Law Of Protection And Promotion Of The Welfare Of Pets.


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I.-That in accordance with Article 65 of the Constitution, the health of the inhabitants of the Republic constitutes a public good, and the State as well as the people

are obliged to ensure their conservation and In addition, Article 117 of the same Magna Carta states that it is the duty of the State to protect natural resources, as well as the diversity and integrity of the environment

, to ensure sustainable development.

II.-That in order to promote respect, protection and defense of the

animals, is We need to incorporate principles into our legislation, to promote the conditions of protection and welfare of these; contributing to the fact that the Salvadoran society acquires a free conscience of violence towards the


III.-That in most Salvadoran households, families coexist with one or several pet animals; however, sometimes, people perform

behavior of ill treatment, torture or unnecessary suffering towards them. animals, whether intentionally or carelessly, so it is necessary to ensure their protection and development.

IV.-That notwithstanding the support provided by pet animals to people, many are subject to neglect and abuse. by their owners and

people in general, so it becomes necessary to educate and normalize the human behavior to protect these animals, helping to maintain the balance of our environment.


in use of its Constitutional powers and at the initiative of the Diputados and Deputies: Francisco José Zablah Safie, Lucia del Carmen Ayala de León, Silvia Alejandrina Castro Figueroa, Ricardo Humberto Contreras Henriquez, Jorge Alberto Escobar Bernal, Patricia Elena Valdivieso de Gallardo; de las y los

Deputies of the Legislative Period 2012-2015: Eduardo Enrique Barrientos Zepeda, Edilberto Hernandez Castillo, Norma Carolina Ramirez, Douglas Leonardo Mejía Avilés, Bertha Mercedes de Rodríguez and with the support of the deputies: Guillermo Francisco Mata Bennett, John Tennant Wright Sol, José Francisco

Merino López, Marta Evelyn Batres Araujo, Valentin Aristides Corpeno, Raul Omar Cuellar, Estela Yaneth Hernández Rodríguez, Mario Antonio Ponce López, Santos Adelmo Rivas Rivas, Ana Vilma Albanez de Escobar, Norman Noel Quijano González, David Ernesto Reyes Molina, Santiago Flores Alfaro, Ana Marina

Alvarenga Barahona, Gustavo Danilo Acosta Martinez, Jose Damian Alegría, Dina Yamileth Argueta Avelar, Antonio Almendariz Rivas, Rodrigo Avila Avilés, Ana Lucia Baires de Martínez, Luis Alberto Batres Garay, Rosa Armida Barrera, Yolanda Anabel Belloso Salazar, Yohalmo Edmundo Cabrera Chacón, José Vidal Carrillo Delgado, Norma Cristina Cornejo Amaya, Felissia Guadalupe crystals Miranda, Rosa Alma Cruz

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Marinero, Crissia Suhan Chavez Garcia, Rene Gustavo Escalante Zelaya, Juan Manuel de Jesus Flores Cornejo, Carlos Alberto Garcia, Jorge Adalberto Josue Godoy, Karla Elena Hernandez Molina, Bonner

Francisco Jimenez Belloso, Audelia Guadalupe Lopez de Kleutgens, Rodolfo Antonio Martinez, Maria Otilia Matamoros de Hernandez, Jose Mario Mirasol Crystals, Misael Mejia Mejia, Jose Santos Melara Yanes, Jose Alfredo Mirón Ruiz, Cristina Esmeralda López, Ana Maria Gertrudis Ortiz Lemus, Lisseth Arely Palma

Figueroa, José Javier Palomo Nieto, Zoila Beatriz Quijada Solis, Nelson de Jesús Quintanilla Gómez, Milton Ricardo Ramírez Garay, Carlos Armando Reyes Ramos, Francisco Jose Rivera Chacon, Aquilino Rivera Posada, Sonia Margarita Rodriguez Siguenza, Alex Rolando Rosales Guevara, Alberto Armando Romero

Rodriguez, Jaime Orlando Sandoval, Marcos Francisco Salazar Umana, Karina Ivette Sosa, Victor Hugo Suazo Alvarez, Carlos Alfonso Tejada Ponce, Juan Alberto Valiente Alvarez, Donato Eugenio Vaquerano Rivas, Mauricio Ernesto Vargas Valdes and Paola Maria Zablah Siri.

