About Safety Requirements For Road Tunnels

Original Language Title: o bezpečnostních požadavcích na tunely pozemních komunikací

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Read the untranslated law here: https://portal.gov.cz/app/zakony/download?idBiblio=69130&nr=264~2F2009~20Sb.&ft=txt

264/2009 Sb.



REGULATION OF THE GOVERNMENT



of 20 December. July 2009



about safety requirements for road tunnels longer than

500 metres



The Government decrees for the implementation of Act No. 13/1997 Coll., on the road

safety, as amended by Act No. 102/2000 Coll., Act No. 132/2000 Coll.

law no 489/2001 Coll., Act No. 256/2002 Coll., Act No. 259/2002 Sb.

Act No. 320/2002 Coll., Act No. 358/2003 Coll., Act No. 186/2004 Coll.

Act No. 80/2006 Coll., Act No. 186/2006 Coll., Act No. 311/2006 Coll.

Act No 342/2006 Coll. and Act No 97/2009 Coll.:



§ 1



The subject of the edit



This regulation incorporates the relevant provisions of European Community ^ 1)

and regulates the safety of the tunnel over the particulars of documentation (500 m

"the tunnel"), the safety requirements on the tunnel, the pattern of messages

emergencies in the tunnel, the definition of the activities authorised persons when

the coordination of measures to ensure the safety of the tunnel and the requirements

her professional qualifications and practice.



§ 2



Safety documentation



(1) the safety documentation shall, for the purposes of this regulation

formulated in writing file of preventive and security measures

needed to ensure the safety of users of the tunnel with regard to the nature of the

the route of the tunnel, the arrangement of the construction of the tunnel and its surroundings, the nature of the operation

on the road, which is part of the tunnel, on persons with

reduced mobility and with regard to the scope of the

the intervention of the integrated rescue system. In the security

the documentation is also included and evaluated a range of construction

editing and technical equipment.



(2) the safety documentation for a tunnel at the design stage, given

by the applicant to the application for the initiation of planning and building control

for the construction of tunnels ^ 2) contains, in particular,



and a description of the construction and planned) arrival to her, including the plans necessary to

understanding of the project and the Organization of the operation,



(b) the forecast of intensity of transport) which sets out the reasons and the expected

the conditions of transport of dangerous goods, including risk analysis; the analysis of the

the risks for the tunnel includes all design factors and traffic conditions

on the road, that affect safety, notably

the characteristics of the traffic on the road, the length of the tunnel,

the spatial arrangement of the tunnel and the forecast number of heavy goods

vehicles per day,



(c)) special guest risk situations, especially the most complex

variants of such a situation, describing the possible emergencies that

clearly affect the safety of road users in tunnels, to

that may occur during operation of the tunnel, and the nature and extent of their

possible consequences; Special guest specifies and justifies the measures to

reduce the likelihood of occurrence of incidents and their consequences,



(d) the establishment of regular intervals) safety inspections of the tunnel,

that are not longer than 6 years, and



e) expert opinion to the overall security of the tunnel processed

Chartered Engineer, which was granted authorization for scopes

transport construction and fire safety of buildings ^ 3).



(3) Security documentation processed by the competent road administrative

^ 4) Office in putting the tunnel into operation and updated at the time of operation

the tunnel contains, in addition to the documentation required in the design phase,



and a description of the organisational measures), the personnel and material

Security and the rules established by the administrator of the tunnel to ensure

operation and maintenance of the tunnel,



(b) emergency management plan) ^ 5), which is operationally

the tactical study and is built in cooperation with the integrated

rescue system and which will take account of and persons with reduced

mobility,



(c) a description of the system of continuous recording) of the experience gained,

the basis of which you can record and analyze the serious emergency

events,



d) reports on the incidents, which occurred in the tunnel, and

their analysis and



(e)) and scan the list carried out tactical exercises of the integrated

rescue system and analysis of knowledge from them.



