Road Law

Original Language Title: Maantielaki

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Under a decision of Parliament states:
Chapter 1


General provisions
§ 1


Purpose of the Act
Purpose of this Act is to maintain and develop the mobility and transport needs required for effective, safe, and promote the sustainable development of road links as part of the transport system and to ensure the participation by the design of the road solutions by implementing and promoting good governance and legal matters relating to the roads.

§ 2
Scope


This law provides for the roads, road grip and the road administrator rights and obligations as well as property owners and other interested parties the right to drive.

§ 3

Development and maintenance of the road network

Road network in developing and keeping the condition is to pay attention to the road system as part of the whole transport system to promote the implementation of the national land use objectives and the development of the regions, as well as land use planning, urban structure and the environment imposed on the implementation of the objectives.
Road network will provide access to safe and functional mobility and transport throughout the country at a reasonable cost, taking into account the different population groups and the mobility needs of different economic sectors of transport needs. Attention must be paid to the sparing use of natural resources and the fact that the harm caused to the environment in the road network and traffic is minimized.

§ 4

Roads and their classification

Road is a road that has been released for general traffic and maintained by the State. In terms of traffic significance of the roads are highways, roads loyalty, regional roads or connecting roads.
Highways serve the national and inter-provincial long-distance traffic. Stock Roads complement the highway network and serve the provincial traffic. Regional roads serving the sub-regional traffic and link these highways and main roads. Other roads are connecting roads.
The Ministry of Transport and Communications determines which roads are highways and what position you as well as the extent to which they are nationally important trunk roads. The Finnish Transport Agency determines which roads are regional roads, and which connecting roads. (22.12.2009 / 1242)
Road can be a motor or expressway, or else intended for a certain kind of traffic. The motor and the technical characteristics of the motor roads issued by government decree. Road may also be intended for use only in the winter (special winter road). Special winter roads are valid, mutatis mutandis, the provisions of this Act.

§ 5 (3.5.2013 / 328)

Earth's Road zones, structures, constructions and equipment, as well as area of ​​the road

Earth's Road include:
1) roadway shoulders and other areas intended for traffic, such as sidewalk and bicycle path, parking and area, public transport and the use of the serving area and rest, storage and loading area;
2) the preservation and use of the areas mentioned in paragraph 1 for permanently needed and are directly related to the structures, constructions and equipment;
3) traffic control devices and other necessary structures to guide road users, structures and equipment;
4) other road management or traffic or the prevention of harm to necessary areas, structures, constructions and equipment, such as noise barriers and animal enclosures. The country's Road
An emergency landing place, which is prescribed for connection to the road, and the area required for functions arising from road traffic crossing national boundaries. The country's Road is also a road directly related to the area, which is the way for building the required electrical and communication lines, as well as for placement of the other society in the functioning of the necessary structures, installations and equipment.
Region referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 above form a highway road area. Road Area, the limits of which has not been determined in a land, extending to two meters of the trench or ditch where there is no slope or road cutting the outer edge.

§ 6


Road Ferries
Earth's Road is also a ferry pier and väylineen. Ferry can be a guide wire, or the replacement of transport other equipment approved by the Agency, directed by ferry (ferry) or free to be guided by ferry (the ferry-ship). (22.12.2009 / 1242)

Of platforms is in force, the separate provisions and provide. in respect of ferry boats is also valid, mutatis mutandis, the Maritime Act (674/1994) and pursuant to the statute and provides merchant ships. The ferry operator will have adequate health and adequate knowledge and skills in the transport of ferry and management mechanism as well as adequate knowledge of waterway rules. Finnish Transport Safety Agency shall issue further provisions on the validity and the ferry operator that the required certificate. The Finnish Transport Safety Agency shuttle- ferries, the number of roadworthiness tests and road maintenance authority in the occupation of the ferry. (22.12.2009 / 1242)
Ferries, as a rule operate without a timetable. Traffic-related reasons, can the road maintenance authority decides that the ferry will be operated according to schedule. The decision must contain the same criteria for the imposition of schedule. Before a decision is the road management authority be given to those ferry directly concerned the opportunity to comment on the case, and obtain the relevant municipality and, where appropriate authority else's opinion. Road management authority shall announce the decision, and the schedule shall be made available in the immediate vicinity of the ferry site.
The Ministry of Transport and Communications Regulation provides further control of ferries, ferry transport order, the privileged and the rest of the road transport, the transport of the control cable disconnected from the ferry, measures resulting from the ferry bus and public transport bus intersection, the driver medical certificate required of the ferry and the ferry dock equipment.

§ 7
Adjacent


With roads belonging to read the Adjacent road area outside the road maintenance material abstraction of the construction of road and maintenance, as well as the road and road maintenance areas necessary for technical maintenance.

§ 8

Service
Areas
To in § 5 parking areas referred to in subsection 1 may be invested in equipment, buildings and structures for the kiosk stores, as well as rest areas including coffee shops, restaurants, fuel distribution and servicing of motor vehicles and other road users for the service. In addition to the Land Use and Building Act (132/1999) provides required investment in equipment, installations and buildings consent of the road maintenance authority.
Service areas to accommodate future installations, structures and buildings is the road management authority, where necessary, the use of contract area, the construction, the pursuit of business and the state at any future compensation. conclusion of the agreement is the road management authority to request bids from reputable, financially sound and highly skilled entrepreneurs. The agreement must be made with the entrepreneur, who within the prescribed time is given for travel and tourism, as well as the requirements of the area required for the intended use, taking into account the service of the most economically advantageous tender. This Agreement may not be transferred without the consent of the road maintenance authority.

§ 9


Road management
Road management includes road design, construction, maintenance and traffic management. Road construction is meant to do a new road and the improvement of the road.

§ 10

The road manager and road maintenance costs

Road authority is the state, which is responsible for road maintenance and the associated costs, as well as used for road maintenance of rights acquired.
For a special reason, such as if the road maintenance are catered for nature and extent of a higher quality than the need for public transport or road environment requires fitting, acting in accordance with the rest of the way as the body of the agreement to participate in road maintenance costs or take over some measure related to road maintenance.

§ 11 (22.12.2009 / 1242)

Road management authority

Road management authority shall be competent for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment. Government decree can be adjusted to any other state authority as the Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment tienpitoviranomaiseksi if road maintenance is considered appropriate.
The Finnish Transport Agency is the competent entity referred to in Article 2 of Directive 2008/96 / EC (tieturvallisuusdirektiivi) of the European Parliament and of the Council on road infrastructure safety management and administrative authority within the meaning of Article 4 of Directive 2004/54 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on trans-European road network tunnels on minimum safety requirements .
3 subsection is repealed by L 20.7.2012 / 446.

§ 12


Ferry Fees

Highway use is free of charge. the use of the ferry vessel may be, however, the Ministry of Transport and Communications, by regulations provide for collection of payment. The payment shall be based on the cost incurred by using a ferry. A fee may be lower prime cost. Charges down the vehicle category and the exercise date of a ferry can be taken into account.

§ 13


Construction of a highway
The highway need to improve public transport, require, or to eliminate or reduce the adverse effects of transport, or land use, if required. The new road will be made if the existing road network no longer meets the needs of public transport or land-use and upgrading of the road or other transport system will be able to appropriately satisfy these needs or eliminate or sufficiently reduce the harm caused by traffic.
Road must be constructed in such a way that the purpose of the road is achieved at the lowest cost and without producing further injury to anyone or damage as needed. In construction, there is particular take account of road safety, road traffic connections and the technical operations as well as environmental considerations. The highway should not be built in contravention of the right-acting formula.

§ 14

To change the private road into a highway and roads zoned areas

The private road is changed into a highway 13 §: the adoption of a new road conditions pursuant to subsection 1. demand it. Land Use and Building Act 83 § 4 subsection, for what types of roads can be zoned area shows the traffic area.
Private road or street changes into a highway arises road authority § 57: the right to subsection 3. private road area or street areas: § 58 subsection 2. Or.

§ 15

Real Estate and Private roads

Provisions of this Act and pursuant to the statute of the property, also applies to the amount of real estate sector and a common area.
Private road purposes of this Act to any comparable private road or road junction, which on Private Roads Act (358/1962) shall not apply. Chapter 2



Highway design
§ 16


Legal Research
When the road management authority has decided to initiate the drafting of a general or detailed design, the property is allowed to perform research work. To this end, the measurement can be carried out on the property, with ground marking, mapping and soil research or other manufacturing operation. Research work will not be a second court must not exceed in order to achieve the result of examination is necessary nor the owner or right holder shall not cause unnecessary interference.
General and drawing up road plan, as well as the initiation of studies on these topics must inform the municipality, as well as by public notice or by any other means of an appropriate manner 27 § 1 subsection a person, and they have the right to be trials to and to comment on the matter.

