Convention On Prohibitions Or Restrictions On The Use Of Certain Conventional Weapons

Original Language Title: Úmluva o zákazu nebo omezení použití některých konvenčních zbraní

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Read the untranslated law here: https://portal.gov.cz/app/zakony/download?idBiblio=47448&nr=21~2F1999~20Sb.&ft=txt

21/1999 Coll.



The COMMUNICATION FROM the



Ministry of Foreign Affairs



Change: 115/2006 Coll.



Ministry of Foreign Affairs says that the June 10. October 1980 was in

Geneva adopted the Convention on Prohibitions or restrictions on the use of certain

conventional weapons which may be Excessively Injurious or to have

indiscriminate effects.



On behalf of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the Convention was signed in

New York 10 June. April 1981.



With the Convention have expressed their approval of the Federal Assembly of the Czechoslovak

Socialist Republic and the President of the Republic has ratified the Convention.



The ratification instrument was deposited the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic

with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, depositary of the Convention,

on 31 December 2004. August 1982.



When ratifying the Convention, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic expressed

in accordance with the provisions of article 4, paragraph 2. 3 consent to be bound:



Protocol on non-detectable fragments (Protocol I),



Protocol on Prohibitions or restrictions on the use of mines, booby-traps and other

devices (Protocol II), and



Protocol on Prohibitions or restrictions on the use of incendiary weapons (Protocol

(III)).



Convention entered into force, pursuant to article 5 (3). 1 day 2.

on this day in December 1983 and entered into force for the Czechoslovak

Socialist Republic of Vietnam.



On 22 November. February 1993 Czech Republic announced to the Secretary-General

The United Nations as a successor State to the Czech and

Slovak Federal Republic considers it bound by the Convention on the prohibition of

or limitation of the use of certain conventional weapons which may be

Excessively Injurious or to have indiscriminate effects, including

Protocols of 10 May. October 1980, with effect from 1. January 1993.



On 13 November. October 1995 was 8. the plenary session of the Conference of the

Parties to the Convention adopted



The additional protocol to the Convention on Prohibitions or restrictions on the use of certain

conventional weapons which may be Excessively Injurious or to have

indiscriminate effects (Protocol on blinding laser weapons-

Protocol IV), and



3 December 2004. May 1996 was received on 14. the plenary session of the Conference

the Contracting Parties to the Convention



Protocol on Prohibitions or restrictions on the use of mines, booby-traps and other devices

as amended on 3 December. May 1996 (Protocol II as amended on 3 may

1996) annexed to the Convention on Prohibitions or restrictions on the use of certain

conventional weapons which may be Excessively Injurious or to have

indiscriminate effects.



With the additional protocol and Protocol II as amended on 3 December. May 1996

its assent, Parliament of the Czech Republic and the President of the Republic

The protocols accepted.



Additional Protocol (Protocol IV) entered into force on the basis of their

Article 2 and article 5 (3). 4 the Convention on 30 April 2005. July 1998 and for the Czech

the Republic shall enter into force on 10 July 2004. February 1999.



Protocol II as amended on 3 December. May 1996, entered into force on

the basis of its article 2 and of article 5 (3). 4 of the Convention on 3 June 2006. December 1998

and for the Czech Republic shall enter into force on 10 July 2004. February 1999.



Czech translation of the Convention and the protocols to be open at the same time.



CONVENTION



on Prohibitions or restrictions of use of certain conventional weapons which may be

Excessively Injurious or to have indiscriminate effects



The High Contracting Parties:



Recalling that every State has the obligation, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations,

Abstaining from in its international relations, the use of force or the threat of

force against the sovereignty, territorial integrity or political independence

of another State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the objectives of the United Nations,



Further recalling the general principle of the protection of the civilian population

against the effects of military action



based on the principle of international law that the law of the party in the armed

the conflict in the choice of methods and ways of warfare is not unlimited, and the

the policy, which prohibits the use of weapons in armed conflict,

ammunition, materials and methods of warfare, that lead to extraordinary

injury and unnecessary suffering,



Recalling also that the use of methods or means of

the conduct of war, from which it can be expected, to cause widespread, long-term

and serious damage to the environment, or that are intended to do so,



Reaffirming its determination that in the cases, which are not included in this

Convention, the attached to it in the logs or in other international

agreements, the civilian population and a struggling party all the time

under the protection and principles of international law emanating from the

established customs, from the principles of humanity and the requirements of public conscience,



Desiring to contribute to the international release, their races in the

arms control and confidence-building measures between States and from there to the realization of the aspirations of all

of mankind to live in peace,



Recognizing the importance of expending all efforts which can contribute to

progress on the road to General and complete disarmament under strict and effective

international control,



Reaffirming the need to continue the codification and the progressive development of

norms of international law applicable in armed conflicts,



Desiring to make it disabled or more limited use of some

conventional weapons, and considering that the positive results achieved in the

This area may facilitate the main talks on disarmament with a view to

stopping the production, accumulation and dissemination of such weapons,



Emphasizing the need for all, especially the militarily significant States,

have become parties to this Convention and its annexed protocols,



considering the fact that the UN General Assembly and UN Commission on

Disarmament may decide to examine the question of the possible extension of the

scope of the prohibitions and restrictions contained in this Convention and its accompanying

the protocols,



Furthermore, bearing in mind that the Committee on Disarmament may decide

consider the question of the adoption of other measures to prohibit or restrict the use of

certain conventional weapons



have agreed upon the following:



Article 1



Range of use



1. this Convention and its annexed protocols will be applied to the situation

referred to in common article 2 of the Geneva Conventions of 12. August 1949 about

the protection of victims of war, including all of the situations referred to in paragraph 4 of article

1 of the additional Protocol I to these conventions.



2. In addition to the situations referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, this Convention and

accompanied by logs will also apply to the situations referred to in

common article 3 of the Geneva Conventions of 12. August 1949. This Convention and to

it annexed Protocols shall not apply to situations of national

unrest and tensions, such as riots, isolated and sporadic violent

acts and other acts of a similar nature that are not armed conflicts.



3. in the case of armed conflicts that are not of an international character and

which take place within the territory of the High Contracting Parties, each

the party to the conflict shall be bound to apply the prohibitions and restrictions under this Convention

and its attached Protocols.



4. None of the provisions of this Convention or to protocols annexed to it

It will not apply to affect the sovereignty of the State or the obligation to

the Government of all legal means to maintain or re-establish the legality

and order in the State or to defend the unity and territorial integrity of the State.



5. None of the provisions of this Convention and its annexed Protocols

It will not apply to justify interference, direct or indirect,

for whatever reason, in an armed conflict or in the internal or

External Affairs the High Contracting Parties in the territory, where the

the conflict.



6. Application the provisions of this Convention and its annexed protocols on

non-parties to the conflict between the High Contracting Parties which have accepted this

The Convention and its annexed protocols, is directly or indirectly does not change the legal

the position of these parties or legal status of the disputed territory.



7. The provisions of paragraphs 2 to 6 of this article will not be affected by the additional

The protocols adopted after 1. January 2002, which may apply to exclude or

change the scope of its application in relation to this article.



Article 2



Relationship to other international agreements



In this Convention and its annexed Protocols shall not be construed

as the withdrawal from the other obligations arising for the High Contracting

the parties of the international humanitarian law applicable in armed

the conflict.



Article 3



The signature of the



This Convention shall be open for signature by all States at the headquarters of the United Nations in New York

After a period of 12 months starting at 10. April 1981.



Article 4



Ratification, acceptance, approval of or access



1. this Convention is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval by States which have

have signed it. Any State which has not signed the Convention, it may

proceed.



2. the instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall be deposited

with the depositary.



3. the expression of consent to be bound by any of the Protocol annexed to this

The Convention will be optional for each State, provided that at the time of

deposit of instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval of this Convention or

access to it shall notify the depositary of its consent to be bound by two or

more protocols.



4. At any time after the deposit of instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval of this

Convention or accession to it can become aware of the depositary of its consent

be bound by any annexed Protocol, which has not yet been bound.




5. any protocol by which a high contracting party is bound by, for

This page represent an integral part of this Convention.



Article 5



Entry into force



1. this Convention shall enter into force six months after the deposit of the 20th

instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession thereto.



2. for each State which deposits its instrument of ratification, the connection

approval or accession thereto after the date of deposit of the 20th instrument of

ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, this Convention shall

into force six months after the date on which the State has deposited its instrument of

ratification, acceptance, approval or accession thereto.



3. Each of the protocols annexed to this Convention shall enter into force six

months after the date on which the twenty States are its consent to be bound by it

in accordance with paragraph 3 or 4 of article 4 of this Convention.



4. for each State that are its consent to be bound by protocols

annexed to this Convention after the date on which the twenty States notifikovalo its

consent to be bound, the entry into force of the protocols, six months after the

the date when the State notifikoval its consent to be bound in this way.



Article 6



The expansion of



The High Contracting Parties undertake, both in time of peace, and in the course of the

the armed conflict in their own countries to disseminate as widely as possible

This Convention and those of the protocols annexed to it, which are bound, and

especially include their study to the program of military training so that

with them might be familiar to their armed forces.



Article 7



Contractual relations upon the entry into force of this Convention,



1. In the event that one of the parties involved in the conflict is not bound

any of the attached Protocols, parties bound by this Convention and this

the attached Protocol shall remain bound by them in their mutual

relationships.



2. each High Contracting Party will be bound by this Convention and for her

the attached Protocol, which entered into force for it, in each

the situation referred to in article 1, in respect of any State which is not

party to this Convention and is not bound by the Protocol, the competent attached

If the State adopts and applies this Convention or the relevant

Protocol and shall so inform the depositary.



