The Decision Of The Ministry Of Trade And Industry Of The Burning Liquids

Original Language Title: Kauppa- ja teollisuusministeriön päätös palavista nesteistä

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Read the untranslated law here: http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/ajantasa/1985/19850313

This decision is dead with the exception of the 5 and 6 figures from 1 January 2013. DC. (A) section and A 2012 52 855/685/2015, section 54.

The Ministry of trade and industry has the burning liquids regulation of 19 November 1976 (955/76) in accordance with article 68, Chapter 1 General section 1 decided: this decision concerns the regulation of the burning liquids (955/76) of liquids and gases.

(A) combustible liquids 921/1976 is repealed A 682/1990. DC. (A) the industrial treatment and storage of hazardous chemicals in 59/1999.



Article 2 of this decision means: 1) to the place of distribution, the distribution status of a combustible fluid, säiliöineen and the buildings in which the flammable liquid is sold or transferred to the main motor of the vehicle or boat to the fuel tank;
2) liekinestin device, which prevents access to the tank through the air pipe of the flame;
3) heater heat exchanger or piping system in which the temperature of the combustible liquid in order to reduce the viscosity of the fluid will be raised by burning or to change the properties of the reaction;
sumuttamista of combustible liquid 4) maalattavaan to spray painting. Spray painting is considered to belong to the liimauksen, and also, among other things, the injection-plating, if the adhesive or coating is a flammable liquid;
5) SFS-standard Finnish standard set by the Finnish Standardisoimislautakunnan;
6) swimming pool nestetiivistä pool, which the tank will be placed;
7) protective casing outside the building, and constructed an underground space, which the tank will be placed;
8 suuaukkoon of the air pipe of the tank) to the network installed a network that prevents access to the objects in the container;
9) a protection zone with a manufacturing plant, the technical use of the plant, tank or storage building in the surrounding area, the purpose of which is to protect them from the danger of fire, as well as the environment;
10 fixed tanks, combustible liquid) tank portable, portable tank, tank-container or the container of the rock;
11) fixed tank installed above-ground or underground fixed on a combustible liquid tank;
12) irtosäiliö you want to move or be carried by a burning fluid container, bottles, barrels, or other packaging, with a capacity of not more than 450 l;
13) be transferred to the tank removable tank of combustible liquid, having a capacity of more than 450 l; (by 13 November 1998 at/847) 14) container to be carried by a burning fluid container having a capacity of more than 450 l; (by 13 November 1998 at/847) that have been carved out of the rock in the reservoir tank of the 15), whose base, walls and ceiling are rock or concrete;
16) the outer surface of the tank, the tank of the country as a whole the treatment gap between points, except for the direct contact with the ground;
17) the above-ground tank on the Earth's surface, the room space or Chamber tank;
the status of the tank or the tank 18) barrier around the barrier or other obstacle to the Group on the inside of the space;
for the storage of combustible liquid) in the inventory referred to in 19 of the same range of single or held by the holder of the area of the building or part of a building. The inventory shall be read as belonging to the tanks, storage buildings, pipelines and processing equipment;
20) part of the inventory in the room or a room that is used for the storage or processing of combustible liquid; as well as the warehouse building, 21), which is used for the storage or processing of combustible liquid.
22) the body an inspection body approved by the Security Technology Center. (by 13 November 1998 at/847) section 3 of the Act is repealed by the ' P ' on 24 October 1995/1198.

The storage of combustible fluids and related sanitation construction must also take into account what else is provided and prescribed.
Chapter 2 use of the manufacturing and technical use of the manufacturing plant and technical facility investment, construction and outfitting 4 § the use of combustible liquid manufacturing plant or technical institution, the daily use of the technology in the manufacturing or the number of more than 1.5 m3 or to the amount of combustible fluid is more than 1.5 m3, investment, construction and outfitting of a relationship is to comply with this decision and the level of protection as defined in standard SFS 3353. (on 24 October 1995/1198)
Handling and storage of flammable liquefied gases in the structure and technology of the equipment with regard to protection distances shall comply with liquefied petroleum gas on the application of the regulation on the Ministry of industry and trade, the provisions of the decision (317/79), unless the substance properties.


