Read the untranslated law here: https://www.retsinformation.dk/Forms/R0710.aspx?id=120496
Overview (table of contents)
Scope and definitions
CE-marked machines and partly completed
Other machinery and other technical equipment
Exemptions and appeals
Commencement and transitional provisions
Essential health and safety requirements for the design and manufacture of machines
Categories of machinery to which they §§ 29 and 30 referred procedures shall be applied
Indicative list of safety components covered by § 10 paragraph. 2.
Assembly instructions for partly completed
Conformity assessment with internal inspection of machines
Full quality assurance
The minimum criteria which Member States must comply by the notification of bodies
Non-CE marked hoists and winches
The full text
Executive Order on the technical hjælpemidler1)
Pursuant to § 35 paragraph. 1, §§ 46, 74, 84 and 86 of the Working Environment Act, cf.. Legislative Decree no. 268 of 18 March 2005, as amended by Law no. 300 of 19 April 2006, Law no. 175 of 27 February 2007 and § 29 of law no. 512 of 6 June 2007 and following authorization in accordance with § 73 states:
Scope and definitions
§ 1. This Order applies to the design, labeling, instructions for use, testing and marketing.
PCS. 2. exempt from the Order, see. § 3 of the Working Environment Act:
1) Technical equipment used in aviation apart from those used in work on the ground.
2) Technical equipment on board ships and fishing vessels, although the Order does apply to
a) the equipment used for loading and unloading, except for the ship's hoisting equipment and other permanently installed equipment and
b) equipment used for shipyard work on board ships and for work that must be treated as such.
§ 2. The technical aids purposes of this Order:
1) machines, containers, machinery, tools and any other similar device that
a) used in the processing of a product
b) used for the generation of a working result, including for transport and storage, or
c) allow the execution of a technical process
2) parts for equipment, prefabricated structures and all other processed objects that are intended to be combined with other objects to form a complete unit.
§ 3. Technical equipment must be designed so that they do not pose a risk to health or safety, when installed and properly maintained and used in accordance with their purpose.
§ 4. The obligations under this Order requires manufacturers and other suppliers, designers, repairers, etc. and employers, owners, managers, supervisors, other employees and users by working with the general provisions, see. § 2 and Chapter 4 of the Act.
CE-marked machines and partly completed
§ 5. The provisions of Chapter 2 apply to:
2) interchangeable equipment
3) safety components
4) lifting accessories
5) chains, ropes and webbing
6) removable mechanical transmission devices
7) partly completed
§ 6. Excluded from Chapter 2:
1) safety components intended for use as spare parts to replace identical components and supplied by the manufacturer of the original machinery
2) specific equipment for use in fairgrounds and / or amusement parks
3) machines used or specially designed for use in the nuclear field, failure of which may cause an emission of radioactivity
4) weapons, including firearms
5) the following vehicles:
a) agricultural and forestry tractors with regard to the risks covered by Directive 2003/37 / EC, with the exception of machinery mounted on these vehicles
b) motor vehicles and their trailers covered by Council Directive 70/156 / EEC of 6 February 1970 on the approximation of the laws of the type approval of motor vehicles and their trailers, with the exception of machinery mounted on these vehicles
c) vehicles covered by the European Parliament and Council Directive 2002/24 / EC of 18 March 2002 on the approval of two-wheel motor vehicles, with the exception of machinery mounted on these vehicles
d) vehicles exclusively intended for competition and
e) means of transport for transport by air, by water and by rail with the exception of machinery mounted on these
6) seagoing vessels and mobile offshore units and machinery installed on board such vessels and / or units
7) machines specially designed and constructed for military or police purposes
8) machines specially designed and constructed for research purposes for temporary use in laboratories
9) mine shafts
10) machines for lifting performers during artistic performances
11) electrical and electronic products falling into the following categories, provided that they are covered by Council Directive 73/23 / EEC of 19 February 1973 on the approximation of laws relating to electrical equipment designed for use within certain voltage limits: | ||
a) household appliances intended for domestic use
b) audio and video equipment
c) computer equipment
d) ordinary office machinery
e) switching and control equipment for low voltage
f) electric motors
12) the following high voltage equipment:
a) switchgear and control gear
§ 7. Where in Annex I dangers associated with a machine that is fully or partly covered more specifically by other Community Directives, this Order shall not apply or shall cease to apply to this machine for such hazards from the date of these other directives.
Definitions for this chapter
§ 8. "machine" means products listed in § 5, Nos. 1-6.
PCS. 2. The "machine" is also a collection of linked parts or components, at least one assembly, fitted with or intended to be fitted with a drive system other than human or animal directly applied and which are structured on a specific application.
PCS. 3. "machine" includes an assembly referred to in paragraph. 2, missing only the components to connect it on site or to sources of energy and motivation.
PCS. 4. "machine" is also an assembly referred to in paragraph. 2 and 3, there are installation ready, but only the components to connect it on a vehicle or installed in a building or a structure.
PCS. 5. The "machine" is also considered assemblies of machinery referred to in paragraph. 2, 3 and 4 or partly completed machinery referred to in § 5, no. 7, to achieve a particular result is arranged and controlled so that they are interconnected in their function.
PCS. 6. "machine" means an assembly of linked parts or components, at least one of which moves and which are joined together, intended for lifting loads and whose only power source is human power.
§ 9. "interchangeable equipment" means a device which itself is assembled with a machine or tractor-use of these in order to change its function or attribute a new function in so far as this equipment is not a tool.
§ 10. "safety component" means a component that
1) has a security feature
2) marketed separately
3) the failure and / or malfunction endangers the safety of persons, and
4) is not necessary for the machine to function, or may be replaced by normal components of the machinery to be used.
PCS. 2. Annex V contains a list of safety components, as updated by the European Commission and the Member States.
§ 11. "lifting accessory" means a component or equipment that makes it possible to make hooking of the load, which is not attached to the lifting machine. It is placed between the machinery and the load on the load itself, or is intended to constitute an integral part of the burden and marketed separately. For lifting accessories is also included lifting chains / tovstropper and their components.
PCS. 2. "chains, ropes and webbing" means chains, ropes and webbing designed and constructed for lifting purposes as part of lifting machinery or lifting accessories.
§ 12. "removable mechanical transmission device" means a removable component for transmitting power between self-propelled machine or a tractor and driven machine first connection point. Marketed with the guard, regarded as one product.
§ 13. "partly completed machinery" means an assembly which is almost machinery but which can not themselves perform a specific application. A drive system is partly completed machinery. Partly completed machinery is only intended to be incorporated into or assembled with other machinery or other partly completed machinery or equipment in order to provide a machine that Directive 2006/42 / EC apply.
§ 14. "marketing" means the first time a machine or partly completed machinery made available, free of charge or, in the European Community for distribution or use.
§ 15. "Manufacturer" means any natural or legal person who designs and / or manufactures machinery or partly completed machinery covered by this Chapter, and is responsible for the machine or partly completed accordance with this Chapter, to be marketed under the own name or trademark or for his own use. Is there not a manufacturer as defined above, any natural or legal person who market or puts into service machinery or partly completed machinery covered by this Chapter, as a manufacturer.
§ 16. "Representative" means any natural or legal person established in the European Community, and has received a written mandate from the manufacturer to perform on his behalf to meet all or part of the obligations and formalities laid down in this chapter.
§ 17. "use" means the first use of the European Community, of machinery covered by this Chapter in accordance with its intended purpose.
§ 18. "harmonized standard" means a non-binding technical specification adopted by a standardization body, namely The European Committee for Standardization (CEN), the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC) or the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), in accordance with the mandate given by the EU Commission in accordance with the procedures laid down in European Parliament and Council Directive 98/34 / EC of 22 June 1998 laying down a procedure for technical standards and regulations and rules on information society services.
§ 19. When a machine must meet the provisions of this chapter, this also applies to marketing in other countries in the European Community.
Design, construction, equipment and design
§ 20. The machinery must meet the essential health and safety requirements set out in Annex I.
PCS. 2. A machine can, however, to comply with paragraph. 1 shown at trade fairs, exhibitions, etc., if the visible sign clearly indicates that the machine does not meet the statutory requirements and can not be acquired before it is brought accordingly. On presentation of the machinery or partly completed functions must be taken to ensure safety of persons.
§ 21. When a machine is manufactured in accordance with a harmonized standard, whose reference has been published in the Official Journal, shall be presumed to comply with the essential health and safety requirements of Annex I covered by the standard .
Label and instructions
§ 22. Each machine must be provided with markings which comply with Annex I.
§ 23. With any machine should follow the original instructions that at least meets the requirements of Annex I. The instructions must accompany each machine on delivery.
PCS. 2. If the original instructions are not available in Danish, the manufacturer or his representative or the person importing the machinery for use in Denmark, translated into Danish.
Documentation etc. in connection with marketing
§ 24. The manufacturer or his authorized representative shall, before the market or puts into service a machine, ensure that all machinery with an original EC declaration of conformity in accordance with §§ 26 and 28 - 30 to documentation for the machine complies with the requirements of Annex I. The declaration shall accompany the machine on delivery.
PCS. 2. If the original EC declaration of conformity is not in Danish, the manufacturer or his representative or the person importing the machinery for use in Denmark, translated into Danish.
PCS. 3. Each machine must also bear the CE marking in accordance with § 32. If the machine is subject to other rules on CE marking, the CE marking may only be made if the machine also meets the other rules.
PCS. 4. Anyone who markets the machine, or constructing machinery for his own use, to monitor and, where appropriate, to ensure that in paragraph. 1-3 mentioned documentation is available within the machine on the market or put into service.
PCS. 5. The obligations of paragraphs. 1-4 is also incumbent on any person assembling machinery or parts thereof of various origins.
§ 25. Anyone who market the partly completed machinery to ensure that the manufacturer or his representative has been prepared an original incorporation described. § 27, and in § 31, no. 2, said installation instructions. Declaration and installation instructions must accompany the partly completed machinery upon delivery.
PCS. 2. If the original declaration of incorporation is not in Danish, the manufacturer or his representative or the person importing the partly completed machinery to use in Denmark, before marketing it translated into Danish.
EC declarations, technical file, etc.
§ 26. EC declaration of conformity for machinery shall be issued in accordance with Annex II, section. 1.A, see. However paragraph. 2.
PCS. 2. EC declaration of conformity can not be issued until in Annex VII, Part A prescribed requirements for technical dossiers and other documentation are satisfied. However paragraph. 3.
PCS. 3. EC declaration of conformity for machinery covered by Annex IV may not be issued until the in §§ 29 and 30 provisions are met.
§ 27. For a partly completed incorporation shall be issued in accordance with Annex II, section. 1.B.
PCS. 2. The declaration of incorporation can not be issued until the relevant technical documentation described. § 31, no. 1 and 2, have been prepared.
PCS. 3. The § 31 for partial machinery of incorporation and assembly statement must be included in the technical file for that machinery.
Conformity assessment of machinery and assessment of the partly completed
§ 28. If the machine is not covered by Annex IV, the manufacturer or his representative shall apply the procedure for assessment of conformity with internal inspection of machinery provided for in Annex VIII, including drawing up a technical file.
§ 29. If the machine is included in Annex IV and manufactured in accordance with the § 21 harmonized standards referred to and all the relevant essential health and safety requirements covered by these standards, one of the following procedures are followed:
1) The method for assessing conformity with internal checks provided for in Annex VIII.
2) The Annex IX procedure relating to EC-type examination and the internal checks on the manufacture of machinery provided for in Annex VIII point. 3.
3) The Annex X. full quality assurance procedure.
§ 30. If the machine is covered by Annex IV, and the unused or partly manufactured in accordance with harmonized standards, or if not all the relevant essential health and safety requirements included in the harmonized standards or where there are no harmonized standards for the machine, the following procedures are followed:
1) The Annex IX procedure relating to EC-type examination and the internal checks on the manufacture of machinery provided for in Annex VIII, Section 3
2) The Annex X. full quality assurance procedure.
§ 31. A manufacturer or its representative of partly completed machinery must premarket ensure the following:
1) That the relevant technical documentation described. Annex VII, B is prepared.
2) That the assembly instructions described. Annex VI are prepared.
3) That there has been prepared an incorporation described. Annex II, pkt.1.B.
§ 32. The CE marking shall be in accordance with Annex III and placed on the machine so that it is visible, legible and can not be removed.
PCS. 2. Do not put labels or markings on the machine that the CE marking remains visible and more difficult to read, or which may mislead with regard to CE marking meaning and form.
PCS. 3. Do not apply the CE marking pursuant to this chapter of products not covered by Chapter 2 or not a machine.
Testing Institutions (notified bodies)
§ 33. The director of the Working Environment Authority may approve one or more institutions to conduct examination and approval of quality assurance systems in Denmark under the provisions of this Order.
PCS. 2. The paragraphs. 1 shall test institutes must meet in Annex XI minimum requirements.
PCS. 3. An authorization under subsection. 1 may be conditional and limited.
PCS. 4. An authorization under subsection. 1 revoked by the Director of Labour Inspection, if the body no longer meets those fixed in Annex XI requirements or if the body seriously fails to fulfill its obligations.
§ 34. The body must conduct examination and issue EC-type examination certificate as specified in Annex IX guidelines laid down.
PCS. 2. The testing institution shall be notified of any change in the type examination certificate included machine, see. Annex IX. The body decides whether the change is so significant in relation to the granting of type-examination certificate, the machine must undergo a new examination.
PCS. 3. The body must approve the quality assurance systems and notify the manufacturer of its decision as provided for in Annex IX.
PCS. 4. The testing institution shall be informed of any intended change of the quality system referred to in Annex IX. The body assesses whether a re-assessment of the quality management system is needed.
PCS. 5. The body may revoke a type certificate or approval of a quality assurance system if it is later established that a manufacturer does not fulfill the relevant requirements of this Order or to a type certificate or approval of a quality assurance system should not have been issued.
§ 35. Working Environment Authority may order that the person who has marketed or put into a machine, as used in accordance with its intended purpose still the danger to health or safety, take the necessary measures to prevent this. It may include an order to the market or putting into service, and that the machine in question be withdrawn from the market.
Other machinery and other technical equipment
Design, construction, equipment and design
§ 36. The rules in this chapter apply to technical aids that are not covered by Chapter 2.
PCS. 2. For technical aids design, construction, equipment, design and manual applies the general provisions of §§ 37 - 63.
§ 37. Work equipment must be properly designed and properly executed by suitable materials taking into account the effects that it can be expected to be exposed, so it has the basis of safety and health considerations required strength and durability.
PCS. 2. Work equipment which is or may occur pressures, temperatures, material stresses or other stresses which can cause dangerous conditions shall be so designed and constructed or provided with such equipment to limit the impact that the reasonable and possible. limits laid down for this are not exceeded. If necessary, the equipment shall be provided with a warning equipment that automatically comes into action if these limits are exceeded.
