REGULATION OF THE GOVERNMENT
of 20 December. July 2009
about safety requirements for road tunnels longer than
The Government decrees for the implementation of Act No. 13/1997 Coll., on the road
safety, as amended by Act No. 102/2000 Coll., Act No. 132/2000 Coll.
law no 489/2001 Coll., Act No. 256/2002 Coll., Act No. 259/2002 Sb.
Act No. 320/2002 Coll., Act No. 358/2003 Coll., Act No. 186/2004 Coll.
Act No. 80/2006 Coll., Act No. 186/2006 Coll., Act No. 311/2006 Coll.
Act No 342/2006 Coll. and Act No 97/2009 Coll.:
The subject of the edit
This regulation incorporates the relevant provisions of European Community ^ 1)
and regulates the safety of the tunnel over the particulars of documentation (500 m
"the tunnel"), the safety requirements on the tunnel, the pattern of messages
emergencies in the tunnel, the definition of the activities authorised persons when
the coordination of measures to ensure the safety of the tunnel and the requirements
her professional qualifications and practice.
(1) the safety documentation shall, for the purposes of this regulation
formulated in writing file of preventive and security measures
needed to ensure the safety of users of the tunnel with regard to the nature of the
the route of the tunnel, the arrangement of the construction of the tunnel and its surroundings, the nature of the operation
on the road, which is part of the tunnel, on persons with
reduced mobility and with regard to the scope of the
the intervention of the integrated rescue system. In the security
the documentation is also included and evaluated a range of construction
editing and technical equipment.
(2) the safety documentation for a tunnel at the design stage, given
by the applicant to the application for the initiation of planning and building control
for the construction of tunnels ^ 2) contains, in particular,
and a description of the construction and planned) arrival to her, including the plans necessary to
understanding of the project and the Organization of the operation,
(b) the forecast of intensity of transport) which sets out the reasons and the expected
the conditions of transport of dangerous goods, including risk analysis; the analysis of the
the risks for the tunnel includes all design factors and traffic conditions
on the road, that affect safety, notably
the characteristics of the traffic on the road, the length of the tunnel,
the spatial arrangement of the tunnel and the forecast number of heavy goods
vehicles per day,
(c)) special guest risk situations, especially the most complex
variants of such a situation, describing the possible emergencies that
clearly affect the safety of road users in tunnels, to
that may occur during operation of the tunnel, and the nature and extent of their
possible consequences; Special guest specifies and justifies the measures to
reduce the likelihood of occurrence of incidents and their consequences,
(d) the establishment of regular intervals) safety inspections of the tunnel,
that are not longer than 6 years, and
e) expert opinion to the overall security of the tunnel processed
Chartered Engineer, which was granted authorization for scopes
transport construction and fire safety of buildings ^ 3).
(3) Security documentation processed by the competent road administrative
^ 4) Office in putting the tunnel into operation and updated at the time of operation
the tunnel contains, in addition to the documentation required in the design phase,
and a description of the organisational measures), the personnel and material
Security and the rules established by the administrator of the tunnel to ensure
operation and maintenance of the tunnel,
(b) emergency management plan) ^ 5), which is operationally
the tactical study and is built in cooperation with the integrated
rescue system and which will take account of and persons with reduced
(c) a description of the system of continuous recording) of the experience gained,
the basis of which you can record and analyze the serious emergency
d) reports on the incidents, which occurred in the tunnel, and
their analysis and
(e)) and scan the list carried out tactical exercises of the integrated
rescue system and analysis of knowledge from them.
Safety requirements on tunnel
The tunnel shall fulfil the safety requirements set out in annex 1 and in
technical standard governing the safety requirements for tunnels ^ 6). If
It has to be, in the case of the specific measures used a different procedure than
What follows from the requirements of the technical standards referred to in the first sentence, should be
Security documentation appended to the opinion of an authorized engineer
which has been granted authorization for the fields of transport construction and fire
safety of buildings ^ 3), proving that the failure to meet the requirements of the technical
the standards for a particular measures will not compromise the operation of the
the tunnel, in particular, that the chosen solution enables the safe evacuation of persons and
the animals in the event of a fire or a fire risk, and effective and safe
the intervention of the fire protection units.
Report on incidents in the tunnel
Report on incidents in the tunnel is shown in annex No. 2
to this regulation.
The designated person
(1) the designated person
and ensures the coordination of the measures) to ensure the safe operation of the tunnel
the components of the integrated rescue system and participates in the preparation of the
(b) participate in the planning), implementation and evaluation activities in the cases
(c) participates in the elaboration of) security documentation and determine
construction measures, technical equipment and the conditions of operation of the
d) works with the components of the integrated rescue system
the preparation and organization of the verification exercise carried out tactical and in
regular intervals not exceeding four years,
e) participate in the assessment of any major incidents.
