Overview (table of contents)
Organisation and content of education
Compulsory attendance, active participation, promotion, etc.
Tests and exams
The institution's teachers
The school's pedagogical tasks and responsibilities
Oversight, quality system and complaint
The availability of and reimbursement for training
Date of entry into force and transitional provisions
The full text of the Ordinance to the law on education to the higher commercial examination (hhx) and the higher technical examination (htx)
Hereby promulgated law on education to the higher commercial examination (hhx) and the higher technical examination (htx), see. lovbekendtgørelse nr. 861 of 5. July 2010, with the changes imposed by section 4 of Act No. 469 of 29. may 2012, § 3 of law No. 613 of 12. June 2013 and § 3 of the law No. 614 of 12. June 2013.
Chapter 1 section 1 purposes of education. Education to the higher commercial examination (hhx) and the higher technical examination (htx) is included along with training for the baccalaureate (the General gymnasium) and the higher preparatory examination (hf) into a single high school system, which is study preparatory and educative, and which provide a basis for higher education.
§ 2. Education to the higher commercial examination and higher technical exam is 3-year-old youth education programs, which are targeted at young people with an interest in knowledge, contemplation, perspectives and abstraction. Each of education constitute a whole and ends with an exam in accordance with the national standard.
(2). The purpose of education is to prepare students for higher education, including that they acquire general education, knowledge and skills through training combination of technical breadth and depth and through the interaction between the subjects.
(3). Students should through education and professional and pedagogical progression develop professional insight and study competence. They must achieve familiarity with applying different forms of work and ability to work in a Studio environment where the demands for autonomy, cooperation and attention to seeking out knowledge is central.
(4). Education must have an educational perspective with an emphasis on students ' development of personal authority. Students must therefore learn to behave in a reflective and responsible for their surroundings: fellow human beings, nature and society, and for their own development. Education must also develop students ' creative and innovative skills as well as their critical faculties.
(5). Education and school culture as a whole must prepare pupils for co-determination, co-responsibility, rights and duties in a society with freedom and democracy. Teaching and the entire daily life must therefore build on intellectual liberty, equality and democracy. Students should thus obtain the prerequisites for active participation in a democratic society and an understanding of the possibilities for individually and jointly to contribute to development and change as well as an understanding of both the close as the European and global perspective.
§ 3. Hhx and htx programmes implemented with emphasis on business related perspectives.
(2). General labourer-training study qualifying aim be realised within the business and socio-economic disciplines in combination with foreign languages and other general subjects. Education to develop students ' ability of professional immersion and their understanding of theoretical knowledge as a tool for the analysis of reality close relationship.
(3). HTX-education study skills aim achieved within technological and scientific disciplines in combination with general subjects in General. Education to develop students ' ability of professional immersion and their understanding of theoretical knowledge as a tool for the analysis of reality close relationship, including through the combination of theory and practical training in workshops and laboratories.
§ 4. Higher commercial examination (hhx) and the higher technical examination (htx) provides access to higher education in accordance with the rules laid down to that effect.
Chapter 2 Admission § 5. Applicants who have completed 9. class in accordance with the provisions of the Act on the Folkeskole or implemented an education commensurate with what is commonly required in primary school, and which meet the requirements established pursuant to paragraph 4 to prior teaching and tests are recorded in the hhx or htx in direct extension of 9. or 10. class. If Youth guidance after chapter 1 (c) of the Act on guidance on training and professions, as well as a duty to education, employment, etc., have assessed that the applicant does not have the professional, personal and social conditions needed to initiate and carry out the training, and the application searched maintained, shall take the institution with the education decision on admission sought.
(2). Other applicants may, where appropriate on the basis of an entrance examination, shall be recorded in accordance with detailed rules laid down by the Minister for education, see. paragraphs 4 and 5. Applicants who have not taken the mandatory public school graduation tests, must take an entrance examination.
(3). A student who after completing 1. or 2. years interrupt the teaching of until 1 year after agreement with the school, at the beginning of the following school year continue in 2. or 3. year at the school, where the pupil is already busy, or at another school. A student who discontinues the teaching of more than 1 year, to be included on new according to the rules laid down in paragraph 2.
