The Convention On The Elimination Of All Forms Of Discrimination Against Women

Original Language Title: o Úmluvě o odstranění všech forem diskriminace žen

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now for only USD$20 per month, or Get a Day Pass for only USD$4.99.
62/1987 Coll.


Minister of Foreign Affairs

of 13 June. May 1987

the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of discrimination against women

On 18 July 2005. December 1979 was in New York City negotiated the Convention on the Elimination

of all forms of discrimination against women.

On behalf of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the Convention was signed in

Copenhagen, 17 December. July 1980.

With the Convention have expressed their consent of the Federal Assembly of the Czechoslovak

the President of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Socialist

Republic has ratified it with the proviso that the Czechoslovak Socialist

the Republic, in accordance with paragraph 2 of article 29 of the Convention on the Elimination of

of all forms of discrimination against women shall not be considered to be bound by paragraph 1 of its

Article 29. Czechoslovak Socialist Republic is of the opinion that

any disputes concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention to be addressed

any negotiation between the parties to the dispute, or in any other way, to the

where the parties to the dispute so agree. Instrument of ratification was deposited with the

the Secretary-General of the UNITED NATIONS, the depositary of the Convention, 16 December. February 1982.

Convention entered into force, pursuant to article 27, paragraph 1 on the date

September 3, 1981. For the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic entered in the

force in accordance with its article 27, paragraph 2, on the day of the 18. March 1982.

Czech translation of the Convention shall be published at the same time.

First Deputy:

Rehorek in r.


on the Elimination of all forms of discrimination against women

The States parties to this Convention,

Noting that the Charter of the United Nations reaffirms faith in

fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the

equality of men and women,

Noting that the Universal Declaration of human rights affirms the principle of

inadmissibility of discrimination and proclaims that all human beings are born

free and equal in terms of dignity and rights and that everyone is entitled to

all the rights and freedoms enshrined in it, without any

the difference, including the difference based on sex,

Noting that the States parties of the international pacts concerning human

rights have the obligation to ensure the equal rights of men and women in

the use of all economic, social, cultural, civil and

political rights,

taking into account the international conventions concluded under the auspices of the Organization of the

the United Nations and the specialized agencies, to promote equality of

men and women,

taking also note of the resolutions, declarations and recommendations adopted by the

The United Nations and the specialized agencies, to promote

equality of men and women,

concerned, however, that notwithstanding these documents still exists

extensive discrimination against women,

Recalling that discrimination against women violates the principles of equality of rights and

respect for human dignity, is an obstacle to the participation of women, on the

an equal basis with men, in the political, social, economic and

the cultural life of their countries, prevents the growth of the well-being of society and the

full development of the family and makes the possibility of women in service for their country

and for humanity,

concerned that, in the conditions of poverty women have least access to

nutrition, health, education, training and employment and

other needs,

convinced that the new international economic order navedastolení,

based on equality and sprlnosti, will contribute significantly to enforcement of

equality between men and women,

Emphasizing that the eradication of apartheid, all forms of racism, racial

discrimination, colonialism, neokolonialismu, aggression, foreign occupation and

domination and interference in the internal affairs of States is essential for the

full use of the rights of men and women,

Affirming that the consolidation of international peace and security, the release

international tension, cooperation between States, regardless of the

their social economic establishment, General and complete disarmament and

in particular, nuclear disarmament under strict and effective international control,

confirmation of the principles of Justice, equality and mutual benefit in the

relations between the countries and the implementation of the rights of peoples under foreign and colonial

domination and foreign occupation to self-determination and independence, as well as

respect for the national sovereignty and territorial integrity will help

social progress and development, and as a result, will contribute to the achievement of the

full equality between men and women,

convinced that the full development of the country, the welfare of the world and peace require

the maximum participation of women in equal conditions with men in all


Bearing in mind the great contribution of women to the welfare of the family and the development of society,

so far not fully recognized, the social significance of maternity and the role of both

parents in the family and in the upbringing of children, and aware that the role of women in

conservation of the genus should not be the basis for discrimination but that the upbringing of

children requires the Division of responsibilities between men and women and society as a


aware that, in order to achieve full equality between men and women

It is necessary to change the traditional role of men as well as the role of women in society and

in the family,

determined to implement the principles enshrined in the Declaration on the Elimination of

discrimination against women and to adopt the measures necessary for this purpose for the

the removal of such discrimination in all their forms and manifestations,

have agreed as follows:


Article 1

For the purposes of this Convention, the term "discrimination against women" to refer to any

do the difference, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of gender,

the effect or aim is to disrupt or cancel the recognition, enjoyment or

application by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of

equality between men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the

the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field.