DECRETA the following:



Art. 1. This Law is intended to promote the responsibility of persons to seek

the welfare, good care, management and control of pets; in addition, it will seek its comprehensive protection against any act of cruelty caused or allowed by people, directly or indirectly, to cause unnecessary suffering, injury or death.


Art. 2. This Law is intended to:

a) Generate a citizen culture that increases respect for life and good care for

animals, through education;

b) Encourage citizen participation in the adoption of

c) Velar for the health and welfare of


their proper

reproduction and control of zoonoses; and,

d) Prevent and eradicate all animals abuse and act of cruelty to pets,

avoiding unnecessary suffering.

Required Subjects

Art. 3. All natural or legal persons who maintain a permanent or occasional interrelationship with companion animals shall be required to comply with this Law.

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Art. 4.-For the purposes of this Law, it is understood by:

a) Abandoned animals: are all those of a company that roam the public road

without any identification about their origin or that of their owner; as well as with identification, is not denounced the loss by its owner. Also considered to be abandoned are those that are under human responsibility, lack of

basic care measures;

b) Company animals: dogs, cats, or other pets purchased for

company to its owner, holder or holder, who keeps them generally in their home and commonly referred to as "pets";

c) Animal welfare: state in which the animal has met its physiological needs, health and behavior;

d) Training Center: place where you are performs the modification of the animal's behavior, with the purpose of conditioning it for the performance of routines, for purposes of exhibition and entertainment; sports, for the safety of persons and goods, aid to the disabled or support police;

e) Animal Maltreatment: any action or omission deliberately performed by anyone who causes unnecessary suffering, pain, injury or death to an animal;

f) Animal protection: are the actions that the State and the society in general, which involve monitoring and guaranteeing the welfare of the animals, and prevention against

of mistreatment, unnecessary suffering and indiscriminate exploitation;

g) Rehabilitation: action to recover, health, physics, psychics and conductually to an

animal, which suffered some type of pathology or was a victim of mistreatment;

h) Unnecessary suffering: is any physical or psychological suffering caused to an

animal, which may have been reasonably avoided by means of an action or omission. It does not include suffering caused for the purpose of benefiting an animal or person in the immediate management of a situation; e,

i) Zoonosis: disease or infection that occurs in animals and is transmissible to people.

Entities Responsible for Enforcing the Law

Art. 5. -They shall have jurisdiction and the obligation to enforce this Law, within the scope of their legal privileges, the following entities:

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a) Municipalities;

b) Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock;

c) Ministry of Health; and,

d) Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources.

Functions of Responsible Entities

Art. 6.-The entities responsible for enforcing the Law will have the following functions:

a) Approve and coordinate the National Policy for the Protection and Promotion of the Welfare of

Company Animals; which will be the attribution of the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, and will require inter-institutional input according to areas of competence;

b) Manage cooperation funds to achieve the objectives of this Law and the implementation of the National Protection Policy and Promotion of Animal Welfare of the Company;

c) Grant permits for the operation of commercial establishments, hatcheries and service providers linked to the management, care, production, exhibition and sale of pet animals, which will be carried out by the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock,

Environment and Natural Resources; the Regulations of this Law will establish the requirements; the municipalities to grant their permits, must request that the permits have been previously granted by the institutions before

mentioned, who shall keep a record which shall be sent to the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, for a national database to be created;

d) To regulate the annual operation of natural or legal persons providing non-profit animal welfare and protection services, related to company, who after having complied with the requirements established in the

Regulations of this Law, will obtain the respective permits that will be granted by the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, Health and Environment and Natural Resources; municipalities to grant their permits, must request that they be

granted, previously, permits by the aforementioned institutions, who will carry a record which will be sent to the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, so that a national database is created;

e) Perform education, prevention and control programs for zoonoses, which will be carried out by the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, for which they will require

the cooperation of municipalities, public universities and private, and other educational institutions, being able to make Conventions for the granting of hours social; and,

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f) Receive complaints for non-compliance with this Law and sanction violations committed, which corresponds to the municipalities, through its delegate

municipal contravention or the official to whom you designate.

