Trade Law

Original Language Title: Kauppalaki

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Read the untranslated law here: http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/ajantasa/1987/19870355

In accordance with the decision of the Parliament, provides for: the General provisions of section 1 of Chapter 1 of the scope of application of this law relates to the sale of movable property.
The law applies, mutatis mutandis, to the Exchange from the sale of movable property.
The law does not apply to another country, or a fixed establishment of the building or structure, if the same operating right into the ground.

section 2 of the Law shall apply to the production of the goods to your order only, unless the Subscriber has not provide the essential part of the need. The law does not apply to an agreement on the building or any other land or in the water to be the construction of a fixed installation or structure.
The law does not apply to an agreement, according to which the supplier shall also be carried out in the conditions of employment of other servants, if the work or makes up the bulk of his obligations.

The provisions of article 3 of the Law of freedom of contract does not apply to the practice adopted by the Contracting Parties to the agreement, in the event, or trade practice, or any other method that is to be considered as a binding sopijapuolia, due to the change.

The provisions of article 4 of the Law shall not apply to the consumer business, if the kuluttajansuojalaista (38/78) is due to the change.

Article 5 of the international trade in a number of international stores provided for separately.
Chapter 2, section 6 of the supply of the Service shall be considered commercial Pickup buyer picked up there, where the seller at the time of the transaction, the seller was a business case or, in the absence of the kind of business the place, which had a connection to the shop, where the seller was the home place. If the parties when concluding trade in the goods or the lot of goods knowing that, where the goods are to be taken, was elsewhere, the goods are to be kept available in this place.
The goods are released, if the purchaser has taken the control over it.

Shuttle trade, if the goods are to be transported, paragraph 7, of the buyer in the same locality or region, in which the seller will usually takes care of the transport of the goods, similar to the supply takes place when the buyer of the goods and to gain control over it.
If the goods are to be transported to the buyer or otherwise, is subject to the agreement of the delivery clause or otherwise, takes place at the carrier, which is committed to carrying the goods from the place of dispatch of the goods, not control it. If the seller actually perform the transfer, the transfer occurs only after the buyer receives the goods and gain control over it.
If the goods are sold for "free", "delivered" or "free domicile" for a specific location, it shall be deemed not to have been disposed of before it is to become your destination for this place.

section 8 If the seller has to arrange for the transport of goods on the transport of goods, he must make agreements for duty in the appropriate units of measurement in transport in a means of transport, and under normal conditions.

Date if required, subject to section 9 of the goods not handed over or without delay, and not to the date of the transfer anyway agreed, the goods shall be handed over within a reasonable period of time to trade.
If the goods must be handed over to be awarded during a given period and not to the circumstances show that the buyer will need to select the date, the seller is determined.
If the seller has to pick up in the store, he has to lay down the date in time to inform the buyer when the goods are actually available.

The right not to give up control of the merchandise subject to section 10 of the seller not granted a loan or payment, he shall not be obliged to give up the management of the goods and, by handing over the document, or in any other way, to give up control over the power of the merchandise purchase price shall be paid before.
If the seller has to send the goods to another location, he is not allowed to leave it under paragraph 1, without sending, but he shall not prevent the release of the goods or a document on the management of the purchase price will be paid by the buyer, before.

The cost of the goods under section 11, the seller shall bear the costs incurred by the product prior to its release, and which are not caused by the fact that the transfer has been delayed due to the buyer's side of the issue.
Chapter 3 liability of the goods which are the responsibility of the risk of the hazard article 12 If the risk of liability for the goods at the buyer, he has to pay the purchase price, even if the goods are destroyed, lost, degraded or diminished for the salesperson.

The responsibility of the risk of the transition from section 13 of the risk is transferred to the buyer, when the supply of the goods or of the agreement according to article 6 or 7 takes place.
In the case of goods not be shared at the right time, and this is due to the buyer or the buyer's side of the matter, the risk is transferred to the buyer when the seller has done what the extradition of him.
If the buyer from a location other than the seller's trust must be picked up at the service, release of the goods, the risk shall pass to the when the time has come, and the buyer has become aware that the goods are actually available.

section 14 of the risk will never go to the buyer until the goods or through or by any other means of transport document was clear, that the goods are intended for the buyer.

