Keywords SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, ECOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT, CODE WAREHOUSE COVERED, BUILDING, DISASTER, PREVENTION, FIRE, FIGHT AGAINST the FIRE, PROTECTION AGAINST THE LIGHTNING, SYSTEM OF PROTECTION, STANDARD, STANDARDIZATION, STANDARD FRENCH, NF JORF n ° 1 of January 1, 2003, page 50 text no. 44 ORDER Decree of August 5, 2002 on the prevention of disaster in covered warehouses subject to authorization under the heading 1510 NOR : ELI DEVP0210307A: http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/eli/arrete/2002/8/5/DEVP0210307A/jo/texte the Minister of ecology and sustainable development, given the title I of book V of the environmental code, and in particular article L. 512 - 5;
Considering Decree No. 77 - 1133 of September 21, 1977 modified taken for the purposes of the Act No. 76-663 of 19 July 1976;
Given the Decree of September 10, 1970, classification of the covers in combustible materials from the resulting fire of an outdoor fire danger;
Given orders on 30 June 1983, amended and 3 August 1999 made under the code of construction and housing;
Given the Decree of 20 April 1994 modified relative to the declaration, the classification, packaging and labelling of substances;
See the opinion of the Higher Council of classified installations, stop: General Article 1 more on this article...
This order applies to the covered warehouses subject to authorization and under heading No. 1510 of the nomenclature of classified installations.
All of the provisions of this order apply to warehouses or significant changes to existing warehouses, which are the subject of an application for authorization submitted at the end of a period of six months after the date of publication of the Decree.
For the warehouses in which the application was presented before the expiry of that period or regularly put in service, and without prejudice to the provisions already applicable:-the provisions of articles 3, 10, 22, 23, 24 and 25 shall apply within a period of six months after the date of publication of the Decree;
-the provisions of articles 14 and 15 apply within a period of one year after the date of publication of the Decree.
The provisions of this order shall not apply to refrigerated warehouses.
Article 2 more on this article...
Means: covered warehouse: installation, composed of one or more buildings with a minimum of a roof, covered by heading No. 1510.
Warehouse: warehouse in which weather conditions are set and maintained according to the products, whether they are refrigerated (warehouses at positive temperature) or frozen or frozen (warehouses at negative temperature).
Cell: part of a compartmentalised warehouse, subject to the provisions of articles 8 and 9.
Height: the height of a warehouse building is the Ridge height, i.e. the height at the highest point of the roof of the building (except separated walls exceeding on the roof).
Protective strips: strips arranged on coatings of sealing along the separation walls between cells, intended to prevent the spread of a loss from one cell to the other through the roof.
Reaction and the fire resistance of building elements, class and index T30/1, drops inflamed: these definitions are contained in the decrees of September 10, 1970, relating to the classification of the covers in combustible materials from the fire hazard resulting from an outdoor fire, June 30, 1983, amended and August 3, 1999, made under the code of construction and housing.
Dangerous substances: substances or preparations listed in the Decree of 20 April 1994 changed (such as toxic, flammable, explosive, reacts dangerously with water, oxidizing or oxidizing).
Article 3 more on this article...
The operator maintains a status of the stored material. This indicates their location, the nature of the dangers as well as their quantity.
The operator has, on the site and before receipt of materials, hazardous materials safety data sheets, provided for in the labour code.
These documents are required at all times, in an easily accessible manner, the provision of fire and rescue and the inspection of classified installations services.
Implantation. -Accessibility Article 4 read more on this article...
The issuance of authorization to operate is subject to remoteness from the outside walls of the warehouse by report:-residential buildings, inhabited buildings or occupied by third parties and areas intended for habitation, excluding the related facilities to the warehouse, and the roads other than those necessary for the service or exploitation of the warehouse, a distance ZI corresponding to lethal effects in case of fire;
-to the tall buildings, to institutions receiving public, tracks open to the traffic of passengers, to the ways of water or pools, except the ponds of rainwater and reserve of water fire, and the heavy traffic roads other than those necessary for the service or operation of the warehouse, a distance Z2 corresponding to significant effects in case of fire.
Distances distance Z1 and Z2 must at least take into account thermal effects and toxic effects of smoke in case of fire.
These distances are the result of the application of the review of the study of the dangers and authorization.