3. the depositary will be the High Contracting Parties shall immediately inform each

the notification, which will be delivered in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article.



4. this Convention and annexed protocols, High Contracting Party which is

bound, will apply to armed conflict against the High Contracting

side, which is covered by article 1 (1). 4 of the additional Protocol I

The Geneva Convention of 12. August 1949 on the protection of victims of war:



and) if the High Contracting Party whether or not party to additional protocol

I and if the authority referred to in article 96 paragraph 2. 3 this Protocol shall

undertook to apply the Geneva Convention and the additional protocol and in accordance with the

Article 96 paragraph 2. 3 of the said Protocol, and undertakes to apply this Convention

and the relevant protocols attached to this conflict; or



b) if the High Contracting Party is not a party to additional Protocol I

and authority of the type referred to in subparagraph (a) above) receives and applies the obligations

The Geneva Conventions and of the Convention and the relevant protocols attached to the

This conflict. Such adoption and use will have in relation to this

conflict the following effects:



(i) the Geneva Convention and the relevant provisions of this Convention and its annexed Protocols

shall enter into force for the parties to the conflict with immediate effect;



(ii) the said authorities shall take the same rights and obligations as those which have been

accepted by the High Contracting Party in the Geneva Conventions, in the Convention, and

the relevant protocols attached to it; and



(iii) the Geneva Convention, the Convention and its relevant protocols accompanying the

they are equally binding on all parties to the conflict.

A high contracting party and the authority may also agree to and

using the obligations stemming from the additional Protocol I to the Geneva

conventions on a reciprocal basis.



Article 8



Revision and amendment



1.



and at any time after this) the Convention entered into force, any High Contracting

party to propose amendments to this Convention or to any of the included

the Protocol is bound. Each proposed amendment shall be notified to the depositary,

that it shall inform all High Contracting Parties and to seek their opinion

on the possible convening of a Conference, which is expected to discuss this proposal.

If most of the at least 18 high contracting parties, the

agree, the depositary shall promptly convene a Conference to which all the

the High Contracting Parties would be invited. States which are not parties to this

The Convention will be invited to the Conference as observers.



(b)) this Conference may agree with the changes that will be accepted and

which enter into force in the same manner as this Convention and

the attached Protocols, with the condition that the changes in the Convention may be adopted

only the High Contracting Parties, and that changes to a given

the Protocol may be adopted only by the High Contracting Parties,

they are bound by this Protocol.



2.



and at any time after this) the Convention entered into force, High Contracting Parties

propose additional protocols relating to other categories of

conventional weapons, which are not included in the existing protocols.

Any such proposal to the additional Protocol shall be notified to the depositary, who

It shall inform all High Contracting Parties in accordance with paragraph 1a)

This article. If most of the at least 18 high contracting parties,

will agree, the depositary shall promptly convene a Conference to which the

all States will be invited.



(b)) this Conference, with the full participation of the States represented at the Conference,

may approve the additional protocols, which will be adopted in the same way

as this Convention, will be attached to it and will come into force the way it is

referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4 of article 5.



3.



and If after the expiry of the 10-year) period from this Convention in

force will not be under subparagraphs 1a) and 2a) this article called no

the Conference, any High Contracting Party may ask the depositary of

the convening of the Conference at which it would have been all the High Contracting Parties

invited to examine the scope and operation of this Convention and to her

the protocols annexed thereto and to examine any proposal for changes in this

Convention, or in existing protocols. States which are not parties to

This Convention will be invited to the Conference as observers. Conference

You may agree with the changes that will be accepted and which have entered into

into force in accordance with subparagraph 1 b) above.



(b)) at this Conference can also be assessed each proposal on supplementary

protocols relating to other categories of conventional weapons, which are not

included in the existing annexed Protocols. All States

represented at the Conference may fully participate in this assessment.

Any additional protocols will be adopted in the same way as the

The Convention will be annexed to it and will enter into force, as provided for

in paragraphs 3 and 4 of article 5 of this Convention.



(c)) the Conference may consider whether it should be at the request of any

the High Contracting Parties made to convene a further Conference in

If after the expiry of a similar period, as stated in subparagraph

3A) of this article, not to convene any conference referred to in

subparagraph 1a) or 2a) of this article.



Article 9



Notice of termination



1. any High Contracting Party may denounce this Convention or

any attached to it by the Protocol shall so inform the depositary.



2. any such denunciation shall take effect upon expiry of one year from the

the time when the depositary has received the notification of denunciation. However, if after

the expiration of that year by the High Contracting Party to that Convention or

Protocol testified he finds himself in one of the situations referred to in article 1,

This page will continue to be bound by the obligations of this Convention and the relevant to her

the protocols attached to the end of the armed conflict or occupation and

in any case, until the termination of the operations associated with the final

release, repatriation or establishment people, which had been under the protection of the standards

the international law applicable in armed conflict, and in the case of

any of the attached Protocol containing provisions relating to the

situations in which the unit or the UN mission they perform functions to maintain

peace, observations or similar functions in the area concerned, until the end of

These functions.



3. any denunciation of this Convention shall be deemed to be a denunciation of related

also to all the attached Protocols, which is meaningful

a high contracting party is bound.



4. each statement will apply only to the High Contracting Party which

announced the resignation.



5. Any denunciation shall not affect the obligations that meaningful high

the party already has negotiated, due to armed conflict, in accordance with this

The Convention and its annexed protocols for any act committed before the

than the notice became effective.



Article 10



The depositary



1. the depositary of this Convention and its annexed protocols, the General

the Secretary-General of the United Nations.



2. in addition to its usual functions, the depositary shall inform all States

about:



a) signatures of this Convention in accordance with article 3;



(b)) the deposit of instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval of or accession to the

This Convention pursuant to article 4;




(c) notifications of consent to be bound) accompanying protocols pursuant to article

4;



d) data, when this Convention and its annexed Protocols shall enter

in accordance with article 5; and



e) notifications of denunciation received in accordance with article 9 and the date of their

the validity of.



Article 11



The authenticity of the texts



The original of this Convention, with accompanying protocols, of which the Arabic, Chinese,

English, French, Russian and Spanish text being equally authentic,

shall be deposited with the depositary, which shall transmit certified copies to all the States.



PROTOCOL ON NON-DETECTABLE FRAGMENTS



(Protocol I)



It is prohibited to use any weapon the primary effect is to

injuries that are fragments in the human body undetectable

x-rays.



PROTOCOL ON PROHIBITIONS OR RESTRICTIONS ON THE USE OF MINES, BOOBY-TRAPS AND OTHER DEVICES



(Protocol II)



Article 1



Material scope of application



This Protocol relates to the use on land mines, booby-traps and other

the resources here are defined, including the min asked in order to prevent

access to coastal zones, water or river, but is not

the use of protilodních min at sea or on inland waters

the go.



Article 2



The definition of the



For the purposes of this Protocol:



1. "Mine" means a munition placed under all countries, above ground or in

close to the ground or other surface area and designed so that the Americans joined the war

or exploded by the presence, proximity or contact of a person or vehicle,

and "mina for minování at a distance" means all mines so defined,

which are shipped guns, rockets, mortars or similar means

or dropped from aircraft.



2. the "Lure" means any resource or material that is designated,

constructed or adapted to kill or injury and which acts

unexpectedly in contact or approach the person to the seemingly innocuous

subject or when performing a seemingly safe Act.



3. "Other devices" means manually placed munitions and means

intended for killing, injury, or damage, which are activated via the remote

control or automatically after a certain period of time.



4. "Military objective" means, with regard to objects, all the objects that

by their nature, location, purpose or use effectively contribute to

military action and whose total or partial destruction, casting, or

neutralization, in the circumstances existing at a given time, represents the

a definite military advantage.



5. "Civilian objects" are all objects which are not military objectives

defined in paragraph 4.



6. "recording" means a physical, administrative and technical tasks

aimed at the acquisition of all of the available information which permit the identification

the position of the minefield, mines and traps for the purpose of registration in official

the records.



Article 3



General restrictions on use of mines, booby-traps and other devices



1. This article applies to:



and) min;



b) booby-traps; and



(c)) other resources.



2. it is prohibited in all circumstances to use weapons covered by this

the article refers to, either in defence or in attack against the civilian represáliích

population as such or against individual civilians.



3. It is prohibited to indiscriminate use of weapons concerned by this

article. Indiscriminate use is any placement of such weapons:



and that is outside the military) object, or the object is not against the military

focus; or



(b)) that includes a method or means of transport, which cannot be

directed at a specific military objective; or



(c)) which can be expected to cause incidental loss of life

civil, personal injury, damage to civilian objects, or a

the combination of such losses and damages, which would be excessive in terms of the

the anticipated concrete and direct military advantage.



4. Be taken all possible security measures to protect

of civilians against the effects of weapons to which this article refers to. Maybe

safety precautions are those precautions which are

practicable or practically possible taking into account all the circumstances of the

existing at the time, including humanitarian and military considerations.



Article 4



Restrictions on the use of other min than mines for minování at a distance,

the pitfalls and other resources in populated areas



1. This article applies to:



and min, than) the other are mines for minování at a distance;



b) booby-traps; and



(c)) other resources.



2. it is prohibited to use weapons, covered by this article, in large

towns, cities, villages or other areas with similar

the concentration of the civilian population, in which there is a struggle between

ground forces or is not imminent, if:



and) either are not located in a military object, or in its immediate

nearby, which belongs to the other party or under its supervision; or



(b)) are not made to the protection of civilian persons prior to their

effects, such as by installing warning markings, rozestavením

patrols, vylepením alerts or fencing.