Article 2

States parties condemn discrimination against women in all its

forms, agree, that will be by all appropriate means and without

delay to carry out a policy of eliminating discrimination against women and, to this end,

undertake to:

and the principle of equality), anchor men and women in their national

the constitutions or other appropriate legislation, if in them

It is not yet established, and to ensure, through law and other

appropriate means, the practical realisation of this principle;

(b) take appropriate legislative) and other measures, including sanctions, there

where appropriate, prohibiting all discrimination against women;

(c) to establish legal protection of the rights) of women on an equal basis with men, to provide

through the competent national tribunals and other public

institutions the effective protection of women against any act of discrimination;

d) abstaining from engaging in any act or practice of discrimination

women and to ensure that public authorities and institutions act in accordance with the

This commitment;

e) to receive all appropriate measures for the Elimination of discrimination

women by any person, organization or Enterprise;

(f)) to take all appropriate measures, including legislative measures,

to amend or repeal existing laws, regulations, customs, or

practices which constitute discrimination against women;

(g) to repeal all national penal) provisions that discriminate against women.

Article 3

States parties, in all areas, particularly in the political,

social, economic and cultural areas, to take all appropriate

the measures, including legislative measures, to ensure the full development and

the edification of women, with a view to guaranteeing them the application and use of the human

rights and fundamental freedoms on a basis of equality with men.

Article 4

1. If States parties, special temporary measures,

aimed at accelerating de facto gender equality, it will not

considered discrimination as defined in this Convention; in any of the

If, however, these measures may not ultimately lead to conservation

oppressive or separate standards; These measures will be

further, when they achieved the objectives in the area of gender and options


2. where the States parties, the special measures, including measures

contained in the present Convention, aimed at protecting maternity, it won't

considered discrimination.

Article 5

States parties shall take all appropriate measures:

and) to change the social and cultural practices in terms of the behavior of the

men and women with a view to achieving the Elimination of prejudices and customs and all

other practices based on the idea of subordination or superiority

one of the sexes or on stereotyped roles for men and women;

(b)) to ensure that family education includes a proper understanding of the

maternity as a social function and the recognition of the common responsibility of men and

women for the upbringing and development of their children, it being understood that the interest of children

in all cases, it builds on the first place.

Article 6

States parties shall take all appropriate measures, including the

legislative measures to suppress all forms of trafficking in women and

the exploitation of the prostitution of women.


Article 7

States parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate

discrimination against women in political and public life of the country and, in particular,

on an equal basis with men, the right:

and to vote in all elections) and public referendums and the right to select the
to all publicly elected bodies;

(b)) to participate in the formulation and implementation of State policy and to hold public

authorities and to perform all public functions at all levels of management


(c) participation in non-governmental organisations) and associations involved in the

public and political life of the country.

Article 8

States parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure

of women, on an equal basis with men and, without any

discrimination, the opportunity to represent their Governments at the international

level and to participate in the work of international organizations.

Article 9

1. States parties shall grant women equal rights with men to acquire,

to change or retain their nationality. In particular, ensure that the

even the marriage with a foreigner, nor change the nationality of the husband during

marriage does not change automatically the nationality of the wife, does not make it

a stateless person and it forces them to accept State

nationality of the husband.

2. States parties shall grant women equal rights with men with respect to

about the nationality of their children.