§ 38. The design of the equipment shall enter into hedging against risks at the equipment. It must be ensured that
1) persons can not come into contact with dangerous machine parts or substances
2) tools, workpieces or parts thereof, splashes, etc., can not be ejected danger to health and safety, and
3) heat, cold, radiation, noise, vibration, dust, humidity, smoke, fumes, gases or other substances produced by the use of the equipment, not delivered in such a way that endangers the safety or health.
PCS. 2. If necessary security can not be achieved through the construction, it shall be conducted in a safe manner by screening, extraction, other security devices or other safety precautions.
PCS. 3. The guards and other protective devices
1) be of robust construction,
2) must not cause additional risks
3) Do not be easily removed or rendered inoperative,
4) must be at a sufficient distance from the danger zone,
5) must not obstruct the view during work more than necessary, and
6) allow operations necessary to fit or replace parts and for maintenance work, restricting access only to the area where work is to be performed, and as far as possible, without removal of the guard or other protective device.
§ 39. Power supply equipment must be designed, constructed and fitted that it does not endanger health or safety.
§ 40. Technical equipment must be designed, constructed and equipped so that the operation can be performed without danger to health or safety, and without other endangered.
PCS. 2. For any other at the equipment occurring work paragraphs. 1 shall apply to the extent possible, taking into account the nature of the equipment.
§ 41. The way switching, control and interruption of energy for a technical aid or other forms of influence functions or work in such cases, as far as possible ensure that there is no danger to health or safety. It must be ensured that the operation can be done under the best possible visibility and control, and if necessary aids be provided with equipment that automatically gives a signal before starting, stopping, or other influences. Commissioning may only be achieved by a deliberate act carried out on an operating system for this purpose.
PCS. 2. Stopping the functions or work shall, unless the interruption of these can be dangerous, could be done quickly from appropriate locations or at the equipment. How are safety reasons for it, stopping must be automatic. If necessary, stopping be combined with a braking. Stop Order must have higher priority than starting order.
PCS. 3. If abnormal operating conditions, including variations or interruptions in energy supply of technical equipment can be dangerous, equipment shall have an effective hedge against it. If necessary, the equipment shall be equipped with an automatic and appropriate functioning warning device.
§ 42. Lighting embedded or mounted on technical equipment must be adequately designed to dazzle.
§ 43. Controls and control systems must be designed, constructed and arranged that the risk of accidental or erroneous triggering, changing or stopping effect, where a hazard is prevented or mitigated.
PCS. 2. Control systems must be safe and must be chosen taking into account the failures, faults and constraints to be expected in connection with the intended use.
PCS. 3. Controls shall be easily accessible, clear, easy to spot, suitably marked and be located and arranged ergonomically as well as be well illuminated.
§ 44. Auto-run, controlled or monitored technical equipment shall, to the extent it may have safety implications, be fitted with devices to downregulation of processes, disconnecting the automatic control and manual equipment as well as possible. emergency stop.
PCS. 2. Such equipment must also be provided with instructions, diagrams, plans or materials, as in the case of the automatic system failure or other extraordinary situations give rise to fully assess the safety implications and to implement the measures or procedures as may be necessary to prevent the danger to health or safety.
PCS. 3. Material text and the instructions relating thereto, must be in Danish, unless otherwise provided by special rules or determined by the Director of Labour Inspection.
PCS. 4. The material should be on the equipment or close to it in a way that is appropriate for its use.
§ 45. Technical aids whose safety depends on the operating mode, where necessary, be fitted with equipment to monitor, control and management thereof.
PCS. 2. Monitoring and control equipment must be properly designed and properly executed by suitable materials so they work reliably in a safe and healthy manner.
PCS. 3. Monitoring and control equipment must be designed and located so that they do not unintentionally brought out of the setting. Their views must be correct, clear and well-lit. Reading and setting, could be made from an easily accessible place, and it must be possible to make necessary adjustments or replacements.
§ 46. Where at or equipment shall traffic or for the sake of operation, maintenance, inspection or other care must be provided access and traffic routes and working platforms as necessary. These shall be designed and constructed, secured and illuminated so that their use is safe and healthy sound.
§ 47. Where the shape or color of an assistive listening device or parts of it may have health and safety implications, should as far as possible be taken into account.
§ 48. Marking colors and symbols should be clear and durable, and for the sake of visual perception must at all given a suitable shape and coloring of the product.
§ 49. Accessible parts of the product is to be, to the extent its intended use allows it, be designed so that sharp corners, edges, rough surfaces, etc., which may cause physical injury does not occur.
PCS. 2. The design must seek to ensure that assistance is easy to clean, and the cleaning of and know it can be done without risk to their safety or health.
§ 50. Work equipment which may be expected to be subject to removal, transportation, erection and mounting, shall take into account and, if necessary, be fitted with devices so that the movement etc. can take place in safety and healthy manner.
Instructions and labeling
§ 51. With the delivery of the equipment shall follow such instructions as are necessary for that aid can be used, transported and set up safety and healthy working conditions and kept in proper condition. These include essential instructions, plans, diagrams, etc. for equipment and its operation, information on hazards or other special conditions for the equipment, including restrictions on use, which may have implications for health and safety in the work environment, and are not widely known. It must also include information on possible. special security measures that are necessary in connection with the use, transport, installation and maintenance. Where personal protection is necessary, the instructions must provide information on the nature and use, which is in accordance with the rules that may be given thereof.
PCS. 2. The instructions must be complete and easy to understand for those who can be expected to use it. It must be written in Danish, unless otherwise provided by special rules, or the Director of the WEA authorizes or requires another language.
PCS. 3. To the extent it may have health and safety implications, the instructions, important parts thereof, or references to be indicated directly on the product or on a sign, notice, to setup this.
PCS. 4. Every machine delivered or exhibited in this country must be fitted with the manufacturer's or imported machines, the importer's name and address or other markup that makes it easy to identify the manufacturer, importer respectively.
Mobile work tools, including self-propelled implements
§ 52. If a mobile tool is designed to hold one or more people on the implement, the equipment shall be arranged so that the risk of people minimized when the tool is moving. This also applies to the risk that people come into contact with the wheels or tracks, or they get caught by these.
§ 53. Where an inadvertent seizure of the drive unit between a mobile work equipment and its accessories or anything towed might create a specific risk, the equipment shall be equipped or adapted in a way to prevent blockages of the drive units. Where such a seizure can not be avoided must be taken every possible precaution to avoid injury.
§ 54. A mobile work equipment must be equipped with fastening devices for power transmission parts, if necessary to avoid that the parts drag on the ground and thereby become soiled or damaged.
§ 55. If a mobile tool is designed to hold one or more persons on the tool, the tool depending on the actual conditions of use, bear one of the following safety devices to reduce risks associated with the rollover: || |
1) a device that prevents the equipment from tilting more than 45 degrees,
2) a device which ensures sufficient clearance around the person or persons who are staying on the tool if it can tilt more than 45 degrees, or
3) any other device of equivalent effect.
PCS. 2. The paragraphs. 1 said safety devices can be integrated in the tool.
PCS. 3. The provisions of paragraph. 1 said safety devices are not required when the work implement is stabilized during operation or where the design of the equipment prevents it from rolling over.
PCS. 4. Is there a risk that a person who stays on the tool, can be crushed between parts of the work tool and the earth, there must be mounted a system, such as seat belts, for clamping the person or persons who are staying on working device.
§ 56. If a forklift is designed to hold one or more persons on the forklift truck must be adapted or equipped with, for example one of the following devices to limit risks associated with the rollover:
1) A cab
2) a device that prevents the forklift to overturn
3) a device that ensures that in the event of rollover is enough space between the ground and certain parts of the fork truck to the person staying in it, or
4) a structure, such as seat belts restraining the person or persons to the driver's seat so that they are not crushed by parts of the fork lift truck which overturns.
§ 57. If driving a self-propelled work pose risks for persons must fulfill the following requirements:
1) equipment shall be fitted with a device to prevent accidental starting.
2) If the equipment comprises several units that can move simultaneously on the same track, the equipment shall be provided with suitable devices to reduce the impact of a collision.
3) equipment shall be fitted with a device for braking and stopping. In cases where considerations of safety so requires, there must be a readily accessible emergency control with controls or automatic systems for braking and stopping the equipment in the event that the main control unit fails.
4) If the driver's direct field of vision is inadequate with regard to safety, install appropriate auxiliary devices to improve visibility.
5) If the equipment is intended for use at night or in dark places must be equipped with a lighting device appropriate to the work to be performed, which aims to create a sufficiently secure way.
6) If the tool itself involves a fire risk or if the trailer or load constitutes a fire hazard and can put people at risk, it must be equipped with appropriate fire-fighting equipment, unless such equipment is already in sufficient proximity of the application site.
7) A remote tool must stop automatically if it moves outside the remote control's range.
8) A remote-controlled tool, which under normal conditions of use may involve risks of collision or entrapment, be provided with facilities to guard against this risk, unless there are already other suitable devices for controlling the risk of collision.
Working equipment used for lifting loads
§ 58. If a piece of equipment used for lifting loads is installed permanently, it must be ensured that the strength and stability during use, especially taking into account the loads to be lifted and for the mounting or attached.
§ 59. A tool used for lifting loads must be clearly marked with the permitted load.
PCS. 2. Appropriate tool be a table showing the permissible loads in the gear different positions.
PCS. 3. Accessories for the equipment shall be marked in such a way that the technical characteristics that are critical to safety, is evident.
PCS. 4. If a tool is not designed for lifting persons must, if it is possible to take in error must be appropriately clearly displayed.
§ 60. A permanently installed piece of equipment used for lifting loads must be installed in order to reduce the risk of the load:
1), at persons
2) drifting dangerously or falling or
3) being released unintentionally.
§ 61. A tool used for lifting or moving of persons must be designed so
1) that by means of suitable devices to prevent the crash the car, or the like
2) prevent the risk that a person can fall out of the cab, basket, etc.
3) prevent the risk that someone could be injured, trapped or struck, especially as a result of accidental contact with objects and
4) to persons in case of accident is locked into the cab, basket, etc. can be released and not endangered.
PCS. 2. If it is because of site and height differences are not possible using a special device to avoid in paragraph. 1 pt. 1, the risks referred to, use a carrier (steel rope or chain) with high safety factor.
§ 62. interior design, exclusively designed for transporting materials which are temporarily installed for use in carrying out construction projects shall be designed so that they have a level of safety at least equivalent to the requirements of the standard DS / EN 12158-1 of the 28th December 2000.
§ 63. Non-CE marked powered hoists that use a carrier to lift a load suspended, and games, using one or more carrier to lift a load that is completely or partially controlled in its course, or using rope, chain used to pull or tow shall, in addition to the requirements of this chapter, the additional requirements of Annex XII.
PCS. 2. Excluded from paragraph. 1 are:
1) hoists and winches for use by persons with reduced mobility, and
2) lifts etc.
§ 64. The Director of the WEA can for individual types of technical aids lay down detailed rules in accordance with the foregoing provisions.
PCS. 2. The rules may include references to norms and standards, they are specified clearly and include dating.
§ 65. The director of the Working Environment Authority may issue instructions containing more detailed guidelines on how the provisions of Order and detailed rules can be met.
Exemptions and appeals
§ 66. The Director of Labour Inspection may in individual cases permit deviations from this order where, because of specific design and use or special circumstances are deemed reasonable and justifiable. This does not apply to technical equipment covered by Chapter 2.
§ 67. Decisions under this Order may be appealed in accordance with § 81 of the Working Environment Act.
PCS. 2. Appeals against decisions made by the testing institutions in accordance. § 34 may be brought before the Labour Inspectorate within 4 weeks after the decision was communicated to him.
§ 68. Unless a higher penalty is warranted under the Working Environment Act or other legislation punishable by fine or imprisonment of up to one year on, there
1) violates § 3, §§ 19-20, §§ 22-32, § 34 paragraph. 2 and §§ 37-63
2) fails to comply with an order or prohibition notice issued in accordance with provisions of this Order, or
3) disregards the terms of authorizations under the Order.
PCS. 2. For violation of § 3, §§ 19 -20, §§ 22 -32, § 34 paragraph. 2 and §§ 37 to 63, may be imposed on an employer fine even though the infringement can not be attributed to them as intentional or negligent. It is a condition of the fine, the infringement can be attributed to one or more persons associated with the company or as such. For fine shall be no alternative sentence.
PCS. 3. It may be imposed on companies etc. (legal persons) under the rules of the Penal Code Chapter 5.
§ 69. In the detailed rules under Executive Order may provide for punishment for contravention of provisions thereof in § 84 of the Working Environment Act.
Commencement and transitional provisions
§ 70. This Order shall enter into force on 1 January 2009, see. However paragraph. 2-3.
PCS. 2. Chapter 2 shall enter into force on 29 December 2009.
PCS. 3. § 62 shall enter into force on 1 January 2012. interior design, exclusively designed for transporting materials which are temporarily installed for use in performing construction tasks, however, with effect from 1 January 2009 be secured effectively against persons and goods falling off.
PCS. 4. While this Order enters into force no. 561 of 24 June 1994 on the design of technical aids other than Chapter 2, see. §§ 5-18 including Annexes I to VIII, which is applicable to machines and safety components the market or put into service in the period from 1 January 1995 to 29 december 2009.
PCS. 5. The documentation required in Annex V of Executive Order no. 561 of 24 June 1994 on the design of technical aids, see. Paragraph. 2, must be available to the competent authorities in the Member States for at least 10 years after the machine's date of manufacture or for series manufacture, of the last unit produced.
PCS. 6. The Director of the WEA can from 29 June 2008 to designate testing institutions. § 33.
§ 71. Order no. 621 of 11 December 1975 on the arrangement and use of nail guns and their accessories repealed on 30 June 2011. Nail guns and their accessories that meet the design requirements of the Order may be marketed and put into service until 29 June 2011.
§ 72. While this Order revokes Chapters 2 and 3 of Executive Order no. 1101 of 14 December 1992 on the decor of hoists and winches.
WEA, June 25, 2008
/ Sonja Ploug Jensen
Essential Health and Safety Requirements relating to the design and manufacture of machines
first The manufacturer of machinery or his authorized representative must ensure that there is carried out a risk assessment in order to determine the health and safety requirements which apply to the machinery. The machinery must then be designed and constructed taking into account the results of this analysis.
By the above iterative risk assessment and risk reduction process, the manufacturer or his representative:
- determine the limits of the machinery, including the intended use and any misuse thereof reasonably foreseeable
- identify the hazards that can arise in connection with the machinery and the associated hazardous situations
- estimate the risks, taking into account the severity of the possible injury or damage to health and the probability of the occurrence,
- assess the risks in order to determine whether it is necessary to restrict them, in accordance with the purpose of these provisions
- eliminate the hazards or reduce the risks associated with these hazards by application of protective measures in the order of priority specified in paragraph 1.1.2
Second The obligations resulting from the essential health and safety requirements only apply when the machine is put at risk when used under the conditions the manufacturer or his representative has prescribed, but also in foreseeable abnormal situations. The requirement of safety integration referred to in section 1.1.2. And the obligations concerning marking of machinery and instructions referred to. 1.7.3. and 1.7.4., valid in all circumstances.