section 5: the use of technology in manufacturing plants, and the plant is to avoid unnecessary fire load. Hardware-related burning fluid storage tanks, if possible be placed outside the building.
If building a process equipment deals with class I flammable liquid, the building shall be designed in such a way, that in the event of a possible explosion of the resulting pressure wave causing minimal damage.


section 6 the use of technology on manufacturing plant and the plant for the manufacture or processing of combustible liquid used equipment should be equipped with measuring and monitoring devices in such a way that the effective use of the relevant physical and chemical factors can be measured.


section 7: the use of technology on manufacturing plant and plant containers and devices come from gases and fumes will burn in a safe way, or recovered, or they will be headed out to a place that there is no danger or harm.
If combustible fluid use of the facility of working or a technical reaction to the result of the failure or use can have a significant risk of an accident, the body should be equipped with appropriate security systems.


section 8: powers of the manufacturing plant and technical use of the institution's building, in addition to comply with this decision, the collection of the Finnish building structural fire safety. The body of the walls and the roof of the inside surfaces of class 1 must be the ignition sensitivity and palonlevittämisominaisuuksiltaan class I.
What is in the collection of the Finnish order of the construction of industrial and warehouse buildings in the fire safety guidelines on the classification of flammable liquids fire danger reading has been said and in respect of the storage of, also applies to the manufacture and use of combustible fluid is found.


section 9 of the area, which are manufactured by or convertible is used in flammable liquid, must be equipped with ventilation. Ventilation of combustible vapours, liquids, when planning is assumed heavier.
Without the context of the Exchange is to take into account the following: 1) ventilation shall be so designed, that may be a burning vapour concentration in the air is not more than 20% of the lower flammable limit.
2) If gravity ventilation can not be prevented the formation of flammable vapor and air at the bottom of the wall of the room, you have to use mechanical ventilation.
3) ventilation quantity must be mechanical ventilation when using at least 15 m3/h per square metre of floor surface, when we are dealing with (I) or (II) the class of flammable liquid, and at least 8 m3/h per square metre of floor surface when dealing with flammable liquid, class III, however, up to at least 6 or 3 times the volume of the room per hour.
as provided for in paragraphs 3, 4), without the exchange rates can be reduced by the number of the supervisory authority, if the spread of combustible liquid vapors of the room is blocked by shielding and paikallispoiston, or if the status of the preparation of the handling of combustible liquid or gas detectors used in a supervised, which shall, where appropriate, the status of the trigger the normal ventilation of the building.
5) if the room has a height of more than 3 m, the height of the room shall be considered in determining the air exchange in 3 m. If combustible fluid open will be higher than 1.5 m from the floor, the room is considered the height of the top of the open korkeutena on the floor plus 1.5 m, up to a maximum of the height of a real room.
Lit class I liquid must not be dealt with in the section of the building, which is in the premises in which a burning liquid to steam can land on or pass into and where there is no ventilation.
A job without harmful concentrations is provided separately.


section 10 of the use of the technology on manufacturing plant and plant machinery and equipment must be positioned in such a way that they can be reached unimpeded access to and the use and maintenance operations can be safely run and that there is enough space for. In addition, the investment is chosen so that the machinery and equipment do not interfere with the State of the exit.


Article 11 of the preparation and technical use of the necessary raw materials, semi-finished products and finished products, that the burning of the instruments adopted concerning the liquids must be stored in accordance with the provisions laid down in Chapter 4.


In the painting section 12 When flammable liquid is used for painting, gluing, or similar activities is to ensure that the used space on the premises of the ventilation is adequate, and that does not deal with the use of naked flames or sparks or any other flammable hazardous equipment.
When the syringe or kastomaalausta or mechanical roller-or run in a dedicated room mode is carried out repeatedly in the painting, or a part thereof, shall comply with section 8 to 11.

