio procedure I - b I straight and level flight at various I I speeds I - c I climb: I I i. Best rate of climb I I ii. Climb curves i I iii. transition to horizontal flight I - d I curves (with 30 degree banked) I - e I flew steeply banked turns (45 degree angle) (including I
I detecting and ending a critical flight condition) I - f I limiting flight conditions in the lower speed range I I with and without flaps I - g I of coated flight condition: I I i. In travel flight configuration and exit with I I engine help I I ii. In landing configuration and exit with the help of the engine I - - section 3 I rating above flight I B/NB - a I operational flight plan, reckoning, use the I I navigation maps I - b I comply with altitude, heading, and I I speed I - c I orientation, calculation and correction of I I estimated arrival times (estimated time of I I arrival/ETA), execution of the operational flight plan I - d) I flight management (control, fuel supply and I I check for carburettor icing, etc.) Connection to the I I ATC - I compliance with air traffic procedures, I I radiotelephony procedures I - - section 4 I review airfare and land procedures I B/NB - a I approach procedures I - b I * target landing (landing on short runways), I I crosswind landing, if there are appropriate conditions I I I - c I * landing without la ndeklappen I - d I * landing without engine help I - e I start from low altitude I - f I connection to the ATC - compliance I I of the air traffic procedures, I radio procedure I - g I activities after completion of the flight-I - - section 5 I review Außergewöhnliche-and emergency procedures I B/NB - a I * simulated emergency land exercise I - b I simulated emergencies I - *) some of these exercises can be combined at discretion of the flight examiner.

Appendix 14C curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the permission for the practical training of private aircraft pilots (at paragraph 17) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 189-192 general introduction suitability and watching a flight teacher stand and fall with his personality, his flying skill and his theoretical, in particular technical knowledge in all aviation-related issues and problems. Students will come from various education circles with different knowledge bases and with various mental and physical disposition. They put their entire trust, carefully to be trained, in their flight instructor. To establish this relationship of trust, it is essential to require a good theoretical knowledge of the training instructors and him with the pedagogy, methodology and Systematics so familiar to make, that he is able to pass on his knowledge in an appropriate form to the student. He must be capable of recognizing all flight, aerodynamic and technical contexts, to explain them and to give the necessary instructions. His knowledge in all areas of expertise must be so absorbed that he can grant appropriate lessons for the implementation of the flight. Its responsibility is to ensure the education of prudent and responsible pilots.
The theoretical training for obtaining an authorization to the practical training for private pilots focus on developing the necessary methodological and didactic knowledge and skills for the teaching of learning. Moreover, in-depth knowledge in all areas of theoretical training for obtaining an authorization for private pilots are during the theoretical training based on solid basic knowledge to convey.
PEDAGOGY IN the flight training General - requirements of a flight instructor in terms of his character, his personality, his behavior and his appearance - responsibility of the flying instructor, legal and ethical commitment - trust relationship between teachers and students - educational impact on the student - parking of hubris or lack of self confidence - mutual respect and camaraderie - interact with idealistic attitude to aviation - flight discipline education - different causes of flight errors that can result in extreme cases to replace , are anxiety - - air disease - lack of flying sensation - learning will lack of cramped attention gift lack of tax management - lack of orientation lack of empathy, appraisal, overview of lack of reaction and concentration - and resilience - and spatial sense - and learning - complexes - - to low intelligence level - character flaws - indiscipline - looking for ways to influence the causes of recognized error - communication between instructors and students before, during and after the flight - test bias - influence of the flying instructor on the setting and the behavior of the flight student during the test flight - flying assessment methodology and Systematics - the teachers
the learners - the Lehrgegenstand or curriculum - preparation and structure of teaching - teaching technology - real talk of the flight student - awakening his attention - the student become familiar with the training plan - consistency of training in relation to scope and method - meaningful sequence of exercises in the light of the training State - continuity of training - frequency of repetitions - announcement and Declaration of the respective exercises before the flights - the teachings of flying and the correction technique see application of the teaching text on the fly - synchronization of the spoken word to the flight movement - debriefing and supplementary explanations After the flights - takeover and handover of control in flight - subdivision of the training programme in the sections - up to the first solo - deepening of the learned and training after the first solo flight - preparation for the test flight, in particular of all the measures to the navigation flight - duty of supervision of the instructor at the canopy of the trainee - education for self-criticism and self control methodology IN the flight training General admissions - become familiar with the airport and its facilities - flight rules - safety - General requirements - knowledge of aerodrome order - special space policy - notes to the Declaration of the aircraft - outside
inside - its equipment and facilities - flight manual - clear list comprehensive lessons - explanations of permits and flying exercises - aerodynamic and functional contexts - use of process and clear lists Note: the instruction is to ensure that the candidate meets the relationships of each operation to each other, captures them intellectually to pass it later as a flight instructor on the trainees to be able to. It is to ensure that only the part of the training is taught, then corresponding to the flying exercises.
-Methods of mediation of flying with radio navigation aids drawing up a doctrine text - drawing up a training schedule with the following points: - training theme - training target - form of training - training process - resources - time required - trace - fabric outline - objectives - tools etc. - organizational measures - follow-up
Behave in special cases - reasons for technical irregularities and possibilities for their elimination - measures to prevent excessive flight conditions - causes for the spin and measures for the prevention or termination - behavior with failure of the driving knife - false readings of the altimeter - carburetor icing and radio failure behavior in emergencies and emergency procedures - engine failure - errors in the ignition system - carburetor brand - generator loss - fire on board - errors in the electrical, pneumatic or hydraulic system - failure of the air screw adjustment - overspeed - break of the throttle linkage - errors in the chassis or in the fold-out system - behavior with loss of Orientation and meeting bad weather conditions at high country flights - emergency country process - behaviour for emergency landings with the undercarriage retracted - emergency landings - forest - grain - Lake - behaviour after the emergency landing system 14 d curriculum for practical training to acquire of the permission to the practical training of private aircraft pilots (to article 17) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 193-197 the aircraft used in the practical training to acquire of the permission for practical training by private plane leaders has for the training to be suitable.
In practical training, the practical skills required to - safe and responsible use of the aircraft by the seat of the flying instructor - guide a flight student to perform the acts necessary for the proper and safe operation of a flight - are the candidate to provide recognition of the necessary active intervention in the continuation of the incorrect responses of the flight student flight.
The flight training on the seat of the instructor must include at least 10 hours, of which at least 5 hours with the recognised for this purpose by the competent authority certifying teaching. The remaining five hours can be carried out as a joint flight training (i.e. two candidates fly together and demonstrate flying exercises). Following exercises must be included in the flight training: all exercises of the movement is to explain that the spoken word is the same as the movement of the aircraft. The most common sources of error is particularly noted.
To ensure a methodological uniformity of the training course, the following teaching exercises only in its form and order are explained without going into each aircraft used for training. The technical data such as speed, engine speed, etc., are the respective flight reference manual.
General the following curriculum is a guide for the procedure and the content of practical training. Since not all pattern-specific characteristics of different aircraft patterns are can be taken into account all exercises in accordance with the flight manual of the procedures listed in the training of used aircraft making. All exercises are to monitor setting and operation of the engine. Unnecessary noise should be avoided. All checks are carried out on the basis of clear lists.
General introduction includes the Declaration of the entire aircraft from the inside as well as outside. It provides knowledge about the arrangement of operating levers, control and trim confirmation and seat the instruments, fuel, oil, and brake systems, as well as the emergency equipment. Statement about the boarding and disembarking, harnesses and operating the controls and direct use of the emergency exit and emergency equipment.
