Decree Of 8 December 2011 On General Requirements For Facilities Under The Registration Regime Under The Heading No. 2910-C Of The Nomenclature Of Facilities Classified For The Protection Of The Approximately ...

Original Language Title: Arrêté du 8 décembre 2011 relatif aux prescriptions générales applicables aux installations relevant du régime de l'enregistrement au titre de la rubrique n° 2910-C de la nomenclature des installations classées pour la protection de l'environ...

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now for only USD$20 per month, or Get a Day Pass for only USD$4.99.
French Official Gazette No. 0019 of January 22, 2012
1254
text page 4

Decree of 8 December 2011 on general requirements for facilities under the registration regime under the heading No. 2910-C of the nomenclature of facilities classified for environmental protection (combustion plants consuming exclusively biogas produced by one biogas plant subject to registration under No. 2781-1)
NOR: DEVP1132167A
ELI: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/eli/arrete/2011 / 12/8 / DEVP1132167A / jo / text

The Minister for Ecology, Sustainable Development, Transport and Housing,
Given the environmental code, in particular Articles L. 211-1, L. 220-1, L. 511-2, L. 512-7, D. 211-10, 211-11 and R. D. 211 -94;
Considering Decree No. 96-1010 of 19 November 1996 concerning equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres;
Considering the decree of 23 January 1997 on the limitation of noise emitted into the environment by classified installations for environmental protection;
Considering the decree of 25 July 1997 on the general requirements applicable to facilities classified for environmental protection subject to declaration under No. 2910 (combustion);
Considering the decree of 7 July 2009 on the analytical procedures in air and water in the ICPE and reference standards;
Considering the order of 12 August 2010 on the general requirements applicable to classified biogas plants covered by the registration regime under the rubric No. 2781-1 of the nomenclature of facilities classified for environmental protection;
Considering the order of 4 October 2010 on the prevention of accidental risks within classified facilities for environmental permits;
Given the circular of 10 December 2003 relating to combustion plants using biogas;
Considering the opinion of the professional organizations;
Considering the opinion of the Higher Council for Technological Risk Prevention dated 28 June 2011
Stop:


TITLE I: SCOPE
Article 1
More about this article ...

This Order establishes the requirements for classified facilities subject to registration under No. 2910-C. It does not apply to existing facilities already authorized under the heading No. 2910.
The provisions apply without prejudice to the special requirements or facilities complementing the strengthening which is relevant to the order of registration as provided by Articles L. 512-7-3 and L. 512-7-5 of environmental code.

Article 2
More about this article ...

For the purposes of this Order, the term:
"Refrigeration open circuit" any system that allows the return of cooling water into the environment after sampling;
"Spreading" means any application of waste or effluent on or in agricultural soils;
"Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC)": any organic having a vapor pressure of 0,01 kPa or more at 293.15 kelvin or having a corresponding volatility under particular conditions of use;
"Emergence": the difference between the weighted equivalent continuous pressure levels of ambient noise (installation operation) and residual noise (in the absence of noise generated by the installation);
"Regulated emergence areas":
- Inside buildings inhabited or occupied by third parties, existing at the date of filing of the registration dossier, and possible external parties closest (yard, garden, patio), excluding those of established buildings in areas intended to receive artisanal or industrial activities;
- Building areas defined by planning documents against third parties and published at the filing date of registration dossier;
- Inside buildings inhabited or occupied by third parties that have been implemented after the date of filing of the registration dossier in the building areas defined above and possible outer parts closest (yard, garden, terrace) excluding those buildings located in areas intended to receive artisanal or industrial activities;

"Combustion apparatus" means any technical apparatus in which biogas installation of biogas classified under No 2781-1 of the nomenclature of classified installations is oxidized in order to use the heat thus generated as boiler turbine or engine, with or without an afterburner, excluding flares and radiant panels;
"Boiler room" featuring local boiler combustion appliances;
"Run Time": the ratio between the total amount of energy provided by the fuel in MWh and the declared total thermal power;
"Power": amount of heat energy contained in the fuel, expressed as net calorific value, which can be consumed in one second in nominal operation, expressed in megawatts thermal (MWth);
"Combustion installation" means any group of combustion machines operated by the same operator and located on the same site, and connected, or technically and economically be connected to a common chimney.
The power of a facility is the sum of the powers of all combustion appliances within it. When multiple devices component installation is technically impossible to run simultaneously, the power of the installation is the maximum value among the sums of powers devices that can operate simultaneously. This rule also applies to replacement coming relief devices of one or more devices unavailable to the extent that, when in use, the power used does not exceed the total declared capacity of the installation.

TITLE II: GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 3 More about this article ...

The installation is located, constructed and operated in accordance with the plans and other documents attached to the application for registration.
The operator lists and warrants as may be appropriate arrangements for the design, construction and operation of facilities to meet the requirements of this Order.


Article 4 More about this article ...

The operator shall establish and maintain a file containing the following documents:
- A copy of the registration application and accompanying dossier;
- The registration dossier maintained and dated in terms of changes to the installation;
- The order of registration issued by the prefect and all prefectural relative to the facility;
- The results of measurements on effluents and noise the last five years;
- The register containing all the declarations of accidents or incidents made the inspection of classified installations;
- The following documents and data:
- Operating time of the plant calculated as specified in Article 2;
- The risk location plan (Article 8);
- The record of the nature and amount of hazardous products held and fuels consumed (cf. Article 9);
- General of the storage plan (cf. Article 9);
- Safety data sheets of products present in the plant (cf. Article 9);
- The supporting documents attesting to fire resistance properties of the local risk (Article 11);
- Evidence supporting compliance, maintenance and testing of electrical installations (Article 16);
- Documents relating to the detection systems (Article 19);
- Operating instructions (Article 28);
- Periodic verification of registry and maintenance of equipment (Article 31);
- The register of the results of water sampling measurement (Article 33);
- The plan of effluent collection systems (Article 35);
- The detailed calculation of stack height (see Article 51);
- The register of hazardous waste generated by the installation (see Article 62);
- The emissions monitoring program (see Article 63);
- The technical elements that attest to the lack of air emissions of certain products by the installation (see Article 65);
- The technical elements that attest to the lack of emission to water of certain products by the installation (see Article 66).
This record is made available to the inspection of classified installations.


Article 5 More about this article ...


Combustion appliances are installed so as to prevent the risk of fire and explosion and not to compromise the safety of the neighborhood, inside and outside, for installation. They are far enough away from any storage and any activity by implementing combustible or flammable materials. The implementation of the devices must meet the following application distances (distances are measured in horizontal projection relative to the outer walls of the facility that houses or, failing that, the devices themselves)
10 meters from property lines and buildings open to the public from 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th class of high-rise buildings, buildings inhabited or occupied by third parties and main roads;
10 meters of installations using combustible or flammable materials, including air storage of liquid or gaseous fuels for power combustion devices in the installation.
Combustion equipment must be installed, unless required operating justified by the operator, in a room reserved only for this use and meeting the rules of implementation above.
When combustion appliances are placed outdoors, rollovers, or other equivalent means are provided to withstand the weather.
The plant is not located above or below accommodation spaces occupied by third parties or for office use, with the exception of technical premises. It is not located in the basement.

Article 6
More about this article ...

Without prejudice to the planning regulations, the operator adopts the following measures, necessary to prevent airborne dust and various materials:
- Traffic routes and vehicle parking areas are set (slope forms, coating, etc.), and properly cleaned;
- Vehicles exiting the facility do not result in accumulation of dust or mud on the roads. For this, provisions such as washing vehicles wheels are provided in case of need;
- The areas where this is possible are grassed or vegetated, vegetation barriers are set up, if possible.


Article 7 Learn more about this item ...

The operator shall make appropriate arrangements for integrating the facility into the landscape.
The entire facility is kept clean and maintained constantly.
The outskirts of the installation, under the control of the operator, are constructed and maintained in a clean condition. rejection of the emissaries and their periphery are subject to special care.

TITLE III: PREVENTION OF ACCIDENTS AND POLLUTION
Chapter I: General
Article 8
More about this article ...

The operator identifies, under its responsibility, the parts of the plant which, because of the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the materials used, stored, used or produced, may be the cause of a disaster that may have direct or indirect impact on the interests mentioned in Article L. 511-1 of the environmental code.
The operator indicates the nature of risk in each of these parts on a conventional panel.
The operator has a general plan workshops and storage indicating such risks.

Article 9
More about this article ...