Article 5



Restrictions on the use of mines for minování from a distance



1. use Min. distance to minování is prohibited unless these mines

they are not only used in the area, which is in itself a military objective or

that includes military objects, and if:



and their arrangement cannot be accurately) recorded in accordance with article 7 1a);

or



(b)) is not for each such mine used an effective neutralization

the mechanism, that is, the samoaktivační mechanism, which is designed to

ensure the mines or to self-destruct when it is assumed that mina

no longer serve a military purpose for which it was placed, or

a remote-controlled mechanism, which is intended to ensure or destruction

the mines, while mina doesn't serve the military purpose for which it was used.



2. Before each arrival or dropping min for minování at a distance, which

may affect the civilian population, will be given an early effective alert

If the circumstances permit.



Article 6



The ban on the use of certain traps



1. in accordance with the rules of international law applicable in armed

conflicts and applicable to treason and perfidy is for all

circumstances be prohibited to use:



and all the dangers in the form of) seemingly harmless portable object,

that is especially designed and constructed to contain explosive

material and detonoval, when there is a conflict with it or zoom in to

him; or



(b)), that are in any way connected with:



(i) internationally recognized protective emblems, signs or signals;



(ii) sick, wounded or dead persons;



(iii) the undertakers or kremačními sites or graves;



(iv) medical devices, medical equipment, medical

shipments or medical transportation;



(v) children's toys or other portable objects or products

especially designed for dining, health, hygiene, clothing or education

of children;



(vi) food or drink;



(vii) kitchen utensils or appliances when they are not in the military

devices, roles or military supply depots;



(viii) objects clearly of a religious nature;



(ix) historic monuments, works of art or places of the venue

of worship which constitute cultural or spiritual heritage of peoples;



(x) the animals or zdechlinami.



2. it is prohibited in all circumstances to use any bait, which is

intended to cause excessive injury or unnecessary suffering.



Article 7



Recording and publication of the position of the minefield, mines and traps



1. the parties to the conflict shall record location:



and all planned in advance) of mine fields, which will be considered; and



(b)) of all the areas in which on a wide scale and in advance of a planned

use of traps.



2. the Parties shall strive to ensure the record the positions of all the other

minefield, mines and booby-traps, which lay or break.



3. all of these records will be retained by the parties to the conflict, which

they will have to:



and) immediately after active hostilities:



(i) to take all necessary and appropriate measures, including the use of these

records, on the protection of civilians against the effects of mine fields, mines and booby-traps;

and



(ii) in cases where the troops or one of the parties are not on the territory of the other

Parties to provide to the Secretary-General of the United Nations and each other all

the information available to them about the location of mine fields, mines and

pitfalls on the territory of the other party; or



(iii) then, when there was a full redeployment of troops from the territory of the other party

the parties, give to the other party and to the Secretary-General of the UNITED NATIONS available

all the information that they have about the location of mine fields, min and lures

the territory of the other party;



b) where in any area of your unit or function, give the UN mission

the authority referred to in article 8 of the available information in this

Article required;



c) whenever possible, by mutual agreement, to ensure the release of

information relating to minefield, mines and pitfalls, in particular in the

the agreements to end the hostility.



Article 8



Protection units and UN missions from the effects of mine fields, mines and traps



1. Where the unit/mission of the UNITED NATIONS peace-keeping, observation function or

any other function in a given area, then each party to the conflict,

If requested, the heads of unit or United Nations Mission in the region,

If it will be possible to:




and disposed of or all) deletes the mines or the pitfalls in this area;



(b)) to take such measures as are necessary to protect the units or mission

from the effects of mine fields, mines and booby-traps in the performance of their duties;

and



(c) to the head of unit or) gives the United Nations Mission in this area available

all of the information that this page has, about the location of mine fields, min or

traps in the area.



2. If in the area investigating the UN mission, will provide each

the party concerned conflict of this mission the protection with the exception of cases, when

given the size of such a mission cannot adequately protect

provide. In this case, the head of mission can be available information,

that is, about the location of mine fields, mines and booby-traps in the area.



Article 9



International cooperation in removing mine fields, mines and traps



After the end of active hostilities, the Parties shall seek to achieve

agreement with each other, possibly with other States and international

organizations about providing information, technical and material assistance-

including, in appropriate circumstances, be necessary for the joint operations

delete, or other disposal of mine fields, mines and traps

placed during the conflict.



THE TECHNICAL ANNEX TO THE PROTOCOL ON PROHIBITIONS OR RESTRICTIONS ON THE USE OF THE MIN,

TRAPS AND OTHER DEVICES (PROTOCOL II)



Guidelines for registration



At any time in accordance with this Protocol the obligation arises registration sites

minefield, mines and traps, you will need to follow these guidelines.



1. Taking into account the pre-planned minefields and extensive and in advance

the planned use of traps:



and) should be drawn up maps, diagrams or other records, to

illustrate the range area of mine fields or snares; and



(b)) should be specified the location of the area of the minefield or lures,

taking into account the coordinates of a single landmark and the estimated dimensions of the

areas containing mines and pitfalls in relation to this single

landmark.



2. With regard to other minefields, mines and traps, which have been laid

or placed:



should be recorded as far as possible the relevant information,

specified in paragraph 1 above, in order to allow the identification of the

areas containing minefields, mines and pitfalls.



PROTOCOL ON PROHIBITIONS OR RESTRICTIONS ON THE USE OF INCENDIARY WEAPONS



(Protocol III)



Article 1



The definition of the



For the purposes of this Protocol:



1. "Fire gun" means any weapon or ammunition which is in the first

the series focused on the ignite objects or causing burns to persons

through the action of flame, heat or a combination of fire and heat, which causes

the chemical reaction of the substance transported.



and Incendiary Weapons) can take the form of, for example, flamethrowers, fugasů,

shells, rockets, grenades, mines, bombs and other incendiary devices to carrier substances.



b) Incendiary Weapons do not include:



(i) ammunition, which can have random incendiary effect, such as flares,

detectors, smoke or signalling systems;



(ii) munitions specified as a combination of průrazného, explosive or

tříštivého effect with additional incendiary effect, such as armour-piercing

Frag bullets, missiles, explosive bombs and similar ammunition with a combined

effect, in which the incendiary effect is not specifically intended to cause

Burns to people, but that is being used against military targets such as

are armored vehicles, aircraft and equipment bases or fighting

resources.



2. the "Concentration of civilians" means any concentration

the civilian population, whether permanent or temporary, as in urban

parts of cities or in the populated cities or villages or in camps or

columns of refugees or evacuees or groups of nomads.



3. "Military objective" means, with regard to objects, all the objects that

by their nature, location, purpose or use, contribute effectively to the

military action and whose total or partial destruction, casting, or

neutralization, in the circumstances existing at a given time, represents the

a definite military advantage.



4. "Civilian objects" are all objects which are not military objectives

as defined in paragraph 3.



5. "Maybe the security measures" are the safety measures

are feasible or practically possible taking into account all the circumstances of the

existing at the time, including humanitarian and military considerations.



Article 2



Protection of the civilian population and civilian objects



1. it is prohibited in all circumstances to make the civilian population as a

such individual civilians or civilian objects subject to attack

incendiary weapons.



2. it is prohibited in all circumstances to make any military objective located

inside the concentration of civilian population subject to attack from a distance

transported incendiary weapons.



3. it is prohibited to make any military objective located within

the concentration of civilian population subject to attack by other

incendiary weapons than are remotely detonating the weapons, transported with

except when this military target is clearly separated from the concentration

the civilian population, and when they are made all possible security

measures with a view to limiting the effects of ignition on a military target and the

in any case, prevent and reduce the incidental loss of civilian lives

people, injuries to civilians and damage to civilian objects to a minimum.



4. It is prohibited to make forests or other kinds of crops subject to attacks

incendiary weapons except when such natural elements

used to conceal, hide, or mask the combat units or other

military objectives, or are themselves military objective.



THE ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL



TO THE CONVENTION ON PROHIBITIONS OR RESTRICTIONS ON THE USE OF CERTAIN CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS

WHICH MAY BE EXCESSIVELY INJURIOUS OR TO HAVE INDISCRIMINATE EFFECTS



ARTICLE 1



THE ADDITIONAL PROTOCOL



This Protocol shall be annexed to the Convention on Prohibitions or restrictions on the use of

certain conventional weapons which may be excessively injurious

or to have indiscriminate effects ("the Convention") as the Protocol IV:



The "Protocol on blinding laser weapons



(Protocol IV)



Article 1



The use of laser weapons specifically designed to

their sole combat effect or one of the combat effects was

causing permanent blindness vision, i.e. unprotected. unprotected eyes

or eyes fitted with AIDS korigujícími. The High Contracting Parties

will not pass such weapons to any State or terrorism entity.



Article 2



When using the laser systems of High Contracting Parties shall take all

the appropriate precautionary measures to prevent causing permanent blindness

unprotected eyes. These interim measures will include training

the armed forces and other practical measures.



Article 3



Blindness, which occurs in the context of a random or the accompanying effect when

the legitimate military use of laser systems, including laser

the systems used against optical equipment, is not included in the prohibition, on the

who is covered by this Protocol.



Article 4



For the purposes of this Protocol "permanent blindness" means irreversible

and irreparable loss of vision, causing serious disorder without hope

on healing. Serious disorder means Visual acuity less than 20/200

Snellenů measured when using both eyes. "



ARTICLE 2



ENTRY INTO FORCE



This Protocol shall enter into force as provided in paragraphs 3

and 4 of article 5 of the Convention.