Third The essential health and safety requirements of this Annex are mandatory. Taking into account the state of the art it is possible that its objective can not be attained. In this case, the machine must be designed and manufactured in order as far as possible to meet those goals.
Fourth This Annex is divided into several parts. The first part is general and applies to all kinds of machinery. The other parts refer to certain kinds of more specific hazards. However, it is essential to examine this Annex in its entirety to be sure to meet all the relevant essential requirements. When machinery is being designed must be taken of the requirements of the general part and the requirements of one or more of the other parts depending on the results of the risk assessment carried out in accordance with point 1 of these general principles.
First ESSENTIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
In this Annex:
'Hazard' means a potential source of injury or damage to health
'Danger zone' means any zone within and / or around machinery in which a person is subject to a risk to his health or safety
'Exposed person' means any person wholly or partially in a danger zone
'Operator' means the person or persons installing, operating, adjusting, maintaining, cleaning, repairing or moving machine
'Risk' means a combination of the probability and severity of an accident or damage to health that can arise in a hazardous situation
"Screening" means part of the machinery used specifically to provide protection by means of a physical barrier
"Protective" means a device (other than a guard) which reduces the risk, either alone or in conjunction with a guard
'Intended use' means the use of machinery in accordance with the information in the manual
'Misuse which is reasonably foreseeable' means the use of machinery in a way not intended in the instructions for use, but which may result from readily predictable human behavior.
1.1.2. Principles of safety integration
The machine should be designed and constructed so that it can function and can be operated, adjusted and maintained without putting persons at risk when these operations are carried out under the conditions prescribed, but also any misuse thereof that can reasonably be is contemplated.
The purpose of the measures taken must be to eliminate any risk of the machine foreseeable lifetime, including in transport, assembly, dismantling, disabling and scrapping.
In choosing the most appropriate solutions, the manufacturer or his authorized representative must apply the following principles in the following order:
as far as possible eliminate or reduce risks (inherently safe design and construction),
take the necessary protection against the risks that can not be removed
provide users with information about the residual risks due to the protection measures taken are incomplete, indicate whether any particular training is required and to provide personal protective equipment is necessary.
When designing and constructing machinery, and when drafting the instructions, the manufacturer or his authorized representative must envisage not only the machine's intended use but also misuse which can reasonably be foreseen.
The machine should be designed and constructed so as to avoid that it is used in an abnormal manner if such use would engender a risk. If appropriate, the instructions must give information to the user about the ways in which experience should be advised not to use this machine.
Machinery must be designed and constructed to take into account the fact that the operator is subject as a result of the necessary or foreseeable use of personal protective equipment.
Machinery must be supplied with all the special equipment and all the spare parts that are essential for the machine to be adjusted, maintained and used safely.
1.1.3. Materials and products
The materials used to construct machinery or products used or created during its use must not endanger persons' safety and health. In particular, where fluids are used, machinery must be designed and constructed to prevent risks due to filling, use, recovery or draining.
Machinery must be supplied with suitable for the operations built-in lighting in places where it can cause a risk that such a thing does not exist, despite ambient lighting of normal.
The machine must be designed and manufactured in such a way that there are no annoying shadow zones that lighting dazzle and that there are no dangerous stroboscopic effects on moving parts due to the lighting.
Internal parts requiring frequent inspection, they should be provided with appropriate lighting. The same goes for the areas in which there is carried out setting and maintenance.
1.1.5. Design of machinery to facilitate its handling
Machinery or each component part thereof must:
- be handled and transported safely
- be packaged or designed so that it can be stored safely and without damage.
When transporting machine and / or its parts, there must be no possibility of sudden movements or of hazards due to instability as the machine and / or its parts are handled in accordance with instructions.
When the machine or different machine the weight, size or shape makes it possible to move them by hand, the machinery or each component part thereof:
- either be fitted with devices that make it possible to intervene those with a lifting device
- be designed in such a way that they can be fitted with such devices
- or have such a way that standard lifting gear can easily be attached.
Where machinery or one of its parts moved by hand, it must:
- either be easily transported
- be equipped for picking that makes it possible to transport them safely.
Must be taken special security measures for handling even easier tools and / or machinery parts, which can be dangerous.
Under the intended use, the discomfort, fatigue and physical and psychological stress faced by the operator must be reduced as far as possible on the basis of ergonomic principles:
- allowing for the variability of the operator's physical dimensions, strength and stamina
- sufficient space for the operator to move all parts of the body
- avoiding a machine-determined work rate
- avoid lengthy concentration monitoring
- adapting the man-machine to the characteristics of the operators can be expected to have.
1.1.7. Operator Place
operator position must be designed and constructed in such a way that any risk due to exhaust gases and / or lack of oxygen.
To use the machine in a hazardous environment presenting risks to the health and safety or the machine itself creates a hazardous environment, there must be sufficient funds to ensure that the operator has good working conditions and is protected against any foreseeable hazards.
Operator site must, when needed, be equipped with a suitable cabin that is constructed and / or equipped in such a way that it meets the above requirements. The exit must allow rapid evacuation. Furthermore, where appropriate, be an emergency exit in a direction different from the normal output.
Where appropriate and where the working conditions permit, the operating positions that are an integral part of the machinery must be designed so that the installation of seats.
If the operator must sit during operation and the operating position is an integral part of the machinery, the seat must be provided with the machine.
The operator's seat must enable him to maintain a stable. Furthermore, the seat and its distance from the control devices must be adapted to the operator.
If the machine is subject to vibrations, the seat must be designed and constructed in such a way that the vibrations transmitted to the operator, reduced as much as reasonably possible. The seat mountings must withstand all stresses to which they can be exposed. If there is no floor beneath the feet of the operator, the machine must be equipped with non-slip footrests.
1.2.1. Control systems security and reliability
Control systems must be designed and constructed so that no dangerous situations can occur. They must be designed and constructed:
- they can withstand the intended operating stresses and external factors
- a fault in the control system hardware or software does not lead to dangerous situations
- errors in the control system logic do not lead to hazardous situations
- human error during operation, which can reasonably be foreseen, do not lead to dangerous situations.
There should be special attention to the following:
- The machine must not start unintentionally.
- Parameters of the machinery must not change in an uncontrolled way when such change can lead to hazardous situations.
- The machinery must not be prevented if the stop command has already been given.
- No moving parts in machinery or piece held by the machinery must fall or be ejected.
- Automatic or manual stopping of the moving parts must not be hindered.
- The protective devices must remain fully effective or give a stop.
- The control system safety-related parts must function properly assembly of machinery and / or partly completed.
For wireless control, an automatic stop, when no proper control signals, including loss of communication.
Control devices must be:
- clearly visible and identifiable and where appropriate, using pictograms
- positioned so that they can be safely operated without hesitation or loss of time and without ambiguity
- designed so that is consistent with the manual control movement and the action to be
- located outside the danger zones, except where necessary for certain control devices such. emergency stop or a teach pendant,
- positioned so that there is no additional risk
- designed or protected so that the desired effect, where a hazard is involved, can only be achieved by a deliberate action
- designed so as to withstand foreseeable forces; there is special emphasis on emergency stop which can be subjected to high loads.
If a control is designed and constructed to perform several different actions, namely where the function is not clear, the action that will be clearly displayed, and if necessary confirmed.
The controls must be designed so that their layout, travel and resistance are compatible with the action taking account of what is ergonomic principles.
The machine must be equipped with the necessary signaling and monitoring devices necessary for the machine to be operated in a safe manner. The operator must be able to read these devices.
The operator must obtain from each operating position must be able to ensure that no one is in the danger zones, or the control system must be designed and constructed so that starting is prevented while someone is in the danger zones.
If this is impossible, that before the machinery starts, an acoustic and / or visual signal. The exposed persons must have time to leave the danger zone or prevent the machinery starting up.
If necessary, to ensure that the machinery can be controlled from the operating positions arranged in one or more predetermined areas or locations.
When multiple operating positions, the control system must be designed so that when a seat is operated, excludes the application of the other; except for stop controls and emergency stops.
When machinery has two or more operating positions, each position must be provided with all the required control devices without involving the operators hindering or putting each other into a hazardous situation.
machine may only be set in motion by deliberate action in connection with a control device for this purpose.
The same applies:
when restarting after a stoppage, whatever the cause
- by a significant change in operating conditions.
Restart or change in operating conditions may be effected by voluntary actuation of a device other than the control device provided if this does not lead to a hazardous situation.
In automatic movement of the machinery may be allowed to start the machine, restarting after stop or change in operating conditions may be possible without intervention, provided this does not cause danger.
If a machine has several starting control devices and the risk that the operators can therefore put each other in danger, install additional equipment to avoid this risk. If safety requires that starting and / or stopping must be performed in a specific sequence, there must be devices which ensure that the correct order.
184.108.40.206. Normal stopping
Machinery must be fitted with a control device which makes it possible to stop the entire machine in a safe manner.
Each operating space must be fitted with a control to stop some or all functions of the machine or part of these, depending on the existing hazards, so that the machine is safe.
The machinery's stop control must have priority over the start order.
When the machine or its hazardous functions have stopped, the energy supply to the actuators concerned must be cut off.
Where, for operational reasons it is necessary that the stop order is not cut off the energy supply to drivanordningerne must stop mode, monitored and maintained.
Machinery must be fitted with one or more emergency stop devices which hazardous situations and hazardous situations under development can be averted.
This obligation does not apply to:
- machines where the risk can not be mitigated by emergency stop device, either because it would not reduce the stopping time or because it does not make it possible to take special measures risk requires | || - portable hand-held and / or hand-held machines.
- have clearly identifiable, clearly visible controls that are quickly accessible
- stop the dangerous process as quickly as possible without creating additional risks
- about necessary, trigger or permit the triggering of certain safeguard movements.
Nødstopsanordningen shall be arranged so that after the stop order remains in the stop position to consciously reset. The device can not be blocked without triggering a stop command. The emergency stop should only be reset by an appropriate operation, and disengaging the device must not restart the machinery starts, but only permit restarting.
Nødstopsfunktionen should be available and operational at any time irrespective of operational mode.
Nødstopsanordningerne should complement other security measures and not replace them.
220.127.116.11. Assembly of machinery
In the case of machinery or parts of machinery designed to work together, they must be so designed and constructed that the stop controls, including emergency stop devices, can stop not only the machinery itself but also all related equipment, if its continued operation this can be dangerous.
1.2.5. Selection of control or operating mode
The control or operating mode selected must override all other control or operating modes with the exception of the emergency stop.
If machinery has been designed and manufactured for use in several control or operating modes requiring different protective measures and / or work procedures, it must be fitted with a switch for operating or control mode, which can be locked in each position. Each position of the selector must be clearly identifiable and must correspond to a single operating or control mode.
Selector may be replaced by any other device that makes it possible to restrict the use of certain functions of the machinery to certain categories of operator.
If machinery for certain operations to be able to operate with a guard displaced or removed and / or a protective device disabled, the control or operating mode simultaneously:
- disable all other control or operating modes
- permit the operation of hazardous functions by prolonged exposure of the controls
- permit operation of hazardous functions only in reduced risk conditions, and without preventing hazards from linked sequences
- prevent hazardous functions by voluntary or involuntary action on the machine's sensors.
If these four conditions can not be fulfilled simultaneously, the control or operating mode selector must activate other protective measures designed and constructed to ensure a safe.
In addition, the operator must instead be able to control operation of the parts he is working.
1.2.6. Failure of the power supply
interruption, re-establishment after an interruption or variation, upwards or downwards, the power supply to the machinery must not lead to dangerous situations.
There should be special attention to the following:
- the machinery must not be unintentionally embark
- machine parameters must not change in an uncontrolled way when such change can lead to dangerous situations
- the machinery should not be impeded if there has already been given,
- no moving parts in machinery or piece held by the machinery must fall or be ejected
- automatic or manual stopping of the moving parts must not be hindered | || - the protective devices must remain fully effective or give a stop.
1.3. PROTECTION AGAINST MECHANICAL HAZARDS SOURCES
1.3.1. Risk of loss of stability
Machinery and its components and fittings must be stable enough to avoid overturning, falling or uncontrolled movements during transportation, assembly, dismantling and any other action involving the machinery.
If the shape of the machinery or constructed installation does not offer sufficient stability, it must be fitted with suitable fasteners indicated in the instructions.
1.3.2. Risks of breakage during operation
parts of machinery and their linkages must be able to withstand the loads they are subjected to in connection with the application.
The materials used must be adequate and appropriate to the application environment, the manufacturer or his representative, in particular with regard to fatigue, aging, corrosion and abrasion.
The instructions must indicate the type and frequency of inspections and maintenance required for safety reasons. They must, where appropriate, the parts subject to wear and the criteria for replacement.
If there is still a risk of rupture or disintegration despite the measures taken, the parts concerned must be mounted, positioned and / or guarded that any fragments will be contained, preventing hazardous situations.
Rigid and flexible pipes carrying fluids or gases, especially under high pressure, must be able to withstand the foreseen internal and external stresses and must be firmly attached and / or protected to ensure that no risk is posed by a rupture.
Where the material is automatically fed to the tool, the following conditions must be fulfilled to avoid risks to persons:
- the contact between tool and workpiece must have attained its normal working conditions
- when the tool starts and / or stops (intentionally or accidentally), the movement that leads the workpiece forward, and the tool movement must be coordinated.
1.3.3. Risks due to falling or ejected objects
Measures must be taken to prevent falling or ejected objects that could pose a risk.
1.3.4. Risks due to surfaces, edges or angles
As far as possible, be accessible machine parts have no sharp edges, no sharp angles and no rough surfaces likely to cause injury.
1.3.5. Risks related to combined machinery
When the machine is designed to carry out several different operations with manual removal of the piece between each operation (combined machinery), it must be designed and constructed so that the parts can be used separately without the other elements constituting a risk for exposed persons.
To this end, the individual elements that are not fully protected, possible to start and stop separately.
1.3.6. Risks related to variations in operating conditions
If the machinery performs operations under different conditions, it must be designed and constructed so that selection and adjustment of these conditions can be carried out safely and reliably.
1.3.7. Risks related to moving parts
moving parts of machinery must be designed and constructed to avoid any risk of contact which could lead to accidents or must, where risks persist, fitted with guards or protective devices.
Should be taken all necessary measures to prevent accidental blockage of moving parts work. In the event that, despite the precautions taken, a blockage can occur blockage, the necessary specific protective devices and tools where appropriate, be made available so that it is possible to unblock the parts without risk .
This specific protective devices and method of application shall be indicated in the instructions and, where possible, a sign on the machine.
1.3.8. Choice of protection against risks caused by moving parts
Guards or protective devices designed to protect against risks arising from moving parts must be selected in proportion to the risk. The following guidelines should be used in the selection.