(4). The Minister shall lay down detailed rules concerning the admission of pupils in the hhx and htx, including whether the later recording, on the requirements for the prior training and tests whether the school's individual assessment of candidates on an audition, though, in which case the applicants referred to in paragraph 2 may be included, and that the applicants in connection with the application must indicate their interest in the choice of field of study, etc.
(5). Applicants are admitted to the school of their choice, provided there is space. The Minister shall determine the reglerom cooperation between schools on the distribution of students.
§ 6. During the basic course, see. § 7, a student may, in whole or in part have completed a basic course in a second 3-year upper secondary school education, switch to the programme to the hhx or htx without loss of time. Such students are admitted on the basis of merit, including substitution, because it has so far conducted the course.
(2). Students from vocational training shall be recorded in accordance with the rules laid down in paragraph 1, provided that they have completed the necessary training at upper secondary level. The recording is done on the basis of merit, including the substitution of the relevant parts of the so far completed the course.
(3). The Minister shall lay down detailed rules concerning the admission of students, who want to switch to training to the hhx and htx.
Chapter 3 Education organisation and content of education organizing
§ 7. Each of the courses are organized in a basic course on ½ years common to all pupils, and a subsequent study of direction course at 2 ½ years, chosen by the individual student, see. § 12.
(2). Hhx and htx ' fagrækker ' consists of subjects at secondary C-, B-and A-level, where A is the highest level.
§ 8. The basic course should give the students professional insight and understanding as well as an introduction to the secondary working methods and provide the basis for students ' choice and implementation of field of study as well as the basis for the development of pupils ' education.
(2). Basic course on hhx consists of Danish, English, mathematics and 2. foreign language and, if the school decides this, teaching in further one or more subjects. The basic course consists also of a timer sucks (study area) for business economics, socio-economic and cultural-oriented professional themes both individually and across. That included linguistic and communicative content elements in the basic course.
(3). The basic course at college level consists of Danish, English and mathematics, as well as, if the school decides this, teaching in further one or more subjects. The basic course consists also of a timer sucks (study area) for technological, social sciences and natural sciences professional themes both individually and across. That included linguistic and communicative content elements in the basic course.
Physical activity and education in it
section 8 (a). In the hhx and htx is part of the overall course forward for respectively higher commercial examination and higher technical exam activities, where students have the opportunity for physical exercise and insight into its significance, as well as insights into other issues of importance to personal health.
(2). In the hhx is part of the total courses up to higher commercial examination teaching in it.
Study of direction gradient
§ 9. Study the course of direction must give students the opportunity for professional immersion and strengthening professionalism. A study of direction course consists of mandatory courses and Studio retningsfag in interaction with each other, as well as by electives and a timer frame for cooperation and coherence between the subjects (study area).
§ 10. In the hhx-programme is the compulsory subjects in all study courses: 1) placing on the market of direction at B-level.
2) Danish at A-level.
3) English at A-level.
4) commercial law at the C-level.
5) 2. foreign language at least B-level, A-level, however, if the student has selected a beginner as 2. foreign languages.
6) International Economics at B-level.
7) Mathematics at C level.
8) social studies on the C-level.
9) contemporary history at B-level.
10) business economics at B-level.
§ 11. In the htx-programme is the compulsory subjects in all study direction gradients: 1) Biology at the C-level.
2) Danish at A-level.
3) English at B-level.
4.) Physics at B-level.
5) Chemistry at B-level.
6) Communications/it on the C-level.
7) Maths at B-level.
8) social studies on the C-level.
9) Technique at A-level.
10) Technology at B-level.
11) Technology story on C-level.
§ 12. The school put together study directions, see. paragraph 2, so that each field of study includes 3 Studio retningsfag, in the hhx-programme, however only 2 Studio retningsfag, whose Studio direction contains a beginner on A-level as 3. foreign languages.
(2). Within a field of study, the two study retningsfag at the highest level have natural interfaces and opportunities for cooperation.