§ 3



Safety requirements on tunnel



The tunnel shall fulfil the safety requirements set out in annex 1 and in

technical standard governing the safety requirements for tunnels ^ 6). If

It has to be, in the case of the specific measures used a different procedure than

What follows from the requirements of the technical standards referred to in the first sentence, should be

Security documentation appended to the opinion of an authorized engineer

which has been granted authorization for the fields of transport construction and fire

safety of buildings ^ 3), proving that the failure to meet the requirements of the technical

the standards for a particular measures will not compromise the operation of the

the tunnel, in particular, that the chosen solution enables the safe evacuation of persons and

the animals in the event of a fire or a fire risk, and effective and safe

the intervention of the fire protection units.



§ 4



Report on incidents in the tunnel



Report on incidents in the tunnel is shown in annex No. 2

to this regulation.



§ 5



The designated person



(1) the designated person



and ensures the coordination of the measures) to ensure the safe operation of the tunnel

the components of the integrated rescue system and participates in the preparation of the

operational plans,



(b) participate in the planning), implementation and evaluation activities in the cases

exceptional events,



(c) participates in the elaboration of) security documentation and determine

construction measures, technical equipment and the conditions of operation of the

the tunnels,



d) works with the components of the integrated rescue system

the preparation and organization of the verification exercise carried out tactical and in

regular intervals not exceeding four years,



e) participate in the assessment of any major incidents.



(2) the designated person shall meet the following requirements:



and has 3 years experience) in the field of transport constructions and has completed

University degree obtained by completing Bachelor's, master's

or doctoral degree program in the field of technical sciences and

technology ^ 7), or



(b)) has 5 years of experience in the field of transportation construction and have completed higher professional

education in the field of education, a group of 36 construction industry, Geodesy and

Cartography or group of 23 engineering and engineering production, or



(c)) has 7 years of experience in the field of transport constructions and received secondary education

with a GCSE in the respective disciplines of education ^ 8).



(3) the conditions referred to in paragraph 2 is not required for a person to

the territory of the Czech Republic intends to temporarily or occasionally to carry out

the activities referred to in paragraph 1 and meets the qualification requirements

established in another Member State of the European Union to pursue the activities referred to in

of paragraph 1.



§ 6



The effectiveness of the



This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 January 2005. September 2009.



The President of the Government:



in from the PhDr. Cock in a. r.



Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs



Minister of transport:



Ing. Slamečka, MBA in r.



Annex 1



Minimum safety requirements for road tunnels longer

than 500 metres



1. The number of tunnel tubes and lanes



1.1. The main criteria for deciding whether to build a tunnel with one

or two tunnel ovens, is forecasting the intensity of transport and

safety, taking into account, in particular, the proportion of heavy goods

vehicles, slope and length of the tunnel.



1.2. If the tunnels, which are in the design phase,

forecast for 15 years shows that the intensity of transport exceeds 10 000

vehicles per day in one lane, must be at the time when this

the value is exceeded, the available tunnel with two tunnel ovens for

one-way traffic.



1.3. With the exception of the emergency Lane, the same number of lanes is maintained

inside the tunnel, and the outside of the tunnel. Any change in the number of lanes shall be carried out in

sufficient distance in front of the tunnel portal; This distance is

at the very least, that the vehicle is not exceeding the maximum

holiday in the place of missing the speed for 10 seconds. If this spatial

conditions do not permit, you must take additional measures or increased

to improve safety.



2. the tunnel



2.1. In new tunnels may not be a longitudinal gradient greater than 5%,

in cases where the spatial conditions do not allow for a different solution.



2.2. In tunnels of more than 3% on the basis of a risk analysis

must take additional or enhanced measures to improve safety.



3. Emergency routes and exits



3.1. In new tunnels without an emergency lane should be for users

the tunnel in case of an accident or of an accident set up emergency walkways. It

does not apply if the construction characteristics of the tunnel do not allow or

allow only at disproportionate expense and the tunnel is a one-way

and is equipped with a system of continuous monitoring and system closure

lanes.



