Order On Curriculum For Driver Training For Category C / E (Truck With A Large Trailer)

Original Language Title: Bekendtgørelse om undervisningsplan for køreuddannelsen til kategori C/E (lastbil med stort påhængskøretøj)

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now

Read the untranslated law here: https://www.retsinformation.dk/Forms/R0710.aspx?id=126313

Overview (table of contents)

Appendix 1
Appendix 2
Appendix 3
Appendix 4
Appendix 5
Appendix 6
Appendix 7
Appendix 8
Appendix 9
Annex 10
Annex 11
Annex 12
The full text
Order on the curriculum for driver training for category C / E (truck with a large trailer) 1)
Pursuant to § 56 paragraph. 5, § 64 paragraph. 5, and by order pursuant to § 134 b of the Road Traffic Act, see. Act no. 1058 of 4 November 2008:
§ 1. Education of students with a view to obtaining a driving license for categories C / E should be in accordance with the curriculum for driver training for category C / E (truck with a large trailer), which is annexed to this notice.
§ 2. This Order shall enter into force on 1 October 2009.
PCS. 2. Students who have begun running training before 1 October 2009 may complete training and presentation driving test under the current rules, see. Order no. 522 of 19 June 1997 on the curriculum for driver training to large trailer (category E) until the end of November 2009.
National police, 10 september 2009
Hojbjerg
/ Mogens Hendriksen
Annex 1
CONTENTS







0


INTRODUCTION









1.


TOWED VEHICLE INTERIOR EQUIPMENT AND DOCUMENTS MV.






1.1


The steering







1.1.1


Steering function etc.






1.2


Brakes







1.2.1


Service Brakes







1.2.2


Emergency brake







1.2.3


Parking brakes







1.2.4


Additional brakes







1.2.5


Check the brakes







1.2.6


Legal provisions also on the braking






1.3


Power plants, lights, reflectors, etc.







1.3.1


El-system function, lights and reflectors






1.4



Bearing parts







1.4.1


Bearing shared function etc.






1.5


The engine, transmission and energy and environmentally friendly driving







1.5.1


Energy and environmental friendly driving






1.6


Body and structure etc.







1.6.1


Body, structure and its attachment







1.6.2


Coupling






1.7


Interior fittings, visibility and special equipment






1.8


Recording equipment (tachograph)







1.8.1


Recording equipment (tachograph) function






1.9


The train interconnection and documents







1.9.1


Linking







1.9.2


Registration and clutch certificate






1:10


Special vehicles







1.10.1


Do not require registration trailers etc.







1.10.2


Other trailers






1:11


The truck's operating equipment







1.11.1


Service equipment






1:12


Preventive maintenance and necessary repair








1.12.1


Maintenance, etc.











2.


INTRODUCTORY EXERCISES ON THE WAY






2.1


Preparing for driving







2.1.1


Inspection, setting etc.






2.2


Wagon Train mirrors






2.3


Starting and stopping at the traffic lane edge







2.3.1


Start, gear operation, repair and braking






2.4


Right turn corners







2.4.1


Skills by swinging






2.5


Reversing with målbremsning







2.5.1


Orientation and assessment of the vehicle combination length











3.


VEHICLE HANDLING PROPERTIES






3.1


Manoeuvring properties etc.







3.1.1


General information on different vehicles maneuvering capabilities etc.











4.


ROAD USER BEHAVIOUR






4.1


User behavior etc.







4.1.1


Perception, reaction, vision, health, other road users as well as behavior and attitudes etc.











5.


ROAD CONDITIONS







5.1


Road Conditions etc.







5.1.1


Risk factors and road safety design, etc.











6


BASIC RULES FOR DRIVING road trains, INCLUDING DIMENSIONS, WEIGHT AND load condition






6.1


Advice to traffic







6.1.1


Advice to traffic etc.






6.2


The train width, length, height, weight, etc.







6.2.1


The train width







6.2.2


Length of vehicle combinations







6.2.3


The train height







6.2.4


The train weight







6.2.5


Gods







6.2.6


Traffic Accident







6.2.7


Entrusting the vehicle to other






6.3


Driving and rest periods and the use of recording equipment







6.3.1


Driving hours and rest etc.






6.4


Freight transport etc.







6.4.1


Road maps and road haulage











7.


ADDITIONAL EXERCISES ON THE ROAD







7.1


Exercise 1






7.2


Exercise 2






7.3


Exercise 3 (Driving outside built-up area)






7.4


Exercise 4






7.5


Exercise 5










8.


SPECIAL RISK FACTORS IN TRAFFIC









9.


MANOEUVRES at a driving center






9.1


Road holding and loading condition







9.1.1


Vejgrebets importance







9.1.2


Loading condition, tire pressure, etc.






9.2


Speed, centrifugal force, braking distances and vejgrebets utilization







9.2.1


Kinetic energy and speed







9.2.2


centrifugal force







9.2.3


Stopping distances







9.2.4


Vejgrebets utilization






9.3


Obstacles on the road







9.3.1


Slalom







9.3.2


Double evasive action without braking







9.3.3


Combined braking and evasive action







9.4


Recovered to traction after slipping







9.4.1


Driving in curve







9.4.2


Rear wheel skid with the truck







9.4.3


Front wheel skid with the truck







9.4.4


Skid with trailer







9.4.5


The turn implementation











10.


PREPARING FOR DRIVING LICENCE






10.1


Conditions for obtaining driving license







10.1.1


Driving lessons







10.1.2


Setting the driving test







10.1.3


Driving license category and entitlements






10.2


Driving test run







10.2.1


Requirements of the driving test







10.2.2


Theory exam







10.2.3


The practical test






10.3


Legal provisions also on driving







10.3.1


Driving license validity







10.3.2


Withdrawal and recovery of license







Appendix 2
0. INTRODUCTION
The overall goal of driver training for category C / E is:


1) to give students insight into and understanding of the dangers and difficulties they as drivers of vehicles meetings in circulation, as well as providing them with knowledge of the traffic laws and other legal provisions that are important in this context
2) to give students a knowledge of road trains and their operation that they can ascertain resulting lack of relevance to safety,
3) to give students the ability to judge traffic flow critical and lead combinations without danger to themselves and others.

Driving Training Category C / E should also be seen as a superstructure on driver training for category C. Therefore, the teaching category C / E only start once the foundation is in order, ie when the student has acquired the license for category C. Driving teacher must, however, by repetition of learning material to the respective categories ensure that the student is still in possession of the basic knowledge and skills, to the extent they are important for running large trailer as the remarks to milestones.
This curriculum contains a detailed specification of training objectives divided into main sections and subsections.
Each main section begins with a brief description of teaching purposes. Then follows a breakdown in subsection stating the objectives and detailed targets. Milestones represent the actual guidelines as well as teaching assessment of the driving test since they more closely clarify what the student should know and be able, after the course.
Specifying performance requirements for student used the following expression in milestones descriptions:
Eleven must


4) have knowledge, means that the student must be respect informed about a topic, it is not unknown for the student, or that it can support and facilitate the understanding of a subsequent more targeted and thorough training, || | 5) appoint, means that the student must in practice be able to locate specific parts of the vehicle, including operating equipment,
6) read and understand the meaning of words, the student must in practice be able to use instruments and control light in the vehicle, understand the importance of these and react as necessary,
7) check means that the student without tools in practice be able to investigate and decide whether in the control section stated requirements for the trailer are met, including explain how the checks are made
8) indicate the reasons for content and meaning of words, the student should be able to find the correct answer among several possible questions about road markings, the content of a legal provision and the like, as well as other issues of significant importance
9) control orientation and maneuvering skills and other skills means that the student in practice able to familiarize themselves critically, manage vehicle operating equipment properly perform maneuvers flawlessly and perform other skills properly
10) perceive and judge means that the student must be able to observe certain conditions in a traffic situation or images that understand the relationship significance and how to respond on this, or find the correct answer among several possible questions about the relationship
11) recognize, is that the student in practice must recognize the importance of notes to traffic, and live the meaning of these,
12) respond appropriately, means that the student in practice to lead on the combination and change the speed, location and direction of travel in accordance with traffic rules, safety considerations and traffic flow
13) by exercise gain experience on to say that the student while driving the road train on road safety center have the opportunity to observe wagon train behavior when performing certain maneuvers
14) gain any skill in, ie the student while driving the road train on road safety center must be able to operate the vehicle combination correctly without the maneuver as a whole required flawlessly executed and
15) by exercise achieve proficiency in, to say that the student while driving the road train on road safety center must be able to perform maneuvers correctly.

The milestones descriptions can be combined performance requirements or requirements may be used in part. Fx's performance requirement "recognize and define the meaning of 'used descriptions from two performance requirements.
Performance requirement "indicate reasons for the content or meaning of 'is used in the theory test.
Performance requirement 'recognize' is used in the practical test.

In theory test the pupil from situations on the pictures could "indicate the importance of 'road markings, for example, by finding the correct answer among several possible.
In the practical test, the student must in any traffic situation could 'recognize' such road markings and live the meaning of these.
There is the target descriptions not distinguished clearly between theoretical and practical training. This is due to the need to fulfill theoretical and practical training must be integrated to the greatest extent possible, and to run the teacher therefore greater freedom in the choice of teaching methods and teaching situation.
A sharp distinction between theory and practice is also less appropriate as much practical training, ie training in practical skills may well be learned in a classroom with the right tools and some theory lessons, ie teaching academic subjects could exploit the practical exercises in the traffic flow.
definitions
The student must have knowledge of the following definitions:


16) Trailer is a vehicle for its interior design is intended to be towed by another vehicle.
17) Trailers divided into
a) Trailer principally designed for the transport of persons or goods.
b) semi principally designed for the transport of persons or goods and which is coupled to the towing vehicle so that the vehicle and / or its load rests partly on the towing vehicle.
c) Trailer implement (requiring registration), which is a different trailer than the trailer and semi-trailer, such as a caravan.
18) A trailer with a gross vehicle weight of over 750 kg is considered here as a large trailer.
19) A car towing a trailer called a road train.
20) Trailer O3 and O4 with rigid drawbar called a cart.
21) Trailer / semi-trailer divided by maximum permissible weight / axle load as follows:
a) O1 with a gross vehicle weight - for semi-trailer and trailer with rigid drawbar total axle load - not exceeding 750 kg.
b) O2 with a total permissible weight - for semi-trailer and trailer with rigid drawbar total axle load - of more than 750 kg but not more than 3,500 kg.
c) O3 with a gross vehicle weight - for semi-trailer and center-axle single axle loads - more than 3,500 kg, but not more than 10,000 kg.
d) O4 with a gross vehicle weight - for semi-trailer and center-axle single axle loads - more than 10,000 kg.

Trailer can be special rules coupled with a towing vehicle in the following ways:


22) Fixed combination.
23) Variable combination.
24) Synsfri interconnection.

The sections related to category C / E deals with trailers with a maximum authorized weight of over 3,500 kg.
For education to category C / E to be relevant educational goals from Category B / E used as necessary.
This same section numbering in the sections on B / E, C / E and D / E. Certain sections that are not relevant, are included only stating the title of the interests of uniform section numbering.
By driving education and driving test the following vehicles:
Practice driving (ie introductory exercises on the way, extended workouts on the road and exercises on road safety center) and driving test for category C / E, shall be carried in a truck category C coupled to a trailer. A road train must comply with the requirements for vehicles in category C / E, as indicated in the license Order and its Annex.
Besides truck with trailer must be some of the exercises on road safety center carried in a truck with attached trailer. Semitrailer train can not replace truck with trailer during exercises on the road or when driving test. A road train must comply with the provisions of articulated vehicles, as stated in the license order, enclosure.
Appendix 3
1. TOWABLE LAYOUT, EQUIPMENT AND DOCUMENTS MV.
The purpose of education is to give the student such knowledge about the trailer fittings, equipment and documents and such an understanding of the trailer features that it facilitates the learning of a correct and careful treatment of the trailer / vehicle combination and a safe execution of the various maneuvers.

The training also aims to make the student familiar with the main legal provisions on trailer equipment, so that the student can check whether it is legally able. The student must also have such an understanding of the signs of deficiencies that reveals itself through the wagon train functions and reactions that the student can determine whether the planned or ongoing operating the road train is legal and justifiable.
It should also be emphasized in teaching that the milestones set out procedures for inspection and testing of equipment is not exhaustive or comprehensive of all possible systems, and the student must be aware of the constant changes of the trailer interiors and legal provisions.
Teaching has finally aims to make the student familiar with the laws on the main administrative documents relating to the carriage train use.
1.1 The steering
Overall dimensions
The student should learn about the steering function and signs of bugs that have a bearing on road safety.
The student must be able to ascertain the legal requirements to steering equipment are met, and could be the main legal provisions on the control apparatus.
Subobjective
1.1.1 Steering function etc.
The student must be familiar with the following features:


1) The steering on a trailer or a trailer tool normally consists of a swivel head that allows the front axle / front wheel turning. The turntable is made up of an upper and a lower ring between which are disposed a number of balls.
2) semi-trailer and cart has no real control unit. Semi-trailers can be fitted with mechanically actuated steering on the rear axle or axles.

Control of the steering
The student must on a stationary trailer could confirm that the following conditions at the steering mechanism are met:


3) When the turntable there must be no significant backlash. This is controlled by activating the trailer parking brake and make small jerking movements with the driven truck (rock sample).
4) Turntable's mounting bolts checked for clamping, which assessed in the rock sample and / or at any rust around bolts.

Signs of defects in the steering system
The student must be able to indicate reasons for the following signs of defect in the steering mechanism and identify where errors can occur:


5) Veils at the turntable can be signs of wear in the swivel head or signs that the mounting bolts to the turntable is loose.

Legal provisions also on the steering mechanism
The student must be able to express the content of the following legislation:


6) Essential slack in the steering system as a whole or its individual parts must not occur.