Without prejudice to the provisions of the Labour Code, the operator has the documents enabling him to understand the nature and risks of hazardous products in the installation, especially the safety data sheets.
The operator maintains a record of the nature and amount of hazardous products held and fuels consumed, to which is attached an outline of storage. This register is kept at the disposal of fire and rescue services.

Article 10
More about this article ...

The premises are kept clean and regularly cleaned in particular to avoid the mass of dangerous or polluting materials and dust. Cleaning equipment is adapted to the risks of products and dust.

Chapter II: Detailing provisions
Article 11
More about this article ...
Local
risk fire or explosion exhibit response characteristics and resistance to the following minimum fire:
- Assembly of the structure R 15;
- A1 class materials;
- Exterior walls and walls sanitary REI 120 (Fire Grade 2 hours);

- REI 120 floors (firewall degree 2 hours);
- Closing doors and fire resistant (including those that incorporate glazing and hardware) and their closing devices EI 120 (fire Degree 2 hours);
- Roofs and roof coverings BROOF (t3).
R: bearing capacity.
E: fire integrity.
I: thermal insulation.
The classifications are expressed in minutes.
The openings made in the separating elements (transition ducts and pipes, conveyors) are equipped with devices ensuring fire level equivalent to that required for these separating elements.
The supporting documents attesting to fire resistance properties are kept and made available to the inspection of classified installations.
The premises housing the combustion plant which are located outside the storage and operation of buildings can not be expected to respect the provisions of this Article if they do not communicate with any other local, they not harboring any workstation and that their size does not exceed 100 m².

Article 12
More about this article ...

I. - Accessibility.
The plant always has access to at least to allow at any time the intervention of the fire and rescue services.
For the purposes of this Order, the term "access to the facility" an opening connecting the service road or public and inside the website sufficiently sized to allow entry of rescue gear and its implementation.
Vehicles whose presence is related to the operation of the facility are parked without causing discomfort to the availability of equipment of rescue services from external roads to the facility, even outside of operating hours opening of the installation.
II. - Accessibility of nearby plant machinery.
One lane "gear" at least is kept clear for access to at least two facades of the facility and is positioned so as not to be obstructed by the collapse of all or part of this installation.
This "gear" approach comply with the following characteristics:
- The width is at least 3 meters, the minimum clear height of 3.5 meters and slope less than 15%;
- In the inner radius of curves less than 50 meters, a minimum internal radius R of 11 meters is maintained and over-width S = 15 / R meters is added;
- The path resists the bearing force calculated for a vehicle of 160 kN with a maximum of 90 kN per axle, the latter being spaced 3.6 meters or less;
- Each point on the perimeter of the installation is at a maximum distance of 60 meters from this path;
- No obstacle is placed between the access to the facility [or ladders pathways] and craft route.
If implementation of impossibility of a gear to track the traffic on the entire perimeter of the facility and, if all or part of the channel is dead, the last 40 meters of the road impasse in is a minimum width of 7 meters and a turning area 20 meters in diameter is provided at its end.
III. - Movement of emergency vehicles within the site.
To allow the crossing of emergency vehicles, all track section "gear" of over 100 linear meters has at least two said crossing areas, carefully positioned, whose characteristics are:
- Minimum width of 3 meters over the road vehicles;
- Minimum length of 10 meters, with a minimum
slope the same qualities, bearing capacity and headroom that the road "gear".
IV. - Getting station scales.
For installation in a high rise building to 8 meters, at least a facade is served by at least one track "scale" for the circulation and polar alignment of aerial ladders. This scale track is directly accessible from the road gear defined in II.
Since this path, a ladder accessing at least the entire height of the building can be arranged. The track also has the following characteristics:
- The width is at least 4 meters, the length of the parking area at least 10 meters, the maximum slope of 10%;
- In the inner radius of curves less than 50 meters, a minimum internal radius R of 13 meters is maintained and over-width S = 15 / R meters is added;
- No air obstructions affecting the operation of these scales vertically to the entire route;

- The distance from the facade is 1 meter minimum and 8 meters maximum for parallel parking to the building and less than 1 meter to a perpendicular parking to the building;
- The path resists the bearing force calculated for a vehicle of 160 kN with a maximum of 90 kN per axle, the latter being spaced 3.6 m at maximum and has a minimum resistance to puncturing of 88 N / cm².
Moreover, for any installation in a building of several levels having at least one floor located at a height greater than 8 meters from the level of emergency access on at least two fronts, this way "scale" allows the access openings.
These openings allow access at least one per floor for each scale channel with facades and have a minimum height of 1.8 meters and a minimum width of 0.9 meters. The blanking panels or chassis component such access always remain open and accessible from the outside and inside. They are easily identifiable from the outside by the emergency services.
V. - Establishment of the hydraulic device from the gear.
From each path "machines" or "scale" provided access to all exits of the building or at least at two opposite sides of the facility by a stabilized road 1.40 m wide at a minimum.

Article 13
More about this article ...
Local
risk fire or explosion are equipped with high portion of natural smoke and heat devices (EFC), according to the NF EN 12101-2, version of December 2003, allowing evacuation to free air of smoke, combustion gases, heat and unburned products released in case of fire.
These devices consist of outlets for automatic and manual control (or autocommand). The useful opening area of ​​all outlets is not less than 2% of the floor area of ​​the room.
To balance the smoke extraction system and the optimally distribute a useful area of ​​DENFC between 1 and 6 m² is planned for 250 m² of roof area projected.
In normal operation, the reset (closing) is possible from the floor of the room or from the smoke box. These manual aperture controls are located near the access and installed in accordance with the NF S 61-932 standard.
The action of an emergency control order can not be reversed by another command.
The natural smoke and heat devices are adapted to the particular risks of the installation.
All devices installed in reference to EN 12 101-2 standard the following features:
- Type of opening system B (opening + closing);
- Reliability: RE 300 class (300 emergency control cycles). The dual-function outlets are subjected to 10,000 opening cycles in a ventilation position;
- Classification of the snow load on open is SL 250 (25 daN / m²) for altitudes lower or equal to 400 and SL 500 (50 daN / m²) for altitudes greater than 400 m and less than or equal to 800 m. The SL Class 0 is used if the implantation region is not likely to be snowy or constructive provisions prevent the accumulation of snow. Above 800 m, the outlets are of the SL class 500 and installed with constructive provisions preventing the accumulation of snow;
- Ambient temperature class T (00);
- Exposure to class B300 heat.
Brought the fresh air of an area equal to the area of ​​the outlets of the largest canton, cell by cell, are produced either by opening the front panel or through vents connected to ducts or through the cell doors to exhaust smoke to the outside.
The premises housing the combustion plant is not subject to the provisions of this Article if they do not communicate with any other local, are not harboring workstation and that their size does not exceed 100 m².

Article 14
More about this article ...

The installation is provided with means of struggle against the appropriate fire risk include:
- A means of alerting the fire and emergency services;
- Plans local facilitating emergency fire and rescue services with a description of each local hazards, as provided for in Article 8;

- One or more fire equipment (hydrants, poles, for example) of a public or private network with a nominal diameter DN100 and DN150 implanted so that any point on the boundary of the installation located within 100 meters of an apparatus for providing a minimum flow of 60 m³ per hour for a period of two hours and with connecting jacks conform to standards to allow the fire service and emergency feeding on these devices. The devices are far from each other up to 150 meters (distances are measured by passable routes for fire apparatus and emergency).
Otherwise, a water reserve of at least 120 m³ for extinction is available in all circumstances and at a distance from the facility having received the opinion of the county fire and rescue services. This reserve has the consistent connection sockets to current standards to allow the fire service and emergency feeding and needs to deliver a flow rate of 60 m³ / h. The operator is able to justify the prefect actual availability of water flows and sizing of the possible storage basin;
- Fire extinguishers distributed inside the facility when it is covered, on outdoor areas and in areas with specific risks, close clearances, clearly visible and easily accessible. The extinguishing agents are risk-appropriate combat and compatible with the materials being stored.
The means to fight against the fire are able to operate effectively regardless of the temperature of the system, especially during freezing.

Chapter III: accident prevention device
Article 15
More about this article ...

In the parts of the plant mentioned in Article 8 and identified as being the cause of an explosion, electrical, mechanical, hydraulic and pneumatic systems comply with the provisions of the aforementioned Decree of 19 November 1996 .

Article 16
More about this article ...

