The Criminal Records Act

Original Language Title: Rikosrekisterilaki

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Read the untranslated law here: http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/ajantasa/1993/19930770

In accordance with the decision of the Parliament, provides for: the purpose of article 1 of the Criminal Register and the data of the legal Register Centre to maintain criminal history as this is required by law. (26.11.1999/1093)
Criminal history is collected, shall be deposited and will be handed over the information that is required for the imposition and enforcement of criminal sanctions.
Criminal record information may be disclosed to the reliability of the person or the personal suitability of the use and evaluation.

section 2 of the criminal courts on the basis of the notifications shall be entered in the register of information solutions, which the person has been sentenced to a term of imprisonment, the absolute control in Finland, community service, conditional imprisonment, a fine, conditional imprisonment, community service or treatment for the attached control, instead of a fine, the penalty of a term of youth custody of the youth, viraltapanoon or filed in the Penal Code (39/1889), Chapter 3, section 4 (1) or (2) under the penalty without judgment. A criminal record does not indicate information about the conditions of employment of the civil law on the conversion of the fine, penalty or (1446/2007) or the military service law (1438/2007) under the control of the penalty of imprisonment penalty or sprung up all over the. The criminal information shall be entered in the register of legal persons have been sentenced to a fine for the community. (08 April 2011/331)
In addition, the criminal information, which shall be entered in the register of a Finnish citizen and permanent resident alien is sentenced to the penalty referred to in subparagraph (1) to the corresponding abroad sanction. The data shall be entered in the criminal record of the penalty, in the case of a judgment given in another Member State of the European Union, the Nordic countries, the mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, the European Convention (Treaty Series 31/1981) or a State party to the rest of the judgment has become a criminal to the controller through official channels. The legal Register Centre will consider whether the punishment of a penalty, that abroad, under the label of Finland's criminal record. (11.5/215)
The criminal shall be entered in the register with the following information: 1 the name of the person, and the previous names), a personal identification number, or, if it is not available, date of birth, date and place of birth State, Ohio, as well as gender and nationality;
2 the name of the solution) the court date and number;
3. where appropriate, the criminal, the crime imputed to) the legal rate as well as the time of the offence, the penalty and the law;
the imposition of a prison sentence, 4);
5) solution to the legality and the date on which the solution was given the force of law;
the imposition of a conditional imprisonment implemented 6);
determination of the residual penalty due 7);
8) youth penalty and conversion;
9) community service and the conversion of one of the most;
10) the liberalisation of the right, without the residue monitoring penalty punishment, the end of the trial period and the control condition in one of the penalty, conversion;
11) prison release, without the residue on the end of the trial period the penalty and probation;
12) an amnesty.
(11.5/215) A legal person and the members of the community, the fine shall be entered in the criminal record of 2, 3, 5 and 12, in addition to the information referred to in paragraph the name of the company or the community, business and the community name, place of residence, crime, which led to the establishment of a legal person has been convicted of the community to a fine, the amount of the fine, the time and the community. Information on the payment of the fine, of the community will not be marked. (11.5/215)
The criminal record is also the preservation of information extracted from the criminal record and the disposition of Finland and other Member States of the European Union Act (214/2012), hereinafter referred to as the EU-law, section 10 of the criminal records Act. (11.5/215) (2) (a) section (05/14/2010/377), the Court must inform the decision referred to in paragraph 2, by marking the data relating to the administration of Justice, the decision of the national information system solution and notification system. The entry of the administration of Justice, shall apply to the adoption of a national information system (371/2010) and under it.

Disclosure of criminal records of the correctness of entries in the section 3 of the criminal record is to be kept secret. Registration information shall be made available, in a way, as this is required by law.