Article 10

States parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate

discrimination against women in order to ensure to them equal rights with men in the field of

education and, in particular, on the basis of equality of men and women, measures

used to ensure:

and the same conditions for the choice of) employment and occupation for access to

study and for obtaining graduate school report, the achievement of diplomas in

educational establishments of all categories in both rural and urban

areas; This equality shall be ensured in pre-school, General,

technical, professional and higher technical education, as well as in all

the types of vocational training;

(b)) to access the same curriculum, the same faculty with exams,

qualifications at the same level and school objects and equipment of the same quality;

(c) the Elimination of stereotyped concepts) of all tasks of men and women at all

levels and in all forms of education by promoting coeducation and other

forms of education which will help to achieve this aim and, in particular the revision of the

textbooks and school programmes and the adaptation of the teaching methods;

(d)) the same opportunities for the use of scholarships and other contributions to the


(e)) the same opportunities for access to programmes of continuing education,

including programs for adults, and educational programs, in particular programs

aimed at reducing the existing gap in education between men and

women in the shortest time possible;

(f)) reduce the number of women who complete studies and the organisation of programmes

for girls and women who have left school prematurely;

(g)) the same opportunities for active participation in sports and physical education;

(h) access to specific educational) information, which help to ensure

the health and well-being of families, including information and advice regarding the planning


Article 11

1. States parties shall take all appropriate measures to

the Elimination of discrimination of women in employment in order to ensure, on the basis of the

equality between men and women, the same rights, in particular:

and the right to work) as nezcizitelného the rights of all human beings;

(b) the right to the same opportunities) in employment, including the use of the same

selection criteria in employment;

(c) the right of free choice) profession and employment, the right to the procedure,

ensure space and all benefits and conditions of employment and the right to

vocational training and retraining, including apprenticeships, specialisation

training and in-service training;

(d) the right to equal pay), including benefits, and to equal treatment if

It is a work of the same value, as well as equality in the quality evaluation

the work;

(e)) the right to social security, particularly in cases of retirement,

unemployment, sickness, invalidity and old age and other incapacity

work, as well as the right to paid annual leave;

(f)) of the right to health protection and safe working conditions, including

the protection of the Mission of the women as mothers;

2. In order to prevent discrimination against women on grounds of marriage or

maternity and to ensure their rights to take the real job States

the Contracting Parties, all appropriate measures:

and to ban) under the threat of the imposition of sanctions, dismissal on grounds of

pregnancy or maternity leave and discrimination in dismissals of

the reasons for marital status;

(b)) to the introduction of maternity leave with pay or with comparable

social benefits without loss of former employment, the staff regulations

position or social contributions;

(c) to promote the provision of the necessary) supplementary social services,

to enable parents to combine family obligations with work

responsibilities and participation in public life, in particular by supporting the establishment of

and the development of a network of childcare facilities;

(d)) to provide special protection to pregnant women in the types of work that

have proven to be harmful to them.

3. the laws governing the provision of protection in the matters referred to in

This article will be regularly re-evaluated in the light of scientific and

technical knowledge and will be reviewed as appropriate, subject to interference or


Article 12

1. States parties shall take all appropriate measures to

Elimination of discrimination against women in the field of health care in order to ensure the

the basis of the equality of men and women, access to health services,

including those related to family planning.

2. Without prejudice to the provisions of paragraph 1, shall ensure that the States of the Contracting Parties, women

appropriate services in connection with pregnancy, šestinedělím and

the postpartum period, and according to the needs of these services will be free of charge and

also ensure adequate nutrition during pregnancy and lactation.

Article 13

States parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate

discrimination against women in other areas of economic and social

life in order to ensure, on a basis of equality of men and women, the same

rights, in particular:

and the) right to family allowances;

(b)) the right to bank loans, mortgages and other forms of financial credit;

(c)) the right to recreation, sports and participation in all forms of cultural life.

Article 14

1. States parties shall take into account the special problems

by rural women, and the important role they play in

economic life and the preservation of their families, including their work in the

nonprofit sectors of the economy, and shall take all appropriate

measures to ensure the implementation of the provisions of this Convention to women in

rural areas.

2. States parties shall take all appropriate measures to

Elimination of discrimination against women in rural areas in order to ensure

them, on the basis of equality of men and women, participation in rural development and

to benefit from it and, in particular, shall ensure to such women the right:

and participation in the development and) implementation of development planning at all


(b)) to have access to adequate health care facilities, including information,

advice and services in the area of family planning;

c) benefit directly from social security programmes;

(d)) to obtain all types of training and education, formal and

non-formal learning, including training programs, as well as take advantage of any

municipal and other services, among other things, in order to increase their technical


e) to organize self-help groups and cooperatives in order to obtain the same

access to economic opportunities through employment or

independent professions;

f) participation in all kinds of social activities;

g) to have access to agricultural credit and loans, market facilities, appropriate

the technique and the same treatment on land and agricultural reforms,

as well as in the programmes of the colonization of the country;

h) have adequate living conditions, particularly in terms of housing,

sanitary facilities, supply of electricity and water, transport and communications.