Preparation and exit a flight - are the student's and expediency of its clothing - takeover of the plane, make sure on the technical state of clear the Board documents - granting or accepting a clear-cut order of flight - external control, internal control, starting and warming up of the engine, if necessary request the roll and flight clearance by two-way radio, braking of the motor in accordance with the operating values to be checked; Check before the start - cool running and stopping of the engine, control before leaving the aircraft, fill in the Board documents, notification of complaints training flying - for the initial student flight is used to introduce him to fly and to acquaint him with the environment of the airport from the flood. Aerobatics or special flight conditions are to refrain from this flight.
-For the student, which is flown, this flight is only for settling on a new aircraft type.
Effect of tax organs - explanation of the movements around the lateral axis by and move back the stick, lateral to the longitudinal axis move of the control stick and the vertical axis by pressing of the rudder. Evidence suggests that all movements relative to the aircraft are always the same, regardless of which location it is located.
-Effectiveness and sensitivity of single rudder with − variable speeds − different engine capacities − various flight attitudes − throttled or running with performance engines same speed (descent, climb) - knock-on effect on operation of the rudder or the aileron rudder − rotate around the vertical axis of − roll around the longitudinal axis of − risk of developing to the spiral as a result of the single activity of the rudder of − aileron of − roll around the longitudinal axis of − slides − − rotate around the vertical axis tilting around the lateral axis
Development of the spiral as a result of the side fuselage blown on and the fin of − references to the same end effect, therefore necessary compensation for the use of both rudder - impact of inertia - impact of the negative moment of the turning - aerodynamic effect − confirmation of trim − confirmation of landing aid of − confirmation of the retract system - impact changing the engine performance on the location and direction of the aircraft in flight (shift the balance of power , Propeller swirl and slipstream) taxiing on the ground - right choice of engine performance - effectiveness of controls and brakes - direction keep with the rudder to compensate for propeller swirl, asymmetric propeller effect and influence of wind level flight (keeping the flight level, direction of flight and flight attitude) - transition to horizontal flight from the climb and descent - keep the right attitude in relation to the horizon and the direction, use the trim, the engine power , Evaluation instruments, display as a means for maintaining the horizontal flight - adherence to a flight level at different speeds - reading of the air monitoring instruments climb, sink rate and glide - take the climb or singing attitude, choice of engine performance - instrument observation – effect of power and driving out the flaps - trim - observe the operating limits according to the flight manual. Adherence to required climbing and descent speeds – monitoring of the surrounding airspace pulling over and flip - cover and tilting - behavior towards keep during the Abkippvorgangs - end of the excessive flight status or tipping off by pressing and then throttle (minimal loss of height) - Note at the risk of again tipping rapid catching - influence of the flaps and the landing gear on the excess drag curves classification of curves in flat, medium-sized and steep curves - initiate the turn from horizontal flight under proper application of rudder - maintaining the angle and the Rotation speed - taking out the curve - climb and descent flight curves - banked corners - causes - initiating the spiral - detect possible curves errors, from tipping in the curve of spiral the spiral dives - stop spiral - proper use of the rudder at the end note: on the differences between spiral and spin is to point out.
Square round - cross departure, downwind, lateral approach, final approach, landing start, − − alignment of the aircraft start towards − influence through wind, propeller twist, gyro effect and asymmetric propeller effect, correct use of the elevator • setting of the engine performance keep − direction, to observe the take-off speed - climb − transition in the climb and maintain flight able − − keep of the speed burden change, retract the flaps, engine performance - climb curves in the lateral departure - continuation of the climb up to the prescribed place round amount; Transition to horizontal flight; Retention of attitude; Keep the speed - horizontal curve in the downwind - counter approach part, distance to the runway - reduction of speed and setting the flaps, landing gear drive, revised engine power - horizontal curve in the transverse approach - descent in the final approach altitude, real sink ratio in relation to the distance to the approaching round line taking into account of the wind - a curves to the final approach, exit the curve in runway extension if necessary taking into account the page wind.
-The correct sink or gliding flight speed, intercept control the flaps when appropriate flight position, review of all instruments and controls according to the clear list - and from floating - pulling to land, agricultural machinery, direction keep rolling out - addition are to practice: − landing approach and landing without landing flaps − gliding and landing without engine help − approach with subsequent short (trailing gas) landing wheel landing (for aircraft with tail wheel) − − behavior − to low and high landing go-around in horizontal flight
Start after previous on - technology and dangers of back and crosswind landings, − initiate the gliding speed, order of the tax measures, direction keep sink rate, permissible and demonstrated crosswind component page glide - page gliding in the straight approach, speed − exit, order of the tax measures, towards hold, maintain glide speed - page glide from turning target landing - target country practice without engine help from different heights with setting up within 100 metres after the country - destination country exercise using the engine from different heights with setting up within 50 m after the landmark emergency landings - simulated engine failure after the Start – pressing and direction keep note of the speed − use of the flaps of − decision, whether suspension - or to extend decision to keep the grade trip or slight changes in direction - is Notlandeübungen using the engine from the normal flight – selection of the land areas, consideration of wind direction and speed, − review of land area by low flying over, determination of the turning points in the nearby of provided field circuit , Approach and landing (if necessary short landing) - emergency country practice with simulated engine failure from normal flight carrying out the emergency procedures (emergency, search for reasons, measures just before landing) be carried out in accordance with the flight manual. Emergency measures must be dominated by heart. The use of the emergency clear list is to integrate in any meaningful way in the process of flight.
− Initiate and plan the emergency landing, simulated emergency message approach check (1000 ft or reference point) − reference to measures shortly before landing at actual engine failure; Throttle lever fully withdraw. Close fuel valve, ignition and main switch turn off cross-country flights - excess land flight instruction - flight preparation including calculation of loading and determination of Center of gravity, flight plan, FS release - departure time, flight course, map reading, course and height keep - flight time calculation, control points, collecting lines - location tracking and execution of the operational flight plan - measures for loss of orientation, internal and external bearing - compass turning errors, small orientation, take-off selected map and compass courses - bad weather means conditioning 14E theoretical examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of private aircraft pilots (to article 17) site of the original text : BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 198 1.
The decrease of the theoretical examination is to apply for the training Director of the training company / training facility for the applicants to the competent body.
2. this examination is a written examination in the following two subjects and can be placed on one or more days at discretion of the competent authority. The following processing times must not be exceeded: professional editing time hours (maximum) pedagogy in the 1:30 flight training methodology in the 1:30 flight training total 3:00 2.
A test subject is considered to be passed if the applicant in this compartment has reached at least 75% of the possible points. Points may be awarded for correct part answers.
3. proof of teaching is to provide through the development and implementation of a sample of at least one teaching unit.

Plant 14F practical examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of private aircraft pilots (at paragraph 17) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 199-201 1.
The acceptance of the practical test is to apply for the training Director of the training company / training facility for the applicants to the competent body.
2. the candidate has to pass the practical exam on an aircraft used in the training from the class of aircraft used in the training. The aircraft used in the practical test must meet the requirements for the implementation of the practical examination. The duration of the flight should be approximately 60 minutes.
3. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the flight.
4. the applicant must lead the aircraft from the seat from which he can perform the activity of flying instructor. Without prejudice to his responsibility for the flight according to § 4 para 4 LuftVG should the auditor represent a flight student in various stages of training and insert typical error in the testing procedure for a student.
5. the applicant is responsible for the planning of the flight and shall ensure that all equipment and materials for the flight on board are.
6. should the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Only the nontransacted sections are canceled testing for reasons justified for the Inspector, in a further flight to check.
7. the applicant can even repeat each exercise and each procedure. The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the flying skills of the candidate, that the entire test must be repeated.
