JORF n ° 0104 3 may 2012 page 7794 text no. 6 Decree of 20 April 2012 on the General requirements for classified installations of composting subject to registration under the heading No. 2780 NOR: DEVP1221724A ELI: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/eli/arrete/2012/4/20/DEVP1221724A/jo/texte the Minister of ecology, sustainable development, transport and housing, seen the Regulation (EC) no 1069/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 establishing rules applicable to products and animal by-products sanitary derivatives not intended for human consumption and repealing Regulation (EC) No. 1774/2002;
Given the code of the environment;
Given the Decree of 20 April 1994 modified relative to the declaration, the classification, packaging and labelling of substances;
Given the Decree of 23 January 1997 amended relating to the limitation of noise emitted into the environment by installations classified for the protection of the environment;
Given the order of January 8, 1998 relative to the spreading of sludge on agricultural soils;
Given the Decree of 21 November 2002 on the reaction to fire of products for construction and planning changed;
Given the Decree of 14 February 2003 relating to the performance of roofs and roof covers exposed to an external fire;
Given the order of 22 March 2004 on resistance to fire of products, books and construction elements;
The Decree of February 7, 2005, laying down technical rules which must satisfy farms compulsorily notifiable;
Given the Decree of 31 January 2008 on the register and the annual statement of emissions and waste;
Given the order of 7 July 2009 modalities of analysis in air and water in the epic and the reference standards;
Considering the opinion of the professional organisations concerned;
See the opinion of the High Council for the prevention of technological risks of February 14, 2012, stop: Article 1 more on this article...
This order sets the requirements for classified installations of composting of waste or vegetable raw material subject to registration under the heading No. 2780 after the date of entry into force of this order.
These provisions shall apply without prejudice to specific requirements supplementing them or strengthening them which can be matched the record order in the conditions laid down by articles L. 512-7-3 and L. 512-7-5 of the code of the environment.
Chapter I: General provisions Article 2 learn more on this article...
For the purposes of this order, means: composting: aerobic biological process controlled with usually a warm-up phase, which allows the hygienization and stabilization by degradation/reorganization of matter organic, and leads to obtaining a compost can be used as organic fertilizer or amendment.
Batch: a quantity of products produced in one facility on the same site of production using uniform production parameters and which is identified in order to allow the recall or reprocessing if needed.
Windrow: longitudinal deposit of fermenting organic matter formed during the composting process, the process is performed in a open or closed.
Concentration of smell (or level of smell): level of dilution that must be applied to an effluent so that it is more felt as fragrant by 50% of people constituting a sample population. It is expressed in the unit of European odor per m³ (uoe/m³). It is obtained according to standard NF EN 13 725.
Flow odor: product of the air flow rejected expressed in m³/h by the concentration of odor. It is expressed in European smell by time unit (uoe/h).
Fragrant intensity: magnitude of the sensation for a stimulus higher than that corresponding to the threshold of perception of a smell. It is most often an increasing function of the concentration of the fragrant mixture.
Back on the ground: the use of fertilization of soil; includes the destination of composts on the market and that of the material being applied on agricultural land as part of an application plan.
Materials produced by a facility are of two categories: 1. finished products, fertilizers and culture consistent with a rendered mandatory standard or media with an approval, provisional authorization of sale or authorization of distribution for experimentation.
2. waste, including: 2.a: intermediate materials, intended to be used as raw material first in another classified facility, for the production of the finished products referred to above;
2.b: other waste and effluent produced by the facility.
Emergence: the difference between levels of equivalent continuous pressure weighted environmental noise (installation operation) and residual noise (in the absence of the noise produced by the plant).
Regulated emerging areas: has) inside of buildings inhabited or occupied by others, existing on the date of the filing of the registration dossier, and their parts outside possible closest (courtyard, garden or terrace) excluding those of buildings located in areas intended to receive activities craft or industrial;
(b) land areas defined by opposable to third parties of planning documents and published on the date of the filing of registration dossier;
(c) the inside of the buildings inhabited or occupied by third parties who have been implemented after the date of the filing of registration in the Constructible zones defined above and their outside parties any closest (garden, courtyard, terrace), excluding those of the buildings located in areas intended to receive craft and industrial activities.
Article 3 more on this article...
Compliance of the installation.
Installation is established, directed and operated in accordance with the plans and other documents attached to the application for registration.
The operator lists and justifies as necessary all the arrangements for the design, construction and operation of the facility in order to meet the requirements of this order.
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Folder "classified facility.
The operator establishes and maintains a file containing the following documents: 1. A copy of the application for registration and the folder that accompanies it.
2. the registration dossier dated based on changes to the facility, including the daily capacity of the facility in tons of processed material (t/d).
3. the list of materials that can be admitted in the installation: nature and geographical origin.
4. the interim order issued by the prefect record as well as stopped prefectural relative to installation.
5. the results of measurements on the effluent and the noise over the last five years.
6. the documents provided for in this order, namely: ― the registry bringing together statements of accidents or incidents to inspection of classified installations;
― the plan of location of risk and all useful elements to the risks brought about by the operation of the facility;
― sheets data security of the products present in the installation;
― receipts attesting properties of the fire resistance of the premises;
― records audit and maintenance of means of alert and fire fighting;
― both local and positioning of the alert and emergency facilities;
― instructions operating;
― registers of admissions and outputs;
― the plan of wastewater collection networks;
― the terms of operation of the plant involved the construction of critical operations in terms of emission of odorous compounds, specified in article 51;
― the constituent documents of the application plan;
― the record of prevention and management of odor nuisance, referred to in article 51;
— where appropriate, the State zero odors in the environment of the site, mentioned in article 53.
This record is kept available to the inspection of classified installations.
Article 5 more on this article...
5-1. a composting facility includes at least: ― an area * (or dedicated equipment) of receipt/sorting/control of incoming materials;
― an area * (or dedicated equipment) storage of incoming materials, adapted to the nature of these;
― an area * (or dedicated equipment) of preparation if necessary.
― an area * (or dedicated equipment) of aerobic fermentation;
― an area * (or dedicated equipment) maturation;
― one area (or dedicated equipment) refining/screening/formulation if necessary;
― a compost storage and waste stabilized before shipment if necessary.
A lower number of areas is accepted on explicit justification of the operator.
Areas identified with an asterisk (*) are waterproof and equipped in a way to be able to collect runoff are having transited, juices and any process water.
Except those which are located in a closed building, these different areas are located 8 metres at the limits of ownership of the site.
The ground plan of the site indicating the function of the different areas is an integral part of the registration dossier.
5-2. without prejudice to planning regulations, installation is not located in the close protection perimeter of an abstraction of water for human consumption.
