Notice On The Curriculum For Driver Training For Big Truck (Category C)

Original Language Title: Bekendtgørelse om undervisningsplan for køreuddannelsen til stor lastbil (kategori C)

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Overview (table of contents)



Annex 1











Annex 2











Annex 3











Annex 4











Annex 5











Annex 6











Annex 7











Annex 8











Annex 9











Annex 10











Annex 11











Annex 12









The full text of the ordonnance on curriculum for driver training for big truck (category C) 1)

Under section 56, paragraph 5, section 64 (5) of the highway code, see. lovbekendtgørelse nr. 1386 by 11. December 2013, shall be established under the authority pursuant to section 134 (b): § 1. Teaching students with a view to the acquisition of a driving licence for category C shall be carried out in accordance with the curriculum of driver education to big truck (category C), which is annexed to this order.

§ 2. The notice shall enter into force on the 1. January 2015.

(2). At the same time repealed Executive Order No. 341 of 1. May 2009 about curriculum for driver training for truck (category C).

(3). Students who have begun driving training before the 1. January 2015, be able to complete the training and driving test after the previously applicable rules until the end of February 2015.

The national police, the 28. November 2014 Jens Henrik Højbjerg/Svend Larsen



Annex 1 table of contents 0.





INTRODUCTION





 



0.1





Systematics in the curriculum





 



0.2





Proficiency requirements apply





 





1.





THE TRUCK'S INTERIOR DESIGN, EQUIPMENT AND DOCUMENTS





 



1.1





The steering mechanism





 

 



1.1.1





The steering function, etc.





 



1.2





Brakes





 

 



1.2.1





Service brakes





 

 



1.2.2





Emergency brake





 

 



1.2.3





Parking brakes





 

 



1.2.4





Supplementary brakes





 

 



1.2.5





Control of brakes





 

 



1.2.6





Moreover, statutory provisions on brakes





 



1.3





Electric installations, lights, reflectors, horn, etc.





 

 



1.3.1





El-facility function





 



1.4





Load-bearing parts





 

 



1.4.1





Supporting shared function, etc.





 



1.5





Engine, transmission and energy-and environmentally friendly driving





 

 



1.5.1





The engine and the transmission function, as well as energy-and environmentally friendly driving





 



1.6





Bodywork and structure





 

 



1.6.1





Bodywork, building and its fastening





 



1.7





Interior fittings, vision and special equipment





 

 



1.7.1





Panes, mirrors, vision, etc.





 



1.8





Recording equipment (tachograph)





 

 



1.8.1





Recording equipment (tachograph) function





 



1.9





The truck's documents





 

 



1.9.1





Registration certificate





 



1.10





Special vehicles





 

 



1.10.1





Block carts, etc.





 



1.11





The truck's control equipment





 

 



1.11.1





Control equipment





 



1.12





Preventive maintenance and necessary repairs





 

 



1.12.1





Maintenance, etc.





 

 

 

 





2.





INTRODUCTORY EXERCISES ON THE WAY





 



2.1





Preparation for running





 

 



2.1.1





Inspection, adjustment, etc.





 



2.2





Lorry mirrors





 

 



2.2.1





Special conditions





 

 



2.2.2





Adjustment of mirrors





 


 



2.2.3





The use of mirrors





 



2.3





Starting and stopping at the road edge





 

 



2.3.1





Start, gear control, starting and braking





 



2.4





Right turn on corners





 

 



2.4.1





Skills by oscillation





 



2.5





Reversing with målbremsning





 

 



2.5.1





Orientation and assessment of the truck's length





 

 

 

 





3.





VEHICLE MANEUVERABILITY





 



3.1





Maneuverability, etc.





 

 



3.1.1





Generally about different vehicle maneuverability, etc.





 

 

 

 





4.





ROAD USER BEHAVIOUR





 



4.1





Road user behaviour, etc.





 

 



4.1.1





Perception, reaction, vision, health, other road users and the behaviour and attitudes, etc.





 

 

 

 





5.





ROAD CONDITIONS





 



5.1





Road conditions, etc.





 

 



5.1.1





Risk factors and road safety design, etc.





 

 

 

 





6.





BASIC RULES FOR DRIVING WITH TRUCKS, INCLUDING DIMENSIONS, WEIGHT AND LOADING





 



6.1





Instructions for traffic





 

 



6.1.1





Road Traffic Act's validity





 

 



6.1.2





Instructions for batch job





 

 



6.1.3





Licence categories and entitlements





 



6.2





Dimensions, people and goods as well as special conditions, etc.





 

 



6.2.1





Heavy goods vehicles width





 

 



6.2.2





Length of heavy goods vehicles





 

 



6.2.3





Height of heavy goods vehicles





 

 



6.2.4





The weight of heavy goods vehicles





 

 



6.2.5





People and goods





 

 



6.2.6





Signs, hand signals and use of light





 

 



6.2.7





Motor stop and plates etc.





 

 



6.2.8





Road traffic accident





 

 



6.2.9





Insurance obligation





 

 



6.2.10





The supply of the vehicle to other





 



6.3





Driving times and rest periods, as well as the use of recording equipment





 

 



6.3.1





Driving and rest rules





 

 



6.3.2





The use of recording equipment





 



6.4





Freight transport, etc.





 

 



6.4.1





Street maps





 

 



6.4.2





Road haulage for hire or reward and corporate drive





 



6.5





Additional training





 

 



6.5.1





Evidence of formal qualifications, etc.





 

 

 

 





7.





EXTENDED EXERCISES ON THE WAY





 



Exercise 1:





 



7.1





Starting and stopping at the road edge





 

 



7.1.1





Knowledge of accidents





 

 



7.1.2






Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.1.3





Orienteering skills





 



7.2





Location under gears





 

 



7.2.1





Knowledge of accidents





 

 



7.2.2





Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.2.3-7.2.4





Guidance and maneuvering skills





 



7.3





Speed gears





 

 



7.3.1





Knowledge of accidents





 

 



7.3.2





Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.3.3-7.3.4





Guidance and maneuvering skills





 

 



7.3.5





Legal provisions, moreover,





 



7.4





Changing lanes and merge





 

 



7.4.1





Knowledge of accidents





 

 



7.4.2





Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.4.3-7.4.4





Guidance and maneuvering skills





 



7.5





Flipping and reversing





 

 



7.5.2





Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.5.3 7.5.4-





Guidance and maneuvering skills





 



7.13





Right turn at the intersection (roads)





 

 



7.13.1





Knowledge of accidents





 

 



7.13.2





Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.13.3





Orienteering skills





 

 



7.13.4





Maneuver skills





 



7.14





Left turn at the intersection (roads)





 

 



7.14.1





Knowledge of accidents





 

 



7.14.2





Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.14.3





Orienteering skills





 

 



7.14.4





Maneuver skills





 

 

 

 



 



Exercise 2:





 



7.6





Drive past the stationary vehicles, cutting, etc.





 

 



7.6.1





Knowledge of accidents





 

 



7.6.2





Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.6.3-7.5.4





Guidance and maneuvering skills





 



7.7





Meeting



 



 

 



7.7.1





Knowledge of accidents





 

 



7.7.2





Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.7.3





Orienteering skills





 

 



7.7.4





Maneuver skills





 

 



7.7.5





Legal provisions, moreover,





 



7.8





Drive before or after other





 

 



7.8.1





Knowledge of accidents





 

 



7.8.2





Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.8.3





Orienteering skills





 

 



7.8.4





Maneuver skills





 



7.11





Forward drive against cross-





 

 



7.11.1





Knowledge of accidents





 

 




7.11.2





Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.11.3-7.11.4





Guidance and maneuvering skills





 



7.12





Gears in cross-





 

 



7.12.1





Knowledge of accidents





 

 



7.12.2





Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.12.3-7.12.4





Guidance and maneuvering skills





 



7.13





Right turn in cross-





 



7.14





Left turns in cross-





 



7.15





Drive in roundabout





 

 



7.15.1





Knowledge of accidents





 

 



7.15.2





Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.15.3





Orienteering skills





 

 



7.15.4





Maneuver skills





 

 

 

 



 



Exercise 3:





 



7.2





Location under gears





 



7.3





Speed gears





 

 



7.3.2





Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.3.3





Orienteering skills





 

 



7.3.4





Maneuver skills





 



7.6





Drive past the stationary vehicles, cutting, etc.





 



7.7





Meeting





 



7.8





Drive before or after other





 



7.9





Overtaking





 

 



7.9.1





Knowledge of accidents





 

 



7.9.2





Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.9.3





Orienteering skills





 

 



7.9.4-9.9.5





Manoeuvring skills and legal provisions, moreover,





 

 

 

 



 



Exercise 4





 



7.16





Drive on Highway





 

 



7.16.1





Knowledge of accidents





 

 



7.16.2





Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.16.3-7.16.4





Guidance and maneuvering skills





 

 



7.16.5





Legal provisions, moreover,





 

 

 

 



 



Exercise 5





 



7.11





Forward drive against cross-





 



7.12





Gears in cross-





 



7.13





Right turn in cross-





 



7.14





Left turns in cross-





 



7.15





Drive in roundabout





 



7.17





Drive next to the other





 

 



7.17.1





Knowledge of accidents





 

 



7.17.2-7.17.4





Knowledge of risk factors, guidance and maneuvering skills





 

 

 

 



 



Exercise 6





 



7.18





Stopping and parking





 

 



7.18.1-7.18.2





Knowledge of accidents and risk factors





 

 



7.18.3





Orienteering skills





 

 



7.18.4





Maneuver skills





 


 



7.18.5





Legal provisions, moreover,





 

 

 

 



 



Exercise 7





 



7.19





Driving in the dark and in the lamp ignition time, moreover,





 

 



7.19.1





Knowledge of accidents





 

 



7.19.2





Knowledge of risk factors





 

 



7.19.3-7.19.5





Orientation and maneuver skills as well as legislative provisions, moreover,





 



7.20





Driving in tunnel





 

 



7.20.2-7.20.4





Knowledge of risk factors, as well as guidance and maneuvering skills





 

 

 

 





8.





SPECIAL RISK FACTORS IN TRAFFIC





 



8.1





Specific risk factors, etc.





 

 



8.1.1





Alcohol awareness influence substances, high speed and failure to wear a seat belt





 



8.2





Their own attitudes and behaviour





 

 



8.2.1





Attention, behaviour towards other and own driving skills





 

 

 

 





9.





MANEUVERS ON THE TECHNICAL INSTALLATIONS





 



9.1





Grip and loading





 

 



9.1.1





Vejgrebets importance





 

 



9.1.2





Loading, tire pressure, etc.





 



9.2





Speed, centrifugal force, braking distance and vejgrebets utilization





 

 



9.2.1





Reduced energy and speed





 

 



9.2.2





Centrifugal force





 

 



9.2.3





Braking distance





 

 



9.2.4





Vejgrebets utilization





 



9.3





Obstacles on the road





 

 



9.3.1





Slalom





 

 



9.3.2





Double Dodge maneuver without braking





 

 



9.3.3





Combined braking and evasive action





 



9.4





Recover from the effects of grip after skidding





 

 



9.4.1





Drive in curve





 

 



9.4.2





Rear skid





 

 



9.4.3





Front wheel skid





 

 



9.4.4





Manøvrernes implementation





 

 

 

 





10.





PREPARATION FOR DRIVING TEST





 



10.1





Conditions for obtaining a driving licence





 

 



10.1.1





Driving instruction





 

 



10.1.2





Setting for driving test





 



10.2





Run the sample implementation





 

 



10.2.1





Requirements for the driving test





 

 



10.2.2





Theory test





 

 



10.2.3





The practical test





 



10.3





Moreover, statutory provisions on driving licences





 

 



10.3.1





The validity of driving licences





 

 



10.3.2





Withdrawal and recovery of driving licence













Annex 2 0. INTRODUCTION

The overall objective of driver training for category C is: 1) to give students an insight into and understanding of the hazards, risks and difficulties, the drivers of the trucks as meetings in traffic, as well as give them knowledge about the traffic rules and other legal provisions, that are important in this context, 2) to give students such knowledge about the truck and its control, that they can see encountered lack of concern for safety and the environment ,


3) to give the students skill in judging traffic critical and lead the truck without danger to himself and others and 4) to give the students knowledge of and skill in energy-and environmentally friendly driving, taking into account safe driving.

0.1 Systematics in the curriculum

Driver training for category C must also be perceived as a superstructure on driver training for category b. category C must therefore be teaching to begin only when the foundations are in order, IE. When the student has acquired a driving licence for category b. the instructor tells the must, however, by repetition of learning the substance for category (B) ensure that the pupil remains in possession of the fundamental knowledge and skills to the extent that they affect driving by truck, as evidenced by the comments on milestones.

This curriculum contains a detailed specification of training objectives divided into main sections and subsections.

Each main section begins with a brief description of the purpose of education. Then follows a breakdown in subsections indicating the main objectives and detailed milestones. Milestones represent the actual guidelines for teaching as well as assessment by the driving test, since they further clarifies what the student should know and be able to after finishing teaching. For each sub-target is associated with performance requirements.

In the driver training and driving test is used by the following performance requirements: 1) be familiar with; in other words, the pupil must be as informed about a topic, that it is not unknown for eleven, or that it can support and facilitate the understanding of a subsequently more targeted and more thorough instruction, 2) designate; This means that in practice the student must be able to locate certain vehicle parts including control equipment, 3) read and understand the meaning of; This means that in practice, the student must be able to use instruments and optical in the vehicle, understand the meaning of these and respond as necessary, 4) control; in other words, the pupil without the use of tools in practice must be able to examine and consider whether the requirements set out in the relevant control section to the vehicle are fulfilled, including could explain how checks are carried out, 5) specify the reasons, content or importance of; This means that the learner should be able to find the correct answer among several possible on issues concerning road markings, the contents of a statutory provision and the like, as well as other matters of major importance, 6) Master Guide and manoeuvring skills and other skills; This means that the student must be able to orient themselves in practice, critical, deal with vehicle control equipment properly, perform maneuvers flawlessly as well as perform other skills correctly, 7) perceive and judge; This means that the student must be able to observe certain conditions in a traffic situation or on images, understand the importance of the relationship, and how to react on this or find the correct answer among several possible on the question of the relevant facts, 8) recognize; This means that in practice, the student must be able to recognize the importance of instructions of the traffic and observe the significance of these, 9) react appropriately; This means that the student must be able to implement in practice the vehicle and change the speed, location or direction in accordance with the rules of the road, for reasons of safety and traffic flow, 10) exercise gain experience about; in other words, the pupil while driving alone in a vehicle driving technical facilities will have the opportunity to observe the reactions of the vehicle while performing certain maneuvers, 11) obtain any skill in; in other words, the pupil while driving alone in the vehicle on the technical plant must be able to operate the vehicle properly, without the maneuver as a whole required flawlessly executed and 12) at the exercise acquire skill in; in other words, the pupil while driving alone in the vehicle on the technical plant must be able to perform maneuvers correctly.

In delmåls performance requirements can be combined or used descriptors in part. E.g. is there in the performance requirement» recognize and specify the meaning of ' used descriptions from two performance requirements.

At the theory test to be eleven out of situations on the photos could indicate the importance of the ' fx ' road markings by finding the correct answer among several possible. Performance requirement ' specify reasons for content or importance of ' is used at the theory test.

By the practical test, eleven in a traffic situation could ' recognize ' e.g., road markings and observe the significance of these. Performance requirement ' recognize ' used for the practical test.

There are about målbeskrivelserne not distinguish sharply between theoretical and practical teaching. This is because the consideration of that theoretical and practical teaching should be integrated as far as possible, and that therefore the instructor tells made more freely in the choice of teaching method and learning situation.

A sharp distinction between theory and practice is also less useful, since a lot of practical instruction, IE. the teaching of practical skills can be learned in a theory, very good room with the appropriate assistive devices, and part theory classes, IE. teaching in theoretical issues could usefully be imparted during practical exercises in the traffic.

0.2 Performance requirements apply

In theoretical instruction used the following performance requirements: 1) have knowledge of, 2) specify the reasons, content or importance of and 3) perceive and judge.

In the practical training used the following performance requirements: 4) appoint, 5) read and understand the importance of 6) check, 7) Master Guide and maneuver skills and other skills, 8) perceive and judge 9) recognize, 10) react appropriately, 11) by exercise gain experience about 12) obtain any skill in and 13) at the exercise acquire skill in.

At the theory test is used the following performance requirements: 14) indicate the reasons for, or importance of content and 15) perceiving and judging.

By the practical test use the following performance standards: 16) designate, 18, 17) check) read and understand the significance of, 19) Master Guide and manoeuvring skills and other skills, 20) perceive and judge, 21) 22) recognize and react appropriately.

About the detailed planning and implementation of teaching, including choice of assistive devices, please refer to the teacher's Guide to learning plan.

Practice (i.e. introductory exercises en route, extended exercises on the road and exercises on driving technical facilities) as well as the practical test for category C shall be carried out in a truck, which meets the requirements for a truck, category C, as indicated in the licence notice with relevant supporting documents.

About the arrangements made for the driving test referred to licence notice with relevant supporting documents.



Annex 3 1. THE TRUCK'S INTERIOR DESIGN, EQUIPMENT AND DOCUMENTS

The purpose of education is to give the student knowledge about such a truck's interior design, equipment and documents, as well as such understanding of the truck's features, that it facilitates the learning of correct and gentle treatment of the truck and a safe execution of the different maneuvers.

The teaching is also aimed to make the student familiar with the main legal provisions on the truck's equipment, so that the student can observe and take a stand for missing or errors that have a bearing on road safety. The student must also have such an understanding of the signs of deficiencies, which reveals itself through the truck's control systems, functions and reactions, that the student can decide whether the ongoing or planned drive is valid and sound.

It should also be emphasized in teaching that the targets set out in the procedures for the inspection and testing of the truck's equipment is not exhaustive or comprehensive for all kinds of systems, and that the learner must be aware of the constant changes of the truck's interior design as well as the legal provisions.

Teaching should give students such knowledge about the truck and its control, that they may establish conditions of importance for safety and the environment.

Teaching has finally designed to make the student aware of legal provisions on the most important administrative documents in connection with the truck's operation.

1.1 the steering mechanism

Main objectives

The pupil should learn about the steering function and signs of errors that have a bearing on road safety.

The student must also be able to determine whether the statutory requirements for the steering mechanism are met as well as the main legal provisions on the steering mechanism could.

Milestones

1.1.1 steering function, etc.

The student must be familiar with the following features: 1) the Steering works, in principle, on the way to a twist on the steering wheel is transmitted to the front wheels through the steering column, wheelhouse, control lever, control balls, steering rods, swing arms and front spindles.