8. the applicant has to prove the following skills: - loading of the aircraft within the operating limits - quiet and accurate presentation of all exercises – good judgment and behavior as a driver of air (airmanship), as well as methodological skills as a flight instructor - application of knowledge in the aviation and control of the aircraft at any point of the flight, so that the successful implementation of a procedure or an exercise at any time is seriously at risk.
9. the applicant must be able, the exercises listed in the audit log before going and the auditor to explain verbally.
10. the individual exercises the practical examination are with "pass" or 'fail' rated. Is an exercise is not passed, this exercise is considered failed. More than three exercises are not passed, the candidate must repeat the whole test. A candidate who is not only up to three exercises, repeat only the failed exercises. An exercise is not passed in the repeat test is the whole test again. This also applies to exercises that were passed in a previous attempt.
11. for the conduct of tests, the values specified by the manufacturer in the flight manual and recommendations are decisive. The following tolerances are general guidelines. Turbulence, flight characteristics and flight performance of the used plane pattern are considered by the appointed auditor.
a) heading: - normal flight +-10 degrees in straight flight in the horizontal, sink rate and climb and at the end of curves with normal engine performance b) altitude - normal flight with normal engine performance +-100 ft c) speeds:-start and landing + 10 kt – 0 kt - all other flight conditions +-10 kt with normal engine performance of the recommended speed.
 
12 passing the practical exam entitles the applicant to a work as flight instructors under the supervision of an experienced instructor recognized by the competent authority for this purpose with the exception - approval as second instructor to the first solo - performing training flights with instructor to extend an authorization 13.
The restriction of supervision can be lifted at the request of the recognised instructor if the applicant has fully trained at least a student to the examination stage or has conducted 50 training flight hour at all stages of education.
14. the permission is limited XIII of the license with the words "Teaching authorization in accordance with article 88a travel" by the competent authority in the field.
Audit proof of practical examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of private plane pilots surname and forename of the applicant:...
Anschrift: .......................................................
License number:...
(I). Test flight aircraft type:... Features:...
Point of departure:... Start time:...
Zielort: ............................ Landing time:...
Flight time:...
Aus der Anlage 1B ausgewählte Übungen
--------------------------------- ---------------------------------
Übungen I Bewertung Übungen I Bewertung
I B/NB I B/NB
--------------------------------- ---------------------------------
I I
--------------------------------- ---------------------------------
I I
--------------------------------- ---------------------------------
I I
--------------------------------- ---------------------------------
I I
--------------------------------- ---------------------------------
II. Result of the test - I pass/fail * I - III comments
................................ ...........................
Place and date signature of the auditor...
Auditors No. Name in block capitals * as appropriate is to delete system 15A theoretical competition to acquire of the permission to the practical training of glider pilots (to 18) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 202 1.
The decrease of the theoretical examination shall be requested by the applicant to the competent body. The test is to place before the competent authority or an officially appointed auditor.
2. this examination is a written or computer-aided examination in the following seven subjects and can be filed at discretion of the competent authority, on one or more days. Several test subjects can be grouped together. A review consists of at least 70 questions. Testing must be about 2/3 of multiple choice questions (multiple choice) from the current official list of questions and about 1/3 of langschriftlich to respondents questions. The following processing times must not be exceeded: tray processing time hours (maximum) air law, aviation and air traffic control regulations including rules of mobile radiotelephony service 1:00 general aircraft customer of 0:45 human performance and limitations 1:00 0:45 meteorology navigation, flight performance and flight planning 1:00 behaviour in special cases 0:45 aerodynamics 0:45 total 6:00 3.
A test subject is considered to be passed if the applicant in this compartment has reached at least 75% of the possible points. Points may be awarded in multiple choice questions only for correct answers, langschriftlich to be answered questions for correct part answers.
4. the existence of this theoretical selection test include the registration for the acceptance of the practical selection examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of glider pilots.

Annex 15 B practical selection examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of glider pilots (to 18) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 203-205 1.
The glider used in the practical selection test must meet the requirements for the conduct of practical selection tests.
2. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the flight.
3. the applicant must lead the aircraft from the seat from which he can perform the activity of responsible pilots. The responsibility for flight operations LuftVG depends on section 4 para 4.
4. should the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Only the nontransacted sections are canceled testing for reasons justified for the Inspector, in a further flight to check.
5. the applicant has the following capabilities to demonstrate: - loading of the aircraft within the operating limits - quiet and accurate implementation of all exercises - good judgment and behavior as a driver of air (airmanship) - application of knowledge in the aviation and control of the aircraft at any point of the flight, so that the successful implementation of a procedure or an exercise at any time is seriously at risk.
6. the exercises of practical examination are "pass" or 'fail' rated. Is an exercise is not passed, this exercise is considered failed. More than three exercises are not passed, the candidate must repeat the whole test. A candidate who is not only up to three exercises, repeat only the failed exercises. An exercise is not passed in the repeat test is the whole test again. This also applies to exercises that were passed in a previous attempt.
Check diploma practical selection examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of glider pilots surname and forename of the applicant:...
Anschrift: ...................................................................
License number:...
(I). Test flights glider pattern:... Features:...
Airfield:... Flight time:...
Number of take-offs and landings:...
II. outcome of the test - I pass/fail * I - III comments......
Place and date signature of the auditor...
License No. Name in block capitals * as appropriate is to delete - exercises I review I B/NB - 1. Preparation to the start I 2. * winch towing I 3. * tow start behind aircraft I 4. * equity start I 5 ++ flying exercises I roll exercises I straight flight I circle change I slow flight I quick flight I page glide I - 6. Classification of the landing approach I - 7. Target landing set up within 100 m after the I land sign I - 8. Two-way traffic I - * as appropriate is to delete ++ choice of the order is reserved for the examiner annex 15 C curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the permission for the practical training of glider pilots (to 18) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 206-208 general introduction suitability and watching a flight teacher stand and fall with his personality, his flying skill and his theoretical, in particular technical knowledge in all aviation-related issues and problems. Students will come from various education circles with different knowledge bases and with various mental and physical disposition. They put their entire trust, carefully to be trained, in their flight instructor. To establish this relationship of trust, it is essential to require a good theoretical knowledge of the training instructors and him with the pedagogy, methodology and Systematics so familiar to make, that he is able to pass on his knowledge in an appropriate form to the student. He must be capable of recognizing all flight, aerodynamic and technical contexts, to explain them and to give the necessary instructions. His knowledge in all areas of expertise must be so absorbed that he can grant appropriate lessons for the implementation of the flight. Its responsibility is to ensure the education of prudent and responsible leader of the glider.
The theoretical training for obtaining an authorization to the practical training of glider pilots focus on developing the necessary methodological and didactic knowledge and skills for the teaching of learning. Moreover, in-depth knowledge in all areas of theoretical training for obtaining an authorization for glider guide are during the theoretical training based on solid basic knowledge to convey.