1.2 Brakes
Overall dimensions
The student should learn about the brake functions and signs of bugs that have a bearing on road safety.
The student must be able to ascertain whether the legal requirements for brakes are met and could the main legal provisions on the brakes.
Subobjective
1.2.1 Operation Brakes
The service brake on the trailer with a maximum authorized weight of over 3,500 kg are usually air-mechanical brakes.
The student must have knowledge of the following sections and the layout of a two-wire pneumatic brake system on a towed vehicle and the parts are functioning:


1) A two-wire braking system has two hose connections between the truck and trailer.
2) The supply hose transferring compressed air from the truck to the trailer air tank.
3) Control hose pressure regulates the brake pressure in the trailer brake circuit (compressed signal).

The trailer supply circuit consists of the following parts:


4) The control valve located on the truck, allowing the passage of air from the truck's supply circuit to the trailer air tank.
5) Hose coupling consisting of two halves with one disposed on the truck and the other on the trailer compressed air hose. The coupling can be marked with red color.
6) The supply hose, a flexible high-pressure hose. In addition to the tube can be inserted a tube filter that collects impurities.
7) Brake valve that allows air passes to the trailer air tank.
8) The compressed air tank that stores the compressed air must be drained of condensate, possibly automatically.
9) Pipes and hoses that connect the parts in the supply circuit.


The trailer control circuit consists of the following parts:


10) The control valve located on the truck and heads the pneumatic signal from the truck's brake circuit to the trailer brake valve when the truck brakes. The signal strength depends on the truck's brake pressure.
11) Hose coupling consisting of two halves with one placed on the truck, and the other on the trailer control line. The hose connector can be marked with yellow color.
12) The steering hose, a flexible high-pressure hose. In addition to the tube can be inserted a tube filter that collects impurities.
13) The brake valve that regulates the air pressure in the brake circuit and thus braking force in accordance with the compressed signal from the truck's brake circuit.
14) Hose couplings to supply circuit and the control circuit can be integrated into a clutch (Duomatic).

The trailer brake circuit comprises the following parts:


15) Bremsekraftregulatoren (ALB valve) controlling the brake pressure in relation to the trailer load condition. For trailers with mechanical suspension is ALB-valve mounted on the chassis frame and is in mechanical connection with the wheel axle. The distance between the chassis frame and axles regulates the brake pressure load sensing valve controls with. There is usually ALB valve on each axle / axle group. For trailers with air suspension adjusted ALB valve of the pressure in the bellows. If the brake system is designed as anti-lock brakes, will in some cases not available braking power regulator.
16) Brake membranes, affecting the wheel brakes when led brake pressure to the brake circuit.
17) wheel brake, which reduces wheel rotation by a set of pads pressed against a brake drum or brake pads are pressed against a brake disc when the brake is affected by the pressure in the brake circuit. The wheel brake is fitted with an adjustment device, whereby the distance between the brake (brake) and brake drum (brake disc) can be adjusted as the brake lining wears. The adjustment can be done manually or automatically.
18) Pipes and hoses that connect the various parts of the circuit.

The student must be able to express the content of the following conditions at the structure and effect of anti-lock brakes (ABS brakes):


19) All types of brake systems can be constructed as ABS brakes.
20) the ABS system is arranged such that, when the individual wheels are arranged sensors by means of a toothed wheel detects rotation of the wheel. The sensors send signals about individual wheel rotation to an electronic control box. If one or more wheels during braking tends to block, the electronic control unit regulating the pressure to the wheel brakes such that the blocking of the wheels is avoided. The ABS braking system is arranged such that it to some extent allows control and braking at the same time.
21) If braking with a combination of vehicles with ABS braking the ABS braking system for the wheels kept in rotation and not blocking. When the ABS braking system regulates, there may at some smaller trucks to vibration in the brake pedal. This is normal and means that the system is in operation. Regardless of vibrations, the pressure on the brake pedal is maintained as long as braking is desired. If the ABS braking system does not work will slow properties changed and only drive to the nearest repair shop is allowed.

1.2.2 Emergency
There is no requirement for emergency braking on the trailer.
The student must have knowledge of the truck's emergency brake to activate the trailer service brake, as breakage or loss of supply hose must cause the trailer service brake is automatically activated.
1.2.3 Parking brakes
The student must be familiar with the following features:


1) Mechanical parking brake acting on the wheel brakes on one or more axles through special mechanical connections (wires or rods).
2) The spring brake work by the driver operating a hand brake valve releases a spring that mechanically affects the wheel brakes on one or more axles.

1.2.4 Additional brakes
The student must have knowledge of the trailer may have the following additional brakes:


1) Help brake which electrically activates the trailer service braking when the vehicle engine brake or retarder used. Braking power is adapted to the engine brake or retarder.
2) Bakbremse that automatically slows the vehicle combination by wagon train braking when the truck is put in reverse gear and a feeling list on the back of the trailer is affected.


1.2.5 Checking the brakes
The student must be able to check if the following conditions by compressed air brake supply circuit and its elements are met:


1) Compressed air tanks must be tightened and must not be visibly corroded or warped, and must be drained of condensate (automatically or manually).
2) Pipes and hoses must be tightened and without corrosion, leaks or cracks, rated at readily available parts.
3) The hose coupling must be closely evaluated by audible leakage of air, and properly interconnected.

The student must be able to check if the following conditions by compressed air brake control circuit and its elements are met:


4) The control valve and the brake valve is controlled by activating the brake pedal and then releasing it. You will then be able to listen to the actuators and -cylindrene vented rated by audible leakage of air.
5) Hose connector pipe and tubing checked that the supply circuit.

The student must be able to check if the following conditions by compressed air brake brake circuit and its elements are met:


6) Mechanical braking force regulator (ALB valve) must be intact mechanical connection. The valve lever to be depending on the type able to be moved freely. By changing the valve position from the bottom position to the top position, the air pressure in the cylinder or membrane change. This may be heard as the leakage of air.
7) Pipes and hoses checked that the supply circuit.
8) Air consumption at full braking with the engine should generally not exceed 0.5 bar, as this may indicate a lack of brake adjustments on either the car or the trailer.

The student must be able to verify the requirements for trailer braking system density and load is met in both the supply and the brake circuit evaluated by the following tests:


9) Leak test carried out by bringing the pressure in the supply circuit to its lowest working pressure. With the brake pedal position starts the engine and the pressure is brought up to maximum working pressure, stop the engine, keep the brake pedal depressed and listen for leaks.

If this is feasible without sudden decompression (read the warning device) and without audible leaks after engine shutdown, the plant can withstand sufficient load.
The student must have knowledge that the density of the trailer brake system can be made by disconnecting the supply hose. There must in this case be no audible leakage of air from the braking system of the trailer.
The student must before starting to be able to check the following conditions:


10) Installations involving compressed air, must have the required operating pressure after the car manufacturer's instructions.

The student must be able to check if the service brake is sufficiently effective, rated as follows:


11) dismantled supply hose attempts to pull the trailer. If this is not possible or only with great difficulty, considered braking performance to be adequate.

Eleven must while driving on a flat, dry roadway with asphalt could confirm that the following conditions are met:


12) The service brake must newer combinations have such an effect that the braking distance at 30 km / h does not exceed about 10 m.

The student must be able to verify that the following requirements for parking brakes are satisfied:


13) control lever must be easy to activate.
14) Mechanical parts must not be fed to the bottom position.
15) cables and the like must be undamaged.
16) The parking brake must be maintained in the activated position.

Signs of defects in brakes
The student must be able to indicate reasons for the following signs of defects in the brakes and pinpoint where errors can occur:


17) For long inflation time may indicate a leak in the brake system, possibly by hose couplings.
18) The pressure at the leak, can be a sign of a leak in the brake system, possibly by hose couplings.
19) If the indicator light for the ABS brake system is not switched off shortly after starting, this indicates fault in the ABS brake system, and only drive to the nearest repair shop is allowed.
20) Increased consumption of compressed air than normal may indicate a long stroke of the brake cylinders, brake chamber or truck transformer and causing reduced and / or delayed braking. This may be due to a lack of brake adjustment.

21) skew drawing during braking or uneven braking suggest moisture or dirt on the brake linings or on the faulty wheel brakes, brake cylinders or brake chamber.
22) Uneven braking or sudden hugninger from one or more wheels indicate faults in brake drums / brake discs and brake linings.
23) reduced braking action suggests lack of brake adjustment or incorrectly set, possibly faulty, ALB valve.
24) Wheel Blockade at a moderate slowdown may indicate incorrectly set or defective load sensing valve.
25) Reduced braking after switching on the trailer may indicate insufficient braking system of the trailer (trailer 'pushes' the truck). Although the combination as a whole meets the recommended braking distances, the trailer braking well be inadequate.

1.2.6 Legal provisions also on the braking
The student must be able to express the content of the following provisions and conditions:


1) The trailer must be equipped with a service brake and parking brake.
2) Recent trailers and semi-trailers must be equipped with ABS brakes.
3) The service brake must be connected to the towing truck service brake.
4) The service brake shall act on all wheels and be able to decelerate and stop the trailer safely, quickly and effectively at all speeds and under all load conditions.
5) The service brakes of the trailer shall be such that the vehicle is automatically braked in case of breakage of the coupling between the truck and trailer.
6) The compressor must be on systems without manometer, in less than 6 minutes. could fill empty air tanks on both the truck and trailer until the pilot light goes off or the alarm step out of the function. On systems with manometer 2/3 (65%) of the motor vehicle manufacturer recommended pressures for the brakes to be accomplished in less than 6 minutes.
7) The parking brake on the trailer must be able to keep this stationary on sloping road (18%) and must be able to remain tight.
8) The parking brake of the truck must be able to keep the vehicle combination stationary on sloping road (12%) and must be able to remain tight.

1.3 Electrical installations, lights, reflectors, etc.
Overall dimensions
The student should learn about the electrical system function.
The student must be able to ascertain whether the legal requirements for lights, reflectors, etc. are met, and could the main legal provisions on electrical installations, lights and reflectors.
Subobjective
1.3.1 Electrical system function, lights and reflectors
The student must have knowledge of the following conditions:


1) The lights on a trailer must be electrically connected to the corresponding lights on the truck.
2) Any ABS brakes on a trailer must be electrically connected to the electrical system of the towing vehicle, usually through a special electrical connector.

Regulations regarding obligatory lamps and reflectors
The student must be able to express the content of the following legal provisions, etc:


3) A trailer may only be provided with compulsory and lighting equipment.
4) The obligatory lamps and reflectors include:
a) two lamps with position,
b) two lamps backlit,
c) two lamps with stoplights,
d) at least one license plate lamp
e) two flashes lights at the rear
f) two approved and labeled white forward-facing reflectors
g) two approved and labeled red rearward triangular reflectors positioned pointing upwards, and
h) yellow approved and marked rear plank (s) with a red border.
5) In the trailer that is wider than 2.1 m, the text should include two front-facing and two rear-facing marker lamps respectively with white and red light clearly visible in 300 m distance without dazzling.
6) Position light must be white and must be clearly visible for at least 300 m distance without dazzling.
7) The rear lights must have a red light, clearly visible for at least 300 m distance without dazzling.
8) Trailers shall be equipped with approved and labeled yellow side reflectors and, if the trailer overall length is longer than 6 m, also approved and marked yellow side marker lamps shall be suitably distributed on the trailer sides.
9) Side-marker lamps must be clearly visible for at least 300 m distance without dazzling.
10) Older trailers can be fitted with either side reflectors or side marker lamps.

11) License plate lights to illuminate the license plate so that it can clearly be read in at least 20 m distance.

Regulations regarding lighting and reflectors
The student must have knowledge of the following statute:


12) The lighting and reflectors include:
a) Reversing lights, work lights, additional tail lights, extra forward and rear marker lights, extra side marker lamps, rear fog lamps, side indicator lights, indicator lamps, extra rear direction indicators, additional stop lights, hazard warning lights and additional reflectors.

Control of lighting, etc.
The student must be able to check if the following conditions at lights and reflectors are met:


13) All lights and reflectors must be whole and clean, and all lights should be bright.
14) Stop lamps must provide significantly brighter than the rear lamps.
15) Flashing lights should be flashing yellow lights, clearly visible in sunlight.
16) License plate lights should be white light that can illuminate the license plate.
17) Lights matched pair must have the same color and brightness.
18) Rear reflex plank (s) should be yellow (e) with red border.
19) Rear retro-reflectors must be triangular and placed with the point facing upwards.

Signs of error lights
The student must be able to indicate reasons for the following signs of errors in headlights and identify where errors can occur:


20) lights that do not work or works incorrectly, due to errors (bad connection) in the mains plug between the vehicle and trailer.

The student must be able to provide the following reasons for signs of defects in lighting, etc .:


21) If the lamps flash substantially faster than usual, it is usually indications that one or more lamps do not work.

1.4 Bearing parts
Overall dimensions
The student should learn about the bearing components function and signs of bugs that have a bearing on road safety.
The student must be able to ascertain whether the legal requirements for the structural parts are met and could the most important legal provisions for supporting parts.
Subobjective
1.4.1 Bearing shared function etc.
The student must have knowledge of the following conditions and features:


1) trailer bearing components include the following:
a) chassis / self-supporting structures,
b) suspension, which may consist of axles / bogies, spring brackets, spring bolts, lugs, springs and shock absorbers,
c) wheels, consisting of wheel hubs, wheels and tires,
d) turntable and
e) head bolt.
2) The trailer weight is transferred to the road through the bearing parts.
3) Spring function of this system together with any shock absorbers to smooth out or absorb the forces that occur when driving on uneven ground, as well as secure the wheel contact with the ground. Some spring systems must also transfer the forces generated during braking and cornering forces.
4) suspension with leaf springs and air bellows are the most common spring systems.
5) The leaf spring shape may be different, but usually a leaf spring consisting of several mapped fjederlag of different lengths. The top fjederlag (control layer) is usually provided with one eye. The spring is secured at the front to the chassis frame with a spring-bolt and at the rear via a slip joints or laskeforbindelse.
6) Air suspension systems are basically comprised of a plurality of air bellows, attached between the chassis frame and the axle. When bellows only vertical loads, the system is supplemented with reaction arms to absorb the forces generated during braking and cornering forces. Bellows containing air and the air pressure is regulated through valves depending on trailer load.
7) A bogie is a system in which a single shaft has been replaced by two or three axles to increase trailer payload. In some bogies can shafts be autonomous or forcibly guided. In some bogies, one or two axles are lifted from the road. It can be an advantage when driving without a load, as it reduces wear on tires and suspension, but also implies a risk as the trailer steering characteristics change, especially when lifting the rear axle.
8) The turntable enables the front wheels turn and through a drawbar transmit traction from the truck to the trailer. The turntable is made up of an upper and a lower ring between which are disposed a number of balls.
9) The bolt head is fixedly mounted under the semi-trailer front section and transfers the driving force between the truck and semi-trailer.