2) Ratdrejningens the influence of the front wheels is enhanced by supplementing the steering mechanism with a servoapparat.

3) Oil pressure in the servoapparatet generated by a hydraulic pump (servopumpe), powered by the truck's engine. Power steering assistance can thus only be achieved with started engine.

4) malfunctioning of servoapparatet truck can be controlled with the steering mechanism alone, but the management will be so heavy that continue driving is dangerous and illegal.

5) Any straps for the hydraulic pump should be excited after the motor manufacturer's instructions.

6) Newer trucks can be equipped with an electronic stability control (ESC), which can reduce the risk of rollover and to skid by using afbremsning of one or more wheels.

Control of the Steering

The student must on a fun-filled truck be able to check whether the following conditions by the steering mechanism are met:


7) Fluid level in a servobeholder must follow motor manufacturer's precept. This is verified either know that the fluid level is between the min. and max. mark, or know that the indicator is not lit.

8) play of the steering is controlled by the wheels immediately follows the steering movements. Possibly permissible play of the steering is demonstrated by the motor manufacturer's instructions (check shall be carried out with started engine).

9) Tubes and hose connections must be tight in servo system, judged on readily available parts (check shall be carried out with started engine).

The learner must drive be able to check whether the following conditions by the steering mechanism are met: 10) when running at low speed to the wheel could easily turn from limit position to the limit position without meeting abnormal resistance in the steering mechanism or elicit murmurs.

11) the truck must not pull to the sides during the gears on the smooth road.

12) There must not be noise from wheel bearings, blow in the steering wheel or shaking in the front wheel and steering wheel.

Signs of errors in steering

The student must be able to specify reasons for the following signs of faults in the steering mechanism and designate where errors may occur: 13) play of the steering can be signs of looseness in the Steering linkages, the wheelhouse is loose on the chassis or on veils in front wheel bearings or suspension.

14) Less veils can be allowed in control balls, in the wheelhouse and-when the engine is stopped-in the wheelhouse with power steering.

15) Noise in steering power steering may be due to lack of oil in the servo system.

16) Great or offensive resistance in the Steering with power steering by oscillation can, among other things, due to lack of oil, faulty power steering, including servopumpe.

17) Uneven/crooked tire wear can be signs of incorrect setting of the steering mechanism.

Moreover, statutory provisions on the Steering

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions: 18) the steering mechanism shall be so arranged that the truck can be controlled easily, safely and quickly.

19) Significantly veils in the steering mechanism as a whole or in its individual parts must not occur.

1.2 Brakes

Main objectives

The student must learn about the transmission function and for signs of bugs that have a bearing on road safety.

The student must also be able to determine whether the statutory requirements for brakes are fulfilled as well as the main legal provisions on the brakes could.

Milestones

1.2.1 Operating brakes

The student must have knowledge of the following Division and arrangement of compressed air braking systems as well as the individual shared behavior: Supply Circuit provides compressed air to the brake circuit and consists of the following parts: 1) the compressor, which sucks air from the surroundings through a filter that compresses the air and thereby build pressure in the supply circuit. The compressor is powered by the truck's engine.

2) pressure regulator, which regulates air pressure automatically in the supply circuit so that it is kept within the prescribed limits.

3) Frost protection system or lufttørre system to prevent ice formation in compressed air plant during the winter season, as icing will otherwise could lead to brake failure. This can be avoided by adding antifreeze to the air (frost protection pump) or dry air before it headed to the compressed air reservoir (lufttørre plants).

4) compressed-air reservoir that stores the compressed air and must be bottled for condensation water, possibly automatically. On lufttørre plant can drain option be omitted.

5) Alarm device that makes the driver aware of too low air pressure. The device can be replaced or supplemented with pressure gauge that displays the air pressure in the supply circuit and possibly also in the brake circuit.

6) pressure security valve (multiple-circuit protective valve) that in the event of leaks intended to ensure a certain level of air pressure in the supply circuit.

7) tubes, pipes and hoses that connect the individual parts in the supply circuit.

Brake circuit is the part of the braking system, which put under pressure when the brake pedal is activated. Brake circuit consists of the following parts: 8) the brake pedal, there by control regulates the pressure of the supply circuit of the braking circuit. This pressure (brake pressure) determines how sharply braking.

9) Brake actuators, that affect the wheel brakes when braking pressure to the brake circuit is headed. On compressed air-hydraulic brake plant, it is a hydraulic wheel cylinder, that affect the wheel brakes.

10) braking force regulator (ALB-valve), which regulates brake pressure compared to the truck's load. By trucks with mechanical suspension is ALB-valve mounted on the chassis frame and is in mechanical connection with the wheel shaft. The distance between the chassis frame and axle regulates the braking pressure, ALB-valve control out. By trucks with air suspension adjusted ALB-valve of pressure in the air bellows. If the braking system is equipped with anti-lock brakes, will in some cases not available brake force regulator.

11) tubes, pipes and hoses that connect the individual parts of the braking circuit.

12) wheel brake, which reduces wheel rotation, that a set of brake pressed against a brake drum, trays or brake pads pressed against a brake disc, brake when the membrane is affected by the pressure in the brake circuit. Wheel brake is equipped with an adjustment device, whereby the distance between the brake hills (brake pads) and brake drum (brake disc) can be adjusted, as the brake lining wear. The adjustment can be done manually or automatically.

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following types of compressed-air braking systems and their special device and operation: 13) compressed air-mechanical brakes, where the brake pedal affects a brake valve, which regulates the air supply to the brake circuit and where the power of the brake membrane mechanically transferred to the wheel brakes normally via a brake.

  In the absence of compressed air brakes will be without effect.

14) pneumatic-hydraulic brakes, where the brake pedal affects a brake valve, which regulates the air pressure to a transformer. The transformer converts air pressure into a hydraulic line pressure know that a compressed air cylinder affects a hydraulic master cylinder, who heads the hydraulic pressure on to the wheel brakes.

  In the absence of compressed air brakes will be without effect.

The braking system may be a combination of pneumatic-mechanical and pneumatic-hydraulic brakes.

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following conditions: 15) Device and effect of anti-lock brakes (ABS-braking system). All types of brake system can be constructed as the ABS brake system.

16) ABS brake system is arranged so that each wheel is placed sensors, by means of a tooth wreath detects wheel rotation. The sensors send signals on each reel rotation to an electronic control box. If one or more wheels under braking tend to block, will the electronic control box to adjust the pressure to the wheel brakes in such a way that the wheel-locking is avoided. The ABS brake system is configured so that it, to a certain extent, allows management and braking at the same time.

17) by braking with a truck with the ABS braking system avoided wheels blockade. When the ABS braking system regulates, may be on some smaller trucks occur vibration in the brake pedal. This is normal and means that the system is in function. Regardless of the vibrations, the pressure on the brake pedal will be maintained as long as braking is desired. If the ABS brake system does not work, will slow down the properties change, and the only drive to the nearest repair shop is allowed.

1.2.2 emergency brake

The student must have knowledge of the following device and operation of emergency brake: 1) the emergency brake is designed to be able to brake the truck, if there are any errors in the service braking system.

2) emergency brake is either contained in the service brake or parking brake.

1.2.3 Parking brakes

The student must have knowledge of the following types of car interior design and operation: 1 bremsers) Mechanical parking brake works by, the driver activates a control system, which transferred forces to activation of wheel brakes on one or more axles.

2) spring brake works by, to the driver's operation of a brake valve triggers a spring that is ad mechanical means affecting the wheel brakes on one or more axles.

1.2.4 Additional brakes

The student must have knowledge of the following supplementary bremsers device and operation: 1) Motor brake is an auxiliary brake, where a damper blocks the exhaust gases, while at the same time be closed of for fuel supply, thus resulting a braking effect on the drive wheels.

2) the electric or hydraulic brake (retarder) causes a braking effect upon activation at the drive wheels.

3) Bakbremse is a system that automatically slows the truck using the operating or parking brake when vehicle is put into reverse, and a list on the back of the truck feel affected.

1.2.5 Control of brakes

The student must be able to check whether the following conditions by compressed air supply circuit and its individual parts bremsers is met: 1) pressure regulator must regulate the pressure so that it is kept within the limits prescribed by the car manufacturer, which may be judged by reading the pressure gauge.

2) reservoirs must be belted and must not be visibly corroded or dented. On brake systems without lufttørre plants, containers could be emptied for condensation water.

3) Alarm device shall come into operation when the pressure in the supply circuit is less than 2/3 (65%) of the required pressure for the brakes of the car manufacturer and step out of the function, when the pressure is over this limit.

4) Pipes and hoses must be belted and with no pitting, cracks or leaks, judged on readily available parts.

The student must be able to check whether the following conditions by compressed air-mechanical bremsers braking circuit and its individual parts are met: 5) the brake pedal must be in the Centre, must have a less clearance.


6) brake pedal must be broken down to the fixed stop, so the brake valve is opened completely.

7) Pipes and hoses must be belted and with no pitting, cracks or leaks, judged on readily available parts.

8) Mechanical braking force regulator (ALB-valve) must be intact mechanical connection. Valve arm must be able to move freely depending on the type. By changing the valve position should the air pressure in the membrane changes. This can possibly be heard as leakage of air.

9 Air consumption by one full brake application) with stopped motor must as a general rule, not exceed 0.5 bar, as this may indicate a lack of adjustment of the brakes.

The student must be able to check whether the following conditions by compressed air-hydraulic bremsers brake circuit is met: 10) the brake pedal must be in the Centre, must have a less clearance.

11) brake pedal must be broken down to the fixed stop, so the brake valve is completely opened.

12) Pipes and hoses must be belted and with no pitting, cracks or leaks, judged on readily available parts.

13) Mechanical braking force regulator (ALB-valve) must be intact mechanical connection. Valve arm must be able to move freely depending on the type.

14) Air consumption at one full brake application with stopped motor must as a general rule, not exceed 0.5 bar, as this may indicate a lack of adjustment of the brakes.

15) Trans formerens actuator stroke shall not exceed the limits prescribed by the car manufacturer, judged by measuring pindens hiking or by control lamp.

16) brake fluid container must have a fluid able between container min-and max ∙-brands. For low liquid condition must switch on control lamp on the instrument panel. By combined braking systems checks shall be carried out as indicated by both the compressed air-mechanical and pneumatic-hydraulic brakes.

The student must be able to verify compliance with the requirements for compressed air-mechanical and pneumatic-hydraulic bremsers density and load are met in both supply circuit and brake circuit, judged by the following tests: 17) Leak test must be carried out by bringing the pressure in the supply circuit up to the highest working pressure. Brake pedal broken down to fast stop and the engine is stopped, and listening for leakage. If there is no leakage or pressure drop from the plant is found, it is sufficiently close.

The student must be able to check, before departure, the following ratio: 18) Brake plant must have the required working pressure after motor manufacturer's instructions.

The student must be able to check whether the following conditions by the parking brakes are met: 19) the spring brake actuators shall upon activation close compressed air out of brake cylinder, rated at audible leakage of air.

20) Brake lever must by other mechanical parking brakes could not be deducted in the bottom position.

The student must have knowledge of the following matters relating to the testing of air brakes: 21) the brake has a term, which results in a slightly delayed braking effect. This term is included in the brake lengths, as stated in the section on control of the brakes while driving.

22) Brake chamber push water ring must, as a general rule, not exceed one quarter of the diaphragm casing buckle band diameter.

The learner must drive on a horizontal, dry the carriageway with asphalt pavement could check to see if the following conditions are met: 23) the brakes by the service braking system must be on newer trucks have such an effect that the stopping distance by 30 km/h does not exceed approximately 10 metres.

24) by slow nedtrædning of the brake pedal, the braking performance must be evenly rising, rated by a test.

Signs of errors by brakes

The student must be able to specify reasons for the following signs of errors by brakes and designate where errors may occur: 25) For long oppumpningstid can be an indication of worn compressor, clogged air filter or air leaks in the brake system.

26) Shorter oppumpningstid than usual or large pressure drop at full braking can be signs of water in reservoirs.

27) Water in reservoirs can be signs of null and void lufttørre installations.

28) Olietilsøling of anchor plate or the inside of the tire can be signs of leaking hydraulic wheel cylinder.

29) pressure drop by density test can be signs of leaks in compressed air plant.

30) Larger consumption of compressed air than normal can be signs of too long hiking in brake membranes or transformer and lead to reduced and/or delayed braking effect. This may be due to the lack of adjustment of brakes. (By one full brake application, where the brake pedal broken down, as a general rule, the pressure drop must not be greater than 0.5 bar).

31) Skewed contraction during braking or uneven braking indicate moisture or dirt on the brake linings or on defective wheel brakes, brake cylinders or brake membranes.

32) Uneven braking or sudden hugninger from one or more wheels suggests error in brake drums/brake discs or brake linings.

33) Reduced braking effect suggests a lack of adjustment of brakes.

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following signs of errors by brakes: 34) If the indicator for the ABS brake system is not switched off shortly after starting, it is sign of failure in the ABS brake system, and only drive to the nearest repair shop is allowed. In addition, the trucks be equipped with display that warns of flaw in the braking system.

1.2.6 Furthermore, statutory provisions on brakes

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions: 1) the vehicle must be fitted with two-circuit service brake, emergency brake and parking brake.

2) Newer trucks must be fitted with ABS braking system.

3) service brake shall act on all the wheels and could afbremse and stop the truck in a safe, quick and firm manner at any speed and under all load conditions.

4) service brake required effect should be achieved at the first activation of the brake pedal.

5) the compressor should, at the plant without pressure gauge, in less than 3 minutes could fill the empty reservoirs, until led turns off, or step out of the alarm function. On installations with manometer must be 2/3 (65%) of the required pressure for the brakes of the car manufacturer be achieved in less than 3 minutes.

6) emergency brake must be able to afbremse and stop the truck safely and powerful, if a fault occurs in the service braking system.

7) the parking brake must be able to keep the truck stalled on a road with an increase of 18% and must be able to be standing tightened.

1.3 electrical installations, lights, reflectors, horn, etc.

Main objectives

The pupil should learn about the electrical fixed function.

The student must also be able to determine whether the statutory requirements for lamps, reflectors, etc. are fulfilled, could the main legal provisions on electrical installations, lighting and reflectors.

Milestones

1.3.1 the electricity plant's function

The student must specify the contents of the following: 1) truck starter motor, blower, wipers and washer, horn, lights, signal lights and control lamps work by electric current. The flow produced by a generator powered by the engine. Power is transferred from the alternator to the battery.

2) Flow from the accumulator is transferred from one such as the battery pole through wiring, switches and fuses for the power consuming components such as the battery and back over the frame to the other pole.

3) to get the full use of the accumulator, each cell must be sufficiently filled up and possibly refilled with distilled water, so that the lead plates are covered. In order to ensure effective power supply of the electrical installations must all wiring, switches and fuses be clean, whole and well insulated, and ground connections must be seated firmly and be free of pits.

Legal provisions on the mandatory lighting devices and reflectors

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions concerning mandatory lighting devices and reflectors: 4) the truck may only be equipped with prescribed or lighting and reflectors.

5) The compulsory lighting and reflexes include: a) two lamps with beam, b) two lamps with asymmetrical passing beam headlamps with two position lights, c), (d)) two lamps with a backlight, e) two lamps with stoplights, f) at least one rear registration plate lamp, g) two lamps at the front and rear on and one on each side of the truck. Lamps must be used as the hazard warning signal, h) two approved and tagged red rear reflectors (must not be triangular) and in) red/yellow approved and tagged rear retro plank (s) with slanted stripes.

6) On trucks that are wider than 2.10 m, there must also be two forward-looking and two rear end-outline marker lamps, respectively, with white and red light, which can clearly be seen in the 300 m distance without dazzle.

7 the headlamp beam must be able to inform the way) at least 100 metres in front of the truck, the dipped-beam must be able to inform the way at least 30 metres in front of the truck without dazzle, and position light must be clearly visible in at least 300 m distance without dazzle.

8) the headlamp light must be white or yellowish.

9) rear lights must have a red light, which can clearly be seen in at least 300 m distance without dazzle.

10 front position lamps, rear position (side) lamps Required), rear registration plate lamps and end-outline marker lamps, if any, must be kept switched on with stopped motor and must not be switched off when a passing beam, driving beam or tågelys is switched on.

11) trucks, which are longer than 6 metres, shall be equipped with approved and tagged yellow side reflectors and side-marker lamp, there must be distributed over the truck's pages.

12) Side marker lamps must clearly be visible for at least 300 m distance without dazzle.

13) rear registration plate lamps must illuminate the rear license plate, so that it can clearly be read in at least 20 m distance.

Statutory provisions on lighting and reflectors

The student must have knowledge of the following statutory provision: 14) The lighting and reflexes include:


a) extra main-beam headlamps, daytime running lamps, direction indicator lamps, rear position (side) lamps, extra extra extra stop lamps, front fog lamps, rear fog lamps, reversing lamps, search and worklights, marking and end-outline marker lamps, parking lamps, as well as the fast blink, for which special rules apply. In addition, the truck may be equipped with white reflectors at the front, yellow reflectors on the sides and additional red reflectors on the back of the.

15) Bulbs must be properly seated in the headlamp holders (possibly evaluated from the outside on light/dark limit location).

Control of lighting, etc.

The student must be able to check whether the following conditions by mandatory lamps, reflectors and horn are met: 16) All lighting and reflectors must be whole and clean, and all lamps shall be bright.

17) passing beam must not aperture (judged on that lysgrænsen falls over the edge of 1 cm per metre).

18) Stop lamps must give significantly stronger light than taillights.

19) lamps must Flash with yellow light, which can clearly be seen in sunlight.

20 hazard warning signal must be able to turn on all) lamps at the same time.

21) rear registration plate lamps must have the white light that can illuminate the rear license plate.

22) Lamps in a two lamps must have the same color and brightness.

23) Hornet must have a clear, steady tone.

24) Additional rear-facing red reflectors must not be triangular and shall be located symmetrically.

25) Red/yellow rear retro plank (s) with slanted stripes.

Moreover, legislative provisions on the electricity plant

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions concerning the electrical installations: 26) the accumulator must be attached and so placed or covered, that there is no short circuit may occur.

27) electric plant must be equipped with fuses to counter fire by possible short circuit. Electric extra equipment must be connected with a fuse.

The student must be able to specify reasons for the following signs of errors by lamps, etc.: 28) if the lamps flashes significantly faster than usual, it's usually a sign that one or more direction indicator lamps do not work.