If the recurring use of the amounts of combustible liquid painting operations require an authorisation or notification procedure of the EC Treaty, is a painting of the place and, to comply with the level of protection as defined in standard SFS 3358. (on 24 October 1995/1198) Chapter 3 section 13 of the Treatment when a flammable liquid repeatedly dealt with in an open space in a dedicated room, is to be followed, in section 8 to 11. If combustible fluid processing is done in hardware, which is not open to the liquid surfaces, ventilation shall, however, not half. Ventilation requirement does not apply to room space where flammable liquid is transferred to the pipeline system.


Article 14 distribution station (9 June 1998/415) section 14 is repealed by the ' P ' on 9 June 1998/415.


Handling in the port of section 15 (24 October 1995/1198) in the port area of combustible liquid piping and other loading and unloading the equipment, the distribution referred to in article 14 of the drive equipment, with the exception of the port area with regard to the processing of the warehouse of combustible liquid must comply with standards SFS 3355 and 3356 level specified.
Chapter 4 Article 16 the provisions of this chapter shall apply to the storage of just the kind of on-hand inventory, which must apply for a permit or for which the EC Treaty shall be notified to the authority. (on 24 October 1995/1198)
22 of this chapter, the provisions of article 35 – just the kind of on-hand inventory, with tanks yhteistilavuus it is less than 200 m3.
If the flammable liquid stored 200 m3 or more of flammable fluid tanks and disposal sites, location, structure and equipment must correspond to the level of protection as defined in the standard EN 3350. (on 24 October 1995/1198)
In addition to the main uses of storage shall comply with the standard, as defined in the SFS 3359. (on 24 October 1995/1198) section 17 of the Inventory in the area and the environment must be taken into account in the investment for the construction of land use and the rules and regulations, as well as in the surrounding area of the industrial plants, buildings, warehouses and transport routes as well as other factors, which may affect the storage of combustible liquids.


Warehouse and storage room in section 18 of the Storage building and a store room structures must comply with what is provided for in article 8 of the technical structure of the manufacturing plant and the use of the facility.
When storing a class (I) and (II) for the storage of flammable liquids in closed containers, shall be equipped with a room ventilation, the magnitude of which is not less than one time in the room volume per hour.
Storage rooms or stores, which are stored in flammable liquid, must not be placed below the title in the same paloteknillisessä a stair landing.


the case referred to in article 19 of the combustible liquid storage room space must not be flammable liquids and their handling equipment and storage shelving in addition to flammable and does not promote the spread of the fire, supplies or equipment. Flammable liquids must be stored separately for each of the seats.
Combustible liquid storage must also take into account the following: 1) Without coming into contact with when faced with a spontaneously flammable flammable liquid and flammable liquid shall be stored in a building in the same paloteknillisessä.
2) in each storage building paloteknillisessä title be stored in tank-containers of flammable liquids and shipborne barges up to a total of 200 m3.
3 paloteknillisessä with combustible liquid in the same title) must not be stored in fortified acids, calcium carbide, peroxides, explosives, or other such substances, which are capable of itsesytytyksen or in the event of a fire to cause a particular risk.
This section is provided for above, does not, however, apply to the production or processing of the suurvarastoja, which is why a large surface areas and great height and with the storage facility has been approved by the supervisory authority separately.
What the above in subparagraph (1) and (2) in paragraphs 1 and 3, does not apply to pharmacies and laboratories for stocks, which are stored in flammable liquid-containing drugs or chemicals. However, particular attention must be paid to the storage of fire safety and to prevent unauthorized persons to access should be prevented to deal with them.


section 20 irtosäiliöiden containing flammable liquid storage room shall be equipped, by the pool or on the eve of the build in such a way that any liquid from tanks reach to other areas or in the soil. The structure must be able to collect at least the largest stocked irtosäiliön volume of the corresponding amount of room space.
Class I and II flammable liquid tank or irtosäiliöitä, with a capacity of greater than 0.25 m3, will not be stored on top of each other, unless they are specifically built or packaged on top for storage.
22 and 23 of the Act is prescribed as a fixed placement of the tank to the building, also applies to the tank container and the container to the placement of the building.


section 21 of the Shop in the room be considered flammable liquid for the purpose of sale and within a maximum of 20 l of the sample in the case of the sale of a number of close up on packages, which do not need the permission of the holding to the Treaty.
Fire Chief may order at the store as a result of the fire caused by the load of other products that the shop in the room for the storage of flammable liquids may not be placed less than 1 paragraph.


