Regulation On The Prevention Of The Introduction Of Harmful Organisms Into The Ground

Original Language Title: Asetus kasvintuhoojien maahan kulkeutumisen estämisestä

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Read the untranslated law here: http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/ajantasa/1981/19810173

Presentation by the Minister of agriculture and forestry of 13 February 1981 on the provided for the plant protection Act (127/81) under section 2 and 12: General section 1 the purpose of the measures provided for in this regulation is to prevent the introduction of harmful organisms into the ground, which may cause damage to crops or stored plants or plant products.


the purpose of this regulation, article 2 of the land in the State in which the plants are grown, or at the latest during the growing season, when a question from cuttings, the State in which the cuttings is instilled.
the State of export, the country of export directly to Finland without uudelleenkuormausta;
the cultivation of crops, planting gardens, a garden spot, farm or other properties, where the plants are grown; as well as the place of arable land, area of cultivation of the plant room or other place where the plants are grown, or when the question is potted plants or from cuttings, the growing medium.


The ban on the import of section 3 of the country must import 1) plants and parts of plants, which are in the list in the annex to this Regulation (A) or (A) have been infected with or contaminated by the harmful organism 2;
2) plants and parts of plants, which are in the list in the annex to this regulation, a significant one (B) infected with or contaminated by the harmful organism 3) wild plants;
4) live insects, mites and cyst nematodes in any development asteillaan; (on 4 January 1985 com/4) 5) plants of the live virus, bacteria and fungus.
6) compost, manure and soil, with the exception of the imports of the material within the purposes of the land; the country is not considered material in Sphagnum-peat manufactured spare clean growth turf and stone wool, perliitistä, vermikuliitista, or other similar inorganic materials unused artificial plant growing medium and the above mentioned mixtures. (20.12.1991/1565)
If a plant or parts of a plant is infected with or contaminated by, or of, which is not mentioned in the list in the annex to this Regulation (A) 1, or A1, but which can be considered as damaging as those mentioned in the lists, the Government banned the importation of the goods to the farm.
When 1 of the forms referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 have been infected or contaminated with the organism of plants is only a portion of the broadcast, not any other part of the consignment may be imported into the country, unless the farm Board specifically allow it.
Farm Government may allow the importation of plants referred to in paragraph 3, paragraph 1, to have access for scientific purposes, imports under the conditions referred to in paragraph 4 of the organisms, which it considers to be sufficient in order to prevent the spread of plant pests and crop imports referred to in paragraph 5 of the scientific or biological control. (on 4 January 1985 com/4) in the list in the annex to this regulation, (C) the importation of the host plants of the harmful organisms are limited to the following: 1) became a burning (Erwinia amylovora) and sharkataudin (Plum pox virus) host plants is prohibited in the State in which the harmful organisms mentioned in the farm by the Government according to the notification has occurred;
2) San José scale (Quadraspidiotus is San José scale) host plants is prohibited from 16 April to 15 September, including the States in which the said harmful organism is present in the farm according to the notification of the Government;
3) Castanea spp., Coniferae, Fagus spp., Populus spp., Prunus spp. and Quercus spp. admission is prohibited in non-European countries; as well as 4) Berberis spp., Ulmus spp. and the importation of Japanese Zelkova spp. shall be prohibited except for the following species: Evergreen species, except Mahoberberis neubertii Berberis-Schneid.
B. aggregata Schneid., (B) aggregata var. prattii Schneid. and (B). " polyantha "Hemsl.
(B). dictyophylla Franch b. koreana Palib b. parvifolia Sprague b. x rubrostilla Chitt.
B. thunbergii DC b. wilsoniae Hemsl.
(18.3.1983/269)
Article 1, paragraphs 1 to 4, the above limitations may not apply to the importation of seeds. The importation of timber, in the sections of plants is permissible if, in a particular part of the body is no more than one size alaprosentti the bark, or if the timber produced in the hakkeessa, there are up to 3% by weight of the shell. (20.12.1991/1565)
The farm under the Government may permit referred to in paragraphs 1 to 4 of the importation of plants for scientific purposes. (20.12.1991/1565)