10) fifth-wheel is fixed to the chassis of the truck frame and locks the coupling pin by means of a locking mechanism. Fifth-wheel be displaceable in the longitudinal direction. Turning movements take place between the fifth-wheel and kingpin.

Risks of bearing parts
The student must be able to indicate the importance of the following:


11) A tire can be designed as cross ply or radial tires.
12) Driving with tires that are not intended for the current vehicle and the current driving purposes, the risk of tire damage and possible dæksprængning.
13) Driving with tires that are damaged can also be hazardous to dæksprængning. Dæksprængningen will usually be done at high speed and therefore the consequences are so much the worse.
14) Failure of the bearing components (suspension, bearings, etc.) The risk of collapse.
15) Lack of braking the vehicle when changing wheels, the risk of damage to vehicle and persons.

Verifying structural parts
The student must be able to check if the following conditions at the bearing parts are met:


16) Tires must be on all wheels have at least 1 mm depth of the tread head pattern. The wear should not be uneven and covered must be undamaged.
17) The chassis frame and the drawbar must not be deformed, cracked or damaged otherwise.
18) The name and wheel nuts must be protected by hubcap or similar if they are located outside the tire's exterior.
19) the leaf spring of each layer can not be broken.
20) Air bellows must be tight, rated at that leaks will sound like a hiss. The trailer will be 'skewed' by major leaks and air consumption becomes abnormally large, possibly, read from the manometer.
21) shaft must be clamped to the spring.
22) Essential veil must not occur in the swivel head or triangelbefæstelsen, rated by activating the trailer parking brake and make small jerking movements of the truck (rock sample). Turntable's mounting bolts checked for clamping, which assessed in the rock sample and / or at any rust around bolts.

Legal provisions also about supporting parts
The student must be able to express the content of the following legislation:


23) the suspension as a whole or its individual parts must not be due to wear or the like occur significantly veil.
24) Tires, rims and wheel bearings must be undamaged.
25) Tires should be inflated to a pressure by the manufacturer.
26) Tyres on the same axle should be merged have a bearing strength as at least equal to the permissible load. The resistance shown by tire markings. A tire should be of a dimension and shape corresponding to the rim.
27) Tyres on the same axle must be of the same size and type.
28) The trailer must be cushioned on all axles.
29) Significant veil must not occur between the kingpin and fifth wheel, rated by making small jerking movements of the truck (rock sample) when the semi-trailer axle (s) is slowed.

Signs of defects in load-bearing parts
The student must be able to indicate reasons for the following signs of defects in load-bearing parts and identify where errors can occur:


30) Irregular / uneven tire wear may be due to errors in the suspension system, imbalance in the wheels or incorrect tire pressure. When hitting curbs or similar, there could be damage to the tire (tread and carcass).
31) Abnormal dækform to the ground or abnormally warm tires after a time trial suggests incorrect tire pressure, which in the long run can damage the tire. The tire pressure should then be checked using the tire gauge.
32) Cracks in the paint or concentrated rust (rust stripes) on the frame or springs may be due to breakage. Rust around bolts and rivets suggest that they are separating because of wear or lack of maintenance.
33) When the trailer while driving straight ahead not follow the truck's tracks, it may be signs that an axle has shifted.

The engine, transmission and energy and environmentally friendly driving
Overall dimensions
The student will learn about the special environmental problems when driving in vehicles.
Subobjective
1.5.1 Energy and environmental friendly driving
The student must have knowledge of the following conditions:



1) When driving with a trailer to the vehicle engine further burdened especially when accelerating and driving up the hills. It is therefore important to switch to the appropriate gears, so that the engine is not laboring.

Moreover, repetition after section Energy and environmentally friendly driving in Section 1.5.1 of the curriculum for driver training for category C.
1.6 Bodywork and construction etc.
Overall dimensions
The student should learn about the trailer body, structure and coupling.
SSBAT the main legal provisions of the trailer body, structure and coupling.
Subobjective
1.6.1 Body, structure and its attachment
The student must have knowledge of the following designations:


1) Body and building includes that which is mounted on top of the chassis frame (varelad, product box or bodywork residential) or monocoque body.
2) A trailer can be arranged in several different configurations.

The student must be able to verify the following conditions:


3) That the doors to any cargo space is securely closed / secured.
4) That any. container or swap is securely attached.
5) That any tarpaulin is tightened.
6) That any cargo is placed and fastened securely (see Section 6.2.5).

Commonly occurring structures
The student must be able to express the content of the following by constructions, attachment and operation:


7) Fast leave is permanently fixed with bolts to the frame or a subframe that distributes the load on the chassis frame. Bolts must be restrained and the chassis or subframe must be free of cracks or breakage.
8) Tipper is a load platform by means of a hydraulic lifting system may be tipped backwards and / or sideways. Lifting system must be firmly embedded in the chassis frame and arranged so that tipping automatically ceases when the platform is in the top position. The platform shall be supported with sticks or similar in the raised position when working under it. When driving, tippers locks be excited.
9) Container is a hold that with or without load is intended to be unloaded or on the trailer. Building container includes container lock in the chassis or the subframe, so that the container can be securely locked in each corner during running.
10) Swap (semitrailers, swap bodies, including such 'waste container' and 'swap bodies') is ladtyper, designed for loading and unloading either by means of a hoisting device or by driving the trailer into the bucket, which must be raised on outriggers in appropriate height. Building road swap includes devices that can maintain vekselladet safely on the trailer.
11) Tanks can be permanently attached to the trailer or be removable. Thought to do with a volume of 4 m3 or more shall be attached to the chassis or subframe. Less mind let at least be mounted to the carrier tværstrøer.
12) Tail lift used for loading and unloading. Tail lift while driving is not utilized as extended leave, but must be folded up and put in the correct transport position according to the manufacturer's instructions.
13) Wheel Crane used for loading and unloading. Loading crane shall be securely mounted to the trailer. When driving, loading crane must be set in the transport position according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Risks of constructions
The student must be able to indicate the importance of the following risk factors:


14) Container, tank or other tall structures on the trailer causes the center of gravity is raised, thereby driving characteristics change with increased risk of overturning when cornering.

Regulations regarding bodywork and building
The student must be able to express the content of the following provisions and conditions:


15) Bodywork and structure must be firmly attached to the trailer's load-bearing parts.
16) Bodywork and structure must be no sharp edges or protruding parts that can cause undue risk to other road users.
17) of the trailer wheels shall be so guarded, possibly by design of the bodywork that other road users are protected against splashes.
18) The trailer must normally be fitted with a rear underrun protection (rear bumper), which prevents from behind to crash into the truck. Special rules apply for such car swap.

19) The trailer must be equipped with side shields on the right side.

Transport of dangerous goods
The student must be able to express the content of the following legislation:


20) Trailer for the transport of dangerous goods in tanks and some trailers for the transport of explosives must be approved specifically by an inspection company and the Emergency Management Agency.

1.6.2 Coupling
The student must be able to express the content of the following conditions:


1) Trailer coupling consists of a coupling part on the car, bolted to the chassis frame træktravers, and a coupling part on the trailer, fixed to the trailer drawbar or bar. Drawbar / tow bar can be movable.
2) The trailer coupling consists of an Eye with bushing.
3) Fifth wheel consists of a coupling on the truck (stool), bolted to the chassis, and a coupling of the trailer (kingpin), attached under the semi-trailer's front.

The student must have knowledge of the following designations:


4) of the truck coupling consists of a coupling funnel, clutch, clutch bolt and automatic locking mechanism.
5) semi stool consists of the following main parts: Coupling, pressure plate (mounted to the coupling foot) and automatic locking mechanism. Semi stool may be sliding.
6) A coupling device may further comprise a ball joint or a special tool coupling.

Checking the coupling devices
The student must be able to check if the following requirements for coupling devices are met:


7) Essential veil must not occur between the truck coupling and trailer coupling, rated by braked trailer and making small jerking movements of the truck (rock sample).
8) drawbar / tow bar must not be deformed, cracked or damaged otherwise.

The student must have knowledge of the control of backlash between the truck and semi-trailer parts is the same as for the truck and trailer.
Legal provisions also on coupling devices
The student must be able to express the content of the following provisions and conditions:


9) Coupling devices must be firmly attached to the vehicle's load-bearing parts. Bolt connections must be secured against separation.
10) Coupling devices must be provided with mechanical protection, which prevents the clutch unintentionally triggered.
11) The coupling part on the truck (approved and installed in accordance with specific rules) and the coupling part of the trailer must be intended for interconnection.
12) The coupled coupling parts must have sufficient mutual movement.
13) A sliding fifth wheel and drawbar / drawbar must be locked in the individual positions.
14) It shall be registered in the Central Register of Motor Vehicles, the truck has a hitch.

Signs of errors by coupling devices
The student must be able to indicate reasons for the following signs of errors by coupling devices and be able to identify where errors can occur:


15) Noticeable shock while driving in connection with the acceleration or deceleration may indicate substantial slack in the clutch parts or joints.
16) When the trailer does not follow the truck's tracks while driving straight ahead, it may be signs of deformed drawbar or drawbar.

1.7 Internal layout, visibility and special equipment
There is usually no special equipment on the trailer to the truck.
1.8 Control Unit (VU)
Overall dimensions
The student must have refreshed knowledge of recording equipment.
Subobjective
1.8.1 recording equipment (tachograph) function
Repetition of milestones 1.8.1 of the curriculum for category C.
1.9 The train interconnection and documents
Overall dimensions
The student must learn the rules on interconnection and wagon train documents. The student must also learn when these documents must be brought.
Subobjective
1.9.1 Interconnection
Regulations regarding interconnection
The student must be able to express the content of the following legislation:


1) For a truck must be coupled one trailer if the truck is registered to this.
2) A truck may be recorded had to be connected to a trailer to registration, either in fixed combination, in variable combination or by synsfri interconnection.

3) Fixed combination means that the truck is registered to tow one particular trailer. Trailer registration must then be shown on the truck's registration certificate. Prior to registration, the truck and trailer to be surveyed in combination with each other in a visual business.
4) Variable combination means that the truck is registered to draw more specific trailers, which then must be indicated on the truck's clutch certificate. Prior to registration, the truck with the trailer be the sight of a visual business. If the truck has the authority to pull several different trailers, indicate these trailer registration numbers in a clutch certificate.
5) Synsfri interconnection means that the truck and trailer can be coupled without prior overall vision of an inspection company. The truck and trailer must be individually approved and registered to synsfri interconnection. On the basis of registration certificates, the driver can determine if the truck and trailer can legally be linked together, including
a) that the trailer's actual total weight does not exceed the specified maximum weight of the trailer,
b) semi-trailer actual kingpin pressure and actual axle load does not exceed the specified permissible fifth wheel load respectively the total permissible load as well
c) center-axle trailer V value does not exceed that of the vehicle indicated V value.
6) In the practical interconnection operator can determine if the vehicle combination length and width of the trailer comply.

Linking
Eleven On the basis of registration and / or coupling certificates and køretøjspåskrifter the legality of the following connections:


7) Fixed combination, where the truck and trailer have been surveyed and approved together.
8) Variable combination where the truck is registered to draw more specific trailers.
9) Synsfri coupling a truck and trailer.

Road train
The student must master the following skills by coupling a truck and trailer:


10) Ensure that the parking brake on the trailer is activated.
11) Ensure that the trailer service brake is released, so the front axle can be turned freely.
12) Open the coupling part on the truck.
13) Tray truck to the trailer and place the towing eye the coupling and check that the coupling pin is locked, possibly evaluated by a control pin is in place.
14) Arm hose connections.
15) Connect the electrical connector.
16) Connecting possibly ABS connector.
17) Check that all lights are bright.
18) Unlocking the parking brake on the trailer before driving.

The student must master the following skills by switching off the truck and trailer:


19) Activate the parking brake on the truck.
20) Separate the hose connections.
21) Detachable power connector.
22) Removable possibly ABS connector.
23) Activate the parking brake on the trailer.
24) Open the coupling part on the truck.
25) Loosen the parking brake on the truck and drive forward.

articulated
The student must have knowledge of the following conditions by coupling a truck and semi-trailer:


26) Ensure that the parking brake of the trailer is activated.
27) Ensure that the fifth-wheel on the truck is open.
28) Ensure that the fifth-wheel and kingpin is almost the same height.
29) Tray truck to the trailer and bring fifth-wheel and kingpin engages.
30) Ensure that the coupling is locked in position and secured with a snap hook or the like.
31) Arm hose connections.
32) Connect the electrical connector.
33) Connecting possibly ABS connector.
34) Check that all lights are bright.
35) Raise the semi-trailer stand.
36) Unlocking the parking brake of the trailer before driving.

The student must have knowledge of the following conditions by switching off the truck and semi-trailer:


37) Activate the parking brake on the truck.
38) Separate the hose connections.
39) Detachable power connector.
40) Removable possibly ABS connector.
41) Activate the parking brake on the semitrailer.
42) Open the coupling part on the truck.
43) Lower the support legs of the trailer.