3.2. In tunnels listed in service before the entry into force of this

Regulation, where there is neither an emergency lane nor an emergency walkway, must be

additional or increased measures to ensure safety.



3.3. Emergency exits must tunnel users in the event of an accident or
fire to allow leaving the tunnel without vehicles and to achieve a safe place

and it must also allow the arms of the integrated rescue system of the pedestrian

access to the tunnel. Examples of emergency exits:



and exits from the tunnel) direct out



(b) the link between the transverse tunnel) ovens,



(c) exits to the rescue) paths,



(d)) with an escape route separate shelters from the tunnel tube.



3.4. Do not set up shelters without East to escape routes out of the

the tunnel.



3.5. Emergency exits shall be provided if the risk analysis,

including the analysis of the creation and spread of speed of smoke in local conditions,

shows that the ventilation and other safety measures are insufficient to

ensure the safety of users of communication.



3.6. Tunnels put into service after the entry into force of this Regulation shall

have emergency exits in case, when the traffic intensity is higher than 2 000

vehicles per day in one lane.



3.7. in the case of tunnels listed in service before the entry into force of this

Regulation of longer than 1 000 m with the intensity of transport higher than 2 000

vehicles per day in one lane must evaluate the feasibility

and the effectiveness of the establishment of new emergency exits. In the case of this

the evaluation shows that the establishment of new emergency exits will lead to

significantly more efficient to ensure the safety of the users of the tunnel compared to the

actual condition and that is with regard to stavebnětechnické and geological

feasible conditions without unduly high financing costs in the

relation to achieved improvement of safety of the tunnel must be established

emergency exits, no later than 5 years after the evaluation.



2.4. If the emergency exits must not be set up, the distance between the

two emergency exits more than 500 yards.



2.4. To prevent the ingress of smoke and heat to escape routes behind the emergency

the exits shall apply appropriate means, such as doors.



4. Access to the components of the integrated rescue system



4.1. The dvoutrubních tunnels where the oven on the same or almost the

the same level must be established at least every 1 500 m cross

the link between the tunnel ovens suitable for the components of the integrated

rescue system.



4.2. If the spatial conditions allow, must be before

the portal of the tunnel with two or more ovens available medium divider

belts that can be run over.



5. emergency bays



5.1. In the new bidirectional tunnels longer than 1 500 m with

the intensity of transport over 2 000 vehicles per day in one lane must

be set up emergency bays remote maximum 1 000 metres, if not

set up emergency lanes.



5.2. in the case of two-way tunnels put into service prior to the entry into force of

This regulation greater than 1 500 metres with the intensity of transport over 2 000

vehicles for the day in one lane, but without emergency lanes, must

be assessed the feasibility and effectiveness of their establishment. In the case of

This assessment shows that the establishment of the emergency lanes will lead to significant

more effectively ensure the safety of the users of the tunnel compared

and that is with regard to stavebnětechnické and geological conditions

practicable without unreasonably high financial costs in relation to the

achieved by improving the safety of the tunnel must be established emergency lanes

not later than 5 years from the assessment.



5.3. emergency bays need not establish if this building

the characteristics of the tunnel do not allow or allow it only at

disproportionate costs and if the total width of the tunnel the usable

vehicles, without the additional parts and normal traffic lanes, at least

equal to the width of a normal lane.



5.4. Lay-bys shall be placed long emergency call.



6. Drainage



6.1. In tunnels, in which transport of dangerous goods is allowed,

must be done to divert the flammable and toxic liquids using properly

adequate sanitation or other measures that are located in the transverse

the tunnel profile. Sewer system must be designed and maintained so

to prevent the expansion of flammable, flammable and toxic liquids

inside the tunnel tubes or between them.



6.2. If the tunnels put into service prior to the entry into force of

of this regulation, it is not possible to meet this requirement, or it can be

met only for disproportionate expense, it is necessary to take into account when

deciding whether, on the basis of an analysis of relevant risks to allow the transport of

dangerous goods.



