On The Construction, The Development Of Documentation And The Determination Of The Protection. The Pillars Of The

Original Language Title: o konstrukci, vypracování dokumentace a stanovení ochr. pilířů

Read the untranslated law here: https://portal.gov.cz/app/zakony/download?idBiblio=39453&nr=415~2F1991~20Sb.&ft=txt

415/1991 Coll.



DECREE



The Czech Mining Authority



of 6 May 1999. September 1991



on the construction, the development of documentation and the establishment of protection pillars,

celíků and zones to protect mining and surface objects



Change: 340/1992 Sb.



Change: 331/2002 Sb.



The Czech mining Office lays down pursuant to § 6 paragraph 1. 6 (a). Czech law)

the National Council No. 61/1988 Coll. on mining activities, explosives and

the State Mining Administration:



PART THE FIRST



General provisions



§ 1



(1) the purpose of this order is to establish the procedure for the design,

elaboration of documentation and the establishment of protection pillars, celíků and zones

for the protection of surface and mining objects.



(2) design protection pillars, celíků and zones of mining and surface

the organization draws up a ^ 1 object) usually in the design, construction and

the reconstruction of the mines and quarries, when processing the proposal for developing the plan,

preparation and extraction, or when another implementation of the mining activity.

The premise is enough on mining-geological knowledge and supporting documents.



(3) the establishment of protection pillars, celíků and zones of mine surface

objects is part of developing the plan, permit preparation and conquering ^ 2) and

enables the district mining Office.



PART TWO



Protective pillar underground mining



§ 2



The conditions for the construction of the protective pillars of jam and surface objects



(1) before drawing up the project of protective pillar jam and surface

object processes the Organization conditions for its construction.



(2) the conditions for the construction of the protective pillars to delimit the scope of the protected

the area on the surface and on this desktop a follow-up body protection

the pillars in the bearing and its accompanying rocks (e.g., angles pilířových

straight lines, the parameters of the pilířových areas, etc.). The protected area must be

determined by the points whose coordinates are given in the valid coordinate

System (the vertices of a polygon is the center of the circle, etc.), which can be

round to whole feet.



§ 3



The project of protective pillar jam and surface objects



(1) the project documentation file protection pillars, processed and

the present organizations must contain



and) surface map designating protected areas, surface objects

lines sections and boundaries of the protective pillars in the various seams,

the veins, combs, etc.,



(b)) surface map in the same design as in point a) designating the

the boundaries of the protective pillars on each floor,



(c) individual maps of the mining of seams), lived, combs or bearing blocks with

showing the boundaries of the protective pillars, while the close grouping of seams

It is sufficient to construct protective pillar only to seams, distant from each other

not more than 50 m and for seam lying within this interval to teach border

the protective pillars determined by interpolation,



d) geological profiles jam and deep-water wells and at least two slices in the

the basic scale of mining maps, passing through the Centre of the protective

the pillars in the directions perpendicular to each other about, one of which is perpendicular

on the direction of the layers. In the sections of the regions geologic data and the pillar

line protection pillars,



e) technical report, which must include



1. Description of the geological characteristics related to the area of the body

the protective pillar, in particular the imposition of formation, tectonic seams, ratios

He lived, and the whole place bearings, petrographic and physico-mechanical

the properties of the surrounding rocks and hydrogeological data,



2. the list of objects inside and outside the protected area with a brief description

their condition at the time of drawing up the project of protective pillar,



3. the coordinates of the protected areas,



4. a description of the construction of the pillar with reference to the conditions laid down

(§ 2),



5. Description of the current state of the jam, in particular as regards the verticality, straightness and

the status of the reinforcement,



6. the provisional calculation of the effects of mining activities on the surface objects inside

and outside the protected area, documented according to the needs of isolines deformation maps

ground (dips, shifts, etc.),



7. the preliminary calculation of the deformation of the jam as a result of mining of the border

the protective pillars,



8. assessment for geomechanical conditions in the housing of the protective pillar and its

around (especially with regard to rules on the mountain shaking)

the design of any forecasting and preventive measures,



9. inventory of reserved minerals that protective pillar binds.



(2) the district mining Office may require the processing of individual

requirements technical reports referred to in paragraph 2 (a). (e)) in the form of an expert

expert report. ^ 3)



(3) the necessary mining maps, or parts thereof, and the map surface must flat

made permanent in nature.



(4) the individual parts of the documentation must be perceptible when and by whom they were

processed and must be verified by the main mining meter. The entire project

the protective pillars must be associated in an appropriate manner in a single unit, which

approves the racing or racing down the quarry.



