The Amendment Of The Code. About The Safe Handling Of Explosives In Buildings On The

Original Language Title: Novela vyhl. o BOZ v objektech na zpracování výbušnin

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Read the untranslated law here: https://portal.gov.cz/app/zakony/download?idBiblio=44079&nr=76~2F1996~20Sb.&ft=txt

76/1996 Coll.



The DECREE



The Czech Mining Authority



of 15 July. in March 1996,



amending the Decree of the Czech Mining Authority no 102/1994 Coll., which

establishes requirements to ensure the safety and health at work

and safety in buildings intended for production and processing

explosives



The Czech mining Office lays down pursuant to § 23 paragraph. 7 of the law of the Czech National Council

No 61/1988 Coll. on mining activities, explosives and the State mining

the Administration, as amended by the Act of the Czech National Council No. 542/1991 Coll., in agreement with the

The Ministry of industry and trade:



Article. (I)



Decree of the Czech Mining Authority no 102/1994 Coll., laying down the

requirements to ensure the safety and protection of health at work and the

safety in buildings intended for production and processing

explosives, shall be amended as follows:



1. Annex 1:



"THE DANGER OF EXPLOSIVES CLASS

The explosives, according to the behavior when the explosive conversion of classified in

These classes of risk:

class A-explosives hazardous mass explosion, which is

around threatened by pressure effects and vymršťovanými

the fragments. The severity of the injury and the extent of the damage are dependent

on the quantity of explosives,

class B explosives unable to mass explosion hazard, fire

explode individually. The pressure effect is limited to the

the immediate surroundings, on construction sites in the vicinity

arise only minor damage. Vymršťované objects

erupt, and thus carry the fire and explosion,

class C explosives unable to mass explosion hazard, fire

raises the strong thermal effects and can quickly

expand. The surrounding area is mainly put at stake the flames, heat

radiation and vyletujícími burning parts. Objects can

individually and be cast ere in the surrounding space.

The threat to structures in the immediate vicinity of the action

Air impact waves is small,

class D-explosives present no significant hazard

for the area. The effects are limited to the individual packages,

fire isn't nearly the entire contents of a single package. Are

capable of burning, articles may individually

exploding. Not the fragments of a dangerous size,

range debris is small.

CLASSIFICATION OF EXPLOSIVES



------------------------------------------------------------------

Class and Serial

the group number of the kind of explosives

danger

------------------------------------------------------------------

AI 1 to an explosive mercury, lead and silver azides,

tricinát, dinitrodiazofenol, tetrazen and other

třaskaviny dry or with a content zvlhčovadla

(e.g. water) up to 10%



2 of detonating mixture for igniters charged with containing the

třaskaviny provided support. No 1 in the dry

the State of the

------------------------------------------------------------------

AII 3 Vysokobrizantní liquid explosives

(nitroglycerin, diglykoldinitrát,

nitroglykol, etc.)



4 Neflegmatizované and 10% flegmatizované

vysokobrizantní solid explosives (component,

hexogen, tetryl, oktogen, etc.) and their

the mixture of explosive items without metal packaging

that contain them in the dry state, blasting

gelatin



5 Explosive items with metallic packaging containing

explosives under the cost. No 4

------------------------------------------------------------------

AIII 6 Vysokobrizantní solid explosives (component,

hexogen, tetryl, oktogen, etc.) and their

mixture of flegmatizované more than 10%, the explosive

items without metal packaging, which is

containing in the dry state



7 black powder in free and pressed state



8 industrial explosives bulk, poloplastické

and plastic, emulsion explosives iniciovatelné

No. 8 detonator and explosive slurry type



9 plastic explosive based on explosives referred to

below cost. No 4 and explosive articles, which is

include (among the ammo)



10 Trinitroresorcin dry or with content

zvlhčovadla (e.g. water) to 20%, tritol,

trinitrobenzen, pikrová acid, and some

next trinitroaromáty dry or with content

zvlhčovadla (e.g. water) to 30% and their

the mixture, but not with the explosives referred to in

acquisition cost. No. 4, explosive articles without metal

the package, which is to contain



11 Nitrocellulose with water or alcohol content

up to 10%



12 pyrotechnics Group 11)