29) All lighting and reflectors must be whole and clean, and all lamps shall be bright.

30) Hornet must have a clear, steady tone.

1.4-bearing parts

Main objectives

The student must learn about the load-bearing function is shared and whether signs of errors that have a bearing on road safety.

The student must also be able to determine whether the statutory requirements for the load-bearing parts are fulfilled, be the main legislative provisions on load-bearing parts.

Milestones

1.4.1-bearing shared function, etc.

The student must be familiar with the following conditions and features: 1) the truck's load-bearing parts include the following: a) chassis/self-supporting constructions, b) suspension, consisting of axles/bogies, spring brackets, spring bolts, lasker, springs and shock absorbers, and (c)), which consists of wheel bearings wheels, rims and tires.

2) the truck's weight transmitted to the road through the load-bearing parts.

3) Spring system function is, together with shock absorbers to smooth out and record the forces that occur when driving on uneven road, as well as ensure the wheels in contact with the roadway. Some spring systems must also transmit the forces that occur when starting, braking and oscillation.

4) suspension with leaf springs and air spring bellows are the commonest spring systems.

5) fjedrenes Leaf shape may be different, but usually consists of a leaf spring of several together held fjederlag of different lengths. The upper fjederlag (control layer) are usually fitted with an eye. The spring is attached to the chassis frame to the front with a spring bolt and rear via a glideled or a strap connection.

6) air suspension consists in principle of a number of air spring bellows, pinned between the chassis frame and the wheel shaft. Since air pods can only record the vertical forces, the system is complemented with reaction arms, who must record the forces that occur when starting, braking and oscillation. Spring bellows contains air, and air pressure is regulated through valves depending on the truck's load.

7) A bogie is a system where a single axle has been replaced with two or three axles, in order to increase the truck's load capacity. In some multi-axled can one or two of the axles is lifted up from the road, which can be an advantage when running without read. In addition, a shaft in the bogie be autonomous, which has a favourable influence on the truck's maneuverability, especially when running with read and at low speed.

8) Lifting of one axle results in increased pressure on the other axle. This may be achieved better grip when driving in slippery lead or by remedy in situations where the truck is stuck.

9) Drive with lifted axle reduces the wear on the tires and suspension also, but at the same time involves a risk, because the truck's driving characteristics change.

10) when running with lifted axle must the maximum axle loads on other axles are not exceeded.

Risk characteristics of the load-bearing parts

The student must be able to indicate the importance of the following conditions: 11) driving with tires that are not intended for the current vehicle and the current driving purpose, would result in a risk of tire damage and possible dæksprængning.

12) driving with tires that are damaged, can also cause risk of dæksprængning. Dæksprængningen will usually happen at high speed, and so are the consequences so much the worse, especially in tires on steering axles.

13) Error in the load-bearing parts (suspension, bearings, etc.) would result in a risk of collapse.

14) lack of afbremsning by vehicle at wheels shift, would result in a risk of damage to the vehicle and occupants.

Control of load-bearing parts

The student must be able to check whether the following characteristics of the load-bearing parts are met: 15) tyre must at all wheels have at least 1 mm tread depth in the main pattern. The wear should not be uneven, and the deck must be without damage.

16) Nav and wheel nuts must be shielded by hubcap or similar, if they are outside of the outer surface of the tyre.

17) Chassis frame must not be deformed, cracked, or damaged incidentally.

18) Leaf Spring individual layers must not be broken.

19) Air spring bellows must be tight, judged by that leaks could be heard as a Swish, and the truck will be ' skewed ' at major leaks and air consumption is abnormally large, which may be read on the pressure gauge.

20) Shaft must be fastened to the spring.

Legal provisions and conditions on load-bearing parts

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions and conditions: 21) Decks can be built up as bias ply or radial tires.

22) in suspension as a whole or in its individual parts must not be due to wear or similar occur significantly veils.

23) Tires, rims and wheel bearings must be undamaged.

24) Tires must be inflated to an air pressure after the car manufacturers ' requirements.

25) Tyres on same axle must combined have a carrying capacity of which at least must correspond to the maximum axle load. Wear the ability shown by dækmærkningen. Tires must also be of a dimension and shape which correspond to the rim.

26) Tyres on same axle must be of the same dimension and type.

Signs of errors in load-bearing parts

The student must be able to specify reasons for the following signs of errors at load-bearing parts and designate where errors may occur: 27) Uneven/crooked tire wear can often be caused by incorrectly set steering, faulty shock absorbers, or that the shaft has shifted on the springs. By impact of curbs or similar will there could be damage to the tyre (tread and casing).

28) Abnormal dækform by the way, abnormally warm tires after some time driving or tendency for the truck pulls to one side, suggesting improper tire pressure, which in the long run can destroy the deck. The tyre pressure should in such cases be controlled by use of tyre pressure gauge.

29) Oil extraction on the shock absorber indicate defects in the shock absorber.

30) Cracks in the paint or concentrated rust formation (rust stripes) on the chassis, frame or springs may be due to breakage. Rust formation around the bolts and studs suggest that they have loosened up due to wear or lack of maintenance.

31) Shaking and vibration of front wheels can be an indication of error in suspension or imbalance in the wheels.

1.5 engine, transmission and energy-and environmentally friendly driving

Main objectives

The pupil should learn about the engine and the transmission function, if signs of failure, of steering errors and about energy and environmentally friendly driving.

The student must also be able to ascertain whether certain requirements for the engine and transmission are fulfilled, be the most important pieces of legislation on the environment really driving.

Milestones

1.5.1 the engine and the transmission function, as well as energy-and environmentally friendly driving

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following functions: 1) ratio and Engine works, in principle, in the sense that the Pistons set in motion when a fuel mixture ignited.

2) Stemplernes movement is translated into a rotary motion of a crankshaft, and this movement be continued through the clutch, gear and differential to the truck's driving wheel.

3) in a diesel engine sucked air into the cylinder and compressed, and then the fuel under high pressure by means of nozzles is injected into the cylinders. In front of air entrained is interposed a air filter to retain impurities in the air. In front of the fuel pump is interposed a fuel filter to retain impurities in the fuel. These filters must be periodically cleaned/replaced.

4) in a diesel engine combustion occurs by spontaneous combustion due to the high pressure inside the cylinder (compression). Even igniting it requires high temperature/pressure.

The student must have knowledge of the following feature on clutch and gearbox:


5) Positive feature is that-to and disconnect the connection between motor and gearbox when stationary and when changing gears.

6) Coupling must be able to transfer the engine's full power without slipping when it is connected to.

7) By trucks for specific purposes used a hydraulic clutch or a torque amplifier instead of a mechanical clutch.

8) On many trucks used automatic transmissions, where Automation provides gear breaks by using information about the truck's speed, loading, engine load and pressure on the throttle.

9) ASR system (antispinregulering) task is to prevent the driving wheels from spinning when starting and during operation. A warning light warns the driver when the system is in function.

The student must be familiar with the following conditions and functions concerning differential and differential block: 10) consists in principle of a Differential gear mechanism, interposed between the axles of the truck's driving wheel. The differential is connected to the gearbox through a shaft drive and designed so that the engine's drive power is distributed equally to both wheels, while the wheels can rotate at different rates, which is necessary during oscillation.

11) With a differential lock can differentialets effect is abolished, so that the wheels can only rotate at the same speed. Thus, where the wheels have wheel spin countered different grip, e.g. in smooth or oily lead.

12) Differential lock-off can be linked to and from the operation of a switch on the instrument panel, either when the truck is stopped or during the gears, where both wheels have the same grip and rotates at the same speed.

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following statutory provision: 13) Newer trucks must be equipped with an overspeed Governor that is set up in such a way that the speed cannot exceed 90 km/h.

Risk by operating errors

The student must be able to specify reasons for the following control errors of importance for operational safety: 14) risk of destruction of the clutch by too slow operation of the clutch on the coupling point.

15) Drive in the wrong gear, who overwhelm the engine and developer unnecessary smoke.

16) Risk of clogging of the fuel filter and pipes between the oil tank and diesel engine by the use of incorrect gas oil in the frost periods.

Control of engine and transmission, etc.

The student must be able to check whether the following characteristics of the engine and transmission are fulfilled: 17) engine oil must be filled in sufficient amount, read on oil pindens max-and min ∙ ∙-marks or by control lamps, etc.

18) coolant shall be loaded in sufficient amount, assessed in terms of instructional book's instructions.

19) For trucks, which included hydraulic clutch, check the system for adequate fluid condition.

20) the exhaust system must be close and have sufficient noise reducing effect, judged by the exhaust sound.

The student must have knowledge of the engine usually cannot start without bleeding the fuel system in the following cases: 21) the truck has been running empty for diesel oil.

22) engine has stood still for a very long time.

23) the fuel system has been opened for cleaning or e.g. replacement of filters.

24) Fuel system has been faulty, so air is penetrated.

25) Possible venting shall be carried out according to the instruction book's requirements.

Signs of fault in the engine and transmission, etc.

The student must be able to specify reasons for the following signs of faults in the engine and transmission: 26) Unnecessary smoke from engine exhaust could indicate worn motor or faults in the fuel system.

27) Noise in abnormal extent by use of the accelerator pedal suggests error in the exhaust system.

28) If the engine revs rise, without the speed increases, indicate it on the error in the clutch.

29) Difficult gearshift with loud murmurs suggest errors in transmission or clutch or incorrect operation.

Lubrication, etc.

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following conditions: 30) Lubrication, antifreeze and maintenance shall be carried out according to the vehicle manufacturer's instructions.

Energy-and environmentally friendly driving

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following items: 31) the engine must first be started immediately before you need to run or the short time beforehand, as is necessary in order to achieve adequate working pressure in the braking system.

32) in order to reduce air and noise pollution, one should not let the engine idle for any length of time.

33) Run method has a significant impact on energy consumption.

34) Energy consumption is reduced, if the engine is stopped in connection with prolonged stoppage (e.g. by rail overkørsel, etc.).

35) By energy efficient running technique means that you generally omit unnecessary and constant speed changes.

36) at speed reduction in fuel consumption can be reduced by releasing the accelerator pedal completely and use the engine brake instead of linking out.

37) by choosing such a high gear as possible is reduced energy consumption.

38) By accelerating moderately and make proper gear selection is reduced energy consumption. Proper gear selection may be to skip gears. If you change gear early and choose such a high gear as possible, reduces energy consumption.

39) when driving with underinflated tyres increases energy consumption.

40) high speeds and aggressive driving with powerful accelerations, e.g. in connection with overtaking, leads to increased fuel consumption, while energy-efficient driving techniques can provide 5-10% savings of fuel. This can also result in very substantial savings in the truck's total operating costs.

41) during the stop at signalized intersections, one should anticipate about stopping for yellow or red will be necessary, and, where appropriate, adapt the speed the final stretch towards the intersection rather than continue with high speed and then braking sharply at the end.

42) Energy consumption is reduced if one avoids short and unnecessary driving trips.

The student must have knowledge of the following ratio: 43) Choose the most fuel efficient and least polluting vehicle, provided that this is possible.

44) if possible, protect the environment by scheduling batch job outside of peak hours.

Furthermore, statutory provisions on environmentally sound drive

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions: 45) the vehicle must be operated in such a way that it does not make unnecessary or developer smoke and gases in unnecessarily.

46) Unnecessary and disruptive drive must not take place at the settlement, and if necessary the driver must run the batch job in such a way that other disturbed as little as possible.

47) any local ban on letting the engine run at idle in addition to a certain amount of time.

48) when driving in low emission zones to the truck as a general rule, meet specific requirements for emissions and particle emissions and have an environmental zone sticker in the windshield.

1.6 bodywork and structure

Main objectives

The pupil should learn about the truck's body and structure, including names, fastening, control and risk conditions.

The student must be the main legal provisions on the bodywork and structure, including trucks for special modes.

Milestones

1.6.1 Bodywork, building and its fastening

The student must have knowledge of the following designations: 1) bodywork includes mainly cab (roof, sides and doors), bonnet, mudguards and mudflaps.

2) Construction includes fx let, tank, crane, etc. A truck may be equipped with several different builds.

3) Some trucks have no proper chassis frame, but can be constructed as a self-supporting construction (e.g. small enclosed trucks).

4) A self-supporting body can have only limited construction.

The student must be able to verify the following conditions: 5) To possibly tipbart cab is fixed in accordance with the manufacturer's requirements.

6) To any screens and mud flaps are whole and pinned.

7) To any container or swap body is securely attached.

8) To doors to possibly spaces reserved for the load are securely closed/pinned.

9) To any tarpaulin is tightened.

10) that any goods are placed and fastened securely (see section 6.2.5).

11) To any loading mechanism (e.g. loading tailgate or crane) are securely attached.

Common structures

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following conditions by builds, fastening and operation: 12) let is permanently attached with bolts to the chassis-frame or a helper sucks, that distributes the load to the chassis frame. Bolts must be clamped, and chassis or helps sucks should be without cracks or breaks.

13) Tipper is a let, by means of a hydraulic lifting system can be tipped backwards and/or to the sides. Lifting system shall be firmly built into chassis frame and arranged to tipningen automatically ends when the left is in the upper position. Allowed to be supported with rods or similar in the lifted position when working under it. During the drive to tippeladslåsene be tensed.

14) Container is a cargo space, as with or without cargo is meant to be loaded from or on the truck. Building for container includes container locks in the chassis or frame helps, so that the container can be securely locked in each corner while driving.

15) swap bodies (sættelad, platform bodies, including fx» waste container "or" tank swap bodies ") are ladtyper designed for loading and unloading either by means of a lifting device or by running the truck under charged, which must be raised on Jack stands of appropriate height. Building to drive with swap bodies includes devices that can maintain the Exchange charged safely on the truck.


16) tanks can be fixed on the truck or be detachable. Thought on the let with a capacity of 4 cubic metres or more shall be attached to the chassis-frame or helps. Smaller tanks on the let must at least be secured to the pallet-wide cross joists.

17) Loading tail used for loading and unloading. Loading tail must not be exploited as extended leave during the drive, but must be beaten up and put in the correct position according to the manufacturer's manual transport.

18) Loading crane used for loading and unloading. Loading crane shall be firmly fixed to the truck. During the drive to the loading crane must be put into the transport position according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Risk ratio when builds

The student must be able to indicate the importance of the following risk factors: 19) Container, tank or other high structures on the truck causes the center of gravity will be raised, thereby driving the properties change with increased risk of rollover in swing.

20) Loading crane mounted behind the truck's Center of gravity shifts rearward left, especially when driving during read means that the truck will be less stable and get direction tends to oversteer. The same risk can be present when driving with a loaded truck, where allowed (ladmidten) is located further aft than normal (this risk is particularly present at runtime with swap bodies).

21) driver's lack of adjustment of underkøringsafskærmning.

Legal regulations on bodywork and structure

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions: 22) bodywork and ladopbygning must be firmly attached to the truck's load-bearing parts, and the structure must be firmly attached to the truck.

23) bodywork and structure should be no sharp edges or projections that may be unnecessary danger to other road users.

24) the truck's wheels must be so shielded, possibly by body design that other road users are protected against splashes.

25) trucks shall normally be fitted with a rear underrun protection device (rear bumper) that prevent bagfrakommende running under the truck. Special rules apply to fx car with swap bodies.

26) rear underrun protection shall be located not more than 0.4 m from the vehicle's rear section. However, this does not apply to swap-bodies, which allowed hoisted from the car's rear end. Here, the distance does not exceed 0.7 m.

27) trucks shall normally be provided with side guard on the right side.

28) Tipper, loading tailgate, loading crane and swap bodies should at least every 12 months. month of a supplier or a qualified have made a statutory overhaul after the supplier's instructions.

1.7 Internet device, vision and special equipment

Main objectives

The student must learn the most important pieces of legislation on the truck's interior fittings, etc.

The student must also be able to ascertain whether the requirements relating to vision is fulfilled.

Milestones

1.7.1 Panes, mirrors, vision, etc.

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions: 1) Windows must be kept clean and dugfrie.

2) must be able to be kept clean with Windshield wipers and washer.

3) Windshield must be able to be kept free from dew and rhymes, e.g. with a hot air blower.

4) must not be placed loose or aftermarket items such as wind afvisere, shelves, screens, curtains, decorations, or anything else that takes even a small part of the driver's view through the windscreen and side Windows or visibility to the mirrors.

5) the vehicle must be equipped with an exterior rear-view mirror in each page.

6) Truck to be on the outside on the right side also be fitted with a wide angle and close proximity mirrors mirror. Close proximity mirror is only required when it can be placed at least 2 m above the ground. Trucks that have mounted wide-angle mirror of the older type, shall also be fitted with a blind spot mirror/camera.

7) Newer trucks with a permissible maximum laden weight of more than 7,500 kg must be fitted with front mirror/camera.

8) wide angle mirror, possibly complemented with blind spot mirror in the truck's right side, must provide the driver of the truck vision obliquely backward from the truck's cab.

9) close proximity mirror must provide the driver of the truck visibility at a distance of at least 2 metres out from the right side of the truck's cab.

10) Front mirror/camera to give the driver of the truck immediately in front of the truck at least 2 vision m out from the truck's front and at least 2 m from the truck's front right corner.

11) Blind spot mirror to increase the driver's ability to see cyclists to the right of the truck.

The student must have knowledge of the following aspects of visibility: 12) Every exterior rear-view mirror must have a reflecting surface of at least 200 cm ², if it is convex (arched), and at least 300 cm ², if it is plant.

The student must be able to specify reasons for the following signs of errors by special equipment: 13) Can the windshield are not kept clean, is the sign of the error in the wiper or washer.

The student must be able to verify the following: 14) washer fluid should be filled in sufficient quantity.

15) Wiper blades must be whole and undamaged.

16) Windshield must be without stone, cracks etc., that impairs visibility.

17) Side Windows must be in such a condition that it is possible to use the prescribed exterior rear-view mirrors.

1.8 recording equipment (tachograph)

Main objectives

The student must learn the basic rules of functioning of the recording equipment, which are laid down in European Parliament and Council regulation on road transport.

Milestones

1.8.1 recording equipment (tachograph) function

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following provisions of the recording equipment: 1) recording equipment to be used in a vehicle, if the maximum permissible laden weight, including trailer or semi-trailer exceeds 3,500 kg. However, certain vehicles are exempt from the driving and rest rules.

2) recording equipment and driver card to function correctly and used correctly.

3) recording equipment must be properly installed, be tested and sealed by an authorized workshop and provided with an installation plate.

4) recording equipment shall be inspected at least once every two years by an authorised workshop. In connection with 2-years-after the sight to the workshop to replace the installation plate.