(3). The Minister shall lay down detailed rules on combinations of the two subjects at the highest level.
(4). The school elects it 3. Studio retningsfag, so that each study retningsfag in a field of study has good opportunities for peer interaction. Subjects from other secondary education can be C-level 3. Studio retningsfag.
(5). The Minister may lay down detailed rules that authorizes the school leader to organise special courses in the form of derogation of the bindings on the study direction for students, who in the course of change of direction training of study or school, and for students who are following a 4-year-old organization of training.
§ 13. All schools must provide a number of fields of study, it says in appropriate relation to the number of basic gradient team, however, at least 2 different.
(2). The Minister may provide that certain fields of study shall be offered or created and may lay down detailed rules on the subject.
§ 14. The school must offer a number of electives on C-, B-and A-level, which can be selected across fields of study. Subjects from other secondary education electives may be included in the supply.
(2). The Minister shall lay down detailed rules about what subjects and levels that can be included in the school's supply and the creation of electives.
Excursions and teaching at foreign institutions
§ 15. Parts of the instruction can be organized as field trips, etc.
§ 16. Parts of the instruction can take place abroad for students who have signed up for a special arrangement, where this has been previously planned. Teaching can be mislaid in a semester abroad or after special permission from the Minister of education for up to one year.
(2). If a student despite signing up not participating in the stay in a foreign educational institution, the student's school to ensure that the student can proceed without delay in the regular education at the school where he or she already is busy, or at another school.
Retention of students in training
§ 17. In order to keep pupils in education to the school in cooperation with the Youth guidance provide assistance to the students who need it.
(2). The school must draw up guidelines for the restraint worked, see. paragraph 1, including the reduction of dropout rates and procedures for the conduct of the elections or drop off.
(3). The Minister may fix nærmereregler on restraint work, see. (1).
Forms of work and evaluation
§ 18. Education shall be organised so that the students through the entire training meetings variety and progression in employment forms.
(2). The teaching must be continuously evaluated, so students and teachers informed about students ' benefit from the teaching. The Minister shall lay down detailed rules on internal evaluation for assessing students ' competence development.
§ 19. The school gives students credit for teaching upon application and test reporting in subjects, when the pupil before recording in education has completed the course at similar or higher secondary level.
(2). The school may also, on application, give a student merit, including substitution, for teaching or similar, which is carried out before the inclusion in training or completed as part of the teaching of the basic regulation. section 16, paragraph 1, when the course after the school's assessment may replace parts of the teaching in training.
(3). For students who have received credit in accordance with paragraph 1 or paragraph 2 of this article, the school may organise special courses, which may be shorter than a usual secondary course.
(4). The Minister may lay down detailed rules on merit, including the criteria for what subjects eligible for merit, and to what extent the meritorious subjects may be included in the overall exam.
§ 20. The Minister shall lay down detailed rules on the organisation and content of education organisation, including rules on subjects and study retningers objectives, content and extent at different levels. The Minister may also lay down the rules on the Division of the professional levels of the hhx and htx, including rules on single subject-related level, content and tests for specific groups of students.
Chapter 4 compulsory attendance, active participation, promotion, etc.
§ 21. Pupils have compulsory attendance and the duty to participate actively in the teaching.
(2). The school is obliged to take action against pupils ' absence. Provisions laid down in the school's study and code of conduct, see. § 22.
§ 22. Each school determines student and code of conduct, see. However, paragraph 3. The school makes students familiar with the study and conduct.
(2). The students are obliged to follow study and conduct. The school shall take a decision on the introduction of penalties for students who do not follow the school's study and conduct.
(3). The Minister shall lay down detailed rules concerning study and conduct, including on the introduction of penalties for students who do not follow study and conduct.
§ 23. The school's leader in special cases deny a student's promotion to the next grade levels, if it is considered that the student has not achieved a sufficient yield of the so far completed the course. It is a necessary but not sufficient condition for denial of promotion that the pupil has under 2.0 on average.
(2). The Minister shall lay down detailed rules concerning the school's access to refuse a student promotion.