The protection of the investment in the fixed tank building and section 22 of the Chamber Fixed the tank must be positioned so that it can be easily checked and serviced.
Fixed tank in a separate room or in a protective Chamber must be taken into account in addition to the following: 1) to the top surface of the tank opening lid, or the distance from the ceiling must be at least 0.5 m.
2 the distance of the location of the two walls of the tank) from the nearest wall must be at least 0.1 m, as well as the distance to the walls of at least 0.5 m against them.
3) If, in a room in the tank for the Group yhteistilavuus more than 10 m3, the distance between the tanks must be at least 0.5 m.
If the tank is isolated or jäykistein, calculate the distance from the supported external insulation or to the external surface of the aid.
If the tank or tanks must be installed in a space, the wall or on the roof structures can be easily dismantled for inspection purposes to the load-bearing structures without breaking, or if the tank is made of a combustible liquid and the effect of, in particular, the possible presence of pollutants, corrosive resistant structure of the substance, not the distances given in paragraph 2 below.


section 23 of the building within a fixed tank or tanks shall be so placed in accordance with section 29 of the privacy in the pool. Protection of the free volume of the pool should be at least 1/5 of the most protective in the pool to be the volume of the tank.


Terrestrial fixed tank placement outside section 24 land-based outdoor fixed tank or the tank, the second limit to the distance the group from the global transport route, as well as of the building must be in accordance with the following table: tank capacity or Burning the shortest distance of the liquid tanks yhteistilavuus m3 category m 1 3 3 (I) and (II) V < ≤ 15 V (I) and (II) 3 15 < ≤ 200 V 5 (I) and (II) V < < 15 (III) 1 15 ≤ V of less than 200 (III) 3 3 < m3 of combustible liquid storage tank in the distance on his own building However, it should be 0.1 m, if the tank side of the building of the wall was at least in the provisions referred to in (B) structural fire safety-30 class of building elements, and does not have a door in the wall, or to change the aperture 3 m closer to the.
Burning liquid oxygen tank in the distance from a fixed tank shall be not less than 5 m.
If the tank is more than 10 m3, the Group of the yhteistilavuus the distance between the tanks must be at least 1 m.


section 25 of the Flammable liquid that contains a class I or II, above-ground tank or tanks must be placed in the wall, if the volume of the tank or tanks at the yhteistilavuus is 15 m3 or more. The same also applies to the oil spill in the waters set out in the plan in the territory of the tanks on the ground, if the volume of the tank or tanks at the yhteistilavuus is 5 m3 or more.
Interval mode the volume must be at least as big, that the biggest barrier mode I or class II combustible liquid on the inside of the tank to any liquid remains in the wall.
Less than 100 m3 of cylindrical metal container wall space can be replaced in accordance with article 29 of the protection by the pool. (on 24 October 1995/1198)
The same interval mode with combustible liquid must not be stored at the same time fortified acids and substances, which are capable of posing a particular risk to itsesytytyksen, or in the event of a fire.


section 26 of the Flammable liquid that contains class III for an above-ground tank or tanks must be placed in the wall, if the volume of the tank or tanks at the yhteistilavuus is 30 m3 or more. The same also applies to the oil spill in the waters set out in the plan in the territory of the tanks on the ground, if the volume of the tank or tanks at the yhteistilavuus is 10 m3 or more.
Barrier free status of the volume should be at least 1/5 of the largest interval class III combustible liquid that have the status of the volume of the tank.

Less than 100 m3 of cylindrical metal container wall space can be replaced in accordance with article 29 of the protection by the pool. (on 24 October 1995/1198), section 27 of the distance from the wall of the tank must be at least 1 m Barrier shall be at least (A)-120 class building elements or ingredients of concentrated land-water impenetrable. The status of the base of the wall and the wall gets covered with asphalt. If the interval passes through the pipes, so the pipe and the wall mount must be sustainable and dipped in liquid-proof fire burden. Interval mode is to be combined with öljynerottimeen and be fitted with rain water removal for the shut-off device, which must be kept closed except in the event of rain water.