Installation is established so that different areas and facilities mentioned above are: ― to at least 50 meters of houses occupied by third parties, stadiums or campgrounds approved as well as areas intended for habitation by opposable to third parties of planning documents, institutions receiving public, except those in connection with the collection or treatment of waste. This minimum distance is increased from 50 to 200 meters for the areas reported with an asterisk (*) to the 1 of the present article when they are not closed, with collection and treatment of gaseous effluents, and 100 meters for the said areas facilities composting of related dung of the institution that produced;
― at least 35 meters from the wells and drilling outside the site, sources, and aqueducts in freefall, of shores, banks of streams, of any underground or semi-buried installation used for the storage of water for the drinking water supply, food industries, or watering the garden or hydroponic cultures; the 35 meter distance of the shores and banks of water courses can, however, be reduced in the case of transport by water;
― at least 200 meters from public places of bathing and beaches;
― at least 500 meters from the fish farms and shellfish areas.
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Flight of the dust.
Without prejudice to planning regulations, the operator shall adopt the following provisions to prevent the flight of dust and deposits of various materials: ― the taxiways and parking of vehicles are built and properly cleaned;
― the vehicles leaving the facility do not fly dust or deposit of mud on the public roads;
— to the extent possible, surfaces not directly used for the activity are grassed and screens of vegetation are implemented.
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Integration into the landscape.
The operator takes the appropriate provisions that allow installation into the landscape.
Throughout the site, as well as the surrounding area under the control of the operator, are kept clean and maintained permanently. The emissaries of rejection and their periphery are being carefully.
Chapter II: Prevention of accidents and pollution Section 1: General Article 8 more on this article...
Monitoring of the installation.
Exploitation is done under the supervision, direct or indirect, a person designated in writing by the operator and with knowledge of the conduct of installation and the dangers and disadvantages incurred and products used or stored in the installation.
Those outside the establishment have not free access to the facility.
Article 9 more on this article...
Cleanliness of the facility.
The premises are kept clean and regularly cleaned, particularly in order to avoid piles of dangerous or polluting materials and dust.
Article 10 more on this article...
Location of risk.
The operator identifies the installation areas which, due to the quality and quantity of contents implemented implement, stored, used or produced characteristics, are likely to be responsible for a disaster that may have a direct or indirect impact on interests mentioned in article L. 511 - 1 of the environment code. The workshops and areas of manipulation of these products must be part of the census.
The operator determines the nature of the risk (fire, explosion or toxic fumes) for each of these areas of the facility and report it on a conventional Panel.
The operator has a general plan workshops and storage indicating these risks.
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Status of stocks of dangerous products.
The operator maintains a record of the nature and quantity of the dangerous products held, to which is attached a general plan of preparations. This register is kept at the disposal of the fire and rescue services.
Presence in the installation of hazardous or combustible materials is limited to the needs of the operation.
Article 12 more on this article...
Product knowledge. ― Labelling.
Without prejudice to the provisions of the labour code, has operator documents allowing him to know the nature and risks of dangerous products in the installation, in particular records of safety data.
Containers in legible characters the name of the product and, if applicable, the hazard symbols in accordance with the legislation on the labelling of the substances, preparations and mixtures dangerous.
Section 2: Fire of local Article 13 in more on this article...
The buildings and premises housing installation the characteristics of reaction and resistance to the minimum fire following: ― entire structure minimum R15;
― walls inside and outside class A2s1d0;
― roofs and roof of class and index BROOF (t3) covers.
Premises do not storage of flammable materials or fuels other than those strictly necessary for the exercise of the activity.
Article 14 more on this article...
When composting facilities are covered, the roof has at least 2% of the surface of the elements, fire, evacuation of fumes (for example, fuses light materials under the effect of heat). Are obligatorily integrated in these elements outlets of smoke and heat to automatic and manual control whose surface is calculated in function, on the one hand, of the nature of the products, materials or substances stored, on the other hand, the dimensions of the building; She is never less than 0.5% of the total roof area.
The manual control of the smoke outlets should be easily accessible from the emergency exits.
Section 3: Provisions of security Article 15 in more on this article...
Closure of the facility.
Installation is enclosed by a fence with a minimum height of 2 metres so as to prohibit any unauthorized entry. Main access is suitable for normal conditions of operation of the site, any other access to be restricted to a secondary or exceptional use. The exits are closed outside the hours of receipt of the materials to deal with. These hours are indicated at the entrance of the facility.
These provisions do not apply to related facilities of a farm composting only its own effluent.
For the facilities on the same site another classified facility whose site is already closed, simple signs is sufficient.
Article 16 more on this article...
Control of access. ― Accessibility disaster.
I. - accessibility.
Installation at least access always has to allow the intervention of the fire and rescue services.
Within the meaning of this order, means "access to the facility" an opening connecting the service or public way and inside the site sufficiently sized to allow the entry of rescue gear and their implementation.
Vehicles whose presence is related to the operation of the facility Park without causing discomfort to the accessibility of vehicles of emergency services at the facility, even outside the hours of operation and opening of the facility.
II. - Accessibility of the machines near the installation.
At least one lane "gear" is kept open for traffic on the perimeter of the installation and is positioned so that they can be blocked by the collapse of all or part of this facility.
This 'gear' track respect the following: ― the width is at a minimum of 3 meters, the height at a minimum of 3.5 metres and less than 15% slope;
― in the corners of inner radius of less than 50 meters, a minimum R inside radius of 11 meters is maintained and a width of S = 15/R meters is added;
― the way resists the strength calculated for a vehicle of 160 kN with a maximum of 90 kN per axle, these being remote of 3.6 meters at maximum.
― each point on the perimeter of the installation is at a maximum distance of 60 meters from this path.
In case of impossibility of establishing a "gear" to track traffic on the entire perimeter of the facility and if all or part of the path is in deadlock, the last 40 meters of the part of the dead end lane are a minimum of 7 m width and a 10 meters in diameter turning area is provided at the end.
III. - Moving gear of relief within the site.
To allow the crossing of rescue gear, any section of track "gear" of more than 100 linear meters has at least two areas so-called crossover, judiciously positioned, whose characteristics are: ― useful minimum width of 3 meters in addition to the gear track;
― minimum length of 10 meters, and with at least the same qualities of slope, force bearing and headroom than the track "gear".
IV. - Establishment of the hydraulic device for gear.
From each channel "gear", is scheduled an access to all exits of the building or at least two opposite sides of the installation by a path stabilized 1,40 m wide minimum.
Article 17 more on this article...
Ventilation of premises.
Without prejudice to the provisions of the code of labour and normal phase of operation, the premises are properly ventilated to avoid any risk of formation of explosive or toxic atmosphere. The outlet to the atmosphere of the ventilation is placed as far as possible buildings inhabited or occupied by third parties and mouths of suction of outside air and at a sufficient height in view of the height of the surrounding buildings to facilitate the dispersion of the released gas.
Article 18 more on this article...
Automatic detection and extinguishing systems.