National Policy for the Protection and Promotion of the Welfare of Company Animals

Art. 7.-The National Policy for the Protection and Promotion of the Welfare of Animals of Company,

shall contain, among other guidelines:

a) The provisions of Article 2 concerning the purpose of this Law;

b) of this Act;

c) Conventions of cooperation or collaboration with foundations and associations of animal welfare and protection;

d) Establish a program of population control of companion animals; and,

e) companion animals.

Institutional Obligation

Art. 8. -All State institutions will be obliged to collaborate to the extent of their competencies, with the entities responsible for enforcing the Law.

Preventive Education

Art. 9. The Ministry of Education will have an obligation to include in the national curriculum the promotion of animal welfare, training educators in order to raise awareness among learners and the general population.

Protection and Promotion of the Welfare of Company Animals

Art. 10.-Create the National Committee for the Protection and Promotion of Animal Welfare of the Company, which will henceforth be called "The Committee", as an advisory body to the implementation of the present

Law. The Committee shall be composed of a delegate of the following institutions:

a) Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, who shall be the coordinator;

b) Ministry of Health;

c) Ministry of Education;

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d) Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources;

e) Corporation of Municipalities of the Republic of El Salvador (COMURES);

f) Associations of Veterinary Physicians, legally constituted;

g) Universities that have a career in veterinary medicine; and,

h) Foundations and Associations of Protection and Animal Welfare, legally constituted.

This Committee will meet with less twice a year, and when convened by the Minister of Agriculture and Livestock.

In the case of literals (f), (g) and (h) the Regulation of this Law shall define the process of convocation, election and appointment.

General Obligations

Art. 11.-They are obligations of all inhabitants in the territory of El Salvador:

a) Protecting domestic and pet animals, promoting their welfare, avoiding abuse, cruelty and unnecessary suffering, and providing them with help;

b) To report, to the competent authority, the animal abuse and any irregularities or violations of this Law; and,

c) Avoid and denounce the acts of zoophilia.

Obligations of the Responsible for Domestic and Company Animals

Art. 12.-Everyone responsible for a pet and pet animal is obliged to:

a) Do not cause ill treatment, cruelty or unnecessary suffering to your animals;

b) Keep the animal with welfare, in physical and sanitary conditions adequate, providing housing, food, water and shelter according to their species;

c) Do not abandon them;

d) Immunize it against diseases of zoonotic risk and protect it from diseases of its kind;

e) Carry the vaccination control through a primer or constancy;

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f) Seek control of the reproduction of your animals;

g) Identify your pet by means of a plate or other flag;

h) Reply for damages caused by the animal in a third party, whether in its

person or in his or her property, as well as other animals, unless the damage cannot be attributed at the fault of the owner or keeper of the animal's keeper or care;

i) Make an appropriate final disposal of dead pet animals, the procedure of which shall be established in the Regulation of this Law; and,

j) Other obligations laid down in this Law, other Laws, Regulations or Municipal Ordinance.

Access Restriction

Art. 13.-The access and permanence of pet animals within the premises for the production, manufacture and distribution of food or products related to human health is prohibited.

establishments, including restaurants, and government offices, may be reserved, on a discretionary basis, the admission of pet animals within, in the event of non-admission, showing a visible distinctive on the outside of the facilities.

Company animals that assist persons with disabilities and must be accompanied by such animals, have access to the places mentioned in the previous paragraph, and must carry

their respective flag.

Prohibition of Dog Pelts

Art. 14.-It is forbidden to promote or perform shows that include fights between dogs.

Dog Rehabilitation

Art. 15.-Dogs with socialization problems should walk with muzzle, tether or breast suitable for their physical characteristics.

If a dog presents aggressive behavior, the dog responsible will have the option to receive the necessary veterinary and/or rehabilitation medical care.

In cases where the dog has caused aggressive behavior damage, it must be evaluated by a Veterinary Doctor. If after the evaluation the dog is declared rehabilitable, its owner will have the option of financing his/her rehabilitation; in case of being declared non-rehabilitable he will be able to apply the humanitarian sacrifice.