44) Loosen the parking brake on the truck and drive forward.

The student must have knowledge of the following aspects of a semi-trailer load condition:


45) L indicates the semi-trailer permissible load.

If the maximum permissible load is evenly distributed on the semi-trailer trucks, is semi-trailer laden weight by main bolt and shafts with the weights indicated respectively kingpin pressure (HT) and axle load (AT).


46) If the semi-trailer kingpin pressure (HT) exceeds the skammelbelastbing (ST), the semi-trailer to be read is reduced at the front end of the trailer with the excess weight.

If the excess weight is moved from the front of the trailer to the rear, there is a risk to exceed the semitrailer permissible axle load (AT).


47) If the semitrailer permissible axle load (AT) is too large compared to what the truck's approval to withdraw, reduce the load in a similar way in the back end of the trailer and moved toward the front of the trailer. Hereby there is a risk that the permissible pressure pin (HT) is exceeded.

The student must have knowledge of how coupling a truck and trailer made including the importance of:


48) semi Stool and head bolt must be engaged so that the lock can be secured in the locked position.

1.9.2 Registration and clutch certificate
The student must have knowledge of the following documents:


1) For a vehicle combinations can be used, the vehicles individually to be registered and to be issued registration certificates.
2) The truck's registration certificate, which indicates the truck's curb weight / curb weight, the permissible total weight and possibly what size trailer must be connected to it. It also shows whether the truck is put into circulation with a specific trailer or / and to synsfri interconnection. By synsfri interconnection indicated trailer largest total weight. By synsfri interconnection with semi-trailer specified allowed stool loads and semi-trailer combined maximum axle load. If the truck is authorized to draw a cart, the coupling V value also indicated in the registration certificate.
3) The trailer registration certificate, showing the weight and gross vehicle weight, and whether it is approved for synsfri interconnection. On the center-axle trailer registration certificate is also listed V-values.
4) Semi-trailer registration certificate, which shows weight, maximum permissible weight and axle load and whether it is approved for synsfri interconnection.
5) Coupling certificate used in variable combination.
6) On the basis of registration certificates, the driver can determine if the truck and trailer must be linked.
7) When driving with a trailer must truck and trailer registration certificates allowed. When traveling abroad, the original certificates, or one of a motor office issued copy, allowed.
8) When traveling by truck used for company transport, the vehicle's registration certificate allowed.
9) When driving in Denmark can be brought copies. However, the original certificate or a motor office issued copy always carried when the truck is used for company transport.

The student must have knowledge of the following:


10) Many countries require that you bring original registration certificate when driving in the countries concerned.

1.10 Special vehicles
Overall dimensions
The student should learn about other trailers.
Subobjective
1.10.1 Non-registration mandatory trailers etc.
The student must be familiar with the following provisions:


1) For these trailers (including trailers for the mobile crane, which also requires licenses for categories C / E) Special rules apply for speed, fittings, equipment and documents. The weight of a not-to registration trailer may not exceed the truck weight must be connected.

1.10.2 Other trailers
The student must be familiar with the following provisions:


1) For block trailers and -sættevogne (which also requires licenses for categories C / E), Special rules apply for speed, fittings, equipment and documents.
2) Less trailers with a gross vehicle weight not exceeding 3,500 kg may be fitted with drawbar. Refer to the curriculum for category B / E.

1:11 The truck's operating equipment
1.11.1 Service equipment

Repetition after training plan for category B, section 1.1.1 "Service equipment"
1.12 Preventive maintenance and necessary repair
Overall dimensions
The student should learn about the importance of preventive maintenance and necessary repairs.
Subobjective
1.12.1 Maintenance etc.
The student must be able to indicate the importance of the following:


1) Emergency repairs are best avoided by following the manufacturer's service schedule for the vehicle.
2) Is there error has occurred on the vehicle essential for road safety, immediately repaired.
Appendix 4
2. PRELIMINARY EXERCISES ON THE WAY
The purpose of teaching the introductory exercises is to give the student skills in basic mastery of vehicles at low speeds and including making the student aware of the vehicle combination length and width, special handling as well as driver orientation possibilities through the use of mirrors.
The exercises can benefit transferred to an enclosed exercise room or part of a road safety center, but otherwise must be carried out at an appropriate quiet place, such as an industrial zone outside normal working hours or an unused parking lot.
The individual maneuvers should be learned with as much certainty and precision that the student in the subsequent extended exercises on the way mainly to concentrate on adapting driving to road and traffic conditions and the traffic rules.
Each excercisecap precise content set out in the milestones. The duration is determined by the individual student's needs. The individual exercises are considered learned successfully when they can be performed with the degree of precision, as shown in milestones descriptions. The individual exercises to be implemented with a road train, which satisfy the requirements for road trains, category C / E, the license Order and its Annex.
Then run the training for category C is considered fundamental to the training for category C / E's milestones for initial workouts on the road only listed issues of special importance for road vehicles.
2.1 Preparation for driving
Overall dimensions
The student must make the necessary security preparations for the run.
Subobjective
2.1.1 Inspection, setting etc.
The student must master the following skills before starting:


1) Clean possibly misted or dirty windows, mirrors and lenses.
2) Remove any loose objects from the dashboard, sun visors and under and in front of the driver's seat.
3) Ensuring that there are mounted articles which are take view through the windows.
4) Serve the doors closing and Locking mechanisms.
5) Set the driver's seat to achieve comfortable driving position and to operate the truck's equipment, including reading instruments.
5) Buckle and adjust any mounted seatbelt and headrest.
6) Setting the mirrors so that the best possible visibility is achieved without the need to change the driving position.
7) Could disengage quickly from the safety belt.
8) Operate the clutch, accelerator and brake pedal.
9) Operating gear and parking brake.
10) Serve contacts to light, character and signaling, window wiper and washer, fan and sunshield, etc.

The student must be able to read and understand the meaning of instruments and control light.
The student must have knowledge of the following:


11) Operating the clutch, accelerator and brake pedal with inappropriate footwear can result in a risk of user error.

2.2 Wagon Train mirrors
Repetition of the targets 2.2.1 - 2.2.3 of the curriculum for category C.
2.3 Starting and stopping at the traffic lane edge
Overall dimensions
The student must learn soft starting and stopping after careful orientation, including taking into account the blind spots and the impossibility of direct briefing by head turning backwards and along the wagon train right.
The student must also learn to stop or park at forward driveway to lane edge on the right, including obtaining reliable appraisal of the vehicle combination width, wheel position and the vehicle combination length direction relative to the roadway edge.
Subobjective
2.3.1 Start, gear operation, repair and braking
Orienteering skills
The student must master the following orientation skills by starting and stopping:


1) Look ahead, to the sides and rear for traffic or other obstacles.
2) Inform the rear and side of the vehicle combination pages using mirrors.

3) Check blind spots to the extent possible.
4) Evaluate the rear Coming One speed, distance and purpose.
5) Evaluate own acceleration relative to the rear Coming One speed.

Maneuver skills
The student must master the following maneuvering skills by starting and stopping:


6) Start the engine properly.
7) Turn on the light.
8) Put in gear, giving signs with flashers and release the handbrake.
9) Put soft going and run a little straight ahead and stop with hand signals.
10) Provide evidence to forward shutdown at the carriageway edge or other selection with stoplights and possibly turn signals and brake softened to a halt.
11) Stopping at the traffic lane edge, first with ample and later with limited maneuvering space, and so that the wheels on the right side is as close as possible to the road edge and is parallel to this.

2.4 Right turn corners
Overall dimensions
The student must learn forward and backward right turn corners after careful briefing.


1) The student shall achieve safe with the correct location before and during the oscillation, orientation mirrors, correct steering wheel and secure feeling for the vehicle combination (including wheels) location.
2) The student must learn to judge when to be made necessary corrections of reversing.
3) If it is appropriate for the proper conduct of the exercise, the left included.

Subobjective
2.4.1 Skills by swinging
Orienteering skills
The student must master the following orientation skills by right-hander:


1) Look ahead, to the sides and rear for traffic or other obstacles.
2) Inform backwards along the wagon train pages using mirrors, and including switching between multiple mirrors.
3) Check blind spots to the extent possible.

During the reverse may be useful to open the side windows also go by the sounds.
Maneuver skills
The student must master the following maneuver skills at forward right turn:


4) Give characters right turn at a suitable distance before the turn.
5) Adapt speed to switch to an appropriate gear.
6) Keep the targeted rate and even speed toward the corner or side road.
7) Run as close to the carriageway edge (or edge line) or curb as possible for, inter alia, to prevent cyclists and moped riders from rolling forward on the right side of the combination.
8) Comply with any give way to crossing traffic.
9) Initiate højresvinget if the roads are clear, but later ratdrejning than the truck without a trailer.
10) Perform højresvinget being at the carriageway edge (or edge line) and make crank as small as possible (keep right rear wheel as close to the road edge as possible).
11) If the space conditions make it necessary, should be well before the oscillation is pulled to the left. Right swing should as far as possible, be concluded at the right run half.

The student must master the following maneuver skills at backward right turn in places where it can be done without inconvenience to other traffic:


12) Reverse Driving is made with very low speed.
13) Give characters right turn at a suitable distance before the turn.
14) Comply with any give way to crossing traffic.
15) Carry out the right turn by allowing the right rear wheel of the trailer approximately follow the traffic lane edge (or edge line) or curb in such a way that it is possible to proceed in reverse run more or less parallel to the edge of the road that is backed onto.
16) Complete the maneuver with approximately stretched combinations at a suitable distance from the road edge.

At the latest after teaching in the 7th paragraph "Extended exercises on the Move ', the student must be able to master the reverse.
2.5 Reverse driving with målbremsning
Overall dimensions
The student must hold approximately rectilinear course in reverse and by thorough orientation mirrors alone.
The student must also know målbremsning achieve safe feeling for the vehicle combination length.
Subobjective
2.5.1 Orientation and assessment of the vehicle combination length
Orienteering skills
The student must master the following orientation skills by driving backwards with målbremsning:


1) Look behind and along the wagon train pages for traffic or other obstacles using only the mirrors and including switching between multiple mirrors.

2) Assess adequate distance to the marked target for the start of braking.
3) Safe judge the location of the vehicle combination tail (or any protruding parts) relative to the marked target.

During the reverse may be useful to open the side windows also go by the sounds.
Maneuver skills
The student must master the following maneuvering skills by driving backwards with målbremsning in places where it can be done without inconvenience to other traffic:


4) Reverse drive is done with very low speed.
5) Keeping approximately rectilinear course 20-30m in reverse.
6) Initiate braking with adequate strength and adequate distance between the marked target and then stop the tailgate (or protruding parts in general) at the selected target.

At the latest after teaching in the 7th paragraph "Extended exercises on the Move ', the student must be able to master the reverse.
Annex 5
3. VEHICLE HANDLING PROPERTIES
The objective is to ensure that the pupil as necessary is still in possession of knowledge on vehicle handling characteristics, as mentioned in the curriculum for driver training for category B.
3.1 Maneuver properties etc.
Overall dimensions
The student must have refreshed his knowledge of the various vehicles maneuvering characteristics and drivers of different orientation conditions in order to perceive and evaluate hazards in traffic flow and respond appropriately to them.
Subobjective
3.1.1 General information on different vehicles maneuvering capabilities etc.
Repetition of the targets in 3.1.1 - 3.2.6 of the curriculum for category B.
Appendix 6
4. ROAD USER BEHAVIOUR
The purpose of education is to ensure that the pupil as necessary is still in possession of knowledge about the behavior of road users as mentioned in the curriculum for driver training for category B.
4.1 User behavior etc.
Overall dimensions
The student must have refreshed his knowledge of the various basic psychological aspects of one's own and other road users 'behavior, the legal provisions on drivers' driving ability and health and to show special consideration for other road users in order to perceive and evaluate hazards in traffic flow and formulate appropriate responses for them.
Subobjective
4.1.1 Perception, reaction, vision, health, other road users as well as behavior and attitudes etc.
Repetition of the targets of 4.1.1 - 4.7.3 in the curriculum for category B.
Annex 7
5. ROAD CONDITIONS
The objective is to ensure that the pupil as necessary is still in possession of knowledge about road conditions as mentioned in the curriculum for driver training for category B.
5.1 Road Conditions etc.
Overall dimensions
The student must have refreshed his knowledge of risk factors at the roadside in order to perceive and evaluate hazards in traffic flow and respond appropriately to them.
Subobjective
5.1.1 Risks and road safety design, etc.
Repetition of the targets in 5.1.1 - 5.2.6 of the curriculum for category B.
Annex 8
6. BASIC RULES FOR DRIVING road trains, INCLUDING DIMENSIONS, WEIGHT AND load condition
The objective is to make the student familiar with some general laws for driving vehicle combinations in addition to the provisions that apply to category C.
The student must also be informed of the legal provisions of the wagon train dimensions, weight and load condition.
The student's knowledge of the theoretical contents to be exploited in practice, where there is opportunity for it during exercises in road use.
6.1 Instructions to traffic
Overall dimensions
The student must have refreshed his knowledge of instructions to traffic.
Subobjective
6.1.1 Instructions to traffic etc.
Repetition of the targets in 6.1.1 - 6.1.2 of the curriculum for category C.
6.2 The train width, length, height, weight, etc.
Overall dimensions
The student must learn the legal provisions for combined vehicles and trailers largest width, length, height and weight, as well as requirements for special caution when driving with high loads.
Subobjective
6.2.1 The train width
The student must be able to express the content of the following legislation:


1) A trailer may be with or without load should not be wider than 2.55 m. Refrigerated vehicles with cooling boxes that have severe side walls must, however, be up to 2.6 m.
2) The width is measured over the parts that go far out to each side, except marker lamps.
3) The trailer must never be more than 70 cm wider than the truck (35 cm on each side).