The terms of section 5 of the import of Plants and plant parts, the importation of which is not according to section 3 or 4 shall be prohibited, may be imported only if the imported plant protection product is submitted to the customs authority of the land by the Government or by a health certificate that conforms to the Government the task of the farm by farm agricultural or horticultural advice of or the Ministry of agriculture and forestry by the person the task is checked and the approval of the country of import of the goods marked with the symbol.
The health certificate referred to in paragraph 1 shall not, however, be required, when the importation of akvaarioitten water plants, fresh curd Moss, reindeer lichen, mushroom mycelium, travellers transported by them, the individual bouquets or three pounds of smaller quantities of flower bulbs, tubers, rhizomes, or vegetables, which, is not intended for sale or avomaalle for planting. In other cases, the Government can allow the farm admission without a health certificate. (18.3.1983/269)
Farm the Government should publish a list of the types of goods for which importation of plants or plant parts of a health certificate is required. (18.3.1983/269) section 6 of the condition of the plants and plant parts of the country of import is that 1) plant protection arable land authority has up to 15 days prior to sending goods or of a representative sample of inspected by the plants and found that the plants not under section 3 (1) or, as referred to in paragraph 2, have been infected with or contaminated by the harmful organism;
2) kolo radon beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata), or the Japanese turilasta (Popillia japonica) is not present and not in the last two years there has been growing there, or five miles closer to it;
3) plant protection organisation of the State concerned, if the plants or plant parts are loaded in the State, with kolo turilasta, beetle, or the Japanese by RADO for sorting and loading facilities as well as the spaces immediately before loading and found them free of the pest;
4) plant protection organisation of the State concerned, if the potato-ankeroista (Globodera rostochiensis and Globodera pallida) occurs in the cultivation of the goods imported in the country, the European and Mediterranean plant protection organization (EPPO) suosittamin methods and concluded that the cultivation of the location in the present and has not appeared in the potato-ankeroista;
5) potato cancer does not occur and it is not in the past been growing there; and that continues to grow from 6 plants) have been inspected at least twice during the growing season of the crop plant protection authority by the country, and in this case, it has been found that the plants not under section 3 (1) or, as referred to in paragraph 2, have been infected with or contaminated by the harmful organism;
Under paragraph 1 above, the requirements set out in paragraphs 4 and 5 do not apply to food intended for consumption, rootless plants for cultivation of vegetables, sterilized substrate for juurruttamattomia juurrutettuja, plants and cut flowers.


for the cultivation of potatoes and in article 7 of the grown plants, with the exception of pikkuistukassipulia, flower bulbs and tubers, are not allowed to bring to the ground on April 16 and September 15, including the cultivation in the country, according to the Government, if the farm found in burrows or in Japanese turilasta radon beetle. However, for specific reasons of the farm, the Government can allow the import of a short period under the conditions, which it considers to be sufficient to prevent the introduction of harmful organisms referred to in the ground. (20.12.1991/1565)
The importation of potatoes shall be subject, in addition to what is provided for in article 6, that 1) of potato ring rot (Corynebacterium) or brown rot (Pseudomonas solanacearum) there has been farming on the spot over the last two years; and that 2) the importer undertakes, when it is a question of seed potatoes, to cultivate the farm under the supervision of the Government and endorsed by the place.


7 (a) of section (on 4 January 1985 com/4) Strawberry planting stock shall not be imported if they are growing in the country, caused by the fungus Phytophthora fragariae-occurs in the plant disease. Farm imports, the Government may, however, allow in respect of plants of the plant disease from infecting the country for scientific purposes, provided that the importer undertakes to cultivate the plants at the place of the farm under the supervision of the Board and approved by the.