§ 17

Road design and land use planning

Design, detailed design should be based on the Land Use and Building Act in accordance with legal formula that location and relationship to other land use of road have been cleared. The area, which has been drawn up or changed to the right-acting formula that action can be taken based on the objectives of the general formula or the drawing up road plan.
The national land use objectives and land use plan and the master plan must take into account such as the Land Use and Building Act. General plan may not be approved contrary to a provincial or legal acting master plan. The master plan may be approved contrary to the existing street pattern, if it is in favor of the municipality. The road plan may not be approved contrary to the case-acting formula. (22.12.2009 / 1242)
Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection 1, the road can be designed, if taking into account the nature of the route of the road location and relationship to other land use can be without kaavaakin enough to find out in cooperation with the municipality and Regional Council. (22.12.2009 / 1242)
General and detailed design must take account of what the Nature Conservation Act (1096/1996) and supported by it.
Road planning needs to be appropriate, based not only on the design of the development of the transport system.

§ 18


General Plan

The master plan is drawn up, unless the effects of the project have little or road position and its consequences have not been adequately solved in the town plan or master plan with legal. The master plan is always drawn up in the case of projects for which the Law on Environmental Impact Assessment Procedure Assessment in accordance with Chapter (468/1994) 2 shall apply.

§ 19

Contents of the general plan

The general plan must provide evidence of the need for road and alternatives studied, the road traffic-related and technical solutions, the road approximate location and the way the estimated impacts, such as the effects of road and traffic conditions, road safety, land use, building structure and the environment and on human health, living conditions and comfort. The plan must be presented on the possibilities to eliminate or reduce the harmful effects, and a preliminary cost estimate.

§ 20

General plan legal effects

The master plan is a guideline for the preparation of detailed design. When approving the general plan has been notified and received the force of law, is dealing with an application for authorization to construct the building held that the grant of permission to hamper the implementation of the Master Plan. If the conditions for granting a building permit would otherwise exist, are authorized to be granted if the applicant of its refusal would cause great inconvenience to the road and not the controller redeem area or run handicap compensation (conditional building restriction).
Building restriction is valid until the master plan approval has lapsed in § 31 by virtue of subsection 1 or 2.

§ 21


Road plan
Before the construction of the road must be drawn up and approved for road plan. For the purposes of improvement of the road, which have a limited impact, drawing road plan is not necessary if the project does not take an additional area, or if the property owner or the owner compared holder has given its written consent to receive additional area.

§ 22

Content of the road plan

Road plan for the construction of a highway to show the location and elevation of the road, as well as a cross section so that the area of ​​the road can be marked in the terrain. The plan shall include an assessment of the impact of the road and submit them to the measures to eliminate or reduce the harmful effects of the road. The plan is to take the utmost account of land ownership. The plan must include the protection of the road and seen areas as well as it being reserved area for future widening of the road. The plan must be accompanied by an estimate of costs of road construction.
If the road is improving in a new direction and a road in respect of the direction of the old remains of the road or for use with other road purposes, is punishable by a road plan. If the road is for a motorway, road motor transport or other means only for a certain kind of traffic or if traffic otherwise permanently restricted, is punishable by a road plan.

§ 23

Necessary adjacent areas and roads of the night for special rights

Road plan must include the adjacent areas and road connections needed for their use.
If the period of road construction is necessary for the roads of the night to set up the right to receive the road management agent on a limited number, roadworks läjittämiseen removable soil or for the area as a temporary footpath, storage or other such area or to the right for a road management required of a private road use or for making, can therefore determine the The road plan, which must demonstrate the required purpose area or road.

§ 24

Private road associations and agricultural associations as well as drainage ditches road plan

Promote highway traffic safety and capacity and road plan may give orders or bans on private road connecting the road, as well as the use of leading associations. regulations or prohibitions referred to herein may be administered to such accession, which are used exclusively for agricultural or forestry-tasking (agriculture interface).
If a road plan to prohibit use of pre-existing on the private road junction or agricultural junction, is organizing a new passage to provide detailed design, so that may be imposed at the expense of the road management authority to appropriate, on a private road or junction, or the establishment of the right to pre-existing on the private road or the path forfeited or expired, but the road or road section.

If a road or adjacent areas to dry, it is necessary to establish the right to operate the second decline in a ditch on land or the right to manage the drying of water a second into the ditch or stream, is here to provide detailed design, which must show the necessary outfalls area. Out of the Frying decline in the remainder of the Water Act (264/1961) provides for drainage.
Aq 264/1961 is repealed by 587/2011, which is valid from 1.1.2012. See. waterbird Water drainage number 587/2011 5.

§ 25


Road plans in special cases
Road plan has been drawn up and agreed, when a private road or street converted into a highway or the road cease to exist, except in connection with road construction.
Road plan may be drawn up and accept the determination of a road area, the creation of adjacent areas, on a permanent or limit the traffic of private roads and subscriptions related to the road.

§ 26


Legal effects of road plan
Approved road plan entitles redemption of the Regions and the rights assigned to road plan.
When approved road plan has been publicly disclosed, it is necessary buildings are constructed outside the town plan area vägändamål area, as well as 44 and 45 §: in these areas, respectively, to comply with what is called sections provides for the maintenance of the building and road protection seen in the area.
If the area is reserved for road plans for future widening of the road, is the construction of such an area, the provisions of the 20 § 1 mom. building restriction on such areas shall lapse, unless the preparation to mean widening of road plan has been initiated within eight years after the year in which the area comprising the reservation road plan has been approved.

§ 27
Interaction


General and the preparation of detailed design is the property owners and other interested parties, as well as those whose living, working or other conditions the plan may affect, be given the opportunity to participate in the preparation of the plan, assess the impact of the plan and to give their opinions in writing or orally case.
Before the adoption of the plan must be reserved mentioned in subsection 1 parties the opportunity to make a reminder to the plan. To this end, the municipality must hold a general road plan and for public inspection for 30 days. Notifications of the plan is submitted to the municipality before the end of nähtävänäoloajan. The municipality shall forward its opinion to be available olleesta plan for and against it, as well as reminders muistutuskirjelmät lodged road maintenance authority. Planned to be seen, as well as setting reminders and time of application in order is a municipal public notice such as municipal notices published in the municipalities concerned. Road management authority shall send a written notification to the inspection plan for the affected area plan of the property owners or holders, whose residence is in another municipality, and is mentioned in documents or otherwise known.
Having committed a reminder who have requested it in writing and at the same time announced address shall be notified to the road management authority a reasoned statement set out in the reminder.
Road management authority shall request the opinion of the plan from regional councils and municipalities whose territory is situated the plan or whose territory the effects of the plan would otherwise occur. Road management authority shall request the opinion of other authority, if it is a decision left to the discretion necessary. If the road management authority other than the Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment, the Centre shall ask the opinion. (22.12.2009 / 1242)
If the detailed design commonly seen which has been the need for change and the impact of the change is estimated to a minimum, to comply with the simplified procedure as provided in subsection 2-4.
Further provisions on the procedure for interaction given by Government decree.

§ 28


Procedure for minor road projects
When road plan applies to the limited improvement of the road, which does not significantly change the local traffic conditions and the effects of which are limited anyway, can be simpler to follow the procedure as § 27: Act. Unless the road plan generally set to be seen, it is the property owner or holder of any other way, however, be given the opportunity to make objections and had been a request for its opinion.

§ 29
Environmental impact assessment



On road projects within the meaning of the Act on the General Plan Environmental Impact Assessment Procedure has been accompanied by an assessment in accordance with the law. As far as the assessment report includes the application of the provisions of this Act, the necessary information on environmental impacts, the same explanation is not required again.
General and final engineering plan shall indicate how the assessment referred to in paragraph 1 has been taken into account plan.
When the general scheme has been applied to the evaluation procedure in accordance with the Law on Environmental Impact Assessment Procedure, it does not cease to apply to the preparation of road plan in accordance with the Master Plan.

§ 30


Change of plans
If a general practitioner or approved detailed design need to be amended, if applicable, mutatis mutandis, as in this Act and by virtue of the new general and road plan provides. The approved road plan may, however, make any minor changes in effect, that in connection with the implementation of the road maintenance authority will consider the plan to be necessary and appropriate.

§ 31

The period of validity of the plans

Drawing road plan should be initiated within eight years after the end of the year in which the project drawn up a master plan has gained legal force. Otherwise, a general plan approval decision shall lapse. preparation of road plan shall be deemed to have begun when it is announced 16 § 2 provided in subsection. (22.12.2009 / 1242)
general plan approval decision void in so far as been prepared on the basis of the road plan has been approved and the approval decision has become final.
The decision approving the road plan is void if the roads have not started the night before the four years have passed since the end of the year in which the road plan has gained legal force. The Finnish Transport Agency may extend the deadline by up to four years, and for special reasons, the Ministry of Transport and Communications, in addition to one of up to four years. Road work is considered to have started when the required vägändamål area has been taken over by the road manager 56 according to §. (22.12.2009 / 1242)

§ 32
Monitoring


Road management authority shall systematically monitor how the estimated road project and other effects have been realized, and the use of the results of monitoring of the impact assessment of projects and the selection of design solutions. Chapter 3


Highway maintenance, temporary traffic arrangements and road connections and the existence of other measures

§ 33
Maintenance


Road is regarded as general traffic in a satisfactory condition. The level of maintenance are taken into account in determining the amount and quality of traffic, a traffic significance of the road and weather conditions and predicted changes in the time of day and other conditions.
In Service is functioning and road traffic also take into account environmental considerations.