Article 15 of the Convention does not deal adequately by the trade If the trade is being transported, the risk is transferred to the buyer at the time of the transaction, unless the circumstances show that he has taken the risk of responsibility from when the goods have been handed over to the management of the carrier issuing the Bill of lading. The seller shall, however, always a loss or damage, which he knew or ought to have known at the time of the transaction, but that he has not communicated to the buyer.

Open trade section 16 if there is agreement between open trade and the goods are released, the risk for the goods is the buyer until the goods are returned.
Chapter 4 Article 17 of the agreement on the conformity of the goods, the characteristics of the goods is of the type, quantity, quality, other characteristics and pakkaukseltaan to respond to it, what can be seen as an agreed.
If the rest is not agreed, the goods shall be fit for purpose for which: 1) such goods are normally used;
2) be fit for any particular purpose for which the goods were to be used, if the salesperson is at the time of the transaction, must have been aware of this, and the buyer has had a reasonable to rely on the seller's expertise and assessment;
3) to respond to the characteristics of what the seller is referred to by presenting a sample or model; as well as 4) be packed with its usual or otherwise, as appropriate, in a way, if it is necessary for the protection of the goods or the packaging.
If the goods is different from that provided for in paragraph 1 or 2, it is a mistake.

Section 18 for any lack of information goods is also an error if it does not respond to the request for information that the seller has provided in respect of the marketing of the goods or use of the goods or otherwise, before the transaction and which can be expected to have affected the trade.
Goods is also an error if it does not respond to the request for information that someone other than the seller or the seller's sales level, in the previous chapter, is before the transaction in respect of the marketing of the characteristics or use of the goods entrusted to it and that it can be assumed to have affected trade. The goods shall not, however, be deemed to be invalid, if the seller has not and he should not have been be aware of this information.
And (2) of this article shall not apply if the information is corrected in time in a clear manner.

As it is a condition of section 19, If the goods are sold on an "as is" or a similar general reservations, it shall be considered to be an error, if: 1) the goods do not correspond to the information that the seller is before the transaction given its properties or the use of, and which can be expected to have affected the trade;
2) the seller is before the transaction information from the properties of the goods to the buyer failed to, or the use of an essential issue, that he must assume to have been unaware of and which the buyer reasonably could expect in the information, and can be expected to have affected the trade; or 3) are substantially worse condition than the buyer the price and other conditions, it is not justifiable.
When used goods are sold at auction, it shall be considered as being sold on an "as is". For the purposes of applying the provisions of paragraph (3) is in this case, be taken into account in the auction starting price.

The inspection prior to the sale of the goods under section 20, the buyer may not be a mistake to rely on point, from which he must assume to have been unaware of the trade.
If the buyer has inspected the goods before the transaction with or without acceptable reason failed to comply with the request of the seller to inspect it, he will not be a mistake to rely on fact that he should have been in the inspection to detect, unless the seller has not proceeded in a dishonourable and arvottomasti.
What paragraph 2 shall also apply when the purchaser has had the opportunity to inspect the goods prior to the transaction, the sample and the error relates to the property, which had occurred in the sample.

To point out the inaccuracy of a dominant period of article 21 of the Goods must be judged on its basis of the goods are the responsibility of the risk characteristics of the transition from the buyer. The seller is responsible for any lack of conformity which is not at this time, even if an error occur only later.
If the condition worsens the risk of liability to the buyer, the goods shall be considered to be an error, if the deterioration is due to the seller's breach of contract. The same is valid, if the seller is a similar commitment by the warranty or assumes responsibility for the suitability or other characteristics of the goods for a specified period and deterioration of the property covered by the undertaking.
the delay in the disposal of the purchaser of the goods, Chapter 5 of the penalties for article 22 of the rights of


In the case of goods will not be released or disclosed too late and that the fault of the buyer or the buyer's side of the matter, in accordance with the provisions of this chapter shall require the buyer to be the performance of the contract or the contract avoided and, in addition, to claim damages. He may also, in accordance with article 42 to withhold the payment of the purchase price.

Performance of the contract under section 23, the buyer has the right to stick to the agreement and to demand its fulfillment. The seller, however, is not obligated to fulfill the contract, if it is a barrier, that the seller will not be able to win, or if the performance of the contract would require sacrifices that are unreasonable compared to the buyer of the interest that the seller fulfils the contract.
If an obstacle or dissonance to stop within a reasonable time, the buyer may, however, require that the seller fulfils the contract.
The buyer loses the right to claim the performance of the contract, if he is delaying recognition of the disproportionately long for the presentation of the claim.

section 24 if the seller asks buyer, whether or not this is in spite of the delay in the time of release of the goods, or if the seller declares compliance with the agreement within the prescribed time, and not by the buyer, within a reasonable time after receiving the request or notification, the purchaser shall not be unloaded in the trade, if the seller meets the residence time of the agreement.