(2) the designated person shall meet the following requirements:
and has 3 years experience) in the field of transport constructions and has completed
University degree obtained by completing Bachelor's, master's
or doctoral degree program in the field of technical sciences and
technology ^ 7), or
(b)) has 5 years of experience in the field of transportation construction and have completed higher professional
education in the field of education, a group of 36 construction industry, Geodesy and
Cartography or group of 23 engineering and engineering production, or
(c)) has 7 years of experience in the field of transport constructions and received secondary education
with a GCSE in the respective disciplines of education ^ 8).
(3) the conditions referred to in paragraph 2 is not required for a person to
the territory of the Czech Republic intends to temporarily or occasionally to carry out
the activities referred to in paragraph 1 and meets the qualification requirements
established in another Member State of the European Union to pursue the activities referred to in
of paragraph 1.
The effectiveness of the
This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 January 2005. September 2009.
The President of the Government:
in from the PhDr. Cock in a. r.
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs
Minister of transport:
Ing. Slamečka, MBA in r.
Minimum safety requirements for road tunnels longer
than 500 metres
1. The number of tunnel tubes and lanes
1.1. The main criteria for deciding whether to build a tunnel with one
or two tunnel ovens, is forecasting the intensity of transport and
safety, taking into account, in particular, the proportion of heavy goods
vehicles, slope and length of the tunnel.
1.2. If the tunnels, which are in the design phase,
forecast for 15 years shows that the intensity of transport exceeds 10 000
vehicles per day in one lane, must be at the time when this
the value is exceeded, the available tunnel with two tunnel ovens for
1.3. With the exception of the emergency Lane, the same number of lanes is maintained
inside the tunnel, and the outside of the tunnel. Any change in the number of lanes shall be carried out in
sufficient distance in front of the tunnel portal; This distance is
at the very least, that the vehicle is not exceeding the maximum
holiday in the place of missing the speed for 10 seconds. If this spatial
conditions do not permit, you must take additional measures or increased
to improve safety.
2. the tunnel
2.1. In new tunnels may not be a longitudinal gradient greater than 5%,
in cases where the spatial conditions do not allow for a different solution.
2.2. In tunnels of more than 3% on the basis of a risk analysis
must take additional or enhanced measures to improve safety.
3. Emergency routes and exits
3.1. In new tunnels without an emergency lane should be for users
the tunnel in case of an accident or of an accident set up emergency walkways. It
does not apply if the construction characteristics of the tunnel do not allow or
allow only at disproportionate expense and the tunnel is a one-way
and is equipped with a system of continuous monitoring and system closure
3.2. In tunnels listed in service before the entry into force of this
Regulation, where there is neither an emergency lane nor an emergency walkway, must be
additional or increased measures to ensure safety.
3.3. Emergency exits must tunnel users in the event of an accident or
fire to allow leaving the tunnel without vehicles and to achieve a safe place
and it must also allow the arms of the integrated rescue system of the pedestrian
access to the tunnel. Examples of emergency exits:
and exits from the tunnel) direct out
(b) the link between the transverse tunnel) ovens,
(c) exits to the rescue) paths,
(d)) with an escape route separate shelters from the tunnel tube.
3.4. Do not set up shelters without East to escape routes out of the
3.5. Emergency exits shall be provided if the risk analysis,
including the analysis of the creation and spread of speed of smoke in local conditions,
shows that the ventilation and other safety measures are insufficient to
ensure the safety of users of communication.
3.6. Tunnels put into service after the entry into force of this Regulation shall
have emergency exits in case, when the traffic intensity is higher than 2 000
vehicles per day in one lane.
3.7. in the case of tunnels listed in service before the entry into force of this
Regulation of longer than 1 000 m with the intensity of transport higher than 2 000
vehicles per day in one lane must evaluate the feasibility
and the effectiveness of the establishment of new emergency exits. In the case of this
the evaluation shows that the establishment of new emergency exits will lead to
significantly more efficient to ensure the safety of the users of the tunnel compared to the
actual condition and that is with regard to stavebnětechnické and geological
feasible conditions without unduly high financing costs in the
relation to achieved improvement of safety of the tunnel must be established
emergency exits, no later than 5 years after the evaluation.
2.4. If the emergency exits must not be set up, the distance between the
two emergency exits more than 500 yards.
2.4. To prevent the ingress of smoke and heat to escape routes behind the emergency
the exits shall apply appropriate means, such as doors.
4. Access to the components of the integrated rescue system
4.1. The dvoutrubních tunnels where the oven on the same or almost the
the same level must be established at least every 1 500 m cross
the link between the tunnel ovens suitable for the components of the integrated
4.2. If the spatial conditions allow, must be before
the portal of the tunnel with two or more ovens available medium divider
belts that can be run over.