7. Fire resistance of building structures Supporting building structure

all tunnels should ensure a sufficient level of fire resistance,

where a local violation of construction may have catastrophic consequences, such as

passing through the tunnels under water or in tunnels, which may cause

the collapse of the major related structures. Building construction and

fire protection for these tunnels must have fire resistance

corresponding to the 7. degree of fire safety



8. Lighting



8.1. In the tunnel must be secured to the normal lighting, which provides for the

the driver in the entrance zone and inside the tunnel proper visibility in daily and

night time.



5.1. emergency lighting shall be installed, which in the case of a power failure

the power supply provides the minimum visibility for tunnel users

the abandonment of the tunnel in their vehicles.



8.3. Must be established emergency escape lighting, such as

light indicate the direction of the evacuation, which is located at a height of maximum

1.0 metres.



9. Ventilation



9.1. The design, construction and operation of the ventilation system shall take into account



and) the pollutants that are emitted by road

vehicles in normal operation and in the rush hour,



(b)) limit the pollutants that are emitted by road

vehicles stopping traffic as a result of an incident or

of the accident,



(c) the control of heat and smoke) in case of fire.



9.2. Forced ventilation system must be introduced in all tunnels longer

than 1 000 metres and with the intensity of transport higher than 2 000 vehicles per day in

one lane.



9.3. In tunnels with two-way traffic, or one-way traffic with

traffic congestions permit longitudinal ventilation can be provided

risk analysis shows that the admissibility of this ventilation, or are

Special measures taken as appropriate to traffic management, the shortening of the

distance to emergency exits or the regular layout of the device to the

smoke extraction system.



5.8. In the tunnels, where the forced ventilation system is necessary and longitudinal

ventilation according to paragraph 9.3. It is not allowed, must enjoy the transverse or

polopříčné the ventilation systems. In the event of fire, these systems must be

capable of exhaust smoke.



9.5. For tunnels with two-way traffic, with the intensity of transport over 2 000

vehicles per day in one lane, with a length of more than 3 000 metres,

they are equipped with a control centre and the longitudinal or transverse ventilation,

must be in relation to the following measures:



and air) are installed and the smoke flaps, which can cause

individually or in a group,



b) longitudinal velocity of the air is permanently controlled and ventilation control

System (dampers, fans, etc.) It is accordingly

regulated.



10. Sound emergency call



10.1. the Sounds of emergency calls are intended to be the location of the different parts of the

safety equipment, in particular emergency phones and fire extinguishers.

the devices, however, are not designed to protect users of the communication before

the effects of fire.



10.2. The Hornburg emergency call must consist of the Clipboard on the wall of the tunnel

or, if possible, in the recess of the wall of the tunnel. Must be equipped with at least

telephone for emergency calls, and two fire extinguishers.



10.3. the Sounds of emergency calls must be located in the vicinity of the portals and

inside the tunnel at intervals which for new tunnels shall not exceed 150 metres

and in the case of tunnels put into service prior to the entry into force of this regulation,

do not exceed 250 metres.



11. Water supply



Water supply for fire suppression must be ensured for all tunnels.

Hydrants shall be established in the vicinity of the portals and inside the tunnel

intervals not exceeding 250 metres. If you do not ensure supply

water, you must verify that a sufficient amount of water is provided on

putting out the other way, and if it is not, it must be ensured

provided additionally.



12. Traffic signs, safety signs, traffic equipment, light

signals and equipment for operating the location of all security information

devices intended for users of the tunnel must be marked, in particular,

informative road signs. Traffic signs, safety

brand, transport equipment, traffic signals, and devices for operating

the information used in the tunnels are specified in the specific rules ^ 9).



13. Control Center



8.1. in all tunnels longer than 3 000 metres with the intensity of transport

over 2 000 vehicles per day in one lane must be established control

Centre.



8.2. Surveillance of several tunnels may be concentrated into a single

the management of the Centre.