All closed risks areas identified in article 10 are equipped with a smoke detector. The operator lists these detectors with their functionality and determines the maintenance operations to maintain their effectiveness over time.
The operator is able to demonstrate the relevance of the sizing for the detection or extinguishing devices. He writes maintenance instructions and organizes biannual frequency at least maintenance and checks tests which reviews are kept available to the inspection of classified installations.
In case of installation of automatic fire extinguishing systems, these are designed, installed, and maintained regularly in accordance with recognized standards.
Article 19 more on this article...
Means of alert and fire fighting.
Installation has means of alert services for fire and rescue as well as means of fighting fire appropriate to the risk and comply with the standards in force, including: ― to one or more devices of fire (water intakes, poles for example) of a public network or private established so that any point of the limit of lots of materials prior during and after composting lies within 100 metres of a device for providing a minimum flow rate of 60 m³/h for a period of at least two hours. Otherwise, a reserve of water for extinction is accessible in all circumstances. If the latter is not exclusively intended for fire extinguishing, the operator materializes the volume required for the defence against fire and ensures permanent availability of the water supply. Its size and its location must have received the approval of the departmental services for fire and rescue before the commissioning of the installation;
― to sprinklers located inside the facility when it is covered, outdoor areas and in places of risk specific close clearances, prominent and easily accessible. Extinguishing agents are appropriate to the risks to fight and compatible with stored materials. In case of a high risk of fire, the installation also has armed fire valves located near the exits of closed buildings. They are willing to a home can be attacked simultaneously by two Spears from two different angles.
Fire-fighting resources are always available and sized to operate efficiently regardless of the outside temperature, and especially in freeze period.
The operator conducts periodic verification and maintenance of material safety and firefighting in accordance with standards in force. The results of the checks and, where applicable, those of the maintenance operations are recorded.
Article 20 more on this article...
Plans of the premises.
The operator establishes and maintains terms of positioning of equipment for alert and rescue as well as the plans of the premises, that he holds these plans available to the fire and rescue services, to mention, for every local hazards.
Section 4: Operation, general prescriptions Article 21 learn more on this article...
In the parts of the installation at risk of fire or explosion, in particular those referred to in article 10, it is forbidden to bring the fire in a form except for work was the subject of a "fire permit".
Article 22 more on this article...
Without prejudice to the provisions of the labour code, instructions are established, maintained and displayed in the places frequented by the staff.
These instructions include: ― the ban to bring the fire in a form, including the prohibition of smoking in areas at risk of fire or explosion, except prior issuance of a fire permit.
― the obligation of the "permit" for the installation concerned;
― the terms of implementation of the devices for containment and isolation of the network of collection, planned to point 4 of article 34;
― the extinguishing media to use in case of fire;
― the alert procedure with the phone numbers of the person in charge of intervention of the establishment, the fire and rescue services, etc.
― the procedures;
― the frequency of verification of the features of security and limitation or treatment of pollution and nuisances generated;
― instructions maintenance and cleaning; the obligation to inform the inspection of the installations classified in case of accident;
― the prohibition of burning in the open air.
The operator justifies the compliance with the requirements of this section by listing the instructions that it puts in place and by showing the date of last modification of each.
Article 23 more on this article...
Means for respect of ELVS.
The hotel has sufficient reserves of products or consumable materials used in current or occasional way to ensure compliance with the limit values of emission and the other provisions of this order such as filter sleeves, products of neutralization, liquid inhibitors, absorbent products, etc.
Article 24 more on this article...
Periodic check and maintenance of the equipment.
The operator provides or conducts a periodic verification and the maintenance of security and put fire-fighting equipment in place (outfalls, systems of detection and extinguishing, fire doors, column dry for example) as well as any electrical installations and heating, according to standards in force.
Periodic checks of these materials are recorded on a register on which the follow-up given to these audits are also mentioned.
Section 5: Admission of Article 25 in inputs is more on this article...
Nature of the incoming material.
Are admissible in a Center for the production of compost composting all waste and material of interest to soils or nutrition of plants or for the proper conduct of the composting process.
The admission of the following waste on the site of the facility is prohibited: — hazardous waste within the meaning of article R. 541 - 8 of the code of the aforementioned environment;
― animal by-products of category 1 as defined in article 8 of Regulation (EC) no 1069/2009;
― waste containing one or more radionuclides the activity or concentration of which cannot be disregarded from the radiation protection point of view.
Any admission contemplated by the operator of materials composting in nature or of a different origin of those mentioned in the registration dossier is brought to the attention of the prefect with all the evidence.
Some waste, likely to evolve in anaerobic and generating fragrant disturbances must, as soon as possible, if necessary after fragmentation, be mixed with products with characteristics complementary (structuring, carbon, dry), installation required in sufficient quantity.
Any admission contemplated by the operator of waste or material of a different nature from that mentioned in the record plant closed, likely to result in a significant change of the items in this folder, is brought to the attention of the prefect with all the evidence.
Article 26 more on this article...
Prior information on the materials to treat.
The operator of a composting facility is developing one or more specifications to define the quality of eligible waste. Before the first admission of a waste at its facility and in view of verifying eligibility, the operator request to the producer of the waste or the community in charge of collection prior information on the nature and origin of the waste and its compliance with the specifications. This prior information is renewed annually and kept at least three years by the operator.
The operator shall keep at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations the collection of charges and the prior information that was sent to notebooks.
Article 27 more on this article...
Each admission of waste gives rise to control of their compliance to the information mentioned on the advance information paper prepared in application of article 26. Materials and received waste are a preliminary weigh-off site or on admission, and Visual control upon arrival at the site. An estimate of the incoming quantities can be used as weighing.
Any admission of waste or material gives rise to a record of: ― the date of receipt, the identity of the carrier and the quantities received;
— the identity of the producer of the waste or the community responsible for their collection, and their origin;
― the nature and characteristics of the waste received with the corresponding code of the nomenclature set out in annex II of article R. 541 - 8 of the code of the environment.
Refused deliveries are also reported in this register, with mention of the reasons for refusal and refused waste destination indicated by the producer or the community responsible for the collection of such waste.
This provision for the registration of materials does not apply to the effluent produced by a farm which the composting facility is related.
Admission registers are archived for a minimum period of ten years. These records are kept available to the inspection of classified installations and, where appropriate, control authorities referred to in article L. 255 - 9 of the code rural and sea fishing.
The mixture of various wastes or the return of composts in treatment head in order to dilute the pollutants or undesirable is prohibited.
Section 6: Operation and the process of composting Article 28 in more on this article...
The composting process.
The composting process starts with a phase of aerobic fermentation of the material after mixing with aeration of the material obtained by turnarounds and/or forced ventilation. This aerobic phase is conducted according to the provisions set out in annex I.
The residence time of contents during aerobic fermentation composted in the corresponding box is for a minimum of three weeks duration can be reduced to two weeks in the case of forced ventilation.