(5) the project of protective pillar must be submitted in two copies

no later than three months before the procedure mining work in the influential

distance of jam or surface objects.



(6) the project of protective pillar presents to enable the Organization, in which

mining area is a protected object.



§ 4



The trade pillar of the blind-Yam



(1) the project of protective pillar blind pit processes of the organization no later than

three months before the zoom to work blind shaft mining pits and to

its device.



(2) the dimensions and shape of the protective pillar blind pit is chosen so as to make it

can the safe mining.



(3) the project of protective pillar blind pit must contain



and) description of the geological characteristics, tectonic formation (saving ratios,

petrographic properties of bearing and movement of rocks),



(b) the protected area on the range) applies a blind pit and description of contract

the body of protective pillar (the slope of the straight lines, the parameters pilířových pilířových

areas, etc.) including a description of the structure, the



(c) calculation of deformation resulting from exploitation of) outside the body of the protective pillars

on the scape of the pit, or blind to its equipment (engine room hoist

machines, rope and lanovnicové channels and Chambers, etc.),



(d) assessment for geomechanical conditions in) housing protection pillars and its

the area, in particular with regard to rules on the mountain shaking with the proposal

potential forecasting and preventive measures



(e)), which consists of graphic documentation required mining maps, drawings and

at least two perpendicular cuts at a scale of mining maps, mapping

protection pillar. This documentation shall be made permanent in nature. For

This documentation applies to the provisions of § 3 para. 4 apply mutatis mutandis.



(4) the project of protective pillar blind pit approved racing down or

Racing quarry.



§ 5



Change and cancellation of protective pillar jam, blind-Yam and surface

objects



(1) if such changes in the underground or on the surface, that require

amendment or cancellation of the protective pillars, will ask the Organization to allow this

changes to or cancellation of the district mining Office (change to the storage conditions of the bearing,

protected areas, etc.).



(2) the change is not considered during the refinement of protective pillar in

These rocks, the veins, the combs and the bearing blocks. This clarification is

shall immediately make the main mining meter based on up-to-date

knowledge about the construction of the bearing and to send a message to the district mining Office

the Office.



§ 6



Quarrying in the protective pillars jam, blind-Yam and surface objects



(1) Mining in the protective pillars jam, blind-Yam and surface

objects enables the district mining Office.



(2) Exploitation in the protective pillars means



and mining stocks) released areas, incurred by reducing the original

protective pillars,



(b) the inventory of mining areas) of bound orbits allowed protective pillars

while maintaining the traffic jam, jam or surface

objects,



(c)) podrubání active jam and blind-Yam, protected the trade pillar.



(3) an application for authorization in the trade pillar mining shall be submitted

the district mining authority no later than three months before the start of

otvírkových and preparatory work in the protection pillars.



§ 7



Conditions for mining in the protection pillars, jam, blind-Yam and surface

objects



(1) For conquest in the protective pillars jam, blind-Yam and surface

objects of the project must be drawn up.



(2) to the project must be included in the conditions for necessary security

objects,



and assessment and for newly) reconstructed jam and blind-Yam, customizing

their reinforcement and equipment of the nature of the anticipated deformations, in

the context of the influence of mining works in the protection pillars,



(b)) the adaptation of the work in the vicinity of mining the protective pillar allowed

later, associated with mining in them,



(c) carrying out regular inspections) jam, blind-Yam and surface

objects, ascends to the mining work for influential distance protected

desktop and keeping a written record of them,



(d) the observations in the survey) execution pits, pits and the blind

surface objects in order to obtain information on the nature of the impact of

mining work to those objects.



§ 8



Mining project in the protection pillars, jam, blind-Yam and surface

objects



(1) the processing of mining project in the protection pillars of the jam, the jam and the blind


surface objects ensures the Organization and approves the racing down or

Racing quarry.



(2) mining Project in the protection pillars, jam, blind-Yam and surface

objects must contain



and analysis of geological tectonic), storage and operating conditions,



(b) a description of the overall concept of mining) stocks of the protective pillars,



(c)), preparation and representation of the developing mining on mine maps indicating the

timing of mining works,



(d)) geomechanické assessment, in particular with regard to the relevant provisions of the

the quake, with the design of any mountain forecasting and prevention

measures,



(e) calculation of deformation of the ground) and the impact of mining activities on the

objects that are affected,



(f) any security) project work in the underground and on the surface,



g) observation and measurement project of mining activities in the underground and on the surface,



(h) the use of the inventory project) prepared according to the requirements of the applicable regulations.