14. The supervisory systems



8.8. in all tunnels with a control center must be installed

video-surveillance systems and systems for automatic detection
emergency transport events (such as the standing vehicle) or

fires.



8.8. in all the tunnels without the control center must be installed

automatic fire detection systems, if the operation of the compulsory

ventilation the smoke differs from the automatic operation of the ventilation

pollutants.



15. Equipment for the closing of the tunnel



9.4. in all tunnels longer than 1 000 m shall be the entrances to

tunnel installed traffic lights, so that the tunnel could be in

the case of an emergency. Furthermore, additional resources may be used as

variable traffic signs and barriers, in order to ensure compliance with the prohibition on

the entrance.



9.4. Inside all tunnels longer than 3 000 meters, that are equipped with

the control centre and in which the intensity of transport higher than 2 000

vehicles per day in one lane, in the intervals must be

not exceeding 1 000 metres installed equipment to stop vehicles in

the case of an emergency. This device consists of a light-signalling and

where appropriate, of the additional resources such as evacuation, variable

traffic signs and barriers.



16. Connecting and communication systems



16.1. in all tunnels longer than 1 000 m with the intensity of transport

over 2000 vehicles per day in one lane must be installed

a device for secure radio communication integrated rescue

the system.



10.1. In tunnels with a control centre, in which is for users of the tunnel

set up the transmission of radio broadcasts, should be allowed to interrupt

radio broadcasting in the interest of the security of messages.



10.1. Hiding places and other facilities where evakuovaní users of the tunnel must

wait before they leave the tunnel, must be equipped with speakers for the transmission

safety messages to users.



17. The supply of electrical energy and electrical wiring



17.1. All tunnels shall have an emergency electricity supply,

that ensures the operation of the safety equipment required for the evacuation-

After a period of time before everyone leaves the tunnel.



10.7. Electrical measuring and control circuits shall be designed to

their local blackout, for example, because of the fire, however, the undamaged

circuits.



18. The functionality of technical equipment of the tunnel in the event of fire



The functional level of technical equipment of the tunnel in the event of fire must be

take into account the technological possibilities and must be focused on the conservation of

all the necessary safety features.



Annex 2



The report on the extraordinary security incidents in the tunnel



1. Description of the event (date, time, place, cause, result in progress)



2. Description of the activities of the staff manning the tunnel manager, folders,

the integrated rescue system and distributor of electrical energy



3. the role and the efficiency of the safety devices and measures



4. the aftermath



5. evaluation of the causes of



6. measures taken



7. restore operation (date, time)



8. the processor (date, signature)



1) European Parliament and Council Directive 2004/54/EC of 29 April 2004. April

2004 on minimum safety requirements for tunnels in the trans-European

the road network.



section 16, paragraph 2). 2 of Act No. 13/1997 Coll., on the road,

the text of Act No. 80/2006 Coll. and Act No. 186/2006 Sb.



§ 5, paragraph 3). 3 (b). (b)), and (j)) of Act No 360/1992 Coll., on the exercise of the profession of

Chartered architects and professional engineers and

technicians working in construction, as amended by law No 224/2003 Coll.



4) section 12a paragraph. 1 (a). and Act No. 13)/1997.



5 § 2 (b)). (b)) of the Act No. 239/2000 Coll., on the integrated rescue

the system amending certain laws.



ČSN 73 7507 6) design of road tunnels.



7) Act No. 111/1998 Coll., on universities and amending and supplementing

other laws (the law on universities), as amended

regulations.



8) Act No. 561/2004 Coll. on pre-school, primary, secondary, higher

vocational and other education (the Education Act), as amended

regulations. Regulation of the Government No. 689/2004 Coll., on the system of education in the disciplines

primary, secondary and higher vocational education, as amended

regulations.



9) Decree No. 30/2001 Coll., implementing rules on

the road and the adjustment and control of traffic on the road

safety, as amended.



Government Decree No. 11/2002 Coll., laying down the appearance and location of the

safety signs and signals in the introduction, as amended.