§ 34
Limited maintenance


A special reason, the road management authority may decide that something in the road or highway is not considered part of § 33: the condition referred to in. Such a road or road section will be closed to general traffic and closing assigned to a traffic sign.
Road management authority may decide that some of the laid down pavement of the road belonging to or bicycle lanes or parallel or combined cycle path and pavement maintained without anti-skid.

§ 35

Traffic a temporary prohibition or restriction of

If the vehicle traffic may cause damage to the road, which is the melting of frost or rain, or for any other reason, such a structure is weakened, can the road maintenance authority indefinitely or for a fixed period to prohibit traffic on the road, or part thereof, or to restrict it.

§ 36

A temporary access road

If, owing to the collapse of the road or any other reason, unexpected or exceptional natural conditions due to the traffic on the road is blocked, the road management authority is entitled to organize a second country a temporary access road for a removal of the obstacle. Prior to the organization of the passage in question is the property owner or the owner, if possible, be given an opportunity to be heard.

§ 37

Joining the road


Article 24 § notwithstanding the said subsection 1 of the prohibition or regulation of the road management authority may authorize a private road connecting the underground ban on the use of the road or the forbidden access or to change the interface intended use, if appropriate use of the property requires it not to join or to the use of no danger to road safety. If the property is necessary for agriculture interface, is authorized to make it described in this subsection road be granted if the interface and its location is such that the traffic safety therefore compromised. Authorization may be necessary conditions.
The permit connection of a private road other than that specified in subsection 1 of the road shall be granted if the access is necessary for the use and connection of the property and its location is such that due to road interface and its use is not compromised. Authorization may be necessary conditions. described in this subsection may be made to the road according to the instructions of the road maintenance authority farming subscription, unless it does not cause danger to road safety. the conclusion of such an interface is agricultural in good time before you begin this procedure inform road maintenance authority.
If you establish a snowmobile or other corresponding transport connections referred to off-road traffic law (1710/1995) is arranged to cross the road at the road section crossing point, can the road maintenance authority grants permission to perform the operation if the crossing point is not a danger to road safety or harm to road maintenance. Authorization may be necessary conditions.
Subsections 1-3 shall not apply to the motor and the motor traffic roads and § 4: determined on the basis of subsection 3 national significance trunk road to which access may be imposed only road plan.

§ 38

Making, maintenance and modification of the Subscription and the crossing point

The private road owner and holder of the agricultural subscription is required to make the interface and to keep it in shape according to the instructions of the road maintenance authority in such a way that it is no danger to traffic and inconvenience of road maintenance.
If you incur due to pre-existing private road junction or agricultural interface has changed the use of traffic hazard or inconvenience to road maintenance, the private road owner or agricultural subscription holder is obliged to according to the instructions of the road maintenance authority to change the interface so that the danger or disadvantage the resulting eliminated or reduced, and to seek necessary require new subscription license. If the private road owner or holder of the agricultural interface fail to act, the road management authority may decide to carry out that work to the detriment of the person liable.
What 1 and 2 above shall also apply to snowmobile or other corresponding passage connect the controller to the road crossing of the case.

§ 39

Private road, street and snowmobile off

If the road is built in such a way that it breaks the pre-existing private road, or that access to pre-existing from a private road or agricultural junction road much more difficult is the road management authority to the expense of the works necessary equipment, which are necessary for the private road for conducting cross the highway or private road or agricultural interface integrate it into the road.
The provisions of subsection 1 private road, also applies to the street and a snowmobile.

§ 40


Deleting Interface
In connection with the construction of a highway road maintenance authority to eliminate the expense of a prohibited road plan subscription or prevent its use as an acceptable substitute passage is arranged.
Road management authority may decide to remove the expense against the subscription or prevent the development plan of its use, if a replacement is serviced by an acceptable arranged. Before taking a decision must be given to the relevant property owner or holder an opportunity to be heard and, if the connection is commonly used in transport, should be on the broadcast.

§ 41 (22.12.2009 / 1242)

Closure of the highway boom

Highway must not be more than a boom, which is necessary in the interests of road safety or road maintenance or for customs or border control because of it. The boom must be made for road maintenance and road safety requirements and the corresponding boom operator is an expense keep the boom condition.

§ 42 (3.5.2013 / 328)

On the road area work as well as the placement of structures, installations and equipment for road area


Against the road area work as well as placement of structures, installations and equipment for road area shall be the road management authority permission. Permission shall be granted if the measure does not involve danger to traffic and inconvenience for road maintenance. However, the authorization for the placement of a functioning society in terms of the necessary structures, installations or equipment shall be granted if the investment is not a danger to traffic and not greater than a minor inconvenience for road maintenance.
The permit holder is obliged to carry out the measures referred to in paragraph 1 and to keep the structure, construction and machine condition in accordance with road management authority's instructions. The permit holder is required to expense to make the changes required by the road management authority, or to move or remove the structure, structure or device, if its use is endangered within the meaning of subsection 1 or harm.
If due to any other law provided for in the authorization is not necessary for a measure in good time prior to the taking, notify the road maintenance authority.

§ 43

Particularly winter road and Fairway Crossing

If boat traffic during the winter for the conduct of the general channel or fairway due to the opening of the ice cut across the fairway passing a special winter road, if possible, the road management authority to set the scene a bridge or a ferry or in any other way ensure that the measures that are necessary to safeguard and management of traffic over the bus.
Without the consent of the road maintenance authority, not private passage to be opened in such a way that it cuts off a special winter road. Setting up and maintenance of the required ylikulkulaitteen is its duty, which is the bus opened, or who is using it.
Chapter 3 a (20.7.2012 / 446)

Road safety management of the trans-European road network roads

43 a § (20.7.2012 / 446)
Scope


This chapter provides guidelines for the Community Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council for the development of the trans-European transport network No specific requirements in accordance with the road traffic safety tieturvallisuusdirektiivin of the trans-European road network within the meaning of Decision No 1692/96 / EC.
What's in this Chapter shall not apply to the Trans-European Road Network in Directive 2004/54 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down minimum standards referred to in the tunnels.

43 b § (20.7.2012 / 446)


Tieturvallisuusarviointi
Transport Agency is to ensure that 43 a § road network within the meaning of road projects, carrying out tieturvallisuusarviointi referred to in Article 4 tieturvallisuusdirektiivin general plan was drawn up, the preparation of detailed design, pre-opening and early operation of the road.
If the evaluation identifies shortcomings in road safety, which does not take into account the plans, the reason for this is indicated in the decision, which the plan is accepted.

43 c § (20.7.2012 / 446)


Tieturvallisuustarkastus
Transport Agency shall ensure that the running § 43a: road network, the roads under the referred to, carrying out periodic security inspections referred to in Article 6 tieturvallisuusdirektiivin and the possible impact of roadworks on traffic safety are analyzed.

§ 43 d (20.7.2012 / 446)


Classification of a route section
Transport Agency shall ensure that at least every three years is made, a § 43 referred to in Article 5 tieturvallisuusdirektiivin: Report on the use of the road network as referred to in. Based on the study been in use for over three years sections are divided into classes according to the vulnerability of the road network and for improving its security model.
Transport Safety is assessed by the sections and parts of the road network, the improvement of which is a classification of the most important. Finnish Transport Agency is to ensure that improving the safety of the road network components priority is given to measures referred to in subparagraph which the benefit-cost ratio is the highest in Annex III tieturvallisuusdirektiivin point 3 e.
Transport Agency must be informed of the most dangerous stretches of road in the road-users.

E § 43 (20.7.2012 / 446)


Tieturvallisuusarvioija
Above, 43 b and 43 d § estimates referred to in works has to be a proper experience or training in road design, road safety engineering and accident analysis. In addition, he must have qualification certificate of satisfactory completion 43 f § turvallisuusarvioijan basic training referred to in. If the evaluation is made more persons together, it is sufficient that one of them has passed the training.

Tieturvallisuusarvioija not be 43 b § during the evaluation referred to in to participate in the planning or implementation of the road project, which he estimated.