^ 4)



(3) the district mining Office may require the processing of individual

requirements in the protection pillar mining project in the form of an expert

opinion. ^ 3)



(4) if it is carried out in the protection pillar mining limited

Incidentally, it may be in agreement with the district mining Office dropped from

some elements of the project referred to in paragraph 2 or

briefly discussed in the request pursuant to section 6 (1). 3.



§ 9



(1) to determine the fundamental values necessary to measure the deformation of the ground

(the boundary angles the impact factor of the mining methods, the time factor and the

safe depth-annex # 1) and to determine the movements of the soil as a result of

effects of mining activities at all, are organizations required to exercise the

periodic measurements. Measuring range provides the district mining Office based on

the design of the organisation.



(2) the results of the measurements referred to in paragraph 1 are included in the base file

permissible measuring documentation.



§ 10



The project of protective pillar nesvislých otvírkových mine workings



The project of protective pillar nesvislého otvírkového excavation processes

the organisation so as to protect the work to the extent necessary, in particular

from the effects of nadrubání and podrubání, if it is not safe operability

the work is ensured by other means.



§ 11



Protective pillar nesvislých otvírkových mine workings



(1) the scope of the protective pillar nesvislých otvírkových mines

defining the permissible range of nadrubání and podrubání of these works when

compliance with the requirements resulting from separate regulations ^ 5) prevention

against shocks.



(2) the shape and dimensions of the protective pillar referred to in paragraph 1 shall be chosen so as to

It was possible his subsequent safe mining.



(3) the boundaries of the protective pillars in the various seams shall be determined by

in order to avoid accumulation of the effects of the edges of the seized areas (edges

the pillars) in the direction perpendicular to the layering.



(4) the Podrubání mine workings to 45 degrees inclination is permissible on the seams

task 0 degrees to 35 degrees in this range



and at a distance from the work) podrubávající the New York Times of more than one hundred times the

her powers in a direction perpendicular to the layers-no restrictions,



(b)) at a distance of works from podrubávající less than 100 times and the New York Times

more than 50 of her powers in a direction perpendicular to the layers

the approval of the race to mine the quarry, or occupational



(c)) at a distance of works from podrubávající New York times less than

fifty times its powers in a direction perpendicular to the layers, on the basis of

to enable the district mining Office.



(5) Nadrubání of the mining works to 45 degrees inclination is permissible on the seams

inclination of 0 degrees to 35 degrees in this range



and at a distance from the work) nadrubávající range is greater than

fifty times its powers in a direction perpendicular to the layers-no restrictions,



(b)) at a distance of works from the New York times less than nadrubávající

fifty times and greater than 30 times its powers in the direction of

perpendicular to the layer, based on the approval of the head of the Organization,



(c)) at a distance of works from nadrubávající New York times less than 30 times

her powers in a direction perpendicular to the layers, with the permission of the district

Mining Authority.



(6) for the case podrubání and nadrubání mines, referred to in

the provisions of paragraph 4 (b). (b)), (c)) and the provisions of paragraph 5 (b). (b)), and

(c) the Organization shall draw up the project) containing, in particular,



and the way to the mine) the determination of work



(b) the determination of deformation inferred) of the mining works,



(c) determination of the deformation measurement system) of the mining works,



(d) the obligation to evaluate) the method and measurement of the deformation of the excavation, with

the aim of the refinement of deformation parameters.



(7) the project according to the provisions of paragraph 6 shall approve of the organization.



PART THREE



Protective pillar during the surface mining



§ 12



The conditions for the construction of protective pillar



(1) the design of the project of protective pillar of the Organization's processes and conditions

for its construction.



(2) the conditions for the construction of the protective pillars to delimit the scope of the protected

the area on the surface (the specified polygon whose vertices are given in

the valid coordinate system) and on this desktop a connecting shape

the protective pillars in skrývce, the bearing and its accompanying rocks.