13 Ready sharp ammunition with a trhavinovou filling

class and



14 Poloostrá neadjustovaná (without ammunition

detonators, munitions containing components)

trhavinovou AII or AIII class content, all

types and calibers



15 Explosive items with metallic packaging containing

the explosives referred to in class, AIII (outside of the

the ammo)



16 igniters charged with (matches, fuse, detonators,

detonating cords), blasting the exploder,

sharp počinovou lighters filling



17 of smokeless powders drobnozrnné2)

------------------------------------------------------------------

AIV 18 Of DAP and emulsion explosives, which

not iniciovatelné exploder 8

------------------------------------------------------------------

(B) 19 Třaskaviny and detonating mixture containing

zvlhčovadla (e.g. water) over 10% of the



20 m-Dinitrobenzene, dry crystalline and some

For more dinitroaromáty



21 Trinitroresorcin zvlhčovadla content

(e.g. water) above 20%, pikrová acid

with the contents of zvlhčovadla (e.g. water) above 30%



22 Charge and charge with nevýbušnou caliber projectile

over 30 mm



23 Sharp lighters without the rozbuškové fuses,

without initiating refills, matches the screws,

igniter, etc.



24 Poloostrá neadjustovaná (without ammunition

detonators), part of the ammunition that contains

trhavinovou AII or AIII class content, all

types and calibers, incapable of a mass explosion hazard



25 pyrotechnics Group 21)



26 pyrotechnics in groups 1 and 2 in the

the pressed state and products, which is

contain



27 pyrotechnic products, pills,

a few, etc.



28 Explosives and explosive articles of class of danger

And that its construction or the packaging

meet the requirements for inclusion in class

danger B

------------------------------------------------------------------

(C) 29 smokeless powders drobnozrnné2)



30 Nitrocellulose with water or alcohol content

from 10 to 25%, and položelatina with water content

up to 25%



31 Spalitelná of meat and products from it (combustible

the mantle)



32 smokeless powders of all kinds

(nitrocellulose, nitroglycerinové,

diglykolové, etc.) and the filling of them, outside of the

the money provided under the cost. No 17 and 29



33 Nitrochipsy (nitrocellulose softened by appropriate

změkčovadlem with the addition of pigment), only

that are classified as explosives



34 Položelatina with a water content of 25%



35 Solid fuel



36 Rounds with the nevýbušnou shot to 30 mm caliber

with the propellant of a weight greater than 50

g, rozbuškovou lighters fuse without

initiating explosives



37 articles containing Explosive liquid

lehkovznětlivé mixture



explosives and explosive articles 38 classes of danger

And (B) that its construction or the packaging

meet the requirements for inclusion in class

hazard (C)

------------------------------------------------------------------

(D) explosives and explosive articles 39 classes of danger

And, (B) and (C) that its construction or

packaging meet the conditions for inclusion in the

(D) hazard class

------------------------------------------------------------------



The EXPLANATORY NOTES



1) Distribution of pyrotechnical compositions:



In Group 1, include the explosive pyrotechnics in free neslisovaném

the State, which after activating an explosive decomposition may occur:



and for achieving the specified mixture) of audio and Flash effects



(b)), multiple zažehovací,



(c) an incendiary mixture with oxygenated) salts, for example. chlorečnanové mixture with

the content of at least 50% of the mixture of potassium chlorate, two-component based on metal

powders (Al, Mg, Al-Mg, Zr, etc.) and oxygen salt and peroxide as

okysličovadel.



In the Group 2 include the explosive pyrotechnics in free neslisovaném

the State, which after activating an explosive decomposition may occur only

emergency conditions (e.g. when a sudden increase in pressure of the gases in their

burning):



and multiple lighting),



(b) the mixture of light),



(c)), multiple stopovkové, etc.



In the Group 3 include the pyrotechnics without the danger of explosive

decomposition:



and multiple bezplynné and máloplynné) for the zpožďovače,



(b)), thermite mixture



(c) a mixture of Group 2) heavily flegmatizované (e.g. smoke mixture).



2) smokeless powders leave small-grained shall be classified into classes and groups at risk
the tests carried out, taking into account to a file

technical and organisational measures to reduce the gradient of the combustion in the

detonation. ".



