JORF n ° 0281 December 3, 2008 page 18442 text no. 3 order of 29 September 2008 concerning the prevention of disaster in the deposits of paper and cardboard subject to authorisation under the heading No. 1530 of the nomenclature of classified installations NOR: DEVP0823140A ELI: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/eli/arrete/2008/9/29/DEVP0823140A/jo/texte Minister of State , Minister of ecology, energy, sustainable development and the development of the territory, having regard to the code of the environment, and particularly his book V;
Mindful of Decree No. 92-647 of 8 July 1992, amended on October 3, 2003, regarding the fitness for use of construction products;
Considering the Decree of 21 November 2002 on the classification of materials according to their reaction to fire.
Considering the Decree of 14 February 2003 on the performance of roofs and roof coverings exposed to an external fire.
Considering the Decree of 22 March 2004 on the determination of the degree of the fire resistance of building materials;
Considering the Decree of 29 September 2005 on the assessment and taking account of the probability of occurrence of the kinetics of the intensity of the effects and the seriousness of the consequences of potential accidents in studies of dangers of classified installations subject to authorisation;
Having the opinion of the Board of Governors facilities classified on September 23, 2008, stop: General Article 1 more on this article...
Is regarded as relating to the application of this order all storage: ― referred to in section 1530 of the nomenclature of classified installations; and ― consisting of one or more Islands of storage of paper, cardboard or pulp concentration greater than 70% in which each of the islets is separated by less than 30 metres of another island; fiberglass and — for which the total volume of the above Islands exceeds 20,000 cubic metres.
Arrested all of the provisions of the present apply fully to preparations (referred to as 'new deposits' in the present order) which are the subject of an application for authorization submitted at the end of a period of six months after the date of publication of this order as well as extensions or modifications of existing deposits regularly authorized subject to a notable change requiring the filing of a new application for authorisation in accordance with article R. 512-33 of the code of the environment beyond the same deadline.
For the other regularly authorized facilities and including the filing of application for leave is prior to the date of this order increased by six months (referred to as 'existing deposits' or 'existing facilities' later in this order), and without prejudice to the provisions already applicable: ― the provisions of articles 3, 5.1, 5.6 and 13, as well as articles 17 to 22 shall apply within a period of six months after the date of publication of the Decree;
— the provisions of articles 4, 5.2, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15 and 16 shall apply to existing facilities under the terms described in these articles;
— the provisions of sections 5.3 to 5.5, on the one hand, and articles 6 to 9, on the other hand, shall not apply to existing facilities.
Article 2 more on this article...
For the purposes of this order, means: storage: set of one or more Islands of storage in which each of the islets is separated by less than 30 metres of another island.
Covered storage: storage covered under the present order, and subject to the provisions of articles 6 to 12, is considered by all storage sheltered by a construction with properties of resistance to fire at least REI 15, equipped with a roof and closed on at least 70% of its perimeter.
Cell: part of a compartmentalized covered storage, subject to the provisions of articles 6 to 12;
Reaction and the fire resistance of building elements, class and index of roofing, drops inflamed: these definitions are those contained in decisions of 21 November 2002, on March 22, 2004 and February 14, 2003, referred to above, in substitution of the standards of the orders of 10 September 1970 on the classification of the blankets in combustible materials from the danger of fire resulting from an external fire , and June 30, 1983, amended and August 3, 1999, made under the code of construction and housing. Equivalencies are however mentioned in the articles concerned;
Protective Strip: stripes on roof arranged on the surfaces of sealing along the sanitary walls between cells, intended to prevent the spread of a sinister from one cell to another by the roof.
Article 3 read more on this article...
The operator maintains a State of the stored quantities. This status also indicates the location and nature of the products stored.
These documents are required at all times, easily accessible way, the provision of fire and rescue and the inspection of classified installations services.
Implantation-accessibility Article 4 read more on this article...