Areas corresponding to these distances of remoteness are mentioned in the prefectural authorisation order.
Furthermore, the outside walls of the warehouse or the structural elements in the case of an open warehouse are located at a minimum distance of 20 meters from the walls of the institution.
With the exception of potential housing for the keeper of the warehouse, the same partial allocation to housing is excluded in buildings covered by this order.
Article 5 more on this article...
The warehouse must be constantly accessible to allow the intervention of the fire and rescue services. A lane at least is kept open for traffic on the perimeter of the warehouse. This path must allow access for firefighters rescue gear and crosses of these devices.
From this path, the firefighters must be able to access all the exits from the warehouse by a stabilized Road 1.40 metre wide minimum.
For any building higher than 15 meters height, 'way scale' access shall be provided to each façade. This provision is also applicable to warehouses of several levels with relief at least a floor located at a height greater than 8 meters over the level of access.
Vehicles whose presence is related to the operation of the warehouse should be able to park without causing gene on the outer lanes at the warehouse while leaving open the required access to the rescue, even outside the hours of operation and opening of the warehouse.
Provisions on the behaviour in fire of warehouses Article 6 read more on this article...
In General, the constructive provisions that the ruin of an element (walls, roof, posts, beams, for example) after a disaster does not ruin to a string of the structure of the building, including the surrounding storage cells, nor their cross-checking devices, and does not promote the collapse of the structure to the outside of the first cell on fire.
To prevent the spread of a fire at the warehouse or between parts of the warehouse, it is checking the following minimum constructive conditions:-exterior walls are made of materials M0, unless the building is equipped with an automatic fire extinguishing device;
-regarding the roof, its supporting members are made of materials M0 and the insulation (if it exists) is made of materials M0 or M1 to higher heating (PCS) less than or equal to 8.4 MJ/kg. The whole roof (support elements, insulation and sealing) must meet the class and the subscript T 30/1;
-the materials used for natural lighting must not, produce drops during a fire, flaming;
-for the warehouses of two levels or more, floors are fire degree 2 hours and stability at the light of the structure of one hour for those whose floor the last level is located more than 8 meters of domestic soil. For warehouses on simple ground floor than 12.50 meters in height, stability to the structure fire is one hour, unless the building is equipped with an automatic fire extinguishing device and that a specific study of fire engineering concludes with a cutscene of ruin demonstrating the non-effondrement of the structure to the outside of the first cell on fire and the absence of ruin to a string , and kinetics of fire compatible with the evacuation of persons and the intervention of the emergency services;
-the internal stairs linking separate levels, in the case of floors located more than 8 meters above the ground inside and considered as emergency exits, are enclosed by materials M0 fire of degree 1 hour and built walls. They must lead directly in the open air, otherwise on circulation sections the same fire-stop capability leading. The interiors doors overlooking these stairs are adorned flame of degree 1 hour;
-equipment maintenance workshops are isolated by a wall and a ceiling fire of degree 2 hours or located in a remote area of at least 10 meters of storage cells. The doors of intercommunication are fire degree 2 hours and are fitted with a door;
-offices and social rooms, with the exception of offices so-called "docks" to accommodate the staff working directly on the storages and docks, are located in a closed local remote at least 10 metres of storage cells, or isolated by a wall, a ceiling and doors of intercommunication with a door, which are all firewall of degree 2 hours without being contiguous with the cells where are these hazardous materials.
Article 7 more on this article...
Storage cells are divided into cantons of smoke with a maximum area of 1 600 square meters and with a maximum length of 60 meters. The cantons are delimited by cantonment screens, made in materials M0 (including their attachments) and stable degree fire a quarter of an hour, or by the configuration of the roof and the building structures.
The cantons of smoke are fitted in the upper part of smoke evacuation devices, combustion gases, heat and BenzoL products.
Outlets in automatic and manual control are part of the smoke evacuation devices. The useful surface of all of these outlets must not be less than 2% of the area of each canton of smoke.
Please allow at least four outlets to 1,000 square meters of roof area. The useful surface of an outlet must not be less than 0.5 metre square and not more than 6 square meters. The evacuation devices must not be implanted on the roof within 7 meters of the fire walls separating storage cells.