Chapter 5 tests and exams section 24. Higher commercial examination (hhx) and the higher technical examination (htx) is total exams, each of which includes at least nine tries, including a study of the guidelines project.
(2). The hhx-or htx-exam can also piece together as a single subject exam of the test characters in all compulsory subjects, etc. and the requisite number of electives as well as a special project sample.
§ 25. Higher commercial examination (hhx) and the higher technical examination (htx) may include tests in all subjects at the training, except in subjects from other secondary education, which is not the test. The samples can be interdisciplinary.
(2). The Minister shall fix each year, when samples with key assignments take place. The school determines when specimens are held at each school within the deadlines laid down by the Minister for education.
(3). The Minister shall fix each year, in which subjects each student must audition. The school makes students acquainted with each year, in which subjects foreseen sample.
section 26. The school organises tests and issuing the certificate for tests and exams.
(2). The samples are individual for each student. However, this does not apply to samples, where several students ' participation is a prerequisite for a portion of the sample implementation. Each student is assessed individually.
(3). The diploma normally contain sample characters, årskarakterer and character of study guidelines project. The characters on the diploma is included with different weight in the exam result.
(4). After passing the exam receive each student a diploma.
§ 27. The Minister shall lay down detailed rules concerning tests and exam, including on the issue of the test and diplomas.
section 28. Other than students can set itself to try as an independent student. The Minister shall lay down detailed rules on the subject.
Chapter 6 section 29 of the teachers of the institution. Teachers who teach in accordance with this law, must have a teaching qualification (professional and pedagogical competence) in one or more subjects in the secondary education.
section 30. The school's Director assigns professional competence in connection with teacher's employment at the school. Professional competence is conditional on an academic level equivalent to a master's exam passed at a University.
(2). The professional level can also be acquired by education from business school or University, if he or she does not already have a master's degree, or an engineer school in combination with subsequent professional qualifying gainful employment.
(3). Teachers who teach in the business-related subjects, must have at least 2 years of relevant work experience.
(4). In each subject the teacher must have a professional level, which is at least equal to a training session, conducted at a university or equivalent institution and on a scale of 90 ECTS credits.
(5). The Minister shall lay down detailed rules on the conditions under which persons who do not have the referred to in of paragraph 1 the professional competence, can achieve teaching competence in accordance with this law.
section 31. A teacher achieves pedagogical competence by completing a diploma in education, see. law on secondary education in secondary education.
section 32. (Repealed)
Chapter 7 the school's pedagogical tasks and responsibilities
section 33. The school is responsible for teaching and for tests and exams over for Minister of education.
(2). The school shall take all practical decisions regarding the school's students, unless otherwise provided by this Act or rules thereunder.
Chapter 8 oversight, quality system and complaint section 34. The Minister has overall responsibility for and oversees education, tests and examinations in accordance with this law.
(2). The Minister can give cold cuts to school in educational affairs.
section 35. The school shall establish a system for quality assurance and performance evaluation in connection with training and education.
(2). The Minister shall lay down detailed rules on the subject.
§ 36. The Minister may obtain all necessary information from the schools of education, pupils and staff, including the schools organize visits to, among other things. with a view to the implementation of the monitoring and compilation of statistics, and may lay down detailed rules on the subject.
(2). The Minister may lay down rules on electronic communications between the institution and the Ministry of education, including on the form and format and on the application of digital signature in connection with delivery of information. The Minister may also establish requirements for control and security measures.
section 37. A student may appeal to the Minister of education of a school's decisions when the complaint relates to legal questions. The Minister may lay down detailed rules on the subject.
(2). The Minister shall lay down detailed rules on appeal against decisions in connection with the tests and exams, including to retaken and reassessment may result in a lower rating.
Chapter 9 supply and reimbursement for education section 38. Institutions approved in accordance with the law on institutions for vocational education or other institutions, which implements the basic course in accordance with the law on vocational education and training, can be approved by the Minister of education to provide education in accordance with this law, see. However, paragraph 3.
(2). The Minister of education may, in exceptional cases, impose a school to establish higher commercial examination (hhx) or higher technical examination (htx) or to record a certain number of students.