PEDAGOGY IN the flight training General - requirements of a flight instructor in terms of his character, his personality, his behavior and his appearance - responsibility of the flying instructor, legal and ethical commitment - trust relationship between teachers and students - educational impact on the student - parking of hubris or lack of self confidence - mutual respect and camaraderie - interact with idealistic attitude to aviation - flight discipline education - different causes of flight errors that can result in extreme cases to replace , to low intelligence level - character flaws - indiscipline air disease - are anxiety - learning will lack of attention gift lack of lack of flying sensation - orientation lack of cramped tax guide - lack of overview lack of empathy, appraisal, reaction and concentration - and resilience - and spatial sense - and learning - complexes - -
Looking for ways to influence the causes of recognized error - communication between instructors and students before, during and after the flight - test bias - influence of the flying instructor on the setting and the behavior of the flight student during the test flight - flight assessment methodology and Systematics - the teachers - students - Lehrgegenstand or curriculum - preparation and structure of teaching - teaching technology - real talk of the flight student - awakening and directing his attention - the student become familiar with the training plan - consistency of training in relation to scope and method - meaningful sequence the exercises in the light of the training State - continuity of training - frequency of repetitions - announcement and Declaration of the respective exercises before the flights - the teachings of flying and the correction technique see application of the teaching text on the fly - synchronization of the spoken word to the flight movement - debriefing and supplementary explanations for the flights - takeover and handover of control in flight - subdivision of the training programme in the sections - up to the first solo - deepening of the learned and training after the first solo flight - preparation for the test flight , in particular of all measures for the implementation of navigation flight - duty of supervision of the instructor at the canopy of the trainee - education for self-criticism and self control methodology IN the flight training methodological lessons - declarations of admissions and flying exercises - aerodynamic and functional contexts - use of process and clear lists Note: the instruction is to ensure that the candidate meets the relationships of each operation to each other, captures them intellectually to pass it later as a flight instructor on the trainees to be able to. It is to ensure that only the part of the training is taught, then corresponding to the flying exercises.
-Methods of mediation of flying with navigation AIDS (E.g. GPS) drawing up a doctrine text - drawing up a training schedule with the following points: - training theme - training target - form of training - training process - resources - time required - trace - fabric outline - objectives - tools etc. - organizational measures - follow-up system 15 d curriculum for practical training to acquire of the permission to the practical training of glider pilots (to 18) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 209-212 the glider used in the practical training to acquire of the permission for practical training of glider leaders has for the training to be suitable.
In practical training, the practical skills required to - safe and responsible use of the glider from the seat of the flying instructor - guide a flight student to perform the required for the proper and safe operation of a flight actions, to provide recognition of the necessary active intervention in the continuation of the incorrect responses of the flight student flight in particular - control the attention and focus of attention - practice of the gaze behaviour - are the candidate.
The flights are to apply, that all areas of the glider flight training are represented.
Flight training on the seat of the instructor must at least 15 starts, including the types of start towed home behind aircraft and winch towing, with recognised for this purpose by the competent authority certifying teaching include. In addition, exercises for repetition and deepening can be flown with a different candidate. Following exercises must be included in the flight training: all exercises of the movement is to explain that the spoken word is the same as the movement of the aircraft.
The most common tax mistakes are to demonstrate by the authorised and must by the applicant recognized and addressed.
To ensure a methodological uniformity of the training course, the teaching exercises only in its form and order are explained below, without any sailing stuff pattern used for the training.
General introduction includes the Declaration of the entire aircraft from the inside as well as outside. It provides knowledge about the arrangement of control levers and control trim actuation, the instruments, as well as the emergency equipment. Statement about the boarding and disembarking, harnesses and operating the controls and proper use of the emergency exit and emergency equipment.
Preparation and exit a flight - are of the student and expediency of its clothing - takeover of the plane, make sure on the technical state of clear on the basis of Board documents, the operating manual and the clear list - external control, internal control, control from the start, if necessary by requesting the start and flight clearance by radio - check prior to exiting the aircraft, fill in the Board documents, the notification of complaints - debriefing getting used to flight - for the candidate the flight serves grant and acceptance of a clear-cut order of flight - this , to introduce him to fly by the seat of the authorised and to make him familiar with the environment of the airport from the air.
-Students will be introduced to the flies and motivated to continue the training. Aerobatics or special flight conditions are to refrain from this flight.
-For the student, which is flown this flight is only for settling on a new glider pattern effect of tax organs - explanation of the movements around the lateral axis by and move back the stick, lateral to the longitudinal axis move of the control stick and the vertical axis by pressing of the rudder. Evidence suggests that all movements relative to the aircraft are always the same, regardless of which location it is located.
-Effectiveness and sensitivity of single rowing at − multi-speed − various flight attitudes - knock-on effect when operating the rudder or the aileron rudder − rotate around the vertical axis of − roll around the longitudinal axis of − risk of developing to the spiral as a result of the single activity of the rudder aileron of − roll around the longitudinal axis − rotate around the vertical axis tilting around the lateral axis of − development of the spiral as a result of side-blown fuselage and the fin by sliding - notes on the same end effect, therefore necessary compensation for the use of both rudder - effect of inertia - impact of the negative moment of the turning - aerodynamic effect on − actuation trim − activity of country aid of − actuating of the spoilers taxiing on the ground - effect way of controls and brakes straight flight - maintaining the direction of flight and flight attitude - keep the right attitude in relation to the horizon and the direction, use the trim , Evaluation of instruments - reading of the flight monitoring tools, monitor the surrounding air space curves classification of curves in flat, medium-sized and steep curves - initiate the turn from horizontal flight real using the rudder - maintaining the angle and rotation speed (rate of turn) - take-out from the curve - climb and descent flight curves - banked corners - potential curves errors tilting in the curve - thermalling flight − circles in the thermal Center , common circle flight − covering, tilt and spin in the straight and turns - stop monitoring of the surrounding airspace covering, tilt and spin - direction behavior during the Abkippvorgangs - termination of excessive flight status or tipping off by pressing (minimal loss of height) - notes at the risk of again tipping rapid catching - initiating and ending of the Trudelns spiral initiate causes - spiral - detecting the spiral - ending spiral - correct application of rudder when the note : Differences between spiral and spin are to demonstrate.
Square round - start, cross departure, downwind, lateral approach, final approach, landing - winch towing − alignment of a glider in the starting direction − direction keep − influence through wind, correct use of the elevator, note the speed - hold towing start behind aircraft of − alignment of the glider of − direction − influence through wind, correct use of the elevator, note the speed − − maintaining of the attitude behind the towing aircraft transition to horizontal flight. Maintaining the attitude - curve in the downwind - downwind, approach the position, review of all instruments and controls according to the clear list, distance to the runway - ingesting the landing approach speed - curve in the transverse approach - descent in the final approach altitude, real sink ratio in relation to the distance to the approaching round line taking into account of the wind - land curve, stopping the curve in runway extension, if necessary taking into account the page wind - right sink rate and glide speed, actuating the brake flaps with appropriate attitude - interception and off float - pulling through to the landing , Agricultural technology, direction keep rolling out - are to practice addition: − long approach and landing without brakes − − landing followed by a short landing behavior at too low and too high − landing from a position outside the square round - technology approach and driven back and crosswind landings, permissible and demonstrated crosswind component page glide -.
Page gliding in the straight approach − initiate the gliding speed, order of tax measures, direction, sink rate, speed − exit, order of the tax measures, towards keep maintaining the glide speed target landing - destination country exercise with fit within 100 m after the landmark emergency landings - start interruption − − notice of the speed keep pressing and direction − use of the brake flaps of − decision on the further procedure - foreign country exercises – selection of the land surfaces , Attention to wind direction and speed Note: this exercise is to perform with a travel motor glider with engines at idle. Setting up is allowed only if the legal requirements are met.

Plant 15E theoretical examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of glider pilots (to 18) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 213 1.
The decrease of the theoretical examination is to apply for the training Director of the training company / training facility for the applicants to the competent body.
2. this examination is a written examination in the following two subjects and can be filed at discretion of the competent authority, on one or more days. The following processing times must not be exceeded: professional editing time hours (maximum) pedagogy in the 1:30 flight training methodology in the 1:30 flight training total 3:00 2.
A test subject is considered to be passed if the applicant in this compartment has reached at least 75% of the possible points. Points may be awarded for correct part answers.
3. proof of teaching is to provide through the development and implementation of a sample of at least one teaching unit.