The operator shall make available to the inspection of classified installations evidence supporting its electrical installations are carried out according to the rules, kept in good condition and verified.
Metal equipment is earthed in accordance with regulations and standards.
The materials used for natural lighting does not occur during a fire, burning droplets.
The heating system and its annexes can only be achieved by hot water, steam generated by heat generator or other system with an equivalent level of safety.
One or more devices located outside must allow interrupt in case of need the power supply of the installation, with the exception of feeding the material intended to operate in explosive atmospheres.

Article 17
More about this article ...

The operator implements the provisions of the decree of October 4, 2010 referred to above.

Article 18
More about this article ...

Without prejudice to the provisions of the Labour Code, the premises are adequately ventilated to prevent the formation of explosive or toxic atmosphere.
Ventilation must ensure at all times, including when stopping the equipment, especially in cases of emergency control installation, a scan of the atmosphere of the room, consistent with the efficient operation of combustion appliances, through openings in the top and bottom for efficient air circulation or any other equivalent means.
The opening to the atmosphere of the ventilation is placed as far as possible buildings inhabited or occupied by third parties and outside air inlets, and high enough given the height of the surrounding buildings to encourage the dispersion of the waste gases and at least 1 meter above the ridge.
The shape of the discharge pipe, particularly in the part closest to the outlet to the atmosphere, is designed to promote maximum ascent and dispersion of combustion gases into the atmosphere (e.g. the use hats is prohibited).

Article 19
More about this article ...


Every part of the plant identified in accordance with Article 8 because of the consequences of a disaster that may occur has a methane detection device and a smoke detector. The operator lists these sensors with their functionality and determines the maintenance operations to maintain their effectiveness over time.
detection devices according to a set procedure trigger an alarm if exceeded danger levels. The device shall cut off the fuel and stop the power supply, with the exception of food materials and equipment to operate in explosive atmospheres, eating very low voltage and lighting relief, without this maneuver can cause arcing or spark could cause an explosion.
Any detection of gas beyond 60% LEL, leads to making safe of any facility likely to be in contact with the explosive atmosphere unless the equipment whose operation could be maintained in accordance with under Article 160. This safe is scheduled in operating instructions.
The operator is able to demonstrate the relevance of the chosen design for the detection and, if necessary, extinction. It organizes biannual frequency minimum maintenance checks and tests which the minutes are kept available for the inspection of classified installations.
In case of installation of automatic fire extinguishing systems, they are designed, installed and maintained regularly in accordance with recognized standards.

Article 20
More about this article ...

In parts of the facility identified in accordance with Article 8 because of the risk of explosion, the operator sets up the vents / burstable walls to limit the effects of the explosion at outside the room.

Article 21
More about this article ...

Fuel supply networks must be designed and manufactured so as to reduce the risk in case of leakage especially in confined spaces. The pipes are waterproof and resistant to physical and chemical action of the products they carry. In particular, they are made of materials impervious to corrosion from sulfur products or protected against corrosion and that are as necessary protected against external aggressions.
They are properly maintained and are subject to appropriate periodic review to ensure their good condition. They are labeled in accordance with the rules.
A cutting device, independent of any flow control equipment, must be placed outside of buildings to allow to interrupt the supply of fuel combustion apparatus. This device, clearly identified and reported in the operating instructions, should be placed:
- In an accessible location quickly and in all circumstances;
- Outside and downstream of the delivery item and / or storage of fuel.
It is clearly marked, maintained in good condition and includes an indication of the direction of the maneuver and the identification of the open and closed positions.
Cleavage of the biogas are fueled by two automatic valves (1) redundant, placed in series on the biogas supply line. These valves shall serve each to methane detection sensors (2) and a pressure switch (3).
Any automatic cutoff line (detection, signal transmission, gas supply closing) is tested periodically. The open or closed position of these organs is clearly identifiable by the operating personnel.
All heating apparatus of a liquid fuel must have a temperature limiting device, independent of its regulation, protecting against abnormal overheating of the fuel.
Furthermore, a rapid switching device must equip each combustion unit closer to it. When several combustion appliances are installed in a compartment, the switching device associated with each device is double isolation.
The recording of a pipe section, particularly if work will be done in a precise specifications defined by the operator. to seal the shutters, not operable without possible escape to the atmosphere, are prohibited inside buildings.

(1) Automatic valve: this valve ensures the biogas power closing when a leakage of the gas is detected by a sensor. It is located on the biogas supply circuit. Its reliability is maximum, given the standards for this material.
(2) Methane detection sensor: a redundancy is provided by the presence of at least two sensors.
(3) Pressure switch: this device can detect a pressure drop in the pipe. Its threshold must be as high as possible, taking into account operational constraints.

Chapter IV: Holding device accidental pollution
Article 22
More about this article ...

I. - Any storage of a liquid likely to cause water pollution or soil is associated with a holding capacity whose volume is at least equal to the larger of two values:
100% of the capacity of the largest tank;
50% of the total capacity of the associated reservoirs.
This provision does not apply to wastewater treatment ponds.
For storage containers of lower unit capacity up to 250 liters, the retention capacity is at least equal to:
- In the case of flammable liquids, except lubricants, 50% of the total capacity of the drums;
- In the other case, 20% of the total capacity of the drums;
- In all cases, at least 800 liters or equal to the total capacity when the former is less than 800 liters.
Fixed tanks are equipped with level gauges and for underground storage filling limiters.
II. - The retention capacity is tight products it contains, and is resistant to physical and chemical action of the fluids. It is the same for its closure device which is kept closed.
The tightness of the (or) tank (s) partner (s) must be controlled at any time.
The products recovered in case of accident can not be discharged under conditions consistent with this Order or are disposed of as waste.
Tanks or containers of incompatible products are not associated with the same retention.
The storage of flammable liquids and other toxic or dangerous to the environment is permitted under the ground level in reservoirs in masonry pit, or similar (double-walled tanks with leak detection), and for flammable liquids under the conditions set out above.
III. - When storage is outdoors, retentions are emptied as soon as possible rainwater pouring it.
IV. - The floor of areas and local storage or handling of hazardous materials for man or likely to create a water or soil pollution is waterproof, A1 (non-combustible) and equipped so as to collect water washing and accidentally released material, so that the liquid can flow out of the area or premises.
The materials collected are preferably recovered and recycled, or if not possible, treated under Articles 35, 60, 61 and 62.
V. - all measures are taken to collect all the water flows and could be polluted during a disaster, including water used by fire, so that they are recovered or treated to prevent pollution of soil, sewers, watercourses or the natural environment. This confinement can be achieved by either internal or external to the installation. Internal devices are prohibited where hazardous materials are stored.
If external containment device installation, channeled material is collected, so gravity or through autonomous lifting systems and converge on that specific ability. If recourse to independent lift systems, the operator is able to prove at any time of an interview and a rigorous maintenance of these devices. Regular tests are also carried out on such equipment.
If internal containment, automatic devices for clogging of water drainage systems are installed so as to keep the waters on the site may be polluted. The flow openings are in default closed position. All means are in place to prevent the spread of fire by these flows.
The required volume of this confinement is determined as follows. The operator calculates the sum:
- The volume of extinguishing water required for the fight against fire, first;

- Volume of the product released by the fire, on the other hand;
- Water volume related to weather due to 10 liters per square meter of drainage surface to the containment structure when the confinement is external.
The extinguishing water collected are eliminated to the appropriate waste treatment systems.

Chapter V: Operating Provisions
Article 23
More about this article ...

Combustion appliances are equipped with devices, firstly, to control its operation, and, secondly, in default, to secure the device in question and if necessary the installation.
The boilers in combustion appliances include a flame control device. The default operation should cause the securing of devices and stopping the fuel supply.

Article 24
More about this article ...

Sufficient space must be provided around the combustion devices, control elements, control, regulation, control and security to allow normal operation of the facilities.

Article 25
More about this article ...

The operator designates one or more referral persons with knowledge of the conduct of the installation, dangers and disadvantages that its operation leads, used or stored the products in the installation and the provisions to implement in case incident.
Persons outside the establishment does not have free access to facilities.

Article 26
More about this article ...