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Minimum Conditions for Company Animal Transfer

Art. 16.-Without prejudice to compliance with other national rules, the movement of pet animals shall be carried out at least in vehicles which protect them from weathering, with sufficient ventilation, and procedures shall be used at all times for avoid: cruelty, ill-treatment, fatigue

extreme and lack of rest. Water and food must also be ensured for the animals transported and sanitary sanitary conditions.

When the movement of animals is carried out in the back of pick ups or other vehicle with open box, in addition, must be properly protected and secured.

Hosts or Shelters

Art. 17.-The shelters or shelters will have the necessary guidance and supervision on the part of the State, in order to fulfill its social function, for which in the National Policy of Protection and Promotion of Animal Welfare of Company and in the Regulation of this Law, will be established

the control and monitoring of the same; in this sense they will be able to carry out mainly the following actions:

a) Fungir as a refuge for those animals that lack of owner or possessor;

assisting them in their food and care;

b) Offering in adoption to animals they are in good health, which

will be regulated through the Regulation of this Law;

c) Spread by the appropriate means of communication, information to the population on the good

deal to be saved towards the animals, and raise awareness of the decision that involves acquiring an animal and its social consequences; and,

d) structuring dog rehabilitation programs.

Training Centers

Art. 18.-Training centres must comply with the provisions of this Law,

and for their operation they must have the respective authorizations. These centers must have accredited staff for the professional exercise, and they will carry a record book where the identification data of the companion animals and their owners, as well as the type of training

of each animal.

These centers will base their work on the use of techniques that facilitate the coexistence and good

performance of companion animals in different social settings, using appropriate and grounded methods in the knowledge of ethology and veterinary medicine, which do not involve unnecessary physical abuse, or damage psychological.

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Training or Demonstration

Art. 19.-The training or demonstration of companion animals shall be carried out as follows:

a) The owners of animals wishing to train them must do so in approved centres or places;

b) For demonstration or (c) The use of live dams, in the case of defense training,

be prohibited.

Hospedages and Guardries

Art. 20.-In the buildings in which any hosting service activity is developed or

pet nursery, in addition to complying with the provisions of this Law, they must have:

a) Food, conditions appropriate, adequate care and facilities

according to the size of the animal, avoiding overcrowding, in which it can be several days in comfort;

b) Jaulas, with ample space and places where the animals can have spread outside of them;

c) Appropriate care to ensure their protection and welfare;

d) A Veterinary Doctor who permanently monitors animals;

e) Immediately provide veterinary medical care in case an animal is injured or sick, in addition to giving notice to the owner, moving it if necessary to

where it is given specialized care; and,

f) The owner and staff of the animal host or nursery are responsible for the

custody, in the event that their flight, injury or death is adjudicated. to these.

Company Animal Business Activity Registration and Authorization

Art. 21.-The holding and breeding of pet animals for commercial purposes of any kind

inside the rooms, is conditioned to sanitary sanitary capacities, accommodation, the absence of health risks and the lack of hazards or inconvenience to other people.

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Any natural or legal person engaged in breeding, selling, hosting, childcare, and Company animal training centers, it is required to have the corresponding authorizations

in accordance with the provisions of this Law and its Regulations, and to avail itself of the most appropriate procedures and to dispose of all the means necessary to ensure that the animals maintain a welfare state.


Art. 22.-Who establishes a center for the breeding of pet animals will be obliged to follow the following:

a) To care that the animals are born, grow, live, feed, reproduce and develop in a suitable environment, clean, healthy, without overcrowding and without mistreatment;

b) Procurating the welfare and basic conditions for the animal's life as food, water, conducive environment, veterinary care, prevention and treatment of diseases;


c) Schedule the (a) the conditions for the use of the species in question, in accordance with the conditions laid down in Article 1 (1); females recover appropriately, avoiding the

massive exploitation and/or reproduction of these.

The Regulation of this Law will develop the authorization, supervision, inspection, period

of reproduction, marketing and other obligations regarding these hatcheries.

