The Wilderness Act

Original Language Title: Erämaalaki

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Read the untranslated law here: http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/ajantasa/1991/19910062

In accordance with the decision of Parliament the purpose of article 1 of the Law provides: the wilderness areas will be set up in order to maintain the wilderness character of the regions, in order to safeguard their culture and nature-based occupations, as well as for the development of multiple use and the conditions in which they take place.
The wilderness areas are areas that are listed in section 3.

2 the scope of the article (20 December 1996/1104) in the conservation of wilderness areas and is subject to the provisions of this law. In addition to this, in the conservation and use of the regions to be used, what the rest of the law. The licensing dispute and change the Government at the time of the decision shall also be followed, what Conservation Act (1096/1996) and under it.

section 3 of the wilderness areas Wilderness areas will be set up: 1) to the arm, which includes approximately 221 000 hectares of State-owned areas in the municipality of Enontekiö (annex 1);
2) area with about 67 000 hectares of State-owned areas in the municipality of Enontekiö (annex 2);
3) Pöyrisjärven, which belongs to about 128 000 hectares of State-owned areas in the municipality of Enontekiö (annex 3);
4) (2009), which includes about 157 000 hectares of State-owned areas in the municipalities of Utsjoki and Inari (annex 4);
5) Paistunturin, which includes about 157 000 hectares of State-owned areas in the municipalities of Utsjoki and Inari (annex 5);
6) Kaldoaivin, which includes approximately 294 000 hectares of State-owned areas in the municipalities of Utsjoki and Inari (annex 6);
7) Vätsäri, consisting of some 155 000 hectares of State-owned areas in the municipality of Inari (annex 7);
8) Tsarmitunturin, which is about 15 000 hectares of State-owned areas in the municipality of Inari (annex 8);
9) Tooth mountain, which is about 182 000 hectares of State-owned areas in the municipalities of Inari and Kittilä, Sodankylä (annex 9);
10) Puljun area with about 61 000 hectares in the municipalities of Enontekiö and Kittilä State-owned areas (annex 10);
11) Kemihaaran, which includes approximately 31 000 hectares of State-owned areas in the municipality of savukoski (annex 11);
12) Tuntsa, with about 21 000 hectares of State-owned areas in the municipalities of Salla and savukoski (annex 12).
The wilderness regions of the maps attached to the red dotted line.

section 4 of the handing over of wilderness in the region form part of the State-owned land or to license may not be transferred or put in without the Government's permission.
However, no such authorization required the transfer of the right to use reindeer husbandry, fishing, hunting or collection needs, paragraph 7, of the management and operation of the plan and to transfer such for the purposes of the project, which is necessary for Defense Preparedness, or the operation of the border guards.
The use of the land or of the right to disclosure and the right of rental of otherwise subject to what the rights of ownership of land and to dispose of State tuloatuottavia (687/78).

section 5 of the road construction in the wilderness areas will not be allowed to build permanent paths.
The Council of State may, however, authorize the construction of a permanent road, which is in the public interest or for the exercise of considerable importance for nature-based occupations.
The prohibition referred to in subparagraph (1) above does not apply to the road, which will be built before the entry into force of this law on the basis of the resulting law.

6 section (10/06/2011/625), mining operations and the mining regulations (621/2011) a mining licence shall not be granted in the wilderness area, unless the Government has given permission to do so.

section 7: care and treatment of the operating plan for the wilderness area and is subject to the management and operation of the plan, which will draw up a forest, the Government and strengthen the Ministry of the environment.
Wilderness areas in their natural state forests are preserved or partly under organic management. The Government will draw up a forest wilderness areas managed by the organic production method of forest processing instructions, which will be taken into account in the area of treatment and use in drawing up the plan.

section 8 of the burden on the right to redemption of the State Council may grant the right of way for the private road, or to claim the right to use, if the wilderness area has the right to use in the construction of a permanent road to the proceedings pending on the project, which will be detrimental to the preservation of the wilderness character of the area. If the wilderness area within the private area is not a burden on the right to the use of the right of redemption, it cannot be arranged or satisfactory to the owner of the means of contact and as a result, the State is liable to the owner of a requirement to redeem.
The manner is to be followed, what specific rights and redemption of immovable property (603/77).

section 9 of the Area into the wilderness in the area if the area that is not owned by the State, but which is located within the boundaries of the wilderness area, will move to the State, it is read in the wilderness area.

section 10 of the management of wilderness areas wilderness areas are controlled by the Government and management of the forest.

section 11 entry in the wilderness areas wilderness areas shall be entered in the maakirjaan forest and forestry maps or the corresponding maps.

the date of entry into force and transitional provisions article 12 of this law shall enter into force on 1 February 1991.
Wilderness areas at the time of entry into force of this law on the rights of way and other permissions, as well as the leases remain in force. The forest, the Government may extend the period of validity of the rights laid down in the agreement of management and operating in accordance with the plan.
Notwithstanding the provisions of section 5 of the Hammastunturi Wilderness, not the area to build a road between the road and the village of Kutturan. Pokan THEY 42/90, l-tvk. Mrs. 22/90, svk. Mrs. 139/90Liitekartat image files.
Annex 1: the arm of the wilderness. Map as a picture Attachment 2: Tarvantovaaran in the wilderness. Map as a picture Attachment 3: Pöyrisjärven in the wilderness. Map as a picture Attachment 4: (2009) version of the wilderness. Map as a picture Attachment 5: Paistunturin in the wilderness. Map as a picture Attachment 6: kaldoaivi. Map as a picture Attachment 7: Vätsäri wilderness area. Map as a picture Attachment 8: Tsarmitunturin in the wilderness. Map as a picture Attachment 9: Hammastunturi Wilderness. Map as a picture Attachment 10: Puljun wilderness. Map as a picture Attachment 11: Kemihaaran in the wilderness. Map as a picture Attachment 12: Tuntsa wilderness. Map as a picture acts entry into force and application in time: 20 December 1996/1104: this law shall enter into force on 1 January 1997.
THEY'RE 79/1996, YmVM/1996, 8 EV 214/1996, 10/06/2011/625: this law shall enter into force on 1 July 2011.
THEY TaVM 49/273/2009, 2010, 2010, PeVL 32 YmVL 7/2/2010, SuVM 2010, EV 349/2010