Products stored are located so that: ― the area of serious hazards for human life within the meaning of the Ministerial Decree of September 29, 2005, above storage fire does extend to any construction use of housing, or building inhabited or occupied by third parties or any area for housing (excluding related storage facilities) , or to any lane other than those necessary for service or the operation of the storage and the industrial establishment in which it operates;
― the zone of irreversible effects on human life within the meaning of the Ministerial Decree of September 29, 2005, above storage fire does extend to any tall building, no institution receiving public, no railway opened for passenger traffic, no way of navigable water or no pool open to the public, except for retention of stormwater and water supply basins fire , or no way road Expressway other than those necessary for the service or operation of the storage or the industrial establishment in which it operates.
These provisions shall not apply to existing facilities.
Furthermore, the storage for a new deposit limits are located at a minimum distance of 20 meters from the walls of the establishment.
A less than 20 metres distance may be authorized, after presentation by the operator of sufficient compensatory measures for the new depots in an institution with at least a facility subject to authorisation which the authorization was issued previously to information of the prefect by the operator of its filing project.
For existing deposits, a distance of 20 meters from the walls of the institution is respected within a period of two years, unless expressly permitted by the prefect, after presentation by the operator of adequate compensatory measures.
Storage is also located in more than 30 meters of all products and installations within the institution likely to produce toxic effects or explosions storage fire, except if the operator puts in place of equipment which it justifies the relevance so that these products and facilities be protected from such Domino effects.
This provision is applicable to existing installations within a period of two years after the publication of this order.
The parking lot near the storage outside the strict operating requirements of vehicles likely by spread lead to a fire in the storage or aggravate the consequences of a fire is producing is prohibited. This provision is applicable to existing facilities.
Article 5 read more on this article...
5.1 access to the site.
The facility has permanent access to allow the intervention of the fire and relief services.
'Access to the storage' means an opening connecting the highway and inside the site sufficiently sized to allow the entry of rescue gear.
Vehicles whose presence is related to the operation of the establishment were stationed without causing discomfort to the accessibility of the gear by the emergency services from external traffic routes for storage, even outside the hours of operation and opening of the storage.
5.2 availability of gear near the storage.
A channel 'gear' at least is kept open for traffic on the perimeter of the storage and is positioned so as to not be blocked by the collapse of all or part of the storage.
This 'gear' track meets the following characteristics: ― the usable width is at least 3 metres, the height to the minimum of 3.5 metres and less than 15% slope;
― in the bends of less than 50 metres inside radius, inner radius R than 11 meters is maintained and an extra-wide S = 15/R meters is added;
― the way resists the load-bearing capacity calculated for a vehicle of 160 kN with a maximum of 90 kN per axle, being distant from 3.6 meters at maximum.
― each point on the perimeter of the storage is at a maximum distance of 60 meters of this track;
― no obstacle is prepared between storage and gear.
In case of impossibility of implementation of a gear track, allowing traffic on the whole of the perimeter of the storage and if all or part of the way is in deadlock, the 40 last metres of the part of the track in impasse are a useful minimum width of 7 metres and a surface of reversal of 10 meters in diameter is provided at the end.
For existing deposits to ensure compliance with these requirements, the operator requests under one year: ― is the development by the listed institutions plan emergency services;
― or a notice of the of fire and rescue services on the possibilities of access to storage for the purposes of extinction of claims on the site.
5.3 moving gear of relief within the institution.
To allow the crossing of rescue gear, any section of track 'gear' of more than 100 linear meters has at least two areas known as "crossing", carefully positioned, whose characteristics are: ― minimum useful width of 3 meters in addition to the way gear;
― minimum length of 10 metres, with at least the same qualities of slope, force bearing and height track 'gear '.
5.4 implementation scales station supporting a hydraulic device in case of covered storage.
For any storage building of over 15 metres in height, at least a facade is served by at least one channel "scale" for traffic and aerial ladders station layout.
Since this path, a scale going to at least the height of the building can be arranged. The track also meets the following characteristics: ― the usable width is the minimum of 4 meters, the length of the parking lot at least 10 metres, maximum 10% slope;
― in the bends of less than 50 metres inside radius, inner radius R than 11 meters is maintained and an extra-wide S = 15/R meters is added;
― no air barrier hinders the manoeuvre of these scales in a vertical position of all the way;
― the distance from the facade is 1 metre minimum and 8 metres maximum for parallel to the building parking and less than 1 meter for perpendicular to the building parking;
― the way resists the load-bearing capacity calculated for a vehicle of 160 kN with a maximum of 90 kN per axle, being remote of 3.6 metres up and presents a minimum puncture resistance of 80 N/cm².