In parts of the facility identified in Article 8, repair or development work can only be made after issuance of a "permit" and possibly a "license fire "and following a specific instruction. These permits are issued after discussion of risks related to the work and development of appropriate measures.
The "permit" and possibly "fire permit" and special instructions are established and specified by the operator or by a person he has named. When the work is done by an outside company, the "permit" and possibly "fire permit" and the special requirement on the safety of the installation are signed by the operator and the outside undertaking or people they have named.
After the work is completed and before the resumption of the activity, a facility audit is performed by the operator or the possible external company representative.
In parts of the system at risk of fire or explosion, outside the combustion equipment, it is forbidden to bring fire in any form, except for the execution of works which have been the subject a "fire permit". This prohibition is displayed in bold letters.


Article 27 More about this item ...

The operator provides or have performed the periodic inspection and maintenance of equipment of security and the fight against fire established (outlets, detection and suppression systems, fire doors, for example dry column ) and possible electrical and heating installations in accordance with the standards in force.
Periodic checks of this equipment is recorded on a register in which are also mentioned the action taken on these audits.

Article 28
More about this article ...

Without prejudice to the provisions of the Labour Code, guidelines are established, maintained and displayed in places frequented by staff.
These instructions indicate particular:
- The prohibition to make fire in any form, including the prohibition of smoking in areas at risk of fire or explosion;
- The prohibition of burning outdoors;
- The obligation of "permit" or "fire permit" for the parties concerned of the installation;
- Storage conditions and storage products, including precautions for the use and storage of incompatible products;
- Emergency shutdown procedures and implementation safe installation (electricity, fluid networks);
- Measures to be taken in case of leakage from a vessel or piping containing hazardous substances;
- The implementation modalities of isolation devices collection system, provided for in Article 220;

- Extinguishing media to be used in case of fire;
- The alarm procedure with the telephone numbers of the intervention officer of the institution, fire and rescue services, etc. ;
- The obligation to inform the inspection of classified installations in case of accident;
- Operational procedures;
- The frequency of checking the safety devices and limiting or treating generated pollution and nuisances;
- Instructions for maintenance and cleaning, the frequency of these operations and the Consignment necessary before performing the work;
- Product storage conditions;
- The frequency of checks of tightness and attachment tanks and audit retention devices;
- Maintenance procedures, control and use of control equipment and safety devices.
The safety and operating instructions are made available to the operating personnel. They are regularly updated.

Article 29
More about this article ...

The property has sufficient reserves of consumables or materials used routinely or occasionally to ensure compliance with emission limit values ​​and other provisions of this order, such as filter sleeves, neutralization products, liquid inhibitors , absorbents, etc.

Article 30
More about this article ...

The user must ensure the proper maintenance of adjustment, control, signaling and safety. These checks and their results are recorded.
The piping may contain gas will be subject to an annual leak check to be carried out under normal pressure.
Any intervention by hot spot on a gas pipe may be accompanied by a release of gas may be initiated only after a complete purge of the relevant piping. After such work, a leak check of the piping must ensure full integrity of it. This check will be based on predefined documents and written procedures. These checks and their results are recorded.
For reasons related to the need of operation, this type of intervention can be carried out in violation of this paragraph, subject to the prior approval of the Inspectorate of classified installations.
Welders must have a certificate of professional competence in the specific assembly method to achieve. This certificate must be issued by a body outside the company and jurisdiction, in accordance with the decree of 16 July 1980 concerning the allocation of fitness certificate for gas installations located within residential buildings or their dependencies.

Article 31
More about this article ...

The facilities must be operated under the constant supervision of qualified personnel. It periodically checks the operation of the safety devices and ensures good fuel supply of combustion appliances.
Notwithstanding the above provisions, operation without continuous supervision is permitted:
- For steam generators or superheated water when they meet the provisions of the order of 1 February 1993 on the operation of the steam generators or superheated water without continuous;
- For other combustion devices, if the operating mode ensures continuous system monitoring allowing staff is to act remotely on devices operating parameters and safe place in case of anomalies or defects or to inform them to intervene directly on the site.
The operator keep written procedures for the recognition and management of malfunctions and those relating to staff interventions and periodic checks of proper functioning of the facility and devices ensuring its safe implementation. These procedures define the frequency and nature of checks to be performed during and outside of the operating period of the installation.

If abnormalities causing the shutdown of the plant, it must be protected against unintentional unlocking. Any automatic re-start is then prohibited. The reset can be done after fault by operating staff necessary after work on the site.

TITLE IV EMISSIONS TO WATER
Chapter I: withdrawal and water consumption
Article 32
More about this article ...

The maximum daily withdrawals of the public network and / or the environment is determined by the operator in his registration application file. The hourly sampling is less than 8 cubic meters per hour and the total amount collected is less than 500 m³ per year.
Refrigeration open circuit is prohibited.

Article 33
More about this article ...

The operator indicates in his case the arrangements for the implementation, operation, monitoring, surveillance and shutdown of sampling works.
water withdrawal facilities are equipped with an odometer measuring device. This device is noted weekly. These results are entered in a register and kept in the installation folder.
When connecting on a public network or drilling water, the sample book has a disconnection device.
The use of fire water network is restricted to incidents and emergency exercises, and maintenance or continued frost in the network.


Article 34 More about this item ...

The specific drilling realization to meet the water needs of the combustion plant is prohibited.

Chapter II: Collection and discharge of effluents

Article 35 More about this item ...

It is prohibited to establish direct links between networks effluent collection to undergo treatment or be destroyed and the receiving environment, except for accidental cases where the safety of persons or facilities would be compromised.
The aqueous effluents from plants are not likely to degrade the network installation or release toxic or flammable products in these networks, possibly by mixing with other effluents. These effluents do not contain substances likely to impair the function of site treatment facilities.
The collectors conveying water polluted with flammable liquids, or may be, are provided with effective protection against the risk of the spread of flames.
The map collection networks effluent collected shows the areas connecting the dots, looks, drains, pumping stations, measuring stations, manual and automatic valves ... It is kept in the installation folder.


Article 36 More about this item ...

The release points to the environment are as few as possible.
rejection of the works allow good distribution of effluent in the receiving environment and minimizing the mixing zone.
The wastewater discharge devices are arranged so as to minimize the disturbance to the receiving environment, near the point of discharge, based on the use of water in the immediate vicinity and downstream of it -ci, and not to interfere with navigation.
The collection system is divisive kind of isolating polluted wastewater rainwater not likely to be polluted.
The amount of water discharged is measured or estimated from surveys of water withdrawn in the public distribution system or in the environment.
The volume of water discharged is limited to 500 m³ / year, without exceeding 10 m³ / d.


Article 37 More about this item ...

On each discharge pipe effluent is provided a point of sampling and measurement points (flow, temperature, pollutant concentration ...).
These points are located in a section whose characteristics (straightness of the pipe upstream, quality of walls, flow regime, etc.) permit the construction of representative so that the measures are speed is not slowed down by thresholds or obstacles located at the downstream and the effluent is sufficiently uniform.
These points are arranged as to be easily accessible and enable interventions safely. All measures must be taken to facilitate the intervention of outside organizations at the request of the Inspectorate of classified installations.


Article 38
More about this article ...

Non contaminated rainwater not with impaired their original quality are discharged through a specific network.
Rainwater vulnerable to pollution, including runoff from roads, parking areas, loading and unloading, storage areas and other impervious surfaces is collected by a specific network and processed by one or more processing devices suitable for treating the pollutants involved.
These treatment devices comply with the NF P 16-442 (2007 Version or higher) or other equivalent European or international standard.
These facilities are drained (oil and sludge) and priests when the volume of sludge reaches half of the useful volume of the sludge and in all cases at least once a year, unless supporting evidence to the relative operator to carry this on the basis of regular visual checks recorded and kept available for inspection. In any event, the postponement of the transaction may not exceed two years. The cards follow the cleaning decanters-oil separators, the certificate of compliance with the standard as well as destroyed or reprocessed waste treatment slips are made available for the inspection of classified installations.
If released in a collective book collection, the maximum rate is set by agreement between the operator and manager of the collection work.
The water thus collected can be rejected at the receiving environment after quality control and if necessary appropriate treatment. Their rejection is spread over time as needed to meet the limit values ​​laid down in Article 45, subject to compatibility with releases pollution levels defined below with the objectives of quality and quantity waters referred to in IV of Article L. 212-1 of the environmental code.

Article 39
More about this article ...

The direct or indirect discharge of effluents to groundwater is prohibited.

Chapter III: Emission limit values ​​

Article 40 More about this item ...

All aqueous effluents are channeled.
Effluent dilution is prohibited.

Article 41
More about this article ...