PROTOCOL



ON THE PROHIBITION OF OR RESTRICTIONS ON THE USE OF MINES, BOOBY-TRAPS AND OTHER DEVICES, AS AMENDED BY

Of 3 July 2003. May 1996 (PROTOCOL II AS AMENDED on 3 December. May 1996)

WHICH IS ANNEXED TO THE CONVENTION ON PROHIBITIONS OR RESTRICTIONS ON THE USE OF CERTAIN

CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS WHICH MAY BE EXCESSIVELY INJURIOUS OR TO HAVE

INDISCRIMINATE EFFECTS



ARTICLE 1



THE AMENDED TEXT OF THE PROTOCOL



Protocol on Prohibitions or restrictions on the use of mines, booby-traps and other devices

(Protocol II) annexed to the Convention on Prohibitions or restrictions on the use of

certain conventional weapons which may be excessively injurious

or to have indiscriminate effects ("the Convention"), hereby amends. The amended

the text of the Protocol has the following wording:



"Protocol on Prohibitions or restrictions on the use of mines, booby-traps and other

funds, as amended on 3 December. May 1996



(Protocol II as amended on 3 May 1996)



Article 1



Application scope



1. this Protocol shall apply to the use of mines, booby-traps and other here

the described resources on land, including mines laid to prevent

access to coastal zones and waterways or Fords, but not

the use of protilodních min at sea or on inland waters

the go.



2. in addition to the situations referred to in article 1 of this Convention, this Protocol

It will also apply to the situation set out in common article 3 of the Geneva

Conventions of 12. August 1949. This Protocol shall not apply to the situation

National unrest and tensions, such as riots, isolated and on the

sporadic acts of violence and other acts of a similar nature that are not

in armed conflicts.



3. in the case of armed conflicts that are not of an international character and

which take place within the territory of the High Contracting Parties, each

the party to the conflict shall be bound to apply the prohibitions and restrictions laid down in this

Protocol.



4. None of the provisions of this Protocol shall not apply to


affect the sovereignty of the State or of the obligation of the Government of all legal

the means to maintain or re-establish legality and order in the State

or to defend the national unity and territorial integrity of the State.



5. None of the provisions of this Protocol shall not apply to

to justify the interference, direct or indirect, for any reason, the

the armed conflict or in the internal or external affairs of a high

the Contracting Parties in the territory, where there is a conflict.



6. The application of this Protocol to the parties to the conflict-zone

between the High Contracting Parties which have accepted this Protocol, directly or

indirectly, does not change the legal position of these parties and legal status

disputed territory.



Article 2



The definition of the



For the purposes of this Protocol:



1. "Mine" means a munition placed under all of the countries on the ground or in

close to the ground or other surface area and designed to explode

the presence, proximity or contact of a person or vehicle.



2. "Mine for minování at a distance" means a mine that is not under the

directly, but is transported by artillery, missiles, rockets,

mortar or similar means, or deployed both from the plane. Mines

transported from the remote ground station equipment, less than 500 metres, with

not considered "mines for minování at a distance", provided that they are

used in accordance with article 5 and the related articles of this Protocol.



3. "Anti-personnel mine" means a mine primarily designed to

exploded by the presence, proximity or contact of a person and causing

disability, injury or killing of a person or persons.



4. the "Lure" refers to any resource or material that is designated,

constructed or adapted to killed or caused the injury,

and which acts unexpectedly when you contact or approach to the seemingly

an innocuous subject or when performing a seemingly safe Act.



5. "other resources" means manually placed munitions and devices,

including improvised explosive devices designed to

killed or caused the injury or damage, and manually activated,

remote control or automatically after a certain period.



6. "Military objective" means, with regard to objects, all the objects that

by their nature, location, purpose or use effectively contribute to

military action and whose total or partial destruction, casting, or

neutralization in the circumstances existing in a given time represents

a definite military advantage.



7. "Civilian objects" are all objects which are not military objectives

defined in paragraph 6 of this article.



8. "minefield" is the specific area in which they are systematically placed

mines, and "wired" is the area which is dangerous due to the

the presence of min "Deceptive wired space" means an area without min,

that has seem to minefield. The term "minefield" means (i)

fallacious minefields.



9. "Record" means a physical, administrative and technical tasks

designed to provide all available information that allows the determination of the

the position of the minefield, spans, and other spaces

resources for the purpose of registration in official records.



10. "Self-destruct mechanism" refers to the built-in or connected

an automatic mechanism to ensure the destruction of the munition into which it is

incorporated or to which it is attached.



11. ' Samoneutralizační the mechanism "refers to the built-in automatic

the mechanism, which gives ammunition to which it is fitted, in the unhealthy

State.



12. "Samodezadjustace" refers to the automatic entry of ammunition

the unhealthy state irreversible elimination (exhaustion) components, such as

the battery, which is indispensable for the functioning of the ammunition.



13. "remote control" refers to the control by using the commands remotely.



14. "a device that prevents tampering" indicates the resource that has the

to protect a mine and which is part of it, is connected with the or

connected or placed below it and that is activated when an attempt is made

the removal of mines.



15. "Transfer" involves, in addition to the physical movement of min at their introduction

on the territory of the State or export from that territory, also the assignment of property

the rights to the mines or control over them, but does not include the assignment of territories, the

where the mines are located.



Article 3



General restrictions on use of mines, booby-traps and other devices



1. This article applies to:



and) mines;



b) pitfalls; and



(c)) other resources.



2. Any High Contracting Party or party to a conflict is, in accordance with

the provisions of this Protocol, responsible for all mines, the pitfalls and

other resources that it uses, and is committed to the search for, remove,

destroy or maintain in accordance with the provisions of article 10 of this Protocol.



3. it is prohibited in all circumstances to use any mines, or

other means, which are by nature or aimed at

to cause excessive injury or unnecessary suffering.



4. Weapons to which this article applies, shall be strictly in accordance with the

the standards and constraints, which specify the technical annex for each

an individual category.



5. it is prohibited to use mines, or using other means

a mechanism or device specifically designed to ensure that caused

the detonation of the ammunition by the presence of commonly available minohledaček as a result of

their magnetic or other non-contact exposure during normal

use when the action related to detection.



6. it is prohibited to use mines samodezadjustačním bearing mechanism

in the course of handling equipment intended to remain functional, even

When the mine no longer functional be stops.



7. it is prohibited in all circumstances to focus the weapons covered by the

This article, against the civilian population as such or against

individual civilians or civilian objects, both in the attack,

and in the defence or for the purpose of repression.



8. It is prohibited to indiscriminate use of weapons covered by this

article. Indiscriminate use is any placement of these weapons:



and if you are not located in) military targets or against the military objectives of the

targeted. If in doubt, if an object is usually specified for

civilian purposes, such as venue of worship, a house or other dwelling

or a school, is used to effectively contribute to the military actions will be

assume that the object is not used in this way;



(b)) if the used method or means of preventing their arrival

focus on a specific military objective; or



(c)) if it can be assumed that these weapons cause accidental loss on

the lives of civilians, injuries to civilians, damage to civilian

objects, or a combination of such losses and damages, which would be excessive in

proportion to the anticipated concrete and direct military advantage.



9. several clearly separated and distinct military objectives,

located in the town, village or other area with a similar

concentration of civilians or civilian objects shall not be considered

the only military target.



10. all practicable measures shall be taken to protect civilians before

the effects of weapons to which this article applies. Possible measures are

such measures as are practicable or practically possible because

to all the circumstances existing at a given time, including

humanitarian and military considerations. These circumstances include but are not

other:



and short-term and long-term effect) on the local civilian population after

the lifetime of the minefield;



b) maybe measures to protect civilians (for example, fencing,

indications, warning and monitoring);



(c)) the availability and feasibility of alternative solutions; and



d) short-and long-term military requirements for a minefield.



11. Before placing the mines, booby-traps and other devices, which could

affect the civilian population, will be given to effective early warning, with the

except when circumstances do not permit.



Article 4



Limiting the use of anti-personnel mines



It is prohibited to use anti-personnel mines that cannot be detected by

specifications in paragraph 2 of the technical annex.



Article 5



Restrictions on the use of mines other than anti-personnel mines for minování on

distance



1. This article applies to mines other than anti-personnel mines for

minování at a distance.



2. it is prohibited to use weapons, covered by this article, if the

do not comply with the provisions of the Technical Annex on samodestrukci and

samodezadjustaci, with the exception of cases, when:



and these guns are located) in the limited space of the monitored

military personnel and secure fencing or other means, with

to effectively prevent access of the civilian people in this space.

Marking shall be easily legible and durable, and must be visible at least for

a person that proposes to enter into a limited space; and



(b)) these weapons are removed before leaving the area, with the exception of

in cases where the premises refer to the armed forces of another State, that

assume responsibility for the maintenance of defence equipment required by this

Article and for the subsequent disposal of these weapons.



3. a party to the conflict shall continue to deprive the obligation to comply with the provisions of

subparagraphs 2a and 2b)) of this article only in the case where compliance with the


of these provisions is not possible due to involuntary loss of control over

space as a result of a hostile military action, even in a situation where

compliance prevents direct enemy military action. If

the party regains control of the space, will once again follow the

the provisions of subparagraphs 2a and 2b)) of this article.



4. If the armed forces of the parties to the conflict will get control over the

the space in which they are placed on the arms covered by this

Article, these armed forces as far as possible to maintain and

If necessary, introduce safeguards required by this article to

to the time when these weapons will be removed.