F § 43 (20.7.2012 / 446)


Tieturvallisuusarvioijien training
The Finnish Transport Safety Agency is responsible for tieturvallisuusarvioijien training. Training is divided into basic training and regular further training.
The Finnish Transport Safety Agency may organize training tieturvallisuusarvioijien itself, or to obtain the necessary services from public or private service providers. The service provider shall comply with the provisions of the Act on the Openness of Government Activities Administrative Procedure Act (434/2003), Language Act (423/2003), (621/1999) and the Archives Act (831/1994) provides.
Finnish Transport Safety Agency to provide basic education successfully conducted the turvallisuusarvioijan the validity of the certificate. The validity of the conditions for granting the certificate, the certificate validity period and renewal, in order to obtain the certificate required for the experiment, the training and the issuing body, as well as the training of the permit and its validity is adjusted if necessary by Government decree. The Ministry of Transport and Communications decree can be issued detailed rules in order to obtain tieturvallisuusarvioijien training and qualification certificate of the contents of the required test.

43 g § (20.7.2012 / 446)

Costs of accidents

Transport Safety Agency has calculated a 43 §: the average costs of fatal or serious injury accidents on the road network within the meaning of the society together. The calculation shall be updated at least every five years.

H § 43 (20.7.2012 / 446)


Control
The Finnish Transport Safety Agency shall ensure that the Transport Agency to comply with what is provided in this chapter, and is responsible for it separately agreed tieturvallisuustehtävistä. Chapter 4


Land use restrictions Road area on the areas outside the perimeter

§ 44


Protected area
Safety zone extends 20 feet from the road carriageway, or if the tracks have more than one, the nearest main road from the center line. For a special reason to road plan in a specific road or road section shows a distance of 20 meters shorter or extend the distance up to 50 m by, as well as up to 300 m by road emergency landing places of the length and direction of each end of the 750-meter radius from the extension.
The building should not be considered as a protective area. Road management authority is road safety so requires, and vice landing site with regard to flight safety, the right to remove the protective vegetation of the area.

§ 45


Sight Range
Highway curve in the road, or where the second involves a major road or private road or a railway runs across the road, is to keep the buildings in prohibited outside the scope of the jurisdiction in which the vacant seen by the industry to keep the restrictive barriers are necessary due to road safety (seen by zone).
Road management authority is entitled to the sighting of the area to remove such vegetation or such natural barriers, which are necessary for the sighting area by restricting produce a road safety hazard.

§ 46

Constructions and equipment outside the road area

Highway protection and sighting area may not be the kind of stock, fence or other structure or device from which, or which may pose danger to road safety or harm to road maintenance.

§ 47


Poikkeamisvalta
Special reasons, the road management authority may grant an exemption from § 44-46: prohibitions referred to in, if it considers that road safety is not jeopardized and road maintenance would more than no more than minimal harm. Poikkeamispäätökseen can be connected to the necessary conditions.

§ 48
Exceptions to the restrictions


Above, § 44-47 together existing provisions do not apply where the vegetation has been planted or taken special care or building, storage, fence or other structure or device is made before the license area had been covered by the previous law or equivalent to those mentioned in steps subject to restrictions.
If mentioned in subsection 1 vegetation or building, structure or equipment item causes danger to road safety or harm to road maintenance, road maintenance authority decision may order that it be removed or transferred or order to make the necessary changes. If the owner perform the procedure prescribed for that purpose within a reasonable time, the road management authority is entitled to perform its expense.

What § 44-47 Act and this section 1 and 2 above shall not apply to the maintenance of the building layout area and the removal of vegetation, which is the environment of particular importance.

§ 49

Procedure for the removal of vegetation and natural obstacles

Before the road management authority will tackle the 44 § 2 subsection and 45 § 2 subsection referred vegetation or in the latter the law in the natural obstacles referred to, will be reported to the property in question to the owner or holder of, or on proclamation in good time before you begin this procedure. The property owner can choose to self-care measures for road management authority, as indicated by.

§ 50

Placement of minor equipment and structures

Owner and holder of real estate or region will allow the property or the area for placement of traffic signs and other traffic control devices, as well as small parts of the road structure. positioning equipment and structures shall apply to the Land Use and Building Act § 163 of the Act.
If the compensation resulting from the placement is agreed, they will be processed and settled by delivery of the road.

§ 51

Snow Fence and snow placement

Road management authority has the right to put up the road area outside the temporary or permanent snow fence, if it is the road to prevent the accumulation of snow is necessary. Fixed snow fence can be erected populated area, however, only with the consent of the property owner or holder of, or in any other case, the municipal building authority by giving the permission. The permit may be granted if the snow fence is needed to keep the general road traffic in a satisfactory condition and no fence or keeping it caused significant damage to the property.
Road management authority is entitled to place in connection with road maintenance road snow road area beyond the edge of the area.

§ 52

Roadside Advertising and advertisements utilizing

Outside the zoned area as well as urban planning area of ​​the Land Use and Building Act § 83: traffic area in accordance with subsection 4. Setting is prohibited outdoor advertising for highway users. Road management authority may grant an exemption from this prohibition, if it is considered a traffic guidance or tourism or other similar reason, is necessary.
The prohibition referred to in subsection 1 does not apply to meetings, information, amusement, or the like, or take the opportunity of the elections or referendum advertisements and advertisements in the building and with a view to the vicinity of the activities at the site and the products sold there. announcements and advertisements on such occasions may be set in place not earlier than one month before the appropriate opportunity, and they must be removed within one week of when the event is held.
Advertising and report must be written and placed in such a way that it adapts as well as possible on the environment. Before placing an ad on the proceedings of the road maintenance authority shall request the opinion of the municipality, unless the request for an opinion is manifestly unnecessary. If the road management authority other than the Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment, the Centre shall ask the opinion. (22.12.2009 / 1242) Section 5


Acquisition and compensation of the Regions

§ 53


Road Delivery
Necessary for road areas and the rights are redeemed road delivery and redemption are complied with, the Act on the Redemption of Immovable Property and Special Rights (603/1977), hereinafter referred to as the law of redemption, provided, unless this law provides otherwise. the correction of the detected road Supplied error, correcting the error and the delivery or the dissolution of a decision on the proposal applies, mutatis mutandis, what property (554/1995) provides for the delivery of real estate. (22.12.2009 / 1242)
Delivery Engineer can perform the delivery of the road without the trustees, if none of the parties is not a requirement and delivery not a question of compensation.

§ 54

Road Delivery pending the entry

Road management authority is entitled to 26 § on the basis of subsection 1 apply to road delivery, the approved road plan has become final or enforceable notwithstanding an appeal, § 21, or by written consent referred to in section.

§ 55

Parties delivery of the road and the replacement of the environmental

Road Delivery party is the delivery of the applicant and any other person whose rights or interests transaction. the construction of the road or its use arising from loss or damage can be required to impose compensation Redemption Act § 38 notwithstanding.

Compensation for environmental damage within the meaning of the Act (737/1994) on compensation for environmental damage of road delivery is to force, what is that Law § 12 Act.

§ 56
The takeover


Road area earmarked for road plan and the deployment of road infrastructure areas, as well as set up the rights to be taken over the road manager given takeover of review shall be held at the time of delivery of the road. The road plan demonstrated a private road or junction needed for the area to be taken over the road manager for the time until the road or junction is made. Taking over the road authority's right to use the areas and rights assigned to the road plan purposes on the property, among other rights notwithstanding.
If the takeover due to the redemption Act 57 §: the consequence referred to in subsection 2, may expropriation committee, on request, provide for the seizure to the extent not take place earlier than the prescribed commission period of not more than three months after the date of the advance payment or the 62 § imposed on the person concerned of subsection 2 referred to the compensation provided for in the first delivery has been paid.
Article 21 §: can in the sense of its limited impact on the assessed road to improve the take-over take place on the basis of the agreement. After the takeover will, however, the road management authority without delay, apply for road delivery.
If the removal or transfer of possession of the property taken from the area did not reach an agreement, the road management authority shall make the owner or occupier of the property to delete a reasonable and roadworks for a suitable period of time of the end of the road management authority to remove the property. In this case, the road management authority prior to removal of the property, if possible, notify the owner or occupier of the property to delete.
If vägändamål handed over or handed over to the area it is necessary to remove or move the buildings, storage facilities, or equipment or trees, growing crops or other vegetation, is in addition to the damage or injury resulting cost of moving replaced removal or incurred by the person concerned.

§ 57

In the redemption, consolidation and the emergence of ownership vägområde

Redemption decision sets a target road plan of redemption, or 21 §: written in the basis referred to the consent, if necessary, the road management authority, as indicated by. The road plan may be made to a limited extent, if there is a special reason. Below, § 75: The delivery of the road in accordance with subsection 2. redemption of the target fixed at 5 § 3 of the article, where appropriate, the road management authority, as indicated by.
Set out in the road area range to the redemption decision from the ownership of res judicata road manager, unless this is already their own area.