The requirements of this section apply only to direct discharges to the natural environment.
The temperature of the discharged effluent is less than 30 C and the pH is between 5.5 and 8.5 or 5.5 and 9.5 if alkali neutralization.


Article 42 More about this item ...

The waste water discharged into the environment meet the following concentration limits, according to the daily maximum flow allowed.
For each of the pollutants emitted by the installation, the maximum daily flow is to be specified in the registration dossier:
- Total Suspended Solids 100 mg / l;
- BOD5 (of effluent not decanted): 100 mg / l;
- COD (of effluent not decanted): 300 mg / l;
- Total hydrocarbons: 10 mg / l;
- Overall nitrogen: 30 mg / l;
- Total phosphorus: 10 mg / l.
The discharge of substances in Annex X of Directive 2000/60 / EC of 23 October 2000 is prohibited.

Article 43
More about this article ...

The connection to a collective wastewater treatment plant, urban or industrial, is allowed only if the collective sanitation infrastructure (network and treatment plant) is capable of conveying and treating industrial effluent in good conditions. A discharge permit and, where appropriate, a spill convention are established with the competent authority or authorities responsible for sewerage and collection network.
The concentration limit values ​​imposed in the effluent leaving the plant before connecting to an urban wastewater treatment plant do not exceed:
- MEST: 600 mg / l;
- BOD5: 800 mg / l;
- COD: 2000 mg / l;
- Total nitrogen (expressed in N): 150 mg / l;
- Total phosphorus (expressed as P): 50 mg / l;
- Total hydrocarbons: 10 mg / l.
However, the emission limit values ​​may exceed the above values ​​if the authorization and possible convention spill the permit and to the extent that it has been shown that the proper functioning of the networks, sewage treatment facilities and the sludge treatment system is not affected by these exceedances.

For temperature, flow and pH, discharge permit in the public network sets the value to be respected.


Article 44 More about this item ...

Unless otherwise specified, the above limits apply to levies, measures or means tests carried out over 24 hours.
In the case of a self-monitoring, defined in Article 66, unless otherwise specified, 10% of the series of measurement results may exceed the prescribed limits, without exceeding twice these values. These 10% are counted on a monthly basis for aqueous effluents.
For nitrogen and phosphorus, the mean concentration on a sample 24 hours does not exceed twice the limit values.


Article 45 More about this item ...

The stormwater discharges channeled meet the following concentration limits, subject to compatibility with releases pollution levels defined below with the objectives of quality and quantity of water referred to in IV of Article L. 212-1 of the environment code:
- Total suspended solids 35 mg / l;
- COD (on non decanted effluent): 125 mg / l;
- Total hydrocarbons: 10 mg / l.

Chapter IV: Effluent Treatment

Article 46 More about this item ...

Treatment facilities in case of direct discharge into the natural environment and pre-treatment facilities when connected to a collective wastewater treatment plant, urban or industrial, as appropriate in compliance with the limits imposed rejection are designed to cope with variations in flow, temperature or composition of waste to deal with, especially at the startup or shutdown of facilities.
processing facilities and / or pre-treatment are properly maintained. The main parameters to ensure their proper operation are measured periodically. The results of these measurements are entered in a register and kept on file in the facility for five years.
If an outage or malfunction of processing facilities and / or pre-treatment is likely to lead to exceeding the limits imposed by this order, the operator shall take the necessary measures to reduce the pollution emitted by limiting or stopping if need the activity.
When using liquid fuels, soil washing water and the various flows can not be evacuated after crossing first a hydrocarbon separator device unless they are disposed of in accordance with Chapter VII. This material is kept in good working order and regularly maintained to retain its initial performance.
When the power of the installation exceeds 10 MW, this device will be equipped with an automatic shutter controlling an alarm in case the unit would reach its maximum holding capacity of hydrocarbons.


Article 47 More about this item ...

The application of sludge, waste, effluents and by-products of combustion activity is prohibited.

TITLE V: AIR EMISSIONS
Chapter I: General
Article 48
More about this article ...

The dust, gaseous pollutants or odors are captured and channeled to the source, except in the case of a justified technically impossible. Notwithstanding the rules on hygiene and safety of workers, the discharges comply with the provisions of this Order.
The storage of powdered products, volatile or odorous, may lead to diffuse emission of pollutants into the atmosphere, are confined (containers, silos, closed buildings ...). Handling facilities, transfer, transportation of these products are, unless justified technically impossible, equipped with rollover and suction devices to reduce air emissions. If needed, the suction devices are connected to a sewage treatment facility to comply with the provisions of this Order. Equipment and corresponding arrangements satisfy also the prevention of fire and explosion (vents for drying towers, scrubbers ...).
Storage of other bulk products is made possible in enclosed spaces. Otherwise, special arrangements at both the design and construction (installation depending on the wind ...) that the operation is implemented.

When the storage of powdery products are in the open air, humidifying the storage or spraying additives to limit the fly-off during dry weather are allowed.

Chapter II: Releases to the atmosphere
Article 49
More about this article ...

The release points to the environment are as few as possible. If more discharge points are required, the operator warrants.
The effluents are collected and discharged into the atmosphere, after possible treatment through chimneys for proper dissemination of releases. The shape of the ducts, particularly in their nearest part of the opening to the atmosphere, is designed so as to maximize the rise of the gas in the atmosphere. The location of these conduits is such that there can be at any time of siphoning effluents in ducts or air intakes nearby. The contours of the ducts show no angular point and the variation of the ducts at the outlet of the adjacent section is continuous and slow.


Article 50 More about this item ...

The measuring points and the sampling points are arranged in accordance with conditions set by the reference methods specified in the order of 7 July 2009 referred to above and equipped with the necessary equipment to perform the measures provided by this Order under representative conditions.

Article 51
More about this article ...

All arrangements are made for the combustion gases are collected and removed by a smallest possible number of chimneys that lead to a height allowing a good dispersion of pollutants.
If taking into account technical and economic factors, the waste gas of several combustion appliances are or may be discharged through a common stack, combustion appliances and together constitute a group whose power, as defined in Article 2 is the sum of unit powers the devices that comprise it. This power is that used in the tables below to determine the height hp of the chimney (the altitude difference between the outlet to the open air and the average altitude ground at the point considered expressed in meters) associated with these devices.
If several chimneys are grouped in the same conduit, the height of the latter will be determined by reference to fuel giving the highest stack height.
The heights in parentheses is the minimum height of the chimneys associated with plants located in towns and areas mentioned in Article L. 222-4 of the Code of the environment.
A. - The case of plants with turbines or engines.
The height (or) fireplace (s) is determined by reference, in the following table, the total power of each appliance category (engines or turbines) taken separately.


Total POWER 2 ¹ and ¸ 4 MWth MWth MWth
4 and 6 MWth
¸ 6 ¸ MWth and 10 MWth
10 MWth and 15 MWth ¸
Height 15 MWth


5 m 6 m

7 m 9 m (13 m)
10 m (15 m)
In the case of an isolated combustion device or group of devices connected to the same fire and whose power is less than or equal to 2 MW, the minimum height of the opening in the open air of the chimney evacuation of combustion gases must be at least 3 meters the highest point of the roof surmounting the installation.
In the case of dual fuel engines, the stack height is increased by 20% from the height shown in the table above for the corresponding power (rounded to the next whole).
For turbines and engines, if the ejection speed of the combustion gases exceeds the value indicated in Article 520, the following formula can be used to determine the minimum chimney height hp without it being less than 3m:
hp = hA [1 - (V - 25) / (V - 5)]
where hA is the value indicated in the table above for the relevant power V and the actual speed ejection of combustion gases (in m / s).
B. - Other installations.


Total POWER 2 ¹ and ¸ 4 MWth MWth
4 MWth and 10 MWth ¸
10 MWth

Height 6 m

8 m 9 m (14 m)
In the case of an isolated combustion device or group of devices connected to the same fire and whose power is less than or equal to 2 MW, the minimum height of the opening in the open air of the chimney evacuation of combustion gases must be at least 3 meters the highest point of the roof surmounting the installation.