5. all practicable measures shall be taken to prevent unauthorised

removal, defacement, destruction or concealment device, system, or

the material used for the indication of the perimeter of the marquee area.



6. Weapons to which this article applies which are surging in fragments

a horizontal arc of less than 90 degrees, and which are placed on the ground

or above the ground, can be used without the adoption of the measures referred to in

subparagraph 2a) this article after a maximum period of 72 hours, if:



and) are located in the immediate proximity to the military unit that is

She finished; and



(b) monitoring military personnel) in order to effectively prevent access

of civilian persons.



Article 6



Restrictions on the use of mines for minování from a distance



1. it is prohibited to use mines for minování at a distance with the except

When are recorded in accordance with subsection 1b) of the technical annex.



2. it is prohibited to use anti-personnel landmines for distance minování

do not comply with the provisions of the Technical Annex on samodestrukci and

samodezadjustaci.



3. it is prohibited to use mines for minování at a distance other than

anti-personnel mines, except when they are equipped with either an effective

self-destructive, or samoneutralizačním mechanism and have a back-up

dezadjustační mechanism, the purpose of which is to make the mine has stopped working

as mina, when no longer serves the military purpose for which it was asked.



4. Before each arrival or dropping min for minování at a distance,

that may hit the civilian population, will be given an early effective

warning, except in cases where the circumstances do not permit.



Article 7



Ban on the use of traps and other resources



1. without prejudice to the rules of international law relating

on deception and betrayal, it is prohibited in all circumstances to use lures and

other means, which are in any way associated or placed

in the context of:



and internationally recognized protective emblems), signs or signals;



(b)), the wounded or sick the dead persons;



(c) the places intended for funerals) or cremation or graves;



(d) medical devices, medical) equipment, medical

medical needs or means of transport;



(e)) toys or other portable objects or products

specially designed for dining, health, hygiene, clothing or

raising children;



f) foodstuffs or drinks;



g) kitchen utensils or appliances, when placed in the

military installations, military capacities or in military

supply stockpiles;



h) objects clearly religious in nature;



I) historic monuments, works of art or places of worship,

that represent the spiritual heritage of peoples; or



j) animals or zdechlinami.



2. it is prohibited to use baits or other means having the form of a

the apparently harmless portable objects which are specifically designed and

constructed to contain explosive.



3. without prejudice to the provisions of article 3, it is prohibited to use

weapons covered by this article, in the city, village or in another

space with a similar concentration of civilians, in which there is or

apparently there is no clash between the ground forces, with the exception of cases, when:



and these weapons are located) in the military objectives or in its immediate

close; or



(b)), measures were taken to protect the civilians against their

the effects, for example. the deployment of patrols, the announcement of a warning or fencing.



Article 8



Transfers



1. In order to help achieve the objectives of this Protocol, each high

Contracting Party:



and do not transfer) commits any min, the use of which this

The Protocol prohibits;



(b) do not transfer) commits any min recipients other than is

a State or a State authority empowered to receive such transfers;



(c) undertakes to apply limitation when) the transfer of any mine whose

the use of this Protocol. Each High Contracting Party, in particular,

undertakes to take any transfer of anti-personnel landmines to the States,

that are not bound by this Protocol, with the exception of cases, when the

the beneficiary State is willing to apply this Protocol; and



(d)) undertakes to ensure that transfers referred to in this article have been made by the

of the sending and the receiving State is carried out in full compliance with the

the relevant provisions of this Protocol and with the regulations

international humanitarian law.



2. If a high contracting party, that postponing the fulfilment of the specific

provisions on the use of certain mines contained in the technical annex, applies

for these mines continue to subparagraph 1a) of this article.



3. all High Contracting Parties until the eye-blink this

The Protocol shall refrain from conduct which would be incompatible with the

subparagraph 1a) of this article.



Article 9



Capture and use of information on minefields, spans

areas, mines, traps, and other resources



1. all information regarding the minefield, spans areas

min, traps and other resources will be reported in accordance with

the provisions of the technical annex.



2. all such records will be kept by the parties to the conflict, which, after

the end of active hostilities shall forthwith take all

the necessary and appropriate measures, including the use of such information, to protect

civilians in the area, which they control, against the effects of mine

fields spans areas, mines, booby-traps and other devices.



At the same time be made available to the other party or parties to the conflict and

the Secretary-General of the United Nations all information,

to the minefields, spans areas, mines,

the pitfalls and other resources, which lay in the areas that have already

do not check; However, under the condition of reciprocity, if

the armed forces of the parties to the conflict are in the territory of warring

the parties, either party may withhold such information and deny it

to the Secretary-General and the other party to the extent in which you

retention of that information will require security concerns, and until

When none of the parties will not linger on the territory of the other party. In such a

the case will be withheld information released as it will allow

security interests. If possible, the parties to the conflict by mutual

the agreement to seek to ensure that the information can be released in what

the shortest period of time in a manner consistent with the security interests of each

party.



3. This article is without prejudice to the provisions of articles 10 and 12 of this

Protocol.



Article 10



Removal of minefield, mines, booby-traps and other devices and

international cooperation



1. at the end of active hostilities will immediately

Locate, remove, destroy or maintain any minefield,

spans areas, mines, booby-traps and other devices in accordance with article 3 of

and paragraph 2 of article 5 of this Protocol.



2. The High Contracting Parties and parties to the conflict have a responsibility in this

relation to minefields, zaminovaným spaces, landmines, ambushes and other

resources in the areas they control.



3. as regards the minefield, spans areas, mines, booby-traps and

other funds that the party put in a region that already

does not control, the Party shall provide to the party which controls this area

in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article, the technical and material assistance needed

to carry out this responsibility to the extent to which this page

will allow.



4. whenever it is needed, the parties will seek to reach agreement

among themselves and, where appropriate, with other States and international

organisations for the provision of technical and material assistance, as appropriate

circumstances as well as on the implementation of joint operations necessary to fulfill these

duties.



Article 11



Technical cooperation and assistance



1. each High Contracting Party undertakes to allow the widest possible exchange of

equipment, materials and scientific and technical information related to the

the implementation of this Protocol and the resources used for mine clearance and will be

entitled to participate in the Exchange.



2. each High Contracting Party undertakes to provide information to the

a database (the registry) relating to demining activities, created in the system

The United Nations, and in particular, information about the different

the means and techniques of mine clearance, and lists of experts, expert

institutions or national contact points for mine clearance.



3. any High Contracting Party which is unable to do so, it will be

to assist in mine clearance through the United Nations system


Nations, other international bodies or on a bilateral basis, or

to contribute to the voluntary trust fund of the United Nations

for assistance in mine clearance.



4. The High Contracting Parties may submit requests for assistance substantiated

relevant information to the United Nations or any other

the competent authorities or to other States. These requests may be submitted

the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall forward it to

all High Contracting Parties and the competent international organisations.



5. in the case of applications submitted to the United Nations may

the Secretary-General of the United Nations, within the resources

which are the Secretary-General of the United Nations for

There, take the appropriate steps to assess the situation and, in

co-operation with the requesting High Contracting Party, determine the appropriate way

providing assistance in mine clearance or when compliance with the provisions of the Protocol.

The Secretary-General may bring to the High Contracting Parties to report on the

assessment of the situation and the type and extent of the assistance required.



6. Without prejudice to the provisions of the Constitution or other legal

regulations, the High Contracting Parties undertake to cooperate and share information

the technical equipment in order to enable the implementation of the relevant provisions and

the limits laid down by the Protocol.



7. If it is necessary and possible, each High Contracting Party shall be entitled to

in appropriate cases, to request and receive from other High Contracting Parties

technical assistance in connection with a special technique other than

weaponry in order to reduce the grace period provided for in the technical

the annex.



Article 12



Protection against the effects of mine fields, spans areas, mines, booby-traps

and other resources



1. Application



and) with the exception of the forces and missions referred to in subparagraph 2a) (i) of this article

This article applies only to mission operating in the area with the consent of

the High Contracting Party on whose territory the tasks are performed.



(b) the provisions of this article) applications to those parties to the conflict, which

they are not high contracting parties, directly or indirectly, does not change their

legal status or the legal status of the disputed territory.



(c) the provisions of this article shall not be) without prejudice to the existing international

humanitarian law, or other international instruments in force, or

the decision of the Security Council of the United Nations providing for higher

the protection level for staff operating in accordance with this article.



2. Peace and some other units and missions



and) this paragraph applies to:



(i) the unit or the United Nations Mission, refueling peace

observation or similar tasks in any area, in accordance with the Charter of

The United Nations; and



(ii) the mission established under Title VIII of the UN Charter and working in the field

the conflict.



b) each High Contracting Party or party to a conflict on request

the head of the unit, or mission to which this paragraph applies:



(i) within its capabilities, adopt the measures necessary for the protection of

units or missions from the effects of mines, booby-traps and other devices in

the area you control;



(ii) if it is necessary for the effective protection of such personnel, within the

its capabilities, deletes or disposed of all mines, and other

the resources in this area; and



(iii) inform the head of the unit, or the mission about the location of all known

wander, spans areas, mines, booby-traps and other devices

in the area in which the Mission operates, or unit, and can be

Head of unit/mission access to all information held by

in connection with the minovými, zaminovanými, minami, spaces

lures and other means.



3. Humanitarian missions and missions to collect information for the system

Of the United Nations



a) this paragraph applies to humanitarian missions and missions to the

the collection of information for the United Nations system.