Article 7 (b) (on 4 January 1985 com/4) conifers (Coniferae) carved into the wood as defined by the Government, more specifically, the farm may not be imported, if the trees are grown in the area or State, with the entry of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus-ankeroista. However, in accordance with the terms of the farm, the Government can allow the low pound making for trial purposes of importation of the batch.


section 8 (18.3.1983/269)


Chrysanthemum flowers for each Cup as well as the throat-cuttings, gerberoiden, salad and tomato plants as well as imports, in addition to what is provided for in section 6, that the cultivation of the crop in the country occur in the present lehtimiinaajakärpästä (Amauromyza maculosa Liriomyza sativae and Liriomyza huidobrensis,, Liriomyza trifolii) and that the importer undertakes to cultivate the plants at the place of the farm under the supervision of the Board and approved by the.
The country does not, however, be introduced into the chrysanthemums can be cultivated and gerberoita rooted, or pots, or otherwise, the growth medium as istutettuina. It is also prohibited the importation of krysanteemien leikkokukkina and gerberoiden import leikkovihreänä. Juurellisten cucumber, lettuce and tomato plants as well as admission is also prohibited, unless for special reasons grant import permission of the farm the Government.
Roses may be imported into the country in pots or otherwise, the growth medium istutettuina only, if the growth of the platform is not used, and a pure increase in peat (Sphagnum) or rock wool, vermiculite, perlite, or any other similar artificial unused and pure from the beginning of the growth or nutrition and roses are grown exclusively in the growth medium. (30.11.1990/1032), section 8 (a) (20.11.1987/862) Kalifornianripsiäisen (Frankliniella occidentalis), the country of import shall be subject to the host plants that have been inspected by the plant protection authority land plants immediately before they are sent to Finland and found them free of the kalifornianripsiäisestä, as well as by growing plants on and found it to have been free of that from at least four weeks before the plant sent to Finland. Plant health certificate, plant protection authority must be the assurance that the above checks have been made and that the plants and their cultivation is free kalifornianripsiäisestä.


under section 9 of the Plants and parts of plants should not be accepted, provided that they are used in the maahantuotavaksi baskets, boxes, kartonkeihin, or kind of fabric, or a packaging material, that is, in whole or in part in the Hay, straw, grass or potato leaf. (18.3.1983/269)
Plant roots is on importation should be as close as possible to clean soil. In plants, plant parts and plant products, with the exception of seedlings, potted plants and nursery products, must be a maximum of 5% by weight of the soil. The packaging must be such that it can be readily opened for inspection. Stuff in bulk on import trade status will be keeping a close eye on. (20.12.1991/1565)
If the plants or parts of plants, other than export in preparation for, or in disinfected, or export transaction if they have undergone any other kasvinsuojelullinen treatment, is about to have a health certificate in accordance with the statement, which, in addition to handling and processing will occur on the date, as well as, what constitutes a chemical treatment, the use of the active substance, the concentration and the amount of use. (20.12.1991/1565), section 9 (a) (20.12.1991/1565) in connection with the import of plants or plant parts or transport as an impurity in the ground for a future compost, manure or peat or soil, the growth of inorganic artificial plant growing medium shall not be sold or otherwise available to plant growth platform and spread to other areas of the fields or as part of the.


Health certificate for plant protection products, section 10 of the land authority, issue a plant health certificate shall be drawn up in accordance with the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) and the Finnish, Swedish, English or German language.
If the goods are exported to the rest of its farmland, is the original health certificate or in the certificate of the country of export, the correct copy of the proof of the plant protection authority of plant protection products on the export of the country by the re-export certificate, which will occur when and where to land plants are export to the country, the number of the health certificate and accompanying statement, that the goods listed in the export country is not done anything that might reduce the reliability of the health certificate.
If in the case referred to in paragraph 2, the State of export has been carried out only in the transfer of goods from one means of transport to another, a re-export certificate instead of the health certificates shall be accompanied by a uudelleenkuormaustodistus, which must be issued by the plant protection authority in the country of export, and which is to occur, that the goods have been transferred to the health certificate referred to in the said means of transport uudelleenkuormaustodistuksessa transport.