You may not reverse engineer, decompile the demolition of section 25 of the trade Buyer to trade as a result of this delay, the seller if the agreement is of fundamental importance to the violation and the seller realized this or should have it.
If the buyer has made a supply of goods within the additional period provided for in the end, the seller and is not unduly short, the buyer shall also declare the contract avoided unless the stuff passed on more over a period of time.
Within a further period set by the buyer shall be landed only if the seller shall inform the trade, that he had to fulfill the agreement within this time period.

subject to section 26 of the trade of goods, which are to be produced by or for the use of, or the buyer to obtain, in particular, in accordance with his toivomustensa, or the seller may without noticeable loss of use of goods in any other way, because of the delay, the seller, the buyer may not reverse engineer, decompile, trade only if the trade as a result of this delay is to essentially be achieved.

Article 27 of the damages, the buyer has the right to compensation for the damage that he is suffering from as a result of this delay, the seller unless the seller to prove that the delay is due to his influence, as far as possible from the outside of the barrier, which he could not reasonably be required to have taken into account at the time of the transaction, and the consequences of which he is also reasonably could have avoided or overcome.
If the delay is due to the person, that the seller has used the contract or a part thereof, the seller is released from the obligation of compensation only if the person would be of the free responsibility. The same is valid, if the delay is due to the seller's supplier, or any other previous sales made.
According to this article, and (2) is replaced by the kind of indirect damage, as referred to in article 67.
The buyer has the right to compensation, if the delay or the damage is due to the negligence of the seller's side.

Article 28, if the seller is unable to meet the contract on time, he must inform the buyer of an obstacle and its impact on the performance of the contract. If the buyer receives such notice within a reasonable period of time after the barrier has come to the attention of the seller, or it should have become, the buyer has the right to compensation for the damage which could have been avoided if he had been informed in a timely manner.

Notice of dissolution of trade and article 29 of the claim if the goods have been released too late in the day, the buyer shall not be unloaded in the trade and to claim damages as a result of this delay, the transfer of information within a reasonable period of time unless you notify the seller that he declare the contract avoided or to require compensation. If the buyer the contract avoided, he, however, is not required to separately indicate the damage claim.
Chapter 6 section 30 of the rights of the buyer of the goods and the penalties of an error If there is an error and not due to any lack of conformity of the buyer or the buyer's side of the matter, in accordance with the provisions of this chapter shall require the buyer to be bug fixes, a new delivery or a price reduction, or to declare the contract avoided and, in addition, to claim damages. He may also, in accordance with article 42 to withhold the payment of the purchase price.

After release of the goods in the inspection section 31 when the goods have been handed over, the buyer shall be checked in accordance with the requirement of good faith, it as soon as circumstances permit.
If it turns out that the goods will be transported from the place of delivery, the buyer may postpone the verification, shall continue to apply until the goods have been received.
If the buyer when the goods were in the way of a new destination or send the goods without the opportunity that he is reasonable, and if the seller at the time of the transaction knew or should have known, that the place of destination of the goods, any changes or that any of the goods, the buyer will continue to be delayed for inspection until it has been received for the new duty.

Claim under section 32, the buyer is not allowed to rely on lack of conformity of the goods if he tell us the seller within a reasonable time after he has discovered the flaw, or should have discovered the (complaint).

Article 33 the buyer gets 31 and 32 of the goods without prejudice to the provisions of section rely on the error, if the seller has acted with gross negligence or some and arvottomasti.

To correct the error, and a new section 34 of delivery the purchaser shall have the right to require that the seller repairs the error without the cost of the purchaser, if the error can be corrected without the seller will incur excessive costs or inconvenience. The seller may, instead of correcting the error in accordance with article 36 of the new shipment.
The purchaser shall have the right to demand delivery of the contract in the infringement is of fundamental importance and the seller realized this or should have it. The buyer does not have such a right, if there is an obstacle referred to in section 23, or dissonance. The buyer does not have the right to demand a trade, is the subject of trade, which was in existence at the time of the transaction, and that, taking into account the characteristics of the goods, as well as its checked, cannot be replaced by any other means.
If the seller does not fulfil its obligation to correct the error, the purchaser shall have the right to be reimbursed for the reasonable costs of necessary for correcting the error.

section 35, the buyer shall not be required to bug fixes or new delivery, unless the seller at the same time, he insists as he claims, or within a reasonable period of time after that. The buyer's failure is, however, no such effect, if the seller has acted with gross negligence or some and arvottomasti.