At the end of the aerobic phase, the compost is directed towards the zone of maturation.
The operator fixed the conditions and means of control to avoid the onset of anaerobic conditions at the level of the incoming material storage or during fermentation or maturation. The maximum height of the piles and windrows of fermentable materials during these phases is therefor limited to three meters. The height may be increased to five meters if the operator demonstrates that this height does not damage and has no detrimental effect on the quality of the compost.
Article 29 more on this article...
Storage of composts.
The operator specifies in his file storage capacity of finished compost available at the facility. This capacity, including as appropriate that it can have on another site, is sufficient to cope with the irregularity of the quantities used or sold.
Article 30 more on this article...
The operator creates a batch management separated from manufacturing, since the constitution up to the sale of compost windrows. He indicates in his registration dossier the Organization set up to meet this batch management. He maintains a batch follow-up document on which he reports all information about the conduct of the degradation of materials and biological evolution of composting and to make the link between the incoming materials and outgoing materials after composting. When they are relevant based on the process being implemented, the following information are in particular reported on this document: ― nature and origin of the waste or products constituting the lot;
― measures temperature and humidity identified during the process, being carried out in accordance with annex; temperature measurements
― number and dates of reversals or periods of ventilation and, if necessary, watering of the Windrow.
— duration of the phase of fermentation and the maturation phase;
— the results of the tests required to demonstrate the compliance of the batch of compost out in the criteria defining a fertilizer material.
This follow-up document is regularly updated, archived and kept available to the inspection of the installations classified for a minimum period of ten years. It is provided to all produced materials user who made the request.
Process anomalies and nonconformities of finished products are identified and analysed in order to receive necessary treatment to the feedback of operating method.
The provisions of this article shall not apply to associated facilities of a farm composting only its own effluent.
Section 7: Future of the subjects covered Article 31 in more on this article...
Compliance of compost to the criteria defining a fertilizer material.
Without prejudice to the application of the provisions of articles L. 255 - 1 to L. 255 - 11 of the rural code and of maritime fishing, and articles L. 214 - 1 and L. 214 - 2 of the code relating to the fertilizers consumption and growing media, the operator is available to inspection of classified installations and control authorities of articles L. 255 - 1 to L. 255 - 11 of the code rural and maritime fishing compliance evidence of each batch of compost to the criteria defining a fertilizer material.
On this basis, the operator establishes annually a stock of nonconformities and the corresponding quantities, also held at the disposal of these authorities.
Article 32 more on this article...
For each intermediate material such as defined in article 2, the operator must meet at least the content limits defined in the standard NFU 44-051 on the metal trace elements and organic trace compounds. Its content of undesirable elements (pieces of plastics, metals, glass) must also conform to values limits of NF U 44-051 in cases where production of the finished compost doesn't appeal to a stage of elimination of these unwanted items. He holds the documents relating to the conformity of each batch to be available for the inspection of classified installations and control authorities of articles L. 255 - 1 to L. 255 - 11 of the code rural and maritime fishing.
Article 33 more on this article...
The operator maintains a register outputs distinguishing finished goods, intermediate materials and waste for spreading and mentioning: ― the date of removal of each lot;
― the masses and corresponding characteristics, especially compared to the quality parameters specified by the standard.
― the or recipients, and the corresponding masses.
This register output is archived for a minimum period of ten years and kept available to the inspection of classified installations and, where appropriate, the authorities in charge of articles L. 255 controls - 1 to L. 255 - 11 of the code rural and maritime fishing.
The specification of application as provided for in the Decree of February 7, 2005 referred to above can be taken as output register.
Section 8: Procedures for storage and retention in order to prevent risks of pollution of the aquatic environment Article 34 in more on this article...
I. - All storage of liquid likely to create pollution of waters or land is associated with a holding capacity of which the volume is at least equal to the greater of the following two values: 100% of the capacity of the largest tank;
50% of the total capacity of the associated reservoirs.
This provision is not applicable to the treatment of wastewater ponds.
For the storage of containers of unit capacity less than or equal to 250 litres, the holding capacity is at least equal to:
― in the case of flammable liquids, except for lubricants, 50% of the total capacity of the drums;
― in other cases, 20% of the total capacity of the drums;
― in all cases 800 litres minimum or equal to the total capacity when this one is less than 800 l.
II. - The holding capacity is tight the products she could contain and resistant to physical and chemical fluid action. It is the same for its closing device that is kept closed.
The tightness of the (or a) tank (s) partner (s) must be able to be controlled at any time.
Products recovered in an accident may not be rejected under conditions consistent with this order or are disposed of as waste.
The tanks or containers containing incompatible products are not associated with a same retention.
Storage of flammable liquids, as well as other products toxic or dangerous for the environment, is allowed under the ground level in reservoirs in ditch masoned or assimilated, and for flammable liquids, in the conditions set out above.
III. - Soil areas and local storage or handling of dangerous for humans or material likely to create pollution of water or soil is waterproof and equipped to be able to collect wash water and widespread accidentally materials, so that the liquid can flow out of the area or room.
The collected materials are preferably recovered and recycled, or if not possible, dealt with under articles 32, 56 and 57.
IV. - All measures are taken to collect all of the waters and runoff likely to be polluted during a disaster, including waters used during a fire, so that they are recovered or treated to prevent any pollution of the soil, sewers, streams or the natural environment.
The flow of the containment device ports are closed by default.
The water run-off collected are removed to appropriate waste treatment channels.
Chapter III: Emissions into water Section 1: General principles Article 35 more on this article...
Compliance with the quality objectives.
The operator justifies the compatibility of operation of its facility with quality and water quantity objectives in IV of article L. 212 - 1 of the code and the environment carried over in the master plan of land use and water management.
It indicates the measures taken in the design and operation of the facility to limit the flow of water.
Section 2: Samples and Article 36 in water consumption more on this article...
Collection is not located in an area where permanent measures of quantitative allocation have been instituted in respect of article L. 211 - 2 of the environment code.
When connected, on a public network or on a tablecloth drilling, the book is equipped with a device of supply.
Works of levy in the streams do not impede the free flow of water. Only can be built in the bed of the watercourse of the works of levy do not require the authorization referred to in article L. 214 - 3 of the code of the environment. The operation of these works is consistent with the provisions of article l. 214.18.
Article 37 more on this article...
Books of samples.
Operator indicates in his case the arrangements for the implementation, operation, monitoring, surveillance and enforcement to stop picking books.
Water withdrawal facilities are equipped with a totalizing meter. This device is raised daily if the charged rate is likely to exceed 100 m³ per day, weekly if this flow is less. These results are brought on a record possibly computerized and stored in the installation folder.
When connected on a public network or on a tablecloth drilling, the book is equipped with a device of supply.
Works of levy in the streams do not impede the free flow of water. Only can be built in the bed of the watercourse of the works of levy do not require the authorization referred to in article L. 214 - 3 of the code of the environment.