§ 58
The establishment of Tieoikeuden


When the road is placed in the property area of ​​the tunnel, bridge, dam, on the deck or the deck below, or above or below the road is addressed to the construction with legal formula, establishes a road authority 57 § instead of ownership within the meaning of subsection 2 vägområde tieoikeus as road plan provides. When placed in the road other than a road authority of the redemption unit area, set up road authority vägområde tieoikeus.
Redemption decision has gained legal force arises road authority 7 according to § adjacent areas corresponding to its intended use tieoikeus.
Tieoikeus is a permanent road on the property or to the exercise of the unlimited right adjacent areas. Tieoikeuden scope and content may be road plan to issue more detailed regulations.

§ 59


Exhaustion of rights
Road area transferred mortgages on vägområde lapse ownership of road infrastructure and other special rights. (22.12.2009 / 1242)
Road Supplied may, however, decide on a special right to continued existence, provided that the law and its use does not cause danger to road safety or harm to road maintenance and the maintenance of the right to endanger the property system clarity.

§ 60


Outfalls
Road plan indicated laskuojaalueeseen establishes the right of way of the road administrator.
If the delivery of the road does not fit the common drainage or there are other circumstances are exceptional, trenching may be the thing to refer Dyke missions referred to in the Water Act, which can be addressed to a limited extent deviate from the road plan fall in the ditch place.
If you fall in a ditch caused after the conclusion of the damage or harm or compensation agreed, the issue will be treated according to the Water Act.

§ 61


Protective and marking regions of the sighting

If the property subject to § 44 and 45: the road area outside the restrictions on the use of appropriate, it is a significant supply on the map and where necessary terrain. The restriction is a major real estate register.

§ 62

Redemption Working with two deliveries

In addition to the redemption of the Law § 20 Act provides Managing Engineer to road management authority a proposal to share the delivery order intended by issues relating to the redemption handled in two different road delivery, if it is due to the quantity or quality to resolve the issues, or for any other reason it is appropriate.
If redemption in accordance with paragraph 1 is treated in two different delivery, delivery engineer comes after the cessation of the first delivery without a separate application for redemption will continue with a new delivery when it is necessary to address the matters. In addition to unresolved issues of redemption of this ordinance dealt with and resolved the issues relating to the redemption of changes to the tasks after discontinuation of the previous delivery.

§ 63


Land consolidation arrangement
Road Supplied has determined the necessity of carrying out land consolidation schemes. Land consolidation and the necessity of explaining, however, be settled by the delivery of the road instead of the Real Estate (554/1995) 68 §: the redistribution of supplies referred to in subsection 2, if the road at the time of delivery, there is one pending. In such a redistribution of apply in addition to the redemption of law and property law § 82 is worded, mutatis mutandis, § 64-67 of this Act's provisions.
Land consolidation engineering measures can be carried out land consolidation among the exchanges of real property or, if it can not be conveniently delivered, the transfer of property in the region against another executable in cash for full compensation. What this provides the property, also applies to the road or part of a road deleted or lacquer to open the road.
Land consolidation in to finish the transfer of the road and the area of ​​delivery, mutatis mutandis, as the Real Estate 59, 65 and 66 § provides, subject to this Act § 64-66 to the contrary.

§ 64

Conditions for land consolidation

Land consolidation arrangement may be made if:
1) it is necessary to remedy the fragmentation of agricultural land from harmful from the road;
2) it can be used to eliminate or substantially reduce the costs or compensation that would otherwise result from the organization of a new connection instead of traveling interrupted by passage to the road;
3) § exchange or transfer of land consolidation area, additional area to the adoption of the road, or a contiguous protected area or seen to the construction of the road to the property or 44 and 45: the prohibition of according it is particularly important to increase the usefulness of the property;
or 4) it is necessary for less valuable, due to the transfer of the road away from the area to be another property, which the owner of the area can not be used in an appropriate manner to, but can be used in connection with the second property.
Execution of land consolidation also requires that:
1) in subsection 1. 1 point in that case as to bring about a significant improvement in kiinteistöjaotukseen;
2) it does not cause harm to anyone to say;
and 3) it does not jeopardize the completion of the city plan.
Carry out land consolidation is not required for the property owner and not against the deposit or the consent of the holder of a special law.

§ 65


Land consolidation arrangement Contracts
If the relevant real estate owners agree to delivery of a road other than the 64 § 1 mom in those cases, make the construction of the road in accordance with the other necessary kiinteistöjaotusta improve land consolidation schemes, what 64 § 2 paragraph 2 and 3 shall apply.

§ 66

Land consolidation arrangements, compensation

Land consolidation is expected the property transferred to another area of ​​the property of the individual donor and receiving. If these values ​​differ, the difference is determined way controller replacement.

§ 67


Extension of the redemption,
If cases where land was caused by a road of fragmentation, the decline of farm sector, or 44 and 45 §: the prohibition of in accordance with the following or other similar reason, does considerable damage to the use of the property or part of it and not to harm can not be removed or substantially reduce the land consolidation, the property owner has the right to require, if this does not want to receive compensation for haitastaan ​​that the road authority to redeem the property or part thereof.

Road authority has the right to redeem the property or a part thereof, if the damage compensation costs or the organization of a new transport connections referred to in paragraph 1 instead of the road connection would be interrupted by passage of the value of a considerable size of the property or part thereof.
Real estate or portions thereof that are redeemed by virtue of subsection 1 and 2, is formed by one or more of the road area separate unit redemption in accordance with the applicable sections of the Redemption Act 49 a § 1 mom.

§ 68

Extension of the redemption, the urban planning area

When the road is built Land Use and Building Act § 83: In accordance with subsection 4 of the road traffic area in a designated area, the road shall be responsible for delivery of the owner of the property the road so require, to redeem up to a limit called the area of ​​the property or part thereof. Road authority also has the right to redeem the kind of real estate or a part of the border area until now. Redemption of units to form, the provisions of 67 § 3 subsection.
If you change the city plan, which may affect the right to repurchase or sell-out in accordance with subsection 1, has been approved or redemption of the region is under the Land Use and Building Act pending, did not get the redemption of road delivery decide before you change the city plan has become final or matter relating to the redemption of the region has ceased being under the Land Use and building Act pending. If necessary, the case can be distinguished from the various delivery of Justice.

§ 69


Private road
Road deliveries must be made such private roads and tieoikeuksia the arrangements that are necessary for the construction of a highway, or 24 §: due to regulations and prohibitions referred to in subsection 1 and subsection 2. The delivery of the processed and settled by other things provided for private roads vägförrättning handled in accordance with the Act on.
Yksityistieyhteydet and tieoikeudet can be arranged in 38 c § of the Act on Private Roads: in regional vägförrättning referred to, which can be carried out at the request of the road management authority without a separate application. In this case, 72 §: the question of compensation referred to in this ordinance is solved, which is also subject to redemption Law § 82 Act.

§ 70


Claims Agreements
If the parties have agreed on compensation, no contract alisteta redemption commission for approval Redemption Act § 40 within the meaning of subsection 2. What has been agreed compensation is also valid for the point to which the party entitled to the property has been transferred.
Road area, which has become the supply of road infrastructure ownership, redemption formed the unit, or it can be connected to a road manager or road authority form the redemption of units. lapse against the area of ​​mortgages or other special rights, the provisions of § 59 Act.
If the lapse of the rights referred to in subsection 2 causes harm to the right holder, it is the road manager to replace. Unless the compensation agreed upon, it provides for delivery of the road.

§ 71

Compensation for protection and seen areas

If the use of property damage or significant harm to the fact that the owner of the right is limited to § 44-46 in the manner specified area, the use of which has not previously been limited accordingly, is the road authority to compensate the damage or injury.
If the owner of the property damage caused by the fact that the property is removed from the protection or the sighting of the area 44 or 45 §: the basis is the owner of the property right to receive compensation for the damage suffered from road authority. Above, § 48: deletion, move, or change in the work of property costs pursuant to subsection 2. owner shall have the right to receive compensation for road authority.

§ 72

Replacement interface prohibition

If 24 §: the subsection 1 of that ban caused significant damage to the property of the exercise, which in the past has been a road junction, it is the property owner the right to receive compensation from the road authority.

§ 73

Compensation for research work and other measures

If 16 §: carried out under paragraph 1 measure, 36 §: the organization of a temporary access road of in accordance with or by the use of, 50 §: the placement in accordance with the limited equipment and structures, or 51 §: the maintenance or snow fence in referred to the placement of snow caused property damage or damage to, the property owner is entitled to compensation for road authority.

§ 74

Other allowances and road delivery for reimbursement


If the construction of the road or using it caused to the property other than damage covered by this chapter, or damage to, the property owner is entitled to compensation for road authority. Unless the compensation agreed upon, is the compensation issue be resolved by road delivery.
If the replacement or redemption of a question is raised otherwise than in connection with the delivery of the road, or if the damages may be awarded only after the end of the road and the delivery of compensation agreed, due to this kind of compensation is settled case the road management authority or claiming compensation for road delivery of the application to be held.