The manual control of the outlets is at least installed in two opposite points of the warehouse so that the operation of an order prevents the reverse manoeuvre by the other orders. These manual controls are easily accessible from exits of the building or of each of the storage cells.
The IOT of fresh air to an area equal to the surface of the outfalls of the largest canton, cell by cell, are carried out either by opening in front, mouths connected to ductwork, either by the cell to install doors leading outside.
Subdivision and development of storage Article 8 in more on this article...
The warehouse is compartmentalized in storage cells in order to limit the quantity of combustibles on fire during a fire.
This subdivision must prevent the spread of fire from one storage to another cell.
To achieve this, the cells must comply with the following provisions:-walls that separate storage cells should be fire walls of minimum degree 2 hours;
-openings in walls or walls separated, for example for the passage of gaines, are filled to ensure a fire level equivalent to that required for these walls or separation walls;
-openings in walls or walls separated, for example for the passage of technical galleries, are equipped with devices ensuring a fire level equivalent to that required for these walls or separation walls;
-the connecting doors between cells must be equipped with a self-closing device which can be ordered on the wall of separation of cells and fire degree 2 hours. The automatic closing of fire doors must not be impeded by obstacles;
-the separating walls must exceed at least 1 meter cover to the right of the crossing. The roof must be covered with a protective Strip on a minimum width of 5 meters of hand and side of the separating walls. Alternatively to protection strips, a dry column placed along the separating walls can provide such protection subject to justification;
-If the exterior walls do not have a firewall level 1 hour, the separating walls of these cells are extended laterally the exterior walls on a width of 1 metre or 0.50 metre protruding from the front in the continuity of the wall.
Article 9 more on this article...
The size of the surfaces of the storage cells must be limited so as to reduce the quantity of combustibles on fire and prevent the spread of fire from one cell to another.
The maximum surface of cells is equal to 3,000 metres square in the absence of automatic fire extinguishing system or 6,000 m square in the presence of automatic fire extinguishing system.
The prefect may authorize the operation of the warehouse for sizes of higher cells, in the presence of system of automatic fire suppression, subject to proof of the level of safety by the operator, with a specific study of engineering fire within the meaning of the sixth paragraph of article 6. This justification must be the subject of a critical analysis in accordance with the provisions of article 3 of the Decree No. 77-1133 of September 21, 1977. Authorization can be issued only after notice of the Higher Council of the classified facilities in the light of a report of inspection of classified installations and in the opinion of the departmental Council of health.
Article 10 more on this article...
Chemically incompatible materials or which may come into reaction between them in a dangerous way, or which are likely to increase a fire must not be stored in the same cell.
In addition, hazardous materials must be stored in special cells. These special cells are located on the ground floor without be overcome floors or levels.
Article 11 more on this article...
Bulk packaged contents (bag, pallet, etc.) form Islands limited as follows: (1) maximum Surface of the islets on the ground: 500 m²;
(2) maximum storage height: 8 meters maximum.
(3) the distance between two islets: minimum 2 meters;
(4) a minimum distance of 1 metre is maintained between the top of the islets and the base of the roof or ceiling, or any heating system; This distance must respect the minimum distance necessary to the functioning of the automatic fire extinguishing system, when there are.
Regarding the materials stored in shelving or rack, the provisions of the (1), (2) and (3) do not apply when there is presence of automatic extinguishing system. The (4) shall apply in all cases.
The height of dangerous liquids storage is limited to 5 meters from the inner ground, regardless of the mode of storage.
Stored materials in bulk are separated from other materials by a minimum space of 3 m on the open sides. A minimum distance of 1 metre is respected from the walls, to the elements of structure at the base of the roof or ceiling, or any heating system.
Article 12 more on this article...
The ground areas and local storage or manipulation of materials hazardous or likely to create a water or soil pollution must be waterproof, incombustible and equipped to be able to collect wash water and widespread accidentally materials.
Any storage of liquids that could create water or soil pollution must be associated with a holding capacity internal or external volume must be at least equal to the greater of the following two values: 100% of the capacity of the largest tank;
50% of the overall capacity of the associated reservoirs.