2. Annex 2:



"SORTING THE MOST IMPORTANT PRODUCTION OF OBJECTS

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Type of production AI AII, AIII AIV (B) (C) (D)

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Production production production of Objects Objects

high explosives and modifying and editing

and třaskavých of high explosives high explosives

Lodge and třaskavých and třaskavých

lodge to lodge, dry

along the way, or wet

with the content with content

zvlhčovadla zvlhčovadla

(e.g., water, above 10%.

ethanol, Disposal

butyl acetate) waste water treatment

up to 10% of the production sites and

preparation

high explosives and

třaskavých

the lodging of chemically

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Production Of Objects Objects Objects

liquid nitration, Nitration, sedimentation

dusičných, washing and separation and purification

esters, laundry and waste stabilisation. waters,

Penthrite, stabilization, where the separation,

hexogenu drying processes of sedimentation,

etc. screening, ongoing stabilization

the package, in the emulsion and denitrace

flegmatizace waste

acids

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Production Of All The Production Processing

Black double operation and labouring

the dust production mixes black

and his black dust on the basis

processing of saltpeter, coal-dust, wet

saltpeter-sulphur,

processing

and elaboration

Black

dust

for drought

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Production and Preparation All objects for operation

blasting processing production (mixing, preparation

explosives of gelatine náložkování, inlays

plastic, packaging, etc.) dinitrolátek

poloplastických (melting, pumping,

and loose with Dear)

explosives

groups of AII

and AIII

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Explosives mixing, production

DAP and emulsních náložkování,

explosives packaging

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Production, editing, Odkyselňování

nitrocellulose and packaging of autoclaving,

nitrocellulose drainage

up to 10% moisture content of nitrocellulose

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Production Of Drying, Mechanical Pressing, Production

smokeless homogenization, the performance of the cutting, spherical

smokeless powders and sifting, drying, money

rigid packaging powders in the drying (green

smokeless fuel cartridge homogenisation of grain)

(TPH) and packaging with

the length of the smokeless

smokeless powders pre-detonation dusts

zone (RS) RS and

smokeless

with REMOTE SENSING

in objects,

where are the

taken

measures

in order to avoid

detonation.

Production

položelatiny.

Drying,

homogenization

and packaging

spherical

money

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The production of Objects for Objects for the Preparation

pyrotechnic mixing production and oxidovadel

lodging for drought, and metal processing

in Group 1, pyrotechnic powders for

tempering, the lodging of Group 1 pyrotechnic

wet storage. mixture

Preparation of pyrotechnic Group 1

the lodging of Group 1 of chlorates

(milling, drying,

sifting)

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Production of ammunition production and Elaboration and Labouring

with the trhavinovou report, the assembling of a preheated

fillings of class and sharp ammunition filling explosives (into the

with an explosive solid mass

filling. dust, 200 g)

Preparation assembling

explosives and nábojek,

trhavinových report

a mixture of AIII and zápalkových

their screws,

processing of lighters

(casting, and detonators.

šnekováním, surface

pressing Edit

, etc.). ammo

Report (cumshot

munič. parts, etc.).

(focus Packaging

lighters,

screwing

lighters

and zápalkových

screws, etc.).

Demilitarization

ammo

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Production Of Objects Of Labouring

detonators for the report matches

(matchsticks, detonators, and detonators to

igniters, pressing the mechanical

detonators, and cleaning of parts without

detonating cords), detonators, explosive

blasting cleaning refills cartridges.

with the exploder, matches, Service

sharp focus the initiators

lighters, lighters,

with the počinovou report blasting

filling filling with

the exploder,

production

detonating cords

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Production and Mill production of Objects

processing for blending pyrotechnic pyrotechnic-

pyrotechnic for drought, lodging of Group 2, heavy folds

the lodging of Group 2 drying and wet objects,

tempering, report preparation

storage of pyrotechnic oxidovadel

pyrotechnic and other metal

lodging products powders

containing the Group 2

pyrotechnic

mixture

groups 1 and 2

(fireworks,

signal

the rockets, etc.)