§ 75

Road Delivery in special cases

Road management authority shall be applied for immediately delivery for road maintenance when a private road or street that has been changed into a highway or road or when Adjacent have been discontinued.
Pre-existing road, the road area or adjacent areas or protection or viewing area limit for determining an application to the road management authority or the owner of the property to keep the road delivery. In such a delivery may provide compensation for losses caused by or associated territories of the road widening and solve 71 § compensation matter referred to in subsection 2.
If the pre-existing road comprises of land owned by the road manager of the property or a part of such an area can be moved by road to the delivery of the redemption unit of the road. The transfer shall apply mutatis mutandis, what property provides for cutting.

§ 76

Current value and the consideration of the change in the general price level

Replacement redeemed assets is determined on the basis of the value of the takeover date (current value).
If the general price level has increased after the value of the moment, is the final reimbursement or, if the advance payment has been prescribed, the difference between the final redemption of compensation and provided for the delivery of advance payment be adapted to an increased level of prices to match.

§ 77

Current value in specific cases

Above, § 74 and 75: to replace road deliveries under the property, harm or damage is assessed and compensation determined in accordance with the delivery date of termination.

§ 78

Imposition of a compensation recipient

The redemption fee shall be road delivery order a completion of the person to whom the property redeemed or target compensation is at the time of determination of compensation, subject to the explanations delivery of the statement to the contrary.

§ 79

Payment of compensation and interest

Set out ante road management authority to run and the final compensation for those to be paid at the annual rate of six per cent interest should be carried out within three months of their assignment. payment of compensation is delayed, it will be paid an annual interest Interest Act (633/1982) § 4 according to the interest rate referred to in subsection 1.
Reparcelling damages provided for road Supplied paid to perform road maintenance authority. Land consolidation area of ​​the recipient is required to pay for road maintenance authority in the area of ​​compensation to the extent that compensation can not be paid by reducing the prescribed road management authority performance, and the donor area of ​​road maintenance authority must deliver for the compensation area. compensation referred to in this subsection applies, subsection 1 for putting the interest rate and the payment of allowances provided for.
Annual interest rate of six per cent above under paragraph 1 shall run from 56 §: takeover, as referred to in including, if 56 §: the takeover pursuant to subsection 3. As regards otherwise agreed, as well as 74 and 75 §: in the cases the time of that road the delivery of the final Meeting. Land consolidation due to a specific compensation rate is calculated on the date of delivery provided for takeover of areas including.

§ 80

Payment of the contested allowance

Provided for selecting a road management authority road delivery of the allowances does not know how to deposit the compensation at issue. However, the compensation shall be entitled to get the contested part of the compensation for the excess amount of final compensation and the six per cent calculated from the date the lifting of funds to repay the interest rate be set road maintenance authority approved against collateral.

§ 81

Levy of execution in particular cases

Road Supplied with a specific allowance, which thing the party has to pay road maintenance authority, and the assets for which the ownership has changed because of land consolidation scheme, shall apply to, what the Real Estate 288 § Act.

§ 82

Lien holder the right to compensation


If the lien holder shall be wholly or partly lost its claims on the ground that the compensation is not entitled to compensation or deposit is waived compensation or compensation has been agreed, apparently too small, he has the right to obtain compensation for the damage suffered from road authority.
When the real estate that is subject to a lien will be redeemed in full, shall be carried out due to the redemption of the property in compensation imposed deposit. Otherwise, the deposit is in force, the Redemption Act 49 § 2-4 mom.

§ 83

Small
compensation
If the committee appointed by the redemption of the road maintenance authority to the same party to pay the total amount does not exceed 10 euros, it is not required to pay or deposit.

§ 84


Remunerated donation of blood
The state has no right to compensation under this Act. Are entitled to compensation in accordance with the public utilities, however, the Law on the State Enterprise (1185/2002). The Government may determine the state of the right to compensation in another way, if there are special reasons.
Changes in the private street or road into a highway or road partners transferred to road cooperatives, the road area and street area of ​​charge, the road authority.
L State Enterprise 1185/2002 is repealed. See. L State Enterprise 1062/2010, as well as the application of § 21 of L 1062/2010.

§ 85


Road Delivery costs
Road management authority is responsible for the delivery of road delivery costs. Above, § 74: The delivery of the road according to the shipping costs must be specified as part or all of the presenter of the request for payment if the claim is made manifest unduly.

§ 86


Road Delivery Registration
Road Delivery can be registered in the payment of compensations, regardless of when it has become final, and no payment of any compensation required to notify the National Land Survey. (13.12.2013 / 906)
Road delivery of documents can make the entry in the land register, despite the change of the applications on the buildings, which are not subject of appeal. Also, the subject of the appeal of properties on the road delivery can make the entry in the land register, if the appeal does not affect the strengthening of redemption in or in relation to entries. The property registrar in these cases, ask the Regional Court of license registration. Asian solves the President of the Regional Court.

§ 87

Decisions made Appeals road delivery

Shipping engineer § 62 subsection 1. According to the decision can not be appealed. On appeal, the decisions taken delivery of the road for the remainder of the Redemption Act § 89-93 provides. Chapter 6


Highway closure and closure, as well as the abolition of Adjacent

§ 88

Highway cessation

If a country road in improving road has been moved to a new location and no road plan has been ordered, that the road to the former place still remains the way, in this respect it ceases to be a road. Notwithstanding this, the road management authority shall use more road area for other road purposes in accordance with rules laid down road plan. In this case, delivery of the road will determine the area of ​​the road remains the ownership of the road owner or tieoikeus to be maintained. Unless the road plan such an order is given, the use of area road purposes and the entitlement will cease after the improved road assigned for general traffic.
With the cessation of the highway road area is no longer needed for other road purposes referred to in subsection 1, the road management authority to suspend the use of the area and the road on the right controller. Such an area will be valid, this chapter provides the former road area.

§ 89


Closure of a highway
If the road is no longer used for general traffic, it can be abolished. The road plan for the winding up shall provide, including where to abolish the road ceases to be a road. When the road stops in the path, it stops subject to the right of the road operator.

§ 90

The former road area structures and equipment

As a former road area is built or placed for road maintenance, moves to the owner of the area, unless the road management authority takes it out within one year of termination of the road including. The road plan is a demonstrated need for the area into a private road or a street and falls within the area requiring special management structures or devices. The area must be submitted in such a way that the use of the said purpose hampered. The responsibility for these structures and equipment transferred to a private road or a street, highway administrator expired.

If the varnish to open or terminate the path is not required in subsection 1 above purpose, is the final engineering plan to demonstrate the steps that are necessary to restore the former road area intact. Road management authority must take care of these measures within one year of the expense of the road including termination.

§ 91


Transition from the former road area
If 88 § 1 subsection provides otherwise, the road enters the road area of ​​the road operator, owned by the cessation of the road ceases road authority without compensation to the adjacent real estate and urban planning area and the area in which the municipality has decided to formulation of a structure town plan, municipal ownership.
Provisions of subsection 1 shall also apply to § 112: used for road purposes other former road areas within the meaning of subsection 6. discontinued, the road management authority of § 88 of the region within the meaning of subsection 2 ways.
When tieoikeudella managed 58 § 1 and article 112 § 4 and stopped the road area of ​​the road in accordance with paragraph 5 has been demonstrated in the city plan of the Land Use and Building Act 83 according to § subsection 1 general area, the city plan is the implementation of such area, possible compensation for prescribing take account of the owner or holder of the right to strained tieoikeus.
Road Area moves to adjoining properties along the center line of the road formed by the carriageway or carriageways area. the boundary between adjacent properties will continue its road area of ​​the border called perpendicular to the center line. Notwithstanding the above, will limit the former road area when you visit straightened at the border and perform other kiinteistöjaotuksen for the purpose in accordance with the arrangements of the border so that the surface area and low-value areas changed in the middle of real property or, where there is no appropriate consideration for the land, the property is transferred to another.

§ 92

Procedures for Improved road area

Road Supplied states adjacent to the property or transferred to municipal ownership of the area of ​​the road and its surface area and the marked area on the map and, where necessary terrain. transferred to municipal ownership areas are formed, according to what is appropriate for one or more real estate, or attached to the municipality already owned the property in accordance with the applicable sections of the § 41 of the Real Estate Act.
Municipal ownership outside the zoned area prior to 1 July 1991, moved to the former public road area, which is not part of pre-existing property, is formed, or are installed in immovables Real Estate Formation § 41: The delivery of the referred Act. to complete delivery of the order shall, after consulting the NLS without application before humanity. Shipping costs to pay the municipality. (13.12.2013 / 906)
If the former transferred to a public road adjacent to the property before 1 July 1991, the limit has not been held, transferred property in the area can be the limit without going to say in the context of the delivery area of ​​the property, subject to the limit position is no ambiguity. request of the property owner to determine the position of the border is carried out on the property assay.