Plant 15F practical examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of glider pilots (to 18) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 214-216 1.
The acceptance of the practical test is to apply in connection with the theoretical examination by the Education Director of the training company / training facility for the applicants to the competent body.
2. the candidate has to take the practical exam on a glider pattern used in the training. The glider used in the practical test must meet the requirements for the implementation of the practical examination.
The practical examination must consist of at least three flights, making at least one in the startup type tow start behind aircraft.
3. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the flight.
4. the applicant must lead the aircraft from the seat from which he can perform the activity of flying instructor. Without prejudice to his responsibility for the flight according to § 4 para 4 LuftVG should the auditor represent a flight student in various stages of training and insert typical error in the testing procedure for a student.
5. the applicant has to make sure that all equipment and materials for the flight on board are.
6. should the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Aborts the examination for reasons justified for the Inspector, only the remaining test flights are making.
7. the applicant can even repeat each exercise and each procedure. The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the flying skills of the candidate, that the entire test must be repeated.
8. the applicant has to prove the following skills: - loading of the aircraft within the operating limits - quiet and accurate implementation of all exercises - good judgment and behavior as a driver of air (airmanship), as well as methodological skills as a flight instructor - application of knowledge in the aviation and control of the aircraft at any point of the flight, so that the successful implementation of a procedure or an exercise at any time is seriously at risk.
9. the applicant must be able forward fly exercises and evaluated to explain verbally the auditor exercises for the practical examination are with "pass" or "fail". Is an exercise is not passed, this exercise is considered failed. More than three exercises are not passed, the candidate must repeat the whole test. A candidate who is not only up to three exercises, repeat only the failed exercises. An exercise is not passed in the repeat test is the whole test again. This also applies to exercises that were passed in a previous attempt.
10 pass the practical exam entitles the applicant to a work as flight instructors under the supervision of an experienced instructor approved by the competent authority for this purpose with exception - approval as second instructor to the first solo - performing training flights with instructor to extend an authorization 11.
The duty of supervision in accordance with section 10 can be lifted at the request of the instructor for this recognized, if the candidate has made at least a flight student in each phase of training or has carried out at least 60 own training starts and 10 hour of training flight at all stages of education.
Audit proof of practical examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of glider pilots surname and forename of the applicant:...
Anschrift: .......................................................
Lizenz-Nr.: ......................................................
(I). Test flights glider pattern:... Features:...
Airfield:... Flight time:...
Aus der Anlage 5B ausgewählte Übungen:
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Übungen I Bewertung I Übungen I Bewertung
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I I I
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II. Ergebnis der Prüfung
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I Bestanden/Nicht bestanden * I
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III. Bemerkungen
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Place and date signature of the auditor...
Auditors No. Name in block capitals * as appropriate is to delete system 16A theoretical competition to acquire of permission to practical training of free balloon Guide (§ 19) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 217 1.
The decrease of the theoretical examination shall be requested by the applicant to the competent body.
2. this examination is a written or computer-aided examination in the following seven subjects and can be filed at discretion of the competent authority, on one or more days. Several test subjects can be grouped together. A review consists of at least 70 questions. Testing must be about 2/3 of multiple choice questions (multiple choice) from the current official list of questions and about 1/3 of langschriftlich to respondents questions. The following processing times must not be exceeded: tray processing time hours (maximum) air law, aviation and air traffic control regulations including rules of mobile radiotelephony service 1:00 general aircraft customer of 0:45 human performance and limitations 1:00 0:45 meteorology navigation, flight performance and flight planning 1:00 behaviour in special cases 0:45 Aerostatics 0:45 total 6:00 3.
A test subject is considered to be passed if the applicant in this compartment has reached at least 75% of the possible points. Points may be awarded in multiple choice questions only for correct answers, langschriftlich to be answered questions for correct part answers.
4. the existence of this theoretical selection examination include the registration to the acceptance of the practical selection examination to acquire of the permission for practical training by free balloon Guide.

Appendix 16 B practical selection test to acquire of permission to practical training of free balloon Guide (§ 19) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 218-219 1.
The free balloon used in the practical selection test must meet the requirements for the conduct of practical selection tests and a free balloon of the size class I.
2. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the journey.
3. should the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Only the nontransacted sections are canceled testing for reasons justified for the Inspector, in a further drive to check.
4. the applicant can even repeat each exercise and each procedure. The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the flying skills of the candidate, that the entire test must be repeated.
5. the applicant has the following capabilities to demonstrate: - run the free balloons within the operating limits - quiet and accurate implementation of all exercises - good judgment and behavior as a driver of air (airmanship) - application of knowledge in the aviation and control over the free balloon at any point of the journey, so that the successful implementation of a procedure or an exercise at any time is seriously at risk.
6. the individual exercises the practical examination are with "pass" (b) or 'fail' (nb) evaluated. More than three exercises are not passed, the candidate must repeat the whole test. A candidate who is not only up to three exercises, repeat only the failed exercises. An exercise is not passed in the repeat test is the whole test again. This also applies to exercises that were passed in a previous attempt.
Check diploma practical selection examination to acquire of the permission for practical training by free balloon guide name and first name of the applicant:...
Anschrift: ..............................................................
Lizenz-Nr.: .............................................................
(I). Test drive balloon type: gas balloon/Aerostat * pattern:...
Registration mark:... Size:... m3 launch site:... Start time:...
Landing site:... Landing time:...
Travel time:... - i exercises I review I I B/NB - 1 I ride preparation I - 2 I upgraded I - 3 I-free balloon external and internal control to clear list I - 4 I get in and start on a given ride height I - 5 I implementation of the ride I I implementation the necessary measures and I I controls during driving I I navigation I I emergency procedures I - 6 I two-way traffic I - 7 I taking heights to achieve favorable I I directions I - 8 I selection of suitable land area I - 9 I stopover or higher wind - I I speed land transport without I I ground contact from a flying by I
I 150m über Grund I
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10 I Endlandung I
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11 I Entleerung der Hülle I
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12 I Verpacken des Freiballons nach der Endlandung I
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II. Result of the test: - I passed / not passed * I - III. remarks:......
Place and date signature of the auditor...
Auditors No. Name in block capitals * as appropriate is to delete Annex 16 C curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the permission for practical training by free balloon Guide (to article 19) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 220-224 general introduction suitability and watching a flight teacher stand and fall with his personality, his technical skill and his theoretical, in particular technical knowledge in all aviation-related issues and problems.
Students will come from various education circles with different knowledge bases and with various mental and physical disposition. They put their entire trust, carefully to be trained, in their flight instructor. To establish this relationship of trust, it is essential to require a good theoretical knowledge of the training instructors and him with the pedagogy, methodology and Systematics so familiar to make, that he is able to pass on his knowledge in an appropriate form to the student. He must be capable of recognizing all terms, aerostatic and technical contexts, to explain them and to give the necessary instructions. His knowledge in all areas of expertise must be so absorbed that he can grant appropriate lessons for the implementation of the ride. Its responsibility is to ensure the prudent and responsible free balloon guide education.
The theoretical training for obtaining an authorization for practical training by free balloon guide focuses on developing the necessary methodological and didactic knowledge and skills for the teaching of learning. Moreover, in-depth knowledge in all areas of theoretical training for obtaining an authorization for practical training by free balloon guide are during the theoretical training based on solid basic knowledge to convey.