C - Special provisions for boiler rooms.
Combustion appliances installed in the same boiler is one set within the meaning of the second paragraph of this article. The stack height is determined according to the indications of point B above.
If several chimneys are connected to boilers using the same fuel, it will calculate the height of the chimneys as if there was only one corresponding to an installation whose power is equal to the sum of the powers of the relevant combustion appliances .
In boilers with boilers and appliances under point A, the height (or) fireplace (s) (s) associated with the boilers is determined by reference to the total power of installed combustion equipment.
D - Consideration of obstacles.
If there is in the vicinity of natural or artificial obstacles to hamper the dispersion of combustion gases (obstacles seen the fire seen in a greater than 15 degrees in the horizontal plane), the height (or ) fireplace (s) should be determined as follows:
If the obstacle is located at a distance less than D of the axis of the chimney: Hi = hi + 5.
If the obstacle is located at a distance D 5 and D of the axis of the chimney: Hi = 5/4 (hi + 5) (1 - d / 5 D).
hi is the height of a point of the obstacle located at a distance d from the axis of the chimney. Hp is the largest of the Hi values, the height of the chimney should be higher or equal to the greater of Hp and hp values.
D is taken equal to 25 m if the power is less than 10 MWth and 40 m if the power is greater than or equal to 10 MWth.

Article 52
More about this article ...

A. - Turbines and engines.
The ejection speed of the nominal operation in flue gas must be at least 25 m / s if the power of the installation is greater than 2 MW, and 15 m / s otherwise.
B. - Other combustion devices.
The ejection speed of the nominal operation in flue gas must be at least 8 m / s if the transmission rate of the chimney considered exceeds 5000 m³ / h, 5 m / s if flow is less than or equal to 5000 m³ / h.

Chapter III: Emission limit values ​​
Article 53
More about this article ...

The fuel used must match those listed in the declaration file and the specifications recommended by the manufacturer of combustion appliances.
The fuel is considered in the physical state it is when introduced into the combustion chamber.

Article 54
More about this article ...

The operator demonstrates that the emission limit values ​​set out below are consistent with the middle of the state. For the determination of flows, channeled emissions and diffuse emissions are taken into account.
The methods of measuring, sampling and analysis, reference in force are determined by the decree of 7 July 2009 referred to above.

Article 55
More about this article ...

The flue gas flow is expressed in cubic meters per hour reported at standard temperature (273 K) and pressure (101.3 kPa) after the water vapor (dry gas). The flue gas flow and the pollutant concentrations are reported to the same oxygen content in reference equal to 15% in the case of turbines, 5% in the case of engines and 3% in the case of other plants combustion, and this regardless of the fuel used (gas or liquid). Pollutant concentrations are expressed in grams (s) or milligram (s) per cubic meter reported the same standardized conditions.
When the installation includes both turbines and engines, the limits apply to each device category (turbine or engine) taken separately by reference to the columns "engines" or "turbine" of the tables in Article 56.
If the installation includes a combustion device on the circuit exhaust gas turbines or engines operating, the limit values ​​applicable to it are determined by reference to the column "drivers" or "turbine" of the tables' Article 56. When the device operates only (turbine and engine off), the limit values ​​applicable to it are determined by reference to the column "boilers and other" tables of section 56.
The limit values ​​must be respected in terms of running at full load facilities.


Article 56
More about this article ...

I. - The gaseous effluents are within the limits shown in the table below according to the hourly flow and appliance category concerned. In case the same pollutant is emitted by various channeled releases, the limit values ​​applicable to each channeled rejection are determined, if necessary, depending on the total flow of all channeled and diffuse discharges.
The limits apply to the measurement of gas vesicles and particles if any.

BOILER OR OTHER (mg / m³ at 3% O2)

MOTORS (mg / m³ to 5% O2)

TURBINES (mg / m³ 15% O2) Total dust


5 10 10

carbon monoxide 250

1200

300 Sulphur oxides (expressed sulfur dioxide) 110


100 dual fuel engine: 600

40 nitrogen oxides (expressed as nitrogen dioxide)

100 270 || | dual fuel engine: 525 100

hydrogen chloride gas and other inorganic compounds of chlorine (as HCl)

10 10 10

fluorine and inorganic fluorine compounds (gas, particles and vesicles) (expressed as HF)

5 5 5

non-methane volatile organic compounds (as total carbon in the overall concentration of all compounds)


50 50 50
Formaldhéhyde (the value refers to the mass sum), if the maximum hourly flow of the entire facility or greater than 100 g / h
40 | 40 || 40

ammonia (when the installation is equipped with a processing device of nitrogen oxides with ammonia or its promoters) 20


20 20 | || II. - Substances and mixtures which are assigned or which shall be affixed, H340 hazard statements, H350, H350i, H360D or H360F or the risk phrases R 45, R 46, R 49, R 60 and R 61, in because of their content of volatile organic compounds classified as carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic to reproduction under Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures are replaced wherever possible by substances or mixtures and less harmful within the shortest possible time.

Article 57
More about this article ...

All necessary steps are taken to minimize odors from the facility. In particular, the storage, handling and transportation of fuels and products that could be the source of odor emissions are channeled or developed in confined spaces and ventilated if necessary. The gaseous effluents channeled odorants are, if necessary, collected and fed to a gas purification installation.

TITLE VI EMISSIONS IN SOIL
Article 58
More about this article ...

Direct releases to soil are prohibited.

TITLE VII: NOISE AND VIBRATIONS
Article 59
More about this article ...

I. - Values ​​noise limits.
The noise emissions of the installation are not originally in areas regulated emergence of a rise above the permissible values ​​defined in the following table:
NOISE AMBIENT existing in areas

at
emergence regulated (including the noise of the installation)
eMERGENCE ELIGIBLE

for the period from 7:00 to 10:00 p.m.,
except Sundays and holidays || |
EMERGENCE ELIGIBLE for the period from 22 hours to 7 hours,
and on Sundays and public holidays Superior
35 and less than or equal to 45 dB (A)
6 dB (A )
4 dB (A)
Greater than 45 dB (A)
5 dB (A)
3 dB (A)
In addition, the noise level on the property line of the facility does not exceed, when in operation 70 dB (A) for the period of day and 60 dB (A) for night period unless the residual noise for the period exceeds this limit.
II. - Vehicles and construction machinery.
Transport vehicles, materials handling and construction equipment used inside the facility complies with the provisions in force concerning the limitation of their noise emissions.
The use of all acoustically by communication devices (sirens, alarms, speakers, etc.), annoying to neighbors, is prohibited, unless their use is exceptional and reserved for the prevention and reporting of serious incidents or accidents.
III. - Vibrations.

The facility is built, equipped and operated so that its operation is not causing vibrations in neighboring buildings that could compromise the health or safety of the neighborhood or be a nuisance to it.
IV. - Monitoring by the operator of noise.
The operator sets up a monitoring sound emissions from the installation to estimate the value of the emergence generated in areas regulated emergence. The measurements are performed according to the method defined in annex to the Order of 23 January 1997 referred to above. These measurements are performed under conditions representative of the operation of the plant over a period of at least a half hour.
A measure of the noise level and the emergence must be performed at least every three years by an individual or a qualified organization.

PART VIII: WASTE
Article 60
More about this article ...

The operator shall take all necessary steps in the design and operation of facilities for proper waste management of its business, including:
- Limit to source the quantity and toxicity of waste by adopting clean technologies;
- Sort, recycle, recover its manufacturing by-products;
- Ensure treatment or pre-treatment of waste, including physico-chemical, biological or thermal;
- To ensure the final waste volume should be strictly limited storage in the best possible conditions.

Article 61
More about this article ...

The operator performs within its establishment the separation of waste (hazardous or not) in order to facilitate their treatment or disposal in specific sectors.
Waste and scrap products are stored before their revaluation or disposal under conditions presenting no risk of pollution (prevention of leaching by rain water, a pollution of surface and groundwater, fly ash and odors) for the surrounding population and environment.
Temporary storage before recycling or disposal of hazardous waste are carried out on sealed retention basins and, if possible protected from rain water.
The amount of waste stored on the site does not exceed the monthly capacity produced or, in case of external treatment, a normal batch of shipment to the disposal facility.

Article 62
More about this article ...

Non-hazardous waste (wood, paper, glass, textile, plastic, rubber, etc.) and not contaminated by toxic or polluting products can be recovered, recycled or disposed of at licensed facilities.
The only disposal methods authorized for packaging waste valorisation by reuse, recycling or any other action to obtain usable materials or energy. This provision does not apply to holders of packaging waste that produce a lower weekly volume to 1100 liters and hand them to the collection and treatment service of Commons (Articles R. 543-66 to R. 543- 72 of the environmental code).
Hazardous waste is disposed of in regulated facilities for this purpose under the code of the environment, under conditions to ensure the protection of the environment. A registry of hazardous waste produced (type, tonnage, disposal method, etc.) is maintained. The operator emits a tracking slip when he puts this waste to a third party and is able to justify elimination. The supporting documents are kept three years.
Any burning outdoors is prohibited.