5) The detailed provisions on recording equipment are laid down in European Parliament and Council regulation on the harmonisation of certain social legislation relating to road transport and in the Council regulation on recording equipment in road transport.

The student must be able to verify the following: 6) To statutory recording equipment has been fitted.

1.9 truck's documents

Main objectives

The student must have knowledge of the information found on the truck's documents, as well as learn, when these documents should be taken.

Milestones

1.9.1 registration certificate

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions: 1) in order that a truck can be used, it must be registered, and there shall be issued a registration certificate.

2) registration certificate, which shows the truck's weight/run clear emphasis, its allowable gross vehicle weight, and, if appropriate, what size trailer which may be coupled to it.

3) on the basis of registration certificates, the driver can determine whether the truck and trailer must be interconnected.

4) when driving with a trailer to the lorry and trailer registration certificates are allowed.

5) when driving by truck, used for corporate drive, the truck's registration certificate are allowed.

6) when driving in Denmark may bring their own copies (paper or electronic).

The student must have knowledge of the following: 7) Many countries require that carried the original registration certificate when driving in countries concerned.

1.10 special vehicles

Main objectives

The pupil should learn about other vehicles.

Milestones

1.10.1 Block carts, etc.

The student must be familiar with the following conditions: 1) For motor block vehicles, including container trucks and mobile cranes, which also required driver's license for trucks (category C), special rules apply to gadgets, equipment, weight, dimensions and speed.

1.11 the truck's control equipment

1.11.1 Operating equipment

Repetition after learning plan for category B, section 1.1.1 ' Control equipment '.

1.12 Preventive maintenance and necessary repairs

Main objectives

The pupil should learn about the importance of preventive maintenance and necessary repairs.

Milestones

1.12.1 Maintenance, etc.

The student must be able to indicate the importance of the following conditions: 1) Acute repairs best avoided by following the manufacturer's service plan for the vehicle.

2) error occurred on the vehicle of vital importance for road safety and the environment, it shall immediately be repaired.



Annex 4 2. INTRODUCTORY EXERCISES ON THE WAY

The purpose of teaching into the initial exercises is to give the student proficiency in basic mastery of the truck at low speeds and including make the student familiar with the truck's length and width, special maneuverability, as well as the driver's orientation possibilities through the use of mirrors.

The exercises can be assigned to a closed practice space or part of a driver's technical facilities, but must otherwise be carried out at an appropriate place, e.g. a quiet industrial neighborhood outside normal working hours or an unused parking lot.

The individual maneuvers must be taught with so much certainty and precision, to eleven in the subsequent extended exercises under way mainly to concentrate on to customize the batch job to road and traffic conditions and the applicable rules of the road.

Each practice precise content are laid down in the interim. The duration is determined by the individual student's needs. The individual exercises are considered learned satisfactorily when they can be performed with the degree of precision, as shown by delmåls descriptions.


The individual exercises/manoeuvres shall be carried out with a truck, which meets the requirements for truck, category C, in the licence notice with relevant supporting documents.

2.1 Preparation to drive

Main objectives

The student must learn how to make the necessary security preparations for the run and get familiar with operating the equipment descriptions and location.

Milestones

2.1.1 Overhaul, setting, etc.

The student must master the following skills before departure: 1) clean the possibly dewy or soiled panes, mirrors and lenses.

2) Remove possibly solved the underlying objects from the instrument Board, sun visors and the square below and in front of the driver's seat.

3) ensure that there are no mounted objects that takes the view through the panes.

4) operate the doors close-and låsetøj, including ensuring that the doors are securely closed.

5) set the driver's seat in order to achieve a comfortable driving position, the best possible vision and to be able to operate the car's equipment, including read instruments and optical.

6) buckle and adjust any safety harness and headrest.

7) Could release itself quickly from the safety belt.

8) Operate the clutch, accelerator and brake pedals.

9) operate the gear and parking brake.

10) operate the contacts for allowable and required lamps, steering wheel lock, ignition, electrical starter, window wiper and washer, horn blowing, sun visor, heating and ventilation systems, elbagrude, device for the mirror option, as well as opening bonnet and fuel filler cap.

The student must be able to read and understand the importance of the following: 11) display and optical instruments.

The student must have knowledge of the following: 12) operation of the clutch, accelerator and brake pedal with inappropriate footwear can result in a risk of incorrect operation.

2.2 lorry mirrors

Main objectives

The pupil should learn about correctly setting the mirrors as well as for their optimal use.

Milestones

2.2.1 Special conditions

The student must be familiar with the following conditions: 1) Mirrors on the truck is usually convex (convex).

2) the more curved mirror is, the bigger point of view you get in the mirror-but at the same time, the things you look in the mirror, ' smaller '.

3) due to the concave curvature, it is difficult to judge the distance to the things one sees.

4) the various mirrors may have a different curvature, which further complicates the assessment of distance.

5) Improper designate mirrors reduces the driver's ability to orient themselves towards the rear and along the side of the truck.

6) Dirty or cracked mirrors can reduce the driver's Guide options or give a distorted mirror image.

7) regardless of how well the mirrors are set, there will always be blind spots.

2.2.2 setting the mirrors

The student must master the following skills: 1) set the rear-view mirrors and wide angle mirror and possibly close proximity mirror, front mirror and blind spot mirror, so the best possible vision is achieved, without it being necessary to change the driving position.

2) rear-view mirror on each page must be set in such a way that the side of the truck just can be seen in the inner part of the mirror (the side of the truck should most fill 1 cm in each mirror), and in such a way that the horizon is visible in the upper part of the mirror.

3) wide angle mirror set so that the truck can be seen only in the inner part of the mirror (the side of the truck should most fill 1 cm in each mirror), and in such a way that the horizon is flush with the top edge of the mirror.

4) close proximity mirror can be set so that the side of the cab just can be seen at the top of the mirror (the side of the truck should most fill 1 cm in each mirror), and thus, to the field of vision forward and backward is almost equal.

5) Front mirror must be so adjusted, the front of the truck just can be seen in the upper part of the mirror (the front of the truck may not fill approx. 1 cm at the top-left corner of the mirror).

6) Blind spot mirror is set in such a way that a minimum of 1 metre high object placed ca. 2 m out from the right front door can be seen in the mirror's bottom right corner.

The student must be able to verify that the mirrors are: 7) correctly tuned.

8) Clean and whole.

2.2.3 use of mirrors

The student must master the following skills: 1) regularly inform themselves in the mirrors and especially in right-hander orient themselves several times before and during the oscillation.

2) be aware of blind spots, also the often large blind spots, as the mirrors danner.

3) check out the hidden areas (blind spots) by moving it forward and to the side.

4) especially at right turns in cross frequently to check the area to the right of the truck by orient themselves by the use of mirrors and through the windshield and side Windows.

The student must be able to apply these skills in the coming maneuvers on the way.

2.3 starting and stopping at the road edge

Main objectives

The student must learn soft starting and stopping after careful orientation, among other things. having regard to the blind spots and the lack of opportunity for direct orientation by head turning towards the rear and along the truck's right side.

The student will also learn how to stop or Park at the forward edge of the road in the driveway to the right side and including ensure safe assessment of the truck's width, the location of the wheels and the truck's length direction in relation to the road's edge.

Milestones

2.3.1 Starting, gear control, starting and braking

Orienteering skills

The student must master the following orienteering skills by starting and stopping: 1) look ahead, to the sides and rear for traffic or other obstacles.

2) orient themselves towards the rear and along the truck's pages alone by means of mirrors.

3) Check blind spots, in so far as it is possible.

4) Judge bagfrakommendes speed, distance and intention.

5) Judge own acceleration ability in relation to bagfrakommendes speed.

Maneuver skills

The student must master the following manoeuvre skills at starting and stopping: 6) Fasten your seatbelt on.

7) start the engine correctly.

8) turn on the light.

9) Put in gear, give signs with Flashers and slacken the parking brake.

10) put the soft going, run a piece of straight ahead and stop with hand signals.

11) Provide characters for forward stopping at the road edge or other selection with stoplights and possibly turn signals and brake soft up to a halt.

12) stop at road edge, first with ample and later with limited maneuver space, and so that the right wheel is as close as possible to the road edge and stands alongside this.

13) Cease with hand signals, put in neutral, stop the engine and pull the parking brake.

14) turn off the lights.

2.4 right turn on corners

Main objectives

The student must learn forward and backward right turn with a regular speed on corners under the careful orientation.

The student must achieve certain skill in correct position before and during the oscillations, orientation of mirrors, properly ratbetjening and safe feeling for wheel placement.

If it is appropriate for a convenient settlement of the exercise, the left turn.

Milestones

2.4.1 skills by oscillation

Orienteering skills

The student must master the following orienteering skills by right turn: 1) look ahead, to the sides and rear for traffic or other obstacles.

2) orient themselves backward along the truck's pages alone by using mirrors and including switch between several mirrors.

3) Check blind spots, in so far as it is possible.

During reversing can be usefully open side Windows in order to orient themselves for sounds.

Maneuver skills

The student must master the following manoeuvre skills at the forward right turn: 4) Give character to the right turn in the appropriate distance.

5) Adjust the speed with the shift to the appropriate gear.

6) keep the targeted exchange rate and steady rate towards the corner or side of the road.

7) Run so close to the road edge or curb (or border line) as possible for, among other things. to prevent cyclists and moped drivers in driving forward on the right side of the truck.

8) comply with any rights of way for any intersecting highway.

9) Commence right bend if there is plain line track, but by later ratdrejning than in ordinary car.

10) Perform right bend being at the road's edge (or border line) and make the bend as small as possible (keep right rear wheel as close to the road's edge as possible). Where space conditions make it necessary, provision should be made in good time before the oscillations are pulled to the left. Right bend must as far as possible, be completed in the right half of the road.

The student must master the following maneuver skills by backward right turn in places where it can be done without inconvenience to the rest of the traffic: 11) reversing is carried out with very low speed.

12) Give character to the right turn in the appropriate distance.

13) Run so close to the road edge or curb (or border line) as possible for, among other things. to prevent cyclists and moped drivers in driving forward on the right side of the truck.

14) comply with any rights of way for any intersecting highway.

15) Start ratdrejning if there is a free course, just before the rear wheels are out for corner or corner rundingens beginning.

16) Perform right bend by allowing the right rear wheels follow the road edge (or border line) or curbs as close as possible.

17) Start straightening at the opposite corner or corner rundingens ratdrejning just before the end, so the truck keeps straight course along the road edge on the road that swung in to.

2.5 Backward driving with målbremsning

Main objectives

The student must learn how to keep a straight course during reversing straight ahead and by thorough orientation of mirrors alone.

The pupil must also know målbremsning ensure safe feel for the truck's length.

Milestones

2.5.1 Orientation and assessment of the truck's length

Orienteering skills


The student must master the following orienteering skills by reversing with målbremsning: 1) View to the rear and along the truck's pages after traffic or other obstacles simply by using mirrors and including switch between several mirrors.

2) Check blind spots, in so far as it is possible.

3) judge the appropriate distance to selected targets for start of braking.

4) Certainly judge the location of the truck's tailgate (or any other back protruding part) in relation to the selected targets.

During reversing can be usefully open side Windows in order to orient themselves for sounds.

Maneuver skills

The student must master the following maneuver skills by reversing with målbremsning in places where it can be done without inconvenience to the rest of the traffic: 5) reversing is carried out with very low speed.

6) Keep straight rate 20-30 metres during reversing.

7) Begin braking with adequate strength and in appropriate distance from selected targets and then stop with bagsmækken (or rear projection part i might add) not more than 2 metres from a selected target.



Annex 5 3. VEHICLE MANEUVERABILITY

The purpose of education is to ensure that the pupil, as necessary, is still in the possession of knowledge of vehicle maneuverability, as discussed in the curriculum for driver training for category (B).

Pupils ' knowledge about the theoretical substance should be exploited in practice, where there is opportunity for it during the exercises in the drive on the way.

3.1 maneuverability, etc.

Main objectives

The student must have refreshed his knowledge of the various vehicle maneuverability and the rules applicable to different orientation conditions in order to be able to understand and assess the hazards in traffic and react appropriately to them.

Milestones

3.1.1 General on various vehicle maneuverability, etc.

Repetition of milestones in 3.1.1-3.2.7 in curriculum for category (B).



Annex 6 4. ROAD USER BEHAVIOUR

The purpose of education is to ensure that the pupil, as necessary, is still in the possession of knowledge of road user behaviour, as discussed in the curriculum for driver training for category (B).

4.1 road user behaviour, etc.

Main objectives

The student must have refreshed her knowledge about the different basic psychological characteristics of one's own and other road users ' behaviour, the legal provisions on motorists driving ability and health and about showing special consideration for other road users in order to be able to understand and assess the hazards in traffic and react appropriately to them.

Milestones

4.1.1 Perception, reaction, vision, health, other road users and the behaviour and attitudes, etc.

Repetition of milestones in 4.1.1-4.7.4 in curriculum for category (B).



Annex 7 5. ROAD CONDITIONS

The purpose of education is to ensure that the pupil, as necessary, is still in the possession of knowledge about road conditions, as discussed in the curriculum for driver training for category (B).

5.1 road conditions, etc.

Main objectives

The student must have refreshed his knowledge of risk factors by the roads in order to be able to understand and assess the hazards in traffic and react appropriately to them.

Milestones

5.1.1 Risk conditions and road safety design, etc.

Repetition of milestones in 5.1.1-5.2.6 in the learning plan for category (B).



Annex 8 6. BASIC RULES FOR DRIVING WITH TRUCKS, INCLUDING DIMENSIONS, WEIGHT AND LOADING

The purpose of education is to make the student familiar with some general legal provisions for driving with trucks in addition to the provisions applicable to category B.

The student should be acquainted with the legal provisions for heavy goods vehicles dimensions, weight and loading as well as for marking of goods.

The student should also be familiar with the rules for driving times and rest periods, road haulage, as well as additional training.

Pupils ' knowledge about the theoretical substance should be exploited in practice, where there is opportunity for it during the exercises in the drive on the way.

6.1 notes on the traffic

Main objectives

The student must learn where the legal rules for driving with trucks, including the obligations which apply the legislative provisions and that, moreover, must comply with road markings in the form of road signs, etc. as well as the police instructions.

Milestones

6.1.1 Traffic Act's validity

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions: 1) rules of the road apply on all streets and roads, bike paths and sidewalks, plazas, bridges and tunnels, passages, paths and similar places where there is regular traffic, whether these sites are public or private.

2) trucks must usually only run on the part of the road intended for cars and motorcycles (motor vehicles) as well as large mopeds.

3) Transport Minister can in tøbruds periods or in similar special circumstances temporarily prohibit the movement of heavy vehicles. Messages to that effect is given in the press.

4) Drive with flatbed truck in laden condition and running with a mobile crane may only take place with police permission.

6.1.2 Instructions for batch job

The student must be able to recognize and specify the importance of the following road signs: 1)» Truck prohibited ' (C 23.1).

2)» Drive with dangerous goods (over frimængden) prohibited ' (C 23.3).

3)» Total weight ' (C 31).

4)» Total weight of the combination ' (32 C).

5) ' axle ' (C 35).

6) ' group of axles ' (C 36).

7)» Cart width ' (C 41).

8)» Cart height ' (C 42).

9) ' Carriage length ' (C 43).

10)» Electrified railway ' (UA 73).

11) ' Under the boards ' (d 4).

12)» recommended route for trucks ' (E 22.1).

13)» recommended route with vehicles with dangerous goods (over frimængden) ' (E 22.2).

14) ' environmental zone ' (UC 23) indicates that the main Board does not apply to vehicles with low emission zone brand.

At the latest after teaching in title 7 ' Manoeuvres on the way ' should the student be able to recognize the importance of the instructions, as discussed in section 6.1.2, including could live up to the meaning of these.

In addition, repetition after learning plan for category (B).

6.1.3 licence categories and entitlements

The student must be able to determine the contents of that licence categories C gives the right to the following vehicles: 1) Truck with a maximum authorized mass exceeding 3,500 kg.

2) passenger car designed to carry a maximum of eight persons in addition to the driver and with a maximum authorized mass exceeding 3,500 kg.

3) combination of vehicles consisting of a truck as mentioned in nr. 1 or a passenger car as mentioned in nr. 2 and a trailer with a maximum authorised weight of which does not exceed 750 kg.

4) engine powered flatbed truck.

5) driving licence for category C may be issued to persons who are at least 21 years old.

6) There are specific age requirements for: (a)) persons who are employees, conscripts or volunteers in the defense, home guard, emergency preparedness or police.

b) Mechanics, mechanic apprentices or similar.

(c)) Until age requirement of 21 years is fulfilled, there must only be placed on the vehicles in service/employment.

d) Persons acquiring the licence as part of qualification training in accordance with the rules of the ordonnance on qualification requirements for certain drivers of vehicles in road transport. Until the reach the age of 21 years, gives the card alone entitled to drive vehicles in accordance with the rules laid down in the notice on the qualification requirements for certain drivers of vehicles in road transport.

6.2 Dimensions, people and goods as well as special conditions, etc.

Main objectives

The student must learn about the legal provisions and conditions relating to the truck's dimensions and on persons and freight, etc. The student must also revise legal provisions and conditions on signalling and hand signals, use of lights, road accident, the insurance obligation and supply of vehicle to the other.

Milestones

6.2.1 heavy goods vehicles width

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions: 1) a truck must with or without read not be wider than 2.55 m. Refrigeration trucks with refrigerated boxes that have severe side walls, however, must be up to 2.6 m.

  The width is measured over the parts that go furthest out to each side, with the exception of fx exterior mirrors and side direction indicator lamps, etc.

2) when running with a truck on a narrow road one must pay particular attention to other traffic, keep as far to the right as possible and, if necessary, stop, so others can get past.

6.2.2 length of heavy goods vehicles

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions: 1) a truck with or without read must not be longer than 12 metres.

  The length is measured over the parts that go the furthest forward and backward, with the exception of e.g. coupling devices.

2) when running with a wall that goes more than 2 m in addition to the truck's front section, the driver must be accompanied by a helper that can stand out of the truck and at intersections, railway overkørsler and similar difficult spots guiding the driver and to warn other road users.

6.2.3 the height of heavy goods vehicles

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions: 1) a truck must with or without read not be higher than 4 m.

  The height measured vertically from the roadway to the part that reaches more than up, however, with the exception of e.g. an antenna.

2) regardless of the height the driver must ensure that the drive under bridges, wires and similar can happen without danger or disadvantage.