PEDAGOGY IN training General - requirements for a flight instructor with regard to his character, his personality, his behavior and his appearance - responsibility of the flying instructor, legal and ethical commitment - trust relationship between teachers and students - educational impact on the student - parking of hubris or lack of self confidence - mutual respect and camaraderie - interact with idealistic attitude to aviation - motivation of flight discipline - various causes of flight errors that can result in extreme cases to replace , lack of flying sensation - learning will lack lack of empathy, appraisal, attention Gabe's lack of orientation lack of overview lack of reaction and concentration - and resilience - and spatial sense - and learning - complex - of - anxiety - air disease - are to low intelligence level - character flaws - indiscipline - looking for ways to influence the causes of recognized error - professional assessment during and after the journey - testing bias - influence of the flying instructor on the setting and the behavior of the flight student during the test flight methodology and Systematics in the theoretical training - fundamentals of human communication - introduction in Develop a teaching schedule for a lesson - training topic - definition of objectives - fabric collection, outline - time required - available educational materials and media - training form and instruction trace set - teaching techniques, motivation - adult education - objective controls create - organizational measures - preparation of teaching - familiarisation of the flight student with the learning objectives and the lesson plan - follow-up methodology and Systematics in practical training - meaningful sequence of exercises, taking into account the education level, the weather, continuity of training , Frequency of repetitions - announcement and Declaration of the respective exercises before the ride - explanation of the procedures with justifications - assessment of individual exercises immediately while driving - assume of the leadership of balloon (burner/ballast) while driving only in critical situations - debriefing and supplementary explanations after the ride - subdivision of the training programme in the sections -.
up to independent driving - regular practice of emergency procedures - deepening of the learned and training up to the test drive - preparation for the test drive - supervision of the instructor at the military build-up of the balloon by the trainees - motivation for self-criticism and self control methodology IN the training of General admissions - become familiar with the starting-places and facilities - safety - General requirements - notes to the Declaration of the free balloons - detailed discussion of the flight manual before your first training ride - clear list comprehensive lessons - explanations of permits and flying exercises - aerostatic and functional contexts - use of procedural and clear lists - methods of teaching the use of radio navigation AIDS Note: the instruction is to ensure that the candidate meets the relationships of each operation to each other, captures them intellectually to pass it later as a flight instructor on the trainees to be able to.
In special cases - safe behavior at the launch site and at events - dangers emanating from the fan - dealing with spectators at the launch site - avoiding accidents with power lines - behavior with electrical accidents - proper use of fire extinguishers – landings in critical conditions - training the team for avoiding accidents - training of the team to the behavior in accidents - behaviour messages from accidents - training facilities of emergency procedures - the flying instructor during emergencies , Errors and accidents air law - Luftrechtliche provisions relating to the training of − registered educational institution − insurance in education − scope training permit − instructor rating and extension - documentation and administrative procedures − school documents − student files − qualifications - forms and applications for school operation − student message − qualification − relating to the acceptance of inspections - forms for the permit renewal – tasks of the owner of the registered training organisation and the flight instructor − according to legal regulations − according the requirements of the education licence - general permission , Individual approvals, launch site opinion - meaning a detailed passenger briefing - using and creating clear lists - liability law for training and passenger trips navigation - making good use of the GPS navigational tasks.
-Different coordinate systems - benefits of using a tag - consideration of nature conservation, agricultural land and animal husbandry in the navigational trip planning - development trends of the future airspace structure - behaviour in different air spaces with a free balloon - features in the two-way traffic at Freiballonen with air traffic control posts - a launch site evaluation on suitability of meteorology - procurement of meteorological data and sources of supply - own sightings - use of Selfbriefingsystemen - interpretation and correct evaluation of meteorological data - meteorological training cruises trip preparation - detecting weather changes during a cruise - trends at the DWD in aviation consulting Aerostatics - load - and others aerostatic calculations - aerostatic influences and forces the upgrade of Freiballonen - influences of additional charge, change of temperature, pressure change, etc. on the behavior of a free balloon.
-Theoretical knowledge to the technique, heating intervals, valve effects, the balloon forces and resulting conclusions - in-depth theoretical knowledge balloon behavior in quick landings technology - electronic instruments and their technology - different burner systems, functioning and impact on emergency procedures - various quick drain systems and their characteristics - optimum occurs when upgrading from Freiballonen - safe dealing with propane - use of protective clothing human performance - performance effect of flying students in the course of the training - decision-making before and during balloon rides - supporting influence of outsiders on pilot decisions - impact duration trips - clear lists -.
Mental training of emergency procedures system 16B curriculum for practical training to acquire of permission to practical training of free balloon Guide (§ 19) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 225-226 of practical training to acquire of a permission for practical training by free balloon guide used in free balloon must correspond to the size class I and must be suitable for the training.
In practical training, the necessary practical skills to the - guide of a flight student to perform the acts necessary for the proper and safe conduct of driving – recognition of the necessary active intervention in the continuation in incorrect responses of the flight student are the candidate to convey.
Driver training - at least three trips with a total travel time of at least four hours must be performed. If the four hours are not reached, is to increase the number of journeys. The trips are to have the candidates in the methodological and pedagogical practice of a flying instructor.
-Whenever possible, every training ride with a student should be performed. Only if no flight students available, of recognized training flight instructors to represent the students. The recognized training flight instructor is located at all training rides with on board and is responsible for aircraft.
The trips are to plan, that simulates training in condensed form. The candidate learns to automatically upgrade the flight students from the very beginning, go and land. He you want to intervene only in cases of acute danger or to show the student the correct riding technique errors.
The candidate forms under the guidance of recognised training instructor according to the specifications of annex 7 B to the 2nd DV travel. In addition, following practices are taught the applicant: suitable driving and start preparation - before a training cruise weather conditions according to the training level of the flight student check - make sure that the student knows the essential parts of the flight manual of the free balloons used in the training - implementing a comprehensive trip preparation with the student in terms of navigatorischer, meteorological and luftrechtlicher - meeting of planned exercises and learning objectives - participation of the flight student in the decision-making processes - decision on the carriage of passengers according to the legal regulations - vehicles and launch preparations by the student under the guidance of and supervision of the applicant and of the recognised training instructor - training the team for upgrade, tracking, and recovery of the balloon off, cruise and landing - the candidate can perform the exercises while observing through the flight students and ensures that the requirements in the framework of the training level and the physical and mental capacity and neither under - nor overload occurs. Onset Unterforderung additional tasks are transferred the flight student, until he independently manages all tasks the balloon guide – the applicant indicates the student while driving errors and ways to avoid them shows - causing the notification of property owners in the event of floor damage at end or stopovers packaging and maintenance - inspection of the unit to get to know the parts and weaknesses - in hot-air balloons : Common refueling of the gas cylinders in accordance with all safety regulations follow-up meeting - joint fill of the Board, travel books and qualifications - incoming meeting of the drive for establishing of training progress − between applicant and student under the supervision of the recognised training instructor − between applicant and approved training instructors - meeting with the crew members flying instructor system forming in troubleshooting possible risky behaviour under the supervision of the recognised 16E theoretical examination to acquire of the permission for practical training by free balloon Guide (§ 19) site of the original text : BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 227 1.
The decrease of the theoretical examination is to apply for the training Director of the training company / training facility for the applicants to the competent body.
2. this examination is a written examination in the following two subjects and can be filed at discretion of the competent authority, on one or more days. The following processing times must not be exceeded: professional editing time hours (maximum) pedagogy in the 1:30 flight training methodology in the 1:30 flight training total 3:00 3.
A test subject is considered to be passed if the applicant in this compartment has reached at least 75% of the possible points. Points may be awarded for correct part answers.
4. proof of teaching is to provide through the development and implementation of a sample of at least one teaching unit.

Plant 16F practical examination to acquire of the permission to practical training of free balloon Guide (§ 19) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 228-230 1.