§ 93

The former area of ​​the road as a private path

Although the former road area of ​​the road has been transferred ownership of the adjacent property owner or municipality, receives else who needs a forum as a private road, so far to use it charge to earn until questions concerning tieoikeutta is treated with 69 § 75 or § order decreed in the subsection 1 The delivery of the road.
Above, § 92: Questions the use of private path to the regions referred to in subsection 2 and subsection 3 will be dealt and resolved according to the law on private roads.
Road management authority responsible for the maintenance of the former highway referred to in subsection 1 government decree until further adjustable period.
Before the end of the road management authority maintenance obligation is the delivery of road maintenance decide on the former road between tieosakasten. If necessary, it can be imposed on a provisional basis. Such an order shall cease to be in force when the road delivery has become final, unless the decision is not otherwise provided in the maintenance of its validity.

§ 94

Former road area in accordance with the previous provisions

If a public road have been discontinued or the use of road area for any other reason ceases before 1 january 1958 and the road area not assigned to other road purposes, is subject to the provisions of this Act vägområde.

If the owner of an adjacent area of ​​exclusive control has permanently been and still is a road area more than 91 § 4 of the article may be read as the said area, can also be so in control of his March on demand connected with this region.

§ 95


Abolition of the adjacent areas
Road management authority to terminate adjacent areas, when it is no longer needed for the purpose for which it was established. Adjacent regarding the suspension of the procedure shall apply mutatis mutandis, the road plan provides. When Adjacent cease to exist, cease, at the same time the subject tieoikeus.
Real Estate Register Act (392/1985) 2 § another register unit of real estate registered discontinued Adjacent according to subsection 2. is a road delivery determined to read the property, which it is taken for road purposes or, if the immovable property no longer exists, the fact or the real estate on which it regionally is best suited for.
If the abolition of adjacent areas caused by any benefit that has not been considered as minor, is a beneficiary of the obligation to pay the benefits it receives from the road maintenance authority. Unless the compensation agreed upon, is the thing to solve road delivery.

§ 96

A lien and special rights lapsing

If the property which belonged to the area is under this chapter moved to another property, subject to a pledge or a special right, that right is void for the territory transferred. If the exhaustion of the right holder caused by the injury, he is entitled to receive compensation from the road authority. In this case, is the most appropriate point to comply with the provisions of Chapter 5 provides.

§ 97

Protection and removal of the sighting area markings

When the road has stopped, deleted § 61: markings on the properties of the real estate register.

§ 98


Areas outside the road area
The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to the road authority road maintenance purposes redeeming or donating appreciated more than the road area. Chapter 7

Miscellaneous provisions


§ 99 (22.12.2009 / 1242)
Decision-making


The Ministry of Transport and Communications approves the detailed design, concerning the abolition of the road, other than in connection with road construction. Other general and complete road design plans are approved by the Finnish Transport Agency. If the municipality, the province or the Federal Economic Development, Transport and the Environment is to plan the key points of disagreement with the Finnish Transport Agency, the matter shall be transferred to the Ministry of Transport and Communications' decision. The Finnish Transport Agency may for special reasons otherwise transfer the plan to the Ministry of Transport and Communications for approval.

§ 100
Penalties


If someone
1) violates § 24: on the basis of subsection 1 order or the prohibition on the conclusion of the subscription or the use of, or 35, 37 or 42 §: the prohibition to be in or on the basis of the regulation or the acts adopted pursuant to the authorization and in violation of the conditions specified therein or
2) intentionally or gross negligently 26 § 2 mom or § 44-46: to be in or on the basis of the prohibition of their violation of,
shall be sentenced, unless a more severe penalty is provided, breaches of the law punishable by a fine road.

§ 101

Administrative coercive measures (22.12.2009 / 1242)

The Regional State Administrative Agency can not deny that violates this Act or provisions issued under it, the continuation or repetition of unlawful conduct. The Regional State Administrative Agency may also order a party that violates this Act or the regulations made under it, to fulfill their obligations. Regional State Administrative Agency can enhance decision to the threat of a fine or the risk of having the act done at the expense of the defaulter or activity is suspended. relevant to the threat of a fine, of having action and of suspension shall apply to what penalty the law (1113/1990) provides. (22.12.2009 / 1242)
If you remove the imminent danger of traffic is a necessary emergency measure, or if there is a question of correcting unauthorized operation on the road area, road management authority is entitled to act or unauthorized measures to correct it at the expense of the person liable.
If the road management authority are prevented from supplying the official task as referred to in paragraph 2 or to prevent 16 §: the performance of research work referred to in subsection 1, the police provide assistance at the request of the road maintenance authority.

§ 102
Recovery of costs



If the road management authority is entitled to carry out the measure pursuant to this Act, at the expense of another, the cost can be recovered as the recovery of taxes and fees in utsökningsväg (367/1961) provides.

§ 103

Communication of decisions and service of

The decision on approval of general and road plan and road plan to extend the period of validity shall be publicly disclosed. notification of the decision is the adoption of the road management authority, and the decision by the supporting documents to the relevant municipality, which shall notify them to be seen as setting the Local Government Act (365/1995) 64 § Act. The decision and the documents must be kept available for public inspection in the municipality for 30 days. For information supply deemed to have occurred when the decision is placed on public view.
Road plan approval decision, which is of minor significance, can be notified in a verifiable manner as the Administrative Procedure Act (434/2003) provides. Electronic notification of decisions provided for in the Act on Electronic Communication within the Authorities (13/2003).
Road plan approval decision on the amendment of a private road on the road, the road maintenance authority be informed of the municipality and the procedure provided for in paragraph 2. With the initiator or, if the initiative of the signatories are two or more joint document notified the contact person, which shall notify the receipt of the other signatories.

§ 104

Notification of decisions and notifying authorities reminder

Road management authority should be sent to the general and road plan of the approval notice to the plan for notifying a reminder that the address is known, at the same time, when the decision 103 according to § shall be publicly disclosed.
Transport Agency shall send a notice of general road plan and the decision approving the Convention, Economic Development, Transport and the Environment and the Regional Council and, where appropriate multicast broadcasting authority. The notification shall be accompanied by a copy of the plan. (22.12.2009 / 1242)

§ 105 (7.8.2015 / 999)


Appeal
§ 43 paragraph f: the decision on the validity of the certificate referred to in may require adjustment Transport Safety Agency as provided in the Administrative Procedure Act.
The Government plenary session, the decision may be appealed to the Supreme Administrative Court as provided in the Administrative Procedure Act (586/1996) provides. on other under this Act and claimed adjustment to the decision may be appealed to the Administrative Court as provided in the Administrative Procedure Act.
Decision of the Administrative Court and the approval of the general road plan on the matter may be appealed to as the Administrative Procedure Act. another Administrative Court decision may be appealed only if the Supreme Administrative Court grants leave to appeal.
Road management authority's decision, 37 §, 38 § 2 subsection 40 § 2 subsection 47 §, 48 § 2 subsection and § 52: In the cases referred to in complaints to the Administrative Court in whose jurisdiction access referred to in the decision, a crossing point, real estate or advertisement or notice is located.
Municipality, Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment Agency, as well as the province's trade union has the right to appeal to a general road plan and the approval decision, the effects of which extend to the territory of the municipality or the domain authority.
A registered local or regional association or foundation has the right to its remit as regards matters appealed to a general road plan and the approval decision, the effects of which extend to a corporation or foundation area of ​​operation.
Socially deemed relevant, general and appeal for approving road plan is treated as a matter of urgency.
On appeals road completed delivery provides 87 §.
L 999/2015 has been amended § 105 comes into force on 1.1.2016. The previous wording is:

§ 105


Appeal
Made pursuant to this Act, the decision may be appealed in the Administrative Procedure Act (586/1996) provides, subject to § 87 to the contrary. Road management authority's decision, 37 §, 38 § 2 subsection 40 § 2 subsection 47 §, 48 § 2 subsection and § 52: In the cases referred to in complaints to the Administrative Court in whose jurisdiction the decision referred to in connection , crossing point, real estate or advertisement or notice is located.

Municipality, Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment Agency, as well as the province's trade union has the right to appeal to a general road plan and the approval decision, the effects of which extend to the territory of the municipality or the domain authority. (22.12.2009 / 1242)
A registered local or regional association or foundation has the right to its remit as regards matters appealed to a general road plan and the approval decision, the effects of which extend to a corporation or foundation area of ​​operation.
Socially deemed relevant, general and appeal for approving road plan is treated as a matter of urgency.

105 a § (07.08.2015 / 999)

§ 105a has been repealed by L 07.08.2015 / 999, which comes into force on 1.1.2016. The previous wording is:

105 a § (20.7.2012 / 446)


Applying for a correction,
Above, § 43 f: referred to the decision on the validity of the certificate in may not be appealed. The decision may require adjustment Transport Safety Agency as provided in the Administrative Procedure Act.
On the request for rectification decision may be appealed to an Administrative Court as provided in the Administrative Procedure Act (586/1996) provides. Administrative Court decision may be appealed only if the Supreme Administrative Court grants leave to appeal.