6.2.4 lorry weight

The student must be able to indicate the importance of the following expression: 1) the truck's axle pressure is the pressure that is transmitted to the road by the wheels on the axle or bogie in question.

2) truck permissible laden weight is the upon registration maximum weight of the truck with operating funds, driver and cargo.

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions: 3) A truck gross vehicle weight and axle load must not exceed what is specified in the registration certificate.


4) trucks on both sides must bear an inscription that indicates the maximum total weight (T) and maximum load (L) or payload (NL). To load (L) included weight of driver, passengers, fuel, oil and water.

The student must have knowledge of the following legal provisions: 5) permissible axle load must not exceed 10 metric tons.

6) trucks in international traffic may have permitted the driving akseltryk of up to 11.5 tonnes if the driving axle is fitted with twin mounted wheels and vejvenlig suspension.

7) at the maximum permissible weight to be at least 20% of which rest on the steering axles.

8) truck permissible laden weight must not exceed the following limits: a) truck with 2-axle: 18 tons, b) truck with 3 axles: 24 tons, however, up to 26 tonnes of international traffic, and (c)) truck with 4 or more axles: 29.5 tonnes, or 32 tonnes, provided that particular requirements are met.

9) trucks, which is authorised for international traffic, when they only used in national traffic, observe the national weight limits.

Waivers

The student must have knowledge of the following legal provisions: 10) the police can provide transport authorisation for the transport of goods that exceed the provisions for heavy goods vehicles with a maximum width, length and height, if a transport cannot reasonably be required to be implemented in any other way. In these cases, special rules apply for marking.

  The police's written consent must be taken while driving.

11) transport of particularly bulky or heavy goods traffic on the block wagon (transports ") require special transport permit issued by the police. Similar rules apply to running with a mobile crane.

6.2.5 persons and goods

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions: 1) persons and goods must be fitted so that the driver has unobstructed view and sufficient opportunity to maneuver the truck.

2) must not be so many people in the truck, and they must not be positioned so that it is dangerous to themselves or others.

3) Mounted safety belts must be used. There must not be transported in the truck more persons than the number of seats with seat belts. This does not apply to older trucks, where there is no fitted seatbelts.

4) Goods must not cover the flashers, lights and license plate, no noise, smoke or dust form in unnecessarily disturbing extent, not tow or fall down on the road or otherwise be obstacle or hazard to traffic.

5) Animals shall be transported in such a way that they are not subjected to unnecessary suffering. They must have adequate space and adequate ventilation as well as protection against wind, cold, precipitation and solar. For the carriage of animals apply specific provisions on the implementation of transport and the truck's interior.

6) when transporting larger animals must usually be approved by a truck company.

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following general guidelines for the safe stowage and carriage of goods: 7) the estate must be secured against forward slips by slowing down.

8) reading of different goods is the main rule is that the heaviest is placed at the bottom of the left and as close as possible to the pallet-wide centreline.

9) in addition, the cargo loaded up the truck's clear, unless it results in excessive front axle pressure. In this case, the estate is placed further back on allowed and guaranteed by prop forward to forsmækken. In all cases, however, it must be ensured that at least 20% of the actual total weight rests on the steering axles, as well as to permissible bagakseltryk is not exceeded. In this connection, one must be aware of the pallet-wide location relative to the truck's axles, including location of swap bodies.

10) in the interests of sound reading driver must pay attention to the cargo weight that sturdiness and variability to temperature fluctuations, as well as splitting up the strength and resistance to moisture.

11) on a slippery or damp let should be laid joists of wood, e.g. in order to counteract the fact that the estate is progressing while driving or is affected by moisture.

12) transportation of dangerous goods must be conducted according to specific rules.

13) vehicles on the let must be ensured by the fact that the parking brake is pulled, and the vehicle is secured with blocks or wedges and lashing.

14) Drums, barrels and similar rolling cargo is unloaded, as far as possible, standing upright and secured against rolling with pads or wedges otherwise and lashing. Bracing is necessary if for-, page-, and tailgate can not resist pressure from the estate at forskubning while driving.

15) General cargo must normally be guaranteed against forskubning with e.g. hooks or did and by filling in the spaces with corrugated cardboard, blankets or similar. High pallet cargo should be loaded so that it tilted slightly inward towards the ladmidten from both sides.

16) Binding of read with surringsreb must be carried out with proper knots for tying hooks, hangers or similar.

17) Stone, gravel and other loose material must be secured against falling of while driving. If the material or otherwise pollutes dusting, it shall be covered with tarpaulin.

18) Tarps cannot in itself be used to fuse or lashing, but used only to protect the goods against wind and weather. If covered with tarpaulin and binding must be carried out, so the wind from blowing the tarpaulin up, loosen it and cause it to flutter dangerous to other road users.

Marking of goods

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions: 19) Goods that go more than 1 m beyond the front or rear of the vehicle or more than 15 cm out of the truck's side, must be indicated by signs.

the marking of the goods is carried out 20) with a white cylinder with at least two red reflective stripes. The cylinder must be at least 30 cm high and have a diameter of at least 10 cm. for the non-commercial carriage of goods outside the lamp ignition time may, however, be done with the marking light cloth or similar.

21) in the lamp ignition time must the marking by any type of transport in addition made with lamps that lights up red to the rear and white forward, and which is clearly visible in at least 300 m distance.

22) the marking must be placed on the portion of the cargo that goes farthest out of the truck and as low as possible, but not less than 35 cm. The marking shall also be affixed so that the driver has visibility, and so it is not a danger to other road users.

6.2.6 Signs, hand signals and use of light

Repetition after paragraph 6.2.3, 6.2.4 and 6.2.5 in the learning plan for category (B).

6.2.7 Motor stop and plates etc.

Repetition after section 6.2.8 of the learning plan for category (B).

6.2.8 traffic accident

Repetition after section 6.2.9 in the learning plan for category (B).

6.2.9 insurance obligation

Repetition after section 6.2.10 of teaching plan for category (B).

6.2.10 the supply of vehicle for other

Repetition after section 6.2.11 in the learning plan for category (B).

6.3 the driving and rest periods, as well as the use of recording equipment

Main objectives

The student must have general knowledge of driving and rest rules and be able to operate the equipment properly.

Milestones

6.3.1 driving and rest rules

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following provisions on driving and rest time: running time



1) running time is the time of recording equipment is recorded as driving.

2) the daily driving time between two daily rest periods must not exceed 9 hours. Twice in the course of a week the daily driving time may be up to a maximum of 10 hours.

3) the weekly driving time shall not exceed 56 hours.

4) total accumulated driving time during 2 consecutive weeks shall not exceed 90 hours.

Running time without a break



5) A driving time without breaks may not be more than 4 ½ hour, then there must be maintained an uninterrupted break of not less than 45 minutes, unless the driver begins a rest period.

6) this break may be replaced by a break of at least 15 minutes followed by a break of at least 30 minutes distributed over the driving period. There can not be swapped on the order of the breaks. At the two-man operation can break is held in a running vehicle.

7) the driver shall not drive or perform other work during this pause, which should only be used for recreation.

Rest period



8) within any period of 24 hours after the end of the previous daily or weekly rest period the driver must have held a regular daily rest period of at least 11 consecutive hours (regular daily rest period).

9) The regular daily rest period may be taken in two periods, the first of which period must be of at least 3 consecutive hours and the other at least 9 consecutive hours.

10) dwell time can be reduced to a minimum of 9 consecutive hours (reduced daily rest period) up to 3 times between any two weekly rest periods.

11) if there are multiple drivers in the vehicle throughout the batch job (with the exception of the first hour), each driver must have a daily rest period of at least 9 consecutive hours within a period of 30 hours.

12) A regular daily rest period, are kept, while the driver accompanies a vehicle on board the ferry or train, must not be interrupted twice by other activities not exceeding one hour in combined. The driver must have access to a bunk or couchette.

13) in any two consecutive weeks a driver shall hold not less than: (a)) 2 regular weekly rest periods, each of which is at least 45 hours, or (b)) a regular weekly rest period of at least 45 hours and one reduced weekly rest period of at least 24 hours.

14) the reduced time at fx 21 hours (regular weekly rest period of 45 hours minus reduced weekly rest period of 24 hours) must be compensated by an equivalent rest, there will be assembled within three weeks after the end of that week.


15) Rest taken as compensation for a reduced weekly rest period, to be held in the wake of another rest period of at least 9 hours. In the example of a reduced weekly rest period of 24 hours, the compensation must be at least 30 hours (reduction of 21 hours plus 9 hours).

16) a weekly rest period shall start no later than at the end of 6 consecutive 24 hour periods after the end of the previous weekly rest period.

17) daily rest periods and reduced weekly rest periods that are taken away from the home site, can be held in the vehicle if this is equipped with suitable sleeping facilities for each driver and the vehicle is stationary.

6.3.2 use of recording equipment

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following provisions of the recording equipment: 1) Control Unit can either be analogous to the record sheet or driver card with digital. An analog recording equipment detects the driver's activities on a chart sheet. A digital recording equipment detects the driver's activities, on the one hand on a driver card, partly in the recording equipment.

2) in certain special cases, e.g. damage to or theft of the driver card, it may be necessary to use a printout from the digital recording equipment to record the driver's activities.

3) chart sheets/driver card must be used every day from the moment the vehicle is taken over, and until the end of the daily working period.

4) Used chart sheet, use a sheet to suit the recording equipment. It shall be ensured by having a look at the printed numbers on the back of the record sheet, where a number must match the number on the type plate of the recording equipment.

5) Before the record sheet of the recording equipment, the driver must be on easy-to-read and indicate clearly the following information on the form: a) the surname and given name. It is not enough to indicate the initials, and stamp shall not be used.

(b) the starting date and the starting place). The starting point can be specified either with country code (e.g. DK) or country (e.g. Denmark) or city name (e.g., Esbjerg).

(c) the registration number of the vehicle), which is to be used. Change of vehicle during a working period, the registration number for each of the following vehicles shall be entered in the order on the back of the sheet.

d) odometer value at boot time. Change of vehicle during a working period to the first vehicle-kilometres should be entered on the front end, and the new vehicle start mileage included on the back along with the new registration number.

(e)) the time of change of vehicle. The time shall be entered on the back of the chart sheet.

6) end date and end point as well as odometer value shall be stated on the record sheet, when it is not to be used more.

7) the driver shall operate recording equipment the settings buttons in such a way that all timing groups (running time, other work, on-call time and rest) are recorded and that the driver's activities are clearly visible on the chart sheet/data on driver card and in the digital recording equipment, as well as on any printouts.

8) record sheet must be replaced at the end of the daily working period. The record sheet must be taken by change of vehicle, or when the chart sheet is not expected to be used further in the same vehicle.

9) the driver card must first be taken at the end of the daily working period. The driver card can be taken by change of vehicle, or when the driver card is not expected to be used further in the same vehicle.

10) record sheet of the recording equipment in no more than sit 24 hours.

11) record sheets/driver card and all manual records and transcripts for that day and the previous 28 calendar days must be taken while driving and must be produced whenever the police.

12) will cause malfunctions or faulty functioning of the recording equipment, the driver on the record sheet or on a separate sheet, which shall be attached to either the chart sheet or driver card, list all the information, which otherwise would have registered the recording equipment.

6.4 freight transport, etc.

Main objectives

The student must have knowledge of how to read a road map.

The student must also have knowledge of the rules governing the execution of road haulage for hire or reward (haulage drive) and corporate drive.

Milestones

6.4.1 street maps

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following conditions: 1) road map must be used in planning of transports in a safe and sound manner.

6.4.2 road haulage for hire or reward and corporate drive

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following relating to road haulage: 1) The performing road haulage for hire or reward with a Danish registered motor vehicle or combination of vehicles with a total permissible laden weight of more than 3.5 tonnes must have permission to do so.

2) the authorization shall apply in the case of a motor vehicle or combination of vehicles. Some trucks are, however, exempted from the authorisation requirement, for example, high pressure spray wagons and opsugende sweepers.

3) performing road haulage for hire or reward abroad can only be done on the basis of one of the Traffic Agency issued a special permit for international road haulage.

4) Every truck or combination of vehicles with a total permissible laden weight of more than 3.5 tonnes, used to drive at its own expense, shall be notified to the corporate drive to a rear registration plate expedition on a tax center. The registration certificate shall be carried in the vehicle while driving.

5) International business driving is regulated differently from one country to another, but are often exempt from the requirement for a special permit for international road haulage.

6) Motor vehicles or vehicle combinations with a total permissible laden weight of more than 3.5 tonnes used for the carriage of goods for hire or reward or corporate drive, must be provided with the name of the person is registered as a user of the truck. The driver is responsible for receipt, transport and delivery follows the agreed conditions, including bring the relevant transport documents.

6.5 additional training

Main objectives

The pupil should learn when required additional training in addition to the driver's license.

Milestones

6.5.1 evidence etc.

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions: 1) drivers of the trucks used in the transportation of dangerous goods exceeding certain quantities (frimængden), or for the transport of dangerous goods in tanks, in addition to the driver's licence must be in possession of a vocational training certificate (ADR certificate).

  The arrangements evidenced by the Ordinance on the transport of dangerous goods.

2) By commercial driving be drivers of trucks have acquired a driver qualification card as proof of having completed an initial qualification training. The driver must additionally implement a continuing education every five years. Periodic training shall have a duration of at least 5 days and must be implemented within a period of 12 months.

  The arrangements evidenced by the Traffic Agency's announcement about driver education.

3) Drivers transporting animals for an economic activity at distances in excess of 65 km, must be in possession of the certificate of competence for specific training.

4) drivers who operate truck mounted cranes with a loading capacity of more than 8 tonsmeter, must be in possession of the certificate of specific training. The same applies to the operation of the mobile crane.

  The arrangements evidenced by the Decree on training for crane certification.



Annex 9 7. EXTENDED EXERCISES ON THE WAY

The purpose of teaching in extended exercises is to give the student skill in safely and considerately as well as on an energy-and environmentally sound way to customize the batch job to the changing risk conditions and risk opportunities as well as the applicable traffic rules on different types of roads with different traffic density during the execution of all normally occuring maneuvers.

Each practice precise content are laid down in the interim. The duration is determined by the individual student's needs. The individual exercises/maneuvers are considered learned satisfactorily when they can be performed with the degree of precision, as shown by delmåls descriptions. The individual exercises/manoeuvres shall be carried out with a truck, which meets the requirements for truck, category C, in the licence notice with relevant supporting documents.

The exercises/maneuvers to be conducted in an order which ensures that student continually transferred from a lighter to a more difficult exercise/maneuver. It will correspond to the order indicated in the training objectives.

Driver training for category C assumes that students have a driving licence for category B and thus someone driving experience.

Therefore, it is not considered necessary to practice every maneuver separately as in driver training for category (B). The following exercises are therefore composed of several maneuvers.

The teacher's Guide to learning plan describes the requirements to practice lines for the individual exercises.

As driver training for category B is considered fundamental to the training for category C, there is in the sub-objectives of the expanded exercises on the road alone set out conditions of special importance for drive by truck. In addition to this, the teaching, as necessary, include repetition of milestones in maneuvers en route for driver training for category (B).

Exercise 1

The exercise includes the following maneuvers:

7.1 starting and stopping at the road edge.

7.2 location under gears.

7.3 speed gears.

7.4 changing lanes and merge.

7.5 Reversal and reversing.

7.13 right turns in cross (minor roads).

7.14 left turns in cross (minor roads).

Main objectives

The student must learn the practice maneuvers. The student will also learn to orient themselves thoroughly backward by using mirrors as well as forward and to the sides as necessary.


The student will also learn to back and judge the truck's length and including, in particular, be aware that other road users and items can be overlooked because of the more difficult orientation opportunities.

Milestones

7.1 starting and stopping at the road edge

7.1.1 knowledge of accidents

The student must have knowledge of the following circumstances of accidents during starting and stopping at the road edge: 1) Counterparties are almost exclusively bagfrakommende.

7.1.2 knowledge of risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors-starting and stopping: 1) Limited the Guide options from the driving position due to blind spots and the lack of opportunity for direct orientation rearwards by head turning.

2) Error rating of bagfrakommendes speed and distance, in particular by use of convex mirrors, as well as bagfrakommendes any willingness to make room.

3) Call acceleration ability.

4) need big maneuver space.

7.1.3 Orienteering skills

The student must be able to understand and assess the following risk opportunities by starting and stopping and react appropriately to them: 1) Running and cutting, which can be hidden in the blind spots.

2) Narrow margins for manoeuvre that requires special attention to several things at the same time.

The learner must master guide and maneuver skills by starting, as stated in the introductory exercises en route, section 2.3» starting and stopping at the road edge '.

7.2 location under gears

7.2.1 knowledge of accidents

Accidents on location are stated separately, but not during the maneuvers, in which location is included, e.g. meeting, overtaking and oscillation.

7.2.2 knowledge of risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors by location under gears: 1) misjudgement of the truck's width at the risk of getting too close to road users in the roadside or run out in soft discount, etc.

2) misjudgement of the truck's height when driving under bridges, etc.

3) risk that the truck comes in addition to the wayside due to driver inattention.

7.2.3 7.2.4-orientation and maneuver skills

Repetition of milestones in 7.2.3 7.2.4 in curriculum for category-B.

7.3 speed gears

7.3.1 knowledge of accidents

The student must have knowledge of the following circumstances by single car accidents: 1) happens part single car accidents with trucks. They are probably together with high speed as appropriate, but not necessarily very high speed, because 1/3 of the accidents happening at a speed below 50 km/h and 2/3 of the accidents happening at a speed over 50 km/h.

2) Fatigue, exposure or illness spirits prevail at around one in five eneulykke.

3) Other circumstances of importance for the eneulykkerne is dark, smooth or oily lead and inadequate stowage of cargo.

4) most single car accidents happen on roads outside the towns, and most is done on straight roads and individual in bends.

5) By most single car accidents come the truck beyond the roadside on the right side, and in approximately ½ of all single car accidents overturning the truck.

7.3.2 knowledge of risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors by single car accidents: 1) tend to underestimate their own speed as well as vejsvings sharpness.

2) Large vehicles inferior run properties than, say, passenger cars, since senior building and cargo results in high Centre of gravity and therefore reduced stability and risk for rollover during oscillation and driving through bends.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.3.2 in the learning plan for category (B).

7.3.3 7.3.4-orientation and manoeuvring skills

The student must master the following guidance and maneuvering skills in the selection of the speed: 1) look for bumps. Run significantly slower than the on-the-spot current or specified speed.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.3.3 7.3.4 in curriculum for category-B, apart from driving on steeper hills and through the sharper bends, forming part of exercise 3 ' Drive outside closer developed area '.