Article 38 more on this article...
Any realisation of drilling is in accordance with the provisions of article 131 of the mining code and the Decree of 11 September 2003 setting the general prescriptions applicable to the survey, drilling, creation of wells or underground work subject to declaration in application of articles L. 214 - 1 to L. 214 - 3 of the code of the environment and under the heading 18.104.22.168 nomenclature set out in article R. 214 - 1 of the environment code.
When drilling in water, all provisions are taken to avoid putting communication separate water surfaces and to prevent any introduction of surface pollution.
The realization of all new drilling or decommissioning of a drill is brought to the attention of the prefect with all the elements of the hydrogeological impact assessment.
Section 3: Collection and release of effluent Article 39 in more on this article...
Collection of effluent.
It is forbidden to establish direct links between the wastewater collection networks undergoing treatment and the receiving environment, with the exception of accidental cases where people or facilities is compromised.
The plan of the wastewater collection networks revealed collected sectors, the points of connection, looks, gullies, lift stations, measure manual and automatic valves... It is kept in the installation folder.
Article 40 more on this article...
Points of discharge.
Points of release into the environment are also reduced as possible.
Rejection of wastewater systems are developed so as to reduce as much as possible the disruption to the receiving environment in the vicinity of the discharge point and downstream of it, and not to hinder navigation.
Article 41 more on this article...
Points deductions for controls.
On each line of effluent are provided a sampling point and points of measurement (flow, temperature, concentration by polluting...).
These points are designed to be easily accessible and make interventions safely. All provisions are also being made to facilitate the intervention of outside agencies at the request of the inspection of classified installations.
Article 42 more on this article...
Rejection of stormwater.
Stormwater not soiled with no alteration of their original quality are evacuated by a specific network.
Stormwater likely to be polluted by runoff on the roads, parking areas, loading and unloading, composting areas or storage and other impervious surfaces, are collected by a specific network and handled by one or several devices of adequate treatment.
When the runoff across the surfaces of the installation, in case of rain corresponding to the maximum ten-year rainfall, is likely to generate a flow at the exit of the water treatment works over 10% of the QMNA5 of the receiving environment, the operator sets up a book collection to respect in this case a flow lower than 10% of this QMNA5.
Rejected in a collective work of collection, the maximum rate is fixed by agreement between the operator and Manager of the book collection.
Collected water can be released to the receiving environment after their quality control and, if necessary, appropriate treatment. Their rejection is spread over time as the need to comply with the limit values laid down in article 47, subject to the compatibility of emissions with pollution levels defined below with the objectives of quality and quantity of the waters referred to in IV of article L. 212 - 1 of the environment code.
Article 43 more on this article...
Discharges of effluents to groundwater are not allowed.
Section 4: Values emission limits Article 44 in more on this article...
Parameters of rejection.
The provisions of this article apply only to direct discharges to the natural environment.
The operator justifies that the daily maximum flow exceeds not 1/10 annual average flow of the watercourse.
For the waters receiving shellfish, the pH changed by emissions must remain between 7 and 9 and releases do not result in an increase of more than 30% of suspended solids and a variation of more than 10% the salinity, the measurement being made out of mixture.
The provisions of the preceding paragraph shall not apply to the marine waters of the overseas departments.
Article 45 more on this article...
ELVS for discharge into the natural environment.
Wastewater released to the environment respect the following concentration limit values, according to the maximum daily flow rejected.
1 (MEST) total suspended solids,
applications chemical and biological oxygen (COD and BOD5) total suspended solids daily flow maximum less than or equal to 15 kg/d 100 mg/l daily flow maximum greater than 15 kg/d 35 mg/l BOD5 (on not decanted effluent) maximum daily flow less than or equal to 15 kg / j 100 mg / l maximum daily flow greater than 15 kg / j 30 mg / l cod (on not decanted effluent) maximum daily flow less than or equal to 50 kg. j 300 mg/l maximum daily flow greater than 50 kg per day 125 mg/l 2. Nitrogen and phosphorus (concentration corresponding to the monthly average value) total nitrogen including organic nitrogen, ammonia nitrogen, nitrogen oxidized maximum daily flow greater than or equal to 50 kg/day 30 mg/l maximum daily flow greater than or equal to 150 kg / day 15 mg / l maximum daily flow greater than or equal to 300 kg / day.
10 mg/l phosphorus (total phosphorus) daily maximum greater than or equal to 15 kg/day 10 mg/l maximum daily flow greater than or equal to 40 kg/day, 2 mg/l daily flow maximum flow greater than 80 kg/day.
1 mg/l for each of the pollutants released by installing the daily maximum flow is to be specified in the registration dossier.
In all cases, the releases must be compatible with the water quality objectives in the IV of article L. 212 - 1 of the environment code.
Article 46 more on this article...
Connection to a sewage.
The connection to a collective, urban or industrial sewage, is allowed only if infrastructure remediation (network and sewage) is able to deliver and treat industrial effluent, including sludge, in good conditions. Authorization of spill and, where applicable, a convention of spill are established with the network of sanitation and the collection network manager; This convention can then specify values to take into account concentration limits.
Otherwise, the values concentration limits imposed on the effluent to the output of the installation before connection to a urban sewage do not exceed: MEST: 600 mg/l;
BOD5: 800 mg/l;
Cod: 2 000 mg/l;
Global nitrogen (expressed in N): 150 mg/l;
Total phosphorus (expressed in P): 50 mg/l.
For pollutants other than those regulated above, the limits are the same as for a rejection in the natural environment.
For the temperature, flow and pH, permission to spill into the public grid sets the value to respect.
Unless otherwise provided, the limit values above apply to samples, or measures average analyses carried out over 24 hours.
Article 47 more on this article...
Channeled stormwater discharges meet the following concentration limits, subject to the compatibility of emissions with pollution levels defined below with the objectives of quality and quantity of the waters referred to in IV of article L. 212 - 1 of the environment code: total suspended solids 35 mg/l cod (on not decanted effluent) 125 mg/l total oil 10 mg/l Section 5 : Article 48 effluent treatment more on this article...
Treatment facilities in the event of direct release into the natural environment and pre-treatment facilities when connected to a sewage group, when they are necessary for compliance with the imposed limits to the rejection, are designed to deal with variations in flow, temperature or composition of effluents to treat especially during start-up or shutdown of the facilities.
Article 49 more on this article...
The first destination of the installation is the production of a fertilizer material or media of culture approved or comply with a mandatory standard in application of articles L. 255 - 2 to L. 255 - 11 of the code rural and maritime fishing. With the exception of associated facilities of a farm composting its own effluent, the amount of compost products not satisfying these conditions must not exceed 10% of the amount produced on a year when the nature and quality of treated waste permit.
The provisions of this order apply to application: ― of materials composted does not meet the criteria of a fertilizer material such as recalled above;
― the effluents produced by the facility.