The protective casing and placed in containers under the Protection of section 28 of the 100 m3, cylindrical metal Chamber placed made from outside the tank shall be protected against corrosion in accordance with standard SFS 4596 strain M3 or in a similar way. The protective casing shall be constructed of watertight and it's going to take in the surrounding land, ground water, as well as possible traffic problems caused by the loads. The protective casing shall be fitted with a ventilation tube, by their nominal size DN 80 or more, and not less than 600 mm x 600 mm of the size of the workflow. (on 24 October 1995/1198)
The tank in a protective Chamber in article 22, shall comply with what is prescribed.
Protection on the ground of the Chamber shall be made in such manner as any liquid from the tank viettäväksi, that builds up in the monitoring wells. The observation of the recess must be positioned so that it is visible to the workflow through the opening, or a separate inspection opening.
If the protective casing is filled by a fixed interval, it shall not be placed in the question referred to the tank.


Article 29 of the protection of the protection structure of the pool-pool structure must be tight and the impact on the environment. Protection of swimming pool can be used to build a separate building to the State is at the bottom of the tank or by forming a tight pool. Protection shall be considered as a solid, if the pool is used for waterproof or coating with a compressed reinforced concrete or korroosiosuojattua steel or similar material. The status of the lower part of the tank in the building can be summed up in the fact that the seams are welded of plastic carpet, mounted.
Protection-the pool is constructed in such a way that its on the bottom of any leaked fluid can be detected. Protection-the distance between the pool and the walls of the tank must be so great that any liquid from the tank can not get protection from the pool. If a containment tank may accumulate rain water, it comes equipped with a vesitysyhteellä.
Subject to the protection of the country of swimming pool should be equipped with öljynerottimeen combined viemäröinnillä.


Underground tank in the investment section 30 of the underground tank is placed in the medication and painumattomalle surface and be surrounded by at least 0.25 m thick on closely sullotulla kivettömällä sand or gravel layer. The tank is covered with the exception of at least 0.6 m thick on the treatment gap between maakerroksella.
The treatment gap structures must be isolated from the tank in such a way that the coating on the bezel — safety requirements |.
If the tank may need to be heavy traffic load, the container must be at least 1 m thick layer of soil. The treatment gap is constructed in such a way that the treatment gap, action on access directly to the influence of the tank shell. Reinforced plastic tank in addition to the above to install the load-bearing reinforced concrete slab or similar structure that blocks the traffic load to be applied to the container.
The bulk of the tank cover be replaced by concrete or asphalt coating and the filling, leaving a layer of heat insulation and carrying capacity should be at least the same as the corresponding maakerroksella.


section 31 of the underground tank must be so placed and protected in such a way that routiminen damage to the tank and its associated piping system.
If it is obvious, that the location of the tank can penetrate into the ground water, or if the tank is located in an area where there is a risk of flooding, the tank is firmly anchored in the empty tank in order to prevent the explosion of sufficient or estimated the height of the top of the groundwater potential. The tank anchoring is not allowed to damage the tank coating.


32 section underground tank in the horizontal distance from the tank, the basis of the building and the second limit should be at least the distance of 0.6 m tank outside the underground conduits, such as water, sewage and electrical lines from the subsurface drain pipes should be, with the exception, at least 2 m.
Underground tank must not be placed on the building.


the fight against oil pollution plan of the section 33 the major groundwater areas, fuel and diesel fuel in the underground tanks must be checked periodically by the shafts of the oil on the country the Ministry of trade and industry (344/83).


Irtosäiliön, removable tank and tank container placement out on the section 34 Irtosäiliön, the distance to move the tank and the tank container transport by bus to the second level, the public and the building is in place, what section 24 (1) and (2) is prescribed for the terrestrial fixed distances.