Section 11 of the inspection and transit section 5 (3) of the importation of the goods mentioned in the list referred to in is allowed only in the Helsinki, Lappeenranta, Mariehamn, Naantali, Mace, Tornio, Turku, in the election of the country through the Customs offices and Vainikkala. The Government may, for special reasons, allow the farm goods imported through a Customs Office in the other.
The stuff is not allowed, unless the Government allows the import of the farm kulkuneuvosta to extract the rest of the Customs Act, the customs terminal, referred to in a customs warehouse or free zone, and do not carry entry at before clearing the eligibility of its imports is presented to the Customs authorities. The rate of the country of transit of goods and the transport of the place referred to in paragraph 1 shall be permitted in a sealed means of transport, or they shall also bear a tank. (15.4.1981/273) section 12 shall be given to the Government, or of the importer under section 5 of the farm: an inspector referred to in subsection (1) of the health certificate and the inspection of the goods for possible re-export certificate or uudelleenkuormaustodistus. The health certificate must be equipped with a plant protection in the country of export, the stamp of the authority, and the name of the lettering. The importer is required to assist in the provision of the audit and according to the instructions in case of sampling.
The inspection of the goods when the importer wants to immediately after the arrival of the shipment in the country, is the entry point of the broadcast and the time inform the persons referred to in subparagraph (1) of the farm to the Government or to the Inspector in good time in advance.


13 section if there are reasonable grounds for suspecting, that arrived the plants are listed in the annex to this regulation for the A1 and A2 have been infected or contaminated by the harmful organisms, but this cannot be the basis of an inspection of the goods and not the sample research, can the Government impose specific conditions on the farm.


section 14 (20.12.1991/1565), which is not allowed in the country, must be destroyed or exported out of the country. When goods are exported out of the country, it must be transported in a sealed under the supervision of the customs authority. The declarant has a duty to report promptly to the Government of the country of export or destruction of the goods of the farm.


the checks referred to in article 15 of this Regulation shall be levied to the State charges on 29 December 1973 on the basis of the laws of the State of charge (980/73) on the basis of.


section 16 section 16 (20.12.1991/1565) has been revoked A 20.12.1991/1565.


section 17 of the more detailed provisions on the implementation of this regulation to give the farm the Government.


section 18 of This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 March 1981.
List Of A1. (on 4 January 1985 com/4) Harmful plant tuhoojat, which is the European and Mediterranean countries in the region have been found: the bacteria Xanthomonas citri ', main host plants of Xanthomonas oryzae in rice Xanthomonas oryzicola, Citrus Rice Viruses and mykoplasmat Cherry rasp.omorativa leaf virus (American), Peach, cherry, Apple tree Elm Elm phloem necrosis (Mycoplasma) Non-European potato viruses and virus-like broadcasters with national coverage Potato Peach mosaic virus (American) Peach Peach phony rickettsia Peach, plum Peach rosette mycoplasm Peach yellows mycoplasm Peach, Plum, Peach , apricot Plum line pattern virus (American) Raspberry leaf curl virus on Rubus Strawberry latent C virus Strawberry Strawberry witches ' broom mycoplasm (Mycoplasma) Strawberry Cherry, peach X disease Fungus Angiosorus solani on potato Atropellis spp.
The pine main host plants to Cercospora pini-densiflorae of Ceratocystis fagacearum in January M Crysomyxa arctostaphyli Six Cronartium spp. (non-European), oak, pine Dipotryon morbosum Endocronartium harknessii Prunus (Peridermium) Pine Guignardia laricina larch Gymnosporangium yamade and other non-European species of Juniperus Pomoidae Hamaspora Gymnosporangium, Melampsora farlowii longissima Rubus Mycosphaerella larici-leptolepis Tsuga larch Mycosphaerella populorum (Septoria musiva konidioaste) Poplar Peridermium kurilense Phellinus weirii (Poria), a pine Coniferous trees Phoma andina Phymatotrichum omnivorum Potato Phyllosticta solitaria Apple tree Cotton Septoria Iycopersici var. malagutii Potato Tilletia indica Wheat Lo iskasvit Arceuthobium spp. (non-European) Acleris variana conifers conifers Amauromyza maculosa Insects Several Anomala orientalis Conotrachelus nenuphar number of larvae of the grandis Cotton Stone fruit Cydia prunivora (Grapholitha) in respect of Gonipterus gibberus Diaphorina citri ', Citrus Fruit trees (= g. scutellatus) of Eucalyptus