36 section even if the buyer does not require bug fixes or new delivery, the seller shall at its own expense, correct an error, or a new shipment, if it is possible without major inconvenience to the buyer and without the risk that the buyer receives from the seller the cost of compensation to him.
The seller is not allowed to rely on the fact that he has not been given the opportunity to correct the error within the meaning of subparagraph (1) or the new supply, if the buyer is a korjauttanut error and, in the circumstances, cannot reasonably be required, that the buyer would not have to wait for the adjustment to the seller's side.

The price and trading correct or the demolition of section 37 Unless a new supply is out of the question, or unless it is within a reasonable time, the buyer may claim reklamaatiosta in accordance with section 38, defer the price reduction or to trade in accordance with article 39.
The buyer does not have the right to a price reduction, when the goods are purchased used from the auction.

Article 38 if the buyer a price reduction, it is calculated so that the relationship between the reduced rate and the price under the agreement and the relationship between the value of the goods in accordance with the agreement at the time of delivery.

section 39, the buyer may declare the contract avoided because of an error, if the violation is of fundamental importance to the agreement and the seller realized this or should have it.
The buyer shall not be rescinded because of an error, unless the dissolution to the seller within a reasonable time he, when he has found the flaw, or should have been discovered, or to the end of the period, which according to article 37 of the seller may have at his disposal the services of bug fixes or new delivery. The buyer's failure is, however, no such effect, if the seller has acted with gross negligence or some and arvottomasti.

Section 40 of the buyer for damages is entitled to compensation for the damage he suffers because of an error in the goods, unless the seller for the goods show that the good has been in article 27 (1) or (2) the meaning of the barrier. If the donation is an obstacle to the correct goods, it is the provisions of section 28 of the seller from the obligation to notify of an obstacle to the performance of the contract moved on to apply accordingly.
This article does not replace the kind of indirect damage, as referred to in article 67.
The buyer has the right to compensation in the event of an error, or damage is caused by the negligence of the seller or if the goods are at the time of the transaction, the seller shall, in particular, of what was committed.
Chapter 7 an error 41 §


If a third party has an interest, lien or other right to goods (an error) and the agreement that the buyer must be received by a third party acting within the limits of the trade for the right to apply the provisions of Chapter 6, as well as the provisions of article 42 the right to withhold the payment of the purchase price. Article 31 shall be without prejudice to the buyer's right to appeal to an error in law.
The buyer has the right to compensation for damage which is caused by an error at the time of the trade, if he does not know and he should not have been aware of the error.
The buyer can claim the sanctions arising from the legal error, even when a third party claims that he has the right as referred to in sub-section 1, and the claim is likely to be.
Chapter 8 of the seller's breach of contract penalties to the right to withhold the payment of the purchase price to the seller if the buyer is in delay in section 42 or an error based on the requirement of the goods, the buyer shall refrain from trading price to be paid to the demand.

A partial breach of contract under section 43 if only part of the delivery is late or incorrect, the breach of the agreement apply to this part of the delivery. The buyer may declare the contract avoided in its entirety, if the breach of contract is an essential element of the whole trade.
If it can be assumed that the seller considers that it has fulfilled the contract in its entirety, even if all the stuff is not released, shall apply to the provisions relating to the error.

Article 44 where demolition of trade perättäisluovutustapauksissa be handed over gradually and some toimituserä is delayed or is not valid, the buyer may not reverse engineer, decompile, in accordance with the provisions of this batch of their trade, who, by the way, the dismantling of the trade.
If the delay or failure to provide reasonable grounds to believe that, in respect of a subsequent delivery is going to happen, whether in an action of contract, the buyer may be eligible for the dismantling of this within a reasonable period, on the basis of the contract avoided in respect of such subsequent batch.
The buyer cancels the one delivery, he shall at the same time, the contract avoided in respect of previous or subsequent, if her assets between the would result in significant damage to the fact that he would be forced to stick to the agreement with regard to these items.
the obligations of the purchaser Price determination Chapter 9, section 45 if the purchase price is not agreed, the buyer has to pay a price that is reasonable, taking into account the nature of the goods and the price at the time the trade fair features, as well as other conditions.