(b)) at the request of the head of mission, is the subject of this article, each

a high contracting party or party to a conflict:



(i) implement the measures for the protection of mission staff in accordance with the provisions of the

paragraph 2b) (i) of this article; and



(ii) if access to the site or the passage of a place which checks

necessary for the fulfilment of the tasks of the mission and that mission staff secured

safe access to this place or passage of this place:



(aa) with the exception of cases, when the ongoing hostilities prevent it,

shall inform the head of the Mission of a safe route, where such information is

available, or



(bb) does not provide information about the safe route referred to in subparagraph (aa),

as needed, and will establish a pass in the minefields.



4. the Mission of the International Committee of the Red Cross



a) This paragraph applies to the Mission of the International Committee of the Red

Cross-acting with the consent of the host State or

States under the provisions of the Geneva Conventions of 12. August 1949 and reasonably

extent, by the provisions of the additional protocols to these conventions.



(b)) at the request of the head of mission, is the subject of this paragraph, each

the Contracting Party or party to a conflict:



(i) adopt measures for the protection of mission staff referred to in paragraph 2b)

(i) of this article; and



(ii) shall adopt the measures referred to in subparagraph 3b) (ii) of this article.



5. Other humanitarian missions and missions of enquiry



and) if not subject to paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 of this article, uses the

This paragraph for the following missions in the period when operating in the field of

the conflict or help to victims of the conflict:



(i) humanitarian mission of the Red Cross or national companies

Red Crescent societies or their International Federation;



(ii) the Mission of impartial humanitarian organizations, including the independent

humanitarian missions, carrying out mine clearance; and



(iii) fact-finding mission established pursuant to the provisions of the Geneva Conventions of 12.

August 1949 and on an adequate scale and to the additional protocols to these

conventions.



(b)), if possible, any High Contracting Party or party to a conflict

at the request of the head of mission to which this paragraph applies:



(i) adopt measures for the protection of mission staff referred to in paragraph 2b)

(i) of this article; and



(ii) shall adopt the measures referred to in subparagraph 3b) (ii) of this article.



6. Protection of confidential information with any confidential information

provided under this article, the beneficiary will be consistently treated with

due to their confidential nature and will not provide the operators stationary

outside of the unit or the mission without specific permission from the originator

information.



7. Respect for the law

Without prejudice to its possible privileges and immunities or business

obligations, staff belonging to units or missions referred to in this

Article:



and) will respect the laws of the host State; and



(b)) shall refrain from any act or activity incompatible with the impartial and

international nature of their duties.



Article 13



Consultations of High Contracting Parties



1. The High Contracting Parties undertake to hold consultations and mutual

cooperation on all issues related to the implementation of this

Protocol. For this purpose, will hold a Conference annually to high

of the Contracting Parties.



2. Participation in these annual conferences will be adjusted by an approved

the rules of procedure.



3. the Conference will deal with:



and monitoring of the implementation) and legal status of the Protocol;



(b)) discussing matters arising from the reports of the High Contracting

the parties referred to in paragraph 4 of this article;



(c) the preparation for the Review Conference); and



(d)) discussing the development of technologies to protect civilians against the

nerozlišujícímu effect of min.



4. The High Contracting Parties shall provide annual reports to the depositary, which is

prior to the Conference to all High Contracting Parties. The message will be

deal with any of the following questions:



and) dissemination of information on this Protocol between their armed forces and

the civilian population;



(b)) programs for mine clearance and rehabilitation;



c) steps that have made to meet the technical requirements of this

Protocol and related information;



d) legal standards related to this Protocol;



(e)) the measures adopted in the context of international technical exchange

information, international cooperation in mine clearance and with the technical

cooperation and assistance; and



(f)) other related issues.



5. the costs of the Conference of the High Contracting Parties shall bear their high

the Contracting Parties, and non-Member States which will participate in the Conference, according to the

treated the UNITED NATIONS scale.



Article 14



Compliance with the



1. each High Contracting Party shall take all necessary steps, including the

legislative and other measures, in order to prevent or suppress the

violations of this Protocol by persons or on territory to which the

subject to their jurisdiction or control.



2. the measures referred to in paragraph 1 of this article include appropriate

measures for the enactment of criminal sanctions for persons who, in the context of

with armed conflict and in contravention of the provisions of this Protocol

intentionally cause death or severe personal injury to civilians, and for

prosecuting these people.



3. each High Contracting Party shall also require that its

the armed forces have issued appropriate orders and directives, and to staff

the armed forces received training appropriate to his duties and

liability under the provisions of this Protocol.




4. The High Contracting Parties undertake to consult each other and

to cooperate on a bilateral basis, through the

the UN Secretary-General or another appropriate international mechanism with a view to

to solve any problems that might arise in connection with

the interpretation and the implementation of the provisions of this Protocol.



TECHNICAL ANNEX



1. the records



and records of the location of the mines) other than min for minování at a distance,

wander, spans areas of traps and other resources will be

carried out in accordance with the following provisions:



(i) the location of mine fields, spaces and spaces containing spans

the pitfalls and other means will be precisely identified in relation to the coordinates of the

at least two landmarks and approximate dimensions of space

containing these weapons will be marked in relation to these guidance

points;



(ii) maps, diagrams or other records shall be drawn up to indicate

the location of mine fields, spans, and other spaces

resources in proportion to the indicative points, and these records shall be

It also marked their perimeter and area; and



(iii) for the purposes of search and removal of mines, booby-traps and other

the funds will be maps, diagrams or other records include full

information about their type, number, location, type, and method of life

detonators, date and time, in the course of handling resource location

(if used), and other related information about all weapons of

the type to which they were placed. Where possible, it will be in the record about the mine

the field shows the precise location of each of the mines, with the exception of minefield

laid back and forth where it is sufficient to indicate the location of the series. For each individually

located the pitfalls will be logged the exact position and principle of operation

(process construction).



(b) the approximate location and area) location of the min distance is for minování

Specifies the landmark using coordinates (usually points in the corners

space) and will be validated at the earliest opportunity and if possible

marked on the ground. It is further recorded the total number and type of the placed

min, the date and the hour of the location and the time limits for the samodestrukci.



(c)) will be in the possession of a copy of the records to such levels of command, which will be

able to ensure their safety.



(d)) use of produced after the entry into force of this Protocol is

disabled if they are not in English, and in the national

the language includes the following information:



(i) the name of the country of origin;



(ii) month and year of manufacture; and



(iii) the serial number or the serial number.

This marking shall be a maximum of visible, legible, durable and resistant

weatherproof.



2. specifications for detectability by min



and) as regards anti-personnel mines produced after 1. January 1997, will be to

These min fitted material or a means of allowing the detection of mines

commonly available technical detection equipment and giving back signal

the corresponding signal, which gives 8 or more grams of iron, the coherent

mass.



(b)) with respect to anti-personnel mines produced before 1. in January 1997, these

the mines will have a built in or before placing the attached material or

a means of allowing the detection of commonly available technical mine detection

equipment and giving the signal corresponding to the signal, which gives 8

or more grams of iron, the coherent mass, so that this material

or resource could not be easily removed.



(c)) where a High Contracting Party decides that it is unable to immediately

comply with subparagraph (b)), the notification of interest be bound by this

The Protocol, declare that postpones the implementation of subparagraph (b)) for a period of not more

than 9 years of the entry into force of this Protocol. In the meantime, if the possible

restricts the use of anti-personnel mines, which are not in accordance with this

subparagraph.



3. The specifications for the samodestrukci and samodezadjustaci



and) all anti-personnel landmines for the minování at a distance will be determined and

designed to ensure that the number of minutes in which to samodestrukci does not occur in the

30 days from the placement, does not exceed 10% of the total number of adjustment of min and

mina backup each contained a samodezadjustační device that in

combined with the self-destructive mechanism will cause it to 120 days from the

the location will not work as mina, one of the more than one thousand

the adjusted min.



(b)) all anti-personnel landmines not intended for minování at a distance, that

were used outside marked areas in accordance with article 5 of this Protocol,

they will meet the requirements of the samodestrukci and samodezadjustaci referred to

in subparagraph (a)).



(c)) where a High Contracting Party decides that it is unable to immediately fulfil

subparagraph a) or (b)), the notification of interest be bound by this

The Protocol may declare that, in the case of min produced before this

The Protocol deferred implementation of subparagraph (a)), or (b)) for a period not

more than 9 years of the entry into force of this Protocol. During this

time limit High Contracting Party:



(i) will seek the largest possible restrictions on the use of anti-personnel landmines,

that are not in accordance with this subparagraph; and



(ii) in the case of anti-personnel landmines for distance minování will meet either

samodestrukci requirements, or requirements on samodezadjustaci and in the

other anti-personnel mines meets at least the requirements for

samodezadjustaci.



4. international symbols for minefields and booby-trapped areas to indicate

mine fields and spans areas will use symbols

corresponding to the example in annex a, the following specifications, with

the purpose is to ensure that minefields and booby-trapped areas were for

the civilian population is visible and recognizable:



and) size and shape: a triangle or square, in the case of the triangle

the dimensions are at least 28 centimeters (11 inches) to 20 inches (7.9

inches) and in the case of squares of side length is at least 15 cm (6

inches);



b) colour: red or orange with a yellow reflecting border;



(c)) symbol: the symbol illustrated in the attachment or similar symbol, while in

the place of use must be clearly perceived as designations of hazardous

space;



(d)) language: designation should contain the word "mines" in one of the six

the official languages of the Convention (Arabic, Chinese, English, French,

Russian and Spanish) and the language or languages of the most commonly used in

the spot; and



(e)) deployment: marking should be placed around the minefield or

zaminovaného space at such a distance that was visible to the

each civilian person to approach space. ".



Attachment: Warning sign for booby-trapped areas.



