On The Convention On The Recognition Of Studies And Diplomas Relating To The University

Original Language Title: o Úmluvě o uznávání studií a diplomů týkajících se VŠ

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77/1990 Coll.


the Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs

The Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs declares that on December 21,

1979 was adopted in Paris on 20. meeting of the General Conference

The United Nations Educational, scientific and Cultural Organization Convention on the

recognition of studies and diplomas relating to the higher education in the States

the European region.

The instrument of accession the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic to this Convention

has been deposited with the Director-General of the United Nations

Educational, scientific and Cultural Organization, the depositary of the Convention, the date of April 26, 1988.

Convention entered into force, pursuant to article 18 on the date of February 19

1982. For the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic Convention

force on June 6, 1988.

Czech translation of the Convention shall be published at the same time.


on the recognition of studies and diplomas relating to the higher education in the States

the European region

The preamble to the

States belonging to the European region that are parties to this Convention,

Recalling that, as already stated several times the General Conference

UNESCO in its resolutions relating to European cooperation, "development

cooperation among Nations in the field of education, science, culture and information in

accordance with the conclusions of the Statute of UNESCO plays a primary role in peace work and

in the international understanding "

conscious of the close relations between their cultures, despite the diversity of languages and

different economic and social establishment, and desiring to strengthen its

cooperation in the field of education and training in the interests of the well-being and lasting

the prosperity of their peoples,

Recalling that the States which met in Helsinki, expressed in

The final act of the Conference on security and cooperation in Europe of the

1 August 1975 his intention "to improve on mutually acceptable terms and conditions

access of students, teachers and scientists of the States parties to the school

device, to the cultural and scientific institutions, primarily through

mutual recognition of university degrees and diplomas, and values in the case of

buying agreements between Governments or direct arrangements between

universities and other higher education institutions and research institutions "and

"by facilitating a more accurate evaluation of problems relating to benchmarking and

the equivalence of university degrees and diplomas ",

Recalling that the majority of the States parties have already concluded for the purpose of

support the implementation of these objectives among themselves bilateral agreement or

subregional, concerning in particular the equivalence or recognition of diplomas;

However, desiring continuing intensification of their efforts on and

bilateral and subregional level to distinguish their cooperation in this

the area of the entire European region,

convinced that the great diversity of higher education systems existing in the

the European region is a rare cultural treasures, which need to be

protect, and desiring to enable all its population to fully exploit the

This cultural wealth by facilitating the residents of each

access to the resources of a Contracting State in the other Contracting States education

and that, above all, to enable them to resume their education at universities

These schools of others States

being of the opinion that to allow access to other stages of the study is appropriate

use the concept of recognition of studies in the perspective of mobility as

social and international, will allow to evaluate the achieved level of education

with regard to knowledge as authorized by their diplomas, as well as to

all other relevant qualities of each, if will be accepted

the competent authorities for acceptable

being of the opinion that the recognition of studies and diplomas issued carried out all

the Contracting States, whether diplomas were issued in any of them,

the goal of intensifying the international movement of persons and the exchange of ideas, knowledge and

Scientific and technical experience and that it is desirable to receive foreign

students at the high school, it being understood that the recognition of their studies

or diplomas they cannot provide greater rights than those students


Noting that this recognition is one of the conditions necessary to


1. to enable the best use of the resources of education to

within their territories,

2. to ensure greater mobility of teachers, students, scientists, and


3. in addressing the problems encountered on their return to the country of

the origin of the persons who have received education or training abroad,

Desiring to ensure the widest possible recognition of studies and diplomas with

taking into account the principles relating to the development of permanent education,

the democratization of education, adoption and application of an education policy

customized structural changes, changes in the economic and technical,

social change and cultural context of each country,

decided to pay and organize their future collaboration in these

areas along the way to the Convention, which will form the starting point for concerted

dynamic activities carried out mainly by the national, bilateral,

subregional, and multilateral mechanisms already existing or

It is necessary to create

Recalling that the ultimate goal, that's the General Conference of the UNITED NATIONS

for education, science and culture, lies in "the development of the international

Convention on the recognition and the validity of the titles, degrees and diplomas awarded ranks

universities and research establishments in all countries ",

have agreed upon the following:



Article 1

1. for the purpose of this Convention the "recognition" of higher school certificate,

Diploma, rank obtained abroad means their adoption

the competent authorities of a Contracting State as valid and

the granting of the rights-holders to persons demonstrating the national

Diploma, certificate, or rank, which can be compared

documents obtained abroad.