4 section 3 of the criminal record may be: without prejudice to the obligation of professional secrecy laid down by law, or otherwise disclosed to a information: (16.2.2001/141) 1) for use in proceedings in the Court in the proceedings;
1 (a)) for the health and well-being of the institution when they are suffering from the alleged or the accused in the investigation or in order to carry out the assessment; (05/14/2010/377)) to the Prosecutor of the prosecution, the prosecution of criminal offences and for the juge des Libertés; (2011/453), the institution of the criminal sanctions enforcement of the sentence 3) and soveltuvuusselvitystä, as well as for the Ministry of Justice, the authority of the official presentation of the issues of Amnesty; (08 April 2011/331), 3 (a)) in the South of the Finnish regional State administrative agency for the prevention of money laundering under the legislation of a party responsible for providing information on the companies to determine the persons responsible for the background; (19.9.2014/733) 4) of the Council of State the right to Chancellor and speaker of the Parliament for the purpose of monitoring compliance with the law, the Ombudsman; as well as 5) esitutkintaviranomaiselle the juge des Libertés matter.
Information extracted from the criminal record are provided on request for use in proceedings in criminal matters of another competent authority of the Member State of the European Union, as provided for by law, as well as the EU-criminal record of a foreign government agencies such as the mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, provided for in article 13 of the European Convention or agreement or separately. (11.5/215) 3 is repealed L:lla 26.11.1999/1093.
The legal person referred to in subparagraph (1) of the information is released to the rest of the authority as a Criminal sanction. (08 April 2011/331) (4) (a) section (26.11.1999/1093) in addition to what is provided for in article 4, the information relating to the Finnish criminal records will be handed over to the person to the authority in respect of: 1) of the Aliens Act, the Finnish citizenship or a passport (378/1991) visa, permit or any other measure;
1 (a)) turvallisuusselvityslaissa (726/2014) of the safety report referred to in things to do; (19.9.2014/733) 2) authorisation or approval, which shall be subject to the reliability of the person;
3 the choice of training or of the person for the job,) which is related to State security, public order and public security, international relations, Finland's Foreign Affairs, the administration of Justice, Central Bank activities and the manufacture of money and requiring specific reliability;
4) safety oversight; as well as the adoption of a child into care, or 5). (11.5/215)
The Ministry of Justice may, for serious reasons, authorise the disclosure of criminal records to the authority for the assessment of the reliability of the detection and the person other than in the circumstances referred to in subparagraph (1).
Authority shall give a person the fact that her data can be requested from the register referred to in subsection 1, of the criminal proceedings. The Declaration does not need to be conducted if the person can be expected to already know how to obtain the information.
The provisions of this article shall also apply to the adoption of the designated authority in the Act (22/12) the adoption referred to in the Office. (11.5/215)
UlkomaalaisL 378/1991 UlkomaalaisL:lla 301/2004, is repealed.

section 5 (11.5/215) information on criminal records are handed over to the criminal record of the person in the register, with a deposit or in the information, or a statement that the person is not an entry in the registry. A legal person shall be surrendered vastaavansisältöinen extract. If your decision is derived from the EU-law criminal records 20 or 20 (a) of the code or the service in the registry referred to in the said law shall be entered in the criminal record statement the information could be used to deposit in the criminal record. Allocated, in the case of the criminal record does not, however, mean the provisions of the law applied in the criminal information, rather than information that prevent the imposition by a Member State of the EU to the marking of the second-Act, section 9 of the criminal record of the condition referred to in paragraph 4. Criminal record statement will be recorded in section 2 of the Act: data as referred to in sub-section 5 only if the criminal record to be issued under section 4 of the Prosecutor's Office or esitutkintaviranomaiselle. (28.2.2014/149)
The legal Register Centre may release the 4 and 4 (a) to the authorities referred to in article about criminal records for the purposes of these articles also in machine-readable form or technical user, if it is in the use of the information, taking into account the need for and the necessary security measures are justified. Article 2 (5) of the data may only be communicated to the Prosecutor's Office or the meaning of esitutkintaviranomaiselle.

6 section (11.5/215) Private person get themselves on the extract from the "judicial record" Visa, work permit, residence permit or other comparable reason. In addition, the individual must not themselves extract from the criminal register relating to the presentation of a foreign State authority or other institution for the purpose of adoption. Times shall be entered in the register of the EU criminal law information obtained pursuant to article 20 of the decision, which he has been convicted in another Member State this article 2 of the law of the penalty referred to in subsection (1) of the corresponding sanction.