18.104.22.168. Moving transmission parts
Guards designed to protect persons against the hazards generated by moving transmission parts must be:
- either fixed guards as referred to in section 22.214.171.124, or
- moving guards as referred to in section 126.96.36.199.
Movable guards should be used where it is expected that often must be intercepted.
188.8.131.52. Moving parts involved in the process
Guards or protective devices designed to protect persons against the hazards generated by moving parts involved in the process must be:
- either fixed guards as referred to in section 184.108.40.206, or
- movable guards as referred to in section 220.127.116.11, or
- protective devices as referred to in section 1.4.3, or
-a combination of the above.
When certain moving parts directly involved in the process can not be made completely inaccessible during operation owing to operations requiring operator intervention, such parts must be fitted with:
- fixed guards or movable guards interlocking, preventing access to those sections of the parts that are not used in the work, and
- adjustable guards as referred to in section 18.104.22.168 restricting access to those sections of the moving parts that need to to access.
1.3.9. Risks of uncontrolled movements
When a part of a machine has been stopped, it must be ensured that any movement from the position in which it was stopped, only take place by activation of the controls, or in such a way, that there is no danger.
1.4. CHARACTERISTICS OF GUARDS AND PROTECTIVE
1.4.1. General requirements Guards and protective
- be of robust construction
- be securely held
- must not cause additional hazards
- can not easily be circumvented or rendered inoperative | || - be located far enough from the danger zone
- cause minimum obstruction view during work and
- enable essential installation and / or replacement of tools and
maintenance work, restricting access restricted to the area where work is to be performed, if possible, without removal of the guard or without the protective device inoperative.
In addition, guards must, where possible, protect against the ejection or falling of materials or objects and against emissions from the machine.
1.4.2. Special requirements for guards
22.214.171.124. Fixed guards
Fixed guards must be fixed by systems that make it necessary to use the tool to open or remove them.
Fixing systems must remain attached to the guards or to the machinery when the guards are removed.
Where possible, guards must be incapable of remaining in place without their fixings.
126.96.36.199. Movable guards
movable guards must:
- as far as possible remain on the machine when opened
- designed and manufactured in such a way that they can be adjusted by a deliberate action.
Movable guards must be associated with an interlocking device that:
- prevents the start of hazardous machinery functions until the guard is closed and
- gives a stop command whenever they are no longer closed.
When it is possible for an operator to reach the danger zone before the risk due to the hazardous machinery functions has ceased, movable guards must be associated with a guard to an interlocking device that:
- prevents hazardous machinery functions until the guard is closed and locked, and
- keeps the guard closed and locked until the risk of injury from the hazardous machinery functions has ceased.
Movable guards must be designed so as to prevent or stops the hazardous machinery functions if one of their components is missing or fails.
188.8.131.52. Adjustable guards restricting access
Adjustable guards restricting access to those areas of the moving parts that are strictly
necessary for the work must be:
- adjustable manually or automatically, depending on the work to be performed and
- readily adjustable without the use of tools.
1.4.3. Special requirements for protective
protective devices must be designed and incorporated into the control system so that
- moving parts can not be started as long as the operator's reach
- persons can not reach moving parts once they is in motion, and
- moving parts can not be launched or that they will stop if one of their components is missing or fails.
Protective equipment must be adjustable only by deliberate action.
1.5. RISKS DUE TO OTHER HAZARDS
1.5.1. Electrical energy
When the machine is electrically powered, it must be designed, constructed and equipped so that any danger of an electrical nature are or can be prevented.
Safety objectives of the Low Voltage Directive applies to machinery. Obligations concerning conformity assessment and market and / or putting into service of machinery with regard to the danger of an electrical nature, are governed solely by this Directive.
1.5.2. Static electricity
machinery must be designed and constructed to prevent or limit the occurrence of electrostatic charges that can be dangerous, and / or be fitted with a device that allows discharging.
1.5.3. Other energy than electricity
If machinery is powered by source other than electricity, it must be designed, constructed and equipped as to avoid any risk that may arise by such sources of energy.
1.5.4. Installation error
Error when fitting or refitting certain parts which could cause a risk must be made impossible by the design and construction of these parts, and if this is not possible, by information given on the parts themselves and / or indbygningsenhederne. The same information must be given on moving parts and / or their indbygningsenhed when it is necessary to be known in order to avoid a risk.
The instructions must include where appropriate, further information on these risks.
If a faulty connection can pose a risk, incorrect connections must be made impossible by design or, if this is not possible, by information on the elements to be connected and, where appropriate, on fasteners.
1.5.5. Extreme temperatures
Measures must be taken in order to prevent any risk of injury caused by contact with or proximity to machinery parts or materials at high temperature or very low temperature.
Must be taken the necessary precautions to prevent the risk of ejection of hot or very cold materials.
machinery must be designed and constructed to avoid any risk of fire or overheating posed by the machinery itself or by gases, liquids, dust, vapors or other substances that machine produced or used avoided.
machinery must be designed and constructed to avoid any risk of explosion posed by the machinery itself or by gases, liquids, dust, vapors or other substances that machine produced or used avoided.
If the risk from explosion due to its use in a potentially explosive atmosphere, the machine must be in accordance with current fællesskabssærdirektiver.
Machinery must be designed and constructed so that risks resulting from the emission of airborne noise are reduced to the lowest level that can reasonably be expected on the basis of technical developments and the existing means of reducing noise, particularly at source.
Level of noise emission may be assessed with reference to comparative emission data for similar machinery.
machinery must be designed and constructed so that risks resulting from vibrations produced by the machinery are reduced to the lowest possible level in the light of technical progress and the availability of means of reducing vibration, in particular at source.
Vibration emission may be assessed with reference to comparative emission data for similar machinery.
Undesirable radiation emissions from the machinery must be eliminated or reduced to a level that is not harmful to people.
All function-related ionizing radiation emissions must be reduced to the lowest level which is sufficient for the machine to function properly during setting, operation and cleaning. If there is a risk, the necessary protective measures are taken.
All function-related non-ionizing radiation emissions during setting, operation and cleaning must be limited to levels that are not harmful to people.
1.5.11. Radiation outside
machinery must be designed and constructed so that radiation from the outside does not interfere with its operation.
1.5.12. Laser radiation
Where laser equipment following must be observed:
- laser equipment on machinery must be designed and constructed so that any accidental radiation
- laser equipment on machinery must be protected so that effective radiation, radiation produced by reflection or diffusion and secondary radiation is harmful
- optical equipment for the observation or adjustment of laser equipment on machinery must be such that the laser radiation is no health risk.
1.5.13. Emissions of hazardous materials and substances
machinery must be designed and constructed so that risks of inhalation, ingestion, skin, eyes and mucous membranes and penetration through the skin of hazardous materials and substances which it produces can be avoided.
Where a hazard can not be eliminated, the machinery must be so equipped that hazardous materials and substances, evacuated, precipitated by water spraying, filtered or treated by another equally effective method.
If the process is not totally enclosed during normal operation of the machinery, the devices for containment and / or evacuation must be arranged so that they have maximum impact.
1.5.14. Risk of being trapped in a machine
machinery must be designed, constructed or fitted with devices that prevent a person from being trapped inside the machine, or if this is not possible, fitted with a device to call for help.
1.5.15. Risk of slipping, tripping or falling
Parts of the machinery where persons are liable to move about or stand must be designed and constructed to prevent persons slipping, tripping or falling on or off these parts.
Where appropriate, these parts must be fitted with handles that are fixed relative to the user and allows them to maintain a stable position.
Machinery in need of protection against the effects of lightning while being used must be fitted with a system for conducting the resultant electrical charge to earth.
1.6.1. Machine maintenance
The sites from Adjustment and maintenance of the machine takes place must be located outside the danger zones. Adjustment, maintenance, repair, cleaning and servicing the machine shall be performed on the machine is at a standstill.
If one of the above conditions can not be satisfied for technical reasons, measures must be taken to ensure that these operations can be carried out safely (see. 1.2.5).
Automated machinery and, where necessary, other machinery, be provided with a connecting device for mounting diagnostic fault-finding equipment.
Automated machine that often must be replaced easily and safely be mounted and dismounted.
There must be access to these parts, so that tasks can be carried out with the necessary technical means in accordance with a predetermined procedure.
1.6.2. Access to operating positions and servicing points
The machine must be designed and constructed with accesses that allows safety to all areas used for operation, adjustment and maintenance.
1.6.3. Isolation of energy sources
machine must be equipped with devices that make it possible to isolate it from all energy sources. These devices must be clearly marked. They must be capable of being locked if reconnection could endanger persons. The isolator must be capable of being locked when the operator from any of the places he has access, to check that the energy is still cut off.
If there is an electric machine with power supply via wall socket, it is sufficient to pull the plug provided the operator from any of the places he has access, to check that the plug remains removed.
After disconnecting all residual energy or stored energy that can be left in the machine circuit, could be discharged without risk to persons.
As an exception to the requirement in the previous paragraphs, certain circuits may remain connected to their energy sources, because, for example. Ensure, to hold, to protect information, to internal parts disclosed and so on. In this case, taken special precautions to ensure operator safety.
1.6.4. Operator intervention
machinery must be designed, constructed and equipped that the need for operator intervention is minimized. If operator intervention can not be avoided, this could be done easily and safely.
1.6.5. Cleaning of internal parts
machinery must be designed and constructed so that cleaning of the internal parts which have contained dangerous substances or preparations must be possible, without the need to penetrate into the inner parts. Any necessary unblocking must also be possible from the outside. If it is impossible to avoid having to penetrate the machinery, it must be designed and constructed to allow cleaning to take place safely.
1.7.1. Information and warnings on the machine
Information and warnings on the machinery should preferably be of readily understandable symbols or pictograms. Any written or verbal information and warnings must be expressed in an official Community language, in accordance with the Treaty may be laid down by the Member State in which the machine is marketed and / or put into service and may request to be accompanied by versions in any other Community languages understood by the operators.
184.108.40.206. Information and information devices
The information needed to control machinery must be unambiguous and easily understood. They must not be so extensive that it overloading the operator.
Visual display units or any other interactive means of communication between the operator and the machine must be easy to understand and use.
220.127.116.11. Warning Equipment
If safety and health can be jeopardized due to a machine that works unattended operating incorrectly, the machine must be equipped to give an appropriate warning in the form of a sound or light signal.
If the machine is equipped with warning devices these must be unambiguous and easily perceived. Steps must be taken to ensure that the operator can always check whether such warning devices.
The requirements of Community Directives concerning colors and safety signals must be.
1.7.2. Warning of residual risks
When any remaining risks despite the precautions taken to a safe design,
protection and additional protective equipment, the necessary warnings, including warning devices.
1.7.3. Marking of machinery
Each machine must bear at least the following information in a manner clearly visible, easily legible and can not be removed:
- the business name and full address and, where applicable, the name and address of his representative
designation of the machinery, - CE marking (see. Annex III)
- designation of series or type
- possibly serial
- the year, ie the year in which the manufacturing process is completed.
It is prohibited to pre-date or post-date the machinery when affixing the CE marking.
Machinery designed and constructed for use in potentially explosive atmosphere must be marked accordingly.
Machinery must also bear full information relevant to its type and essential for safe use. This information shall be in accordance with the requirements of section 1.7.1.
When a part of the machine during operation should be handled using lifting equipment, its mass must be indicated legibly, indelibly and unambiguously.
All machinery must be accompanied by instructions in the official Community language of the Member State in which market or put into service.
The instructions accompanying the machine must be either 'Original instructions' or a 'Translation of the original instructions'. In the latter case the translation must be accompanied by a 'Original instructions'.
As an exception, the maintenance instructions intended for use by specialist operators employed by the manufacturer or his representative, drafted in only one Community language which the specialized personnel understand.
Instructions must be drafted in accordance with the principles set out below.
18.104.22.168. General principles for the drafting
The instructions must be compiled in one or more official languages. The words 'Original instructions' must appear on the language version by the manufacturer or his authorized representative responsible.
If there is no 'Original instructions' exist in the official language, the manufacturer or his authorized representative or the person introducing the machinery into the language area, arrange for a translation into the language. The translations must indicate 'translation of the original instructions'.
Contents of the instructions must cover not only the machine's intended use, but also cater for any misuse thereof that can reasonably be foreseen.
For machines that are intended for use by non-professional operators, the wording and layout of the instructions take into account the level of general education and acumen that can reasonably be expected from such operators.
Contents of the instructions Each instruction manual must, where appropriate, at least the following information:
manufacturer and his representative, the business name and full address
designation of the machinery, as indicated on the machine itself, except the serial number (see. 1.7.3.)
EC declaration of conformity, or a document setting out the contents of the EC declaration of conformity and the machinery, not necessarily the serial number and the signature
a general description of the machine
drawings, diagrams, descriptions and explanations necessary for the use, maintenance and repair of the machinery and for checking its correct functioning
a description of the product or operating positions, where operators are likely to find themselves
a description of the machine's intended use
warnings concerning ways in which the machine must not be used that experience has shown might occur
instructions for assembly, installation and connection instructions, including drawings, diagrams and the means of attachment and the designation of the chassis or installation on which the machine must be mounted on
Instructions for installation and assembly for reducing noise and vibration
instructions for the deployment and use of the machine and, if necessary, instructions for the training of operators
design, safeguarding and complementary protective measures taken
instructions on the protective, user States, including, where appropriate, the personal protective equipment made available
the essential characteristics of tools which can be mounted on the machine
dismantling when out of service, testing or foreseeable breakdowns
instructions for how the transport, handling and storage can be done in a safe manner, indicating the machine and its various parts lot, where they are regularly to be transported separately
procedure for accidents or breakdowns. If that could occur blocking, should indicate the procedure to be followed so as to enable the equipment to be safely
description of the adjustment and maintenance operations to be performed by the user and the preventive maintenance measures that should be respected
instructions designed to enable adjustment and maintenance can be carried out safely, including the protective measures to be taken during these operations
specifications of the spare parts to be used, when these affect the operators' health and safety
information on airborne noise emissions as set out below:
A-weighted sound pressure level of operating positions, where this exceeds 70 dB (A). If the level is below or equal to 70 dB (A), this must be mentioned
the maximum instantaneous value of the C-weighted sound pressure level of operating positions, where this exceeds 63 Pa (130 dB in relation to 20 μ Pa)
A-weighted sound power level of the machine, where the A-weighted sound pressure level of operating positions exceeds 80 dB (A).
These values must be actually measured for the machinery in question or those established on the basis of
measurements made on technically comparable machinery representing the machine to be produced.
When very large machinery, instead of the A-weighted sound power level A-weighted sound pressure levels at specified positions around the machinery.
When the harmonized standards are not applied, sound levels must be measured using the most appropriate method for the machinery. When the specified sound emission values, uncertainty in the calculation of these values is specified. There must be accounted for operating conditions during measurement and the methods used for measurement.
If the control position or -pladserne not or can not be determined, the A-weighted sound pressure level measured at a distance of 1 m from the machine and at a height of 1.60 m from the floor or access platform. The position and value of the maximum sound pressure must be indicated.