Article 46 if the price is to be calculated according to the weight of the number, measure, or as a basis for the calculation of the goods, the price of the quantity of risk must take responsibility for the transition from the buyer.
Määräytyessä the price of the goods according to the weight of the package weight is first to be reduced.

47 section if the buyer has received the invoice, if the price is binding on him, unless the purchaser within a reasonable time, notify the seller that he does not accept the price, and a price that is lower than agreed or required, the price is not excessively high.

The payment of the purchase price the purchase price is to be paid by the seller in section 48. If the payment will take place a document on the management of the goods or the extradition to be carried out, however, the payment is there, where the handing over takes place.
The buyer's payment obligation is a duty, in accordance with the agreement to accept a letter of credit, Bill of Exchange and set a bank guarantee or other guarantee, as well as the duty to take the other measures necessary for carrying out the payment.

the time of the payment of the purchase price, if the section 49 shall not be considered to be agreed, the buyer shall pay the purchase price to the seller. The buyer, however, is not required to pay before the goods are in accordance with the agreement on the set of her available, or määrättäväkseen.
The purchaser shall have the right, before the payment of the purchase price to inspect, in accordance with the conditions of trade or, as appropriate, if such examination is not incompatible with the method of payment for the transfer and agreed.
If the carriage of the goods in the Bill of lading or freight duty is given by the way are transported under the conditions that the seller will not be imposed for the goods after the payment, the payment can be made without prejudice to the provisions of paragraph 1 and 2 of the claim against the buyer receives possession of the konossementtia, or the Bill of lading or other proof that the goods are transported to the sanotunlaisin conditions.

The contribution of section 50 of the buyer the buyer must: 1) contributes to the trade in such a way as may reasonably be required of him, so that the seller can meet; and 2) collect or receive goods.
Chapter 10 the rights of the seller by the buyer contract penalties under section 51 if the buyer does not pay the purchase price at the right time or is not conducive to trade, in accordance with paragraph 1 of article 50, and this is not the seller or his side, the seller may, in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, require a fee or otherwise, or to declare the contract avoided and, in addition, to claim damages. He may also, in accordance with section 10 of the interest rate on the goods themselves, as well as the required reserves according to article 71.
If the buyer does not fulfil its obligation to collect or receive the goods and this is not the seller or on his side of the matter, is subject to section 55, section 57, subsection 2, and section 58 of the regulations.

In return for payment or for the performance of the contract, the requirement of article 52 the seller shall be entitled to remain in the contract and to demand the payment of the purchase price.
If the buyer cancels an order, the kind of stuff that is specifically manufactured for him or to obtain, the seller may not, however, to keep up with preparations for the Treaty by continuing to manufacture or supply of goods, as well as other demanding the suspension of the payment of the purchase price, unless preparation of cause him major inconvenience, or risk of damage resulting from the cancellation. The withdrawal of the claim for compensation is determined in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 13.
Where the goods have not yet been released, the seller loses the right to claim the payment of the purchase price, if he is delaying recognition of the disproportionately long for the presentation of the claim.

under section 53, the seller shall also have the right to stick to the agreement and to demand that the buyer shall contribute to trade in accordance with article 50 (1). The buyer, however, is not required to contribute to the trade, if it is a barrier, that he can not win, or if the cooperation would require sacrifices that are unreasonable compared to the seller on the buyer of the interest that contribute to the trade.
If an obstacle or disproportion is removed within a reasonable time, the seller may, however, require that the buyer shall contribute to trade.
The seller loses the right to require the purchaser to contribute to trade, for the presentation of the claim if he is dragging an unreasonably long time.

As a result of this delay the demolition of the trade section 54 of the payment by the seller as a result of this delay of payment by the buyer may not reverse engineer, decompile, trade finance, if the obligation to notify constitutes a substantial breach of the agreement.
If the seller has set an additional period of payment of the purchase price laid down, which is not an unreasonably short, and neither the buyer pay more over time, the seller may also declare the contract avoided.
Within a further period of the seller, the buyer may not reverse engineer, decompile, trade only to announce that he was going to carry out the payment within this time period.
If the buyer has received the goods, the seller may declare the contract avoided only if he is arrested the right to it, or if the buyer rejects the goods.