(3). The Minister may revoke the approval of that school can provide education to the higher commercial examination (hhx) and the higher technical examination (htx).
§ 39. The State subsidizes coverage of direct educational expenses excluding revenue from education. Financial assistance for educational expenses shall be determined on the basis of the number of yearly students by training and an average subsidy per årselev provided in the annual finance acts.
(2). For institutions that have been approved in accordance with the law on institutions for vocational education or law on university colleges of higher education, granted in accordance with this Act not to cover expenses for payment of fees pursuant to the VAT law.
(3). The Minister compensates the institutions for expenses for payment of fees pursuant to the VAT law, which after the VAT law cannot be deducted on a company's inventory of tax liability (non tax deductible purchase VAT), and as institutions incurred by the purchase of goods and services, for which the grant under this law.
(4). The Minister shall lay down detailed rules concerning the compensation referred to in paragraph 3 and may decide, including the establishment of a acontoordning for VAT compensation to institutions.
(5). The Minister may lay down special reimbursement rules in connection with educational experiments for pupils in single subject teaching and for schools with small pupil approach if it based on regional considerations are important to maintain the training that location.
(6). State grants a special grant for completion of training in accordance with this law. The rate is determined at the annual finance laws. The Minister shall lay down detailed rules concerning the conditions for and the calculation of the special allowances.
section 39 (a). An institution receives regardless of the provisions of this law do not grant activity dependent on subsidies from the Ministry of education for the training of pupils or students who are busy in addition to the average class grade point average at 28.0 on each grade levels at secondary full-time education.
(2). The Minister shall lay down rules on the calculation of the average class grade point average at the upper-secondary education, including on the calculation of full-time class sizes. The Minister may also lay down rules to the effect that an institution in special cases notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1 may have a higher average class grade point average than 28.0 at each grade levels at secondary full-time courses, including on conditions for a higher average class quotient.
Chapter 10 miscellaneous provisions § 40. Disabled students who need special education or other special educational assistance, must have quotes on the subject.
(2). In exceptional cases the school may organise the 3-year-old course over 4 years for pupils on the grounds of disability is unable to follow the teaching in the normal way.
(3). The Minister shall lay down detailed rules thereof, including customized test and exam courses.
§ 41. Students who temporarily due to sickness for a longer period of time cannot follow the regular tuition to have offers of medical education.
(2). In exceptional cases the school may organise courses over a 4-year period for pupils who, because of serious illness or equivalent for any length of time is unable to attend classes in the normal way.
(3). The Minister may lay down detailed rules concerning in particular organized teaching in accordance with paragraph 1, including the school's duty to make representations to the pupil, as well as on custom test and exam sessions, see. (2).
§ 42. The school offers pupils voluntary teaching.
(2). The Minister may lay down detailed rules on the subject.
section 43. To create secondary supplementary courses (GSK) in order to ensure that students who have completed an upper secondary school education, subsequent can acquire sufficient prerequisites to be able to be admitted to and implement a higher education. The detailed rules to be determined in accordance with section 43 of the Act on training for the matriculation examination (stx) (gymnasieloven).
(2). Institutions of vocational education and training can provide fagpakker aimed at specific completion and preparation for vocational training within defined sectors that have long-lasting practice of recruitment of pupils who have completed the 1-year-old trainee hairdresser.
(3). Establishment of special secondary pathways with fagpakker in 1-year-old secondary school integration courses for speakers of other languages (GIF) for students who are in their home country have taken an exam that can be equated to a Danish upper secondary education. The detailed rules to be determined in accordance with section 44 of the Act on training for the matriculation examination (stx) (gymnasieloven).
§ 44. Law on workers ' compensation shall apply mutatis mutandis, in the case of pupils any damages during training due to teaching under risk similar conditions. The risk in respect of these injuries is the responsibility of the State.
§ 45. The Minister may, in special cases make exceptions to the law, if it happens to promote experimental work and pedagogical development work. It is a condition that the experimental and development work not detract from students ' opportunities to make use of their school education as a basis for postgraduate studies or rights in other respects.