Hylurgopinus rufipes Liriomyza sativae Elm Liriomyza huidobrensis Liriomyza trifolii a number of number of Number of Monochamus spp. (non-European), Popillia japonica Several Coniferous trees Premnotrypes spp. (the Andean region) Rhagoletis pomonella is the European Potato and other types of Fruit trees in Spodoptera litura Trypetidae-several of the Scolytidae (non-European) Coniferous trees Pissodes spp. (non-European), Coniferous trees of the Thrips palmi Several Toxoptera citricida (27.3.1991/585) (= Aphis citricidus) Trioza erytreae, Citrus Citrus nematodes, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus Nacobbus aberrans Coniferous trees, Potato, etc.


A list of (A) 2. Harmful plant tuhoojat, which is found in Europe and the countries of the Mediterranean region: the bacteria Corynebacterium michiganense main host plants for the tomato Corynebacterium Potato Erwinia amylovora Fruit trees and shrubs of Erwinia chrysanthemi Chrysanthemum, carnation Carnation Pseudomonas caryophylli Pseudomonas mors-prunorum Prunus Pseudomonas woodsii Pseudomonas solanacearum of potato Cloves Xanthomonas hyacinthi Hyacinth Viruses and mykoplasmat Apple proliferation (Mycoplasma) Apple tree, Arabis mosiaic virus (= Rubus yellow dwarf Rubus, strawberry virus) Barley stripe mosaic virus Barley Beet necrotic yellow vein on the seed virus sugar beet (on 19 March 1993/269) Chrysanthemum stunt viroid Chrysanthemum Pear decline (Mycoplasma) Pear Plum pox virus (= sharkatauti) Prunus Potato leaf roll virus Potato Potato spindle officially viroid (= Tomatobunchy top viroid) Potato Potato Potato Potato virus Yn wiches ' broom virus Potato Raspberry ringspot virus a number of Rubus Raspberry dwarf virus Rose wilt disease Rose Rubus stunt virus on Rubus Stolbur (Mycoplasma) Solanaceae Strawberry yellow edge virus Strawberry Strawberry Strawberry Tomato spotted wilt virus veinbanding virus Several (on 19 March 1993/269) Mushrooms




The risk of introducing ceratocystis ulmi Endothia parasitica Elytroderma deformans Pine Elm and the oak, chestnut, Aspen mammatum (= h. pruinatum) Poplar, Birch Melampsora medusae of coniferous trees, Phialophora cinerescens is poplar, Oak and the Carnation Ophiostoma roboris exigua var. foveata Phytophthora fragariae Puccinia horiana seed potato Puccinia pelargonii-Strawberry chrysanthemum, Geranium Scirrhia acicola Sclerotium cepivorum Onion zonalis conifers Synchytrium endobioticum Potato Insects and mites (20.11.1987/862) Cacoecimorpha pronubana (Tortrix) Several Epichoristodes acerbella chrysanthemi Diarthronomyia Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum Eriosoma lanigerum, clove Leaf trees and shrubs Frankliniella occidentalis Heliothis armigera Hyphantria cunea, a number a number of deciduous trees Phthorimaea operculella on potato Quadraspidiotus Leptinotarsa decemlineata is San José scale Potato Leaf trees and shrubs Scolytus Scolytus scolytus Scolytus multistriatus laevis and elm tree Elm Elm Spodoptera littoralis, several Stenotarsonemus pallidus Thomasiniana ribis Trogoderma granarium Cyclamic products Currant bushes Cacoecimorpha pronubana (Tortrix) a number of nematodes, Ditylenchus dipsaci Ditylenchus destructor Potato Several Globodera pallida Meloidogyne spp Potato Globodera rostochiensis Potato.
A number of Radopholus similis Several number of Xiphinema americanum (on 4 January 1985 com/4) List (B). a plant tuhoojat, which is found in Europe and the countries of the Mediterranean area: Bacteria main host plants from Agrobacterium rhizogenes Rose and others.