If Community Directives lay down other requirements of sound pressure levels or sound power levels, those directives apply instead of this point
information concerning the radiation emitted for the operator and other exposed persons if a machine can emit non-ionizing radiation which may endanger people, especially those with active or non-active implantable medical devices.
22.214.171.124. Sales material
Sales literature describing the machinery must not contain information that contradict the instructions as regards health and safety aspects. Sales literature describing the performance characteristics of machinery must contain the same information on emissions as those found in the instructions.
Second SUPPLEMENTARY ESSENTIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF MACHINERY
Foodstuffs machinery, machinery for cosmetics or pharmaceutical products, portable hand-held and / or hand-guided machinery, portable fixing machinery and other portable impact machinery, machinery for working wood and materials with similar physical characteristics must meet all the essential health and safety requirements laid down in this Annex (see. General principles, item 4).
2.1. FOOD MACHINERY AND MACHINERY FOR COSMETICS OR PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS
Foodstuffs machinery, machinery for cosmetics or pharmaceutical products must be designed and constructed to avoid any risk of infection, sickness and contamination.
The following requirements must be met:
Materials in contact with, or intended to come into contact with foodstuffs or cosmetics or pharmaceutical products must comply with the relevant Directives. Machinery must be designed and constructed so that the materials can be cleaned before each use and when this is not possible, use disposable parts.
All surfaces that come into contact with foodstuffs or cosmetics or pharmaceutical products, other than surfaces of disposable parts, must:
the same applies to their joinings
be designed and constructed so as to reduce projections, edges and recesses as far as possible avoid
be easily cleaned and disinfected, where necessary after removing easily dismantled parts. The inside surfaces must be sufficiently rounded so they can be cleaned completely.
Liquids, gases and aerosols deriving from foodstuffs, cosmetics or pharmaceutical products as well as from cleaning, disinfecting and rinsing fluids to be completely out of the machine (possibly in a 'clean' position).
Machinery must be designed and constructed so as to prevent any substances or living organisms, particularly insects into it, and that no organic matter accumulating in areas that can not be cleaned.
Machinery must be designed and constructed so that hazardous aids, including lubricants used, can come into contact with foodstuffs, cosmetics or pharmaceutical products. Where necessary, machinery must be designed and constructed so that it can be checked whether this requirement is met.
The instructions for foodstuffs machinery and machinery for cosmetics or pharmaceutical products must contain information about the recommended cleaning, disinfecting and rinsing and methods, not only for the parts that are readily available, but also in cases where access is impossible or inadvisable.
2.2. PORTABLE HAND-HELD AND / OR HAND-SHEET MACHINES
Portable hand-held and / or hand-
- be dependent on the type having a surface of sufficient size and have a sufficient number of handles and supports of an appropriate size, arranged so that the machine's stability during the intended use
- must, in the event that the handle can not be released in complete safety, be fitted with manual controls for start and / or stop, which is arranged so that the operator can operate them without releasing the handles, with unless this is technically impossible or where there is an independent control device.
- Must present no risks of accidental starting and / or continued operation after the operator has released the handles. Steps must be other similar measures if this requirement is not technically feasible
- shall, where necessary, visual observation of the danger zone and of the tool with the material being processed.
The portable machinery must be designed and constructed so that starting and stopping straightforward.
instructions must give the following information concerning vibrations transmitted by portable wireless handheld and / or hand-:
- the vibration total value to which the hand-arm system is subjected, if it exceeds 2.5 m / s2 . When this value does not exceed 2.5 m / s2, this must be mentioned
- the uncertainty of measurement.
These values must be actually measured for the machinery in question or those established on the basis of measurements made on technically comparable machinery which is representative of the machinery to be produced.
If harmonized standards are not applied, the vibration must be measured using the most appropriate measurement method for the machinery.
The operating conditions during measurement and the methods used for measurement, or the reference of the harmonized standard applied, must be specified.
2.2.2. Portable fixing and other portable impact machinery
Portable fixing and other portable impact machinery must be designed and constructed:
- energy is transmitted to the impacted element by the intermediary component that does not leave the device
- an enabling device prevents impact unless the machinery is positioned correctly with adequate pressure on the workpiece
- involuntary triggering is prevented; If necessary, there must be an appropriate sequence of actions on the enabling device and the control device to trigger an impact
- accidental triggering is prevented during handling or in case of shock
- the machine can be charged and discharged more easily and safely.
When necessary, it must be possible to fit the device with splinter guard and suitable protection must be provided by the machine manufacturer.
The instructions must give the necessary information regarding:
- The accessories and interchangeable equipment that can be used with the machine
- the suitable fixing or other impacted elements to be used with the machine
- where appropriate, the suitable cartridges to be used.
2.3. MACHINERY FOR WORKING WOOD AND MATERIAL WITH SIMILAR PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Machinery for working wood and material with similar physical characteristics must meet the following requirements:
Machinery must be designed, constructed or equipped so that the piece can be placed and guided in safety. When the piece is hand in a workshop, this should ensure that the issue be sufficiently stable during the work and must not impede the movement of the piece.
workpieces or parts of them, it must be designed, constructed or equipped to eliminate this ejection, or, if this is not possible, so that the ejection does not engender risks for the operator and / or exposed persons.
The machine must be equipped with an automatic brake that stops the tool in a sufficiently short time if there is a risk of contact with the tool whilst it runs.
When the tool is part of a non-fully automated machine, this machine must be designed and constructed so that the risk of accidental injury eliminated or reduced.
Third SUPPLEMENTARY ESSENTIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR PREVENTION OF DANGER DUE TO THE MOBILITY OF MACHINERY
machinery involving a hazard due to its mobility must meet all the essential health and safety requirements set out in this chapter (see. general principles, item 4).
'Machinery presenting hazards due to its mobility':
machinery the operation of which requires either mobility while working or continuous or semi-continuous movement between a succession of fixed working locations, or
machinery which is operated without being moved, but which may be arranged so that it is possible to more easily move it from one place to another.
'Driver' means an operator responsible for moving a machine. The driver may be on the machine or move on foot and follow the machine or by remote control.
3.2. OPERATION SEATS
3.2.1. Operator Station
There must be sufficient visibility from the driver's seat, so the driver without danger to himself and the exposed persons, operate the machinery and its tools in their foreseeable conditions of use. If necessary, appropriate devices to remedy hazards due to inadequate direct vision.
Machinery on which the driver is transported must be designed and constructed in such a way that, from the driving position is no risk to the driver from inadvertent contact with the wheels and tracks.
If the dimensions allow the driving position of ride-on drivers must be so designed and constructed that the cab may be fitted, provided this does not increase the risk and there is room. It must then accommodate a space where the driver instructions needed.
If there is a risk that operators or other persons transported by the machinery may be crushed between parts of the machine and the ground, where rolling or tipping over, especially machines equipped with a protective structure referred to in section 3.4 0.3 or 3.4.4, their seats must be designed or equipped with a restraint system that keeps subjects in his seat without restricting any movements necessary for operations or movements caused by the suspension of the seat relative to the structure. Such restraint systems should not be fitted if they increase the risk.
3.2.3. Positions for other persons
If the conditions of use provide that persons other than the driver may occasionally or regularly be transported by the machinery or work on it must be appropriate places which ensures that transported or to work on it without risk .
Section 3.2.1 2nd and 3rd paragraph also applies to places for persons other than the driver.
If necessary, the controls shall be secured against unauthorized use.
In the case of remote controls, each control unit must clearly identify the machinery to be controlled from that unit.
Remote control system must be designed and constructed so as to affect only:
- the current machine
- the current functions.
Remote controlled machinery must be designed and constructed so that it will respond only to signals from the intended control units.
The driver must be able to actuate all control devices necessary for the machine to operate, except for the functions where activation can only be achieved safely by using control devices located elsewhere. This applies in particular to the functions to be carried out by operators other than the driver, or for which the driver has to leave the driving position in order to control them safely.
Where there are pedals they must be so designed, constructed and arranged so that they can be operated by a driver in a safe manner and with minimal risk of user error. They must have a slip-resistant surface and be easy to clean.
If their operation can lead to hazards, for example. dangerous movements, they must return to the neutral position as soon as the operator releases them, except when it comes to control devices with preset positions.
For loaders steering system must be designed and constructed in such a way that the force of sudden movements of the steering wheel or steering lever caused by shocks to the guide wheels.
Any control that the differential must be designed and arranged in such a way that the differential lock can be released when the machine is in motion.
Sixth paragraph of section 1.2.2, concerning acoustic and / or visual signal is only valid when reversing.
3.3.2. Starting / moving
All travel movements of self-propelled machinery with a ride-on driver must be possible only if the driver is at the controls.
When machinery is fitted with devices which exceed its normal clearance profile (profile), the driver must be able before driving in a simple way to check that such devices are in a particular position which allows safe driving.
The same applies to all devices must be located in a particular position, for that driving can be safe, locked if necessary.
When it does not present other risks, movement of the machinery must depend on safe positioning of the aforementioned parts.
Machine must not be unintentionally could start moving when the engine.
3.3.3. Travelling function
In addition to the requirements that must be met when driving on public roads, self-propelled machinery and its trailers must meet the requirements in terms of speed reduction, stopping, braking and immobilisation so as to ensure that the machines can be used and operated a safe manner under the conditions laid down with regard to operating, loading, speed, ground and gradient.
Slow down and stop self-propelled machinery must be possible to know the driver is using a main device. Where safety so requires, an nødbetjeningsanordning which is completely independent and easy to reach, making it possible to decelerate and stop the machine if the main device fails, or if the energy supply needed to actuate the main device is disconnected.
If safety requires it, be it by means of a parking device (brake) provided to render stationary machinery immobile. This device may be combined with one of the devices referred to in the second paragraph, provided that it is purely mechanical.
Remote-controlled machinery must be equipped with devices which enable automatically and immediately stop the machine and for preventing potentially dangerous operation in the following situations:
- if the driver loses control
- on receipt of a stop signal
- if a fault is detected in a part of the system that has to do with safety
- when not received a control signal within a specified time.
Section 1.2.4 does not apply to the traveling function.
3.3.4. Driving with pedestrian-controlled machinery
Driving propelled machinery pedestrian must be possible only if the driver all the time on the relevant control device. In particular, it must not be done driving engine starting.
Control systems of pedestrian-controlled machinery must be designed in such a way that the risks associated with the machine unexpectedly towards the driver, to a minimum, in particular risks:
- the driver is crushed or run over
- injury from rotating tools.
Machine driving speed must be adapted to the speed at which a driver on foot.
Can be mounted rotating equipment on a machine, this equipment must not be operated when the machine is in reverse unless the machine is running, because the equipment is moved. In that case, the reversing speed must be low enough that it can not be a hazard for the driver.
3.3.5. Failure in the power steering
If the machine is equipped with power steering, failure of the power supply for this could not prevent machinery from being steered during braking.
3.4. PROTECTION AGAINST MECHANICAL HAZARDS SOURCES
3.4.1. Uncontrolled movements
machinery must be designed, constructed and where appropriate placed on its mobile support in such a way that the uncontrolled oscillations of its center of gravity when it is moved not affect its stability or exert excessive strain on its structure.
3.4.2. Moving transmission parts
Notwithstanding point 126.96.36.199 movable guards of the moving parts in the engine compartment of engines not necessarily be fitted with an interlocking device, if they can only be opened using a tool or key or operating a device located on the driver's seat in so far as this is in a fully enclosed cab with lockable access.
3.4.3. Overturning and tipping
Is there a risk that the self-propelled machinery with a ride-on driver, operator (s) or one or more other persons may be rolling or tipping over, the machinery must be fitted with an appropriate protective structure, unless this increases the risk.
In the event of rolling or tipping over This structure must be having an adequate deflection, to ensure the ride-on person.
In order to verify that the structure complies with the requirements of the second paragraph, the manufacturer or his authorized representative must, for each type of structure or ensure that such tests performed.
3.4.4. Falling objects
If there is a risk of objects or materials falling onto the ride-on driver, operator (s) or other persons to be self-propelled machinery must be designed and constructed to take account of this risk and, if its size allows it to be equipped with an appropriate protective structure.
Case of falling objects or material, it must This structure guarantees the ride people an adequate deflection.
In order to verify that the structure complies with the requirements of the second paragraph, the manufacturer or his authorized representative must, for each type of structure or ensure that such tests performed.
handle and step in which one can hold on and support themselves, must be designed, constructed and arranged in such a way that the operators use them instinctively and do not use the control devices for this purpose.
3.4.6. Towing devices
machinery used to pull, or intended to be towed, to be equipped with a row or coupling devices which are designed, constructed and arranged in such a way that the connection and disconnection can be done easily and safe, and that no accidental disconnection during use.
To the extent that the load of the drawbar so requires, such machinery must be equipped with a tow bar support with a, suited to the load and substrate.
3.4.7. Transmission of power between self-propelled machinery (or tractor) and recipient machinery
Removable mechanical transmission devices linking self-propelled machinery (or tractor) with a recipient machinery first fixed bearing must be designed and constructed so that all the moving parts are shielded its whole length.
On the self-propelled machinery (or tractor), the power take-off to which the removable mechanical transmission device is attached must be protected either by a guard attached to and associated with the self-propelled machinery (or tractor) or by any other device offering equivalent protection.
It must be possible to open this guard for access to the removable mechanical transmission device. Once it is in place, there must be enough room to prevent the drive shaft damaging the guard when the machinery (or the tractor) is moving.
On the towed machinery, the power intake should be enclosed in a protective casing fixed to the machinery.
Do universal joint transmissions only exists a torque limiter or overrunning clutch on the driven machine side. It must then be indicated on the removable mechanical transmission device, the installation will be done.
Any towed machinery whose operation requires that there is a removable mechanical transmission device to connect it with a self-propelled machine or a tractor must have a system for attaching the removable mechanical transmission device is arranged so that the removable mechanical transmission device and its guard are not damaged by contact with the ground or part of the machine when the machine is switched off.
The outside parts must be designed, constructed and arranged in such a way that they can not turn with the removable mechanical transmission device. The guard must cover the transmission to the ends of the inner jaws in the case of simple and at least until the mid or outer part with so-called wide angle.
If foreseen access to working positions near to the removable mechanical transmission device, such be designed and constructed as to prevent the protection provided for these axles can be used as steps unless designed and constructed for that purpose.
3.5. PROTECTION AGAINST OTHER HAZARDS SOURCES
battery housing must be designed and constructed so that the ejection of the electrolyte to the operator is prevented, even in the event of rollover or tipover and to avoid the accumulation of vapors in places occupied by operators.
The machinery must be designed and constructed so that the battery can be disconnected with the aid of an easily accessible device for this purpose.
Depending on the manufacturer predicted hazards, machinery must, where its size permits:
- either allow easily accessible fire extinguishers or
- equipped with extinguishing systems, which are an integral part of the machine .
3.5.3. Emissions of hazardous substances
point 1.5.13, second and third subparagraph shall not apply where the main function is the spraying of products. Operator must be protected against the risk of being exposed to such hazardous emissions.