Company Animal Experimentation or Research

Art. 23.-Scientific experiments or research carried out with animals of

company, must have an appropriate protocol and will be performed using procedures where pain, unnecessary suffering or harm is avoided. permanent to the animal. This will require prior authorization from the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, provided that such acts are

essential for the study and advancement of science, when the following is present:

a) experimental cannot be obtained by other procedures or


b) That experiences are necessary for the control, prevention, diagnosis, or

treatment of diseases that affect people or animal; and,

c) That experiments cannot be replaced by tissue culture, models

computerized, drawings, films, photographs, videos or other similar procedures.

The practices of vivisection in basic and middle school levels are expressly prohibited; for teaching and teaching purposes, Methods should be used

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alternatives, such as: schemas, computer instruments, three-dimensional models, simulators, videos, photographs among other electronic media.

Company Animal Humanitarian Sacrifice

Art. 24. The slaughter of pet animals may only be carried out by reason of suffering suffering, or animals that constitute a threat to public health.

The humanitarian slaughter of animals shall be carried out under the control of the animals. of a veterinarian in the office, clinic or veterinary hospital, or at the holder's address, and preferably the method authorized for

performing it is intravenous injection; other methods that do not generate may also be used. suffering for the animal, which shall be proposed by the Committee for approval in the Regulation of this Law. Exceptionally, due to the suffering of the animal and in the absence of a

Veterinarian, the humanitarian sacrifice may also be applied. The sacrifice shall be carried out, preferably, in appropriate premises using methods which cause immediate loss of consciousness and which do not involve suffering according to the Regulation of this Law.

In the case of animals The Ministry of Health will be able to directly carry out the slaughter of these animals with the collaboration of the municipalities.

Type of Infrastructures

Art. 25.-The actions and omissions of this Law, classified as minor, serious and very serious, shall be considered to be administrative violations.

Mild Violations

Art. 26.-They are minor infractions:

a) That the owner allows his dog to be on the public road of the urban areas without identification.

b) The street purchase and sale of pet animals, or in unauthorized establishments;

(c) Not to inform the competent authorities or the collaborating animal protection organisations, the existence of a pet animal in need of aid;

d) To keep the pet animal under physical conditions not appropriate; and not to provide accommodation and shelter according to your species;

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e) Non-presentation of the booklet with the updated vaccination record, when it is is requested by the competent authority; and,

f) The omission by the person responsible for the pet animal, to be taken by the animal for the necessary veterinary medical attention.

Serious infractions

Art. 27.-These are serious violations:

a) Unnecessary mistreatment or suffering of pets causing pain or non-invalidating injuries;

b) Keeping a pet animal in unsuitable spaces where it cannot develop their motor functions;

c) Transporting pet animals inappropriately, in accordance with the provisions of this Law;

d) Failure to maintain pet animals in good hygienic-sanitary conditions;

e) Sale of dogs and cats with less than 45 days of birth; and,

f) Evadir vaccination of animals of the the company provided by the competent authority, provided that it has not been carried out by private means, which must be stated in the respective vaccination card.

Very Serious Infrastructures

Art. 28.-They are very serious infractions:

a) The lack of books for the registration of entry and exit of pets, and the failure to present such books when the responsible entities require them, by breeding grounds, shelters, hostels, hosts and animal training centres;

b) The unnecessary abuse or suffering of pets that cause them to be disabled

or death;

c) Abandonment of pet animals within a real estate or on the public road;

d) The slaughter of pet animals that are in breach of the conditions or requirements set forth by this Act;

e) Not to facilitate water and food companion animals;

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f) Failure to comply with Article 14 of this Law, relating to the rehabilitation of dogs;

g) Imasking the competent authority to have access to the facilities of the establishments provided for in this Law, as well as not to provide the information

of the documentation require or supply such information inaccurately;

h) Supply intentionally food or medicinal products containing substances which may cause, in pet animals, unnecessary suffering or death;

i) The conduct of prohibited scientific experiments or procedures in accordance with the provided in this Law;

j) Abandonment of dead pet animals or their inadequate final health provision;

k) Failure to comply with Article 22 of this Law concerning the


l) Leaving pets to be abandoned inside the establishments that are dedicated to their buying and selling, locked up for more than 8 hours, without food, water, access

to light, adequate temperature, and veterinary care;

m) Intervening company animals surgically without anesthesia and without owning the title of

medicine duly registered veterinarian at the Veterinary Medical Surveillance Board, except in case of duly substantiated urgency; and,

n) Promote or perform spectacles that include dogfighting.