ARTICLE 2



ENTRY INTO FORCE



This amended Protocol will enter into force in accordance with the provisions of paragraph

1B) article 8 of the Convention.



THE PROTOCOL ON EXPLOSIVE REMNANTS OF WAR



(Log In)



The High Contracting Parties,



recognising the serious post-conflict humanitarian problems caused by

explosive remnants of war,



aware of the need to conclude a Protocol on post-conflict remedial

measures of a general nature in order to minimise the risks and effects of the

explosive remnants of war,



and willing to accept the voluntary application of the generic preventive measures

best practices specified in the technical annex for the purpose of

improve the reliability of munitions, and therefore minimize the occurrence of explosive

the remnants of war,



have agreed upon the following:



Article 1



General provisions and scope of application



1. The High Contracting Parties agree that, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and

rules of international law of armed conflict, to which they

apply, shall comply with the obligations specified in this Protocol, in order to

to minimise the risks and effects of explosive remnants of war

post-conflict situations, both individually and in cooperation with the

other high contracting parties.



2. this Protocol shall apply to explosive remnants of war, located on the

the terrestrial part of the territory of the High Contracting Parties, including their

internal waters.



3. This Protocol shall apply to situations resulting from conflicts

referred to in article 1, paragraphs 1 to 6 of the Convention, as amended on 21 December.

December 2001.



4. articles 3, 4, 5 and 8 of this Protocol apply to explosive remnants of

of war other than existing explosive remnants of war, as defined in

Article 2, paragraph 5, of this Protocol.



Article 2



The definition of the



For the purposes of this Protocol:



1. Explosive material means conventional munitions containing explosives, with the

the exception of mines, booby-traps and other devices as defined in Protocol II

of this Convention as amended on 3 December. May 1996.



2. Nevybuchlý material means explosive material that has been activated,

question, we're armed or otherwise prepared for use and used in

armed conflict. He could be fired, thrown, dropped or thrown, and

should explode, but failed.



3. Abandoned explosive material an explosive material which is not

used during an armed conflict, that has been abandoned or discarded once

of the parties to the armed conflict and is no longer under the control of the party

It left or dropped her. Abandoned explosive material might or might not be

activated, unlocked or otherwise adjusted, ready to use.



4. explosive remnants of war means the nevybuchlý material and abandoned

explosive material.



5. Existing explosive remnants of war means and material nevybuchlý


abandoned explosive material, which is located on the territory of the High Contracting

Parties and was already here before for her this Protocol

entered into force.



Article 3 of the



Removal, removal or destruction of explosive remnants of war



1. each High Contracting Party and party to an armed conflict shall bear the

the liability provided for in this article with respect to all explosive

the remnants of war on the territory under its control. If

the user of explosive ordnance which has become explosive remnants of war,

does not control that territory, shall, after the end of active hostilities

where it is possible, inter alia, technical, financial, material or

staffing assistance, to facilitate the marking and removal, disassembly or

the destruction of such explosive remnants of war, and will do so either

bilaterally or through a mutually agreed third party,

including the possible use of the United Nations system or other

relevant organisations.



2. at the end of active hostilities, and within the shortest possible time each

a high contracting party and party to an armed conflict identifies and deletes,

remove or destroy explosive remnants of war in affected territories under its

control. Areas affected by explosive remnants of war which are referred to in

paragraph 3 of this article are evaluated as constituting a serious

the humanitarian risk, priority will be given when removing, dismantling or

destruction of explosive remnants of war.



3. After the end of active hostilities and as soon as possible, adopt

Each High Contracting Party and party to an armed conflict in the

the affected areas under its control, the following measures to

reducing the risks posed by explosive remnants of war:



(a) shall examine and evaluate the possible threat posed by explosive remnants of

war,



(b) to evaluate and set priorities in relation to the needs and feasibility

the marking and removal, dismantling or destruction,



(c) identifies and deletes, dismantle or destroy explosive remnants of war,



(d) take steps to obtain the resources to perform these activities.



4. when carrying out the above activities High Contracting Parties and will be

Parties to an armed conflict to take into account international standards, including the

international standards for activities leading to the reduction of Minesweeper

danger.



5. The High Contracting Parties shall, where appropriate, cooperate among

alia, on the provision of technical, financial, material or human resources

help, both among themselves and with other States, the relevant

regional or international organizations and non-governmental organizations,

While such assistance may, in appropriate circumstances, include the implementation

joint operations necessary to fulfil the provisions of this article.



Article 4 of the



Recording, storage and transmission of information



1. The High Contracting Parties and parties to an armed conflict shall be in

as far as possible, if it is practicable, record and store

information on the use of explosive ordnance or abandonment of explosive

material in order to facilitate the rapid marking and removing, dismantling

or destruction of explosive remnants of war, a lesson about the risks and the provision of

relevant information side controlling the territory and civil

the population in the territory.



2. The High Contracting Parties and parties to an armed conflict which have used

or have left the explosive material that could become explosive remnants

war, such information shall make available to the party or parties controlling

the affected territory, without delay after the cessation of active hostilities, and

If practicable having regard to the legitimate security interests of these

Parties, will do so either bilaterally or through a mutually

the agreed third party, including the possible use of system Organization

the United Nations, or will the information provided upon request

made available to other relevant organizations, with which the party providing

This information agrees that the lessons about the risks they assume,

labelling, removal, removal and destruction of explosive remnants of war

the affected area.



3. in the recording, storage and transmission of such information shall take

the High Contracting Parties into consideration part 1 of the technical annex.



Article 5



Other measures for the protection of the civilian population, civilian

persons and civilian objects in front of dangers and effects of explosive remnants of

war



1. The High Contracting Parties and parties to an armed conflict shall take on the territory

under their control affected by explosive remnants of war, all appropriate

measures to protect civilian population, individual civilians

and civilian objects against the risks and effects of explosive remnants of war.

Appropriate measures are measures that are feasible, or

practically possible given all the circumstances existing in a given

the time, including humanitarian and military considerations. These measures may

include warnings, lessons of the civilian population on the risks,

marking, fencing and monitoring of areas affected by explosive remnants of

war, as set out in part 2 of the technical annex.



Article 6 of the



The provisions on the protection of humanitarian missions and organizations against the effects

explosive remnants of war



1. each High Contracting Party and party to an armed conflict will be:



(a) as far as possible to protect against the effects of explosive remnants of war

humanitarian missions and organizations that operate or will operate in the

the area under the control of the High Contracting Party or parties

armed conflict and with the consent of that party;



(b) provide, to the extent possible, at the request of such humanitarian missions

or organization for information about the location of all explosive remnants of war,

of which is known in the territory where the requesting humanitarian mission or

the Organization will act or acts.



2. the provisions of this article shall not affect the existing international

humanitarian law, or other relevant international legal documents or

the decision of the Security Council of the United Nations, that

provide a higher level of protection.



Article 7 of the



Help on existing explosive remnants of war



1. each High Contracting Party is in solving the problems presented by the

existing explosive remnants of war entitled to, if appropriate,

request and receive help from other High Contracting Parties, from States,

that is not a party, and from relevant international organizations

and institutions.



2. where necessary and possible, shall provide to each High Contracting Party,

who is able to do so, to assist in solving the problems presented by the

existing explosive remnants of war. The High Contracting Parties shall also

taking into account the humanitarian objectives of this Protocol, as well as international

standards, including the international standards for the activities leading to the

reducing the risk of Minesweeper.



Article 8 of the



Cooperation and assistance



1. any High Contracting Party which is unable to do so, it will be

to provide assistance for the marking and removal, dismantling or destruction

explosive remnants of war and the lessons of the civilian population on the risks of

and related activities, which shall, inter alia, through

the United Nations system, other relevant

International, regional or national organisations or institutions,

The International Committee of the Red Cross, the national Red

Cross and Red Crescent societies and their International Federation, non-governmental

organizations or on a bilateral basis.



2. any High Contracting Party which is unable to do so, it will be

provide assistance for the care and rehabilitation, and as social and

again, the economic involvement of victims of explosive remnants of war. Such

assistance may be provided, inter alia, through a system of Organization

the United Nations, relevant international, regional or national

organisations or institutions, the International Committee of the Red Cross,

National Red Cross and Red Crescent societies and their

the International Federation, non-governmental organizations or on a bilateral

basis.



3. any High Contracting Party which is unable to do so, it will be

to contribute to the trust funds within the United Nations system

Nations, as well as other relevant trust funds, to help

the provision of assistance under this Protocol.



4. Each High Contracting Party has the right to participate in the fullest extent possible

Exchange of equipment, material and scientific and technological information,

that are necessary for the implementation of this Protocol, with the exception of

information relating to weapons technology. The High Contracting Parties

undertake to facilitate such exchanges in accordance with national law and

do not save the undue restrictions on the provision of mine clearance equipment and with

related technological information for humanitarian purposes.



5. each High Contracting Party undertakes to provide information to the

relevant databases of activities leading to the reduction of Minesweeper

hazards that were created in the framework of the United Nations system

Nations, and particularly information relating to the different means and

technology of removing explosive remnants of war, lists of experts,


professional institutions or national contact points for the removal of

explosive remnants of war and on a voluntary basis also technological

information on relevant types of explosive ordnance.



6. The High Contracting Parties may, at the United Nations, the next

the competent authorities or to other States to submit requests for assistance substantiated

relevant information. These requests may be submitted to the General

the Secretary-General of the United Nations, that is all high

Contracting Parties and relevant international organizations and non-governmental

organizations.