(2). The Minister may derogate from the provisions of this law on the organisation of the htx-early years, in cases where a school that is approved to provide training to the htx, provider International Baccalaureate (IB).
(3). The Minister may make exceptions to the law for a single student, where special circumstances prevail.
(4). The Minister may provide grants for experimental and development work and for other purposes.
§ 46. The Minister may approve, to education to the hhx and htx is organised in a 4-year course for elite athletes, which in addition to the usual entry requirements to the hhx and htx meets criteria set by just sports Institution to promote Danish Elite sport (Team Denmark).
(2). The Minister may also approve, that training shall be organised in a 4-year course for students who are admitted to the Musical basic course (MGK) or equivalent course in Visual Arts.
(3). The Minister may lay down detailed rules on the specially planned course in accordance with paragraphs 1 and 2, including customized test and exam courses.
§ 47. The Minister shall establish a Council for secondary Education, which is advisory to the Minister on all matters relating to the secondary education, including on education to the higher commercial examination (hhx) and the higher technical examination (htx). The detailed rules to be determined in accordance with section 47 of the law on education to the matriculation examination (stx) (gymnasieloven).
Chapter 11 entry into force and transitional provisions § 48. The law shall enter into force on the 1. August 2005, see. However, paragraph 3.
(2). The law shall take effect for students who begin teaching the 1. August 2005 or later.
Paragraphs 3 to 6. (Omitted)
(7). Rules laid down on the basis of the provisions of the law on the vocational secondary education to higher commercial examination and higher technical exam, which is repealed by the Act amending various laws in the Ministry of territory and repealing law about vocational secondary education to higher commercial examination and higher technical examination (Changes as a result of legislation on secondary education content) shall remain in force until they are repealed or replaced by rules laid down pursuant to this Act.
(8). (Omitted) § 49. The law does not apply to the Faroe Islands and Greenland but may by Royal Decree be put into force for Greenland of the variances, as the special Greenlandic conditions warrant.
Act No. 573 of 9. June 2006 includes the following entry-into-force provision:
§ 3 the law shall enter into force on the 1. August 2006.
Act No. 577 of 9. June 2006 includes the following entry-into-force provisions:
§ 7 paragraph 1. The law shall enter into force on the 1. August 2006. (Omitted)
Act No. 475 by 17. June 2008 includes the following entry-into-force provisions:
§ 19 para. 1. The law shall enter into force on the 1. August 2009.
Act No. 289 of 15. April 2009 includes the following entry-into-force provisions:
§ 4 paragraph 1. The law shall enter into force on the 1. August 2009.
(2). Date of entry into force of the Act in institutions that are authorized to offer the International Baccalaureate (IB), maintain this approval.
Act No. 1526 by 27. December 2009 includes the following entry-into-force provisions:
§ 4 paragraph 1. The law shall enter into force on the 1. August 2010.
(2). The law has effect for pupils and students who commence a training for the matriculation examination (stx), higher commercial examination (hhx), higher technical examination (htx) or the biennial hf 1. August 2010 or later.
(3). The law shall take effect for students that the 1. August 2010 or later follows one of the training courses referred to in paragraph 2 shall be organized as a single subject. (Omitted)
Act No. 140 of 9. February 2010 includes the following entry-into-force provision:
§ 16 Law shall enter into force on the 1. September 2010.
Act No. 641 of 14. June 2010 includes the following entry-into-force provisions:
§ 9 (1). The law shall enter into force on the 1. August 2010, see. However, paragraph 2.
Act No. 469 of 29. may 2012 includes the following entry-into-force provisions:
§ 5 paragraph 1. The law will enter into force on 15. June 2012.
(2). The law has effect for classes that are created for the purpose of teaching students or students who begin teaching the 1. August 2012 or later.
Act No. 613 of 12. June 2013, includes the following entry-into-force provision:
section 4 of the law shall enter into force on the 1. August 2013.
Act No. 614 of 12. June 2013, includes the following entry-into-force provision:
section 4 of the law shall enter into force on the 1. August 2013.
The Ministry of education, the 4. September 2013 Christine Antorini/Mads B