6.2.2 The length of vehicle combinations
The student must be able to express the content of the following legislation:


1) A road train consisting of truck and trailer must be with or without load does not exceed 18.75 m. However, combination of vehicles consisting of truck and trailer do not exceed 16.50 m.
2) A trailer may be with or without load not be longer than 12 m.
3) The distance between the truck's rear edge and the front edge of the platform or structure on a trailer or towed to registration tool must not exceed 2 m.

The student must also have an awareness of that for combinations of truck and trailer, are special requirements for certain length ratio of the articulated vehicle.
6.2.3 The train height
The student must be able to express the content of the following legislation:


1) A trailer may be with or without load should not exceed 4 m.
2) The height is measured vertically from the roadway to the part of the vehicle / load that reaches maximum up.
3) Whether the vehicle height the driver must ensure that driving under bridges, pipelines and the like can be done without danger or inconvenience.

6.2.4 The train weight
The student must be able to specify the meaning of the following terms:


1) of the trailer axle or group of axles, the pressure is transmitted to the road by the wheels on one of the shafts bogie.
2) The trailer permissible laden weight it by registering the maximum permissible weight of the trailer with cargo.

The student must be able to express the content of the following legislation:


3) road trains shall be permissible weight at least 20% of which rest on the towing vehicle's drive wheels.
4) A trailer gross weight and axle loads must not exceed what is stated in the registration certificate.
5) A trailer must be on each side bear a notice indicating the maximum permissible gross vehicle weight (T) and maximum load (L), or possibly. payload (NL).
6) An articulated in fixed combination should be on each side of the vehicle combination bear a notice indicating the maximum authorized weight (T) and permitted load (L) or possibly. payload (NL) for the combination.
7) an articulated in variable combination:
a) Is the truck approved for more specific trailers, or semi-trailer is approved for more specific trucks must be of markings on the individual vehicles indicated the maximum weight (T) and the permissible load (L) for the various combinations.
b) Are the words too bulky because of the many combinations, the information may alternatively be provided in a clutch certificate.
8) An articulated to synsfri interconnection:
a) truck with sliding fifth wheel must, in addition to the general inscriptions bear inscriptions indicating the permitted fifth wheel load (ST) and 'arrow', which indicates the location of the podium in the position that is used in the determination of the 'ST'.
b) semi-trailer must be equipped with an inscription indicating the permitted load (L), allowed kingpin pressure (HT) and allowed total axle load (AT).
9) Truck with trailer in fixed and variable combination shall be provided with the same inscription as the truck respectively trailer.
10) Loader to synsfri interconnection with trailers over 3,500 kg:
a) The vehicle must back bear an inscription indicating the trailer largest total weight (Max trailer weight), center-axle largest V-value (Max V-value (air)) or (Max V-value (mech)) and the truck's clutch length (Truck kobl.længde).
b) trailer should be on the pole bear an inscription indicating its coupling length (Phk.kobl.længde).
c) Is the drawbar sliding, an unambiguous marker (eg, two opposing arrows) clearly show the drawbar position at the specified clutch length.
d) The cart must also be a notice indicating the vehicle V-value (V-value (mech)) and (V-value (air)).
e) The cart, which is limited to synsfri interconnection with air suspension car should, marked 'V-value (mech.)' shall be replaced with the words "Only cushioned car '.

6.2.5 Goods
The student must be able to express the content of the following provisions and conditions:


1) Goods shall be suitably located and secured and any tarpaulin securely tied.

2) When the loading condition of vehicles should the truck be loaded first. Driving with empty truck and loaded trailer can cause adverse driving characteristics and can be downright dangerous. It must be ensured that at least 20% of the wagon train's actual total weight on the towing vehicle's drive wheels. Gods may not cover indicators, lights and license plate, not drag or fall on the road or otherwise be obstacle or danger to traffic.

Incidentally repetition of section 6.2.5 "People and goods" in the curriculum for driver training for category C.
6.2.6 Traffic Accident
Repetition after training plan for category C.
6.2.7 Entrusting the vehicle to other
Repetition by section 6.29 of the curriculum for category B.
6.3 The driving and rest periods and the use of recording equipment
Overall dimensions
The student must have refreshed his knowledge of the rules on driving and rest periods, and the use of recording equipment.
Subobjective
6.3.1 Driving hours and rest etc.
Repetition of the targets in 6.3.1 - 6.3.2 of the curriculum for category C.
6.4 Freight transport etc.
Overall dimensions
The student must have refreshed his knowledge of the rules on the transport of goods, etc.
Subobjective
6.4.1 Road map and road haulage
Repetition of the targets in 6.4.1 - 6.4.2 in the curriculum for category C.
Annex 9
7. ADDITIONAL EXERCISES ON THE WAY
The purpose of teaching the extended exercises is to give the student skills in safe and respectful to adapt driving to the changing risk factors and hazard potential and the traffic rules in different types of roads with different traffic density during the execution of all normal maneuvers.
Each excercisecap precise content set out in the milestones. The duration is determined by the individual student's needs. The individual exercises / maneuvers considered learned successfully when they can be performed with the degree of precision, as shown in milestones descriptions. The individual exercises / maneuvers to be carried out with a road train, which satisfy the requirements for road trains, category C / E, the license Order and its Annex.
The exercises / maneuvers to be carried out in an order which ensures that the student continually fed from a lighter to a more difficult exercise / maneuver. It will correspond to the order listed in the training objectives.
Driving Training Category C / E requires that students have licenses for categories C and thus no driving experience. Therefore, it is not considered necessary to practice each maneuver separately. The following exercises are therefore composed of several maneuvers.
Teacher's Guide to the curriculum describes the requirements for exercise stretches for these exercises.
Then run the training for category C is considered fundamental to the training for category C / E's milestones for the extended workouts on the road only listed issues of special importance for road vehicles. In addition to this teaching as necessary include repetition of the targets of extended workouts on the road for driver training for category C.
7.1 Exercise 1
The exercise include the following maneuvers:
(The number in brackets refers to the corresponding sections of the curriculum for driver training for category C).
Starting and stopping on the carriageway edge (7.1).
Position the right exit (7.2).
Speed ​​during straight driving (7.3).
Lane departure and Merge (7.4).
Right turn at intersection (minor roads) (7.13).
Left turn at intersections (minor roads) (7.14).
Overall dimensions
The student must learn straight driving under appropriate high speed with shift through all the gears and proper position on the road. The student must also learn thorough orientation behind only using mirrors as starting, lane change and merge, required driving past cautious etc. and swinging to the right and left on smaller side roads.
The exercises carried out in a wide, less busy road to dual carriageway and preferably with more than one lane in the direction of travel.
Subobjective
Starting and stopping at the traffic lane edge
7.1.2 Risks
The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors when starting and stopping at traffic lane edge:
Limited opportunities for orientation from the driver's seat because of blind spots and lack of opportunity for direct orientation backward by head turning.
Error Evaluation of rear Coming One speed and distance, especially through the use of convex mirrors and rear Coming One possible willingness to accommodate.

Error Evaluation of wagon train's acceleration.
Need for large maneuvering space.
7.1.3 Orienteering skills
The student must be able to perceive and assess the hazard potential by starting and stopping at the traffic lane edge and react appropriately to them:


1) Running and walking that can be hidden in blind spots.
2) Tight control position that requires special attention to several things simultaneously.

The student must master orientation and maneuvering skills by starting and stopping at the carriageway edge as indicated in initial exercises on the road, section 2.3 "Starting and stopping at the traffic lane edge '.
Placed under the straight running
7.2.2 Risks
The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors by placing the right exit:
Error evaluation of the vehicle combination width at the risk of getting too close to the road by the roadside or run out of soft discount, etc.
Error evaluation of vehicle combinations height when driving under bridges etc..
7.2.3 - 7.2.4 orientation and maneuvering skills
Repetition after training plan for category C.
Speed ​​during straight running
7.3.1 Accidents
The student must have knowledge of the following circumstances of solo accidents:


1) There is a solo accidents with vehicles. They are first and foremost with driving too fast for the conditions, but not necessarily very high speed, many accidents occur at speeds around 20-40 km / h.
2) fatigue, drink driving or disease arise at about every third eneulykke.
3) Other circumstances relevant to eneulykkerne is dark, slippery or greasy lead and improper improper placement of cargo.
4) Most solo accidents occur on roads outside cities, and every second of those on straight roads and every third in curves.
5) For most solo accidents are the combination beyond the roadside on the right, in over half of all solo accidents overturning the combination.

7.3.2 Risks
The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors at speed during straight running:


1) Tendency to underestimate their own speed and vejsvings sharpness.
2) The risk of overturning is particularly great when driving in S-curve or quick steering wheel from side to side, eg when changing lanes.
3) Trucks with trailers tend to fast scissoring when braking in slippery or greasy lead and by blocking the brakes, especially when driving downhill.
4) Increased crosswind sensitivity when driving with gross combination with high building.

Incidentally repetition by the curriculum for category C.
7.3.3-7.3.4 Orienteering and maneuvering skills
Repetition after training plan for category C.
7.3.5 Legal provisions also
The student must be able to express the content of the following legal provisions regarding speed:


1) Truck tethered to registration trailer must not run 70 km / h, also on the expressway.
2) Trucks to registration trailer must motorway maximum driving 80 km / h.
3) In built-up area, except motorways and roads, the train consisting of truck tethered to registration trailer maximum drive 50 km / h, also on lines with higher local speed limit.

Lane departure and Merge
7.4.2 Risks
The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors when changing lane and merge:


1) Limited opportunities for orientation because of the blind spots.
2) For quick steering wheel from side to side by forced lane change, then loss of control due to cargo shifting (especially when driving with half full tanks and road trains with suspended carcasses).
3) Failure of the distance and speed of vehicles behind in the lane you want to switch to.

7.4.3 - 7.4.4 orientation and maneuvering skills
Repetition after the curriculum for category C.
Right turn at intersections
7.13.1 Accidents
The student must have knowledge of the following circumstances of the accidents during right turns at intersections:


1) There are quite a few accidents during right turns at intersections.

2) For about half of the accidents counterparty one from behind a cyclist or moped rider who runs forward along the truck's right side and the driver of the road train terminals or turning in front of. Most of these kinds of accidents happen in traffic lights with bike path, where the combination swings for the green light after having stopped at a red light with a cyclist / moped rider. Only a small part of the people involved are quick and aggressive cyclists.
3) Every 5 accident happens in collisions with intersecting cars, bicycles and mopeds. In these cases, the driver of the combination is generally not respected its right of way.
4) Approximately every 10 accident happens at that one from behind car collides with vehicle combination that puts slow down or stop in connection with swinging to the right.
5) Many accidents occur in collisions with pedestrians crossing the roadway, the vehicle combination swinging onto.

7.13.2 Risks
The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors when turning right:


1) For high speed before and during the oscillation, so the orientation becomes deficient.
2) Inadequate briefing on from behind cyclists and moped riders on the right side of the combination.
3) Incorrect assessment of the intersecting road traffic speed and distance from the intersection.
4) Inadequate assessment or wrong orientation after coming from behind cyclists and moped riders and pedestrians coming out of the traffic lights after having been green for some time.
5) Inadequate rating of freedom control position in relation to the oncoming and from behind, especially when large road trains to swing in on a narrow road.
6) For high speed during oscillation, so the combination comes over in-coming lane on the road that swung into or loss of control due to cargo shifting (especially when driving with gross combination with half full tanks and road trains with suspended carcasses etc.).
7) Error evaluation of the trailer court, which usually goes closer to the corner than the truck's path with the danger that the trailer comes across the sidewalk or beyond the roadside.
8) Execution of the right turn at the first pull to the left on the road to the trailer around the corner with the consequent risk of coming from behind mistakenly perceive the maneuver as a left turn and therefore running back along the wagon train right and thus overtakes the inside.
9) Execution of the right turn by pulling out of the middle of the road that swung on, with the consequent risk of coming into conflict with oncoming.
10) Use of sharp right turn, wherein a part of the combination can pivot out to the left to the risk of coming back to overtake.

7.13.3 Orienteering skills
The student must be able to perceive and assess the hazard potential when turning right and respond appropriately to them:


1) Any cyclists and moped riders who keep at the stop line on the right side of the truck.
2) Possibly from behind cyclists and moped riders on the right side of the vehicle combination on the road or bike path.
3) Any cyclists, moped riders and pedestrians coming out of the traffic lights, after having been green for some time.
4) Signs that pedestrians will cross the carriageway, which swung into.

The student must master the orientation skills at the right turn as indicated in initial exercises on the road, section 2.4 "Right turn corners" and section 2.2.3 "Use of mirrors' and the following:


5) failing to stop at cross orient themselves thoroughly for cyclists and moped riders, also is moving toward the intersection.
6) Continue to keep abreast of any cyclists and moped riders to the right of the truck, while stopping at traffic lights.
7) inform themselves thoroughly about traffic and other obstacles also in the drive for the green light.
8) Evaluate the space requirements for the turn execution, including lane width and traffic density for possible use on adjacent lane or exceeded vejmidte on the road, you come from or be swinging into.
9) Evaluate the rear Coming One speed, distance and purpose.
10) Inform about crossing pedestrians and oncoming on the road that swung on.

7.13.4 maneuvering skills
The student must master maneuvering skills by forward and backward right turn as indicated in initial exercises on the road, section 2.4 "Right Turn around corners' and the following:



1) How right turn is performed by first pulling to the left on the carriageway, should this maneuver is well away from the side road with subsequent hand signals to turn right.
2) Make the right turn with appropriate low speed and possibly stop before crossing cyclist path to allow themselves adequate time for thorough orientation.

Incidentally repetition by the curriculum for category C.
Left turn at intersections
7.14.2 Risks
The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors at left:


1) Error evaluation of the vehicle combination length that can cause blockage of the crossing or oncoming road traffic lane for early driving through the intersection or premature oscillation of the intersection.
2) Error evaluation of the trailer court, running further to the left than the truck's lane at the risk of collisions with intersections from the left side of the intersection, or run into other obstacles in the middle of the road that swung on.