TITLE IX EMISSIONS MONITORING
Chapter I: General
Article 63
More about this article ...

The operator sets up an emissions monitoring program in accordance with Articles 64 to 66. The measurements are performed under the responsibility of the operator and expense.
The methods of measuring, sampling and analysis, reference in force are determined by the decree of 7 July 2009 referred to above.
The measurements are made by a body authorized by the Minister responsible for classified facilities selected in accordance with the inspection of classified installations.
The first check is performed six months later after the commissioning of the plant.

Chapter II: Air emissions
Article 64
More about this article ...


The adjustment and maintenance of the facility will be carefully and as frequently as necessary to ensure operation having no inconvenience to the neighborhood. These operations also cover the exhaust ducts from combustion gases and, if necessary, on filtration devices and water treatment.
Installation and combustion appliances that comprise must be equipped with fire control and monitoring devices necessary for the operation to reduce air pollution.
The results of inspections and maintenance of combustion installations with boilers are worn on the boiler booklet.

Article 65
More about this article ...

The operator carries out, in accordance with Article 55, an annual measure of the following:
- debit ;
- Total dust;
- carbon monoxide ;
- Sulfur oxides;
- nitrogen oxides ;
- Hydrogen chloride and other inorganic compounds of chlorine;
- Fluorine and fluorine compounds;
- Formaldehyde;
- Ammonia, if the installation is equipped with a processing device of nitrogen oxides with ammonia or its promoters.
The measurements are performed on a minimum of half an hour, under conditions representative of the operation of the plant. For turbines and engines, measurements are made at full load steady.
Pollutants that are not likely to be issued by the installation does not subject the planned periodic measurements. In this case, the operator is at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations technical elements to certify the absence of emission of these products by the installation.
In the case of instant withdrawals, no measurement result shall not exceed twice the prescribed limit value.
During a surveillance operation, when several measurements are taken, the average of these measures shall not exceed the emission limit values ​​and action is not greater than 1.5 times the emission limit value.
The measurement results are made available to the inspection of classified installations.

Chapter III: Water emissions
Article 66
More about this article ...

That effluent is discharged into the environment or a network connection to a collective wastewater treatment plant, a measurement is performed annually for pollutants listed below, from a representative sample over a period of 24 hours:
- debit ;
- temperature ;
- PH;
- COD (on non decanted effluent);
- Total suspended solids;
- BOD5 (*) (on non decanted effluent);
- Overall nitrogen;
- Total phosphorus;
- Total hydrocarbons.
Pollutants that are not likely to be issued by the installation does not subject the planned periodic measurements. In this case, the operator is at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations technical elements to certify the absence of emission of these products by the installation.
When the pollutants have, within the authorized scope of such a dilution they are no longer measured at the discharge to the outside environment or at the connection with a sewer system, they are measured within the permitted scope before dilution.
For effluents connected, measurements can be made more binding frequency to the request of the manager of the treatment plant.
The measurement results are made available for the inspection of classified installations.
In the case of instant withdrawals, no measurement result shall not exceed twice the prescribed limit value.
In the case of a permanent self (at least one representative measure per day), 10% of the series of measurement results may exceed the prescribed limits, without exceeding twice these values. These 10% are counted on a monthly basis for aqueous effluents.
(*) For BOD5, the frequency may be reduced if it is demonstrated that monitoring another parameter is representative of this pollutant and when the measurement of this parameter is not required to follow the treatment plant on which the rejection is connected.

Article 67
More about this article ...

The Director General of the Energy and Climate and the Director General of Risk Prevention are responsible, each in regards to the implementation of this Order, which will be published in the Official Journal of the French Republic .
Appendix





APPENDIX APPENDIX I

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR WITHDRAWAL OF OPERATIONS AND ANALYSIS
1. General requirements
The chosen analytical laboratory must imperatively fulfill the following two conditions:
1. To be accredited according to DIN EN ISO / IEC 17025 for "wastewater" matrix for each analyte. To justify this accreditation, the laboratory must provide the operator with all the following documents before the sampling and measurements to justify it fulfills the provisions of this Annex: proof of accreditations on the operations of withdrawals (if available) and analysis of substances in the "waste water" matrix comprising a minimum accreditation number and the extract of the technical Annex of the substances; list of references in operations of hazardous substances in samples of industrial waste; performance table and quality assurance whether the substance is accredited or not and quantification limit that must be at or below the LOQ of Article 620; certificate provider pledging to respect the requirements of the Technical Annex.
2. Respect the quantification limits listed in section 620 for each substance.
The provider or operator may appeal to the subcontracting or realize itself levies operations. In any case, it will ensure compliance with requirements relating to removal operations as described below, in close consultation with the laboratory conducting the analyzes.
The analytical subcontracting is allowed. However, in case of subcontracting, the designated laboratory for these analyzes must meet the same skills criteria that the service provider is to say fulfill the two conditions mentioned in paragraph 2 above.
The provider will, in any case, solely responsible for the execution of services and commit to ensure compliance by its subcontractors all obligations of the Technical Annex.
When the sampling operations shall be conducted by the analysis provider, is solely responsible for the proper performance of the entire chain.
When sampling operations are carried out by the operator itself or its subcontractor, the operator is solely responsible for the execution of withdrawals of benefits and, therefore, responsible solidarity of the quality of results analysis.
Compliance with this specification and requirements requested can be controlled by an organization mandated by the state services.
All the raw data must be retained by the laboratory for at least three years.
2.
Debit transactions The operations of sampling and sampling should be based on standards or guidelines in force, which means to date of compliance:
- NF EN ISO 5667-3 "Water Quality. - Sampling. - Part 3: Guidelines for the preservation and handling of water samples ";
- FD T 90-523-2 guide "Water Quality. - Sampling Guide for monitoring water quality in the environment. - Sampling of waste water. "
The main points of the technical guidelines are detailed below regarding the general conditions of sampling, continuous flow measurement, continuous sampling over 24 hours at a controlled temperature, sampling and production of white samples.
2.1.
Operators levy The sampling operations can be performed on site by:
- The analysis provider;
- The contractor selected by the analysis provider;
- The operator itself or its subcontractor.
In case it is the operator or his subcontractor that performs the sample, it is imperative that it has procedures in demonstrating the reliability and reproducibility of its practices in sampling and flow measurement. These procedures should include the items detailed in paragraphs 2.2 to 2.6 below and demonstrate that traceability of these operations is assured.
2.2. Terms of the levy
The volume taken must be representative of the flow of business and consistent with the amounts necessary to complete the analysis under accreditation.

In case of intervention of the operator or a subcontractor for sampling, number, unit volume, the bottles, the possible preservation and identification of samples must be defined by the analysis provider and releases the sampler. The testing laboratory will provide bottles (bring extra bottles for whites sampling system).
The samples will be distributed in different bottles provided by the laboratory according to the official methods regulations specific for the substance to be analyzed and / or NF EN ISO 5667-3. (4) The samples sent to the laboratory in bottles from other sources will be refused by the laboratory.
Sampling must be addressed in order to be received by the laboratory for analysis no later than 24 hours after the end of sampling, on pain of rejection by the laboratory.
(4) The NF EN ISO 5667-3 is a good practice guide. When differences exist between the NF EN ISO 5667-3 and the specific analytical standard for the substance, it is always the requirements of analytical standard prevail.