5.5. implementation of ladders for access to floors in the case of covered storage.
In addition, deposits covered several levels with at least a floor located at a height greater than 8 meters over the level of access of relief, on at least two fronts, a "ladder" route provides access to openings.
This scale way respects the characteristics described in section 5.4.
These openings allow at least access by stage for each of facades featuring track scale and have a minimum height of 1.8 m and a minimum width of 0.9 metre. Shutter or the chassis component these access covers open and are still accessible from the outside and the inside. They are easily identifiable from the outside by the emergency services.
5.6 setting the hydraulic device from gear.
From each channel 'gear' or 'scale' is planned: ― for a covered storage, access to all exits of the building by a path stabilized 1.40 meter wide at least;
― for external storage, a stabilized Road 1.40 metre wide at least access in two different locations in storage to reach it regardless of the wind conditions.
Provisions relating to the to the burning behaviour of covered deposits (art. 6 to 12) Article 6 in more on this article...
In General, the constructive provisions relate that the ruin of an element (walls, roof, posts, beams, for example) during a disaster does not ruin to string the structure of the building, including the surrounding storage cells, nor their cross-checking devices, and is not conducive to the collapse of the structure to the outside of the first cell on fire. The operator shall keep at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations the evidence of compliance with this requirement.
Deposit checks the following minimum constructive conditions: ― the exterior walls are constructed of materials A2 s1 d0 (respectively M0 when materials have not yet been classified under the euroclasses);
― the whole structure characteristics of resistance REI 30 with the exception of the racking of a height greater than 8 metres;
― as regards to the roof, its supporting elements are made of materials A2 s1 d0 (respectively M0) and insulation (if it exists) is constructed of materials A2 s1 d0 (respectively M0). Satisfied with the roof (supporting elements, insulation and sealing) all the class and index Broof (t3);
― the materials used for daylighting do not produce, during a fire, drop inflamed.
Article 7 read more on this article...
Storage cells are divided into townships of smoke to a maximum area of 1,600 square metres and a maximum length of 60 meters. The cantons are delimited, in upper part, by screens of cantonment, made in materials A2 s1 d0 (respectively M0) (including their attachments) and stable degree fire a quarter of an hour (class R 15), or the configuration of the roof and the building structures. These screens are also of a minimum height of one metre.
The townships of smoke have partly high flue devices, combustion gases, heat and unburnt products.
Outfalls to automatic and manual control are part of the smoke evacuation devices. The useful surface of all of these outfalls is not less than 2% of the area of each canton's smoke.
There must be at least four outlets to 1,000 square meters of roof area. The useful surface of an outlet is not less than 0.5 m square and not more than 6 square meters. Evacuation devices are not located on the roof within 7 meters of firewalls separating storage cells.
Manual control of the outfalls is at least installed in two opposite points of the deposit so that the activation of a command prevents the reverse manoeuvre by the other commands. These manual controls are easily accessible from exits of the building or of each of the storage cells.
The disposition of air supply fresh of an area equal to the surface of the outfalls of the largest canton, cell by cell, are carried out either by opening on the front panel, or mouths connected to ducts, either by the doors of the cells to instances leading to the outside.
The smoke extraction implemented system is wisely set so not to interfere with the operation of the fire detection and sprinkler eventually implemented in the filing.
Article 8 more on this article...
The deposit is compartmentalized storage cells in order to reduce the quantity of combustibles on fire during a fire.
This subdivision to prevent the spread of a fire in a storage to another cell.
To achieve this goal, the cells comply with the following provisions: ― the walls that separate bins and floors are quality REI 120.
― the holes or openings in the walls or sanitary walls, for example for the passage of sheaths or technical galleries, are countersunk to ensure a firewall level equivalent to that required for such walls or sanitary walls;
― the connecting doors between cells are quality EI 120 and fitted with a self-closing device that can be controlled by hand and other cell separation wall. Automatic closing of the fire doors is not impeded by obstacles;
― the separation walls exceed at least 1 meter cover to the right of the crossing. The roof is covered with a protective Strip combustible over a minimum width of 5 meters of hand and other separation walls;
― If the exterior walls do not have a REI 60 degree, the separation walls of these cells are extended along the exterior walls on a width of 1 metre or beyond the exterior walls on a length of 0.50 metre surface of the facade in the continuity of the wall.