Demolition of the myötävaikutusvelvollisuuden failure to trade section 55 the seller, the buyer may not reverse engineer, decompile, trade is not conducive to trade in accordance with article 50 of the Treaty infringement is of fundamental importance to the seller and the buyer consisted of this or should have it. The seller may declare the contract avoided under the same conditions, if the buyer does not retrieve or receive the stuff at the right time and in the contract or the circumstances, it appears that the seller is of particular importance to the fact that the supply of the goods.
The seller shall also declare the contract avoided, if the buyer does not within the time limit set by the seller for more time, which is not an unreasonably short: 1) contribute to trade in accordance with article 50 (1); or 2) get or receive goods, when the contract or it appears from the circumstances that the seller is of particular importance to the fact that the supply of the goods.
Within a further period of the seller, the buyer may not reverse engineer, decompile, trade only to announce that he is going to meet their obligations within this time period.

Article 56 if the trade price of the demolition of the perättäisluovutustapauksissa is to be paid gradually in batches as soon as the goods are delivered, and a delay in the payment of the seller of the lot shall be landed for the trade in accordance with the provisions of this batch, who, by the way, the dismantling of the trade.
The seller may also declare the contract avoided in respect of a subsequent batch, unless there are reasonable grounds to believe that the decoding of payment delay will not be repeated.

Claims for compensation under section 57, the seller shall be entitled to compensation for the damage he suffers as a result of this delay of payment by the buyer, unless the buyer proves that the delay is due to the provision of the laws of the general traffic, or in the cannot notify aborted, or other similar payments to the barrier, which the buyer could not reasonably be required to have taken into account at the time of the transaction, and the consequences of which he is also reasonably could have avoided or overcome.
The seller has the same basis as section 27 also provides that the right to compensation for the damage which he suffers, therefore, that section 50 of the trade, while the buyer's in accordance with paragraph 1, or that the buyer in time to get or receive goods, when the contract or it appears from the circumstances that it out of the transmission is the particular importance of the salesperson.

58 section


If the buyer is unable to fulfill the contract on time, he shall notify the seller of the barrier and its impact on the performance of the contract. If the seller does not receive such notice within a reasonable period of time after the barrier has come to the attention of the purchaser or ought to have become, the seller shall be entitled to compensation for the damage which could have been avoided if he had been informed in a timely manner.
2 this article is repealed L:lla 5.1.1994/17.

Notice of dissolution of trade and section 59 claim the seller shall not be unloaded in the trade as a result of this delay of payment by the buyer or, therefore, that the purchaser has not collected or received your stuff, unless he is unloading to the buyer before the latter fulfilled its obligations.
If the buyer has contributed to the section 50 of the trade within the meaning of paragraph 1 but has done its too late as a result of this delay, the seller may not be rescinded or claim damages, unless he insists on within a reasonable time notify to the purchaser when he learned of the myötävaikutusvelvollisuuden. If the seller of the contract avoided, he, however, is not required to separately indicate the damage claim.

Clarification of article 60 of the characteristics of the goods If the buyer is to specify the shape, dimensions and other characteristics of the goods, but he did not do it at the agreed time or within a reasonable period of time after the seller has it asked, seller may specify a trade item properties such as can be assumed to be in the interest of the purchaser. This does not prevent the seller from requiring the other sanctions.
The seller shall inform the buyer, for clearing that up and make the buyer a reasonable period of time within which this can change the points. If the buyer does not, within the time limit set out to change the clarification, it becomes binding.
Chapter 11 the predicted breach of contract the right of Detention under section 61 If the economic conditions turn out to be the party of the action or after the sale in such a way that there are serious reasons to suppose his contractual obligations, remain largely unmet, for its part, the other party may suspend the performance of the contract and to refrain from their performance.
If the purchaser of the goods by the seller has been sent, the situation referred to in paragraph 1 arise, the seller must not block the buyer's control. The seller has this right, even if the buyer had received the document.
Each Contracting Party shall, to suspend the performance of the contract, or to prevent the control of the obligor shall immediately inform the other party. Unless they do so, the counterparty is entitled to compensation for the damage caused to him by the fact that the notice was not given in time.
The Contracting Parties, which is interrupted or blocked by the opposite party, it will be necessary to continue to manage the performance of the contract, if the set of acceptable collateral that he meets the standards of the agreement.