§ 106


Appeals restrictions
General plan approval decision can not be appealed in so far as road location and technical solutions have already been adopted legally with legal formula.
Provisions of subsection 1 shall also apply to an authorization road plan. It can not be appealed either to the extent that the road location and technical solutions have already been authorized by a valid Master Plan.

§ 107

Immediate implementation of the decisions
The decision to
General Purpose or road plan acceptance, approval or validity of the decision approving the extension of the road plan may be enforced despite the appeal, unless the appellate court orders otherwise. (22.12.2009 / 1242)
The decision by the road management authority issues § 48, pursuant to paragraph 2, may order that the decision is enforceable notwithstanding an appeal.

§ 108


An Announcement
When this Act or under it is to publish the announcement, order, injunction or other matter publicly disclosed by no notification of the way not specifically provided for, will be the road management authority shall inform the public notice given at least 30 days in the relevant municipal notice board, as public law on alerts (34 / 1925) provides. posting of the notice shall be notified at least one affected by the activities newspaper of general circulation, unless the matter is of minor importance or the announcement is otherwise manifestly unnecessary.

§ 109 (20.7.2012 / 446)

Detailed rules and regulations

Further provisions on the registration of the road, plan documents, maintenance, after-care obligations, transfer of traffic, road, dimension, distance from buildings and road and railway joint arrangements given by Government decree.
Definition of a highway seen by the territories provided for by decree of the Ministry of Transport and.
Transport Agency to provide minimum standards for the Trans-European Road Network General provisions for the implementation and application of Directive 2004/54 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as well as for tieturvallisuusdirektiivin after the Finnish Transport Safety Agency has issued their assessment. NLS strengthen the road to control the delivery of carrying out the necessary formulas documents. In addition, NLS issue regulations limit signs, other signs of off-road as well as the accuracy of the measurements carried out by road delivery.
Number 8

Into force and transitional provisions

§ 110


Entry into force
This Act shall enter into force on 1 january 2006.
be taken before the law comes into force required for the enforcement of the law.

§ 111


Laws to be repealed
This Act repeals the following acts with subsequent amendments:
1) of 21 May 1954 on Public Roads Act (243/1954);
2) of 21 May 1954 on the entry into force of the Act on Public Roads Act (244/1954); and
3) of 21 May 1954 on the right of the former vägområde Act (245/1954).

The other law or regulation, a reference to a provision repealed by this Act, means following the entry into force of this Act refer to this Act. The other law or regulation is a reference to public road means after the entry into force of this Act, a reference to the road.

§ 112

Emergence of rights and transitional provisions relating to the real estate registry entries

Existing public road area of ​​the road, which is the road manager for tieoikeus, moves to the entry into force of this Act the road manager's ownership.
Provisions of subsection 1 shall also apply immediately bordering the road and the road area still need to adjacent areas.
The property registrar to change the land register as a public road subsection 1 and subsection 2 Adjacent register units redemption units. The procedure is done without any special delivery or a decision.
Such a public road road area, which is when this law comes into force are owned by the municipality, is the road manager for tieoikeus. It shall be entered in the Land Register without any special delivery or a decision.
If a public road when this law comes into force is located in a tunnel, bridge, dam, on the deck or below deck or in the road above or below is addressed to the construction with legal formula, or if the public road located in a non-redemption of units belonging to the road maintenance authority area, the property registrar means the land register road maintenance authority, after consultation vägområde road authority tieoikeuden. The entry is done without any special delivery or a decision. 5
What is provided in subsection also applies to former road areas by the road manager has the right to use for other road purposes of the Act on public roads § 33, pursuant to paragraph 2, or under the previous legislation.
If the property registrar considers that the issue of tieoikeutta according to subsection 4-6 is unclear, it is before the real estate registration with a translucent property concerned owner or holder.
If the property owner or holder of the context of a consultation in accordance with article 7 of the reminder or if the scope of the register unit or tieoikeuden is unclear other than § 113 of the appropriate cases or if there are other special reasons, the case deals with the real estate registrar initiated by delivery of the road.

§ 113

Transferred ownership of municipal road area in the land register

The detailed plan area of ​​a public road area, which has been transferred to municipal ownership prior to the entry into force of this Act, in the land registrar decision of the Land Register as a general area, if the area has been shown to completely drive in the formula for a § 2 of the Real Estate: in accordance with paragraph 4 of the general area. If the municipal ownership of the transferred area dimension is unclear, the matter will be resolved before the adoption of the decision referred to above, conducted in accordance with the Real Estate kiinteistönmäärityksellä. to complete delivery of the order to give the real estate registrar of the application and pay the shipping costs for the municipality.
If municipal ownership referred to in paragraph 1 be supplied to an area included in the areas allocated to different uses, real estate in the region for the formation of a block is performed, with areas designated for different uses are formed in accordance with the town plan property if the town plan.
Such a road area of ​​the road, which will be transferred to municipal ownership of the Land Use and Building Act § 93 by virtue of the entry into force of this Act, is separated from the block by line with the detailed plan of the property.

§ 114

Transitional provisions for road deliveries

This law also applies to them, before the entry into force of this Act resolved begun deliveries of road issues, which are taken after the entry into force of this Act be solved.
If initiated before this law came into force in providing road road located in a tunnel, bridge, dam, on the deck or below deck or in the road above or below is indicated in a legally formula construction, delivery is solved establishment of tieoikeuden.

§ 115


Other transitional provisions
This Act comes into force environment centers are pending in the regional exemption issues relating to roadside outdoor advertising, as well as maintenance of buildings in the public way scrolling, protective and sighting area, as well as matters pertaining to on public roads Regulation (482/1957) 63 §: n according to the general strengthening of the road terminal point, heard and determined by this law comes into force according to the provisions in force.

When this law comes into force placed in the general area of ​​roadside traffic signs and other traffic control devices will remain in place.
If a municipality is the road authority prescribed § 20 of the Act on public roads on the basis of paragraph 1, it corresponds to the entry of this Act into force on road maintenance road maintenance provision, and in accordance with this Act and under it provides for road maintenance. The Ministry of Transport and Communications may for special reasons, to release the municipality tienpitovelvollisuudestaan. Someone other than the 20 § of the Act on public roads the road authority: born on the basis of article 2 obligation to respond to any mission attributable to road maintenance will continue in force when this law comes into force. for special reasons, road management authority may exempt accountable road maintenance duties.
General and detailed design, the preparation of which has commenced before the entry into force of this Act, to discuss and adopt this law comes into force according to the provisions in force.
Into force of this Act cases pending amendment of the entry of a private road on a general road, which is prior to the entry into force of this Act § 38 on public roads Regulation provided: audit in accordance with paragraph 3, dealt with and resolved according to the provisions in force when this law comes into force. into force of this Act relating to matters of public road winding pending in the entry of which the lakkauttamisesitys submitted before the entry into force of this Act, the Road Administration to central governments, heard and determined by this law comes into force according to the provisions in force.
§ 105 of this Act, subsection 3 and 4 shall apply to general and road plan approval decisions which have been made to the entry into force of this Act.
RP 17/2004 Kouba 9/2005, RSV 48/2005
entry into force and application of amendments:

22.12.2009 / 1242:

This Act shall enter into force on 1 january 2010.
When this law comes into force on the Finnish Road Administration pending roadside advertising exemption applications will be processed and settled by this law comes into force according to the provisions in force.
The Ministry of Transport and Communications, Ministry of complete road pending the amendment of a private road and across the street when on the road into force of this Act are processed and settled by this law comes into force according to the provisions in force.
HE 189/2009, Kouba 21/2009, 192/2009 RSV

20.7.2012 / 446:

This Act shall enter into force on 1 August 2012. Such
general and detailed design, the preparation of which has commenced before the entry into force of this Act, shall not apply to § 43 b was added.
E § 43 of this Act, a provision of subsection 1 turvallisuusarvioijan basic training and attestation of competence will apply from 1 january 2014. Before
Measures enforcement of the regulation requires to be taken before the Act comes into force.
HE 39/2012, 6/2012 Kouba, RSV 58/2012

03.05.2013 / 328:

This Act shall enter into force on 1 June 2013.
HE 195/2012, Kouba 5/2013, RSV 32/2013

12.13.2013 / 906:

This Act shall enter into force on 1 january 2014.
HE 68/2013, JsUB 7/2013, 102/2013 RSV

07.08.2015 / 999:

This Act shall enter into force on 1 january 2016.
In an appeal issued before the entry into force of this Act, the administrative decision is subject to the provisions of this law comes into force.
HE 230/2014, Laub 26/2014, 319/2014 RSV

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