Must be laid down, in particular, the depth of the quarry and the General inclination of the quarry in the

relation to the protected area.



section 13 of the



The project of protective pillar



(1) the project documentation file protection pillars, processed and

the present organizations, must contain the



and) surface map designating protected areas, surface and objects

equipment, lines, slices, grid, border protection pillar on

skrývce and in the bearing,



(b) the mine maps mapping) of the protective pillars on each of the tiers

the quarry



c) cuts led by the special lines, indicating in particular the powers

and the upper edge of the overburden, the powers of the bearing, the depth of the quarry, the

slope inclination of the quarry, etc.,



d) technical report, which must include



1. the identification of any legal requirements, and the decision of the competent authorities,

on the substrate down protective pillar,



2. the list of protected objects to a protected area,



3. the coordinates of the protected areas,



4. Description of the geological and hydrogeological conditions of the bearing, its overburden

and the subsoil,



5. a description of the construction of the pillar with reference to specified

conditions,



6. assessment in terms of soil mechanics (rocks), which demonstrates

the stability of the slope of the quarry on the border of the protective pillars with possible

preventive measures (hardening slope, etc.),



7. the assessment in terms of the effects, where applicable, blasting used,



8. the quantification of stocks reserved mineral, which are a pillar of

bound to it.



(2) the district mining Office may require the processing of technical requirements

messages according to the provisions of paragraph 2 (a). d) points 4, 6 and 7 in the form of

the expert's report. ^ 2)



(3) the necessary mining maps and map the surface shall be permanent in nature.



(4) the individual parts of the documentation must be perceptible when and by whom they were

processed and must be certified the main mining meter. The entire project

the protective pillars, text and graphics part must be associated with an appropriate

way in one unit, which approves the racing or racing down the quarry.



(5) the project shall be presented not later than three months prior to the procedure the quarry to

the line, from which could be affected by the exploitation of the protected objects

the desktop.



(6) project protected the pillar of the Organization shall be presented in the mining

the area is a protected object or device.



§ 14



Change and cancellation protection pillar



(1) if such changes in the quarry or on a surface that require

amendment or cancellation of the protective pillars, will ask the Organization to allow this

changes to or cancellation of the district mining Office.



(2) a change of the protective pillars will not be considered during the refinement

the protective pillars, given by specifying a skrývkového ratio, refractive depth

etc. This clarification is obliged to immediately perform the main mining meter

on the basis of knowledge about the construction of the bearing and to send a message to the district

a motion for authority.



PART FOUR



Security celíky



§ 15



Indicative security celíky and protective celíky around zvodněných and

plynonosných horizons or flooded closures



(1) for the indicative and protective security celík celík must be

organisation of a project.



(2) as presented by the project documentation file guidance

safety data extracts or extracts must contain



and, showing the boundaries of the map) zvodněného or plynonosného term

in the form of contour lines, the mapping of all the mines and wells that it

caught, including data on the identified pressures media bound on the horizon

and the main tectonic lines,



(b) the mine maps mapping) flooded mines, if it is about

determining the safety or protection of the indicative extracts extracts to

stařinám with the same information as in the letters),



c) geological sectional views held so that they can be safely inferred

indicative security celík or protective celík to protect the planned

mine workings,



(d) mining maps mapping) over the guidance of the safety data extracts

or extracts in the Plains, in which it is carried out or will be

carry out mining activity,



e) profiles wells caught zvodněný or plynonosný horizon or


the flooded mine work with information on the measured pressures,



f) technical report, which contains in particular a description of the geological characteristics,

the construction of the bearing and its accompanying rocks and summarizes the results of analysis of water

and gases so that the zvodněný or plynonosný horizon was aptly

characterised by, in particular, however, the way that was indicative of the safety

celík or protective celík designed, together with the powers of extracts and

its construction.



Parts of the documentation referred to in points), b) and (d)) may be placed on

common map, if it is not to the detriment of clarity; profiles wells

attach to those that are distinctive and essential.



(3) the district mining Office may require the processing requirements of the file

the documentation referred to in paragraph 2 in the form of an expert. ^ 3)



(4) the necessary mining maps or their parts, profiles and sections shall be drawn up

the Permanent way, on an appropriate scale, of the choice of Chief

mine meter.



section 16 of the



Indicative security celík



(1) Indicative security celík is established for unexplored zvodněné

and plynonosné horizons or for flooded mine workings, whose position

It is not exactly known. Constructs, so that its progress in ensuring

all directions fixed distance from the dangerous run.



(2) the indicative security celík is divided into two zones



and more zvodněnému or plynonosnému) term or zatopenému

the singing part, which is derived from the half powers

indicative extracts from the edge of a dangerous security horizon

or the flooded mine,



(b)) mainly zvodněnému or plynonosnému or zatopenému horizon

the singing part, which contains extracts from the nearer the rest of the power zone

following its brim.