In addition, what provides a private person be themselves on the extract from the "judicial record" working with children to determine the criminal background of the law (504/2002) the purpose of the exercise referred to in article 2. Times shall be entered in the reference to the decision, which he has been convicted of the criminal code, chapter 17, 18, 18A or 19 of the Act, referred to the sex of the morality chapter of the criminal law of the offensive 20, chapter 21, section 1 of the sexual offences, referred to by virtue of manslaughter, in accordance with article 2, for the murder of slain, in accordance with article 3 or in accordance with article 6 of the felony assault, pursuant to article 3 of chapter 25 of the trafficking in human beings or in accordance with article 3 (a) felony trafficking in human beings, article 2 of chapter 31 by virtue of a felony robbery or drug offences referred to in Chapter 50. Times recorded in the reference to the decision, which he has before the entry into force of the above law in force pursuant to the provisions of the Act referred to above for a similar offence convicted. In addition, the times will be recorded data of the Penal Code, chapter 17, 18, 18A or 19 of the 20 or 25 Chapter 3 or Chapter 3 (a) the offences referred to in section t of the fines that have been registered in the implementation of the law on the fine (672/2002) 46 fine referred to in subparagraph (1) of section in the registry. (28.2.2014/149)
In addition to the information referred to in paragraph 2, the times shall be recorded: 1) of the decision, which is under section 2 of the criminal record of the person and the marked has been convicted of an offence referred to in paragraph 2 of this article for a similar offence;
2) decision, which is marked with a service within the meaning of the criminal law in the EU-in the register of the registry and that a Finnish citizen has been convicted in another Member State, of the Penal Code, chapter 17, 18, 18A or 19 of the 20 or 25 Chapter 3 or Chapter 3 (a) for an offence of a crime referred to in the corresponding section of the fine punishment;
3. the decision of the EU, which has been obtained)-criminal law, or pursuant to article 20 (a) in which the person has been convicted in another Member State within the meaning of this paragraph (2) of section 2 of the Act for an offence of a crime similar to this: (1) to the corresponding penalty or penalty referred to in the Penal Code, chapter 17, 18, 18A or 19 of the 20 or 25 Chapter 3 or Chapter 3 (a) for an offence of a crime referred to in the corresponding section of the fine punishment;
4) of the decision, which is marked by the service referred to in the EU-in the register of criminal records by law or which is derived from the EU-law criminal records 20 or 20 (a) of the code and that the person is a ban on the work or otherwise work with minors.
(28.2.2014/149) A person must not themselves extract from the "judicial record" referred to in paragraph 2 on the well in order to operate the photo program in accordance with the Act (710/2011) kuvaohjelmaluokittelijana. In this case, the times shall be entered in the above paragraph 2 and 3, in addition to the information mentioned in reference to the decision, which he has been convicted of the criminal code, chapter 17, section 17 of the Act, referred to in the description of violence from the release or the Penal Code, chapter 17, section 18 (b) illegal dissemination of the programme referred to in the presentation of the image or to a minor.
In addition, the student may be referred to in subsection 2 on the statement itself criminal records in order to study or studies in the thing about on-the-job learning or training to engage in any activity, which essentially involves working with minors and with an excerpt from the University College of education shall furnish on request to the organizer or to the law on vocational education (630/1998), the Act on vocational adult education (630/1998), the polytechnics Act (351/2003), or University of law (558/2009). The extract is free of charge.
An extract of a referred to in paragraph 1 to 5, on request, shall inform the purpose for which it is needed. The grip, as referred to in paragraph 2 to 5, will be delivered only to which it relates.
Criminal record information will be handed over to the central authority of another Member State of the European Union, as set out on the basis of the request to the central authority referred to in the EU-15 and 15 (a) of the law on criminal records. (28.2.2014/149)
A person's right to inspect the data relating to him which are specifically provided for in the registry. In addition to the criminal register is entitled to obtain, on request and to whom and for what purpose he has given information to be kept in the registry of a data-processing technique during the last year. Because that is the name of the legal person, has the right to write to the registry, at its meetings, regardless of the method of the corresponding control and the right of access to the file on behalf of the legal person, as well as the right to obtain an extract from the register.
AmmattikorkeakouluL 351/2003 is repealed AmmattikorkeakouluL:lla 932/2014. See the protection of personal data e.g., HenkilötietoL 523/1999, concerning the processing of personal data, the Police Act 761/2003 (L) on the processing of personal data in the border guard 579/2005 and on the processing of personal data in the establishment of the criminal sanction 1069/2015. See the right to write the name of the legal person ProkuraL 130/1979.

