On The Convention On Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution

Original Language Title: o Úmluvě o znečišťování ovzduší přecházejícím hranice států

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5/1985 Coll.



DECREE



Minister of Foreign Affairs



of 27 June. November 1984



on the Convention on the long-range air pollution on long-range transboundary



On 13 November. November 1979 was negotiated in Geneva on behalf of the Czechoslovak

the Socialist Republic signed the Convention on transboundary pollution

on long-range transboundary air pollution.



With the Convention have expressed their approval of the Federal Assembly of the Czechoslovak

the President of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Socialist

the Republic has ratified it. The ratification instrument was deposited with the

the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the depositary of the Convention,

on 23 December 2005. December 1983.



Convention entered into force, pursuant to article 16, paragraph 2. 1 day ago 16.

March 1983 and for the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic on the basis of

paragraph 2 of the same article. 2 day 22. March 1984.



Czech translation of the Convention shall be published at the same time.



Minister:



Ing. Chňoupek v.r.



CONVENTION



on transboundary long-range transboundary air pollution



The Contracting Parties to this Convention,



determined to promote relations and cooperation in the field of protection of the

environment,



conscious of the importance of the activities of the UN Economic Commission for Europe

the strengthening of such relations and cooperation, especially in the field of pollution of the

air pollution, including long-range transport of air pollutants,



Recognizing the contribution of the Economic Commission for Europe of the UNITED NATIONS to multilateral

the implementation of the relevant provisions of the final act of the Conference on

Security and cooperation in Europe,



taking into account the environmental part of the chapter of the final act

The Conference on security and cooperation in Europe calling on the cooperation

When monitoring air pollution and its effects, including distance

transmission of air pollutants and to development through

international cooperation programme monitoring and evaluation

of the long-range transmission of air pollutants, starting with carbon

sulphur dioxide and with possible extension to other pollutants,



Bearing in mind the relevant provisions of the Declaration of the United Nations Conference on

the environment and in particular, 21. the principle, which expresses the common

the belief that States have, in accordance with the Charter of the UNITED NATIONS and the principles of

international law, the sovereign right to exploit their own resources in the

accordance with its own environmental policy and responsibility to ensure

to activities within their jurisdiction or control does not damage the

environment of other States or of areas beyond the limits of their national

powers,



Recognizing the existence of possible short-and long-term adverse

effects of air pollutants, including air pollution

the previous borders,



concerned that the predicted increase in the level of discharges of polluting

substances in the region may intensify such adverse effects,



Recognizing the need to study the implications of the long-range transmission of

air pollutants and the need to find solutions to the recognized problems



affirming their willingness to reinforce active international cooperation in the

the development of appropriate national measures and to coordinate State actions in combat

against air pollution including long-range air pollution

the previous border States through the information, consultation,

research and monitoring, have agreed on the following:



The definition of the



Article 1



For the purposes of this Convention:



and) "air pollution" means the introduction by man, directly or

indirectly, of substances or energy into the air, which have disastrous effects

such as to threaten the health of humans, harm living resources and

ecosystems and material property, as well as disrupt and interfere with recreation

pages and other legitimate uses of the environment and "substances

polluting the air "will be interpreted by analogy;



(b)) "remote environmental pollution coming over the border

States "means air pollution whose physical origin is fully or

partially on the territory of the national jurisdiction of one State, and that has a negative

effects on the territory under the jurisdiction of another State at such a distance that the

It is generally not possible to distinguish the proportion of individual resources or resource groups

emissions.



The basic principles of



Article 2



The Contracting Parties, taking due account of the related facts and

the issues are determined to protect man and his environment before

air pollution and shall endeavour to limit and, as far as possible

gradually reduce and prevent air pollution including long-range

air pollution which move across borders.



Article 3



The Contracting Parties in the framework of this Convention will be through the exchange of

information, consultation, research and monitoring performed without unnecessary

delay policy and strategy, which will serve as a means of fighting

against the discharge of air pollutants taking into account

the effort that has already been done at national and international level.



Article 4



The parties will exchange information and review its measures,

scientific activities and technical measures aimed at fighting possible

extent against the discharge of air pollutants that may have

adverse effects, thus contributing to the reduction of air pollution, including

remote air pollution which move across borders.



Article 5



The request will be carried out in the early stages of the consultation between the Contracting

the parties, which on the one hand are actually affected, or

exposed to a significant risk of long-range air pollution

the previous national boundaries, and the Contracting Parties on the other hand, for

which and within their competence occurs or may occur

a significant contribution to the remote air pollution transport

the border States in connection with the work undertaken or thoughtful

These parties.