The ventilation ducts are fitted with dampers to the separation between the cells, restoring the fire rating of the crossing wall.
Article 9 read more on this article...
The size of the storage cell surfaces is limited so as to reduce the quantity of combustibles on fire.
With the exception of paper (other than papers of hygiene) coil storages and storages of dough into balls, for which the sizes of cells are not limited, the cells have a maximum surface of: ― 2,500 metres square for storage of recovered paper;
― 6,000 metres square for other types of papers, including the coils of paper hygiene.
Following a favourable opinion of the Higher Council of classified installations, the prefect may authorize the operation of storage for sizes of upper cells, in the presence of automatic fire extinguishing system, subject to proof of the level of safety by the operator, with a case study of fire engineering.
Article 10 more on this article...
The automatic fire detection with transmission of the alarm to the operator is mandatory.
For the lightest, namely papers: ― the paper of weights less than 48 g/m² for products not stored in coil form;
― the papers of weight less than or equal to 42 g/m², including hygiene papers, when they are stored in the form of coil, deposits are equipped with an automatic extinguishing system.
For other types of papers, the operator defines a policy of extinguishing the fire. If it is not based on an automatic extinguishing system, extinction after detection strategy is the object of a notice of the fire and relief services. This strategy may rely on the intervention of emergency internal and external facilities or the establishment of reserve of water for example.
The operator shall ensure compliance to the repositories into force and demonstrates the relevance of the sizing for these detection or extinguishing devices, he established maintenance instructions and to comply with recognized repositories frequency maintenance checks and tests, whose records are held at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations.
The highest point of preparations is compatible with the requirements of the operation of extinguishing or detection devices remotely. This distance may in any event be less than 1 meter.
For existing deposits, the first subparagraph is applicable within a period of one year. Furthermore, the operator provides the prefect within a period of one year following the publication of this order a techno-economic study evaluating the possibility to comply with the other provisions of this article.
Article 11 read more on this article...
The operator shall keep at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations the elements justifying its electrical installations are carried out in accordance with the standards in force, kept in good condition and verified.
Near at least one exit is installed a central, well reported, switch to cut the power supply for each cell. Current transformers power, when they are joined or inside the depot, are located indoor well ventilated and isolated storage by a wall and fire doors, equipped with a door closer. These doors, this wall respectively REI 120 and EI 120 degree. The deposit is equipped with an installation compliant with standards in force lightning protection.
In the case of artificial lighting, only electric lighting is allowed.
If lighting implements sodium or mercury vapor lamps, the operator takes any provision so that in the event of outbreak of the bulb, all the elements are confined inside.
Fixed light fixtures are not likely to be encountered during operation locations, or are protected against shocks.
They are all distant circumstances material stored to avoid their heating.
The first paragraph of this article is applicable to existing repositories under a period of 6 months. The second paragraph is not applicable to existing repositories. The other paragraphs are applicable under a period of 18 months for existing deposits.
Article 12 read more on this article...
If there is a boiler room, it is located in a room exclusively reserved for this purpose, outside storage or isolated by a wall of degree REI 120. Any possible communication between the local and the storage is done either by a sas two doorsets EI 30, equipped with a door closer, a fire door of EI 120 degree.
The outside of the boiler are installed: ― a valve on the burner supply line to stop the flow of fuel.
― a circuit breaker stopping the operation of the fuel pump;
― a warning sound, in case of malfunction of the burners, or other equally effective alert system.
Heating deposit and its annexes cannot be achieved only by hot water, steam generated by a thermal generator or another system with an equivalent level of safety. Heating by gas unit heaters are not allowed in storage cells.
In the case of heating by hot air of indirect type produced by a thermal generator, all the hot air ducts are made entirely of materials A2 s1 d0 (respectively M0). In particular, metal pipes, when they are insulated, not filled to teploizoljatsionnye materials A2 s1 d0 (respectively M0). Fire dampers are installed if the pipes pass through a wall between two cells.