7.14.3 General orientation skills
The student must master the following orientation skills by left turns at intersections:


1) Inform in the right mirror.

Incidentally repetition by the curriculum for category B
7.14.4 maneuvering skills
The student must master the following maneuvering skills by left turn at intersections:


1) Driving relatively far into the intersection of respect to the trailer court, before turning left started.
2) The remainder repetition by the curriculum for category C.

7.2 Exercise 2
The exercise include the following maneuvers:
(The number in brackets refer to the corresponding sections of the curriculum for driver training for category C).
Driving past stationary vehicles, walking, etc.. (7.6).
Meeting (7.7).
Driving in front or after the other (7.8).
The driving toward intersection (7.11).
Forward movement of the cross (7.12).
Right turn at intersections (7.13).
Left turn at intersections (7.14).
Driving in roundabout (15.07).
Overall dimensions
The pupil must gradually learn the more demanding maneuvers, but at this stage of training under relatively simple and straightforward road and traffic conditions. The exercise is carried out, therefore, preferably less busy roads.
There must be emphasis on the effective completion of all listed orientation and maneuvering skills also in preparation for the subsequent driving under more complicated conditions.
Subobjective
Driving past stationary vehicles, walking, etc..
7.6.2 Risks
The student must have knowledge of the following risks by driving past stationary vehicles and pedestrians, etc .:


1) Large road train length requires additional good side distance to the timid, cycling, walking etc., Especially in strong crosswinds.
2) Great combinations can seem daunting, especially cyclists and pedestrians on the roadside and provoke panic reactions.

Moreover, repetition after training plan for category C.
7.6.3 Orienteering skills
Repetition after training plan for category C.
7.6.4 maneuvering skills
The student must master the following maneuvering skills by driving past stationary vehicles and pedestrians, etc .:


1) Keep safe distance from the cautious, cycling, walking etc.
2) Keep the speed suitably low by driving past cyclists and pedestrians.

Moreover, repetition after training plan for category C
meeting
Frontal collisions are the type of accident that results in the greatest consequences of accidents with vehicles / vehicle combinations, and therefore it is important to teach the student to be aware of the possibilities to prevent these accidents. The student must learn to pay attention and foresight as well as learn the importance of complying with the speed limit.
7.7.2 Risks
The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors at the meeting:


1) carriage train relatively large width, which increases the risk of meeting accidents on narrow roads.
2) carriage train size at higher speed produces strong wind pressure and Crosswind windbreak, which-coming management or market affected.
3) carriage train wobble tendency due to crosswind sensitivity when driving in the unladen condition with high integration.

7.7.3 Orienteering skills
The student must be able to perceive and assess the hazard potential by meeting and responding hensigtsmæsigt to them:



1) Anticipate oncoming who have an uncertain or inconsistent driving, may exceed the center of the road.
2) Narrowed lane, curves and hills ahead.
3) Weather conditions and especially slippery or greasy lead which can cause the oncoming or to even come over the road's center.
4) obstacles, including slow moving and walking in own driving court, and the width of the free lane to the left of the obstacle.

7.7.4 maneuvering skills
The student must master the following maneuvering skills by meeting:


1) Slow down and give the signal and pull as far to the right as possible if oncoming critically come into wagon train lane. The same applies if an oncoming during overtaking is in one's own lane.
2) If you are overtaken and can see that there is emerging danger because of oncoming, one must overcome danger situation, possibly by slowing down.

Moreover, repetition after training plan for category B.
7.7.5 Legal provisions also
Repetition after training plan for category C.
Driving before or after other
7.8.2 Risks
The student must have knowledge of the following risks when driving in front or after the other:


1) The train blind spots behind makes it difficult for the driver to familiarize themselves with the vehicles behind you that are close.
2) The train inferior braking performance gives risk of collision with the vehicle in front suddenly reduces down or brakes.
3) Prolonged monotonous driving may cause the attention level drops.

7.8.3 Orienteering skills
The student must be able to perceive and assess the hazard potential by driving in front or after the other and respond appropriately to them:


1) Behind the running which is close to because they await overtaking opportunity or regret started overtaking and pulling in behind the combination again.
2) Overtaking Opportunity ahead for trailing (eg termination of curves or crossing the hilltop) after driving over a longer stretch without overtaking opportunity.

7.8.4 maneuvering skills
The student must master the following maneuvering skills by driving in front or after the other:


1) good time preparing maneuvers and by hand signals or changing the speed and location to clarify the intent, because behind you can be close to, or hidden in blind spots.
2) Helping vehicles behind to overtake, when conditions permit, by pulling as far to the right as possible and possibly slowing and in some cases completely stop (eg when towing a flatbed truck), but not to wave behind you forward.
3) Keep sufficient safety distance to the front. This will in most cases correspond to 2-3 seconds. time interval in normal lead depending on the driver's routine and road conditions.
4) Increase the distance to the vehicle in front if road and traffic conditions, weather or road conditions make it necessary.
5) Outside the built-up area, keep as much distance to the front, the rear coming that will overtake, has enough space to pull into the front.

The forward against cross
7.11.2, 7.11.3 and 7.11.4 Risk Factors orientation and maneuvering skills
Repetition after the curriculum for category C.
Forward movement in the cross
7.12.2 Risks
The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors by straight driving in intersections:


1) Tend to run on their own power against weaker counterparts and therefore fail to meet its own right of way.
2) Lack of respect for the wagon train inferior braking performance by selecting the speed in failing to stop at intersections.
3) The length of vehicle combinations and any protruding cargo in connection with the misjudgment of cross Ende's speed increases the risk of collision, especially in the drive after stopping the acceleration ability is poor.

Right turn at intersections
Refer to Exercise 1
Left turn at intersections
Refer to Exercise 1
Driving in roundabout
7.15.1 Accidents
Repetition after training plan for category C.
7.15.2 Risks
The student must have knowledge of the following risks when driving in roundabout:


1) Error evaluation of roundabout design and thus the necessary swinging sharpness, whereby the access speed is often selected too high.

2) For high speed when entering the roundabout leads to high risk of rollover and smooth and oily lead a high risk of slipping with subsequent rollover.
3) For high speed in the roundabout with increased risk of tipping.
4) For high speed or premature acceleration at the exit of the roundabout also leads to increased risk of tipping.
5) Large vehicles poor acceleration at driveway in roundabout with limited inventory (eg high central island)

Moreover, repetition after training plan for category C.
7.15.3 Orienteering skills
The pupil must perceive and assess the hazard potential when driving in the roundabout and respond appropriately to them:


1) Running the roundabout possibly hidden behind a central island.

Moreover, repetition after training plan for category C.
7.15.4 maneuvering skills
The student must master the following maneuver skills at driving in the roundabout:


1) Adapt speed through the roundabout in relation to the wagon train structure and nature of the cargo.

Incidentally repetition by the curriculum for category C.
7.3 Exercise 3 (Driving outside built-up area)
The exercise encompasses the following maneuvers:
(The numbers in brackets refer to the corresponding sections of the curriculum for driver training for category C).
Position the right exit (7.2).
Speed ​​during straight driving (7.3).
Driving past stationary vehicles, walking, etc.. (7.6).
Meeting (7.7).
Driving in front or after the other (7.8).
Overtaking (7.9).
Driving on the motorway (7.16).
Overall dimensions
The student must learn targeted, smooth ride over long distances with the necessary adjustment of the location and speed to changing traffic and road conditions.
The exercise must be carried out as driving outside built-up area with varied street furniture, especially traffic lane width and road course that includes steeper hills and sharper curves.
The maneuvers are mainly repetition of exercise 1 and 2, but must now be implemented under more demanding conditions that make it possible to teach students all the turn targets. In addition, the student must learn to overtake other running as far as possible and learn how to respond appropriately when the student himself overtaken.
The student must also learn to drive onto and off the motorway. Where circumstances completely rule out driving on the highway, has run the teacher a special obligation to carry out the exercises on a major road with acceleration and decelerationsbaner, see. Main target description to exercise 4 of the curriculum for category C.
Subobjective
Placed under the straight running
Refer to Exercise 1
Speed ​​during straight running
Refer to exercise 1 the following additions:
7.3.2 Risks
The student must have knowledge of the following risks when driving in tighter turns and steeper hills:


1) Last Change in tanks reduces significantly towards stability and the rollover risk is particularly high at the half-full tank when driving in tight turns. This risk is already present at speeds around 30 km / h.
2) The higher the speed of a road curve traversed with, the greater the risk of tipping. This is particularly important when driving in S-curve.
3) truck with trailer or semitrailer tend surprisingly fast scissoring during braking, especially in slippery or greasy lead, by blocking brakes, driving downhill or on uneven load distribution (heavier load front than the rear).
4) Running uphill on slippery surfaces, whereby the drive wheels can come in spin with the danger of skidding.

7.3.3 Orienteering skills
The student must be able to perceive and assess the hazard potential by selecting the speed and react appropriately to them:


1) curves or hills which reduces inventory and hides possible obstacles, including slower moving and walking.
2) Sharp bends that require low speed because of the grip or the nature of the cargo.
3) The student must master the following orientation skills in order of speed:
4) Evaluate Bin steepness for correct time for changing gear or use of any motor brake or auxiliary brake (retarder).
5) Evaluate vejsvings sharpness for the correct choice of speed and gear.

7.3.4 maneuvering skills

The student must master the following maneuvering skills in order to adapt speed to the conditions:


1) Choosing the right time for downshifts when driving uphill.
2) Select appropriate gear at the correct time to drive down the hill, depending on the tray steepness and length, and use of any motor brake or auxiliary brake (retarder).
3) Failing continuous braking downhill over a long stretch.
4) Select appropriate speed and gear in the correct time before the turn of the road, depending on the sharpness and the nature of any cargo.
5) Accelerate light at the exit of the turn while the vehicle combination corrected.

Driving past stationary vehicles, walking, etc..
Meeting and
Driving before or after other
Reference is made to exercise 2.
overtaking
7.9.2 Risks
The student must have knowledge of the following risks when overtaking:


1) The train size at higher speed produces strong wind pressure on the wagon train side and rear or windbreak in crosswinds, which overtook cyclists and moped management or market affected.
2) Error evaluation of wagon train's acceleration and top speed.
3) The error evaluation of the required running line for overtaking because of the often small speed difference.
4) Error evaluation of the vehicle combination length at the risk of drawing too early into the path of overtaking, especially cyclists and moped riders.

7.9.3 Orienteering skills
The student must be able to recognize and indicate the importance of following traffic signs:







1)


"Overtaking prohibited" (C 51) prohibits overtaking of vehicles other than two-wheeled bicycles and two-wheeled small mopeds. The ban can be at the blackboard restricted to only certain vehicles, such as trucks and truck-trailer combination.








2) "Overtaking by trucks prohibited" (C 52), which also applies to truck combinations.
3) "Termination of passing zones" (C 53).
4) "End of overtaking by trucks prohibited" (C 54).

Moreover, repetition after training plan for category C.
7.9.4 maneuvering skills
The student must master the following maneuvering skills by overtaking:


1) Wait to pull to the right on the roadway after overtaking until it is certain that the trailer does not come close to overtaking.
2) Regarding the teaching of appropriate response when the driver of the road train even overtaken, see exercise 2, section 7.8. "Driving in front or after the other '.

Incidentally repetition by the curriculum for category C.
Driving on the highway
7.16.1 Accidents
The student must have knowledge of the following circumstances of the accidents on the highway:
There is also some accidents involving combined vehicles changing lanes or merging, including access and exit to the highway.
7.16.2-7.16.5 Risks, orientation and maneuvering skills as well as legal provisions also
Repetition after training plan for category C.
7.4 Exercise 4
The exercise include the following maneuvers:
(The number in brackets refers to the corresponding sections of the curriculum for driver training for category C).
Forward movement of the cross (7.12).
Right turn at intersections (7.13).
Left turn at intersections (7.14).
Driving in roundabout (15.07).
Running beside the other (7.17).
Overall dimensions
The student must perform all maneuvers at intersections under such difficult road conditions as possible and in as many different types of intersections as possible. The exercise should be implemented at a time of heavy traffic, so that the student is also taught in several driving in several rows on roads with several lanes in the same direction and if possible in large roundabouts.
Subobjective
Forward movement in the cross
Reference is made to exercise 2.
Right Turn, intersections and
Left turn at intersections
Refer to Exercise 1
Driving in roundabout
Reference is made to exercise 2.
Running alongside other
7.17.3 - 7.17.4 orientation and maneuvering skills
Repetition after training plan for category C.
7.5 Exercise 5
The exercise include:

(The number in brackets refers to the corresponding sections of the curriculum for driver training for category C).
Stopping and parking (7.18).
Driving in tunnel (7.20).
Overall dimensions
The student must learn to perform more demanding parking maneuvers, similar to conditions in many loading and unloading sites.
The student must also learn how to drive in the tunnel, where orientation and maneuvering skills are more demanding because of tunnels, special design and traffic special character. The student must also learn about the markings on the carriageway and traffic signs that are important when driving in the tunnel. Driving in tunnel to be included in the practical lessons, where possible
Subobjective
Stopping and parking
7.18.1 - 7.18.2 Accidents and risks
The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors:


1) Uncritical stopping and parking of long vehicles without sufficient regard for others' opportunities for orientation and safety. This is especially true in darkness and in all weather conditions.

7.18.3 orientation skills
The student must master the following orientation skills:


1) Evaluate whether the recommended combinations will pose no risk or significant obstacle for other traffic.

Moreover, repetition after training plan for category C.
7.18.4 maneuvering skills
The student must master the following maneuvering skills by stopping and parking:


1) Park by forward driveway along the pavement (roadside).
2) Perform reverse parking on marked targets, as set out in section 2.5 'Backward Driving with målbremsning'.
3) Activate the parking brake, turn off the lights, remove the ignition key and make sure that any theft is in operation.
4) Set and place the parking disc or buy parking ticket where this is required.
5) Wait to open the doors until you have made sure that it can be done without risk to others.