The acceptance of the practical test is to apply for the training Director of the officially recognised training course after completion of the practical training and the theoretical exam to the competent body. The applicant has the practical test on a free balloon of the size class I and free balloon style drop, on which he served during the flight instructor training course. The free balloon used in the practical test must meet the requirements for the implementation of the practical examination.
2. on the test drive, at least an inspector has to take part. Preferably a student can be taken with the candidates making a training drive has. The examiner has no flight students available, is to simulate the flight students.
3. within the framework of the test drive, the procedure of the candidate in accordance with Annex 16 d is 2.DV travel, as well as the behavior of the applicant on simulated or actual failure of a flight student to consider. The examination consists of a drive of 1 hour duration.
4. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the journey. The applicant has to prove the skills according to exam proof form. The implementation and the results of the driving test are to certify by the examiner on the form.
5. should the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Only the nontransacted sections are canceled testing for reasons justified for the Inspector, in a further drive to check.
6. the applicant once repeat each test point. The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the ballonfahrerischen or methodical didactical skills of the candidate, that the entire test must be repeated.
7. the individual exercises the practical examination are with "pass" (b) or 'fail' (nb) evaluated. More than three exercises are not passed, the candidate must repeat the whole test. A candidate who is not only up to three exercises, repeat only the failed exercises. An exercise is not passed in the repeat test is the whole test again. This also applies to exercises that were passed in a previous attempt.
8 the first acquisition of a teaching authority subsequent to the training course successful training activities according to § 94 assumes prior to their issuance no. 5 LuftPersV para 1.
10. the candidates to the teaching authority has to train at least a student to demonstrate of the successful training activities in each phase of training.
11. the flight instructors authorized by the competent authority for supervision has to convince that the goal of the respective sections of the training was achieved before he certifies all successful training activities following education sections through a ride, or the student thereof.
Audit proof of practical examination to acquire of the permission for practical training by free balloon guide name and first name of the applicant:...
Anschrift : .............................................................
Lizenz Nr.: .............................
(I). Test drive balloon type: gas balloon/Aerostat * pattern:...
Features:... Size: ...m(hoch)3 place:... Start time:...
Landing site:... Landing time:...
Travel time:... - exercises I rating I B/NB - 1 trip preparations for the training cruise with I student I - 2 follow instructions and explanations of the I applicant's flight student I - 3. inclusion of the flight student in decision-making processes I - 4 correct errors during takeoff, cruise and landing I of the flight student I - 5 independent action control of the candidate I - 6 after meeting with the student and review his training level I - I let the flight student, I II. Ergebnis der Prüfung
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I Bestanden/Nicht bestanden * I
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III. Bemerkungen
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Place and date signature of the auditor...
Auditors No. Name in block capitals * as appropriate is cross conditioning 17A theoretical competition to acquire of the permission to the practical training of airship pilots (at paragraph 20) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 231 1.
The decrease of the theoretical examination of the selection is to request by the applicant to the competent body.
2. this examination is a written or computer-based examination. Has a duration of 60 to 120 minutes and contains the following listed subjects.
Place and time of the examination to determine the competent authority.
Functional area 1 aviation law, air traffic and air navigation regulations 2. navigation 2.1 General Navigation 2.2 radionavigation 2.3 flight planning 3. meteorology 4. aerodynamics (Aerostatics, gas gauge and aerodynamics) 5 aircraft general knowledge, technology 5.1 5.2 performance loading and focus 5.3 airship customer 5.4 electrical engineering and avionics 5.5 instruments 5.6 engines 6 behavior in special cases 7 human performance and limitations 3.
The test is considered to be passed if the applicant has reached at least 75% of the possible number of punk.
4. pass this theoretical selection exam include the registration for the acceptance of the practical selection examination to acquire of the permission to the practical selection test of airship leaders.

Unit 17 B practical selection examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of airship pilots (at paragraph 20) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 232-235 1.
The air ship used in the practical selection test must meet the requirements for the verification of the practical range.
2. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the flight. The time of simulated emergency situations will be given locally and temporally known for the candidate.
3. should the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Only the nontransacted sections are canceled testing for reasons justified for the Inspector, in a further flight to check.
4. the applicant can even repeat each exercise and each procedure. The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the flying skills of the candidate, that the entire test must be repeated.
5. the applicant has the following capabilities to demonstrate: - run of the ship within the operating limits - quiet and accurate implementation of all exercises - good judgment and behavior as a driver of air (airmanship) - application of knowledge in the aviation and control of the air ship at any point of the flight, so that the safe conduct of proceedings or an exercise at any time is seriously at risk.
6. the individual exercises the practical examination are with "Advanced" (b) or "not bestanden"(nb) rated. An exercise is not passed in a test section, this section shall be considered failed. Is more than a section of the exam is not passed, the candidate must repeat the whole test. A candidate who is not only a test section, repeat only the failed section. A section is not passed in the repeat test is the whole test again. This also applies to sections that were passed in a previous attempt. The entire exam is to take six months.
Practical selection examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of airship pilots surname and forename of the applicant:...
Anschrift: ...................................................................
Air driver license for:...
Issued by:... on:...
I. conduct of the examination:
Airship pattern:... Features:...
Point of departure:... Start time:...
Zielort: ................................. Country time. ........................
Block time (from pole to pole):...
II. Ergebnis der Prüfung
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I Bestanden/Nicht bestanden * I
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III. Bemerkungen
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Place and date signature of the auditor...
Auditors No. Name in block capitals * as appropriate is to delete weather conditions: - at the point of departure I on the route I at the destination - I I I I I I I I – – seat of the Auditor: I right I links I middle I back - assessment of individual flying exercises - test section/exercise I B/NB
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1. Flugvorbereitung
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2. External and internal control to clear list - 3. Let the engines - 4. Review of engines, systems and equipment - 5. Ablegen vom Mast
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6. Start 6.2 emergency startup procedure - 6.3 through (see 12.3) - 6.4 start with simulated engine failure - 7 - 6.1 normal start procedure -. Steigflug
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8. Flying exercises - 8.1 - 8.2 turns - 8.3 flying flight in pressure height - 8.4 compliance with given above trajectory parameters according to instruments - 8.5 tracking with flight navigation instruments - 8.6 location with the help of flight navigation instruments - 8.7 leadership of the Operational flight plan - 9. Determination of static gravity in flight - 9.1 computationally - 9.2 virtually (weight-off, speed/attitude) - 10. Sinkflug
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10.1 Normaler Sinkflug
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10.2 Notsinkflug
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11. Approach - 11.1 approach with simulated engine failure - 12. Landings - 12.1 - with different static gravity - 12.2 - with simulated engine failure - 12.3 - crash of landing and go-around (see 6.3) - 13. Ground maneuver / loading on the mast - 14. Sprechfunkverkehr
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15. Use the clear list - 16. Checking on the ground - 16.1 behavior engine fire - 16.2 - 16.3 behavior during system failures - smoke/fire behavior 16.4 actions during emergency landing with and without the support of the ground crew - Annex 17 C curriculum for the theoretical training for obtaining the permission for the practical training of airship pilots (at paragraph 20) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 236-238 general introduction suitability and watching a flight teacher stand and fall with his personality, his flying skill and his theoretical, in particular technical knowledge in all aviation-related issues and problems. Students will come from various education circles with different knowledge bases and with various mental and physical disposition. They put their entire trust, carefully to be trained, in their flight instructor. To establish this relationship of trust, it is essential to require a good theoretical knowledge of the training instructors and him with the pedagogy, methodology and Systematics so familiar to make, that he is able to pass on his knowledge in an appropriate form to the student. He must be able, all with the flying activity related links to recognize, to explain them and to give the necessary advice and assistance. His knowledge in all areas of expertise must be so absorbed that he can grant appropriate lessons for the implementation of the flight. Its responsibility is to ensure the prudent and responsible air boat operator education.