Air quality management



Article 6



Bearing in mind articles 2 to 5, ongoing research, exchange of information and

monitoring and results, costs and efficiency of local and other

corrective measures and to fight against air pollution,

especially the pollution arising from new or rebuilt plants

Each Contracting Party undertakes to take the best measures and strategy

including air quality management system and as a part of the control

measures in accordance with balanced development, in particular with the use of the best

technique which is economically available, and low-waste and non-waste

technology.



Research and development



Article 7



The Contracting Parties shall, in accordance with their needs, they will initiate and

to cooperate in the management of research and development:



and the existing and proposed technology) to reduce emissions of compounds

sulphur and other major air pollutants taking into account the

technical and economic feasibility as well as the consequences for the

environment;



b) instrumentation and other techniques for monitoring and measuring

emissions and ambient concentrations of air pollutants;



c) improved models for a better understanding of the long-range transmission of

air pollutants in conversion for border States;



(d)) of the effects of sulphur compounds and other major air pollutants

on human health and the environment, including agriculture, forestry,

materials, aquatic and other natural ecosystems and visibility, with a view to

to create a scientific basis for dose/effect relationship-focused on the protection of

environment;



(e)) the evaluation of alternative measures to achieve the objectives in matters of

environment in terms of economic, social and environmental

including the reduction of long-range air pollution the previous boundaries

States;



f) developing education and training programmes relating to

aspects of environmental pollution by sulphur compounds and other

the main air pollutants.



The exchange of information



Article 8



The Contracting Parties in the framework of the Executive Body, pursuant to article 10 and bilaterally

you will be in their mutual interest to exchange available information on:



and emissions data) agreed deadlines, agreed substances

air pollutants, starting with sulphur dioxide, coming from carbon

units of the network agreed size, or on substances agreed

air pollutants, starting with sulphur dioxide, carbon of the preceding

the State border in agreed increments and in the agreed deadlines;



(b) the main changes in the Government) policy and in general industrial

development and their potential consequences, which would be likely to

caused considerable changes in the previous air pollution

the boundaries of the States;



(c) monitoring technology on reducing) air pollution on

remote air pollution which move across borders;



(d)) on the planned cost of the emission control of sulphur compounds and other

of air pollutants in the national scale;



e) meteorological and physico-chemical data relating to

during the process of transmission of harmful substances;




f) physico-chemical and biological data relating to the effects of the

remote air pollution which move across borders and on the extent to

damages, ^ *) which, according to these data, can be credited to the remote

air pollution transport across borders;



(g)) of national, subregional and regional measures and strategies

on the control and reduction of sulphur compounds and other major substances

air pollutants.



The implementation and further development of the cooperative programme for monitoring and

evaluation of the long-range propagation of air pollutants in Europe



Article 9



The contracting parties stress the need for the realization of the existing

"The cooperative programme for monitoring and evaluation of the long-range transmission

of air pollutants in Europe (EMEP) and taking into account the

the further development of this programme, agree to emphasize:



and it is desirable) to the parties involved and fully implement the

"Cooperative Monitoring Programme (EMEP)", which is the first stage

based on the monitoring of carbon dioxide and the nearby substances;



(b)) need to use comparable or standardized procedures for

monitoring whenever possible;



(c)) it is desirable to establish a monitoring program on the System State,

and international programs. The establishment of monitoring stations and

data collection will be carried out within the framework of State powers in the country

that will be monitoring the bows;



(d)) it is desirable to establish a framework for a coordinated monitoring programme

the environment based, and taking into account the current and future

national, subregional and regional and other international programs;



(e)) of the need to Exchange in agreed periods of emission data

of agreed air pollutants, starting with carbon

sulphur dioxide, coming from network drives, or about the size of the agreed

the flow of agreed air pollutants, starting with carbon

sulphur dioxide, across national borders in the sections of the agreed length and in the agreed

periods. The method used to determine the model including the substance flows

air pollutants as well as the method used for the model including

determination of transfer of air pollutants, based on emission

data from network drives, will be made available and regularly checked

in order to improve methods and models;



(f)) their willingness to continue the Exchange and regular update of State

data on the total discharges of agreed air pollutants

starting with carbon sulphur dioxide gas;



(g)) the need to provide meteorological and physico-chemical data

the processes that take place during the transfer;



h) need to monitor chemical components in other environments such as water,

soil and vegetation, as well as a similar monitoring programme to

recording the effect on health and the environment;



I) it is desirable to extend the national EMEP networks to make them operational and for

the purpose of control and supervision.