Moreover, repetition after training plan for category C.
7.18.5 Regulatory otherwise
The student must be able to express the content of the following legislation:


1) Road Train / trailer must not stop or park on the sidewalk.
2) In addition, repetition after training plan for category C.

Driving in tunnel
Repetition after training plan for category C.
Annex 10
8. SPECIAL RISK FACTORS IN TRAFFIC
Is not taught in special risk factors, but refer to repetition after training plan for category B.
Annex 11
9. MANOEUVRES at a driving center.
The purpose of education is to give the student a knowledge of some basic physical aspects of driving vehicle combinations that it helps the student to understand the importance of adjusting speed, steering and braking to the conditions.
The training also aims to give the student any skill in mastering the vehicle combination under moderate speed in certain critical situations. There is thus necessary slowdown in the shortest possible distance, braking and evasive maneuvers on the road with high and low friction and alignment of the combination after skidding.
The exercises do not aim to encourage students to run faster or less gently than they otherwise would have done, but rather give them insight into velocity crucial to whether an avoidance maneuver can be implemented. Students should also gain insight into the wagon train behavior in critical situations so that panic reactions are avoided.
The order of the exercises to follow its section breakdown. The exercises on public roads must be carried out before the exercises on a slippery road to learn how much speed on the slippery road to be reduced to one can safely perform the same maneuver on public roads. If appropriate, several of the exercises on public roads implemented before the corresponding exercises carried out on a slippery road.
Each excercisecap precise content set out in the milestones.
The individual exercises are considered learned successfully when they can be performed with the degree of precision, as shown in milestones descriptions. Eleven be leading at least the 4 lessons at least 45 minutes in maneuvers on road safety center. Besides driving time should be allotted for instruction to the individual exercises. The total course will experience take at least 4 hours. The student must first have completed training on driving technical issues in the classroom.

Driving teacher shall not be responsible for 6 combinations simultaneously. Driving teacher must during the exercises and the access and exit to these, be able to monitor the students properly. Students must not return driving drills and exercises.
Requirements for driving center


1) The driving center must be approved. About approval and arrangement of the driving center refer to the license Order and its Annex.
2) On a road safety center must be kept lists of students who have received driving lessons in the described in paragraph 9 exercises. The list shall contain information on:
a) The teaching driving instructor's name and address.
b) The student's name and address.
c) Date and time (from and to) for teaching.

Lists must be kept for at least three years and must be presented to the police on request.
Speed ​​
Exercises on road safety center should - for the sake of students' rings routine - usually not performed at higher speed than 50 km / h. Some of braking exercises in Section 8.2 can be performed at speeds up to 60 km / h.
9.1 traction and loading condition
Overall dimensions
The student must learn that grip is necessary to carry out any maneuver and the grip changed road conditions. By load and especially by improper loading condition of the vehicle combination, incorrect tire pressure, tread worn and defective shock absorbers changed traction and steering performance as well.
The student must also learn that the speed and operation of the accelerator and brake tailored to fit the road conditions and road conditions.
Subobjective
9.1.1 Vejgrebets importance
The student must repeat the targets of "Magnetic Coating type and mode 'in Section 5.2.3 of the curriculum for driver training for category B and gain knowledge of the following conditions:


1) The grip arises from frictional resistance (friction) between the tire and road and partly by the tires grabs down and get hold of the irregularities in the road surface.






Power, braking and steering actions can only be exercised through the grip, which is therefore a condition for any maneuver (acceleration, braking and steering).








2) The grip is considerably reduced in wet and oily grip and especially in snow, sand and slippery road where the accelerator, clutch, brake and steering wheel therefore be operated with great caution, and the speed is kept suitably low.

9:12 loading condition, tire pressure, etc.
The student must repeat the milestones in Section 3.1.2 "Control Properties" and location of cargo, as stated in Section 6.2.5 'Gods', and gain knowledge of the following conditions:


1) Special heavy-duty semi-trailer rear increases the pressure on the semi-trailer axles without pressure correspondingly increases the truck's rear wheels. This can cause the truck's rear wheels from locking during braking, with the possibility of a skid / scissors of the combination.
2) Driving with empty truck and loaded trailer can be dangerous and illegal.

The student must have knowledge of the following conditions:


3) Inappropriate loading of the combination provides a significant change in gravity position. Especially in improper placement of goods allows increased risk of overturning
4) Improper loading condition of the trailer / semi-trailer can result in significantly modified control / traction / braking characteristics of the truck / vehicle combination.
5) Both too high and too low tire pressure results in poor contact between the tire and road, thereby grip deteriorates and wagon train track characteristics may change significantly.
6) Worn tread impairs traction in the wet. When driving in heavy rain or through pools of water can cause aquaplaning.

In all these circumstances, it is essential that the velocity is kept sufficiently low. This is especially important if more of these conditions are present simultaneously.
9.2 speed, centrifugal force, braking distances and vejgrebets utilization
Overall dimensions
The student must learn that there is a definite correlation between speed, kinetic energy and braking distance and the braking distance also depends on the braking force, vejgrebets size, slope and possible strong winds.
The student must also learn about centrifugal importance when cornering, as well as learning how to speed must be reduced on a slippery road compared to ordinary road.
Subobjective
9.2.1 kinetic energy and speed
The student must have knowledge of the following conditions:



1) A road train which set in motion, thereby achieves kinetic energy, which means that it can continue to run for a while, even after the connection between the engine and the wheels stopped.
2) Bevægelsesenergiens size depends on the weight and speed. By doubling the weight doubled kinetic energy, while doubling the speed quadruples kinetic energy.
3) With the help of the brakes can shorten the long way, the combination can be run only by means of kinetic energy.
4) the kinetic energy is transformed into heat in the brakes when braking. Whereas the kinetic energy of the collision is converted to harm to the person and the vehicle. The damage increases significantly when the speed increases.

9.2.2 Centrifugal force
The student must have knowledge of the following conditions:


1) A road train that runs through a turn or make an avoidance maneuver is influenced by a force acting across the road train which will seek to 'pull' this' out of the turn (the basket). " This force is called the centrifugal force.
2) There is a link between speed and centrifugal force that a doubling of speed gives a quadrupling of centrifugal force.
3) When cornering, a halving of the radius of curvature double centrifugal force, whereas a doubling of the radius of curvature will halve the centrifugal force.

These conditions are very important, especially when driving with tall structures (eg road trains with container and the like).
When driving with excessive speed of such vehicles in curves, there will be a great risk of overturning.
9.2.3 stopping distances
The student must have knowledge of the following conditions:


1) The stopping distance is the piece of road, road train running from the moment the pedal is activated and until the carriage train is stationary. (Brake runtime is included).
2) The stopping distance depends on the speed, the doubling of speed means a quadrupling of the braking distance. (Brake operating time is not included).
3) The stopping distance depends among others on how strongly one brakes, ie pedal pressure, or how far you depress the brake pedal.
4) At a speed of eg 60 km / h on a level plain road braking distance for a combination:
a) 50-60 m with a soft braking,
b) 30-40 m during heavy braking (without wheels blockade).
5) The braking distance will almost double by relatively small increases in speed, eg
a) from about 25 to 35 km / h
b) from about 35 to 50 km / h
6) The braking distance also depends vejgrebets size (or "road conditions"), and to maintain a braking distance of approximately 35 m as at 60 km / h on a horizontal plain road without locking the wheels, you should reduce speed to:
a) Approximately 50 km / h on wet asphalt or gravel,
b) about 30 km / h on firm snow and
c) about 20 km / h on the icy roads.
7) The stopping distance will also be increased when driving downhill. It can also be increased / decreased in heavy Member or headwind.
8) If the service brake is legally able, the braking distance at 30 km / h be 10 meters for a newer vehicles.

The pupil must at workouts gain experience of the following incidents on public roads:


9) Make a very soft braking at a speed of approximately 60 km / h, corresponding to a stopping distance of approximately 50 m.
10) Make a right heavy braking at a speed of approximately 60 km / h, corresponding to a stopping distance of approximately 30 m.
11) Make a very hard braking at a speed of approximately 60 km / h, corresponding to a stopping distance of approximately 25 m.

9.2.4 Vejgrebets utilization
The student must have knowledge of the following conditions:


1) braking on slippery roads, due to the reduced grip performed with light pressure on the brake pedal to prevent blocked wheels (ie wheels that do not rotate).
2) braking with blocked wheels increases the stopping distance in relation to the wheels kept in proper rotation.
3) If braking with a combination of vehicles without ABS brakes, the driver, to regulate the pressure on the brake pedal so the wheels are kept in rotation, and thus still hold optimally.
4) combined vehicles with ABS brakes, the brake pedal down and hold for maximum braking.
5) If braking with a combination of vehicles with ABS braking the ABS braking system for the wheels kept in rotation and not blocking.
6) The square ratdrejning on a slippery road means that the combination, do not follow the steering wheel movement due to the decreased adhesion or excessive speed for the desired rotation.

7) A sudden braking or acceleration during turns on slippery road user risks that the combination can not be kept on course through the turn due to the reduced grip or the high speed (the same risk can be present in the usual way).
8) Braking with one pair of wheels on a public road and the second pair of wheels on a slippery road causes excessive skew of the combination. Even when combined vehicles with ABS braking system can occur skew.
9) Use of motor brake, retarderbremse or downshifting on slippery roads is extremely risky. Use of these types of braking can cause skidding / scissoring because of blocked rear wheels of the truck.
10) Start-up on slippery roads (especially hill) may be difficult with large combinations, especially if the combination has dual rear axle (bogie), which only draws on one. Commissioning should be facilitated by briefly raising the rear axle to increase the pressure on the drive axle.
11) The use of the differential lock and skid control (ASR).
12) Driving uphill on a slippery road, as far as possible be made without shifting and so that stopping avoided. Under any gearshift clutch and accelerator operated with caution so that wheel spin is avoided.

The student must know exercise achieve proficiency in following the common path:


13) Brake by stepwise increasing speeds up to 60 km / h, and by adjusting the pressure on the brake pedal, so the braking distance is as short as possible without the wheels locking and skidding.

The exercise must be carried out with or without ABS braking system in operation.
The student must know exercise achieve proficiency in the following on a slippery road:


14) brake in the shortest possible distance at incremental speeds up to approximately 50 km / h.
15) Adapt the speed so that the student can judge what it should be reduced to, for the braking distance of approximately 30 m - which was achieved on a public road at about 50 km / h - may be retained.

The exercise must be carried out with or without ABS brake system in operation.


16) Putting off on a slippery road without wheel spin or skid.
17) Any set off on a slippery slope with an increase of 5-8% without wheelspin and skidding.
18) Any change gear up the slippery hill without wheelspin and skidding, including use any differential lock properly.

The exercise must be carried out with or without ASR system in operation.
The pupil must at workouts gain experience on the following issues in plain / smooth road:


19) brake at incremental speeds (up to 50 km / h) with one pair of wheels on a public road and the second pair of wheels on a slippery road, by adjusting the pressure on the brake pedal, so that braking can take place without slipping.

The exercise must be carried out with or without ABS brake system in operation.
9.3 Obstacles on the road
Overall dimensions
The student must learn to react properly to sudden obstacles on the way in which the killing alone can not be achieved partly by steering round obstacles, and partly by braking and steering. The student must also learn how much the speed must be reduced on a slippery road compared to ordinary road. When driving on road trains without ABS, it should be avoided to steer and brake at the same time.
Subobjective
9.3.1 Slalom
Eleven will serve the carriage train properly and achieve any proficiency in the following maneuver on public roads:


1) Driving forward slalom at appropriate high-speed (incremental 30-40 km / h, depending on the student's abilities) between 5-7 marker cones at 25 m intervals. The effect of the combination (heel) should be as small as possible and control shall be such that the combination calms down between each turn.

9.3.2 Double evasive action without braking
Eleven will serve the carriage train properly and achieve any proficiency in the following maneuvers on public roads:


1) Make fast lane changes by appropriate high speed (40-50 km / h, depending on the student's abilities) to avoid collisions marked obstacle and then quickly switch to the original path when the obstacle is passed.

Eleven will serve the carriage train properly and achieve any proficiency in the following maneuvers on slippery roads:


2) Making fast lane changes by appropriate high speed to avoid collision with a marked obstacle and then quickly switch to the original path when the obstacle is passed. Eleven must themselves judge what speed must be reduced in order to exercise can be completed safely.


Exercise-up must be the same as on an ordinary road.
9.3.3 Combined braking and evasive action
Eleven will serve the carriage train properly and achieve any proficiency in the following maneuvers on public roads:


1) Brake without wheels blockade at appropriate high speed (40-50 km / h, depending on the student's abilities) before a selected obstacle that is so close that stopping is not possible, then release the brake pedal, steer past the obstacle and then slow down to a halt.

The exercise must be carried out with or without ABS braking system in operation.
Eleven will serve the carriage train properly and achieve any proficiency in the following maneuvers on slippery roads:


2) Brake without wheels blockade by adjusting the speed before a selected obstacle that is so close that stopping is not possible, then release the brake pedal, steer past the obstacle and then slow down to a halt. Eleven must themselves judge what speed must be reduced in order to exercise can be completed safely.

The exercise must be carried out with or without ABS braking system in operation.
Exercise-up must be the same as on an ordinary road.
9.4 of regaining traction after slipping
Overall dimensions
The student must learn to respond correctly to regain grip and get the vehicle combination on track after skidding on a slippery road.
Subobjective
9.4.1 Driving in curve
The student must know exercise gain experience on the following maneuvers when cornering on slippery roads:


1) Experience as speed's influence when driving around curves with different radius.