7.3.5 legislative provisions, moreover,

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions regarding speed: 1) trucks shall not run 70 km/h, also on the Expressway.

2) trucks on the motorway must not exceed run 80 km/h.

3) trucks must in closer developed area, with the exception of motorways and expressways, most driving 50 km/h, also on lines with higher local speed limit.

7.4 changing lanes and merge

7.4.1 knowledge of accidents

The student must have knowledge of the following event in the event of accidents changing lanes and merge: 1) Counterparties are almost exclusively drivers.

7.4.2 knowledge of risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk ratio when changing lanes and merge: 1) Limited orientation opportunities because of the blind spots.

2) For quick ratbetjening from page to page by changing lanes, so unforced rulership is lost due to cargo displacement (especially while driving with trucks with half-filled tanks and trucks with hanging carcasses).

7.4.3 7.4.4-orientation and manoeuvring skills

Repetition of milestones in 7.4.3-7.4.4 in teaching plan for category (B).

7.5 Reversal and reversing

7.5.2 knowledge of risk factors

Repetition of milestones in 7.5.2 in the learning plan for category (B).

7.5.3 7.5.4-orientation and manoeuvring skills

The learner must master guide and maneuver the reversing skills as described in the introductory exercises en route, section 2.4» right turn on corners ' and section 2.5» reversing with målbremsning '.

7.13 right turn in cross-

7.13.1 knowledge of accidents

The student must have knowledge of the following event in the event of accidents right turn in crossroads: 1) happens quite a few accidents during the right turn at the intersection.

2) By about half of the accidents is the counterparty a cyclist or moped driver who finds himself on the right side of the truck, and the driver of the truck terminals or swings in front of. Many of the cyclists is at the truck's right forhjørne when the truck start oscillation. Most of these kinds of accidents happen in lysregulerede intersection with bicycle lane, where the truck swings for the go-ahead after having kept a red light with a cyclist/moped running. Each 5. accident takes place by collision with crossing cars, bicycles and mopeds. In these cases, the driver of the truck as a rule not complied with its obligation to give way.

3) Individual accidents is done by a bagfrakommende car which hit the truck, which puts the speed down or stops in the context of the oscillations to the right.

4) Some accidents happen by collision with pedestrians crossing the carriageway, the truck swings into.

7.13.2 knowledge of risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors by right turn: 1) For high speed before and during the oscillation, so orientation will be deficient.

2) inadequate briefing on bagfrakommende cyclists and moped riders on the right side of the truck.

3) Tendency to mistakenly perceiving the go-ahead as characters on plain line track to the right turn.

4) error of assessment of the intersecting road speed and distance from the intersection.

5) deficient or wrong orientation after bagfrakommende cyclists and moped drivers as well as pedestrians who comes out in the lysregulerede cross, after there have been green for some time.

6) inadequate assessment of free manoeuvre space relative to the oncoming and bagfrakommende, especially if the truck has a large overhang, and oscillation to be made into a narrow road.

7) For high speed during the oscillation, so the truck coming over in modkørendes lane on the road that swung in to, or rulership is lost due to cargo displacement (especially while driving with trucks with half-filled tanks, concrete artillery pieces, trucks with hanging carcasses, etc.).

8) inadequate briefing on crossing pedestrians on the road that swung in to.

9) Backwards right turn from less to more high-traffic road.

7.13.3 Orienteering skills

The student must be able to understand and assess the following risk opportunities by right turn and react appropriately to them: 1) Any cyclists and moped riders, who stops at the stop line on the right side of the truck.

2) Possibly bagfrakommende cyclists and moped riders on the right side of the truck on the roadway or bike path.

3) Any cyclists, moped riders and pedestrians coming out in the lysregulerede cross, after there has been a green light for some time.

4) sign that pedestrians will cross the carriageway, which swung in to.

5) Possibly bagfrakommende drivers who don't pay attention to reduction of speed before oscillation.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.13.3 in curriculum for category (B).

The learner must master orienteering skills by right-hander listed under introductory exercises en route, section 2.4» right turn on corners ' and section 2.2.3» use of mirrors «, as well as the following: 6) in the drive against cross-orient themselves thoroughly through the panes and mirrors (and using, where appropriate, camera, sensors, etc.) After the cyclists and moped riders, who also is on the way towards the intersection.

7) continue to keep informed through the panes and mirrors (and using, where appropriate, camera, sensors, etc.) of any cyclists and moped riders to the right of the truck, while holding a red light.

8) orient themselves thoroughly about traffic and other obstacles, too, in the drive for the go-ahead.


9) judge the space situation for the manøvrens execution, including the carriageway width and traffic density in view of the possible use of the adjacent lane or overrun by vejmidte on the way, we come from or to swing in to.

10) Judge bagfrakommendes speed, distance and intention.

11) Inform itself about crossing pedestrians and oncoming on the road that swung in to.

7.13.4 Maneuver skills

The student must master the maneuver forwards and backwards skills by right-hander listed under introductory exercises en route, section 2.4» right turn the corners ', as well as the following: 1) Where right turn is performed by first dragging to the left on the roadway, this maneuver is carried out away from the side road with subsequent hand signals to the right turn.

2) Make right bend with appropriate low-speed and possibly stop before crossing of bikers ' course to give it sufficient time for thorough briefing.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.13.4 in curriculum for category (B).

7.14 left turns in cross-

7.14.1 knowledge of accidents

The student must have knowledge of the following event in the event of accidents left turn in crossroads: 1) happens many accidents during left turns at intersections.

2) Individual accidents happen by, to bagfrakommende cars and motorcycles which hit the truck, which puts the speed down or stops in connection with oscillation or starts to swing.

3) Every third accident happens because the truck swings to the left in front of an oncoming car to be straight ahead at the intersection.

4) approximately 2/3 of the accidents happening at the impact of any intersecting highway. Here it is in the vast majority of cases, the truck, which has unconditional giving way. Most counterparties are intersecting cars, but two-wheeled road users also occurs in some cases.

7.14.2 knowledge of risk factors

Repetition of milestones in 7.14.2 in curriculum for category (B).

7.14.3 Orienteering skills

The student must master the following orienteering skills by left turn in crossroads: 1) orient themselves in the right mirror.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.14.3 in curriculum for category (B).

7.14.4 Maneuver skills

Repetition of milestones in 7.14.4 in curriculum for category (B).

Exercise 2

The exercise includes the following maneuvers:

7.6 Drive past the stationary vehicles, cutting, etc.

7.7 Meeting.

7.8 Driving in front of or after the other.

7.11 to stop at intersections.

7.12 Gears in the cross.

7.13 right turn in the cross.

7.14 left turn at the intersection.

7.15 travelling in roundabout.

Main objectives

The pupil must gradually learn the more demanding maneuvers, but at this stage of training under relatively simple and uncomplicated road and traffic conditions. The exercise be carried out preferably on less busy routes, therefore.

There must, however, an emphasis on the careful execution of all listed guide and maneuver skills also in preparation for the subsequent driving under the more complicated relationship.

Milestones

7.6 Drive past the stationary vehicles, cutting, etc.

7.6.1 knowledge of accidents

The student must have knowledge of the following circumstances of accidents while driving past the fun and education, etc.,: 1) about half of the accidents are a direct collision with a stationary passenger car or truck, usually in the right side of the road.

2) Other counterparts are pedestrians who step out on the roadway.

7.6.2 knowledge of risk factors

Repetition of milestones in 7.6.2 of the learning plan for category (B).

7.6.3 7.6.4-orientation and manoeuvring skills

Repetition of milestones in 7.6.3 7.6.4 in the learning plan for category-B.

7.7 Meeting

7.7.1 knowledge of accidents

The student must have knowledge of the following circumstances of meeting accident: 1) happens many accidents in connection with the meeting, often on the narrow, two-lane roads.

2) about half of the accidents happen as a frontal impact with oncoming in truck's own lane.

3) Ca. 30% of accidents happening as a frontal impact with oncoming middle on the carriageway or in the modkørendes lane. The counterparties are first and foremost person-and vans.

4) Only a small portion of the accidents happening in connection with overtaking.

7.7.2 knowledge of risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors at the meeting: 1) Oncoming motorists who exceed the vejmidten and do not pay attention to the truck.

2) relatively large width of heavy goods vehicles, which increases the risk of meeting accident on narrow roads.

3) size of heavy goods vehicles, which at higher speed produces strong wind pressure and shelter in crosswinds, whereby modkørendes management or market is affected.

4) heavy goods vehicles wobble trend due to crosswind sensitivity during driving in unladen condition with high rigging.

5) heavy goods vehicles General directional stability under sharper oscillation.

6) Larger trucks can only by size and engine noise seem scary.

7) prolonged monotonous drive can cause the attention levels drop.

8) Fatigue, disease, control of appliances, the use of mobile phone/intercom or similar goes beyond awareness level.

9) For high speed relative to the width of the carriageway or possibly reduced grip on the road.

10) Truck driver's non-observance of speed limits.

7.7.3 Orienteering skills

The student must be able to understand and assess the following risk opportunities by meeting and react appropriately to them: 1) Anticipate that the oncoming who have an uncertain or erratic driving, can exceed vejmidten.

2) Narrowed carriageway, bends and hills ahead.

3) weather conditions and particularly smooth or oily lead, which can cause the oncoming or even coming over the center of the road.

4) obstacles, including also slowly running and cutting into their own half, as well as the width of the road free traffic lane to the left of the obstacle.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.7.3 in curriculum for category (B).

7.7.4 Maneuver skills

The student must master the following manoeuvre skills at the meeting: 1) Reduce speed and give the signal and pull so far to the right as possible, if oncoming in critical show comes over in the truck's Lane. Similarly, if an oncoming during overtaking finds himself in his own lane.

2) If you will be overtaken and can see that there is emerging a danger situation due to oncoming, we must alleviate the danger situation, possibly by braking.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.7.4 in curriculum for category (B).

7.7.5 legislative provisions, moreover,

Repetition of milestones in 7.7.5 in curriculum for category (B).

7.8 Driving before or after other

7.8.1 knowledge of accidents

The student must have knowledge of the following circumstances of accidents while driving in front of or after the other: 1) happens many accidents by driving in front of or after the other.

2) Counterparties are usually personal or vans, but in some cases, trucks and, in some cases, two-wheeled road users.

3) By slightly more than half of the accidents which hit the truck a front car, which has reduced the speed or is stationary (e.g. because the motorist must swing).

4) By the other accidents off the road the truck from behind.

5) Some accidents could have been avoided either, or the consequences could have been reduced if the truck driver had complied with speed limits.

7.8.2 knowledge of risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors when running in front of or after the other: 1) the truck's blind spots to the rear makes it difficult for the driver to inform themselves about indicate, there is close.

2) truck's inferior braking ability gives the risk of collision of vehicle in front, which suddenly reduces speed or brakes.

3) prolonged monotonous drive can cause the attention levels drop.

7.8.3 Orienteering skills

The student must be able to understand and assess the following risk opportunities by driving in front of or after the other and react appropriately to them: 1) Indicate, there is close by, because they are waiting for the fast option or undoes started overtaking and pulls in behind the truck again.

2) Overtaking opportunity ahead for indicate (e.g. cessation of bends or crossing of the hilltop) after driving over a longer stretch without the fast option.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.8.3 in curriculum for category (B).

7.8.4 Maneuver skills

The student must master the following maneuver skills by driving in front of or after the other: 1) in good time to prepare for maneuvers and by hand signals or change of speed and position to clarify the intent, as indicate may be close to or hidden in the blind spots.

2) Help indicate to overtaking, when conditions permit, by pulling as far to the right as possible and, where appropriate, reduce the speed, but not to indicate to beckon.

3) Keep sufficient safety distance to the front. This will in most cases be equivalent to 2-3 sec. time distance in normally lead depending on the driver's routine and road conditions.

4) Increase the distance to the vehicle in front, if road and traffic conditions, weather or centuries makes it necessary.

5) outside closer developed area to be kept as much distance to the front, the bagfrakommende, who will overtake, have enough space to pull in front of.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.8.4 in curriculum for category (B).

7.11 Forward drive against cross-

7.11.1 knowledge of accidents

Accidents relating to stop at intersections are stated separately, but not during maneuvers in the intersection, where the batch is included, such as gears and oscillation in the cross.

7.11.2 knowledge of risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors in the drive against cross:


1) lack of regard to the truck's inferior braking ability in the choice of speed.

2) For high speed to stop at lysreguleret intersection, especially taking into account the vehicle's load.

7.11.3-7.11.4 guidance and maneuvering skills

Repetition of milestones in 7.11.3-7.11.4 in curriculum for category (B).

7.12 Gears in cross-

7.12.1 knowledge of accidents

The student must have knowledge of the following event in the event of accidents in intersections: 1 gears) happens part accidents during the gears in the cross. In some of these accidents are playing for high speed with the truck a significant role.

2) most counterparties is propelled from the right or left side. Other counterparties are oncoming, which especially in lysregulerede cross swings to the left without holding the back of the truck.

3) most of the accidents happening in cross with giving way. In approximately 1/3 of these accidents is in compliance with the truck not his giving way.

4) More than one in four ligeudkørende truck accident happens in intersection with traffic lights. In approximately 1/3 of cases running the truck over for a red light.

5) the counterparty is completely overwhelming other vehicles (especially cars and vans).

7.12.2 knowledge of risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors by gears in crossroads: 1) tend to run on own strength against weaker counterparts and therefore fail to fulfil own giving way.

2) truck's length and any protruding cargo as well as poor acceleration ability, which in the context of error assessment of cross-Tinah speed increases the risk of collision, especially in the drive after stopping.

3) For high speed and too little attention to side roads when driving in the cross-roads where the page has giving way.

4) For high speed to stop at lysreguleret intersection, especially taking into account the vehicle's load.

5) For high speed when driving in lysreguleret cross-for green light.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.12.2 in curriculum for category (B).

7.12.3-7.12.4 guidance and maneuvering skills

Repetition of milestones in 7.12.3-7.12.4 in curriculum for category (B).

7.13 right turn in the cross and

7.14 left turns in cross-

Refer to Lab 1.

7.15 travelling in roundabout

7.15.1 knowledge of accidents

Repetition of milestones in 7.15.1 in curriculum for category (B).

7.15.2 knowledge of risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors when driving in roundabout: 1) Error evaluation of round the conception and thus the required oscillation sharpness, thus the access speed is often chosen for high.

2) For high speed by the driveway at the roundabout leads to a high risk of rollover and in smooth and oily lead high risk of skidding with the subsequent roll-over.

3) For high speed in the roundabout leads to enhanced heel and possible cargo shift, especially while driving with trucks with half-filled tanks, concrete guns and trucks with hanging carcasses, etc. with increased risk of rollover.

4) For high speed or premature acceleration at exit of the roundabout also leads to increased risk of rollover.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.15.2 in curriculum for category (B).

7.15.3 Orienteering skills

Repetition of milestones in 7.15.3 in curriculum for category (B).

7.15.4 Maneuver skills

The student must master the following manoeuvre skills at driving in roundabout: 1) position themselves appropriately, taking into account the circular journey design either as stated in 7.15.4 in curriculum for category (B), or as far to the right as possible, regardless of which way the roundabout must exit the ad. This is due to the reduced opportunity to orient themselves along the wagon train's right side.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.15.4 in curriculum for category (B).

Exercise 3 (Drive outside closer developed area)

The exercise includes in particular the following maneuvers:

7.2 location under gears.

7.3 speed gears.

7.6 Drive past the stationary vehicles, cutting, etc.

7.7 Meeting.

7.8 Driving in front of or after the other.

7.9 Overtaking.

Main objectives

The student must learn targeted, smooth ride over longer stretches with necessary adaptation of location and speed after changing traffic and road conditions.

The maneuvers are mainly repetition of exercise 1 and 2, but must now be implemented under more demanding conditions, which makes it possible to teach the pupil in all manøvrernes milestones. In addition, the student must learn to overtake the other running as far as possible, as well as learn how to react appropriately when the pupil even overtaken.

Milestones

7.2 location under gears

Refer to Lab 1.

7.3 speed gears

Please refer to the exercise 1, supplemented by the following:

7.3.2 knowledge of risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors when driving in sharper cornering: 1) cargo displacement in trucks with tanks reduces considerably the directional stability, and risk of rollover is particularly high at trucks with half-full tanks in motion in sharp turns. This risk is already present at speeds about 30 km/h.

7.3.3 Orienteering skills

The student must be able to understand and assess the following risk opportunities by selecting speed and react appropriately to them: 1) Bends or hills, which reduces the list and hide any obstacles, including slower running and cutting.

2) Sharp bends that require reduced speed because of the grip or the nature of the cargo.

The student must master the following orientation skills with a view to the selection of speed: 3) look for bagfrakommende, especially heavy goods vehicles, which accelerates immediately prior to drive uphill.

4) see indicate that possibly accelerating downhill.

5) judge the bakkers steepness for proper time to gear shift or the use of any engine braking or assist brake (retarder).

6) Judge vejsvings sharpness for correct choice of speed and gear.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.3.3 in curriculum for category (B).

7.3.4 Maneuver skills

The student must master the following maneuver skills in order to adapt the speed, as appropriate: 1) Choose the proper time to switch to a lower gear when driving uphill.

2) selecting the appropriate gear at the proper time to drive downhill, depending on the steepness and length of the Hill, and the use of any engine braking or auxiliary brake (retarder).

3) refrain from persistent braking downhill over a longer stretch.

4) Select the appropriate speed and gear at correct time before bends, depending svingets sharpness and the nature of any cargo.

5) Make soft ratbetjening while driving through bends in the interest of the cargo nature.

6) Accelerate easily by the end of the turn, while the truck righted.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.3.4 in curriculum for category (B).

7.6 Drive past the stationary vehicles, cutting, etc.

7.7 Meeting and

7.8 Driving before or after other

Reference is made to exercise 2.

7.9 Overtaking

7.9.1 knowledge of accidents

The student must have knowledge of the following circumstances of accidents during overtaking: 1) happens some accidents during overtaking.

2) the counterparty is in most cases very overtook vehicle and most often a cyclist or passenger car.

3) in some cases, there is talk about oncoming as counterparties.

7.9.2 awareness of risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors by overtaking: 1) misjudgement of the truck's width at the risk of getting too close to overtaking cyclists and moped riders.

2) misjudgement of the truck's length, with the risk of pulling too early in front of the cyclists and moped riders, especially overtook.