5. emergency bays
5.1. In the new bidirectional tunnels longer than 1 500 m with
the intensity of transport over 2 000 vehicles per day in one lane must
be set up emergency bays remote maximum 1 000 metres, if not
set up emergency lanes.
5.2. in the case of two-way tunnels put into service prior to the entry into force of
This regulation greater than 1 500 metres with the intensity of transport over 2 000
vehicles for the day in one lane, but without emergency lanes, must
be assessed the feasibility and effectiveness of their establishment. In the case of
This assessment shows that the establishment of the emergency lanes will lead to significant
more effectively ensure the safety of the users of the tunnel compared
and that is with regard to stavebnětechnické and geological conditions
practicable without unreasonably high financial costs in relation to the
achieved by improving the safety of the tunnel must be established emergency lanes
not later than 5 years from the assessment.
5.3. emergency bays need not establish if this building
the characteristics of the tunnel do not allow or allow it only at
disproportionate costs and if the total width of the tunnel the usable
vehicles, without the additional parts and normal traffic lanes, at least
equal to the width of a normal lane.
5.4. Lay-bys shall be placed long emergency call.
6.1. In tunnels, in which transport of dangerous goods is allowed,
must be done to divert the flammable and toxic liquids using properly
adequate sanitation or other measures that are located in the transverse
the tunnel profile. Sewer system must be designed and maintained so
to prevent the expansion of flammable, flammable and toxic liquids
inside the tunnel tubes or between them.
6.2. If the tunnels put into service prior to the entry into force of
of this regulation, it is not possible to meet this requirement, or it can be
met only for disproportionate expense, it is necessary to take into account when
deciding whether, on the basis of an analysis of relevant risks to allow the transport of
7. Fire resistance of building structures Supporting building structure
all tunnels should ensure a sufficient level of fire resistance,
where a local violation of construction may have catastrophic consequences, such as
passing through the tunnels under water or in tunnels, which may cause
the collapse of the major related structures. Building construction and
fire protection for these tunnels must have fire resistance
corresponding to the 7. degree of fire safety
8.1. In the tunnel must be secured to the normal lighting, which provides for the
the driver in the entrance zone and inside the tunnel proper visibility in daily and
5.1. emergency lighting shall be installed, which in the case of a power failure
the power supply provides the minimum visibility for tunnel users
the abandonment of the tunnel in their vehicles.
8.3. Must be established emergency escape lighting, such as
light indicate the direction of the evacuation, which is located at a height of maximum
9.1. The design, construction and operation of the ventilation system shall take into account
and) the pollutants that are emitted by road
vehicles in normal operation and in the rush hour,
(b)) limit the pollutants that are emitted by road
vehicles stopping traffic as a result of an incident or
of the accident,
(c) the control of heat and smoke) in case of fire.
9.2. Forced ventilation system must be introduced in all tunnels longer
than 1 000 metres and with the intensity of transport higher than 2 000 vehicles per day in
9.3. In tunnels with two-way traffic, or one-way traffic with
traffic congestions permit longitudinal ventilation can be provided
risk analysis shows that the admissibility of this ventilation, or are
Special measures taken as appropriate to traffic management, the shortening of the
distance to emergency exits or the regular layout of the device to the
smoke extraction system.
5.8. In the tunnels, where the forced ventilation system is necessary and longitudinal
ventilation according to paragraph 9.3. It is not allowed, must enjoy the transverse or
polopříčné the ventilation systems. In the event of fire, these systems must be
capable of exhaust smoke.
9.5. For tunnels with two-way traffic, with the intensity of transport over 2 000
vehicles per day in one lane, with a length of more than 3 000 metres,
they are equipped with a control centre and the longitudinal or transverse ventilation,
must be in relation to the following measures:
and air) are installed and the smoke flaps, which can cause
individually or in a group,
b) longitudinal velocity of the air is permanently controlled and ventilation control
System (dampers, fans, etc.) It is accordingly
10. Sound emergency call
10.1. the Sounds of emergency calls are intended to be the location of the different parts of the
safety equipment, in particular emergency phones and fire extinguishers.
the devices, however, are not designed to protect users of the communication before
the effects of fire.
10.2. The Hornburg emergency call must consist of the Clipboard on the wall of the tunnel
or, if possible, in the recess of the wall of the tunnel. Must be equipped with at least
telephone for emergency calls, and two fire extinguishers.
10.3. the Sounds of emergency calls must be located in the vicinity of the portals and
inside the tunnel at intervals which for new tunnels shall not exceed 150 metres
and in the case of tunnels put into service prior to the entry into force of this regulation,
do not exceed 250 metres.