The application of these materials is permitted, under the conditions specified in annex II, if the following limits are respected: ― total nitrogen less than 10 t/year;
― annual volume less than 500 000 m³/year;
― BOD5 less than 5 t per year.
The provisions of this section do not apply material produced exclusively from dung, associated or not to plant raw materials, if the application is made on land used by the breeders who provided the dung: the conditions of application are those defined for the effluent from the farm of origin.
Chapter IV: Emissions to air Section 1: General Article 50 more on this article...
Prevention, collection and purification of emissions to the atmosphere.
The operator shall adopt all necessary measures to prevent and limit the flying dust and various materials. It implements if necessary spray or tarp systems.
Facilities and infrastructure likely to generate fumes, gas, dust or odorous compounds are operated so as to prevent emissions and are, where applicable, equipped with devices to collect and channel programs. Channeled off-gases are recovered and sent to a treatment plant gases whose output is established so as to limit the embarrassment for the neighborhood.
This rule of establishment also applies to sources of diffuse odours which gases are not collected, such as the materials composting windrows, open storage areas, or lagoons.
Section 2: Management of odors Article 51 in more on this article...
Content of the file installation classified about odors.
The operator designs and manages its installation in order to take into account and to limit fragrant noise. He realizes for this purpose a dossier on this issue, which includes: ― the map of areas of human occupation in a 1 km radius around the site, as specified in article 53 below.
― the State zero present fragrant perceptions in the environment of the site before the start-up of the installation, as stated in article 53 below, in the case of a facility created more than four months after publication of this order. This document is however not required for installations which the operator may be required that the environment has a sensitivity particularly low;
― a list of major sources of odorous emissions outward, whether continuous or discontinuous, concentrated or diffuse;
— a list of critical operations which may lead to significant emissions of odours, specifying the corresponding frequency of each of them;
— the conduct of installation specifications relative to the achievement of critical operations in terms of emission of odorous compounds;
― a document specifying technical means and operating modes implemented odorous emissions caused by the installation.
Article 52 more on this article...
Prevention of odorous emissions.
Installation is built, equipped and operated so that its operation is not the origin of odorous nuisance to the neighbourhood. The operator shall in particular avoid, in all circumstances, the appearance of anaerobic conditions at the level of the storage of materials received as well as during treatment by composting.
Complaints resulting in the prescription of a control, the operator made by a competent body achieve a State of olfactory perceptions present in the environment. The intensity of odors that are attributable to the activities of the facility, measured according to the standard in force (standard NF X 43-103 at the date of publication of this stopped) to the level of the zones of occupation human as defined in article 53 below, located within a radius of 3,000 metres of the closed installation limits, must be considered low.
Article 53 more on this article...
Management of odorous emissions.
The operator realizes and maintains up-to-date and available to the inspection of classified installations a plan showing human occupation zones that are present in a radius of 1 km around the site: homes occupied by others, areas intended for habitation by opposable to third parties of planning documents, stadiums or campgrounds approved, institutions receiving public except those in connection with the collection and treatment of waste shops, industrial and tertiary institutions as well as bathing areas.
The operator records up-to-date and available to the inspection of classified installations of any complaints that are made, with the information needed to characterize the conditions for the appearance of the disturbances that led to the complaint: date, time, location, weather, possible correspondence with a critical operation.
For each event reported, the operator identifies the causes of nuisance identified and described the measures it has implemented to prevent the renewal of the operating conditions causing the complaint. When there is a Committee of residents, the operator annually presents the corrective measures it has implemented.
Apart from the cases where the environment of the installation presents a particularly low sensitivity, particularly in the absence of human occupation within a radius of 1 km around the site: ― the operator maintains and attached to the file referred to in article 4 a notebook of conduct of installation on which he defers the dates, times and descriptive of the critical operations;
― It makes realize by a competent body a State of these fragrant perceptions in the environment of the site before the started installation (zero State), indicating, to the extent possible, the characteristics of odors in the environment: nature, intensity, origin (discriminating other odors odors from activities possibly already present on the site), type of perception (odor perceived by hot flashes or continuously). This State zero fragrant perceptions is, if any, attached to the registration file.
In case of significant nuisance, operator made by a competent body a diagnosis and study of dispersion to identify odorous sources on which changes are to make the installation respects the following ambient air quality objective: the concentration of smell due to the installation as it is evaluated in the study at the level of the zones of human occupation listed in paragraph 1 of this article in a 3000 meter radius of the fenced limits of installation only must not exceed the limit of 5 uoe/m³ over 175 hours per year, or a frequency of exceeding 2%.
Article 54 more on this article...
Control of odors treatment facilities.
The operator of a facility equipped with treatment of smells, such as raccoons of gas or biofilters, reviewing of this equipment at least once every three years. These checks upstream and downstream equipment, are carried out by an organization with the knowledge and skills; They include at least the following parameters as: compounds sulfur, ammonia and odour concentration. The results of these controls, specifying the organization that made them, methods implemented and the conditions in which they were made, are held at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations.
Chapter V: Emissions in soils without object.
Chapter VI: Noise and vibration Article 55 in more on this article...
Noise limit values.
I. - Noise limit values.
Noise emissions of the installation are not originally in areas regulated emergence of an emergence greater than the permitted values defined in the following table: environmental noise level (including the noise of installation) EMERGENCE eligible for the period ranging from 7 to 10 p.m., except Sundays and days holidays EMERGENCE eligible for the period from 22 hours to 7 hours , and on Sundays and days holidays than 35 and less or equal to 45 dB (A) 6 dB (A) 4 dB (A) greater than 45 dB (A) 5 dB (A) 3 dB (A), the noise level in the facility property boundary does not exceed, when running, 70 dB (A) for the period of day and 60 dB (A) for the period of night unless the residual noise for the period is greater than this limit.
II. - vehicles. ― Construction machinery.
Transport vehicles, materials handling and construction machinery used within the facility are consistent with the provisions in force concerning limitation of their noise emissions.
The use of all communication through the acoustic devices (sirens, alarms, speakers, etc.), inconvenient for the neighborhood, is forbidden, unless their job is exceptional and reserved for the prevention and reporting of serious incidents or accidents.
III. - vibration.
The installation is built, equipped, and operated so that its operation is not causing vibrations in surrounding buildings likely to jeopardize the health or safety of the neighborhood or constitute a nuisance to it.
IV. - Monitoring by the operator of noise emissions.
The operator sets up monitoring of noise emissions of the facility to estimate the value of the emergence generated in regulated emerging areas. The measurements are performed according to the method defined in the Appendix of the Decree of 23 January 1997 amended above. These measurements are performed under representative conditions of the functioning of the facility over a period of half an hour at least.
A measure of the level of noise and the emergence is performed at least once every three years by an individual or a qualified organization, the first measurement in the year following the start-up of the plant.