3) the truck's size, which at higher speed produces strong wind pressure on the truck's side and rear or læbælte in crosswind, thus overtook cyclists and knallertkøreres management or market is affected.

4) misjudgement of the truck's acceleration capacity and maximum speed.

5) Error estimation of the necessary free stretch to overhalingen due to the often small speed difference.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.9.2 in curriculum for category (B).

7.9.3 Orienteering skills

The student must be able to recognize and specify the importance of the following road signs: 1) ' Overtaking prohibited ' (C 51) prohibits the overtaking of vehicles other than two-wheeled bicycles and two-wheeled small mopeds. The ban can be reduced by SubPanel that it applies only to specific vehicles, e.g. truck and truck with trailer.

2)» termination of overtaking ' (C 53).

3) ' Overtaking prohibited ' by truck (C 52).

4)» termination of overtaking with truck prohibited ' (54 C).

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.9.3 in curriculum for category (B).

7.9.4-codec.Pack.v7.9.5 Maneuver skills and legal provisions, moreover,

Repetition of milestones in 7.9.4-codec.Pack.v7.9.5 in the learning plan for category (B).

On the teaching of appropriate response, when you as a driver of truck even overtaken, reference is made to exercise 2, section 7.8» Drive in front of or after the other '.

7.4 Exercise 4

The exercise includes:

7.16 travelling on the highway.

Main objectives

The student must learn the more intensive guidance and maneuvering skill that is needed due to the special design of the motorway traffic and motor weighed special character.

Drive on the highway is mandatory where a double lesson allows drive both forward and back to the highway and drive on the highway. In other cases, the instructor tells together with eleven thoroughly examine the possibilities to get on the highway by extended class hours or by forming teams with several students, who take turns to run.


Where conditions completely exclude driving on highways, the instructor tells a special obligation to carry out exercises in joining with the merge to a larger road, where higher speed is permitted.

Milestones

7.16.1 knowledge of accidents

The student must have knowledge of the following circumstances of accidents on the Highway: 1) most accidents involving trucks on the highway is done by obtaining the front cars or know that the truck be obtained and is impacted by bagfrakommende.

2) there is also a part accidents involving heavy goods vehicles changing lanes or merging, including for-and exit to Highway.

3) More rare is the single car accidents and accidents associated with overtaking.

7.16.2 knowledge of risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors when driving on the Highway: 1) the inability to judge the distance to the other running as well as judging one's own and others ' speed, especially at the gathering.

2) difficulties in orientation, in particular because of the blind spots.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.16.2 in curriculum for category (B).

7.16.3-7.16.4 guidance and maneuvering skills

Repetition of milestones in 7.16.3-7.16.4 in curriculum for category (B).

7.16.5 legislative provisions, moreover,

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions: 1) on the highway with three or more lanes in the same direction of traffic may trucks only run in one of the two lanes on the far right. The rule does not apply at the fork in the road or by preparation of left turn by the motorway.

2) On Highway trucks and trucks must with the registration-only trailer maximum driving 80 km/h.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.16.5 in curriculum for category (B).

7.5 exercise 5

The exercise includes the following maneuvers:

7.11 to stop at intersections.

7.12 Gears in the cross.

7.13 right turn in the cross.

7.14 left turn at the intersection.

7.15 travelling in roundabout.

7.17 Drive next to the other.

Main objectives

The student must learn to perform all manoeuvres at junctions under difficult road conditions as possible and in as many different types of intersections as possible. The exercise must be carried out on roads with multiple lanes in the same direction and if possible in larger roundabouts.

The exercise must be carried out in close traffic.

Milestones

7.11 to stop at intersections and

7.12 Gears in cross-

Reference is made to exercise 2.

7.13 right turn in the cross and

7.14 left turns in cross-

Refer to Lab 1.

7.15 travelling in roundabout

Reference is made to exercise 2.

7.17 Drive next to the other

7.17.1 knowledge of accidents

The student must have knowledge of the following circumstances of accidents while driving next to the other: 1) happens some accidents while driving next to the other.

2) Counterparties are primarily medkørende cars, bikes and mopeds that swings to the left in front of the truck in the intersection or suddenly turns from the right road edge.

3) Other counterparts are cars or bikes, that draws in towards or ' pinching ' into the truck on the left or right side.

7.17.2-7.17.4 knowledge of risk factors, guidance and maneuvering skills

Repetition of milestones in 7.17.2 7.17.4 in instructional plan for category-B.

7.6 exercise 6

The exercise includes:

7.18 stopping and parking.

Main objectives

The student must learn to perform more demanding parking maneuvers, similar to conditions on many of the unloading spots.

The exercise can be carried out in the same place as the initial exercises. On the spot must appropriate marking of parking stalls, etc. could be carried out. The practice continued thereafter under normal road conditions in the industrial district, at berths or in urban areas, with the possibility of forward and backward drive along narrow approaches, through ports, or similar. The student must learn that parked trucks can be a contributory cause of the accident.

Milestones

7.18 stopping and parking

7.18.1-7.18.2 knowledge of accidents and risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors by stopping and parking: 1) Indiscriminately stopping and parking with large trucks without sufficient regard for others ' orientation options and security. This is especially true in the dark and in usigtbart weather.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.18.1-7.18.2 in curriculum for category (B).

7.18.3 Orienteering skills

The student must master the following orienteering skills: 1) judge whether the recommended truck will pose any risk or significant impediment to the rest of the traffic.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.18.3 in curriculum for category (B).

7.18.4 Maneuver skills

The student must master the following maneuver skills by stopping and parking: 1 Parking at forwards and backwards) driveway in parking lot approx. 3.5-4 m wide, perpendicular to the direction of travel. By forlænskørsel place the side of the truck's let up to one metre from a ramp.

2) forlænskørsel set the truck's right wheel not more than 2 3) 0 cm from the road edge, kerbs or similar.

4) Park at the driveway to the road edge in ' backwards car pocket ' (ca. 20 m long). Right wheel should be approx. 30 cm from the roadside.

5) Perform reverse parking against selected targets, as set out in section 2.5» reversing with målbremsning '.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.18.4 in the learning plan for category (B).

7.18.5 legal provisions, moreover,

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions: 1) trucks shall not stop or Park on the sidewalk.

2) Opening of doors, entry or exit and of-or loading must take place in such a way that there is no danger or undue inconvenience.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.18.5 in the learning plan for category (B).

7.7 exercise 7

The exercise includes:

7.19 travelling in darkness and in the lamp ignition time, incidentally.

7.20 Drive in the tunnel.

Main objectives

The student must learn to perform the previously learned maneuvers during the more difficult orientation relationship that occurs in the dark, especially with an emphasis on exercise 3 and 5. The exercise must be scheduled for the period from 1 hour after sunset to one hour before sunrise and carried out on lines inside and outside urban areas with good and less good lighting as well as on very dark roads with bends and hills.

The student will also learn how to run in tunnel, where guidance and maneuvering skills are more demanding due to the special design of the tunnelers and special nature of the traffic. The student will also learn about the markings on the carriageway and on the road signs, which are important when driving in a tunnel.

Driving in the tunnel is mandatory where a training lesson for at least 45 minutes duration allows drive both back and forth to the tunnel and drive in the tunnel.

To be used with one of the following tunnels:

1. Tårnby tunnel.

2. Frederikssunds-way tunnel.

3. England's way tunnel.

4. Guldborg sund tunnel.

5. (the limfjord tunnel).

If you do not want to run in the tunnel, which instead in the theory room taught the practical skills by driving in the tunnel.

Milestones

7.19 travelling in darkness and in the lamp ignition time, moreover,

7.19.1 Familiar to accidents

The student must have knowledge of the following circumstances of accidents while driving in the dark: 1) approximately every 6. accident happens in the dark and often on roads without street lighting.

2) most counterparties are cars and, in some cases, two-wheeled road users and pedestrians.

7.19.2 knowledge of risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors while driving in the dark: 1) the deterioration in orientation opportunities means that trucks are involved in proportionately more accidents in the dark than in daylight.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.19.2 in curriculum for category (B).

7.19.3-7.19.5 orientation and maneuver skills as well as legislative provisions, moreover,

The student must master the following maneuver skill: 1) Perform backward right turn on the corner, as set out in section 2.4» right turn on corners '.

In addition, repetition of milestones in 7.19.3-7.19.5 in curriculum for category (B).

7.20 Drive in tunnel

7.20.2-7.20.4 knowledge of risk factors, as well as guidance and maneuvering skills

Repetition of milestones in 7.20.2 7.20.4 in instructional plan for category-B.



Annex 10 8. SPECIAL RISK FACTORS IN TRAFFIC

The purpose of education is to ensure that the student is in possession of knowledge of some specific risk factors relating to motoring, that it helps the student to become familiar with its own capabilities and to develop a road safety attitudes and behaviors, as described in the curriculum for driver training for category (B).

The teaching is also designed to ensure that the learner has such an understanding of the specific risk factors at high speed, alcohol, bevisthedspåvirkende substances and non-use of a seat belt, that it helps the student to learn to anticipate possible errors or thought løsheder in traffic and in time to react appropriately to them.

Teaching has also designed to give the student an understanding of the particular importance for road safety and the environment, as a considerate road behaviour towards others and a defensive driving style has.

8.1 Specific risk factors, etc.

Main objectives

The student must have knowledge of some specific risk factors relating to motoring, with a view to developing a road safety attitudes and behaviour.

Milestones

8.1.1 alcohol consciousness influence substances, high speed and failure to wear a seat belt.

Repetition of milestones in 8.1.1-8.1.4 in the learning plan for category (B).

8.2 Own attitudes and behaviour, etc.

Main objectives

The student must have developed the ability and willingness to take responsibility, take necessary precautions in traffic and to cooperate with others.


The student should have acquired sufficient insight into the importance of own behaviour, attitudes and a defensive behaviour of road in order to avoid putting themselves and others in critical situations.

The student should be able to summarize the learned skills needed to drive a car, in a safe and environmentally sound way.

Milestones

8.2.1 Attention, behaviour towards others and their own driving skills

Repetition of milestones in 8.2.1-8.2.3 in the learning plan for category (B).



Annex 11 9. MANEUVERS ON THE TECHNICAL INSTALLATIONS

The purpose of education is to give the student a such a knowledge of some basic physical matters relating to driving a truck, that it helps the student to understand the importance of adapting the speed, steering and braking, as appropriate.

Teaching has also designed to give the student some skill in mastering the truck under moderate speed in certain critical situations. There must therefore be carried out in the shortest possible stopping distance, braking and evasive maneuvers on the road with high-and low-adhesion surface and straightening of the truck after skidding.

The exercises does not aim to encourage students to run faster or less gently than they otherwise would have done, but on the contrary, give them insight in the speed's crucial for whether an avoidance manoeuvre may be carried out. Students will also gain insight into the truck's reactions in critical situations, so that the panic reactions can be avoided.

The order of the exercises should follow this paragraph split. The exercises on the regular way should be carried out before the exercises on the slippery road to learn how much speed on smooth road to be reduced in order to safely can perform the same maneuver as on regular road. If appropriate, several of the exercises on the plain path before they carried out similar exercises conducted on slippery road.

Each practice precise content are laid down in the interim.

The individual exercises are considered learned satisfactorily when they can be performed with the degree of precision, as shown by delmåls descriptions. The student must complete at least 4 flying lessons á at least 45 minutes duration in maneuvers on the technical installations. In addition to the running time must be devoted time to instruction for the individual exercises. The overall course experience will take at least 4 hours. The student must have completed the teaching beforehand whether the technical conditions in the theory room.

The instructor tells may not be responsible for 6 trucks at the same time. During the exercises, as well as to be the instructor tells-and exit to these could monitor the students properly. Students must not return journey complete the exercises.

Requirements for driving technical facilities

The driving technical facilities must be licensed. On the approval and arrangement of the driving technical facilities reference is made to the licence notice with relevant supporting documents.

On a run the technical plant must be placed on the lists of the students who have received driving lessons in the exercises described in section 9. The lists shall indicate: 1) The teaching run teacher's name and address.

2) student's name and address.

3) date and time (from and to) for teaching.

The lists shall be kept for at least 3 years and must be presented at the request of the police.

Speed

Exercises on the technical plant must – for the sake of students ' rings routine – as a general rule, not be executed at higher speed than 50 km/h Some of the braking exercises in section 9.2 can be carried out at speeds up to 60 km/h.

9.1 Grip and loading

Main objectives

The student must learn to grip necessary to carry out any manoeuvre and that the grip change over centuries. By loading and especially by wrong loading of the truck, improper tire pressure, worn tread pattern and defective shock absorbers changed the grip and control properties as well.

The student will also learn that the speed and operation of the accelerator and the brake must be adapted to the road mode and down carefully.

Milestones

9.1.1 Vejgrebets significance

The pupil must revise milestones in ' Road surface type and mode ' in section 5.2.3 of curriculum for driver training for category B and gain insights into the following conditions: 1) Grip occurs partly by frictional resistance (friction) between the tires and the road, and partly by the fact that the tires grabs down in and gets a hold of bumps in the road surface.

2) engine power, braking power and control movements can be exploited only through the grip, which is a condition for any manoeuvre (acceleration, braking and steering).

3) Grip is reduced significantly in wet and oily lead and especially in snow, sand and on slippery road, where the accelerator, clutch, brake, and steering wheel, therefore, must be operated with great caution, and the speed is kept appropriately low.

9.1.2 Loading, tire pressure, etc.

The pupil must revise milestones in section 3.1.2» Control Properties ' in the curriculum for driver training for category B and the location of the goods, as set out in section 6.2.5» persons and goods ', and gain insights into the following conditions: 1) Heavy load placed behind the truck's rear axle increases pressure on the rear wheels, while pressure on the front wheels is facilitated. It may mean that the truck can get a strong overload tendency, and – by special heavy loads – can grip is reduced so much that the possibility of management is reduced.

The student must be familiar with the following conditions: 2) Incorrect loading of the truck provides a substantial change in CG position. Especially wrong placement of goods allows increased risk of rollover.

3) Both too high and too low tire pressure gives bad contact between the tires and the road, thereby reducing the grip in good condition, and the truck's steering characteristics can be changed significantly.

4) Worn tread pattern reduces the grip in the wet. When driving in strong rain or through water puddles can cause akvaplaning.

5) By all these conditions, it is essential that the speed is kept appropriately low. This is particularly important if more of these conditions are true at the same time.

9.2 Speed, centrifugal force, braking distance and vejgrebets utilization

Main objectives

The student must learn that there is a certain correlation between the speed, reduced energy and stopping distance, and braking distance also depends on braking force, vejgrebets size, road gradient and possible strong winds.

The student will also learn about the importance of centrifugal force when driving in bends and learn that the speed must be reduced on slippery road compared to ordinary road.

Milestones

9.2.1 Motion energy and speed

The student must be familiar with the following conditions: 1) a truck that plugs into the movement, thereby achieves motion energy, which means that it can continue to run a piece, even after the connection between the motor and the wheel is broken.

2) Motion energy size depends on the weight and speed. By doubling the weight is doubled its kinetic energy, while doubling speed quadruples its kinetic energy.

3) with the help of the brakes can you shorten it some way, the truck can run alone through kinetic energy.

4) kinetic energy is transformed into heat in the brakes when braking, whereas kinetic energy by collision is converted to the detriment of the person and the vehicle. Damage increases significantly when the speed is increased.

9.2.2 Centrifugal force

The student must be familiar with the following conditions: 1) a truck, running through a turn or make an evasive action, is affected by a force that works across the vehicle, and which will seek to ' pull ' the truck ' out of the bend (curve) '. This force is called the centrifugal force.

2) There is such a correlation between the speed and centrifugal force, that a doubling of speed gives a quadrupling of centrifugal force.

3) when driving in curves will halve the curve radius double centrifugal force, whereas doubling the radius of curvature will halve the centrifugal force.

4) These conditions are of great importance, especially when running with high superstructures (e.g. truck with container, concrete cannon and the like). When driving with excessive speed with such vehicles on curves, there will be a high risk of rollover.

9.2.3 braking distance

The student must be familiar with the following conditions: 1) the stopping distance is the piece of road, the truck runs, from the moment the brake pedal is activated, and until the truck stops. (Transmission term is thus included).

2) stopping distance depends on the speed at which a doubling of speed means a quadrupling of stopping distance. (Transmission term is not included).

3) at a speed of 60 km/h on fx horizontal plain road is the stopping distance for a truck: a) 50-60 m by a soft braking or b) 30-40 metres by a hard braking (without wheel blockade).

4) stopping distance will almost be doubled by relatively small increases in speed, e.g.: (a)) from approximately 25 to 35 km/h and b) from approximately 35 to 50 km/h.

5) stopping distance also depends on vejgrebets size (or ' down '), and to maintain a braking distance of approx. 35 m as at 60 km/h on a horizontal plain road without blocking the wheels should be to: (a) reduce the speed) approx. 50 km/h on wet asphalt or gravel, b) ca. 30 km/h on real snow and c) approximately 20 km/h on the icy road.

6) the stopping distance will be increased when driving downhill. It may also be increased/decreased in heavy with-or headwind.

7) If the service braking system is of lawful condition must the stopping distance by 30 km/h maximum 10 metres for an ordinary truck.

8) If parking brake is in lawful status, should the stopping distance by 30 km/h not exceed 20 m.

The student must know about the following conditions gain experience on exercises ordinary way:


9) Make a pretty soft braking at a speed of about 60 km/h, equivalent to a braking distance of approx. 50 m.

10) Make a pretty heavy slowdown at a speed of about 60 km/h, equivalent to a stopping distance of approximately 30 metres.

11) Make a very hard braking at a speed of about 60 km/h, equivalent to a stopping distance of approximately 25 m.

9.2.4 Vejgrebets utilization

The student must be familiar with the following conditions: 1) Braking on slippery road due to the diminished grip must be performed with light pressure on the brake pedal in order to avoid blocked wheels (i.e. wheels that do not rotate).

2) Braking with blocked wheels increases the stopping distance in relation to the wheel kept in appropriate rotation.

3) by braking with a truck without the ABS brake system is the driver that you want to adjust the pressure on the brake pedal, so the wheels are kept in rotation and thus still slows optimally.

4) On trucks with ABS braking system, brake pedal violated all the way down and hold to achieve maximum braking.

5) by braking with a truck with the ABS braking system ABS brake system ensures that the wheels are kept in rotation and is not blocking.

6) Sharp ratdrejning on slippery road causes the truck does not follow the wheel's movement due to the reduced grip on the road or for high speed to the desired slant.