In this regard, the recognition the following meaning:

and) recognition diploma or rank in order to initiate or

the continuation of studies at the high school will make the document of the competent

the lead has been taken into account with a view to its adoption at the high school and

research facilities of each State party, as if he were the owner of the

equivalent diploma, or degrees obtained in the relevant

State. Such recognition does not exempt the holder of the objective of the foreign diploma,

certificate or the rank of the need to comply with the terms (other than

conditions relating to the držitelství of a diploma) which may be required

for admission to the College or to the research facilities

of the receiving State.

(b) foreign) recognition diploma or rank for performance

employment represents the recognition of the professional training required for

performance of the work involved, without being to the detriment of the applicable laws

the rules and regulations of the professional and the relevant contracting procedures

States. Such recognition does not exempt the holder of the objective of foreign

diploma or rank from having to comply with the additional conditions,

that may be prescribed by their respective Governments or professional authorities to

the exercise of a professional activity.

c) However, the recognition of a diploma or rank should not in the second

a Contracting State to provide holders of more extensive rights than are those which would

He benefited in the country where it was issued the diploma, certificate or rank.

2. For the purposes of this Convention, "partial studies" means periods of study or

education, which, without this would constitute completion of a course may refer to

an important contribution in the matter of the acquisition of knowledge or skills.



Article 2

1. the Contracting States intend to contribute to their common activities to

promoting the active cooperation of all the peoples of the European region for the

the purpose of the work of the international peace and understanding, as well as to

cooperation was more effective with the other Member States of UNESCO with regard

for a better use of their educational, technological and scientific


2. the Contracting States solemnly reaffirm their firm decision closely

cooperate in the framework of its laws and regulations and their constitutional

structures, as well as in the framework of intergovernmental agreements, with a view to:

and in the interest of all) to allow Contracting States as well and in full width

use in accordance with the general education policy and administrative procedures

its resources, which are available in the field of education and research, and

with a view to:

even the widest access of students) and scientists coming from any

Contracting State on its high school;

(ii) the recognition of studies and diplomas) of such persons;

(iii) to examine the possibility of drawing up) and adopt a similar terminology

the evaluation criteria which would facilitate the application system capable of

to ensure the comparability of credit units, study subjects and


IV) accept dynamic concept to its introduction into the

subsequent stages of the study, which would take to knowledge as authorized by the

received a diploma, as well as any other appropriate individual

the competence, if the competent authorities will be recognized at an affordable;

in) accept in order to assess the part-study of flexible criteria

based on the level of educational attainment and on the content of the studied programs

taking into account the interdisciplinary character of knowledge at the higher education


vi) improve the system of exchange of information regarding the recognition of studies

and diplomas;

(b)), to perform in the Contracting States a permanent improvement of teaching relations

as well as the methods of planning and promoting higher education, taking into account

to the requirements of the economic, social and cultural development, to the policy

each country and also to the objectives set out in the recommendations

formulated by the competent authorities of the UNITED NATIONS for education, science and culture,

with regard to the continuous improvement of the quality of teaching, development and permanent teaching and

the democratization of education, as well as a aims the development of the human personality and

understanding, tolerance and friendship among Nations and not all goals

on human rights, which are in the field of education established

The Universal Declaration of human rights, the International Covenants relating to

of human rights adopted by the United Nations and the Convention of the UNITED NATIONS for education, science and culture

relating to the fight against discrimination in the field of education;

(c)) to promote regional and global cooperation to address "issues

comparison and equivalence between higher education titles and diplomas "and

with a view to the recognition of studies and qualifications in higher education.

3. the Contracting States agree to take all measures at the level of

national, bilateral, multiraterální and above all through the

bilateral, sub-regional, regional or other agreements, as well as

the way of arrangements between universities and other high devices

travel arrangements with the relevant national and international organizations and

authorities to the competent authorities to gradually achieve the objectives set out in the

This article.