Chapter VII: Waste Article 56 in more on this article...
Storage of waste.
The operator performs inside his establishment the separation of waste (whether hazardous or not) so as to facilitate their treatment or their disposal in specific courses.
Waste generated by the installation and the unwanted fraction may be extracted from waste for composting are stored under conditions presenting no risk of pollution.
The amount of waste other than effluent, waste for composting and composted waste stored on the site does not exceed the monthly capacity produced or, in the case of external treatment, a normal batch of shipping to the disposal facility.
The temporary storage of hazardous waste are made on watertight retention basins.
Article 57 more on this article...
Waste that cannot be recycled are eliminated in facilities regulated under the environmental code. The operator is able to justify the removal at the request of the inspection of classified installations.
The operator has implemented a registry characterizing and quantifying all hazardous wastes generated by its activities (nature, tonnage, sector of elimination, etc.). It emits a tracking slip as soon as he puts this waste to a third party.
Burning of waste outdoors is prohibited.
Chapter VIII: Monitoring Article 58 in more on this article...
Control by the inspection of classified installations.
Inspection of classified installations may, at any time, make or carry out samples of liquid or gas, effluents of waste, compost or soil, and achieve or make measurements of sound levels. Sampling and analysis costs are borne by the operator.
Chapter IX: Execution Article 59 in more on this article...
The Director general of the prevention of risks is responsible for the execution of this order, which will be published in the Official Journal of the French Republic.
Annex A N N E X E S A N N E X E I standards DE TRANSFORMATION processing standards indicated in this annex shall not apply to installations which implement a treatment by lombri-composting.
PROCESS composting PROCESS with aeration by reversals of aerobic fermentation at least 3 weeks;
At least 3 spaced turnarounds of at least 3 days;
55 ° C at least for a minimum total of 72 hours.
Composting in ventilation forced 2 weeks of aerobic fermentation at a minimum;
At least 1 reversal (operation turnaround after aerobic fermentation followed a rise in temperature to 50 ° C for 24 hours);
55 ° C at least for a minimum total of 72 hours.
The measurement of temperatures is, for each lot, in accordance with good practices, for example by willing probes every 5-10 m, at depths between 0.7 and 1.5 m and at a frequency of at least three measurements per week for the start of the phase of aerobic fermentation.
When the breakdown of the fermentation mixture is carried out by suction through the Windrow, the recorded temperature is the average temperature of air extracted under the Windrow.
In addition to the above minimum conditions, the composting of animal by-products must also comply with the requirements defined by the Regulation (EC) no 1069/2009 establishing health rules for animal by-products not intended for human consumption.
On the basis of a study justifying equivalent performance in terms of prevention of pollution and risk and quality of composting, alternative methods will be accepted.
For animal by-products, any alternative method provided for by Regulation (EC) no 1069/2009 regulations or decisions of the Commission taken for its implementation can be used.
A N N E X E I I provisions TECHNIQUES in matter of spreading areas vulnerable, delimited in article R. 211 - R. 211 75 - 79 of the environmental code, the provisions laid down in the action programmes to be implemented for the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources provided for in articles R. 211 - 80 to R. 211 - 83 of the code of the environment are applicable to the facility. The spreading of waste or effluent, hereinafter referred to as material, also comply with the following provisions: 1. General information.
Slake matter has an interest in land or the nutrition of crops and its application does not affect, directly or indirectly, to the health of humans and animals, quality and the plant crop health or the quality of soils and aquatic environments.
The application is made in such a way that emissions be reduced to a minimum.
If a risk of exceeding the capacity of storage of the material to be spread, the operator evaluates the additional storage capacity to implement, describes the changes to the installations and shall previously inform the prefect. Otherwise, it identifies treatment facilities of these materials to which they may appeal.
A preliminary study of application specific efficacy (in employment) and agronomic interest of contents in terms of the parameters defined in section 6 below, the ability of the soil to receive and the detailed below application plan. This study justifies the application compatibility, with identified environmental constraints and existing planning documents including the plans provided for in article L. 541 - 14 of the code of the environment and patterns of land use and water management, provided for in articles L. 212 - 1 and 3 of the environmental code.
2. the preliminary study and the application plan.
Preliminary study includes: ― the characterization of the material to be spread: forward, pace of production, agronomic value under the parameters defined in point 6 below, content elements traces metal, undesirable elements and impurities, physical state, preliminary treatment (dehydration, pressing, liming...);
― indication of doses of materials to apply according to the different types of culture to fertilize and the projected crop yields;
― description of the characteristics of soils, particularly in terms of the parameters set out in section 6, in the light of analyses dating from less than three years for the other settings; less than a year for nitrogen and nitrogen
— demonstration of adequacy between farmland controlled by the operator or made available by lenders of Earth and material flow to be spread (productions, doses per hectare and return on the same plot);
― the location, volume and characteristics of the storage structures.
In the light of this preliminary study, an application plan is made; It is made: — a map to a minimum scale of 1/25 000 to locate areas where the spreading is possible given the exclusions mentioned in point 3 below "application rules". This card, or an accompanying document, revealed the outline and numbers of islets of reference CAP or failing the cadastral references of the parcels, the total area, working area, the name of the farmer, as well as the zones excluded application;
— a document stating the identity and address of farm operators who have signed a written contract with the operator of the facility, including their commitments and reciprocal responsibilities.
Any changes to the application plan must be brought before its realization, to the knowledge of the prefect.
3. the rules of application.
3.1. the contributions.
Nitrogen, phosphorus and potash all origins combined, organic and mineral, on lands subject to an application, take account of the crop rotation as well as the special nature of the land and their nutrient content. For these elements, fertilization is balanced and corresponds to the export capacities of concerned culture. Organic nitrogen is prohibited on all legumes except the alfalfa and meadows of grass-legume association.
3.2 characteristics of the applied materials.
Contents pH is between 6.5 and 8.5. However, different values may be accepted subject to favorable conclusions from preliminary study.
The operator establishes a program of control of material to be spread, that cannot be applied in the following cases: ― if metallic trace elements levels in soils exceed one of the limit values set out in annex I of the Decree of 8 January 1998;
― therefore one of items or unwanted compounds contained in waste or effluent levels exceed the limit values in annex I of the Decree of 8 January 1998;
― then that the flows, cumulative over a period of ten years, brought by waste or effluent on one of these elements or compounds exceeds the limit values listed in annex I to the Decree of 8 January 1998;
— with the exception of liquid effluents, to which the following requirements are inapplicable, if their content in microorganisms exceeds the following values: ― salmonella: 8 NPP/10 g MS (count according to the most probable number technique);
― enteroviruses: 3 MPNGU/10 g MS (count according to the technique of the most probable number of units cytopathogenes);
― Viable helminth eggs: 3 to 10 g Ms.
The materials do not trace metal elements or compounds contain organic traces other than those listed in annex I of the Decree of January 8, 1998.
