Reform To The Constitution Agreement N ° 1.

Original Language Title: ACUERDO DE REFORMA A LA CONSTITUCIÓN N° 1.

Read the untranslated law here: http://www.asamblea.gob.sv/eparlamento/indice-legislativo/buscador-de-documentos-legislativos/acuerdo-de-reforma-a-la-constitucion-nb0-1/archivo_documento_legislativo

1 index legislative agreement of reform constitutional No. 1 the Legislative Assembly of the Republic of EL SALVADOR, considering: I.-the Constitution of the Republic establishes the essential of the Salvadoran State configuration and your text is not doubt that representative democracy and the separation of powers is inherent to the configuration and performance of the Salvadoran State. As provided for in article 85 paragraph first of the Constitution, the Government is Republican, democratic and representative.
II. the Constitution gives exclusively to the Legislative Assembly the right to elect, appoint and dismiss certain public officials, by way of so-called elections of second degree. Thus, the Constitution empowers the legislature to renewed by thirds every three years, the Supreme Court of Justice. The text of the Constitution, however, does not establish criteria or set limits on the opportunity or times of such a choice, except for the obligation to carry them every three years.
III. it is necessary to clarify the text of the Constitution, to effect of leave established in each legislative period must be the partial renovation of the Supreme Court of Justice.
Therefore, use of his constitutional powers and at the initiative of MEPs: Guillermo Antonio Gallegos Navarrete, Roberto José d'Aubuisson Munguia, Carmen Elena Calderón de Escalón, Margarita Escobar, Ernesto Antonio Angulo Milla, Eduardo Enrique Barrientos Zepeda, José Vidal Delgado Carrillo, Raúl Omar Cuéllar, Carmen Elena Figueroa Rodríguez, Douglas Leonardo Mejia Aviles, Manuel Vicente Menjívar Esquivel, Mario Antonio Ponce López, David Ernesto Reyes Molina , Mario Eduardo Valiente Ortiz, Eugenio Donato Vaquerano Rivas and Ciro Alexis Zepeda Menjivar; as well as the members of the 2009-2012 period: José Orlando Arevalo Pineda, Federico Guillermo Avila Qüehl, Jaime Ricardo Handal Samayoa, José Nelson saved Menjivar, Alejandro Dagoberto Marroquín, Alexander Higinio Melchor López, Cesar Rene Florentin Reyes Dheming, César Humberto Solórzano Dueñas and Ciro Cruz Zepeda Peña and with the support of Congressman Orestes Mr. Fredesmán Ortez Andrade.
AGREE: Reform the Constitution of the Republic, issued by constitutional decree number 38, date December 15, 1983, published in the official journal number 234, volume 281, date 16 of the same month and year, the constituent Assembly, which is considered on an individual basis for ratification.


2 legislative index article 1.-reforming the 19 th ordinal of article 131 of the Constitution in the following terms: "19 th. Choose by nominal and public ballot to the following officials: President and judges of the Supreme Court of Justice, President and magistrates of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal, President and Magistrates Court of accounts Republic, Attorney General of the Republic, Attorney General, Attorney for the defence of human rights and members of the National Council of the judiciary.
A same legislature may not select more than one-third of the Supreme Court of Justice, except in cases of replacement of one or more of its members for legal reasons.
Any election that is held in contradiction to the provisions of the preceding paragraph shall be null and void and of no value."
Article 2.-in accordance with the provisions of article 248 of the Constitution, this reform must be ratified by the next legislature with the favorable vote of two-thirds of the members, prior to its entry into force.
GIVEN in the blue room of the Legislative Palace: San Salvador, on the tenth day of the month of August in two thousand twelve.
OTHON SIGFRIDO REYES MORALES, PRESIDENT.
ALBERTO ARMANDO ROMERO RODRÍGUEZ, GUILLERMO ANTONIO GALLEGOS NAVARRETE, SENIOR VICE PRESIDENT. SECOND VICE PRESIDENT.
JOSE FRANCISCO MERINO LÓPEZ, FRANCISCO ROBERTO LORENZANA DURÁN, THIRD VICE PRESIDENT. FOURTH VICE PRESIDENT.
ROBERTO JOSÉ d'AUBUISSON, fifth Vice President.
LORRAINE GUADALUPE PEÑA MENDOZA, CARMEN ELENA CALDERÓN SOL OF STEP, FIRST SECRETARY. SECOND SECRETARY.
SANDRA MARLENE SALGADO GARCÍA JOSÉ RAFAEL MACHUCA ZELAYA, THIRD SECRETARY FOURTH SECRETARY.
IRMA PALACIOS LOURDES VASQUEZ, MARGARITA ESCOBAR, FIFTH SECRETARY. SIXTH SECRETARIAT.


3 LEGISLATIVE RODRIGO SAMAYOA RIVAS, REYNALDO ANTONIO LÓPEZ CARDOZA, SEVENTH INDEX SECRETARY. EIGHTH SECRETARY.
D. OR. Nº 147 Tome. No. 396 date: 13 August 2012 JCH/geg 04-09-2012