35 § Irtosäiliöt, portable tanks or tank-containers must be placed in groups, so that the tanks yhteistilavuus it is per group no more than the following: a burning fluid class Tanks yhteistilavuus m3 (I) (II) 50 15, (III) the distance between the 100 Groups must be at least 1.5 m.
If the same group is stored in two or more of the categories of combustible liquid fluids, the group applied to the flash point of flammable liquid category is determined by the pisteeltään of the lowest class of combustible liquid.
Yhteistilavuus, the tanks are more than 15 m3, must be enclosed in intervals, with a height of not less than 0.15 m. Barrier mode is to be fitted with rain water removal equipment.


Storage of combustible liquid storage in the port of port section 36 flammable liquid is to be followed, what has been prescribed for the storage and handling. Port authorities, the port must be provided of the place, which irtosäiliöt, portable tanks and tank-containers can be stored in a loading or unloading and transportation.


The mine or in the shelter of the tank section 37 of the population (24 October 1995/1198) in the mine, the tank and its accessories, the equipment and piping installation and investment must be the adoption of the Security Technology Center.


section 38 of the population protected, tank equipment and ranking is the Ministry of Interior ordered individually.
Chapter 5, section 39 the provisions of this chapter the tanks do not apply to rock tanks. However, the structure of the tank will be the rock in the inventory in accordance with the approved documents of the EC Treaty for the purposes of granting the permit.
Section 41 to 52 of this chapter's provisions do not apply to irtosäiliöihin. Irtosäiliön will be the carriage of dangerous substances on the road by the Department of transportation, in accordance with the provisions of the decision.


section 40 of the tank and its accessories must be structurally tight and burning liquid corrosive effect.


The structure of section 41 the provisions of tanks, with a capacity of not less than 1.5 m3, should correspond to the level specified in the following standards: (24 October 1995/1198) 1) steel-ground cylindrical recumbent tank: SFS 2733;
2) steel-ground cylindrical pystysäiliö: SFS 2734;
3) stainless steel-ground rectangular tank: SFS 2735;
4) steel underground cylindrical recumbent tank: SFS 2736;
5) steel-ground ympyräpohjainen and suoraseinäinen in the tank, having a capacity of not more than 500 m3: SFS 2737;
6) stainless steel ground ympyräpohjainen and suoraseinäinen in the tank, having a capacity of more than 500 m3: SFS 2740;
7) an underground tank of combustible liquids in plastic: SFS 2770; as well as 8) lujitemuoviset storage tanks: SFS 3915.
The tank, the manufacturer or importer must apply paragraph 1 referred to in paragraphs 7 and 8, in addition to the approval of the inspection body for plastic tanks. (by 13 November 1998 at/847)
The tank, which is manufactured in accordance with the above mentioned standards, the manufacturer or importer must apply for approval from an inspection body of the tank structure. (by 13 November 1998 at/847)
For the adoption of a tank construction report and the related drawings, the potential strength of the Bills, and other reports provide the inspection body with. (by 13 November 1998 at/847)
The adoption of a tank for the transport of dangerous goods on the road on the Ministry of transport in accordance with the decision (660/1997) suurpakkauksena or säiliökonttina, the tank is not required prior approval by the inspection body. (by 13 November 1998 at/847) section 42 (24 October 1995/1198) under section 41 (5) and (6) of the container referred to in the Constitution shall be made in accordance with the corresponding level of standard SFS 2679.


43 section (24 October 1995/1198) If the container is stored in a flammable liquid, which may give rise to corrosion, the tank must be adequately coated on the inside.


44 section



A volume of less than 1.5 m3 tank construction agent will need to use a steel or aluminum disk or other sufficiently sustainable. The steel should be at least the quality of Fe 360B FN disk of the SFS-EN 10025 and quality of aluminium AlMg3 H14 SFS SFS AlMg2 2588, 2587, or 5 H14. (21.7.1993/712)
The thickness of the steel plate of the fixed tank must be at least the following: the volume of the tank wall thickness of 0.45 m3 0.45 mm V ≤ V 2 < 1.5 3 Aluminum disk manufactured tank