Article 3

1. the Contracting States in addition to the obligations devolving upon the Governments have agreed to

taking all measures in order to encourage interested

authorities, in accordance with the definition of recognition as referred to in article 1, paragraph 1,

recognise diplomas on their secondary studies and other documents

qualifying to study at universities in other

Contracting States in order to enable holders of these diplomas and documents

implement of study at higher education institutions located in the territory of the

of the Contracting States.

2. However, admission to study at College, without prejudice

the provisions of article 1, paragraph 1 (a), may be subject to plenty of

capacities for the adoption, as well as the terms and conditions respecting the required

language skills to successfully during the selected studies.

Article 4

1. the Contracting States in addition to the obligations pertaining to the Governments agree

take all measures to support relevant stakeholders

authorities with a view to:

and to recognise, by definition) on the recognition in article 1, paragraph 1,

school certificates, diplomas and degrees so that the holders of these titles could

continue to study, get an education or to carry out research on their

high schools;

(b)) to establish, if possible, the ways by which it might be, for

the purpose of the study of recognised sub study carried out on the

universities in other Contracting States.

2. the provisions of paragraph 2 of article 3 are used in cases laid down by the

This article.

Article 5

The Contracting States, in addition to their obligations to the Government, have agreed that the

shall take all measures to support the competent authorities in order to

streamline recognition of higher education diplomas, school certificates or

rank, which give the authorities of other Contracting States for the purpose of exercising

employment within the meaning of article 1, paragraph 1 (b).

Article 6

Where to study at high school, located on the territory of the

one Contracting State does not fall within the competence of that State, shall transmit to the

the text of the Convention, appropriate devices and will do everything in its power to

This device has accepted the principles set out in parts II and III of the Convention.

Article 7

1. Considering that recognition refers to the studies completed and diplomas,

certificate or the rank obtained in institutions approved

the competent authorities of the country in which he was granted a diploma, certificate or

rank, the benefits of article 3, 4 and 5 use anyone who closes this

the study of or received the diplomas, certificates or degrees, whether they are

her nationality, political or legal status whatsoever.

2. any national of a Contracting State who has obtained in the territory of a non-Contracting

the State of one or more diplomas, certificates or degrees, similar to those

that are defined in articles 3, 4 and 5, may rely on those from the

those provisions which are applicable, on condition that the diplomas,

the report card or have been recognized in the country of origin or in the country

that Member wishes to continue his studies.



Article 8

The Contracting States undertake to act in order to implement the objective of

set out in article 2 and shall seek to ensure the best possible implementation of the

the commitments envisaged in the preceding articles 3, 4 and 5


and national authorities);

(b) the regional committees) in accordance with article 10;

(c) bilateral or sub-regional authorities).

Article 9

1. the Contracting States recognize that the objectives and commitments defined in this

The Convention at national level requires close cooperation and coordination of efforts

a wide variety of national, governmental and non-governmental authorities, particularly

universities, atestačních authorities and other educational institutions. Undertake to

therefore to entrust the study of issues relating to the implementation of the Convention

the competent national authorities, to which will be associated with all

the relevant sectors, and which will be able to design appropriate solutions.

The Contracting States undertake, in addition to take all measures to

effectively speed up the activities of such national bodies.

2. the Contracting States shall cooperate with the competent authorities of the other

Contracting State especially by enabling them to collect all

information useful for their activities relating to studies,

higher education degrees and ranks.

3. each national authority will have the necessary resources

allow either collect, analyse and collate all the information useful

to its activities relating to studies and higher education degrees, or

get in the shortest time from a separate national documentation

Information Centre, which will need in this area.

Article 10

1. the Regional Committee is hereby established consisting of representatives of the Governments of the

States. Its secretariat is entrusted to the Director-General of the Organization

the United Nations Educational, scientific and Cultural Organization.

2. the Contracting States of the Europe, which were invited to participate in the

Diplomatic Conference in charge may apply this Convention, will be able to

participate in meetings of the Regional Committee.

3. the Regional Committee has the task of monitoring the implementation of this Convention. Getting

and examine the periodic reports which it shall transmit to the States, relating to the

of the progress achieved and the obstacles they encounter in meeting the

The Convention, as well as a study commissioned by the Secretariat of the Convention. The Contracting

States undertake to submit to the Committee a report at least once every two years.