Executive Body for the



Article 10



1. the representatives of the Contracting Parties creates, within the Earlier Government

advisers to the ECE for the environment, the Executive Body for the Convention and will be

in this function, meet at least once a year.



2. the Executive Body shall:



and evaluate the implementation of the Convention);



(b)) to create the Working Group, as necessary for the examination of questions

relating to the implementation and development of this Convention, which will be for this purpose

prepare the appropriate studies and other documentation and to submit

recommendation to the Executive Body for consideration;



(c)) to comply with any other functions as may be appropriate under the provisions of

of this Convention.



3. the Executive authority will take advantage of the Management Committee for EMEP, as an integral

components of the execution of this Convention; especially with regard to the collection of

data on scientific cooperation.



4. In the performance of its functions, the Executive authority shall, if it considers it appropriate,

also use information from other relevant international organizations.



The Secretariat of the



Article 11



The Executive Secretary of the UN Economic Commission for Europe will be for the Executive Body

to perform the following functions: sekretariátní



and convene and prepare meetings) of the Executive Body;



(b) transmit to the Contracting Parties) reports and other information received in accordance

with the provisions of this Convention;



(c) carry out the functions laid down) by the executive body.



Amendments to the Convention



Article 12



1. Any Contracting Party may propose amendments to this Convention.



2. The Text of proposed amendments shall be referred to the Executive in writing

the Secretary-General of the UN Economic Commission for Europe, who shall forward them to all

to the Contracting Parties. The Executive Body will discuss the proposed amendments at the next

the annual meeting provided that such proposals have been circulated by the Executive

Secretary of the Economic Commission of the UNITED NATIONS to all Contracting Parties

no later than ninety days in advance.



3. the Appendix to this Convention will be adopted by consensus of the representatives of the

the Contracting Parties and shall enter into force for those Contracting Parties which it

approved, the ninetieth day after the date on which two thirds of the Contracting Parties

have deposited their instruments of acceptance with the depositary. After Appendix entry

into force for any Contracting Party on the ninetieth day after the date when

that Contracting Party deposits its instrument of acceptance of the amendment.



Resolution of disputes



Article 13



If a dispute arises between two or more Contracting Parties to this

the Convention, as regards its interpretation or application, they will search

a solution by negotiation or by any other means of dispute resolution that is

acceptable to the parties to the dispute.



The signature of the



Article 14



1. this Convention shall be open for signature at the Office of the United

Nations in Geneva from 13. to 16. November 1979 on the occasion of the meeting

at a high level of environmental protection in the framework of the European

of the Commission by the Member States and the States of the Economic Commission for Europe

having consultative status in the Economic Commission for Europe in accordance with

Article 8 of the resolutions of the economic and Social Council of the UNITED NATIONS 36 (IV) of 28. March

1947 and regional economic integration organizations,

consisting of a sovereign Member State of the European economic

the Commission, which are competent for the negotiation, conclusion and application

of international agreements in matters governed by this Convention.



2. Within its competence, such regional economic

the integration of the Organization on their own behalf, exercise the rights and fulfil the obligations,

which this Convention ascribes to their Member States. In such

cases, the Member States of these organizations shall not be entitled to exercise

such rights individually.



Ratification, acceptance, approval and access



Article 15



1. this Convention is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval.



2. This Convention shall be open for accession, starting at 17. November 1979

States and organizations referred to in article 14, paragraph 1.



3. the instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall be deposited

with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, which will be

to perform the functions of depositary.



Entry into force



Article 16



1. This Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of

twenty-fourth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.



2. For each Contracting Party which ratifies, accepts or approves

This Convention or accedes thereto after the deposit of the twenty-fourth instrument of

ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the Convention shall enter into force on

the ninetieth day after the date of the Contracting Parties has deposited its instrument

of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.



Notice of termination



Article 17



At any time after the expiry of five years from the date of entry into force of this Convention for

the Contracting Party, that Contracting Party may notify the depositary, in writing,

denunciation of the Convention. Any such termination shall be effective the ninetieth day

After the date of its receipt by the depositary.



Force lyrics



Article 18



The original of this Convention, of which the English, French and Russian texts

equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the Organization of the

of the United Nations.



In witness whereof the undersigned, duly authorised for that purpose, have signed

This Convention.



Done at Geneva, on 13 November. November of the year one thousand devítistého sedmdesátého

the ninth.



*) This Convention does not contain rules on the liability of the State for damage caused

damage.

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