(3) the purpose of the management of long mine workings in the indicative security

extracts shall be, inter alia, clarification of the progress and the construction of zvodněného or

plynonosného term or the flooded mine, reduce pressures in

dangerous horizons and reliable drainage of the closures, if it is

technically possible. Mine works must be carried out by the security holes,

specified in the project of mining activities in the indicative security extracts

so that was always safely secured work for mining



and in the closer zone) guidance safety-at least three extracts

Wells,



(b)) in the far zone guidance safety-at least extracts

a pair of wells.

The length of the boreholes and other parameters, i.e. the station, the mouth, the direction and the inclination, you must

be from the project transferred to the routing of the mining works.



(4) keeping the mine workings in the indicative extracts allows safety

the district mining Office.



§ 17



Protective celík



(1) Protection shall be for celík zvodněné or plynonosné explored

horizons or flooded, mine workings, which could not be

reliably pump out-see annex No. 2. His power is determined by the

the degree of accuracy of the aquifer of the dangerous run, determine its position and

the degree of the danger that poses for mining activities in the surrounding area, with

based on local conditions (petrographic composition of the rocks and their

strength characteristics, tectonic construction, etc.).



(2) protective celík is constructed so that its progress was guaranteed in the

all directions fixed distance from the dangerous run.



PART FIVE



Protection wells



section 18



The conditions and principles for the establishment of the protection zone of the well



(1) safety zone shall be determined for the deep and underground wells, which

could endanger the safety of workers and the operation of, or which could

be vulnerable to mining activities.



(2) the principles for the establishment of safety zones and the implementation of the mining

activities in them modifies the annex No. 3.



(3) safety zones are characterized by Wells in the basic mining maps and

mining maps derived from it. ^ 6)



§ 19



Approval protection wells



(1) approval of the main protective zones wells performs mining and meter

not for them the authorisation provisions of these zones to the district

Mining Authority.



(2) After the drilling work on the mine can be reached it is necessary to change the existing

a protection zone, saying that instead of focusing borehole can be reached and this is

considered his mouth for the rest of the length.



PART SIX



Registration and storing documentation protective pillars, celíků and zones

mining and surface objects



section 20



(1) the protective pillars, celících, bands of mining and surface

objects and inventory of exclusive minerals bound by them leads the Organization

the registration of. Their documentation is included in the records. ^ 7)



(2) protective pillars, celíky and mining and surface of objects after

the authorization shall immediately populate the basic mining maps and maps

derived.



(3) on the registration of other documentation held by this order applies

Special regulations. ^ 6)



PART SEVEN



Transitional and final provisions



section 21



Transitional provision



The decision of the State Mining Authority issued in accordance with the rules in force in so far

the field of pillars, celíků and zones remain in force if

the authority which issued it, otherwise.



section 22



The effectiveness of the



This Decree shall enter into force on 1 January 2000. January 1992.



President:



Ing. Bartos v.r.



Without the attachments.



1) § 1 and 2 of the marketing code no. 109/1964 Coll., as amended

regulations.



2) § 32 Act No. 44/1988 Coll., on the protection and utilization of mineral resources

(the law).



§ 10 the Czech National Council Act No. 61/1988 Coll. on mining activities,

explosives and the State Mining Administration.



3) § 18 para. the Czech National Council Act No. 61/1988 Coll.



4) Decree of the Czech Mining Authority no 104/1988 Coll., on a rational

the exploitation of the deposits, the authorisation and reporting of mining

activities and reporting activities carried out using mining techniques.



5) yield of the Czech Mining Authority no 1820/1989 establishing

safety regulation for mines with a rescuer of rock and gases (reg.

in the amount of 19/1989 Coll.).



6) mining-masonry regulation the Czech Mining Authority no. 700/1972 for

quarrying of ores and nerud (reg. in the amount of 26/1976 Coll.).



The yield of the Czech Mining Authority no. 900/1987 [21] CSR, on the permissible measuring

during the surface mining of coal documentation (reg. in amount 11/1987 Coll.).



The yield of the Czech Mining Authority no. 3700/1974 for geological survey and

for the extraction of oil and natural gas (in the amount of the 6/1976 Coll.).



The yield of the Czech Mining Authority no. 4800/1986 [21] CSR, the permissible measuring

documentation on the deep mines (reg. 27/1986 in the amount of Coll.).



Decree of the Czech Mining Authority no 98/1990 Coll., on mining surveying

documentation for certain activities carried out using mining techniques.



7) § 23 para. 1 (b). and) Decree of the Czech Mining Authority No 22/1988

Coll. on safety and health at work and the safety of operations at

mining activities and in the activities carried out by the miner's way underground.