The theoretical training for obtaining an authorization for practical training for airship guide focuses on developing the necessary methodological and didactic knowledge and skills for the teaching of learning. Moreover, in-depth knowledge in all areas of theoretical training for obtaining a permission to air ship guide are during the theoretical training based on solid basic knowledge to convey.
PEDAGOGY IN the flight training General - requirements for a flight instructor with regard to his character, his personality, his behavior and his appearance - responsibility of the flying instructor, legal and ethical commitment - trust relationship between teachers and students - educational impact on the student - parking of hubris or lack of self confidence - mutual respect and camaraderie - Act on idealistic setting to aeronautics - education of flight discipline - causes of flight errors, which can result in extreme cases to replace , are anxiety - - air disease - lack of flying sensation - learning will lack of cramped attention gift lack of tax management - lack of orientation lack of empathy, appraisal, overview of lack of reaction and concentration - and resilience - and spatial sense - and learning - complexes - - to low intelligence level - character flaws - indiscipline - looking for ways to influence the causes of recognized error - error response during the flight and evaluation after completion of the flight - test bias - influence of the flying instructor on the setting and the behavior of the flight student during the test flight - flying assessment methodology and Systematics - the teachers - the Learning - the Lehrgegenstand or curriculum - preparation and structure of teaching - teaching technology - real talk of the flight student - awaken its attention - familiar make of the student with the training plan - consistency of training in relation to content and method
meaningful sequence of exercises in the light of the training State - continuity of training - frequency of repetitions - announcement and Declaration of the respective exercises before the flights - the teachings of flying and the correction technique under application of the teaching text on the fly - synchronization of the spoken word to the flight movement - debriefing and supplementary explanations for the flights - takeover and handover of control in flight - subdivision of the training programme in the sections - up to the first solo - deepening of the learned and training by the first solo flight - preparation for the test flight , in particular of all measures for the implementation of navigation flight - duty of supervision of the instructor at the canopy of the trainee - education for self-criticism and self control theoretical flying lessons and flight instructors teaching General permits - learn more about the launch site and its facilities - safety - General requirements - notes to the Declaration of the airship flight manual clear list comprehensive lessons - declarations of admissions and flying exercises - aerostatic/aerodynamic and technical relationships - use of procedural and clear lists Note: the lessons is to make , that the candidate meets the relationships of each operation to each other, captures them intellectually to pass it later as a flight instructor on the trainees to be able to.
-Methods of teaching the use of radio navigation aids drawing up a doctrine text - drawing up a training schedule with the following points: - training theme - training target - form of training - training process - resources - time required - trace - fabric outline - objectives - tools etc. - organizational measures - follow-up behavior in special cases - reasons for technical irregularities and possibilities for their removal - malfunction of equipment and instruments - radio failure behavior in emergencies and emergency procedures - fire on board - behavior on loss of orientation and meeting bad weather - emergency landings - behaviour after an emergency landing facility 17 d curriculum for practical training to the Acquisition authority to the practical training of airship pilots (at paragraph 20) site of the original text: BAnz. 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 239 the airship used in practical training to acquire of the permission for practical training by air skippers has for the training to be suitable.
The practical training is divided into 2 sections.
1. learning and strengthening of control/operation of the airship from the seat of the flying instructor 2. methodical flight training the methodical flight training to the candidates - to teach of the necessary skills to the secure and responsible implementation of the airship to the student, - to demonstrate of the correct leadership of the airship, - to methodically proper instructions of the flight student, - to detect faulty actions of the flight student, - to prevent or eliminate critical and dangerous flight modes , enable - to attach adequate correction (active intervention, verbal instructions) — for assessing the learning progress of the flight student.
The flight training must include for at least 15 hours with a recognized teaching justified by the competent civil aviation authority.
In terms of content, all flying exercises under the "curriculum for practical training to acquire of a license for airship Guide" (see annex 8 B (to 11)) must be, covered here learning the teaching methodology represents the focus of practical training.

Plant 17E theoretical examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of airship pilots (at paragraph 20) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 240 1.
This exam is a written or computer-aided examination in the following two subjects and can be filed at discretion of the competent authority, on one or more days. The following processing times must not be exceeded: professional editing time hours (maximum) pedagogy in the 1:30 flight training methodology in the 1:30 flight training total 3:00 2.
A test subject is considered to be passed if the applicant in this compartment has reached at least 75% of the possible points. Points may be awarded for correct part answers.
3. proof of teaching is to provide through the development and implementation of a sample of at least one teaching unit. The reproach is to put before a Committee designated by the competent authority. The Commission consists of a Chairman and at least one assessor. The theme of flight instructor teaching is set by the competent authority. The reproach is 'pass' or 'fail' rated.

Plant 17F practical examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of airship pilots (at paragraph 20) site of the original text: BAnz. In 2006, no. 60, Supplement No. 60a, 241-243 1.
Taking the practical test shall be requested by the head of training at the competent Office. The contents of the practical examination is set according to the type of instructor rating to be acquired. The applicant has to acquire the practical test on a pattern of air ship, on which he worked during the training for obtaining teaching authority. The air ship used in the practical test must meet the requirements for the implementation of the practical examination.
2. the Inspector has to discuss the inspection program in the broad with the applicant before the flight.
3. should the applicant cancel the practical exam for reasons not justified for the Inspector, is the entire test to repeat. Only the nontransacted sections are canceled testing for reasons justified for the Inspector, in a further flight to check.
5. the applicant can even repeat each exercise and each procedure. The examiner can at any time cancel the check if the flying skills of the candidate, that the entire test must be repeated.
6. the candidate has to demonstrate the following skills: - qualification of flight student for a safe guidance of the airship - pronounced judgment and educational behaviour as a flight instructor - application of his teaching and his aeronautical and theoretical knowledge.
7. the individual exercises the practical examination are with "pass" (b) or 'fail' (nb) evaluated. An exercise is not passed in a test section, this section shall be considered failed. Is more than a section of the exam is not passed, the candidate must repeat the whole test. A candidate who is not only a test section, repeat only the failed section. A section is not passed in the repeat test is the whole test again. This also applies to sections that were passed in a previous attempt. The entire exam is to take six months.
8. after a failed practical exam, further training may be required. Not all sections are passed in the second attempt, the further training of the competent authority is to set. The practical examination can be repeated any number of times.
Practical examination to acquire of the permission to the practical training of airship pilots surname and forename of the applicant:...
Anschrift: ...................................................................
Air driver license for:...
Issued by:... on:...
I. conduct of tests: airship pattern:... Features:...
Point of departure:... Start time:...
Zielort: ................................. Country time. ........................
Block time (from pole to pole):...
II. Ergebnis der Prüfung
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III. Bemerkungen
................................. .................................
Place and date signature of the auditor...
Auditors No. Name in Druckbuchstaben
* Nichtzutreffendes ist zu streichen
Wetterbedingungen:
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Sitz des Prüfers: I Rechts I Links I Mitte I hinten
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Aus der Anlage 8B ausgewählte Übungen I Bewertung
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Anmerkung:
Die Rolle des „Flugschüler“ übernimmt der Prüfer oder ein Fluglehrer, der nicht an der Ausbildung beteiligt war.
The selected exercises are initially in a flight briefing with the "student" to discuss.
The applicant has to announce the exercise carried out during the flight and then present them under explanatory words.
After that is the practice of the "student" under simulation of typical student misconduct to understand. The applicant has to correct the mistakes in an appropriate manner (verbally or if necessary through intervention).
The exercises with the "student" are to evaluate in a meeting after the flight by the applicant.