9.4.2 Rear wheel skid with the truck
Eleven operating the truck correctly and achieve any proficiency in the following maneuvers at rear wheels skidding on slippery roads:


1) Instant depress the clutch pedal and keep it depressed during the entire alignment.
2) Never touch neither the brake or accelerator, as it only exacerbates the slipping.
3) Turning the steering wheel in the original direction - ie to the same side as the truck's rear end skidding.
4) When the vehicle then straightens up, turn the steering wheel while back toward the straight-ahead, or you risk a new skid to the opposite side.
5) When traction is regained, and the truck again is on the right course, lift the clutch slowly and gives little gas.

9.4.3 Front wheel skid with the truck
Eleven operating the truck correctly and achieve any proficiency in the following actions if the truck does not follow the steering wheel movement during turns or driving through a turn on a slippery road:


1) Turning the wheel to the right show.
2) Stepping clutch pedal and keep it depressed during the entire alignment.
3) When traction is regained, continued oscillation or driving through the turn in as flat an arc as possible.
4) Never touch neither the brake or accelerator, as it only exacerbates the slipping.

9.4.4 Skid with trailer
Eleven will serve the carriage train properly and achieve any proficiency in the following maneuvers by slipping the trailer alone on a slippery road:


1) Instant depress the clutch pedal and keep it depressed during the entire alignment.
2) Never touch the brake, as it only exacerbates the slipping.
3) Continue to steer in the desired direction.
4) When traction is regained, and the trailer has recovered up, release the clutch slowly and also gives gently gas. It is a condition that the truck is in sufficiently high gear.

9.4.5 the turn implementation
In plain straight path inculcated:
9.2.4 Vejgrebets exploitation. Braking on a public road without wheels blockade and with the shortest possible braking distance.
9.3.1 Slalom. Proper wheel operation / management.
9.3.2 Double flinch. Fast lane change on public roads and without braking.
9.3.3 Combined braking and evasive action. Braking on a public road without wheels blockade and then steering past the obstacle.
The exercises can be performed either with a trailer or a tractor or with both road train types.
On smooth straight path inculcated:
9.2.4 Vejgrebets exploitation. Braking without the wheels locking and braking during ratdrejning. Furthermore, starting without wheelspin or skidding, braking on regular and smooth road and braking with one hand on a public road and a side on a slippery road.
Possible starting and changing gear on a slippery slope.
9.3.2 Double flinch. Quick lane changes on a slippery road and without braking.

9.3.3 Combined braking and evasive action. Braking on a slippery road without wheels blockade and then steering past the obstacle. The exercises are performed both with road train as the tractor.
9.4.2 Rear wheel skid by truck. Straightening and recovered to grip.
9.4.3 Front wheel skid by truck. Straightening and recovered to grip.
9.4.4 skid of the trailer. Straightening and recovered to grip. The exercises are performed both with road train as the tractor.
The exercises 9.2.3, 9.2.4, 9.3.2, 9.4.2, 9.4.3 and 9.4.4 can be performed either with a road train or with a tractor or with both road train types.
In slippery curve practiced:
9.2.4 Vejgrebets exploitation. Braking or acceleration and travel along the curve track (ideal curve), taking into account the vision and oncoming. The exercises are performed both with road train as the tractor.
9.4.1 Driving in curve. The significance of speed in curves with different radius.
9.4.2 Rear wheel skid. Straightening and recovered to grip. The exercises are performed both with road train as the tractor.
9.4.3 Front wheel skid. Straightening and recovered to grip. The exercises are performed both with road train as the tractor.
Annex 12
10. PREPARATION FOR DRIVING LICENCE
The purpose of education is to give the student knowledge of the conditions to register for the driving test and obtain licenses for categories C / E and to make the student familiar with the main legal provisions on driving licenses.
The training also aims to inform the student about the requirements of the driving test, and through evaluative tests in the driving school to give the pupils the opportunity to acquire experience on conditions and procedures during the implementation of the road test theoretical and practical part.
10.1 Conditions for license
Overall dimensions
The student must be informed of the main legal provisions relating to driving instruction, application for license with the necessary certificates etc. and what licenses for categories C / E covers.
Subobjective
10.1.1 Driving lessons
The student must have knowledge of the following legislation:


1) If you have not previously had a license for category C / E must be within driving test receive training from an authorized instructor in categories C, D and E.
2) The instruction to category C / E may only be started when the student has acquired the license for category C.
3) Education shall be in accordance with the curriculum for category C / E and cover both the theoretical and practical curriculum.
4) In this instruction, a lesson plan. Lesson plan shall be designed in two copies, one copy provided to run the student, in accordance with the provisions of the license tender. Lesson plan must, among other things fall into lessons respectively in theory room (theoretical subjects) and in practical driving lessons (practice run). After the end of each lesson, instructor and student run with their signatures in running teacher's copy of the lesson plan verify the implementation of the lesson.
5) During practice driving on public roads must be an approved driving instructor be with the combination, beside the student. Driving teacher is then considered to be the driver of the combination.
6) The curriculum including teaching guidelines can be viewed at the National Police website (www.politi.dk) and www.retsinfo.dk.

10.1.2 Setting for driving
The student must have knowledge of the following legislation:


1) Driving license issued by the police after passing the driving test.
2) Driving prepared for police driving examiner. Military personnel and personnel of rescue services prepared the driving test for specific drive judges.
3) Setting the driving test is done by completing and signing an approved application form and take it to the municipality.
4) Once the course is completed, the driving instructor's signature on the application form to confirm that the applicant has received training in accordance with the curriculum.
5) The application form must be accompanied by:
a) Medical certificate with information about the applicant's health and state of health.
b) Health Maps or similar documentation for personal identification.
c) passport photograph (portrait without headgear) in size 35 x 45 mm and without stamps, but with a doctor's endorsement on the back.

10.1.3 Driving license category and entitlements

The student must have knowledge that the license category C / E entitles the holder to drive the following vehicle:


1) Road train consisting of a tractor vehicle in category C and a trailer with a maximum weight of over 750 kg.
2) Large trailer for category D, if the holder already has a license for category D.
3) Large trailer for category B (standard car).
4) Truck tethered flatbed truck.
5) Mobile crane towing a trailer.

10.2 Driving test run
Overall dimensions
The student must be informed of the current guidelines for running the content and implementation and by prior evaluative tests in the driving school to gain experience in the test situation conditions.
Subobjective
10.2.1 Requirements of the driving test
The student must have knowledge of the following legislation:


1) For the driving test, the examiner will assess whether the applicant has acquired the knowledge and skills specified in the description of the targets in the curriculum of the relevant license category.
2) Driving exam is divided into a theory test and a practical test. Theory test must be passed before moving up to the practical test.
3) Applicants must know the theory test and the practical test to bring the application for a license and run the teacher's copy of the lesson plan.
4) Candidates can not take the driving test unless run training has been conducted in accordance with the provisions of the license tender. This implies that the theory test can only be taken once the student has received training in teaching plan first section to 8. Title, and in the relevant sections of the Education Plan 10 section. The practical test can only be taken once the student has received training in all sections of the curriculum.

10.2.2 Theory exam
The student must have knowledge of the following guidelines for the theory test and in evaluative tests in the driving school have obtained knowledge of the test conditions:


1) The sample usually have a duration of approximately half an hour.
2) The exam is written and performed by the presentation of a randomly selected series from the National Police approved lysbilledsæt with voice issues and associated afkrydsningsskema for reply.
3) Applicants who, because of special circumstances, which must be documented, can not carry the usual written test may be referred to a special test where the expert eg presenter questions or stops the tape recorder between each question. Lysbilledserierne and afkrydsningsskemaerne also used during the special stage. Dyslexia can not justify a special test.
4) The enclosure closed by fixed meeting time. Candidates who arrive late and after the test has begun, can not access the enclosure and must set a date new test fee.
5) Before the sample aspirants guided the conduct of the test and conditions, including how afkrydsningsskemaet be completed, and it is emphasized that the use of aids is not allowed.
6) During the test, the only test experts and apprentices access to the enclosure.
7) The theory test, applicants bring:







a)



The application duly completed.





b)


Special identification:






i)


Any previous license (Community model (credit card type)), or






ii)


Valid passport or






iii)


original baptism, name or birth certificate and photo ID.






iv)



If personal identification number or date of birth and place of birth not obvious from the passport or driving license must also be presented an identity card issued by a public authority, including personal number or name and place of birth clearly apparent.






v)


If there is a change of name, and that name does not appear in the above mentioned documents, the name change demonstrated by showing a marriage certificate, name certificate or documentation for review to the marriage authority or national register.





c)


Driving teacher's copy of the lesson plan, duly completed.








8) The exam is assessed by the National Police proper guidance.
9) The result of the test must be notified immediately after the test evaluation. Applicants must be informed of the subjects in the curriculum, which is mistakenly answered.

10.2.3 The practical test
The student must have knowledge of the following guidelines for the practical test and by evaluating samples of the driving school have obtained knowledge of the test conditions:


1) The driving in order to assess the applicant's skills and behavior in traffic should not be under 45 minutes.







Besides driving time must be allotted for the control of the applicant's identity, information about the test is in progress, connection and disconnection of the vehicles, checking the vehicle's equipment, evaluation of the test procedure, etc. The probationary period may be extended and may be stopped if the applicant's driving skills are very poor.








2) The sample of driving carried out by the examiner in next aspirant in a combination of vehicles which comply with license order, enclosure, and the aspirant himself to be made available. Driving teacher may, unless the aspirant or the examiner has major objections to it, attend the test. As part of the test center quality assurance of the practical test, additional sample expert with the prior knowledge of the driving instructor attend the test.
3) During the test considered the aspirant as a wagon train driver with the resulting responsibilities and obligations.
4) The practical test starts with the vehicle and trailer placed side by side. Applicants must therefore start sample of linking vehicles. The sample is completed by disconnecting the trailer.






If vehicles of interest of sound traffic can not be placed next to each other, the towing vehicle instead placed behind the trailer. The test is started by the towing vehicle led past the trailer and briefly stops on its side. The vehicles then coupled together. Upon completion of the test disconnected trailer.








5) Skill in control of the trailer statutory equipment is part of the practical test. During the checks, the aspirant without tools, to investigate and decide whether the parts being tested, meets the legal requirements, including explain how checks are carried out. In addition, applicants could identify where specific errors can occur as stated in teaching the titles.
6) Applicants must run after the examiners instructions on the route and maneuvers. The instructions given clearly and in good time, the trainee can perceive and understand them and have time to prepare and execute the assigned. The driving examiner leading the examination in such a way that the applicant is not forced into abnormal traffic situations or induced to act against traffic rules and safety considerations in general.
7) The driving examiner must intervene using the wagon train operating equipment, if needed for safety reasons or to avoid collision.

8) The maneuvers are practiced in the preliminary exercises on the road and on road safety center, not in the test carried out separately, but in connection with the normal operation of the combination while driving. However, reversing, including reversing around corners included random, but may be required only done with any precision.
9) A few minor errors can not in itself mean that the sample is evaluated as fail because the aspirant drive must be assessed as a whole.
10) The result of the test must be notified immediately after completing the test. Candidates who have not passed must be notified of the skill requirements of the curriculum that are not satisfactorily met.
11) The exam is assessed by the National Police guidelines for driving tests.
12) In the practical test, applicants bring:













a)



The application form duly completed and signed.





b)


Any previous license.






c)


Special identification:






i)


Any previous license (Community model (credit card type)), or






ii)


Valid passport or






iii)


original baptism, name or birth certificate and photo ID.






iv)


If personal identification number or date of birth and place of birth not obvious from the passport or driving license must also be presented an identity card issued by a public authority, including personal number or name and place of birth clearly apparent.






v)


If there is a change of name, and that name does not appear in the above mentioned documents, the name change demonstrated by showing a marriage certificate, name certificate or documentation for review to the marriage authority or national register.





d)


Driving teacher's copy of the lesson plan completed.






10.3 Legal provisions also on driving
Overall dimensions
The student must be informed of the main legal provisions for driving licenses.
Subobjective
10.3.1 driving license validity
The student must have knowledge of the following legislation:


1) The license is normally valid until the age of 50 years, but may in certain cases be issued with a shorter validity and subject to certain conditions.
2) When the validity period has expired, the license renewed for shorter periods of time by contacting the municipality.
3) While driving, you must have a license with him, and upon request, show it to the police.
4) If the license is damaged or lost, contact your municipality to obtain a new one.

10.3.2 Withdrawal and recovery of license
The student must have knowledge of the following legislation:


1) If the police have reason to believe that a driver no longer meets the conditions to hold a driving license, police can withdraw it or call that person to pass a driving test.

2) Is driving disqualified, the license usually only be restored after passing the driving test. If the driving test must be carried out by a first acquire, the previously implemented special driver training. The special driving instruction shall be completed with an approved driving instructor and include at least a number of lessons in the classroom and in practical driving lessons (practice run).
3) If driving is disqualified as a result of drunk driving (or before September 1, 2005 for drunken driving) requires a course in alcohol and traffic (A / T course) and passing a driving test.
4) Førstegangserhververe of licenses (ie holders of driving either Category A or Category B) will for certain violations of the Road Traffic Act provisions get a driving ban or an unconditional disqualification. This applies to anyone who has not yet had the first license for 3 years.
5) Licence holders get at certain traffic offenses in addition to a fine also a 'clean license. " For example, if you drive over 30 per cent. too strong, running through a red light, or if children under 15 are not strapped into the car. 3 clips within 3 years results in a suspension of their license. Voucher system applies to gross violations of the Road Traffic Act, which does not in itself result in disqualification, but endangers others.
6) For førstegangserhververe of license rules are tighter, because driving is reached after 2 clips within 3 years.
Official notes
1) The Order contains provisions that implement Council Directive no. 91/439 / EEC on driving licenses (Official Journal 1991 L 237, p. 1) as amended, and certain parts of the European Parliament and Council Directive 2006/126 / EC of 20 december 2006 on driving licenses (EU gazette 2006 no. L 403, page 18).