2.3. Continuous flow measurement
Flow measurement will be carried out continuously over a 24-hour schedule, according to the standards contained in the FDT-90-523-2 and technical requirements of manufacturers of measurement systems.
To ensure the quality of operation of these measuring systems, periodic metrological checks should be carried out by accredited organizations, resulting in:
For systems in open channel flow:
- Monitoring compliance of the measuring element (threshold, flume, venturi, spillway ...) vis-à-vis the normative prescriptions and manufacturers;
- A flowmeter for controlling the operation up by a comparative measurement carried out by means of another meter.
For systems with flow supported:
- A compliance monitoring installation vis-à-vis the normative prescriptions and manufacturers;
- A control operation of the switch by comparative measurement exerted on site (other flowmeter gauging ...) or by a check on a test bench in an accredited laboratory.
Metrological testing will take place before the start of the first measurement campaign, or on the occasion of the first measure, before being renewed on an annual basis.
2.4. Continuous sampling over 24 hours at a controlled temperature

This type of sampling requires specific equipment to establish a weighted sample in the flow.
The materials for the realization of an automated sampling based on the flow or volume sold are:
- Monoflacons either fixed or portable samplers, constituting a single means sample over the entire period;
- Multiflacons either fixed or portable samplers, constituting several samples (usually 4, 6, 12 or 24) during the period. If this type of sampler is implemented, samples should be homogenized to form the average sample before transfer into vials for analysis.
The samplers will refrigerate the samples during the period.
In case it proves impossible to make a proportional sample of the effluent flow, the sampler will practice a levy slaved to time, or one-time levy if the nature of releases warranted (eg homogeneous release in batches) . In this case, the flow and its evolution will be estimated by the sampling based on information collected on site (water meters, water balance, etc). The sampler will have when returning specify the sampling methodology applied.
Metrological control of the sampling device must be carried out periodically on the following points (recommendations FD T 90-523-2 guide):
- Accuracy and repeatability of the sample volume (minimum volume 50 ml, permissible difference between theoretical and actual volume 5%);
- Circulation of the effluent velocity in the upper pipe or equal to 0.5 m / s.
Control of materials and sample bodies will achieve (see sampling system white)
The positioning of the effluent outlet shall observe the following:
- In a turbulent zone;
- Halfway up the water column;

- At a sufficient distance from the walls to avoid sample contamination by deposits or biofilms that develop.
2.5. sample
The representativeness of the sample is difficult to obtain in the case of splitting some waste water because of their high heterogeneity of their high content of MES or floating materials. A homogenizer system can be used in these cases. It should not change the sample.
The sample conditioning shall be carried in containers in accordance with official methods in force specific for the substance to be analyzed and / or NF EN ISO 5667-31.
Transport of samples to the laboratory must be performed in a chamber maintained at a temperature of 5 C ± 3 C, and be completed within 24 hours after the end of the sample to ensure sample integrity.
The temperature of the enclosure or samples will be checked on arrival at the laboratory indicated in the reporting on analyzes.
2.6.
Sampling white White sampling system:
The sampling system of white is intended to verify the absence of contamination related to materials (bottles, pipes) used or cross-contamination between successive samples. It is the phlebotomist to implement the provisions for demonstrating the absence of contamination. The transmission of the results is validated and the operator will be deemed issuer of all substances found in his rejection, the corresponding levels. It will be up to him to control that no contamination before transmission of results.
If a sampling system blank is made, it is recommended to follow the following requirements: it must be made compulsory for a period of 3 hours minimum. It may be carried out in the laboratory by flowing water free of micropollutants in the sampling system.
The acceptance criteria and white taken in account will be:
- If value white ¸ LQ: do not subtract the results of the sampling system white the results of the effluent;
- If value of LQ white and less than the measurement uncertainty attached to the results: do not subtract the results of the sampling system white the results of the effluent;
- If value white ¹ measurement uncertainty attached to the results: the presence of contamination is confirmed, the laboratory must redo the sampling and analysis of rejection considered.
White atmosphere:
Achieving a white atmosphere allows analysis in the laboratory to ensure the reliability of the results obtained for volatile compounds or may be dispersed in the air and can provide explanatory data to the operator.
The atmosphere of white can be produced at the request of the operator in case of suspicion of the presence of volatile substances (BTEX, VOC, chlorobenzene, mercury ...) on the test site.
If completed, it must be necessarily and systematically:
- The day of collection aqueous effluents;
- Over a period of 24 hours or, in any case, a sampling time of identical white atmosphere of the sampling time of the aqueous effluent. The methodology is to let a water bottle free of VOC and metals exposed to the ambient air is formed where the sample 24 hours slaved to flow.
The values ​​of the white atmosphere will be mentioned in the analysis and in no case exempt other report. 3
.
analysis All analytical procedures must be started if possible within 24 hours and in any event no later than 48 hours after the sampling.
All analyzes are accountable for the entire sample (raw effluent, including MES) complying with the provisions on the treatment of MY listed below, except for polybrominated diphenyl ethers.
In the case of metals, the analysis required is a determination of the total concentration of metal contained in the effluent (no filtration), obtained after digestion of the sample according to the standards:
ISO 15587-1 "Water quality. - Digestion for the determination of selected elements in water. - Part 1: aqua regia digestion "; or
ISO 15587-2 "Water quality. - Digestion for the determination of selected elements in water. - Part 2: digestion with nitric acid. "

For mercury, complete digestion step without filtration is described in the specific analytical standards in this element.
In the case of alkyl phenols are asked to simultaneously search nonylphenol, octylphenol and the first two homologous ethoxylates (5) nonylphenol (NP1OE and NP2OE) and the first two ethoxylates counterparts (5) octylphenols (OP1OE and OP2OE). Search ethoxylates can be done without additional cost together with that of nonylphenol and octyl by using the draft standard ISO / DIS 18857-2 (6).
Some usual monitoring parameters of the institution, namely the COD (chemical oxygen demand) or TOC (total organic carbon) according to the prefectural in force, and MES (suspended solids) will be systematically analyzed in each as effluent standards ([7] see notes [8], [9] and [10]) to ensure the representativeness of the activity of the institution on the day of measurement.
The analytical performance to be achieved for waste water are given in Annex 5.2. They come from the exploitation of quantification limits provided by the analysis providers in the context of the action SRED since 2005.
Consideration of MES:
The laboratory shall identify and describe in detail the methods used in the case of TSS concentration ¹ 50 mg / L.
For parameters referred to in Annex 5.1 (with the exception of COD, TOC and TSS) is asked:
- If 50 ¸ ¸ MY 250 mg / l: liquid extractions achieve 3 / liquid successive minimum of the crude sample without separation;
- If MY 250 mg / l: analyze separately the aqueous phase and the particulate phase after filtration or centrifugation of the crude sample, except for the volatile compounds for which the processing of the raw sample by filtration is avoided. The volatile compounds are concerned: 3.4 dichloroaniline Epichlorhydrine, Tributylphosphate, chloroacetic acid, Benzene, Ethylbenzene, Isopropylbenzene, Toluene, Xylenes (Somme o, m, p), 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene, 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene, 1,3,5 trichlorobenzene, chlorobenzene, 1,2-dichlorobenzene, 1,3-dichlorobenzene, 1,4-dichlorobenzene, 1-chloro 2-nitrobenzene, 1 chloro-3-nitrobenzene, 1-chloro-4-nitrobenzene, 2-chlorotoluene, 3-chlorotoluene, 4-chlorotoluene, nitrobenzene, 2 nitrotoluene, 1,2-dichloroethane, methylene chloride, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, chloroprene, 3 chloropropene, 1,1-dichloroethane, 1,1-dichloroethylene, 1,2-dichloroethylene, hexachloroethane, 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane, Tetrachloroethylene , 1,1,1 trichloroethane, 1,1,2 trichloroethane, trichlorethylene, vinyl chloride, 2-chloroaniline, 3-chloroaniline, 4-chloroaniline and 4-chloro-2-nitroaniline.
The refund for each loaded effluent (MES 250 mg / l) will be: value in g / l obtained in the aqueous phase, value mg / kg obtained in the particulate phase and total value calculated in g / l.
The analysis of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) is not requested in the water, and will perform according to ISO 22032 standard only on MES as soon as their concentration is 50 mg / l. The amount of MES to be taken for the analysis should help achieve an equivalent LQ in water of 0.05 mg / l for each BDE.
(5) The nonylphenol ethoxylates and octylphenol constitute forward an indirect source of nonylphenols and octylphenols in the environment.
(6) ISO / DIS 18857-2: Water quality. - Determination of selected alkylphenols. - Part 2: Determination of alkylphenols, alkyl phenol ethoxylates and bisphenol A - Method for unfiltered samples using solid phase extraction and gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection after derivatization. Available from AFNOR, T 91M commission, which will be published in early 2009. priority
(7) NF T 90-101: Water quality: Determination of the chemical oxygen demand (COD).
(8) EN 872: Water quality: Determination of suspended solids by filtration method filter fiberglass.
(9) EN 1484 - Water analysis: guidelines for the determination of total organic carbon and dissolved organic carbon.
(10) NF T 90-105-2. - Water quality: determination of suspended solids by centrifugation method).

Dated December 8, 2011.
For the Minister and by delegation: The Director General

energy and climate
P.-E. The CEO bedside

the risk prevention
L. Michel

Related Laws