3.6. INFORMATION AND DIRECTIONS
3.6.1. Signs, signals and warnings
All machinery must have signs and / or instruction plates concerning use, adjustment and maintenance, wherever necessary to ensure safety and health. They must be chosen, designed and constructed in such a way that they are clear and durable.
Prejudice to the provisions of road traffic regulations, machinery with a ride-on driver must have the following equipment:
- an acoustic warning device to alert persons
- a system of light that corresponds to the intended conditions of use. This requirement does not apply to machinery intended solely for underground working and which are not equipped with electrical energy
- which must if necessary be an appropriate connection between a trailer and the machinery for the operation of signals.
When during normal use of the remote-controlled machines risk that people are exposed to being crushed or run over, such machines must be fitted with appropriate signal systems, warning of movements or with means to protect persons against such risks . The same goes for machinery whose use involves constant repetition of a forward and backward movement on a single axis where the driver can not directly see the area behind the machine.
It must be so constructed that there can be no accidental disconnection warning and signaling devices. Where it is essential for safety, such devices must be provided with the means to check their function so that the operator can clearly see, if they fail.
If a machine or the driven equipment movements pose a particular risk, the machine must have signs that can be read at sufficient distance, with a warning that it is forbidden to get too close to the machine while it works. This is to the security of those who are near it.
Each machine must bear the following information in a way that is clear and can not be removed:
- nominal power expressed in kilowatts (kW)
- mass of the most usual configuration has expressed in kilograms (kg), and, where appropriate:
- maximum drawbar pull the coupling hook, in Newtons (N)
- maximum vertical load on the coupling hook, in Newtons (N).
instructions must provide the following information concerning vibrations transmitted by the machinery to the hand-arm system or to the whole body:
- the vibration total value to which the hand-arm system is subjected, if it exceeds 2.5 m / s2 . If this strength is less than or equal to 2.5 m / s2, this must be mentioned
- the highest root mean square value of weighted acceleration to which the whole body is subjected, if it exceeds 0.5 m / s2. If this value is less than or equal to 0.5 m / s2, this must be mentioned
- the uncertainty of measurement.
These values must be actually measured for the machinery in question or those established on the basis of measurements made on technically comparable machinery which is representative of the planned machine to be produced.
If harmonized standards are not applied, the vibration must be measured using the most appropriate measurement method for the machinery.
Must be accounted for operating conditions during measurement and the measurement methods used for measurement.
188.8.131.52. Multiple uses
instructions for machinery allowing several uses depending on the equipment used and the instructions for the interchangeable equipment must contain the information necessary for safe assembly and use of the basic machinery and the interchangeable equipment that can be done in a safe way.
Fourth SUPPLEMENTARY ESSENTIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS TO OFFSET THE HAZARDS DUE TO THE LIFTING OPERATIONS
Machinery presenting hazards related to lifting operations must meet all the relevant essential health and safety requirements set out in this chapter (see. General principles item 4).
"Lifting operation 'means a movement of unit loads consisting of goods and / or persons at any given moment, a change of level.
'Guided load': load where the total movement is made along rigid or flexible guides whose position is determined by fixed points.
'Working coefficient': the arithmetic ratio between the manufacturer or his representative load guaranteed up to which a component is able to carry the load, and the maximum working load, which is marked on the component.
'Test coefficient': the arithmetic ratio between the load used to carry out the static or dynamic tests on lifting machinery or lifting accessory and the maximum working load marked on the lifting machinery or lifting accessories.
'Static test': the test during which in, lift the machine or lifting accessories are examined and then subjected to a force that is equal to the maximum working load multiplied by the appropriate static test coefficient and then lift the machine or lifting accessories are re-examined after the load is removed in order to check that there is no damage.
'Dynamic test': the test during which the testing lift the machine in all its possible configurations at maximum working load multiplied by the appropriate dynamic test coefficient taking into account the lifting machine's dynamic behavior, to check if it works as it should.
"Trust (let / basket) 'means a part of the machinery on or in which persons and / or goods are supported in order to be lifted.
4.1.2. Protection against mechanical hazards
184.108.40.206. Lack of stability
The machinery must be designed and constructed so that in 1.3.1. required stability is maintained both when the machine is in use and when it is out of service, including all stages of transportation, assembly and dismantling, during foreseeable component failures and also during the tests carried out in accordance with the instructions. The manufacturer or his authorized representative shall for this purpose use the appropriate verification methods.
220.127.116.11. Machinery running on guide rails or tracks
Machinery must be provided with devices which act on the guide rails or tracks to prevent derailment.
If, despite such devices, there remains a risk of derailment or failure of a running device, there may be devices which prevent the equipment, component or load from falling or the machine overturning.
18.104.22.168. Mechanical strength
Machinery, lifting accessories and their components must be able to withstand the stresses to which they are subjected, and, where applicable, out of, under the conditions laid down for the establishment and use and in all configurations for it taking into account atmospheric factors and forces exerted by persons. This requirement must also be satisfied during transport, assembly and dismantling.
Machinery and lifting accessories must be designed and constructed in such a way that failure due to fatigue or wear, taking into account the intended use.
Should be the choice of materials taking into account the specified operating conditions, with particular regard to corrosion, abrasion, impacts, extreme temperatures, fatigue, brittleness and aging.
Machinery and lifting accessories must be designed and constructed in such a way that they no
permanent deformation or patent defect withstand the overload in the static tests. In calculating the strength of the values of the static test coefficient chosen so as to guarantee an adequate level. The coefficient will usually have the following values:
machines that are moved by human strength and lifting accessories: 1.5
other machinery: 1.25.
The machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way, without failure, the dynamic tests carried out using the maximum working load multiplied by the dynamic test coefficient. This dynamic test coefficient is chosen so as to guarantee an adequate level. It will usually be equal to 1.1. The samples are usually performed at the nominal speeds. If the machine control system allows for multiple simultaneous movements, the tests must be carried out under the least favorable conditions, as a general rule, by combining the movements.
22.214.171.124. Pulleys, drums, wheels, ropes and chains
ropes or chains must be consistent with the tovskivers, drums and wheels diameters in which they are used.
Drums and wheels must be designed, constructed and installed that the ropes or chains with which they are equipped can wind round without running off.
Ropes used directly for lifting or supporting the load must not include any splicing other than at the ends. Splices, however, tolerated in installations which and their design is intended to be changed regularly, depending on usage.
Complete ropes and their endings must be chosen so as to guarantee an adequate level of security. It will usually be equal to 5.
Lifting chains must be chosen so as to ensure an appropriate level of security. It will usually be equal 4.
In order to verify that an appropriate, the manufacturer or his representative shall perform or have performed the appropriate for each type of chain and rope used directly for lifting the load, and each type of the rope ends.
126.96.36.199. Lifting accessories and their components
Lifting accessories and their components must be sized with due regard to fatigue and aging processes for a number of operating cycles that are consistent with the expected lifetime of the operating conditions that apply to their intended use.
The working of wires (wire ropes) and combinations must be chosen so as to guarantee an adequate level of security. It will usually be equal to 5. There should be no splices or loops on the wires, except for the ends.
When chains with welded joints, they must be of the short-link. Coefficient of chains must be chosen so as to guarantee an adequate level of security. It will usually be equal 4.
For textile ropes or -bændler (lifting straps / slings) depends on the material, method of manufacture, dimensions and use. This coefficient must be chosen so as to guarantee an adequate level of security. The general rule, equal to 7, provided the materials used are of a very good quality and the method of manufacture is appropriate to the intended use. If not, the coefficient normally be higher, so as to achieve an equivalent level of safety. There must be no knots, splices or joints of fiber ropes or -bændler except on anhugningsenderne. This does not apply to an endless sling.
The working of all the metal parts that are part of a sling or used together with a lifting chain, be selected so as to guarantee an adequate level of security. It will usually be equal 4.
The maximum permissible load for a chain ment like. determined on the basis of the safety coefficient of the weakest leg, the number of legs and a reduction factor which depends on the way, slinging configuration.
In order to verify that an appropriate, the manufacturer or his authorized representative must relevant for each type of component referred to in subparagraph a), b), c) and d), or ensure that such tests performed .
188.8.131.52. Control of movements
Devices for controlling movements must act in such a way that the machine remains safe.
Machinery must be designed, constructed or fitted with devices in a way that keeps its components fluctuations within the specified limits. When these devices begin, given where appropriate preceded by a warning.
with systems that exclude this risk.
Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that the loads can not creep dangerously or fall freely and unexpectedly fall in the event of partial or total power failure, or when the operator stops operating the machine.
It must not, under normal conditions be possible to lower the load solely by friction brake, except in the case of machinery whose operation requires it.
Keep devices must be designed and constructed in such a way that the burden can not fall accidentally.
184.108.40.206. Movements of loads during handling
Operator site for the machine should be located so as to obtain a maximum visibility of the parts that are in motion in order to avoid possible collisions with persons, equipment or other equipment that may work at the same time and which could pose a danger.
Machinery with guided loads must be designed and constructed in such a way that persons are not injured as a result of the load, the (carrier) or any counterweights movement.
220.127.116.11. Machinery serving fixed landings
18.104.22.168.1. The chair (carrier) movement
chair (carrier) movements of machinery serving fixed landings must be rigidly guided to and at the landings. Scissor systems are also regarded as rigid guidance.
22.214.171.124.2. Access to the (charged)
When people have access to the chair (charged), machinery must be designed and constructed so as to ensure that the chair (charged) remains stationary during access, particularly during loading and unloading.
Machinery must be designed and constructed to ensure that the level difference between the car (charged) and it served does not create a risk of tripping.
126.96.36.199.3. Risks due to contact with the chair (charged) when it is in motion
When it is necessary to satisfy the requirement in section 188.8.131.52, second paragraph, the space, the machine moves in, be rendered inaccessible during normal operation.
When, during inspection or maintenance is a risk that persons situated under or above the carrier may be crushed between the (charged) and fixed components intended to create sufficient free space either in the form of refuges or in the form of mechanical devices blocking the (carrier) movement.
184.108.40.206.4. Risk that the load falling off the chair (charged)
When there is a risk of the load falling off the chair (charged), machinery must be designed and constructed so as to prevent this risk.
risk that persons at landings in contact with the chair (charged), while it is still in motion, or other moving parts must be prevented.
When there is a risk that people can fall into the room as the machine moves in when the chair (let) not present at the landings, guards must be fitted to prevent this risk. Such guards must not open in the direction of the travel. They must be fitted with an interlocking device controlled by the chair (carrier) position, that prevents:
- the chair (charged) dangerous movements of the guard is closed and locked
- hazardous opening of a guard until chair (charged) is stopped at the corresponding landing.
4.1.3. Fitness for purpose
When lifting machinery or lifting accessories market or put into service for the first time, the manufacturer or his authorized representative to perform or have performed the appropriate measures to ensure that the machine or lifting accessories which are ready for use - whether manually or mechanically - can fulfill their specified functions safely.
The static and dynamic tests referred to in section 220.127.116.11 must be performed on all lifting machinery ready for use.
If the machine can not be assembled by the manufacturer or his representative, the appropriate measures must be taken at the place where the machine is used. Other measures may be taken either by the manufacturer or the place where the machine is used.
4.2. REQUIREMENTS FOR MACHINERY WHOSE POWER SOURCE IS OTHER THAN MANUAL EFFORT
4.2.1. Control of movements
Controls for control of machinery or its equipment must only work by prolonged exposure. For partial or complete movements in which there is no risk of the load or the machinery colliding, the said controls may be replaced by controls that allow movement with automatic stop at fixed landings without the operator continuous control device.
4.2.2. Load Control
Machinery with a maximum working load of 1 000 kg or an overturning moment of not less than 40 000 Nm must be fitted with devices to warn the driver and prevent dangerous movements in the event:
- of overloading, either because of exceeding the maximum working load or the maximum working moment due to the load or
- exceeding the overturning moment.
4.2.3. Installations guided by
Rope carriers, tractors or carry-towing ropes must be held by counterweights or by a device allowing permanent control of the tension.
4.3. INFORMATION AND MARKING
4.3.1. Chains, ropes and webbing
Any lifting chain, rope or webbing that are not part of an assembly must bear a mark or, where this is not possible, a plate or a ring that is not can be removed with information about the manufacturer or his representative, his name and address and the reference of the relevant certificate.
Certificate mentioned above shall contain the following information:
the name and address and if appropriate, his representative, his name and address
a description of the chain or rope as regards:
- Nominal dimensions
- The material
- Any special metallurgical treatment applied to the material examined
indication of the test method used
the maximum load to which the chain or rope should be subjected in operation. You can specify a range of values depending on the intended use.
4.3.2. Lifting Accessories
Lifting accessories must carry the following specific labeling:
- identification of the material where this information is needed to make the application secure
- the maximum working load.
For lifting accessories on which marking is physically impossible, in the first subparagraph marking made on a plate or other equivalent means and securely affixed to the accessory.
The information must be legible and located in a place where they are not liable to disappear as a result of wear and where they do not impair strength of the accessory.
4.3.3. Lift equipment
The maximum working load must be prominently marked on the machinery. The labeling must be easy to read and durable, and do not use codes.
When the maximum working load depends on the machine configuration, each operating position must be provided with a load plate indicating, preferably in the form of drawings or tables, the working load permitted for each configuration.
On machines that are only intended for lifting goods, and which is equipped with a chair (let) which it is possible for persons to enter, there must be a clear and reliable warning that it is forbidden to lift people. This indication must be visible from all points of access.
4.4.1. Lifting Accessories
With any accessories for lifting or each commercially indivisible batch of lifting accessories must be accompanied by instructions, including at least information on:
the intended use
restrictions on use (particularly for lifting accessories such. lifting magnet or vakuumåg that do not fully comply with section 18.104.22.168, point e)
information regarding the installation, use and maintenance
the static test coefficient used.
4.4.2. Lift equipment
The machinery must be accompanied by instructions specifying:
technical information, including:
the maximum working load and, where appropriate, a copy of the load plate or load table described in section 4.3.3, second paragraph
the reactions at the supports or anchors and, where appropriate, characteristics of the tracks
where appropriate, necessary ballast and an indication of how the ballast to be placed
the contents of the logbook (records) for, if the latter is not supplied with the machine
instructions for use, particularly to offset the lack of direct sight of the load
where appropriate, a test report with detailed information about the static and dynamic tests by the manufacturer or his authorized representative has carried out or commissioned
the necessary instructions for performing the measures referred to in paragraph 4.1.3 for machinery not mounted to the manufacturer in the form they must be applied before those put into service.
Fifth SUPPLEMENTARY ESSENTIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR MACHINERY INTENDED FOR UNDERGROUND WORK
Machinery intended for underground work must meet all the essential health and safety requirements set out in this chapter (see. General principles, Item 4).
5.1. RISKS DUE TO LACK OF STABILITY
Powered roof supports must be designed and manufactured in such a way that they maintain a given direction when moving and not slip before and while they come under load and after the load is lifted. They must be equipped with anchorages for the individual hydraulic grubeafstivningers printing plates.