Article 62 If the trading of demolition, it has become clear that the unloading of authorization for the breach of contract is going to happen, the Contracting Party may declare the contract avoided, even before the performance of the contract the time is at hand. However, the impact of the dismantling of trade picked up, if the fulfilment of the agreement as soon as the set of acceptable collateral.

Article 63 the Contracting Parties of the bankruptcy, if the property has been handed over to bankruptcy and he still has failed to perform the contract, the other party shall require the notification of the fact, whether the bankrupt to commit to a trade. If the bankrupt to notify within a reasonable period of time, that it wants to engage in trade, and to set an acceptable security for the fulfilment of the agreement will not be unloaded.
In the case of goods supplied by the buyer or its bankruptcy nest under control only after the buyer's property has been handed over to bankruptcy, the seller may demand that the goods are delivered. The stuff is not, however, need to disclose the purchase price shall be paid as soon as the back or, if it has not, within a reasonable period, in response to the letter of the bankrupt estate to set an acceptable guarantee of payment of the balance.
If the buyer is bankrupt in the case referred to in paragraph 2 of the sold goods or otherwise ordered it in such a way that it will be released back to the essentially unchanged and undiminished, the bankruptcy shall be deemed to have committed itself to the store.
4 article has been repealed L:lla 5.1.1994/17.
the provisions of Chapter 12 of the Joint trade and the delivery of the extraction, and see a new shipment of the effects of the trade in the new section 64 shall cease If the seller the obligation to dispose of the goods, management, as well as the buyer's obligation to pay the purchase price and to contribute to the trade.
As far as the contract is fulfilled, each Contracting Party may require that the other party to restore what he has received. The Contracting Party from fulfilling their obligation to refrain from the return, until only half fill your corresponding obligations and to pay damages and interest, for which he is liable to pay, or to set an acceptable security to the payment.
If the seller has a number of new delivery, the buyer shall not return the received goods, until the new delivery is to take place.

65 section if the goods by the buyer to the seller, the profit it receives must be handed over, as well as to pay fair compensation, if he had the goods to another benefit.
If the seller is required to pay the purchase price back, he has to pay for the interest Act (633/82) in accordance with the first subparagraph of article 3(2) of the interest from the date on which he received the payment.

The right to trade and the loss of the new supply of medium 66 section may not reverse engineer, decompile, or by the buyer to claim delivery of the goods, if only he can restore the essentially unchanged and undiminished.
The buyer does not, however, lose their right to exercise their right to require delivery of the demolition and, if: 1) have been destroyed, lost, degraded or diminished because of their own properties, or any other aspect, which is not the fault of the buyer;
2) have been destroyed, degraded or diminished because of a measure, which has been necessary to verify the accuracy of the goods;
3) in whole or in part, the goods sold remain the normal order or the buyer has used it for the desired purpose, before he discovered the mistake on the basis of which he wants to declare the contract avoided or to require the new delivery, and before he should not have been on it; or 4) because of an error in the legal trade will be extracted, and the buyer is obliged by law to have lost or given up on it.
The buyer also does not lose the right to exercise their right to require delivery of the demolition and, if he replaces the value of the goods to the seller of a deterioration or decline due to the discount.
Chapter 13 the number of direct and indirect damages, injury due to a breach of the contract to be performed in section 67 for damages include compensation for expenses, the difference in the price, loss of profit and other direct or indirect damage caused by the breach of contract.
The object failed to be considered: 1) injury, due to the reduction or interruption of production or sales;
2) more damage, which is due to the fact that the goods cannot be used as intended;
3) profit, which has been without a contract with a third party, therefore, that the requested person is statute-barred, or left unfilled.
4) damage, which is caused by damage to the rest of the property other than goods sold; as well as 5) more of the same kind, hard-to-predictable damage.
The kind of indirect failed to damage, which is not considered to be sopijapuolelle to the injured party has suffered, as the limitation of damage referred to in paragraph 2.

Article 68 if the difference has been demolished and the buyer has made a purchase or a seller selling goods from kate, and action has been carefully, as well as the dismantling of trade within a reasonable time, the margin shall be calculated in accordance with the agreement, the purchase price and the sale price paid or kate.

69 section if you have landed and 68 under article kate for the purchase or sale of the goods listed in the agreement have been made and if there is a fair price, the margin shall be calculated in accordance with the contract price and the price of the demolition period on the basis of the fair in accordance with.
The current price is determined by the price level of goods in the place where the release of the goods, which should have taken place.