Article 15

1. States parties shall grant women equality with men before the law.

2. States parties shall grant women in civil

matters of legal capacity, which is the same as the qualifications of the

the men and the same opportunities to exercise that capacity. In particular, the

provide women equal rights to conclude contracts and to administer property and

will they do as well in all stages of the proceedings.

3. States parties agree that all contracts and all

other private documents of any kind, whose legal effect is

directed on restriction of legal capacity of women, were considered as little

and invalid.

4. States parties shall provide to men and women the same rights if

laws relating to the movement of persons and the freedom to choose the place

stay and residence.

Article 16

1. States parties shall take all appropriate measures to

Elimination of discrimination against women in all matters relating to marriage and the

family relations and in particular shall ensure, on a basis of equality of men and


and the same right of entry) to the marriage;

(b)) the same right freely to choose a spouse and to enter into marriage

only with the free and full consent;
(c)) the same rights and obligations for the duration of the marriage and its


(d)) the same parental rights and obligations, regardless of their marital

the State, in matters relating to their children. In all cases, must be

interests of children paramount;

(e)) the same rights to decide freely and responsibly on the number and time

the birth of their children and to have access to the information, education and

the resources that will enable them to exercise these rights;

f) the same rights and responsibilities with regard to guardianship, trusteeship,

guardianship and adoption of children, or similar institutions, existing in the

National zákonodárstvích. In all cases the interests of the children must be


g) the same personal rights of spouses, including the right to choose a family name,

occupation or employment;

h) the same rights for both spouses in respect of ownership, acquisition, management,

the management, use and disposal of assets, free of charge or for a valuable consideration.

2. the Betrothal and marriage of children do not have legal effect and will be taken

all necessary measures, including legislative, to ensure that

set the minimum age for marriage and to make the registration

marriage in the official matrix was made compulsory.


Article 17

1. In order to assess the progress achieved in the implementation of this

the Convention, the Committee will be established for the Elimination of discrimination against women (continue to

referred to as the Committee) which will consist of the Convention at the time of entry in the

force from 18 and after its ratification or accession to it the 35th

the State party, of the 23 experts of high moral standards and

capabilities in the field, to which this Convention applies. These experts will be

elected by States parties from among their citizens, taking

take into account the equitable geographical distribution and the representation of different

forms of civilization and of the principal legal systems and will act as a

a private person.

2. the members of the Committee shall be elected by secret ballot from a list of persons

nominated by the States parties. Each State party may,

nominate one person from among its citizens.

3. the first election shall be held six months after the date of entry into force of this Convention in

force. At least three months before the date of each election shall send the General

Secretary-General of the United Nations, the letter States, Contracting Parties, in

which prompts that within two months submit their candidates. General

the Secretary-General shall prepare a list in alphabetical order sorted all the following persons appointed with the

indicating the States parties which have nominated them, and shall submit it to the

States parties.

4. Election of the members of the Committee will be held at the meeting of the States of the Contracting Parties,

convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. On

the meeting, which will form a quorum of two-thirds of the States of the Contracting Parties,

the persons elected to the Committee shall be those nominees who obtain the largest

at the same time, the number of votes and an absolute majority of the votes present and voting

the representatives of the States of the Contracting Parties.

5. the members of the Committee shall be elected for a term of four years. However, the term

nine members, who were elected in the first election expires after two

years; the names of these nine members shall be chosen by lot by the Chairman of the Committee

immediately after the first election.

6. The election of the five additional members of the Committee shall be held in accordance with the

the provisions of paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 of this article, following the thirty-fifth ratification

or access. The term of Office of two of the additional members elected at

this opportunity will expire after two years. The names of these two members will be

selected by lot by the Chairman of the Committee.

7. In the case of the free State, shall be appointed by a Contracting Party whose

an expert has stopped working as a member of the Committee, another expert from the series

of its citizens, and this appointment will be subject to the approval of the Committee.

8. the members of the Committee shall, with the approval of the General Assembly, paid from the

the resources of the United Nations within the time limits and under the conditions laid down

The General Assembly, taking into account the importance of the duties of the Committee.

9. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall provide the necessary

the staff and facilities for the effective implementation of the functions of the Committee under this

of the Convention.

Article 18

1. States parties undertake to submit to the General

the Secretary-General of the United Nations for consideration by the Committee a report on the

legislative, judicial, administrative or other measures that

they have adopted in order to bring the provisions of the Convention in a life, and on the progress that

was achieved in this direction:

and) within one year after the entry into force for the State concerned;

(b)) then at least every four years and further whenever the Committee so requests.

2. Messages may inform of the circumstances and difficulties that affect the

the degree of fulfilment of the obligations under this Convention.

Article 19

1. the Committee shall adopt its own rules of procedure.

2. The Committee shall elect its officers for a period of two years.

Article 20

1. The Committee shall normally meet for a period of no longer than two weeks per year for

to discuss the reports submitted in accordance with article 18 of this

of the Convention.

2. meetings of the Committee shall normally be held at United Nations Headquarters

Nations, or in another suitable place to be determined by the Committee.

Article 21

1. The Committee shall, through the economic and Social Council to submit each

annual report to the General Assembly on its activities and may make proposals

and general recommendations based on the review of reports and information

sent to the States parties. Such suggestions and General

recommendations will be included in the report of the Committee, together with any comments

the States of the Contracting Parties.

2. The Secretary-General will transmit to the Commission on the status of women reports

The Committee for information.

Article 22

Professional organizations have the right to be represented when discussing the implementation of the

the provisions of this Convention that come within the sphere of their activity.

The Committee may invite the specialized agencies to submit a report on the implementation of the

of the Convention in areas falling within the sphere of their activity.


Article 23

Nothing in this Convention shall not prejudice the provisions which may better lead

in order to achieve equality between men and women which may be contained:

and in the legislation of the State) the parties; or

(b)) in any other international Convention, treaty or agreement that is for

This State is valid.

Article 24

States parties undertake to adopt at the national level

all necessary measures aimed at achieving the full realization of the rights of

provided for by this Convention.

Article 25

1. This Convention shall be open for signature by all States.

2. The depositary of this Convention, the Secretary-General of the United

of the Nations.

3. this Convention is subject to ratification. The instruments of ratification shall be deposited with

the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

4. This Convention shall be open for accession by all States. Access

carried out by depositing an instrument of accession with the Secretary General

Of the United Nations.

Article 26

1. a request for the revision of this Convention may be made at any time by any of the

the State party's written notification sent to the General,

the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

2. About possible steps to be taken in respect of such a request,

Decides the United Nations General Assembly.

Article 27

1. This Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date of deposit of the 20th

the instruments of ratification or accession with the Secretary-General of the Organization of the

of the United Nations.

2. for each State which ratifies this Convention or accedes thereto after the

deposit of the 20th instrument of ratification or accession, this Convention shall

into force on the thirtieth day after the date of deposit of its instrument of ratification or


Article 28

1. The Secretary-General of the United Nations will receive and

distribute to all States the text of reservations made by States upon ratification of the

or when you access.

2. The reservation, which is not compatible with the object and purpose of this Convention is


3. Reservations may be withdrawn at any time, by sending to nótou

the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall inform the

all of the States. These notes will become effective on the date of their adoption.

Article 29

1. any dispute between two or more States parties, if the

as to the interpretation or application of this Convention which is not settled by negotiation,

will, at the request of one of them passed to the Arbitration Convention. If the parties to the

six months from the date of the request for arbitration fail to agree on the Organization of

arbitration, either of the parties to this dispute to pass International

the Court of Justice on the basis of an application submitted, in accordance with the Statute of the Court of

the Court of Auditors.

2. Each State party may, when signing or ratifying the

of this Convention or accession, declare that it intends not to be bound by the

paragraph 1 of this article. The other States parties shall not be

bound by paragraph 1 of this article in respect of any State,

a Contracting Party which has made such a reservation.

3. Any State party which has made a reservation in accordance with the

paragraph 2 of this article may at any time withdraw such reservation

notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Article 30

This Convention, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English,

French, Russian and Spanish are equally authentic, will be
deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

In witness whereof, the duly authorized to do so, have signed this

the Convention.

Related Laws