5.2. FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT
Powered roof supports must allow for unhindered movement of people freedom.
controls for acceleration and braking of machinery running on rails must be hand-operated. However, consent means (holding devices) operated with the foot.
Control devices of powered roof supports must be designed and positioned in such a way that the operators when moving are sheltered by a support in already located. Control devices must be protected against any accidental deactivation avoided.
Self-propelled machinery running on rails for use in underground work must be equipped with a consent device (holding device), acting on the circuit for driving the machine, so that the movement will stop if the driver no longer control the movement.
The second indent of 3.5.2 is mandatory in respect of machinery which parts are highly flammable.
The braking system of machinery intended for use in underground workings must be designed and constructed so as to produce sparks or cause fires.
Machines with internal combustion engines for use in underground workings must be fitted only with engines using fuel with a low vaporising pressure and which exclude any spark of electrical origin.
Exhaust gases from internal combustion engines must not be discharged upwards.
6th SUPPLEMENTARY ESSENTIAL HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR MACHINERY PRESENTING PARTICULAR HAZARDS DUE TO THE LIFTING OF PERSONS
machinery which involves hazards due to the lifting of persons must meet all the relevant essential health and safety requirements described in this chapter (cf. . General principles, item 4).
6.1.1. Mechanical strength
chair (charged), including any trapdoors, must be designed and constructed in such a way that the space and strength corresponding to the maximum number of persons and the maximum working load.
Working coefficients for components set out in sections 22.214.171.124 and 126.96.36.199 are inadequate for machinery intended for the lifting of persons and must, as a rule, be doubled. Machinery intended for lifting persons or persons and goods must be fitted with a drop- out or support system for the chair (charged), which is designed and constructed so as to ensure an adequate overall level of safety and prevents the risk that the chair (charged) may fall.
If using ropes or chains to the chair (carrier) suspension, should generally be at least two independent ropes or chains, each with its own anchorage.
6.1.2. Load control for machinery moved by power other than human strength
requirements of section 4.2.2 apply regardless of the maximum working load and overturning moment, unless the manufacturer can demonstrate that there is no risk of overloading or overturning.
If other solutions are not required following the safety, the car (charged) be designed and constructed in such a way that persons in the carrier have access to controls which can control the chair (the platform) movements upwards and downwards and, if appropriate, other movements of the (charged).
These controls must override any other devices controlling the same movement with the exception of emergency stop devices.
The controls for these movements must be controls that require sustained action, except when the chair itself (charged) is completely enclosed.
6.3. RISKS TO PERSONS IN OR ON STOLEN (DRAWING)
6.3.1. Errors of Justice (carrier) movement
Machinery for lifting persons must be designed, constructed or equipped so that the chair (carrier) acceleration or deceleration poses no risk to people.
6.3.2. Risk that people can fall off the chair (charged)
chair (carrier) floor must not tilt so much that there is a risk that people in the car (charged) crashing, even during movement.
When the chair (charged) is intended as a work must be taken special measures to ensure stability and to prevent hazardous movements.
If the 1.5.15 referred measures are inadequate, the chair (charged) be provided with anchorage points in the number matches the number of persons permitted to be located therein. The anchorage points must be strong enough for that personal protective equipment against falls from height can be fixed.
Any trapdoor in floors or ceilings or side doors must be designed and constructed to prevent inadvertent opening and must open in a direction that obviates any risk of falling unexpectedly.
6.3.3. Risk due to objects falling on the (charged)
When there is a risk of objects falling down on the chair (charged) and endangering persons, the chair (charged) be equipped with a protective roof .
6.4. MACHINERY SERVING FIXED LANDINGS
6.4.1. Risks to persons residing in the chair (charged)
Chair (charged) must be designed and constructed in a way as to prevent risks due to persons and / or objects in contact with any fixed or moving elements. When it is necessary to meet this requirement, the actual chair (charged) must be completely enclosed with doors fitted with an interlocking device that prevents that it can carry dangerous movements if the doors are closed. The doors must remain closed if the (charged) stops between landings where there is a risk of crashing.
The machine must be designed and constructed and, if necessary, equipped with devices to prevent uncontrolled upward or downward movement of the chair (charged). These devices must be able to stop the car (charged) at the maximum working load and at the foreseeable maximum speed.
Stop occasioned by this device must not under any load, cause deceleration that is dangerous for the people who are in the car (charged).
6.4.2. Controls at landings
Controls, other than for emergency use, at landings must not put the chair (charged) in motion when:
- the control devices in the car (charged) in use
- chair (charged) is not at a floor.
6.4.3. Access to the (charged)
The guards at the landings and on the (charged) must be designed and constructed to ensure safe passage to and from the (charged), taking into account the volume of goods and number of persons to be lifted.
chair (charged) must be provided with the information necessary for security purposes, including:
- the number of persons permitted on the (charged) must include
- the maximum working load.
A. EC DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY OF THE MACHINERY
This declaration and translations thereof must be drawn in the same way as the instructions (see. Annex I, section 188.8.131.52, point a) and b)) and must be typewritten or handwritten in block letters.
This declaration relates exclusively to the machine in the form in which it was marketed, and includes components which are added and / or changes that the end user later added.
EC declaration of conformity must contain the following information:
first the business name and full address and where appropriate, his representative, his name and address
second name and address of the person who has the authority to assemble the technical file, who must be established in the Community
third description and identification of the machinery, including generic denomination, function, model, type, serial number and commercial name
fourth a sentence expressly declaring that the machinery fulfills all the relevant provisions of Directive 2006/42 / EC and, where appropriate, a similar sentence declaring the conformity with other Directives and / or relevant provisions with which the machinery complies. These references must be those of the texts published iDen Official Journal.
Fifth where appropriate, name, address and identification number of the notified body which carried out the in Annex IX EC type-examination, and the number of the EC type examination certificate
6th where appropriate, name, address and identification number of the notified body which approved it in Annex X the full quality assurance
7th where appropriate, a reference to the harmonized standards
8th where appropriate, a reference to other technical standards and specifications
9th place and date of declaration
10th the identity and signature, which has the authority to draw up the declaration on behalf of the manufacturer or his representative.
B. INCORPORATION OF PARTLY COMPLETED MACHINERY
This declaration and translations thereof must be drawn in the same way as the instructions referred to. Annex I, section 184.108.40.206) and b), and must be typewritten or handwritten in block letters. Incorporation must contain the following information:
first partly completed machinery business name and full address and where appropriate, his representative, his name and address
second name and address of the person who is authorized to compile the relevant technical documentation, who must be established in the Community
third description and identification of the partly completed machinery including generic denomination, function, model, type, serial number and commercial name;
Fourth a section containing a statement of the essential requirements of Directive 2006/42 / EC, are applied and fulfilled and that the relevant technical documentation is compiled in accordance with Annex VII, Part B, and possibly a paragraph declaring that the partly completed machinery is in accordance with other relevant directives. These references must be those of the texts published in the Official Journal
fifth a commitment to a reasoned request by the national authorities to submit relevant information on the partly completed machinery. This shall include the method of transmission and shall not prejudice the copyright, the partly completed machinery manufacturer has
6th a statement that the partly completed machinery must not be put into service until the final machinery into which it should be incorporated has been declared in accordance with the provisions of Directive 2006/42 / EC, where relevant
7th place and date of declaration
8th the identity and signature, which has the authority to draw up the declaration on behalf of the manufacturer or his representative.
manufacturer of machinery or his authorized representative shall keep the original EC declaration of conformity for at least 10 years after the machine last date of manufacture.
Partly completed machinery or his authorized representative shall keep the original declaration of incorporation for at least 10 years after the partly completed last date of manufacture.
CE conformity marking consists of the initials 'CE' in accordance with the following model:
CE (see drawing)
If the marking is reduced or enlarged the proportions given in the above, are met.
The various components of the CE marking must have substantially the same height, not be less than 5 mm. To waive these minimum, if the case of very small machines.
CE marking must be placed immediately next to the name of the manufacturer or his representative, using the same technique.
When proceeding on full quality assurance referred. §§ 29 and 30 has been applied, the CE marking of the notified body's identification number.
Categories of machinery to which they §§ 29 and 30 referred procedures shall be applied
first Circular saws (single or multi-blade) for working with wood and material with similar physical characteristics or for working with meat and material with similar physical characteristics:
1.1. Sawing machines with fixed blade during cutting, having a fixed bed or support for the workpiece, with manual feed of the workpiece or with a demountable power feed.
1.2. Sawing machines with fixed blade during cutting, having a manually operated reciprocating saw table or cart.
1.3. Sawing machines with fixed blade during cutting, having a built-in mechanical feed device for the items to be cut, with manual loading and / or unloading.
1.4. Sawing machines with blade that can be moved during cutting, having a mechanical movable blade movement with manual loading and / or unloading.
Second Planer with manual feed for woodworking.
Third Planers for processing wood with built-in mechanical feed device and manual loading and / or unloading.
Fourth Band-saws with manual loading and / or unloading for working with wood and material with similar physical characteristics or for working with meat and material with similar physical characteristics:
4.1. Sawing machines with fixed blade during cutting, having a fixed or reciprocating table or workpiece support.
4.2. Sawing machines with blade assembled on a carriage with reciprocating motion.
Fifth Combined machines of the type referred to in paragraphs 1 to 4 and 7 for working with wood and material with similar physical characteristics.
6th Tapping machines with several spindles, with manual feed, for working wood.
7th Milling machines with vertical spindle with manual feed, for working wood and materials with similar physical characteristics.
8 thereof. Portable chain saws for woodworking.
9th Presses, including press-brakes, for the cold working of metals, with manual loading and / or unloading, whose movable working parts may have a travel exceeding 6 mm and a speed exceeding 30 mm / s.
10th Plastics-molding machinery with manual loading or unloading.
11th Rubber-molding machines with manual loading or unloading.
12th Machinery for underground working of the following types:
12.1. Locomotives and brake-vans.
12.2. Hydraulic roof supports.
13th Refuse collection vehicles for waste with manual loading, which includes a compression mechanism.
14th Removable mechanical transmission devices including their guards.
15th Guards for removable mechanical transmission devices.
16th Lifts, including vehicle lifts for servicing vehicles.
17th Lifting equipment for persons or persons and goods with a vertical crash risk more than 3 meters.
18th Nail guns and other portable impact machinery cartridge.
19th Protective equipment for detecting persons.
20th Power-movable guards fitted with an interlocking device that serve as safeguards for those in paragraphs 9, 10 and 11 the machines.
21st Logical management units to ensure safety.
22nd Roll-over protective structures (ROPS).
23rd Roll from falling materials (FOPS).
Indicative list of safety components covered by § 10 paragraph. 2.
first Guards for removable mechanical transmission shafts
second Protective equipment for detecting persons
third Power-movable guards fitted with an interlocking device that serves as safeguards in machinery referred to in paragraphs 9, 10 and 11 of Annex IV
fourth Logical controllers for machine safety
fifth Valves with functions for error detection and which is intended for controlling the movements of hazardous machinery
6th Exhaust systems for machine missions
7th Guards and protective devices designed to protect persons against moving parts involved in the process on the machinery
8th Monitoring devices for loading and movement control in machines for lifting operations.
9th Restraint systems to keep persons on their seats
10th Emergency stop devices
11th Discharging systems to prevent the build up of potentially dangerous electrostatic charges
12th Energy limiters and relief devices referred to in sections 1.5.7, 3.4.7 and 220.127.116.11 of Annex I
13th Systems and devices to reduce the emission of noise and vibrations
14th Roll-over protective structures (ROPS)
15th Roll from falling materials (FOPS)
16th Two-hand control devices
17th The following components for machinery designed for lifting and / or lowering persons between different landings:
Devices for locking doors;
Devices to prevent the load-carrying unit from falling or unchecked upward movements
- Either non-linear
- With damping of the return movement
Energy absorbing buffers
Safety devices fitted to jacks of hydraulic circuits where these are used as devices to prevent falls
Electric safety devices in the form of safety switches containing electronic components.
Assembly instructions for partly completed machinery
The assembly instructions for partly completed machinery must include a description of the conditions to correct incorporation in the final machine without safety and health is endangered.
Assembly instructions must be written in an official Community language acceptable to the manufacturer of the machine on which the partly completed machinery will be assembled, or his representative.
A. Technical file for machinery
This part describes the procedure for compiling a technical file. The technical file must demonstrate that the machinery accordance with this notice requirement. It should, to the extent necessary for such assessment, cover the machine design, manufacture and operation. The technical file must be compiled in one or more official Community languages, except for the instructions for the machine, where the special provisions laid down in Annex I, section 18.104.22.168.
First The file includes the following:
a construction file including:
a comprehensive description of the machine
the overall drawing of the machine and drawings / diagrams of the control circuits, as well as the pertinent descriptions and explanations necessary to understand how the machine works
full detailed drawings / diagrams, accompanied by any calculation notes, test results, certificates, etc., that makes it possible to verify that the machine is in conformity with the essential health and safety requirements
documentation on risk assessment demonstrating the procedure followed, including.
a list of the essential health and safety requirements applicable to machine
the description of the protective measures implemented to eliminate identified hazards or to reduce risks and indication of the residual risks associated with the use of the machine
the standards and other technical specifications used, indicating the essential health and safety requirements covered by these standards
any technical report giving the results of the tests are carried out either by the manufacturer or by a body with which the manufacturer or his representative has chosen
a copy of the instructions for the machine
where appropriate, the declaration of incorporation for included partly completed machinery and the relevant assembly instructions for such
where appropriate, copies of the EC
declaration of conformity of machinery or other products incorporated into the machinery
a copy of the EC declaration of conformity
for series manufacture, the internal measures that will be taken to ensure that the machinery is in accordance with the provisions of this Order.
The manufacturer must carry out necessary research and tests on components, accessories or whole machine to determine whether it is designed and constructed so that it can be assembled and put into service safely. The technical file must include the relevant reports and results.
Second The technical dossier referred to in paragraph 1 shall be available to the competent authorities in the Member States for at least 10 years after the machine's date of manufacture or for series manufacture, of the last unit produced.
The technical file does not find itself in the Community. Moreover, it does not permanently exist in a material. However, it must be assembled and made available within a period of time commensurate with its complexity by the person designated in the EC declaration of conformity.
The technical file does not include detailed plans or any other specific information concerning the components used in the manufacture of the machinery unless a knowledge of them is essential to ensure that the essential health and safety requirements are met.
Third Failure to present the technical file in after the competent national authorities have made a reasoned request may constitute sufficient reason to cast doubt on whether the machines are in conformity with essential health and safety requirements.
B. Relevant technical documentation for partly completed
This part describes the procedure for compiling relevant technical documentation. The documentation shall make it possible to show which requirements of this Order are applied and fulfilled. It must, as far as is necessary for the assessment of conformity with the essential health and safety requirements, cover the partly completed machinery to design, manufacture and operation. The documentation must be compiled in one or more official languages.