11. Water supply
Water supply for fire suppression must be ensured for all tunnels.
Hydrants shall be established in the vicinity of the portals and inside the tunnel
intervals not exceeding 250 metres. If you do not ensure supply
water, you must verify that a sufficient amount of water is provided on
putting out the other way, and if it is not, it must be ensured
12. Traffic signs, safety signs, traffic equipment, light
signals and equipment for operating the location of all security information
devices intended for users of the tunnel must be marked, in particular,
informative road signs. Traffic signs, safety
brand, transport equipment, traffic signals, and devices for operating
the information used in the tunnels are specified in the specific rules ^ 9).
13. Control Center
8.1. in all tunnels longer than 3 000 metres with the intensity of transport
over 2 000 vehicles per day in one lane must be established control
8.2. Surveillance of several tunnels may be concentrated into a single
the management of the Centre.
14. The supervisory systems
8.8. in all tunnels with a control center must be installed
video-surveillance systems and systems for automatic detection
emergency transport events (such as the standing vehicle) or
8.8. in all the tunnels without the control center must be installed
automatic fire detection systems, if the operation of the compulsory
ventilation the smoke differs from the automatic operation of the ventilation
15. Equipment for the closing of the tunnel
9.4. in all tunnels longer than 1 000 m shall be the entrances to
tunnel installed traffic lights, so that the tunnel could be in
the case of an emergency. Furthermore, additional resources may be used as
variable traffic signs and barriers, in order to ensure compliance with the prohibition on
9.4. Inside all tunnels longer than 3 000 meters, that are equipped with
the control centre and in which the intensity of transport higher than 2 000
vehicles per day in one lane, in the intervals must be
not exceeding 1 000 metres installed equipment to stop vehicles in
the case of an emergency. This device consists of a light-signalling and
where appropriate, of the additional resources such as evacuation, variable
traffic signs and barriers.
16. Connecting and communication systems
16.1. in all tunnels longer than 1 000 m with the intensity of transport
over 2000 vehicles per day in one lane must be installed
a device for secure radio communication integrated rescue
10.1. In tunnels with a control centre, in which is for users of the tunnel
set up the transmission of radio broadcasts, should be allowed to interrupt
radio broadcasting in the interest of the security of messages.
10.1. Hiding places and other facilities where evakuovaní users of the tunnel must
wait before they leave the tunnel, must be equipped with speakers for the transmission
safety messages to users.
17. The supply of electrical energy and electrical wiring
17.1. All tunnels shall have an emergency electricity supply,
that ensures the operation of the safety equipment required for the evacuation-
After a period of time before everyone leaves the tunnel.
10.7. Electrical measuring and control circuits shall be designed to
their local blackout, for example, because of the fire, however, the undamaged
18. The functionality of technical equipment of the tunnel in the event of fire
The functional level of technical equipment of the tunnel in the event of fire must be
take into account the technological possibilities and must be focused on the conservation of
all the necessary safety features.
The report on the extraordinary security incidents in the tunnel
1. Description of the event (date, time, place, cause, result in progress)
2. Description of the activities of the staff manning the tunnel manager, folders,
the integrated rescue system and distributor of electrical energy
3. the role and the efficiency of the safety devices and measures
4. the aftermath
5. evaluation of the causes of
6. measures taken
7. restore operation (date, time)
8. the processor (date, signature)
1) European Parliament and Council Directive 2004/54/EC of 29 April 2004. April
2004 on minimum safety requirements for tunnels in the trans-European
the road network.
section 16, paragraph 2). 2 of Act No. 13/1997 Coll., on the road,
the text of Act No. 80/2006 Coll. and Act No. 186/2006 Sb.
§ 5, paragraph 3). 3 (b). (b)), and (j)) of Act No 360/1992 Coll., on the exercise of the profession of
Chartered architects and professional engineers and
technicians working in construction, as amended by law No 224/2003 Coll.
4) section 12a paragraph. 1 (a). and Act No. 13)/1997.
5 § 2 (b)). (b)) of the Act No. 239/2000 Coll., on the integrated rescue
the system amending certain laws.
ČSN 73 7507 6) design of road tunnels.
7) Act No. 111/1998 Coll., on universities and amending and supplementing
other laws (the law on universities), as amended
8) Act No. 561/2004 Coll. on pre-school, primary, secondary, higher
vocational and other education (the Education Act), as amended
regulations. Regulation of the Government No. 689/2004 Coll., on the system of education in the disciplines
primary, secondary and higher vocational education, as amended
9) Decree No. 30/2001 Coll., implementing rules on
the road and the adjustment and control of traffic on the road
safety, as amended.
Government Decree No. 11/2002 Coll., laying down the appearance and location of the
safety signs and signals in the introduction, as amended.