7) Heavy braking or acceleration during oscillation on slippery road gives a high risk that the truck cannot be kept on track through the bend because of the reduced grip on the road or the high speed (the same risk can be present on plain road).

8) Braking with one pair of wheels on the regular way and the second pair of wheels on slippery road causes strong uneven contraction of the truck. Even in the case of trucks with ABS braking system may appear lopsided draw.

9) use of engine braking, retarderbremse or deleveraging on smooth road is extremely risky. Use of these forms of braking can cause skidding due to blocked the rear wheel.

10) starting on slippery road (especially tray) can be difficult with large trucks, especially if the truck is equipped with double rear axle (bogie), which only draws on the one. Commissioning can be facilitated by briefly raising the non-powered axle to increase pressure on the powered axle.

11) use of installed and antispinregulering (ASR).

12) driving uphill on slippery road should as far as possible be made without changing gears and thus, to stopping can be avoided. Under possibly the gear shift to clutch and accelerator operated with caution, so avoid wheel spin.

The student must achieve proficiency in following exercise at regular road: 13) Brake by stepwise increasing speeds up to 60 km/h and by adapting the pressure on the brake pedal, so the stopping distance will be the shortest possible without wheels blockade and skid.

The exercise must be carried out with or without ABS brake system in operation.

The student must achieve proficiency in the following exercise on slippery road: 14) Brake in the shortest distance by stepwise increasing speed up to about 50 km/h.

15) Adjust the speed so that the pupil even scores, what it should be reduced to a minimum, in order to curb the length of ca. 30 m-which was achieved on common road at approximately 50 km/h-can be maintained.

The exercise must be carried out with or without ABS brake system in operation.

The student must achieve proficiency in the following exercise on the smooth path: 16) put in the time on slippery road without wheel spin or skid.

17) Possibly put in the time on slippery slope with an increase of 5-8% with no wheel spin and skid.

18) Possibly make gear changes up the slippery slope with no wheel spin and skid, including applying any differential lock correctly.

The exercise must be carried out with or without the ASR system in operation.

The student must know about the following conditions gain experience on the labs, plain/smooth road: 19) Brake by stepwise increasing speeds (up to 50 km/h) with the one pair of wheels on the regular way and the second pair of wheels on smooth way by adjusting the pressure on the brake pedal, so braking can be achieved without skidding.

The exercise must be carried out with or without ABS brake system in operation.

9.3 obstacles on the road

Main objectives

The student must learn to respond true face of sudden obstacles on the road, where stopping alone cannot be reached, partly by steering clear of obstacles, partly by braking and steering. The student will also learn how much the speed must be reduced on slippery road compared to ordinary road. When driving with the truck without ABS braking system, it must be avoided to steer and brake at the same time.

Milestones

9.3.1 Slalom

The learner needs to operate the truck correctly and achieve any skill in the following maneuver at ordinary road: 1) Run forwards slalom by suitable high speed (stepwise increasing to 30-40 km/h depending on the pupil's abilities) between 5-7 marker cones with 20-25 m intervals. The impact of the truck (thrust) should be as small as possible, and the control must be carried out in such a way that the truck settles between each turn.

9.3.2 Double Dodge maneuver without braking

The learner needs to operate the truck correctly and achieve any skill in the following manoeuvres on the regular way: 1) Make fast changing lanes at the appropriate high speed (40-50 km/h depending on the pupil's abilities) in order to avoid collision with marked obstacle and then quickly switch to the original track, when the obstacle is passed.

The learner needs to operate the truck correctly and achieve any skill in the following maneuvers on slippery road: 2) Make fast changing lanes at the appropriate high speed to avoid collision with marked obstacle and then quickly switch to the original track, when the obstacle is passed. The pupil must themselves judge what speed must be reduced to a minimum, in order to exercise can be carried out safely.

Practice the layout must be the same as in the ordinary way.

9.3.3 Combined braking and evasive action

The learner needs to operate the truck correctly and achieve any skill in the following manoeuvres on the regular way: 1) Brake with ABS brake system operating at the appropriate high speed (40-50 km/h depending on the pupil's abilities) before a selected obstacle, which is so close that braking alone is not sufficient. Steer clear of the obstacle with soft ratbevægelser and bring the car to a halt.

The learner needs to operate the truck correctly and achieve any skill in the following maneuvers on slippery road: 2) Brake with ABS brake system operating at the appropriate high speed (20-40 km/h depending on the pupil's abilities) before a selected obstacle, which is so close that braking alone is not sufficient. Steer clear of the obstacle with soft ratbevægelser and bring the car to a halt.

The pupil must themselves judge what speed must be reduced to a minimum, in order to exercise can be carried out safely.

Practice the layout must be the same as in the ordinary way.

9.4 Recovery of grip after skidding

Main objectives

The student must learn to respond true to regain grip and get the truck on the right course after a skid on slippery road.

Milestones

9.4.1 Drive in curve

The pupil shall exercise the following manoeuvres gain experience when driving in cornering on slippery road: 1) Learn the rate's significance when driving in bends of differing radii.

9.4.2 Rear skid

The learner needs to operate the truck correctly and achieve any skill in the following manoeuvres at rear-wheel skid on slippery road: 1) Immediately take any clutch pedal in bottom and keep the trodden under the entire alignment.

2) fail to operate the brake or accelerator because it only aggravates the udskridningen.

3) turn the steering wheel in the original direction of travel-IE. to the same page, as the truck's rear end dislocating.

4) When the truck then dishes up, turn the steering wheel at the same time back toward the straight-ahead position, otherwise cracks a new skid to the opposite side.

5) When the grip is recycled, and the truck once again is on the right course, lifted the clutch slowly and provides a little gas.

9.4.3 front wheel skid

The learner needs to operate the truck correctly and achieve any skill in the following maneuvers, if the truck does not follow the wheel's movement during cornering or driving through a turn on slippery road: 1) Turning the wheel towards the ligeudstilling.

2) Enter any clutch pedal in bottom and keep the trodden under the entire alignment.

3) When the grip is recovered, continued fluctuation or batch job through the bend in as flat an arc as possible.

4) fail to operate the brake or accelerator because it only aggravates the udskridningen.

9.4.4 Manøvrernes implementation

On ordinary straight course must be practised: 9.2.3 braking distance. Indøvelse of brake længdens dependence of opbremsningens strength of ordinary road.

9.2.4 Vejgrebets exploitation. Braking on the regular way without wheels blockade and with the shortest possible stopping distance.

9.3.1 Slalom. Correct ratbetjening/management.

9.3.2 Double evasive action. Fast track switching at regular road and without braking.

9.3.3 Combined braking and evasive action. Braking on the regular way without wheels blockade and then steering past the obstacle.

On smooth straight course must be practised: 9.2.4 Vejgrebets exploitation. Starting without wheel spin or skid, braking on plain and smooth road and braking with one pair of wheels on the regular way and the second pair of wheels on slippery road.

Possible starting and shifting on slippery Hill.

9.3.2 Double evasive action. Fast track switching on slippery road and without braking.

9.3.3 Combined braking and evasive action. Braking on slippery road without wheels blockade and then steering past the obstacle.

9.4.2 rear wheel skid. Straightening and recover from the effects of the grip.

In smooth transfer curve must be practised: 9.2.4 Vejgrebets exploitation. Braking or acceleration as well as running through the basket with the right price.


9.4.1 Drive in baskets. The rate's significance when driving in curves with different radius.

9.4.2 rear wheel skid. Straightening and recover from the effects of the grip.

9.4.3 front-wheel skid. Straightening and recover from the effects of the grip.



Annex 12 10. PREPARATION FOR DRIVING TEST

The purpose of education is to give the student knowledge about conditions in order to prepare for the driving test and obtain a driving licence for category C as well as to make the student familiar with the main legal provisions on driving licences.

Teaching has also intended to inform the student about the demands made by the driving test, and through evaluative tests in driving school give learners the opportunity to acquire experience on the conditions and procedures in the course of implementation of the theoretical and practical part of the test.

The conditions that are necessary to the description of the requirements for driver training, and the conditions for setting for driving test must be conducted in accordance with the teacher's Guide on driver training for category C.

10.1 Conditions for obtaining a driving licence

Main objectives

The student must be informed about the most important legal provisions concerning driving instruction, etc. and application for a driver's license with the appropriate certificates, etc.

Milestones

10.1.1 driving instruction

The student must have knowledge of the following legal provisions: 1) If you have not previously held a driving licence for category C, one before the driving test receive training in an approved driving instructor to category (C).

2) teaching to category C must not commence until, when the student has acquired a driving licence for category b.

3) teaching must be in accordance with the learning plan for category C and include both the theoretical and practical curriculum.

4) to be in driving education used a lesson plan. The lesson plan must be drawn up in two copies, one of which shall be given to the student in accordance with the provisions of the licence notice. The lesson plan shall among other things are divided into lessons, respectively, in theory local (theoretical subjects) and in practical driving instruction (practice). After the end of each lesson, driving instructor and driver's pupil with their signatures in the schoolmaster's copy of the lesson plan confirm the implementation of the lesson.

5) During practice at regular way should an approved driving instructor to be in the truck and take a seat next to the pupil. The instructor tells deemed to be the driver of the truck. On the technical plant must be alone in the truck during the student run the schoolmaster's monitoring from the outside.

6) learning plan with accompanying teacher's Guide can be found on the police website (www.politi.dk) and www.retsinfo.dk.

10.1.2 Setting for driving test

The student must have knowledge of the following legal provisions: 1) driving licences shall be issued by the police after passing the driving test.

2) driving test shall be reported to the police examiner. Of persons employed under the Ministry of defence and for personnel at emergency preparedness must undergo a driving test for special run judges.

3) Option to driving test is done by completing and signing an approved application form and mail it to the municipality.

4) When teaching is completed, the instructor tells with his signature on the application form to confirm that the applicant has received training in accordance with the curriculum.

5) application form must be accompanied by: (a) a medical certificate) with information on the applicant's health and State of health.

b) health card or similar proof of social security number.

(c)) look alike photo (portrait with no headgear) size 35 x 45 mm and without stamps, but with a doctor's endorsement on the back.

10.2 Run sample implementation

Main objectives

The student must be informed of the applicable guidelines for running the test content and implementation and by the ex-ante evaluation tests in the run the school gain experience in test situation conditions.

Milestones

10.2.1 requirement for driving test

The student must have knowledge of the following legal provisions: 1) driving test the driving examiner must judge whether the applicant has acquired the knowledge and skills that are determined by the description of milestones in the curriculum for that licence categories.

2) driving test shall be divided into a theory test and a practical test. Theory test must be passed before moving up to the practical test.

3) Applicants must know the theory test and the practical test bring the application for driving license and run the schoolmaster's copy of the lesson plan.

4) Applicants can not submit a driving test unless the driver training has been conducted in accordance with the provisions of the licence notice. This means that the theory test will only be presented when the learner has received training in teaching plan 1. title up to and including 8. section as well as in the relevant sections from the teaching plan 10. section. The practical test may be presented when the learner has received instruction in all sections of the curriculum.

10.2.2 theory test

The student must be familiar with the following guidelines for the theory test and by evaluative tests in driving school have obtained knowledge of test conditions: 1) Test usually has a duration of approximately half an hour.

2) Sample is written and implemented upon presentation of a randomly selected series among national police approved theory test kit with voice questions and answers as well as associated check form for reply.

3) Applicants who, because of special circumstances, there should be documented, cannot take an usual written examination, may be referred to a special test, where the EDPS eg Narrator questions or stops the sample between each question. Theory test series and also check schemes under special test. Dyslexia can not justify a special test.

4) the enclosure is closed at the specified meeting time. Candidates meetings of late, and after the test has begun, can not get access to the enclosure and must schedule new trial against payment.

5) applicants will be advised before the test on the sample implementation and conditions, including how the check form must be filled out, and it made abundantly clear that the use of assistive devices is not allowed.

6) during the test have only supervisors and applicants access to the enclosure.

7) at the theory test, the applicant must bring: a) the application of appropriate completed condition.

(b)) Special identification: (i) any previously issued driver's license (EU-model (credit card-type)), or (ii) a valid passport.

(iii) the applicant Is not in possession of previously issued driver's license or valid passport, see. above, must have original baptismal, names or birth certificate, health card or other appropriate identification as well as photo identification.

(iv) if the social security number or date of birth and place of birth is not clear from the passport or driving licence must also be presented a paper credential issued by a public authority, of which social security number or name and birth place is clear.

(v) If there is changed its name, and this name does not appear in the above mentioned documents, should the name change be documented upon presentation of a marriage certificate, name certificate or documentation for review to marriage authority or the population register.

c) Run the schoolmaster's copy of the lesson plan in the duly completed condition.

8) Sample is assessed in accordance with the national police force's paper.

9) the result of sample must be notified immediately after the test rating. Applicants must be informed which items in the curriculum that is incorrectly answered.

10.2.3 the practical test

The student must be familiar with the following guidelines for the practical test and by evaluative tests in driving school have obtained knowledge of test conditions: 1) The trip time is devoted to the assessment of the applicant's behaviour on the road, must not be less than 45 minutes by the practical test for category C.

  In addition to the run time should be set aside time for checking the identity of the applicant, information relating to the sample course, control of the vehicle's equipment, the implementation of reversing, evaluation of sample process, etc. The probationary period may be extended if necessary and can be interrupted, if the applicant's driving skill is very poor.

2) test drive implemented with the examiner beside the applicant in an approved school which the applicant must place at the disposal. The instructor tells the can, unless the applicant or the examiner has major objections to it, witness the test. As part of the test site quality assurance of the practical test, a sample can be further qualified by prior orientation of the instructor tells the witness test.

3) during the test shall be deemed to be the applicant as the car's lead with the resulting responsibilities and obligations.

4) Skill in control of the truck's statutory equipment included as part of the practical test. During the verification, the applicant shall without the use of tools to examine and adopt a position on whether the parts tested, abide, including could explain how checks are carried out. In addition, the applicant must be able to identify where the specified error may occur, as indicated in the learning plan section. When it must be checked for liquids, e.g. engine oil is filled in sufficient quantity, the examiner in situations where control of the concrete test vehicle carried out by a tell-tale, request the applicant to designate filling rather than e.g. engine oil.


5) the applicant must run after the test expert's instructions about routing and maneuvers. Instructions be given clearly and in good time, so that the applicant can perceive and understand them and reach to prepare and perform the assigned. The examiner looking sample in such a way that the applicant not be forced out in the abnormal traffic situations or be encouraged to act against traffic rules and safety in General.

6) The maneuvers, which is rehearsed in closed practice space and run the technical plant must not know the test is carried out separately, unless it directly listed in the learning plan section 7» Manoeuvres on the way ', but must be included in connection with the normal operation of the vehicle while driving. Drive in 8-figure as well as forwards and backwards slalom do not require performed. However, the following manoeuvres are always included: a) Hill in a clearly marked path with a constant radius of curvature (rounded corner).

b) parking safely at a loading dock, platform or similar.

c) reversing can only be required performed with any precision.

7) the examiner must intervene with the use of the truck's steering equipment, if it is necessary for reasons of safety or in order to avoid collision.

8) Individual less serious error may not in itself mean that the sample is judged as not-passed, since the applicant's driving should be assessed as a whole.

the result of the test is to be 9) shall be notified immediately after the end of the test. Applicants who have not passed, must be informed, what skill requirements in the curriculum that is not satisfactorily fulfilled.

10) the sample is judged after national police guidelines for driving tests.

11) By the practical test, the applicant must bring: a) the application is filled out and signed.

(b)) any previously issued driver's license.

(c) the Special identification): (i) any previously issued driver's license (EU-model (credit card-type)), or (ii) a valid passport.

(iii) the applicant Is not in possession of previously issued driver's license or valid passport, see. above, must have original baptismal, names or birth certificate, health card or other appropriate identification as well as photo identification.

(iv) if the social security number or date of birth and place of birth is not clear from the passport or driving licence must also be presented a paper credential issued by a public authority, of which social security number or name and birth place is clear.

(v) If there is changed its name, and this name does not appear in the above mentioned documents, should the name change be documented upon presentation of a marriage certificate, name certificate or documentation for review to marriage authority or the population register.

d) Run the schoolmaster's copy of the lesson plan in filled condition.

10.3 Furthermore, statutory provisions on driving licences

Main objectives

The student must be informed about the most important legal provisions relating to driving licences.

Milestones

10.3.1 Running the card's validity

The student must have knowledge of the following legal provisions: 1) the driving licence is normally valid for 5 years at a time, but can, in exceptional cases, be issued with shorter validity and subject to specified conditions.

2) When the period of validity has expired, the driving licence is renewed by letter to the municipality.

3) while driving, one must have the licence with him and, on request, show it to the police.

4) if the card is damaged or lost, you must contact the municipality in order to obtain a new one.

10.3.2 participation and recovery of driving licence

The student must have knowledge of the following legal provisions: 1) If police have reason to believe that a driver can no longer fulfil the conditions for having a driving licence, can the police involve or summon the person concerned to a controlling driving test.

2) Is leading the Court denied, can run the card usually only recovered after passing the controlling driving test. If the controlling driving test must be carried out by a first-time transferee, who previously carried out special driving instruction. The special driving instruction must be carried out in an approved driving instructor and must include at least a number of lessons in theory and in practical driving instruction room (practice).

3) If the right is denied as a result of drunk driving (or before september 1, 2005 for the alcohol drive), drug driving or driving under the influence of illness, etc., must be carried out to a course on alcohol, drugs and traffic (ANT-course) and passed a controlling driving test.

4) first-time transferees of licences (i.e. holders of driving licences either to category AM (great moped), category A or category B) will by certain violations of traffic law get a driving ban or an unconditional disqualification. This applies to all who have not yet had the first driving licence for 3 years.

5) driving licence holders will get by certain traffic offences in addition to a fine is also a ' clip on the driving licence '. For example, if you run over 30% for strong, running out for red, or if children under the age of 15 years are not strapped in the car. 3 clips within 3 years leads to a suspended disqualification. Cut card apply to gross violations of traffic law, which does not in itself entail disqualification, but as exposing others to danger.

6) For first-time transferees of licences is the rules tighter, since driving ban is achieved already after 2 clips within 3 years.
Official notes 1) Ordinance contains provisions implementing parts of a European Parliament and Council Directive 2006/126/EC of 20. December 2006 on driving licences, the official journal of the European Union 2006, nr. L 403, page 18, as last amended by Commission Directive 85/EU of 2014/1. July 2014 amending European Parliament and Council Directive 2006/126/EC on driving licences, the official journal of the European Union by 2014, nr. L 194, p. 10.

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