It must include the following:
a construction file including:
the overall drawing of the partly completed machinery and drawings / diagrams of the control circuits
full detailed drawings / diagrams, accompanied by any calculation notes, test results, certificates, etc., that makes it possible to verify that the partly completed machinery is in conformity with the essential health and safety requirements
documentation on risk assessment demonstrating the procedure followed, including.
a list of the essential health and safety requirements applied and fulfilled
the description of the protective measures implemented to eliminate identified hazards or to reduce risks and indication of the residual risks
the standards and other technical specifications used, indicating the essential health and safety requirements covered by these standards
any technical report giving the results of tests conducted by the manufacturer or by a body with which the manufacturer or his representative has chosen
a copy of the assembly instructions for the partly completed
for series manufacture, documentation showing the internal measures that will be taken to ensure that the partly completed machinery is in conformity with the essential health and safety requirements.
The manufacturer must carry out necessary research and tests on components, accessories or partly completed machinery to determine whether it is designed and constructed so that it can be assembled and used safely. The technical file must include the relevant reports and results.
The relevant technical documentation must be available for at least 10 years after the partly completed machinery manufacturing date or batch production the last unit produced, and on request presented to the competent authorities of the Member States. It need not be on the territory and do not permanently exist in a material. It must be assembled and presented by the person designated in the declaration for incorporation.
Present the relevant technical documentation is not, after the competent national authorities have made a reasoned request may constitute sufficient reason to cast doubt on whether the partly completed in accordance with the essence and certified safety and health requirements.
Conformity assessment with internal inspection of machines
first This Annex describes the procedure whereby the manufacturer or his representative who performs in paragraph 2 and 3 shall, ensures and declares that the equipment concerned satisfies the requirements of this Order.
Second For each representative type of the series in question shall draw the manufacturer or his representative with a technical file described in Annex VII, Part A.
third The manufacturer shall take all measures necessary for the manufacturing process to ensure that the manufactured equipment in accordance with the technical dossier as required. Annex VII, Part A, and with the requirements of this Order.
EC type examination
EC type-examination is the procedure whereby a notified body checks and certifies that a representative model of machinery referred to in Annex IV (hereinafter referred to as "type") satisfies the provisions of this Order.
First The manufacturer or his representative shall, for each type, draw up the technical file referred to in Annex VII, Part A.
second The manufacturer or his agent, shall for each type, the application for EC-type examination with a notified body of his choice.
Application must include:
- manufacturer and, where appropriate, his representative, his name and address
- a written declaration that the application has not been lodged with any other notified body
- the technical file.
Moreover, the applicant a copy of the type available to the notified body. The notified body may request further samples if needed for carrying out the test program.
Third Notified body
3.1. examine the technical file, check that the type was manufactured in accordance with it and identify the components designed in accordance with the relevant provisions of the in § 21 above standards, as well as the elements which have been designed without applying the relevant provisions in these documents
3.2. perform or have performed the appropriate inspections, measurements and tests to ascertain whether the solutions adopted satisfy the essential health and safety requirements of Directive 2006/42 / EC, when in § 21, said standards have not been applied
3.3. perform or have performed the appropriate inspections, measurements and tests to ascertain whether they in § 21 harmonized standards referred actually been used when this option is selected
3.4. agree with the applicant, where the check that the type was manufactured in accordance with the technical dossier has been reviewed and the necessary inspections, measurements and tests to be conducted.
Fourth If the type satisfies the provisions of this Order, the notified body issues an EC type examination certificate. The certificate contains the name and address of the manufacturer and his representative, the data necessary for identifying the approved type, the conclusions and conditions of validity.
The manufacturer and the notified body shall keep for 15 years after the date it is issued a copy of this certificate, the technical file and all relevant documents.
Fifth If the type does not satisfy the provisions of this Order, refusing the notified body to issue a EFtypeafprøvningsattest to the applicant, giving detailed reasons for its refusal. It shall inform the applicant, the other notified bodies and the Member State which has notified it of such cases. Agree on a complaint procedure.
6th The applicant shall inform the notified body which retains the technical file relating to the EC type examination certificate of any modification to the approved type. The notified body shall examine these modifications and either confirm the existing EC-type examination certificate or issue a new one if the modifications are liable to doubt whether the essential health and safety requirements or the intended conditions laid down for type are met.
7th The European Commission, Member States and the other notified bodies may, on request, obtain a copy of EFtypeafprøvningsattesterne. On reasoned request, the European Commission and Member States may obtain a copy of the technical file and the results of tests conducted by the notified body.
8 thereof. Documentation and correspondence relating to EC-type examination procedures shall be on the / official language of the Member State where the notified body is established or in a language acceptable to it.
9th EC-type examination certificate validity
9.1. The notified body has the ongoing responsibility of ensuring that the EC type examination certificate remains valid. It shall notify the manufacturer of any major changes to affect the validity of the certificate. The notified body shall withdraw certificates which are no longer valid.
9.2. The manufacturer of the machinery concerned has the ongoing responsibility of ensuring that the said machinery in accordance with the state of the art.
9.3. The manufacturer asks the notified body to review the EC-type examination certificate valid for a review every five years.
If the notified body finds that the certificate remains valid, taking into account the state of the art, it shall renew the certificate for a further five years.
Manufacturer and the notified body shall retain a copy of the certificate, the technical file and of all relevant documents for 15 years from its issue date
9.4. If an EC examination certificate is not renewed, the manufacturer shall cease marketing the machine in question.
Full quality assurance This Annex describes the conformity assessment of in Annex IV machines using a full quality assurance system, and the procedure whereby a notified body assesses and approves the quality system and monitors its application.
First The manufacturer uses to design, manufacture, final inspection and testing of the quality assurance system in accordance with paragraph 2 and is subject to in section 3 shall control.
Second Quality Assurance System
2.1. The manufacturer or his authorized representative shall lodge an application for assessment of his quality system to a notified body of his choice.
The application must include:
- manufacturer and, where appropriate, his representative, his name and address
- the places of design, manufacture, inspection, testing and storage sites
- in Annex VII, Part A, technical dossier referred to a copy of each of the in Annex IV categories of machinery, the manufacturer intends to produce
- documentation on the quality system
- a written declaration that the application has not been lodged with any other notified bodies.
2.2. The quality system must ensure that the machinery is in accordance with this notice requirement. All the elements, requirements and provisions adopted by the manufacturer as to be documented in a systematic and orderly manner in the form of written policies, procedures and instructions. This quality system documentation must enable the quality programs, plans, manuals and records interpretation.
It must in particular contain an adequate description of:
- the quality objectives and the organizational structure, responsibilities and powers with regard to its design and quality
- the technical design specifications, including standards that will be used, and when in § 21 above standards are not applied in full, the means that will be used to ensure that the essential health and safety requirements of this Order will be fulfilled
- the techniques, processes and systematic actions design inspection and design, that will be used when designing machinery covered by this Order
- the techniques, processes and systematic actions that will be used in manufacturing, quality control and assurance
- the examinations and tests that will be carried out before, during and after manufacture, and the frequency with which this happens
- the quality files such as inspection reports and test data and reports on the qualifications of the personnel
- the means to check that the required design and product quality is achieved and the quality system is working effectively.
2.3. The notified body assesses the quality management system to determine whether it satisfies the requirements of section 2.2.
The elements of in compliance with the parts of a quality assurance system in accordance with the relevant harmonized standard referred to. 2.2.
The assessment team must include at least one member with experience of assessing the technology of the machinery. The assessment procedure must include an inspection on the manufacturer's premises. During the assessment audit team conducts a review of the technical files referred to in paragraph 2.1, second paragraph, third indent to ensure their compliance with the relevant health and safety.
The manufacturer or his representative. The notification must contain the results of the examination and the reasoned assessment decision. Agree on a complaint procedure.
2.4. The manufacturer must undertake to fulfill the obligations arising from the quality system as approved and to maintain it so that it remains adequate and efficient.
Manufacturer or his authorized representative shall inform the notified body that has approved the quality system of any planned change to it.
The notified body must assess the proposed changes and decide whether the amended quality system will still meet the 2.2 requirements referred to or whether a reassessment is required.
It must notify the manufacturer of its decision. The notification must contain the results of the examination and the reasoned assessment decision.
Third Surveillance under the notified body's responsibility.
3.1. The purpose of monitoring is to ensure that the manufacturer duly fulfills the obligations under the approved quality system.
3.2. The manufacturer shall for inspection purposes allow the notified body access to the design, manufacture, inspection, testing and storage premises and provide it with all necessary information, including:
- the quality system documentation
- quality records provided for in the part of the quality system concerned with design, such analyzes, calculations, tests, etc.
- quality records provided for in that part of the quality system relating to manufacture, such as inspection reports and test data, reports of personnel qualifications, etc.. || | 3.3. The notified body shall conduct periodic audits to ensure that the manufacturer maintains and applies the quality management system. It must provide an audit report to the manufacturer. Periodic audits shall be as often as every three years has been a full reassessment.
3.4. The notified body may pay unexpected visits to the manufacturer. Whether these additional visits and their frequency will be determined on the basis of a control system operated by the notified body. Taking into particular account the following factors in the visits monitoring system:
- The results of previous surveillance
- the need to ensure that remedial measures
- special conditions relating to approval of the system
- significant changes in the organization of the manufacturing process, measures or techniques.
During such visits, the notified body may carry or have carried out tests in order to check the quality system is working properly. It issues an inspection report and, if a test has taken, with a test report.
4. In the ten years after the last date of manufacture, the manufacturer or his representative to the national authorities:
- in section 2.1 documentation referred
- in point 2.3, third paragraph, Section 2.4, fourth paragraph, and 3.3 and 3.4 decisions and reports from the notified body.
The minimum criteria which Member States must comply when notification of bodies
first The body, its director and the staff responsible for carrying out the verification tests shall not be the designer, manufacturer, supplier or installer of machines which they inspect, nor the authorized representative of any of these parties. You may not, either directly or as authorized representatives in the design, manufacture, marketing or maintenance of the machines. This does not preclude the possibility of exchange of technical information between the manufacturer and the body.
Second The body and its staff responsible for inspection must carry out the checks with the greatest possible professional integrity and technical competence and shall be free from all pressures and inducements, particularly financial, which might influence their judgment or the results of their inspection, especially from persons or groups of persons affected by the test results.
Third It shall for each category of machinery for which it is authorized to process, have staff with sufficient technical knowledge and experience to perform a conformity assessment. The body must have the necessary funds to enable it to perform the technical and administrative tasks connected with verification. It must also have access to the equipment required for special verification.
Fourth The staff responsible for inspection must have:
- sound technical and professional training
- satisfactory knowledge of the requirements of the tests they carry out and adequate experience of such tests
- the ability to draw up the certificates, records and reports the results of the checks carried out.
Fifth It must be ensured that the personnel responsible for inspection, is independent. The remuneration of each employee must not depend on the number of tests carried out or the results of such tests.
6th The body must take out liability insurance unless liability is assumed by the State in accordance with national law, or the Member State directly responsible for their inspection.
7th The agency's staff is subject to the their duties involve a duty to observe secrecy about all the information obtained in the performance of their duties (with the exception of the competent administrative authorities of the Member State in which they perform their work) in connection with Directive 2006 / 42 / EC or any other provision of national law, issued pursuant to this.
8 thereof. Notified bodies shall participate in coordination activities. They also take part directly or be represented in European standardization, or ensure that they have knowledge of the relevant standards.
9th Member States may take all the measures they deem necessary to ensure that in the event that a notified body ceases activity that its customers are sent to another body or are made available to the Member State which has notified it.
Non-CE marked hoists and winches
Additional requirements for non-CE marked powered hoists that use a carrier to lift a load suspended, and games, using one or more carrier to lift a load that is wholly or partly controlled in its orbit or using rope, chain used to pull or tow.
Excluded from the Annex is hoists and winches for use by persons with reduced mobility and lifts etc.
first Hoists and winches intended for lifting persons must meet the following specific requirements:
A. dimensioning must be done using a computational load that is 50% higher than the assumed maximum static load, and
b. ropes, chains and mechanical components subject to wear must be rated for twice the anticipated maximum load and must be duplicated or secured with an automatic and direct-acting catches or brake device.
1.1. Point 1.b. also applies to tools in which other special security considerations apply, for example, by scene, decoration and belysningshejs.
1.2. Driverless hoists and winches must not be designed for passenger
2. Hoists must not be furnished with free firing.
2.1. Excluded from Item 2:
a. mobile cranes, provided they are equipped with an emergency release for free firing positioned so that unintended operation can not occur, and
b. hoists, where free firing is necessary for the performance of work, such as pile drivers, grapple cranes and crane dragline.
3. Hoists and winches, which are furnished with solid driving position on the implement and are used under conditions where the driver exposed to the harmful effects of excessive heat, cold, noise and dust, etc., must be equipped with a cab. This does not apply if the working conditions do not make it possible to use cabs, or implement only be for short periods during the day.
3.1. The appliance must also be furnished with a cab when used under conditions where the driver does not have a good visibility.
4. Cabs must be arranged so that the driving position and controls are located and arranged ergonomically and that the driver has a good visibility.
4.1. For the interior dimensions of cabs following requirements apply:
a. wheeled cranes must be at least 2000 mm high, 1000 mm wide and 1300 mm long, and
b. cabs on other stationary and rail mounted cranes must be at least 2000 mm high and have a minimum floor area of 2.5 m².
4.2. Cabs shall be adequately contain adjustable heating, cooling and ventilation systems.
5. Tower cranes set out in more than 2 months, must be arranged in person elevator if it is technically and practically possible when the access to the cab is over 25 m. The access is measured vertically from the place where the crane walked on to the highest point on the access road. In addition to the elevator, there must be the usual access routes.
Labeling, instructions and approval, etc.
6. Any hoist and games, where it is dispensed to use or display in this country, be durable and clearly marked with the following minimum information:
b. serial number and type designation
6.1. Carriers that are part of a hoist or lift shall be marked as specified in paragraph 6. Where this is not possible, the supplier must provide manuals and certificates or tables containing the information.
7. If the equipment fitted with fiber ropes or fiberbændler as carrier, must together with the tool supplied documentation (eg certificate) that the carrier is well suited to implement purposes.
8. With the delivery of a hoist and games to follow instructions which will indicate requirements concerning the load tests.
9. Bådmandsstole and work platforms for lifting positions and play and catch devices for these, when they handed out for use or display in this country, be approved by the Director of Labour Inspection. Approval may be based on tests conducted by an institution or business within the European Communities.
1) The Order contains provisions that implement Council Directive 2006/42 / EC ( "Machinery Directive"), Official Journal 2006 L157 / 24, as well as provisions that implement Council Directive 89/655 / EEC, Official Journal 1989 L393 , p. 13, as amended by Council Directive 95/63 / EC, the EC Tidende1995, L335, p. 28 and European Parliament and Council Directive 2001/45 / EC Official Journal 2001 L195, p. 46.
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