7. in the case of applications submitted to the United Nations may

the Secretary-General of the United Nations, within the resources

which are the Secretary-General of the United Nations for

There, take the appropriate steps to assess the situation and in the

co-operation with the requesting High Contracting Party and with other higher

Contracting Parties that bear responsibility as provided for in article 3,

recommend a good way to provide assistance. The Secretary-General may

the High Contracting Parties shall also submit a report on any such

assessment, as well as on the type and scope of assistance required, including possible

contributions from the trust funds established within the framework of the Organization

of the United Nations.



Article 9



General preventive measures



1. Bearing in mind the different situations and skills, each high

Contracting Party is invited to adopt the generic preventive measures

aimed at minimising the occurrence of explosive remnants of war, including those

that are listed in part 3 of the technical annex.



2. any High Contracting Party may, on a voluntary basis carry out

the exchange of information relating to the efforts to disseminate and implement the best

procedures relating to paragraph 1 of this article.



Article 10



Consultations of High Contracting Parties



1. The High Contracting Parties undertake to consult each other and

cooperate on all issues relating to the implementation of this

Protocol. To this end, will hold a Conference of the High Contracting

the parties, on the basis of the agreement of the majority, but at least 18 high

of the Contracting Parties.



2. the programmes of conferences of High Contracting Parties shall include:



(a) to evaluate the status and the implementation of this Protocol;



(b) an examination of issues relating to national implementation of this

The Protocol, including the annual national reports or their updates;



(c) the preparation of the Review Conference.



3. the costs of the Conference of the High Contracting Parties shall bear their high

the Contracting Parties and States that are participating in the Conference and not party,

in accordance with the United Nations assessment scale in an appropriate

way modified.



Article 11 of the



Compliance with the



1. each High Contracting Party shall require that its armed forces

and the competent authorities or bodies have issued the corresponding Decree, and the operating

procedures and that its personnel has been prepared in accordance with the relevant

the provisions of this Protocol.



2. The High Contracting Parties undertake to consult each other and

to cooperate on a bilateral basis, through the

Secretary-General of the UNITED NATIONS or through other appropriate international

procedures to deal with any problems that may arise in

connection with the interpretation and application of the provisions of this Protocol.



Technical annex



This technical annex contains suggested best practices to achieve

the objectives contained in articles 4, 5 and 9 of this Protocol. This technical

Annex will be implemented by High Contracting Parties on the basis of

a voluntary basis.



1. Recording, retention, and disclosure of information about nevybuchlém

material (UXO) and abandoned explosive material (AXO)



(a) the recording of information: regarding explosive material that is

can become UXO a State should seek the most accurate record

the following information:



(i) the location of areas that have been targeted by the use of explosive material;



(ii) the approximate quantity of explosive ordnance used in areas under

(i);



(iii) the type and nature of explosive ordnance used in areas under

(i);



(iv) the general location of known and probable UXO.



If the State was forced to leave the explosive material in the course of operations, it should

strive to leave AXO in a reliable and secure manner, and

recorded on this material, the following information:



(i) the location of the AXO;



(ii) the approximate amount of AXO at each specific site;



(iii) the types of AXO at each specific site.



(b) storage of information: where a State has recorded information in accordance with the

paragraph (a), should be kept in a way that allows them to

search for and subsequent release in accordance with paragraph (c).



(c) disclosure of information: Information recorded and stored by

State in accordance with paragraphs (a) and (b) should be made available in

accordance with the following provisions, taking account of the security

interests and other obligations of the State providing the following information:



(i) the content:



With regard to UXO, the information provided should include details of:



(1) the general location of known and probable UXO;



(2) the types and approximate amounts of explosive material used in the

the target areas;



(3) the method of identifying the explosive ordnance including colour, size and

the shape and other relevant markings;



(4) how the safe destruction of explosive material.



As regards the AXO, the information provided should include details of:



(5) the location of the AXO;



(6) the approximate amount of AXO at each specific site;



(7) the types of AXO at each specific site;



(8) the method of identifying the AXO, including colour, size and shape;



(9) information on type and methods of packing AXO;



(10) State of readiness;



(11) the location and nature of any pitfalls, which is known to be

occur in the area of AXO.



(ii) the recipient: the information should be made available to the party or parties,

that are under the control of the affected territory, and to those persons or institutions,

acceptable to the Internet party, having regard to their existing

or future involvement in the removal of UXO or AXO in the affected area

or to provide lessons on the civilian population on the risks of UXO or

AXO.



(iii) mechanism: if possible, you should use such

the mechanisms that have been created in the international or local scale for

disclosure of information, such as. UNMAS, IMSMA, and other technical support

the agency that providing access to State considers it appropriate.



(iv) timing: the information should be made available as

soon as possible, taking into account such matters as the ongoing

military and humanitarian operations in the affected areas, the availability and

reliability of information and relevant security issues.



2. A warning, a lesson about the risks, marking, fencing and monitoring



Key concepts



(a) a warning is the timely provision of warning information to civil

the population in order to minimise the risks caused by explosive remnants of

of war in affected territories.



(b) an indication of the risks to the civilian population should consist of

guidance on the risks of programs in order to facilitate the exchange of information between the

affected communities, authorities and humanitarian organisations,

that affected communities are informed about the threats arising from the

explosive remnants of war. Guidance on the risks of programs are typically

long-term activities.



Best practices when warning and a lesson about the risks of



(c) all programmes of warnings and advice about the risks should, if it is

possible, take into account prevailing national and international standards, including the

international standards for mine clearance.



(d) warnings and lessons about the risks should be provided to affected

the civilian population, which is made up of civilians who live

in the affected areas, where explosive remnants of war occur, or in the

around them, and civilian persons such areas.



(e) Warnings should be given as soon as possible, depending on the

the context and the information available. The program guidance on the risks would

had the program as soon as possible to replace the warning. Warning and guidance on the

risks should always be provided to the affected communities in the nearest

possible period of time.



(f) if the parties to the conflict do not have the resources and skills to deliver

effective lessons about the risks, they should use third parties, such as.

international organizations and non-governmental organizations.



(g) parties to a conflict should, if possible, provide additional

resources for warnings and lessons about the risks. Such items should

include: logistic support, the production of materials for the lessons on

risks, financial support and General cartographic information.



Marking, fencing and monitoring of areas affected by explosive

the remnants of war



(h) if possible, the parties to the conflict should as soon as possible and in

to the maximum extent to ensure that in the course of the conflict, where the

explosive remnants of war occur, even after the end of the area of occurrence

explosive remnants of war marked, fenced and monitored so as to

effectively to ensure the exclusion of the civilian population in accordance with the


the following provisions.



(i) the marking of suspected hazardous areas should be

used by the method of marking the known affected population. Brand and other

the boundary marking the danger area should be as far as possible

visible, legible, durable and resistant to environmental effects and should clearly

identify which side of the marked boundary is considered to be part of the

areas affected by explosive remnants of war, and which side is considered to be

to be safe.



(j) provision should be made for appropriate structure with responsibility for

monitoring and maintenance of permanent and temporary marking system, which would

should be merged with the national and local programs lessons learned about the risks.



3. Generic preventive measures



States that produce or procure an explosive material, should, in the

as far as possible and appropriate endeavour to ensure

implementation of and respect for the following measures during the life

the cycle of explosive material.



(a) munitions manufacturing management



(i) production processes should be designed so as to obtain what

the highest reliability of ammunition.



(ii) production processes should be the subject of official certification.



(iii) during the production of explosive material should be applied

internationally recognised standards of official quality assurance.



(iv) the type-approval tests should be carried out in the form of sharp shootings per

different conditions or through other validated procedures.



(v) when the trading and transport of explosive material should be

required high standards of reliability.



(b) munitions management States are invited, in order to ensure

the highest possible long-term reliability of explosive ordnance, to exercise the

in accordance with the following standards and operating procedures that are

part of the best practice when it comes to storage, transport, field

storage and handling explosive material.



(i) if necessary, the explosive material should be stored in a safe

facilities or appropriate containers that, if necessary,

secure the explosive material and its components in the protection of the environment.



(ii) the State should transport explosive material in production facilities,

storage facilities or both of these places in a manner that

it minimizes damage to the explosive material.



(iii) the State should during storage of explosive material and when it

transport use appropriate containers and protective environment, if it is

necessary.



(iv) risk of explosion in storage of explosive material should be

minimized using an appropriate storage mode.



(v) States should apply appropriate procedures for registration, monitoring and

testing of explosive material. These procedures should include information

the date of manufacture of each piece, sets, or a series of explosive material and

information about where the explosive material found, under what conditions

was stored and how environmental influences was exposed.



(vi) to ensure the desired functioning of the ammunition should be stored

explosive material, where appropriate, regularly subject tests

sharp shootings.



(vii) the components stored explosive ordnance should, where

appropriate, be taken for laboratory testing to ensure the desired functioning of the

ammunition.



(viii) If this is necessary considering the information collected when you register,

monitoring and testing, should be taken the appropriate measures to preserve

the reliability of stored explosive material, including adjusting its

expected shelf life.



(c) training



Proper training of all personnel involved in the handling of

explosive material and on its transport and use, is an important

factor to ensure the reliability of its intended operation. States would

Therefore, should create and maintain suitable training programmes to ensure

the staff was properly trained, as regards the ammunition with which

It will have to dispose of.



(d) the transfer of



A State planning to transfer explosive ordnance to another State that has not yet

did not have this type of explosive material in their possession, should seek to

ensure that the receiving State is capable of such explosive material

properly stored, maintained and used.



(e) Future production



The State should examine ways and means to increase the reliability of the

explosive ordnance that it intends to produce or acquire, and with a view to

achieving the highest possible reliability.