Art. 29.-The applicable penalties for infringement of the precepts contained in this Law,

without prejudice to the legal actions that the complainant considers relevant, shall be as follows:

a) The minor infractions shall be sanctioned with fine up to a minimum wage of the sector

trade and service;

b) Serious infractions will be sanctioned with a fine of one to three

minimum wages in the trade and service sector; and,

c) Very serious infractions will be sanctioned with fine from three to

four wages Trade and service sector minimums.

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Accessories Sanctions

Art. 30.-The following ancillary sanctions may be adopted:

a) Prohibition of purchase or holding of pet animals for five years, for the very


b) Temporary or definitive closure of trade establishments of pet animals,

hatcheries, hosts, training centres and nurseries, for the recidivism of very serious infractions; and,

c) Temporary or permanent closure of shelters or shelters, for the recidivism of very serious infractions

In case of temporary or permanent closure of shelters or shelters, the This Law will establish the procedure to be performed to maintain the welfare, good care, management and control of the animals.

Graduation in the Application of Sanctions

Art. 31.-The competent authority shall impose the penalties according to the following criteria of graduality:

a) The seriousness of the infringement;

b) The existence of intentionality; and,

c) The nature of the damages caused.

Competition and Faculty Santioner

Art. 32. Competition for the enforcement and punishment of violations is entrusted to the municipalities.

Initiation of the Administrative Administrative Process

Art. 33.-The administrative sanctioning procedure shall start ex officio, as well as by means of verbal denunciation, written or by any technological means, before the corresponding municipality, which shall be forwarded to the delegate Municipal or official to designate within

of the term of seventy-two hours.

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Art. 34. Failure to comply with the rules contained in this Law shall be dealt with in accordance with the administrative penalty procedure governed by the appropriate Municipal Ordinance.

Provisional Measures

Art. 35.-Initiate of the sanctioning procedure, the investigating administrative authority may adopt, on the basis of reasons, as a provisional measure, the temporary rescue of the animals of the company for the very serious infringements; Municipalities will be able to sign agreements with the


Foundations and Associations of Animal Protection and Welfare, with the aim of ensuring that they protect and guarantee the protection and welfare of these animals.


Art. 36.-For the purposes of this Law, the animals used in jaripeos, palenques, competitions and judging of livestock, equestrian competitions and horse shows shall be excluded; beauty and/or structure competence; obedience, work and agility canine, of specimens inscribed in the books of origin of each of their races; it will be possible to make the aesthetic modification in

dogs which must be done by a Veterinary Doctor. Likewise, animals destined for production for human consumption.

Judicial Order

Art. 37.-When there is a complaint, or of its own initiative, that in a real estate abuse, cruelty, abandonment or any form of harm to the animals is being committed, and its owners are not in such buildings or will not let the National Police Civil or the Body of Municipal Agents of the

municipalities will comply with the provisions of this Law, the latter will ask the Peace Court of the locality or Court of Turn, a court order to enter the property and give it compliance with the provisions of this Law, for which the Court to which the request is requested, will have a time

of 24 hours to issue that order.


Art. 38.-The President of the Republic shall issue the necessary Regulations of this Law,

within a period not greater than ninety days, counted from the validity of this Law.


Art. 39. This Law shall enter into force sixty days after its publication in the Official Journal.

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GIVEN IN THE BLUE HALL OF THE LEGISLATIVE PALACE: San Salvador, 7 days a month April of the year two thousand sixteen.









CASA PRESIDENTIAL: San Salvador, at the twenty-nine days of the month of April of the year two thousand sixteen.

PUBESLOSE, Salvador Sánchez Cerén,

President of the Republic.

Elvia Violeta Menjívar Escalante,

Minister of Health.

D. O. N ° 82 Took N ° 411

Date: May 4, 2016

SP/adar 26-05-2016

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