section 6 (a) (28.2.2014/149) with the children of volunteers to determine the criminal background of the Act (148/2014) vapaaehtoistehtävän referred to in article 6 of this law, the Organizer must: with the agreement of the statement referred to in paragraph 2 of the law on the conditions laid down in the said voluntary.

section 7: in addition to what is provided for in article 6, of the criminal record times can be marked as only part of the registry stored in the information referred to in article 2, as the Council of State regulation in more detail. (14 June 2002/505)
Criminal record times will be recorded, the purpose for which it is issued.
The importance of the purpose of the criminal register, regardless of the private person may submit to the hold section 6, subsection 2, or 5, or 6 (a) of the extract from the register of criminal, when he is about to be the points of law referred to in any of the mentioned tasks. (28.2.2014/149) section 8 (11.5/215) of the criminal record information will be handed over to another Member State of the European Union, the EU-criminal record in accordance with section 5 of the Act and the mutual legal assistance in criminal matters to the State as a party to the European Convention, which is not a Member State of the European Union, in accordance with article 22 of the Convention. Disclosure of information extracted from the criminal record to another Nordic country also provides for regulation.
The right to the registration center is on mutual legal assistance in criminal matters in the State as a party to the European Convention, which is not a Member State of the European Union, citizens in the criminal record of the entry immediately inform the authorities of the Member State of entry of this information.

section 9 (26.11.1999/1093) legal Register Centre may disclose criminal records information, scientific research or statistical purposes, or for the work of the authority suunnittelutai report, if the transfer of data and the use of the registered person is not endangered by the protection of privacy or the security of the State or the exercise of his interests.

Information from the criminal register, section 10 of the criminal records will be removed from your 1) conditional detention, conditional imprisonment, community service or a fine alongside members of the supervision of the youth sentence, the youth instead of a fine, the penalty of viraltapanosta and members of the community of the fine after five years, a total of 2), imprisonment of not more than two years, control of the penalty, and in ten years ' time, as well as the municipal service (08 April 2011/331) 3) absolute, more than two-and-a maximum of five years imprisonment, as well as in Chapter 3, section 4 of the criminal code: (1) and (2) failure to condemn under penalty of twenty years after (9.7.2004/654) from the date of issue of the sentenced.
(on 14 June 2001/523) Information on an individual penalty does not, however, be deleted, if the person has a criminal record that kind of information, which, under paragraph 1, may not yet be removed. All the data will be deleted from the register of persons, however, criminal cases, when the person concerned has died or his birth have passed since 90 years. The Amnesty decision does not affect the criminal to delete the registry entries.
The penalties for convicted abroad, in accordance with the laid down in subparagraph (1), the data will be deleted. Another Member State of the European Union condemned the sanctions, however, is to be removed, if the information relating to the supplying Member State shall inform the deletion of his own record on a penalty. (11.5/215)

Miscellaneous provisions article 11 the Court or other authority shall not disclose an extract from the criminal register or the information other than for the purposes of the procedure, that the grip has been involved in the same case, or the Court or the authority.

More detailed provisions on the implementation of article 12 of this law, shall be established by regulation.

Article 13 entry into force this law shall enter into force on 1 October 1993 and 19 December 1940 of regulation from the criminal record (740/40), as amended.
At the time of entry into force of the criminal law shall be entered in the register pursuant to the provisions of the previous information about the people there, who has been sentenced to a term of or within the meaning of article 2 of the punishment room.
What this article 10 of the law provides for the deletion of data from the "judicial record" also applies to the information on the entry into force of the laws that are criminal. Punishment room penalty criminal records as the same length of imprisonment.
THEY 368/92, LaVM 8/93 acts entry into force and application in time: December 22, 1995/1639: this law shall enter into force on 1 January 1996.
THEY LaVM 13/197/95, 95/95 of 12 December 1996, EV 171/1061:


This law shall enter into force on 1 January 1997.
THEY LaVM 16/109/1996, 1996, EV 206/1996 26.11.1999/1093: this law shall enter into force on 1 January 2000.
This law, section 4 (a) shall not apply, however, if a matter is referred to as referred to in sub-section 1, before the law came into force.
THEY LaVM 4/8/1999, 1999/141/1999, 34 of the EV 16.2.2001: this law shall enter into force on 1 August 2001.
THEY LaVM 136/2000, 13/2000 EV 212/2000 on 14 June 2001/523: this law shall enter into force on 1 September 2001.
On the same day, police record will be deleted there remaining a conditional fine.
THEY LaVM 177/2000, 8/2001 RSV 46/2001 8.3.2002/180: this law shall enter into force on 1 September 2002.
THEY'RE 43/2001, 26/2001, HaVM EV 204/2001 of 14 June 2002/505: this law shall enter into force on 1 January 2003.
THEY 3/2002, TyVM 1/2002, EV 61/2002 9.7.2004/654: this law shall enter into force on 1 August 2004.
THEY 34/2004, LaVM 4/2004, EV 82/2004, Council framework decision 2002/629/JHA; OJ No l L 203, 1.8.2002, p. 1, Council framework decision 2002/946/JHA; OJ No l L 328, 5.12.2002, p. 1, Council Directive 2002/90/EC; OJ No l L 328, 5.12.2002, p. 17, Council framework decision 2004/68/JHA; OJ No L L 13, 20.1.2004, p. 44, 28 December 2007/1458: this law shall enter into force on 1 January 2008.
THEY'RE 140/2007, TyVM 9/2007, EV 132/2007, 05/14/2010/377: this law shall enter into force on 1 December 2010.
Before the Supreme Court has been associated with the administration of Justice, the national information system, it shall forward the information referred to in article 2 (a) by sending a copy of its decision to the Ministry of Justice, Legal registry, unless the regulation provide for the transmission of the information in any other way.
THEY'RE 102/2009, LaVM 2/21/2010-8 April 2011, 2010 EV/331: this law shall enter into force on 1 November 2011.
Before the entry into force of the law can be used to take the measures needed to implement the law.
THEY'RE 17/30/2010, LaVM 2010, PeVL 30/2010, EV, 2011/4:266/2010 this law shall enter into force on 17 May 2011.
THEY LaVM 34/286/2010, 2010, EV 311/2010 20.5.2011/543: this law shall enter into force on 1 October 2011.
THEY'RE 282/2010, LaVM 2010, 43 EV 364/2010 17 June 2011/714: this law shall enter into force on 1 January 2012.
THEY'RE 190/2010, SiVM 13/2010 therefore, EV 348/2010/955: this law shall enter into force on 1 January 2012.
Before the entry into force of the law can be taken in the implementation of the law.
THEY 164/2010, SiVM 2010, 14/Dec/1030 EV 370/2010: this law shall enter into force on 1 January 2012.
Before the entry into force of this law shall apply to the requested remuneration for communicating extracts from a criminal record at the time of entry into force of the laws in force.
Before the entry into force of the law can be taken in the implementation of the law.
THEY LaVM 6/48/2011, 2011, EV 40/2011 20.1.2012/27: this law shall enter into force on 1 July 2012.
This Act has been repealed, May 11 11 L:lla/216, which is valid until July 1, 2012.
Before the entry into force of the law can be taken in the implementation of the law.
THEY LaVM 47/11, 9/11/2011, 8.30 am, EV 84/215: this law shall enter into force on the 15th day of may, 2012. 4 (a) the first subparagraph of article 4 (5) and article will, however, not enter into force until 1 July 2012.
THEY LaVM 3/1/2012, 2012, 2012, the Council 24/EV the framework decision 2009/315/JHA (32009F0315); OJ L 93, p. 23, 8.30 am, 07/04/2009/216: this law shall enter into force on 1 July 2012.
THEY LaVM 3/1/2012, 2012, 2012, the Council 24/EV the framework decision 2009/315/JHA (32009F0315); OJ L 93, 28.2.2014, p. 23, 07/04/2009/149: this law shall enter into force on 1 may 2014.
THEY LaVM 16/149/2013, 2013, EV 194/13 19.9.2014/733: this law shall enter into force on 1 January 2015.
THEY'RE 57/16/2014, 2013, HaVM EV 79/2014