4. the Regional Committee shall be sent, if necessary, States which are parties to the

The Convention, the recommendations of a general or individual character for

the implementation of this Convention.

Article 11

1. the Regional Committee shall elect, for each of its meetings the Chairman and

adopts the rules of procedure. Meet at a regular meeting at least once every two

for years. The Committee shall meet for the first time three months after the deposit of the sixth instrument of ratification

instrument or instrument of accession.

2. the Secretariat of the Regional Committee prepares the meetings of the Committee's rules of procedure

in accordance with his instructions, and in accordance with the provisions of the internal regulations. Helps

the national organizations to obtain information, which are necessary for their


In the.


Article 12

1. the Contracting States shall proceed with each other to exchange information and documentation about the

University studies and diplomas.

2. they shall endeavour to promote the development of methods and mechanisms to

gather, analyze, organize and disseminate useful information relating to the

recognition of higher education studies, degrees and ranks and information

collected by national, subregional, regional and international

authorities, in particular the United Nations Educational, scientific and




Article 13

The Regional Committee shall take all appropriate measures in order to connect to your

efforts to ensure the best possible implementation of the Convention to the competent international

governmental and non-governmental organizations. This applies particularly to the intergovernmental

institutions and organizations that have the responsibility in the implementation of

subregional conventions or agreements concerning the recognition of diplomas in

States belonging to the Europe region.




Article 14

The provisions of this Convention apply to studies, diplomas or

titles, achieved at the high school of any direction within the

the competence of the Contracting State, even if this device were outside

its territory, provided that the competent authorities of the Contracting State on the

where is located the device, not the opposition.



Article 15

This Convention is open for signature and ratification of the States belonging to the

the Europe region which have been invited to participate in the diplomatic Conference

authorized to accept this Convention as well as the Vatican.

Article 16

1. Other States members of the United Nations, of one of his

specialized agencies or the International Atomic Agency

the energy of the States parties or the Statute of the International Court of Justice

may be authorized to accede to this Convention.

2. any request to this effect shall be addressed to the

the Director of the United Nations Educational, scientific and Cultural Organization, which

shall forward it to the Contracting States at least three months before the meeting of the ad hoc Committee

in accordance with paragraph 3 of this article.

3. the Contracting States will gather at the meeting of the ad hoc Committee, which consists of

one representative of each Contracting State, which is especially for this

the purpose of its Government, authorized to make this application could comment.

The decision in a similar case, it takes a two-thirds majority

of the Contracting States.

4. this procedure can be used only if the Convention is ratified

at least twenty of the States referred to in article 15.

Article 17

The ratification of this Convention or the access to it is done saving

instrument of ratification or instrument of accession with the Director-General

The United Nations Educational, scientific and Cultural Organization.

Article 18

This Convention shall enter into force one month after the deposit of the fifth instrument of ratification

of the Charter, but solely with respect to the States which have deposited their

ratification of the Charter. For every other State, the Convention shall enter into force on

a month after the deposit of its instrument of ratification or instrument of accession.

Article 19

1. the Contracting States may denounce this Convention.

2. Written notice of dismissal shall be deposited with the Director-General of the Organization

the United Nations Educational, scientific and Cultural Organization.

3. the denunciation shall take effect twelve months after the receipt of the notice of

the testimony. But people who have enjoyed the benefits of the provisions of this Convention, and

that study on the territory of a Contracting State which is denounced by

This Convention will be able to complete the cycle of studies started.

Article 20

The Director-General of the United Nations Educational, scientific and

culture will inform the Contracting States and the other States referred to in

articles 15 and 16, as well as the United Nations, of the deposit of all

instruments of ratification or instruments of access referred to in article 17 as well as on

All denunciations in accordance with article 19 of this Convention.

Article 21

In accordance with article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations, this Convention shall

registered in the Secretariat of the United Nations at the request of

the Director-General of the United Nations Educational, scientific and


In witness whereof, the undersigned duly authorised representatives have signed this Convention.

Done at Paris on December 21, 1979 in English, Spanish,

the French and Russian languages, all four texts being equally

authentic, in a single copy, which shall be deposited in the archives of the Organization

the United Nations Educational, scientific and Cultural Organization and the one certified

a copy will be forwarded to all States referred to in article 15 and 16, as well as the Organization of the

of the United Nations.

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