The waste or effluent should not be spread on soils whose pH before spreading is less than 6, except when the following three conditions are simultaneously met: ― the pH of the soil is greater than 5;
― the nature of materials may contribute to raise the soil pH to a value greater or equal to 6;
― the maximum cumulative flow of the elements brought to the soil is less than the values of annex I of the Decree of January 8, 1998.
3.3 planned land application program.
An annual planned program is established, in agreement with lenders farmers of land, at the latest one month before the beginning of the operations concerned. It also includes the plots of the producer of waste or effluent when it is also farm operator.
This program includes at least: — the list of the parcels affected by the campaign and the characterisation of the culture systems (cultures established before and after application, interculture period) on these plots;
― a characterization of different types of materials and different batches to be spread (forward, pace of production, as well as at least the levels of global nitrogen and mineral and mineralizable nitrogen available for the culture to fertilize, measured and determined on the basis of analyses dating from less than a year);
― the specific recommendations for intake of waste or effluent (calendar and application... rates);
— the identification of legal or natural persons involved in the realization of the application.
This program is held at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations. It is addressed to him at his request.
3.4. characterization of materials.
The characterization of the material to be spread provided in the preliminary study should be checked by analysis before the first application.
3.5 for a new installation.
In the case of a new installation, to the characteristics of the materials and the doses of employment data are updated and are addressed to the prefect at the end of the first year of operation.
3.6 technical modalities of application.
No stabilized waste are buried as soon as possible, within a maximum period of 48 hours, to reduce odor nuisance. Exceptions to the obligation to landfills may be granted on justification in the record of registration for crops in place as long as they are not intended for direct human consumption.
When effluents are likely to contain pathogenic microorganisms, the application shall not be carried by aero-spray devices.
3.7 distances and time of application.
Subject to the rules laid down in application of article L. 20 of the code of public health, waste or effluent spreading respect distances and following minimum periods: NATURE of activities to protect DISTANCE minimum field of APPLICATION wells, drilling, sources, water flowing waters intended for human consumption in free flow, groundwater or semi-buried facilities used for the storage of water used for drinking water or for watering gardens.
35 m 100 m slope of the land less than 7% slope of the land more than 7%
Water courses and water field slope less than 7% 5 meters from the banks 1. Buried not fermentable waste immediately after spreading 35 meters 2 banks. Other cases, slope of the land more than 7% 100 metres from banks 1. Solid and stabilized waste 200 meters from the 2 banks. Solid and not stabilized waste bathing sites.
200 meters aquaculture (fish and shellfish areas) Sites.
500 dwelling or premises occupied by third parties, recreation areas, establishment receiving public.
50 meters 100 meters in the case of waste or effluent fragrant NATURE of activities to protect delay MINIMUM field of APPLICATION grassland or forage crop.
Three weeks before the animals or harvesting of forage grass.
In the absence of risk associated with the presence of pathogens.
Six weeks before the animals or harvesting of forage grass.
Field assigned to vegetable or fruit crops other than fruit trees.
No spraying during the growing season.
Intended or affected to vegetables or fruit, in contact with the soil, or land likely to be consumed raw.
Ten months before the harvest and during the harvest itself.
Eighteen months before the harvest, and during the harvest.
In the absence of risk associated with the presence of pathogens.
3.8 spreading periods.
Application periods and seepage quantities are adapted in a manner: ― to prevent the prolonged stagnation on soil, runoff outside the application plots, a quick percolation;
― to prevent accumulation in the soil of substances likely long-term degrade its structure or an ecotoxicological risk;
― to prevent clogging of the ground, especially by fat.
Spreading is forbidden: — periods where the ground is taken by freezing or abundantly snowy, with the exception of solid waste;
― during periods where there is a risk of flooding or in case of strong rainfall;
― outside regularly worked lands and grasslands or the forests;
― on land to steep, in conditions that would lead to the runoff of effluents outside the application scope.
3.9 anomaly detection.
Any abnormality noticed on soils, crops, and their environment during or as a result of the spreading of waste or effluent and likely to be in relation to these applications must without delay be reported to inspection of classified installations.
4. storage of material.
The permanent structures for storage of contents are sized to deal with times when the application is either impossible, is prohibited by the prior study.
The temporary deposit of waste, on the plots spreading and without development is permitted only when the following five conditions are simultaneously met: ― waste are strong and little fermentable, otherwise, the length of the deposit is less than 48 hours;
― all precautions are taken to avoid the runoff on or outside the application plots or a quick percolation to groundwater;
― the filing meets minimum clearances defined for the application to the point 3.7 except for the distance from dwellings or premises occupied by third parties which is always equal to 100 meters. He also respects a distance of at least 3 meters from the roads and ditches;
― the volume of the deposit is suited to rational fertilization of receiving parcels for the period of application;
― the maximum duration does not exceed one year and the return on the same pitch can intervene before a period of three years.
5. the application notebook.
A notebook of spreading, held under the responsibility of the operator, at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations for a period of ten years, includes for each of the plots (or Islands) receiving applied: ― the surfaces actually applied;
― the parcel references;
― the dates of application;
― the nature of cultures;
― the volume and nature of all the material being applied;
― the global nitrogen applied all origins combined;
— the identification of legal entities or physical charge of the spray operations together with the results of analyses performed on soils and the material being applied with the dates of samples and measures and their location.
This application booklet is filled of unalterable way once per week during spreading.
When the materials are applied on plots provided by a lender of land, a statement co-signed by the operator and the lender of Earth is referenced and attached to the application booklet. This slip is established at the latest at the end of the application site, and at least once a week. It includes receiving parcels identification, volumes and the overall nitrogen applied.
A summary annual application workbook, carried out according to the format of annex 6 of the Decree of January 8, 1998, is addressed at the end of each calendar year to users of applied materials and is held at the disposal of the inspection of the installations classified for ten years.
6. the analyses.
Soils must be analysed on each point of reference: ― after ultimate application, on the points of reference, each parcel excluded of the scope of application;
― at least every ten years.
These analyses focus on the elements, substances, and characters below: 6.1. Analysis for the characterization of the agronomic value of spreading materials: – material dry (%); matter organic (%);
― total nitrogen;
― ammoniacal nitrogen (in NH4);
― C: N ratio.
― total phosphorus (as P2O5); total (K2O) potassium; soluble calcium in the water (in CAD); total magnesium (in MgO);
― micronutrients (B, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Zn).
Micronutrients are analyzed as part of the initial characterization of the waste or effluent.
6.2 analysis for the characterization of the agronomic value of land: ― granulometry;
– same settings as for the agronomic value of waste or effluent by replacing the items concerned: exchangeable P2O5, K2O exchangeable, exchangeable MgO and CaO exchangeable.
Made on April 20, 2012.
For the Minister and by delegation: the Director general of the prevention of risks, L. Michel