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Manufacture of Welding production and

pyrotechnic plastic Assembly

pyrotechnical products, products

výbušek, etc. ultrasound products

with filling containing AIII

multiple groups

1 and 2.

Fireworks,

signal

pyrotechnic

resources

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Production of ammunition Filling nábojek

with nevýbušnou and assembling

shot to the caliber of the ammunition

30 mm with propellant

filling

about weight

greater than 50 g

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



Other production objects shall be classified into classes and groups of risk on the basis of

tests carried out or vocational assessment, taking into account to a file

technical and organisational measures and technological State of

the explosives in the building. ".



3. Annex 3:



"THE DETERMINATION OF SAFETY DISTANCES



(1) the safety distance shall be determined according to the basic formula

S = k. (M) n,



where S is the safety distance (m)

k is the coefficient of the elected according to the character and construction

implementation of the affected object, and the degree of damage

design and construction of an object affects the
M is the lining (kg)

n is the exponent whose value depends on a decking threatening

object.



(2) for the determination of safety distances from the object class and the danger,

In addition to the safety distance for the affected warehouse and production

the class of danger, and, the coefficients referred to in table 1 of this

the annex, while the values corresponding to an exponent n = 1/2 are used for

covering less than 2000 kg, corresponding to the value of the exponent n = 1/3

used for lining of 2000 kg and more. The value of the coefficient k of the

the range of the building affected by the implementation of the chosen object, its

meaning, nature, terrain, etc.



(3) for the determination of safety distances the affected manufacturing objects

classes and groups the risk of AI to AIV from warehouses and production buildings of class

danger and shall apply the coefficients listed in table 2 of this

Annex.



(4) in the case of explosives, which with its energy content significantly deviate

from trinitrotoluene, etc. some of the high explosives, pyrotechnical compositions,

explosives of the type DBT, vysokobrizantních explosives, M is:



and can be multiply by kekv), if its value is less than 1,



(b)) to be multiply by kekv, if its value is greater than 1.



The value of the coefficient of kekv are listed in table 3 of this annex.



(5) the safety distance from the object class and the danger in which they are

objects around in the explosion-threatening rozletem of heavy debris, is for

roads and railways at least 180 m and for residential buildings outside the territory

the establishment of at least 275 m.



(6) the safety distance from the object of class danger (B), which is

around threatened only rozletem light debris, shall be as follows:



and for any class) risk and production výbušinářského

operation in potentially explosive atmospheres is a safety distance of 15 to 90 m,



(b)) for the production without the risk of explosion is the safety distance

25 to 90 m,



(c)) for the administrative, social, energy or other objects not related to

manufacture of explosives is a safety distance of 40 to 90 m,



(d)) for roads and railways the safety distance is determined according to the

the basic formula, which uses the values of k = 39, n = 1/6; the smallest

However, the safety distance is 60 m,



(e)) for a residential building outside the facility security clearance

determined in accordance with the basic formula, which uses the values of k = 58, n =

1/6; the minimum safety distance is 90 m.



(7) the safety distance from the object of class B in which the hazards are

objects around in the explosion-threatening rozletem of heavy debris and ammunition

caliber above 60 mm, shall be as follows:



and for any class) risk and production výbušinářského

operation in potentially explosive atmospheres the safety distance is 15 to 135 m,



(b)) for the production without the risk of explosion is the safety distance

25 to 135 m,



(c)) for the administrative, social, energy or other objects not related to

manufacture of explosives is a safety distance of 40 to 135 m,



(d)) for roads and railways the safety distance is determined according to the

the basic formula, which uses the values of k = 51, n = 1/6; the smallest

However, the safety distance is 90 m,



(e)) for a residential building outside the facility security clearance

determined in accordance with the basic formula, which uses the values of k = 76, n =

1/6; the minimum safety distance is 135 m.



(8) If it is possible to choose a safety distance referred to in paragraphs 6 and 7 of the

a certain range, according to building design-threatening and

the affected object.



(9) for the determination of safety distance from the object of class danger (C)

apply the exponent n = 1/3, and the coefficients listed in table 4 of this

Annex.



(10) if the lining of the object class of danger (C) less than 100 kg,

safety distance does not provide.