Means of heating of pipe handling equipment positions, if they exist, have the same security guarantees than those provided to the premises in which they circulate.
The docks offices heating means, if they exist, have the same security guarantees than those provided to the premises in which they are located.
Only the last two paragraphs of this article shall apply to existing repositories, within a period of 12 months.
Provisions applicable to all Article 13 in preparations read more of this article...
A. ― packaged products make up the islets limited as follows: 1. the maximum surface area of the islets on the ground is 2,500 square metres, maximum storage height is 8 meters, the distance between two islands is 10 metres minimum. A distance between two smaller islets can be authorized when the deposit is equipped with an automatic extinguishing system or the two islets are separated by a wall with the EI 120 overlooking properties above the two islets of at least 2 metres;
2. for covered storage, a maximum area of islets of 3 300 square meters may nevertheless be authorised, subject to storage height does not exceed 6 metres and as the distance between two islands is greater than or equal to 15 metres.
A height of storage exceeding the above mentioned limits may, however, be permitted, subject: ― by the presence of an automatic extinguishing system;
― that the distance between islands be increased so that the ruin of the structure of a fiery island does not lead to inflammation of the neighbouring islets;
― that the ruin of the flaming island cannot impede the intervention of relief (traffic lane, parking area provided for emergency vehicles, etc.).
For all covered storage, a minimum distance of 1 metre is maintained between the top of the islets and the base of the roof or ceiling or any heating system for covered storage.
B. - The products stored in pallet rack form patches of a maximum area of 6,000 square meters and a maximum height of 8 metres, unless an automatic extinguishing system is implemented.
C. - Different storage conditions may be authorized by the prefect after a favourable opinion of the Higher Council of classified installations.
Article 14 read more on this article...
The ground areas and local storage of paper, cardboard and pulp is noncombustible (of class A1), except for existing installations.
The ground areas and local storage or handling of hazardous or likely to create a pollution of the water or soil and materials necessary for the operation of the storage is waterproof and equipped to collect washwater and widespread accidentally materials. This provision is applicable to existing installations within a period of 18 months.
Article 15 read more on this article...
All measures are taken to collect all runoff likely to be polluted in a claim, including waters used during a fire, so that they are recovered or treated to prevent any pollution of the soil, and water from the public network of storm water, streams or the natural environment. This containment can be achieved by either internal or external to covered storage cells. Internal devices are prohibited when hazardous materials are stored.
In case of external covered filing containment device, channeled material is collected, either gravity or through autonomous lift systems, and then converge on this specific capacity. Case of autonomous lift systems, the operator is able to justify at any instant a maintenance and maintenance of these devices. Regular tests are also conducted on such equipment.
In the event of internal confinement to the covered filing, flow vents are closed by default. In case of external containment, flow vents from these devices are equipped with an automatic filling device to ensure this confinement when likely to be polluted waters are likely. Any way is implemented to prevent the spread of fire by these flows.
The waters of extinction so confined in a fire are analyzed to determine if treatment is necessary prior to discharge.
Necessary for this containment volume is determined, especially in the light of the study of dangers, according to the rapid intervention and the means of intervention as well as the nature of stored materials, absorption capacity, and mentioned in the prefectoral Decree.
In addition, for external storage, runoff water (meteoric waters or of human origin for example) is returned to the water treatment station, when the establishment has a. The prefect may authorize different provisions in the case of demonstration by the operator to meet this obligation technical impossibility. In the absence of final treatment before discharge to the environment, the operator sets up a mechanical cleaning of wastewater treatment based on screening.
This article is not immediately applicable to existing facilities. The operator resets to the prefect, within a period of 12 months after the issuance of this order, a techno-economic study on ways and means to achieve the goals set by this article. The prefectoral decree can then predict a gradual realization of the work approach, if the study has put in front of the techniques available at an economically acceptable cost. Otherwise, at least a screening of the waters of extinction is implemented by the operator.
Article 16 read more on this article...