However, when storage is made up exclusively of lower unit capacity containers or equal to 250 litres, admitted to the transport, the minimum volume of the retention is equal either to the total capacity of the containers if this capacity is less than 800 litres or 20% of the total capacity with a minimum of 800 litres if this capacity exceeds 800 litres. This paragraph does not apply to the storage of flammable liquids.
Tanks or containers containing material likely to react dangerously together should not be associated with the same bowl of retention.
Article 13 more on this article...
All measures are taken to collect all of the waters and runoff likely to be polluted during a disaster, including water used for extinguishing of a fire and cooling, so that these are recovered or treated to prevent any pollution of the soil, sewers, streams or the natural environment. This containment can be achieved by internal or external storage cells. Internal devices are prohibited when hazardous materials are stored.
In the case of an external containment, channeled materials must, as gravity, be collected then converge on a specific capacity external to the building. The flow vents must be fitted with an automatic closing device to ensure this containment. All means must be put in place to prevent the spread of the fire by these flows.
Necessary for this containment volume is determined, especially in view of the study of dangers, depending on the speed of intervention and the means of intervention as well as the nature of the material stored, and mentioned in the prefecture.
Networks for collecting wastewater and stormwater from the property are equipped with shutters to keep any accidental pollution, disaster, on the site. These devices are maintained in working order, reported and actionable in any circumstance locally and from a command post. Their maintenance and their putting into operation are defined by set.
Means of fire fighting section 14 learn more on this article...
The automatic fire detection in storage cells with transmission of the alarm to the operator is mandatory. The type of detector depends on the stored products.
Article 15 more on this article...
The warehouse must be equipped with means for fighting fire appropriate to the risk and comply with the standards in force, including:-of one or several devices fire (mouths, poles...) public or private with an implanted 100 meters at most of the risk, or points of water, ponds, tanks, etc. This network of water, public or private, must provide in all circumstances flow and extinction and cooling water quantity evaluated in the study of dangers. The flow of fire appliances is mentioned in the prefectural authorisation order;
-fire extinguishers spread inside the warehouse, on outdoor areas and in places of risk specific close clearances, prominent and easily accessible. Extinguishing agents must be appropriate to the risks to fight and compatible with the materials stored;
-armed fire valves, divided in the warehouse based on its dimensions and located near the exits. They are willing to a home can be attacked simultaneously by two nozzles in opposite directions. They are used in freeze period.
The operator must justify to the prefect the effective availability of water flows.
In case of installation of automatic fire extinguishing systems, these must be designed, installed and maintained regularly in accordance with the standards in force.
Provisions relating to the operation of the warehouse Article 16 read more on this article...
In accordance with the provisions of the labour code, parts of the warehouse in which there may be presence of staff include releases to allow rapid evacuation.
In addition, the minimum number of these issues must allow any point of the warehouse is not remote more than 50 actual meters (journey of a person in the aisles) one of them, and 25 meters in parts of the forming dead-end warehouse.
Two exits at least outward from the warehouse or a protected area, in two opposite directions, are planned in each bin with an area greater than 1,000 square meters. In the presence of staff, these exits are not locked.
Article 17 more on this article...
In accordance with the provisions of the labour code, electrical installations must be carried out, kept in good condition and verified. Near at least one exit, is a switch installed central, well reported, allowing to cut the power supply for each cell.
Metal equipment (tanks, vats, piping) must be grounded and interconnected by a network of equipotential connections, in accordance with the regulations and standards, particularly given the nature of explosive or flammable products.
Current transformers electric, when they are pushed together or inside the warehouse are located in closed premises largely ventilated and isolated from the warehouse by a wall and fire doors, fitted with a door. That wall and those doors are fire-stop capability 2 hours.
The warehouse is equipped with an installation of lightning protection standards NF C 17 100 and NF C 17 102.
Article 18 more on this article...
In the case of artificial lighting, only electric lighting is allowed.
Fixed lighting fixtures are not likely to be struck during the operation points or are protected against shocks.
They are all distant circumstances material stored to avoid their warm-up.
Article 19 more on this article...
Without prejudice to the provisions of the labour code, the premises must be adequately ventilated to avoid any risk of explosion. Recharging batteries of self-propelled carts must be separated from the cells of storage by walls and fire doors, fitted with a door. These walls and doors are fire degree 2 hours. Recharging the batteries is prohibited outside the charging, or, in the case of automated warehouses, outside special areas designed for this purpose in the cells.