The damage limitation and the reduction of damages under section 70 of the affected Party shall take reasonable measures to limit the mitigating. If he fails in this, he may actually suffer from a similar part of the damage.
Compensation may be adjusted if it is excessive, having regard to the vahingonkorvausvelvollisen's possibilities to foresee and prevent the damage, as well as other conditions.
Chapter 14 section of the obligation to pay interest at the interest rate 71 trade price or for the rest of the money is made, which is not paid in time, the interest rate provided for in the law.
Chapter 15, of the care of the goods the seller's duty of care under section 72, if the stuff is not collected or received at the right time, or if it will not be disclosed to the buyer, the buyer's side of the issue of the management as well as in the management of the seller if the goods are, or the way he can take care of it on behalf of the buyer, the seller shall take reasonable steps to ensure the goods.

The buyer's duty of care under section 73 if the buyer wants to fight on behalf of the seller of the goods received, he shall take reasonable steps to ensure the goods.

If the buyer wants to fight, that is sent to him, and which is considered to be his destination, he shall make available the goods on behalf of the seller, if it is possible to purchase price without paying and without excessive cost and inconvenience. Such a requirement is not, however, if the seller or anyone else, for which he, in turn, can take care of the goods, there are a number of locality.

Service of the goods on their behalf by section 74 If the Contracting Party is obliged to take care of the goods, which is a third party acting on behalf of the counterparty and the selection of the host have been complied with due care, care required the Contracting Party shall not be liable for the goods after they are received by the depository.

The replacement of section 75 of the cost of care each Contracting Party, which shall be obliged to take care of the goods for the account of the counterparty is entitled to reimbursement of the necessary costs incurred in the care and other costs. He may withhold the goods itself, until the allowance is paid, or of an eligible collateral.

The sales of the goods under section 76, the Contracting Party which is bound to take care of the goods, not to sell it, unless he is without substantial cost or substantial impairment can continue to care for the goods, or if the opposing party to shelve an inordinate amount of the payment of the purchase price of the goods management, refer to, or on the basis of the cost of care.
If the rapid deterioration of the goods is subject to deterioration or or if the provision of the care becomes prohibitively expensive, is, if possible, be disposed of.
The stuff in the sale must comply with the care. Prior to the sale is, if possible, inform the other party.

Article 77 If neither Contracting Party has the right or obligation to sell the goods in accordance with section 76 but it will not be sold, or it is clear that the purchase price does not cover the cost of, the Contracting Party may provide for the sale of the goods in any other suitable manner. That is, if possible, inform the other party.

the sale of the accumulated resources of section 78, as well as on what goods would otherwise have been received, as well as the costs incurred shall be made a party to the settlement. The surplus belongs to the opposing party.
Chapter 16, section 79 of the goods return on return on investment, the supply of the goods is in accordance with the agreement, is expected to return to the seller, unless it could be recovered at a later time. The profit, the goods will be referred to in the agreement, after the point in time, belongs to the buyer, unless it be expected to return to accumulate in the past.

trade in the shares is included in section 80 of the dividend, which is not due to be paid before the transaction, as well as a right to subscribe for new shares that could not be used before the transaction.

section 81 of the deal includes the interest rate, the interest rate on the produce that has been accumulated but not yet due for payment at the time of acceptance of the transfer has been agreed to take place. This kind of interest in the amount of money is on the buyer to pay the seller, in addition to the purchase price, unless a claim has not been sold in these uncertain times.
the other provisions of chapter 17, section 82, where a declaration of some declarations, which the buyer is 23, 24, 29, 32, 35, 39, 47 or 61, according to the article to give to the seller, is sent, the sender must not rely on the notification, even if it is delayed, or should not be there. The same applies to the announcement that the seller has to provide to the buyer 52, 53, 59 or 61, according to the article.

Section 83 of the entry into force of this law shall enter into force on 1 January 1988.
This Act repeals the trade cycle, Chapter 1, sections 2 to 4 and 6 to 8 of the section as well as section 49 of the bankruptcy rule, Chapter 1, section 8 of the trade cycle, as it is the Act of 13 June 1929 (237/29).
Before the entry into force of this law shall, however, apply to the agreement before the right force. THEY 93/86, lvk. Mrs. 13/86, svk. Mrs. 256/86 entry into force and the application of the acts: 5.1.1994/17: this law shall enter into force on 1 July 1994.
THEY'RE 360/92, TaVM 40/93