The storage is equipped with appropriate fire-fighting means to the risks and comply with recognized repositories, including: ― to one or more units of fire (water intakes, poles for example) of a public network or private implanted in such a way that, on the one hand, any point of the limit of the storage is located within 100 metres of a device and that, on the other hand any point of the limit of the storage is located within 200 metres of one or more devices to provide a minimum flow rate of 63 m³/h for a period of at least two hours. Failing that, a reserve of water for the extinction, including the operator has previously justified the sizing, is accessible in all circumstances and at a distance of storage with obtaining the opinion of the departmental services for fire and rescue. The flow of any fire apparatus is mentioned in the prefectoral Decree of authorisation;
― of fire extinguishers spread inside the deposit when it is covered, outdoor areas and in places risk specific close clearances, clearly visible and easily accessible. Extinguishing agents are appropriate to the risks from combat and compatible with the substances stored;
― for the deposits covered with no sprinkler system, fire valves, armed throughout the deposit depending on its dimensions and near exits. They are arranged so that a home can be attacked simultaneously by two Spears from two different angles. They can be used during periods of frost.
The preceding provisions shall not apply immediately to existing facilities. The operator resets to the prefect, within a period of 12 months after the issuance of this order, a techno-economic study on ways and means to achieve the goals set by this article. The prefectoral decree can then predict a gradual realization of the work approach, if the study put forward economically acceptable techniques available at a cost.
For all installations, the operator is able to justify to the prefect the effective availability of water flows. Any systems of automatic fire extinguishing, fire extinguishers and armed fire valves are designed, installed and maintained regularly in accordance with recognized repositories.
Article 17 read more on this article...
Close the storage surfaces are kept clean and regularly cleaned, particularly so as to avoid dust, and of paper or combustible cluster that would be separated from lots. Cleaning equipment is adapted to the risk.
All precautions are taken to avoid the risk of flight.
Article 18 read more on this article...
Works repair or development leading to an increase in risk (employment of a flame or a hot spring for example) can only be made after issuance of a "permit" and possibly a "helped fire" and in accordance with specific instructions.
The "permit" and possibly "fire permit" and the specific instructions are prepared and referred to by the operator or by a person that he will be named. When the work is done by an outside firm, the "permit" and possibly "fire permit" and the specific instructions relating to the security of the facility shall be signed by the operator and the external firm or whom they have named.
After the end of the work and before the resumption of activity in standard configuration of storage, a facility audit is performed by the operator or his representative or the representative of any outside firm.
Article 19 more on this article...
Without prejudice to the provisions of the labour code, instructions specifying the modalities of application of the provisions of this order are established, maintained and displayed in areas frequented by the staff.
These instructions indicate particular: ― the prohibition of smoking;
― the prohibition of any burning in the open air;
― the prohibition to fire form any close storage;
― the requirement to "license to intervention" or "fire permit" referred to in the preceding article;
― the procedures for emergency stop, safety of the installation (electricity, ventilation, air conditioning, heating, fire doors, shutter sewerage including flows);
― extinguishing to use in case of fire;
― the warning procedure, with the phone numbers of the person in charge of intervention of the establishment, the fire and rescue services.
Article 20 more on this article...
An operator shall ensure good maintenance of the equipment safety and firefighting implemented (outfalls, systems of detection and extinguishing, fire doors, column dry for example) and any electrical installations and heating. Periodic checks of these materials are listed in a register kept at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations.
Section 21 read more on this article...
For any storage of a volume of more than 100,000 cubic metres, an internal operations plan is established by the operator. This internal operation plan is prepared in accordance with the provisions of article R. 512 - 29 of the code of the environment.
In the quarter following the beginning of the operation of any storage, operator organizes a defense against fire exercise, appropriate implementation of internal operation plan, if there is. It is renewed at a frequency which shall not be less than once every three years.
Article 22 read more on this article...
Outside the hours of operation of the storage, storage, guarding or remote monitoring, surveillance implemented permanently, particularly in order to forward the alert to fire and rescue services and allow them to access.
Section 23 read more on this article...
The Director general of the prevention of risks is responsible for the execution of this order, which will be published in the Official Journal of the French Republic.
Done at Paris, on September 29, 2008.
For the Minister and by delegation: the Director general of the prevention of risks, L. Michel