The outlet to the atmosphere of the ventilation must be placed as far as possible of nearby homes and offices.
Ventilation ducts are equipped with fire dampers to the separation between the cells, restoring the fire degree of crossing wall.
Article 20 more on this article...
If there is a boiler room, it is located in a room exclusively reserved for this purpose, outside the warehouse or isolated by a firewall of degree 2 hours. Any possible communication between the local and the warehouse is done either through an airlock fitted with two doors adorned-flame of degree fire degree 2 hours half an hour, with a door, either by a door.
The outside of the boiler are installed:-a valve on the supply line of the burners to stop the flow of fuel.
-a switch stopping the operation of the fuel pump;
-a sound device warning, malfunction of the burners, or another equivalent effective alert system.
Heating of warehouses and their annexes can be done by hot water, steam produced by a thermal generator or other system with an equivalent level of safety. Heating by gas-fired unit heaters are not allowed in storage cells.
In the case of heating by hot air of indirect type produced by a thermal generator, all the hot air ducts are entirely made in material M0. In particular, metal pipes, when they are calorifugées, not are furnished only with insulating M0. Fire dampers are installed if the pipes pass through a wall between two cells.
Electric heating by unprotected resistance is allowed in offices or social separated or isolated from storage cells.
The conduct of the cargo gear positions heating means, if they exist, present the same security guarantees than those provided to the premises in which they circulate.
The docks offices heating means, if they exist, present the same security guarantees than those provided to the premises in which they are located.
Article 21 more on this article...
The premises must be kept clean and regularly cleaned, particularly in order to avoid piles of dangerous or polluting materials and dust. Cleaning material must be adapted to the risks presented by products and dust.
Article 22 more on this article...
Work repair or development leading to an increase in risk (use a flame or a hot spring for example) can only be made after issuance of a "permit" and possibly a "allowed to fire" and respecting a particular policy.
The "permit" and eventually the "fire permit" and the particular set point must be established and covered by the operator or by a person that he will be named. When the work is done by an outside company, the "permit" and eventually the "fire permit" and the special instructions relative to the safety of the installation must be signed by the operator and the external company or persons designated by name.
After the end of the work and before the resumption of activity, a facility audit must be performed by the operator or his representative or the representative of any outside company.
Article 23 more on this article...
Without prejudice to the provisions of the labour code, instructions specifying the modalities of application of the provisions of this order must be established, kept up to date and displayed in the places frequented by the staff.
These instructions shall particularly indicate:-the prohibition of smoking;
-ban on all burning in the open air;
-the ban to bring fire in a form, except, where appropriate, in offices separated storage cells;
-the obligation of the "permit" or "fire permit" referred to in article 22;
-the procedures for emergency stop and of security of the installation (electricity, ventilation, air conditioning, heating, closing of fire doors, shutter of the flow of sewage including);
-extinguishing media to use in case of fire;
-the alert procedure with the phone numbers of the person in charge of intervention of the establishment, the fire and rescue services.
Article 24 more on this article...
The operator must ensure good maintenance of security and fire fighting equipment (outfalls, systems of detection and extinguishing, fire doors, column including dry) as well as electrical installations and heating. Periodic checks of these materials shall be entered on a register.
Article 25 more on this article...
For all warehouse of more than 50 000 square meters floor area, an internal operational plan is established by the operator.
In the quarter following the beginning of the operation of any warehouse, the operator organizes a defense exercise against fire, by implementation of the plan of internal operation if there is. It is renewed every two years.
Article 26 more on this article...
Outside the operating hours and opening of the warehouse, a warehouse, by guarding or remote monitoring monitoring must be implemented permanently to allow including access of fire emergency services.
Article 27 more on this article...
Before the commissioning of the warehouse, the beneficiary of the authorization passes to the prefect proof of compliance with the provisions of the ministerial order and the prefectural authorisation order, established by his care, as appropriate with the support of an office control or a verification company.
Article 28 more on this article...
The Director of prevention of pollution and risk is responsible for the execution of this order, which will be published in the Official Journal of the French Republic.
Done at Paris, on 5 August 2002.
For the Minister and by delegation: the Director of prevention of pollution and risks, delegated to the major risks, P. Vesseron