Agrobacterium tumefaciens tumefaciens Rose and others.


Corynebacterium fascians Strawberry Pseudomonas gladioli, chrysanthemum (= p. marginata) of Xanthomonas begoniae Gladiolus, freesia, Begonia, Geranium Xanthomonas pelargoniae viruses and mykoplasmat that cause diseases in the hyasintilla, tulppaanilla, krysanteemilla, cloves, fruit trees, Berry shrubs, ornamental plants, potatoes mansikalla ia a multi-annual approach for the Fungi Botrytis spp.
A number of Fusarium spp Didymella chrysanthemi Chrysanthemum.
A number of Sclerotinia spp.
Several of the Sclerotium perniciosum Tulip Sclerotium tuliparum Tulip Septoria Anarsia lineatella azaleae Azalea Insects and mite Cecidophyopsis ribis Currant Ceratitis capitata Peach fruit trees Eriophyes avellanae Hazelnut Eumerus spp.
Flower bulbs Gracilaria azaleella Azalea Hemitarsonemus latus Several Ips amitinus conifers Laspeyresia spp.
Merodon equestris Daffodil Metatetranychus ulmi stone fruits fruit trees Paratetranychus Rhagoletis cerasi ununguis conifers Cherry Stenotarsonemus fragariae Trialeurodes vaporariorum Strawberry Tertranychus urticae Several number of nematodes, Aphelenchoides spp.
A number of Pratylenchus penetrans Pratylenchus vulnus Pratylenchus convallariae Lily of the Valley, many, many a list of host plants of certain harmful organisms (C).: fire burning (Erwinia amylovora) host plants of Cotoneaster Cydonia Pyrus Crataegus Malus Sorbus Crataegomespilus Pyracantha Stranvaesia Sharkataudin (Plum pox virus) host plants Prunus amygdalus, p. domestica and p. salicina p. armeniaca p. insititia, p. spinosa, p. brigantina p. nigra, p. tomentosa, p. cerasifera p. persica, p. triloba San José scale (Quadraspidiotus is San José scale) on the host plants of the Acacia Juglans Rosa Acer Ligustrum Salix Amelanchier Maclura Sorbus Chaenomeles Malus Symphoricarpus Cotoneaster P opulus Syringa Crataegus Prunus Ulmus Vitis L., Tilia Ptelia Euonymus Pyrus Cydonia Fagus Ribes host plants of certain other harmful organisms: Berberis spp., Castanea spp., Coniferae, Fagus spp., Populus spp., Prunus spp., Quercus spp., Japanese Zelkova spp., Ulmus spp., Kalifornianripsiäisen (Frankliniella occidentalis) host plants Pelargonium Euphorbia (Poinsettia) plants of Rhododendron simsii Cyclamen Kalanchoe Saintpaulia ("Azalea indica") Streptocarpus Begonia Schlumbergera Dianthus Gloxinia Chrysanthemum Hydrangea Gerbera acts entry into force and application in time: 15.4.1981/273 This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 May 1981.




18.3.1983/269: This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 May 1983.




on 4 January 1985 com/4: This Regulation shall enter into force on 9 January 1985.




20.11.1987/862: This Regulation shall enter into force on 25 November 1987.




30.11.1990/1032: This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 June 1991.




27.3.1991 585: This Regulation shall enter into force on 3 April 1991.




20.12.1991/1565: This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 February 1992.




on 19 March 1993/269: This Regulation shall enter into force on 24 March 1993.