(11) the safety distance from the object of class danger (D) Assembly

100 kg and above is for all the buildings inside the establishment of at least 10 m,

for a residential building outside the establishment, roads and railways, at least 25

m. in the implementation of appropriate protective measures can be a security

the distance reduced, or does not provide.



(12) if the lining of the object class of danger (D) less than 100 kg,

safety distance does not provide.



(13) in the different building design and the placement of hazardous objects

the explosion will determine the safety distance according to the following principles:



and if the object) is partially ovalován, then in the direction of the open sides

the safety distance is calculated as for object neovalovaný,



(b)) are two adjacent objects to each other through the open sides,

determine the distance between them as objects without barriers,



(c)) is a free party bunkrového the object protected by the dike, the

This object for the ovalovaný,



d) If two objects common val, when calculating each

an object with one wall,



(e)) for buildings located in the common bunkrového type powder, each of

consider ovalovaný object.



(14) when determining the safety distance between two objects

provides safety distance for each object individually, but it is

more of them.



Table No. 1



The coefficients for the determination of safety distances from objects of the class

the risk and

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The degree of damage to the security of the affected object n

zone object 1/2 1/3

to

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 Warehouses of explosives is not the transmission of detonation. The destruction of the object, complete 1.5 0.5

and manufacturing buildings to an upset of objects

(B) hazard classes, 2.5 8

(C) and (D), objects

small importance

unattended,

laboratories,

service and

shooting range

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2 Objects without damaging the frames of Windows and doors, plastering, internal violations more more

the risk of explosion, wooden partitions than

the administrative, social, 8 2.5

energy and the other to

the building where the 4.5 15

do not prepare and

do not process

explosives

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 Individual buildings of Light damage to buildings, a greater range of more zničeníoken more

outside the territory than before

the establishment, 4.5 15

roads, railways, up to

6 22

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4 the village without continuous Partial damage to the glass windows of the more more

high-rise buildings than

6 22

up to

17 60

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

5 Settlement with accidental damage the glazed Windows, more more

tall buildings, than

the hospital, 17 60

significant cultural

monuments, buildings

with a high

the concentrations of people,

for example. United

Business Centre

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



Table No. 2



The coefficients for the determination of safety distance of the production of objects

class of danger and from the warehouses and industrial objects of the class of danger, and, when

where there is no direct transfer of detonation

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Affected object

------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -

Threatening object Class and group risk

------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -

-----------------------

Lining Building n AI AII, AIII AIV

provedení ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -

without the wall with the wall without the wall with the wall without the wall with the wall without the wall with wall

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

M without wall

the smaller 1/2 1.6 3.0 6.0 2.4 4.0 0.8 1.2 2.0

než ---------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -

2000 with Val 2.4 1.2 1.2 1.6 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.4

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

M bigger without wall

or 21 14 11 4 8.5 5.7 6.0 2.5

rovná se -------- 1/3 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -

2000 with Val 8.5 4.3 5.7 2.8 2.5 1.3 4 2

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



Table No 3



Factors which affect the energy content of the explosives in the calculation
safety distances

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

explosive kekv

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Třaskaviny dry or with water content of 10%, mining

explosives (II). category, black powder 0.5

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Permissible explosives category I 0.65

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Dust permissible explosives 0.8

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Vysokobrizantní solid explosives and their

the mixture of plastic explosive manufactured on their basis 1.2

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------



Table No. 4



The coefficients for the determination of safety distances from objects of the class

hazard (C)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Safety

zone of the affected object to



1 all classes of Warehouses, production risk objects

connected with production operations with a danger of explosion, objects

little importance without the operator, laboratories,

testing and shooting range 1 to 3.5

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2 Production objects without the danger of explosion, more than

3.5 až4, 5

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 Administrative, social, energy, and other objects

non-production of explosives, road,

more than železnice1)

4.5 až6, 5

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4 residential buildings outside the territory of the provozovny2) more than

6.5

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------



The EXPLANATORY NOTES



the minimum safety distance of 1) to transport routes is 40 m.



2) Smallest safety distance is 60 m. ".



Article II



This Decree shall take effect on the date of publication.



Chairman:



Ing. Bartos v. r.